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The School District of Philadelphia


									    Resource Symposium
The School District of Philadelphia
     Dr. Arlene Ackerman, Superintendent
       Improving School Budgets
             Imagine 2014
         Phase 1 Implementation

           World Class Operations

Improve Business Processes in order to be good

  stewards of the School District’s financial

          Who We Are

             Ellen Steiker
Deputy Chief Business Officer – Finance

             Wayne Harris
 Director of Management and Budget

         School Facilities
          School Choice
School District’s Budget for Schools
Philadelphia Public Schools Enrollment Has
   Declined Slightly Over the Past Decade
       But Charters Make Up a Greater Share of
             Total Public School Enrollment

    The total enrollment of the Philadelphia School
 District has declined by 8% over the past decade, from
                   213,000 to 195,411.

  Charter School enrollment has increased dramatically
  over the same period. In 2008-09, more than 1 out of
 every 6 public school students in Philadelphia attends a
                     charter school.
           Where do we educate our children?
       The School District of Philadelphia Educates its students
                            in 347 schools

 80                                              61                                   63
 40                            29
       Elementary            Middle        High Schools        Alternative         Charter
        Schools             Schools                             Schools            Schools

Note: Some Philadelphia schools operate in more than one building. In a few instances, more than one
                        school operates in a single School District Building
         The School District of Philadelphia
         Has Been Expanding School Choice

In 2002 the School District of Philadelphia sponsored 39 charter
   schools. In 2008 the District sponsored 61 charter schools,
   offered 17 city-wide magnet schools and 5 regional magnet
    schools. Over one-third of Philadelphia’s schools are now
     operated under non-traditional management structures –
  Educational Management Organizations or Charter Schools.

 In 2002 there were 38 high schools in the Philadelphia School
District, with an average student population of about 1,700. In
2008 there were 61 directly-operated Philadelphia high schools,
and 20 charter high schools, with an average student population
   of 723; half of Philadelphia’s high schools have a student
                    population of 500 or less.
How does the SDP spend its money?
   The District’s Budget Supports Schools


             FY2009-10 Total Obligations
                       District Operated
                       Schools, $2,490

               Administrative               District Funded,
                 Support                      Non-District
              Operations, $216             Operated Schools,
Improving School Budgets
            Chief Business Office - Needs

•   Document Current School Budget Process – Completed

•   Recommendations for Improvements to the School Budgeting Process
    Implementation team to examine current budget process and recommend use of
    “weighted student funding formula.”
     – Study vendor’s “Resource Distribution Analysis” and understand
       nationwide best practices.
     – Develop methodology for “weighted student funding” tailored to
       conditions in Philadelphia with recommendations on how to phase it in
       beginning in FY 2010-11.
     – Design a community engagement process, modeled on what worked
     – Work with responsible academic and regional offices to link school based
       budgeting to school academic plans and report card measurements.
     Chief Business Office - Needs

• Budgeting to Support School Choice
   Refine school budget process to accommodate various school
     models (such as EMOs and Contracted) and autonomy levels.
                    Goals & Objectives
•   Increase equity in per-student funding across schools; provide resources to
    match individual student needs; and increase transparency of how each
    school is funded and how resources are spent.
•   Accommodate various school models (such as EMOs and Contracted) and
    differing levels of autonomy. Upgraded grant management, recordkeeping
    and control systems consistent with best practices and grantor
    requirements, particularly for federal funds.
•   Increase percentage of schools receiving weighted student funding
•   Increase equity in per-student funding across schools with weighting for
    key characteristics
•   Increase transparency on how schools are funded and how resources are
•   Increase overall satisfaction of parents and increased percentage that agree
    that the child’s school effectively engages parents and values their input
•   Increase student achievement
•   Increase number of families that feel they have access to quality school
•   New models of School Choice accommodated in school-based budgeting
•   Initiative coordinated through the Chief Business Office

•   Requires interaction with all components of District administration and
    school operations

•   Implementation team includes: the Chief Business Office,
    Superintendent’s Office, Office of Management and Budget and a
    number of program and operational units, principals and teachers, and
    regional superintendents.

•   Outside vendors may be brought in at different times to work on analysis
    of options, data gathering, community engagement, documenting policies
    and procedures and other projects as needed
•   Selected company must have:
     – direct experience working with school districts on weighted student
        funding formulas, particularly with large urban districts, similar to

     – strong experience and demonstrated proficiency in analysis, process
       design, written policies and procedures, and implementation and

     – Knowledge of community engagement

•   The specific staff having the demonstrated experience and competencies
    must be assigned to the project
    Resource Symposium
The School District of Philadelphia
     Dr. Arlene Ackerman, Superintendent
       Improving School Budgets

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