News and publications that
happened between 1990s to
• South Africa: Nelson Mandela released
from prison; end of apartheid negotiated.
• Margaret Thatcher resigns as British prime
• East and West Germany reunited.
• Internet became worldwide.
Design in 1990s
Philippe Starke – juicy
The Ninja Turtles
• The ninja Turtles
• Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia win
independence from USSR.
• Fox Broadcasting is the first network to
permit condom advertising on television.
• The first cholera epidemic in a century
sickens 100,000 and kills more than 700 in
• France agrees to sign 1968 treaty banning
spread of atomic weapons
1991 - Inline Skates
• North American Free Trade Agreement
• Compact discs surpass cassette tapes as
the preferred medium for recorded music.
• There are 900 million television sets in use
around the world; 201 million are in the
1992 – Tracy Island (Thunderbirds)
• China breaks nuclear test moratorium.
• British House of Commons approves
European unity pact.
• Five arrested, sixth sought in bombing of
World Trade Centre in New York.
• A 13-year-old Los Angeles boy accuses
Michael Jackson of fondling him. Jackson
vehemently denies the charge. The two
parties reach an out-of-court settlement.
1993 – Mr Blobby
• South Africa holds first interracial national
election and Nelson Mandela elected
• Kurt Cobain kills himself. He was 27
• Friends and ER was broadcasted on NBC.
• Thousands dead in Rwanda massacre.
1994 – Magic Eye Pictures
Design in 1994
Ron Arad – Bookworm shelf
• US rescues Mexico’s economy with $20-
billion aid program
• France explodes nuclear device in Pacific
• The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum
opens in Cleveland. Renowned architect I.
M. Pei designed the ultra-modern, 150,000
Rock and roll Museum
1995 – Play Station
• France agreed to end nuclear testing
• Britain alarmed by an outbreak of mad
• Broadcasters and television and PC
manufacturers agree on a standard for
HDTV (high-definition digital television).
Designs in 1996
Aki Maita - Tamagotchi
Designs in 1996
Alessandro Mendini - Philips-
1996 – Tomb Raider
• European Union plans to admit six nations
• Hebron agreement signed; Israel gives up
large part of West Bank city of Hebron
• Hong Kong returns to Chinese rule
• J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the
Philosopher's Stone is published in the
• Princess Diana died
• Europeans agree on single currency, the
• India conducts three atomic tests despite
• Titanic becomes the highest-grossing film
of all time, raking in more than $580
• Viagra was launched
1998 – Beanie Babies
• Nelson Mandela, first black president of South
Africa, steps down (June 16), and Thabo Mbeki
• Magnitude 7.4 earthquake kills more than
15,600 and leaves 600,000 homeless in Turkey
• The number of Internet users worldwide reaches
150 million by the beginning of 1999. Over 50%
are from the United States.
1999 – Folding Scooters
• Opening of Tate Modern, Bankside,
• Global warming leads to accelerating
worldwide climate change
• Mad cow disease alarms Europe
• Boris Yeltsin resigns as president of
created and sold by
Adams, in 2000
• Twin Towers were destroyed by terrorists
• In response to Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, U.S.
and British forces launch bombing campaign on
Taliban government and al-Qaeda terrorist
camps in Afghanistan Bombings continue on a
• Cloning animals results in defects. Scientists
report mounting evidence of random genetic
errors that threaten similar efforts to duplicate
2001 – iPod Launched
• MTV host the first MTV awards in Asia
• Tamil Tigers and Sri Lankan government
sign a cease-fire agreement, ending 19
years of civil war
• Israeli tanks and warplanes attack West
Bank towns of Nablus, Jenin, Bethlehem,
and others in response to string of
Palestinian suicide attacks
• In State of the Union address, Bush
announces that he is ready to attack Iraq
even without a UN mandate
• U.S. and Britain launch war against Iraq
• The Pixar team released another animated
treasure with Finding Nemo, The film
grossed more than $340 million.
No contact jacket
Invented by Adam Whiton and Yolita
Nugent, protects the wearer by
electric shocking any attackers.
• Summer Olympics take place in Athens,
• Enormous tsunami devastates Asia;
• North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
formally admits 7 new countries: Bulgaria,
Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania,
Slovakia, and Slovenia
• Worldwide aid pours in to help the eleven Asian
countries devastated by the Dec. 26, 2004,
• Tony Blair becomes first Labour Party prime
minister to win three successive terms, but his
party loses a large number of seats in the
• London hit by Islamic terrorist bombings, killing
52 and wounding about 700. It is Britain's worst
attack since World War II
• Saddam Hussein is convicted of crimes
against humanity by an Iraqi court,and
hanged in Baghdad.
• Hezbollah, a Lebanese militant group, fires
rockets into Israel. In response, Israel
launches a major military attack, sending
thousands of troops into Lebanon.
• Tony Blair resigns prime minister and
Gordon Brown takes over
• North Korea Agrees to Disable Nuclear
• Three Earthquakes Strike Indonesia
• Bridge Collapses into the Mississippi River
• Ban on smoking in public places.
Stab proof hoodie
The £65 black
cotton tops are
lined with Kevlar, a
synthetic fibre that
can be spun into
fabric sheets five
Julia Barfield and David Marks
• Julia and David created
the idea on their table in
the kitchen in south
London in 1993 that was
when they created the idea
for London Eye.
• David researched and
developed the idea for a
giant observation wheel
and Julia found the perfect
location by put drawing
London Eye in Jubilee
Gardens on the South
Bank in London.
• Late 1998
Building start on the British Airways London Eye
• October 1999
The London Eye was lifted up over the River Thames
• March 2000
The London Eye officially opens to the public
• March 2001
The Eye celebrated its first official birthday. Since opening, the
London Eye has welcomed more than 3.5 million customers during
the first year.
• October 2001
In 18 months after the London Eye opened, more than 6 million
customers went inside London Eye.
• December 2001
A six tonne ice sculpture of London’s skyline was pulled together on
site. It took 6 hours to create the sculpture.
• August 2002
The popular London Eye river cruise experience was opened.
• February 2002
Exciting wedding packages were introduced
• October 2004
The Eye was lit in pink during October in support of Breakthrough
Breast Care Awareness Month. Over £30,000 was raised during this
month for the charity.
• February 2004
On Valentine's day, the London eye was open until midnight to
create a romantic atmosphere.
• September 2003
The first dining package was introduced with a restaurant.
• February 2006
The London Eye was finally granted a 25 year lease agreement.
The first civil partnership was performed on the Eye. To mark the
special occasion, the Eye was turned pink. December also saw the
London Eye become a national representation by being the centre of
the New Year celebrations in London. By the end of 2005, the Eye
has welcomed over 18 million visitors and won over 40 awards for
tourism, architecture and engineering.
• July 2005
The 20 millionth customer was welcomed to the Eye.
• March 2005
The Eye celebrates its fifth anniversary. 7,000 quarter bottles of
Laurent-Perrier Champagne and 3,000 bottles of orange juice were
given away to customers to help celebrate the special day.
40 Awards in 10 Years
• Structural Special Award 2000, awarded by The Institution of
Structural Engineers for London Eye
• National Steel Award 2000, Winner in the infrastructure category,
awarded to Hollandia For London Eye
• Corus Construction Award 2000, For London Eye
• Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors Awards 2000, Winner of the
Special Award for BA London Eye
• London First Millennium Award 2000, Awarded for an outstanding
contribution to architecture in the Capital For London Eye
• Leisure Property Awards 2000, Winner in three categories: Best
National Scheme / Best Regeneration Scheme / Best Innovative
Concept. For London Eye
• Dupont Benedictus Awards for Innovation 2000, Honoured for Special
Merit For London Eye
• AIA Design Award 2000, Overall Winner (awarded jointly) For London
• RIBA Award for Architecture 2000, For London Eye, Short-listed for
• Prince Philip Designers Prize 2000, Special Commendation
Presented by Prince Philip to David Marks & Julia Barfield for
• London Tourism Awards 2000, People’s Choice Award for London
• European Award for Steel Structures 2001, Overall winner
throughout Europe for outstanding design and construction For
• Faculty of Building, Barbara Miller Trophy 2001, Awarded to David
Marks by Faculty of Building For London Eye
• Walpole Awards 2001, Best British Innovation Award For London
• Design Week Special Award 2001, Awarded to MBA honouring
creative excellence in design For London Eye
• D & A D Awards 2001, Gold & Silver Award for The Most
Outstanding Environmental Design and Architecture – For London
• FX International Design Awards 2001, Blueprint Award, Best New
Public Building For London Eye
• BT Vision 100 Index 2002, Visionary Top Team Award For British Airways
• Civic Trust Award 2002, For Watersports & Environmental Centre,
• Queens Award for Enterprise2002, Awarded to MBA for innovation
in the creation of the London Eye
• CoolBrands 2003, London Eye
• CoolBrands 2004, London Eye
• CoolBrands 2005, London Eye
Hackney Watersports and Environmental Centre
The Turner Prize is an annual prize presented
to a British visual artist under 50, named after
the painter J.M.W. Turner. It is organized by
the Tate Gallery, and since its beginnings in
1984 it has become the United Kingdom's
most publicised art award. It has become
associated with conceptual art, although it
represents all media and painters have also
won the prize.
There was no prize in 1990,because there was a great debate going on.
The reasons are:
1. Naming the prize
2. Who is going to fund the prize
3. Turner may not relevant to the art techniques and styles of today art
ANISH KAPOOR - Untitled 1991
Grenville Davey - HAL
House 1993 Ether 1993
Field for the British Isles
Angel of the North
I Want You Because I Can't Have You
Mother and Child, Divided
Confessions of a Justified Sinner
Chris Ofili - No Woman, No Cry
Steve McQueen - Deadpan 1997
Martin Creed - The lights going on and off
Grayson Perry – Golden Ghosts
Jeremy Deller – Memory Bucket
Simon Starling Portrait Tabernas Desert Run 2004
Independent Cinema in the
90’s to the 00’s
• The meaning of the word queer has a traditional meaning as “strange, weird” and “unusual”.
• But currently it also has a meaning for “gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, intersex” and
Lesbian Symbol Bisexual Symbol Gay Symbol
1992 – AIDS/HIV has becomes the leading cause of death of 22 – 44 year old
gay men in the United State.
1996 - Robert Gallo discovered a compound that can block HIV.
1999 - January 31st, scientist discovered a SIVcpz (simian immunodeficiency
virus) from the common chimpanzee, have passed to human populations in
west Africa during and developed into types of HIV.
Spreading of HIV: Africans used to eat half cooked gorillas that are infected
with HIV+. With the lack of knowledge of AIDS/HIV plus unsafe sex, it has
becomes the leading cause of AIDS/HIV spread. Lots of African men are
put in charged for sexual abuse. They believe they’ll be cured by passing
the disease to the virgins. Including the queers.
1990 - The GLBT (Gay Lesbian Bisexual Transgender) rights forms in UK;
equalized the age of consent and legalizes homosexual acts.
1991 - The New Queer Cinema (an independent films relate to queer culture,
politics and identity) begun in the early 1990s.
1992 to 1993 - The CGMC (Chicago Gay Men’s Chorus) performed “Gonna
Find Out Who’s Naughty & Nice” during the US holiday show, “The Wizard
of Oz” on Spring Holiday and “Très Gay” in Amsterdam.
1994 to 1995 – The CGMC performed “Is That Parade in Your Pocket, or You
Are Just Glad To See Me”
Queer Culture in southeast Asia:
Thailand - Thailand has a big reputation for Gay and Transgender as well as Thai art that’s base on
ancient civil war and a statue of an anonymous god “Jao Pra Ya Nak” (the first image from the left)
Queer TV Drama