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American Radio Relay League

     Developed by Ken Bailey, K1FUG
  ARRL Emergency Preparedness Assistant
By the year 1914, there were thousands of
  Amateur Radio operators - hams - in the
    United States. Hiram Percy Maxim, a
   leading Hartford, Connecticut, inventor
     and industrialist saw the need for an
 organization to band together this fledgling
 group of radio experimenters. In May 1914
   he founded the American Radio Relay
      League (ARRL) to meet that need

Founded in 1914, The American Radio Relay League is
the national association for Amateur Radio in the USA.

 Today, with more than 156,000 members, ARRL is the
  largest organization of radio amateurs in the United
The ARRL Board of Directors has adopted the following statement
             of the Core Purpose of the ARRL

 To promote and advance the art, science and enjoyment of
                    Amateur Radio.
The Five Pillars
 Emergency Communications
 Training
 Radio Clubs
 Instructors and Examiners
 ARRL Field Organization
 Spectrum Defense
 Interference Resolution
 Wireless Industry Cooperation
 FCC Rules Enforcement
 International Amateur Radio Union
 Books, Videos and CDs
 Online Training
 Recruitment, Mentoring and Licensing
 Ham Radio News
 Youth Activities
 Advancing the Radio Art
 Experimentation and Education
 Digital Communications
 The ARRL Laboratory
   – Technical Information Service
   – Trusted Product Reviews
   – Radio Spectrum and RFI/EMC Engineering
 QST Magazine
 Operating Awards and Contests
 Technical and Regulatory Information
 Equipment Insurance
 Find it all Online!
     Purpose of Amateur Radio

  In section 97.1 of its rules the Federal
Communication Commission describes the
 basis and purpose of the Amateur Radio
  Service. It consists of five principles:
                97.1 (a)

Recognition and enhancement of the value
  of the amateur service to the public as a
 voluntary noncommercial communications
     service, particularly with respect to
   providing emergency communications.
                 97.1 (b)

Continuation and extension of the amateur’s
      proven ability to contribute to the
       advancement of the radio art.
                97.1 (c)

Encouragement and improvement of the
   amateur service through rules which
provide for the advancing skills in both the
 communications and technical phases of
                  the art.
                  97.1 (d)

Expansion of the existing reservoir within the
 amateur radio service of trained operators,
     technicians and electronic experts.
                 97.1 (e)

Continuation and extension of the amateur’s
   unique ability to enhance international
 Throughout our history, we amateurs
have established a reputation for public
       service communications

When called upon we fulfill one of the
most important purposes of amateur
                97.1 (a)

Recognition and enhancement of the value
 of the amateur service to the public as a
voluntary noncommercial communications
    service, particularly with respect to
  providing emergency communications.

ARES® (Amateur Radio Emergency
 Service®) is a program of the ARRL
                     Established in 1935

      ARES” and “Amateur Radio Emergency Service” are registered servicemarks of the American Radio
                          Relay League, Incorporated and are used by permission.

• Consists of about 35,000 licensed amateurs

• Voluntarily registered their qualifications and
  equipment for communications duty in the
  public service when disaster strikes
           Who is eligible to join ARES

• Every licensed amateur, regardless of membership in
  ARRL or any other local or national organization, is
  eligible to apply for membership in ARES.

• Willingness to serve

• Training may be required or desired to participate fully
   in ARES.
           What does ARES do?

• Provides supplemental, backup communications to
  public service and disaster relief agencies when
  normal means of communications are overloaded
  or unavailable

• Provides communications for planned public
  service events throughout the year
         ARES has Deployed For A Variety Of Emergencies And Disasters

            Ice Storms In Southwest December 2000                              Hurricanes Katrina And Rita 2005
                 Tornado In Alabama December 2000                        Tsunami Indian Ocean December 2004
                     Avalanche In Alaska March 2000    Hurricanes Charlie, Frances, Ivan, Jeanne In Florida 2004
         Fires In Los Alamos, New Mexico May 2000                          Severe Weather In Virginia May 2004
                    Hurricane Floyd September 1999                               Tornadoes In Illinois April 2004

     Tornadoes In Oklahoma And Kansas May 1999                    Amtrak Train Accident In Mississippi April 2004
               Colombian Earthquake January 1999                Earthquake In Central California December 2003
Tornadoes In Arkansas And Tennessee January 1999                              Hurricane Isabel September 2003
 Hurricane Mitch In Central America November 1998                               Northeast Blackout August 2003
                     Flooding In Texas October 1998                               Midwest Tornadoes May 2003

                Hurricane Georges September 1998                Shuttle Columbia Recovery Effort February 2003
                 Tornadoes In Florida February 1998                             Wildfires In Colorado June 2002
    "500-year Flood," Grand Forks, N.D./ East Grand                             Tornado In Maryland April 2002
                             Forks, Minn. April 1997                          Flooding In Kentucky March 2002
                  Western U.S. Floods January 1997                         September 11th Terrorist Attacks 2001

                   Hurricane Fran September 1996         Flooding In Texas / Louisiana (Storm Allison) June 2001
                       TWA Plane Crash July 1996                               Earthquake In India January 2001
                 Oklahoma City Bombing April 1995                       Earthquake In El Salvador January 2001
           The ARES Program

Four levels of the ARES Program

  • National
  • Section
  • District
  • Local
              National Level

• National emergency coordination at ARRL
  Headquarters is under the supervision of the
  ARRL Emergency Preparedness Manager.
 ARRL Emergency Preparedness Manager

• Responsible for advising all ARES officials on disaster
  communications issues, maintaining contact with federal
  government and other national officials concerned with
  amateur emergency communications potential, and in
  general with carrying out the ARRL’s policies regarding
  emergency communications
          Memorandum of Understanding

• ARES in the U.S. has Memorandums of Understanding with
  organizations including the American Red Cross, National Weather
  Service, Department of Homeland Security, Citizen Corps,
  Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials-International,
  National Communications System, and the Salvation Army.

• Often these memorandums illustrate a common and united sense of
  purpose between ARES and another organization. However,
  Memorandums of Understanding with the American Red Cross, the
  National Weather Service, the Salvation Army and others lay out the
  general framework for cooperation and coordination between
  agencies which we as amateurs may provide communication
  services in times of emergency.
              Section Level (State)

Section Manager (SM)

• Elected by section membership

• Appoints the Section Emergency coordinator (SEC) and
  other top ARES leadership
                  Section Level

Section Emergency Coordinator (SEC)

  • Works under the SM’s supervision

  • Administers the section emergency plan and
    recommends to the SM appointments to District
    Emergency Coordinators (DEC) and Emergency
    Coordinators (EC)
                   District Level

District Emergency Coordinator (DEC)
          (Optional position for larger sections)

• Appointed by the SM upon recommendation of the

• Coordinate the activities of the local ECs in the district
                Local Level (County)

• The local level is where most emergencies occur

• The local level where most of the real emergency
  organizing gets accomplished

• The local level is where ARES leaders make direct
  contact with the ARES members/volunteers and with
  officials of the agencies to be served
                   Local Level (County)

• At the local level, the key ARES leader is the
  Emergency Coordinator (EC)

• The EC is appointed by the SM, usually on the
  recommendation of the SEC

• The EC is responsible for organizing, coordinating
  and executing ARES activities in their area
                Local Level (County)

The EC may appoint Assistant Emergency Coordinators

   • AECs provide assistance to the EC in various
     areas of expertise

   • The EC may have as many AECs as they deem
                 Local Level (County)

• The EC and AECs, constitute the local ARES
  planning committee and they meet together from time
  to time to discuss problems and plan projects to keep
  the ARES group active and well-trained.
         Membership and Appointment
       Requirements for ARES Leaders


  • Must be a full member of the ARRL

  • Must comply with all requirements for the position
    set forth by the ARRL, the Section Manager and
    the Section Emergency Coordinator
       Membership and Appointment
      Requirements for ARES Members

ARES members

• Amateur Radio License of any class
• Need not be an ARRL member
• Must be registered with the local ARES
• Must be willing to participate in ARES activities

•   Meetings
•   Training sessions
•   Drills
•   Exercises
•   Public Service events
•   Actual disasters
   The field of emergency response,
 including communications support, is
rapidly changing. In the years following
        Hurricane Katrina, more
communications systems are becoming
“hardened” and there is more guidance
   and structure being given from the
   Department of Homeland Security
  (DHS) and the Federal Emergency
     Management Agency (FEMA)
         Training Requirements

   “Introduction to Emergency Communications”

Basic training that all ARES volunteers need to know
               FEMA Training

Two DHS/FEMA online training courses integrated in
          the EC-001 course curriculum.

    IS-100.b Introduction to Incident Command

     IS -700.a National Incident Management system
         These are free mini-courses you can take on line at
              Advanced Training

 “Public Service and Emergency Communications
          Management for Radio Amateurs”

Training for leaders involved with recruiting, training,
       coordinating and managing ARES teams
FEMA Course requirements for EC-016

   In addition to IS-100.b and IS-700.a

      IS-200.b           IS-244.a
      IS-800.b           IS-120.a
      IS-240.a           IS-130
      IS-241.a           IS-139
      IS-1               IS-288
                    How to Join ARES

Contact your EC - Go to the ARES web site for information
         on your sections' EC and ARES Program

  • Obtain an ARES registration form or register online

                Submit the form to the EC

              Register on line with the ARRL
           ARRL Ham Aid Program

Ham Aid helps by loaning Amateur Radio equipment kits
to disaster areas where additional resources are needed.
   There are several different kits: HF kit, VHF/UHF kit,
   handheld transceiver kit, and support kit. The ARRL
       Ham Aid Fund is supported by businesses,
       manufacturers and individual contributions.
Ham Aid
High Frequency Ham Aid kit
HT Ham Aid kit
                 About the ARRL

ARRL not only reflects the commitment and enthusiasm
 of American hams, but also provides leadership as the
     voice of Amateur Radio in the USA, whether in
       dealings with the Federal Communications
      Commission, the World Administrative Radio
 Conference, the International Amateur Radio Union, or
    with the general public. The ARRL is the primary
   source of information about what is going on in the
 ham radio world. It provides books, news, support and
 information for individuals and clubs, special operating
  events, all sorts of continuing education classes and
 other benefits for its members. Being a member of the
   ARRL is important for hams! The ARRL is devoted
                entirely to Amateur Radio.

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