Is a College Degree for You by mmcsx

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									unit       2      lEsson 2
                                                       UNIT              2             LESSON 2

 EssEntial QuEstions                                       Is a College Degree for You?
 EQ 1     What is the difference                           Earning a Degree                                            Another kind of associate degree is an A.S., or
                                                                                                                       associate of science. An A.S. usually takes about
          between a high school                            When you successfully nish college, you
                                                                                                                       two years of course work to earn. However, the
          diploma and a college                            receive a degree. Part of the college decision
                                                                                                                       classes taken to earn an A.S. are usually focused
                                                           is deciding which kind of degree you want
          degree?                                                                                                      on math, science or technology. Some A.S.
                                                           to earn.
                                                                                                                       degree programs train the student in a speci c
                                                           Associate Degree                                            skill, such as computer repair.
 EQ 2     What are some different
                                                              ere are two main types of associate degrees.             A er earning an A.A. or an A.S., some
          types of colleges and                               e rst kind is an A.A., or associate of arts.             students transfer to a four-year college to
          degrees?                                         A student usually takes classes in a variety of             complete the requirements for a bachelor’s
                                                           general subjects, such as English and social                degree. Others may use an associate degree to
                                                           studies, to earn an A.A. It usually takes a student         help them train for a speci c type of work.
                                                           two years to complete the necessary course work.


 Preview the Text                                          WORDS FOR SUCCESS
                                                            associate degree a degree granted by a college or               bachelor’s degree a degree received a er the
 Have students read over the title and the                  university upon completion of a two-year, full-time             satisfactory completion of a four- or ve-year, full-time
 subtitles and take notice of the lesson’s                  program of study or its part-time equivalent                    program of study or its part-time equivalent

 organization. Students should note how                     doctoral degree a degree awarded a er several years of graduate work following the bachelor’s degree
 the paragraphs and headings describe
 types of degrees. Have students also                      WORK ZONE
 note how each paragraph contains both                     With a partner, correct each of the False statements and write the True statement in the
                                                           column on the right.
 a definition of the major concepts as well
 as examples. Have students note how                                                 False                                                        True
 the types of colleges are presented in a                    1. A college degree is what you get when you              1.
 similar fashion on pages 30–31.                                successfully complete high school.
                                                             2. An MBA is a type of doctoral degree and                2.
 DISCUSS WoRDs FoR suCCEss                                             takes six years to complete.
                                                             3. An A.A. degree takes four years to                     3.
     Have students read the entry definitions                   complete and there is only one type.
     and define the terms in their own                       4. There is only one type of bachelor’s                   4.
     words. Have students take note of the                      degree, and it’s called a B.A.

     word major on page 29 and distinguish                   5. A person with a college degree will                    5.
     its meaning from the various types of                      probably earn less than a high school
                                                                graduate.
     degrees.
                                                      28     UNIT 2 Lesson 2




           WORK ZONE
     Have students read the directions or questions included in the Work Zone and then complete
     the activity.

     DIffERENTIaTE INSTRUCTION

       Proficient learners                                                  Struggling learners
       Allow students to go back over each statement and                    Have students go back to the definitions of each major
       find the part of the statement that is false. They should            term by looking for the boldfaced terms or definitions
       also locate the text section that explains why it is                 listed. They should write down in their own words what
       false. Students should not only correct each statement               elements are part of each degree, concentrating on the
       but also discuss how the details that were misstated                 time it takes to earn it, what it means, and what forms
       matter greatly to the achievement of a given degree.                 it can take. Then students should return to the false
                                                                            statements and change each statement to make it true.

28     EDUCATOR GUIDE
                                                                                                                                                   WHERE Am I Going?




                                                                                                                 WHO Am I?
Bachelor’s Degree                                      of study. ere are many types of master’s
Students earn a bachelor’s degree a er they            degrees. One example is an MBA—a master’s
successfully complete general education
courses and courses speci c to a major. A
                                                       of business administration.
                                                                                                                                        Teach the Text
                                                       Doctoral Degree
major is a concentration of classes in a speci c
                                                          e highest degree that a person can earn is                                    Students can create a timeline that shows
  eld of study. A bachelor of arts, or B.A.,
is given to students who major in subjects
                                                       a doctoral degree, or doctorate. A student                                       how some degrees follow one after the
                                                       must already have earned a bachelor’s degree
related to arts and languages. A bachelor
                                                       in order to begin working toward earning
                                                                                                                                        other as students go on to the next level.
of science, or B.S., is given to students who
major in subjects related to math and science.
                                                       a doctorate. A doctorate can take anywhere                                       Be sure that students understand how a
                                                       from four to six additional years to earn. e                                     major relates to the types of degrees that
It usually takes about four years to earn a
                                                       doctorates that you are probably most familiar
bachelor’s degree.
                                                       with are the M.D. or D.D.S. degrees earned                                       are awarded (arts vs. sciences).
Master’s Degree                                        by medical doctors and dentists. A Ph.D.—a
In order to earn a master’s degree, a student          doctor of philosophy—is the highest degree                                       Optional approach
must have already earned a bachelor’s degree.          o ered in many elds.
                                                                                                                                        Students can choose a degree and find the




                                                                                                                 WHERE Am I Going?
It usually takes an additional year or two             Go to the WORK   ZONE
worth of classes to earn a master’s degree. e                                                                                           necessary requirements to achieve each
length of time it takes depends on the area                                                                                             degree. Students can be provided with this
                                                                                                                                        information, find it through research, or
major the subject area in which students concentrate
during their undergraduate study
                                                        master’s degree a degree awarded a er one or more
                                                        years of graduate work following the bachelor’s degree
                                                                                                                                        find it by conducting interviews.
                                                                                                                                        Monitor Comprehension
                                                                                                                                        Students may also relate some concepts
                                                                                                                                        with the names of the degree levels.
Write a brief reflective paragraph that explains what you will need to do to                                                             Associate is the most basic and beginning.
achieve your career goals. What type of degree do you think you’ll need, and                                                            Bachelor requires more years of study.
what type of skills will you need to have?
                                                                                                                                        Master implies an advanced level of
                                    Skills and Degrees I Will Need                                                                      achievement, and doctoral indicates the
                                                                                                                 HOW Do I Get There?

                                                                                                                                        highest, most complete accomplishment.
                                                                                                                                        Have students discuss how medical
                                                                                                                                        doctors are a good example of this
                                                                                                                                        hierarchy. Say: Doctors have a regular
                                                                                                                                        college degree. They then go on to medical
                                                                                                                                        school for a specialty and become doctors
                                                                                                                                        through many years of specialized training.
                                                                                                                                        Point out the same is true of college
                                                                                                                                        professors. And note that each of these
                                                                   Is a College Degree for You? 29                                      degrees allows students to, in turn, teach
                                                                                                                                        others about their area of expertise.




    CoRE aliGnED stanDaRDs                                                                                                                 Students should be able to:
   College Board standards                                                                                                                define various types of
    W2 Generating Content CR, R                                                                                                        ✔ degrees.
    W3 Drafting CR
    R4 Using Strategies to Comprehend Texts
   21st Century
                                                                                                                                       ✔ understand that degrees
                                                                                                                                         are rewarded for different
    Make Judgments and Decisions (LI.CT.3)                                                                                                 majors.
    Communicate Clearly (LI.CC.1d)
   21st Century
    Work Creatively with Others (LI.CI.2)




                                                                                                                                                              UNIT 2   LEssON 2      29
unit       2      lEsson 2 cont...
                                                            Finding the Right School                              Liberal Arts College
                                                            You won’t make a nal decision about what              A liberal arts college o ers an education in the

 Teach the Text cont...                                     college you will attend until your junior or senior   liberal arts— literature, philosophy, history,
                                                                                                                  languages, social and natural sciences and
                                                            year of high school. However, it is important to
                                                                                                                  mathematics. Most liberal arts colleges are small,
 Monitor Comprehension                                      start learning about your college options. You
                                                                                                                  and many are private. Students take a wide
                                                            need to learn about the di erent types of colleges
 Students will benefit by comparing the                     before you can start narrowing your choices.          variety of classes in their rst two years, and then
                                                                                                                  choose a major. Most students earn a bachelor’s
 parallel structure of each paragraph as                    Community College                                     degree at a liberal arts college. ese colleges
 they describe different schools. Begin by                  A community college is generally a two-year           prepare one for a wide variety of careers, as well
                                                            college that serves the community where the           as for graduate work in many elds, including
 making sure that students are aware of                     school is located. Community colleges o er a          professions such as law, medicine and business.
 the aspects of each type of school and                     variety of classes in general education—subjects
                                                                                                                  Vo-tech/Career College
 how they differ. However, encourage                        such as English, math, science and history.
                                                            Community colleges provide an a ordable option        A vo-tech or career college o ers specialized
 students to go beyond the details and                      that is located close to home. Many students still    training to students who are more interested
                                                                                                                  in a particular industry or career. Students at
 have them discuss why starting out in a                    live at home with their families while attending a
                                                                                                                  these schools are not required to take general
                                                            community college. Students who graduate from
 community college, as an example, is a                     a community college usually earn an associate         education classes in all subjects. ey take
                                                                                                                  only classes in their eld of study. Some
 good beginning for many students.                          degree. Many of these students transfer to four-
                                                                                                                  of the careers that a vo-tech/career college
                                                            year colleges to earn a bachelor’s degree.
                                                                                                                  prepares students for are chef, cosmetologist,



     DIffERENTIaTE INSTRUCTION                              WORK ZONE
                                                            Based on what you have read, summarize the most important characteristics of each
       English Language Learners                            type of college in the columns below.
       The term vo-tech may be confusing.                       Community College         Liberal Arts College    Vo-tech/Career College           University
       Remind students that a vocation is
       another word for “a career.” Allow
       volunteers to define the tech or
       technical part of the title.
       first Generation Students
       Many students have heard the terms
       college, university, or technical
       school used interchangeably. Stress
       that each type of school matches
       different needs for different
       students.
                                                       30     UNIT 2 Lesson 2




            WORK ZONE
     Have students read the directions or questions included in the Work Zone and then complete
     the activity.

     DIffERENTIaTE INSTRUCTION

       Proficient learners                                                          Struggling learners
       Challenge students to come up with a graphic or an illustration              Have students go back over the sections that describe
       that makes direct comparison between the features of                         each type of school and circle or underline small
       these different types of schools. Charts or diagrams could                   clusters of individual information. Encourage students
       also be used. Have students begin with obviously shared                      to break down the sentences and information. Students
       characteristics, such as length of study and type of degree                  can then rewrite these pieces under the headings
       awarded, and then find a model that compares and contrasts                   in the chart. Support students who want to revise or
       the more individual aspects of each educational experience.                  rewrite the information using their own words.

30     EDUCATOR GUIDE
                                                                                                                                           WHERE Am I Going?




                                                                                                         WHO Am I?
 re ghter, mechanic, dental hygienist, nurse,        Researching Each Type of College
plumber and electrician. When students               College may seem like it’s a long way away, but
have completed their program at a vo-tech/           it’s never too soon to start thinking about it. A
career college, they receive a certi cate of
completion or sometimes an A.S. degree.
                                                     good place to go to start learning more is the
                                                     Internet. You can begin learning more about
                                                                                                                                       Extensions
                                                     colleges now. Begin creating lists of schools
University
                                                     in the categories discussed in this lesson. As                             Students can divide into small groups to
Generally speaking, universities o er more
majors and degree options than the other
                                                     you start to gure out which kind of college                                use both the information in the text as well
                                                     you would like to attend, you will have already
types of colleges. In addition to o ering liberal
                                                     done some valuable basic research.
                                                                                                                                as what they can gather from individuals
arts majors, they may o er engineering,
architecture, health and other programs. At          Go to the WORK   ZONE
                                                                                                                                they know. Groups should write a running
most universities, students can earn bachelor’s,                                                                                story of two friends who each need
master’s and doctoral degrees. Most universities                                                                                different educational pathways because
contain several smaller colleges, for example,
an agricultural college, a teacher’s college, and                                                                               of future careers they have planned.
                                                                                                                                Students can use a comic book or graphic




                                                                                                         WHERE Am I Going?
a liberal arts college (also known as a college of
arts and sciences). Students may have to apply to
a speci c college within the university and may                                                                                 novel approach and include illustrations, if
take most of their classes within that college. At                                                                              possible. They should stress each student’s
a university, you can prepare for many types of
careers or for further study in graduate school.
                                                                                                                                needs, where they lived while they went
                                                                                                                                to school, and how long they attended,
                                                                                                                                etc. The emphasis should be on matching
                                                                                                                                schools to needs at appropriate times in a
Based on your lists in the previous activity, circle the type of college that                                                   student’s educational life.
might be right for you, and write two or more reasons why this is your
choice. You may want to write down your reasons for not choosing the
other types of colleges.

    Community College         Liberal Arts College   Vo-tech/Career College           University         HOW Do I Get There?




                                                                Is a College Degree for You? 31




                                                                                                                                   Students should be able to:

                                                                                                                               ✔ identify the names of four
                                                                                                                                 different types of colleges.
                                                                                                                               ✔ describe basic differences
                                                                                                                                 between these types of
                                                                                                                                   colleges.

                                                                                                                                 more a search to discover
                                                                                                                               ✔ begindetails about different
                                                                                                                                   types of colleges.




                                                                                                                                                       UNIT 2   LEssON 2   31

								
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