Greek Sculpture and Architecture - PowerPoint by samc

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									Greek Sculpture and Architecture

Greek Art
• Large concepts:
– In what ways does classical Greek art represent the values of the society? – What progress in the art of sculpting assisted in representing those values? – What is Hellenistic art? – What are some of the values of Classical art that are retained? What is different?

• Details: Know kouros and kore, contrapposto, pediment, frieze, columns/capitals of each order, what adds to stability

• Greek artists worked according to rules of proportion that they felt led to objects of beauty • Polykleitos: beauty lies in the “proportions of all the fingers to the palm and the wrist, and of these to the forearm, and of the forearm to the upper arm and of all the other parts to each other…” • Architecture had rules too. Doric plan had three rules: 1. triglyph must be exactly over the center of each column 2. triglyph must be over the center of each space between the columns and 3. triglyphs on the frieze must meet exactly at the corners

Archaic: Kouros and Kore

Classical Sculpture

The Discobolos

attributed to the sculptor Myron (flourished about 470-440 BC

This is a Roman copy (marble) of a bronze original lost. The head on this figure has been wrongly restored, and should be turned to look towards the discus.

Temples & Sculpture

Orders: Columns & Capitals


Floor Plans

Classical Architecture: Parthenon

Neoclassicism: Jefferson Memorial

Caryatids are female figures serving as supports. The most likely derivation of their name is from the young women of Sparta who danced every year in honour of Artemis Karyatis ('Artemis of the Walnut Tree'). This is one of six caryatids that held up the roof of the temple on the Acropolis known as the Erechtheum

The Erechtheum is at the Acropolis, Athens, Greece, around 420 BC

Notice how the sculptor has created figures which have a feeling of rigidity appropriate to their function as columns, yet they also have a sense of life.

Marble block from the west frieze of the Temple of Athena Nike , Acropolis, 420 BCE

The external frieze is made up of a series of marble blocks carved with battle scenes: on the north a battle between Greeks, involving cavalry; on the south Greeks fighting opponents in oriental dress, probably Persians; on the east an assembly of Greek gods. This block comes from the west frieze, which features Greeks fighting other Greeks.

Hellenistic Art
Adapting Greek Ideals and Aesthetics

Neoclassical Painting: David

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