Milton Consumer A5 leaflet by pengxuebo


									              COMPLETE PROTECTION

The complete protection guide to hygiene
          from baby to child

            Milton makes it safe
                 Milton | The complete protection guide to hygiene from baby to child

• Introduction

• Clean enough for baby – the importance of hygiene

• Your baby’s developing immune system – the importance of sterilisation

• The Milton Method

• Your developing baby – from the first few weeks

• Your developing baby – first solid foods

• Your developing baby – first steps
Clean enough for baby – the importance of hygiene

Introduction     Holding your newborn baby in your arms for the first time
                 can be a pretty daunting experience, and you will feel
                 overwhelmed by feelings of love, protection and the need
                 to keep them safe and healthy.
                 Many new parents are concerned about their new baby
                 catching infections when they come home and to some
                 extent this fear is founded, as a baby’s immune system
                 is largely unable to fight off infection in the early months.
                 Keeping pets at bay and asking people with coughs and
                 colds to stay away from your new baby in the first few
                 weeks are sensible precautions, but the truth is that many
                 of these viruses are air borne and can just as easily be
                 picked up while out and about so there is really little that
                 you can do to prevent this.
                 In reality, however, your baby is at far greater risk of infection
                 from disease carrying organisms that are introduced directly
                 through their mouth and you can do a great deal to prevent
                 this by adopting good sterilisation and nursery hygiene
                 practices from birth.
                 This leaflet guides parents through the early weeks, months
                 and years with practical advice on how to protect your child
                 from avoidable illness caused by common bacteria, viruses
                 and fungi. It’s not possible – or even sensible – to create a
                 completely germ free environment but by understanding the
                 risks and taking steps to reduce them you will be helping
                 your child to develop a strong and healthy immune system
                 for life.
                 Milton | The complete protection guide to hygiene from baby to child

Clean enough for baby
These days everyone is aware of the           Common causes of
need to maintain good hygiene to avoid
                                              gastroenteritis in babies
unwelcome attacks of food poisoning.
However, for a young baby’s immature
                                              Rotavirus – an air borne virus passed on
immune system, the inadvertent
                                              from person to person. Accounts for the
introduction of certain bacteria or viruses
                                              majority of hospital admissions with
into their digestive system could result in
                                              diarrhoea for the under 5’s
gastroenteritis – a potentially more severe
condition. Similar to food poisoning,         Campylobacter – the most common type
gastroenteritis is inflammation of the        of food poisoning – often contracted
stomach and intestines and causes             from cats and dogs
vomiting and diarrhoea. The danger for
                                              Salmonella – often due to undercooked
small babies is that they can quickly
become dehydrated. If your child develops
these symptoms, you should contact            E Coli 0157 – from raw meat and often
your doctor.                                  passed on from not washing hands after
                                              the toilet
Best of all, you can try to prevent this
from happening by taking steps to protect     Listeria – from poor handwashing
your baby from coming into contact with
any of these micro-organisms. But, simply     Spores – bacteria in a dormant (non-
washing, boiling or disinfecting is not       active) state. They have a very tough
enough. To kill all these bugs and spores     ‘coating’ around them and are very
the only effective way is to sterilise.       difficult to destroy. If present in food that
                                              is re-heated, for example, these spores
                                              will become active again and multiply

                                              Miton is effective against
                                              all bacteria, viruses, fungi
                                              and spores

                                                                            C O M P L E T E P ROT E C T I O N
Your baby’s developing immune system – the importance
of sterilisation

Sterilisation vs. Disinfecting                   the only method of ensuring that all
                                                 bacteria and spores have been effectively
There are several different ways to kill off     killed. Use our chart below to help you
harmful bacteria and viruses, but not all        choose a method that you feel most
are as effective and not all can be used         comfortable with.
for baby feeding utensils. Sterilisation is

Sterilisation       Methods                Used for                                 Suitable
                    available                                                       for Baby
                    Autoclave (heat)       Used in hospitals to sterilise
                                           surgical instruments, etc
                    Milton                 Non-toxic solution that kills all
                                           micro-organisms using a simple             Yes
                                           three step method. No maintenance
                                           required. Does not rely on power so
                                           can be used anywhere. Does not
                                           generate heat so is completely safe
                                           to use. Items can be used
                                           immediately after treatment.

                    Steam                  For home use to disinfect baby
                                           feeding systems. Sometimes                 Yes
                                           available as microwave version.
                                           Equipment needs to be maintained
                                           to ensure that correct disinfection
                                           times and temperatures are reached.
                    Bleach                 Strong chemical (sodium
                                           hypochlorite) which kills all bacteria      No
                                           and spores.
                                           Widely used for kitchens, toilets and
                                           general household. Solutions usually
                                           contain detergent and are toxic and
Disinfectant        Range of               General household cleaning. Although
                    household              many claim to kill all bacteria, they      No
                    disinfectants and      do not kill bacterial spores.
Other Methods       Boiling                Boiling babies bottles will not
                                           sterilise them. Boiling water is            No
                                           simply not hot enough to kill off
                                           all bacteria and spores.
                   Milton | The complete protection guide to hygiene from baby to child

Your Baby’s Developing
                                                    The development of a baby’s immune system
Immune System
                                                                                                                                First Birthday

What it is
                                                 Indication of
The immune system consists of special            immunity

cells called immunoglobulins. These cells                        Protection
                                                                 from infection
                                                                                                                                from infection
                                                                 by natural                                                     by infants’
react to fight infection by bacteria or                          defences
                                                                 in maternal
                                                                 breast milk
viruses and travel to the site of the                        0       3 months     6 months   9 months        12 months                  15 months

infection to kill the disease-causing

Each time the immune system fights off an        Do infections help build immunity?
infection it creates antibodies. These stay      In the mature immune system, yes they
in our blood stream and are ready to fight       do. This is the principle upon which many
off similar bacteria if they try to infect us    immunisations work whereby a small
again. This is what gives us our immunity.       amount of the disease-causing organism
                                                 is introduced to enable the body to create
                                                 protective anti-bodies, which remain in the
                                                 blood stream. The immunisation that your
                     How a baby’s is different   baby will receive during its first few
                     When a baby is born,        months will help it to establish antibodies
                   it has certain antibody-      that will help it fight a range of baby
               like proteins called              illnesses. However it makes sense to try
immunoglobulins, which it has received           to do all you can to prevent your baby
through the placenta. Another very               getting these illnesses, especially those
important one is received from its mother        that can cause gastroenteritis. Therefore
after it is born. This immunoglobulin is         it is a good thing to give the extra
called IgA and is present in the colostrum,      protection that their immune system
the first part of mother’s milk. It places       cannot provide until they are older and
itself on the mucus membranes of the             stronger.
baby’s alimentary canal in order to help
fight the bacteria that can cause
gastroenteritis. Babies do not start to
produce their own IgA until around 6
months of age. By their first birthday they
have between 15 – 17% of their adult level.
                                                                                                    C O M P L E T E P ROT E C T I O N
The Milton Method

The Milton Method
Non-toxic, safe and versatile, Milton offers complete protection for your baby and home.
Just follow these simple instructions:

1) Clean utensils thoroughly                       2) Prepare Milton Solution
   after each feed                                 • Fill your Milton Sterilising Unit,
• Clean bottles and teats* thoroughly                or similar unit, with cold water
  with warmsoapy water                             • For every 2.5 litres water add 1/2
• Rinse with cold water                              capful (15ml) of Milton fluid, or
                                                     1 Milton tablet
                Milton | The complete protection guide to hygiene from baby to child

3) Completely immerse utensils
• Ensure that no air bubbles are            • Drain bottles and teats – no need
  trapped inside the bottles/utensils         to rinse
• Items are ready to use after 30           • Fill bottles immediately and cover
  minutes or can be left for 24 hours         teats
  until you need to use them again          * For latex teats, rub inside and out
• Wash your hands before removing            with salt to remove all milk deposits
  utensils from the solution                 and rinse

                                                                       C O M P L E T E P ROT E C T I O N
Your developing baby – from the first few weeks

                                                However, this doesn’t mean that you
                                                shouldn’t still practise stringent hygiene
                                                procedures and remember the golden
                                                rule, whatever goes into your baby’s
                                                mouth must be sterile.

                                                Many mothers will express milk from time
                                                to time, perhaps because they are going
                                                out or sometimes if their baby is premature
                                                and too weak to be breast fed. In that
First weeks                                     case, you may choose to do this by hand
                                                into a jug or bottle, or use a breast pump.
                                                Again everything should be sterilised.
Whether you choose to breast or bottle
                                                Other helpful tips for hygiene when
feed your baby, you will need to start a
                                                expressing milk are:
hygiene routine from the day they are
born – and that means sterilising
everything that goes into their mouth.          • Hand pumps should be taken apart
                                                  and cleaned thoroughly after use and
Milk is not only the ideal food for baby –
unfortunately it’s also one of the best
environments for bacteria to grow, so           • If the breast pump includes any plastic
                                                  connection tubing, this should also be
you need to take special care to make
                                                  sterilised along with the funnel, etc.
sure that bacteria are not introduced to
your baby during feeds.

Breast Feeding
If you choose to breast feed, you know
that you are giving your baby some
protection against infection. A mother’s
milk is sterile and easily digestible,
protects babies from infections and
allergies and is ready at a perfect
temperature. Research shows that
breastfeeding for at least three months
gives protection against gastric, respiratory
and ear infections.
                   Milton | The complete protection guide to hygiene from baby to child

Milton Tip – If you have hired or borrowed      • If you plan to store bottles of prepared
an electric pump, use a solution of Milton        feed in the fridge during the day, make
to wipe down the surfaces that cannot             sure that you keep them on the top
be sterilised                                     shelf, well away from any meat and that
                                                  teats are protected. You should also
                                                  make sure that the fridge is kept clean
• It is not advisable to share breast             and disinfected. A solution of Milton is
  pumps with other mothers.                       an effective and convenient way of
                                                  doing this.
• Never put expressed milk into anything
  that hasn’t been sterilised.                  • Make sure that you wash your hands
                                                  thoroughly before you handle baby’s
                                                  feeding bottles.
Milton Tip – If you are storing your milk in
the freezer, allocate a shelf and clean it      Milton Tip – If you dip your washed hands
thoroughly with a diluted solution              into the Milton solution you know that
of Milton                                       they will receive a disinfecting rinse.

Bottle Feeding                                  • Don’t leave bottles out for long periods
If you’ve chosen to bottle feed your baby         of time on work surfaces before using
you must thoroughly wash and sterilise            them. Their sterility will be destroyed
everything using a method such as the             as they may come into contact with
Milton 3-step method. Take particular             new bacteria.
care to ensure that all milk residues are
removed from bottles and teats* before
you sterilise, otherwise the bottles won’t
be fully sterile and bacteria could remain
in the teat.

*For latex teats rub inside and out with salt
to remove all milk deposits.

Other helpful tips to remember when
bottle feeding are:

• If you use bottles with lids, remember                                   C O M P L E T E P ROT E C T I O N

  to sterilise those too.
Your developing baby – from the first few weeks

Other equipment

Soothers and Teethers
If your baby uses a soother or teething-
ring, keep a supply in the steriliser and
replace them regularly. You should also
check them regularly as they can leak and
fill with saliva and fluids – a potentially
breeding ground for bacteria. When this
happens, throw them out!
The thrush fungus can also be commonly
passed on from mother’s mouth. Do not
clean your baby’s soother by putting it in
your own mouth – you are sure to pass
on bacteria.

Thrush, caused by the fungus Candida albicans, is a common condition affecting very
young babies. It is frequently passed on from the mother during birth, but can also be
contracted by poor hygiene during breast feeding or from bottles that have not been
properly cleaned. It can be recognised by white flakes that appear in or around the
mouth together with the symptoms of loss of appetite, difficulty in swallowing and
vomiting. This can lead to dehydration. It is an uncomfortable and frustrating condition
for mother and child alike.

Milton kills the fungus                        Mopping up
Candida Albicans that                          A baby’s delicate digestive system will
                                               take time to settle down, so expect plenty
causes Thrush in babies                        of little milky vomits before and during
                                               feeds. Whether you use bibs, muslins or
                                               towels, these can be a breeding ground
                                               for bacteria – particularly as you will
                                               probably use them to wipe baby’s mouth.
                                               Wash and replace them regularly.
                  Milton | The complete protection guide to hygiene from baby to child

Bottoms up                                     Milton Tip – make up a solution of Milton
                                               and fill the nappy bin. Leave for 30
The simple procedure of nappy changing         minutes to destroy any lurking bacteria
can carry billions of bacteria and viruses
and an increased risk of transmitting
gastrointestinal infection through contact     Milton Tip – Wipe the changing mat
with baby’s faeces and then contact with       everyday with a Milton solution
surfaces, face cloths and sponges.
To be on the safe side you should practice
a nappy hygiene routine.

If you use cotton or terry nappies make
sure that you put them in a nappy bucket
in a disinfectant solution, such as Napisan.
This will help remove the worst of the
soiling ready for washing the next day.
Be careful when getting rid of the contents
of the nappy bucket – don’t pour down
the sink, flush it down the toilet.

Even if you use disposable nappies, they
still pose a risk so make sure soiled
nappies are sealed in plastic bag before
being disposed of.

• Don’t keep nappies lying around in
  kitchen bins – put in the outside dustbin.

• Always wash your hands scrupulously
  after changing your baby’s nappy.

• Don’t forget to clean and disinfect the
  nappy changing mat regularly.

                                                                          C O M P L E T E P ROT E C T I O N
Your developing baby – first solid foods

                                              One of the commonest mistakes made by
                                              parents is stopping sterilising baby’s
                                              feeding utensils at a time when they
                                              are at their highest risk of infection. At six
                                              months, your baby’s natural immunity is at
                                              its lowest, so rather than relaxing your
                                              hygiene programme, it’s important to be
                                              even more careful about cleaning and
                                              sterilising everything.

First tastes                                  As soon as weaning starts, all cups, bowls,
                                              plates and spoons should be sterilised in
                                              the same way as breast pumps or bottles.
As your baby grows, they will begin to
explore the world around them and be
ready for their first new experiences. They
                                              • Make sure that feeding utensils fit
                                                properly into the steriliser. They should
will begin to grasp objects, learn to roll
                                                be fully covered with the fluid and the
over and will spend less time asleep. As
                                                lid should fit firmly. If necessary, you
you help them through these important
                                                may have to buy a larger unit (such as
developmental stages, it is important to
                                                the Milton Sterilising Unit) when your
remember that their immune system is
                                                baby moves onto solids.
still very immature and you must maintain
the sterilisation practises you adopted
during their first few weeks.
                                              • As your baby’s teeth come through they
                                                will also bite onto spoons and cups.
                                                Deep scratches in hard plastic bowls,
On to solids                                    spouts and spoons will harbour bacteria.
As they grow and become more active             Clean them thoroughly before sterilising
you will find that your baby needs more         to remove all food deposits and replace
than just milk. Depending on your baby,         them when they become too old.
weaning – the introduction of solid foods
– can start anytime from 4-6 months.
With weaning comes new demands for
hygiene. Whereas you may have previously
only needed to sterilise breast feeding
equipment, bottles, soothers and teething
rings, now there will be a whole range of
utensils that could be potential breeding
grounds for bacteria!
                   Milton | The complete protection guide to hygiene from baby to child

Milton Tip – Use a solution of Milton daily      In the first months of life, a baby uses
to wipe down the high chair, table and           their mouth to explore the world. The
plastic pelican bibs and mats.                   sensory functions of the tongue and roof
                                                 of the mouth are more advanced than
                                                 their hands and so when faced with
                                                 something new, they automatically put it
                                                 in their mouth.
                                                 Of course, it’s not possible to keep
                                                 everything germ free, but you can make
                                                 sure that toys are cleaned regularly and
                                                 don’t forget:

                                                 • Bath toys
                                                 • Bath mats
                                                 • Pram rattles
                                                 • Hands!
                                                 Milton Tip – Always sterilise plastic toys
                                                 and items such as rattles and building
Soothers and Teethers                            blocks and anything else that goes into
Your baby will soon begin to cut their first     baby’s mouth.
teeth and will use any object at hand to
bite on to help them come through their
gums. Try to provide teethers that can be
easily cleaned and keep several washed
and in the steriliser ready to use. Replace
baby’s teether with a sterile one at regular
intervals and if it has been dropped on
the floor.

Milton Tip – To keep teats, teethers and
soothers sterile all day, fill a small plastic
bowl with Milton solution and place the
items in it. Ready to use after 30 minutes,
you will have an available supply all day.                                   C O M P L E T E P ROT E C T I O N
Your developing baby – first steps

                                               But you will now have to think a little
                                               further to keep other hazards at bay.
                                               This is where a solution of Milton can
                                               really help to tackle the hotspots in the
                                               kitchen, nursery and bathroom where
                                               bacteria are lurking.

                                               Milton Tip – Milton is particularly suited to
                                               disinfecting surfaces that will come into

First steps                                    contact with baby. It is non-toxic, but will
                                               kill bacteria, viruses and fungi such as
                                               E Coli, Listeria, Campylobacter,
As soon as your baby begins to crawl
                                               Salmonella, Shigella and Rotavirus.
and eventually walk, this opens up a
whole new world of opportunities to
explore. Unfortunately, often the most
                                               Pay particular attention to the following
interesting places are the dog bowl and
                                               kitchen hotspots:
the rubbish bin, so once again you will
need to re-think your hygiene.
                                               • Rubbish bins – these should be regularly
                                                 emptied and cleaned using a Milton
And the claim that ‘once they start crawling
                                                 solution. If your bin contains nappies,
across the floor, there’s no longer any
                                                 soak regularly with Milton to keep it
point in sterilising everything’ is also
                                                 really clean.
untrue. The fact is, your child’s immunity
remains weak for the first twelve months
of life and it takes a smaller number of
                                               • Dog bowls and litter trays
                                                 – many bacteria such as
bacteria to affect a baby than an adult.
                                                 Campylobacter are passed
They may be on the move and into
                                                 on from animal faeces so
everything, but unfortunately that just
                                                 keep these out of baby’s
means that you have to work harder to
                                                 reach. You should clean
keep them safe and protected from harm.
                                                 these items each day.

Up until the age of one year, you should
still be sterilising all feeding utensils,
                                               • The floor, particularly
                                                 around the table, sink
including bowls, spoons and beakers.
                                                 and fridge will have food
                   Milton | The complete protection guide to hygiene from baby to child

Milton Tip – Soak the pet bowls in Milton.     Bathroom tips
It’s non-toxic and non-tainting so it’s safe
to use                                         Poor toilet hygiene is a major contributor
                                               to cases of food poisoning so it goes
Milton Tip – The dishcloth is a breeding       without saying that you should be more
ground for bacteria. Soak in Milton solution   careful than ever with a young baby in the
overnight and replace your dishcloth every     house. Good hand washing is an absolute
week.                                          MUST and you must also make sure that
                                               toilets are kept as clean as possible using
Safe to eat
                                               When you begin potty training your baby,
As your child progresses on to toddler         you will need to ensure that the potty is
foods, take extra care when handling and       kept as clean as possible. You will find
preparing food. It goes without saying that    that your baby is quite fascinated with it
hands should be washed before handling         and wants to handle it and carry it around!
food and use a solution of Milton to
disinfect surfaces before and after food       • Clean it with a Milton solution regularly
preparation to prevent contamination by          and pay attention to the handle!
germs from raw foods, particularly milk
and protein.                                   • Wash your baby’s hands for them each
Keep the fridge temperature between              time they touch the potty – their
1°C and 4°C and use Milton to clean the          fingers will soon go straight into their
shelves – it won’t taint or affect the food      mouth again
in any way.

Milton Tip. If you offer your child fruit      Milton Tip – Sometimes in the bathroom
slices, soak the fruit in a Milton solution    the grouting around tiles and bath
for 30 minutes first to destroy any bacteria   becomes discoloured with mould. Use
on the surface                                 a 50/50 solution of Milton to water to
                                               remove it. Apply with a little brush,
                                               sponge or a spray.

                                                                           C O M P L E T E P ROT E C T I O N
Your developing baby – first steps

Out and about
                                               • If your child has been digging in the
The prospect of taking a baby or toddler         soil, or playing in water that is not
on an outing and keeping them clean is           clean, always wash their hands well
probably a little unrealistic, but again         afterwards.
you shouldn’t be off your guard just
because you’re out and about.

• When travelling abroad, take a small
  bottle of Milton or a supply of Milton
  tablets and a small container to
  make up a mini steriliser for bottles
  and other small items.

Milton Tip. If you’re unsure about the
water, add a 1/2 teaspoon (2.5ml) of Milton
to 8 pints of water, leave for 30 minutes
and it will be safe to mix your baby’s feeds

• When using public toilets, always wash
  your child’s hands well and avoid
  touching the door handles afterwards.
  They carry the germs of people who
  haven’t washed their hands!

• Keep thermos flasks and lunch boxes
  extra clean by sterilising overnight
  in Milton.

• When visiting farms or pet centres,
  wash your child’s hands well before
  after they have handled any of the pets
  and ALWAYS before eating. You should
  also picnic well away from the animals
  and from their droppings as these can
  carry bacteria, such as E Coli.                                         C O M P L E T E P ROT E C T I O N
Milton | The complete protection guide to hygiene from baby to child

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