Pablo Picasso Activity 2

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					Pablo Picasso Activity

Partner Activity
• Open a document in Microsoft Word
– Make sure both of your names are on the paper

• As you go through the activity, discuss the questions, then write your answers TOGETHER.
– Make sure you have thoughtfully answered the questions. – Use complete sentences

Picasso wasn’t always political, but he said this in 1945:
• “What do you think an artist is? An imbecile who has only eyes if he’s a painter, or ears if he’s a musician, or a lyre at every level of his heart if he’s a poet, or even, if he’s a boxer, just his muscles? On the contrary, he’s at the same time a political being, constantly alive to heartrending, fiery, or happy events, to which he responds in every way[. . . .] No, painting is not done to decorate apartments. It is an instrument of war for attack and defense against the enemy. “[Pablo Picasso, Statement, in Chipp, Theories of Modern Art, 487.]

Question #1
• Discuss with your partner:
– What is Picasso saying in that statement? – Do you agree? Why or why not? – What are some examples of artists (painters, poets, musicians, actors) who have made political statements?

• Write a paragraph sharing your thoughts on this topic.

“Charnel House”, painted between 1944-45

Question #2
• Look at “Charnel House” and discuss with your partner:
– What was going on in the world at this time? – In what ways is this painting like “Guernica”? – How is it different? – What does “charnel” mean? What images or events does this title evoke?

• Write a paragraph sharing your thoughts on this topic.

In 1944 Picasso said:
In 1944, Picasso said, “I have not painted the war because I am not the kind of painter who goes out like a photographer for something to depict.” [Pablo Picasso, quoted in Picasso in the Collection of The Museum of Modern Art. William S. Rubin (New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1972), 166.]

In this quote,
Picasso was distinguishing between recording an event, as a documentary photographer would, and commenting on an event as an artist. Picasso began Charnel House in the months that followed having been exposed through newspapers to horrifying photographs of concentration camps.

Question #3
• With your partner, consider “Guernica” and “Charnel House”
– How does Picasso communicate the innocence of the suffering people represented in the paintings? – Unlike Guernica, Charnel House does not explicitly represent an historical event, and the title of the work is unspecific. How do you think Picasso’s choice not to be explicit about his topic impacts the effect of the painting?

• Write a paragraph sharing your thoughts on this topic.

Question #4
• Watch the video called “Pablo Picasso”
– Make sure the sound is low

• With your partner discuss the following:
– What emotion(s) is the main character feeling? – How do the different settings contribute to these feelings? – How does the music contribute to these feeling? – How do you interpret the end?

• Write a paragraph sharing your thoughts on this topic.

Read about the periods Picasso went through with his painting and observe some paintings from each period.

Blue Period

Picasso made three trips to Paris between 1900 and 1902. He finally moved there in 1904. This is where he went through what is known now as his blue period. During this time he used mainly different shades of blue and portrayed the seedy parts of town including beggars, alcoholics, and prostitutes.

The Guitar Player

The Rose Period After he moved to Paris he met Fernande Oliver who influenced the mood of his work from dark and gloomy blues to light and happy reds and pinks which led this period in time to be called the Rose Period. At this time he painted many pictures of a circus that he visited often during his stay in Paris.

The Acrobats


In 1906, Picasso moved to Gosol, Spain where he changed his style. His new works where influenced by Greek, Iberian, and African art. He began to use more geometrical figures in his artwork During this time he also made a picture that resembled fractured glass that was, at the time, a very radical idea.

Reservoir at Horta

Analytic Cubism Between 1908 and 1911 Picasso and George Braque painted landscape paintings in a new style. This style was termed cubism by a critic who described the work as being made of "little cubes". They created this style by breaking down and analyzing a object. The main color scheme was browns and other muddy colors (monochromatic color).

The Guitar Player

Realist and Surrealist
Pablo Picasso has said that he was not a surrealist, but many of his pictures have a surrealist feel to them. During this time (World War I) he went to Rome and met and married Olga Koklova. He painted many realistic pictures of her. Later in the 1920's he painted neoclassical pictures of women and pictures inspired by greek mythology.

The Dream

Post War World II After World War II Picasso moved towards more somber death like pictures. He married painter Francoise Gilot. He had two children with her, Claude and Palmoa. He later met another woman named Jacqueline Rosque whom he married in 1961. He died April 8, 1973.

Skull and Pitcher

With your partner
• Choose a period that interests you. • Choose a search engine and look for paintings during that period
– For example: In Google, “Picasso, Blue Period”

• Copy and paste the painting into your word document • Write a paragraph discussing why you chose the period and painting.

When you have finished
• Read through your paragraphs.
– Spell check – Complete sentences – Does it make sense?

• Print out and turn in