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Timeline of the Civil War 2010

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Timeline of the Civil War 2010 Powered By Docstoc
					The War Between The States




        A Timeline of the Civil War
            1860

 Dec.20, 1860 – So. Car.
 secedes after the election of
 Lincoln
 –Followed by Miss, Fla, Ala, GA,
  LA, and TX
The Progress of War: 1861-1865
            1861

 Feb. 9 – Confederate States of
  America formed
  –Jefferson Davis – President
 April 12 – Fort Sumter (S.C.)
  attacked by Confed. forces
  –Civil War begins
               1861

      15 – Lincoln calls for 75K
 April
 volunteers for the Union army
  – Command of Army offered to Robert
    E. Lee of VA. He refuses
     17 – VA, AR, TN, NC join the
 April
 Confederacy
              1861

 April 19 – Lincoln begins naval
  blockade of Confederate states
 April 20 – Lee resigns from U.S.
  army – takes command of Confed.
  Forces in VA
             1861
     21 – Union forces under Irwin
 July
 McDowell defeated at Bull Run
 (Manassas) – Conf. General
 Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson a
 hero of the battle.
  Union troops & spectators flee
   back to Washington D.C.
               1861
 July  27 – Gen. George B.
  McClellan given command of Union
  Army of the Potomac
   McClellan soon given command
    of all Union forces
 Nov. 8 – 2 Conf. diplomats
  captured enroute to England to get
  British support – Lincoln lets them
  free after threats of war by England
               1862

 February – Union General Ulysses
 S. Grant wins victories in west at
 Ft. Henry & Ft. Donelson – part of a
 push to divide the Confed.
 –Earns nickname – Unconditional
   Surrender Grant
              1862

 March  8/9 – Confed. Merrimac &
 Union Monitor fight to a draw in 1st
 battle of the Ironclads
 –Changes naval battle forever
               1862
 March   – McClellan begins
  Peninsular Campaign to take
  Confed. capital city of Richmond,
  VA – typical slow, cautious
  advance by McClellan
 April 6/7 – Grant’s forces attacked
  at Shiloh (TN) – 23K casualties
  –Lincoln reluctantly relieves Grant
    of command
               1862

 April 24 – Union naval forces under
  David Farragut take New Orleans
 June 1 – Robert E. Lee assumes
  command of Confederate forces
 June 25-July 1 – Seven Days
  Battles – Lee forces McClellan to
  pull back to Washington
             1862
 Aug.29/30 – 75K Union forces
 under Gen. John Pope defeated
 by 55K Confed. troops under
 Jackson & Longstreet at 2nd Bull
 Run
Union Gen. John Pope   Confederate Gen. James
                             Longstreet
               1862
 Sept. – Lee invades North (MD) &
  threatens Washington – McClellan
  pursues with copies of Lee’s battle
  plans
 Sept. 17 – Antietam – bloodiest day
  in U.S. military history
   –26K casualties – Lee forced to
    retreat to VA – McClellan fails to
    pursue Lee
             1862

 Sept.22 – Lincoln’s Preliminary
 Emancipation Proclamation –
 Blacks will be allowed to join
 the Union Army in Black-only
 units
Emancipation Proclamation
              1862

 Nov.  7 – McClellan relieved of
  command – New Gen. is Ambrose
  Burnside
 Dec. 13 – Burnside’s forces suffer
  terrible defeat at Fredericksburg,
  VA after 14 futile assaults on
  entrenched Confeds.
"If you don't want to
use the army, I should
like to borrow it for a
while.” - Lincoln
"We might as well have tried to take hell.” - Union
soldier at Fredricksburg
"It is well that war is so terrible - we should grow
too fond of it," states Lee during the fighting.
 12,600 Union dead vs. 5300 Confederates
            1863

 Jan.1 – Emancipation
 Proclamation issued freeing all
 slaves in Confed. held territory
    War to preserve Union
     becomes struggle to end
     slavery
              1863
 Jan.  25 – Burnside replaced by
  Gen. Joseph Hooker
 Jan. 29 – Grant placed in command
  of Army of the West
  –Told to take Vicksburg on Miss.
    River
 March 3 – Congress enacts the
  military draft
  –Those who could pay $300 could
    hire a substitute
              1863

 May1-4  – Hooker’s forces defeated
  by Lee at Chancellorsville, VA
     “Stonewall” Jackson mortally
      wounded by his own troops
 June 28 – Gen. George Meade
  replaces Joe Hooker
Confederate dead at the Sunken Road -
          Chancellorsville
Union Gen. George Meade
Military Strategy at Gettysburg
Picketts Charge
Musket Fire
               1863

 July1-3 – The Battle of Gettysburg
 – Union forces under Meade defeat
 Lee, forcing the Confeds. to retreat
 to VA – Meade fails to pursue and
 destroy the battered Confederate
 Army
  The battle is the turning point of
   the war
Union dead at Gettysburg
                        Little Round Top -
                            Gettysburg




A dead Confederate
Sharpshooter - Little
Round Top
 Confederate
 dead in the
“Devil’s Den”




                 Amputation
                    being
                performed at a
                 Union field
                   Hospital
Cannon Fire
                1863

 July 4 – Grant takes Vicksburg and
  takes control of the Miss. River
     Confederacy is split in two
 July 13-16 – Violent anti-draft riots
  in NYC
               1863

 Sept.19/20 – Union forces defeated
  at Chickamauga, TN – Union Gen.
  Rosecrans’ troops trapped in
  Chattanooga, TN
 Oct. 16 – Grant given control of all
  western armies
             1863

 Nov. 19 – Lincoln delivers his
 Gettysburg Address to dedicate
 a cemetery on the site of the
 battlefield
             1863

 Nov.23-25 – Grants forces
 break siege of Chattanooga –
 Union troops avenge the loss at
 Chickamauga
                1864
 March 9 – Grant given command of
  Union Army – Gen. William T. Sherman
  given control of armies of the west
 May – Coordinated campaign of all
  Union forces begins. 120K Union troops
  under Grant begin moving toward
  Richmond & Gen. Lee
   Beginning of a war of attrition
Union Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman
             1864

 June3 – Battle of Cold Harbor
 (VA) – Grant foolishly attacks a
 strongly held Confed. position –
 loses 7K men in 20 mins.
           Union Gen. Ulysses Simpson Grant




Planning
the Cold
Harbor
Assault
               1864

 June  15 – Siege of Petersburg
  begins – Lee’s forces surrounded
 July 20 – Sherman reaches Atlanta
  – begins a 3-month struggle to take
  the vital southern city
 Aug. 29 – Democrats nominate
  McClellan to run against Lincoln
The 13-inch Union mortar "Dictator" mounted on a
railroad flatcar at Petersburg. Its 200-pound shells had
a range of over 2 miles
                   1864
   Sept. 2 – Sherman captures Atlanta – a
    boost for Lincoln’s re-election campaign
    Sherman destroys Atlanta’s warehouses
     and railroads
 Nov. 8 – Lincoln re-elected president
 Nov. 15 – Sherman begins his “March
  to the Sea”
 Dec. 21 – Sherman reaches Savannah,
  GA, leaving behind scorched earth in
  his wake
General Sherman
(Rt) surveys the
damage at
Atlanta (below
and next slide)
Field Hospitals
Northern Home front
Southern Home front
                   1865
 Jan. 31 - 13th Amendment to the
  Constitution passed Congress & sent to
  states for ratification - outlaws slavery in
  the U.S.
 March 4 - Lincoln inaugurated for 2nd
  term
 April 2 - Lee evacuates Petersburg -
  Richmond also evacuated - Grant's
  forces advance
 April 4 - Lincoln tours Richmond &
  Confederate White House
Union troops at
Petersburg (left)
and Richmond
(below)
The Confederate “White House” in Richmond
              1865

 April 9 - Lee surrenders at
  Appomatox Courthouse, VA
 April 14 - Lincoln shot at Ford's
  Theater
                                           Lee,
                                          shortly
                                         after his
                                        surrender




The Civil War started on the property
of Wilmer McLean in Manassas, VA
and ended with the surrender of
Lee’s forces in the parlor of
McLean’s home in Appomatox
Courthouse, VA.

				
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posted:8/4/2011
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