“A New Power of the First Order” America and its’ affect on the world After 1898 particularly – “Philippine-American War” when Americans “annihilated” Spanish fleet in Manila, America was recognized with a new power. – and also able to obtain these goals – “imperial agenda” “imperial agenda” – developing for years – which included annexation of Hawaii, establishment of bases across the Pacific and at Caribbean points, The reason for these expansion was because of the depression of the mid-1890s. Because there was overproduction of agriculture, they decided expansion was needed – “locating dynamic new export markets.” - also looking for “emerging markets” One target was Latin America for export of capital and goods. Another target was Cuba – where US firms already invested tens of millions of dollars in sugar and coffee plantations (they wanted more, however) Across the Pacific – China market look viable Concurrently, they talk more about religion aspects – spreading their religion. Philippines looked especially promising for protestant churchmen- “fertile missionizing turf” China looked especially promising for religious aspects US COLONIAL ADMINISTRATORS of the 1900s With this aspect, America’s real mission was to spread their “blessing of freedom to the other lands.” Pg. 136 Philippine war – soldier “there is not a man of us who in his heart does not feel, and deeply know,” he avowed, “that our nation is God’s chosen nation for the doing of His inscrutable work.” Albert Beveridge – senator for US used this evangelical language to talk to the people in the Philippines for example….Social Darwinism – the “survival of the fittest” view fit into a social aspect. He believed Americans and America was the “fittest” of all – and had this view that US global mastery would lead to spread of American-style institutions, commerce and “liberty.” Another example of this – Richard Leary – US Navy Captain. War with Spain seized Pacific island of Guam. All of these people named along with Leonard Wood (gov of Cuba), Charles Allen (Puerto Rico) and Howard Taft (Philippines) – show US ways of “civilizing” the people of other countries. Leonard Wood – “We have gone down to that island for the purpose of giving those people liberty” They are changing everything to the “Amercian way” in the best interests of the natives. 1898 victory over Manila Bay helped the driving force in taking Hawaii. Despite Hawaiians’ strong objection and hostility to annexation, they ignored them and decided to make HI a part of the US. This “Manifest Destiny,” as McKinley put it, finally gone overseas. Anti-Imperialists did not like this idea of taking over Hawaii – Philippines, because they felt the natives would be a poor inclusion in the US. Andrew Carnegie viewed the colonization of alien peoples as a “tragic diversion from developing the United States itself”. –Saw this as detriment to the development of the US.
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