DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN OF AMRITSAR

					DISTRICT DISASTER
MANAGEMENT PLAN
    AMRITSAR
   DISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT
    P        L        A       N




                      AMRITSAR
      OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY COMMISSIONER (AMRITSAR)




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                        2
                       Acknowledgement


      I take this opportunity to thank Mrs. Bhawna Garg, IAS,
Special Secretary Revenue, The Disaster Management Department,
Govt. of Punjab, for giving me the responsibility to write the State
Disaster Management Plan-2010-11. Throughout the process her
guidance, cooperation and suggestions helped me. I also extend my
thanks to Mr. K.S. Pannu, Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar.

Preparing the draft Amritsar State Disaster Management Plan
requires tremendous effort, time and dedication. Material, Data and
literatures are rare and time is very limited. Still, the work has to be
carried out from whatever material and time available.

        Mistakes, errors, omissions, unnecessary repetitions etc., are
bound to happen. Any suggestions for addition and cancellation,
criticisms, corrections and advices are welcome.


                                                    Rinkal Mahajan
                                                           and
                                                   Parashant Gautam
                                                      Project Officer
                                                   Government of Punjab




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                         3
                       EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Although common man is not so familiar with the term disaster management;
they are much aware of certain phenomenon like Earthquake, Landslide, and
Cyclone and now even Tsunami. Since time immemorial India is highly prone
to natural calamities. Today, from Kanyakumari to Himalayas, India doesn‟t
have any region exempted from one or another kind of disaster.

According to recent study, 65 per cent of Indian landmass is highly prone to
earthquakes; whereas, 12 per cent is submerged under water annually (Ministry
of Home Affairs. The unanswered question, today, is how to tackle such
disasters.

Amritsar the most populous district in the state, is one of the border districts,
which share Common boundaries with Pakistan .It is situated in the
northwestern part of the state in the Bari Doab, a territory situated between
Beas and Ravi rivers. According to 2001 Census total population of District
Amritsar is 2152182. Rural population is 1050102 out of which schedule caste
population is 358580 .Urban population is 1102080 out of which 229418 is
schedule caste population.

The district Amritsar fall in Zone IV on the seismic scale corresponding the
MMI (Modified Mercalli Intensit) VIII making it prone to earthquake and it
may lead to, major, damage in the district. The possible percentage of buildings
likely to be damaged is 25-40 percent depending upon the number of stories.
The deaths are likely to occur can be in the range of 2000-5000 and number of
casualties can be 25000, even when estimated conservatively. As district
Amritsar falls within the seismic Zone IV, therefore earthquake disaster of high
intensity, may occurred in this district and the possibility of such disaster is
rather remote in future. But at the same time, large scale erosion by the rivers
resulting into floods and collapsing of dilapidated building especially during
the rainy season cannot be ruled out.

Rapidly increasing urbanization and industrialization of Amritsar has not only
adversely impacted the quality of ambient air in the city but also has affected
the city‟s water resources. The ground water pollution in Amritsar is the result
of seepage of polluted water from the drains (Tungdhab, Hudiara and Ganda
Nallah), release of industrial effluents and heavy metals, leaching of
agricultural chemicals, pesticides and fertilizers to groundwater aquifers.
At present, 64 slums exist in the city that has been notified by the Municipal
Corporation. Largest number of slums was notified in 1986/87 i.e. 32 (24 to 54)
localities were declared as slums.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  4
The efforts to prepare a document like this -The District Disaster Management
Plan for Amritsar- received inspiration from such a scenario. The objective of
this document is to introduce the unique and tested method of disaster
management in district Amritsar. Replacing the well-known traditional
methods of disaster management, one has Amritsar. Replacing the well-known
traditional methods of disaster management, one has to embrace decentralized
efforts and people‟s participation.

In the new set up of disaster management in district north east, the traditional
relief and rehabilitation department has been replaced with an exhaustive
institutional mechanism, in which District Disaster Management Committee is
the high-powered committee in district level for planning, implementing and
monitoring disaster management activities in normal time. This is a multi
disciplinary committee with more than 30 members.

The Incident Command System of Amritsar District is the higher authority
during a disaster. The Incident command system is a pre-designed system,
which is activated only in time of disaster and its roles, get over as soon as the
rehabilitation is completed. There are Crisis Management Groups and three
Working Groups under the Incident Commander cum Deputy Commissioner
North East with key players to look after day-to-day disaster management
activities during an emergency. Also there are 11 Emergency Support
Functions with one nodal agency and a couple of supporting agencies to look
after disaster management, in the new set up.

The District Disaster Management Plan for Amritsar is a combination of
modern participatory approach. This document has been designed in two
volumes in which the first volume contains Nine Chapters where as the second
volume is dedicated for annexure and additional information.

Certain most important concepts and approaches like significance of a District
Disaster Management Plan for Amritsar as well as detailed profile of the
district are coming in the first two chapters. The vulnerability and hazard
situation and capacity available to face a disaster are elaborately described in
the third chapter. Some other important discussions in the first volume are the
present institutional mechanism of disaster management; Mitigation plan,
standard operation procedures and action plan for the Emergency Support
Functions. A plan document shall specify the sustainability of the proposed
programme. First Volume of this document concludes with chapters on
financial and budgetary provisions, linking with developmental plan and
certain sample guidelines for conduction mock exercises.

The second volume of The District Disaster Management Plan for Amritsar is
dedicated for supplying additional information required for better disaster
management. Mostly, it contains the resource inventory of the district,
emergency contact number, Performa for data collection, check list and many


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   5
more. Besides, this volume provided an exclusive list of schools in the district,
various associations in the district and much other information required in a
disaster situation.
CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION……………………………………………1-8
      1.1 Disaster /Management Basic Concept………………………………….1
      1.2 Disaster Management Cycle…………………………………………….….2
      1.3 Need for Planning………………………………………………………………3
      1.4 Objectives of Planning………………………………………………………..3
      1.5 Classification of Hazards……………………………………………………..6
CHAPTER 2: DISTRICT PROFILE OF AMRITSAR……………………9-52
      2.1 Brief History of the District………………………………………………….9
      2.2 District Organizational Structure………………………………………….11
      2.3 Physical Characteristics………………………………………………………12
      2.4 Climate……………………………………………………………………………..13
      2.5 Rainfall……………………………………………………………………………..13
      2.6 Land Holding Pattern………………………………………………………….15
      2.7 Demographic Profile and Economic Base………………………………20
      2.8 Economy and Employment………………………………………………….24
      2.9 Trade and Commerce…………………………………………………………27
      2.10 Road Network and Means of Transportation………………………29
      2.11 Railway Station……………………………………………………………….34
      2.12 Airport……………………………………………………………………………35
      2.13 Social Infrastructure………………………………………………………..35
      2.14 Health ……………………………………………………………………………41
      2.15 Civic Amenities/Services…………………………………………………..43
      2.16 Drainage and Canal System……………………………………………..46


CHAPTER 3: HAZARDS, VULNERABILITY ASSESSME…………53-98
      3.1 Types of Hazards the District Prone To………………………………..53
      3.2 Earthquake……………………………………………………………………….54
      3.3 Flood ……………………………………………………………………………….56


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                              6
      3.4 Hazard/ Vulnerability Analysis……………………………………………..59
      3.5 Other Hazards 65
      3.6 Environment Pollution…………………………………………………………69
      3.7 Housing pattern…………………………………………………………………78
      3.8 Urban Poor and Slums………………………………………………………..81
      3.9 Industrial Growth ……………………………………………………………...84
      3.10 Infrastructure and Service Delivery……………………………………86
CHAPTER 4: INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT 99-
130
      4.1 National Level Mechanism………………………………………………….99
       4.1.1 National Crisis Management Committee…………………………………..99
       4.1.2 National Crisis Management Group…………………………………………99
       4.1.3 National Disaster Management Authority…………………………………99
      4.2 State Level Mechanism…………………………………………………….100
       4.2.1 Amritsar Disaster Management Authority……………………………….100
       4.2.2 State Crisis Management Group…………………………………………….100
       4.2.3 State Steering Committee……………………………………………………..101
       4.2.4 State Working Groups…………………………………………………………..101
      4.3 Districts Level Mechanism in Amritsar……………………………….102
       4.3.1 District Disaster Management Committee………………………………102
       4.3.2 Duties of DDMC Members-Amritsar………………………………………103
       4.3.3 District Crisis Management Group…………………………………………110
       4.3.4 District Working Groups………………………………………………………114
       4.3.5 Block Disaster Management Committee (BDMC)…………………….116
       4.3.6 Village Disaster Management Committee (VDMC)…………………..116
       4.3.7 Emergency Operation Center……………………………………………….117
       4.3.8 Role of Emergency Operation Center in Normal Time…………….118
       4.3.9 Role of Emergency Operation Center during Disasters……………119
      4.4 Incident Command System in District Amritsar…………………..119
       4.4.1 Major Functions of Incident Commander……………………………….120
       4.4.2 Major Functions of Operation Section Chief……………………………121
       4.4.3 Major Functions of Planning Section Chief……………………………..121
       4.4.4 Major Functions of Logistic Section Chief……………………………….121
       4.4.5 Major Functions of Finance Section Chief……………………………….121


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              7
    4.4.6 Onsite Emergency Operation Centers…………………………………….122
   4.5 Emergency Support Functions………………………………………….122
   4.6 Disaster Management Teams…………………………………………….123
   4.7 Control Room……………………………………………………………………124
CHAPTER 5: DISASTER MITIGATION PLAN…………………..131-137
   5.1 Non-Structural Mitigation Plan……………………………………………131
    5.1.1 Preparedness Methodology……………………………………………………131
    5.1.2 Sensitization/Awareness Campaign………………………………………..131
    5.1.3 Training and Capacity Building……………………………………………….132
    5.1.4 Disaster Management Planning………………………………………………133
    5.1.5 Disaster Resource Inventory………………………………………………….134
    5.1.6 Enforcing Existing Codes and Laws………………………………………..134
   5.2 Structural Mitigation Measures…………………………………………..135
    5.2.1 Retrofitting………………………………………………………………………….136
    5.2.2 Earth Quake Resistant Construction……………………………………….136
CHAPTER 6: ACTION RESPONSE PLAN FOR EMERGENCY
            SUPPORT FUNCTIONS ……………………138-152
   6.1 Short Term Response Plan……………………………………………………138
    6.1.1 Rescue Operations………………………………….……………………………….138
    6.1.2 Relief Operations…………………………………………………………………….139
    6.1.3 Rehabilitation………………………………………………………………………….140
   6.2 Long-Term Response Plans…………………………………………………..140
CHAPTER 7: STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES…………153-182
   7.1 SOP for emergency Support Functions………………………………….153
    7.1.1 ESF 1 Coordination………………………………………………………………….153
    7.1.2 ESF 2 Communication……………………………………………………………..157
    7.1.3 ESF 3 Evacuations, Search and Rescue……………………………………..161
    7.1.4 ESF 4 Law and Order………………………………………………………………163
    7.1.5 ESF 5 Emergency Medical Response and Trauma Counseling………164
    7.1.6 ESF 6 Water Supply…………………………………………………………………167
    7.1.7 ESF 7 Relief (Food and Shelter)……………………………………………….. 168
    7.1.8 ESF 8 Equipment Support, Debris and Road Clearance………………...171
    7.1.9 ESF 9 Help Lines, Warning Dissemination………………………………...…173
    7.1.10 ESF10 Electricity…………………………………………………………………….174


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              8
         7.1.11 ESF 11Transportation………………………………………………………………175
    7.2      SOP for Community Task Forces………………………………………….177
         7.2.1 Community Task Forces…………………………………………………………..177
         7.2.2 CTF 1 Warning and Communication Group………………………………..177
         7.2.3 CTF 2 Evacuations & Temporary Shelter Management Group………177
         7.2.4 CTF 3 Damage Assessment Group…………………………………………….179
         7.2.5 CTF 4 Search and Rescue Group………………………………………………179
         7.2.6 CTF 5 First Aid and Trauma Counseling Group…………………………..180
         7.2.7 CTF 6 Relief Co-Ordination Group…………………………………………….180
         7.2.8 CTF 7 Water And Sanitation Group…………………………………………..181
CHAPTER- 08 DISASTER MANAGEMENT OF DISTRICT AMRITSAR
183-205
    8.1 Flood ……………………………………………………………………………..183
    8.2 Earthquake……………………………………………………………………..198
    8.3 Epidemics……………………………………………………………………….204
    8.4 Cattle Epidemic………………………………………………………………..204
    8.5 Village Fire

ANNEXURE A
ANNEXURE B
ANNEXURE C
ANNEXURE D
ANNEXURE E: Phone Numbers of Kanungo, Sarpanch and Administrative
Bodies
APPENDIX F: NGOs of Amritsar




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 9
                                       LIST OF TABLES

Table No.1 Block wise area, villages and towns in Amritsar district ............................
Table No.2 Assembly Constituencies........................................................................
Table No.3 Average Annual Rainfall .........................................................................
Table No.4 Area under different land use/land cover categories in Amritsar
             district ....................................................................................................
Table No.5 Block wise Rural Population ...................................................................
Table No.6 Municipality wise Urban Population ........................................................
Table No.7 Population Growth ................................................................................
Table No.8 Sex Ratio in Amritsar .............................................................................
Table No.9 Total Migrants and Migrants in Last 10 Years by Place of Last
              Residence to Amritsar city (2001) ...........................................................
Table No.10 Total Migrants by Place of Last Residence from different states to
                Amritsar City (2001) ............................................................................
Table No.11Migration of Workers by Place of Last Residence to Amritsar city
             (2001) ....................................................................................................
Table No.12 Industrial Classification of Main Workers in Amritsar City .......................
Table No.13 Details of livestock and poultry in the Amritsar district, 2007..................
Table No.14 Statement showing the details of Road Cross-Section and R/W of
                Inter and Intra City Road Falling in Amritsar Local Planning Area ...........
Table No.15 List of Odr Falling in Amritsar along with cross sectional details..............
Table No.16 Length of Roads within Amritsar M. C. (in kms) .....................................
Table No.17 Level of Education Facilities in Amritsar – Schools, etc ...........................
Table No.18 Higher Level of Education Facilities in Amritsar......................................
Table No.19 Schools/Colleges per 10,000 Populations in Statutory Towns,
             2001 ......................................................................................................
Table No.20 Population, Number of Villages and Towns, 2001 ..................................
Table No.21 Number and percentage of literates and illiterates by tehsils,
             2001 ......................................................................................................




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                                10
Table No.22 Number and Percentage of Literates and Illiterates By Sex in
               Urban Agglomerations / Towns, 2001 ...................................................
Table No.23 Distribution of Workers by Sex In Four Categories Of Economic
               Activity In Tehsils, 2001.......................................................................
Table No.24 Medical Infrastructure in Amritsar ........................................................
Table No.25 Number of Beds In Medical Institutions In Towns, 2001 ........................
Table No.26 Veterinary Institutions in Amritsar ........................................................
Table No.27 Fire Stations of Amritsar District ...........................................................
Table No.28 Police Stations Falling in Amritsar .........................................................
Table No.29 Record to Previous Floods ....................................................................
Table No.30 Trend of Road Accidents in Amritsar city and village level, 1997-
            2010 ......................................................................................................
Table No.31 SPM, SO2, NOX Levels in industrial area of Amritsar at different
               Air monitoring station from 1997 -2001 ................................................
Table No.32 Ground Water Quality at Five Sampling Stations of Amritsar city ............
Table No.33 Noise Level (dB) Monitoring during the year 2006 in Amritsar ................
Table No.34 Details of animals slaughtered in the Amritsar District, 2008 ..................
Table No.35 Pattern of Use of Census Houses Category wise in Municipal
               Corporation, Amritsar (2001) ...............................................................
Table No.36 Distribution of Residential Houses by their Type of Structure in
               Municipal Corporation, Amritsar: 2001 ..................................................
Table No.37 Distribution of Slum Population to Amritsar M.C. Population ...................
Table No.38 Slum Population Characteristics ............................................................
Table No.39 Ownership of Land under Slums in Amritsar .........................................
Table No.40 Basic Services & Amenities Existing in Slums of Amritsar .......................
Table No.41 Major Industrial Locations in Amritsar City ............................................
Table No.42 Comparison of Industrial Data at City and District Level, 2007 ...............
Table No.43 Total Number of Tube wells in Amritsar ................................................
Table No.44 Water Supply information in Amritsar (MC) ...........................................
Table No.45 Sewerage Details of Urban Settlements in Amritsar ..............................
Table No.46 Length of Drainage Network in Amritsar Municipal Corporation
            Area .......................................................................................................


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                              11
Table No.47 Details of Landfill Sites in Amritsar Municipal Corporation Area ...............
Table No.48 Comparison of Industrial Data at City and District Level, 2007 ...............

                                        LIST OF FIGURES

Fig.No.1 Disaster Management Cycle .....................................................................
Fig.No.2 Methodology of Plan Development ...........................................................
Fig.No.3 Classification of Hazards ..........................................................................
Fig.No.4 Monthly Average Rainfall .........................................................................
Fig.No.5 Population Growth of Municipal Corporation Amritsar ................................
Fig.No.6 Alpha One on GT road towards Jallandhar ................................................
Fig.No.7 Upcoming mega project Shubham Enclave ...............................................
Fig.No.8 Railway Station, Amritsar .........................................................................
Fig.No.9 Canal office Chowk..................................................................................
Fig.No.10 Rambagh Chowk .....................................................................................
Fig.No.11 Industry releasing plume without adopting pollution control devices ..........
Fig.No.12 UBDC (1) near Mehta road ......................................................................
Fig.No.13 UBDC (1) at Tarawala Pul ........................................................................
Fig.No.14 Untreated industrial effluents of Shankar Textile Mill drained out
             into Nallah ..............................................................................................
Fig.No.15 Untreated industrial effluents of Khanna Paper Mill drain out into
             Ganda Nallah ..........................................................................................
Fig.No.16 Groundwater Sample having objectionable colour, odour taste &
             suspended solids.....................................................................................
Fig.No.17 Untreated industrial effluents pumped out near Verka Chowk create
             unbearable odour ....................................................................................
Fig.No.18 Villagers using untreated effluents of the drain for irrigating fields .............
Fig.No.19 Upstream of Patti Drain near Malhian village (Jandiala) showing
             excessive algae growth ...........................................................................
Fig.No.20 Kasur Nallah flowing near village Manawala shows excessive
             eutrophication ........................................................................................
Fig.No.21 Gandha Nallah carrying untreated sewage, MSW, biomedical waste
             etc .........................................................................................................



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                                12
Fig.No.22 High Traffic Volume and glaring horns by auto rickshaws cause
            Noise Pollution ........................................................................................
Fig.No.23 Poor Housing Condition, Poor Mass Space Relationship, Mesh of
            Wire and High Intensity of development in walled city Amritsar .................
Fig.No.24 View of planned housing area on Maqbool Road, Green Avenue and
            Ranjit Avenue .........................................................................................
Fig.No.25 View of new upcoming residential projects along Bye- Pass .......................
Fig.No.26 Housing condition in slum areas of Amritsar .............................................
Fig.No.27 Infrastructure situation in slum areas of Amritsar ......................................
Fig.No.28 Industries at the Focal Point, Mehta Road.................................................
Fig.No.29 Poor road infrastructure, water logging and open dumping of
            industrial waste in Focal Point, Amritsar ...................................................
Fig.No.30 View of Blocked Sewer at Mahan Singh Gate ............................................
Fig.No.31 Disposal Work, Fatehpur .........................................................................
Fig.No.32 View of Ganda Nallah used for Disposal ....................................................
Fig.No.33 Water Logging outside Bus Stand ............................................................
Fig.No.34 Garbage dumping along roadside .............................................................
Fig.No.35 Dumping of Garbage in open drain passing through Bangla Basti ...............
Fig.No.36 Open Dumping Ground at Fatehpur .........................................................
Fig.No.37 Wasting in Vacant Plots in litter city .........................................................
Fig.No.38 Dumping of waste along Bye-pass ...........................................................
Fig.No.39 Industries at the Focal Point, Mehta Road ................................................
Fig.No.40 Poor road infrastructure, water logging and open dumping of
            industrial waste ......................................................................................

                                        LIST OF MAPS

DISTRICT LOCATION MAP
TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION MAP
LOCATION OF FIRE STATION
DRAINAGE NETWORK




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                          13
                                CHAPTER 01

                             INRODUCTION


Disasters like flood whether natural or man-induced are creating a great loss to
all sorts of life- human beings, animals, plants and resources- buildings, and
infrastructure and above all cause psychological problems. Floods are
increasing with the move to material civilization, urbanization and
industrialization. With this new cult, even natural disasters are occurring
because of the disturbances in natural equilibrium caused by the greed and lust
of human beings to exploit natural resources to get rich quickly. World Bank in
India (January 2007) in its Article, “Two years after the tsunami, South Asia
Prepares against Future Disasters”, observes that across the world, natural
disasters are growing in number and destructiveness, and their human toll is
escalating. In the past 20 years alone, more than 4 billion people have been
affected by natural catastrophes from floods, cyclones, and tsunami,
earthquakes, landslides, and volcanic eruptions.

Response to Disaster, in the absence of a well-defined plan, would be arbitrary,
leading to overemphasis of actions of some actions and absence of other critical
actions. A formal plan for managing Disaster is, therefore, necessary. This
Disaster management plan has a strong preventive focus which aims at
reducing the frequency of occurrence of such Disaster while at the same time;
it includes a plan of action for earthquakes, floods, cyclones, epidemics,
industrial and chemical accidents, road accidents and fires. At the same time
disaster management plan has a strong mitigation aspect as well, which will
reduces the frequency of occurrence of such disasters.

1.1 DISASTER MANAGEMENT BASIC CONCEPTS

HAZARD: A potentially damaging physical event, natural phenomenon or
human activity that may adversely affect human life, property or social and
economic disruption or environmental damage.

VULNERABILITY: The conditions determined by physical, social, economic
and environmental factors which increase the damageability or proneness of an
individual or community/society to impact of hazards.

RISK: Expected or anticipated losses from impact of a hazard at a given
element over a specific period of time.

CAPACITY: The ability of stakeholders to cope with/resist/respond to the
effects of a hazard or a catastrophic event.

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                14
Disaster Risk = H + V – C
Human vulnerability to disasters in inversely related to human capacity to
withstand the effects of disasters.
DISASTER: Disaster Management Act, 2005 defines Disaster as: “Disaster
means a catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence in any area, arising
from natural or man-made causes, or by accident or negligence which results in
substantial loss of life or human suffering or damage to, and destruction of,
property, or damage to, or degradation of environment, and is of such a nature
or magnitude as to be beyond the coping capacity of the community of the
affected area.

DISASTER MANAGEMENT: Disaster Management Act, 2005 defines
Disaster Management as: “Disaster Management means a continuous and
integrated process of planning, organizing, coordinating and implementing
measures which are necessary for prevention of danger or threat of any
disaster; mitigation or reduction of risk of any disaster or its severity or
consequences; capacity building; preparedness to deal with any disaster;
prompt response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster; assessing the
severity or magnitude of effects of any disaster; evacuation, rescue and relief;
and rehabilitation and reconstruction.

1.2 DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE

                                 DISASTER MANAGEMENT



          PRE-DISASTER            EMERGENCY PHASE           POST- DISASTER
              PHASE                                             STAGE
          Mitigation (Risk         Rescue Measures
           Assessment/            Provision for Search,       Rehabilitation
            Prevention)           Rescue and First Aid     Restoration of basic
          Hazard Mapping                                  services and functions
       /Risk and Vulnerability     Immediate Relief
       Assessment/Structural      Food, Water & Cloth;
         and Non Structural       Shelter and Medical
             Measures                     Care                Reconstruction
           Preparedness                                      Full resumption of
       Contingency Planning/      Assessment Survey           services plus all
            Warning and            Economic damage,         preventive measures
            Evacuation/              Death toll, etc.
            Consolidated
        Preparation for next
              Disaster


                      Fig. No.1 Disaster Management Cycle




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                     15
1.3 NEED FOR PLANNING

Disasters are events that come unannounced and the main duty of district
administration then becomes the proper management of resources, be it
material, physical or manpower. As per the Government directions, in the state,
every district must have a District Disaster Management Plan. Accordingly, a
detailed District Disaster Management Plan has been prepared for the District
Amritsar. While preparing this document, an effort has been made to:-

     Identify probable Disaster situations in this district and nodal officers
     for each such situation have been deputed. The duties of all the members
     of District Disaster Management Committee have been clearly defined.
    Evolve a Standard Operative Procedure of a general nature keeping in
     view the common requirements of various Disaster situations with
     special emphasis on control room operation and seeking help from
     outside the district.
    Touch upon in detail the inventory of resources at the disposal of the
     Administration and the knowledge of experts for handling the situation.
    Project a detailed individual Disaster management plan for handling
     important Disaster/Disaster situations.

Our main aim is to reduce vulnerability and also to minimize the destruction
caused by all of these types of Disaster, be it natural or manmade. This is not
an easy task and in order to achieve this target and also keeping in view the
population and the of multiplicity of the hazards and Disaster, which can occur,
we are of firm opinion that the government cannot resolve this issue and the
people are not prepared to pay the price in terms of massive casualties and
economic losses, the task, though difficult but is achievable

1.4 OBJECTIVES OF PLANNING

Every planning has its own aims and objectives. The planning of any activity in
the district shall be specific and down to earth. For a better development and
sustainability of growth a better planning is required.

The basic objective of the District Disaster Management Plan of Amritsar is to
protect all its residents and every kinds of wealth from all sorts of untoward
incident through the following sectoral objectives:-

       1 Institutionalization of disaster management in district administration.
       2 Encouraging a culture of disaster preparedness in the district.
       3 Vulnerability reduction and disaster mitigation through better
         planning process.
       4 Creation of the best Government mechanism to handle any
         unprecendent events.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                16
      5 Instant response and effective decision making in disaster.
      6 Better coordination of relief and rehabilitation aftermath of a
         disaster.
      7 Better coordination of all line departments in disaster management.
      8 Encouraging and empowering the local community to own disaster
         management.
      9 Regular update of resources available in and around the district.
      10 Mock drill to check the viability and feasibility of implementation
         methodology.

                        METHODOLOGY OF PLAN
                           DEVELOPMENT

                Data collection from all line departments


                Data analysis

                Discussion with experts

                Referring national and international literatures

                Preparation of action plans for departments

                Preparing draft plan document

                Mock drill to check the viability and feasibility of
                implementation methodology
                y
                Vide circulation for public and departmental
                Preparing draft plan document,
                comments

                Preparation of the final plan document


               Fig. No. 2 Methodology of Plan Development

PUNJAB

Figure on next page shows the Digital Elevation Model of Punjab and the
elevation of Amritsar district also:




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                            17
DDMP-AMRITSAR   18
1.5 CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDS

The High Power Committee of Governmnet of India has classified the hazards
as follows:-


    NATURAL CALAMITIES
      1. Floods and Drainage Management
      2. Earthquakes
      3. Biological crisis or Epidemic of Human/livestock/crops
      4. Fire
      5. Locust attack
      6. Hailstorm



    MAN-MADE CALAMITIES
      1. Industrial Disaster
      2. Radiological Disaster
      3. Accidents
          Railways
          Road
          Air
          Building Collapse
          Stampede at crowded religious functions/ melas/ processions.
          Food Poisoning
      4. War
          Evacuation of civil population form a particular area
          Arrangement of transport for the Army
          Arrangement and supply of essential commodities for the Army
          Energizing civil defense organization
          First-Aid and Evacuation of injured people
          Shifting of casualities
          Emergency action in case of bomb hit of ordinary or of nuclear
            nature

                     Fig. No. 3 Classification of Hazards

The various prevention and mitigation measures outlined below are aimed at
building up capabilities as also how to deal with Disaster. The objective of a
Disaster management plan is to localize a Disaster and contain its effect to the
greatest extent so as to minimize its impact on life, environment and property.
Response to Disaster, in the absence of a well-defined plan, would be arbitrary,
leading to overemphasis of actions of some actions and absence of other critical
actions. A formal plan for managing Disaster is, therefore, necessary. This
Disaster management plan has a strong preventive focus which aims at
reducing the frequency of occurrence of such Disaster while at the same time;


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                19
it includes a plan of action for earthquakes, floods, cyclones, epidemics,
industrial and chemical accidents, road accidents and fires.

Keeping in view, all the possible aspects of the aforesaid problem in mind and
to keep the Administration prepared in all possible ways to respond properly to
various Disaster situations within shortest possible time, possible Disaster
situations/Disaster have been identified and the component plans have also
been identified & mentioned in detail in this document.

The mode, degree and extent of response to fight out any Disaster depend upon
the nature, degree and extent of Disaster, but some of the points are almost
common to all kinds of situations. For example, it is to be ensured in all types
of Disaster that first of all appropriate prevention steps are to be taken.
Secondly, preparedness is required to contain the damages and casualties
resulting from the Disaster. Thirdly, steps for reclamation and restoration of
community life within a reasonable time will have to be taken care of.

Similarly, it is common to all situations that: -

1. Central Control Rooms are to be established.
2. District Disaster Management Committee is to come into action.
3. A general line of action and some special duties to various officers and
departments will have to be assigned.
4. Voluntary Organizations may have to be involved and their role will have to
be clearly specified and coordinated.
5. Media may have to be briefed to suppress all kinds of rumors.
6. Information regarding resource inventory of Health Services, Transport
Services, Evacuation & Rehabilitation Centers, and Food etc. may be needed.

Broad guidelines have been given in the following pages and "Standard
Procedure" has been formulated which is to be adhered to by all concerned.
Once the
Disaster takes place and the authorities are informed of the same, they will take
the necessary action with the help of the individual Disaster management plans
prepared for the respective Disaster/situations.

The main objectives of various preparedness measures are: -

i) Minimizing the loss of human lives.
ii) Minimizing the loss of livestock.
iii) Minimizing the loss to property and infrastructure.
iv) Minimizing ill effects on the health of affected population.
v) Bringing the human activities in the locality to normal condition soon after.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  20
To achieve the above objectives different tasks have to be performed by
different Government Departments and other agencies before, during and after
the Disaster. Each

Department's role and responsibilities have to be clearly identified and action
plan needs to be drawn up by each department. For close cooperation between
the various Department / Agencies, close coordination is required at the
District. Headquarter as well as at the Tehsil Headquarter. Deputy
Commissioner Amritsar will coordinate the work at the District. Headquarter.
SDM‟s are to co-ordinate all activities at the Sub

The responsibility to manage all sorts of Disaster in the district rests with the
"District Disaster Management Committee" headed by the Deputy
Commissioner-cum-
District Magistrate Amritsar, who may, depend upon the gravity of the
situation, seeks the help of "State Disaster Management Committee" and the
"National Disaster Management Committee".

For operational expediency, the concerned Sub Divisional Magistrate, Deputy
Superintendent of Police (DSP), Station House Officer and Tehsildar with their
subordinate staff will swing into action immediately after receipt of
information regarding any Disaster. The SDO/SDM will immediately take over
as in charge of the site.

They will try their best to contain the situation with the available local
resources.However, if they find that the situation is beyond their control and
the district level resource mobilization is required, they will seek the help of
their superiors or call the meeting of Disaster Management Committee.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 21
                                CHAPTER 02

               DISTRICT PROFILE OF AMRITSAR


2.1 Brief History Of The District

Amritsar the most populous district in the state, is one of the border districts,
which share Common boundaries with Pakistan .It is situated in the
northwestern part of the state in the Bari Doab, a territory situated between
Beas and Ravi rivers. The district is the heart throb of Majha tract, now
forming the district of Amritsar and Gurdaspur, ruled by Manjh Rajputs.

The district takes its name from the city of the same name which is the seat of
district headquarters and best known as the home of Golden Temple, also
called “Hari Mandir” or “Darbar Sahib”. The city, however, derives its name
from the tank surrounding the Golden Temple. Literally speaking, Amritsar
means “The tank of nectar or the tank of immortality”. The shrine is considered
sacred and a bath (Ashnan) therein is considered as purifier. The shrine and the
tank were built by Guru Ram Das the fourth Sikh Guru, who is the founder of
Amritsar city. The fifth Sikh Guru Arjun Dev completed the project and built a
temple known as Hari Mandir, the foundation stone of which was laid by saint
Mian Mir a sufi saint who had good relation with Guru Arjun Dev.

The legend goes that after Sagar Manthan (Churmi of Sea), the pot containing
amrit ask (nectar), hidden here was forgotten. It so happened that a lady who
was married to a leper came hear along with her husband .She left her husband
near the place where present Sarovar is located, which was then only a small
pool. The leper saw a crow turned white after a deep in a pool, so he jumped in
the pool and was cured of the disease. Thereafter the miraculous powers of the
pool were recognised and a temple was built in the centre of the pool by Guru
Arjun Dev. The Sikhs were called upon to pay homage at the temple after a
bath in the Sarovar. Later Akal Takat was constructed near the temple complex
where Sikhs used to assemble twice a year on Basakhi and Diwali festivals to
discuss their common problems for unanimous and common actions.

The city became an important religious centre for the Sikhs. The Gurus invited
traders and others to settle at the place which became an important centre for
trade and commerce also. However the city owes much to Maharaja Ranjeet
Singh, who for the protection of the residents built a 14 feet high boundary
wall, with 12 gates. He also laid out a beautiful garden called Ram Bagh.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 22
Location

Amritsar district, part of Indo-Gangetic alluvial plain with conspicuously flat
terrain is located in the north-western part of the Punjab. It lies between latitude
of 31‟ 28‟ 49” & 32‟ 03‟ 26” N and longitude of 74‟29‟ 06” E & 75‟ 24‟ 24” E.
The district covering an area of 267700 hectares is bounded on north and west
by Pakistan, on the north-east by Gurdaspur district, on the south-east by
district Kapurthals and on the south by district Tarn Taran. There are nine
towns namely, Amritsar, Amritsar Cantt, Jandiala, Ajnala, Majitha, Rayya,
Rajasansi, Budha Theh and Ramdas and 766 inhabitated villages in the district
(Table 9). Amritsar district comprises of 4 tehsils namely Ajnala, Amritsar I,
Amritsar II and Baba Bakala. There are 8 blocks in the district. Block wise area
and distribution of villages and towns is given in Table 1.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                    23
Table: 1 Block wise area, villages and towns in Amritsar district

S. No.      Name of  No. of               Name of Towns                No. of           Area
           the Block Towns                                            villages          (ha)*
   1      Ajnala       2               Ajnala, Ramdas                   171           45621.32
   2      Harsha       1               Raja Sansi                        59           23168.05
          Chinna
   3      Choganwan    -                                                 134          49008.97
   4      Majitha      1               Majitha                            93          26164.49
   5      Tarsikka     -                                                  81          23582.28
   6      Verka        2               Amritsar, Amritsar                 98          42639.42
                                       Cantt
  7     Jandiala               1       Jandiala                           57          25259.96
  8     Rayya                  2       Rayya, Budha Theh                  83          32255.50
Total Tehsils                  9                                         766         267700.00
* Block area is as per block boundaries demarcated from 1:1 lac scale tehsil maps with village
boundaries prepared by Director Land Records, Jalandhar. As the village boundaries are generalized,
there will be some variation in block area when compared to block area computed from reported
village area as per revenue records.

2.2 District Organizational Structure

Administrative set-up

The district has experienced jurisdictional changes after the 2005 census. Taran
Taran tehsil becomes a district and it is exempted from the district Amritsar. In
Amritsar district, with the addition of one newly created tahsils is Amritsar II
and the number of tahsils has gone four which is Amritsar I, Amritsar II, Baba
Bakala and Ajnala. Likewise the number of towns in the district has increased
from 10 to 13, except Budha Theh census town all of them have statutory
status. The newly added three towns were; Ajnala, Raja Sansi, and Budha
Theh.


Administrative Divisions

District Amritsar is divided into Four Tehsils (Amritsar I, Amritsar II, Ajnala
and Baba Bakala), Five Sub-Tehsils (Attari, Lopoke, Majitha, Ramdas and
Tarsika), Eight Blocks (Ajnala, Chogawan, Harsha Chinna, Jandiala, Majitha,
Rayya, Tarsika and Verka) and Eleven Assembly Constituencies which are as
following:

Table 2: Assembly Constituencies

            Sr. No                           Name                            Code
              1            Ajnala                                             11
              2            Rajasansi                                          12
              3            Majitha                                            13


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                   24
             4         Jandiala(SC)                               14
             5         Amritsar North                             15
             6         Amritsar West (SC)                         16
             7         Amritsar Central                           17
             8         Amritsar East                              18
             9         Amritsar South                             19
            10         Attari(SC)                                 20
            11         Baba Bakala                                25

2.3 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Physiography:

Amritsar district lies amidst River Beas (to the east) separating Amritsar from
Kapurthala and River Ravi (to the west). It is located in the lower part of Upper
Bari Doab Canal giving it a saucer like shape. It is interesting to note that river
Beas joins Satluj River at the confluence of Ferozepur, Tarn Taran and
Kapurthala districts. As Punjab Plain is a part of Indo-Gangetic system,
Amritsar also has alluvial deposits brought by Beas and Ravi Rivers. The soil
in Amritsar is a light reddish-yellow loam (colloquially called maira) that
becomes somewhat stiffer at the Doab, finally deteriorating into sandy and
slightly uneven soil (colloquially called tibba).

Amritsar has a levelled plain area situated at an elevation of about 200 meters
in the North East to about 175 meters in the South West. The terrain of
Amritsar can be put under three categories: The Upland Plain, Bluff along the
Beas and Floodplain of Satluj.

The Physiography of Amritsar district is the product of alleviation by the Beas
and Ravi rivers. There are no hills within the limits of the district and nothing
of the nature of work or stone is to be met. The formation is strictly alluvial
though apparently of a uniform level, the country falls away to the west from
the high right bank of the Beas to the left bank of Ravi and there is also a gentle
slope of perhaps one feet and a quarter in a kilometer down the doab which
slightly broaden out as the two rivers diverge after rising from the hills along
Gurdaspur. The district is devoid of impressive natural features except the
dhaya as the cliffs forming the right bank of the Beas are called the sandy ridge
running down the doab, the scarcely perceptible drainage lives which carry off
the surface water and the perennial stream known as the Sakki.
However, an interfluvial tract likes that of Amritsar district cannot be
homogeneous throughout, as the terrain of the flood plains must differ from
that of the upland plains situated away from the rivers. Indeed one can
distinguish the following terrain units in the district on close observation.
Amritsar district has two major landforms viz. alluvial plain and flood plain.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   25
(i) Alluvial Plains: Alluvial plain constitute the major part of the district. This
unit is formed by the alluvial deposits brought by Ravi and other rivers of Indus
system. The alluvial plain along the Beas river is dissected by the back erosion
and there is a chain of gullies or ravines along the river Beas. The upland plain
spreads almost the whole district, except the western half of Ajnala tahsil, the
eastern margins of Baba Bakala. This plain abruptly rises above the Beas river
in the east and slopes very gently towards the Ravi. It possesses a firm base of
alluvium and has an appearance of a vast stretch of level land. There are a few
sporadically distributed sand mounds and clay mounds, with a local land relief
of only 2 to 6 meters. Amritsar has an elevation of 192 meters above the main
sea level.

(ii) The flood plain of Ravi and Beas: The flood plain of Ravi and Beas rivers
is the other landform in the district. The flood plain of Ravi occupies the
western half of Ajnala tahsil and accounts for about 7 per cent of the total area
of the district. It is locally known as the sea Bet Ravi. It stretches between the
Ravi to the west and its tributary Sakki Nala to the east. The Ravi flood plain is
low lying and waterlogged tract due to flooding by both the Ravi and Sakki. Its
surface configuration is uneven and, at places, it contains abandoned courses of
the river, patches of marshy land and thickly growing grass. In contrast to Ravi,
which makes a wide floodplain, the Beas does not form any such feather along
its course in the Baba Bakala of the district. The origin of this bluff can be
ascribed probably to a tectonic uplift which affected the whole of the Indus-
Yamuna divide during the Pleistocene Age.

2.4 CLIMATE

The climate of the area is sub Tropical Monsoon climate. The climate of the
area is characterized by general dryness except during the brief south-west
monsoon season, a hot summer is a bracing winter. The year may be divided
into four seasons. It comprises of the winter season (November to March) when
temperatures ranges from 16 °C (61 °F) to about 4 °C (39 °F), the hot season
(April to June) when temperatures can reach 45 °C (113 °F), monsoon season
(July to September) and post-monsoon (September to November). The lowest
recorded temperature since 1970 is −2.6 °C (27 °F) recorded on 21 Jan 2005.
The highest temperature recorded was 47.7 °C (117.9 °F) on 21 May 1978.
The climate is generally characterized by dry weather except the brief
southwest monsoon season, hot summer and bracing winter. Amritsar receives
on an average 601.5 mm of rainfall with around 33 rainy days. The wind
direction of Amritsar is from North-West to South-East.
2.5 RAINFALL

Rainfall in Amritsar varies from 12mm to 670mm per month. The average
annual rainfall in the district is 520.9 mm. The rainfall in the district increases
generally from the South-west towards the north-east and varies from 435.5
mm. About 75% of the rainfall in the district is received during the period from


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   26
June to September and as much as about 18% rainfall occurs during the priod
from December to February.The following table shows the average annual
rainfall of Amritsar District:

Table 3: Average Annual Rainfall

                                          Average Rainfall of
                  Month                   year 2005 (in mm)
            January                               80
            February                             100
            March                                 90
            April                                 40
            May                                   60
            June                                 180
            July                                 520
            August                               500
            September                            210
            October                               60
            November                              70
            December                             400
             Source: Irrigation Department


                           Monthly Average Rainfall

                          600

                          500

                           400
              Rainfall (in
                           300
                 mm)
                           200

                          100
                            0
                                 Jan March May   July   Sep   Nov
                                             Months



                       Fig : 4 Monthly Average Rainfall

Humidity

Relative humidity is generally high in the mornings, exceeding 70 per cent
except during the summer season when it is less than 50 per cent. The humidity
is comparatively less in the afternoons. The driest part of the year is the



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              27
summer season when the relative humidity in the afternoons is about 25 per
cent or less.


Winds

Winds are generally light with some strengthening in the summer and early part
of the monsoon season. In the post-monsoon and cold season, winds are light
and variable in direction in the morning and mostly from the west or north-west
in the afternoons. In April and May, winds are mainly from direction between
north-west and north-east in the mornings and between west and north-east in
the afternoons. By June, easterlies and south –easterlies also blow and in the
south-west monsoon season. winds are more commonly from directions
between north-east and south-east.

Special weather phenomena

Western disturbances affect the weather over the district during the cold
season, causing widespread rain and gusty winds. Dust-storms and
thunderstorms occur in the summer season. Occasional fog occurs in the cold
season.

2.6 LAND HOLDING PATTERN

Cropping Pattern

Rice-wheat is the major crop rotation followed in the district. Other crops like
maize, barley, gram, mustard, cotton, etc. occupy negligible area as compared
to wheat and rice. Besides agriculture, the area has a good potential for
horticultural crops like grapes, pear, peach, guava, kinnow and ber.

LAND USE/LAND COVER MAPPING USING SATELLITE DATA

Multi-date satellite imageries of IRS-P6 LISS III acquired in February- March,
2004; June, 2004 and September, 2004 were used for land use mapping. The
IRS P6, FCC on 1:50,000 scale, generated from Green, Red and NIR bands
were visually interpreted to delineate various land use/ land cover categories. A
field survey was carried out to check the validity of various land use classes
and sub classes. Necessary corrections were incorporated after ground truth
verification. Final land use/land cover map for the district was prepared (Map
8). Land use/ land cover classes were digitized using Arc-Info GIS package and
area under various land use classes computed (Table 8). The detailed
discussion of each category is as follows:

Built-up Land
The built-up land includes residential, industrial, commercial, public, road
network etc. but with the 23.5 meter resolution data of IRS-P6 LISS III sensor

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 28
it is not possible to segregate them. Therefore the present study was limited to
the identification of urban and rural built-up areas. The total area under built-up
land in the district was 22598.19 ha which is 8.44 per cent of TGA of the
district (Table 8). There is 10848.46 ha area under built-up and 433.15 ha area
under industrial built-up in the district which is 4.05 and 0.16 per cent of the
TGA of the district respectively. The rural built-up area in the district in
11316.58 ha (4.23 % of TGA of district).

The Urban (Towns/Cities) and Industrial built-up area is mainly concentrated
in Verka bock of the district comprising the city of Amritsar and industrial
establishments in and around the city. Block wise analysis of the data shows
that Verka block has maximum built-up area (11203.6 ha, 26.28 % of the TGA
of Block) including urban, industrial and rural built-up whereas Ajnala block
has minimum built-up area (3.35 % of TGA of blocks) closely followed by
Choganwan block 3.38 % of TGA.

Verka bock, located centrally in the district has nearly 21.8 per cent area of the
block (9298.48 ha) is under urban settlements/district administrative
establishments as Amritsar city and Amritsar cantonment fall in this block and
0.74 per cent of the TGA is under industrial establishments. The Rayya block
has largest area under rural settlements compared to other blocks which is
2170.36 hectare (6.73% of TGA).

Agricultural Land

The study revealed that total double cropped area in the district is 235002.21 ha
which is nearly 87.79 per cent of total geographical area (TGA) of the district
(Table 10). Rice-wheat is the major crop rotation followed in the district. Apart
from these two major crops, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane and maize crops are
also grown. Among vegetable crops, potato and chillies are also grown. The
vegetable crops other than chillies are mainly grown around the city of
Amritsar. Nearly 2042.20 hectares area of the district is under agriculture and
horticulture plantations. The total land mass under agriculture comprising of
crop land and land under plantations is found to be 237044.21 ha which is
88.55 per cent of the TGA of the district. Across the blocks Tarsikka block has
the maximum per cent area under agriculture (94.51 % of its TGA) whereas the
Verka block has minimum per cent area under agriculture plantations (72.37 %
of its TGA). Rayya block of the district has the maximum per cent area under
agricultural plantations (1.58% of TGA) whereas the Tarsikka block has the
minimum per cent area under agricultural plantations (0.02 % of TGA).
Maximum per cent area under horticultural plantations (orchards) was mapped
in Harsha Chhina block (0.25% of TGA) whereas there asr no mappable
horticultural plantations in Ajnala, Majitha and Tarsikka blocks.

Table 4: Area under different land use/land cover categories in Amritsar
district


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   29
Land use/land Blocks                                                                                Distric
cover categories Ajnala     Harha     Chogwa    Majitha   Tarsikk   Verka     Jandiala    Rayya
                            Chhina    n                   a
Builtup   Urban 253.77      59.28     128.36    107.24    --        9298.48   422.24      579.10    10848.
Land            (0.56)      (0.26)    (0.26)    (0.41)              (21.81)   (1.67)      (1.79)    46
                                                                                                    (4.05)
          Indust --         61.08     --        --        --        316.39    55.68       --        433.15
          rial              (0.26)                                  (0.74)    (0.22)                (0.16)
          Rural 1273.02     1436.64   1528.45   1208.81   1122.69   1588.74   987.87      2170.36   11316.
                 (2.79)     (6.20)    (3.12)    (4.62)    (4.76)    (3.73)    (3.91)      (6.73)    58
                                                                                                    (4.23)
          Sub     1526.78   1557.00   1656.80   1316.05   1122.69   11203.6   1465.79     2749.46   22598.
          total   (3.35)    (6.72)    (3.38)    (5.03)    (4.76)    0         (5.80)      (8.52)    19
          (i)                                                       (26.28)                         (8.44)
Agricul   Crop   40819.1    21199.8   44980.4   24250.9   22282.7   30643.3   23343.8     27481.8   235002
tural     Land   2          9         1         2         7         6         5           9         .21
Land             (89.47)    (91.50)   (91.78)   (92.69)   (94.49)   (71.87)   (92.41)     (85.20)   (87.79)
          Planta 646.91     48.24     172.27    112.33    5.66      162.74    186.60      511.15    1845.8
          tions  (1.42)     (0.21)    (0.35)    (0.43)    (0.02)    (0.38)    (0.74)      (1.58)    9 (0.69
          Orcha --          59.07     42.73     --        --        51.09     24.64       18,58     196.11
          rd                (0.25)    (0.09)                        (0.12)    (0.10)      (0.06)    (0.07)
          Sub    41466.0    21307.2   45195.4   24363.2   22288.4   30857.1   23555.0     28011.6   237044
          total  3          1         1         5         3         9         8           1         .21
          (ii)   (90.89)    (91.97)   (92.22)   (93.12)   (94.51)   (72.37)   (93.25)     (86.84)   (88.55)
Forests   Dense --          27.68     --        --        --        2.63      --          --        30.31
                            (0.12)                                  (0.01)                          (0.01)
        Sub       --        27.68     --        --        --        2.63      --          --        30.31
        total               (0.12)                                  (0.01)                          (0.01)
        (iii)
Wastela Salt      96.09     3.94      80.49     34.74     28.74     15.99     13.82       35.56     309.38
nds     affect    (0.21)    (0.02)    (0.16)    (0.13)    (0.12)    (0.04)    (0.05)      (0.11)    (0.12)
        ed
        Minin     156.14    102.46    74.33     93.20     3.18      167.76    25.91       110.69    733.66
        g/Indu    (0.34)    (0.44)    (0.15)    (0.36)    (0.01)    (0.39)    (0.10)      (0.34)    (0.27)
        strial
        Land      351.57    34.57     195.75    142.29    3.49      96.20     38.34       79.09     941.29
        with/     (0.77)    (0.15)    (0.40)    (0.54)    (0.01)    (0.23)    (0.15)      (0.25)    (0.35)
        witho
        ut
        scrub
        Gullie    --        --        --        --        --        --        --          356.11    356.11
        d/Rav                                                                             (1.10)    (0.13)
        inous
        Sub       603.80    140.97    350.57    270.23    35.41     279.95    78.07       581.46    2340.4
        Total     (1.32)    (0.61)    (0.72)    (1.03)    (0.15)    (0.66)    (0.31)      (1.80)    5 (0.87
        (iv)

              DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              30
Water    River/   897.72    50.71      468.97     113.16     54.48      156.39     81.82      581.49    2404.7
bodies   drains   (1.97)    (0.22)     (0.96)     (0.43)     (0.23)     (0.37)     (0.32)     (1.80)    6 (0.90
         Canal    --        55.37      25.62      65.05      40.48      51.28      24.36      47.80     309.95
         s                  (0.24)     (0.05)     (0.25)     (0.17)     (0.12)     (0.10)     (0.15)    (0.12)
         Ponds    41.54     29.11      89.65      36.75      40.79      88.38      51.77      60.42     438.41
                  (0.09)    (0.13)     (0.18)     (0.14)     (0.17)     (0.21)     (0.20)     (0.19)    (0.16)
           Sub    939.26    135.19     584.24     214.96     135.75     296.05     157.95     689.72    3153.1
           total  (2.06)    (0.58)     (1.19)     (0.82)     (0.58)     (0.69)     (0.63)     (2.14)    2 (1.18
           (v)
Wetlan Marsh 1085.45 --           1221.95 --        --       --                    --         223.25    2530.6
ds         y/     (2.38)          (2.49)                                                      (0.69)    6 (0.95
           Swam
           py
           Water --         --    --        --      --       --                    3.07       --        3.07
           logge                                                                   (0.01)               (0.001)
           d
           Sub    1085.45 --      1221.95 --        --       --                    3.07       223.25    2533.7
           Total (2.38)           (2.49)                                           (0.01)     (0.69)    3 (0.95
           (vi)
Grandtotal        45621.3 23168.0 49008.9 26164.4 23582.2 42639.9                  25259.9    32255.5   267700
(Sub        Total 2         5     7         9       8        6                     6          0         .0
i+ii+iii+iv+v+vi
)
Figures in parenthesis are the percentage of Total Geographical Area
(TGA) of the block/district


             Forests
             Forest cover in the district is very little; only 30.31 ha area which is 0.01 % of
             the TGA of the district (Table 10) is under this category. This is negligible
             when compared to 33 per cent required as per National Forest Policy. The
             forest plantations along roads, railway lines and canals could not be mapped
             due to coarser data resolution (23.5 m). The Harsha Chinna block has 27.68
             hectares area (0.12 % of TGA of the block) followed by 2.63 ha in Verka block
             under reserved/ protected forests whereas the Ajnala, Choganwan, Jandiala,
             Majitha, Rayya and Tarsikka blocks have no mappable area under forests.
             Small acreage under forest plantations emphasizes the need to bring additional
             area under forest cover. It may be pointed out that area less than 2.25 ha under
             forest cover or the strip plantations, along the roads, canals etc. could not be
             mapped on 1:50,000 scale due to mapping limitations.
             Wastelands
             The total area under wastelands comes to be 2340.45 ha which is nearly 0.87
             per cent of the TGA of the district (Table 10). The wastelands include
             gullied/ravenous land, land with or without scrub, land under mining (Brick
             Kilns) and salt affected land. The area under these classes is 356.1, 941.29,
             733.66 and 309.38 ha respectively which is 0.13, 0.35, 0.27 and 0.12 per cent


             DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   31
of the TGA of the district, respectively (Table 10). Across the blocks, Rayya
block has the maximum per cent area (1.80% of TGA of the block) whereas
Tarsikka block has the minimum per cent area (0.15% of TGA of the block)
under wastelands. Verka block of the district with its proximity to the city of
Amritsar has 167.76 ha of area under brick kilns and their mining fields and is
followed by Ajnala (156.14 ha block). Further, Ajnala block has maximum per
cent area under land with/without scrub (351.57 ha, 0.77% of TGA), and salt
affected land (96.09 ha, 0.21 % of TGA of block) in comparison to other
blocks.

The gullied/ravenous land in the district are found along the river Beas
bordering the district Kapurthala in Rayya block only occupying an area of
356.1 ha (1.10% of TGA of block). The wastelands with and without scrub are
spread over the entire district. Brick kilns with their mining areas are well
distributed in the district. Salt affected land parcels are found in the localized
pockets in the entire district but mainly concentrated in Ajnala and Choganwan
blocks. During field visit it was observed that small parcels of dunal land
(sandy areas) are scattered in Voltoha block of the district, but due to scale
limitations the area less than 2.25 ha under this category could not be
separately mapped and measured.

Water Bodies
The water bodies in the district occupy 3153.12 ha area which is 1.18 per cent
of the TGA of the district. Further, 309.95 and 438.41 ha area is under canals
and village ponds which is nearly 0.12 and 0.16 per cent of the geographical
area of the district. The area under river channels of the two rivers i.e. Ravi and
Beas flowing along the district boundary is 2404.76 ha (0.90% of TGA of the
district). Across the blocks, Rayya block has the maximum area (689.72 ha)
under water bodies which is 2.14% of TGA of this block. The Choganwan
block has 89.65 hectares area under village ponds/reservoirs in the block which
is closely followed by 88.38 ha in Verka block.

Wetlands
The wetlands in the district occupy 2533.73 ha area which was 0.95 per cent of
the TGA of the district. Marshes and swamps are mainly along the Ravi river in
Choganwan block of the district. Nearly 1221.95 ha area (3.03 % of TGA of
block) of Choganwan block is under wetland which is maximum among other
blocks of the district. In Ajnala block 1085.45 ha (2.38 % of TGA of block) is
under wetland. In addition, Rayya and Jandiala blocks have 223.25 ha and 3.07
ha area respectively under wetlands.
Agriculture:

Amritsar district is an important district for the production of vegetables in the
state. Amritsar City serves as good market for vegetables locally produced. In
addition to the use of composed, cattle dung and green manures are being
increasingly used in the district. The district was the top consumer of chemical


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   32
fertilizer during 2000-2001 as it alone consumed 133,000 thousand tonnes of
chemical fertilizers (NPK).
Land Reclamation, Irrigation and Power Research Institute, Punjab, Amritsar
was established in 1924 and was reorganized in 1947. This institute deals with
research and design problems relating to irrigation and power projects.
Extensive soils, water and ground water surveys form its regular feature. For
devising suitable ante – water logging measure, a number of pilot schemes
have been taken up by the institute. Besides there are two fruit nurseries in the
district namely (1) The Khalsa College Nursery, Amritsar, (2) The Malak
Nursery, Court road, Amritsar. These nurseries rendered valuable assistance in
the propagation of horticulture in the district

2.7 Demographic Profile And Economic Base
2.7.1 Population: According to 2001 Census total population of District
Amritsar is 2152182. Rural population is 1050102 out of which schedule caste
population is 358580 .Urban population is 1102080 out of which 229418 is
schedule caste population.

Table 5: Blockwise Rural Population

Sr.No Name of Block               Population       SC Population
  1 Ajnala                         130890              27166
  2    Chogawan                      131278             35699
  3    Gandiwind(38 Villages)        51733              19733
  4    Harsha Chhina                 85854              28802
  5    Jandiala                      124867             53627
  6    Majitha                       137204             54484
  7    Rayya                         159877             56380
  8    Tarsika                       115887             38915
  9    Verka                         112512             43774

Table 6: Municipalitywise Urban Population
Sr.No Name of Municipality       Population            SC Population
  1    Ajnala                      18589                   2869
   2    Amritsar                       1016079             202875
   3    Jandiala                         23834              7768
   4    Majitha                          12992              5637
   5    Rajasansi                        12176              4558
   6    Ramdas                           5779               2592


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 33
   7       Rayya                             12631                3119


2.7.1.1 Population Growth -Amritsar
Amritsar, the second metropolitan city of Punjab has a total population of 10,
16,079 persons (including out growth) and ranked 33rd in the list of 35
metropolitan cities as per census 2001 and ranks 274th in the world‟s list of 1000
largest urban settlements (2005). The population growth rate of Amritsar M.C.
has been analyzed from time period of 1901 up to 2001 which is shown in the
figure below.
Table 7: Population Growth

 Sr. No.       Year            Total            Males        Females     Growth Rate

    1.         1971           454805           256142        204662           16.66

    2.         1981           594844           321086        273758           30.79

    3.         1991           708835           376478        332357           19.16

    4.         2001          1000536           536833         46370           41.15
Source: District Census Amritsar




              Fig No. 5 Population Growth of Municipal Corporation Amritsar

2.7.1.2 POPULATION DENSITY
The population density in Amritsar was of the order of 1,190 persons/square
kilometers in 2001 where as density in rural area stood at 481 persons/square
kilometer. In comparison to that, the population density of Amritsar city was
7,137 persons per sq.km. Among the 4 urban settlements, the density of Rayya
stands at 1,113 per sq.km which is highest with Rajasansi having the least
population density of the order of 785 per sq.km. Due to such high density,
prevailing in the city core poor quality of life and unhealthy living conditions
have been witnessed which requires special strategies.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                         34
2.7.1.3 SEX RATIO

The over all sex ratio for the Amritsar stands at 865 which is less than the
district and state figure of 872 and 876 females/1000 males respectively.

Table 8: Sex Ratio in Amritsar

Category of Settlements              Sex Ratio (No. of Females/1000 Males)
                                      1981           1991           2001
Amritsar (MC)                          853            883            865
Majitha (M Cl)                         896            869            889
Jandiala (M Cl)                        907            893            869
Rayya (NP)                             898            787            904
Raja Sansi (NP)                         -             892            848
Villages                                                             872
Source: Census of India 1981, 1991, 2001

There has been decrease in the sex ratio of M.C Amritsar from 883 in 1991 to
865 in 2001. It has been observed that Rayya has the highest sex ratio of 904
and Rajasansi has the lowest sex ratio of 848. (Refer table no.7 ). This decrease
in sex ratio could be due to increasing male migration in the city for work and
other reasons.

2.7.1.4 Migration

Migration forms an important component of process of urbanization. Census of
India defines the migration in two ways viz.

Migrants by Place of Birth: Migrants by place of birth are those who are
enumerated at a village/town at the time of census other than their place of
birth.

Migrants by Place of Last Residence: A person is considered as migrant by
the place of last residence, if the place in which he is enumerated during the
census is other than his place of immediate last residence.

Migration at Punjab Level: The migration data provided in the Migration
Tables of Primary Census Abstract by Place of Last Residence is of two types.
The first one is related to all types of migrants while the second one is
concerned with migrants seeking work/employment. The data available for
both categories are for in-migrants and are for urban population of Amritsar
district. To calculate the data for Amritsar city, the share of Amritsar city
population in the urban population of Amritsar district is considered i.e. 91.5%,

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 35
and the same is applied to take out the number of in-migrants for Amritsar city
from the in-migrants in urban population of district. The migration data for all
types of in-migrants for Amritsar city is given in the table below:

Table 9: Total Migrants and Migrants in Last 10 Years by Place of Last
Residence to Amritsar city (2001)
Last Residence                     Total    %age   Migran %age
                                   Migrants of     ts    in of
                                   (since   Total  Last 10 Total
Elsewhere in the district of 1,78,628       55.13  30,097    38.25
                                   1971)    Migran Yrs       Migra
enumeration
In other districts of the state of 57,716   17.81  16,702    21.22
                                            ts               nts
enumeration
States in India beyond the 71,596           22.10  30,644    38.94
Last of enumeration
state residence outside India      16,086   4.96   1,245     1.58
Total                              3,24,026 100.00 78,688    100.00
Source: Census of India, 2001
Note: Here “district of enumeration” term includes Tarn Taran District too.

The total number of migrants since 1971 to Amritsar city is around 3.2 lakhs,
out of which more than half had the last residence within the Amritsar District
(includes Tarn Taran). Less than 1/5th of the migrants have moved from the
other districts of the state only while more than 1/5th come from the other
states of the country. Only 1/20th migrants have migrated from outside
countries. In case of migration occurred in the last 10 years, almost 2/5th of the
migration is of intra district type showing a decline in percentage share in
comparison to that of total data. Almost the same numbers i.e. 30,644 are
migrants from other states showing a substantial percentage rise. On the other
hand, the share of foreign in-migrants has fallen down drastically to 1.58%.


Table 10: Total Migrants by Place of Last Residence from different states
to Amritsar City (2001)
                      For All Years (since 1971)    For Last 10 Years
                         No. of        %age of    No. of      %age of
       State
                        Migrants        Total    Migrants       Total
                                      Migrants                Migrants
Uttar Pradesh            24,039         33.58     10,770        35.14
Himachal Pradesh          9,414         13.15      2,967        9.68
Bihar                     9,277         12.96      5,202        16.98
Haryana                   4,657          6.50      1,710        5.58
Delhi                     3,957          5.53      1,373        4.48
Jammu & Kashmir           3,282          4.58      1,288        4.20
Rajasthan                 3,238          4.52      1,250        4.08
West Bengal               2,502          3.49      1,036        3.38
Uttaranchal               2,234          3.12       981         3.20
Others                    8,992         12.56      4,067        13.27


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  36
TOTAL                           71,596            100           30,644        100.00
Source: Census of India, 2001

While comparing the interstate migration, i.e. the migration happened within
the country but outside Punjab, the total number of migrants is 71,596. Out of
these, 1/3rd alone is from Uttar Pradesh while more than 1/10th is from
Himachal Pradesh and Bihar, each. The other important contributors with more
than 3% share are Haryana, Delhi, J & K, Rajasthan, West Bengal and
Uttaranchal. The other states constitute more than 1/10th of the migrants.
In case of migration happened between 1991 and 2001, almost 30 thousand
people are expected to have come up in the city for work and other reasons.
Out of these, again U. P. has the largest share with more than 1/3rd of the
migrant people. Bihar ranks second registering 1/6th migration, while H. P.
comes third with less than 1/10th migration to Amritsar city. The share of states
other than those listed above is again more than 1/10th of the migration
happened in the last 10 years.



Tabl 11: Migration of Workers by Place of Last Residence to Amritsar city
(2001)
Sr.     Place of Last Residence             No.       of %age of Total
No.                                         Migrant       Migrant
                                            Workers       Workers
1       Elsewhere in the district of 60,925               50.87
        enumeration
2       In other districts of the state of 18,819         15.71
        enumeration
3       States in India beyond the state of 34,221        28.57
        enumeration
4       Last residence outside India        5,806         4.85
        Total                               1,19,770      100.00
Source: Census of India, 2001
Note: Here “district of enumeration” term includes Tarn Taran District too.

The migration of people seeking work or employment is the most important
part of the total migrants, as it is considered as the prime factor responsible for
migration. The total number of migrant workers in Amritsar city since 1971is
more than 1lakh which forms 37% share of the total migrant population in the
city. More than half of the migrant workers are from within the Amritsar
District (including Tarn Taran District). Almost 1/6th have migrated from the
other districts of Punjab, while around 3/10th migrant workers have come from
other states in search of job. The rest 1/20th workers have migrated from the
other countries.

2.8 ECONOMY AND EMPLOYMENT



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                          37
OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE:
The occupational structure of Amritsar has been assessed by the number of
workers engaged in the four categories namely cultivators, agricultural
laborers, household industry and others as described in census 2001 is shown in
the table below.

Table 12: Industrial Classification of Main Workers in Amritsar City
Classi NIC      Type of worker                   1991          2001
ficatio Code                                     Number %age Number           %age
n                                                of            of
No.                                              Worker        Workers
                                                 s
                    (I) PRIMARY-
1       A & Cultivators                          4,603  2.16   3,004          0.97
2       B       Agricultural laborers            12,405 5.81   6,213          2.02
3               Plantation,           Livestock, 1,398  0.65   3,023          0.98
                Forestry, Fishing, Hunting
                and allied activities
4       C       Mining and Quarrying             9      0.00   212            0.07
                (II) SECONDARY-
5 (a)   D       Manufacturing        processing 483     0.23   12,317         4.00
                and        repairs      industry
                (Household industry)
5 (b)           Manufacturing        processing 60,678 28.43   67,632         21.94
                and repairs industry (Other
                than Household)
        E       Electricity, Gas and Water                     3,592          1.17
                Supply
6       F       Constructions                    6,957  3.26   20,989         6.81
                      (III) TERTIARY-
7       G       Whole sale and Retail trade 64,730 30.32       79,033         25.64
        H       Hotels and Restaurants                         4,073          1.32
8       I       Transport,      Storage      and 15,903 7.45   24,595         7.98
                Communications
9       J & K Financial         Intermediation; 46,293 21.69   19,814         6.43
                Real Estate Renting and
                Business Activities.
        L to Q Public Administration and                       63,700         20.67
                Defence; Compulsory Social
                Security; Education; Health
                and Social Work; Other
                Community,         Social   and
                Personal Service Activities;
                Private Households with
                Employed Persons; Extra-
                Territorial Organisations and

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               38
                   Bodies.




                   Total                         2,13,459 100.00     3,08,197 100.00
Source: Census of India-2001

The table above shows that the main workers in Amritsar city, classified into 9
categories as per census 2001. It has been found that out of the total workers in
Amritsar city, 26.96% of the workers are engaged in Wholesale and Retail
Trade followed by 21.94% in manufacturing, processing &repairs industry and
20.67% in public administration and others since Amritsar is the district head
quarter. The increase in number of workers have been observed in the
construction, manufacturing processing and repair industry (household
industry) and in the ninth category which includes financial intermediaries, real
estate renting and business activities and public administration and defence
services (J&K and L to Q).

ECONOMY

Emerging Economic Drivers

Several economic drivers have been identified within the Amritsar. Recently,
booming real estate activities have been observed with the coming up of
several residential colonies such as Impact Gardens (a mega project), Garden
Enclave, Shubham Enclave, Ansal City, Heritage City etc and has played a
great role in both the physical and economic development of the city. Besides
this, several shopping malls and multiplexes, like Celebration Mall, Alpha One,
Trilium, etc. have come up or are under construction in the Amritsar city along
with commercial retail chains like Bharti Walmart‟s Best price on GT road near
Manawala, Tata retail chain stores, reliance retail chain stores etc., which when
operational will contribute towards the economic development. Further, there is
proposal for establishment of World-Class Central University in the Amritsar,
which will give employment to large number of people.


    Amritsar is the second largest city of Punjab and a great centre of
     learning and literature. It has number of educational institutions of
     regional importance, such as Guru Nanak Dev University, Khalsa
     College, ten Degree Colleges, two B. Ed. colleges, two Engineering
     Colleges, nine Nursing Colleges, two Polytechnics/Industrial Training
     Institutes, one Medical College, one Ayurvedic College, two Dental
     Colleges and four distance education centers.
    It has emerged as a magnificent centre of trade and industry. There are
     approximately 25,000 industrial units in the district Amritsar with major


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 39
     commodities of production and export being woolen blankets, shawls,
     carpets, food items, such as papad, pickles, etc.
    At regional level, it has also emerged has a great centre of heritage and
     historical significance. The history of Amritsar is more than 400 years
     old and is intricately intertwined with the birth of Sikh religion.
    Presence of Rajasansi International Airport has also helped in giving it
     due importance at regional level. At present, it handles approximately
     150 commercial flights per week, both domestic and international.

Presence of strong regional linkages, two National Highways namely NH 1 and
NH 15, three State Highways, four M.D.R‟s and twenty four O.D.R‟s places it
at a very strategic position with respect to the other districts by providing
connectivity to the other parts of the state and country as well. Apart from the
extensive road network, it also enjoys good rail and air connectivity with the
other parts of the country.The Amritsar over the period of time has also
established its mark in the tourism industry due to the presence of Golden
Temple and other historical sites such as Ram Tirath, Wagah Border etc. The
city is witnessing boom in hotel and restaurant industry due to large influx of
tourists on daily basis. Several projects are being undertaken to conserve and
enhance the city heritage and to improve the city infrastructure to attract more
and more number of tourists. The booming tourism industry is bound to give
employment to large number of people in near future. Existing economic
drivers are studied in terms of Industry, trade/commerce, tourism and
agriculture/allied activities.




 Fig no.6 Alpha One on GT road towards      Fig no. 7 Upcoming mega project Shubham
                Jalandhar                                    Enclave

2.9 TRADE AND COMMERCE

Amritsar from the historical times has earned the image of being an important
commercial city as it is a gateway to Indo Pakistan. It is also an important
regional market center for agricultural goods, woolen, spices and dry fruits.
Today, it is India's important distribution centre of dry-fruits, tea (next only to
Kolkata), and is leading exporter of goods to the Middle East. woolen tweeds,
suiting‟s, blankets, shawls in traditional weaves, ivory (now plastic) inlay
furniture, swords of all designs, oils, scents, jutties (traditional embroidered

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                    40
shoes), cut-glass crockery, selective musical instruments, carpets are
manufactured here. Its pickles, murabbas (Indian jams), papads, warian and
sweetmeats are exported to far off places, right into Punjabi Diaspora abroad.
With a population of more than 10 lakhs and a number of educational
institutions, wholesale markets, industrial focal points, banks, hotels and
restaurants, Amritsar has strengthened its base as second largest commercial
city of Punjab.

The importance of trade and commerce as an economic function of the
Amritsar city can be judged from the very fact that 92.28% of the total working
population of the city is involved into tertiary activities. The larger share of
working population in trade and commerce related to an activity reflects that it
is the mainstay of the people in the city.

2.9.1   Agriculture And Allied Activities

District Amritsar has 84% of its total geographical area as “Net Sown Area”
under various crops, which is 5.32% of the net sown area in the state. The total
cropped area in the district is 5.39% of the state and ranks 8th among other
districts. 100% of the gross cropped area in the district is irrigated. 75.67% of
the net sown area in the district is irrigated through tube wells and wells and
the remaining 24.33% of the area is irrigated through network of government
canals in the district i.e. Upper Bari Doab Canal.

Amritsar district is an important district for the production of vegetables in the
state. Amritsar City serves as good market for vegetables locally produced. In
addition to the use of composed, cattle dung and green manures are being
increasingly used in the district. The district was the top consumer of chemical
fertilizer during 2000-2001 as it alone consumed 133,000 thousand tonnes of
chemical fertilizers (NPK).
Land Reclamation, Irrigation and Power Research Institute, Punjab, Amritsar
was established in 1924 and was reorganized in 1947. This institute deals with
research and design problems relating to irrigation and power projects.
Extensive soils, water and ground water surveys form its regular feature. For
devising suitable ante – water logging measure, a number of pilot schemes
have been taken up by the institute. Besides there are two fruit nurseries in the
district namely (1) The Khalsa College Nursery, Amritsar, (2) The Malak
Nursery, Court road, Amritsar. These nurseries rendered valuable assistance in
the propagation of horticulture in the district.

PRINCIPAL CROPS

The principal crops in the Amritsar district are Wheat and Paddy as it ranks 8th
in rice production and 9th in wheat production among the districts of the state.
Both these crops have largest area under cultivation in the district, as yield per
hectare of land is highest.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  41
2.9.2 Allied Activities
Allied activities such as dairying, animal husbandry, fisheries etc also form a
strong economic base for the agriculture. Amritsar district has 2nd highest
number of livestock after Ludhiana in the state of Punjab. Amritsar district
holds 1.44% of the total poultry in the state of Punjab. The details of livestock
and poultry in the district are shown in the table no. 18.

Table 13: Details of livestock and poultry in the Amritsar district, 2007

Livestock and Poultry in District Amritsar, 2007 (‘000)




                                          Ponies &
                                Donkeys
                     Buffaloe




                                                                                       Poultry
                                          Horses


                                                       ponies
           Cattle




                                          Mules

                                                       Sheep


                                                                Goats




                                                                               Total
                                                                        Pigs
                                          &
                     s




Punja      1760.     5035.      4.83      29.8   9.6     210.   286.    24.9   7365.   18899
b          92        65                   2      9       61     39      9      12      .7
Amrit      101.0     298.0      0.64      2.47   0.6     8.18   11.2    0.82   423.8   271.6
sar        9         1                           3              7              3       5
Distric
t
%age       5.74      5.92       13.2      8.3    6.5     3.88   3.9     3.3    5.75    1.44
                                5
Source: Statistical Abstract of Punjab, 2008
Amritsar district ranks 3rd in number of buffaloes in the Punjab State, hence is
rich in milk and milk products. Pertaining to higher number of livestock,
poultry and fish; the district ranks 1st in number of animals slaughtered. As
shown in table no.25, 96.72% of the animals slaughtered in the city are sheep
and goats. Average no. of animals slaughtered per day is 208. This reflects high
demand of animal skin for the leather factories and also the demand of meat for
consumption.
2.9.3 FISHERIES:

The district has natural resources of fishery within its boundaries. The natural
fisheries abound in the riverside complex consisting of approximately 128 kms
of Beas river, 40 km of Ravi river, 32 kms of Satluj river and 78 kms of Sakki
Nala. Besides, there are drains, canals and dhands to the extent of about 400
kms of water courses. The commercially important fish (local name) are:
Dhambra or Rohu, Thail, Morkah or Mrigal, Kalehan, Shingara, Saul, Mullec,
Paddi, Mahanseer, Kangra etc.

2.10 ROAD NETWORK AND MEANS OF TRANSPORATION
The road network of Amritsar is primarily “Ring Radial” with an intense
network of eleven radial roads leading to core city like spokes of a wheel.
There are 2 National Highways, 3 State Highways, 6 M.D.R‟s and 24 O.D.R‟s


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                          42
& number of other important roads passing through the city providing stronger
regional linkages (Refer map 8). N.H-1 acts as the central spine cutting the city
into two parts namely north and south. These eleven radials emerging out of the
city have acted as important nodes for the development.

The road network in the city has been studied in two parts: (i) walled city, (ii)
outside walled city (Refer map 9). Walled city carrying one-sixth of the city
population is heart of Amritsar city as it generated lot of trade activities, which
on other hand generates lot of traffic. A wall and a circular road that runs along
the wall both outside and inside the wall bound the old city. There are 14 entry
points/ gates of the walled city leading to the various residential areas,
specialized bazaars, Golden Temple and other activities within walled city. It
has a road network characteristic to a typical medieval town of North India.
Narrow winding streets characterize the road network, lanes and by-lanes laid
out into introvert planning units. This part of the city is built on human scale
with the major thoroughfares and surprising open spaces. The dense road
network with narrow width fails to meet the existing transit demands of multi-
modal transport with majority of motorized vehicles.
On the other hand, later development includes areas built outside the walled
city i.e. north side of the Amritsar – Jalandhar rail line which divides the city
into two halves. It is characterized by wide roads. The city does not have any
distinct ring although the Circular Road as well as bye pass exist in the
northern portion of the city but it is completely absent in the southern portion.
The table below lists the important roads passing through the city along with
details of road cross sections and right of way.

Table 14: Statement showing the details of Road Cross-Section and R/W of
Inter and Intra City Road Falling in Amritsar Local Planning Area
Sr Catego Name of Width of Road (Mtrs)                          Remarks
.    ry of Road          R/W        L/B    C\W          R/B
N Road
o.
National Highways
1 R1(NH GT               1) 60      NA     NA           NA      *Near
     -1)      Road(Lah 2) 62.7 17.35 10+8+10            17.35 village
              ore     to    0       24.30 6.50+2+6.5 *          Dhodhiwi
              Delhi)     3) 54.4 252.6 108.26F          15.30 nd
                         4) 613. 2F                     *       *Dual
                            5F                          252.6 carriage
                                                        2F      way Near
                                                                Kot
                                                                Khalsa
                                                                *Near
                                                                Doburji
                                                                Distributo
                                                                ry


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   43
                                                             *Near
                                                             Mehraban
                                                             pur


2   R1(NH   Amritsar-    30.48M 8.74     13          8.74    *Near
    -15)    Pathankot                                        village
                                                             Alkare
3   R1       Amritsar-   32.56M 11.00    10.06       11.5    *     Near
    (NH-     Tarn                                            village
    15)      Taran                                           Chabba
             Road
State Highways
4 R2         Amritsar-   26.70   10.00   6.70        10.00   *Near
     (SH-    Ajnala-                                         village
     25)     Dera Baba                                       Nagal
             Nanak
5 R2         Amritsar-   27.95M 9.35     6.70        11.90   *Near
     (SH-    Bhikhiwin                                       village
     21)     d-                                              Bohru
             Khemkara
             n
6 R2(SH- AmritsarS       25.80M 9.70     6.40        9.70    *Near
     22)     ri                                              village
             Hargobind                                       Chapu
             Pur                                             Ramsingh
Major District Roads
7 R3(MD Amritsar-        23.10   10.80   6.70        5.60
     R-65)   Chogawan
             -Rania
8 R3         Amritsar-   24.10   4.5     (6.70+1.4+6 4.8    *     Dual
     (MDR- Fatehgarh                     .70)               carriage
     64)     Churian                                        way Near
                                                            MCA
                                                            *     Near
                                                            Tungawal
                                                            a
9  R3       Amritsar- 32         11.15   9.70        11. 15 *Near
   (MDR-    Ajnala-                                         UBDC
   63)      Chogawan
10 R3       Attari-   0          26.40   26.40       12      -
   (MDR-    Jhabbal-
   61)      Tarn
            Taran-
            Goindwal



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                          44
11 R3           Rayya     17.40       4.0     6.7          6.7      *    Near
   (MDR-        More-                                               Baba
   66)          Baba                                                Bakala
                Bakala/Ba
                tala
12 R3           Link Road 21.7        8.1     5.6          8.1      *Near
                Between                                             village
                GT Road                                             Chahia
                & Ajnala
                Road
Source: Master Plan, Amritsar

Table 15: List       of O.D.R’s falling in the Amritsar along with Cross-
sectional Details
S.No. Category       Name of Road                          Length              Metalled
       of Road                                             (kms)               Width (ft)
1      R4            Jandiala to Tarn Taran                16.22               23
2      R4            Harsa Chhina-Fatehgarh Churian        16.38               12
3      R4            Beas-Dera Baba Jaimal Singh-Sathiala- N.A                 5.72-33‟
                     Butala                                                    9.60-18‟
                                                                               4.80-10‟
4       R4           Jandiala-Veroval                             21.62        18‟
5       R4           G.T Road to Gehri Mandi Railway Crossing     3.10         18‟
6       R4           Gehri mandi Bazar                            0.50         23‟
7       R4           Chheharta Dhand Bir Road                     17.15        15.80-18‟
                                                                               1.35-22‟
8       R4           Rajatal-Naushera Dhalla road                 4.58         12‟
9       R4           Approach to Warrpal Rly Station from NH-     2.41         12‟
                     15
10      R4           Approach to Attari Rly Station from NH-1     1.80         18‟
11      R4           Majitha Bye pass                             0.96         10‟
12      R4           Mall Road Amritsar                           4.34         48‟
13      R4           Approach to Verka Railway station from       0.13         15‟
                     NH-15
14      R4           GT Road to Govt. Polytechnic                 0.85         10‟
15      R4           Albert Road, Amritsar                        0.89         22‟
16      R4           Approach to Jaintipur Rly Station from NH-   0.24         10‟
                     15
17      R4           Approach to Kathunangal Rly Station from     1.40         10‟
                     NH-15
18      R4           G.T. Road to Khurmanian-Bopa Rai Baj         6.15         12‟
                     Singh
19      R4           Rayya lidder jalalabad                       16.76        18‟
20      R4           Old GT road with in Amritsar MC              1.85         22‟
21      R4           Mall Road Amritsar,                          2.86         2x22‟


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 45
                 Disst. Court to Lawerance Road Xing            1.48        48‟
                 Lawerance road Xing to PWD complex
22     R4        Amritsar Sohian Fatehgarh Churian road         23.05       18‟
23     R4        Fatehgarh Churian Ramdass road.                15.42       23‟
24     R4        Cheecha Hoshiar Nagar road.                    6.52        12‟
Source: P.W.D Office, Amritsar

The total length of roads existing in the Amritsar M.C. area is 495.20 kms in
the year 2001, which has increased to 524.41 kms in 2004 and 611.13 kms in
2006. There has been an increase of 29.21 kms in the total road length in the
city in the last four years and an increase of 87 kms in past two years. This
increase has been observed in the category of surfaced roads. Almost 90% of
the city roads are surfaced (metalled) roads, among which, 98% are Black Top
roads with remaining 2% as cement concrete and water bond macadam roads.
The unsurfaced roads have been sub-divided into Motorable and Non
Motorable ones. Motorable roads have major share among the unsurfaced
roads, which is of the order of 95% in 2004.

Table 16: Length of Roads within Amritsar M. C. (in kms)
Yea Total Surfaced Roads (km)                   Unsurfaced Roads (km)
r     Lengt Water      Blac Cemen Total Motorab Non                  Tot
      h      Bond      k        t               le         Motorab al
      (km) Macada Top Concre                               le
             m                  te
200   495.2 3.40       431.4 7.60        442.4 48.00       4.75      52.7
1     0                5                 5                           5
200 524.4 1.40         451.6 7.60        460.6 50.00       2.75      52.7
4     1                6                 6                           5
200 611.1 10.70        527.0 13.40       551.1 55          5         60
6     3                3                 3
Source: Municipal Corporation, Amritsar, Municipal Year Book (06-07)




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             46
2.11 RAILWAY STATION

The city of Amritsar is well connected by broad gauge rail
network with other parts of country and with the
neighboring country of Pakistan via Attari rail link. Major
links are from Amritsar to Pathankot, Amritsar to New
Delhi, Amritsar to Patti & Amritsar to Attari link lines.
There are total of 14 railway stations that are falling in
Amritsar. Out of this 10 railway stations fall outside the
municipal limit of Amritsar which are namely Beas,
                                                              Fig. No-8 Railway Station,
                                                                      Amritsar
DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 47
Rayya, Butari, Tangra, Jandiala, Manawala, Khasa, Majitha, Jaintipura and
Attari. The remaining 4 railway stations exist within municipal limit of
Amritsar namely Verka, Chheharta, Bhagtanwala and Amritsar. It is managed
by Northern Railways and caters to approximately 28,000 passengers daily.
Approximately 40 passenger trains both local and express and 9 goods trains
originate or terminate at the Amritsar Railway Station. It is marked by the
presence of passenger‟s facilities such as ramps and wheel chairs for
handicapped, stairs, tourist information centre and waiting halls etc.

2.12 AIRPORT

The city of Amritsar has an international airport, namely “Rajasansi
International Airport” also known as Guru Ram Das International Airport or
Amritsar International Airport. It is located 11 kms North-West of the city of
Amritsar on Ajnala Road near village Rajasansi. The international airport
serves not only the city of Amritsar but also the state of Punjab by extensive
network of highways. While private transport in form of automobiles is the
most popular way of reaching the airport, public transport infrastructure (with
the exception of taxis) has remained weak and needs to be strengthened.
The integrated terminal building at Amritsar have peak hour passenger
handling capacity of 1200 passengers and annual handling capacity of 14.6
lakh passengers. It handles around 150 flights a week to different locations
within India and abroad. The major destinations abroad include London,
Toronto, Abhu Dhabi, Dubai, Muscat, Sharjah, Doha, Tashkent, Ashgabat etc.
The apron area has been extended to cater to parking of total of 14 aircrafts
instead of ten earlier. Moreover, 44 acres of land area has been acquired by
AAI for construction of second runway. Keeping in view the international
status of Amritsar Airport there is need to think about its expansion keeping in
mind the State of Art Infrastructure to be developed.

2.13 SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

Social infrastructure refers to the facilities and the process involved, which
ensures education, better health facilities and community development in any
town. The Social Infrastructure includes the education system, health care,
social and cultural facilities, parks and open spaces, etc. The different
components of social infrastructure will help to know how well a city or town
is equipped with facilities. The provision of education, health, etc. defines the
quality of life. As the city expands and population increases, the gap between
demand and supply of these essential services increases, which deteriorates the
quality of life in urban areas.

2.13.1 EDUCATION

Educational facilities define the level of development of a city. They are
criticial for growth of any settlement in terms of literacy rate, skill upgradation
and improving quality of human lives. Higher level of education facilities have


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   48
        been considered vital for economic growth and development of any community
        or nation, besides improving the quality of life of human beings. Education is
        found to be a major determinant and promoter of growth and development of
        any settlement and nation. Accordingly, providing appropriate level of
        education facilities is extremely important.

        Institutional Network

        The city of Amritsar has a well developed institutional network with one
        university namely Guru Nanak Dev University, 10 colleges, 2 medical and
        dental colleges, 9 nursing institutes and 4 engineering colleges, 2 B. Ed.
        colleges and 2 polytechnics. Apart from higher level institutions, it is well
        equipped with 258 primary schools, 36 middle schools, 41 secondary and 62
        senior secondary schools. It strengthens the fact that Amritsar has developed its
        importance as an educational centre in the region.

       Table 17: Level of Education Facilities in Amritsar – Schools, etc
S.   Name Prima Middl Seconda Senior              Ang Indust Traini                                                    Adult Total
No         ry      e        ry        Seconda anw rial            ng                                                   Litera
.          Schoo Schoo Schools ry                 ari    School School                                                 cy
           ls      ls                 Schools                     s                                                    Cente
                                                                                                                       r
1    Amri    258                36                   41                62            191       -             -         46     634
     tsar
        Source: District Education Office, Amritsar and Census 2001

        Table 18: Higher Level of Education Facilities in Amritsar
Name
                                                                             Engineerin




                                                                                                      Polytechni
                   University




                                                                                                                   Education
                                                                                                                   Distance
                                Colleges




                                                                                           Colleges
                                                                   Nursing
                                           Medical




                                                                                                                   Centers
                                                          Dental




                                                                                           B.Ed.




                                                                                                                                Total
                                                                                                      cs
                                                                             g




Amritsar         1              10         2              2        9         4             2          2            4            36
        Source: District Education Office, Amritsar and Census 2001

        TABLE 18: Schools / Colleges Per 10,000 Population In Statutory Towns,
        2001
        Serial Name and urban Type of educational institution
        number status of Town    Primary Junior         Secondary / Senior     College
                                         Secondary / Matriculation Secondary
                                         Middle
        1      2                 3          4           5           6          7
        1      Ajnala (NP)       2.7     5.9            3.2         1.6        0.0
        2      Amritsar          2.8     2.5            2.0         0.9        0.3
               (M.Corp.)
        3      Amritsar Cantt.   4.1     2.5            1.6         0.8        0.0


        DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                                      49
5           Jandiala (MCI)                        4.2               4.6                         0.8                 1.3                      0.0
7           Majitha (MCI)                         3.1               3.1                         1.5                 1.5                      0.0
9           Raja Sansi (NP)                       2.5               1.6                         0.8                 0.8                      0.0
10          Ramdas (MCI)                          5.2               3.5                         1.7                 1.7                      0.0
11          Rayya (NP)                            4.0               1.6                         3.2                 0.0                      0.8
2001- Census Findings - Population and its distribution:

Table 44 shows number of Schools / Colleges per 10,000 of population for
towns. In the district there are 1.5 Primary Schools, 1.3 Junior Secondary/
Middle Schools, 1.0 Secondary/ Matriculation Schools, 0.5 Senior Secondary
Schools and 0.2 College per 10,000 population. In other words there is a
Primary School for a population of 6667, Junior Secondary/ Middle School for
every 7692 persons, a Senior Secondary School for 20,000 persons and a
College for a population of 50,000. The following table shows distribution of
rural and urban population by tahsils in the district.


TABLE 20: Population, Number Of Villages And Towns, 2001
Name                                                    Population                                                  No. of              N
of                                                                                                                  Village             o.
                         Total                          Rural                               Urban
Tehsil                                                                                                              s                   of
                                                                                                                                        T
                                                                                                                                        o




                                                                                                                            Inhabited
               P           M         F            P       M           F             P       M                   F                       w

                                                                                                                    Total
                                                                                                                                        n
                                                                                                                                        s
Ajnala



             384,566

                          205,035

                                    179,531

                                              348,022


                                                          185,311

                                                                      162,711

                                                                                36,544

                                                                                            19,724

                                                                                                      16,820



                                                                                                                    341
                                                                                                                            312

                                                                                                                                        3
Amritsar



             285,981

                          152,718

                                    133,263

                                              233,612


                                                          123,556

                                                                      110,056

                                                                                52,369

                                                                                            29,162

                                                                                                      23,207
  –I




                                                                                                                    142
                                                                                                                            139

                                                                                                                                        3
Amritsar-



             1,206,203




                                                                                1,000,536
                          647,982

                                    558,221

                                              205,667


                                                          111,149




                                                                                            536,833

                                                                                                      463,703
                                                                      94,518
  II




                                                                                                                    107
                                                                                                                            102

                                                                                                                                        1
Bakala

             280,270

                          147,086

                                    133,184

                                              258,908


                                                          135,597

                                                                      123,311
 Baba




                                                                                21,362

                                                                                            11,489

                                                                                                      9,873



                                                                                                                    155
                                                                                                                            155

                                                                                                                                        2




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                                                     50
                            4
                                                         3
                                                                                       2
                                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                                                         Sr. No.


                        Baba Bakala                  Amritsar- II                  Amritsar –I                   Ajnala                  Tehsil
                                                                                                                                                                               Tahsils, 2001




DDMP-AMRITSAR
                Urban       Rural     Total   Urban     Rural       Total   Urban Rural          Total   Urban   Rural    Total   Total / Rural / Urban

                14,919     150,789 165,708 693,139 107,523 800,662 34,212 129,409 163,621 22,536 162,372 184,908                    T


                8,539      85,073     93,612 384,491 63,078 447,569 20,391 74,184 94,575 13,020 95,334 108,354
                                                                                                                                    M
                                                                                                                                          LITERATES




                6,380      65,716     72,096 308,648 44,445 353,093 13,821 55,225 69,046                 9,516   67,038 76,554
                                                                                                                                    F




                6,443      108,119 114,562 307,397 98,144 405,541 18,157 104,203 122,360 14,008 185,650 199,658
                                                                                                                                    T
                                                                                                                                                             ILLITERATES




                2,950      50,524     53,474 152,342 48,071 200,413 8,771 49,372 58,143                  6,704   89,977 96,681
                                                                                                                                    M
                                                                                                                                                        No. OF LITERATES AND




                3,493      57,595     61,088 155,055 50,073 205,128 9,386 54,831 64,217                  7,304   95,673 102,977
                                                                                                                                          ILLITERATES

                                                                                                                                    F
                                                                                                                                    T




                 79.4       67.3       68.2   78.8      61.3        75.9    75.1     65.0        66.9    71.3     55.4    57.0
                 84.4       73.4       74.3   82.0      66.9        79.5    80.5     71.1        72.9    76.6     61.5    63.0
                                                                                                                                    M
                                                                                                                                                          literates




                 73.5       60.8       61.7   75.2      54.9        71.8    68.3     58.2        60.0    65.1     48.6    50.2
                                                                                                                                    F
                                                                                                                                                        Percentage of
                                                                                                                                                                               TABLE 26: Number And Percentage Of Literates And Illiterates By




51
                 10.9       12.6       12.6    6.8      12.0         7.7    12.2     12.9        12.9    11.5     12.9    12.8
                                                                                                                                             rate
                                                                                                                                            male-
                                                                                                                                           female
                                                                                                                                           Gap in


                                                                                                                                          literacy
Among the tahsils, Amritsar – II is the tahsil where literacy rate is the highest
with 75.9 per cent. Between the two sexes the literacy rate in the district varies
between 72.6 for males and 61.3 per cent for females exhibiting a gap of 11.3
percentage points. It is further educed that in literacy, Amritsar district is far
behind as compared to Hoshiarpur (81.0%), Rupnagar (78.1%) and Jalandhar
(78.0%) districts.
TABLE 22: Number And Percentage Of Literates And Illiterates By Sex
In Urban Agglomerations / Towns, 2001
Sr.               NAME                                         No. OF LITERATES AND                                      Percentage of Gap in
No.                                                                 ILLITERATES                                            literates     male-
                                                            LITERATES     ILLITERATES                                                   female
                                                            T   M     F   T    M   F                                    T     M F      literacy
                                                                                                                                          rate
      Ajnala




                                                            12,336




                                                                                5,200
                                                                      7,136




                                                                                                    2,964
      (NP)




                                                                                                                         76.5

                                                                                                                                81.5

                                                                                                                                       70.5

                                                                                                                                                   11.0
                                                                                          6,253




                                                                                                              3,289
 1

                             (ii) (i) Amritsar * Amritsar




                                                                                309,120
                                                            694,458

                                                                      385,338




                                                                                                    153,406
                                                                                          309,459




                                                                                                              156,053

                                                                                                                         78.7

                                                                                                                                81.9

                                                                                                                                       75.1
                                                  UA




                                                                                                                                                   6.8
                          (M Corp.) Corp+OG)




                                                                                309,120
                                                            694,458

                                                                      385,338




                                                                                                    153,406
                                                                                          309,459




                                                                                                              156,053

                                                                                                                         78.7

                                                                                                                                81.9

                                                                                                                                       75.1

                                                                                                                                                   6.9
                                       (M
 2


       (M Cl) Cantt. (CB) Amritsar




                                                                                302,059
                                                            676,824

                                                                      374,765




                                                                                                    143,623
                                                                                          290,038




                                                                                                              146,415

                                                                                                                         79.6

                                                                                                                                82.7

                                                                                                                                       76.0

                                                                                                                                                   6.7
      Jandiala Amritsar




                                                                                3,264
                                                            9,704

                                                                      6,440




                                                                                                    1,181




                                                                                                                         90.1

                                                                                                                                94.4

                                                                                                                                       82.6

                                                                                                                                                   11.8
                                                                                          2,458




                                                                                                              1,277
 3




                                                            15,696




                                                                                6,847
                                                                      8,849




                                                                                                    3,905




                                                                                                                         75.3

                                                                                                                                79.8

                                                                                                                                       70.1
                                                                                          8,138




                                                                                                              4,233




                                                                                                                                                   9.7
 4

      Raja Sansi Majitha
                 (M Cl)




                                                                                3,238
                                                            7,493

                                                                      4,255




                                                                                                    2,621




                                                                                                                         67.3

                                                                                                                                72.7

                                                                                                                                       61.3

                                                                                                                                                   11.4
                                                                                          5,499




                                                                                                              2,878
 5




                                                                                2,800
                                                            6,699

                                                                      3,899




                                                                                                    2,688
        (NP)




                                                                                                                         63.7

                                                                                                                                69.0

                                                                                                                                       57.5

                                                                                                                                                   11.5
                                                                                          5,477




                                                                                                              2,789
 6




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                                                                 52
        Ramdas
        (M Cl)




                                                              1,516
                               3,501

                                            1,985




                                                                                  1,052




                                                                                                       70.7

                                                                                                               76.6

                                                                                                                        64.2

                                                                                                                                    12.4
                                                                        2,278




                                                                                              1,226
 7

        Rayya




                                                              3,915
                               8,661

                                            4,746




                                                                                  1,888
        (NP)




                                                                                                       78.5

                                                                                                               82.3

                                                                                                                        74.4
                                                                        3,970




                                                                                              2,082




                                                                                                                                    7.9
 8




+ Towns arranged in alphabetical order.
* In case of towns having outgrowth an asterisk mark has been placed against their names to indicate
  that they have outgrowths which are not separate towns.

It reveals that 77.9 per cent of the urban population in the district is literate.
The male literacy is 81.5 per cent while the female literacy is 73.8 per cent.
TABLE 23: Distribution                      Of Workers By Sex In Four Categories Of Economic
Activity In Tehsils, 2001
Sr.     TEHSIL        Perso                 Total  Total     Category of workers
No.                   ns /                  Popula number    Cultiv Agricu Househol Other
                      Male                  tion   of        ators   ltural   d       worke
                      s    /                       workers           Labour Industry rs
                      Fema                         (Main +           ers      workers
                      les                          Marginal)
                                  Persons


                                                    384,566




                                                                                          45,633


                                                                                                      32,869




                                                                                                                                     57,679
                                                                                          (31.8)


                                                                                                      (22.9)




                                                                                                                                     (40.2)
                                                                      143,50

                                                                      (37.3)




                                                                                                                      7,327
                                                                                                                      (5.1)
                                                                        8
                  Ajnala




                                                    205,035
                                  Males




                                                                       2 (53.1)


                                                                                          39,951


                                                                                                      25,437




                                                                                                                                           40,020
                                                                                          (36.7)


                                                                                                      (23.4)




                                                                                                                                           (36.8)
                                                                       108,83




                                                                                                                      3,424
  1




                                                                                                                      (3.1)
                                  Females


                                                    179,531




                                                                                                                                           17,659
                                                                                          (16.4)


                                                                                                      (21.4)




                                                                                                                                           (50.9)
                                                                       34,676



                                                                                          5,682


                                                                                                      7,432
                                                                       (19.3)




                                                                                                                      (11.3)
                                                                                                                      3,903
                                  Persons


                                                    285,981



                                                                       2 (36.3)


                                                                                          22,599


                                                                                                      26,257




                                                                                                                                           51,586
                                                                                          (21.3)


                                                                                                      (25.3)




                                                                                                                                           (49.6)
                                                                       103,90




                                                                                                                      3,460
                                                                                                                      (3.3)
                 Amritsar –I




                                                    152,718
                                  Males




                                                                                          19,717


                                                                                                      17,721




                                                                                                                                           41,836
                                                                                          (24.3)


                                                                                                      (21.8)




                                                                                                                                           (51.5)
                                                                       81,205
                                                                       (53.2)
  2




                                                                                                                      1,931
                                                                                                                      (2.4)
                                  Females


                                                    133,263




                                                                                          (12.7)


                                                                                                      (37.6)




                                                                                                                                           (43.0)
                                                                       22,697



                                                                                          2,882


                                                                                                      8,536




                                                                                                                                           9,750
                                                                       (17.0)




                                                                                                                      1,529
                                                                                                                      (6.7)




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                                                  53
                                         1,206,203
                               Persons




                                                                                                           342,105
                                                          404,992



                                                                    20,057


                                                                               24,336




                                                                                                            (84.5)
                                                           (33.6)



                                                                     (5.0)


                                                                                (6.0)


                                                                                           18,494
                                                                                            (4.6)
               Amritsar- II




                                                                                                         291,837
                               Males


                                         647,982


                                                          339,329



                                                                    17,153


                                                                               18,241




                                                                                                          (86.0)
  3




                                                           (52.4)



                                                                     (5.1)


                                                                                (5.4)


                                                                                           12,098
                                                                                            (3.6)
                               Females


                                         558,221




                                                                                                         50,268
                                                                                                         (76.6)
                                                          65,663



                                                                    2,904


                                                                               6,095
                                                          (11.8)



                                                                    (4.4)


                                                                               (9.3)


                                                                                           6,396
                                                                                           (9.7)
2.14 HEALTH
There is critical need of improving the health of poor as there is lack of
hygienic living conditions in the slum colonies because of the open drain
system, improper solid waste disposal mechanism. Besides, there is a need to
improve the basic human conditions in the entire Amritsar, where there is a
need of the health organizations for improving the existing conditions along
with the hospitals and dispensaries.

2.14.1 Institutional Network
Looking at the health institutional network in the city of Amritsar, it has been
observed that the city is served by 1 civil hospital, 154 other specialized
hospitals and nursing homes (govt. and private both), 8 Urban Family Welfare
Centers, 6 MCW Centres, 5 satellite hospitals and 6 govt. dispensaries. It
makes the city an emerging medical hub of the district Amritsar. It has number
of specialized hospitals such as Escorts for heart speciality, Ram Lal eye &
E.N.T Hospital, ESI Hospital, Guru Nanak Dev Hospital, Guru Ram Dass
Dental Research Institute cum Hospital, etc. The table below gives details of
the various medical institutes located in city of Amritsar.

Table 24: Medical Infrastructure in Amritsar
    Level                              Medical Facility
                 Hospital          PHC       CHC/FWC / MCW Dispensaries
Amritsar                      172                    12                      153                    109
Source: Civil Surgeon Ofice, Amritsar

TABLE 25: Number Of Beds In Medical Institutions In Towns, 2001

Sr.           Name and urban status Number of beds in                                   medical
No.           of the Town           institutions
                                    per 10,000 population
 1            Ajnala (NP)                    35


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                       54
 2            Amritsar (M.Corp.)                  27
 3            Amritsar Cantt.(CB)                  1
 5            Jandiala(MCI)                        0
 7            Majitha (MCI)                       23
 9            Raja Sansi (NP)                     30
10            Ramdas (MCI)                        52
11            Rayya (NP)                           3


Table 45 shows number of beds in medical institution in towns per 10,000 of
population. The district on an average has 14 beds per 10,000 of population.
Among the towns, Ramdas being the smallest town with 5,779 populations has
52 beds per 10,000 populations and this average is the highest among all the
towns in the district. Except Amritsar Cantt, Jandiala and Rayya all other towns
have more beds per 10,000 population than that of the district average.

Among the villages in Amritsar, only Baba Bakala is marked by the presence
of Civil Hospital while others have presence of either Dispensary or Family
Welfare Centre or Maternity and Child Welfare Centre or Maternity Home.
The civil hospital “Guru Nanak Dev Hospital” in Amritsar is located adjacent
to the Govt. Medical College on Majitha Road with easy accessibility from all
sides. The hospital (114 acres) together with Medical College is spread over an
area of 163 acres having total bed capacity of 1050 beds and serving 700
patients per day approximately. The institution apart from serving the whole
district‟s population, has retained its eminence in providing medical facilities to
vast area of north India including Himachal Pradesh, J&K, Rajasthan, U.P., etc.
with its spacious OPD complex, emergency, surgery and super specialities viz.
nephrology, cardiology, plastic surgery, urology, neurology, cardiothoracic
surgery, etc. It also houses ultra modern operation theatre complex, ICU,
ICCU, clinical laboratory, radiology, sonography, de-addiction and mental
health facilities, and blood transfusion and blood component separation unit.
Since the hospital is attached to the Medical College, nearly 320 students are
trained every year in MBBS, BDS, nursing and MD/MS courses. The hospital
is observed to have sufficient medical, para medical and allied facilities. In
terms of disposal of bio-medical waste generated, the segregated waste is
collected by a private agency namely “Amritsar Health Care Systems” from
hospitals in the city. The waste collected is incinerated in an incinerator, which
is located at the village Iban Kalan on Jhabal Road.

Table 26: Veterinary Institutions in Amritsar
                                      Veterinary Institutions
       Level
                           Hospital          Dispensary                Total
      Amritsar                    42                   62               100
Source: Civil Surgeon, Amritsar




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   55
Besides this, there are 4 govt. veterinary hospitals and 4 govt. dispensaries
existing in the city of Amritsar.

2.15 Civic Amenities/Services
The other amenities of the city include Post Offices, Fire Stations, Cremation
Grounds, etc. Each urban area must have these amenities to serve its growing
population, as the requirement of these amenities increases with the increase of
city population and area.

2.15.1 Fire Station
The city of Amritsar at present has four fire stations located at Town Hall, Beri
Gate, Gilwali Gate and Civil Lines which are the following:

Table 27: Fire Stations of Amritsar District
   Sr. No.       Name of the Fire stations                 Telephone Numbers

       1         Central Fire Station                    101, 2541111, 2557366

       2         Gilwali Gate                                    2527000

       3         Berigate                                        2551699

       4         Civil Line                                      2566212


As per the UDPFI standards of one fire station for 2 lakh population, the city
should have 5 fire stations to serve the population. Therefore, the city has a
backlog of one fire station. All the four fire stations are located on major city
roads, which are wide enough to allow free movement of these vehicles. The
vehicles at the time of disaster are available from these fire stations. The Civil
Lines fire station serves the northern portion of the city, while Town Hall, Beri
Gate and Gilwali Gate fire stations serve the walled city area and its
surrounding that is the southern half of the city. Hence, it can be said that
northern portion of the city is served with only 1 fire station, which is
insufficient and requires one more fire station. Besides, the existing backlog of
one fire station, there is also requirement of another 5 fire stations in the city to
cater the needs up to 2031.

Apart from four fire stations, city also has nearly 400 fire hydrants at different
locations to combat with the fire. The fire brigade wing in the city has total of 8
fire fighting vans and total staff strength of 126 out of which 51 posts at present
are vacant. This implies that the city does not have required number of
personnel, which needs to be taken care off. Moreover, the existing fire



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                     56
fighting infrastructure needs upgradation as new buildings of greater height are
being constructed.
There is no provision of separate fire station or fire fighting facilities in the
Taran taran district. They are dependant on Amritsar for fire fighting facilities
in case of any disaster. Therefore, it can be analysed that the existing fire
facilities in the city of Amritsar are over burdened that needs to be reduced.




2.15.2 POLICE STATIONS

The list of 28 police stations along with their location is given in the table
below:




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 57
  Table 28: Police Stations Falling in Amritsar
Sr.   Police Station        Name & Rank           Phone No.          Mobile No.,
No.
                                                                    Residence No.

1 Bus stand            ASI Gurwinder Singh                    97811-30225, 98144-72780

2 PP      Brahambuta SI Lakhbir Singh                         98157-66168, 97811-30219
  (Galiara)

3 PP Verka             SI Shamsher Singh                      98765-70009, 97811-30217

4 PP Majitha Road      SI Harish Behal            2422975     99155-01818, 97811-30215

5 PP Sultanwind        SI Amrik Singh                         98720-11332, 97811-30229

6 Ranjit Avenue        SI Ashok Kumar                         97811-30236, 94637-28360

7 PP Mohkam Pura       SI Parvesh Chopra                      97811-30216, 99150-82889

8 Durgiana Mandir      ASI Harmanjit Singh        2557500     98729-00444, 97811-30227

9 Circuit House        ASI Harsandeep Singh       2566394     97797-00130, 97811-30239

10 PP Lawrence Road ASI Mukhtiar Singh                        98786-76899, 97811-30242

11 Shivala Mandir      ASI Sukhwant Singh                     94631-70445, 97811-30243

12 Court Complex       ASI Tarsem Singh                       92163-49078, 97811-30240

13 Faiz Pura           ASI Savinder Singh                     98145-72100, 97811-30241

14 Vallah              ASI Kuldip Singh                       97811-30251

15 Gumtala Bye Pass    SI Ramesh Chander                      97811-30245, 94631-74427

16 Kot Khalsa          ASI Sukhwinder Singh       2225368     97811-30252, 98151-06602



  DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             58
17 Milk Plant Verka        SI Manoj Kumar                       97811-00250, 97800-06420

18 Mahal Bye-Pass          ASI Rajinder Singh                   97811-30244, 97797-01723

19 Majitha     Rd   Bye- ASI Panna Lal                          97811-30249, 94638-28100
   Pass

20 F.G. Churian Bye- ASI Sarwan Singh                           97811-30247, 97793-03800
   Pass

21 Taranwala Pul           ASI Shamsher Singh                   97811-30230

22 India Gate              SI Mukhwinder Singh                  97811-30255, 98144-09114

23 Hall Gate               ASI Subeg Singh                      98152-95911, 97811-30228

24 Rani ka Bagh            ASI Parveen Kumar                    97811-3238, 98728-68180

25 PP Sardar Cantt         ASI Ashwani Kumar                    98155-33030

26 PP Kabir Park           ASI Jaspal Singh                     97811-30233

27 PP Kot Mit Singh        ASI Jarnail Singh                    97811-30220, 97797-03509

28 PP Fatah Pur            L/ASI Rajwinder Kaur                 97811-30248, 94647-06473
  Source: Police Dept. Amritsar

  At present, there is backlog of 2 police stations within the city as per the UDFI
  guidelines standard of one police station for 90,000 persons. Further, there is a
  demand for 12 more police stations up to the year 2031 for the city of Amritsar.

  2.16 DRAINAGE AND CANAL SYSTEM

  The River System And Water Resources

         (i) Main Rivers and Tributaries.-The Beas and the Ravi are the two
  master streams of the district. The former forms its border with the Kapurthala
  District of the Punjab State and the latter separates it from Pakistan. Both the
  rivers originate near the Rohtang Pass in the Kullu District and traverse through


  DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 59
the Himachal Pradesh and the Gurdaspur District before entering the Amritsar
District. In consonance with the slope of the land, both of them flow in the
north-east and south-west direction.

The Beas touches the Amritsar District in the vicinity of the village of Sheron.
It is adjoined by an abruptly rising bluff to its right throughout its course in the
Amritsar and Tarn Taran tahsils. It is joined by the River Satluj at Harike in the
Patti Tahsil.

The Ravi enters the district near the village of Ghoneywala and it moves into
Pakistan beyond the village of Ranian. In contrast to the Beas, this river makes
a wide floodplain in the Amritsar District. This floodplain has been highly
susceptible to floods, causing heavy damage to human settlements, crops and
the livestock. The construction of an embankment along the river has, however,
reduced the frequency and intensity of floods. The main significance of the
Ravi lies in its being the border between India and Pakistan.

The eastern limit of the floodplain of the Ravi corresponds with the Sakki Nala,
which is a tributary of the Ravi and flows parallel to it before meeting it near
the village of Kakkar in the Amritsar District. This nala is the continuation of
the Kiran Nala which originates from the Chhambs (marshy lands) lying to the
south-west of the Pathankot town in the Gurdaspur District. The course of the
nala is characteristically sinuous. It floods during the rainy season and this
factor has been partly responsible for keeping the western part of the Ajnala
Tahsil isolated from the rest of the district till recently. Ajnala is situated on the
left bank of this nala. A diversion for the nala near the village of Shahpur has
been constructed. It would secure the outfall of the Sakki Nala 96 km upstream
of its present outfall and this would save 741 sq. km. of the land around Ajnala
from damage owing to floods.

As in case of other rivers of the Punjab, the discharges of the Beas and the Ravi
are subject to wide fluctuations from season to season and from year to year.
These rivers contain a trickle of water during the dry winter with the approach
of the summer, snow melts in the source areas of these rivers and their water-
level begins to rise. These rivers swell during the rainy season.

Upper Bari Doab Canal:- In addition to the Beas and the Ravi and the Sakki
Nala, another major source of water in the district is available from the various
branches and distributaries of the Upper Bari Doab Canal which runs through
the district. The canal had started operating in 1860. Its four main branches
passing through the district include from east to west the Sobraon Branch, the
Kasur Branch Lower, the Main Branch and the Lahore Branch. It is primarily
through this canal that about 90 per cent of the cultivated land in the Amritsar
District receives irrigation.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                      60
However, the extensive canal irrigation, which has been there for more than a
century, has caused serious waterlogging conditions. It seems that the Amritsar
District is just floating on its subsurface water, which comes up to a metre or
two from the surface during the rainy season. Even in the driest month of June,
the water-table is only 1.5 to 3 metres below the surface. The wide-spread
waterlogging has given rise to kallar (concentration of harmful salts) over
extensive areas and some cultivable land has been lost to agriculture. Various
measures are being adopted to tackle this problem: the existing Patti and Kasur
drains have been deepened and some new drains have been constructed to
facilitate the run-off of the underground water. Wherever possible, canal
irrigation is being replaced by tube-well irrigation so as to reduce the quantity
of underground water and eucalyptus trees are being planted, particularly along
the canals, roads and railway lines, so as to soak the extra subsurface water.
These measures have already started giving good results.

Thus, the water resources of the Amritsar District are varied. The district is
bordered by two perennial streams on two sides; it contains a dense network of
canals, and its subsurface water reservoir is close to the surface. The
underground water is, however, brackish in parts of the Patti and Tarn Taran
tahsils. This brackishness discourages its use both for irrigation and drinking.
The two rivers which touch the district, viz. the Beas, Ravi and Satluj, and also
the Sakki Nala, are described below in greater detail:

River Beas.-The Beas River rises north of the Kullu Valley, and passing
through the Kangra District (Himachal Pradesh), and between Gurdaspur and
Hoshiarpur districts, enters the sandy valley which divides the Amritsar District
from the Kapurthala District. Here, its bank on the right, i.e., the Amritsar side,
is an abrupt cliff, the upper stratum of which is hard clay mixed with kankar
(lime concretions) and the lower usually, though not always, is fine river sand.
At the foot of this cliff, between it and the cold-weather bed of the river, lies a
strip of alluvial land, which at some points is as much as three kilometers
broad. At other points, the cold-weather stream flows close under the cliffs and
in the southern part of the district its set towards Amritsar entails some loss of
cultivation and damage to residential sites. At some places, there are
embayments caused by the river which cuts into the high cliff consisting of the
alluvial deposit of soil. The left bank, on the other hand, is uniformly low, and
on the Kapurthala side there is a stretch of moist alluvial land running back for
several kilometers into the interior, which is fertile, well-wooded and liable to
inundation. There is a tradition that over a century and a quarter ago, the river
ran on the site of the village of Mira in the Kapurthala territory, eleven
kilometers from its present course, and the depression is still clearly traceable
and is now part of the West Bein. In this district, whatever cultivation there is
in the valley is carried on between the foot of the cliff and the normal cold-
weather stream, or in the embayments caused by the erosion of the cliff. Back
from the river, the influence of the cliffs persists for considerable distances in
some places, because gullies make cultivation impossible and even spoil the


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   61
fertility of the hinterland by accelerating the run-off of rain-water before it has
time to soak in the soil and benefit it.

River Ravi.-The Ravi is a river of a different character. The high bank of the
Beas affords a measure of security to cultivation in some part of almost every
low riverine estate. The rudiments of a dhaya or high bank appear on the left
bank of the Sakki Nala in its last 16-kilometre length but this is a long way
from the present river and does nothing to mitigate the defencelessness of the
villages between the two streams. The villages on the Amritsar side of the river
have no protection and the sixty estates officially recognized as liable to river
action do not exhaust the limit of the liability to trouble, if there is really a high
flood in the river. Every effort is, however, made to ensure that damage to
human life and to works of public utility does not occur. The tendency of the
river to swallow up the cultivated lands and damage the crops is checked by
constructing suitable protective works at vulnerable points, as the situation
warrants. In this way, the frequency of the floods is reduced. The Ravi carries
rather more fertilizing silt than the Beas (which from the comparative clearness
of its water is sometimes called nili or blue dhaar) and where this silt is thrown
up, bumper crops of wheat can be raised. But cultivation in the river-bed is
always precarious.

Saki Nala.-The only other perennial stream found in the district is the Sakki
Nala. The Sakki begins as the Kiran Nala in the Gurdaspur District where some
irrigation is done from an inundation canal taken out of it. This canal tails into
the Ajnala Tahsil in Ramdas. In the Amritsar District, the nala has the
appearance of a narrow river whose left bank is generally higher than the right
bank. Winter discharges are low, but the considerable summer stream is further
augmented by unwanted canal water sent down the Aliwal Escape from the
Main Branch Upper of the Upper Bari Doab Canal. The stream ends its
independent existence where it joins the Ravi at Kakkar. The sinuous course of
the Sakki Nala has not only done much to isolate the Sailab and Hithar Circles
from the rest of the tahsil and from the markets, but has also stood in the way
of the extension of regular canal irrigation to this tract. The stream is sluggish
and the erosion of the banks is almost unknown. Damage is done by floods,
however, to the spring crops sown on the shelving land sloping down to the
edges of the banks, and by spills into depressions leading from the Sakki
towards the Ravi. The Sakki is also called Ajal Nala, meaning the stream of
death on account of the considerable damage to life and property it causes
during the rainy season. A small canal has been taken out from it for irrigation
in the Gurdaspur and Amritsar districts.

(ii) Natural Drainage and Artificial Drains

      Amritsar Tahsil.-In the Amritsar Tahsil, east of the Kasur Branch of
the Upper Bari Doab Canal, drainage causes no concern. The Patti Rohi often
evades the eye in its sandy course southwards and does no appreciable damage.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                      62
A parallel depression nearer the river has in the past been known by the same
name. The Riarki Vang is, strictly speaking, a creek of the river and not a
drainage at all. Only the last 8 km of its course to the river is distinct and,
throughout this length, the creek runs in a broad deep bed, the banks of which
have much the same appearance as the dhaya. Erosion on the sides of this creek
has caused greater loss of cultivated land in the tahsil than the river. A short
artificial drain runs from the Riarki Vang to the river in Buddha Theh but has
never been used to divert water. Drainage does not become an important
problem until the Kasur Nala is reached well west of the Kasur Branch. Known
in this tahsil as the Hansli, the nala follows a well-defined course from the
point where it enters the tahsil from Bata until it passes out into Tarn Taran. On
its margins, the soil is stiff and often Kalrathi (salt-infested) and its presence is
a handicap to villages whose lands are divided by its passage. Surplus water
from the area between the nala and the Main Branch of the Upper Bari Doab
Canal is led into the Hansli north of the Grand Trunk Road by the
Makhanwindi and Valla drains. South of the road, the drainage is defective in
the basin of the Sultanwind Drain, otherwise known as the Mandiala Rohi,
where there is much of inferior land. West of the main Branch of the canal, the
drainage has always been a matter of serious concern. In the northern part of
this tract, surface water collects at many places in the form of chhambs or lakes
for which the least destructive outlets have to be found. The Hudiara Drain,
starting from the Majitha Fort, was made the central feature of the scheme. Its
natural bed was deepened and trained and, since 1927, it has been notified
under section 55 of the Northern India Canal and Drainage Act. From this
tahsil, it passes on through the Ajnala and Tarn Taran tahsils to the Lahore
District of Pakistan, collecting the dregs of the city sewage from the Ganda
nala on its way. Sixteen kilometers north of the Amritsar city, close to the
Gurdaspur road, the Gumtala Drain begins to carry away the surface water of
the north-western part of the tract and, after being joined by the Verka and
Tung Dhab drains just north of the city, turns west and ultimately joins the
Hudiara Drain in the Ajnala Tahsil. Though not intended to cope with
extraordinary conditions, this drainage system improved matters. North of the
Lahore Branch, the Vadala Viram chhamb covers sixty-five acres. An attempt
has been made without much success to drain it towards the west. Two short
drains-the Ghosal and Tarpai-pour surplus water in the same neighbourhood
into the Lahore Branch. The trouble here is saturation rather than the surface
drainage. The canal carrying a considerable volume of water runs above the
level of the surrounding country and there is every evidence of waterlogging.
The same is true to some extent of the northern reaches of the Main Branch
above the point where it crosses the Gurdaspur metalled road. This tahsil does
not show such progressive deterioration as is evident in Tarn Taran.
Improvements in drainage have apparently retarded the advance of kallar and,
apart from the elimination of local defects in drainage, the primary object of the
remedial measures must be the reclamation of the land which is still capable of
cultivation.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                     63
Ajnala Tahsil.-The surface drainage of the Ajnala Tahsil finds its natural
outlet in the Sakki nala but is obstructed by the Lahore Branch of the Upper
Bari Doab Canal and its subsidiary channels. Water in the confined area to the
left of the Branch now finds its way by various routes into the Hudiara Drain.
On the right bank of the canal, the Lashkri nangal-bagga Drain collects water
from the area north of the Mananwala Distributary, siphons it under the
distributary and carries it along to the Mahalanwala Pond (chhamb) whence the
reinforced stream is carried under the arterial road past the Bagga to the Sakki
Nala at Saurian. This drain does its work efficiently enough, provided it is
regularly cleared and maintained.

(iii) Underground Water Resources.-The entire area in the district is
underlain by quaternary alluvium comprising fine to coarse sand, silt and clay,
with intercalations of pebbles and kankar. Bore holes drilled down to a depth of
about 100 metres have encountered 70-90 per cent of sand.

       Groundwater occurs both under confined and unconfined conditions.
The depth of reach water in the area ranges from about 1 to 20 metres below
the land surfaces. The water-table is generally deep towards the high banks of
the Beas. However, in the vicinity of the canal-irrigated area and also in the
floodplains of the Beas, the water-table is very shallow. In many parts of the
canal-irrigated areas, waterlogged conditions prevail. Land salinization is also
observed in areas affected with waterlogging.

       Groundwater is tapped by open wells, dug-cum-bore wells, and
tubewells. Open wells yield small to moderate quantities of water. Shallow
tube-wells constructed up to a depth of 35 metres yield 700 to 2000 litres of
water per minute, depending on the capacity of the pumping-sets. Some of
these tube-wells are of cavity type, whereas in others the indigenous strainer,
which consists of iron or bamboo strips laid over the iron rings of 7-10 cm
diameter and closely wrapped by ordinary coir rope, has been used. This type
of construction is quite effective and economical. Deep tube-wells constructed
up to depths of 65 to 105 metres below the land surface yield copious supplies
of water. Some such tube-wells have been found to yield over 4000 litres of
water per minute for drawdowns of less than 5 metres. A pump test conducted
on an 86.86-metre-deep tube-well at Dera Radhasoami, Beas, indicated that the
specific capacity of the tube-well was 757 litres of water per minute per metre.
The transmissibility of the sand which forms the waterbearing zone is of the
order of 1410 cubic metres per metre.
       The groundwater available in the greater part of the district is generally
fresh but hard, except in the southern part of the district where it is of inferior
quality, being saline to bitter.

      Hydrogeological studies carried out in the district in 1968 by the
Geological Survey of India have indicated the possibilities of a large-scale



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   64
development of groundwater through heavy-duty tube-wells in most parts of
the district.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                         65
                                 CHAPTER 3

          HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT

3.1 TYPES OF HAZARDS THE DISTRICT PRONE TO

Amritsar district is highly prone to multi hazards like earthquake, flood,
Pollution, Accidents and war. The low socio-economic development in the
district along with the high density of population is one of the most important
reasons for this menace. The history of disasters in the district will provide a
clear picture of the vulnerability to which the district is prone.

Probability Period/Seasonality Of Disasters

    TYPE OF                  TIME OF                        POTENTIAL IMPACT
    HAZARDS                OCCURRENCE
Flood                  June –September              Loss of life,        livestock,   crop   and
                                                    infrastructure
Epidemics              Anytime                      Loss to human life

Fire Accidents         March-May                    Human Loss and house damage

Earth Quake            Anytime                      Loss     of    Life,      Livestock      and
                                                    Infrastructure
Drought                July-October                 Damaged to crops

Landslides             June –October                Loss of human lives, livestock, paddy,
                                                    infrastructures, houses

The made degree and extent of Response to fight out any crisis depends upon
the nature, degree and extent of disaster, but some of the points are almost
common to all kinds of situations.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   66
PROBABILITY PERIOD / SEASONALITY OF DISASTERS

                                                    Month
  Name of
  Disaster
             Jan    Feb     Mar    Apr    May June July        Aug     Sept    Oct    Nov Dec

Flood

Landslides

Drought

Earthquake
    For example it is to be ensured in all types of crisis that:-
       1. Appropriate steps are to be taken.
       2. Preparedness is required to contain the damages and casualties out of the
          crisis.
       3. Steps for recovery reclamation and restoration of community life within
          the reasonable time will have to be taken care of.

    3.2 EARTHQUAKE

    The district Amritsar falls in zone IV on the seismic scale corresponding to
    MMI (Modified Mercalli Intensity).




    The above map shows that Amritsar district comes under high damage risk
    zone.


    DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               67
    Punjab lies in a geosynclines (down warp of the Himalayan foreland, of
     variable depth, converted into flat plains by long vigorous
     sedimentation)
    This has shown considerable amounts of flexure and dislocation at the
     northern end and is bounded on the north by the Himalayan Frontal
     Thrust.
    Much of Punjab lies in the Punjab Shelf, bounded on the east by the
     Delhi-Haridwar Ridge and on the south by the Delhi-Lahore Ridge.
    Most earthquakes in this region are shallow though a few earthquake of
     intermediate depth have been recorded in Punjab.

Largest Instrumented Earthquake In Punjab

The largest earthquake to hit Punjab is earthquake which occurred at north of
ferozpur (indo Pakistan border region) on 14th October 1970 it is of 5.2 mb
having depth of 44 km.

Significant Earthquakes In Punjab

 As far as earthquake history is concerned the last earthquake to hit Punjab
  was in 1905 kangra (Himachal Pradesh). Its magnitude is 7.8 and it caused
  damage in cities like Amritsar, Jalandhar, Tarantaran etc. Many famous
  buildings sufer damages because of this highly intense earthquake.Tall
  structures in amritsar such as minarets of the sheikh Din mosque, the Clock
  Tower were badly damaged.
 The 1999 chamoli earthquake resulted in ane eath near Nakodar (SW of
  Jalandhar)A number of houses in nnorthern Punjab have collapsed. Two
  deaths were reported. One building collapses in Gurdaspur and six in
  amritsar. Fires were also reported from Amritsar.
 April 1905- Kangra (Himachal Pradesh), Mw 7.8 IST/ 00:50 UTC, 3230 N
  76.30 E. The feadliest earthquake to date in the Punjab Himalayas. Close to
  30,000 were killed in the kangra Valley and the adjoining parts of northern
  Indian and Pakistan. Shocks from the temblor were experienced as far as
  Puri, on the Mahanadi Delta in Orissa. Damage from the quake extended
  into many parts of the Punjab.
 14 October 1970- North of Ferozpur (Indo-Pakistan Border Region), 5.2
  Mb (USCGS) 00:36:34.0 UTC, 31.26 N, 74.50 E, 44 kms depth.
 21 October 1991- Near Pilang (Uttarkashi district), Mw 6.8 (NEIC)
  21:23:14 UTC/ 02:53:14 IST, 30.78 N, 78.77 E. Between 750 to 2000
  people killed in the Gharwal region. It was also felt very strongly in Uttar
  Pradesh, Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana and Punjab. Some minor damages
  was reported in Chandigarh and New Delhi.
 17 October 1997- North of Jalandhar, Gurdaspur district (Punjab), 5.1 Ms
  (EDIC) 17:36:31.0 UTC, 31.6167 N,, 75.7744 E, 38 kms depth
 29 March 1999- Near Gopeahwar (Chamoli District) Mw 6.5 (HRV)
  19:05:11 UTc, 30.492 N, 79.288 E. 115 people killed in the Gharwal

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              68
   region. The quke was felt very strongly in Uttar Pradesh, Chandigarh, Delhi
   and haryana. In Haryana, one person killed in the city of Ambala and 2 at
   Nakodar in the neighbouring state of Punjab. Minor damage to buildings in
   New Delhi, most significantly in Patparganj. Minor damage also reported
   from Chandigarh.

The district Amritsar fall in Zone IV on the seismic scale corresponding the
MMI (Modified Mercalli Intensit) VIII making it prone to earthquake and it
may lead to, major, damage in the district. The possible percentage of buildings
likely to be damaged is 25-40 percent depending upon the number of stories.
The deaths are likely to occur can be in the range of 2000-5000 and number of
casualties can be 25000, even when estimated conservatively.

The earthquake may lead to:
    change of river course resulting to flood
    Fire followed by conflagration
    Contamination of potable water.
    Spread of epidemics.

3.3 FLOOD

The past record shows that District Amritsar is prone to flood and other
natural calamities.

As district Amritsar falls within the seismic Zone IV, therefore earthquake
disaster of high intensity, may occurred in this district and the possibility of
such disaster is rather remote in future. But at the same time, large scale
erosion by the rivers resulting into floods and collapsing of dilapidated building
especially during the rainy season cannot be ruled out.

Similarly, there is no record of Biological, chemical and Nuclear disaster in the
District. But the way the tension on the Indo-Pak Border is mounting up,
possibility of such a disaster also cannot be ruled out.

Keeping in view, all possible aspects of the aforesaid problem in mind and to
keep the Administration prepared in all possible ways to respond properly to
various disaster situations within shortest possible time, possible crisis
situations/ disasters have been identified and the component plans have also
been identified & mentioned in detailed in the document for the time being.

Flood may occur after an earthquake. Police stations/ Police out posts located
on or near the bank of river Brahmaputra may also keep in advance (before
earthquake) a list of boats with boat-men paddles and oars etc. in their own
stations for emergency use including flood rescue & relief operation.

3.3.1 RECORD TO PREVIOUS FLOODS


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  69
In the district records, no major disaster has been mentioned for the last 25
years, except a war of 1971 with Pakistan and another flood occurred due to
overflow of river Ravi in the 1988s leading to massive loss of property.

Table 29: Record to Previous Floods

Year       No. of    Area Population Human Damage       % of Value of
       villages/Tow Affected Affected Lives caused to damaged crop
        ns Affected  in sq            Lost area under area to damages
                      kms                    crop in    total
                                             hectares cropped
                                                        area
1991          -         9       -       -      914      0.12      -
1992          -         -       -       -        -        -       -
1993         65         7     6640      1      6917     0.89      -
1994        474       755    400122    60     24714     3.17
1995        256       467    150000    30     46449     5.56      -
1996        256       467    150000    13      5892     0.73  227720
1997         3          -       -       7        -        -    27335
1998         3          -       -       7        -        -       -
1999          -         -       -       -        -        -       -
2000         22        21       -       7      2076       -       -
2001          -         -       -       -        -        -     9408
2002          -         -       -       -        -        -       -
2003          -         -       -       -        -        -       -
2004          -         -       -       -        -        -       -
2005          -         -       -       -        -        -       -
2006          -         -       -       1        -        -       -
2007          -         -       -       3        -        -       -
2008        108         -       -       6      2132     0.50   26300
2009          -         -       -       8        -        -
2010                    -

        Year    Houses          Damage      Total      Cattle
                Damaged         to public   Damages    Heads lost
                No     Value    utility     (in Rs)
        1991    56     -        -           -          -
        1992    -      -        -           -          -
        1993    65     1950     -           -
        1994    3676 -          -           -          412
                3
        1995    1101 30388      160185      263180     412
                2
        1996    -      -        -           -          1


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             70
           1997     135       -           -            -           11
           1998     -         -           -            -           11
           1999     -         -           -            -           -
           2000     3         -           -            9408        -
           2001     -         -           -            -           -
           2002     -         -           -            -           -
           2003     -         -           -            -           -
           2004     -         -           -            -           -
           2005     -         -           -            -           -
           2006     52        173         -            173         -
           2007     42        68          -            68          -
           2008     94        807         -            27107       -
           2009     4105      34462       -            109165      -
         Statistical Abstract of Punjab

2006-07
Area    Nature            Villag     No. of houses/huts damaged                Marginal
        & Date            e          Pukka     Houses Kachha Houses            ly
        of                Affect     Damaged             Damaged               Damage
        occurren          ed         Fully    Severel Fully      Severel       d
        ce                           Damag y             Damag y               Houses
                                     ed       Damag ed           Damag
                                              ed                 ed
Amrits      02-09-        4          -        7          -       -             -
ar-I        06
Amrits      26-           6          1            4         2           28     -
ar-II       27/7/06
            14/3/07
Baba        -             -          -            -         -           -      -
Bakala
Ajnala      -             -          -            -         -           -      1


2007-08
Area    Nature          Villag     Dama       Liv     No. of houses/huts damaged
        & Date          e          ge of      e       Pukka Houses Kachha Houses
        of              Affect     crops      Lo      Damaged            Damaged
        occurre         ed         (Area      st      Fully    Severel Fully     Severel
        nce                        Acres              Damag y            Damag y
                                   )                  ed       Damag ed          Damag
                                                               ed                ed
Amrits 15-06-           108        5265       6       18       43        29      4
ar     07

2008-09


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                        71
            Area           Nature & Date of occurrence Loss of Human Life

            Amritsar-I     Heavy Rains & 25-3-2009         2
            Amritsar-II    Heavy Rains & 2,3-4-2009        3
            Ajnala         Heavy Rains & 18,19-2009        1

            2009-10
            FLOODS IN AMRITSAR DISTRICT

             Loss of Crops due to Natural Calamities for the      year 2004-2005 to 2007-
             2008
Name     Year Na      Perio Nu     Nu    Cropp Sub                 Value of    Details of Measure
of              me    d of mbe mbe ed           Division           Crops       Houses,      undertaken &
Sub             of    Occu r of r of area       Wise and           damaged     Property,    assistance
Divisi          the   rrenc Hu     Catt dama crops wise            (in         Infrastructu provided to the
on              cala e       man le      ged    (in    Lakh        Rupees)     re damaged affected people
affect          mity         live lost          Hectares)
ed                           lost
Ajnal    2004 -       -      -     -     -      -                  -            -               -
a        -05
         2005 -       -      -     -     -      -                  -            -               -
         -06
         2006 Hea 2-9- 6           -     5256 5256 Acre            2,62,80,0    1               Rs. 5,50,800/-
         -07    vy    2006               Acre   (Wheat)            00                           (is going to
                Rain 21-3-                                                                      delivered)
                      07                                                                        Rs.
                      Crop                                                                      2,36,50,974/-
                      s                                                                         (has been given
                                                                                                &             Rs.
                                                                                                26,29,026/- has
                                                                                                been returned)
         2007   Hea 29-6- -        -     14308 14308 Acre 1,43,08,0             -               Rs. 1,43,08,000
         -08    vy   2007                Acre  (Rice)     00                                    (is going to
                Rain                                                                            deliver shortly)
            3.4 Hazard/ Vulnerability Analysis

            Punjab is basically an agriculture state with 83% of geographical area
            cultivated with an average cropping intensity of 176%. Although the
            Geographical area of Punjab is only about 1.5% of the total area of the country.
            Yet Punjab is the main contributor of food grain to central pool. The water for
            irrigation comes from River Ravi, Sutlej & Beas. Upper Bari Doab Canal
            system from River Ravi covers whole of the agriculture area in Distt.
            Gurdaspur & Distt Amritsar of Punjab and almost similar area is completely
            drained by various drainage system. Hence, it is most important to save the
            agriculture land, village abadies, cattle/live stocks and standing crops from the
            river Ravi current during flood season.

            DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 72
3.4.1 Problem

The main problem is the deteriorated condition of advance bandh connecting
various B.O.P‟s of B.S.F, namely D.S.

3.4.2 AMRITSAR RIVERS

River Ravi starts from upper reaches of Chamba city in Himachal Pradesh and
enters in Punjab from Shahpur Kandi town (Ranjit Sagar Dam Project)
constructed on River Ravi. It runs in about 200 km. Length in zig-zag manner
along the Indo Pak International Border both in Gurdaspur and Amritsar
District of Punjab. About 208.32 km. Flood protection embankment
constructed on left side and 42.95 km on right side of river ravi in both districts
for protecting culturable land, public properties of the people from the furry of
floods. The vital defence installation such as Border Operational Posts, Border
fencing, flood lights etc. are also constructed on/near flood protection
embankments (Dhussies) along the river. Due to constant wear and tear by
weather effect and playing of vehicular traffic over it, the flood protection
embankment grown weak. Most of the reach of flood protection embankments
could not be got repaired during the past more than 30 years due to non
availability of funds. So the flood protection embankments are required
immediate strengthening. Also on left side of river Ravi D/s Madhopur and
upstream village kathlore, new proposal to construction of Flood protection
embankments in total length 25.00 km., to save village abadies from the furry
of floods has been made in this project.

3.4.3 FLOOD PRONE VILLAGES IN AMRITSAR DISTRICT
Names       of      Sub No.       Of No. Of villages likely to be affected
Divisions                villages    by the floods
                                     High          Risk Low           Risk
                                     villages           Villages
No. Of villages falling 149          0                  0
in     Sub     Division,
Amritsar-I
No. Of villages falling 128          0                  0
in     Sub     Division,
Amritsar-II
No. Of villages falling 347          41                 06
in Sub Division, Ajnala
No. Of villages falling 157          10                 0
in Sub Division, Baba
Bakala
Total                    781         51                 06
3.4.4 VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS OF RIVER RAVI



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   73
Sr
No.   VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS OF RIVER RAVI

1.    Although the Ranjit Sagar Dam has been completed in 2001 and chances of flash floods in
      River Ravi have been consequently reduced to some extent but the area downstream Madhopur
      Head Works, where River Ujh and tributaries Jallalia, Khooni Nallah, Shingarwan and Tarnah,
      joins River Ravi at confluence point near Makora Pattan, Bein River opposite Rosse complex
      Gurdaspur and Naumani Nallah opposite near Kamalpur Jattan and Basanter Nallah opposite
      Singhoke complex in Amritsar District will continue to cause flood damages as these rivulets
      are naturals, high velocity and flashy torrents.


      Due to floods in river Ravi since last so many years, the left bank of the river has been heavily
      eroded away at many places which further endangers to the border fencing, flood lights, border
      observatory posts, culturable land and village abadies. It is of utmost importance to River
      Protection works at vulnerable sites so that the property and human lives besides water
      installations viz. Full flood lights, border fencing etc. would be protected from the furry of
      floods.
2.    Sakki/Kiran Nallah is a natural uncanalized Nallah in District Gurdaspur and Amritsar and out-
      falls into river Ravi near village Lodhi Gujjar in District Amritsar. It caters for the drainage
      system of vast area between river Ravi on left side and Kasur Nallah in its right side. Total
      length of this nallah is required to be canalized.

3..   Hudiara Nallah having length 39.94 km and falls into river Ravi after entering Pakistan
      boundary. Due to continuous flow of sewage water in drains by adjacent towns and cities the
      condition of Hudiara Nallah has been deteriorated and its rehabilitation/rejuvenation is
      necessary.

4.    The flood protection embankments and shanks portion of spurs etc. constructed all along the
      river Ravi from Rd 0 to 100000. The flood embankment was constructed during the year 1958.
      Due to constant wear and tear by the vehicular traffic playing over it and weather effect all
      these year, the F.P.E. and shank portions of spurs have damaged/ weakened considerably and at
      certain places flood free board has reduced to 1 ft. From 4 ft. Thus there is every possibility of
      breaches taking places in case a heavy flood 1 experienced in river Ravi, thereby causing
      damage to lives and property of the people residing in village Jhonewal, Jattan, Pachhian,
      Machhiwala, Singoke, Nisoke, Malikpur, Roorewal, Kot Rajada, Chaharpur, Galib, Dabian etc.
      situated in District Amritsar all along the flood protection embankment.
      It is of utmost importance to restore the embankment and shank portions etc of spurs
      immediately so as to avoid any mishaps over these and to protect the lives and property of the
      inhabitants of these villages from furry of floods.
5.    Due to floods in river Ravi since last so many years the flood water level rises during the flood
      season every year & inundates the culturable land & abadies between left edge of river Ravi &
      main FPE near villages Dharamkot Pattan, Gurchak, Ghonewal, Machhiwal, Saharan etc and
      damages the standing crops and residences. The villagers of these villages requested to the


      DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  74
     Honourable Cm Punjab for the construction of a new F.P.E. between Dharamkot Pattan
     Kasowal Road to Saharan Bandh on left side of river Ravi so that their cultivated standing
     crops and residential abadies could be protected from the furry of floods. After the construction
     of this new advance bandh approximately 5000 acre culturable land will be saved. The land
     cost will be appreciated benefiting the farmers economically. Also, the forest growth of
     plantation over the bandh will increase the state revenue.
6.   The river Ravi flows in a meandering pattern all along the Indo-Pak border in the jurisdiction of
     Amritsar Drainage Division, Amritsar in Tehsil Ajnala District Amritsar in a close vicinity of
     BOP Ranian, BOP Kakkar Manj, Sakki Chogawan link drain, BOP Tota and BOP Sherpur. The
     entire surface run-off from catchments of river Ravi and its tributaries i.e, Ujh, Jallalia,
     Basantar and flood water of Chanab through Moralla head flows down to the plains causing
     heavy damage to lives and property of the inhabitants of the area every year. There remain
     direct hit of fluctuating flood water on the flood protection works in Ranian, Kakkar Manj and
     Sherpur Complexes. This portion of river Ravi from Sherpur to Ranian Complex is utilized by
     Pakistan as carrier channel to regulate canal water released from Moralla Head in Pakistan
     which damages flood protection works in Indian Territory and erode the river edge. So it is
     quite necessary to provide river training works such spur, studs, reventment, X-studs and crate
     bar etc. wherever required in the vulnerable reaches so as to protect defence instalments such as
     bunkers, towers, Sakki Chogwan link defence drain, border fencing, flood lights etc.
7.   The river Ravi flows in a meandering pattern all along the Indo-Pak border in the jurisdiction of
     Amritsar Drainage Division, Amritsar District and in a close vicinity of vill, chahar[ur, Balbay,
     Sahuwal, Khanwal, Sarangdev, Hashampur, Dugtoot etc.
     This is an old earth work embankment was constructed in year 1974 under the state assistance.
     This bund acts as flood protection to the villages as well as operational purpose of B.S.F. Army
     and also the people of village situated around this bund moves their vehicles from one point to
     another through this bund.
     Due to heavy rain and floods in river Ravi slopes and top width of this bund deteriorated very
     badly, it is necessary to bring this bund in to the original design section so as to make it
     effective for proper movement of vehicles of B.S.F. Army and inspection officers of the
     drainage department. As no repair/ restoring has been carried out since last more than 25 years.
8.   B.O.P. of B.S.F. namely D.S. Pura, kalam Dogar, New Sundergarh, Bhainian, Majh Mian,
     Sherpur, Gulgarh, Burj, etc, are situated on this bund B.S.F. move their vehicle from one B.O.P.
     to another B.O.P. through this bund. No repair/maintenance has been carried out on this bund
     since so many years. Due to heavy rain and flood in river Ravi slopes and top width of this
     bund has been eroded/ deteriorated very badly. It is very necessary to bring this bund to its
     original design section so as to make it effective for flood protection and proper movement of
     cehicles of BSF, Army and inspecting officer of drainage department.
9.   An advance bund was constructed from funds allocated from central assistance connecting
     BOP‟s Kot raizada forward, BOP Wadhi Cheema and extended upto river edge on right side of
     river Ravi opposite BOP shahpur and on L/s from BOP Shahpur to BOP D.S. Pura along border
     fencing.



     DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 75
            This slopes and top of this bund has been erroted and deteriorated by heavy rain and passes of
            vehicle of BSF/ Army since last so many years. It is quite necessary to restore these advance
            bund‟s to its original design for proper movement of vehicle of BSF/Army and inspecting
            officers of Drainage Department as well as flood protection aspects.
    10.     The river ravi flows in a meandering pattern all along the Indo-Pak border in the jurisdiction of
            Amritsar Drainage Division, in District Amritsar and in close vicinity of main F.P.E. in
            Chaharpur complex. Although controlled by construction of Ranjit sagar Dam but D/S of RSd
            the entire flow of catchments water from tributaries from J & K/ Pakistan i.e. Ujh, Jallalia,
            Basantar etc. flows down to the plains through river Ravi flood season causing heavy damage
            to the life and property every year.
            Due to heavy rain in the year of 2007 a huge quantity of water was accumulated in the low
            lying area of village Rurewal and village Darya Musa situated on left side of river Ravi which
            causes heavy damage to the crops as well as to the village abadies. District Administration of
            District Amritsar pump sets for many days to pump out this floodwater. So to protect C-Land as
            well as abadies of these villages. It is proposed to install the gate and gearing system at RD
            62300 & 66900 of F.P.E. near village Rurewal & Darya Musa to immediate removal of rain
            water.
    11.     The flood protection embankment, advance bandh and earthen shank portions of armoured
            spurs were constructed by local earth which contains large contents of sand. When river Ravi
            flows with medium flood its water touches the embankment. The grushing flood water of river
            Ravi causes erosion to the embankment and shank portion which can leave to mishap when
            river Ravi is instate. It is utmost important to check the erosion action of river Ravi. So as to
            avoid the breaches over it. It is proposed to lay 1‟0” thich boulder stone pitching over the toe
            wall of boulder stone filled in M.S. Annealed wire crates having 15cm* 15 cm mesh of 4‟ * 4‟
            * 10‟ size.
    12.     Hudiara Nallah starts taking shape from HMT drain near Amritsar-Ajnala road and outfalls into
            Pakistan near village Dauke in India. This Nallah is already canalized. The canalization was
            done in the year 1966. During Canalization bank was constructed on left side only as per army
            norms being followed in Border Area. In few reaches bank was constructed on both sides. The
            total length of the Nallah is 39.94 km and 20 No. Drains/ Link drains outfall into this Nallah.
            Due to continuous flow of sewage water in drains and nallah by the adjacent towns and cities,
            the condition of drains and nallah has been deteriorated. Most of the drains/nallah has been
            choked up with sliush, booti, jungle, jalla, nara etc. due to disposal of sewage water. In dry
            reaches of drains and nallahs heavy jungle has grown on side slopes/bed.


             3.4.5 WORK NEEDED

Sr. Sensitive Points                                Brief       Unit          Length/Nos       Approxi
No.                                                 Description                                mate
                                                    of    work                                 Amount
                                                    needed                                     (Rs. In
                                                                                               Lacs)
1         Flood protection works by providing                      Feet       8730             1303.00

             DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                76
    reventment, studs and spurs on left side     Reventment   No‟s   30
    of River Ravi in Dharamkot, Saharan          9Studs       No‟s   4
    Bundh, Singoke and Chaharpur complex         Spurs
    in district Amritsar.
2   Restoring and bringing to design section     Earth Work   Feet   177959        1454.20
    of flood protection embankment from
    RD 0 to 10000 Saharan bundh, Spill
    bundh, Link bundh and Earthen bundh
    on Left side of River Ravi in District
    Gurdaspur and Amritsar.
3   Construction of advance bundh from           Earth work   Feet   22500         731.36
    Dharamkot Kassowal Road to Saharan
    Bundh for the safety of Agriculture land,
    villages     Abadies       and    defence
    installations etc. on left side of River
    Ravi in Amritsar district.
4   Flood protection works by providing          Reclamatio   No‟s   4             1476.00
    reventments, studs, reclamation, spurs,      ns           Feet   3220
    crate bars and X-studs on left side and      Spur         No‟s   17
    on right side of river ravi in Sherpur,      Reventment   No‟s   2
    kakkar Manj and Ranain Complexes for         X-studs      No‟s   5
    the protection of border fencing, flood      Studs
    lights, bunkers and culturable land.         Crstebar
5   Restoring main flood protection              Earth Work   Feet   120000        901.00
    embankment from RD 100000 to RD
    220000 on left side of River Ravi for the
    protection of village abadies and
    culturable land.
6   Advance and connecting B.O.Ps D.S            Earth Work   Feet   94500         771.00
    Pura, Kalan Dogar, New Sundergarh,
    Bhaniyan, Majhi Mewan, Sherpur,
    Gulgarh and Burj etc.
7   Restoring damaged flood protection           Reventment   Feet   1030          551.00
    works in kakkar, Rania and Sherpur           Spur         No     1
    comlex on left side of river Ravi and        Studs        No     6
    bringing to design section of advance        Earth work   Feet   27600
    bundh connecting B.O.P. Shahpur to
    D.S. Pura and right Marginal Bund.
8   Construction of pantoon bridge over          Pantoon      No     1             1224.00
    River Ravi at RD 87000 of flood              Bridge
    protection embankment (Village kot
    Raizada) District Amritsar
9   Construction of pantoon bridge over          Pantoon      No     1             179.00
    River Ravi at RD 8400 of flood               Bridge
    protection      embankment        (Village
    kamalpur) District Amritsar


       DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                          77
10 Fixing and gearing at RD 623000 and Gates           &       No.         2                 86.00
   66900 of main F.P.E. on left side of river Gearing
   Ravi to save C-Land and village abadies. System
11 Providing dry boulder pitching to flood Earth wprk/         Feet        420508            8174.17
   protection embankment Advance bundh Boulder
   and Earthen Shank of Armoured Spurs.       Stone work
DRAINAGE CONSTRUCTION DIVISION, AMRITSAR
12 Canalization of Sakki/Kiran Nallah from Earth work          Feet        492000            20507.00
   RD 18000-510000 in district Gurdaspur
   and Amritsar.
13 Recondition of Hudiara Nallah from RD Earth work            Feet        131000            819.00
   0-131000
        Amritsar Drainage Division, Amritsar

        3.5 OTHER HAZARDS

        3.5.1 Heat Wave and Cold Wave

        As per the data available, temperature in this district during the month of May
        and June goes as high as about 45 degree centigrade and during the months of
        Dec. & January lowest temperature hovers around Zero degree centigrade. The
        district has no houseless population and there having been no incident of any
        death due to heat wave or due to cold waves reported even then the role of
        Health Department is very crucial to tackle such kind of situation. In addition,
        all Municipal Councils must keep check on the migrant population who are
        prone to heat/ cold waves. The role of district Red Cross Society, Amritsar is
        also very important. The Society provides blankets to the needy people.

        3.5.2 Drought

        Through most of the agriculture land in the District is under irrigation through
        canal water and tube wells. In 2008, villages of Sub Division were affected the
        drought as a result of which kharif crop got affected and a sum of Rs.
        6,13,629/- has been sanctioned as relief to the farmers in the locality. Xen
        Rural water supply shall ensure that there is no shortage of drinking water
        supply in the affected areas.

        3.5.3 Thunder, Lightening And Hailstorms

        There have been occasional incidents of thunder, lightening and hailstorms
        resulting in damages of property, crops, livestock and human lives. Most
        important aspect for tacking this kind of disaster will be to ensure immediate
        first aid to the affected population and then to shift them to the nearest
        hospitals. In case of localized fire generally local people come to extend help to
        immediately control it. However in case of major fire, fire tenders from
        Municipal Corporation Amritsar/ Mpl. Councils can always be requisitioned.


        DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  78
3.5.4 Epidemics

Through there is no history of any out break of epidemics in the recent past in
this district, yet contingent plan prepared by Civil Surgeon shall take care of
any out break of epidemics. District Amritsar five civil hospitals and 13 PHC's.

3.5.5 Pest Attack

There is hardly any previous incident of pest attacks. However, in the recent
years, because of shift in paddy wheat cycle, there can be possibility of pest
attacks. Chief Agriculture Officer has prepared a plan for control of any kind of
pest attacks. Chief Agriculture Officer, Amritsar has constituted team also.
These teams shall be responsible for tackling any anticipated disaster under
their respective jurisdiction. They will also be responsible for organizing
farmers training camps, supply of pesticides and green and dry fodder for the
animals during the disaster period.

3.5.6 Cattle Epidemic

Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry has prepared a contingent plan for taking
care of any cattle epidemics. The contingent plan is as under:-

 Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry, Amritsar has constituted Block level
teams in order to tackle any cattle epidemics arising out of flood or any other
anticipated disaster in the distt. The control room at telephone No. 267478 is
working round the clock in order to convey message to the Block level teams.

3.5.7 Festival Related Disaster

In Indian culture, there are number of festivals which are celebrated by Hindu,
Muslims, Christians and Sikhs with lot of enthusiasm. Likewise in Amritsar
District, there are two main festivals which attract lot of crowds i.e. Baisakhi
which is celebrated every year from 13th April and the second festival is Diwali
which is celebrated in the month of October/November. So far as Baisakhi is
concerned, these are managed by a committee which takes care of every
possible disaster. During Diwali festival the district draws huge crowds in the
markets. There is considerable sale of the crackers by un authorized persons
other than the authorized licence holders. During the festival any small spark in
the busy market places can be a cause for major fire. Respective Assistant
Commissioner, Mpl. Corporation/ E.O MCs shall ensure that at suitable
locations sufficient number of fire fighting equipment (if available) sufficient
number of buckets filled with sand and sufficient amount of water is stored.
The whole town shall be divided into different sectors. Each sector is given
under the charge of a responsible officer along with representatives of
shopkeepers in the locality SDMs shall keep a constant vigil on the situation by
having frequent visits in the markets.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 79
      3.5.8 Air, Rail And Road Accidents

      There are three main Railways Stations i.e. at Amritsar, TarnTaran, Patti, and
      Beas. In case of any rail accident the information shall be passed on to the
      Divisional Railway Manager and the other concerned officers through police
      control room. For other concerned officers through police control room. For
      extrication of bodies/ injured persons from railway coaches, help shall be taken
      from the near by villagers, the local residents in the nearby cities/ towns and
      the local NGOs. One control room shall be set up by the Railway Authorities.
      Respective SDMs shall be responsible for coordination between different
      agencies working at the site. Medical services shall be mobilized by the District
      Red Cross Society and the other NGOs, DTO in consultation with the officer in
      charge of the relief operation shall arrange for transport within the state.
      Railways shall provide for transportation facilities to the affected persons out
      side the state. Local police shall maintain a record of all deaths occurring in the
      incident. A district level officer shall be put on duty as in charge of
      complaining information of the dead, injured and the survivors. Round the
      clock medical serices shall ensured in the nearest hospitals, if need be, services
      of private hospital can also be requisitioned. In case of road accident, the same
      contingent plan shall be put in place except the role of Railways.

      3.5.9 Road Accidents
      Amritsar city is facing the problem of traffic so much that the ill effect of this is
      relevant from the figures of Accidents. The unprecedented growth of vehicles
      coupled with the large number of accidents may be seen in following table no.

       Table 30: Trend of Road Accidents in Amritsar, 1997-2010
Details 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006                      2007 2008 2009 2010
Total   125 118 146 105 149 143 128 114 126 131                                166 190 199 129
Case
Total   72     61    89    71   80    75     69   76     79    101             103    99      100   65
Fatal
Cases
Total   53     57    57    34   69    68     59   38     47    30              63     91      99    64
Non-
Fatal
Cases
Total   78     67    98    74   81    84     77   89     84    115             119    115     119   69
Person
Killed
Total   91     123 140 83       116 122 132 91           98    80              123    161     123   88
Persons
Injured
      Source: Amritsar Police Dept; 7/1/11




      DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                     80
Observing the accident statistics for Amritsar city from the year 1997-2010, it
has been concluded that the total number of registered accident cases have
increased from 2004 onwards and is highest in the year 2009 which is of the
order of 199. This figure is highest among the last twelve years, which implies
that Amritsar city is facing traffic problems acutely which has resulted into
large number of accidents in the city. On an average 60% to 70% of the total
cases registered are fatal in nature. The cause of accidents (other than
negligence of driver) is the blind curves, lack of signals/traffic lights/ road




                                                   Fig no.10: Rambagh Chowk
markings, encroachment reducing effective road
width, poor road condition or poor road geometry, these requires
       Fig no.9:
improvements. Canal office Chowk

The black spots have been identified both in the city Amritsar and in Amritsar
by department of Punjab police based on the number of accidents occurred at
those junctions. The black spots in Amritsar have been identified at village
Chouhan, Manawala and canal bridge Rayya. The black spots within the city
includes Maqboolpura Chowk, 100ft Chowk, Ram Talai, Jahazgarh, Sangam
Chowk, Hussainpura Chowk, Ghee Mandi Chowk, Bhandari Bridge, Hall Gate
        TOTAL       TOTAL         TOTAL NON      TOTAL PERSON     TOTAL PERSON
YEAR
         CASE     FATAL CASE      FATAL CASE        KILLED          INJURED

1997       72          51              21              52                45
1998       79          60              19              62                49
1999       90          69              21              72                53
2000       92          71              21              70                49
2001       79          60              19              61                53
2002       75          64              11              64                54
2003       89          66              23              67                60
2004       92          68              24              69                59
2005       89          63              26              63                58
2006       86          65              21              65                49
2007      118          62              56              63                38
2008       87          67              20              67                48
2009      100          81              19              83                85
2010      162          129             33              147              117




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 81
Table.30.a- Trend of Road Accidents in Amritsar at Village level, 1997-2010
Source: Amritsar Police Dept, Mall Mandi; 7/1/11

near Peer Baba Dargah, Lohgarh Chowk, Sultanwind Gate Chowk, Ghee
Mandi Chowk, Sheranwala Gate, Mahan Singh Gate, Chita Gumbad, Rambagh
Chowk, Goal Hatti Chowk, Bharawan Da Dhaba, Sadar Chowk, Chowk Office
Neharwala, Ashoka Chowk, Mahal Chowk, Fatehgarh Churian Road Byepass,
Hukam Singh Road, Majitha Road Bye pass, Batala Road and GT Road
Daburji to Byepass India Gate via Taran-wala pul and Verka Chowk.

3.6 Environment

Today's environmental problems faced by the inhabitants of Punjab, its causes
and pressures can easily be traced back directly or indirectly from urban areas.
The forces and processes that constitute urban activity have far-reaching and
long-term effects not only on its immediate boundaries, but also on the entire
region in which it is positioned.

Environmental Pollution:            Generation
And Consequences

3.6.1 Air Pollution: - One of the major
areas of environmental concern in the
Amritsar city is that of rising air pollution
levels which are result of increasing
personalized modes of transport and
intermediate modes of transport such as
auto rickshaws in the absence of efficient
                                                Fig 11 Industry releasing plume without
 public transport system in the city. 60% of
                                                   adopting pollution control devices
goods vehicles are auto rickshaws (2.43% of
 total registered vehicles). Most of them are using kerosene as the fuel thus
creating air pollution. The personalized vehicles (99.6% of passenger vehicles)
are 89.7% of total registered vehicles making congestion on roads and creating
pollution. Apart from this, narrow roads carrying high volume of traffic,
frequent jams, etc. have been observed creating air pollution along major roads
such as Lawrence Road, Cooper Road, Hall Bazaar and chowks such as
Bhandari Bridge Chowk, Hussainpura Chowk, O/s Bus Stand, O/s Hall Gate
etc.
Apart from the automobile pollution, the other major source of air pollution in
the city is industrial emission of gases. The various industrial units like rice
shellers situated on Tarn Taran Road, units in industrial focal points and other
scattered industries in the city releases intensive air pollutants into the
atmosphere, which affects the environment of the surrounding residential areas.
From planning point of view, neither any sufficient buffer zone nor any
landscape elements are provided there to reduce the impact of air pollutants.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                      82
The other sources of air pollution in the city include pollution from
developmental activities, handling and burning of municipal and domestic
waste and from agriculture waste burning etc. With a view to clearly assess
and monitor the status & quality of ambient air in Amritsar, several monitoring
stations in different parts of the city i.e. industrial, residential and commercial
zones have been established by the Punjab Pollution Control Board. These
stations have been placed at the most vulnerable parts of the city, which not
only carry large volume of traffic but also have large number of
industrial/residential/commercial units. The data collected from these
monitoring stations with respect to SPM, SO2 and NOx in the year 2006
reflects higher SPM levels in the air in both residential and commercial areas
against the permissible limit of 140µg/m3 indicating deteriorating quality of air
in these areas. The higher SPM levels have also been recorded in the industrial
areas of the city then permissible level of 360µg/m3 with monitoring stations
located at Indian Textile - Amritsar, Mehta and Avan. With regard to the level
of SO2 and NOx, it has been found that the permissible limits are well below
the prescribed standards in all the areas.

Table 31: SPM, SO2 and NOx levels in Industrial Area of Amritsar at
different Air Monitoring Stations from 1997-2001 (Units: µg/m3)

Year    Indian    Textile, Mehta                          Avan
        Amritsar
         SPM SO2 NOx        SPM            SO2     NOx     SPM      SO2     NOx
1997    440    17  44      -              -       -       -        -       -
1998    447    16  42      -              -       -       -        -       -
1999    439    20  43      389            18      40      446      20      40
2000    396    17  20      361            13      18      371      18      21
2001    -      -   -       373            11      16      443      12      18
Source: PPCB, Patiala

Although, the air monitoring stations have been established by PPCB but still
there is no continuous recording of database relating to air quality. Hence, it is
required that these monitoring stations should do monitoring on regular
intervals.

3.6.2 WATER POLLUTION
3.6.2.1 Surface Water Sources & Pollution
Rapidly increasing urbanization and industrialization of Amritsar has not only
adversely impacted the quality of ambient air in the city but also has affected
the city‟s water resources.
There are two rivers, namely river Beas and Ravi, flowing in the catchment
area of Amritsar and delimiting it. While river Beas forms the eastern boundary
of the district, river Ravi bounds the district from the western side. The
upstream characteristics of the river Beas and Ravi have been studied by PPCB
in Dec 2000 under the Govt. of India scheme.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   83
MINAR (Monitoring of India National Aquatic Resources) and it has been
observed that all parameters of surface water characteristics are within the
permissible limits prescribed by BIS (ISI) except BOD and total coliforms.
3.6.2.2 Upper Bari Doab Canal

Apart from the two rivers, Upper Bari
Doab Canal (UBDC) flows in the form
of two branches, which can be termed
as
UBDC 1 flowing on the Eastern side
while UBDC 2 flows in the Western
part of the district and both these enters
into Tarn Taran district in the South of
the district. Apart from these, there are
two distributaries of UBDC flowing
through Amritsar namely Warpal
Distributory and Jhabal Distributory,
and other fresh water bodies such as Fig no 12:.110 UBDC (1) near Mehta road
Kasur Branch and Rajasansi Minor. All
 these water bodies carry fresh water mainly to be used for irrigation purposes,
but the portion of these flowing from city area till downstream faces severe
impacts from solid waste and other domestic refuse disposal, causing
deterioration in water characteristics. On the basis of visual observation and
certain physical parameters, it has been
observed that the water characteristics
may be in the tolerant limit of the class A
to B of surface water. Similar
phenomena have also been observed in
all surface water sources.     Apart from
fresh water sources, there are four drains
namely, Patti Drain, Tungdhab Drain
Hudiara Drain and Kohali Drain and two
nallahs (Kasur Nallah and Ganda Nallah)
passing through Amritsar. All these
drains are storm water drains but at         Fig no 13: .111 UBDC (1) at Tarawala Pul
 present are used for discharging untreated domestic and industrial effluents.

Among these, three drains namely Hudiara Drain, Tungdhab Drain and Ganda
Nallah, carry maximum quantity of dumped untreated sewage, industrial
effluents and solid waste generated from the city, thereby leading to
contamination of underground water. The level of pollution in these drains is
extremely high.

3.6.2.3 Ganda Nallah
Within Amritsar, Ganda Nallah, originating from



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                     84
North Eastern part and flows in two directions, one towards North West
covering villages of Nag Khurd, Nag (New Abadi), Bal Kalan, Pandori
Waraich, Naushehra, Nangli, Gumtala, Kherabad, Kala Ghanupur, Wadala
Bhitewadh, etc. The other flows towards the South of the city from North East.
Both of these ultimately drain out in the Hudiara
Drain flowing from the north to west of the           Fig no.14 Untreated industrial
                                                     effluents of Shankar Textile Mill
Amritsar district.                                       drained out into Nallah

3.6.2.4 Existing Status
Gandha Nallah at present not only carries
untreated industrial and domestic effluents, but
also dense weeds, shrubs, dumped industrial
ash/soils, polythene bags, plastics, other domestic
refuse, hazardous waste, biomedical waste, heavy
silts, mud, cow dung, etc. The numbers of
residential colonies developed along the nallah
face the problem of foul smell and have
developed mosquito zones upto 1000 meters
from it. Apart from these, there are number of
industrial units such as Khanna Paper Mill,               Fig no.15 Untreated industrial
                                                           effluents of Khanna Paper
Shankar Textile Mill, Kwality Pharmaceutical Pvt.
                                                           Mill drain out into Ganda
Ltd, etc., which are existing along the Gandha Nallah and discharging their
                                                                      Nallah
untreated industrial effluents into the nallah.

Due to discharge of untreated
domestic and industrial effluents,
the pollutants have leached to the
ground water table and have
deteriorated the quality of ground
water in the villages situated along
the nallah. The colour of water
found is deep yellow, odour is
strong and suspended particles can
be visualized by naked eyes,
rendering it unfit for potable use.
On the primary survey, the residents
of the colonies or villages situated
along the nallah have claimed to be
suffering from various diseases such
as gastroenteritis, jaundice,         Fig no.16 Groundwater Sample having objectionable
                                             colour, odour taste & suspended solids
diarrohea/ dysentery due to
consumption of contaminated water and malaria due to breeding of mosquitoes
around the Gandha Nallah.

3.6.2.5 Tungdhab Drain
The Tungdhab Drain flowing in the northern side of Amritsar city along the
Northern Byepass is another important drain originating from north east of the

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                      85
city and finally merging into Hudiara Drain flowing in the west of Amritsar.
Along its course, it covers many areas/village abadis such as Pandori, Verka,
Othian, Khan Kot, Kot Mit Singh, Sultanwind etc.

3.6.2.6 Existing Status
Tungdhab Drain is also carrying untreated industrial and sewage effluents and
other waste materials, dense weeds, shrubs, silts & mud and is extremely
polluted. The flow of drain is moderately high in its downstream side and along
its course, spread strong odour and nuisance towards concerned residential
areas.
A high power pumping station have been installed near Verka Chowk to drain
out the untreated industrial and sewage effluents from upstream side of drain to
the adjoining nallah (drain) in the downstream side. This pumping station is a
collection point of untreated industrial and sewage effluents of the entire
industrial area (Focal Point) and after their collection into the sump
simultaneously pump out into adjoining drain, which finally joins to Ganda
Nallah towards downstream side. The physio-chemical characteristics of the
effluents pumped out into the drain are objectionable in various aspects such as
colour, odour, suspended solids, D.O., B.O.D., C.O.D. and microbial
contamination. As per visual observations, colour of the water is brick red
having strong odour with high turbidity level which is objectionable as per
prescribed standards by CPCB.




   Fig no.17 Untreated industrial effluents pumped out near Verka Chowk create unbearable odour

3.6.2.7 Hudiara Drain
The Hudiara Drain entering into the Amritsar from North Eastern side crosses a
number of villages along its course in i.e. Nangal Pannuwan, Sohian Kalan,
Birbalpura, Loharka Kalan, Miran Kot Kalan, Sehchandar, Rudala, Kotla Dal
Singh, Dhaul Khurd, Kaler, Khiala Khurd, Khiala Kalan, Boparai Khurd,
Kaulowal, Nurpur, Chhiddan, Lohorimal, Gharinda, Achint Kot, Hoshiar
Nagar, Mahawa, etc. It leaves the Amritsar from the south western side and
enters into Tarn Taran district.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                           86
           Fig no.18 Villagers using untreated effluents of the drain for irrigating fields



3.6.2.8 Existing Status
The Hudiara Drain, which at once was fresh water drain used for irrigation
purpose, is now carrying disposed untreated industrial and sewage effluents of
the Amritsar. At many places, the water from the drain is used for irrigating the
fields, which is harmful for consumption.

3.6.2.9 Kasur Nallah and Patti Drain
Kasur Nallah and Patti Drain are the other two drains flowing through the
Amritsar. Both these drains enter Amritsar from North East direction and
leaves region from south side to enter into the Tarn Taran district.
Both the drains carry untreated sewage and domestic effluents and refuses
containing solid waste, mud, silts and other waste materials from the number of
villages from which it passes before it enters Tarn Taran district in the south.




 Fig no.19 Upstream of Patti Drain near Malhian
                                                                    Fig no.20 Kasur Nallah flowing near
 village (Jandiala) showing excessive algae growth                   village Manawala shows excessive
                                                                               eutrophication

The nallah also carries storm water during rainy season and also becomes
eutrophic containing higher concentration of nutrients like NPK. High level of
eutrophication of nallah/drain favours the excessive breeding of mosquitoes,
which causes malaria and other water borne diseases.

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                                 87
3.6.3 Ground Water Pollution
The ground water pollution in Amritsar is the
result of seepage of polluted water from the
drains (Tungdhab, Hudiara and Ganda
Nallah), release of industrial effluents
andheavy metals, leaching of gricultural
chemicals, pesticides and fertilizers to
groundwater aquifers.                        Fig no. 21 Gandha Nallah carrying untreated
                                                   sewage, MSW, biomedical waste, etc.
Accordingly, the ground water characteristics within the city are also not good.
Ground water in most of the industrial estates and in few residential areas has
become unfit for drinking. In comparison to deep water aquifer, shallow water
is seriously affected. The city accordingly faces a severe water pollution
problem. In the process, majority of the residents of Amritsar city, especially
along the Nallah and drains and that of other adjoining villages are forced to
consume contaminated vegetables and drink unsafe water, thus exposing
themselves to the risk of water-borne diseases. Major issues emerging from the
ground water pollution have been listed below:
   i) Excessive pumping has lead to contamination of ground water. Persons
        residing in Abadies in close proximity to Ganda Nallah, Tungdhab and
        Hudiara Drains and other adjoining villages have been found to be
        exposed to water borne diseases due to polluted ground water.
   ii) Considerable level of ground water pollution has been found to exist up
        to a depth of 100 ft. along the 1000 meters belt on either side of Ganda
        Nallah, Tungdhab and Hudiara Drains. The physico-chemical
        characteristic of water has been found to be unsuitable for supporting
        aquatic life.
   iii) Hand pumps and shallow tube wells drawing water from first aquifers are
        found susceptible to ground water pollution in areas close to industrial
        units and Ganda Nallah, Tungdhab and Hudiara Drains.
   iv) Pollution of the soil & ground water has also been caused by the
        dumping of the industrial wastes (effluents and solid waste) into the open
        ground leading to stagnation and the generation of the leachate.
   v) The use of polluted ground water for agricultural purposes has also led to
        the degradation of the soil and presence of heavy metals into soil and
        vegetable crops grown in the area.

The study of ground water characteristics in the city has been done by Regional
Office (R. O.), PPCB Amritsar on 31.5.2005 at five different sampling stations
in the city i.e., H. P. (handpump) outside Dhabha of Sh. Ramesh Chand,
Fatehgarh Churian Road, H. P. near Scooter Stand of Sh. Darbar Sahib, H. P.
near Sangam Dhabha, Ajnala Road, H. P. near Sg. Babu Ram Tea Stall
opposite B. chemical and H. P. near Sacred Heart Day Boarding School.
The physico-chemical characteristics of ground water of all five different
sampling stations within the city areas were under permissible limit prescribed


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                        88
by IS 10500, 1991 (clause 3.1) except total hardness of water of H. P. near
Sacred Heart School, where it is of the order of 640 mg/l and exceeds the
standard of below 600 mg/l prescribed by IS 10500, 1991 (clause 3.1). The
colour of water at H. P. outside Dhabha of Sh. Ramesh Chand and H.P. near
Sg. Babu Ram Tea Stall is light yellow, which should be clear. The details are
summarized in the table no.37.

Table 32: Ground Water Quality at Five Sampling        Stations of Amritsar
city
S.   Parameter   Sampling Station
No.              H.P.*        H.P.    H.P. near         H.P. Sg.    H.P. near
                 outside      near    Sangam            Babu        Sacred
                 Dhabha of Scoter     Dhabha            Ram Tea     Heart
                 Sh. Ramesh Stand of Ajnala             Stall       Day
                 Chand,       Sh.     road,             opposite    Boarding
                 Fatehgarh    Darbar  Amritsar          B.          School
                 Churian      Sahib                     Chemical
                 Road
1    PH          7.2          7.4     7.3               7.2         7.1
2    Colour      Light        Clear   Clear             Light       Clear
                 Yellow                                 Yellow
3    Cond        200          840     714               740         130 0
     (mho/cm
4    TSS mg/     ND           ND      ND                ND          ND
5    Cl mg/l     70           60      62                70          40
6    SO4 mg/l    30           24      26                29          32
7    TDS mg/l    846          533     536               658         820
8    F mg/l      0.4          0.6     0.3               0.4         0.2
9    T.Hardmg/l 530           440     420               510         640
10 Ca mg/l       160          160     136               156         200
11 Mg mg/l       31           10      19                29          96
12 Zn mg/l       ND           ND      ND                ND          ND
13 Ni mg/l       ND           ND      ND                ND          ND
14 T. Alk mg/l 170            160     130               140         160
15 Na mg/l       48           40      20                28          52
16 K mg/l        12           10      9                 10          14
17 Fe mg/l       0.3          0.1     0.1               0.2         0.1
18 COD mg/l      ND           ND      ND                ND          ND
19 BOD mg/l      ND           ND      ND                ND          ND
20 T.Coli        ND           ND      ND                ND          ND
     MPN//100
21 F.Coli        ND           ND      ND                ND          ND
     MPN//100
Source: R.O., PPCB, Amritsar
*Handpump



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               89
3.6.4 Rain Water Harvesting
Ground water is the major source of water supply in the Amritsar region apart
from the few surface water sources. Increased dependency on the ground water
due to rapid urbanization, for industrial needs and agricultural practices has
rendered its exploitation as inevitable in Amritsar. Accordingly, there is urgent
need for conserving and recharging the ground water table by using techniques
such as Rain water Harvesting. At present, the use of this technology is not
popular among the residents due to lack of awareness. On discussion with
officials of the authority such as Improvement Trust, it has been quoted that
rain water harvesting has been implemented only in few government buildings
and still not made mandatory as part of Building Bye Laws and Development
Control Regulations. This is necessary for effective implementation of the
technique that can help in longer run in recharging the ground water. Proper
guidance and financial assistance may be provided to the citizens in this regard.

3.6.5 Noise Pollution
Increasing               urbanization,
overcrowding, industrialization and
higher traffic volumes have resulted
in increased noise levels in Amritsar
city leading to noise pollution.
Construction work also plays an
important role in causing noise
pollution. The noise has already
reached a level, high enough to cause
annoyance capable of creating
                                          Fig no.22 High Traffic Volume and glaring
temporary to permanent hearing          horns by auto rickshaws cause Noise Pollution
impairment, particularly to those
people who remain exposed to such noise level for longer duration of day. The
street venders and shopkeepers doing business along both sides of road have
been found to be most vulnerable to this hazard.


Ambient Noise level in Various Zones (2006)
The study of ambient noise levels in industrial and commercial zones of
Amritsar city have been done by Punjab Pollution Control Board, Amritsar
during the year 2006. The findings of the study states that the noise levels in all
the zones, residential, commercial and industrial, were greater than the
standards prescribed by the CPCB, New Delhi. The details of analyzed noise
level data are summarized in table no.38.

Table 33: Noise Level (dB) Monitoring during the year 2006 in Amritsar
Recording Zone      Day                         Night
                    Standard      Recorded      Standard      Recorded
Residential         55            71            45            65
Commercial          65            85            55            72


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                     90
Industrial              75               88           70             75
Source: Pollution Control Board, Amritsar 2006

Further, it has been observed that the city lacks in computerized noise
monitoring stations. These stations are necessary to assess realistically the
problem of noise pollution in different areas of the city at different times of the
day and can plan for appropriate intervention to overcome the problem.
Table 34: Details of animals slaughtered in the Amritsar District, 2008

Slaughter Houses in Amritsar District (2008)
                         No. of Recognized Animals Slaughtered
                         Slaughter Houses Sheep, Goats Pigs               Total
Punjab                   (2007) 87           3,37,922     26,023          3,63,945
Amritsar District                    3        78,444        91             78,535
Amritsar M.C                         1        75,878         0             75,878
M.C as % of                        3.3         96.72         -             96.62
District
Source: Statistical Abstract of Punjab, 2008

At present, there is only one slaughterhouse operational in the city located at
Gumanpura. The existing slaughterhouse is observed to be using old equipment
and outdated technology. As many activities causing environmental pollution
are carried out in the slaughterhouse, they need to be equipped with latest
equipments and modern technology so that meat supplied to the city is healthier
and is as per the requirement “Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Rules 2001”.
As Amritsar district is observed to rank 1st in number of animals slaughtered,
therefore it requires establishment of institutions such as Carcass Utilization
Centre and Leather Research Institute to utilize the left over from the animal
bodies for various other uses. Further, seeing the high number of animals
slaughtered in the city, an incineration plant is also required for disposal of
carcass of animals and birds due to infectious diseases like rabies and flu as per
“Animal Birth Control Rules-2000”.
3.7 HOUSING PATTERN

Housing Scenario

Existing Housing Stock
Looking at the growth of the occupied residential houses in the Amritsar city, it
has been observed that the number of occupied houses have grown by 13.74%
in the decade from 1981-1991 with highest growth observed in the decade from
1991-2001 which is of the order of 92.53%. The high growth rate of residential
houses can be attributed to the rural migration to the city of Amritsar for better
educational and other facilities and better quality of life, being the metropolitan
city and district headquarters.

Pattern Of Housing


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   91
Further to this, housing pattern in Amritsar city has been studied in terms of
density pattern, plotted or flatted development and pattern of use of existing
housing stock. The pattern of housing within the different parts of the city has
been studied based on the visual survey of the city.

Looking at the pattern of housing, it has been analyzed that most of the housing
whether under various schemes or through private developers is in the form of
plotted development. Flatted development that exists in the city is majorly
govt. housing for its employees such as housing board colony, railway colony,
custom colony etc. A portion of the flatted housing in the city is created by the
way of development schemes prepared by Amritsar Improvement Trust, which
includes flatted development in Ranjit Avenue Block B, development scheme
of 340 acres and Mall Mandi Scheme. Further, Amritsar Improvement Trust is
considering two more proposals for flatted development in the city. One is the
extension of the existing Guru Teg Bahadur Nagar, where an additional area of
5.50 acres is to be added under flatted development while the other is covering
an area of 11.25 acres at Bhai Gurdass Ji Nagar.

Table 35: Pattern of Use of Census Houses Category wise in Municipal
Corporation, Amritsar (2001)
 S. No. Category                        No. of      % age of total
                                        houses           houses
   1.    Residential                    159395            67.19
   2.    Residential cum other use       10348             4.36
   3.    Shop cum office                 37477            15.79
   4.    School/College                    718             0.30
   5.    Hotel/Lodge/Guest House           289             0.12
   6.    Hospital/Dispensary               585             0.24
   7.    Factory/Workshop/Work shed       5528             2.33
   8.    Place of Worship                  944             0.39
   9.    Other Non Residential uses       5998             2.57
  10.    Vacant houses                   15929             6.71
         Total census houses            237211             100
Source: Census of India, 2001

HOUSING CONDITION
As per census 2001, 86.5% of the total households live in permanent and
11.3% in semi permanent structures. Total 2.14% live in temporary structures
out of which only 0.35% are non-serviceable structures.

Table 36: Distribution of Residential Houses by their Type of Structure in
Municipal Corporation, Amritsar: 2001
Type of    Permane Semi-              Temporary               Unclassifia
Structure nt          permanent Total       Service Non-      ble
                                            able     Servicea
                                                     ble


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 92
No.       Of 146805       19180          3642         3035      607          45
houses
%age      of 86.5         11.3           2.14         1.79      0.35         0.06
total
Source: Census of India, 2001


After the visual observation of Housing
condition in the city, it has been observed the housing existing in the walled
city area of Amritsar is in dilapidated or poor condition characterized by old
age buildings with an average building height of G+3, 100% ground coverage
with no setbacks and narrow access roads with poor mass space relationship.
These areas have high intensity of development. In case of urban settlements
within Amritsar, Rayya has maximum good condition housing stock where in
all the components i.e. roof, floor and walls are made up of pucca material
which is followed by Jandiala, Majitha and Rajasansi.




  Fig No.23 Poor Housing Condition, Poor Mass Space Relationship, Mesh of Wire and High Intensity of
                                 development in walled city Amritsar


On the contrary, the area outside the walled city and within the northern bye-
pass is characterized as medium density built up area with medium to good




   Fig no.24: View of planned housing area on Maqbool Road, Green Avenue and Ranjit Avenue

housing condition. The houses have 60 % -80 % ground coverage depending
on the plot size with mainly front and side setbacks and an average building
height is G+1. The Peri-urban area that is area outside the northern bye pass is
characterized with low-density development where in new approved housing
colonies are coming. Therefore, the increasing concentration of planned
housing efforts in the north of the city has been observed which has further
aggravated the difference in quality of life between the north of the city south
half of the city.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                            93
            Fig no.25: View of
3.8 Urban Poor And Slums new upcoming residential projects along Bye- Pass

Urban poverty has emerged as one of the major challenges faced by policy
planners and urban planners in promoting the rational development of urban
areas. Poverty refers to not only deprivation of vital goods but also includes
services determining the quality of life. In fact, poverty amid plenty is the
world‟s greatest challenge.

3.8.1    Demographic Profile

During the last 2 decades, number of slum dwellers in Amritsar has increased
from 32,632 (1981) to 3, 04,824 (2001) recording more than nine fold increase
in slum population. In 2001, 30% of the city population lives under slums i.e.
every fifth household is slum. This indicates fast deteriorating quality of life
and acute shortage of housing and basic infrastructure in most of the residential
area of the city in Amritsar.

Table 37: Distribution of Slum Population to Amritsar M.C. Population
 Year        City population      Slum population         % to City
                                                         Population
 1981             589299                32632                5.53
 1991             708835               123000               17.35
 2001            1016079               304824               30.00
Source: CDP Amritsar and Census of India 2001

Other than this the demographic characteristics of slum in Amritsar is shown in
table below. Table indicates that the schedule caste population is placed at
35.54% indicating that every third residence of the slum belongs to the
category of schedule caste. Number of workers living in slums constitute one
fifth of the total work force of the city. Number of agricultural labourers has
been found to be quite high i.e. 38.5%. Average household size in slum areas
has been found to be 5.47 whereas in case of Amritsar metropolis, the size is
5.45.

Table 38: Slum Population Characteristics
Sr.No. Item                            Urban             Slum          %age to total
                                                                        population
  1      Total households                  185268        41961
  2      Total Population (including      1016079       304824               30.00


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  94
         institutional and houseless
         population)
  3      Population in the age group       121369         31581             26.02
         0-6
  4       Schedule caste population        198595         70610             35.54
  5      Schedule tribes population            -             -                -
  6      Literates                         693139        141771             20.45
  7      Total workers                     322214         72777             22.58
  8      Main workers                      301827         67220             22.27
         Cultivators                         2900          796              27.44
         Agricultural Labourers              5897         2271              38.51
         Household industry workers         12260         2613              21.31
         Other workers                     280770         61540             21.91
  9      Marginal workers                   20387         5557              27.25
         Cultivators                         283            20              07.06
         Agricultural Labourers              1466          525              35.81
         Household Industry workers          1992          594              29.81
         Other workers                      16646         4418              26.54
  10     Non workers                       678322        156826             23.11
Source: Census of India-2001

3.8.2 SLUM LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION
At present, 64 slums exist in the city that has been notified by the Municipal
Corporation, Amritsar under the Punjab Slum Areas (Improvement and
Clearance) Act, 1961 covering a total area of 5.8 sq.kms constituting 4.26% of
the area of the city (as per the national urban information scheme for indicators
produced by Municipal Corporation, Amritsar). Largest number of slums was
notified in 1986/87 i.e 32 (24 to 54) localities were declared as slums.

Looking at the spatial distribution of slums, majority of slums are located in the
southern part of city in close vicinity of walled city, Amritsar. Concentration of
slums on the southern part was largely on account of haphazard and unplanned
development in the area besides absence of any major development scheme
taken up by the Improvement Trust and Municipal Corporation. On the other
hand Northern side of city is better placed due to lesser number of slums. This
is due to the fact that majority of development schemes and better quality of
development has taken place in this areas. Accordingly, it is appropriate to
rationalize the development of the Southern part of the city outside walled area
and particularly along the Tarn Taran railway line in order to minimize the
growth of slums.

Housing in Slums
Based on the visual survey of slums in Amritsar, it has been observed that
housing condition in these areas is poor. They are characterized as one-room
tenements housing 6-7 people on an average and are made up of semi



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  95
permanent materials because of the cost factor as they do not have fixed
income and mainly work on daily wages.




Table 39: Ownership of Land under Slums in Amritsar
              Fig no. of Slum condition No. of Slums
S. No. Ownership26: HousingLand in slum areas of Amritsar        %age
1       Public (MCA)                    6                        9.5
2       Private                         56                       89
3       Others                          1                        1.5
        Total                           63                       100
Source: Municipal Corporation-Amritsar, 2009

As per the information from Municipal Corporation Amritsar, 89% of the
slums in the city exist on the private land wherein some cases the land has been
either encroached or has been purchased from land owner and the remaining
11% of the slums exists on the M.C.A land which are mainly located on the
southern portion of the city.

3.8.3 Availability Of Urban Basic Services To Poor

Basic services and amenities available in the slums in Amritsar are given
below. It has been found that 71.87% of the slum population has access to safe
drinking water whereas 28.13% population is still depended upon make shift
arrangement.
Table 40: Basic Services & Amenities Existing in Slums of Amritsar
Facilities         No. of Slums Having Access to Basic Facilities
                      Yes        %age         No        %age         Total
Water Supply          46         71.87        18        28.13          64
Sewerage              44         68.75        20        31.25          64
Electricity           15           24         49          76           64
Education             64          100          -           -           64
Pavement              54         84.38        10        15.62          64
Street Lights         53         82.81        11        17.19          64
Medical               62         97.00         2         3.00          64
Source: Municipal Corporation, Amritsar -Survey on Slums
Further, in terms of sewerage, 68.75% population has access to this facility
whereas rests of the 31.25% are defecating in available open areas. In the
absence of regular electric connections, majority of population tap the
electricity illegally through kundi connections causing enormous loss to the
state. Moreover, in many of the slums areas such as Bangla Basti, Indira
Colony, the high tension lines and towers are existing in between the



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                96
settlements having road underneath and houses by its side which is a threat to
human habitation.




 3.9

 3.10    Industrial Growth
                   Fig no.27: Infrastructure situation in slum areas of Amritsar
Amritsar before partition was re-
knowned in terms of industries of
woolen tweeds, suiting‟s, blankets,
shawls etc but got setback later.
Amritsar district in overall had 26, 080
numbers of small-scale industrial units
with 1, 15, 423 numbers of workers and
13 numbers of large/medium scale units
with 5,910 number of workers in                 Fig no.28 Industries at the Focal Point, Mehta Road
2007. In existing status, it has been observed that 69% of the district‟s small-
scale industries are located within the Amritsar city employing approximately
71% of the workers engaged in SSI units. Nearly 61.5% of the medium and
large- scale units are located within the city which includes Khanna Paper Mill
on Fatehgarh Churian Road, Verka Milk Plant, Northern Railway Mechanical
Workshop, O.C.M Mill on Attari Road, Gopi Fabrics Pvt.Ltd etc.

Table 41: Major Industrial Locations in Amritsar City
Sr.No. Industrial locations          Sr.No. Industrial locations
1       Focal Point, along Vallah 6         Putlighar, Islamabad – Textile
        Road        –        Mixed
        (Engineering, Textile, etc.)
2       Focal Point Extension, 7            Chheharta Industrial Area, G.T.
        along Vallah Road – Mixed           Road, towards Attari – Textile
        (Engineering, Textile, etc.)
3       New Focal Point along 8             Verka Industrial Area, along
        Mehta Road                          Batala Road – Textile
4       Industries in East Mohan 9          Majitha Road – Textile
        Nagar
5       Along G.T Road towards 10           Batala Road – Textile
        Amritsar       Engineering
        College
Source: District Industrial centre, Amritsar

The spatial analysis highlights that except industrial focal points which are
considered as planned schemes, industries are scattered all along the major

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                               97
          corridors of development. Industries scattered all over in Amritsar city, which
          creates problem of non-compatibility as well as pollution. There is an urgent
          need to develop industries in a comprehensive manner, they should have
          specific zone with all state of art infrastructure needs to be identified.

          Industrial Employment And Production
          Industrial employment from small scale/ medium/ large-scale industries in the
          Amritsar city has been analysed from 2003 to 2007 in comparison to the
          Amritsar     District,  which   is    shown    in    the     table    below:

            Table 42: Comparison of Industrial Data at City and District Level, 2007
Area                Small Scale Industries                  Medium/Large Scale Industries
                    No. of No.     of Fixed Producti No. of No.              of Fixed Produc
                    Units Employe Capit on                  mediu    Employe Capit tion
                            es         al      (Crores      m/       es           al     (Crores
                                       (Crore Rs.)          large                 (Crore Rs.)
                                       s Rs.)               Units                 s Rs.)
Amritsar            26,08
                            1,15,423 695.32 3,836.61        13       5,910        921.33 826.51
District            0
Amritsar City       17,98
                            81,772     -       -            8        4,091        -      -
                    5
% share of City 68.96
                            70.84%     -       -            61.5%    69.2%        -      -
to District         %
           Source: District Industries Centre, Amritsar

          The above table shows that the Amritsar city has the highest no. of small scale
          units (17,985 units) as compared to medium and large scale units which are
          only 8 in no. and also provides highest employment (81,772), the share of
          employment in city comes to 70.84% of the district.

          Keeping in view the positive contribution made by small-scale industrial units
          in the employment generation, the similar contribution has been done in their
          investment as well as production in the district. Looking at the fixed capital
          investment in the year 2007, the total investment in case of small-scale
          industries was of the order of Rs 695.32 crores while in case of large and
          medium scale industries, it was of the order of Rs 921.33 crores. Similarly,
          small-scale industries also stand highest in case of production, in the year 2007,
          the production from small scale units stands at Rs 3,836.61 crores as against
          the large / medium scale units Rs 826.51 crores.




           Fig no.29 Poor road infrastructure, water logging and open dumping of industrial waste in Focal Point,
                                                          Amritsar

          DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                               98
Within Municipal Corporation, Amritsar, the three Focal Points cover a total
area of 359.52 acres with a total of 877 industrial sheds/ plots. A rural
industrial estate also exists at Kathu Nangal with an area of 3.30 acres. The
existing focal points although have provision of water supply, sewerage and
storm water drainage but they lack maintenance. The internal roads in the old
focal point are not well maintained. Open disposal of hazardous waste and
other industrial waste has been observed which needs to be regulated.

A Sector specific Special Economic Zone (SEZ) dedicated to Textiles is
coming up in Amritsar at Khasa village on GT Road towards Attari. The
Punjab-based Ishan Developers and Infrastructure Limited, is developing The
Integrated Textile Park on 100 hectares at village Khasa in Amritsar with the
investment of Rs 1,861 crores. The project is expected to provide employment
to 15,000 people.

3.10 Infrastructure And Service Delivery

The sustainability and quality of life in urban centers is closely linked to the
quality and efficiency of physical as well as social infrastructure. Accordingly,
providing better physical and social infrastructure assumes critical importance.

3.10.1 Physical Infrastrucutre

Water Supply

Sources of Water Supply
All the urban and rural settlements falling in the Amritsar are dependent on the
ground water as the source for meeting their daily needs of water supply. The
system of water supply in Amritsar and settlements is entirely based on ground
water, which is extracted through tube wells and supplied to the residents
through a system of OHRs. Initially, water supply in the walled city was based
on a network of 40 khuhs (wells) located outside the city through which water
was extracted and supplied through a well designed and properly laid down
network. Over a period of time, numbers of tube wells have been installed to
extract ground water and meet the increased needs of its residents. This has
resulted to rapidly falling water table in the range of 180 to 460 feet. With the
fast depletion of ground water, shallow tube wells used for water extraction
have to be abandoned.

In addition to piped water supply, the hand pumps, stand posts and wells are
also used for extracting the ground water essentially in the slum areas and the
areas not covered by the water supply network.

Table 43: Total Number of Tube wells in Amritsar


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 99
Amritsar       Jandiala      Majitha        Rayya         Rajasansi   Villages
300            4             3              3             3           196
Source: Punjab Water Supply and Sewerage Circle, Amritsar, 2008

In order to improve the status of ground water, it is important to consider other
options of water supply, including canal water and rejuvenation of 40 wells
area that was earlier used for city‟s supply. In addition, the option of rainwater
harvesting, recycling of the waste water, minimizing the wastage in the water
supply system and creating awareness among community for water
conservation needs to be explored to minimize the pressure on ground water
and recharge the ground water. At present, rainwater harvesting is practiced
neither at city level nor at individual house level as there are no guidelines for
making this as mandatory provision. So a minimum size of plot should be fixed
for water harvesting and it should be included in the building byelaws too.

Area and Population Coverage

Municipal Corporation Area
Looking at the existing status of water supply within the corporation area, it has
been observed that out of the 142.37 sq. kms, which falls under the jurisdiction
of local body, only 80% of the area is presently covered by water supply (Refer
map 10). In terms of population coverage, the network is serving 80% of total
city population.
The population served by piped water supply includes service through the
house connections, stand posts and independent institutional set ups. Despite
the fact, the water extracted is higher (240 MLD) than the actual consumption
(137.6 MLD), but the water available to the residents is of much lower order
due to high wastage (about 43%) of the water supply. Major reason for wastage
of water is leakage in the network, which is more than 50 years old, poor
maintenance and lack of awareness on the part of the community.

Table 44: Water Supply information in Amritsar (MC)
Items                                  Percentage/No.     Remarks
Area Covered (MCA)                          80%
Population served (MCA)                     80%
Total No. of Wards Fully Covered             51        Total number of
Total No. of Wards Partially Covered          9       wards taken are 60
Total amount of ground water extracted   240 MLD
Total     Average     Daily      Water  137.6 MLD
Consumption
Water Supplied per capita per day (By    135 LPCD
M. C.)
%age of water unaccounted                    43
Total No. of Tube Wells                     300         Depth varying
                                                      between 180-460
                                                             feet


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                    100
No. of O.H.S.R.                                     29             Capacity:23.15
                                                                       MLD
Average running hours of water supply              12
Population served by House Connection            856512
Population served by Stand Post                   31622
Population served by Independent                  36750
Institutional Set up
Source: Municipal Corporation Amritsar, 2007 Punjab; Water Supply and Sewerage Circle,
Amritsar (2008)

Water Treatment
No formal system of water treatment is in operation in all the settlements due to
the absence of water treatment plant. Water is treated through a system of
chlorination or bleaching powder, which is added at the level of water
extraction. No scientific system is available in all the settlements to check the
quality of water supplied. The practice of water sampling to determine the
quality of water is not practiced in any of the settlement.
However, in case of Amritsar, bacteriological test is carried out occasionally to
determine the level of bacterial contamination and bleaching powder is used for
the disinfection of water. However, this practice is also not carried out in
accordance to the BIS, {ISI-10500, 1991(clause 3.1)}.



Distribution System
At present 91% of water supply in the city is made through tube wells under
direct supply system and 9% is through 29 over head reservoirs (OHSR). Out
of the total 29 OHSRs, only 19 are operational with total capacity of 17 MLD,
whereas rest of 10 OHSRs are not working due to problems related to leakage,
structure, etc. On an average, each over head tank has a capacity of 9 lakh
liters. In the walled city, 4 OHSRs and 8 tube wells are in operation. Rest of
the tube wells and 25 OHSRs serve the population outside the walled city.

SEWERAGE SYSTEM

The disposal of sewage generated by industrial, commercial, domestic and
institutions is also one of the basic function of the local bodies. Providing
sewage disposal network is mandated due to its impact on the quality of life
and quality of environment. Accordingly, sewage disposal has also been
considered as one of the critical component of urban infrastructure determining
the quality of life in urban sector. In this context, while preparing the future
planning framework for the city, it is important to examine the issues and status
related to sewerage in Amritsar.

Area and Population Coverage
Table 45: Sewerage Details of Urban Settlements in Amritsar
Name of Total           Average      %age pop Population Population


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                     101
Settlement Population Daily                served          Served by Served by
           (31.03.08) Sewage                               sewerage  soakage
                      Flow                                 System    pits/septic
                      (MLD)                                          tanks
Amritsar 1159795      192                  64.06%          743000    356500
 Source: Punjab Water Supply & Sewerage Circle, Amritsar

Amritsar Municipal Corporation
Nearly 70% of the area of Amritsar Municipal
Corporation is covered by sewerage network
serving 64% of the city population (Refer map 11
and table no.61). The remaining 30% of area and
36% of the population is still devoid of the
provision of formal network. At present, 192 MLD
of sewage is generated on daily basis. The
                                                         Fig no.30: View of Blocked
 total length of sewerage network in the city is
                                                        Sewer at Mahan Singh Gate
 of the order of 569kms.
However, in the absence of the formal network,
 the remaining population is dependent on the system of septic tanks/soak pits
and independent institutional set ups. Moreover, the people living in slums and
population below poverty line, who have no access to these facilities, either use
the community toilets created by local bodies or defecate in open fields.

Sewerage Treatment and Disposal

Sewerage Treatment
The total quantity of daily sewage generated in the Amritsar city is of the order
of 192 MLD, whereas in the case of Rayya it is 2.90 MLD. The quantum of
sullage generated in Majitha is 2.10 MLD, whereas in case of Jandiala Guru
and Rajasansi, there is no sullage collected due to absence of sewerage system.
Unfortunately, none of the urban settlements including Amritsar, has a system
of sullage treatment, hence untreated sullage is pumped into the nearby drains
or water bodies.
Seweage Disposal
In case of Amritsar, the entire city is divided into
three catchment zones for collecting the sullage. It
includes North Zone, South Zone and West Zone
(Chheharta). The North Zone includes the portion of
the city falling on the North of the Amritsar-Jalandhar
Railway Line. The sullage of this area is collected at
Mahlan, from where it is pumped for disposal. About
1/3rd (32%) of the sullage is collected at this station.   Fig no.31: Disposal Work, Fatehpur
The South Zone includes most of the area falling on the southern side of the
railway line. The sullage collected in this zone is collected at the pumping
station located at Fatehpur, from where it is pumped
into the Gandha Nallah. This zone generates the


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   102
largest sullage, which is of the order of 63%. The remaining 5% of the sullage
is generated in Chheharta, which is the west zone of the city. The sullage
generated in this area is collected at the pumping station located at Gumanpura,
from where it is pumped into the Ganda Nallah.
In all, there are 20 pumping stations in Amritsar serving the system of disposal.
11 of these stations have been designated as Temporary Sewage Disposal Sites
by the Municipal Corporation Amritsar, which pumps
sewage directly into the nearby water course/storm Fig no.32: View of Ganda Nallah
                                                                    used for Disposal
water drainage or nallahs. Ganda
Nallah, Hudiara Drain and Tung Dhab Drain, which ultimately meets the
Hudiara Drain, are the three major drains where the city‟s sullage is disposed
off. Remaining 9 pumping stations pump sewage into other manholes. These
pumping stations were primarily constructed during the last 15 years in order to
overcome the problem of sewage outflow. All these pumping stations are
manually operated working on three shifts a day.
All other settlements falling in district follow the system of pumping the
untreated sullage into the nearby water bodies/drains. In the absence of
sewerage treatment plant in the Amritsar city, all the sewage collected i.e.
domestic and industrial, is being disposed off into the Gandha Nallah without
any treatment, which has caused high degree of soil and ground water pollution
in the city. In addition, large number of industrial units operating within and
outside walled city also discharge their effluents directly into the network
without making any initial treatment. All industries are required to treat their
effluents to neutralize the chemicals before discharging into the network.
Presence of chemicals and toxins not only damages the network but also
creates numerous problems in treatment of sullage. All these industrial units
need to be brought under stringent controls as far as the discharge of their
sullage/effluent into the network is concerned.
Accordingly, it is important that sewerage treatment plants are installed on
priority to treat the sullage generated in order to minimize the pollution.
However, three sewerage treatment plants are proposed to be installed in
Amritsar with a total capacity of 200 MLD. With the construction and
operationalisation of these plants, Amritsar will become one of the few towns
of the state having capacity of treating majority of the sullage generated. The
total installed capacity of these 3 plants is equal to the average daily sewerage
flow. Therefore, in order to serve the future population, the need will be to
enhance the installed capacity or setting up of new treatment plants.

STORM WATER DRAINAGE NETWORK

With the creation of large area of hard surface by bringing agricultural land
into urbanization, large volume of storm water drainage is generated in urban
areas. Draining the rain water assumes importance
because of the numerous problems created due to
inefficient disposal of storm water. Due to
inefficient or non-existence of storm water drainage


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              103
network, most of the city now face a problem of water logging and flooding
causing heavy loss to property and human lives.

Area and Population Coverage
The city of Amritsar has high degree of deficiency         Fig no. 33: Water Logging
 in the storm water network. Considering the existing          outside Bus Stand
status of storm water network, it appears that this critical network has low
priority on the agenda of Municipal Corporation. At present only 20% of the
city area and population is covered under the storm water network. This means
that remaining 80% of the city
and population remains outside the purview of the storm water network. The
walled city, Amritsar has system of open drains while for the areas outside it,
the disposal of storm water is combined with sewerage network leading to
choking of the pipes, overflow of the sullage and backflow of the sewerage
water. Storm water also gets into low lying areas flooding them in the process.
The problem of acute water logging during heavy rains has been experienced in
the entire city of Amritsar. This is mainly due to the trough or saucer shape of
the city, which requires adoption of specialized approach to drain off the
rainwater due to its typical topography. The network available is hardly 10
Kms in length, which is highly inadequate considering the size of city. The
details of population and area coverage in Amritsar are given in table below:

Table 46: Length of Drainage Network in Amritsar Municipal
Corporation Area
Item             Length (km) Area      under Population under
                             Coverage (%)    Coverage (%)
Storm     Water 10           20%             20%
Line
Source: Municipal Corporation Amritsar, 2006-07.

Drainage Network

Amritsar M. C.
Amritsar has the advantage of having a network of both natural and manmade
open drains/nallahs, which have a general slope of East to West. The gradient
of these drains is shallow due to its flat topography. There are two major
nallahs serving the city, namely Ganda Nallah, located on the south of the city,
whereas Tung Dhab is located on the northern side of the city. Both these
nallahs ultimately discharge into the Hudiara Drain, which is located west to
the city. Further, Hudiara Drain joins the river Ravi over the international
border with Pakistan and accordingly, storm water is released into the river
Ravi. Thus, Hudiara Drain remains most critical for discharging the storm
water as well as sewage.

Despite the fact that there is a network of drains and nallahs available in
Amritsar, most of them are unfortunately used for carrying the untreated
sullage and domestic refuse. Since the area close to these nallahs/drains has

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   104
been urbanized by mushrooming of residential colonies including slums, most
of the household waste and sullage is dumped into these nallahs/drains. In the
absence of any sewerage treatment plant in the Amritsar urban area, 20
temporary and permanent pumping stations discharge the untreated sullage into
these drains. This practice has led to not only high degree of health hazard to
the adjoining communities, but has emerged as the major threat to environment
and quality of life. These nallahs have become a major eyesore and has led to
high degree of pollution of ground water resource making it unfit at most of the
places for human consumption.

In view of the existing scenario, it becomes critical that practice of discharging
untreated sullage into the drains/nallahs should be immediately stopped and
these drains/nallahs are restored to their lost glory. The precious storm water
should be harvested to be used as alternative source of water supply reducing
pressure on the vital ground water resources. The institutions having large area
like Guru Nanak Dev University, Khalsa College, Verka Milk Plant, Grain
Market and Defence area, which have large open land available with them
should be involved in the system of rain water harvesting. In addition, building
byelaws of the Municipal Corporation, Amritsar Development Authority and
Improvement Trust, should include rainwater harvesting as integral part of
development of buildings and it should be enforced strictly. Further individual
households, industries and Development Authorities should be actively
involved in the rain water harvesting, so as to reduce/minimize the amount of
rain water generated, which require disposal and which can be used for
different activities reducing the quantum of water supply required to serve the
city. The percolation wells for rainwater harvesting could be considered along
with the option of open trenches for improving rainwater harvesting. In
addition, existing drainage network should be preserved as an integral part of
development process by declaring them as protected areas. This would help in
preserving these natural resources besides helping in better management of
storm water drainage.

Despite the fact that city is facing acute problem of flooding and water logging,
still there is no proposal for creating/augmenting storm water drainage network
to solve the existing problem of the city. In this context, it will be important to
consider the option of making all new development coming up within the urban
settlements to provide for storm water drainage network as integral part of
urban development process. In addition, all Development Authorities should be
mandated to provide storm water drainage network in the area undertaken by
them as development projects. The rainwater harvesting at the community/local
level or at the scheme level should also be included for conserving water and
reducing the outflow of storm water. In the old areas, it will be appropriate to
consider levy of a cess on water/sewerage bills, so as to generate resources for
improving the area and population coverage under the drainage network.
Efficient drainage of storm water would also require the designing of road



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  105
network in a manner that for shorter distances, roads should act as drains and
the slope provided should be able to drain off the water quickly.




SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Solid waste management is the prime responsibility of the Municipal
Corporation Amritsar involving collection, storage, segregation, transportation
and disposal. Health Officer of the Corporation has been vested with the
overall responsibility for management of the solid waste. He is assisted by
Assistant Medical Officer of Health and other support staff. Corporation
organizes the collection and transportation of the solid waste through its own
conservancy workers and a fleet of vehicles deployed. In Amritsar urban
limits, house to house collection of the solid waste is carried out through a
number of sanitary workers deployed by the Municipal Corporation, payment
of which is made on shared basis by Corporation and Mohalla Sudhar
Committee, which are constituted at Mohalla level and support the system
through household contributions. In all, there are more than 2406 sanitary
workers deployed, which include 1443 by the Corporation and 963 through
Mohalla Sudhar Committees. In addition, there are 51 drivers and 24 Sanitary
Inspectors, besides 20 Sanitary Jamadaars (Head of Sanitary workers), 7 Naib
Darogas (Supervisors looking over the work of Jamadaars and sanitary
workers) and 4 Chief Sanitary Inspectors.

Generation

The total generation of solid waste in the city of Amritsar is estimated to be
600 tons per day (TPD). This large amount of solid waste generated is
disposed off on the landfill site located outside Bhagtanwala. Seeing the large
amount of generation of solid waste in the city, Municipal Corporation of
Amritsar has undertaken the project of Integrated Solid Waste Management
Project under JNNURM to scientifically dispose off the solid waste. This MSW
project is divided into two phases. The first phase of the project includes
collection, segregation, storage and transportation of the municipal solid waste,
which has been accorded to M/S Antony Waste Handling Cell, and the second
phase of the project includes processing and disposal of solid waste, which has
been allotted to M/S AKC Developer Limited, Noida. The first phase has been
in operation since Feb ‟09.

Composition

Solid waste comprises of waste generated from different sources. Major
sources of generation are individuals, households, industries, trade and
commerce, hotels and restaurants, healthcare       institutions including


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                106
dispensaries and hospitals, animals and floating populations in terms of
tourists, hawkers, etc. Solid waste generated can be broadly classified into four
categories i.e Organic Waste, which includes kitchen waste (food items),
leaves, remains of animals slaughtered, etc., Recyclable Waste, which includes
paper, plastic, glass, metal, rags, packing materials, twigs, bark, etc., Inert
Waste including bricks, cement, building debris, furniture waste, etc. and
Industrial Waste, which includes the byproducts. In addition, large amount of
waste is also generated by number of hospitals, dispensaries and other health
care institutions, which are operational in the city. The current addition is E-
Waste generated from electronic products whose quantity is alarmingly
increasing in the city.
In terms of waste generated, organic waste comprises
of more than half of the total waste whereas inert waste
is more than 1/4 of the total waste generated. Industrial
waste as well as recyclable waste comprises of approx
1/10th each of waste generated. There is no segregation
of waste at the point of generation.

                                                                            :
                                                            Composition of Municipal Solid
                                                            Waste




      Fig no. 34: Garbage dumping              Fig no 35: Dumping of Garbage in open
              along roadside                     drain passing through Bangla Basti

Disposal
Amritsar Municipal Corporation practices open
disposal of waste without undertaking any pre-
treatment of the waste. MCA has identified
three landfill sites for open disposal of waste
located outside Bhagtanwala Gate, village
Fatehpur and village Bharariwal. At present,
waste is dumped at the Bhagtanwala Gate site           Fig no.36: Open Dumping
with occasional odour control treatment.                  Ground at Fatehpur


Table 47: Details of Landfill Sites in Amritsar Municipal Corporation
Area
Sr Name      Area Location         Distance (km) Age       Present
No.          (ha)                     from city  (Years) Status


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                    107
                                             centre
 1    Landfill    8.1   Outside Gate          2 km         25 years Could    be
      Site              Bhagtanwala                                 used    for
      No.1                                                          next     15
                                                                    years
 2    Landfill    5.8   Fatehpur              6 km         Recently Under
      Site                                                 acquired development
      No.2
 3    Landfill   2.65   Bharariwal            5 km         Recently Under
      Site                                                 acquired development
      No.3
Source: Amritsar Municipal Corporation

In addition, informal dumping of the waste has been
witnessed in nallahs, open spaces, vacant plots, along
bye pass, etc. This informal dumping of garbage
along bye-pass, nallah, etc. has lead to the creation of
unhygienic environment in the areas of the city.

Moreover, there is no formal system of solid wast      Fig no.37 Waste ing in Vacant Plots in
e management operating in 26 villages, which have                   litter city
been included within the urban limits from time to time. Large amount of
industrial waste has been found to be dumped along the roads and outside the
industrial areas. Fruit and vegetable markets and food grain markets located
outside Bhagtanwala Gate and in Vallah
have also been found to generate
considerable agricultural waste, which
needs proper collection, transportation and
management. Accordingly, it will be
critical to involve Punjab Small Industries
& Export Corporation and Punjab State
Agricultural Marketing Board to take care
of waste generated in their respective
areas.

With regard to the generation of
bio-medical waste in huge quantities in           Fig no. 38: Dumping of waste
                                                          along Bye-pass
 the city due to large number of health
 institutions in operation, a separate system of disposal is involved, which is
being privately managed. The disposal of hospital waste, including its
collection and transportation, etc., is being carried out by two agencies namely
Medicare Incinerators Private Limited, Ludhiana and Health Care Systems,
Jhabal Road, Amritsar. These agencies are being paid by the health institutions
based on the amount of waste generated. Herein, the MCA plays the role of a
regulator.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   108
Presently, none of the other urban settlements in the Amritsar has waste
processing facility. The entire municipal solid wastes collected from the towns
are disposed at the landfill site. In case of Rajasansi, the municipal council has
done an agreement with the Ajnala Municipal Council for the disposal of the
town waste at their site located on Dera Baba Nanak Road at an annual cost of
Rs. 20,000. This has been done because of the guidelines of the Airport
Authority of India as per which there should not be any waste disposal site in
10 kms radius of the Rajasansi Airport.
In order to effectively manage the solid waste, it will be important to involve
all the stakeholders and creating awareness among the masses to manage the
waste and keep the city clean. The best approach will be to ask people to
generate as little waste as possible and to segregate the waste at the household
level itself. Critical points generating large volume of waste should be
identified and a separate strategy for collection and disposal of waste should be
formulated in consultation with the local community. Industrial Associations
should also be made partner in disposal and management of industrial waste.
Further there should be strategies to deal with generation of E-waste in the city
with the coming up of IT/ITES parks as envisioned.

INDUSTRIAL GROWTH
  Amritsar before partition was re-knowned in terms of industries of woolen
  tweeds, suiting‟s, blankets, shawls etc but got setback later. Amritsar
  district in overall had 26, 080 numbers of
  small-scale industrial units with 1, 15, 423
  numbers of workers and 13 numbers of
   large/medium     scale   units   with   5,910
   number of
   workers in 2007. In existing status, it has
   been observed that 69% of the district‟s
   small-scale industries are located within the
   Amritsar city employing approximately 71%           Fig no.39 Industries at the
                                                       Focal Point, Mehta Road
   of the workers engaged in SSI units.
   Nearly 61.5% of the medium and large- scale units are located within the
   city which includes Khanna Paper Mill on Fatehgarh Churian Road, Verka
   Milk Plant, Northern Railway Mechanical Workshop, O.C.M Mill on Attari
   Road, Gopi Fabrics Pvt.Ltd etc.

The spatial analysis highlights that except industrial focal points which are
considered as planned schemes, industries are scattered all along the major
corridors of development. Industries scattered all over in Amritsar city, which
creates problem of non-compatibility as well as pollution. There is an urgent
need to develop industries in a comprehensive manner, they should have
specific zone with all state of art infrastructure needs to be identified.

INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT AND PRODUCTION

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                        109
Industrial employment from small scale/ medium/ large-scale industries in the
Amritsar city has been analysed from 2003 to 2007 in comparison to the
Amritsar District, which is shown in the table below:

Table 48: Comparison of Industrial Data at City and District Level, 2007
Area    Small Scale Industries          Medium/Large Scale Industries
        No.    No. of Fixe Produc No. of No. of Fixe Produc
        of     Emplo d         tion     medi Emplo d              tion
        Unit yees       Capi (Crores um/         yees      Capi (Crores
        s               tal    Rs.)     large              tal    Rs.)
                        (Cro            Units              (Cro
                        res                                res
                        Rs.)                               Rs.)
Amrit
sar     26,0 1,15,42 695.3 3,836.6                         921.3
                                        13       5,910            826.51
Distri 80      3        2      1                           3
ct
Amrit
        17,9
sar            81,772 -        -        8        4,091     -      -
        85
City
%
share
of
        68.9
City           70.84% -        -        61.5% 69.2% -             -
        6%
to
Distri
ct
Source: District Industries Centre, Amritsar

The table no 18 shows that the Amritsar city has the highest no. of small scale
units (17,985 units) as compared to medium and large scale units which are
only 8 in no. and also provides highest employment (81,772), the share of
employment in city comes to 70.84% of the district.
Keeping in view the positive contribution made by small-scale industrial units
in the employment generation, the similar contribution has been done in their
investment as well as production in the district. Looking at the fixed capital
investment in the year 2007, the total investment in case of small-scale
industries was of the order of Rs 695.32 crores while in case of large and
medium scale industries, it was of the order of Rs 921.33 crores. Similarly,
small-scale industries also stand highest in case of production, in the year 2007,
the production from small scale units stands at Rs 3,836.61 crores as against
the large / medium scale units Rs 826.51 crores.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 110
Fig no.40 Poor road infrastructure, water logging and open dumping of industrial waste in Focal Point,
Amritsar




Within Municipal Corporation, Amritsar, the three Focal Points cover a total
area of 359.52 acres with a total of 877 industrial sheds/ plots. A rural
industrial estate also exists at Kathu Nangal with an area of 3.30 acres. The
existing focal points although have provision of water supply, sewerage and
storm water drainage but they lack maintenance. The internal roads in the old
focal point are not well maintained. Open disposal of hazardous waste and
other industrial waste has been observed which needs to be regulated.
A Sector specific Special Economic Zone (SEZ) dedicated to Textiles is
coming up in Amritsar at Khasa village on GT Road towards Attari. The
Punjab-based Ishan Developers and Infrastructure Limited, is developing The
Integrated Textile Park on 100 hectares at village Khasa in Amritsar with the
investment.



                                       CHAPTER 4

         INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM FOR DISASTER
                     MANAGEMENT

Although the primary responsibility of disaster management is of the State
Governments, the Central Government plays a key role in providing financial
and logistic help to the states in tackling both natural and human induced
disasters. Till the recent past, India had an entirely different mechanism for
disaster management.

4.1 NATIONAL LEVEL MECHANISM

The administration of natural disaster management is the responsibility of the
Ministry of Home Affairs, where as certain disasters such as chemical and
biological disasters as well as aviation disasters are dealt by the concerned
Ministries. The elaborate structural framework in national level is given
broadly for understanding.

41.1 National Crisis Management Committee

Cabinet Secretary, who is the highest executive officer, heads the National


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                               111
Crisis Management Committee (NCMC). Secretaries of all concerned
Ministries/ Departments as well as Organizations are members of the
Committee. The NCMC gives direction to the Crisis Management Group as
deemed necessary. The NCMC gives directions to any Ministries/Departments/
Organizations for specific action needed for meeting the Crisis situation.

4.1.2 National Crisis Management Group

The Central Relief Commissioner in the Ministry of home Affairs is the
Chairman of the Crisis management Group, which consist of nodal officers
from concerned Ministries. The CMGs function includes reviewing every year
contingency plans formulated by various Ministries/Departments/ Organizations
in their respective sectors. The other functions include:
1. To review measures required dealing with natural disaster.
2. Coordinate activities of Central Ministries and state Governments in relation
to disaster preparedness and relief
3. To obtain information from the nodal officers on measures relating to the
above.

4.1.3 National Disaster Management Authority

For better coordination of disaster management in national level, National
Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is being constituted. This is a multi
disciplinary body with nodal officers from all concerned departments/ministries/
organizations.
Apart from these developments, the government of India has its national
Contingency Action Plan prepared by the nodal ministry of disaster
management. Also a National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC) has been
started functioning in the Ministry of Home Affairs with all sophisticated
equipments and most modern technologies for disaster management.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               112
                   Management of disasters at
                     various levels in India

                   National               Nodal Ministries


                                 Relief & Rehabilitation Department/
                    State
                                Department of Disaster Management


                    District       Office of the District Magistrate


                    Block          Office of the panchayat samiti


                                   Village Disaster Management
                    Village
                                             Committee




4.2 STATE LEVEL MECHANISM

Similar to the mechanism in national level, disaster management has been
institutionalized in state level also. In the state of Punjab, the Lieutenant
Governor is the chairman of Disaster Management Authority and the Chief
Minister and the concerned ministers are members.

4.2.1 State Disaster Management Authority

Along with other 10 states in India, Punjab has constituted the Amritsar District
Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) under the chairmanship of Lt.
Governor of Amritsar and the Chief Minister and Ministers of relevant
Departments as members. For Amritsar, the
Department of Revenue has been identifies as nodal department to tackle
disasters, being the Divisional Commissioner as its nodal officer and convener
of the DDMA.

4.2.2 State Crisis Management Group

The State Crisis Management Group‟s function includes reviewing every year
contingency plans formulated by various Ministries/Departments/ Organizations
in their respective sectors. The other functions include:
1. To review measures required dealing with natural disaster.
2. Coordinate activities of state Governments and districts in relation to disaster
preparedness and relief
3. To obtain information from the nodal officers on measures relating to the
above.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  113
        4.2.3 State Steering Committee

        In the special set up of Amritsar, a State Steering Committee has been
        constituted under the chairman ship of the Chief Secretary of Amritsar with
        nodal officers from the government departments. This committee is responsible
        for implementation of Disaster Management Programmes in the NCT of
        Amritsar. The state steering committee has the following members:
        1. Commissioner of Police, Amritsar
        2. Vice Chairman, DDA
        3. Principal Secretary, Home
        4. Principal Secretary, PWD
        5. Principal Secretary, Urban Development
        6. Commissioner, MCD
        7. Chairman, NDMC
        8. Chairman of Amritsar Vidyut Board
        9. Director General, Amritsar CD & HG
        10. Chief Executive Officer, Amritsar Jal Board
        11. Divisional Commissioner
        12. Chief Fire Officer, Amritsar Fire Service

        4.2.4 State Working Groups

        A couple of working groups are constituted in state level in line with the
        national set up. These working groups are given with particular responsibilities
        and they are the core group of such factions. Besides, there is an Emergency
        operation Centre at the state level to coordinate and perform disaster
        management activities in a disaster situation as well as in the preparatory stage.
        In state level the divisional commissioner act as the Incident Commander for the
        entire National Capital Territory of Amritsar.

                          STATE GOVERNMENT CHIEF SECRETARY



                                            RELIEF                            EMERGENCY
      STATE CRISIS
                                         COMMISSIONER                         OPERATION
   MANAGEMENT GROUP
                                                                                CENTRE




  REVENUE      AGRICULTURE          FOREST            POWER        EDUCATION          HOME


         TRANSPORT        HEALTH            OTHER             NGOs POLICE
                                         DEPARTMENT
                                              S
 DIVISIONAL                                                           HOME
COMMISSIONER                                                          GUARD
        DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                   S             114
                  SUB-                                                CIVIL
 DISTRICT      DIVISIONAL
MAGISTRATS                                                           DEFENSE
4.3district Level Mechanism In Amritsar

So far the Deputy Commissioner (Amritsar), with help of Additional District
Magistrate under the Department of Relief and Rehabilitation, was looking after
the entire disaster management activities in District Amritsar. But as Amritsar
Disaster Management Authority (ADMA) has been set up and the proposed Bill
for changing name of Relief and Rehabilitation Department as “Department of
Disaster Management” is under preparation, the structure of district level
disaster management took a new form. Apart from this, GOI- UNDP Disaster
Risk Management Programme has been started with the support of United
Nations Development Programme.

4.3.1 District Disaster Management Committee-Amritsar

District Disaster Management Committee is the high-powered committee at
District level to look after disaster management and emergency response. This
high- powered committee is chaired by the Deputy Commissioner (Amritsar)
with all Policy Makers from the District/Nodal Officer of each line
department/ADM (Amritsar)/SDMs and nodal officers from various
Organizations as its members. ADM (Amritsar) is the convener of District
Disaster Management Committee (DDMC).

Inclusion of new members and removal of existing members of the DDMC, as it
is required, is under the discretion of the DDMC. But this shall be discussed in
the Meeting prior to action. Also members from RWA, MTA, MCD councilors
etc shall be nominated on rotation basis, so that maximum stakeholder ship can
be assured.

A District Project Officer (DPO-Amritsar) has been appointed in the district
directly under the Deputy Commissioner to look after the day-to-day affairs of
disaster management in the district.

The DDMC members have to meet at least once in two months in normal
situation and once in month or more in case of crisis situation. Minutes of
DDMC meeting shall be circulated among the members. Also the roles and
responsibilities of each member differ each other depends up on the department;
there are some common responsibilities. Also each of the DDMC members is


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               115
member of the Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) in the district.

4.3.2 Duties of DDMC Members-Amritsar

The major functions and responsibilities of the District Disaster Management
Committee members are given below. Besides these functions as DDMC
member, each nodal officer will be accountable to his own department in terms
of the disaster management. District Disaster Management Committee (DDMC-
Amritsar) is an apex planning body and will play a major role in preparedness
and mitigation. The detailed account of the functions of the DDMC has been
given in table 4.1


DISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE (DDMC)

This is headed by the Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar.
Following the list of activities to be taken up by the DDMC:-
    Act as a source of information for earthquake safety as well as
       earthquake loss reduction measures.
    Review earthquake related hazards and risks in the city.
    Prepare recommendations to identify and mitigate the risks.
    Help in co-ordination of the activities at all levels.
    Priortize recommendations and adoptions of suitable policies as part of
       loss-reduction measures, enforce legislations for registration and
       regulation of builders, promoters and real estate developers for creation
       of safe habitat.
    Review the progress (as per the work plan) in implementing the
       programme and mainstreaming various initiatives on earthquake
       vulnerability reduction project in the city.
    The DDMc will call in the working groups every quarter to review the
       progress of the project. The quarterly update will be shared with the
       chief secretary of Punjab, who in turn will share it with the joint
       secretary, Disaster Management, Ministry of Home Affairs.

PROPOSED FRAMEWORK FOR DDMC, TASKFORCE & ESF




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               116
                                      DC



                                 District DMC


                                District DM Cell
      District ESF                                           District Task Force

                                 District EOC
      TL 1                                                   C-1
            TL 2                                                   C-2
                TL 3                                                     C-3
                   TL 4                                                        C-4




DC     :   Deputy Commissioner
DMC    :   Disaster Management Cell
DM     :   Disaster Management
EOC    :   Emergency Operation Center
ESF    :   Emergency Support Function
TL     :   Team Leader, ESF
C      :   Convener, Task Force

The Chairperson- DDMC will call the conveners of each task force and the
team leaders of each emergency support function every quarter to review the
progress of the project. The quarterly update will be shared with the chief
secretary and the relief commissioner of the state who in turn will share it with
joint Secretary Disaster Management, Ministry of Home Affairs.

Following are the member of the DDMC:
   1.    Chairperson as Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar, Head of
         emergency Operation Center. Team Leader—ESF 12
         (COORDINATION) Convener Task force 1--(EARTHQUAKE
         PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE PLAN)
   2.    S.P.     Police,   Amritsar,  Team   Leader—ESF     1
         (COMMUNICATION)
   3.    District Fire Officer, Amritsar, Team Leader—ESF 2
         (EVACUATION-SEARCH AND RESCUE)



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                    117
   4.    Civil surgeon, Amritsar Team Leader--ESF 3 (EMERGENCY
         MEDICAL RESPONSE)
   5.    ADM (Food and civic supplies) Team Leader--ESF 4 (RELIEF-
         WATER-FOOD-SHELTER)
   6.    ADM (Law and Order), Amritsar Team Leader--ESF 5
         (LOGISTIC-ELECTRICITY-WATER) --ESF 12 (LAW &
         ORDER)
   7.    District Transport Officer, Amritsar Team Leader--ESF 6
         (TRANSPORT)
   8.    Deputy collector, Land Reform Team Leader--ESF 7
         (DAMAGE)
   9.    Secretary, Rotary Club Team Leader--ESF 8 (VOLUNTEERS
         AND DONATIONS)
   10.   Superintending Engineer, PWD (ROAD) Team Leader-- ESF 9
         (PUBLIC WORKS)
   11.   Special Officer, Municipality Team Leader--ESF 10 (ROAD-
         DEBRIS CLEARANCE)
   12.   District public relation Officer, amritsar Convener Task Force 2
         (AWARENESS GENERATION before Earthquake) Team
         Leader--ESF 11 (AWARENESS GENERATION, PUBLIC
         INFORMATION AND HELP LINES during earthquake)
   13.   MD, MEDIA Convener task force 3 (TECHNO LEGAL
         EVALUATION AND AMENDMENT)
   14.   Chairperson, Institute of engineers, India (IEI), Local Chapter,
         Amritsar convener Task Force 4 (TRAINING AND CAPACITY
         BUILDING)
   15.   Aditional Collector
   16.   Nodal Officer
   17.   Representative, UNDP, India

   The DDMC came into currency because of the frequent occurrence of
   disasters in the district. The primary aim of the committee is to have proper
   coordination among all the line departments. The Deputy Commissioner is
   the chairman of the DDMC and the district level response is coordinated
   under his guidance.
   The DDMC exists to assist the Deputy Commissioner:-
        Reviewing the threats of disaster.
        Analyzing the vulnerability of the district to such disasters.
        Evaluating the preparedness.
        Considering suggestions for the improvement of the District
           Disaster Management Plan.

Disaster Management
    Range of activities designed to maintain control over
      disasters/emergency situations and to provide a framework for helping



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               118
                            at-risk people to avoid or recover from impact of a disaster viz. deal
                            with situations prior to, during and after a disaster.
                           Disaster Risk Management- A systematic process of using
                            administrative decisions, organizations, operational capacities to
                            implement policies, strategies, coping capacities to lessen impacts of
                            hazards- it comprises prevention (structural and non-structural
                            measures) & mitigation (to limit the risk/vulnerability) and
                            preparedness. E.g. Floods: physical measures like dams, embankments,
                            channeling of streams, relocating communities or capacity development.

                     RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE COMMITTEE
                            To educate the public on different hazards and what protective
                              steps should be taken.
                            To make arrangements for emergency action.
                            To effect evacuation from ward community when necessary.
                            Rescue and Rehabilitation.
                            Post Earthquake/Flood/Cyclone action/other calamity and review.

                     District Disaster Management Committee

                     There shall be a core committee which is constituted as under:
          Sr.   Name of D.M.C                                                 Designation     Phone No          ( R)
          No
          1.    Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar                                 Chairman        2226161           2226162
          2     Commissioner of Police ,Amritsar (City)                       Nodal Officer   2227779
          3.    Civil Surgeon,Amritsar                                        Vice Chairman   2211864           2583630
          4.    S.E.Public Health/XEM                                         Vice Chairman   2543391           9417040065
          5     S.E.PWD B&R,Division No1                                      Vice Chairman   2274262           9814175310
          6.    S.E.PWD B&R Division No.2                                     Vice Chairman   2274262
          7.    Chief Engineer,PSEB,Amritsar                                  Vice Chairman   2222065           964613002
          8.    District Commandant Home Guard & Civil Defense, Amritsar      Member          2582565           9814447004
          9.    Add.Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar (G)                         Member          2226363           2226464
          10.   Addl. Deputy Commissioner,Amritsar (Dev)                      Member          2226868           2229622
          11.   Sub Divisional Magistrate, Amritsar-I                         Member          2226928           9855108091
          12.   Sub Divisional Magistrate, Amritsar-II                        Member          2228303           9872599055
          13.   Sub Divisional Magistrate, Ajanla .                           Member          01858221037       9855171105
          14.   Sub Divisional Magistrate, Baba Bakala .                      Member          0185345510        9779730055
          15.   Divisional Town Planner, Amritsar                             Member          2220406           9501014058
          16.   District Transport Officer,Amritsar                           Member          2565244           2507560
          17.   Xen, Drainage Division Amritsar                               Member          2566197           9417089863
          18.   Xen, Amritsar Bari Doab Division                              Member          2566246           9915888871
          19.   MTP , Municipal Corporation , Amritsar                        Member          25536283          9814675355
          20.   District Food &Supply Controller, Amritsar.                   Member          2564966           9464168104
          21.   Deputy Director Animal Husbandry, Amritsar.                   Member          2536283           9814675355
          22.   S.E.P.S.E.B Amritsar city / Rural                             Member          2545882/2504669   9446113004
          23.   District Education Officer,Amritsar Elementary                Member          2228979           9815529371
          24.   District Education Officer,Amritsar Secondary                 Member          22258961          9888713838
          25.   General Manager, Telephone, Amritsar.                         Member          2563566           9417022225
          26.   Squadron Leader, Air Force , Raja Sansi.                      Member          2214072,2501072
Regional R27.   Regional Coordinator, Nehru Yuva Kender, Amritsar .           Member          2210870           9814299026
          28.   Divisional Fire Officer, Municipal Corporation, Amritsar.     Member          2541111           -
          29.   Major General, Division Head Quarter 15 Infantry C/O 56 APO   Member          280199,2803203    -
          30.   Secy Red Cross Society ,Amritsar Member                       Member          2500598           9814095007
          31.   Shri Surjit Sharma, Chief Wardren,Civil Defence .             Member          2274243           9914081889
          32.   President Amritsar Rotary Club,Amritsar Central .             Member          -                 -
          33.   President Amritsar Rotary Club,Amritsar Civil Lines           Member          -                 -
          34.   President Amritsar Rotary Club,Amritsar North                 Member          -                 -
          35.   President Amritsar Rotary Club, Amritsar Cantt.               Member          -                 -
          36.   President Amritsar Rotary Club,Amritsar Mid Town              Member          -                 -
          37.   Head,Deptt of Physics,GNDU,Amritsar                           Member          2258802




                     DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                              119
              38.    Head, Deptt of Physics, Saint Frances School, Amritsar.   Member              2226285
              39.    Head,DepttofPhysics,Khalsa College,Amritsar               Member              5071722

               40.
Head,Deptt of Physics,Khalsa College for Women,Amritsar Member                 Member              22558207
               41.
              Sh. Rajbeer Singh Alluwaliya, Amritsar                           Distt Coordinator              9417127792
               Mr.
M M mmm; 42. Prashant Gautam                                                   Project Officer                9872754680
                Miss. Rinkal Mahajan
               43.                                                             Project Officer                9779344411




                          DUTIES OF MEMBERS OF CORE COMMITTEE

                          Deputy commissioner/chairman shall:
                            1.     Summon a meeting of the district Crisis Management Committee if
                                   required & Assistant commissioner (Gen) shall ensure attendance of
                                   all members by informing them well in advance.
                            2.     Implement the concerned contingency plan.
                            3.     Coordinate the activities of various agencies/ organization.
                            4.     If necessary invoke, help from the local Army Unit, the state
                                   Government and even from the Central Government (Format for
                                   requisitioning the help from the Army is enclosed as Annexure-“A”)

                          Senior Superintendent of Police amritsar/ajnala/baba bakala, vice
                          chairman/vice chair person shall:
                             1.   Arrange to give initial information to the DM and SDMs though
                                  Police Control rooms.
                             2.   Maintain Law and Order after such an incident. He will take all steps
                                  to ensure safety of life and property of every citizen in consultation
                                  with the district Magistrate. He will also take steps to cordon off the
                                  hospital area from the mob.
                             3.   Establish nakas after the incident to apprehend the culprits.
                             4.   Assist the rescue teams in shifting the injured to the hospital.
                             5.   Conduct traffic control operation at the site of the emergency.
                             6.   Control entry to the emergency area by establishing various naka
                                  points.
                             7.   Protect the vital installation and the religious institutions during
                                  sensitive situations
                             8.   Provide assistance in arranging for evacuation and shelter points for
                                  the evacuees.
                             9.   Provide the wireless communication facility where ever required
                                  urgently by the DM.
                             10.  Take effective steps to make necessary security arrangements to
                                  guard the evacuated residential areas round the clock and protect
                                  property and belongings left behind by the evacuees even in war
                                  situations. Carry out other function as laid down in the Internal
                                  security scheme.
                             11.  Provide flood lights where ever possible.

                          CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER/ MEMBER SHALL



                          DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                       120
   1.    Mobilize and coordinate the emergency medical and Health Service
         consisting of:
         a) Emergency treatment in the Hospital and ambulance service to
            the injured and needy.
         b) Casualty service including managing of first Aid posts in the
            affected areas.
         c) Transporting the seriously injured persons to the bigger &
            specialized hospitals with adequate facilities equipment 7
            specialist doctors.
         d) Health and OPD service in the community shelters in case of
            evacuation.
         e) Setting up mobile medical teams to visit the affected areas to
            provide health services, especially to the handicapped, children,
            old age persons and women.
         f) Ensure adequate supply of medical drugs and services.

   2.    Ensure postmortem of the dead bodies getting conducted
         expeditiously.
   3.    Provide chlorine tablets or other water purifier medicines required.
   4.    Provide inoculation/vaccination against various epidemic diseases
         especially to the children & women.
         a) To keep a check on the quality hygiene of food being served in
            the relief centers and the area around it.
         b) To provide veterinary services in the affected areas centers in
            consultation with DDAH.
   5.    Co-opt & coordinate the activities of various voluntary organizations
         such as Red Cross and others.

SE/EXECUTIVE ENGINEER, PUBLIC HEALTH SHALL:
   1.  Ensure sufficient supply of clean and potable drinking water during
       the crisis at the site and at the evacuation and relief centers.
   2.  Ensure availability of sufficient number of water tankers for supply
       of the drinking water.
   3.  Supply sufficient number of pipes for barricading wherever required
       by the Deputy Commissioner.
   4.  Establish temporary latrines/urinals/evacuation centers.

EXECUTIVE ENGINEER, PWD, PROVL. DIVISION SHALL
  1.  Extend necessary help in construction of road diversions and other
      civil works during crisis situations.
  2.  Help in arranging the mechanical equipment whenever required.
  3.  Carry out rescue operation during a building collapse.


SUPERINTENDING ENGINEER PSEB, AMRITSAR SHALL



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             121
   1.     Ensure uninterrupted electricity supply to all important installations
          specially the relief centers, district administration officials and
          hospitals.
   2.     Isolate the affected/damaged area in case of fire floods and
          earthquake etc.
   3.     Ensure restoration of electricity supply to the affected areas as soon
          as possible.
   4.     Make provision of flood lights, search lights, emergency lights, etc.
          during the right operations. He shall also ensure availability of
          electric generators if necessary.

ADDITIONAL DEPUTY COMMISSIONER, AMRITSAR SHALL
  1.   Assist the District Magistrate in discharging his functions as required
       by him, from time to time.
  2.   He is also the Officer In Charge, Police Control Room for handling
       Law and Order situations.

COMMANDANT HOME GAURDS AMRITSAR SHALL ENSURE
AVAILABILITY OF HOME GUARDS AT THE DISPOSAL OF THE
DISTRICT CORE COMMITTEE
  1.   For fire fighting operations.
  2.   Rescue operations during natural calamities like floods.
  3.   To provide Assistance for setting up relief & evacuation centers.
  4.   For other kinds of medical assistance required for shifting injured to
       the hospitals etc.
  5.   To provide assistance to police forces for maintaining proper
       security and law and order duties.

DISTRICT TRANSPORT OFFICER SHALL:
  1.   Provide transport mechanism for evacuation in the form of private
       buses, trucks, tempos, taxies etc.
  2.   Requisition the Government vehicles for evacuation and relief
       operations (Format for the requisition the transport devices is
       appended as annexure-“B”).
  3.   Make arrangements for trucks/tempos for transportation of flood
       stocks, essential commodities/persons/live stocks etc.
  4.   Arrange private buses for transportation of persons etc, and taxis for
       transportation of injured.

GENERAL MANAGER, PUNJAB ROADWAYS AMRITSAR I AND II,
AJNALA AND BABA BAKALA SHALL:
  1.  Ensure availability of government buses for the relief operation.
  2.  Ensure availability of sufficient number of drivers and conductors
      during roadways strikes and Bundh call given by various
      organization.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               122
   3.      ensure parking of buses at safe places like police lines and police
           stations during emergencies/Bundh calls.\/strikes etc.
CONCEPT OF OPERATION
The responsibility to manage all sorts of disasters in the district rests with the
District Disaster Management Committee” headed by
    THE DEPUTY COMMISSIONER-CUM-DISTRICT MAGISTRATE:-
       Amritsar, who may depending upon the gravity of the situation, seek the
       help of the „State Crisis Management Committee” and the “National
       Crisis Management Committee”.

FOR OPERATIONAL EXPEDIENCY THE CONCERNED
   SUB DIVISIONAL MAGISTRATE, DEPUTY SUPERINTENDENT
     OF POLICE (D.S.P),
   STATION HOUSE OFFICER AND TEHSILDAR with their
     subordinate staff will swing into action immediately after receipt of
     information regarding any disaster.
   THE S.D.O/S.D.M will immediately take over as site emergency
     Director (SED) and D.P. as Additional Site Emergency Director
     (ASED)
   They will be at their best to contain the situation with the available local
     resources. However, if they find that the situation is beyond their control
     and the district level response mobilization is required. They will seek
     the help of their superior or call the meeting of disaster /management
     Committee.

4.3.3 District Crisis Management Group

In District Amritsar a Crisis Management Group (CMG) has been functioning
as core group to take emergency decisions in disaster situations. This group
convenes emergency meetings only and when there is an emergency situation in
the district. In
normal condition the District Crisis Management Group (CMG) is expected to
meet biannually to assess the situation where as in case of disasters it has to
meet frequently with the following functions:
1. To take stoke of the situation
2. Assist the Deputy Commissioner cum Incident Commander to take
appropriate decision in managing the disaster
3. Deciding the way of immediate operation in disaster relief and rehabilitation
works
4. Any other as per the need of the time.

This is a core group with confidential in nature. It is not mandatory to share eth
decisions taken in the Crisis Management Group to share with others. The
members of the CMG in District Amritsar are:

Sr.No. Original Member                 Designation      Phone         (R)


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 123
                                                  on              No’s (O)
            1       Deputy Commissioner           Chairman
            2       Additional         District   Convener
                    Magistrate
            3       Member of Parliament          Member
                    form Amritsar District
            4       Chairman of the District      Member
                    Development Committee
            5       Deputy Commissioner of        Member
                    Police
            6       District Project Officer      Reporting
                    (DPO)-                        Secretary


Designation  Responsibilities
Deputy             Over all planning coordination and supervision of the Disaster Management
Commissioner    initiatives including Disaster Risk Management Programme
Incident
Commander          Act as Incident Commander during disaster

Chairman              To implementing District Disaster Risk Management Programme in consultation
                    of DDMC at district level

                   To direct and coordinate district administration through various departments and
Add. District   line agencies for the disaster Management
Magistrate
Convener           To set up the District Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) and facilitate setting up
                of mobile coordination
                   To constitution of DMCs and DMTs at Sub-division, wards and Committee level.

                      To ensure preparedness among communities by generating awareness and
                    building capacities.

                      To ensure community participation in all the stages of disaster operation in order
                    to maintain community morale an confidence, maximize the use of local resource,
                    reduce the cost of operation and promote a faster recovery.

                      To coordinate activities of voluntary organization and NGOs to ensure
                    community participation.

                      To facilitate DMTs for preparing Community Disaster Management plans.

                      To procure/ hire/ purchase/ pre-contract material for the DRM

                      To coordinate with all fields of responses including transit camps, relief camps,


            DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              124
                    feeding centers and cattle camps in an emergency.

                      To facilitate updating of the IDRN and other DRM web site

                      To chair the DDMC meeting in a regular period of time.

                       To supervise and monitoring of disaster management and relief activities within
                    the district.

                      To report to the Divisional Commissioner officer as per notification.

                      To implement district level mock drills at least biannually.

                      Any either as per the need and direction of the Divisional Commissioner or the
                    higher authority.

                       To convene DDMC meeting in regular period of times and circulate minutes of
                    the meeting among the members.

                       To coordinate with the Chairman of DDMC and assist to carry out any DRM
                    activities in the District.

                     To officiate the DDMC meeting and other proceedings in the absence of DC/
                    Chairman of DDMC.

                      To prepare and send timely report of the DRM as well as the minutes of the to the
                    Div Com office.

                     To facilitate coordination of all line departments in the Dt. For the disaster
                    management.

                       Any other responsibility as the Incident Commander cum Chairman of DDMC
                    allocated, as per the Disaster Management Act.

MP, MLAs              To ensure that the stakeholders and line departments are carrying out the roles and
                    responsibilities properly

MCD                   To lobby for disaster management in the policy formulation meetings
Councilors
                      To oversee and endorse community based Disaster Management Plan
                      To assist the implementation of District Disaster Risk Management Plan
Members
                      To assist in mass mobilization/ campaigns for community awareness.

                      To help the Deputy Commissioner during emergency and providing appropriate


             DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              125
                     help especially in the area of warning dissemination, search and rescue, distributing
                     relief material and damage assessment etc.
Sub                     Responsible for disaster management in their sub-divisions.
Divisional              To coordinate with Deputy Commissioner in all the activities of the DRM
Magistrates          carrying out in their own sub division.
                        To facilitate and coordinate preparation of sub-division Disaster Management
                     Plans.
Members                 To constitute and coordinate Sub-Division Disaster Management Committee
                        To facilitate preparation of Community/ School/ hospital disaster management
ALL     other        plans in their own sub divisions.
members of              To exercise Sub-Divisional mock drills at least biannually
DDMC                    To report to Deputy Commissioner periodically on progress in the DRM
                        To head the Onsite EOC and its team in rapid assessment and follow up action in
(Amritsar)
                     time of Emergency.
                        Any other responsibility as the Incident Commander cum Chairman of DDMC
                     allocates, as per the Disaster Management Act.

                        To assist the Deputy Commissioner in preparation of District Disaster
                     Management Plan.
                        To prepare Disaster Management Plan for his/ her own Department (DMPD) and
                     the subordinate units of the department like police stations, duty stations, vital
                     installations, schools, hospitals etc.
                        To convey such (DMPDs) to the Emergency operation Centre (EOC Amritsar).
                        To provide desirable staff for disasters preparedness among communities by
                     generating awareness and building capacities
                        To assist in preparation of Community Based Disaster Management plan (CBDM)
                     and training to the DMTs for various operations of disasters.
                        To organize regular sensitization cum training on disaster management for their
                     own departmental staff.
                        To constitute/update and train Quick Response Teams (QRTs) and Field Response
                     Teams (FRTs) at their department level
                        To coordinate the Support Agencies of the Emergency Support Functions(ESFs)
                     and organize periodic meetings
                        To organize Mock Drills in their own departments level and the subordinate units
                     level biannually in coordination with the DC (Amritsar)
                        To assist the functioning of District emergency Operation Centre
                        To coordinate with the Dy. Commissioner during emergency and providing
                     appropriate help
                        To report to the Chairman of DDMC periodically on progress on disaster
                     preparedness in their department
                        To provide all possible human resource/equipment resources/communication
                     resources available in the department to the Incident Commander in a disaster
                     situation
                        To provide all possible human resource/equipment resources to the deputy
                     commissioner for organizing training programmes on disaster management.


              DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             126
                        To promote the disaster resistant technologies and seismic engineering in
                     construction pertaining to the department.
                        To negotiate/implement retrofitting methods for the existing vital/lifeline
                     installations under the department
                        Any other responsibility as the Incident Commander cum Chairman of DDMC
                     allocates, as per the Disaster Management Act.
District            To assist the Dy. Commissioner in preparation of District Disaster Management Plan
Information          (DDMP)
Officer             To update the India Disaster Resource Network (www.idrn.gov.nic.in) web site and
                     other such web portals launched by the government and the district.
                    To prepare Disaster Management Plan for his/her own Department (DMPD) and
                     convey the same to the Emergency operation Centre (EOC Amritsar).
(Amritsar)          To constitute/update and train Quick Response Teams (QRTs) and Field Response
                     Teams (FRTs) at their department level
Member              To coordinate the Support Agencies of the Emergency Support Functions(ESFs) and
                     organize periodic meetings
                    To organize Mock Drills in their own departments level and the subordinate units
                     level biannually in coordination with the DC (Amritsar).
                    To assist the functioning of District emergency Operation Centre
                    To provide all possible human resource/equipment resources/communication
                     resources available in the department to the Incident Commander in a disaster
                     situation and for training
                    Any other responsibility as the Incident Commander cum Chairman of DDMC
                     allocates, as per the Disaster Management Act.
District            To assist the Convener of the DDMC in organizing the its meeting/reporting and
Project              circulating minutes of the meeting
Officer             To assist the DDMC Chairman in exercising the day to day affairs of the Emergency
                     Operation Centre
(Amritsar)          To assist the Chairman in implementing the DRM programme in the district.
                    To assist the Convener of the DDMC in preparing periodic reports of DRM
                     programme in the District and any other documents/reports pertaining to disaster
                     management.
                    To negotiate with UNDP/NGOs/INGOs/and other bilateral agencies in
Ex-Officio           implementation of the DRM Programme.
Member              Any other responsibility as the Incident Commander cum Chairman of DDMC
                     allocates, as per the Disaster Management Act.


             4.3.4 District Working Groups

             District Disaster Management Committee is a multi-disciplinary committee for
             disaster management activities in the district. It is broad in nature. The major
             functions of this committee are related to preparedness, mitigation and
             planning of disaster management. In order to simplify the functions of the



             DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               127
DDMC, three working groups are constituted in Amritsar with certain focused
functions. These are:-

1. Working group for preparedness and mitigation
2. Working group for relief and rehabilitation
3. Working group for district plan review and updation

Working Group for Preparedness and Mitigation will be responsible for all
disaster management preparedness and mitigation activities in the district. They
may direct and review the preparedness measures in the district. Also they
assist the DDMC in coordinating preparedness activities in line departments
and organizations. The major preparedness measures are:

    Overlooking and monitoring awareness programmes of the public
     and government departments
    Organizing/ overlooking training and capacity building
     programmes for the task forces, various committees and staff of line
     departments
    Facilitate    preparation     of     disaster      management     in
     schools/hospitals/Territory of Resident Welfare Associations and
     institutions.
    Initate and monitor mock drills in various levels.
    Lobbyimg for policy formulation for disaster management

It is mandatory for all institutions in District Amritsar- viz. schools, colleges,
hospitals, cinema halls, any other big institution where more than 50 people
gather ata a time or different times in a day- to prepare their own disaster
management plans based on the guidelines issued time to time by the district
administration and to share a copy of the same with this working group. Also
they may execute the modifications provided by this group and intimate
changes they made in the plan document.

Working Group for Relief and Rehabilitation is to assist the Incident
Commander particularly in a disaster situation. They will be responsible for all
relief and rehabilitation related activities in the district, in case of a disaster. It is
their responsibility to prepare code of rehabilitation and updating it early in
advance of a disaster. Other functions of the group are:

• Preparation and updation of necessary formats and Performa for disaster
assessment, monitoring, relief distribution and situation reports
• Identifying storage spaces and go downs for collecting relief materials.
• Engaging in to pre-contract well in advance
• Fair and transparent distribution of relief materials
• Prepare strategy for rehabilitation
This working group under the direction of the Incident Commander Amritsar
has full power to occupy/take over any vital installations - viz. schools, collages,


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                         128
hospitals, Cinema Halls, underground godowns, or any other big institution
where they feel that sufficient storage facility is there – for storage of relief
materials or any other thing during or immediately after a disaster.

Working Group for District Plan Review and Updation is exclusively for the
disaster management plan updation. They have to review the existing district
plan biannually and suggest amendments in it. Each revised version of the
District plan shall be circulated to each member of the DDMC and ESF timely.
Similarly they will look after plan documents of all line
Departments/Organizations and suggest modifications as well as monitor
progress of Community/school/Hospital disaster management plan preparation.

It is mandatory for all institutions in District Amritsar - viz. schools, collages,
hospitals, cinema halls, any other big institution where more than 50 people
gather at a time or different times in a day - to prepare their own disaster
management plans based on the guidelines issued time to time by the district
administration and to share a copy of the same with this working group. Also
they may execute the modifications provided by this group and intimate changes
they made in the plan document.

4.3.5 Block Disaster Management Committee (BDMC)

BDMC includes panchayati raj institutions, municipalities, a district board,
cantonment board, town planning authority or Zila Parishad or any other body
or authority, by whatever name called, for the time being invested by law, for
rendering essential services or, with the control and management of civic
services, within a specified local area. BDMC will make block disaster
preparedness and mitigation plan.

4.3.6 Village Disaster Management Committee (VDMC)

VDMC taking into consideration disaster at grass root level would act locally
supposed to report and take assistance with Block DM Committee.
Consequently Block DM Committee would acknowledge to District DM
Committee. District DM Committee will facilitate to react accordingly below
level committee and share the experiences and demand fund with State
Disaster Management Committee. VDMC will make block disaster
preparedness and mitigation plan.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  129
                              District Disaster
                               Management
                                Committee


   BDO                         Block Disaster                        CDPO
                               Management
                                Committee


              VAS                                           MO, PHC


                                     RWSS




                              GP DISASTER
                              MANAGEMENT
                               COMMITTEE


                              VILLAGE TASK
                                 FORCE



4.3.7 Emergency Operation Centre

District Amritsar shall have an exclusive Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) at
District Head Quarter other than the revenue control room. This shall be round
the clock set up with sufficient manpower and most modern equipments.
Considering the unique responsibility of the district Emergency Operation
Centre, the equipments provided to it shall not be taken to any purpose other
than disaster management. This centre is intended to coordinate all disaster
related activities in the district starting from preparedness to rehabilitation and
reconstruction.


There shall be permanent sitting place for each emergency Support Functions
(ESFs) in the EOC and they shall be provided with sufficient telephone


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  130
 connections. Only the Nodal ESFs are to sit in the EOC and coordinate the
 disaster management activities in the district with their support agencies. There
 shall be dedicated telephone lines and other communication facilities.

Available Equipments For Strengthening Of Eoc In District Amritsar
 Sr. No. Name of the Official                                No of Items
    1     Megaphones                                              22
    2     VHF sets                                                11
    3     Fire Extinguisher (3kg)                                 20
    4     Search Lights                                           50
    5     Torch(Four cells)                                       50
    6     Helmet with torch fitted imp.with battery and           50
          chargen
    7     Petro–max                                               50
          (2kg capacity)
    8     Electric drills                                         10
    9     Electric drill bit set ( complete sets of 19 bits)      10
   10     Screw driver set (taparia set of 6                      10
   11     Aluminums collapsible ladder (30 feet)                  10
   12     Rope ladder (30 feet)
   13     Life Jackets                                            10
   14     Face shield / visor                                     50
   15     Latexgloves                                             50
          (12”)
   16     Dust masks (3”)                                         50
   17     Safety Gloves lens                                      50
   18     Safety vest (florescent and waterproof)                 50
   19     Heavy duty work gloves                                  50
   20     Sleeping bag                                            50
   21     Blanket (wool mark)- 5*8 feet                           50
   22     Umbrella Raincoat                                      100
   23     Water cooler with purifier                              10
   24     Room Heater                                             20
   25     Fuel container-20 ltr capacity                          20
   26     First aid Box (complete with accessories                20
   27     Oxygen cylinder                                         10
   28     Folding stretcher                                       20


 4.3.8 Role of Emergency Operation Centre in Normal Time

 The Deputy Commissioner of District Amritsar is empowered to appoint an
 Administrative Officer as Officer-in-charge of EOC. He will be responsible for
 the effective functioning of the EOC. Responsibilities of the EOC in charge in
 normal time


 DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                131
Include
1. Ensure that all equipments in the EOC are in working condition;
2. Collection data on routine basis from line departments for disaster
management
3. Develop status reports of preparedness and mitigation activities in the
district;
4. Ensure appropriate implementation of District Disaster Management Plan
5. Maintenance of data bank with regular updating
6. Activate the trigger mechanism on receipt of disaster warning/occurrence of
disaster

4.3.9 Role of Emergency Operation Centre during Disaster

On the basis of the message received from the forecasting agencies, warning has
to be issued for the general public and the departments, which play a vital role
during emergencies. Issuing correct and timely warning would be one of the
prime responsibilities of EOC. For effective dissemination of warning EOC
should have a well- planned line of communication. The DC shall be the
competent authority to disseminate a disaster warning. The warning on
occurrence of a disaster will also be communicated to:
1. All Emergency Support Functions
2. Members of DDMC-Amritsar
3. Hospitals in the disaster area/CAT etc
4. Office of Divisional Commissioner
5. State Relief Commissioner
6. Emergency Operation Centre in the neighboring districts
7. National/State Emergency Operation Centre
8. People‟s representatives from the district

Apart from this the District Emergency Operation Centre must arrange desks for
the Emergency Support Function in its complex for better coordination and
help. Simultaneously the onsite EOCs are to be set up with the help of the
district EOC.
Constant communication between the State EOC, District EOC and Onsite EOC
is mandatory for updates on the disaster, which happened.

4.4 Incident Command System In Amritsar

The Amritsar District Collector is the Incidental Commander to activate the
command system and to control and coordinate the resources required at the site
of disaster. The ICS is a model tool to command, coordinate and use of
resources at the site of the incident. It is based on the management and direction
tools that experts and managers are already aware to. It is very flexible, cost
effective and efficient management system.

In Incident Command System under the Deputy Commissioner Amritsar, there


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 132
shall be an operation section with a chief and associates, planning section with a
leader and associates, logistic section with a leader and section chief and finance
section with a leader and associates. All team leaders will be in the rank of
ADM/Line Department Heads in the district who are senior level officer.

Tree Diagram 4.1 The Incident Command System

                     Incident Commander


                                                  Information Officer
                                                    (DIO-Amritsar)



                                                  Liaison Officer (DPO-
                                                        Amritsar)



                                                       Safety Officer
                                                      (BDO-Amritsar)



     Operations         Planning              Logistic            Finance/Adm
     Section            Section               Section             n Section
     Chief              Chief (DC-            Chief (DC-          Chief (DC-
     (ADM)              SDM-HQ)               MCD)                JAO)




4.4.1 Major Functions of Incident Commander

The general functions of the Incident Commander are as follows:
• To create and integrate communication flow during emergency period
• To manage incident scene, and report through integrated and coordinated
command plan
• To facilitate procedures and protocols according to ESF Departments within
District as well as State and Central Government.
• To put the communication system in place to receive, record, acknowledge
incoming and outgoing information of any form during the disaster
• To mange resources as per their availability such as– distribution of relief
material with ESF agencies required during emergency etc
• Monitoring functional areas during and post disaster phase



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   133
Besides these general functions, the Incident Commander has to perform certain
specific functions. They are:
1. Size up the situation
2. Determine if human life is at immediate risk
3. Establish immediate objectives
4. Determine if there are enough and right kind of resources on site and/or
ordered
5. Develop immediate action plan
6. Establish an initial organization
7. Review and modify objectives and adjust the action plan as necessary

4.4.2 Major Functions of Operation Section Chief

    Responsible for management of all operations directly applicable to
     primary mission
    Activates and supervises organization elements in accordance with the
     Incident Action Plan and directs its execution
    Determine need and request additional resources
    Review suggested list of resources to be rebased and initiate
     recommendation for release of resources
    Report Information about special activities, events or occurrences to
     Incident Commander
    Maintain Unit / Activity details

4.4.3 Major Functions of Planning Section Chief

    Collection, evaluation, dissemination and use of information about the
     development of incident and status of resources. Information is needed
     to
        o Understand the current situation
        o Supervise preparation of Immediate Action Plan (IAP)
    Provide input to IC and Operation Chief in preparation of IAP
    Reassign of service personnel already on site to other positions as
     appropriate
    Determine need for any specialized resources in support of the incident

Establish information requirements and reporting schedules for Planning
Section

4.4.4 Major Functions of Logistic Section Chief

The logistic section chief is responsible for providing facilities, services and

4.4.5 Major Functions of Finance Section Chief

The Finance section is basically of the administration and managing finance.

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                      134
The major roles of this section includes managing
1. Incident Command Post
2. Staging Areas
3. Base
4. Camps
The Finance /Administration Section Chief has to be given the incident facilities
as

Staging Areas: i.e. temporary location where personnel and equipment are kept
while waiting assignment
    Shall be located within 5 min travel time to the area of incident.
    To be set up to meet specific functional needs
    Shall include temporary feeling and sanitation facilities

Advantage of using staging areas:

• Provide locations for immediately available resources to await assignment
• Provide for greater accountability by having available personnel and resources
in one safe location


4.4.6 Onsite Emergency Operation Centers

Onsite Emergency Operation Centers (OEOC) are complimentary units to
District Emergency Operation Center in the district (EOC), which will operate
close to the disaster sites and will be linked directly with the District Emergency
Operations Centre.

District Amritsar has designated three OEOCs, which are located in Ajnala Fire
Station Complex, Baba Bakala SDM Office Complex and Baba Bakala Police
Station Complex. These strategic locations will help to cover operations in a
calamity in the district in maximum five minutes time.

The concerned SDM will be the Commander-in-chief at this level and would be
responsible of coordinating its functions as per the direction of the Incident
Commander with the help of the Incident Management Teams (IMT) with
him/her. The OEOCs are physically activated only in time of a disaster. The
concerned SDM of the OEOC unit would be responsible to execute activities at
disaster site; however the tasks would be controlled and coordinated from EOC
through nodal desk officers.

4.5 EMERGENCY SUPPORT FUNCTIONS

This is an additional feature in the new mechanism of disaster management. A
concerted effort of various agencies is required to manage a disaster. Usually
the agencies are able to perform the required function, but lack of proper


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  135
coordination leaves them under-utilized. To avoid this type of problem, a new
mechanism called Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) are formulated in
Amritsar District.




EARLY WARNING DISSEMINATION




4.6 DISASTER MANAGEMENT TEAMS

Each ESF should be well prepared to set up its coordination desks in all three
Onsite EOCs as well as in the District EOC at the time of disaster. With this
intention, they have to designate a nodal officer and an alternate nodal officer
with specific responsibility. Besides they have to constitute a Head Quarter
Team as well as Quick Response Teams (QRTs) and minimum three Field
Response Teams (FRTs) with at least five members each.
The name and address of the team members shall be updated time to time with a
test contact number. It is the function of the Working Group - III for plan


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               136
review and updation, to coordinate the disaster management teams. The
supporting agencies will directly report to the nodal agency and the nodal
agency will report to the Incident Commander regarding its functions.


4.7 CONTROL ROOM
       During any crisis, all activities of crisis management shall be conducted
from the Central Control Room. From this centre, the necessary command shall
be issued, action thereon shall be coordinated and the information shall flow
down the line.
       Two traditional Control Room for facing Law and Order problems are
located in Police lines of Amritsar with telephone number and function round
the clock. These are equipped with wireless/ R.T. Sets and telephone sets (Both
P & T and Hot lines).

      In case of emergency, if required by grave situations, Deputy
Commissioner's Committee Room which is connected with the Court Room of
the Deputy Commissioner and is rquipped with telephone no. 2226161 as well
as Hot line and Intercom facilities, connecting all important Revenue and
Development Officers of the District headquarters, will be converted into
"Emergency Control Room".

        Generally, this control room functions from 9.00 AM to 5.00 PM during
working hours/ days, but if emergent situation arises, this will function round
the clock and Executive Magistrate or an ADC nominated by the District
Magistrate/ Chairman, District Disaster Management Committee shall be
available here round the clock. Considering the local circumstances of the
district. Round the clock running of this Control Room is not required
throughout the year.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               137
                                                                          OTHER OFFICIALS RESOU
                                                                          TO BE INVOLVED              RCES/
           ACTIVITIES                                                                                 EQUIP
PHAS
E                                                                                                     MENT
                                                                                                      S     TO
                                                                                                      BE
                                                                                                      PROC
                                                                                                      URRE
                                                                                                      D
                                                                                                      FROM
            Preparedness Before the Disaster:                             All      District    level Principa
              Reviewing and analyzing the calamity situation in the      officials.                  l
                district over the next one-year through a meeting at                                  Commis
                the District level involving all the departments of the   ADC, EAC, SDO, CO           sioner,
                district as well as block and GP levels and the locally                               Director
                active NGOs/CBOs                                          DRRO/FO (DRM)               ate     o
              Identifying disaster prone zones and strategies to stay                                RR&D
                prepared for the worst.                                   DRRO/FO (DRM)               M,
              Ensure IEC through Emergency section/BDO’s                                             Itanagar
                /COs/NGO’s /AW centers                 /Street plays/     All BDOs
                Workshops / Wallings.                                                                 POLICE
              Reviewing the DCR and making it functional as per          DIPRO             (District /FIRE
                SOP fixed by him (SOP to be prepared earlier)             Information and Public
              Making the DCR well equipped and depute senior             Relation Officer.)          R&B/N
                officers from time to time to review the receipt of                                   H
                information and dissemination.                            BDOs, CDPOs
              Calling a meeting for NGO/CBO co-ordination. And                                       DIPR,
                discuss issues such as Capacity assessment of                                         Director
Pre-            different NGOs/CBOs and ask them to adopt certain         DRRO/FO                     ate     o
Disaster        vulnerable areas to avoid overlapping and duplicity.                                  RR&D
              Preparing a checklist (containing the dos and don‟ts)                                  M,
                and pass that on to the NGOs/CBOs                                                     Itanagar
              Ensuring/installing communication system to the            DRRO/DFCSO
                inaccessible villages.                                                                RR&D
              Checking stock of the Public distribution system and       Police,                     M Dept
                arrangement of the temporary godwons.                     Fire, Civil Defense.
              Checking the Resources with other department such                                      Civil
                as Police, Fire, Civil Defense and of                                                 Defense
                NSS/NCC/NYKS.                                             DRRO/FO (DRM)
              Keeping stock of road cleaning equipments           and                                Comma
                vehicles for relief operation.                                                        ndant/co
              Assigning specific duties to different officers/Sr.                                    ordinato
                Officers at Headquarters.                                                             r       o
              Staying in constant touch with other line departments.                                 NCC/N
              Ensuring proper functioning of warning systems                                         SS/NY
                & communication systems.                                                              KS/Ho


           DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                138
    Ensuring Mock drill of the rescue and relief                                      me
    teams.                                                                             Deptt
  Preparing a map showing the location of
    temporary shelter camps and cyclone shelters with                                  Director
    accessibility.                                                                     ate   o
  Identifying flood/cyclone Shelter/Temporary                                         RR&D
    shelter in high elevated places and arrangement of                                 M,
    tents etc                                                                          Itanagar
  Identifying and mapping of Disaster (of all kinds)
    Prone areas
  Ensuring formation of village level Disaster
    Management Committee through Block Development
    officers.                                                All      District level
                                                             officials.
                                                             All EACs.
Dissemination of Warning:                                    All COs.
  Receiving Warning from reliable sources and All BDOs
    crosschecking them for authenticity.                     DIPRO.
  Disseminating warning to District level officials Dist. Fisheries Officer.          Director
    /Revenue field functionaries /PRIs & coordination Leading NGOs.                    ate   o
    with the Revenue control room                             Police.                  RR&D
  Keeping the Control Room active round the clock.                                    M,
  Distributing duties to the District level officials, Sub-                           Itanagar
    collectors, Tahasildars and BDOs.
  Arranging vehicles and public address systems for
    information dissemination.
  Establishing coordination with the NGOs/CBOs and
    the village communities and assigning them duties.
  Issuing       warning      to     fisherman       through
    Tahasildars/Dist. Fisheries officer/Asst. Director
    fisheries, well in advance
  Asking the people in the vulnerable areas to move to
    the shelters and to move their domesticated animals
    to safer places and to cooperate with the volunteers
    and other officials engaged in similar activities




                                                                                       VHF
                                                                                       from th
                                                                                       Police/D
                                                                                       ept o
                                                                                       RR&D
                                                                                       M.
                                                                                       HAM
                                                                                       RADIO


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                            139
                                                                                      from
                                                                                      Dept o
                                                                                      RR&D
                                                                                      M.
                                                                                      Mike-
                                                                                      set
                                                                                      /Batterie
                                                                                      s/Gener
                                                                                      ators
                                                                                      availabl
                                                                                      e in th
                                                                                      district
                                                                                      office o
                                                                                      DIPRO/
                                                                                      from th
                                                                                      Private
                                                                                      parties
                                                                                      on
                                                                                      requisiti
                                                                                      on

                                                              Police                  1.Power
                                                              Fire Brigade.           Boats
           Search, Rescue and Evacuation:                     Leading NGO.            /Countr
             To co-ordinate with Civil defense, NGOs/CBOs. COs.                      y
               /Police for support.                           BDOs.                   Boats/v
             Arrangement & Deployment of boats/vehicles etc. Programme         Co-   hicle/ro
During         for evacuation                                 coordinators of         pe/rescu
Disaster     Evacuating people from marooned areas and         NSS/NCC/Defense       e     kit
               administer emergent relief.                    units.                  and
             Organizing trained task force members and deputing                      trained
              to be marooned & Cut-off areas for evacuation.                          resource
             Deployment of police for maintaining discipline and                     personn
              peace keeping during evacuation                                         el from
             Mobilizing people to move to flood/cyclone shelters.                    Dept o
             Deployment       of   Power      Boat/Country     Boat                  RR&
              (Govt./Private) for evacuation wherever necessary.                      DM/Civ
             Deployment of Police/Fire Brigade for search and                        il
              rescue.                                                                 Defense
             Co-ordination       with      the      NCC/NSS/Civil                    / Hire
              Defense/Rajya Sainik Board etc. for rescue operation                    from th
             Ensuring proper utilization of the rescue materials.                    private
             Providing Rescue kits at the affected areas                             parties
                                                                                      accordin
           Distribution of Relief Materials:                                          g to th
                                                                                      require


           DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                 140
  Keeping a record of the affected area and people so as                             ment
   to account for the relief materials needed.               DC,
  Procurement and transportation of relief materials to     DRRO, FO
   affected areas                                            SP
  Arrangement of free kitchen in the shelter camps &        DMO,
   affected areas and assigning the responsibilities to      DVO,
   officials for proper distribution                         COs
  Coordinating with the NGOs/CBOs                           BDOs
  Encouraging other voluntary organizations from            Medical Officers
   outside for rescue and relief operation.                  Paramilitary Forces
  Distribution of basic medicines and disinfectants to      Police.
   prevent epidemic                                          PHED/IFCD.
  Ensuring Health care activities by the CDMO in the        /MVI/other          line
   shelter camps & through mobile Units/Temporary            departments
   Health in regular intervals                               Leading NGO              FCI,
  Ensuring Cattle health activities by the                                           Private
  DMO through Mobile units/Temporary Health camps                                    stockies
   in the affected areas                                                              t, SRC
  Ensuring that there is enough storage of food and                                  Directo
   pure water in the shelters.                                                        r
  Monitoring all the activities in the affected areas.                               Health
                                                                                      services
                                                                                      ,
                                                                                      Directo
                                                                                      r
                                                                                      Animal
                                                                                      Husban
                                                                                      dry,
                                                                                      PSUs/U
                                                                                      NICEF
                                                                                      UNDP/
                                                                                      Other
                                                                                      NGOs/I
                                                                                      NGOs



                                                                                    Cranes,
Short-term Measures:                                                                Road
                                                             All the district level cleaning
  Formation of special task force with             required officials /officers at equipme
   equipments.                                               district               nts,
  Assigning responsibilities for specific areas.            Headquarters/BDOs./D   Water
  Emergency cleaning of debris to                    enable UDA/POLICE/PARAM tankers,
   reconnaissance.                                           ILITARY FORCES and funds,
  Clearing fallen trees and branches from the      roads to other line departments vehicles


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             141
               facilitate local relief work.                                                Gen
Post-        Forming a work team carrying emergency tool kits.                             sets,
Disaster     Deployment of towing vehicles, earth moving                                   Earth
               equipments, cranes,                                                          moving
             Construction of temporary roads.                                              equipme
             Keeping National & other Highways clear from                                  nts,
               disaster effects                                                             seeds,
             Assessment of damage.                                                         fertilize
             Temporary supply of food, drinking water and                                  s, pum
               medicines to the shelters and affected areas                                 sets,
             Arrangement for safe shelter for animals.
             Providing the lighting facilities for shelter places.                         /Militar
             Deployment of home guards and constables to                                   y
               maintain law and order                                                       cantonm
             Providing temporary arrangements for income                                   ent /
               generation for the affected people                                           PHD,
             Drought resistance short duration paddy seeds to be                           IFCD,
               made available to farmers.                                                   District
             Encouraging NGOs/INGOs from outside to carry out                              Horticu
               restoration and reconstruction works                                         ture an
             Ensuring crop insurance                                                       Agricul
             Supervising all the activities                                                ure
           Long Term Measures                                        DDMC & Action groups   Office
             Immediate restoration of Road communication,.
               Irrigation system, Educational institutions, Govt.
               Institutions, Electrical installation, Drinking water
               supply, Construction of IAY houses for the BPL
               families and massive costal area plantation to
               maintain ecological balance.

             Meeting with district level officials /Officials at Head
              quarter and chalk out emergency plan with vulnerable
              areas and resource list
             Co-ordination meeting of NGOs /PRIs. &Assignment
              of duties.


                                                                                            Funds
                                                                                            from al
                                                                                            possible
                                                                                            Sources
                                                                                            Materia
             Pre-positioning of staff in the likely cut off areas All    District   level s      fo
             Arrange food and other basic requirement for officials/NGOs/CBOs/             tempora
              emergency response.                                  SDOs/     COs/ EACs/ ry
             Collect information from different areas and to act Officials of the District shelter


           DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                        142
     accordingly.                                           office/RR&DM    procure
    Co-ordination meeting with officials at Headquarters                   d from
     by 12 hours intervals and 24 hours intervals with the                  DFO/SR
     field officials.                                                       C/OSD
    Regular collection of situation report of the risk and                 MA/UN
     vulnerable areas from the officers assign for the                      DP/NG
     purpose.                                                               O/PSUs
    Provision for administering emergent relief and the                    etc.
     other basic needs                                                      Vehicle
    Contact with SRC for supply of Temporary shelter                       /Private
     materials.                                                             agencie
    Keeping in touch with CSO for supply of food                           .
     articles procuring from FCI/Whole sellers.                              Medica
    Deputation of        Volunteers to different probable                  require
     affected areas.                                                        ments
    Helping the evacuees for returning to their houses.                    from
    Immediate arrangement of free kitchen in the cut-off                   DMO
     and inaccessible areas                                                 Cattle
    Relief distribution.                                                   feed
    Monitoring of Relief distribution.                                     from
    Provision of drinking water                                            DVO
    Provision of Medical facilities.                                       Volunte
    Repair/Restoration of Roads.                                           ers
    Transportation of Relief and Human Resources




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                         143
                                 CHAPTER 5

                   DISASTER MITIGATION PLAN

A better disaster management with minimum vulnerability is possible only by
means of preparedness and mitigation measures. Maximum the disaster
preparedness, minimum the vulnerability. Neither a disaster can be prevented
nor diverted to any other place. The only possible thing is to minimize the
effect.
The changing concept of disaster management has taken its birth in mere
hypothesis. Today there is a paradigm shift in the approach to disaster
management from a culture of relief and rehabilitation to that of preparedness
and mitigation. In District
Amritsar, there shall be two approaches in disaster mitigation viz. structural
mitigation and non-structural mitigation.

5.1 NON-STRUCTURAL MITIGATION PLAN

Amritsar lies in the Gangetic Plain and de facto the eastern part of Amritsar is
considered as the worst for disasters like earthquake, flood and fire. If the entire
city falls in Zone IV, informally we can say that the East Amritsar is in Zone V,
which indicates the District, as at high risk to earthquake. The state is prone to
flood from river Yamuna and the consequence of flood becomes misery to the
eastern population especially. In addition to this, fire is a major concern for the
District as fire incidents have risen steeply in the last couple of decades. The
vulnerability of the district increases in fire accidents since most of the JJ
colonies and slums are thickly populated.

The non structural mitigation is basically framed in such a way that the whole
population of the district will be sensitized on disaster management and their
capacity is developed to cope up with a hazardous situation. District Amritsar
has specific plan for non-structural mitigation measures which is an ongoing
process in various spheres of life.

5.1.1 Preparedness Methodology

Instead of waiting for a disaster to occur and then to manage it, this concept
envisages to make people part of the management process. The plan contains a
series of measures for preparedness in schools, colleges, hospitals, and all other
vital institutions and ultimately the community itself. In a disaster management
cycle, preparedness shall be the first step. People of a given area have to be
guided to prepare their own coping mechanism. For this the district shall plan
various activities and reach out to the local level. The DDMC shall suggest apt
and proper methodology for preparedness on regular basis.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   144
5.1.2 Sensitization/Awareness Campaigns

The District administration must reach out to the local residents and general
public of the district with various level sensitization programmes. Sensitization
programmes shall be conducted for schools, hospitals, colleges, communities,
policy makers and all other specific sectors including rickshaw pullers.
Awareness on multi hazards and dos and don‟ts to solve it are most import and
basic for a human being to save him/herself. Disaster strikes everywhere
everyone irrespective of land, caste, creed, color, people, and gender. The basic
information shall be given in forms of booklets reading materials, audiovisual
material etc. The broad objectives of such programmes shall be as follows:

1. To bring awareness about disasters among the inmates of all institutions and
residents of all communities in Amritsar.
2. To pave way for strict enforcement of building rules in construction
departments and contractors.
3. Preparation of Building Evacuation Plans and training the general public on
basics of self defence thereby building capacities of school authorities and
saving lives in the event of an Earthquake or Fire accidents or any other
disaster.
4. To sensitize officers from the District Administration, Ministry of Education,
Ministry of Disaster Management, Amritsar Police, GTB Hospital, Amritsar
Fire Service and all other parallel agencies.


Different methods and techniques shall be utilized to spread awareness on
disaster in the district. Some sample techniques and methods are listed below:
• Public meetings and loud speaker announcements
• Group meetings of RWAs and other logical units
• Wall painting in the communities
• Distribution of reading materials to the general public
• Distribution of posters and other Information Education and Communication
(IEC) materials to children and community people
• Street plays, documentaries and films on the subject
• Use of electronic media, especially cable channels
• Quiz-painting competitions, special types of books, etc for students
• Any other means the DDMC feels apt and proper

5.1.3 Training and Capacity Building
A series of training programmes shall be organized for specialized groups like,
district DMTs, sub division and community level office bearers, teachers and
principals, doctors and engineers, architects and masons and builders and
contractors etc. All walks of people shall be trained. This can even be on
construction of buildings and other structures earth quake resistant.

• District northeast shall identify sensitization as one of the best tools to create


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   145
awareness programme and preparation of Community Based Disaster
Management planning. In this respect the DC NE shall organize a series of
programmes for the community people, Resident Welfare Organizations and
NGOs.
• There are organizations like Civil Defence, NYK, NCC, NSS etc, which have
thousands of volunteers from each nook and corners of the distinct. The district
must train their volunteers and the wardens of these bodies in the district, thus
people from various corners will be trained and sensitized in disaster
management and this can make a magnifying result.
• For better sustainability of disaster management, the DDMC shall think of
training CD & HG, NYK, NCC and NSS volunteers at the cost of the district
administration and they shall be given certificate of training, identity cards as
disaster managers. The DDMC can take appropriate decision for paying any
honorariums for their services.
• Training programmes shall be organized with RWAs and NGOs in the district
or they shall be funded for organizing such programmes. Corporate sponsors
shall be contacted to hold such massive training programmes.


5.1.4 Disaster Management Planning

It is a known fact that the entire state of Amritsar falls under Zone IV; in which
the East Amritsar is highly prone to multi hazards like earthquake. In addition,
fire is a major concern for the District as fire incidents have risen steeply in the
last couple of decades. The vulnerability of the district increases in fire
accidents since most of the JJ clusters and slums are thickly populated

The first responder of any disaster anywhere is none other than the local people
who are the victims too. Once a disaster has been occurred, many agencies like
NGOs, Military and Para Military Agencies as well as the Government
Agencies approach the area. But it takes time to start rescue and relief
operations by these agencies due to poor accessibility and approachability to the
disaster site and ignorance to the geographical situation of the affected area.
Taking all these in to stoke, the district shall organize various planning exercises
with the local bodies. In Amritsar District, RWAs are the prominent civil
society organizations under the Bhagidhari scheme. Each pocket and block has
at least one RWA or Community Development Organizations. The strategy of
planning shall be as follows:
1. The territory of each RWA can be taken as logical unit for planning
2. Where there is no RWA, similar local bodies or NGOs can be taken as
logical units
3. Where there is more than one RWA the Registered RWA/first formed
RWA/that, which has more public coverage and support, shall be taken in to
consideration.
4. Every school in the district, irrespective of size, shall be a logical unit
5. Every Hospital with more than 10 bed shall have Disaster management plans


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   146
6. All Cinema Halls, Clubs, religious centers etc where gatherings are possible,
shall have Disaster management plans
7. Every Government office/building/department shall have separate disaster
management plans
8. Every Merchant Traders Associations (MTA), shopping centers and district
centers
9. All industries in the district, irrespective of size and nature.

The predominant objectives of the initiative shall be:
1. To create awareness on disasters and disaster management among
community leaders and general public.
2. To prepare Disaster Management plan for each logical unit with Hazard and
Resource Maps.
3. To form Disaster Management Committees (DMC) and Task Forces within
the logical unit, to manage disasters and train them specifically.
4. To exercise Mock Drills in each Community in a regular interval of time
including evacuation exercises.

Each logical unit shall collect the template/modal plan document from the EOC
at the district administration and after preparation a copy of the same shall be
submitted to the EOC and the other shall be with the logical unit. This plan
document shall be updated at least bi annually and the update information shall
be given to the EOC in writing. The district EOC shall help the logical unit in
conducting the planning exercises as and when they request the same.

5.1.5 Disaster Resource Inventory

In a scenario of total damage due to disasters like earthquake or tornado, all
communication system disrupts and disaster managers become armless in
fighting the calamity. To overcome such obstacle, Government of India has
developed disaster management portals which facilitate the disaster managers
and administrates to track down resource stocks in the country or at least in the
neighboring area. This Website, called www.idrn.gov.nic.in, basically intended
to gather data from the government resources. Data are collected from local
units and line departments and uploaded by the District Administration after
verification and scrutiny.

Each government department in the district shall take part in updating this portal
regularly. They shall give information on fresh procurement of equipments,
manpower and technologies to the Emergency Operation Centre, Amritsar in the
prescribed format at least biannually.

5.1.6 Enforcing Existing Codes and Laws

Lists of codes are already in place to monitor the construction practices in the
district. Bureau of India Standards, national Building codes of India and


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 147
subsequent amendments in various acts provides sufficient legal protection to
the enforcing agencies for safe construction practices. In District Amritsar, the
major government bodies undertaking construction and grant permission to the
private players‟ viz. MCA, PWD, DDA and Irrigation and Flood Control
Department shall ensure that structural safety measures are followed well. In
District Amritsar the following general structural safety codes shall be followed
strictly:

1. IS: 456:2000 “Code of Practice for Plain and Reinforce Concrete”
2. IS: 800-1984 “Code of Practice for General Construction in Steel”
3. IS: 801-1975 “Code of Practice for Use of Cold Formal Light Gauge Steel
Structural members in General Building Construction”
4. IS: 875 (Part-2): 1987- “Design Loads (other than Earth Quake) for Building
and Structures, Part 2 Imposed Loads.
5. IS: 875 (Part-3): 1987- “Design Loads (other than Earth Quake) for Building
and Structures, Part 3 Wind Loads.
6. IS: 875 (Part-4): 1987- “Design Loads (other than Earth Quake) for Building
and Structures, Part 4 Snow Loads.
7. IS: 875 (Part-5): 1987- “Design Loads (other than Earth Quake) for Building
and Structures, Part 5 Special Loads and Load Combination.
8. IS: 883:1966 “Code of Practice for Design of Structural Timber in Building”
9. IS 1904:1987 “Code of Practice for Structural Safety of Buildings:
Foundation”
10. IS: 1905:1987 “Code of Practice for Structural Safety of Buildings:
Masonry Walls
11. IS: 2911 (Part 1) section 1: 1979 “Code of Practice for Design and
Construction of Pile Foundation Section 1
Part 1: Section 2 Based Cast-in-situ Piles
Part 1: Section 3 Driven Pre Cast Concrete Piles
Part 1: Section 4 Based Pre Cast Concrete Piles
Part 2: Timber Piles
Part 3: Under Reamed Piles
Part 4: Load Test on Piles
Besides the DDMC shall take appropriate decisions to enforce Codes for Earth
Quake Protection, Wind Storm protection, etc

5.2 STRUCTURAL MITIGATION MEASURES

It is immensely pivotal for the planning community to respond towards disaster
management positively. The Third Master Plan for Amritsar – 2021, which is
under preparation, should clearly come out with provisions prescribed in the
amended legislations related to disaster management. Urban disaster
management is intimately connected to the wholesome process of urban
development and therefore needs a sincere incorporation in the development
planning itself.
The industrial relocation/location, unauthorized-regularization issue, slumming,


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                148
over densification and continuous influx of population to Amritsar are some of
the open concerns and that besides a planning challenge it is a concern for
disaster management.

The district shall take steps for structural mitigation of disaster management.
The departments that are associated with development of residential and
commercial plots shall strict the NOC norms. The Building codes shall be
strictly enforced in the district. Only seismically oriented engineers, contractors
and masons shall be given certificates for multi story constructions and real
estates. Simultaneously retrofitting is to be promoted with the expert advice.
The possible two structural measures for disaster protection are Retrofitting of
the existing building and Earth Quake Resistant new construction.

5.2.1 Retrofitting

For an existing building, Retrofitting or Seismic Strengthening is the only
solution to make it disaster resistant. In district Amritsar, all lifeline buildings
such as major hospitals, Schools with large space for storage, district
administration offices and other vital installations shall be retrofitted in the first
phase. In the second phase all other significant buildings shall be given priority
for seismic strengthening. Before carrying retrofitting, a panel of experts shall
be approached for assessing the structure and to suggest the type of retrofitting
required.

5.2.2 Earth Quake Resistant Construction

Promotion of Earth quake Resistant construction mainly includes construction
safety, quality control and inspection. In the previous decades, there were no
specific guidelines on EQ resistant constructions and seismic strengthening.
Due to the very fact, most of the buildings till 1990s were built without any
safety measures. But in the present scenario, there are building byelaws and
guidelines. Civic Bodies like MCD, DDA, and PWD in the district shall try to
enforce these laws.

All construction except load bearing buildings up to 3 storeys shall be carried
out under the supervision of the Construction Engineer on Record or
Construction Management Agency on Record for various seismic zones. They
shall be given a certificate based on the norms on completion of the
construction.

All the constructions for high-rise buildings higher than seven story‟s, public
buildings, and special structures shall be carried out under quality inspection
programme prepared and implemented under the Quality Auditor on Record or
Quality auditor agency on Record in Seismic Zones IV and V. DDMC Amritsar
shall look in to this aspect and ensure that such prerequisites are completed and
observed by the concerned agencies and construction engineers.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                     149
Illegal constructions, Encroachments, unapproved additions, alterations etc of
residential buildings and conversion of residential building in to commercial
purpose etc shall be checked by the District Administration with strict measures.
These unauthorized activities may lead to disasters in that particular area.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                150
                                CHAPTER 06

ACTION (RESPONSE) PLAN FOR EMERGENCY SUPPORT
                  FUNCTIONS

“The disaster scenario offers a range of opportunities for affected communities
to respond to the crisis, how community responds to a disaster and post disaster
aid sets the tone for the transition from disaster to development”. After
earthquake in Latur, people of that area started to monitor construction works,
retrofitting of houses and behave like “community construction watch dogs”
(IDR, Oxford, 2000).

Disaster management is a multi faceted discipline that needs different
mechanisms with diverse methodology. The action plan contains two
approaches;
                   1) short term plan and
                   2) long term response plans.

The district administration- DDMC Amritsar- has to take pre-action on these
two approaches to tackle a disaster scenario.

6.1 SHORT TERM RESPONSE PLAN

Short-term response plan contains the actions to be taken immediately after a
disaster. Once an information has been reached the district EOC or any of the
Disaster Managers in the district either from authentic or unauthentic sources, it
has to be verified soon for authenticity. Once the information is found correct,
it has to be reported to the Incident Commander via fast communication
system. The Incident Commander shall take the following actions:-

   1. Disseminate warning/ alert to the potential victims.
   2. Disseminate information to vertical and horizontal EOCs.
   3. Disseminate information to vertical and horizontal Administrators
      and DMTs.
   4. Declare Disaster based on the severity/vulnerability.

61.1 Rescue Operations
Immediately after a disaster the Deputy Commissioner Amritsar shall act as the
District magistrate and incident commander and take over disaster
management. He/ She shall coordinate the rescue operations with the help of
the Working Group for relief and rehabilitation and the Emergency Support
Functions. Along with the rescue operations the Incident Commander shall do
the following measures:

   1. Activate the Incident Command System.
   2. Call meeting of Crisis Management Group


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 151
   3. Coordinate the ESFs in disaster management
   4. Set up Site/ Onsite Operation Centers and activate relief camps.
   5. Collect preliminary assessment report from the onsite EOCs.
   6. Activate the pre-contract vendors and collect relief materials for
      distribution
   7. Brief the situation to the higher authority as well as to the
      press/media people.
   8. Ensure basic logistic arrangements for disaster managers and the
      Operation Centers.
   9. Mobilize resources/ call assistance from various stakeholders.

Besides there are large number of activities to be under taken by the Incident
Commander in consultation with the Crisis Management Group which are
listed in the Disaster Management Act.

6.1.2 Relief Operations

Once the rescue phase is over, the district administration shall provide
immediate relief assistance either in cash or in kind to the victims of the
disaster. The DDMC Amritsar shall enter in to pre-contract well in advance and
procure materials required for life saving. The office of Deputy Commissioner
is responsible for providing relief to the victims of natural and man made
disasters like fire, flood, drought, earthquakes, riots, terrorist attacks, accidents
etc.

The relief is provided as per the following scale fixed by the government:

Communal Riots
Death Case                                 Rs. 1 lakh
Permanent Incapacitation                   Rs. 50,000/-

Bomb Blasts and Riots
Death                                      Rs. 1 lakh in each case
Permanent Incapacitation                   Rs. 50,000/- each case
Serious Injury                             Rs. 10,000/- each case
Minor Injury                               Rs. 3,000/- each case

Fire and Other Accidents
Death (Major)                              Rs. 50,000/- each case
Death (Minor)                              Rs. 25,000/- each case
Serious Injury                             Rs. 20,000/- each case
Minor Injury                               Rs. 500/- each case

Loss of property
Animals                                    Rs. 1,000/- each
Rickshaw etc.                              Rs. 500/- each


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                    152
Damage to residential unit (in riots)
Total damage                            Rs. 20,000/-
Substantial damage                      Rs. 10,000/-
Minor damage                            Rs. 2000/-

Uninsured commercial property/commercial articles
50 % of the loss – up to a maximum of Rs. 50,000/-
Total damage to the Jhuggis – Rs. 1,000/-

6.1.3 Rehabilitation

In short term response rehabilitation is the final step. The incident Command
System shall be deactivated as the rehabilitation phase is over. Thereafter the
normal administration shall take up the remaining reconstruction works in the
disaster-affected areas. These activities shall be performed by the Working
Group for relief and rehabilitation under the direction of the DDMC.

6.2 LONG TERM RESPONSE PLAN

The long-term response plans are related with the Recovery and reconstruction
activities on one side and institutionalizing disaster management in district
administration on the other side. The former one is given in detail in the
coming chapter. There are Standard Operation Procedures (SOPs) for the
Emergency Support Functions. In long term measures the following action
shall be undertaken dully.

   1. Constitution of Emergency Support Functions, Disaster
      Management Teams, Quick Response Teams, Field Response
      Teams.
   2. Refresher trainings for all such teams in a regular interval of time
      and exercise of mock drills.
   3. Continuous      awareness/sensitization     programmes    for     the
      stakeholders and the general Public.
   4. Getting pre-contract with venders and merchant establishments to
      procure relief materials in times of disaster.

      Most of the Line departments in the District, Autonomous Bodies and
      Organizations are part of the Emergency Support Functions. The action
      plans for ESFs for disaster management are discussed below. The
      DDMC shall ensure that these actions plans are updated bi annually and
      practiced through mock drills in the district.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              153
6 Action Plan for Amritsar Fire Service

Response Activation:
   1. As soon as the Nodal Officer gets information about the disaster, he
      should reach the EOC.
   2. The Quick Response teams will be deployed at the Onsite EOCs.
   3. As per the information from IMT, more officers may be sent at site.

Actions to be taken:
   1. At the site, QRTs should contact the local volunteers and local people to
      gather information about vulnerable areas so that search and rescue
      operations can take place through a proper channel in heavily dense
      areas, large buildings, community centers, hotels, hospitals, public
      buildings and any other area having large gathering.
   2. Locate the damaged and collapsed structures and rescue the population
      buried and trapped in rubble.
   3. The injured people should be taken out of damaged buildings etc with
      utmost care.
   4. Special care to women and children groups should be given as they are
      expected to be more affected and helpless incase of any emergency
      situation.
   5. Coordinate with the Transportation ESF if a large number of medical
      professionals need to be sent to the affected sites and/or a large number
      of victims need to be transported to health facilities.

Equipments to be brought:
   1. Water Tenders
   2. Ladder Platforms
   3. Haz Mat Van
   4. Concrete Cutter
   5. Other equipments necessary for Search and Rescue Operations, depends
      upon need.
Resources Required
    Acoustic listening devices
    Search Cams
    Thermal Imaging Cameras
    Rescue gears
    Canines
    Hydraulic platform 60 mts. Telescopic cum Articulating
    Hydraulic platform 54 mts. Telescopic cum Articulating tip boom.
    Hydraulic platform 45 mts. Telescopic cum Articulating tip boom and
      rotating cage
    Hydraulic Telescopic crane (45 mts. 100 tom capacity)
    Hydraulic/ pneumatic rescue tools (Heavy duty industrial type) Concrete
      saws, portables, gasoline operated with diamond chains
    12” & 14” with water pump & hose/ connectors.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              154
      Concrete breakers (28 kgs)
      Concrete breakers (10 kgs)
      Pneumatic High-pressure lifting bags 12 to 132 tons.
      Life detector compact system
      Helmets with head mounted strap lights/ battery
      & Wireless/ walkie-talkie adapters
      Mechanical jack supports
      Hydraulic jacking system
      Front End Loader (JCB Type)
              • Bucket cap 1.0 cu.mt/Back hoe cap. 0.2/0.3 cu.mt. HP
              • Bucket cap 2.0 cu.mt. HP
              • Bucket cap. 1.0 cu.mt. HP
      Excavator , Bucket Cap 0.3 cu m.wt. @ 7/8 ton, HP @ 50/60 HP
      Bucket cap 1.0 cu.mt. wt. @ 20/25 ton HP @ 120/135
      Wheel Dozer G14 D type, Bulldozer D80 A12, Tipper truck, Tractors,
      Lifting crane cap. 25 ton.
      Mobile medical van, Tata Sumo
      Dead animal van/Animal ambulance
      De watering pump heavy duty mounted on a LCV
      Towing crane, Trailer 25 ton to transfer the machinery
      Mobile Breakdown Unit

Other Resources
    emergency lights, torches
    public Address Systems (battery operated)
    Stretchers, Covered dustbins
    Earth digging equipment
    Polythene sheets, Firefighting equipment
    Bleaching Powder, First aid kits
    Protective shoes/gloves, Causality bags
Composition of search and rescue team

The Typical Search & Rescue Team should consist of:

   Rescue and evacuation team
   Relief team, Medical unit, Technical support team
   Damage & need Assessment team
Requirements of Fire Stations in Amritsar

   1. There are 10 drivers in the four fire stations of Amritsar and their
      requirement is of 17 drivers. So, 7 drivers are needed.
   2. 8 water vouchers are needed.
   3. There is only one generator and water filling center and its capacity
      is of 4500 liter which is in fire head quarter. More generators and
      water filling centers are needed.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                           155
               4. There is lack of staff in these fire stations and 40 manpower is
                  needed.
               5. 17 staff members are needed in each fire station.
               6. NOC is not there in new constructed buildings like malls etc.
               7. Ladder is of 42 feet only and buildings are of 130 feet.

Sr.   ACTION           RESPONSE                  ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN:                        EQUIPMENTS
No.   PLAN             ACTIVATION:                                                           TO             BE
                                                                                             BROUGHT:
1.    Police           1. The Nodal Officer      1. If felt, cordoning of area to restrict   1. Search lights
                          from        Amritsar      movement of onlookers, vehicular         2. Electric
                          Police will activate      and pedestrian traffic should be            Generators
                          the           Quick       done.                                    3. Crane-Heavy
                          Response teams.        2. Quick assessment of law and order           Duty,      Fork
                       2. The           Quick       situation in affected areas.                Type
                          Response      teams    3. Prepare updates on the law and           4. Recovery Van
                          will be deployed at       order situation every 2-3 hours and      5. Stretchers
                          the onsite EOCs.          brief the Incident Commander.            6. First Aid Kits
                       3. As       per     the   4. Arrangements        for    controlling   7. Vehicles:
                          information from          situations like rioting and looting.        Mini Buses,
                          IMTs,          more    5. QRTs will guard property and                heavy trucks,
                          officers may be           valuables in affected areas.                light
                          sent at site.          6. Control and monitor traffic                 ambulance
                                                    movement.                                   vans,
                                                 7. QRTs will provide diversion of              mobilization
                                                    traffic on alternate routes as and          trucks
                                                    when it is necessary.                    8. Water tanker
                                                 8. The QRTs will also provide               9. Any other
                                                    information about traffic flow
                                                    along various corridors, especially
                                                    heavy traffic or congested roads.
                                                 9. QRTS will communicate to police
                                                    control rooms, details on the field
                                                    activities including deployment
                                                    and reinforcement of staff and
                                                    resources and communicate nature
                                                    of additional requirements.
2.    Civil Defence 1. As soon as the            1. Support and coordinate with the          1. Extension
      &      Home      Nodal Officer gets           Incident Command System of                  Ladders
      Guards           information about            Amritsar for Law and Order,              2. Sledge
                       the disaster, reach          Search and Rescue and Medical               Hammers
                       the EOC.                     Response and Trauma Counselling          3. Lifting
                    2. The           Quick          functions.                                  Tackles
                       Response       teams      2. Locate the damaged and collapsed         4. Stretchers
                       will be deployed at          structures     and      rescue     the   5. Tarpaulins
                       the three sites.             population buried and trapped in         6. Any other


         DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   156
                   3. As      per     the     rubble.
                      information          3. The injured people should be taken
                      received      from      out of damaged buildings etc with
                      IMT, more officers      utmost care.
                      may be sent at site. 4. Special care to women and
                                              children groups should be given as
                                              they are expected to be more
                                              affected and helpless incase of any
                                              emergency situation.
                                           5. In case of fire, the CD team
                                              members should do fire fighting.
                                           6. First Aid should be provided along
                                              with the members of ESF on
                                              Medical Response.
                                           7. Demonstrate Search and Rescue.

3.   Transport 1. Team Leader will         1.      Team leader communicates
               activate     ESF     on     situation to support agencies and
               receiving information       requests for detailed information on
               of the disaster from        the      status     of     transportation
               State EOC                   infrastructure in the affected area(s)
               2. Team leader will
               inform Nodal Officers
               of support agencies
               about the event and
               ESF activation.
4.   MTNL/BSNL 1. Soon            after    1. Communicate situation to support 1. Emergency
                   receiving                  agencies (Tata, Airtel, Vodafone,      Communicati
                   information about          Idea, NIC, and HAM etc.) and           on Van with
                   disaster (from any         request for detailed information on    GSM         and
                   source),     Nodal         the status of equipment and            CDMA
                   Officer         will       infrastructure damage in the           services.
                   contact       State/       affected areas.                     2. Other
                   District                2. Launch assessment mission to           necessary
                   Emergency                  understand better the nature of        equipments to
                   Operations Center.         damage to telecom services and         restore
               2. The Nodal Officer           network.                               communicatio
                   from Landline will      3. Ensure possible arrangements for       n     network/
                   activate the Quick         establishing       reliable     and    set-up
                   Response Teams.            appropriate network.                   alternative
               3. As        per    the     4. Work out a plan of action for          emergency
                   information from           private telecom companies and          communicatio
                   Incident                   convene a meeting to discuss and       n.
                   Management                 finalize the modalities.
                   Team, more teams        5. Compile and communicate Action
                   may be deployed            taken Report to District and State


       DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               157
                    at affected sites.        Authorities.
                                          6. New number and details of contact
                                              persons to be communicated to
                                              Emergency Operations Center
                                              (District/ State).
                                          7. Mobile exchanges should be
                                              deployed as alternative mode of
                                              communication for authorities and
                                              general public.
                                          8. Establish telephone facilities for
                                              the public and information on this
                                              should be announced through
                                              media.
                                          9. Monitor the situation and arrange
                                              for emergency staff required to
                                              operate systems established.
                                          10. Inform district/ state authorities on
                                              debris clearance of the work
                                              required.
                                          11. Initiate temporary rehabilitation
                                              work required.
                                          12. Launch rehabilitation work and
                                              arrange for repairs and relocation,
                                              if required.
                                          13. Make available various types of
                                              equipment/ material/ technical
                                              manpower and services, if
                                              requested.

5.   Private     1. Soon          after   1. Communicate situation to Landline 1. Emergency
     Mobile         receiving                and      arrange     for      detailed Communicati
     Operators      information about        information on the status of           on Van with
                    the calamity (from       equipment      and      infrastructure GSM         and
                    any source), Nodal       damage in the affected area(s).        CDMA
                    Officer        will   2. Launch assessment mission to           services.
                    contact      Team        understand better the nature of 2. Other
                    Leader        from       damage to telecom services and         necessary
                    Landline.                network.                               equipments to
                 2. The Nodal Officer     3. Ensure possible arrangements for       restore
                    will activate the        establishing       reliable       and  communicatio
                    Quick Response           appropriate network.                   n     network/
                    Teams.                4. Work out a plan of action for          set-up
                 3. The          Quick       restoration and convene a meeting      alternative
                    Response Teams           to discuss and finalize the            emergency
                    will be deployed at      modalities.                            communicatio
                    the three incident    5. Compile and communicate Action         n.


       DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              158
                      sites.                     Taken Report to MTNL.
                   4. As       per       the 6. New numbers and details of
                      information from           contact      persons       to      be
                      Incident                   communicated        to   Emergency
                      Management                 Operations Centre (District/ State).
                      Team, more teams 7. Mobile exchanges should be
                      may be deployed            deployed as alternative mode of
                      at affected sites.         communication for authorities and
                                                 general public.
                                             8. Establish telephone facilities for
                                                 the public and information on this
                                                 should be announced through
                                                 media.
                                             9. Monitor the situation and arrange
                                                 for emergency staff required to
                                                 operate systems established.
                                             10. Inform district/ state authorities on
                                                 debris clearance of the work
                                                 required.
                                             11. Initiate temporary rehabilitation
                                                 work required.
                                             12. Launch rehabilitation work and
                                                 arrange for repairs and relocation,
                                                 if required.
                                             13. Make available various type of
                                                 equipment/ material/ technical
                                                 manpower and services, if
                                                 requested.

6.   HAM radio 1. Inform other Ham
     operators    clubs, individuals
                  from other parts of
                  Amritsar.
               2. HAM           radio
                  operators, through
                  their association,
                  call         active
                  members to set up
                  a            HAM
                  communication
                  system.
               3. Coordination
                  mechanisms to be
                  shared with critical
                  authorities.
               4. Setup alternative


       DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 159
                 communication
                 network till the
                 main
                 communication
                 linkages restored.

7.   MCA      1. MCA will bring debris of heavy RCC structures (having            1. JCB, concrete
                  beams/ columns) and put dummies beneath the debris. This           breakers,
                  will facilitate demonstration of search and rescue                 cranes,
                  operations. Soon after search and rescue team leave the site,      Grader,
                  MCA will mobilize equipments for debris clearance.                 Bulldozers,
              2. MCA will assume main role in Equipment support, debris              Gas     Cutter,
                  and road clearance, on receiving the intimation of the             Jack Hammer,
                  disaster from State EOC.                                           Tipper,
              3. MCA will coordinate with the supporting agency‟s officers           Folkanes,
                  to mobilize equipments from the ware houses.                       Dumper,
              4. The respective supporting agencies will contact their               Aeromatic
                  respective personal to move the equipments to central              Hammer for
                  warehouse.                                                         debris/ road
              5. The equipments like JCB, concrete cutters identified as per         clearance,
                  the need will be transported to the site.                          supporting
              6. On receiving intimation on the intensity of the damages of          rescue
                  structure, the nodal officer will make an assessment on of         operations.
                  the damages of roads and structures reported at the site and    2. Vehicles
                  surrounding areas.                                                 (Trucks).
              7. The Supporting Agencies nodal officers will call for             3. Earth movers,
                  personal to immediately start debris clearance operation to        rescue
                  enable movement of the affected site.                              equipments.
              8. A review of the current situation is taken up by the nodal       4. Mobile
                  agency to update the support agencies to delegate their            medical vans.
                  respective personnel to take precautionary measure to plan      5. Other disaster
                  de-routes for the transportation ESF‟s to be operational.          management
              9. All supporting agencies will inspect the road/ rail network         related
                  and structures within the disaster site and surrounding.           equipments.
              10. MCA will also ensure proper corpse disposal and post
                  mortem by coordinating with ESF on medical response.
              11. Assessment of damage (locations, no. of structures
                  damaged, severity of damage).
              12. The QRTs will be deployed at the affected site.
              13. Enlisting the types of equipment as compiled from resource
                  inventory required for conducting the debris clearance.
              14. The QRTs will report the situation and the progress in
                  response activities to the respective EOCs.
              15. Undertake construction of temporary roads to serve as
                  access to temporary transit and relief camps, and medical
                  facilities for disaster victims.


      DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                           160
              16. Undertake repair of all paved and unpaved road surfaces
                  including edge metalling, pothole patching and any failure
                  of surface, foundations in the affected areas by maintenance
                  engineer‟s staff and keep monitoring their conditions.
              17. Ensure a critical number of medical professionals to reach
                  the site including specialists from outside the state.
              18. If temporary living arrangements are being made from the
                  affected populace, the MCA must ensure high standards of
                  sanitation in settlements in order to prevent the multiplicity
                  of the disaster.
              19. It should also ensure the provision of medicine and other
                  medical facilities required at the disaster site and the
                  hospital health centers catering to disaster victims.
              20. In case of orthopedic care required in disasters like
                  earthquakes the immediate response would have to be
                  complimented by a follow up treatment schedule for a
                  majority of the patients in/ near their place of residence.
              21. MCA should ensure setting up of temporary information
                  centers at MCA hospitals with the help of ESF on help lines
                  and warning dissemination.
              22. MCA will coordinate, direct, and integrate state level
                  response to provide Equipments support, relief camps
                  establishment, and sanitation health assistances.
              23. Mobilize different modes of transportation e.g. trucks, etc to
                  be put on stand-by.
              24. Assist timely re-establishment of the critical transportation
                  links.
              25. Establish temporary electricity supplies for relief material
                  go downs and relief camps.
              26. Compile an itemized assessment of damage, from reports
                  made by various receiving centers and sub-centers.

8.   PWD      1. The above agencies will bring debris of heavy RCC 1. JCB, concrete
                 structures (having beams/columns) and put dummies           breakers,
                 beneath the debris. This will facilitate demonstration of   cranes, Grader
                 search and rescue operations. Soon after search and rescue  Bulldozers,
                 leave the site, will mobilize equipments for debris         Gas     Cutter,
                 clearance.                                                  Jack Hammer,
              2. Assume role in Equipment support, debris and road           Tipper,
                 clearance, on receiving the intimation of the disaster from Folkanes,
                 State EOC/ Nodal Officer of MCA.                            Dumper,
              3. Coordinate with the MCA officers to mobilize equipments     Aeromatic
                 from the ware houses.                                       Hammer for
              4. Contact respective personal to move the equipments to       debris/ road
                 central warehouses.                                         clearance,
              5. The equipments like JCB, concrete cutters identified as per supporting


      DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                            161
            the need will be transported to the site.                       rescue
        6. On receiving intimation on the intensity of the damages of       operations.
            structures, the nodal officer will make an assessment on of 2. Vehicles
            the damages of roads and structures reported at the site and    (Trucks),
            surrounding areas.                                              Earth movers,
        7. The nodal officer will call for personal to immediately start    rescue
            debris clearance operation to enable movement to the            equipments,
            affected site.                                                  Mobile
        8. A review of the current situation should be taken up by the      medical vans.
            nodal agency to update the support agencies to delegate 3. Other disaster
            their respective personnel to take precautionary measure to     management
            plan de-routes for the transportation ESF‟s to be               related
            operational.                                                    equipments.
        9. All supporting agencies will inspect the road/rail network
            and structures within the disaster site and surrounding.
        10. Ensure proper corpse disposal and post mortem by
            coordinating with ESF on medical response.
        11. Assessment of damage (locations, no. of structures
            damaged, severity of damage).
        12. The QRTs will be deployed at the affected site.
        13. Enlisting the types of equipment as compiled from resource
            inventory required for conducting the debris clearance.
        14. The QRTs will report the situation and the progress in
            response activities to the respective EOCs.
        15. Undertake construction of temporary roads to serve as
            access to temporary transit ans relief camps, and medical
            facilities for disaster victims.
        16. Undertake repair of all paved and unpaved road surfaces
            including edge metalling, pothole patching and any failure
            of surface, foundations in the affected areas by maintenance
            engineer‟s staff and keep monitoring their conditions.
        17. Ensure a critical number of medical professionals to reach
            the site including specialists from outside the state
        18. If temporary living arrangements are being made from the
            affected populace, the agencies must ensure high standards
            of sanitation in settlements in order to prevent the
            multiplicity of the disaster.
        19. Coordinate, direct, and integrate response equipments
            support, relief camps establishment, and sanitation health
            assistances.
        20. Mobilizes different modes of transportation e.g. Trucks, etc
            to be put on stand-by.
        21. Assist timely re-establishment of the critical transportation
            links.
        22. Establish temporary electricity supplies for relief material do
            downs and relief camps.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                       162
                23. Compile an itemized assessment of damage, from reports
                    made by various receiving centers and sub-centers.

9.   Health      Nodal Officer will      1.             Readying all hospitals        1) Mobile
     Services     call nodal officers        (including private hospitals) for            medical vans
                  of        supporting       managing large no. of causalities            (Clinics) with
                  agencies                   and severely injured populations.            paramedical
                 In      coordination    2.             Sufficient    stock      of      staff as well.
                  with              the      required medicines, vaccines,             2) Mobile
                  transportation ESF,        drugs, plasters, syringes, etc.              radiology
                  it will ensure a        3.             Provide        systematic        units,
                  critical number of         approach to patient care (Mass               pathology test
                  medical                    Casuality Management).                       arrangements.
                  professionals      to       Triage done to determine who            3) Vehicles for
                  reach the sites                needs to be taken to a medical           carrying
                  including                      facility on a priority basis and         severely
                  specialists                    who can be treated on-site.              injured.
                 If temporary living            (CATS, DHS, CGHS).                    4) Stretchers, life
                  arrangements are            First-aid provided as required             saving drugs,
                  being made from                (CATS, DFS, CD, Red Cross.               blood etc.
                  the          affected          St. Johns).                           5) Other
                  populace,       must        Patient       Stabilized      before       resources
                  ensure           high          transport (CATS, DHS).                   required
                  standards          of       Patients transported to nearest            during
                  sanitation         in          available     medical      facility      emergency for
                  settlements        in          having the required facilities           setting       up
                  order to prevent               (CATS, CD, St. Johns).                   medical
                  the multiplicity of         Trauma counseling provided to              camps.
                  the disaster.                  the victims and their relatives at
                 Also ensure the                the site and in the hospital.
                  provision          of       In the hospital emergency
                  medicine and other             department, triage carried out
                  medical facilities             again to prioritize treatment,
                  required at the                and appropriate care provided.
                  disaster site and           Maintain        patient     tracking
                  the hospital health            system to keep record of all
                  centers catering to            patients treated.
                  disaster victims            Deploy mobile hospitals as
                 In       case      of          needed.
                  orthopedic       care
                  required,               4.            Arrange for additional
                  immediate                  blood supply, organize blood
                  response       would       donation camp for additional blood
                  have       to      be      requirement.
                  complimented by a       5.            Provide for sending
                  follow             up      additional    medical    personnel

        DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              163
                       treatment schedule        equipped with food, bedding, and
                       for a majority of         tents.
                       the patients‟ in/      6.            Send vehicles and any
                       near their place of       additional medical equipment.
                       residence              7.            QRTs will report the
                      Trained                   situation and the progress on action
                       professionals             taken by the team to the respective
                       should            be      EOCs.
                       mobilized         by       QRTs Quickly assess type of
                       psychosocial                  injuries, no. of people affected,
                       support                       and possible medical needs.
                      Ensure setting up          QRTs will ensure timely
                       of       temporary            response to the needs of the
                       information centers           affected victims.
                       at hospitals with
                       the help of ESF on     8.             Establish health facility
                       help lines and             and treatment centers at disaster
                       warning                    sites.
                       dissemination          9.             The district civil surgeon
                      Coordinate, direct,        with district/state control room
                       and integrate state        should coordinate the provision of
                       level response to          medical services.
                       provide     medical    10.            Procedures ahould be
                       and       sanitation       clarified between
                       health assistances.             Peripheral hospitals
                                                       Private hospitals
                                                       Blood banks
                                                       General hospitals and
                                                       Health services established
                                                          at transit camps, relief
                                                          camps and affected villages.
                                      11.                    QRTs should maintain
                                          check posts and surveillance at each
                                          railway junctions, ST depots and all entry
                                          and exit points from the affected area,
                                          especially during the threat or existence of
                                          an epidemic.

10.   Red     Cross 1) Upon receipt of        1) Establish camps to provide first aid
      Society          notification about        and minor medical services to
                       disaster,    nodal        affected populace.
                       officer        will    2) Mobilize stretchers
                       activate     quick     3) Organize blood donation camps
                       response teams.           and encourage people to donate
                    2) The quick response        blood.
                       teams will be          4) Arrange for safe collection,

         DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                164
                        deployed at    the      storage, testing and supply of blood
                        three sites             to needy populace.
                                             5) Provide ambulance service

11.   Irrigation     1. Team leader of ESF   1.    QRT to report situation and
      and      Flood will activate Quick     progress of action to the EOC
      Control        Response Team           2. Coordinate will Team leader for
                     2. QRTs will be         water supply
                     deployed at all three   3.      Provide arrangements for
                     sites                   transportation means across river
                                             Yamuna in case bridge network fails

12.   Food      and 1. Team Leader will      1. Coordinate with ESFs related to 1. Food packets
      Civil Supplies activate    ESF    on   transportation, debris and road
                     receiving information   clearance to ensure quality supply
                     of the disaster from    chain management and relief materials
                     State EOC               2. QRTs to report to site of relief
                     2. Team leader will     camps
                     inform Nodal Officers   3. QRTs responsible for management
                     of support agencies     and distribution of food and relief
                     about the event and     items to affected victims
                     ESF activation          4. QRTs responsible for reporting
                                             progress of action taken to EOC
                                             5. Preparing take-home food packets
                                             for families
                                             6.      Ensuring support to local
                                             administration




         DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             165
                                         CHAPTER 07

                      STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

         Emergency Support functions (ESFs) are intended to help the Incident
         Commander, Amritsar District at the time of emergency for restoring normal
         life. The ESF is an organized system of District level departments and agencies,
         which are to be worked under a structured pattern for response and recovery in
         accordance with the National Disaster Management Guidelines.

         The Standard Operating Procedure (SOPs) for ESFs explains about the
         operations and responsibilities of the leading and supporting agencies that are to
         be involved in the ESF system. The document also outlines the purpose and
         scope for each function of operation that is to be followed by the respective ESF
         agencies when the Incident Commander activates the response plan during the
         emergency period.

         The head of each primary department who is the Team Leader of each ESF and
         the nodal officers of the supporting agencies are responsible to be prepared for
         potential hazards that might impact the district severely. These
         departments/agencies have clearly identified roles and functions in accordance
         with the National Response Plan (NRP). They have been grouped in as ESFs as
         per their nature and type of assistance they can provide. When the team leaders
         of these ESFs are located in the EOC, they would function for the overall
         district response.

         7.1 SOP FOR EMERGENCY SUPPORT FUNCTIONS

         The major functions of the incident command system are summarized as
         follows. Nevertheless, they are to be released in cooperation of all the ESFs and
         participating agencies in disaster management. The Incident commander is
         given with full control and command over the entire teams in district level.
         7.1.1.
 EMERGENCY
   SUPPORT             NODAL              SUPPORTING
                                                                               SCOPE
  FUNCTION            AGENCY                AGENCIES
      (ESF)
ESF 1                Deputy           Police,        Municipal  Coordination among all the
COORDINATION Commissioner cooperation,                   PWD,       ESFs.
                     & Additional Health           Department,  Incident          Commander-has
                     District         Electricity Bard, Fire        overall responsibility at the
                     Magistrate       Service, Public Relation      incident.           Determines
                                      Officer and any other         objectives and Establishes
                                      relevant     departments      priorities based on the nature
                                      requiredduring                of the incident, available
                                      emergency.                    resources and agency police.


         DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 166
ACTION AREAS/RESPONSIBILITIES
SOPs FOR NODAL AGENCY
   Operations- Develops tactical organization and directs all resources to
     carry out the Incident Action Plan.
   Incident commander (IC) will call nodal officer of each ESF on the status
     of disaster.
   IC will coordinate, direct and integrate ESF and quick response team
     (QRT) for effective response to disaster.
   Planning- Develops the Incident Action Plan to accomplish the
     objectives, collect and evaluates information, and maintains status of
     assigned resources.
   IC will coordinate, provide situation/progress reports on the action taken
     by the ESF too respective state and national level response to provide
     medical health, relief material, personnel and equipment and expert
     assistance.
   Consult experts for effective response.
   Conduct brainstorming of consultants/experts officials to resolve
     complicated issues formed in field like evacuation of people from
     incident area.
   Logistic- Provide resources and all other services needed to support the
     organization.
   Finance/Administration- Monitors costs related to the incident, provides
     accounting, procurement, time recording, cost analysis, and overall fiscal
     guidance.

SOP’s FOR INCIDENT COMMANDER ON CO-ORDINATION

All supporting Nodal Officers of emergency support Functions will provide
updates of the field situation to incident Commander:-
    All ESF‟s will supervise and direct the QRTs on respective movement
      for disaster management.
    Nodal Officer will provide data on damage assessment in coordination
      with relevant departments on the
           Number of lives lost
           Number of people affected
           Number of houses, hospitals, schools and other public buildings
              damages (category wise)
           Area wise loss of electricity and water supply has happened etc.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              167
NODAL OFFICER
Name                    Designation   Phones   Name          Designation Phone
                                      with STd                           with STD
                                      code                               code
Kahan singh Pannu, Deputy                      Singh,        ADC (D)
I.A.S              Commissioner                P.C.S.
Kharbanda, I.A.S.  Commissioner                Kulwant       Add.
                   M.C.                        Singh,        Comm.
                                               P.C.S.        M.C.
Paramjit      Singh, ADC (G)                   Mukhtiar      V.K. Setia
P.C.S.                                         Singh         Reader NT
                                               Harpreet
                                               Singh
ALTERNATE
NODAL OFFICER
Subash    Chander,                              V.K. Setia SDM
P.C.S                                           PCS        Ajnala
Monish     Kumar,                               Nirmal     Tehsildar,
P.C.S.                                          singh PRS  Ajnala
Bhupinder   Singh,                              Jagmohan   Naib
P.C.S.                                          singh      Tehsildar,
                                                           Ajnala
Gian Singh       Bal,                           Major      Naib
P.C.S.                                          Singh      Tehsildar,
                                                           Ajnala
S.P. Garg, P.R.S.                               Deewan     Naib
                                                Singh      Tehsildar,
                                                           Ajnala
Manpreet      Singh,                            Rajinder   SDM-Baba
P.C.S.                                          Pal singh, Bakala
                                                P.C.S.
Gurwaryam     singh,                            Hansa      Tehsildar,
P.C.S.                                          singh      Baba
                                                           Bakala
Kawaljit      Singh,                            Parampreet Naib
P.R.S.                                          singh      Tehsildar,
                                                Goraya     Baba
                                                           Bakala
Maninder Singh                                  Tarsem     Naib
                                                singh      Tehsildar,
                                                           Tarsika
Bakshish Singh                                  Parkash    Naib
                                                Singh      Tehsildar,
                                                Mahal      Khadoor

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                    168
                                                                       Sahib
      Rajesh      sharma,                                 Balwinder    Naib
      P.R.S.                                              Singh        Tehsildar,
                                                                       Goindwal
                                                                       Sahib
      Joginder Pal Salwan Naib Tehsildar                  Surinder     Flood
                          II                              singh        Control
                                                          XEN          Room
                                                          Dainage

      List of Government Officers Telephone Number and Mobile Number

Sr.    Designation of the     Name of the Officers    Mobile No.      Office No.    Reader
No.         Officers                                                                Mobile
                                                                                    No.
1       Commissioner of       Sh. Parampal Singh      97811-30101
            Police
2        I.G.P/Border         Sh. I.P.S. Sahota        98140-48900
                                                       98140-49908
3      DIG/ Border Range      Sh. Ram Singh IPS        98159-75100
4     D.C.P., Amritsar City   Sh. Amar Singh Chahal 98767-00251
                              PPS
5         A/DCP City-I        Mrs. Dhanpreet Kaur 97811-10931
                              IPS
6         A/ DCP/ Hq.         Sh. Harinderjit Singh 97811-30102
                              PPS                      81460-73333
7        A/DCP/City-II        Sh. Makhan Singh, PPS 98729-00015
                                                       97811-30104
8         A/DCP/Crime         Sh. Shamsher Jang 98723-00067
                              Bahadur, PPS             97811-30105
9        A/DCP/Traffic        Sh. Satpal Joshi         97801-00060
                                                       97813-30103
10       A/DCP/Special        Sh.     Baljit     Singh 97811-30103
                              Randhawa
11        ACP Central         Sh. Inderbir Singh, IPS  97799-01498
                                                       97811-30106
12          ACP/East          Sh. Rahul.S, IPS         97811-30113
                                                       80546-47484
13         ACP/South          Sh. Rajbir Singh, PPS    98727-40316
                                                       97811-30107
14         ACP/North          Sh. Kirpal Singh, PPS    98554-35751
                                                       97811-30112
15         ACP/West           Sh. Kuljit Singh, PPS    97811-30109
                                                       99157-16013
16         ACP/Crime          Sh. Manminder Singh, 98762-00662


      DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                          169
                              PPS                       97811-30110
17       ACP/Special          Sh. Avtar Singh, PPS      97811-30114
18        D.A. Legal          Sh. Surjit Singh Thind    93561-33040
19            A.O.            Sh. Gurdeep Singh         95929-14199
20   SP/Jail Amritsar DSP/    Sh. G.S. Sidhu            98760-05901
            Jail Patti        Sh. R.K. Sharma           98760-05933

     7.1.2
         ESF 2      Senior            NIC,            Should ensure the smooth
      COMMUNI       Superintendent    EXISTING         flow of information
       CATION       of Police         WIRELESS        For establishing, using,
                                      OPERATOR         maintaining, augmenting,
                                      (POLICE,         and providing backup for
                                      FIRE,            all of the type of
                                      REVENUE),        communications devices
                                      Government       needed during emergency
                                      and    Private   response operations.
                                      Telecommuni
                                      cation, Radio
                                      Operator
                                      Clubs,
                                      Doordarshan,
                                      Media,
                                      NGO‟s,
                                      BSNL,
                                      Mobile Phone
                                      Operators


     Situation Assumptions
     1. There would be a congestion in the network because of increased calls to
     control rooms due to panic created in the community.
     2. The initial reports on damage may not give a clear picture of the extent of
     damage to communication network.
     3. The affected site may cut off from the state control rooms and the officials
     on site and find difficulty in communicating to the District/State EOC.
     4. Police wireless network will only be the reliable communication network
     till the other communication networks are fully restored.

     ACTION AREAS/RESPONSIBILITY
     INITIAL ACTION
         Prepare and implement incident wireless communication plan
         Ensure that incident communication center and message center are
          established.
         Establish appropriate communication distribution/maintenance locations
          within base/ camps


     DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              170
   Ensure equipment accountability system is established
   Ensure personal potable wireless sets cache is distributed as for incident
    wireless communication plan

  Provide technical information required
        1.    adequacy of communication system currently in operation
        2.    Geographic limitation on communication system
        3.    Equipment capabilities/limitations
        4.    Number and types of equipment available
        5.    Anticipated problems is the use of communication equipments

   Ensure equipments are tested and repaired
   Recover equipments from released units
   Responsible to receive and transmit wireless and telephone messages
    among to between personnel to provide dispatch services at the incident
   Set up message center location as required
   Receive and transmit messages within and external to incident
   Maintain files of general messages.
   Maintain a record of unusual incident occurrences.


SOPs for Nodal Agency:

   Team leader (TL) of Communication ESF will activate the ESF on
    receiving the intimation of occurrence of the disaster from the District
    EOC.
   TL would inform Nodal Officers (NOs) of support agencies about the
    event and ESF activation.
   TL would establish contact with the district EOC for First Information
    Report
   TL requests for reports from local ESF contact persons (this would be the
    local office of ESF Nodal Agency) to understand the current situation
    and action taken Based on information given by the supporting agencies,
    TL decides on the need to launch an assessment mission to estimate the
    extent of damage to telecom services and network as well as to come up
    with possible arrangements to establishing reliable and appropriate
    network.
   TL communicates situation to supporting agencies and also requests to
    provide details on the status of equipment and infrastructure in the
    affected area(s).
   TL informs the Incident Commander on the status of telecom services.
   TL works out a plan of action for private telecom companies and
    convenes a meeting of all ESF members to discuss and finalize the
    modalities.
   TL issues orders to establish systems and reports to District EOCs on the


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             171
      action taken. New phone numbers and details of contact persons would
      also be communicated. If required mobile exchanges would be
      deployed.(need explanation---mobile exchanges)
     TL gets the temporary telephone facilities established for the public.
      Prior information on this would be announced through media
     HAM radio operators would be informed about the current requirements
      and coordination mechanisms shared.
     TL monitors the situation and arranges emergency staff required to
      operate established systems.
     TL sends the District Quick Response team at the affected site with the
      required equipments and other resources.


SOPs for Quick Response Team on Communication

   The QRT (Quick Response Team) members will reach to the nodal
    office as soon as they will get instructions from the TL.
   Once the QRTs receive any intimation from the nodal officer to reach at
    the site they would rush to the site.
   At the emergency site QRT members will take stock of the situation from
    the IC and would also know about their counter parts.
   QRTs would assess the ground situation and would send sectoral report
    to the District ESF agency.

   A sectoral report would contain following:
    • An assessment of overall damage, listing specifically:
    • Overhead route damage (in miles/kilometers).
    • Cable damage (in yards/meters).
    • Specific equipment damaged.
    • Establish a temporary communication facility for use by the public

   Identify requirements of manpower, vehicles and other materials and
    equipments Give priority and concentrate on repairs and normalization of
    communication system at disaster-affected areas.
   Begin restoration by removing and salvaging wires and poles from the
    roadways with the help of casual laborers.
   Carry out temporary building repairs to establish a secured storage area
    for the s equipments and salvaged materials.
   Report all activities to head office
   Begin restoration by removing and salvaging wires and poles from the
    roadways through recruited casual laborers.
   Establish a secure storage area for incoming equipments and salvaged
    materials.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              172
NODAL OFFICER
Name     Designation      Phone     Name        Designation      Phone
                          with                                   with
                          STD                                    STD
                          code                                   code
P.K. Rai, Sen.                      Vibhuraj,   Sen.
I.P.S.,   Superintendent            I.P.S.      Superintendent
Amritsar  of Police                 majitha     of Police
SUPPORTING OFFICERS
Name      Designation    Phone      Name        Designation      Phone
                         with                                    with
                         STD                                     STD
                         code                                    code



ESF 3           Municipal           Civil   Defense,  Identification
EVACUATION      Cooperation,        ire     Services,   of evacuation
SEARCH AND      P.W.D. (B & R)      police,   Health    and
RESCUE          Civil    defense    Department,        Alternative
                and homeguard,      Army,       NCC,    routes     and
                police,      fire   NSS, Red Cross      coordinating
                Brigade,            volunteers, etc.    search and
                Education                              Rescue during
                Department                              field
                                                        operation
                                                       Army assured
                                                        the        full
                                                        cooperation as
                                                        earthmoving
                                                        equipment
                                                        and medical
                                                        were
                                                        concerned
                                                      ROLE         OF
                                                      ARMY
                                                       Search     and
                                                        rescue
                                                        operations
                                                       Evacuation
                                                       Traffic
                                                        management
                                                        and security
                                                        of properties
                                                       Medical Aid
                                                      PWD


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                       173
                                                              Search     and
                                                               rescue
                                                               operations
                                                              Provide
                                                               temporary
                                                               shelters
                                                              Construction
                                                               materials
                                                              Restoration of
                                                               infrastructure

 7.1.3 ESF 3 EVACUATION
Situation Assumptions
Local community task forces will initiate search and rescue at residential level
Volunteers and QRT will require coordination
Access to affected area will be limited
Some site may be accessible only through air route
• Most of the buildings would be damaged and would not remain safe for
citizens.
• Many structures would be damaged and there would be an urgent need to
evacuate.
SOPs for Nodal Agency:

    Team leader (TL) of Evacuation ESF would activate the ESF on
     receiving the warning of the disaster from District EOC.
    TL would inform Nodal Officers (NOs) of supporting agencies about the
     event and ESF activation.
    TL will direct the QRTs to be deployed at the affected site.
    TL will gather information on availability of predefined evacuation
     routes.
    Where the predefined evacuation routes are not available, the nodal
     officer would coordinate through District EOC with other ESFs nodal
     officers and the support agencies about clearing of routes and identifying
     alternate routes.

SOPs for Quick Response Team on evacuation

o The QRT members will reach the nodal office as soon as they get instructions
to do so from the TL.
o Once the quick response teams receive an order from the nodal officer for
reaching the site they would rush to the site.
o On reaching at the site the QRT members will take stock of the situation from
the Incident Management Team at the site and their counter parts.
o The quick response teams with the help of local task forces will start
evacuating peoples to safe shelters or open areas.
o The QRT members should concentrate more on evacuation in areas that have


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               174
been worst affected by the disasters.
o Reporting about all the activities to head office.


ESF 3 Search and Rescue

Background: Search and Rescue operations are one of the primary activities
taken up in a post disaster situation. The promptness in these operations can
make a remarkable difference in the amount of loss of life and property.

Situation Assumptions
• Local community task forces will initiate search and rescue at residential level
• Spontaneous volunteers will require coordination
• Access to affected areas will be limited.
• Some sites may be accessible only through air routes only


SOPs for Nodal Agency
• IC will call the TL of Primary Agency and get the ESF activated.
• TL of primary agency will call nodal officers of supporting agencies.
• TL would activate the District Quick Response Team.
• Quick Assessment of the S& R operations through Aerial surveys
• Assessments of the specific skill sets and the other equipments required.
• Using IDRN network to check and map the availability of resources in and
round the disaster site.

SOP for Quick Response Team on Search & Rescue

Assessment of damage (locations, number. of structures damaged, severity of
damage)
The QRTs will be deployed at the affected site.
Enlisting the types of equipment required for conducting the S&R
QRTs will report the situation and the progress in response activities to the
respective EOCs.

PHONE NUMBERS OF FIRE BRIGADE OFFICERS/ WORKERS IN
DISTRICT AMRITSAR

SR.      NAME                    DESIGNATION             PHONE NUMBERS
NO.
  1      Sh. Gurveer Singh            A.D.F.O                9216157810
  2      Sh. K.K. Rana                 S.F.O           9216157811, 9417357386,
                                                               5060711
  3      Sh. Madan Lal                 S.F.O                 9216157812
  4      Sh.      Tarlochan            S.F.O           9216157813, 9417108360,
         Singh                                                 2506676


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 175
  5    Sh. Shamaun Gill           S.F.O               9216157814
  6    S. Anup Singh              S.F.O               9216157816
  7    S. Lovepreet Singh         S.F.O         9216157817, 9216157818
  8    Sh. Rishu Bhatti         Sewadar         9216157819, 9216157818
  9    S. Ajaib Singh             D.O.          9216157820, 9216157824
 10    S. Swaran Singh        Chief Fireman           9216157822
 11    Sh. Varinder Kumar       Fireman         9216157824, 9216157825
 12    S. Joginder Singh      Chief Fireman     9216157826, 9216157828
 13    Sh. Ashok Kumar            D.O.                9216157827
 14    S. Avtar Singh           Fireman               9216157829
 15    Sh. Deepak Sharma          D.O.                9216157830
 16    S. Nishaan Singh         Fireman               9216157831
 17    S. Amreek Singh        Chief Fireman           9216157832
 18    S. Dilbaag Singh         Fireman               9216157833
 19    S.      Sawinderpal    Chief Fireman           9216157836
       Singh
 20    S. Jaspal Singh            S.F.O               9216157837
 21    S. Harwinder Singh        Fireman              9216157838
 22    Sadeek Masih               S.F.O               9876026172
 23    Sh. Raj Anthony            S.F.O               9815842173
 24    Sh. Anil Luthra            S.F.O               9888342818
 25    Sh. Janak Raj              S.F.O               9888287848
 26    Sh. Sarfraz                S.F.O               9417336459
 27    Sh. Vinod Kumar            S.F.O              0183-2402528
 28    Sh. Surinder Singh         S.F.O               9815882847
 29    Sh. Sukhwant Singh     Driver Operator         9417319259
 30    Sh. Satpal Sharma      Chief Fireman          0183-5545270
 31    Sh. Satish Kumar           S.F.O               9316938621
 32    Sh.         Ravinder      Fireman              9417394387
       Kumar
 33    Sh. Krishan Kumar         Fireman              9417393713


7.1.4 ESF 4: Law and Order

ESF 4         S.S.P.,     Police     Civil     Defense,  Maintain law
LAW       AND Department             Home       Guard,    and order
ORDER         (Police       and      Military,    BSF,  Protects the
              Traffic Police)        Paramilitary         property
                                     forces               valuable
                                                          commodities
                                                         Control
                                                          crowd
                                                         Avoid      riots
                                                          situations


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                         176
                                                              Wireless
                                                               communicatio
                                                               n should be in
                                                               good working
                                                               condition

Situation Assumptions
• There would be panic and people will gather at a place.
• The crowds may go out of control.
• Riots may also take place.


SOPs for Nodal Agency
• IC will call the TL of Primary Agency and get the ESF activated.
• TL of primary agency will call nodal officers of supporting agencies.
• TL would activate the District Quick Response Team.
• The QRTs will be deployed at the affected site.
• Cordoning of area to restrict movement of onlookers, vehicular and pedestrian
traffic should be done.
• Any additional requirements at site to be taken care of.

SOP for Quick Response Team on Law and order
• Quick assessment of law and order situation in affected areas
• Support and coordinate with Local Administration
• Prepare updates on the law and order situation every 4-6 hours and brief the
authorities
• Controlling situations like rioting and looting, and cordon off sensitive areas
• QRTs will guide property and valuables in affected areas.
• Control and monitor traffic movement.
• QRTs will provide diversion of traffic on alternate routes as and when it is
necessary.
• The QRTs will also provide information about traffic flow along various
corridors, especially heavy traffic or congested roads.
• QRTs will communicate to police control rooms, details on the field activities
including deployment and reinforcement of staff and resources and
communicate nature of additional requirements.

7.1.5 ESF 5 Medical Response and Trauma Counseling

ESF5         Civil  surgeon,              Dispensaries,      look    after
EMERGENCY    Department of                Mobile              emergency
MEDICAL      Health                       dispensaries,       treatment for
RESPONSE AND                              Hospitals,          the injured
TRAUMA                                    Ambulance           people
COUNCELLING                               Service,   Blood    immediate
                                          Bank,         Red   after     the


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                177
                                         Cross,      NSS,        disaster take
                                         NCC,       Rotary       place
                                         club, Lions Club,
                                         IMA., Medicine
                                         Stockiest, NGOs

Situation Assumptions
• Emergency Medical services will be required by affected population
• Likely outbreaks of epidemic diseases after the disaster.
• Hospital services would be affected


ACTION AREA/RESPOSIBILITIES
INITIAL ACTIONS
 Development of Medical response plan
 Respond to requests for medical side and transportation for injured and ill.
 Ensure adequate number of medical professional to reach at site.
 Ensure setting up of temporary information centers at hospitals.

Amitsar

      Dhab Wasti Ram Amritsar Contact: 0183-2544440

      Guru Ram Das Hospital
       Near Chattiwind Gate, Amritsar
       Contact: 0183-2553667, 2553668

      Kakkar Hospital
       Green Avenue, Amritsar
       Contact: 0183-2210964, 2562018

ESTABLISHMENT OF TRIAGE STATION

    Mass casualty situation will require establishment of field hospitals to
     take care for the injured and to identify stabilize and transport more
     serious cases to the hospitals.
    Codes should be used to recognize serious and stable cases such as red
     critical yellow stable and green wounded.
    Treatment should be provided according to the casualty victim.
    Medical coordinators should propose rehabilitation centers as per the
     type of casualities.

MEDICAL SUPPORT FOR RESPONSE PERSONNEL
   Properly equipped medical personnel and ambulances should be made
    available to check and treat injured personnel.

MEDICAL SUPPORT AT TEMPORARY SHELTERS

DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               178
    A team will take care of people who become ill during evacuation or
     later.
    Special facility to be given for care of handicapped and elderly.

SOPs for Nodal Agency
• IC will call the TL of Primary Agency and get the ESF activated.
• Team leader (TL) of primary agency will call nodal officers of supporting
agencies.
• In coordination with the transportation ESF, it will ensure a critical number of
medical professionals to be reached at the site including specialists from other
Districts.
• If temporary housing arrangements are being made for the affected
population, the ESF must ensure high standards of sanitation in settlements in
order to reduce epidemic outbreak.
• Ensuring the provision and continuous supply of medical facilities
(medicines, equipments, ambulances, doctors and manpower etc) required at the
disaster affected site and the hospital health centers catering to disaster victims.
• In case of orthopedic care required in disasters like earthquakes the immediate
response would have to be complimented by a follow up treatment schedule for
a majority of the patients in/ near their place of residence.
• Trained professionals should be mobilized by psychosocial support.
• Ensuring setting up of temporary information centers at hospitals with the
help of ESF through help lines and warning dissemination system.
• TL will coordinate, direct, and integrate state level response to provide
medical and sanitation health assistances.

• On the recommendations of the EOC, the TL also responsible to :
      • Send required medicines, vaccines, drugs, plasters, syringes, etc.
      • Arrange for additional blood supply. Send additional medical
      personnel equipped with food, bedding and tents etc.
      • Send vehicles and any additional medical equipment.


SOP for Quick Response Team (QRT) on Medical Response and Trauma
Counseling

o QRTs will provide situation and progress report s on the action taken by the
team to the respective EOCs
o QRT‟s will assess type of injuries, number of people affected and possible
medical assistance needs
o QRTs will ensure timely response to the needs of the affected victims such
as:
• Establishing health facility and treatment centers at disaster sites.
• Providing medical services as reported by the District Civil Surgeon with
District EOC and State EOCs.
• Procedures should be clarified in between


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   179
         • Peripheral hospitals
         • Private hospitals
         • Blood banks
         • General hospitals and
         • Health services established at transit camps, relief camps and affected
         villages.
  • QRTs should maintain check posts and surveillance at each railway junction,
  ST depots and all entry and exit points from the affected area, especially during
  the threat or existence of an epidemic.

  7.1.6 ESF 6 Water Supply

ESF6               SE, Municipal Irrigation,    Water supply will ensure
WATER              corporation   Railways,       provision    of     basic
SUPPLY                           NGOs and Fire   quantity     of     clean
                                 Control         drinking water
                                                water for other purposes
                                                 in a manner that does not
                                                 allow the spread of
                                                 diseases through the
                                                 contamination of water.

  Situation Assumptions:
  • Existing water storage bodies will be damaged and unusable.
  • There would be an urgent need of water to assist victims in rescue operation.
  • Break down of sanitation system.
  • Contamination of water due to outflow from sewers or due to breakage of
  water pipelines.


  ACTION AREAS/RESPONSIBILITIES
  INITIAL ACTION
      water at temporary shelters
      ensure restoration of potable water as per standards
      Plan for emergency accommodation of water supply in or near
       temporary shelters.
      Ensure cleanliness of sanitation facilities, relief shelters etc.

  SOPs for Nodal Agency
  • Team leader (TL) of ESF on Water Supply will activate the ESF on receiving
  the intimation of the disaster from District EOC.
  • TL would inform Nodal Officers (NOs) of support agencies about the event
  and ESF activation.
  • TL will ensure special care for women with infants and pregnant women.
  • Provide for sending additional support along with food, bedding, tents
  • Send vehicles and any additional tools and equipments needed.


  DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                180
SOP for Quick Response Team (QRT) on Water Supply
• QRTs will ensure that supply of drinking water is made available at the
affected site and relief camps
• QRT‟s will ensure the temporary sewerage lines and drainage lines are kept
separate.
• QRTs will report the situation and the progress on action taken by the team to
the EOC.
• QRTs will intimate their TL of the additional resources needed.
• Carry out emergency repairs of all damages to water supply systems.
• Assist health authorities to identify appropriate sources of potable water.
• Identify unacceptable water sources and take necessary precautions to ensure
that no water is accessed from such sources, either by sealing such arrangements
or by posting the department guards.
• Arrange for alternate water supply and storage in all transit camps, feeding
centers, relief camps, cattle camps, and also the affected areas, till normal water
supply is restored.
• Ensure that potable water supply is restored as per the standards and
procedures laid down in “Standards for Potable Water”.
• Plan for emergency accommodations for staff from outside the area
• QRTs will ensure timely response to the needs of the affected victims.
• QRTs will set up temporary sanitation facilities at the relief camps.

7.1.7 ESF 7 Relief (Food and Shelter)

ESF7   FOOD Department of                 Department of  Should
AND SHELTER Food and Civil                Revenue, Indian      ensure
            Supplies, PUDA,               Red         Cross,   coordination
            Improvement                   NGOs,                of activities
            trust    (Punjab              Department of        involving
            Urban                         Relief, FCI,DEO      with        the
            Development                   School,              emergency
            Authority)                    NCC,NSS,             provisions of
                                          Water      supply,   temporary
                                          PUNSUP,              shelters,
                                          MARKFED,             emergency
                                          PWD, Housing         mass feeding
                                          Board, Builder       and        bulk
                                          Association,         distribution
                                          Association     of   of        relief
                                          structural           supplies      to
                                          engineers     and    the disaster
                                          architects,          victims
                                          Private             Need          of
                                          Contractors.         disbursing


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  181
                                                           relief
                                                           materials
                                                          Arrange food,
                                                           fuel in the
                                                           form         of
                                                           Kerosene,
                                                           diesel etc and
                                                           tarpaulins.
                                                          Meet        the
                                                           physical
                                                           needs        of
                                                           individuals,
                                                           families and
                                                           communities
                                                           for       safe,
                                                           secure     and
                                                           comfortable
                                                           living.


Situation Assumptions
• Probability of shortage of a critical resources
• Immediate assistance to the community at the time of resource shortage
particularly when affected area is larger.


ACTION AREAS/ RESPONSIBILITIES
INITIAL ACTION
    Responsible for supply needs for the entire incident including camps,
     staging areas.
    Determine food and water requirement.
    Determine method of feeding to best fit each facility or situation.
    Obtain necessary equipments and supplies and establish working
     facilities.
    Order sufficient food and potable water from the supply unit.
    Maintain an inventory of food and potable water.
    Maintain food service areas and ensure that all appropriate health and
     safety measures are being followed
    Supply unit Leader
    Primarily responsible for ordering personnel, equipment and supplies
     receiving and storing all supplies for the incident maintaining an
     inventory of supplies servicing non expendable supplies to equipment.
    Determine, receive, distribute and store supplies and equipment.
    Receive and respond to requests for personnel, supplies and equipment.
    Maintain inventory of supplies and equipment.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                          182
 Sr. No.    Name       of     the Address                          Phone No.
            Department/ Officers
    1.      PUDA/ADA Bhawan Housing             Board            0183-2508989
                                  Colony,       Green            0183-2501339
                                  Avenue.                        0183-2503276
    2.      District   Food    & Controller, Rani Ka             0183 2564966
            Supply Controller     Bagh, G T Road
    3.      Punjab          Food 31, Krishna Square              09888080486
            Inspector       Cadre
            Association


SOPs for nodal agency

• TL will activate the ESF on receiving the information of the disaster from
District EOC
• TL would inform Nodal Officers (NOs) of support agencies about the event
and ESF activation.
• TL will coordinate with all state and district level suppliers as identified with
under IDRN.
• TL with coordinate with other ESFs related to transportation, debris and road
clearance to ensure quality supply chain management of relief materials.
• Ensuring composite relief with availability of complimentary relief material.


SOP for Quick Response Team (QRT) on Relief

• QRTs will report to site of the relief camps
• QRTs will be responsible to management and distribute relief items to the
affected victims
• QRT‟s will be responsible for reporting the progress on action taken by the
team to the EOC
• QRTs will provide information to their TL about the need of additional
resources.
• Clearing of the areas to establish relief camps
• Setting up relief camps and tents using innovative methods that can save time
• Assist local authorities to set up important telecom and other service related
facilities
• Initiate, direct and market procurement of food available from different
inventories and ensuring food supplies to the affected population
• Preparing take-home food packets for the families
• Ensuring distribution of relief material to the all the people including
vulnerable groups of the target area such as women with infants, pregnant
women, children, aged people and handicapped.
• Ensuring support to Local Administration
• Locating adequate relief camps based on damage survey


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  183
• Develop alternative arrangements for population living in structures that
might be affected even after the disaster

7.1.8 ESF 8 Equipment Support, Debris and Road Clearance

ESF8         Municipal              PWD, Civil  The        identification,
EQUIPMENT    Corporation            Defence,       removal, and disposal
SUPPORT,                            Private        of rubble, wreckage.
DEBRIS   AND                        Contractors,  Other material which
ROAD                                Industries     block or hamper the
CLEARANCE                                          performance           of
                                                   emergency response
                                                   functions
                                                  Procure          needed
                                                   equipments         from
                                                   Support agencies
                                                  ESF originates from
                                                   the fact that most
                                                   large scale hazards
                                                   like       earthquake,
                                                   cyclone and floods
                                                   primarily will affect
                                                   the            building
                                                   structures,       trees,
                                                   poles etc.

Situation Assumptions
• Access to disaster-affected area would depend upon the re-establishment of
ground and water routes.
• Early damage assessment may be incomplete, inaccurate and general. A rapid
assessment may be required to determine response time.
• Engineers and masons may be required in large scale for the inspection of
present buildings
ACTION AREAS/ RESPONSIBILITIES
INITIAL ACTION
    Damage assessment including locations, number of structures damaged
       and severity of damage.
    The QRTs will be deployed as compiled from IDRN resource inventory
       for conducting the debris clearance.
    The QRTs will report the situation and the progress in response activities
       ro the representative EOCs.
    Undertake construction of temporary roads to serve as access to
       temporary transit and relief camps, and medical facilities for disaster
       victims.
    Repairing of all paved and unpaved road surfaces including edge
       metalling, pothole patching and any failure of surface, foundations in the


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                184
       affected areas by maintenance engineer‟s staff and keep monitoring their
       conditions.

SOPs for Nodal Agency:
• Team leader (TL) will activate the ESF on receiving the information of the
disaster from District EOC.
• TL would inform Nodal Officers (NOs) of support agencies about the event
and ESF activation.
• TL will coordinate with the supporting agency to mobilize equipments from
the ware houses through IDRN database
• The respective supporting agencies will contact their respective personal to
move the equipments to central warehouse
• The equipments like JCB, concrete cutters identified as per the need will be
transported to the site.
• As per the information the nodal officer of Debris road clearance will make an
assessment on of the damages of roads and built structures at the site and
surrounding areas
• The nodal officers of Supporting Agencies will immediately start debris
clearance operation to enable movement to the affected site.
• Review of the current situation is taken up by the nodal agency to update the
support agencies and to delegate their respective personnel to take precautionary
measure to plan de-routes for the transportation ESF‟s to be operational
• All supporting agencies will inspect the road and rail network and structures
within the disaster site and surrounding.
• TL will also ensure proper corpse disposal and post mortem by coordinating
with ESF on medical response.


SOP FOR QUICK RESPONSE TEAM ON EQUIPMENT SUPPORT,
DEBRIS AND ROAD CLEARANCE

    Damage assessment including locations, number of structures damaged
     and severity of damage
    The QRTs will be deployed at the affected site.
    Enlisting the types of equipment as compiled from IDRN resource
     inventory required for conducting the debris clearance
    The QRTs will report the situation and the progress in response activities
     to the respective EOCs.
    Undertake construction of temporary roads to serve as access to
     temporary transit and relief camps, and medical facilities for disaster
     victims.
    Repairing of all paved and unpaved road surfaces including edge
     metalling, pothole patching and any failure of surface, foundations in the
     affected areas by maintenance engineer's staff and keep monitoring their
     conditions.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                185
7.1.9 ESF 9 Help Lines, Warning Dissemination

ESF-9    HELP Department NIC/NGO                      process and circulate
LINES,        of Revenue Reps                          information      about
WARNING                                                the      welfare     of
DISSEMINATION                                          citizens of affected
                                                       area and managing
                                                       the tremendous flow
                                                       of information.
                                                      The help lines will be
                                                       responsible         for
                                                       providing, directing
                                                       and       coordinating
                                                       logistical operations

Situation Assumptions
• There may be a flood of information and confusion about the injured
population.
• The communication with affected area may be partially impaired.

SOPs for Nodal Agency:

• IC will call the TL of Primary Agency and get the ESF activated.
• TL of primary agency will call nodal officers of supporting agencies.
• TL would activate the District Quick response Team.
• The QRTs will be deployed at the affected site.
• QRTs will report the situation and the progress in response activities to the
respective EOCs.
• Sending flash news of latest updates/donation requirements for disaster area
all over the state
• Assisting the EOC in providing updated information to national as well as at
the District level.
• Setting up of toll free numbers for emergency information assistance.


SOP for Quick Response Team on Help Lines, Warning Dissemination

o The QRT members will reach to the nodal office as soon as they will get
instructions.
o QRT teams would reach to the site immediately after receiving instructions
from the nodal officer
o On the site QRT members will take stock of the situation from the IC at the
site and their counter parts.
o The QRTs will coordinate, collect, process, report and display essential
elements of information and facilitate support for planning efforts in response


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              186
operations.

7.1.10 ESF 10 Electricity

ESF-10               State            Sources     of  facilitate restoration
ELECTRICITY          Eletcricity      Private          of          electricity
                     Board,      SE   Generators       distribution systems
                     (Municipal       Operators,
                     Corporation)     DFSC for the
                     and         SE   supply of fuel
                     (Public
                     Health)

Situation assumptions

• Prolonged electricity failure.
• The affected victims may be panicked
• Halt of all activities specially jamming communication-networking systems in
the affected site.

ACTION AREA/ RESPONSIBILITIES
INITIAL ACTION
 Electric fitting of the affected areas may get damaged and may need to be
   repaired.
 There may be a requirement of temporary lightening arrangements and
   provisioning of back up power during emergency.
 Carry out task of repairing all damages to water supply system.


PUNJAB STATE ELECTRICITY BOARD (PSEB)

    Designation                                      Office Phone No.
    Chief Engineer                                   2455001
    SE-Civil Lines                                   2455000
    XEN- Civil Lines                                 2448349
    SDO-Civil Lines                                  2448347
    SE-East                                          -
    SE- H.Q.                                         -

SOPs for Nodal Agency:
• IC will call the TL of Primary Agency and get the ESF activated.
• TL of primary agency will call nodal officers of supporting agencies.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             187
• TL would activate the District Quick response Team.
• The QRTs will be deployed at the affected site.
• TL will dispatch emergency repair teams equipped with tools, tents and food.

SOP for Quick Response Team on electricity
o The QRT members will reach the nodal office as soon as they get instructions
to do so from the TL.
o QRT members would reach to the site immediately after receiving
instructions from the nodal officer
o On the site QRT members will take stock of the situation from the IC at the
site and their counter parts.
o The QRTs will coordinate, collect, process, report and display essential
elements of information and facilitate support for planning efforts in response
operations.
• Begin repairing and reconstruction work
• Assisting hospitals in establishing an emergency supply by assembling
generators and other emergency equipments, if necessary.
• The members of QRTs will establish temporary electricity supplies for other
key public and private water systems.
• The members of QRTs will establish temporary electricity supplies for transit
camps, feeding centers, relief camps, District Control Room and on access roads
to the same.
• The members of QRTs will establish temporary electricity supplies for relief
material go downs.
• Compile an itemized assessment of damage, from reports made by various
electrical receiving centers and sub-centers.
• Report about all the activities to the head office.

7.1.11 ESF 11

ESF-11         DTO(District Railway,        smooth
TRANSPORTATION Transport    PWD, Civil       transportation
               Officer)     Defense,         links at state and
                            Scout, NCC,      district level
                            Airport,        quick and safe
                            Municipal        movement         of
                            Corporation,     material       and
                            City      Bus,   humans are a
                            Minibus, and     priority
                            Truck           coordinate the
                            association,     use              of
                            Taxi      and    transportation
                            auto             resources        to
                            associations,    support         the
                            private          needs            of
                            ambulances       emergency


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              188
                                         etc.              support forces
                                                          requiring
                                                           transport
                                                           capacity       to
                                                           perform     their
                                                           emergency
                                                           response,
                                                           recovery     and
                                                           assistance
                                                           missions

Situation assumptions
• The state civil transportation infrastructure will sustain damage, limiting
access to the disaster area.
• Access will improve as routes are cleared and repaired.
• The movement of relief supplies will create congestion in the transportation
services.

ACTION AREA/ RESPONSIBILITIES
INITIAL ACTION
 Transportation of personnel, supplies, food and equipment.
 Fuelling, service, maintenance and repair of vehicles and other ground
   support equipment.
 Implementing traffic plan for the incident.

Amritsar District Transportation Officer             0183-2565244

SOPs for Nodal Agency:
 TL of Transportation ESF will activate the ESF on receiving the intimation
  of the disaster from District EOC.
 TL would inform Nodal Officers (NOs) of support agencies about the event
  and ESF activation.
 TL establishes contact with the district EOC for FIR
 TL requests for reports from local Transportation ESF contact person
 TL communicates situation to support agencies and requests for detailed
  information on the status of transportation infrastructure in the affected
  area(s).

SOP for Quick Response Team on transport

o The QRT members will reach to the nodal office as soon as they will get
instructions to do so from the TL.
o As quick response teams will receive instructions from the nodal officer they
would reach to the site immediately.
o QRTs would report the situation and the progress on action taken by the team
to the respective EOCs


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              189
o QRT will send a requirement schedule for the different modes of
transportation e.g. trucks, boats, helicopters to be put on stand-by.
o QRTs will ensure timely re-establishment of the critical transportation links.
• The members of QRTs will establish temporary electricity supplies for relief
material
go downs.
• Compile an itemized assessment of damage, from reports made by various
electrical receiving centers and sub-centers.
• Reporting about all activities to the head office.

7.2 SOP FOR COMMUNITY TASK FORCES

Community or the local functionary is the most important mechanism in disaster
management. Community Based Disaster Management (CBDM) is the latest
methodology that is successfully experimented in India. CBDM is basically
concerned all about with community disaster awareness initiatives, which is a
comprehensive method to inform and train the local residents about how to
prepare to cope up with natural as well as human induced disasters.

7.2.1 Community Task Forces

A perfect community based disaster management will be possible only with the
help of community task forces. Community Task Forces (CTF) are the
voluntary service group constituted out of the local able-bodies males and
females for community disaster management through preparedness, mitigation
and relief0resuce as well. The CTFs will help in preparation of plan documents,
which is a must in CBDM. These CTFs will be trained by the DDMC of District
Amritsar in such a way that they could be volunteers incase of any emergency,
other wise catalyst in creating awareness among the public in disaster
management. The CBDM Plan shall be prepared through Participatory Learning
Appraisal (PLA) methods. Each Community Task Force member has to
perform his or her own duties and responsibilities. They are as follows:

7.2.2 CTF 1 Warning and Communication Group

Pre-Disaster
1. Ensure that communication equipments are in working order
2. Ensure an emergency contact directory with all relevant numbers
3. Carry a hazard map demarcating the most vulnerable/safe areas and
households

On receipt of warning
1. Assemble in a central location and listen to radio together to determine the
situation
2. Pay attention to local warnings and their interpretation
3. Crosscheck the warning received on radio, with the nearest control room


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               190
4. Disseminate the warning using megaphones/mikes sirens etc., door-to-door
During disaster
1. Remain in the safe shelters and provide the evacuees with regular updates

After a Disaster
1. Get the de-warning from District Control Room and announce the same
2. Disseminate precautionary information on post disaster health hazards and
remedies
3. Give immediate assessment to the authority on damage, massive casualty etc
4. Guide the search and rescue team with geographic information and high
damage

7.2.3 CTF 2 Evacuation and Temporary Shelter Management Group

Pre-Disaster
1. Monitor the infrastructure needs of the Community such as roads, school etc.
2. Co-ordinate with the local authority to identify/location for setting relief
camps.
3. Check for plaster cracks and damp patches in safe shelters that require
repairs
4. Stock dry food and other safe food stocks, fuels, etc.
5. Ensure that the shelters are easily approachable.
6. Ensure that the shelters are cleaned regularly

On Receipt of Warning
1. Evacuate people from their homes and clear the area as soon as possible
2. Move stocks of dry food, fuel and medicines to the shelters
3. Organize space to house evacuee families
4. Help the old, disabled, pregnant women, children etc to settle in the shelter
5. Ensure that strict sanitary practices are adhered to in the shelter
6. Register the evacuees and give them identification slips/cards

During disaster
1. If caught inside withstand with their backs against a strong indoor wall
2. If outside during disaster, run to an open space away from trees, buildings etc
3. If in a moving vehicle, stop and stay inside

Post Disaster
1. To ensure that evacuees are fed and housed until the de-warning is received
2. Organize tents and materials for construction of temporary shelters
3. Collect stocks of food, clothing, and fuel etc.
4. Clean and disinfect the shelter all throughout the stay and before leaving
5. Help NGOs and their engineers in conducting meeting and rehabilitation
activity
6. Monitor the rehabilitation and reconstruction process of the community
7.2.4 CTF 3 Damage Assessment Group


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  191
Pre-Disaster
1. Carry a hazard map demarcating the most vulnerable/safe areas and
households
2. Prepare and store sufficient number of assessment formats required

During disaster
1. Remain in the safe shelters and provide the evacuees with regular updates
2. Call emergency meeting of the group and assign duties and area of
assessment

After a Disaster
1. Give immediate assessment to the authorities on damage, missing, casualty
etc
2. Give detailed report of assessment to the authority.
3. Guide the search and rescue team with geographic information

7.2.5 CTF 4 Search And Rescue Group

Pre-Disaster
1.   Familiarize themselves with existing response mechanisms of the
government
2. Arrange for the necessary S&R equipment from Govt and Pvt Agencies
3. Use the equipment properly and maintain it well
4. Have a detailed map of the Community indicating vulnerable areas/safe areas
5. Organize themselves into pairs (buddy system)
6. Prepare back up teams ready for rotation of personnel

On Receipt Warning
1. Organize a meeting of the S&R members
2. Contact the administration for detailed information
3. Identify the vulnerable areas in which their help is required and decide the
action plan
4. Gather the equipments required
5. Assist the evacuation team in moving people to the safe shelter
6. Co-ordinate with the First Aid team to provide primary health care
7. Shift the seriously injured persons to hospital/PHC

Post Disaster
1. Conduct a general hazard assessment to determine the possible hazards
2. Make a quick head count and maintain a list of missing persons
3. Clear debris and fallen trees in order to reach trapped victim.
4. Communicate with the sub-division and District levels on additional
assistance
5. Coordinate closely with the first aid team for primary health care to rescued
victims


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               192
6. Coordinate with the evacuation team to shift rescued persons to open
space/tents

7.2.6 CTF 5 First Aid and Trauma Counseling Group

Pre-Disaster
1. Maintain a list of pregnant women, infants, disabled, sick, old etc
2. Keep First Aid kits ready and ensure that expired drugs are replaced with
new ones
3. Distribute basic medicines and demonstrate their use
4. To keep stretchers/local alternative ready to carry injured people

On receipt of Warning
1. Ensure that contents of all First Aid kits are satisfactory.
2. Move into the safe shelter.
3. If caught inside, stand with their backs against a strong in door wall (in EQ)
4. If outside during the earthquake, run to an open space (in EQ)
5. If in a moving vehicle, will stop and stay inside (in EQ)

Post-Disaster
1. Attend to the injured people
2. Counsel the traumatized people
3. Listen to and calm the victims affectionately and patiently
4. Help doctors and paramedics shift the ill and the injured to hospitals
5. Isolate the cases with infectious diseases and prevent them from spreading
6. Provide preventive medication if there is danger of cholera, dysentery etc
7. Inform the relief group about medical supplies that are running low.


7.2.7 CTF 6 Relief Co-Ordination Group

Pre-disaster
1. Familiarize with damage and needs assessment formats
2. Assess the estimated need of relief materials
3. Mobilize stocks of food grains and medicines from government, NGOs, etc.
4. Stocks materials like ropes, bamboos, tarpaulin etc in the safe shelter
identified
5. Keep a record of the stock available and maintain and dispatch them as
required
6. Always be impartial and sincere to the duty the victims
7. Be transparent in the accounting and stocks by giving timely correct
information.

On receipt of Warning
1. Coordinate with the evacuation and temporary shelter management team to
move stocks of food, water and so on to the safe shelter


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  193
2. Move to the safe shelter
3. If caught inside, will stand with their backs against a strong indoor wall (in
EQ)
4. If outside, run to an open space away from trees, buildings and electric lines
(in EQ)
5. In a moving vehicle, will stop and stay inside (in EQ)

Post Disaster
1. Conduct a complete damage and need assessment
2. Based on a preliminary need assessment as follows, communicate
preferences to the District Control Room

       The size, scope of the relief items required
       Likely duration of the distribution of relief material
       The estimated number of people affected
       Local capacity, resources and external help
       The immediate needs of the victims

3. Communicate the assessment findings to other Task Force groups and local
authorities
4. Establish a distribution centre or community kitchen begin distribution
5. Ensure that food and other materials are distributed in an equitable manner
6. Prioritizes the elderly persons, pregnant women, children etc.
7. Maintain a list of the households receiving assistance
8. Make a physical inventory of stocks when external assistance arrives
9. Work closely with the communication group to stay in touch with control
room
10. Organize a meeting to evaluate the experience, internalize learning
11. Keep the undistributed relief material in a safe place/go down and preserve
it

7.2.8 CTF 7 Water And Sanitation Group

Pre-Disaster Preparedness Activities

1. Ensure sufficient supplies of chlorine tablets etc. for disinfecting drinking
water
2. Ensure sufficient stocks of lime powder for disinfecting large water bodies
3. Ensure that sufficient water is stored in proper tanks and jerry cans in safe
shelters
4. Ensure that there is list of contact persons at Distcom and Jal Board for
assistance
5. Raise prior awareness amongst the community about how to treat water
sources
6. Set a minimum standard in advance for distribution of water in emergency
7. Ensure sufficient number of raised platforms, deep tube wells etc constructed


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                194
8. Stock long steel rods, kerosene and fuel wood to dispose corpus and
carcasses
9. Help of the local administration to construct temporary sanitary facilities
10. Identify the tractors and lab ours required for sanitation purposes
11. Contact Jal Board for assistance in acquiring diesel engines and generators

On Receipt of Warning

1.   Assess the drinking water supply and available water resources
2.   Organize for alternate power supply by procuring generators/diesel engines
3.   Ensure that the sanitation facilities at the safe shelter are in working order
4.   Move into the safe shelter for ones own safety

Post Disaster
1. Make immediate repairs of broken or burst pipes
2. Coordinate with AJB/MCA/NDMC for procurement of water tankers if
required
3. Disinfect large water bodies with lime powder
4. Coordinate with the Sanitary Inspectors for taking drinking water samples
5. Ensure that water is distributed in an equitable manner
6. Ensure that sufficient water is available in bathing units and toilets at relief
camps
7. Demarcate areas for safe excreta disposal around the relief camp
8. Guide the local authorities to construct latrines away from groundwater
sources.
9. Coordinate with the local authority to construct sufficient bathing cubicles
for females
10. Spray bleaching powder and other disinfectants to prevent infectious disease
11. Ensure that solid waste is put in refuse containers or buried in a refuse pit
12. Ensure that there are no medical wastes such as needles, drugs etc. lying
around
13. Co-ordinate with the first aid team to inoculate against water borne diseases
14. Construct temporary soak pits for onsite disposal of wastewater
15. Co-ordinate with the search and rescue team for disposal of carcasses
16. Ensure that dead bodies are registered and cremated after legal/religious
formalities




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                    195
                                CHAPTER 08

   DISASTER MANAGEMENT OF DISTRICT AMRITSAR

8.1. FLOOD

Introduction

       In Amritsar District, particularly in Ajanala Tehsil, the villages along
and across Dhussi Bandh have received heavy Loss of standing crops,
damaging to the houses, Loss of cattles heads and human lives on account of
heavy floods in River Ravi and over-flowing of various Nallahs like Sakhi,
Hansli, Patti Rohi, Kasur, Hudiara Drain etc. also caused damage in other part
of the distt. There is recorded history of various floods in the year 1947, 1950,
1954-55, 1976, 1988, 1993 and 1995.

        In order to face any eventuality on account of floods in river Ravi, Beas
and area along river Sutlaj and the various drains, the following contingency
plan is prepared to provide immediate relief to the flood effected persons and to
take possible steps to control the situation at the lowest level.

STEPS REQUIRED TO BE TAKEN BEFORE THE ONSET OF
MONSOON

1.       Identification of flood prone areas.
2.       Monitoring of flow of water in rivers.
3.       Warning system from River Sutlej Beas and Ravi River in case of floods
/ rains.
4.       Flood Signals
5.       Setting up of Flood Control Rooms.
6.       Inspection of flood protection works.
7.       Role of irrigation/ Drainage Deptt and their requirement of additional
funds for flood protection and drainage works
8.       Repair/ Inspection of flood equipments.
9.       Sites for Relief camps.
10.      Personnel for relief camps.
11.      Arrangement for food and other essential commodities.
12.      Medical Facilities.
13.      Veterinary Care.
14.      Drinking Water
15.      Transport
16.      Community preparedness.
17.      Assistance for Punjab Police/ PAP
18.      Help from Army authorities.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                196
 STEPS TO BE TAKEN DURING FLOODS
 1.  Immediate evacuation.
 2.  Setting up of Relief camps.
 3.  Handling of Relief.
 4.  Reports to the state Headquarters.
 5.  Monitoring of flow of water at critical points.
 6.  Funds for relief camps.
 7.  Management of VIP visits.

 STEPS TO BE TAKEN IMMEDIATELY AFTER FLOODS
 1.  Disposal of dead bodies and carcasses.
 2.  Pumping out of water from low lying inhabited areas.
 3.  Special Girdawari
 4.  Funds of Relief.
 5.  Disbursement of Relief.

 STEPS TO BE TAKEN AFTER RECONSTRUCTION
 1.  Closure of Relief Camps.
 2.  Restoration of infrastructure.
 3.  Reorganization for good work.
 4.  Feed back for future.

 MAIN OBJECTS OF FLOOD PREPAREDNESS

         The main objectives of various flood preparedness measures are:-
 1)      Minimizing the loss of human lives in floods.
 2)      Minimizing the loss of live stack.
 3)      Minimizing the loss of property and infrastructure
 4)      Minimizing ill effects on the health of effected population.
 5)      Bringing the human activities in the locality to normal condition soon
 after the floods.
         To achieve the above objectives different tasks have to be performed by
different Government Departments and other agencies before, during and after
the floods. Each department's role and responsibilities have to be clearly
identified and action plan needs to be drawn up by each department. For close
cooperation between the various department and Agencies, close coordination is
required at the district. Headquarter as well as at the Tehsil Headquarter. Deputy
Commissioner will co-ordinate the work at the Distt. Headquarter. SDMs are to
co-ordinate all activities at the Sub Divisional HQ's.

  FLOOD RONE AREA OF AMRITSAR DISTRICT
i)      Area between River Ravi and Sakki Nallah of Ajnala Tehsil and village
across               Dhussi Bundh.
ii)     Bet area of River Beas and Sutlej lying in the Tehsil Baba Bakala.The
village              falling very vunlnerable area are given Annexure `B`



 DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                197
VULNERABLE AREA
         The list of very vulnerable villages shall be a maintained in the Tehsil
Flood Control Room/ District Flood Control Room. These villages shall also be
shown in the map which shall be placed in the Tehsil Flood Control Room/
District Flood Control Room.

                                          High         Risk Low             Risk
                                          villages          Villages
 No. Of villages     149                  0                 0
 falling in Sub
 Division,
 Amritsar-I
 No. Of villages     128                  0                   0
 falling in Sub
 Division,
 Amritsar-II
 No. Of villages     347                  41                  06
 falling in Sub
 Division, Ajnala
 No. Of villages     157                  10                  0
 falling in Sub
 Division, Baba
 Bakala
 Total               781                  51                  06

 II- ORGANISATIONAL FEATURES

 The District Flood Control Room has been set up in the office of the District
 Revenue Officer, Amritsar This is situated in the District Courts. The
 Telephone No. of the control room is 2229125. The District Revenue Officer,
 Amritsar will be incharge of the Flood Control Room and will be designated as
 District Food Control Officer. The Flood Control Room will be manned by the
 following staff:-
 a) Reader to D.R.O./ Flood Clerk from 9.00 AM to 5.00 PM
 b) Duty Clerk along with one peon from 4.00 PM to 10.00 PM by one party
 and from 10.00 PM to 8.00 AM
 Next morning by the other party.
 c) On holidays three duty clerks & three peons will be put on duty one from
 8.00 AM to 4.00 PM, second from 4.00 PM to 10.00 PM, third 10.00 PM to
 9.00 AM. All message in connection with the flood situation will be recorded
 by clerk incharge of the Flood Control Room/ Duty clerk in a register and the
 copies thereof will be sent to the District Flood Control Officer or Deputy
 Commissioner, for his order immediately on the receipt of the message
 similarly on the lines of District Flood Control Room, Tehsil Flood Control
 Rooms will be set up as under:-



 DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               198
 1                 2                      3                    4
 Amritsar-1        Kuthchery              Tehsildar,           2562663
                   Compound               Amritsar-1
 Amritsar-2        ---do----              Tehsildar,           2562663
                                          Amritsar-2
 Baba Bakala       S.D.M. Office          Tehsildar, Baba      245510
                                          Bakala
 Ajnala            ----do----             S.D.M, Ajnala        221037

 FUNCTION OF THE FLOOD CONTROL ROOM.

         The District Flood Control Officer and the incharge of the Tehsil Flood
  Control Room shall take the following steps to meet with the any eventuality
  arising on account of floods in their respective juridctions:-
  a) The District Flood Control Officer will obtain information regarding the
  discharges of River Ravi and Beas at Madhopur and Dera Gopipur from the
  Exective Engineer, Amritsar Drainge Division, and Amritsar and shall
  communicate the same to the incharge of the Tehsil Flood Control Room.
  b) The Incharge of the Tehsil Flood Control Room will transmit the
  information relating to the discharges in River Ravi and Beas to the sector
  officers for information to the inhabitants of the villages situated alongwith
  these rivers and likely to be affected on account of heavy discharge of water in
  these rivers. The incharge of Flood Tehsil Control Rooms will be informed by
  the sector officers about the action/ steps taken receipt of information.
  c) The Incharge of the Tehsil Flood Control Room will transmit the
information in respect of any loss of property/ human lives etc. to the District
Flood Control Room over the Telephone/ T.P.M and the District Flood Control
Officer, Amritsar after obtaining the approval of the Deputy Commissioner, will
transmit the same to the Commissioner, Jalandhar Division, Jalandhar and under
Secretary to Govt. of Punjab, Revenue Deptt, Chandigarh/ State Flood Control
Room at Punjab, Civil Secretariat, Chandigarh. The Telephone of State Control
Room at Chandigarh is 2741762 or 2747798.
  d) The District Flood Control Officer will act as liasion officer between the
Military and the Civil Authorities for obtaining army assistance, if needed. He
shall establish contact with the Army liasion officer deputed by the Station
Commander, Amritsar. Army help would be sought ordinarily as the last resort
after fully utilising assistance that can be secured from Police/ Home Guards in
flood relief and rescue operation where the District Authorities feel it would
necessitate requisitioning of Army, it will inveriably be sent the G.O.C.PH & H
Ambala. Home Secretary, Punjab and of course to the Flood Control Room of
FCR Punjab, Chandigarh.
  e) All demands relating to the supply of boats, tents and other relief shall be
placed by the incharge of the Tehsil Flood Control Office .The District Flood
Control Officer will immediately obtain the order the Deputy Commissioner and
make all necessary arrangements for the supply of various articles to the S.D.M
concerned.


 DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                199
         The Telephone Numbers of the Officer connected with the Flood are at
Annexure `A`, „B‟,‟C‟,‟D‟ and „E‟.
         In order to keep proper liaison between the Tehsil Flood Control Room
and the villages likely to be affected with Floods/over flowing sector shall
function in the District.
         The Sector officers will be the incharges of the area allocated to them
and will keep the Tehsil Flood Control Room in touch with regard to the action
of the floods in the area

 Name of Tehsil Name of sector          Jurisdiction          Incharge of Sector
 Amritsar-I     Jandiala                Jandaila Block        B.D.P.O.Jandaila
                                        Manjitha Block        B.D.P.O Manjitha
                                        P.S.Kathunagal        B.D.P.O. Verka
 Amritsar-II        Attari              Field     Kanungo     Field      Kanungo
                                        Cricle Attari         Cricle Attari
 Baba Bakala        Rayya               Rayya Block           B.D.P.O.Rayya
                    Tarsika             Tarsika Block         B.D.P.O Tarsika

 Ajanla             Ajnala              Ajnala Block          B.D.P.O.Ajnala
                    Chogawan            Chogawan Block        B.D.P.O Chogawan
                    Ramdas              P.S. Ramdas           Field    Kanungo
                                                              Ramdas


        Besides this the DC's office has the following telephone numbers:-

 Sr.No. Officer                      Tel.No. (Off.)        Tel.No.(Resi)
        Mobile No.

 1      A.C (General)                       2226767        2225535
 2      A.C (Grievances)                    2225722

 3      D.R.O                               2229125        2401103
 4      S.D.M Amritsar                      2226928        2562245
 5      D.T.O                               2565244        2507560

        These telephones can also be used as Control Room telephone incase of
 emergency. Generally the phone No. 2229125 (DRO) is earmarked as Control
 Room for flood situation. At the time of crisis a Senior Gazetted Officer is
 deputed to man the Control Room. The telephone of Deputy Commissioner's
 office is 2226161 and shall be attended by Supdt. to D.C and helped by E.A
 and L.F.A during emergencies.

        The system of Control Room in Police lines (for law and Order) and in
 DC office (for Natural and other Disasters) at the district level is for a situation
 of large scale and wide spread crisis in the district. In case of localized Law and


 DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                   200
Order problems or Natural and other disasters, Control Rooms are generally
established at the concerned Police Stations or SDM" Office respectively or at
any other strategic place nearer to the site of disaster. For operational
expediency, this system shall be continued and their telephone numbers are as
under:-

Sr.No. Officer             Tel.No. (O.) Tel.No.(Res)

1     S.D.M Amritsar-1            2226928              2562245
2     S.D.M Amritsar-2            2228303              2229093
3     S.D.M Baba Bakala           245570
4     DSP Amritsar city           2555400              2501993
5     DSP (Rural) Asr.            2220671              2560296
6     DSP Ajnala                  221023               221023
7     DSP Baba Bakala             245717               245718

        Control Room will be equipped with detailed location maps of the
district, towns & tehsils showing locations of Fire Stations, P.H.Cs, Veterinary
Hospitals, Roads, Index drainage plan, Rail lines etc. A detailed list of the
officers posted in the district with their residential address and telephone
numbers shall also be readily available there.

MAINTAING OF CONTROL ROOM

Police Control Rooms located in the police lines are manned round the clock
by a person of the rank of ASI/Head Constable. Generally, he receives the
information/ messages and sends the same to the concerned authorities. Like
wise, the DC office room is normally manned by the office Superintendent
emergent situations the control room is normally manned by the office
Superintendent emergent situations the control rooms shall be manned as
detailed below:-

Level-I-Operation
When the emergency can be managed with the resources available within the
district.
    1) Police Control Room with E.M and Dy. S.P nominated by DM and SSP
        respectively.
    2) DC office control room with an E.M or Senior Gazetted officer
        nominated by the Deputy Commissioner.
Level-II-Operation
When sources from the state/Central Government and required to manage the
emergency.
   1) Police control room with an ADM or EM nominated by the DM and
      DSP/SSP nominated by SSP.
   2) DC office control room with ADC (D).


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               201
Normally ADC Amritsar and SP (HQ) concerned district wise Amritsar will be
known as officers-in-charge, police control rooms. When information of any
crisis situation if received at the control room the person on the duty will pass
on the information not only to DM and SSP concerned but also to ADC, SDM
and SP (HQ) in the concerned police district in cases of Law and Order
problem/ crisis and to ADC (D), SDM and SP (HQ) in the concerned police
district in case of natural and other calamities/ disasters.
Subject:- constitution of the city disaster management committee CIMC for
Amritsar, under the urban earthquake vulnerability reduction project (UEVRP).
Municipal Corporation, Amritsar has planned to setup 7 control rooms at
different areas of Amritsar city. The detail is as under:-
    1. Zone No. 2, O/S Lahori Gate (Ph. No. 0183-2557587)
      It is a Zonal office of the Municipal Corporation, Amritsar, situated on
      outer Circular Road between Lohgarh gate to Lahori Gate, very opposite
      to D-Division Police Station, Executive Engineer, Division No. 1 of
      Municipal Corporation, Amritsar will be the incharge of this control
      room. Assistant Engineer (2) Civil & Assistant Engineer (2) O & M will
      assist XEN (civil)-1 along with their J.E.‟s & One A.T.P. with building
      inspector & one Sanitary Inspector. Apart from above 25 Beldar, 10
      Mali‟s, 50 Safai Sewak, 25 Sewerman, 2 Masons, 1 Fitter, 1 Electrician
      & 2 worker Mistry/Mates will also present in control room to assist the
      above officials.
      One Ditch Machine, 1 Tipper, 5 (Health) Trolleys, 1 Fire Tender & 1
      Car will also be allocated to above staff. This control room to cover the
      area of ward no. 3,4,5,6,7,8,45 (part),27,28,30,31 & 32 i.e. Abadi Kot
      Atma Ram, Bus Stand and within walled city from Hathi Gate to Lahori
      Gate upto Kt. Karam Singh to chowk Namak Mandi to darbar Sahib-
      Bazar Jhatkayian guru ka Mahal- Chaurasti attari-Khoo Bombay wala
      up to Hathi Gate, Haripura, Khai Mohalla, Rajiv Gandhi Nagar,
      Nawankot, Chotta Haripura, Daim Ganj, Gurbax Nagar, Mehar Pura,
      Bhutan Pura, Islamabad up to Kot Khalsa and adjoining areas.
   2. Zone No. 3, O/S Bhagtan wala Gate (Ph. No. 0183-2521155)

       This is also & Zonal office of Municipal Corporation, Amritsar situated
       on outer circular Road between Bhagtan Wala Gate to Hakiman Gate
       near housing board colony namely Roop Nagar, Xen Division No. 3 will
       be the incharge of this control room. Assistant Engineer (Civil) 3 &
       assistant Engineer (O & M)-3 along with them JE‟s one ATP with
       Building Inspector will assist incharge control room. However 25
       Beldars, 10 Mali‟s, 35 Chowkidars, 50 Safai sewak, 2 Masons, 1 Fiter, 1
       Electrician, 2 Work Mistry/Mate, will also be on duty & present in the
       control room to assist the above officials.

   3. Guru Nanak Bhawan (Ph. No. 0183-2545480)




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                202
    Guru Nanak Bhavan is also the property of Municipal Corporation,
    Amritsar, situated O/s. Ghee Mandi Gate near Akal Phula Singh Burj,
    City center scheme, Amritsar. Executive engineer (Elect) will be the
    incharge of this control room. Assistant Engineer (Civil)-1 & Assistant
    Engineer (O-M)-1 will assist the incharge along with the JE‟s, one ATP
    with the building inspector will also assist the incharge of control room.
    However 24 Beldars, 10 Mail‟s, 25 Chowkidars, 50 Safai sewak, 2
    Masons, 1 Fiter, 1 Electrician, 2 Work Mistry/Mate, will also be on duty
    & present in the control room to assist the above officials.

    One Ditch Machine, 1 Tipper, 5 (Health) Trolleys, 1 Fire Tender & 1
    Car will also be allocated to above staff.

    This control room to cover the whole area of Ward No.
    1,2,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,46,57,58 & 60 i.e. inner area sikandri
    gate, hall gate, ram bagh gate, maha singh gate, sheranwala gate, ghee
    mandi up to S.W. gate, abadi bhushan pura, bagh ramanand, kt.
    Ahluwalia, jallian wala bagh, kt. Kanahia, hall bazaar, gagar mall road,
    kt. Sher singh, Bazar Ram Bagh, Kt. Bagian, Kt. Jaimal singh, karmo
    deori, telephone exchange. Area bounded by G.T. Road starting from
    Hussianpura chowk to shivala bhayian railway X-ing to upto sunder
    nagar bazaar R.S.H., judge nagar, joura phatak, rasoolpura,
    mohakmpura, golden avenue- new golden avenue, maqboolpura, rana
    garden upto Daburji then road to S.W. village, Partap Nagar, Kapoor
    Nagar, tej nagar, s.U.S. nagar area between T.T. Road-S.W. Road. o/c
    road & U.B.D.C. & village verka.

  4. Zone No. 6, Ram Bagh Garden (Ph. No. 0183-2562965)

    Zone no. 6 is also zonal office of Municipal Corporation, Amritsar
    situated in ram bagh garden on madan mohan malviya road, civil line
    area, Amritsar executive engineer, division no. 2 will be the incharge of
    this control room. Assistant Engineer (Civil 6,8) & Assistant Engineer
    (O & M)-6 will assist the incharge control room along with their JE‟s,
    one ATP with his building inspector will also assist the incharge.
    However, 25 Beldars, 10 Mali‟s, 25 Chowkidars, 50 Safai Sewak, 2
    Masons, 1 Fiter, 1 Electrician, 2 Work Mistry/Mate, will also be on duty
    & present in the control room to assist the above officials.

    One Ditch Machine, 1 Tipper, 5 (Health) Trolleys, 1 Fire Tender & 1
    Car will also be allocated to above staff.

    This control room to cover the whole area of Ward No. 42,44,45 (part),
    47,48,53,55 & 55 i.e. area between Fatehgarh Churrian Road upto M.C.
    Road, Race Course Road, Race Course Road upto M.C. Limit,
    Lawerence Road, M.M. Malvia Road, Race Course Road, Maqbool


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             203
     Road, Mall Road, Nehra Colony, Paris Town, Jawahar Nagar, Batala
     Road, Tung Pai, Sandhu Colony, dhupsari Area, Rajesh Nagar, Preet
     Nagar and adjoining areas.

  5. Zone No. 7, Opposite Government Dental College (Ph. No. 0183-
     2566608)

     Zone No. 7 is also a zonal office of MunicipalCorporation, Amritsar
     situated on Hukum Singh Road leads to Majitha opposite Government
     Dental College, ZEN (Civil)-4 will be the incharge of this Control room
     & Assistant Engineer (civil)-7 & assistant Engineer (O & M)-7 along
     with JE‟s will assist the XEN (Civil)-4 and one ATP with his building
     inspector will also assist the incharge. However 25 Beldars, 10 Mali‟s,
     25 chowkidars, 50 Safai sewak, 2 Masons, 1 Fiterr, 1 Electrician, 2
     Work Mistry/Mate, will also be on duty & present in the control room to
     assist the above officials.

     One Ditch Machine, 1 Tipper, 5 (Health) Trolleys, 1 Fire Tender & 1 car
     will also be allocated to above team.

     This control room to cover the whole area of Ward No. 49,50,51,52,54
     & 59 i.e. area bounded by R.H.S. Majitha road upto Sacred Heart
     School upto Nehru colony, sandhu Colony, Gail Banke Bihari adjoining
     Batala Road near Joura Kothian to Shivala Road upto Shivala Railway
     X-ing adjoining Railway X-ing upto Sundar Nagar Bazaar L.H.S. area
     and village Vallah & some portion of village verka.

  6. Zone No. 5, Putlighar (Ph. No. 0183-6564918)

     This is also a zonal office of Municipal corporation, Amritsar in Gali
     No. 2, sewa Nagar, Putlighar chowk, Amritsar executive Engineer (O &
     M)-6 will be the incharge of this control Room & Assistant Engineer
     (civil)-5 & assistant engineer (O & M)-5 along with JE‟s will assist the
     incharge. However 25 Beldars, 10 Mali‟s, 25 Chowkidars, 50 Safai
     Sewak, 2 Masons, 1 Fiter, 1 Electrician, 2 work Mistry/Mate, will also
     be on duty & present in the control room to assist the above officials.

     One ditch Machine, 1 Tipper, 5 (Health) Trolleys, 1 Fire Tender & 1 Car
     will also be allocated the above officials.

     This control room to cover the whole area of Ward No. 29,39,40,41 &
     42 i.e. area of Islamabad, Chowk Rajputan near Pipli Sahib Gurdwara,
     Bara Makhan, Rani Ka Bagh, Khalsa College, G.N.D.U., Guru Nanak
     Wara, Sewa Nagar, gowal Mandi, Green avenue, White Avenue, area
     bounded by Maqbool Road, Mall Road & Fatehgarh Churrian Road.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                            204
    7. Zone No. 8, Chheharta (Ph. No. 0183-2450535)

        It is also a zonal office of Municipal corporation, Amritsar situated on
        G.T. road, Chheharta near OCM Mills, XEN (O & M)-5 will be the
        incharge of the control room. Assistant Engineer (civil)-8 & Assistant
        Engineer (O & M)-8 along with JE‟s will assist the incharge control
        room. One ATP with his building inspector will alsi assist the incharge.
        However 25 Beldars, 10 Mali‟s, 25 Chowkidars, 50 Safai Sewak, 2
        Maasons, 1 Fiter, 1 Electrician, 2 Work Mistry/Mate, will also be on
        duty & present in the control room to assist the above officials.

        One ditch Machine, 1 Tipper, 5 (Health) Trolleys, 1 Fire Tender & 1 Car
        will also be allocated to above team.

        This control room to cover the whole area of Ward No. 33,34,35,36,37
        & 38 i.e. whole Chheharta area bounded by government Polytechnic
        Road upto village Kale Bye-Pass upto Gate Way of India place upto
        M.c. Limit via village Guru ki Wadali, bothside of G.T. road upto M.C.
        Limit.

        Superintendent Engineer (Civil)
        Municipal Corporation, Amritsar
        DUTIES OF SECTOR OFFICERS
        The Duties of the sector officer will be as follows:-
        1.. To set up his camp at a control place in the sector.
        2. To strat additional relief centres and appoints officers who will be
        incharge of these centres.
        3. To evacute persons whenerver needed.
        4. To get supply of necessary articles from the Tehsil HQ of the District
        HQ.
        5. To arrange medical relief parties locally and put demand for such
       parties form the HQs, if needed.
       6. To take affective measures with the help of veterinary assistance to
       prevent out break of cattle diseases.
       7. To arrange cheap grain depot at place other than relief centers, if so
       warranted by the situation.
       8. To have affective liason with the Tehsil Control Room and District
       Control Room, and;
       9. To make adequate arrangement for the proper maintenance of boats.

RESCUE PLANS

During flood and natural calamities rescue and relief operations are carried out
by the Block Development Officers and their relief team with cooperation of
Panchayat functionaries and volunteer organizations operating in their localities.
A number of flood/rescue shelters have been identified by them.

 DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                205
LOCATION OF BOATS
        The Boats and moter Engines (O.B.M) have been kept at the following
places to meet the situation by the respective Tehsil Flood Control Office.

 1            2      3          4        5      6         7         8       9
 Amritsar-    6      -          -        1      -         -         -       50
 1
 Amritsar-    -      -          -        -      -         -         -       -
 2
 Ajnala       6      180        400      6      3         -         -       95
 Baba         16     65         130      3      -         -         -       5
 Bakala


The List Of Trained Moter Boats Driver Is As Under
 Sr. No. Name of the Official          Address
 1        Sh. Baldev Singh             Clerk Office of the S.D.M,
                                       Amritsar-I
 2        Sh. Narinder Singh           Sr. Asstt, Tehsil, Baba Bakala
 3        Sh. Jasbir Singh             Tehsil Office, Amritsar-I
 4        Sh. Rachhpal Singh           Tehsil Office, Amritsar-2
 5        Sh. Sukhwinder Singh         Clerk, Tehsil Office, Amritsar-2
 6        Sh.Onkar Singh               Clerk, Tehsil Office, Patti
 7        Sh. Surinder Kumar           Sr. Asstt % the Deputy
                                       Commissioner, Amritsar
 8        Sh. Manjit Singh             Clerk, Sadar Office, Amritsar
 9        Sh. Balwinder Singh          Clerk, Sadar Office, Amritsar
 10       Sh. Ashok Kumar              Clerk, Sadar Office, Amritsar
 11       Sh. Gora Singh               Clerk, S.D.M, Amritsar-1
 12       Sh. Mohinder pal             Clerk, S.D.M, Amritsar-2

        All the Sub Divisional Magistrates in the District shall maintain a list of
5 more officials of their Sub Divisions who know swimming and can drive the
boats/ Moter Engines. The list should be sent to the District Flood Control
Officer, Amritsar for record.

Vehicles
        The Past experience shows that the Govt. vehicles are not made
available by the Departmental Officer immediately when these are needed in
connection with the Flood Relief Measures. In order to meet the demand of
vehicles the following jeeps shall be ready for attending Flood Relief Duty on
one hour notice. All the Departmental Officers of these jeeps should ensure that
a hook should be provided with the jeep so that the trailor alongwith boat be sent
on receipt of the message from the District Flood Control Officer to the
Departmental Officers -

 DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  206
1.      Jeep from Jandiala Division, U.B.D.C, Amrtisar.
2.      Jeep from Manjitha Division, U.B.D.C, Amrtisar.
3.      Jeep from Asstt Registrar, Cooperative Socities, Tarn Taran
4.      Jeep from Asstt Registrar, Cooperative Socities, Amrtisar
5.      Jeep from Asstt Registrar, Cooperative Socities, Ajnala
6.      Jeep from P.W.D, National Highway Circle, Amrtisar.
7.      Jeep from Public Health Division, Amrtisar.
8.      Jeep from P.W.D, (B & R) Amrtisar.
9.      Jeep from Distt welfare Officer, Amrtisar.
10.     Jeep from Distt Food Supply & Controller, Amrtisar.
11.     Jeep from Asstt. Excise & Taxtation Officer , Amrtisar-1 & 2
12.     Jeep from Distt Social Welfare Officer, Amrtisar.
13.     Jeep from C.D.P.O. Verka
14.     Jeep from C.D.P.O. Tarn Taran
15.     Jeep from C.D.P.O. Amrtisar
        The Sub Divisional Magistrate will also be competent to utilize the
Blocks Jeeps in their respective Sub Division for Flood Relief Measures.

Relief Centres

        The Sub Divisional Magistrate will set up relief camp at the following
places to shift the persons of the marooned villages. The relief centre will be
looked after by the officer noted against each.

 Ajnala                   Ramdass,                 NT, Circle Ramdas.
                          Chogawan,                S.E.P.O. Chogawan
                          Ajnala                   Asstt Food & Supply
                                                   Officer, Ajnala.
 Baba Bakala              Rayya                    B.D.P.O. Rayya.

Supply of essential commodities and service.

        Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar will co-ordinate relief operation from
all voluntary organizations including the Red Cross for provisions of flood
grains and other essential commodities to the flood affected villagers.
        All demands with regard to the supply of Tarpals, Gunny Bags, Food
and other essential commodities will be met by the Distt. Administration
through Food Corporation of India, Amritsar and Distt. Food & Supply
Controller, Amritsar and Distt Manager, Markfed, ASR. Officer Incharge of the
Flood Control Room should contact them.
        The medical aid and medicine required for the flood affected persons
will be made available by the nearest Incharge Civil Dispensaries. The Sub
Divisional Magistrates should contract the Civil Surgeon, Amritsar in case the
medical aid/ medicine are not available in the concerned Civil Dispensaries.



 DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                             207
               The Veterinary Civil Surgeon of the nearest veterinary Hospital
will provide medicines in case of any epidemic diseases amongst the cattle
heads. The sector Officer- Incharge of the Relief Centres should contract at
Incharge of veterinary Hospital for this purpose. The sub Divisional officer (c)
/ Distt. Flood control officer will bring all cases where the problem is serious to
the notice of Deputy Director, animal Husbandry, Amritsar for suitable action.

Cooperation With Police And Defence Services
       In economy like floods, the police assistance can also be obtained;
similarly the assistance of the border security force can also be secured. The
S.S.P Amritsar and Ajnala khom karan can be contact for providing necessary
assistance into this behalf.
In case of grave emergency help of the defence forces is allowed for providing
temporary bridges and restoring essential services, repairing branches in the
flood areas, work of dropping of air supply become necessary, the same be
done and authority of the aerodrome of Raja sansi can be approached for two
purpose.

Maintainenance Of Essential Services
      In case of serious damage of any crow/ bridge matter should be reported
immediately by the incharge of Tehsil Flood control Room to the concerned
Executive Engineer, P.W.D (B&R) Amritsar.
A similar intimation should also be given to distt. Flood control officer will
take up this matter with higher officers of the department concerned. The
matter regarding the supply of electricity should be reported to the officer
concerned.

Breaches In Drains And Canals
       All cases of breaches in canals / drains should immediately be reported
to executive Engineer of canal & Drainage Departments by the respective tehsil
Flood control officer.
The distt. Flood control officer on receipt of the information relating to any
breach in any drain / canal should take up the matter with the higher officers of
the concerned Departments.

Help From Voluntary Social Orgnisations

       The SDM shall encourage the voluntary social organizations for
extending their help to flood affected people for clothing and other food
requirements. They will also be motivated to organize temporary relief camps
and medicines. The honorary Secretary Distt. Red Cross Society and the Distt.
Mandi Officer shall procure whart from the commission agents which shall be
given to the flood affected people as and when required.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                  208
JEs/ SDOs On Duty At Vulnerable Points
       The Drainage Department will pitch tents near vulnerable points on the
drains and officials from their department will remain present round the clock.
       Executive Engineer, Public Health and Xen, Water Supply and
Sewerage Board will be overall in charge of the Distt. and they will be
responsible to drain out water from the village in cases of flood and heavy
rains.

Flood Fighting Equipmenty And Its Placement
       The officer in charge of the Flood Control Room shall have a list of
flood relief equipments available in the District. He shall also physically
inspect all equipments available in the District. He shall also physically inspect
all equipments before 30th June and certify that all relief equipments are in
working order.

Stocks Of Tarpaulines To Be Maintained
      The Tarpaulins cover will be supplied by the Food Corporation of India,
Mark fed and PUNSUP. The DFSC, Amritsar will coordinate with such
agencies in the district for supply of such material and shall store 5000
Tarpaulines in this office in this office for catering to the emergent situation.
The DFSC will be Nodal officer for this purpose

E.C Bags
       Executive Engineer, Drainage, Amritsar shall make arrangements for
sufficient no. of E.C. bags so that it could be readily available at the time of
emergencies.

Relief Camps
       The Distt. Food and Supply Controller, Amritsar and chief Agriculture
Officer, Amritsar will be overall in charge of these camps. The Distt. Food and
Supply Controller will ensure proper supply of essential commodities and will
keep ready the availability of 1000 bags of atta, 15 gtls of Dal and sufficient
stock of vegetable oils and kerosene oil etc at call

Medical Facilities
        Civil Surgeon, Amritsar will be responsible to supply all kind of
medicines in the relief camps and other affected areas in Amritsar District.
        He will ensure the availability of sufficient quantity of medicines
including the medicines used for the care of the snake-bite, during the flood
seasons with all the medical teams constituted by him.
        He will also ensure that the medical teams will be operational and
moving in the towns and village during the flood seasons and emergency team
will be available in the hospital round the clock.
        The SMO posted in the Sub Divisions will submit daily progress report
to the SDMs concerned.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 209
       He will also ensure that proper arrangements for medical treatment if
available in the relief camps. He will further ensure that adequate steps are
taken to prevent any scope of out break of any epidermis like situation during
and after the floods

Drinking Water Supply
       The Xen. Public health, Amritsar E.O.M.Cs district Amritsar and
secretaries in Market Committees will make all necessary arrangements ensure
supply of clean and potable drinking water in relief camps in Distt. Amritsar

Fodder And Medicines For The Live Stock
       The Deputy Director Animal Husbandry, Amritsar and Chief
Agriculture Officer, Amritsar will ensure that the cattle in food prone village
are vaccinated well in time and also maintain stock of medicine at their own
level. The arrangements for fodder will also be made with the help of Distt.
Mandi Officer, Asr. The teams constituted for the purpose, are to be sent to all
blocks and other flood prone areas. The Tehsildar have been specifically
directed to make a survey of total number of houses and cattle in different
villages prior of flood season so that bogus claims can be avoided. Such
information is to be sent before 1.7.2002 positively. Dry fodder should also be
kept in sufficient stock.

Arrangement Of Telephone Facilities Separate Line To Army
       SDO, Telephone, Asr. shall maintain regular check of the working of the
telephones and list of all important numbers shall be sent to him by the DRO,
Asr.

Communication
       The police wireless system shall function as an alternative mode of
communication in case of floods. The SSP Asr. will set up wireless sets in DCs
office and in vehicles of all SDMs, Tehsildar and DRO. One high powered set
shall be installed in District Flood Control Room with effect from 1.7.02 to
30.9.02

Assistance From Army/ Bsf And Punjab Home Gouard
        The ADC, Asr. shall requisition Army help if situation so warrants. The
concerned SDM shall inform when ever the help of army is required. The ADC
is also requested to call a meeting with the Army Officers and get their contact
numbers.

Electricity
        The DFO, Asr. will cut the top branches of tress so that the flow of
electricity is not hampered during floods. Electricity Department shall ensure
regular supply of electricity. The DFO shall be responsible for ensuring
immediate removal of fallen tress during the floods/ heavy rains.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               210
Disposal Of Dead Bodies And Cara Cases

       The Executive officer of Municipal Councils and Deputy Director,
Animal Husbandry shall be responsible for the removal of dead bodies and the
carcasses during the flood/ heavy rains.

8.2.Earthquake

Prevention

EARTHQUAKES - Do's and Dont's

Do‟s and Don‟ts
What to Do Before an Earthquake

      Repair deep plaster cracks in ceilings and foundations. Get expert advice if
       there are signs of structural defects.
      Anchor overhead lighting fixtures to the ceiling.
      Follow BIS codes relevant to your area for building standards
      Fasten shelves securely to walls.
      Place large or heavy objects on lower shelves.
      Store breakable items such as bottled foods, glass, and china in low, closed
       cabinets with latches.
      Hang heavy items such as pictures and mirrors away from beds, settees, and
       anywhere people sit.
      Brace overhead light and fan fixtures.
      Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections. These are
       potential fire risks.
      Secure a water heater, LPG cylinder etc., by strapping it to the wall studs and
       bolting it to the floor.
      Store weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products securely in closed
       cabinets with latches and on bottom shelves.
      Identify safe places indoors and outdoors.
           1. Under strong dining table, bed
           2. Against an inside wall
           3. Away from where glass could shatter around windows, mirrors,
              pictures, or where heavy bookcases or other heavy furniture could fall
              over
           4. In the open, away from buildings, trees, telephone and electrical lines,
              flyovers, bridges
      Educate yourself and family members
      Know emergency telephone numbers (doctor, hospital, police, etc)

      Have a disaster emergency kit ready
         1. Battery operated torch
         2. Extra batteries


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              211
          3. Battery operated radio
          4. First aid kit and manual
          5. Emergency food (dry items) and water (packed and sealed)
          6. Candles and matches in a waterproof container
          7. Knife
          8. Chlorine tablets or powdered water purifiers
          9. Can opener.
          10. Essential medicines
          11. Cash and credit cards
          12. Thick ropes and cords
          13. Sturdy shoes

      Develop an emergency communication plan

          1. In case family members are separated from one another during an
             earthquake (a real possibility during the day when adults are at work
             and children are at school), develop a plan for reuniting after the
             disaster.
          2. Ask an out-of-state relative or friend to serve as the 'family contact'
             After a disaster, it's often easier to call long distance. Make sure
             everyone in the family knows the name, address, and phone number of
             the contact person.

      Help your community get ready

          1. Publish a special section in your local newspaper with emergency
             information on earthquakes. Localize the information by printing the
             phone numbers of local emergency services offices and hospitals.
          2. Conduct a week-long series on locating hazards in the home.
          3. Work with local emergency services and officials to prepare special
             reports for people with mobility impairments on what to do during an
             earthquake.
          4. Provide tips on conducting earthquake drills in the home.
          5. Interview representatives of the gas, electric, and water companies about
             shutting off utilities.

Work together in your community to apply your knowledge to building codes,
retrofitting programmes, hazard hunts, and neighborhood and family emergency
plans.

What to Do during an Earthquake

Stay as safe as possible during an earthquake. Be aware that some earthquakes are
actually foreshocks and a larger earthquake might occur. Minimize your movements
to a few steps to a nearby safe place and stay indoors until the shaking has stopped
and you are sure exiting is safe.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              212
If indoors

      DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other
       piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. If there isn‟t a table
       or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an
       inside corner of the building.

      Protect yourself by staying under the lintel of an inner door, in the corner of a
       room, under a table or even under a bed.

      Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that
       could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
      Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and protect
       your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could
       fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.
      Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you
       know it is a strongly supported, loadbearing doorway.
      Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Research has
       shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move
       to a different location inside the building or try to leave.
      Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms
       may turn on.
      DO NOT use the elevators.

If outdoors

      Stay there.
      Move away from buildings, trees, streetlights, and utility wires.
      Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. The greatest danger exists
       directly outside buildings, at exits, and alongside exterior walls. Most
       earthquake-related casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and
       falling objects.

If in a moving vehicle

      Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. Avoid stopping near
       or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires.
      Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. Avoid roads, bridges, or
       ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake.

If trapped under debris

      Do not light a match.
      Do not move about or kick up dust.
      Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing.
      Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if one is
       available. Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause you to inhale


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                213
       dangerous amounts of dust.

After an earthquake

      Keep calm, switch on the radio/TV and obey any instructions you hear on it.
      Keep away from beaches and low banks of rivers. Huge waves may sweep in.
      Expect aftershocks. Be prepared.
      Turn off the water, gas and electricity.
      Do not smoke and do not light matches or use a cigarette lighter. Do not turn
       on switches. There may be gas leaks or short-circuits.
      Use a torch.
      If there is a fire, try to put it out. If you cannot, call the fire brigade.
      If people are seriously injured, do not move them unless they are in danger.
      Immediately clean up any inflammable products that may have spilled
       (alcohol, paint, etc).
      If you know that people have been buried, tell the rescue teams. Do not rush
       and do not worsen the situation of injured persons or your own situation.
      Avoid places where there are loose electric wires and do not touch any metal
       object in contact with them.
      Do not drink water from open containers without having examined it and
       filtered it through a sieve, a filter or an ordinary clean cloth.
      If your home is badly damaged, you will have to leave it. Collect water
       containers, food, and ordinary and special medicines (for persons with heart
       complaints, diabetes, etc.)
      Do not re-enter badly damaged buildings and do not go near damaged
       structures.

Preparation
   1. Hazard prone area Micre zoning. Drawing of detailed maps of hazard
      prone area with special in sights keeping in mind evacuation and relief
      processes.
   2. Authorization Plan- As earthquake is a sudden phenomenon, the
      Organizational command structure is likely to be affected and can be
      thrown out of gear. To carry relief and rescue work in the event of a
      major earthquake, the following levels of command structure may be
      followed and simulated so that in the absence of one level, the next level
      may assume the responsibility.
          a. Deputy Commissioner
          b. Municipal Commissioner
          c. Additional Deputy Commissioner (General)
          d. Civil Defense Coordinator
   3. Similarly other important organizations like Health, PWD etc. will be
      asked to formulate and submit their authorization plan.
   4. An earthquake resistant control room structure should be created.
      Provision shall also be made to designate an alternate site for the control
      room in case damage to the control room center.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                214
   5. To avoid problem of coordination and different perspectives and
      capabilities of different agencies (which may in turn be detrimental to
      the plan effectiveness), the disaster related needs and equipped with the
      resources detailed.


EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT GUIDELINES

Guidelines for Earthquake Resistant Buildings

Earthquake Resistant Provisions in Masonry Buildings with Strip Foundation
Zone Max.     Mortar Bands           Vertical-       Diameter     of Mortar       Bracin
      Height Mix                     Reinforcement Vertical          Mix for      Pitche
                                                     Reinforcement Band/Ver       Roof.
                                                                     tical
                                                                     Reinforce
                                                                     ment
III   Four    1:6       1. Lintel    For       Rock/ For       Rock/ 1:3          Bracin
      storey Cement        band      Hard/Medium Hard/Medium Cement               Tie Le
      (Less   sand or 2. Roof        soil-not        soil-not        Sand or
      than    1:2:9        band/G mandotry for mandotry              M      20
      15 m) cement-        able      soft soil at For soft single Concrete
              lime-     3. Plinth    joint      and bar
              sand         Band      corners         12mm (TOR)
                                                     or 16mm(MS)
IV    Four    1:6       1. Lintel    At joints and Single bar        1:3          Bracin
      storey Cement        band      corners     for 12mm (TOR) Cement            Tie Le
      (Less   sand or 2. Roof        Rock/           or 16mm(MS) Sand or
      than    1:2:9        band/G Hard/Medium                        M      20
      15 m) cement-        able      soft soil                       Concrete
              lime-     3. Plinth    At jambs and
              sand         Band      openings     of
                                     soft soil
V     Four    1:4       1. Lintel    At Joint and Single bar         1:3          Bracin
      storey Cement        band      corners.        20mm (TOR) Cement            Tie Le
      (Less   sand or 2. Roof        At jambs of or 25mm(MS) Sand or
      than    1:1:6        band/G opening.                           M      20
      15 m) cement-        able                                      Concrete
              lime-     3. Plinth
              sand         Band

ACTION PLAN FOR EARTHQUAKE

Action Points EARTHQUAKE
PLANNING AND Identification of earthquake prone areas
PREPARATION


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              215
IDENTIFICATION  Loss of humen life
OF PROBLEMS     Casualities buried under fallen debris
                Destruction and damage to buildings
                Disruption of communication by land, sea and air
                Disruption of civic amenities e.g. electricity, water,
                 transport, medical, telephones
                Civil supplies etc.
                Large scale fires
                Floods in certain areas.
                Landslide in hilly areas.
                Disposal of human bodies and animals.
                Exposure to disease and danger of epidemics.
                Breakdown of law and order.
                Breakdown of normal Government machinery in
                 affected areas due to Government servants
                 themselves being affected by earthquake.
                Loss of morale.
                Movement of population.
ADVANCE         Preoaration of Plans and skeleton organization in
PREPARATORY      advance.
ACTION PLAN     Training of personnel.
                Establishment of alternative means of mobile
                 communications.
                Mobilization of Fire Services including auxiliary
                 firemen.
                Plans of rescue of casualities trapped under-debris.
                Provision of hospital, medical and nursing staff.
                Medical plans for improvised first aid posts and
                 emergency hospitals.
                Removal of Debris.
                Emergency sanitation, alternative supplies of water,
                 salvage and custody of valuables, procurement,
                 distribution accounting of gift stores, care of animals
                 etc.
                Provision of welfare facilities
AFTER       AN  Instant reaction
EARTHQUAKE      Establishment of Control
                Military Assistance
                Corpse Disposal
                Medical
                Epidemics
                Salvage
                Deployment of Resources
                Outsides Relief
                Camp-work and Employment
                Information


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                       216
REHABILITATION
    1. Damege Assessment.
    2. Restoration of personal belongings, vehicles/other resources
       requisitioned etc.
    3. Repair of damaged roads/bridges/buildings any other etc.
    4. Control of spread diseses any epidemic.
    5. Provision of safe drinking water.
    6. Checking of public buildings from safety point of view.
    7. Restoration of normal community functions.
    8. Dispelling any rumors as to the safety of the area affected.

8.3 EPIDEMICS
       Through there is no history of any out break of epidemics in the recent
past in this district, yet contingent plan prepared by Civil Surgeon shall take
care of any out break of epidemics. District Amritsar five civil hospitals and 13
PHC's. The list of Medical Officers along with their place of posting and
telephone Number is being given here under:-

Sr.No. Designation of officer             Telephone No.
       Place of posting
                                   (O)           (R)
1      Civil Surgeon               2211864       -             Amritsar
2      Asstt.Civil Surgeon         2211864       2583680       -do-
3      SMO Amritsar                255264        -             -do-
4      SMO Baba Bakala             245548        -             Baba Bakala
5      SMO Ajnala                  221105        -             Ajnala
6      SMO TarnTaran               222755        -             TarnTaran
7      SMO Patti                   244949        -             Patti
8      MO Chabhal                  277343        -             Chabhal
9      MO Gharyala                 225227        -             Gharyala
10     MO Lopoke                   244852        -             Lopoke
11     MO Verka                    2263095       -             Verka
12     MO KhemKaran                2422946       -             KhemKaran
13     MO Kairon                   226537        -             Kairon
14     MO Manawala                 2440136       -             Manawala
15     MO Majitha                  2533866       -             Majitha

8.4 CATTLE EPIDEMIC
       Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry has prepared a contingent plan for
taking care of any cattle epidemics. The contingent plan is as under:-
        Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry, Amritsar has constituted Block
level teams in order to tackle any cattle epidemics arising out of flood or any
other anticipated disaster in the distt. The control room at telephone No.



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                217
267478 is working round the clock in order to convey message to the Block
level teams. The Block level teams are as under:-

Sr.No. Designation of officer                           Telephone No.
             Mobile
                                                (O)            (R)
1     Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry         267428         -
2     Veterinary Officer, Amritasr              267428         9814403137
4     Veterinary Officer, Ajnal                 -              2505616
5     Veterinary Officer, Baba Bakala           -              2229738
The District has 132 veterinary hospital and 189 dispensaries.

8.5 VILLAGE FIRES
       As already described there is one fire station available in this district
with Municipal Corporation, Amritsar. In case of major fire, fire tenders can be
requisitioned from the nearby Station. There have been incidents of fire to the
standing/ harvested/ wheat/ paddy crop. In most of the cases, the cause of fire is
due to short circuiting, because of loose electricity cables and touching of
combine harvesters with the overhead electric wires. To avoid such incidents,
harvesting of wheat/ paddy crop at night has been prohibited by the District
Magistrate. As already explained, in case of any disaster information about the
same shall be conveyed to the affected population through civil and police
control rooms. Mobilization of people shall be effected through Government
and Non Government Organizations. At the District level DDPO Amritsar shall
mobilize the village panchayats through respective BDPOs

        Assistant Director, Youth service and co-ordination Nehru Yuvak
Kendra shall mobilize the Youth Clubs in the real areas. NGos are mostly
active in the Municipal towns. These NGOs shall be mobilized through
respective SDMs. The National Reconstruction Crops Volunteers in the district
shall also be pressed into service by the District Youth Coordinator.

CAPABILITY ANALYSIS
Inventory and Evalution of the resources and opportunities from the stepping
stone in the preparatory stage. Authentic assessments can make the planner
awater of their tenacity and wants, so that they can equip themselves with all
the required items and materials well in advance. The resources necessary for
disaster preparedness and during and after disasters are listed below:
   1) Imporatnat Telephone Numbers (AMRITSAR) District which are
       listed in the Annexure.
   2) Nursing Home.
   3) Clinical Laboratory.
   4) Ambulance
   5) Blood Bank
   6) Pharmaceutical Shops
   7) Night Chemist.


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 218
   8) Oxygen Bank
   9) Tent House
   10) Search & Rescue equipments

                                  ANNEXURE-A

        OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT MAGISTRATE, AMRITSAR

ORDER
        Whereas, the various parts of the district viz ---------------------in Tehsil -
------------------have got flooded and the situation in the area has taken the
shape of natural disaster. Thus there is a serious apprehension of loss of human
lives and damage to the public property at a large scale.
        Whereas, it has been made to appear to me that with such kind of
situation arising there is possibility of getting the persons trapped in certain
packets. At places, they may get washed away by the water current. This Amy
also causes a panic situation in the entire locality. With this, there is every
likelihood that the people may assemble at one place and with this any kind of
nun toward incident may take place which may cause serious breach of peace
causing injury to persons and properties. So at certain places, evacuation of the
population at a safer point shall also be involved.
        I -------------------------, District Magistrate, Amritsar therefore, while
exercising the powers vested in me under section 130 CRPC, requesting the
armed force under your command with the following equipment so as to bring
the exiting situation to normal.
1)      Major Boats --------------------------
2)      Life jackets --------------------------
3)      Rope           --------------------------
4)      Chapoos         --------------------------

       The officers reporting against this requisition may contact the concerned
S.D.M Shri ---------------------------- for getting the other details to assist the
Civil Administration.
                                                                District
Magistrate
                              Seal
Amritsar
To
             The G.O.C.
             Or
             The Brigade Commander
             ------------------------------
             C/O 56 APO.




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                      219
                                      ANNEXURE-B

ORDER
       Whereas, it appears to me that the vehicle detailed below is to be needed
for the purpose of evacuation and transport of flood affected families to the
safer places. And, whereas it appears necessary to make an order to
requisitioning the vehicle detailed below:-
       Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers confirmed on me under
section 3 of the Punjab Requisitioning and Acquisition of Moveable Property
Act, 1978.

        I -------------------------IAS, District Magistrate Amritsar, therefore,
hereby requisition Vehicle No -----------------------and further order that driver
concerned along with aforesaid Vehicle with petrol/ diesel should report for
suty immediately to ------------------------------------on--------------------------------
-------- at -----------------------------------

                                                                      District
Magistrate

Amritsar

Endst No. -----------------------------                       dated ---------------------

Note :-
       In case of non compliance of the order attention is invited to section 16
of the Act which read as under :-
       "Whosoever contravenes any provision of this Act, or any rule made
these inder, or any order made, or director given under this act or obstructs the
lawful exercise of any power conferred by or under this Act shall be punishable
with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine or
with both

To
       ----------------------------
       ----------------------------




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                         220
                               ANNEXURE-C

     INSTITUTION WISE BEDS POSITION IN DISTRICT, AMRITSAR

Sr.No. Name of institution            No. of beds Phone No

1       Civil Hospital, Amritsar      150        255264
2       Civil Hospital, Patti         50         244949
3       Civil Hospital, Ajnala        50         221105
4       Civil Hospital, Baba Bakala   50         245548
5       Civil Hospital, TarnTaran     50         222755
6       P.H.C Chabhal                 30         277343
7       P.H.C Gharyala                30         225227
8       P.H.C Lopoke                  30         244852
9       P.H.C Verka                   25         2263095
10      P.H.C Khemkaran               30         2422946
11      P.H.C Kairon                  30         226537
12      P.H.C Manawala                25         2440136
13      P.H.C Tarsikka                25         267738
14      P.H.C Majitha                 25         2533866
15      P.H.C Chawinda Devi           25         2423311
16      P.H.C Threawal                8          2520287




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                221
                           ANNEXURE D
          Telephone List of Main office/officers of Amritsar


        Officer            Name   Office                Residence
        /Designation
        A.D.C.(G)Amritsar.        2226363               2226464
        A.D.C.(D)Amritsar         2226868               2229622
        AETC-1                    2210038               2225224
        AETC-11                   2212388               2213994
        Air Port                  2592166,2804526,      2590025
                                  2565081
        AC(Grivences)             2225722
        AC(G)                     2226767               2226768
        A.D.A.Legal               2228798
        Mr.Dhanawali
        A,T.M.Railway Station     2213171               2566887
        Asr
        Attari border.            2382610, 2231741
        Army                      2226678-83
B       B.D.P.O.Verka             30998043
        B.D.P.O.Jandiala          2432156               2520953
        B.D.P.O.Majitha           2773326
        B.D.P.O.Tarsika           01853-267726
        B.D.P.O.Rayya             01853-222080
        B.D.P.O.Ajnala            01858-221062
        B.D.P.O.Harsha chhina     01858-264107
        B.D.P.O.Chogawan          01858-244401
        B.D.P.O.Gandiwind         01852-260117
        B.S.F.Wahga Border        2476230,2476369
        Bachet Bhawan             2501358
Banks   Syndicate Bank            2565118               2565521
        O.B.C.Queens Rd.          2564682               2565163
        O.B.C.Majitha Rd.         2555157               2555748
        Canera Bank               2223972
        Majitha Rd.
        Pb&Sind Bank Rly Rd.      2565179
        O.B.C.Vallah              2261124
        Union Bank Lawranse       2220087
        Rd.
        S.B.I.City                2547780,2548188
        S.B.I.Cantt.              2565319
C       Commissioner MC ASR       2545155               2222111
        CJM                       2225110               2225251
        Control Room ASR          2228185


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                       222
                                 100
       Civil Surgeon             2211864            2583630
       Custom Officer            2507436            2504636
Colleg Shazada Nand College      2210828
es                               2222273
       D.A.V. College for boys 2553377
                                 2551872
       Khalsa College            2258418,2258852
       Shazada Nand Collage 2544645, 2210828
       for women
       Govt College for women 2225818
       D.A.V.College         for 2221757, 2221009
       women
Clubs Amritsar Club              2223669            2540222
       A.G.A                     2223306
       Serivce Club              2227068
Cinem Annam Cinemas              2210949
as
       Adrash                    2565249
       Suraj Chanda              2557393
       Sangam                    2545500
       Gagan                     2271020
       New Rialto                2566101
Health Civil Surgeon             2211864            2274564
Distri D.H.O                     2566271
ct
Office
s
       Cantonment Board          2563967            2562351
       Circuit House             2566319            2210053
       Chif Agi Office           2502527
       C.J.M                     2225110
       Custom                    2210377, 2565469
       Custom Attari Rd.         2292630
       Coca Cola Factory         2258397
       Depo                      2225749
       C.D.P.O.Jandiala          2320071
       Computer Section          2220899, 2400364
       Commissioner Provident 2500471, 2501064
       Funds
D      Distt & Session Judge     2225124            2225122
       Deputy Commisseioner 2226161                 2226162,6
       Asr                                          262
       DIG Border Range          2223238            2210966
       DIG BSF Border Range      2258705, 2258275   2258520


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                   223
        Distt Mandi Officer          2527459   2257444
        D.M.Punsup                   2506119   2221878
        D.R.O.                       2229125   2401103
        Distt Social Security        2571934
        Officer
        Dy.Dir. Sanik Welfare        2563102
        Distt Attorny                2400193   2565518
        Distt Sports Officer         2557693   2562222
        D.E.O.(S)                    2225896   2500923
        D.E.O.(P)                    2228979   2227080
        D.D.P.O.                     2226980   2401804
        D.T.O.                       2565244   2507560
        D.W.O.                       2534944   2566012
        D.D.L.G.                     2557689   2229882
        D.F.S.C.                     2564966   2225699
        Dy.Director Horticulture     2502476   2223340
        Dy.Ecnomical            &    2565999
        Statistical Advisor
        Distt     Small    Savings   2503184
        Officer
        Distt.Treasury Officer     2222587
        Dy. E.S.A.                 2565999
        D.M. Agro                  2505531     2500137
        D.M.Ware House             2401060
        D.M.Markfed                2500372     2506669
        D.O.R.G.                   2225722     2226440
        Durgina Mandir             2550700
                                   2550800
        Divisional Forest Officer 2231480
        D.M.S.C.C.                 2556667     2275071
        D.T.P.                     2220406     2229899
        Deputy          Dir.Public 2210235     2223093
        Relation.
        D.P.R.O.                   2210235     2223870
        D.M.F.C.I.                 2226257     2500012
Docto   Dr.Daljit Singh Eyes       2551600
rs
        Dr.Adarsh.Heart.G.Nana       2500709
        k Hospital
        Dr.Davinder                  2505122   2545945
        Sharma.Heart
        Dr.A.S.Randhawa Brain                  2503624
        Dr.Mrs.Khanna.               2220805
        Dr.Jadish     Gargi.Post     2226900
        Mortem


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                            224
        Dr.Sujan Singh Eyes       2256636               2258873
        Dr.Sandhu                 2504333               2710475
E       Election Tehsildar.       2227118               2484635
        Employment officer        2552379
        E.O.I.T.O.                2557618,2557617       2228292
        Essma Mill                2226252,2564921,256
                                  6882
        E.O.M.C.O. Asr            2545538
        E.O.M.C.Jandiala          2432122,2432405       2484991
        E.O.M.C.Majitha           2773347               2484991
        EOMC Ajnala               951858-221438
        EOMC Rayya                951853-222286         5095421
        EOMC Raja Sansi           951858-233712
        EO Improvement trust      2500555,2501666
G       G.M.Rd.ways-1             2551735               2212641
                                  2551741
        G.M.Rd.ways-11            2551776,2551744
        G.A.to D.C                2226767               2226768
        G.M.D.I.C.                2584804               2586696
        G.M.Telephones            2563566               2563500
        Gurdwara         judicial 2502398
        Commission
        Guru Nanak Bhavan         2545480
Gas     Amritsar Gas Agency       2556456
Agnec
y
       Amrohi                    2566496,2564040
       Arora                     2548110
       Dee.Ess.                  2542508
       Bajwa                     2282602
       Chopra                    2555770
       Jagdav Chheharta          2258200
       Shivam Gas                2521380
       Ganpati                   2541588
Hotels Ritz Hotel                2562836                2566314
       Mohan International       2227801to08
       Sun&Shine                 2563876
       Kumar International       2500171
       Royal Castel              2556264
       M.K.                      2504610,504611
       Amritsar International    2555991-92
Hospit Guru Ramdas Dental        2585656
als    College&Hospital
       Dental College Mall       2553668
       Mandi


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                     225
        Sani Hospital                2221121
        Kakkar                       2506053
        Dental Hospital Majitha      2566674
        rd.
        Mundh.                    2503336              2503346
I       Income Tax Officer.       2225675, 2225876
        Improvement trust         2500555, 2501666     2503399
        I.T.I.Centre              2553431
        Indian Oil                2503419
J       Jail                      2228110
        Jalliana Wala Bagh        2542245
K       Kabul Trading Company     2564789, 2222215
L       Labour Officer            2564602
        LIC Asr                   2557830,    2557392,
                                  2555517
        LBO                       2566089
M       Market Committee Asr      2543264              1852-
                                                       22426
                                  2542956
        M.C.Gehri                 2432027
        M.C. Rayya                01853-222319         2273356
        M.C. Chhabal              01852-277255         52-222015
        M.C.Ajnala                01858-221051         2504778
        M.C.Chogawan              01858-244761         2227505
        M.C.Attari                2382605              01852-
                                                       222426
        M.C.Mehta                 01853-256725         2273356
        M.C.Jandiala.             2322027              2236264
        M.C.Majitha.              2773353              2581064
        Municipal     Corporation 2545155              2222111
        Commissioner.

        Medical        Supdtt.Guru   2220460,2222173    2220805
        Nanak Hospital.
Mills   Sawadesi mill                2564841, 2222777   2220764
        Sugar Mill Ajnala            246652
N       N.T.Colonization             2556461
        Nowelty Sweets               2223197
        Nizzar Agro                  2321704
        Nehru Juva Kender            2210870
O       Odeon                        2565074
        OCM                          2258712,2258713
S       S.E.Irrigation               566252             2226761
                                     566246
        S.E.N/H                      274203             474513


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                      226
       S.E.Sewrage Board       553916             401999
       S.E.PSEB City Circle    553607, 545882     504087
       S.E.Public Health       543391             223446
       S.E.Mandi Board         500731, 556461
       S.E.PWD                 274285
       S.E.Drains              229954             226975
       S.E.Chief Engineer PSEB 263915, 263948
       S.E.Pheruman PSEB       2504669            2502521
Schoo  Sant Singh Sukha Singh  2223878,2565799,
ls                             2565699
SSP   Amritsar                 2227779
SSP   Majitha                  2584369
      B.R.Modern Sch.          2224603
      G.S.S.S.Mall Rd.         2220682
      D.A.V.Public Sch.        2224603
      P.B.N.Hall Gate          2551995
      Kotla Sultan Singh       2236550            2231040
      Holly     Heart    Green 2563935
      Avenue
      Holly Heart Rani Ka 2564441
      Bagh
      Holly Heart G.T.Rd.      246903
      D.A.V.Sch. hathi Gate    2548465
      St.Frances.              2226285
      Harkrishan Public Sch.   2562649
      Khalsa College Public 2258337               2258267
      Sch.
S.D.M S.D.M.Asr-I              2226928            2226307
‟s
      S.D.M.Asr-II             2228303            2227098
      S.D.M.Baba Bakala        01853-245510       245511
      S.D.M.Ajnala             01858-221037       221054
      Supdtt.Medical.S.G.T.B. 2222173
      Hospital
T     Tehsildar Asr-I          2562663            2229646
      Tehsildar Asr-II         2544695
      Tehsildar Ajnala         01858-221102       2213030
      Tehsildar Baba Bakala    01853-225511       2421656
U     Guru      Nanak      Dev 2258802 to 09
      University.
      G.N.D.U.V.C              2258811
      Pro V.C                  2258880
      G.N.D.U                  2258855
      G.N.D.U History Deptt    2258802
V     Verka Milk Plant         2263072, 2263026


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                               227
W     Working Women Hostal       2234411
      Asr
X     Xen Mandi Board            2526451   2500731
      Xen P.S.E.B.Hall Gate      2548156   266343
      Xen Drainage               2566097
      Xen Drainage Mechinical    2566278
      Xen P.W.D.Electercity      2274384   2222672
      Xen P.S.E.B.               2274362
      Xen Rural Rd.Division-1    2564793   2277609
      Xen Rural Rd. Division -   2274285   2275181
      2
      Xen Building Prov.Div.2    2274881   2228860
      Xen Public Health Div.1    2554281   2212456
      Xen Public Health Div.2    2562911
      Xen P.W.D.Electrcity       2274284   2222672
      Xen Rural Works P.W.D.     2274285
      Xen National Highways      2566551   2275601
      Xen Panchyat Raj           2234637   2225398
      Xen P.S.E.B.(SHARMA)       2544458   2548156
      Xen Palution Board         226079
      Xen Galiara                2293081   425856
      Xen Panchayat Raj          225398
      Xen UBDC                   2566423
      Xen Irregation             2566246




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                        228
                     ANNEXURE E
        PHONE NUMBERS OF KANUNGO, SARPANCH AND
                ADMINISTRATIVE BODIES

ADMINISTRATIVE BODY, AMRITSAR
Sr. No.            Name            Designation        Phone Number
   1    Nirmaljit Singh Bajwa   Punjab                 98154-13003
                                Representative
   2    Lakhwinder singh Kohli  President              98728-48687
   3    Sukhchain singh         General Secretary      98760-43774
   4    Rupinder Singh Randhawa Cashier                98156-57012
   5    Balbir Singh Cheema     Vice-Senior            98724-11170
                                President
   6    Mukhwinder Singh Khera Vice President          99153-57410
   7    Karan Singh Nangli      Vice President         98727-46833
   8    Gurmez Singh            Vice President         98727-58499
   9    Sant Dalbir Singh       Vice President         98140-39816
  10    Maninder singh Bhagat   Vice President         98152-13679
  11    Kulwant Singh Dehriwal  Assistant              98153-50458
                                Secretary
  12    Ranjit Singh            Propaganda             98888-73546
                                Secretary
  13    Tejinder singh          Legal Advisor          97802-03409
  14    Rajesh Kumar Bitto      Press Secretary        98145-13870
  15    Jaswant Singh Aulakh    Press Secretary        98158-33166
  16    Jaspal Singh Banot      Assistant Cashier      94644-38799
  17    Master Jagjeer singh    Editor                 98722-77485
  18    Rachpal Singh Jalala    Propaganda             98728-64729
                                Secretary

TEHSIL BODY AMRITSAR-I
Sr. No.          Name                Designation       Phone Number
   1    Sant Prem Singh Sidhu     President           98146-83806
   2    Harminder Singh           General Secretary   94644-34669
   3    Sukhwinder Singh          Cashier             98721-22381

TEHSIL BODY AMRITSAR-II
Sr. No.           Name               Designation       Phone Number
   1    Gurikbal Singh            President           98156-41047
   2    Kulwinder Singh           General Secretary   98153-58851
   3    Sampuran Singh            Cashier             94636-49401

TEHSIL BODY AJNALA
Sr. No.          Name                Designation       Phone Number
   1    Gurinderbeer Singh Gill   President           98555-07709


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                    229
    2      Daljit Singh                  General Secretary   98143-31403
    3      Mewa Lal Bhagat               Cashier             94635-89760

TEHSIL BODY BABA BAKALA
Sr. No.            Name                     Designation       Phone Number
   1    Harjit Singh                     President           98761-10322
   2    Tarsem Singh                     General Secretary   98558-19301
   3    Amit Kumar                       Cashier             99159-30494

SADAR KANUNGO OFFICE
 Sr.       Name         Designation                          Phone Number
 No.
  1  Jagsheer Singh Sadar Kanungo                             98727-55862
  2  Narinder Singh Naib Kanungo, Asr                         98559-98974
  3  Sukhdev Singh  Kanungo                                   98761-54270
  4  Sukhdev Singh  Kanungo                                   98143-15179
  5  Joginder Singh Naib Kanungo

KANUNGO OFFICE
Sr.  Name                     Designation               Phone Number
No.
1    Surinder Singh           Kanungo           office, 98151-52355
                              Amritsar
2         Jagteshwar Singh    A.O.K.                    0183-2220637


KANUNGO AMRITSAR-I

Sr. No.             Name                  Area               Phone Number
   1        Joginder Singh        Amritsar-I                  98763-18318
   2        Gurmez Singh          Sultanwind side             98727-58499
   3        Mehal         Singh   Sultanwind Urban            98888-74188
            Sandhu
     4      Susheel Handa         Mahal-I                     98156-10276
     5      Manjit Singh          Mahal-II                    98157-56637
     6      Nachatar Singh        Bhradiwal                   98722-77629
     7      Harwinder Bitto       Sultanwind Chikani          98144-56925
     8      Gian Singh            Asr-107                     99151-68003
     9      Hardev Singh          Asr-108                     94638-29873
    10      Kartar Singh          Asr-109                     99158-72934
    11      Sarbjit               Asr-110                     99880-60088




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                               230
      KANUNGO AMRITSAR-II

          Sr.                Name                    Designation           Ph No.
          No.
           1      Hirdepal Singh                   Kanungo               9815630949
           2      Gurikbal Singh                   Kanungo               9815641047
           3      Ranjit Singh                     Kanungo               9855294943
           4      Gurjit Singh                     Kanungo               9780527805
           5      Chiman Mehar                     Kanungo               9814426042
           6      Tejwant Singh                    Kanungo               9878017153
           7      Harpal Singh                     Kanungo               9887274177
           8      Mandeep Singh                    Kanungo               9872345555
           9      Jalwinder Singh                  Kanungo                98721154
          10      Thaman Singh                     Kanungo                98151126
          11      Sukhjinder Singh                 Kanungo               985516416

      KANUNGO WADALA BHITEWADH

Sr.         Name                     Designation        Village            Phone Number
No.
1           Navinder Singh           Kanungo                               98149-53265
                                     President
2           Mangwinder Singh                            Miran Kot          99153-57410
3           Ranjit Singh                                Heir               98158-61206
4           Kuldeep Singh                               Kambo              98154-68560
5           Ratanjeet Singh                             Basarke            94174-17635
6           Ashok Kumar                                 Basarke Gillan     99887-76029
7           Prithipal Singh                             Loharka            98729-61313
8           Surinder Kumar                              Gaunsabad          98552-68610
9           Jaswinder       Singh                       Wadala             98148-13815
            Bedi                                        Bhitewadh
10          Rajeev Kumar                                Khapar Kheri       97804-12272
11          Rajesh Kumar                                Hamidpura          97793-03762

      KANUNGO VERKA

    Sr.         Name                  Designation        Village               Phone
    No.                                                                        Number
    1           Archana Madam         Kanungo            Verka                 98784-95394
    2           Lakhwinder Singh                         Pandori Waraich       98728-48687
    3           Harwinder Singh                          Bal Kalan             98728-95795
    4           Bhupinder Singh                          Bal Khurd             98156-22223
    5           Surjeet Singh                            Jethuwal              99145-79919
    6           Jagjit Singh                             Mudhal                98152-81534
    7           Jagjit Singh                             Verka-1               98722-72480


      DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                 231
8          Ranjit Singh                          Verka-2                 98155-67744
9          Balkar Singh                          Muradpura               94642-29191
10         Harbans Singh                         Fatehgarh               98782-40732
                                                 Shukarchak
11         Bhagwan Singh                         Jagatpur Bajaj          99144-07240


     KANUNGO CHABBA

     Sr.     Name              Designation    Village             Phone Number
     No.
     1       Narinder Singh    Kanungo        Chabba              98723-55358
     2       Harjinder Singh                  Mananwala           98156-26080
     3       Pardeep Kumar                    Iban                98144-53121
     4       Paras Nath                       Rakh Jhita          98143-91044
     5       Paramjeet Singh                  Mandiala            98888-47524
     6       Balwinder                        Sangna              98554-24669
             Sharma
     7       Rajpal                           Chicha              94636-50414
     8       Bachitar Singh                   Chabba              98768-02052
     9       Darshan singh                    Chatiwind           94646-26312
     10      Gurikbal Singh                   Wanchari            97797-01294
     11      Rajesh Kumar                     Warpal              98146-54855

     KANUNGO ATTARI

Sr.        Name                 Designation    Village            Phone Number
No.
1          Raj Kumar          Kanungo          Attari             98723-58360
2          Sant    Sukhwinder                  Attari             98781-35939
           Singh
3          Harish Chander                      Neshta             99144-40472
4          Balkar Singh                        Dhanoia Kalan      98553-55337
5          Subash Chander                      Mode               98558-28229
6          Jobanjeet Singh                     Kaunke             98141-27536
7          Bhupinder Singh                     Ranike             98146-02362
8          Sanjeev Kumar                       Mahawa             98150-10897
9          Ravi Devgan                         Rajatal            97804-68685
10         Balwinder Singh                     Daoke              94640-02312
11         Balraj Singh                        Gharinda           98153-67497




     DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              232
     KANUNGO KHASA

     Sr.       Name               Designation      Village         Phone Number
     No.
     1         Keval Krishan      Kanungo          Khasa           98159-67500
     2         Sampuran Singh     Cashier          Khasa           94636-49401
     3         Dr. Narinder Pal                    Gumanpura       98729-58899
     4         Gurdeep Singh                       Dhatal
     5         Ravinder Kumar                      Khathanian      98150-07875
     6         Sawan Singh                         Chakmukand      97801-16151
     7         Major Singh                         Hoshiar Nagar   98888-41842
     8         Savinder Singh                      Bhakna Khurd    97798-84945
     9         Ram Ji Das                          Chicha          94635-13181
     10        Sukhwinder                          Bhakna Kalan    98721-22381
               Singh
     11        Raman Kumar                         Lahorimal       98153-67497

     KANUNGO NAWAN PIND

Sr.        Name                    Designation   Village           Phone Number
No.
1          Vipan Kumar        Kanungo            Nawan Pind        9815418018
2          Sant Prem Singh President             Nawan Pind        9814688808
           Sidhu
3          Karam singh Nangli                    Talwandi Dogran   98152677
4          Jaspal singh                                            98151132
5          Sukhdeep singh                                          98720312
6          Paramjeet singh                       Makhan Windi      98153022
7          Narvail singh                         Fatehpur          98158472
                                                 Rajputan
8       Rabinder Nath                                              981571044
9       Sukbeer singh bedi                                         987246488
10      Ratan Singh                              Wadala Johal      985560777
11      Virender Singh                           Rasulpur
     KANUNGO JANDIALA GURU

     Sr. No.    Name               Designation      Village         Ph No.
     1          Kuldeep Singh      Kanungo          Jandiala        9878469373
     2          Ashu kumar         Kanungo          Jandiala-I      9779692292
     3          Harinder Singh     Kanungo          Jandiala-II     9872745597
     4          Ranjeet Singh      Kanungo          Bundala-I       9915241014
     5          Rasal singh        Kanungo          Bundala-II      9417949136
     6          Amrik Singh        Kanungo          Jania           9888751212
     7          Navdeep Singh      Kanungo          Gahri           9915502120
     8          Rajiv kumar        Kanungo          Mallian         9915955027


     DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                         233
9           Balwinder Singh     Kanungo          Devi Dasspura    9855714164
10          Jaspal Singh        Kanungo          Bhangwan         9815623124
11          Darbar Singh        Kanungo          Ballian          9898872400
                                                 Majpura

KANUNGO PAKHARPURA

Sr. No.         Name            Designation       Village        Ph No.
1               Bhupedra Singh Kanungo            Pakharpura     9855447775
2               Satnam Singh    Kanungo           Terpai         9872582117
3               Devi Parkash    Kanungo           Mardikalan     9872554295
4               Balveer Singh   Kanungo           Sanewal        9815858554
5               Kawal singh     Kanungo           Babowal        9417427087
6               Ravindar Singh Kanungo                           987281
7               Surindr Singh   Kanungo           Abdal          9872356
8               Balwinder Singh Kanungo           Bhangali       9465273
9               Avtar Singh     Kanungo           shamnagar      9814094
10              Parveen Kumar Kanungo             Fatubillewal   9855462
11              Rajesh kumar    Kanungo           KOtli          99880843

KANUNGO KATHUANGAL

Sr        Names                Designation    Villages    Phone
No.                                                       Numbers
1         Jabardutt Singh      Kanungo                    9855309271
2         Rajinder Singh                                  9855478526
3         Ajit Singh                                      9915508787
4         Narinder Kumar                                  9815935041
5
6         Parsan Singh                                    9779387464
7         Balwinder Singh                                 9872048903
8         Inderjeet Singh                                 9217710102
9         Palwinder Singh                                 9815880281
10        Joginder Pal Pande                              9814738158
11        Harjit Singh                                    9872613187




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                            234
KANUNGO MAJITHA

Sr    Names                Designation     Villages       Phone
No.                                                       Numbers
1     Satnam Singh    Kanungo              Majitha        9417921590
2     Kulwinder Singh Kanungo              Sohian Kalan   9815358851
      Khera
3     Rajesh Kumar    Kanungo              Kotla Sultan 9814513870
                                           singh
4     Harminder Singh      General         Umar pura    9464434669
                           Secretary
5     Narinder Singh                       Majitha        9465564414
6     Ravinder Kumar                       Nag-1          9779616683
7     Rakesh Kumar                         Nag-2          9417977248
8     Gurdasmal                            Jheto Nangal   9118557719
9     Sukhbir Singh                        Bhagwa         9915316666
10    Vinod Kumar                          Mahdipura      9914252446
11    Sukhwinder Singh                     Wadalviram     9815229483
12    Gursharan Singh                      Bhuma          9815995653

IMPORTANT PHONE NUMBERS OF TEHSIL AJNALA

Sr    Names                 Designation      Villages       Phone
No.                                                         Numbers
1     S. Inderjeet Singh  Kanungo                           9872005186
                          Office
2     Sh. Harbhajan Singh A.O.K.                            9888306421
3     Sh. Avtar Singh     A.O.K.                            9872545830

TEHSIL OFFICE AJNALA

Sr    Names                  Designation     Villages       Phone
No.                                                         Numbers
1     S. Ravinder Singh      SDM             Ajnala         9855108091
2     Sh. Rohit Gupta        Tehsildar       Ajnala         9815006658
3     Sh. Parmanand          Naib-           Ajnala         9872322932
                             Tehsildar
4     S. Bawa Singh          Naib-           Ramdas         9815812730
                             Tehsildar
5     S. Bakshish Singh      Naib-           Lopoke         9878680783
                             Tehsildar




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                          235
KANUNGO AJNALA

Sr    Names              Designation   Villages   Phone
No.                                               Numbers
1     Harmesh Lal        Kanungo       Ajnala     9872643581
2     Ripudaman Singh                  Ajnala     9464743232
3     Kaptan Singh                     Guralal    9914272877
4     Mangat Maseer                    Nangal     9855455842
5     Sukhdev Raj                      Dayalbhati 9815272651
6     Mahesh Kumar                     Gujarpura 9872968410
7     Ramesh Pal                       Gagumahal 9855791496
8     Sanjeev Kumar                    Rair       9815877737
9     Karaj Singh                      Panchgaria 9888170401
10    Manjinder Singh                  Rajia      9815912012
11    Baldev       Singh               AbNanagal 9914450486
      Mattu
12    Amanjit Singh                    Ugaraulaka 9814007666

KANUNGO CHAMEARI

Sr    Names              Designation   Villages    Phone
No.                                                Numbers
1     Paramjit Singh     Kanungo       Chameri     9815765909
2     Mewa Lal Bhagat    Patwari       Chameri     9463589760
3     Garnek Singh                     Hardpatli   9872454130
4     Surjit Singh                                 9815565
5     Ramesh Kumar                                 9815520
6     Atma Singh                                   9872330
7     Harish Kumar                                 9814312
8     Harbhajan Singh                              9888306
9     Harjinder Kumar                              9815668
10    Harjinder Singh                              98782552
11    Kuldeep Singh                                94655655
12    Rajesh Kumar                                 98155209

KANUNGO SARANGDEV

Sr    Names              Designation   Villages     Phone
No.                                                 Numbers
1     Kashmeer Singh     Kanungo                    9815504016
2     Harpreet Singh                                9914315486
3     Keval Singh                                   9815688473
4     Sukhjinder Singh                              9814057357
5     Deva Singh                                    9815301209
6     Bikramjit Singh                               9815698938


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                    236
7     Dalbeer Singh                    Bikraur         9465496091
8     Jagir Singh                      Chakdogra       9872277485
9     Jaswinder Singh                  Jafarkot        9815244435
10    Manohar Lal                      Ballabedarya    9872692610
11    Sukhchain Singh                  Shekhpati       9876043774

KANUNGO GURU KA BAGH

Sr    Names              Designation   Villages        Phone
No.                                                    Numbers
1     Rashem Singh       Kanungo       Gurukabagh      9815202585
2     Sant Dalbeer Singh               Sansera         9814039816
3     Krishan      Chand               Dodraya         9888682336
      Bhagat
4     Kulwant Singh                    Tedakalan       9814654876
5     Gurnaam Singh                    Bhowali         9814655645
6     Sarabjit Singh                   Ballawind       9872764282
7     Gurinder Singh                   Khtrakallan     9878247784
8     Dalip Singh                      Sangatpura      9876423555
9     Harpreet Singh                   Chander         9878679947
10    Dawinderpal Singh                Laskrinangal    9217710555
11    Manwinder Singh                  Kamalpura       9815213679
12    Baldev Singh                     Kadowali        9815181588

KANUNGO RAMDAS

Sr    Names              Designation   Villages       Phone
No.                                                   Numbers
1     Parbhushan Singh   Kanungo                      98145694
2     Sukhchain Singh    Patwari                      9876043
3     Manjit Singh                                    98784040
4     Charanjit Singh                                 99886812
5     Jagtar Singh                                    98724309
6     Jagtar Singh                                    981569700
7     Janak Raj                                       9855004545
8     Rajinder Singh                                  9914866201

KANUNGO RAJASANSI

Sr    Names              Designation   Villages        Phone
No.                                                    Numbers
1     Jaswant      Singh Kanungo       Rajasansi       9878072260
      Sohal
2     Om Prakash         Patwari       Rajasansi       9815243137
3     Maninderjeet                     Adliwal         9872265006


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                       237
      Singh
4     Ikbal Singh                      Mallunangal     9878372200
5     Kuldeep Singh                    Bholanangal     9888166336
6     Charanjeev Kumar                 Jagdevkallan    9815639305
7     Narayani Das                     Harsahchina     9463524337
8     Harjinder Singh                  Dhariwal        9814956108
9     Gurdial Singh                    Bagga           9815692201
10    Manohar Lal                      Kaler           9872692610
11    Sukhinder Singh                  Chanjoti        9872500711

KANUNGO LOPOKE

Sr    Names              Designation   Villages       Phone
No.                                                   Numbers
1     Ashok Kumar        Kanungo                      9815309223
2     Ropinder Singh     Patwari                      9815657019
3     Satnam Singh                                    9855278759
4     Gurikbal Singh                                  9814015202
5     Shivraj Singh                    Chawindakallan 9878119467
6     Shiv Singh                       Wanike         9815850501
7     Gurnaam Singh                    Dhalla         9876838313
8     Dhanjeet Singh                   Sohra pind     9463550013
9     Paramjit Singh                   Chakmishrikah 9872954121
10    Paramdeep Singh                  Mauda          9814312566
11    Lakhwinder Singh                 Maulkot        9417916843
12    Jaswant Singh                    Kawen          9815833166

KANUNGO KAKAR

Sr    Names              Designation   Villages       Phone
No.                                                   Numbers
1     Gurmukh Singh      Kanungo                      9855251439
2     Balbeer Singh      Patwari                      9478155016
3     Dhanjeet Singh                                  9463550013
4     Maninderjeet                                    9878663819
      Singh
5     Gurdial Singh                                   9779749983
6     Sulakhan     Singh                              9815899798
      Dhillon
7     Sukhdev Raj                                     9316049619
8     Baldev Singh                                    9815755742
9     Harpreet Singh                                  9815208484
10    Jagdev Singh                                    9855706736
11    Ashwani Kumar                                   9814482503



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                       238
KANUNGO THOBA

Sr    Names             Designation   Villages   Phone
No.                                              Numbers
1     Kapoor Singh     Kanungo                   9872319976
2     Gurbinder Singh Tehsil                     9855507709
      Gill             President
3     Jagtar Singh                               9463683630
4     Sabeg Singh                                9876685866
5     Sabeg Singh                                9876685866
6     Sucha Singh                                9815155013
7     Amarjit Singh                              98722978
8     Surjit Singh                               981545382
9     -                                          981545382
10    Maninder Singh                             98711957
11    Sukhwinder Singh                           987618535


KANUNGO JASRAUR

Sr  Names              Designation Villages      Phone
No.                                              Numbers
1   Buta Singh         Kanungo                   9464115641
2   Lakhbir Singh                                9914181348
3   Jarnail Singh                                9855204521
4   Satpal Singh                                 9814934941
5   Baldev Inder Singh                           9915183860
6   Jaspal Singh                                 9464438798
7   Balwinder Singh                              9815811765
8   Harbeer Singh                                9914985065
9   Jatinder Singh                               9872540975
10  Mangat Masih                                 9815455842
11  Pardeep Kumar                                9815701606
KANUNGO JASTARWALA

Sr    Names             Designation Villages     Phone
No.                                              Numbers
1     Kulbeer Singh      Kanungo                 9872319976
2     Sawinderjeet Singh                         9872031476
3     Gurjaspal Singh                            01858-236004

4     Daljit Singh                               9814331403
5     Baldev Singh                               9814828135
6     Kuldeep Singh                              9815139127


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                   239
7     Malkiat Singh                              9779325480
8     Sumit Kumar                                9814606344
9     Ram Lubhaiya                               9914965400
10    Nirvail Singh                              9814899942
11    Nirvail Singh                              9815755742

IMPORTANT TELEPHONE NUMBER OF BABA BAKALA

Sr    Names               Designation Area        Phone
No.                                               Numbers
1     Sh.Tejinderpal      SDM         Baka Bakala 01858221037
      Singh                                       9915000510
2     Smt. Seema Singh  Tehsildar     Baka Bakala 991554780
3     Sh.Sukhdev Kumar  Naib          Baka Bakala 925730313
      Bangar            Tehsildar
4     S.     Lakhwinder Naib          Baka Bakala 981534046
      Singh             Tehsildar
5     S. Malkeet Singh  Office        Baka Bakala 8146426700
                        Kanungo
6     Smt.    Kawaljeet Bill Clerk    Baka Bakala 987936141
      Kaur
7     S. Major Bhoma      A.O.K.      Baka Bakala 9465483043
8     S. Harjit Singh     Tehsil      Baka Bakala 987611032
                          President
9     S. Tarsem Singh     General     Baka Bakala 9855819301
                          Tehsil                  01832765892
                          Secretary
10    Sh. Amit Kumar      Cashier     Baka Bakala 9915930494
                          Tehsil                  01835062134



Kanungo BabaBakala
Sr   Names                Designation Village    Phone
No.                                              Numbers
1    Amit Kumar                                  9915930494
2    Dalbir singh                                9780512022
3    Raspal singh                                9872864729
4    Sukhtar singh                               9915306013
5    Manidar singh                               9855484828
6    Kulwant singh                               9815350458
7    Chanan singh                                9876133834
8    Patwindar singh                             9814916119
9    Sucha Singh                                 9876938907
10   Jagdeesh Kumar                              9872506424


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                   240
11    Jagdeesh kumar                            9872506424
12    Amarjeet Singh                            01832744225



KANUNGO SATHIALA

Sr    Names              Designation Villages   Phone
No.                                             Numbers
1     Balbir        Singh                       9872411170
      Cheema
2     Narinder Singh                            9876201250
3     Sukhwant Singh                            9023043245
4     Yograj Singh                              9914416001
5     Harpreet Singh                            9888230888
6     Parveen Kumar                             9872039177
7     Gurder Singh                              9779994785
8     Baldev Singh                              9876029281
9     Balbeer Singh                             9463400442
10    Princejeet Singh                          9872235035
11    Journail Singh                            9815272587
12    Tarsem Singh        Kanungo               9878096027


KANUNGO KHILCHIAN

Sr    Names              Designation Villages   Phone
No.                                             Numbers
1     Sukhchain Singh                           9915986013
2     Ramesh Pal                                9463771946
3     Sarabjit Singh                            9915670894
4     Balwinder Singh                           9463730637
5     Jaswinder Singh                           9878478070
6     Sardool Singh                             9815385021
7     Bikramjit Singh                           9815361810
8     Tarsem Singh                              9872493206
9     Satnam Singh                              9872472750
10    Sukhdev Singh      Kanungo                9872104299

KANUNGO TARSIKKA

Sr    Names              Designation Villages   Phone
No.                                             Numbers
1     Harjit Singh                              9876110322
2     Ranjit Singh                              9417306708


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                 241
3        Manjit Singh                             9815207087
4        Sangara Singh                            9876801658
5        Charanjit Singh                          9815688169
6        Mukhtar Singh                            9815494615
7        Manjit Singh                             9815207087
8        Major Singh                              9814112689
9        Lakhwinder Singh                         9814200223
10       Harjit Singh (Add President              9876110322
         itional Charge)
11       Joga Singh        Kanungo                9317552092

KANUNGO MATEWAL

Sr       Names             Designation Villages   Phone
No.                                               Numbers
1        Tarsem Singh                             9855819301
2        Prem Singh                               9876429964
3        Ranjit Singh                             9888873540
4        Satpal Singh                             9814410255
5        Dalbeer Singh                            9815207807
6        Davinder Singh                           9876246014
7        Satnam Singh                             -
8        Dilbaag Singh                            9465484052
9        Baljinder Singh                          9872113335
10       Shamsher Singh                           9814571189
11       Amreek Singh      Kanungo                9815833504

KANUNGO MEHTA

Sr No.         Names       Designation Villages   Phone
                                                  Numbers
1              Ikbal Singh                        9915469355
2              Inder Singh                        9988020507
3              Manjit      Baba Bakala            9815236860
               Singh
4              Kulwinder                          9815554495
               Singh
5              Sukhdev                            9814224032
               Raj
6              Keval Singh                        9915744798
7              Dalip Singh                        9915757084
8              Dalip Singh Additional             9915757084
                           Charge
9              Jagir Singh                        9815595140
10             Jagir Singh Additional             9815595140


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                  242
                     Charge
11       Randhir     Kanungo                9855440715
         Singh
12       Sucha Singh                        9878310333

KANUNGO CHAUGWAN

Sr No.   Names       Designation Villages   Phone
                                            Numbers
1        Sukhram                            9815646814
         singh
2        Charnjeet   Patwari                9815515015
3        Tarlochan                          9914265903
         singh
4        Janak Raj                          9988158492
5        Santokh                            9815511328
         singh
6        Dalwindar                          9814565586
         singh
7        Gurpal                             9914134674
         singh
8        Balwindar                          9855665650
         singh
9        Kawaljeet                          9815071923
         singh
10       Sushil                             9872230551
         kumar
11       Suresh                             9888982466
         kumar




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                            243
Block Wise Telephone Numbers of Sarpanch and Panchayat Secretary of
Amritsar District

BLOCK JANDIALA GURU

List of Tel. Nos. of Sarpanch & Panchayat Secretary     of Block Jandiala
Guru
Ser Name of Name           of Telepho Name         of   Telephone      No.
ial Gram         Sarpanch     ne No. Panchayat          (Panchayat
No. Panchay                   (Sarpan Secretary         Secretary)
      at                      ch)
1     2          3            4        5                6
1     Baba       S. Angrej 9888228 S.        Sukhbir    94637-17485
      Ghani      Singh        210      Singh
      Shah
2     Baba Jas S.             9815256 S. Balwinder      98882-
      Havelian Gursangat      813      Singh            80819,81463-
                 Singh                                  66766
3     Bachan     Smt.         9876639 S. Balwinder      98882-
      Singh      Dalbiro      087      Singh            80819,81463-
      Wala                                              66766
4     Balia      Smt.         9646901 S. Balwinder      98882-
      Manjpur    Lakhbir      520      Singh            80819,81463-
                 Kaur                                   66766
5     Bamma      S. Darshan 9888-      S.    Karanjit   94637-32285
                 Singh        75996    Singh
6     Bandala    S.     Sham 9888726 S.      Sarabjit   94647-45013
                 Singh        247      Singh
7     Beshamb Smt. Surjit 9915196 S.                    98882-85121
      erpura     Kaur         211      Sukhwinder
                                       Singh
8     Bhangwa S. Saroop 98152-         S.               98882-85121
      n          Singh        38666    Sukhwinder
                                       Singh
9     Bhagtupu S.       Inder 9878204 S. Ramtasvir      81462-99599
      ra         Singh        120      Singh
10 Bhagwan S. Mukhtar Not              S.               9478358477
      sar        Singh        Availabl Raminderjit
                              e.       Singh
11 Bhaini        Smt.         98155-   S. Naranjan      99888-54725
      Badeshan Paramjit       12042    Singh
                 Kaur
12 Butt          Smt.         98141-   S. Salwinder     97798-27668
                 Rajwant      68215    Singh
                 Kaur


DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                          244
13   Chajalwa    Smt.            99158-    S.    Ranjit 98782-68568
     di          Kulwant         25070     Singh
                 Kaur
14   Chappa      Smt.            9872316   S. Balwinder 9872316066
     Ram         Rupinderjit     066       Singh
     Singh       Kaur
15   Chinna      Smt.            9855782   Sh.   Rajesh 9814244957
     Patti       Sukhraj         278       Kumar
                 Kaur
16   Jheeta      Smt.            9876933   Sh. Subhash 81462-99799
     Chet        Kulwinder       642       Chander
     Singh       Kaur
     wala
17   Chohan      S.              98158-    S.    Sarabjit 94647-45013
                 Amandeep        33962     Singh
                 Singh
18   Dera        S. Kuldip       94172-    S. Kawaljit 81468-99399
     Baba        Singh           76766     Singh
     Dyal
     Singh
19   Devidasp    S.       Dara   98153-    S. Naranjan 98553-42987
     ur          Singh           03343     Singh
20   Dharar      S. Kawaljit     9815526   S. Naranjan 98553-42987
                 Singh           406       Singh
21   DhereKot    Smt.            97792-    S.    Karanjit 94637-32285
                 Sawinder        92582     Singh
                 Kaur
22   Dhudhala    S. Jagwant      9915571   Sh.   Rajesh 9814244957
                 Singh           709       Kumar
23   Fatehpur    Smt.            9855645   S. Balwinder 9855645232
     Rajputtan   Sukhwinder      232       Singh
                 jit Kaur
24   Gadli       Smt.            99153-    S.    Karanjit 94637-32285
                 Surinderpal     09596     Singh
                 Kaur
25   Gehri       S. Jaswinder    98144-    S.    Karanjit 94637-32285
                 Singh           81638     Singh
26   Gunowal     S.              9815260   S. Naranjan 98553-42987
     Havellian   Gurcharan       957       Singh
                 Singh
27   Gunowal     S.     Sukha    94644-    S.      Ranjit 98782-68568
                 Singh           34062     Singh
28   Gurbaksh    Smt.            9463917   Sukhbir        94637-17485
     Singh       Maninder        491       Singh
     Wala        Kaur



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                           245
29   Hundalha   S.             97790-    S.    Kuldip 97806-56263
     r          Balwinder      43600     Singh
                Singh
30   Jand       S.             9914388   Sh. Subhash 8146299799
                Balwinder      556       Chander
                Singh
31   Janian     S.    Dalbir   98151-    S.    Ranjit     98782-68568
                Singh          67095     Singh
32   Jhangi     Baba           98158-    S. Naranjan      98553-42987
     Sahib      Parmanand      80037     Singh
33   Jheeta     S.    Kabal    9915541   S. Balwinder 98882-
     Kalan      Singh          216       Singh        80819,81463-
                                                      66766
34   Jheeta     S.    Manjit   98143-    S. Ramtasvir 81462-99599
     Khurd      Singh          20974     Singh
35   Joga       S. Hardev      9914072   S. Salwinder 97798-27668
     Singh      Singh          880       Singh
     Wala
36   Khalehra   S.    Heera 9872954      S.               9888285121
                Singh       132          Sukhwinder
                                         Singh
37   Khela    Smt. Dalbir 9646008        S.    Sarabjit   94647-45013
              Kaur        582            Singh
38   Kishanpu Ravi        9915002        Sh.    Rajesh    96467-00723
     ra                   164            Kumar
39   Lalka    S.    Massa 9855064        S. Balwinder     9780928571
     Nagar    Singh       427            Singh
40   Makhanw Smt.         9814135        S.    Sukhbir    94637-17485
     indi     Kashmir     102            Singh
              Kaur
41   Malakpur S.    Punan 9780587        S.    Kuldip     9464941092
              Singh       065            Singh
42   Mallian  S. Baldev 99150-           S. Balwinder  98882-80819        ,
              Singh       94886          Singh         81463-66766
43   Malluwal Smt.        9878571        S. Balwinder  98882-
              Paramjit    889            Singh         80819,81463-
              Kaur                                     66766
44   Manawal S. Gurdial 99159-           S.Raminderjit 94783-58477
     a Kalan  Singh       06664          Singh
45   Manawal S. Naunihal 9914649         S.    Sukhbir 94637-17485
     a Khurd  Singh       080            Singh
46   Meharban S. Gurpal 9815669          S.     Kuldip 9464941092
     pura     Singh       180            Singh
47   Mehima   S. Sarwan 98157-           S. Kawaljit 81468-99399
              Singh       95291          Singh



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                           246
48   Mehnian    Smt.           9814475   S.    Gurnam 98767-63338
     Kuharan    Mohinder       175       Singh
                Kaur
49   Mehoka     Smt. Gurmit    98554-    S. Ramtasvir 81462-99599
                Kaur           54035     Singh
50   Nangal     S. Tarsem      99146-    S. Ramtasvir 81462-99599
     Dyal       Singh          49080     Singh
     Singh
51   Nangal     Smt.           97792-    S.    Ranjit 98782-68568
     Guru       Amarjit        92294     Singh
                Kaur
52   Najowali   Sh. Lakha      9855654   S. Balwinder 9780928571
                Singh          968       Singh
53   Nand       S.    Jaspal   98144-    S.    Sukhbir 99888-62981
     Wala       Singh          14245     Singh
     Nawanpin
     d
54   Nawi       Smt.           9780637   S. Naranjan 98553-42987
     Abadi      Rajwant        507       Singh
                Kaur
55   Nawakot Smt. Manjit       9814124   S. Karamjit 94637-32285
                Kaur           034       Singh
56   Nawapind S. Mehnga        9814780   Sh.   Rajesh 9814244957
                Singh          147       Kumar
57   Nijampur Smt.             9417956   S. Balwinder 97809-28571
     a          Narinder       105       Singh
                Kaur
58   Nijjarpura S. Satnam      9988465   S.    Kuldip 9464941092
                Singh          376       Singh
59   Pandori    Smt.           98152-    S. Kawaljit 81464-99399
                Kashmir        07593     Singh
                Kaur
60   Patti Gopi S.    Gulzar   9888074   S.    Ajitpal 97792-50821
     Ki         Singh          685       Singh
61   Patti      S. Gurdial     9872726   S. Salwinder 97798-27668
     Masoor     Singh          113       Singh
     Ki
62   Kila       S. Ravinder    9888138   Sh. Subhash 8146299799
     Jiwan      Singh          139       Chander
     Singh
63   Raipur     S. Sarabjit    9872445   S.    Gurnam 98767-63338
     Kalan      Singh          450       Singh
64   Rakh       S.    Balkar   9815876   S.           81463-66466
     Devidasp Singh            964       Sukhwinder
     ura                                 Singh



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                        247
65   Rakh       S.            98882-    S. Ramtasvir 81462-99599
     Jheeta     Sukhwinder    85121     Singh
                Singh
                (Parbhandak
                )
66   Rakh       Smt.          9463723   S.    Kuldip 81461-44544
     Manawal    Rupinder      398       Singh-2
     a          Kaur
67   Rampura    Smt.          9876221   S.    Mandip 9317793554
                Sukhbir       313       Singh
                Kaur
68   Ranakala   S.            98882-    S. Balwinder 98882-
                Sukhwinder    85121     Singh        80819,814636676
                Singh                                6
                (Parbhandak
                )
69   Saffipur   Smt.          9781177   S. Salwinder 97798-27668
                Sukhwinder    220       Singh
                Kaur
70   Sukhewal   S.            92561-    S.    Ajitpal 97792-50821
                Harwinder     70464     Singh
                Singh
71   Surjan     S. Kuldip     9814052   S.    Ranjit 98782-80819
     Singh      Singh         682       Singh
     Wala
72   Talwandi   S.    Giyan   98769-    S.    Ranjit 98782-68568
     Dogran     Singh         19866     Singh
73   Taragarh   S. Jaswant    97793-    S. Balwinder 98882-
                Singh         83087     Singh        80819,81463-
                                                     66766
74   Teja       S. Varinder 99889-      S.    Kuldip 81461-44544
     Singh      Singh       80080       Singh
     Wala
75   Thathian  S. Mangal      98146-    S. Ramtasvir   81462-99599
               Singh          49721     Singh
76   Timmowa S. Dilbagh       9781603   S. Naranjan    98553-42987
     l         Singh          333       Singh
77   Tirathpur S.    Jaimal   9914192   S.             9478358477
               Singh          313       Raminderjit
                                        Singh
78   Vadala     S. Dilbagh    98786-    S. Ramtasvir   81462-99599
     Johal      Singh         20201     Singh
79   Vadali     Smt.          98883-    S.             98882-85121
     Dogran     Kulwant       32087     Sukhwinder
                Kaur                    Singh



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                        248
80   Wanchari   Smt. Gurpal 98786-     S. Kawaljit 81464-99399
                Kaur        66600      Singh




                                 Block Verka
List of Panchayat Secretary /Sarpanches and their Telephone numbers
Sr. Name of Gram Name of the Telephone        Name     of Telephone
no. Panchayat         Sarpanch     number of Panchayat number of
                                   Sarpanch   Secretary   Panchayat
                                                          Secretary
1   2                 3            4          5           6
1   Mulle Chak        Gurmit singh 9815584384 Harjit      9463747208
                                              Singh
2   Thande            Manpreet     9915829025 Harjit      9463747208
                      Kaur                    Singh
3   Khairabad         Veer Kaur    9876592153 Harjit      9463747208
                                              Singh
4   Kirtangarh        Balwinder    9815505837 Gurmukh     9815229902
                      Singh                   Singh
5   Loharka Kalan     Dalbir Kaur  9876554586 Gurmukh     9815229902
                                              Singh
6   Pandori Waraich   Jasbir Singh 9417490828 Gurmukh     9815229902
                                              Singh
7   Pandori Lubana    Chainchal    9815574962 Gurmukh     9815229902
                      Singh                   Singh
8   Gumanpura         Jaswinder    9814089418 Rajiv       9465128908
                      singh                   Kumar
9   Mudhal            Balbir Singh 9915384830 Rajiv       9465128908
                                              Kumar
10 Silver state Nagar Ajay Arora   9356002579 Rajiv       9465128908
                                              Kumar
11 Muradpura          Daljit singh 9872746945 Rajiv       9465128908
                                              Kumar




DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                         249
12   Bhaini             Partap Singh    9872898472   Vijay     9888182324
                                                     Kumar
13   Rampura Abadi      Kulwant kaur    9780266085   Vijay     9888182324
                                                     Kumar
14   Ram nagar colony   Sukhwant        9781271616   Vijay     9888182324
                        kaur                         Kumar
15   Khapar Kheri       Mangwinder      9855472264   Pawan     9876098038
                        singh                        Kumar
16   Heir               Balwinder       9876045460   Pawan     9876098038
                        singh                        Kumar
17   Sachander          Karj singh      9872550180   Pawan     9876098038
                                                     Kumar
18   Naushera           Amarjit singh   9815577055   Pawan     9876098038
                                                     Kumar
19   Wadala Bhitewid    Parbjot kaur    9876350371   Kuldip    9872969349
                                                     Singh
20   Kotla Dal Singh    Raj rani        9463231902   Kuldip    9872969349
                                                     Singh
21   Gonsabad           Balbir kaur     9876773625   Kuldip    9872969349
                                                     Singh
22   Heir Colony        Jaswant kaur    9815600080   Kuldip    9872969349
                                                     Singh
23   Bal                Kulwinder       9814476522   Kuldip    9872969349
                        kaur                         Singh
24   Mira Kot Kalan     Jaswinder       9872320224   Kuldip    9872969349
                        kaur                         Singh
25   Mira Kot Khurd     Sati            9872892808   Kuldip    9872969349
                                                     Singh
26   Nangli             Amrik kaur      9815735842   Kuldip    9872969349
                                                     Singh
27   Abadi Dya Nand Pawan kumar         9417295766   Kuldip    9872969349
     nagar                                           Singh
28   Dhaul kalan    Gian kaur           9876854766   Sukhdev   9815072904
                                                     Singh
29   Dhaul Khurd        Veer kaur       9915379990   Sukhdev   9815072904
                                                     Singh
30   Rodiwal            Harmandeep      9463247769   Sukhdev   9815072904
                        kaur                         Singh
31   Abadi       sundar Kashmir         9815263717   Tejpal    9814949831
     nagar              singh                        singh



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                     250
32   Kambo             Jagir singh     9988733153   Tejpal        9814949832
                                                    singh
33   Loharaka khurd    Jaspal singh    9217790096   Tejpal        9814949833
                                                    singh
34   Baba tehal singh Harbajan         9855820686   Gurinder      9814748295
     colony           singh                         singh
35   Indra colony     sivdyal singh    9815512739   Gurinder      9814748296
                                                    singh
36   Gumtala colony    Kundan singh    9814926918   Gurinder      9814748297
                                                    singh
37   Ram          nagar Kanwaljit      9815417019   Gurinder      9814748298
     colony(N)          Kaur                        singh
38   Ranjit vihar       Gurdev kaur    9463320316   Iqbal singh   9914680208

39   Ek roop avenue  Bhupinder         9814113095   Iqbal singh   9914680209
                     kaur
40   Baba deep singh Mela singh        9815212189   Iqbal singh   9914680210
     avenue
41   Bal kalan       Kabal singh       9417210111   Nirmal        9872595912
                                                    singh
42   Bal khurd         Surjit singh    9855709174   Nirmal        9872595913
                                                    singh
43   Bhaiani gillan    Rajinder kaur   9815163265   Nirmal        9872595914
                                                    singh
44   Mankiana          Amlok Singh     9815403615   Nirmal        9872595915
                                                    singh
45   Fatehgarh         Charan Singh    9876476065   Nirmal        9872595916
     Shukerchak                                     singh
46   Nabipur           Lovedeep        9815565532   Nirmal        9872595917
                       kaur                         singh
47   Uthian            Rani            9815574962   Nirmal        9872595918
                                                    singh
48   Khankot           Ajit Singh      9914157229   Nirmal        9872595919
                                                    singh
49   Sohia Khurd       Daljit kaur     9815974520   Jirmal        9815524633
                                                    singh
50   Abadi       Guru Balwinder        9914063393   Jirmal        9815524634
     Nanak Nagar      singh                         singh
51   Jahangir         Parmjit kaur     9815144138   Jirmal        9815524635
                                                    singh



DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                        251
DDMP-AMRITSAR   252
        APPENDIX F: NGOs OF AMRITSAR

 Name of      Coordi Addre          Phone/    Email             Area of Expertise   Registr
  NGO         nator  ss             Mobile                                          ation
                                                                                    No.

All India     Dr.        G     T    0183-    pingal@jla.vsnl.   Enviroment,         130,
Pingalwara    Inderjit   Road,      2584586, net.in             Development,          1956
Charitable    Kaur       Amrits     2584713,                    Pollution,            -57
Society       (Presid    ar.        Fax    -                    Water/Sanitation,
(Regd.)       ent)       143001     0183-                       Income
                                    2584586,                    Generation,
                                    Mobile -                    Agriculture,
                                    9814055                     Population
                                    166                         Issues,
                                                                Education,
                                                                Housing, Slums
All India     Mr.        Chowk      9815386   aiwcfsw.tipsacs   HIV - FSW           282,
Women's       Narind     Shantp     326       @gmail.com                            1984-
Conference    er         ura, G.                                                    85
(AIWC)        Sharma     T.
              ,          Road,
              Project    Amrits
              Manag      ar     -
              er         143001
Amritsar      Dr.S.S     72,        0183-    sarbjitchhina@y    Rural           318,
Education     Chhina     sector     2507622, ahoo.com           Development and Dt. 11-
Society and              4,         9855170                     Poverty         11-
Research                 Amrits     335                         Alleviation     2003
Institute                ar.
Amritsar                 75/23                                  RCH Activities:
Health and               A,                                     Family Welfare
Family                   Kashm                                  including family
Welfare                  ir                                     planning, Couple
club                     Avenu                                  protection, Care
                         e B. O.                                and services for
                         65 A,                                  pregnant women.
                         Londo
                         n
                         House,
                         Katra
                         Sher
                         Singh,
                         Amrits
                         ar



        DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                                253
Amritsar      Sh.      253,     0183-     asrvikas@gmail. Art and Culture,     786,
Vikas         Charan   Ajit     2582323, com              Civic      Issues,   Dt. 24-
Manch         jit      Nagar,   9417533                   Disaster             09-
              Singh    Amrits   060, Fax:                 Management,          1993
              Gumtal   ar       0183-                     Education     and
              a        143006   2582323                   Literacy,
                                                          Environment and
                                                          Forests, Housing,
                                                          Human Rights,
                                                          Right           to
                                                          Information and
                                                          Advocacy,
                                                          Tourism, Urban
                                                          Development and
                                                          Poverty
                                                          Alleviation,
                                                          Water Resources,
                                                          Youth     Affairs,
                                                          Any Other
All India Ms.          A-223, 0183-                       RCH Activities:
Women      Aruna       A-224, 2224158,                    Family Welfare
Conference Mehera      Ranjit Fax No.                     including family
           Executi     Avenu 0183-                        planning, Couple
           ve          e,       2294404                   protection, Care
           Secreta     Amrits                             and services for
           ry          ar     -                           pregnant women.
                       143001
All Over Sh.           12,      0183-     bhaskaryashpal  Aged/Elderly, Art    102,
Awareness Yash         Sandhu 5016816, @yahoo.com         and       Culture,   Dt. 08-
Party     Pal          Avenu 9316249                      Children,            12-
          Bhaska       e, Near 426                        Drinking Water,      2006
          r            Mandir                             Education     and
                       Batala                             Literacy,
                       Road                               Environment and
                       Amrits                             Forests, Health
                       ar,                                and        Family
                       Corres                             Welfare,
                       ponden                             HIV/AIDS,
                       ce                                 Human Rights,
                       Addres                             Legal Awareness
                       s: First                           and Aid, Sports,
                       Floor                              Tourism,
                       Sanjee                             Women's
                       v Store                            Development and
                       Main                               Empowerment
                       Ghala


           DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                        254
                      Mala
                      Chowk
                      Majith
                      a Road
                      Amrits
                      ar    –
                      143001


Ambedkar    Sh.       VPO       01853-    lakhaazad007@    Dalit Upliftment   132,
Social      Lakha     Rayya     214178,   yahoo.com                           Dt. 30-
Justic      Singh     Khurd,    9463570                                       09-
            Azad      Tehsil    178                                           2009
                      Baba
                      Bakala,
                      Distt.
                      Amrits
                      ar.
Bhai Lalo Dr. L.      4 SCF     0183-     ls_bhullar@yah   RCH Activities: 20080,
Ji   Social S.        Golden    2585244 oo.com             Family Welfare 1980
Society     Bhullar   Avenu     ®       ,                  including family
            ,         e, C/o    Mobile -                   planning, Couple
            MBBS,     Bhullar   9356408                    protection, Care
            NCPR      Neonat    282                        and services for
            (USA),    e child                              pregnant women.
            Dr.       Care
            Lakhbi    Centre,
            r Singh   Amrits
            Bhullar   ar
            MBBS,
            NCPR
            (USA),
            Preside
            nt
Bodh                  454,      0183-
Women                 Akash     2423570
and                   Avenu
Children              e,
Welfare               Fatehg
Society               arh
                      Churia
                      n
                      Road,
                      Amrits
                      ar



        DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                          255
Dr.                  12-13,        0183-
Hahneman             Gagan         279011,
n    Social          Colony        275974
and                  , Batala
Welfare              Road,
Society              Amrits
                     ar
Ganesh        Sh.    (A            9814811   sunilkapur26@y  Provides medical      613,
Das           Sunil  project       424       ahoo.com        care to general       Dt. 08-
Chadha        Kapur, of                                      public         and    10-
Rotary        Chairm Rotary                                  vocational            2001
Centre        an     club                                    guidance         to
                     Amrits                                  females, Medicat:
                     ar                                      General      OPD,
                     Midto                                   Dental Care Unit,
                     wn),                                    Eye care unit,
                     1442/1                                  Clinical lab, Eye
                     1,                                      operation,
                     Bomba                                   Vocational
                     ywala                                   (Female):
                     Khoo,                                   Computer
                     Amrits                                  Courses, Dress
                     ar                                      Designing,
                                                             Needle       Craft,
                                                             Textile
                                                             Designing.
Lok           Sh.       # 456,     9872465   jagmohansingh.a Organizes             831,
Kalyan        Jagmo     Sham       799,      sr@gmail.com    awareness             06-02-
Samiti        han       Niwas,     9779324                   generation            2002
              Singh,    Near       620                       programmes for
              Chairm    Govt.                                poor          rural
              an, Mr.   Senior                               women,
              Davind    Second                               Environment
              er        ary                                  conservation,
              Singh,    School.                              Development of
              Project   PO                                   entrepreneurial
              Manag     Chheha                               skills among the
              er        rta,                                 poor           and
                        Amrits                               marginal sections
                        ar     -                             of the society like
                        143105                               widow, SC, ST,
                                                             Older      persons
                                                             and poor rural
                                                             women etc., HIV
                                                             - Migrants



         DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              256
Mata           Bhai     Tran      0183-                       Provision of free
Kamalaji       Guriqb   Tarn      3294659,                    ration and cloths
Welfare        al       Road,     3292255,                    for 855 wards
centre         Singh    Amrits    2483920,                    and          2240
(Trust)        Ji       ar        9876525                     Children    along
                                  839                         with       chips,
                                                              books, uniforms
                                                              giving in Mata
                                                              Kamala          Ji
                                                              Welfare centre of
                                                              G.     T.   Road
                                                              Amritsar.
Mission        Sh.     Opp.       9815261    mission.aagaaz   Environment        198-
Aagaaz         Deepak Khalsa      302        @gmail.com                          XX1-
               Babbar Colleg                                                     1860,
                       e,                                                        2007
                       B.Ed.
                       Gate,
                       GT
                       Road,
                       Amrits
                       ar
Param                  Police                                 RCH Activities:
Vaibhav                DAV                                    Family Welfare
Principal              Public                                 including family
                       School                                 planning, Couple
                       Amrits                                 protection, Care
                       ar     -                               and services for
                       143001                                 pregnant women.
Paryas         Sh.     # 760,     9814299    vikaskundal200   To open centres     447,
Jansewa        Amit,   Gali       728,       6@yahoo.com      imparting           Dt. 22-
Society        Secreta No 2,      0183-                       training in skill   03-
               ry      Mustfa     224750,                     and          self   2005
                       bad, P.    9876411                     employment
                       O.         709                         oriented
                       Khann                                  activities, Child
                       a                                      Care Centres
                       Nagar,
                       Amrits
                       ar
Pariver        Sh.     Madha      0183-                       Education, Help
Sewa           Rajpal v           2557857,                    to poor and needy
Samiti         Gupta, sadan,      2274316                     families
(Regd)         Preside Bharat
               nt      Nagar,
                       Bhatala


            DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                          257
                      Road,
                      Amrits
                      ar
Peerit             Madha       0183-
Pariwar            v           258820
Sewa               Sadan
Samiti             Bharat
                   Nagar,
                   batala
                   Road,
                   Amrits
                   ar
Society for Sh.    131,        0183-      Awarness
Education, Virinde Partap      2555714,   generation
Environme r        Nagar,      Mob.       Education/trainin
nt      and Sharma Opp.        9814455    g      Campaigns,
Protection         Main        625        Consultancy
of Animals         Gurud                  projects,     field
                   wara,                  implementation
                   G. T.                  in the field of
                   Road,                  Environment,
                   Amrits                 Agriculture
                   ar     -               Education,
                   143001                 Biotechnoloty in
                                          the     field    of
                                          Environment,
                                          Agriculture,
                                          Education,
                                          Biotechnology.
State        Dr.      33/Gur 0183-        Work for Human
Consumer     Sarlok   u Teg 2257226       Rights, Work for
Protection   Singh    Bhadur              justice          to
Corporatio   Sidhu    Nagar,              consumers
n (Regd.)    (Advoc   PO                  through courts.
             ate)     Khalsa
                      Colleg
                      e,
                      Amrits
                      ar
                      143002




          DDMP-AMRITSAR                                         258
S. Diwan     Sh.    Surya       0183-                       Runs two schools      552 Dt.
Singh        Mohin  Buildin     5099100,                    of 50 children        17-9-
Memorial     der    g 10/1,     9872631                     each         under    2001
Educationa   Singh  Katra       372                         National     Child
l Welfare    Suri,  Ghana                                   Labour Project,
Society      Presideya,                                     Arranges Pulse
             nt     Goal                                    polio camps as
                    Hatti                                   well as medical
                    Chowk                                   check up camps,
                    , Gali                                  Conduction RCH
                    Aroria                                  project under the
                    n,                                      guidance of Civil
                    Amrits                                  Surgeon,
                    ar                                      Amritsar
SAWERA Mrs.         241-E,      9814488    sawera.india@g   Runs a Charitable     349/AS
(Social     Kulbir Street       353        mail.com         Clinical              R/SOC,
Action for Kaur,    No. 4,                                  Laboratory       at   Dt. 06-
Women       Directo Bhalla                                  Chheharta,            01-
Empowerm r          Colony                                  Organizes      free   2006
ent     and         ,                                       health / HIV
Rural               Amrits                                  camps, Organizes
Advancem            ar     -                                women
ent)                143105                                  awareness camps,
                                                            Conducts      self-
                                                            entrepreneurship
                                                            training
                                                            programmes in
                                                            dairy,         bee
                                                            keeping        and
                                                            making          the
                                                            achars, awareness
                                                            programmes on
                                                            female feticide.
Social                 150,     9815335
Welfare                Golden   554,
and Public             Avenu    0183-
Education              e,       2583680
Charitable             Amrits
Society                ar




        DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                              259
Swami         Dr.       12-        9417062   swamivivekanan Runs a charitable 91, Dt.
Vivekanan     Adarsh    Makan,     796,      dasr@yahoo.co hospital attending 26-05-
d Medical     Pal       Krisha     9888776   m              150 patients daily 1981
Mission       Vig,      n          543,                     and have a Dental
(Regd.)       Honora    Nagar      0183-                    clinic, Gyne, Eye
              ry        (Islama    2210429                  and
              Secreta   bad),                               Physiotherapy
              ry, Mr.   Amrits                              Units, Organizes
              Rajan     ar     -                            awareness
              Chawla    143002                              programmes on
              ,                                             AID's,         Child
              Project                                       development and
              Manag                                         women
              er                                            empowerment,
                                                            Organizes       free
                                                            medical check up
                                                            camps with free
                                                            medicines,
                                                            Educate          the
                                                            general       public
                                                            against all types
                                                            of      epidemics,
                                                            ailments,
                                                            personal health
                                                            problems        and
                                                            hygiene. HIV -
                                                            IDU
Tercentena    Dr.       54,        0183-                    Social      welfare
ry            Tarvin    Adarsh     2225460                  through
Educationa    der       Nagar,     (R),                     education,
l       and   Singh     Ram        9914122                  research        and
Welfare       Chahal    Tirath     224                      appropriate
Society                 Road,                               activities. We are
                        Amrits                              trying to get
                        ar     -                            some        projects
                        143002                              from        various
                                                            organizations
                                                            such as PSAMB,
                                                            Chandigarh,
                                                            HIIS, Shimla and
                                                            other       funding
                                                            organizations.




        DDMP-AMRITSAR                                                          260

				
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