BREEAM Schools Alan Pither Clare Lowe

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					Sustainable Construction: scope and issues
for BREEAM Schemes for higher & further
education
EAUC 12th Annual Conference
Virginia Cinquemani, BRE Global
Ben Rouncefield, Faber Maunsell,
Dennis Hellyar, Austin Smith Lord LLP
Sarah Cary, Turner and Townsend
Summary
• Sustainable development

• What is BREEAM

• BREEAM’s aims

• Issues covered

• The assessment process and costs involved

• BREEAM FE and HE

• Brainstorming exercise on HE

• Case Studies: Pembrokeshire College and University Campus
  Suffolk Building
What is Sustainable Development?
              Economic Success




                 Sustainable
                 Development




                Economic Loss
Local issues

•   Images here
• BRE Environmental Assessment Method for buildings

• Nationally and internationally recognised

• Updated annually in line with best practice and legislation

• Independent

• Certification scheme

• Credit based

• ISO9001 / UKAS accreditation
References to Industry Guidance and Codes
    •   CIBSE: ventilation rates, lighting levels, legionellosis, thermal comfort,
        energy modelling, commissioning.

    •   HVCA: Maintenance and commissioning requirements.

    •   Environment Agency: Pollution, ecological protection.

    •   BSRIA/CIRIA/BRE: Commissioning regimes; Construction site
        management; Construction waste, construction materials, energy
        management

    •   Considerate Constructors Scheme and other similar independently
        auditable schemes

    •   FSC/PEFC: Timber certification
Mass market
    Number of buildings

                          Regulatory minimum




                                                Minimal                  Aspirational


                                               Environmental Standards
      What is BREEAM?
      Which building types can be assessed?
• Homes                        • Crown Courts        
• Offices            
• Shopping Malls               • Job Centres         
• Light Industrial   
  Buildings
                                • Heavy Industrial    
• Schools / FE                   Buildings
• Health Buildings             • Sports Facilities   
• Prison House
                               • Libraries           
  Blocks
Types of BREEAM Assessments
    Scheme       D&P   Fit-Out   PCR   M&O

    Offices                           

    Schools                       

    Retail                            

    Industrial                    

    Healthcare                         

    Bespoke                           
The stages of the BREEAM assessment
• Covers:
• New build
• Major refurbishments, i.e. building works that would significantly
  change the environmental performance of the building, like
  changing the windows, substituting part of the fabric, adding
  insulation, changing the services
• Extensions
• Existing buildings in operation
BREEAM Issue Categories
                          • Health & Wellbeing
       • Management

                          • Transport
       • Energy

                          • Materials

       • Water
                          • Waste

       • Land Use &
         Ecology
                          • Pollution
BREEAM Scoring
                     • Management
                     • Health and
                       Wellbeing




                                                              Environmental Weightings
                     • Energy
Assessment Credits




                                      Issue Category Scores
                                                                                                           BREEAM




                                                                                         Single Score
                     • Transport                                                                           Score
                     • Water
                                                                                                        PASS          30%
                     • Materials                                                                        GOOD          45%
                     • Waste                                                                            VERY GOOD     55%
                                                                                                        EXCELLENT     70%
                     • Land Use and                                                                     OUTSTANDING   85%
                       Ecology
                     • Pollution
BREEAM Weightings
                              • Management           12
   Environmental Weightings

                              • Health & Wellbeing   15
                              • Energy               19
                              • Transport             8
                              • Water                 6
                              • Materials            12.5
                              • Waste                7.5
                              • Land Use & Ecology   10
                              • Pollution            10
Any questions?
Management

• Effective Building Operation

   –   Commissioning
   –   Construction Impacts
   –   User Guide
   –   Life Cycle Analysis
   –   Publication of Building Information
   –   Shared Facilities
   –   Development as a Learning Resource
   –   Maintenance
   –   Consultation
   –   Security
Health and Wellbeing

• Indoor Environment
   –   View out
   –   Thermal Comfort
   –   Natural and Artificial Lighting
   –   Air Quality
   –   Acoustics
   –   Microbial Contamination
   –   Drinking Water


• Occupant Control

• Occupant Satisfaction
Energy
• Reducing CO2 Emissions
   – NCM’s kgCO2/m2 calculation
       • Activity
       • Geometry
       • Construction / Materials
       • HVAC systems
       • Hot water
       • Artificial / natural lighting
       • Renewable energy sources
   – Improvement above Part L2 of Building Regs
   – Linked with EPBD and DEC


• Sub-metering of energy

• External lighting
Transport

• Reducing CO2 Emissions from
  travel

   –   Access to Public Transport
   –   Cycling Facilities
   –   Pedestrian and cyclist safety
   –   Green Travel Plan
Water

• Reducing Water Consumption

   –   Low water consumption fittings
   –   Water recycling
   –   Metering
   –   Leak detection
   – Maintenance
Materials

• Reducing Material Use
   – Reuse of Structure / Façade
   – Designing for Robustness


• Reducing the Impact of Materials
   – Timber/Glass/Concrete/Insulation…
   – Key Building Elements
Waste

• Recyclable Waste
   – Storage recyclable waste
   – Aggregates / Construction Waste
Land Use and Ecology

• Brownfield / Contaminated
  Land
   – Reuse of land


• Ecology
   –   Ecological enhancement
   –   Ecological value
   –   Local Wildlife Partnerships
   –   Consultation with Students and Staff


• Protection of Ecological
  Features
   – Long term impact
Pollution

• Minimising Harmful Pollutants

   – Refrigerants
   – Insulation
   – NOx Emissions
   – Renewable and low CO2 Emission Energy
     Sources
   – Flood risk
   – Watercourse Pollution
   – Night Light Pollution
Any questions?
Assessment Process
                         Independent Licensed Assessors

   Builder, Developer,
    Owner, Occupier
Assessment Process
                         Independent Licensed Assessors

   Builder, Developer,
    Owner, Occupier


                                  Pre-BREEAM
                                     Advice



                               Formal Assessment
Assessment Process
                                   Independent Licensed Assessors

   Builder, Developer,
    Owner, Occupier


                                            Pre-BREEAM
     Consensus                                 Advice
      Standard           Quality
                         Control

                                         Formal Assessment
Assessment Process
                                   Independent Licensed Assessors

   Builder, Developer,
    Owner, Occupier


                                            Pre-BREEAM
     Consensus                                 Advice
      Standard           Quality
                         Quality
                         Control
                         Control

                                         Formal Assessment



                                        Issue Certificate
How do you get the higher BREEAM ratings?

•   Early
•   Forward planning
•   Know BREEAM
•   Build relationships
•   Capitalise on project
    opportunities
    – Cost effective credits
    – Consider weighting
• Takes time                   BREEAM

• Pre-Assessment Estimator
The price of sustainable schools

• BRE and Faithful+Gould – funded by BRE Trust and DCSF

• Information Paper IP 1/08: ‘The price of sustainable schools: how
  much does it cost to achieve BREEAM schools ratings?’

• Summary of the capital cost implications of achieving BREEAM
  Schools ratings and low/zero carbon for:
   – Primary school
   – Secondary school


• IP now available from BRE bookshop £9
  www.bre.co.uk/brebookshop
Summary of results
• Percentage increase in capital cost to achieve a BREEAM Schools rating:


                                                                  Zero/low
                     Pass      Good     Very Good    Excellent
                                                                   carbon

 Primary school
                  0 – 0.2   0.5 – 0.8   1.4 – 2.5   4.5 – 7.6    2.1 – 9.8


 Secondary
 school
                  0 – 0.1   0.2 – 0.7   1.0 – 2.6   4.1 – 5.6    2.7 – 15.3
Putting a price on sustainable schools

• Publication FB15: ‘Putting a Price on Sustainable Schools’

• Detailed outline of capital cost per BREEAM Schools credit and
  cost of low/zero carbon solutions for two case studies:
    – Primary school
    – Secondary school


•   Available April 2008
Any questions?
Scope of BREEAM FE

• All further education / adult / vocational colleges, standalone sixth form
  buildings and 14-19 schools with vocational facilities.

• The LSC has stated:
  ‘To qualify for LSC capital funds all proposals will need to address
  Sustainable Development by ensuring that the completed development
  meets the criteria to achieve 'Very Good' Building Research
  Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) rating.‘
Further Education Tool
                  Function Areas
Credit Criteria
                                   Applicability of the
                                   credits: whole site
                                   / function area
BREEAM update 2008

• From May ‘08, BREEAM Schools and BREEAM FE will be
  incorporated in one scheme, BREEAM Education
• Filtered credits
• One assessment tool / one manual
• This might also include BREEAM HE – when developed
Pembrokeshire
   College
BREEAM – Bespoke Assessments

•   Area weighted
     – Whole building credits are most valuable and offer best value
     – Specific ‘Area’ credits can often be of low value
     – FMSDG identified the ‘best value’ credits to be targeted




     – Now to be BREEAM FE – semi Bespoke – still area weighted
BREEAM – The important bit

• Every credit must be robustly
  evidenced before it can be awarded
• Design Team & Client responsible
  for providing evidence for all
  credits to be pursued
• Pembrokeshire College evidenced
  in 3 weeks!
Excellent Wasn’t easy!

•   100% of credits weren’t available
•   Several site related BREEAM credits not
    fully achievable
     – Transport Links – didn’t fit the BREEAM mould
     – Ecology – not contaminated!


•   Some BREEAM credits not available due to
    the design/specification
     – Re-used Facades & Structures
     – Pollution (NOx)
Pembrokeshire College – How Excellent
was achieved

Highly sustainable basic design
•   Low energy use and renewables
•   Water efficient
•   Re-use of land
•   Good location
•   Good contractor


Additional Requirements
•   Ecology
•   Further water efficiencies
•   Transport
Pembrokeshire College
Construction Technology Centre

Presentation to EAUC

Dennis Hellyar
Architect
Key Facts
Construction Technology Centre
•   Client: Pembrokeshire College

•   Brief: Construction Technology Centre
    –

•   Site defined as Part of Masterplan
•   Create flexible learning environment
    accommodating Carpentry and Brickwork
•   Environmentally Sustainable Building
•   Benchmark for future buildings

•   Size: 2023m2 (net)

•   Budget: £2.9M

•   Funding: 70% from WAG & Department of
    Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform’s
    Low Carbon building programme

•   Breeam: Bespoke assessment -
    Achieved - Excellent (72.54%) – First in
    England & Wales in FE sector to achieve

•   Procurement: Traditional
The Functions
Construction Technology Centre
•   Brick Workshop – Internal & External
•   Carpentry Workshops
•   Project Rooms
•   Machine Workshop
•   Offices
•   Classrooms
•   Resource Rooms
•   Storage
•   Toilets
Overview – Key Environmental Features
             Construction Technology Centre
•   Maximised Natural Lighting
•   Limited mechanical ventilation
•   Water use – harvesting & conserving
•   Green Guide A Rated Materials
•   No AC = No Refrigerants
•   ‘Medium’ level Renewables
•   Lighting Control System
•   Building Management System
•   FSC certified Timber
•   Insulants: ODP – zero; GWP<5
•   25% improved U values
•   Improved Ecology – Increased Indigenous Species
•   Green Travel Plan – Public Transport and improved cycling
    facilities
Green Strategy – Breeam Wins
               Construction Technology Centre
•   Water Section:
    - Low Flush Toilets
    - Waterless Urinals
    - Rainwater Harvesting
    - Passive Infra Red detection on taps
    - Solenoid valve shut off to WC’s not in use
    - Minimal Irrigation of plants
    - Water metering
    - Leak detection

•   Energy:
    - 29% Total Building Energy supplied by biomass (renewable
    energy source)
    - 3% Total Building Energy supplied by Solar Thermal System
    - BMS controls thermal zoning for varying occupancies

•   Management:
    - Registered with CCS
    - Building User Guide
    - Pre seasonal specialist commissioning
    - key stakeholder consultation
Breeam - Excellent
Construction Technology Centre
University
 Campus
  Suffolk
University Campus
Suffolk
 Academic Building
                     Sarah Cary
         Management,
         Water & Waste


High level of site
management specified of
the Contractor.

Client commitment to
consultation and
publication of
information.

Water Leak Detection
system through BMS.

Significant space for
recycling storage of as
part of campus recycling
programme.
                                  Energy, Pollution &
                                       Ecology
Sedum Roof attenuates     Focus on lighting and thermal comfort
water & contributes to    control & zoning reduced overheating
the ecological value of   and electricity use.
the site.


                                          Predicted 6.99%
                                          improvement in Carbon
                                          Emissions beyond the Part
                                          L Building
                                          Regulations Requirement.


                                          Air conditioning with leak
                                          detection
                                          system.

                                          Super Low NOx (nitrous
                                          oxide) Boilers
 Key
 Lessons

Start Early
   Client Commitment
           Campus-Wide
                  Future-Proof
What other elements / issues would you cover in a
Higher Education environmental assessment?

• Some issues to be considered:
 Specific functions: Laboratories, others?
 Transport patterns – open longer hours?
 Car parking
 Use of facilities for conferences, lectures, etc?
 Commercial scale catering facilities
 Campus-wide issues
 Others…?
Communication
• BREEAM Office

• Email : breeam@bre.co.uk

• Phone : 01923 664 462

• Post : BRE, Garston, Watford,
        WD25 9XX

• Web: www.breeam.org

				
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