AN INVENTORY OF VASCULAR PLANTS FOR THE SEFTON COAST Philip

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AN INVENTORY OF VASCULAR PLANTS FOR THE SEFTON COAST Philip Powered By Docstoc
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    AN INVENTORY OF VASCULAR PLANTS FOR THE SEFTON COAST

                           Philip H. Smith, revised January 2008

Alphabetical list of vascular plants identified on the Sefton Coast (critical
determinations made by BSBI referees).

* = non-native or introduced taxon        D = Occurs in the dune system
NR = Nationally Rare                     NS = Nationally Scarce
EN = Endangered                          VU = Vulnerable
NT = Near Threatened
SCI = Species of Conservation Importance in North West England


Taxon                          English Name        Status           Main Habitat

Abutilon theophastri*        Velvetleaf             Rare           Disturbed ground
Acer campestre               Field Maple            Rare           Woodland D
Acer platanoides*            Norway Maple           Occasional     Woodland D
Acer pseudoplatanus*         Sycamore               Abundant       Woodland, Dune
                                                                   scrub D
Achillea millefolium         Yarrow                 Frequent       Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                                   grassland D
Achillea ptarmica            Sneezewort             Occasional     Dune grassland, Dune
                                                                   heath D
Aconitum x cammarum*         Hybrid Monk’s-hood     Rare           Disturbed ground
Acorus calamus*              Sweet-flag             Rare           Scrape D
Aegopodium                   Ground-elder           Frequent       Dune grassland
podagraria*                                                        Disturbed ground D
Aesculus                     Horse-chestnut         Rare           Woodland D
hippocastanum*
Aethusa cynapium             Fool’s Parsley         Rare           Dune grassland D
Agrimonia eupatoria          Agrimony               Occasional     Dune grassland D
Agrostis capillaris          Common Bent            Abundant       Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                                   heath D
Agrostis gigantea            Black Bent             Rare           Dune grassland D
Agrostis stolonifera         Creeping Bent          Abundant       Dune slacks,
                                                                   Saltmarsh D
Aira caryophyllea            Silver Hair-grass      Occasional     Fixed dunes D
Aira praecox                 Early Hair-grass       Frequent       Fixed dunes D
Ajuga reptans                Bugle                  Rare           Woodland D
Alchemilla filicaulis        Lady’s-mantle          Rare           Dune grassland D
vestita
Alchemilla mollis*           Lady’s-mantle          Rare           Disturbed ground,
                                                                   Dune slacks D
Alchemilla vulgaris agg.     Lady’s-mantle          Rare           Dune grassland D
                                            2


Alisma plantago-           Water-plantain          Occasional   Dune slacks, Scrapes
aquatica                                                        D
Alliaria petiolata         Garlic Mustard          Frequent     Woodland, track-
                                                                sides D
Allium ampeloprasum*       Wild Leek               Extinct      Dune grassland D
NS
Allium roseum*             Rosy Garlic             Rare         Dune slack, Sands
                                                                Lake D
Allium schoenoprasum*      Chives                  Rare         Disturbed ground
Allium scordoprasum        Sand Leek               Extinct      Fishermans Path D
SCI
Allium triquetum*          Three-cornered Garlic   Rare         Disturbed ground
Allium ursinum             Ramsoms                 Rare         Disturbed ground
Allium vineale             Wild Onion              Occasional   Dune grassland D
Alnus cordata*             Italian Alder           Rare         Planted? D
Alnus glutinosa            Alder                   Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                                scrub D
Alnus incana*              Grey Alder              Rare         Planted? D
Alopecurus geniculatus     Marsh Foxtail           Occasional   Dune slacks D
Alopecurus pratensis       Meadow Foxtail          Occasional   Dune grassland D
Amaranthus retroflexus*    Common Amaranth         Rare         Disturbed ground,
                                                                Dune slack D
Ambrosia artemisiifolia*   Ragweed                 Rare         Disturbed ground
Ambrosia psilostachya*     Perennial Ragweed       Locally      Mobile dunes D
                                                   abundant
Amelanchier lamarckii*     Juneberry               Rare         Dune heath D
Ammi majus*                Bullwort                Rare         Disturbed ground D
Ammophila arenaria         Marram                  Abundant     Mobile dunes, Fixed
                                                                dunes D
Amsinckia lycopsoides*     Scarce Fiddleneck       Extinct      Disturbed ground D
Amsinckia micrantha*       Common Fiddleneck       Rare         Disturbed ground,
                                                                Fixed dunes D
Anacamptis pyramidalis     Pyramidal Orchid        Occasional   Fixed dunes D
SCI
Anagallis arvensis         Scarlet Pimpernel       Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                                Fixed dunes D
Anagallis minima SCI       Chaffweed               Extinct      Fixed dunes D
NT
Anagallis tenella SCI      Bog Pimpernel           Occasional   Dune slacks D
Anchusa arvensis           Bugloss                 Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                                Fixed dunes D
Anchusa azurea*            Garden Anchusa          Extinct      Disturbed ground D
Anchusa officinalis*       Alkanet                 Extinct      Disturbed ground D
Anemone apennina*          Blue Anemone            Rare         Disturbed ground D
Angelica archangelica*     Garden Angelica         Occasional   Saltmarsh D
                                          3



Angelica sylvestris       Wild Angelica           Frequent     Dune slacks D
Anisantha diandra*        Great Brome             Occasional   Dune grassland D
Anisantha rigida*         Pignut Brome            Rare         Disturbed ground D
Anisantha sterilis        Barren Brome            Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Antennaria dioica         Mountain Everlasting    Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Anthemis arvensis*        Corn Chamomile          Rare         Disturbed Ground
Anthoxanthum odoratum     Sweet Vernal Grass      Abundant     Dune grassland,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Anthriscus caucalis SCI   Bur Parsley             Occasional   Dune grassland D
Anthriscus sylvestris     Cow Parsley             Frequent     Dune grassland D
Anthyllis vulneraria      Kidney Vetch            Abundant     Fixed dunes D
Antirrhinum majus*        Snapdragon              Rare         Disturbed ground D
Aphanes arvensis          Parsley-piert           Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Aphanes australis SCI     Slender Parsley-piert   Rare         Dune heath D
Apium graveolens SCI      Wild Celery             Rare         Dune slacks D
Apium inundatum SCI       Lesser Marshwort        Occasional   Scrapes D
Apium nodiflorum          Fool’s Water-cress      Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                                                               D
Aquilegia vulgaris* SCI   Columbine               Rare         Fixed dunes D
Arabidopsis thaliana      Thale Cress             Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Arabis hirsuta SCI        Hairy Rock-cress        Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Arbutus unedo*            Strawberry-tree         Rare         Woodland
Arctium minus             Lesser Burdock          Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Arenaria balearica*       Mossy Sandwort          Rare         Disturbed ground
Arenaria serpyllifolium   Thyme-leaved            Occasional   Fixed dunes D
leptoclados               Sandwort
Arenaria serpyllifolium   Thyme-leaved            Occasional   Fixed dunes D
serpyllifolium            Sandwort
Armeria arenaria*         Jersey Thrift           Rare         Fixed dunes D
Armeria maritima          Thrift                  Rare         Saltmarsh D
Armoracia rusticana*      Horse-radish            Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Arrhenatherum elatius     False Oat-grass         Abundant     Dune grassland, Dune
                                                               slacks D
Artemisia absinthium      Wormwood                Rare         Disturbed Ground D
SCI
Artemisia campestris      Field Wormwood          Rare         Fixed dunes D
maritima* NR VU
Artemisia dracunculus*    Tarragon                Extinct      Disturbed ground D
Artemisia vulgaris        Mugwort                 Abundant     Disturbed ground D
Arum italicum*            Italian Lords-and-      Rare         Scrub D
                          Ladies
                                         4


Arum maculatum            Lords-and-Ladies        Rare         Woodland D
Asparagus officinalis     Garden Asparagus        Frequent     Fixed dunes,
officinalis* SCI                                               Disturbed ground D
Asplenium adiantum-       Black Spleenwort        Occasional   Walls
nigrum
Asplenium ruta-muraria    Wall-rue                Occasional   Walls
Asplenium trichomanes     Maidenhair              Occasional   Walls, Fixed dunes D
quadrivalens              Spleenwort
Aster lanceolatus*        Narrow-leaved           Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                          Michaelmas-daisy                     Fixed dunes D
Aster novi-belgii*        Confused                Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                          Michaelmas-daisy                     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                               slacks D
Aster x salignus*         Common                  Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                          Michaelmas-daisy                     Fixed dunes D
Aster tripolium           Sea Aster               Frequent     Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                               Slacks D
Aster x versicolor*       Late Michaelmas-        Rare         Disturbed ground
                          daisy
Athyrium filix-femina     Lady Fern               Rare         Dune scrub D
Atriplex glabriuscula     Babington’s Orache      Rare         Strand-line D
Atriplex x gustafssoniana Kattegat Orache         Rare         Saltmarsh
Atriplex halimus*         Shrubby Orache          Rare         Disturbed ground D
Atriplex hortensis*       Garden Orache           Rare         Dune slack D
Atriplex laciniata SCI    Frosted Orache          Rare         Strand-line D
Atriplex littoralis       Grass-leaved Orache     Occasional   Strand-line D
Atriplex patula           Common Orache           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Atriplex portulacoides    Sea-purslane            Occasional   Saltmarsh D
Atriplex prostrata        Spear-leaved Orache     Abundant     Strand-line,
                                                               Saltmarsh D
Aubretia deltoidea*       Aubretia                Rare         Fixed dunes D
Aucuba japonica*          Spotted Laurel          Rare         Woodland D
Avena fatua*              Wild-oat                Occasional   Disturbed ground
Azolla filiculoides*      Water Fern              Rare         Scrapes, Ditches D
Baldellia ranunculoides   Lesser Water-plantain   Occasional   Scrapes, Ditches D
NT
Ballota nigra             Black Horehound         Occasional   Disturbed Ground D
Barbarea intermedia*      Medium-flowered         Rare         Disturbed ground
                          Winter-cress
Barbarea vulgaris         Winter-cress            Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Bellis perennis           Daisy                   Frequent     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                               slacks D
Berberis aggregata*       Clustered Barberry      Rare         Dune scrub D
Berberis darwinii*        Darwin’s Barberry       Rare         Dune scrub D
Berberis x stenophylla*   Hedge Barberry          Rare         Dune scrub D
                                             5


Berberis thunbergii var.   Purple Berberis        Rare         Dune scrub D
atropurpurea*
Berberis vulgaris*         Barberry               Rare         Dune scrub D
Bergenia crassifolia*      Elephant-ears          Rare         Disturbed ground D
Berula erecta              Lesser Water-parsnip   Occasional   Dune slacks D
Beta vulgaris maritima     Sea Beet               Frequent     Strand-line D
Betula x aurata            Hybrid Birch           Rare         Dune scrub D
Betula pendula             Silver Birch           Abundant     Dune scrub, Dune
                                                               heath D
Betula pubescens           Downy Birch            Frequent     Dune scrub, Dune
                                                               heath D
Bidens tripartita          Trifid Bur-marigold    Rare         Dune slacks D
Blackstonia perfoliata     Yellow-wort            Frequent     Dune slacks D
Blechnum spicant           Hard-fern              Rare         Dune grassland D
Blysmus compressus         Flat-sedge             Occasional   Dune slacks D
SCI VU
Blysmus rufus SCI          Saltmarsh Flat-sedge   Locally      Salt-marsh D
                                                  abundant
Bolboschoenus              Sea Club-rush          Abundant     Saltmarsh, Scrapes,
maritimus                                                      Dune slacks D
Botrychium lunaria SCI     Moonwort               Rare         Fixed dunes D
Brachyglottis              Shrub Ragwort          Rare         Disturbed ground
“Sunshine”*
Brachypodium               False-brome            Occasional   Woodland, Dune
sylvaticum                                                     slack D
Brassica napus oleifera*   Oil-seed Rape          Occasional   Disturbed ground
Brassica nigra*            Black Mustard          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Brassica oleracea*         Cabbage                Rare         Disturbed ground D
Brassica rapa*             Turnip                 Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Briza maxima*              Greater Quaking-       Rare         Disturbed ground
                           grass
Briza media                Quaking-grass          Occasional   Dune grassland D
Bromopsis inermis*         Hungarian Brome        Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Bromus hordeaceus          Soft-brome             Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Bromus hordeaceus ssp.     Soft-brome             Rare         Disturbed ground D
thominei
Bromus lepidus*            Slender Soft-brome     Extinct      Disturbed ground
Bromus x                   Lesser Soft-brome      Rare         Fixed dunes D
pseudothominei
Bryonia dioica             White Bryony           Rare         Dune scrub D
Buddleja davidii*          Butterfly-bush         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Butomus umbellatus         Flowering-rush         Rare         Ditches D
Cakile maritima            Sea Rocket             Occasional   Strand-line, Mobile
                                                               dunes D
Calamagrostis epigejos     Wood Small-reed        Rare         Dune slacks D
                                          6


Calendula officinalis*    Pot Marigold           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Callitriche brutia SCI    Pedunculate Water-     Rare         Scrapes, Ditches D
                          starwort
Callitriche stagnalis     Common Water-          Frequent     Scrapes, Ditches D
                          starwort
Calluna vulgaris          Heather                Abundant     Dune heath D
Caltha palustris          Marsh-marigold         Occasional   Ditches, Dune slacks
                                                              D
Calystegia x lucana       Hybrid Bindweed        Rare         Saltmarsh D
Calystegia pulchra*       Hairy Bindweed         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Calystegia sepium         Hedge Bindweed         Abundant     Disturbed ground,
                                                              Dune scrub, etc. D
Calystegia sepium         Hedge Bindweed         Rare         Saltmarsh D
roseata
Calystegia silvatica*     Large Bindweed         Abundant     Disturbed ground,
                                                              Dune scrub, etc. D
Calystegia soldanella     Sea Bindweed           Rare         Mobile dunes D
SCI
Campanula latifolia       Giant Bellflower       Rare         Woodland D
Campanula medium*         Cantebury-bells        Rare         Disturbed ground D
Campanula persicifolia*   Peach-leaved           Occasional   Disturbed ground
                          Bellflower
Campanula                 Adria Bellflower       Occasional   Disturbed ground
portenschlagiana*
Campanula                 Trailing Bellflower    Occasional   Disturbed ground D
poscharskyana*
Campanula                 Creeping Bellflower    Occasional   Disturbed ground D
rapunculoides*
Campanula rotundifolia    Harebell               Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Capsella bursa-pastoris   Shepherd’s-purse       Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Cardamine flexuosa        Wavy Bitter-cress      Occasional   Dune slacks D
Cardamine hirsuta         Hairy Bitter-cress     Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                              Fixed dunes D
Cardamine pratensis       Cuckooflower           Frequent     Dune slacks D
Carduus crispus           Welted Thistle         Rare         Disturbed ground
Carex flacca              Glaucous Sedge         Frequent     Dune slacks D
Carex acuta SCI           Slender Tufted-sedge   Rare         Dune slacks D
Carex acutiformis         Lesser Pond-sedge      Occasional   Dune slacks D
Carex arenaria            Sand Sedge             Abundant     Fixed dunes,
                                                              Disturbed ground,
                                                              Dune heath D
Carex caryophyllea        Spring Sedge           Rare         Fixed dunes D
Carex distans             Distant Sedge          Occasional   Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Carex disticha SCI        Brown Sedge            Occasional   Dune slacks D
                                             7


Carex extensa              Long-bracted Sedge     Frequent     Saltmarsh D
Carex hirta                Hairy Sedge            Occasional   Dune slacks, Dune
                                                               grassland D
Carex nigra                Common Sedge           Frequent     Dune slacks D
Carex otrubae              False Fox-sedge        Frequent     Dune slacks,
                                                               Saltmarsh D
Carex ovalis               Oval Sedge             Occasional   Dune heath,
                                                               Saltmarsh D
Carex panicea              Carnation Sedge        Occasional   Dune slacks D
Carex paniculata           Greater Tussock-       Rare         Dune slacks D
                           sedge
Carex pendula*             Pendulous Sedge        Rare         Dune slacks D
Carex pilulifera           Pill Sedge             Locally      Dune heath D
                                                  frequent
Carex x pseudoaxillaris    Hybrid Sedge           Rare         Dune slack D
Carex pseudocyperus        Cyperus Sedge          Rare         Dune slacks D
SCI
Carex remota               Remote Sedge           Rare         Dune slacks D
Carex riparia              Greater Pond-sedge     Rare         Dune slacks D
Carex rostrata             Bottle Sedge           Extinct      Dune slacks D
Carex viridula             Yellow Sedge           Extinct      Dune slacks D
brachyrrhyncha
Carex viridula oedocarpa   Yellow Sedge           Rare         Dune slacks D
Carex viridula viridula    Yellow Sedge           Frequent     Dune slacks, scrapes
SCI                                                            D
Carlina vulgaris SCI       Carline Thistle        Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Castanea sativa*           Sweet Chestnut         Rare         Woodland D
Catabrosa aquatica SCI     Whorl-grass            Rare         Ditches D
Catapodium marinum         Sea Fern-grass         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Catapodium rigidum         Fern-grass             Occasional   Disturbed Ground D
Centaurea cyanus*          Cornflower             Rare         Disturbed ground
Centaurea montana*         Perennial Cornflower   Rare         Fixed dunes D
Centaurea nigra            Common Knapweed        Frequent     Dune grassland D
Centaurea scabiosa         Greater Knapweed       Rare         Disturbed ground D
Centaurium erythraea       Common Centaury        Frequent     Dune slacks, Fixed
                                                               dunes D
Centaurium x               Hybrid Centaury        Occasional   Dune slacks D
intermedium
Centaurium latifolium      Broad-leaved           Extinct      Fixed dunes D
NR                         Centaury
Centaurium littorale NS    Seaside Centaury       Frequent     Dune slacks D
Centaurium pulchellum      Lesser Centaury        Occasional   Dune slacks D
SCI
Centranthus ruber*         Red Valerian           Rare         Disturbed ground
Cerastium arvense x C.     Hybrid Mouse-ear       Rare         Fixed dunes D
                                             8


tomentosum*
Cerastium arvense SCI      Field Mouse-ear        Rare         Dune grassland D
Cerastium diffusum         Sea Mouse-ear          Occasional   Dune slacks, Fixed
                                                               dunes D
Cerastium fontanum         Common Mouse-ear       Abundant     Dune grassland, Dune
                                                               slacks, Fixed dunes D
Cerastium fontanum         Common Mouse-ear       Occasional   Dune grassland, Dune
holosteoides                                                   slacks D
Cerastium glomeratum       Sticky Mouse-ear       Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Cerastium                  Little Mouse-ear       Frequent     Fixed dunes,
semidecandrum                                                  Disturbed ground D
Cerastium tomentosum*      Snow-in-summer         Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Ceratocapnos claviculata   Climbing Corydalis     Occasional   Woodland D
Ceratophyllum              Rigid Hornwort         Rare         Scrapes D
demersum SCI
Ceterach officinarum       Rusty-back             Rare         Walls
Chaenomeles speciosa*      Japanese Quince        Rare         Fixed dunes D
Chaenorhinum minus         Small Toadflax         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Chaerophyllum temulum      Rough Chervil          Rare         Fixed dunes D
Chamerion                  Rosebay Willowherb     Abundant     Dune grassland,
angustifolium                                                  Fixed dunes,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Chelidonium majus          Greater Celandine      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Chenopodium album          Fat-hen                Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Chenopodium bonus-         Good-King-Henry        Rare         Disturbed ground D
henricus VU
Chenopodium                Many-seeded            Rare         Disturbed ground
polyspermum*               Goosefoot
Chenopodium rubrum         Red Goosefoot          Occasional   Strand-line, Disturbed
SCI                                                            ground D
Chichorium intybus*        Chicory                Rare         Disturbed ground
Chionodoxa forbesii*       Glory-of-the-snow      Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Chionodoxa sardensis*      Lesser Glory-of-the-   Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                           snow                                Fixed dunes D
Chrysanthemum              Corn Marigold          Rare         Disturbed ground D
segetum* VU
Cicerbita macrophylla*     Blue Sow-thistle       Rare         Disturbed ground
Cicerbita plumieri*        Hairless Blue-sow-     Rare         Disturbed ground
                           thistle
Circaea lutetiana          Enchanter’s-           Rare         Woodland D
                           nightshade
Cirsium arvense            Creeping Thistle       Abundant     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Dune grassland, Dune
                                             9


                                                              slacks D
Cirsium palustre           Marsh Thistle         Occasional   Dune slacks D
Cirsium vulgare            Spear Thistle         Frequent     Dune grassland, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Clarkia amoena*            Godetia               Rare         Disturbed ground D
Claytonia perfoliata*      Spring Beauty         Abundant     Dune Scrub,
                                                              Disturbed ground D
Claytonia sibirica*        Pink Purslane         Occasional   Woodland D
Clematis vitalba           Traveller’s-joy       Rare         Dune scrub D
Cochlearia anglica         English Scurvygrass   Frequent     Saltmarsh D
Cochlearia danica          Danish Scurvygrass    Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Coeloglossum viride SCI    Frog Orchid           Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Coincya monensis           Isle of Man Cabbage   Occasional   Mobile dunes D
monensis NS
Colchicum autumnale*       Meadow Saffron        Rare         Disturbed ground D
SCI
Colutea arborescens*       Bladder-senna         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Conium maculatum           Hemlock               Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Convallaria majalis*       Lily-of-the-valley    Occasional   Woodland D
Convolvulus arvensis       Field Bindweed        Occasional   Dune grassland,
                                                              Disturbed ground D
Conyza canadensis*         Canadian Fleabane     Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Cornus alba*               White Dogwood         Rare         Dune scrub D
Cornus sanguinea           Dogwood               Rare         Dune scrub D
Coronopus didymus*         Lesser Swine-cress    Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Coronopus squamatus*       Swine-cress           Extinct      Disturbed ground D

Cortaderia selloana*       Pampas-grass          Rare         Disturbed ground D
Corylus avellana           Hazel                 Rare         Dune scrub D
Corynephorus canescens     Grey Hair-grass       Locally      Fixed dunes D
NR NT                                            frequent
Cotoneaster dielsianus*    Diel’s Cotoneaster    Rare         Dune scrub D
Cotoneaster divaricatus*   Spreading             Rare         Dune scrub D
                           Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster franchetii*    Franchet’s            Rare         Dune scrub D
                           Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster frigidus*      Tree Cotoneaster      Rare         Dune scrub D
Cotoneaster                Hjelmqvist’s          Rare         Dune scrub D
hjelmqvistii*              Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster                Wall Cotoneaster      Rare         Dune scrub D
horizontalis*
Cotoneaster                Cotoneaster           Rare         Fixed dune D
hurusawanus*
Cotoneaster lacteus*       Late Cotoneaster      Rare         Disturbed ground
Cotoneaster mairei*        Maire’s Cotoneaster   Rare         Disturbed Ground
                                            10


Cotoneaster rehderi*        Bullate Cotoneaster     Rare         Dune scrub D
Cotoneaster salicifolius*   Willow-leaved           Rare         Woodland D
                            Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster simonsii*       Himalayan               Occasional   Dune scrub D
                            Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster splendens*      Showy Cotoneaster       Rare         Dune scrub D
Cotoneaster sternianus*     Stern’s Cotoneaster     Rare         Fixed dunes D
Cotoneaster x suecicus*     Swedish Cotoneaster     Rare         Disturbed ground D
Cotoneaster x watereri*     Waterer’s Cotoneaster   Rare         Dune scrub D
Cotula coronopifolia*       Buttonweed              Rare         Grazing marsh D
Crambe cordifolia*          Greater Sea-kale        Rare         Disturbed ground
Crambe maritima SCI         Sea-kale                Occasional   Shingle beach D
Crassula helmsii*           New Zealand             Rare         Scrapes D
                            Pigmyweed
Crataegus x media           Hybrid Hawthorn         Rare         Fixed dunes D
Crataegus monogyna          Hawthorn                Abundant     Dune scrub, Fixed
                                                                 dunes, Dune
                                                                 grassland D
Crepis biennis SCI          Rough Hawk’s-beard      Rare         Disturbed ground D
Crepis capillaris           Smooth Hawk’s-          Frequent     Fixed dunes, Dune
                            beard                                slacks, Dune
                                                                 grassland D
Crepis vesicaria*           Beaked Hawk’s-beard Rare             Disturbed ground
Crinum x powellii*          Powell’s Cape-lily  Rare             Disturbed ground
Crithmum maritimum          Rock Samphire       Occasional       Shingle beach D
SCI
Crocosmia x                 Montbretia              Occasional   Disturbed ground,
crocosmiiflora*                                                  Fixed dunes D
Crocosmia masoniorum*       Giant Montbretia        Rare         Mobile dunes D
Crocus speciosus*           Bieberstein’s Crocus    Rare         Disturbed ground
Crocus tommasinianus x      Hybrid Crocus           Rare         Disturbed ground
C. vernus*
Crocus vernus*              Spring Crocus           Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                                 Fixed dunes D
Cruciata laevipes           Crosswort               Rare         Disturbed ground D
Cucurbita pepo*             Marrow                  Rare         Disturbed ground
xCupressocyparis            Leyland Cypress         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
leylandii*
Cuscuta epithymum VU        Dodder                  Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Cyclamen hederifolium*      Cyclamen                Rare         Woodland D
Cymbalaria muralis*         Ivy-leaved Toadflax     Rare         Shingle beach D
Cynara cardunculus var.     Globe Artichoke         Rare         Disturbed ground
scolymus*
Cynoglossum officinale      Hound’s-tongue          Frequent     Fixed dunes D
SCI NT
                                         11


Cynosurus cristatus       Crested Dog’s-tail      Frequent     Dune grassland D
Cyperus eragrostis*       Pale Galingale          Rare         Amenity grassland
Cyperus longus* SCI       Galingale               Rare         Ditches, Dune slacks
NT                                                             D
Cytisus scoparius         Broom                   Occasional   Dune heath, Fixed
                                                               dunes D
Cytisus striatus*         Hairy-fruited Broom     Rare         Dune scrub D
Dactylis glomerata        Cock’s-foot             Abundant     Dune grassland D
Dactylorhiza fuchsii      Common Spotted-         Occasional   Dune slacks, Dune
                          orchid                               grassland D
Dactylorhiza x grandis    Hybrid Marsh-orchid     Occasional   Dune slacks, Dune
                                                               grassland D
Dactylorhiza incarnata    Early Marsh-orchid      Frequent     Dune slacks D
ssp. coccinea NS
Dactylorhiza incarnata    Early Marsh-orchid      Occasional   Dune slacks D
ssp. incarnata SCI
Dactylorhiza incarnata    Early Marsh-orchid      Extinct      Dune slacks D
ssp. pulchella SCI
Dactylorhiza x hallii     Hybrid Marsh-orchid     Extinct      Dune slacks D
Dactylorhiza x            Hybrid Marsh-orchid     Rare         Dune slacks D
kerneriorum
Dactylorhiza              Southern Marsh-         Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
praetermissa              orchid                               grassland D
Dactylorhiza purpurella   Northern Marsh-         Occasional   Dune slacks, Dune
SCI                       orchid                               grassland D
Dactylorhiza x venusta    Hybrid Marsh-orchid     Rare         Dune grassland D
Dactylorhiza x wintoni    Hybrid Marsh-orchid     Rare         Dune slacks D
Dahlia pinnata*           Dahlia                  Rare         Disturbed ground
Danthonia decumbens       Heath-grass             Frequent     Dune heath D
Datura ferox*             Angel’s-trumpets        Rare         Dune slack D
Datura stramonium*        Thorn-apple             Rare         Disturbed ground,
                                                               dune slack D
Daucus carota             Wild Carrot             Frequent     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                               grassland D
Deschampsia cespitosa     Tufted Hair-grass       Occasional   Dune grassland, Dune
cespitosa                                                      heath D
Deschampsia flexuosa      Wavy Hair-grass         Abundant     Dune heath D
Descurainia sophia        Flixweed                Occasional   Disturbed ground
Dianthus barbatus*        Sweet-William           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Dianthus deltoides* NS    Maiden Pink             Rare         Disturbed ground D
NT
Digitalis lutea*          Yellow Foxglove         Rare         Disturbed ground
Digitalis purpurea        Foxglove                Occasional   Woodland D
Diplotaxis muralis*       Annual Wall-rocket      Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Diplotaxis tenuifolia     Perennial Wall-rocket   Rare         Disturbed ground D
                                          12


Dipsacus fullonum*         Teasel                  Occasional   Disturbed ground
Dipsacus sativus*          Fuller’s Teasel         Extinct      Disturbed ground D
Doronicum x excelsum*      Harpur-Crewe’s          Rare         Disturbed ground D
                           Leopard’s-bane
Dryopteris affinis         Scaly Male-fern         Occasional   Woodland D
Dryopteris carthusiana     Narrow Buckler-fern     Occasional   Dune heath D
Dryopteris dilatata        Broad Buckler-fern      Frequent     Woodland, Fixed
                                                                dunes D
Dryopteris filix-mas       Male-fern               Frequent     Woodland, Fixed
                                                                dunes D
Echinochloa crus-galli*    Cockspur                Rare         Disturbed ground
Echinops bannaticus*       Blue Globe-thistle      Rare         Disturbed ground
Echium vulgare             Viper’s-bugloss         Occasional   Shingle beach,
                                                                Disturbed ground D
Eleagnus x ebbingii*       Hybrid Eleagnus         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Eleagnus macrophylla*      Broad-leaved Oleaster   Rare         Dune scrub D
Eleagnus umbellata*        Spreading Oleaster      Rare         Dune scrub D
Eleocharis palustris       Common Spike-rush       Abundant     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                                                                D
Eleocharis quinqueflora    Few-flowered Spike-     Frequent     Dune slacks D
SCI                        rush
Eleocharis uniglumis x     Hybrid Spike-rush       Rare         Dune slacks D
E. palustris
Eleocharis uniglumis       Slender Spike-rush      Rare         Dune slacks D
SCI
Elodea canadensis*         Canadian Waterweed      Occasional   Scrapes, Ditches D
Elodea nuttallii*          Nuttall’s Waterweed     Rare         Scrapes, Ditches D
Elytrigia atherica         Sea Couch               Extinct      Saltmarsh D
Elytrigia juncea           Sand Couch              Abundant     Embryo dunes D
Elytrigia x laxa           Hybrid Couch            Occasional   Embryo dunes D
Elytrigia x obtusiuscula   Hybrid Couch            Rare         Disturbed Ground
Elytrigia repens           Common Couch            Frequent     Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                                slacks, Disturbed
                                                                ground D
Elytrigia repens arenosa   Common Couch            Rare         Strand line D
Empetrum nigrum            Crowberry               Rare         Dune heath D
Epilobium brunnescens*     New Zealand             Rare         Disturbed ground D
                           Willowherb
Epilobium ciliatum x E.    Hybrid Willowherb       Occasional   Dune slacks D
obscurum
Epilobium ciliatum*        American Willowherb Frequent         Dune slacks,
                                                                Disturbed ground D
Epilobium x dacicum        Hybrid Willowherb       Rare         Dune slacks D
Epilobium x erroneum       Hybrid Willowherb       Rare         Dune slacks D
Epilobium hirsutum         Great Willowherb        Frequent     Dune slacks,
                                          13


                                                               Disturbed ground D
Epilobium x limosum        Hybrid Willowherb      Rare         Dune slacks D
Epilobium montanum         Broad-leaved           Frequent     Dune slacks,
                           Willowherb                          Disturbed ground D
Epilobium montanum x       Hybrid Willowherb      Rare         Dune slacks D
E. ciliatum
Epilobium obscurum         Short-fruited          Frequent     Dune slacks,
                           Willowherb                          Disturbed Ground D
Epilobium palustre         Marsh Willowherb       Occasional   Dune slacks D
Epilobium palustre x E.    Hybrid Willowherb      Rare         Dune slack D
ciliatum
Epilobium parviflorum      Hoary Willowherb       Frequent     Dune slacks,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Epilobium parviflorum x    Hybrid Willowherb      Rare         Dune slacks D
E. ciliatum
Epilobium x rivulare       Hybrid Willowherb      Rare         Dune slacks D
Epilobium x subhirsutum    Hybrid Willowherb      Rare         Disturbed ground
Epilobium tetragonum       Square-stalked         Occasional   Dune slacks,
                           Willowherb                          Disturbed ground D
Epipactis dunensis NR      Dune Helleborine       Frequent     Dune slacks, Fixed
                                                               dunes, Woodland D
Epipactis helleborine      Broad-leaved           Rare         Woodland D
                           Helleborine
Epipactis palustris SCI    Marsh Helleborine      Frequent     Dune slacks D
Epipactis phyllanthes NS   Green-flowered         Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                           Helleborine                         slacks D
Equisetum arvense          Field Horsetail        Frequent     Disturbed Ground,
                                                               Dune slacks D
Equisetum x dycei          Hybrid Horsetail       Rare         Dune slacks D
Equisetum fluviatile       Water Horsetail        Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                                                               D
Equisetum x litorale       Hybrid Horsetail       Occasional   Dune slacks D
Equisetum palustre         Marsh Horsetail        Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                                                               D
Equisetum variegatum       Variegated Horsetail   Occasional   Dune slacks D
SCI
Erica tetralix             Cross-leaved Heath     Extinct      Dune slacks D
Erigeron acer              Blue Fleabane          Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Erigeron speciosus*        Garden Erigeron        Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Eriophorum                 Common Cottongrass     Occasional   Dune slacks D
angustifolium
Erodium x anaristatum      Hybrid Stork’s-bill    Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Erodium cicutarium         Common Stork’s-bill    Frequent     Fixed dunes,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
                                          14


Erodium lebelii NS        Sticky Stork’s-bill    Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Erophila majuscula        Hairy Whitlowgrass     Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Erophila verna            Common                 Abundant     Fixed dunes,
                          Whitlowgrass                        Disturbed ground D
Erucastrum gallicum*      Hairy Rocket           Rare         Disturbed ground
Eryngium maritimum        Sea-holly              Frequent     Mobile dunes D
SCI
Erysimum                  Treacle Mustard        Rare         Disturbed ground D
cheiranthoides*
Erysimum cheiri*          Wall-flower            Rare         Disturbed ground
Eschscholzia              Californian Poppy      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
californica*
Euonymus europaeus        Spindle                Rare         Dune scrub D
Euonymus japonicus*       Evergreen Spindle      Rare         Dune scrub D
Eupatorium cannabinum     Hemp-agrimony          Occasional   Dune slacks D
Euphorbia characias*      Mediterranean Spurge   Rare         Disturbed ground D
Euphorbia cyparissias*    Cypress Spurge         Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Euphorbia esula*          Leafy Spurge           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Euphorbia exigua SCI      Dwarf Spurge           Rare         Disturbed ground
Euphorbia helioscopia     Sun Spurge             Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Euphorbia lathyris*       Caper Spurge           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Euphorbia paralias SCI    Sea Spurge             Frequent     Mobile dunes D
Euphorbia peplus          Petty Spurge           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Euphorbia portlandica     Portland Spurge        Frequent     Fixed dunes D
SCI
Euphorbia x               Twiggy Spurge          Rare         Disturbed ground D
pseudovirgata*
Euphorbia waldsteinii*    Waldstein’s Spurge     Rare         Disturbed ground D
Euphrasia confusa         Eyebright              Extinct      Dune slacks D
Euphrasia nemorosa        Eyebright              Frequent     Dune slacks, Fixed
                                                              dunes D
Euphrasia nemorosa x E.   Eyebright              Rare         Fixed dunes D
tetraquetra
Euphrasia officinalis     Eyebright              Frequent     Dune slacks, Fixed
agg.                                                          dunes D
Euphrasia tetraquetra     Eyebright              Occasional   Dune slacks D
SCI
Fagopyrum esculentum*     Buckwheat              Rare         Disturbed ground D
Fagus sylvatica           Beech                  Occasional   Woodland D
Fallopia baldschuanica*   Russian-vine           Occasional   Dune scrub D
Fallopia x bohemica*      Conolly’s Knotweed     Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Fallopia convolvulus      Black-bindweed         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Fallopia japonica*        Japanese Knotweed      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Fallopia sachalinensis*   Giant Knotweed         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Festuca arenaria SCI      Rush-leaved Fescue     Occasional   Mobile dunes D
                                             15


Festuca arundinacea         Tall Fescue            Frequent     Dune grassland, Dune
                                                                slacks D
Festuca brevipila*          Hard Fescue            Rare         Fixed dunes D
Festuca filiformis SCI      Fine-leaved Sheep’s-   Rare         Dune grassland D
                            fescue
Festuca ovina agg.          Sheep’s-fescue         Abundant     Dune heath, Fixed
                                                                dunes D
Festuca ovina ovina         Sheep’s Fescue         Abundant     Dune heath, Fixed
                                                                dunes D
Festuca pratensis           Meadow Fescue          Occasional   Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                                grassland D
Festuca rubra agg.          Red Fescue             Abundant     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                                grassland D
Festuca rubra juncea        Red Fescue             Occasional   Saltmarsh D
Festuca rubra litoralis     Red Fescue             Abundant     Saltmarsh D
Festuca rubra               Red Fescue             Frequent     Disturbed ground D
megastachys*
xFestulpia hubbardii        Hybrid Fescue          Rare         Fixed dunes D
Ficus carica*               Fig                    Rare         Disturbed ground D
Filago minima SCI           Small Cudweed          Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Filago vulgaris SCI NT      Common Cudweed         Rare         Fixed dunes D
Filipendula ulmaria         Meadowsweet            Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                                grassland D
Filipendula vulgaris*       Dropwort               Rare         Disturbed ground D
Foeniculum vulgare*         Fennel                 Rare         Disturbed ground D
Forsythia x intermedia*     Forsythia              Occasional   Dune scrub D
Fragaria vesca              Wild Stawberry         Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Fragaria x ananassa*        Garden Strawberry      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Frangula alnus SCI          Alder Buckthorn        Rare         Dune scrub D
Fraxinus excelsior          Ash                    Occasional   Woodland D
Fuchsia magellanica*        Fuchsia                Rare         Dune scrub D
Fumaria bastardii SCI       Tall Ramping-          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
                            fumitory
Fumaria muralis             Common Ramping –       Frequent     Disturbed ground D
                            fumitory
Fumaria officinalis         Common Fumitory        Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Fumaria purpurea NS         Purple Ramping-        Rare         Disturbed ground D
                            fumitory
Gaillardia aristata*        Blanketflower          Rare         Disturbed ground D
Gaillardia x grandiflora*   Blanketflower          Rare         Disturbed Ground D
Galanthus nivalis*          Snowdrop               Occasional   Woodland, Disturbed
                                                                ground D
Galanthus woronowii*        Green Snowdrop         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Galeopsis angustifolia      Red Hemp-nettle        Rare         Disturbed ground
SCI
                                           16


Galeopsis bifida           Bifid Hemp-nettle      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Galeopsis speciosa VU      Large-flowered         Rare         Disturbed ground D
                           Hemp-nettle
Galeopsis tetrahit         Common Hemp-nettle     Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Galinsoga quadriradiata*   Shaggy-soldier         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Galium aparine             Cleavers               Abundant     Dune scrub,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Galium palustre            Common Marsh-          Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                           bedstraw                            D
Galium saxatile            Heath Bedstraw         Frequent     Dune heath D
Galium verum               Lady’s Bedstraw        Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Gallium mollugo            Hedge Bedstraw         Rare         Disturbed ground
Gaultheria mucronata*      Prickly Heath          Rare         Dune heath D
Genista tinctoria          Dyer’s Greenweed       Rare         Fixed dune D
Gentianella amarella       Autumn Gentian         Occasional   Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                               slacks D
Gentianella campestris     Field Gentian          Occasional   Dune slacks D
SCI VU
Geranium dissectum         Cut-leaved Crane’s-    Occasional   Disturbed ground D
                           bill
Geranium lucidum           Shining Crane’s-bill   Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Geranium x                 Purple Crane’s-bill    Rare         Disturbed ground D
magnificum*
Geranium molle             Dove’s-foot Crane’s-   Abundant     Fixed dunes,
                           bill                                Disturbed ground D
Geranium x oxonianum*      Druce’s Cranes-bill    Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Geranium phaeum*           Dusky Crane’s-bill     Rare         Disturbed ground D
Geranium pratense*         Meadow Crane’s-bill    Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Geranium pusillum SCI      Small-flowered         Rare         Fixed dunes D
                           Crane’s-bill
Geranium pyrenaicum*       Hedgerow Crane’s-      Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                           bill                                Disturbed ground D
Geranium robertianum       Herb-Robert            Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Dune scrub D
Geranium sanguineum*       Bloody Crane’s-bill    Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Geum rivale                Water Avens            Rare         Dune slacks D
Geum urbanum               Wood Avens             Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Glaucium flavum SCI        Yellow Horned-         Frequent     Shingle beach D
                           poppy
Glaux maritima             Sea-milkwort           Abundant     Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                               slacks D
Glechoma hederacea         Ground-ivy             Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                            17


                                                                Dune slacks D
Glyceria declinata          Small Sweet-grass      Rare         Ditches
Glyceria fluitans           Floating Sweet-grass   Occasional   Scrapes, Ditches D
Glyceria maxima             Reed Sweet-grass       Rare         Ditches D
Glyceria maxima             Reed Sweet-grass       Rare         Scrape D
variegata*
Gnaphalium uliginosum       Marsh Cudweed          Frequent     Reclaimed saltmarsh
                                                                Dune slacks D
Gymnadenia conopsea         Fragrant Orchid        Rare or      Dune slacks D
SCI                                                extinct
Gymnadenia densiflora       Marsh Fragrant-        Rare or      Dune slacks D
SCI                         orchid                 extinct
Gypsophila paniculata*      Baby’s-breath          Rare         Disturbed ground
Hedera helix                Irish Ivy              Frequent     Woodland D
“Hibernica”*
Hedera helix helix          Common Ivy             Abundant     Woodland D
Helianthus annuus*          Sunflower              Rare         Disturbed ground D
Helianthus x laetiflorus*   Perennial Sunflower    Rare         Disturbed ground D
Helichrysum sp.*            Everlastingflower      Rare         Disturbed ground D
Helictotrichon pubescens    Downy Oat-grass        Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Heliopsis scabra*           Heliopsis              Rare         Disturbed ground
Helleborus viridis*         Green Hellebore        Rare         Fixed dunes D
Hemerocallis fulva*         Orange Day-lily        Rare         Disturbed ground D
Hemerocallis                Yellow Day-lily        Rare         Disturbed ground
lilioasphodelus*
Heracleum                   Giant Hogweed          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
mantegazzianum*
Heracleum sphondylium       Hogweed                Frequent     Dune grassland D
Herniaria glabra NR         Smooth Rupturewort     Frequent     Roadside verge D
Hesperis matronalis*        Dame’s-violet          Occasional   Woodland, Disturbed
                                                                ground D
Heuchera sanguinea*         Coral-bells            Rare         Disturbed ground
Hieracium anglorum          Hawkweed               Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Hieracium diaphanoides      Hawkweed               Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Hieracium diaphanum         Hawkweed               Rare         Fixed dunes D
Hieracium exoptericum       Hawkweed               Rare         Fixed dunes D
Hieracium rubiginosum       Hawkweed               Rare         Fixed dunes D
Hieracium sabaudum          Hawkweed               Rare         Fixed dunes D
Hieracium subcrassum        Hawkweed               Rare         Fixed dunes D
Hieracium sublepistoides    Hawkweed               Rare         Fixed dunes D
Hieracium umbellatum        Hawkweed               Abundant     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                                grassland D
Hieracium vagum             Hawkweed               Extinct?     Fixed dunes D
Hieracium vulgatum          Hawkweed               Rare         Fixed dunes D
Hippophae rhamnoides*       Sea-buckthorn          Abundant     Dune scrub, Dune
                                         18


                                                             slacks D
Hippuris vulgaris SCI    Mare’s-tail            Occasional   Scrapes, Ditches D
Hirschfeldia incana*     Hoary Mustard          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Holcus lanatus           Yorkshire-fog          Abundant     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                             grassland D
Holcus mollis            Creeping Soft-grass    Frequent     Woodland D
Honckenya peploides      Sea Sandwort           Frequent     Strand-line, Shingle
                                                             beach D
Hordeum distichon*       Two-rowed Barley       Rare         Disturbed ground D
Hordeum jubatum*         Foxtail Barley         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Hordeum murinum          Wall Barley            Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Hordeum vulgare          Six-rowed Barley       Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Hottonia palustris SCI   Water Violet           Rare         Ditches, Scrape D
Humulus lupulus*         Hop                    Occasional   Dune scrub,
                                                             Disturbed ground D
Hyacinthoides            Spanish Bluebell       Frequent     Woodland, Disturbed
hispanica*                                                   ground D
Hyacinthoides non-       Bluebell               Occasional   Woodland, Disturbed
scripta SCI                                                  ground D
Hyacinthoides x          Hybrid Bluebell        Abundant     Woodland, Disturbed
massartiana*                                                 ground D
Hyacinthus orientalis*   Hyacinth               Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                                                             Disturbed ground D
Hydrocharis morsus-      Frogbit                Rare         Scrapes D
ranae* SCI VU
Hydrocotyle vulgaris     Marsh Pennywort        Abundant     Dune slacks D
Hyoscyamus niger* VU     Henbane                Rare         Disturbed ground D
Hypericum                Tutsan                 Occasional   Disturbed ground
androsaemum SCI
Hypericum calycinum*     Rose-of-Sharon         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Hypericum hircinum*      Stinking Tutsan        Rare         Disturbed ground D
Hypericum humifusum      Trailing St John’s-    Rare         Dune heath D
SCI                      wort
Hypericum x inodorum*    Tall Tutson            Rare         Disturbed ground D
Hypericum perforatum     Perforate St John’s-   Occasional   Dune grassland D
                         wort
Hypericum tetrapterum    Square-stalked St      Occasional   Dune slacks D
                         John’s-wort
Hypochaeris glabra SCI   Smooth Cat’s-ear       Locally      Fixed dunes,
VU                                              frequent     Disturbed ground D
Hypochaeris radicata     Cat’s-ear              Abundant     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                             grassland, Disturbed
                                                             ground D
Ilex x altaclerensis*    Highclere Holly        Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                             scrub D
                                           19


Ilex aquifolium           Holly                 Frequent     Woodland, Dune
                                                             scrub, Fixed dunes D
Impatiens glandulifera*   Indian Balsam         Occasional   Ditches, Dune scrub
                                                             D
Inula conyzae SCI         Ploughman’s-          Occasional   Fixed dunes D
                          spikenard
Iris foetidissima*        Stinking Iris         Rare         Fixed dunes D
Iris germanica*           Bearded Iris          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Iris x hollandica*        Dutch Iris            Rare         Disturbed ground
Iris pseudacorus          Yellow Iris           Frequent     Ditches, Scrapes,
                                                             Dune slacks D
Iris sibirica*            Siberian Iris         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Isolepis cernua SCI       Slender Club-rush     Extinct      Dune slacks D
Isolepis setacea          Bristle Club-rush     Occasional   Dune slacks D
Juglans regia*            Walnut                Rare         Woodland D
Juncus acutiflorus        Sharp-flowered Rush   Occasional   Dune grassland D
Juncus ambiguus SCI       Frog Rush             Frequent     Saltmarsh D
Juncus articulatus        Jointed Rush          Abundant     Dune slacks D
Juncus balticus x J.      Hybrid Baltic Rush    Rare         Dune slacks, Scrapes
inflexus NR                                                  D
Juncus balticus NS        Baltic Rush           Occasional   Dune slacks D
Juncus bufonius           Toad Rush             Frequent     Dune slacks,
                                                             Saltmarsh, Disturbed
                                                             ground D
Juncus bulbosus           Bulbous Rush          Rare         Dune slacks D
Juncus compressus SCI     Round-fruited Rush    Locally      Dune slacks, grazing
NT                                              abundant     marsh D
Juncus conglomeratus      Compact Rush          Occasional   Dune grassland, Dune
                                                             heath, Dune slacks D
Juncus effusus            Soft Rush             Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                             heath D
Juncus gerardii           Saltmarsh Rush        Abundant     Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                             slacks D
Juncus inflexus           Hard Rush             Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                             grassland, Saltmarsh
                                                             D
Juncus maritimus SCI      Sea Rush              Occasional   Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                             slacks D
Juncus x obotritorum NR Hybrid Baltic Rush      Rare         Dune slacks, Scrapes
                                                             D
Juncus squarrosus         Heath Rush            Frequent     Dune heath D
Juncus subnodulosus       Blunt-flowered Rush   Occasional   Dune slacks D
SCI
Juncus x surrejanus       Hybrid Rush           Rare         Dune heath D
Juncus tenuis*            Slender Rush          Occasional   Dune slacks,
                                           20


                                                               Disturbed ground D
Juniperus communis*       Juniper                 Rare         Dune scrub D
SCI
Kerria japonica*          Kerria                  Rare         Disturbed ground D
Knautia arvensis          Field Scabious          Rare         Disturbed ground
Kniphofia uvaria*         Red-hot-poker           Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Koeleria macrantha        Crested Hair-grass      Rare         Dune grassland D
Laburnum anagyroides*     Laburnum                Occasional   Dune scrub D
Lactuca serriola          Prickly Lettuce         Rare         Disturbed ground
Lactuca tatarica*         Blue Lettuce            Extinct      Dune grassland D
Lagarosiphon major*       Curly Waterweed         Occasional   Scrapes D
Lagurus ovatus*           Hare’s-tail             Rare         Fixed dunes, Mobile
                                                               dunes D
Lamiastrum galeobdolon    Yellow Archangel        Frequent     Woodland, Disturbed
argentatum*                                                    ground D
Lamium album              White Dead-nettle       Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Lamium amplexicaule       Henbit Dead-nettle      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Lamium hybridum           Cut-leaved Dead-        Occasional   Disturbed ground D
                          nettle
Lamium maculatum*         Spotted Dead-nettle     Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Lamium purpureum          Red Dead-nettle         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Lapsana communis          Nipplewort              Occasional   Woodland D
Larix sp.*                Larch                   Rare         Woodland D
Lathyrus latifolius*      Broad-leaved            Frequent     Fixed dunes,
                          Everlasting-pea                      Disturbed ground,
                                                               Dune scrub D
Lathyrus nissolia SCI     Grass Vetchling         Rare         Dune grassland D
Lathyrus pratensis        Meadow Vetchling        Frequent     Dune grassland D
Lathyrus tuberosus*       Tuberous Pea            Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Lavandula x intermedia*   Garden Lavender         Rare         Fixed dunes D
Lavatera x clementii*     Hybrid Tree-mallow      Rare         Disturbed ground D
Lavatera thuringiaca*     Garden Tree-mallow      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Lemna minor               Common Duckweed         Occasional   Scrapes, Ditches D
Lemna trisulca            Ivy-leaved Duckweed     Occasional   Scrapes, Ditches D
Leontodon autumnalis      Autumn Hawkbit          Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                               grassland D
Leontodon hispidus        Rough Hawkbit           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Leontodon saxatilis       Lesser Hawkbit          Abundant     Dune slacks, Fixed
                                                               dunes D
Lepidium campestre SCI    Field Pepperwort        Rare         Disturbed ground D
Lepidium draba*           Hoary Cress             Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Lepidium heterophyllum    Smith’s Pepperwort      Rare         Disturbed ground D
Lepidium perfoliatum*     Perfoliate Pepperwort   Extinct      Disturbed ground
Leucanthemum x            Shasta Daisy            Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                         21


superbum*                                                    Fixed dunes D
Leucanthemum vulgare      Oxeye Daisy           Occasional   Dune grassland D
Leucojum aestivum         Summer Snowflake      Rare         Disturbed ground
pulchellum*
Leycesteria formosa*      Himalayan             Rare         Disturbed ground
                          Honeysuckle
Leymus arenarius          Lyme-grass            Abundant     Embryo dunes D
Ligustrum ovalifolium*    Garden Privet         Occasional   Dune scrub D
Ligustrum vulgare         Wild Privet           Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Lilium x hollandicum*     Orange Lily           Rare         Fixed dunes D
Lilium pyrenaicum*        Pyrenean Lily         Rare         Woodland D
Limnanthes douglasii*     Meadow-foam           Rare         Disturbed ground
Limonium binervosum       Rock Sea-lavender     Rare         Salt-marsh D
agg. NR
Limonium vulgare          Common Sea-           Rare         Salt-marsh D
                          lavender
Linaria dalmatica*        Balkan Toadflax       Extinct      Disturbed ground D
Linaria purpurea*         Purple Toadflax       Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                             Fixed dunes D
Linaria vulgaris          Common Toadflax       Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                             Dune grassland D
Linum bienne SCI          Pale flax             Rare         Disturbed ground
Linum catharticum         Fairy Flax            Frequent     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                             slacks D
Linum usitatissimum*      Flax                  Rare         Strandline D
Listera cordata SCI       Lesser Twayblade      Extinct      Woodland D
Listera ovata             Common Twayblade      Occasional   Dune grassland D
Lithospermum officinale   Common Gromwell       Rare         Fixed dunes D
SCI
Littorella uniflora       Shoreweed             Occasional   Scrapes D
Lobelia erinus*           Garden Lobelia        Rare         Strandline D
Lobularia maritima*       Sweet Alison          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Lolium x boucheanum       Hybrid Rye-grass      Occasional   Disturbed ground
Lolium multiflorum*       Italian Rye-grass     Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Lolium perenne            Perennial Rye-grass   Abundant     Dune grassland, Dune
                                                             slacks, Saltmarsh D
Lonicera japonica*        Japanese              Rare         Disturbed ground D
                          Honeysuckle
Lonicera nitida*          Wilson’s              Rare         Woodland
                          Honeysuckle
Lonicera periclymenum     Honeysuckle           Frequent     Dune scrub,
                                                             Woodland D
Lonicera pileata*         Box-leaved            Rare         Disturbed ground
                          Honeysuckle
Lonicera tartarica*       Tartarian             Rare         Disturbed Ground D
                                        22


                        Honeysuckle
Lonicera xylosteum*     Fly Honeysuckle        Rare         Disturbed ground
Lotus corniculatus      Common Bird’s-foot-    Abundant     Fixed dunes, Dune
                        trefoil                             slacks D
Lotus glaber            Narrow-leaved          Extinct      Dune grassland D
                        Bird’s-foot-trefoil
Lotus pedunculatus      Greater Bird’s-foot-   Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                        trefoil                             grassland D
Lunaria annua*          Honesty                Frequent     Woodland, Disturbed
                                                            ground D
Lupinus arboreus*       Tree Lupin             Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Lupinus polyphyllus*    Garden Lupin           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Lupinus x regalis*      Russell Lupin          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Luzula campestris       Field Wood-rush        Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Luzula multiflora       Heath Wood-rush        Frequent     Dune heath D
congesta
Luzula multiflora       Heath Wood-rush        Frequent     Dune heath D
multiflora
Lychnis coronaria*      Rose Campion           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Lychnis flos-cuculi     Ragged Robin           Occasional   Dune grassland D
Lycium barbarum*        Duke of Argyll’s       Occasional   Dune scrub,
                        Teaplant                            Disturbed ground D
Lycium chinense*        Chinese Teaplant       Rare         Disturbed ground D
Lycopersicon            Tomato                 Occasional   Disturbed ground,
esculentum*                                                 Strandline D
Lycopodiella inundata   Marsh Clubmoss         Extinct      Dune slacks D
NS EN
Lycopus europaeus       Gypsywort              Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                                                            D
Lysichiton sp.*         Skunk-cabbage          Rare         Dune slack D
Lysimachia nummularia   Creeping-Jenny         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Lysimachia punctata*    Dotted Loosestrife     Occasional   Dune grassland D
Lysimachia vulgaris     Yellow Loosestrife     Occasional   Ditches, Dune
                                                            grassland D
Lythrum salicaria       Purple-loosestrife     Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                            grassland D
Mahonia aquifolium*     Oregon-grape           Occasional   Dune scrub D
Malus domestica*        Apple                  Occasional   Dune scrub,
                                                            Woodland D
Malus sylvestris        Crab-apple             Rare         Dune scrub D
Malva alcea*            Greater Musk-mallow    Rare         Disturbed ground D
Malva moschata          Musk-mallow            Occasional   Dune grassland D
Malva neglecta SCI      Dwarf Mallow           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Malva nicaeensis*       French Mallow          Extinct      Disturbed Ground D
Malva sylvestris        Common Mallow          Frequent     Disturbed ground D
                                          23


Marrubium vulgare* NS      White Horehound        Extinct      Disturbed ground D
Matricaria discoidea*      Pineapple-weed         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Matricaria recutita        Scented Mayweed        Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Matthiola incana*          Hoary Stock            Rare         Disturbed ground
Medicago arabica*          Spotted Medick         Rare         Disturbed ground
Medicago lupulina          Black Medick           Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Medicago sativa sativa*    Lucerne                Rare         Disturbed ground D
Medicago sativa varia*     Sand Lucerne           Rare         Disturbed ground
Medicago sativa*           Lucerne                Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Melilotus albus*           White Melilot          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Melilotus altissimus*      Tall Melilot           Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Melilotus indicus*         Small Melilot          Rare         Strand-line D
Melilotus officinalis*     Common Melilot         Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Melissa officinalis*       Balm                   Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Mentha aquatica            Water Mint             Abundant     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                                                               D
Mentha arvensis            Corn Mint              Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Mentha x piperita          Peppermint             Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Mentha pulegium* EN        Pennyroyal             Rare         Dune slacks D
Mentha spicata*            Spear Mint             Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Mentha x verticillata      Whorled Mint           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Mentha x villosa*          Apple Mint             Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Menyanthes trifoliata      Bogbean                Rare         Dune slacks D
Mibora minima NR           Early Sand-grass       Rare         Fixed dunes D
Miscanthus                 Miscanthus             Rare         Fixed dunes D
sacchariflorus*
Moehringia trinervia       Three-nerved           Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                           Sandwort                            Woodland D
Molinia caerulea           Purple Moor-grass      Rare         Dune heath, dune
                                                               slacks D
Monotropa hypopitys        Yellow Bird’s-nest     Occasional   Dune slacks D
SCI
Montia fontana             Blinks                 Occasional   Dune slacks D
chondrosperma
Muscari armeniacum*        Garden Grape-          Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                           hyacinth                            Fixed dunes D
Muscari comosum*           Tassel Hyacinth        Rare         Dune grassland D
Mycelis muralis            Wall Lettuce           Rare         Woodland D
Myosotis arvensis          Field Forget-me-not    Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Myosotis discolor          Changing Forget-me-    Occasional   Fixed dunes D
                           not
Myosotis laxa caespitosa   Tufted Forget-me-not   Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes,
                                                               Ditches D
Myosotis ramosissima       Early Forget-me-not    Abundant     Fixed dunes D
                                            24


SCI
Myosotis scorpioides       Water Forget-me-not    Occasional   Scrapes, Dune slacks
                                                               D
Myosotis sylvatica*        Wood Forget-me-not     Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Myriophyllum               Alternate Water-       Extinct      Ditches D
alterniflorum SCI          milfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum      Spiked Water-milfoil   Frequent     Scrapes, Ditches D
Myriophyllum               Whorled Water-         Rare         Ditches D
verticillatum SCI VU       milfoil
Myrrhis odorata*           Sweet Cicily           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Narcissus cultivars*       Garden Daffodil        Abundant     Dune grassland,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Narcissus poeticus*        Pheasant’s-eye         Frequent     Dune grassland,
                           Daffodil                            Disturbed ground D
Narcissus                  Daffodil               Occasional   Dune grassland,
pseudonarcissus*                                               Disturbed ground D
Narcissus tazetta*         Bunch-flowered         Rare         Disturbed ground D
                           Daffodil
Nardus stricta             Mat-grass              Locally      Dune heath, Dune
                                                  frequent     grassland D
Nepeta cataria SCI VU      Cat-mint               Rare         Disturbed ground
Nepeta x faassenii*        Garden Cat-mint        Rare         Disturbed ground
Nicandra physalodes*       Apple-of-Peru          Rare         Disturbed ground
Nicotiana rustica*         Wild Tobacco           Rare         Disturbed ground
Nicotiana x sanderae*      Sweet Tobacco          Rare         Disturbed ground
Nigella damascena*         Love-in-a-mist         Rare         Disturbed ground
Nothofagus obliqua*        Roble                  Rare         Woodland D
Nymphaea alba              White Water-lily       Rare         Scrapes D
Nymphaea cultivar*         Water-lily             Rare         Scrapes D
Nymphoides peltata*        Fringed Water-lily     Rare         Scrapes D
SCI
Odontites vernus           Red Bartsia            Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                               grassland D
Oenanthe aquatica SCI      Fine-leaved Water-     Rare         Dune slacks D
                           dropwort
Oenanthe crocata           Hemlock Water-         Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes,
                           dropwort                            Ditches D
Oenanthe fistulosa SCI     Tubular Water-         Occasional   Dune slacks, Scrapes,
VU                         dropwort                            Ditches D
Oenanthe lachenalii SCI    Parsley Water-         Occasional   Saltmarsh D
                           dropwort
Oenothera biennis x O. x   Hybrid Evening-        Rare         Disturbed ground D
fallax*                    primrose
Oenothera biennis x O.     Hybrid Evening-        Rare         Disturbed ground D
glazioviana*               primrose
                                           25


Oenothera biennis*        Common Evening-         Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                          primrose                             Disturbed ground D
Oenothera cambrica x O.   Hybrid Evening-         Rare         Disturbed ground D
glazioviana*              primrose
Oenothera cambrica*       Small-flowered          Rare         Disturbed ground D
                          Evening-primrose
Oenothera x fallax x O.   Hybrid Evening-         Rare         Fixed dunes,
biennis*                  primrose                             Disturbed ground D
Oenothera fallax x O.     Hybrid Evening-         Rare         Fixed dunes.
glazioviana*              primrose                             Disturbed ground D
Oenothera x fallax*       Intermediate Evening-   Abundant     Fixed dunes,
                          primrose                             Disturbed ground D
Oenothera glazioviana x   Hybrid Evening-         Rare         Fixed dunes,
O. x fallax*              primrose                             Disturbed ground D
Oenothera glazioviana*    Large-flowered          Abundant     Fixed dunes,
                          Evening-primrose                     Disturbed ground D
Olearia x haastii*        Daisybush               Rare         Disturbed ground
Olearia macrodonta*       New Zealand Holly       Rare         Dune scrub D
Onobrychis viciifolia*    Sainfoin                Rare         Disturbed ground
Ononis repens             Common Restharrow       Abundant     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                               slacks D
Ononis spinosa SCI        Spiny Restharrow        Rare         Mobile dune,
                                                               Grazing-marsh D
Onopordum acanthium*      Cotton Thistle          Rare         Disturbed ground D
Ophioglossum vulgatum     Adder’s-tongue          Occasional   Dune slacks D
SCI
Ophrys apifera            Bee Orchid              Occasional   Dune slacks, Fixed
                                                               dunes D
Orchis morio SCI NT       Green-winged Orchid     Rare         Dune grassland D
Oreopteris limbosperma    Lemon-scented Fern      Extinct      Woodland D
Origanum vulgare          Wild Marjoram           Rare         Scrub D
Ornithogalum              Star-of-Bethlehem       Occasional   Dune grassland,
angustifolium*                                                 Disturbed ground D
Ornithopus perpusillus    Bird’s-foot             Locally      Dune heath D
SCI                                               frequent
Orobanche minor SCI       Common Broomrape        Occasional   Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                               grassland D
Osmanthus delavayi*       Delavay Treeolive       Rare         Woodland D
Osmunda regalis           Royal Fern              Rare         Dune heath, Ditches
                                                               D
Oxalis articulata*        Pink-sorrel             Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Oxalis corniculata*       Procumbent Yellow-      Rare         Disturbed ground D
                          sorrel
Panicum miliaceum*        Common Millet           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Papaver argemone SCI      Prickly Poppy           Extinct      Disturbed ground D
                                            26


VU
Papaver dubium              Long-headed Poppy       Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Papaver dubium lecoqii      Babington’s Poppy       Rare         Disturbed Ground
Papaver                     Oriental poppy          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
pseudoorientale*
Papaver rhoeas              Common Poppy            Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Papaver somniferum*         Opium Poppy             Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Parapholis strigosa         Hard-grass              Abundant     Saltmarsh D
Parentucellia viscosa       Yellow Bartsia          Occasional   Dune slacks, Scrapes
SCI                                                              D
Parietaria judaica          Pellitory-of-the-wall   Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Parnassia palustris SCI     Grass-of-Parnassus      Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                                                                 D
Parthenocissus              Virginia-creeper        Rare         Dune scrub D
quinquefolia*
Pastinaca sativa            Wild Parsnip            Abundant     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                                 grassland D
Pedicularis palustris SCI   Marsh Lousewort         Rare         Dune slacks D
Pelagonium x hybridum*      Scarlet Geranium        Rare         Disturbed ground D
Pentaglottis                Green Alkanet           Frequent     Disturbed ground D
sempervirens*
Persicaria amphibia         Amphibious Bistort      Occasional   Scrapes, Ditches D
Persicaria                  Red Bistort             Rare         Disturbed ground
amplexicaulis*
Persicaria hydropiper       Wall-pepper             Rare         Disturbed ground,
                                                                 dune slacks D
Persicaria lapathifolia     Pale Persicaria         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Persicaria maculosa         Redshank                Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Petasites fragrans*         Winter Heliotrope       Rare         Disturbed ground
Petunia x hybrida*          Petunia                 Rare         Disturbed ground
Phalaris arundinacea        Reed Canary-grass       Frequent     Scrapes, Dune Slacks,
                                                                 Dune grassland D
Phalaris canariensis*       Canary-grass            Rare         Disturbed ground
Philadelphus x              Mock-orange             Occasional   Dune scrub D
virginalis*
Philadephus coronarius*     Mock-orange             Rare         Dune scrub D
Phleum arenarium SCI        Sand Cat’s-tail         Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Phleum bertolonii           Smaller Cat’s-tail      Rare         Dune grassland D
Phleum pratense             Timothy                 Frequent     Dune grassland D
Phragmites australis        Common Reed             Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                                                                 D
Phyllitis scolopendrium     Hart’s-tongue           Occasional   Walls, Woodland D
Physalis peruviana*         Cape Gooseberry         Rare         Dune slack D
Picea abies*                Norway Spruce           Occasional   Woodland D
Picea sitchensis*           Sitka spruce            Rare         Woodland D
                                         27


Picris echioides*         Bristly Oxtongue       Rare         Disturbed ground D
Pilosella aurantiaca*     Fox-and-cubs           Rare         Fixed dunes D
Pilosella officinarum     Mouse-ear-hawkweed     Frequent     Fixed dunes D
agg.
Pimpinella major SCI      Greater Burnet-        Rare         Dune grassland D
                          saxifrage
Pimpinella saxifraga      Burnet-saxifrage       Occasional   Dune grassland D
Pinguicula vulgaris       Common Butterwort      Extinct      Dune slacks D
Pinus contorta*           Lodgepole Pine         Abundant     Woodland D
Pinus nigra laricio*      Corsican Pine          Abundant     Woodland D
Pinus nigra nigra*        Austrian Pine          Occasional   Woodland D
Pinus pinaster*           Maritime Pine          Occasional   Woodland D
Pinus radiata*            Monterey Pine          Rare         Woodland D
Pinus sylvestris*         Scot’s Pine            Abundant     Woodland D
Pisum sativum*            Garden Pea             Rare         Disturbed ground D
Plantago coronopus        Buck’s-horn Plantain   Frequent     Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                              slacks, Disturbed
                                                              ground D
Plantago lanceolata       Ribwort Plantain       Abundant     Dune slacks,
                                                              Disturbed ground D
Plantago major            Greater Plantain       Rare         Dune slacks D
intermedia
Plantago major major      Greater Plantain       Frequent     Dune slacks,
                                                              Disturbed ground D
Plantago maritima         Sea Plantain           Occasional   Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Plantago media            Hoary Plantain         Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Platanthera bifolia SCI   Lesser Butterfly-      Rare         Dune grassland D
VU                        orchid
Poa annua                 Annual Meadow-         Abundant     Disturbed ground D
                          grass
Poa compressa SCI         Flattened Meadow-      Rare         Fixed dunes D
                          grass
Poa humilis               Spreading Meadow-      Abundant     Fixed dunes D
                          grass
Poa nemoralis             Wood Meadow-grass      Rare         Woodland D
Poa palustris*            Swamp Meadow-          Rare         Dune slacks D
                          grass
Poa pratensis             Smooth Meadow-         Frequent     Fixed dunes, Dune
                          grass                               grassland D
Poa trivialis             Rough Meadow-grass     Frequent     Dune grassland,
                                                              Disturbed ground D
Polemonium caeruleum*     Jacob’s-ladder         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Polygala serpyllifolia    Heath Milkwort         Occasional   Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                              heath D
                                            28


Polygala vulgaris          Common Milkwort       Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Polygonatum x              Garden Solomon’s-     Occasional   Woodland D
hybridum*                  seal
Polygonatum                Solomon’s-seal        Rare         Woodland D
multiflorum*
Polygonatum odoratum*      Angular Solomon’s-    Rare         Woodland D
                           seal
Polygonum arenastrum       Equal-leaved          Occasional   Disturbed ground D
                           Knotgrass
Polygonum arviculare       Knotgrass             Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Polygonum oxyspermum       Ray’s Knotgrass       Occasional   Strandline D
raii SCI
Polypodium interjectum     Intermediate          Rare         Fixed dunes D
                           Polypody
Polypodium vulgare         Polypody              Abundant     Fixed dunes,
                                                              Woodland D
Polystichum setiferum      Soft Shield-fern      Rare         Woodland D
Populus alba*              White Poplar          Abundant     Dune scrub,
                                                              Woodland D
Populus x canadensis*      Hybrid Black-poplar   Frequent     Dune scrub,
                                                              Woodland D
Populus x canescens*       Grey Poplar           Abundant     Dune scrub,
                                                              Woodland D
Populus x jackii*          Balm of Gilead        Abundant     Dune scrub,
                                                              Woodland D
Populus nigra “italica”*   Lombardy Poplar       Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                              scrub D
Populus tremula            Aspen                 Occasional   Woodland D
Potamogeton berchtoldii    Small Pondweed        Rare         Ditches D
SCI
Potamogeton crispus        Curled Pondweed       Rare         Ditches, Scrapes D
Potamogeton gramineus      Various-leaved        Occasional   Scrapes, Dune slacks
SCI                        Pondweed                           D
Potamogeton natans         Broad-leaved          Occasional   Scrapes D
                           Pondweed
Potamogeton pectinatus     Fennel Pondweed       Abundant     Lagoon
Potamogeton                Bog Pondweed          Rare         Dune slacks D
polygonifolius SCI
Potamogeton pusillus       Lesser Pondweed       Rare         Ditches D
SCI
Potentilla anglica         Trailing Tormentil    Occasional   Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                              grassland D
Potentilla anserina        Silverweed            Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                              grassland D
Potentilla argentea* NT    Hoary Cinquefoil      Rare         Disturbed ground D
                                          29


Potentilla erecta         Tormentil              Frequent     Dune heath D
Potentilla x mixta        Hybrid Cinquefoil      Occasional   Dune grassland D
Potentilla palustris      Marsh Cinquefoil       Occasional   Dune slacks D
Potentilla recta*         Sulphur Cinquefoil     Rare         Dune grassland D
Potentilla reptans        Creeping Cinquefoil    Frequent     Dune grassland,
                                                              Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                              heath D
Primula veris             Cowslip                Rare         Dune grassland D
Primula vulgaris          Primrose               Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                              grassland D
Prunella vulgaris         Selfheal               Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                              grassland D
Prunus avium              Wild Cherry            Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                              scrub D
Prunus cerasus*           Dwarf Cherry           Rare         Dune heath D
Prunus domestica          Bullace                Rare         Dune scrub D
institia*
Prunus domestica*         Wild Plum              Rare         Dune scrub D
Prunus laurocerasus*      Cherry Laurel          Rare         Dune scrub D
Prunus lusitanica*        Portugal Laurel        Rare         Dune scrub D
Prunus serotina*          Rum Cherry             Rare         Dune scrub D
Prunus spinosa            Blackthorn             Occasional   Dune scrub D
Pseudosasa japonica*      Arrow Bamboo           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Pteridium aquilinum       Bracken                Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Puccinellia distans SCI   Reflexed Salt-marsh-   Occasional   Saltmarsh D
                          grass
Puccinellia maritima      Common Saltmarsh-      Abundant     Saltmarsh, Strandline,
                          grass                               Embryo dunes D
Pulicaria dysenterica     Common Fleabane        Frequent     Dune slacks D
Pyracantha coccinea*      Firethorn              Rare         Dune scrub D
Pyrola minor SCI          Common Wintergreen     Locally      Woodland D
                                                 frequent
Pyrola rotundifolia       Round-leaved           Frequent     Dune slacks D
maritima NS               Wintergreen
Pyrus communis*           Pear                   Rare         Woodland D
Quercus cerris*           Turkey Oak             Occasional   Woodland D
Quercus ilex*             Evergreen Oak          Rare         Woodland D
Quercus petraea           Sessile Oak            Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                              scrub, Dune heath D
Quercus robur             Pedunculate Oak        Frequent     Woodland, Dune
                                                              scrub, Dune heath D
Quercus x rosacea         Hybrid Oak             Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                              scrub, Dune heath D
Quercus rubra*            Red Oak                Rare         Woodland D
Radiola linoides NT SCI   Allseed                Extinct      Dune slacks D
                                         30


Ranunculus acris        Meadow Buttercup        Frequent     Dune grassland D
Ranunculus aquatilis    Common Water-           Occasional   Scrapes, Ditches D
                        crowfoot
Ranunculus baudotii SCI Brackish Water-         Occasional   Saltmarsh, Scrapes D
                        crowfoot
Ranunculus bulbosus     Bulbous Buttercup       Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Ranunculus circinatus   Fan-leaved Water-       Rare         Ditches D
SCI                     crowfoot
Ranunculus ficaria      Lesser Celandine        Frequent     Woodland, Disturbed
bulbifer                                                     ground D
Ranunculus ficaria      Lesser Celandine        Frequent     Woodland, Disturbed
ficaria                                                      ground D
Ranunculus flammula     Lesser Spearwort        Frequent     Dune slacks D
Ranunculus hederaceus   Ivy-leaved Crowfoot     Rare         Dune slacks
Ranunculus lingua       Greater Spearwort       Occasional   Scrapes, Dune slacks
                                                             D
Ranunculus parviflorus   Small-flowered         Rare         Disturbed ground
                         Buttercup
Ranunculus repens        Creping Buttercup      Abundant     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                             grassland, Disturbed
                                                             ground D
Ranunculus sardous SCI   Hairy Buttercup        Rare         Disturbed ground
Ranunculus sceleratus    Celery-leaved          Frequent     Dune slacks, Scrapes
                         Buttercup                           Saltmarsh, Ditches D
Ranunculus               Thread-leaved Water-   Occasional   Ditches, Scrapes D
trichophyllus SCI        crowfoot
Raphanus raphanistrum    Sea Radish             Frequent     Disturbed ground,
maritimus                                                    Embryo dunes D
Raphanus raphanistrum    Wild Radish            Occasional   Disturbed ground,
raphanistrum                                                 Embryo dunes D
Raphanus sativus*        Garden Radish          Occasional   Disturbed ground
Rapistrum rugosum*       Bastard Cabbage        Rare         Disturbed ground
Reseda alba*             White Mignonette       Rare         Disturbed ground
Reseda lutea             Wild Mignonette        Occasional   Disturbed ground
                                                             Shingle beach D
Reseda luteola           Weld                   Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Rheum x hybridum*        Rhubarb                Rare         Disturbed ground
Rhinanthus minor         Yellow-rattle          Frequent     Dune grassland,
                                                             Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                             slacks D
Rhinanthus minor         Yellow-rattle          Rare         Dune slacks D
stenophyllus SCI
Rhododendron             Rhododendron           Occasional   Woodland D
ponticum*
Rhus typhina*            Stag’s-horn Sumach     Occasional   Disturbed ground D
                                         31


Ribes alpinum*             Mountain Currant     Rare         Dune scrub D
Ribes nigrum*              Black Currant        Occasional   Dune scrub D
Ribes rubrum*              Red Currant          Occasional   Dune scrub D
Ribes sanguineum*          Flowering Currant    Occasional   Dune scrub D
Ribes uva-crispa*          Gooseberry           Occasional   Dune scrub D
Robinia pseudoacacia*      False-acacia         Rare         Woodland
Rorippa nasturtium-        Water-cress          Frequent     Ditches, scrapes D
aquaticum
Rorippa palustris          Marsh Yellow-cress   Occasional   Dune slacks D
Rorippa sylvestris         Creeping Yellow-     Occasional   Dune slacks D
                           cress
Rosa “Hollandica”*         Dutch Rose           Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                             Fixed dunes D
Rosa arvensis              Field Rose           Rare         Fixed dunes D
Rosa caesia glauca         Glaucous Dog-rose    Rare         Dune scrub D
Rosa x biturigensis        Hybrid Rose          Rare         Dune scrub D
Rosa caesia x R.           Hybrid Dog-rose      Rare         Dune scrub D
sherardii
Rosa x dumalis             Hybrid Dog-rose      Occasional   Dune scrub D
Rosa x dumetorum           Hybrid Dog-rose      Rare         Dune scrub D
Rosa ferruginea*           Red-leaved Rose      Occasional   Dune scrub D
Rosa luciae*               Memorial Rose        Rare         Fixed-dunes D
Rosa multiflora*           Many-flowered Rose   Rare         Dune heath D
Rosa x nitidula            Hybrid Dog-rose      Rare         Dune scrub D
Rosa pimpinellifolia SCI   Burnet Rose          Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Rosa x rothschildii        Hybrid Dog-rose      Rare         Dune scrub D
Rosa rubiginosa SCI        Sweet-briar          Occasional   Dune scrub D
Rosa rugosa*               Japanese Rose        Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                             Dune scrub D
Rosa sherardii             Sherard’s Downy-     Rare         Dune scrub D
                           rose
Rosa virginiana*           Virginian Rose       Rare         Dune scrub D
Rubus armeniacus*          “Himalayan Giant”    Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Rubus bartonii             Bramble              Abundant     Woodland D
Rubus bertramii            Bramble              Rare         Dune heath D
Rubus caesius              Dewberry             Abundant     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                             grassland, Dune
                                                             slacks D
Rubus caesius x ?          Hybrid Dewberry      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Rubus cardiophyllus        Bramble              Frequent     Woodland D
Rubus cissburiensis*       Bramble              Occasional   Woodland D
Rubus criniger             Bramble              Occasional   Woodland D
Rubus dasyphyllus          Bramble              Frequent     Woodland D
Rubus echinatus            Bramble              Rare         Woodland D
Rubus elegantispinosus*    Bramble              Rare         Disturbed ground
                                           32


Rubus errabundus          Bramble               Frequent     Woodland D
Rubus fruticosus agg.     Bramble               Abundant     Dune Scrub,
                                                             Disturbed ground D
Rubus gratus              Bramble
Rubus idaeus              Raspberry             Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Rubus idaeus x R.         Hybrid Raspberry      Rare         Disturbed ground D
vitifolius*
Rubus laciniatus          Bramble               Frequent     Woodland D
Rubus latifolius          Bramble               Rare         Disturbed ground
Rubus lindleianus         Bramble               Frequent     Woodland D
Rubus loganobaccus*       Loganberry            Rare         Dune grassland D
Rubus nemoralis           Bramble               Frequent     Woodland D
Rubus newbouldii          Bramble               Rare         Disturbed ground
Rubus polyanthemus        Bramble               Occasional   Disturbed ground
Rubus pruinosus           Bramble               Rare         Disturbed ground D
Rubus robiae              Bramble               Occasional   Woodland D
Rubus scissus             Bramble
Rubus sprengalii          Bramble               Frequent     Woodland D
Rubus subtercanens        Bramble               Occasional   Woodland D
Rubus tricolor*           Chinese Bramble       Rare         Disturbed ground D
Rubus tuberculatus        Bramble               Abundant     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                             grassland D
Rubus ulmifolius          Bramble               Occasional   Disturbed ground
Rubus vestitus            Bramble               Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Rubus warrenii            Bramble               Rare         Dune heath D
Rubus wheldonii           Bramble               Rare         Dune heath D
Rubus wirralensis         Bramble               Occasional   Disturbed ground
Rumex x abortivus         Hybrid Dock           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Rumex acetosa             Common Sorrel         Frequent     Dune grassland D
Rumex acetosella          Sheep’s Sorrel        Frequent     Dune grassland, Dune
                                                             heath D
Rumex conglomeratus       Clustered Dock        Frequent     Ditches, Dune slacks
                                                             D
Rumex crispus             Curled Dock           Abundant     Disturbed ground D
Rumex crispus crispus     Curled Dock           Abundant     Disturbed ground D
Rumex crispus littoreus   Curled Dock           Frequent     Saltmarsh D
Rumex hydrolapathum       Water Dock            Rare         Ditches D
SCI
Rumex maritimus SCI       Golden Dock           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Rumex obtusifolius        Broad-leaved Dock     Abundant     Disturbed ground D
Rumex x pratensis         Hybrid Dock           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Rumex sanguineus          Wood Dock             Occasional   Woodland, Ditches D
Rumex x schulzei          Hybrid Dock           Rare         Disturbed ground
Ruppia maritima           Beaked Tasselweed     Frequent     Marine Lake, Salt-
                                                             marsh
                                          33


Ruscus aculeatus*         Butcher’s-broom        Rare         Fixed dunes D
Sagina apetala            Annual Pearlwort       Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Sagina apetala erecta     Annual Pearlwort       Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Sagina maritima           Sea Pearlwort          Occasional   Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Sagina nodosa             Knotted Pearlwort      Frequent     Dune slacks D
Sagina procumbens         Procumbent Pearlwort   Abundant     Disturbed ground D
Salicornia                Long-spiked            Frequent     Saltmarsh D
dolichostachya            Glasswort
Salicornia europaea       Glasswort              Frequent     Saltmarsh D
Salicornia fragilis       Yellow Glasswort       Occasional   Saltmarsh D
Salicornia ramosissima    Purple Glasswort       Frequent     Saltmarsh D
Salix acutifolia*         Siberian Violet-       Rare         Dune scrub D
                          willow
Salix alba                White Willow           Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                              scrub D
Salix x angusensis NR     Hybrid Willow          Rare         Dune scrub, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Salix aurita              Eared Willow           Rare         Dune heath D
Salix x calodendron       Holme Willow           Rare         Dune scrub D
Salix caprea              Goat Willow            Occasional   Dune scrub, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Salix cinerea cinerea     Grey Willow            Rare         Dune slacks D
Salix cinerea oleifolia   Grey Willow            Abundant     Dune scrub, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Salix daphnoides*         European Violet-       Occasional   Dune scrub D
                          willow
Salix x doniana NR        Hybrid Willow          Rare         Dune scrub, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Salix eleagnos*           Olive Willow           Rare         Disturbed ground
Salix x forbyana          Fine Osier             Frequent     Dune scrub D
Salix fragilis            Crack Willow           Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                              scrub D
Salix x friesiana NR      Hybrid Willow          Frequent     Dune slacks D
Salix x multinervis       Hybrid Willow          Extinct      Dune slacks D
Salix pentandra           Bay Willow             Occasional   Dune slacks, Dune
                                                              scrub D
Salix x pontederiana      Hybrid Willow          Extinct      Dune scrub D
Salix purpurea            Purple Willow          Occasional   Dune scrub D
Salix purpurea            Purple Willow          Rare         Dune Scrub D
lambertiana
Salix x reichardtii       Hybrid Willow          Occasional   Dune scrub D
Salix repens              Creeping Willow        Abundant     Dune slacks, Fixed
                                                              dunes D
Salix x rubens            Hybrid Crack-willow    Occasional   Dune scrub, Dune
                                             34


                                                               slacks D
Salix x rubra              Green-leaved Willow    Rare         Dune scrub D
Salix x sepulcralis*       Hybrid Willow          Rare         Disturbed ground
Salix x sericans           Broad-leaved Osier     Frequent     Dune scrub D
Salix x smithiana          Silky-leaved Osier     Occasional   Dune scrub D
Salix x subsericea NS      Hybrid Willow          Rare         Dune slacks, Dune
                                                               scrub D
Salix triandra             Almond Willow          Rare         Dune slack D
Salix viminalis            Osier                  Frequent     Dune scrub D
Salsola kali kali SCI VU   Prickly Saltwort       Occasional   Strandline D
Salvia verbenaca           Wild Clary             Extinct      Disturbed ground
Sambucus nigra             Elder                  Frequent     Dune scrub D
Samolus valerandi SCI      Brookweed              Frequent     Dune slacks D
Sanguisorba minor          Fodder Burnet          Rare         Disturbed ground
muricata*
Sanguisorba officinalis    Great Burnet           Rare         Fixed dunes D
Santolina                  Lavender-cotton        Occasional   Fixed dunes,
chamaecyparissus*                                              Disturbed ground D
Saponaria officinalis*     Soapwort               Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Sasaella ramosa*           Hairy Bamboo           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Saxifraga granulata        Meadow Saxifrage       Rare         Dune grassland D
Saxifraga x polita*        False Londonpride      Rare         Disturbed ground D
Saxifraga tridactylites    Rue-leaved Saxifrage   Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Saxifraga x urbium*        Londonpride            Rare         Disturbed ground D
Schoenoplectus lacustris   Common Club-rush       Rare         Dune slacks D
SCI
Schoenoplectus pungens     Sharp Club-rush        Rare         Dune slacks,
NR                                                             Saltmarsh D
Schoenoplectus             Grey Club-rush         Frequent     Scrapes, Dune slacks,
tabernaemontani SCI                                            Saltmarsh D
Schoenus nigricans SCI     Black Bog-rush         Rare         Dune slacks D
Scilla siberica*           Siberian Squill        Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Scrophularia auriculata    Water Figwort          Occasional   Dune slacks,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Scrophularia nodosa        Common Figwort         Occasional   Woodland D
Scutellaria galericulata   Skullcap               Rare         Dune slacks D
Sedum acre                 Biting Stonecrop       Frequent     Fixed dunes,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Sedum album*               White Stonecrop        Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                                                               Disturbed ground D
Sedum anglicum SCI         English Stonecrop      Rare         Fixed dunes D
Sedum “Herbstfreude”*      Sedum “Autumn Joy”     Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Sedum rupestre*            Reflexed Stonecrop     Occasional   Disturbed ground D
                                         35


Sedum spectabile*          Butterfly Stonecrop   Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Sedum spurium*             Caucasian Stonecrop   Rare         Disturbed ground D
Sedum telephium*           Orpine                Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Selaginella selaginoides   Lesser Clubmoss       Extinct      Dune slacks D
SCI
Senecio x albescens*       Hybrid Ragwort        Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Senecio cineraria*         Silver Ragwort        Rare         Disturbed ground D
Senecio erucifolius        Hoary Ragwort         Extinct      Fixed dunes D
Senecio jacobaea           Common Ragwort        Abundant     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                              grassland, Disturbed
                                                              ground D
Senecio x ostenfeldii      Hybrid Ragwort        Extinct      Disturbed ground
Senecio squalidus*         Oxford Ragwort        Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                              Mobile dunes D
Senecio sylvaticus         Heath Groundsel       Occasional   Woodland, Disturbed
                                                              ground D
Senecio x viscidulus       Hybrid Groundsel      Rare         Disturbed ground D
Senecio viscosus           Sticky Groundsel      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Senecio vulgaris           Groundsel             Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                              Mobile dunes D
Sherardia arvensis         Field Madder          Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Silene dichotoma*          Forked Catchfly       Rare         Disturbed ground D
Silene dioica              Red Campion           Frequent     Woodland D
Silene x hampeana          Hybrid Campion        Occasional   Woodland D
Silene latifolia alba      White Campion         Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Silene nutans              Nottingham Catchfly   Rare         Disturbed ground
Silene otites NR EN        Spanish Catchfly      Rare         Fixed dunes D
Silene uniflora SCI        Sea Campion           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Silene vulgaris vulgaris   Bladder Campion       Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Sinapis arvensis           Charlock              Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Sisymbrium altissimum*     Tall Rocket           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Sisymbrium officinale      Hedge Mustard         Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Sisymbrium orientale*      Eastern Rocket        Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Sisyrinchium               Blue-eyed-grass       Rare         Dune slacks D
bermudiana*
Sisyrinchium               Yellow-eyed-grass     Rare         Disturbed ground D
californicum*
Skimmia japonica*          Skimmia               Rare         Dune scrub D
Smyrnium olusatrum*        Alexanders            Rare         Disturbed ground D
Solanum dulcamara          Bittersweet           Frequent     Dune scrub, dune
                                                              slacks D
Solanum nigrum             Black Nightshade      Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Solanum nigrum             Black Nightshade      Rare         Disturbed ground
schultesii*
Solanum physalifolium*     Green Nightshade      Rare         Dune slack D
                                          36


Solanum rostratum*         Buffalo-burr            Extinct      Disturbed ground D
Solanum tuberosum*         Potato                  Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Soleirolia soleirolii*     Mind-your-own-          Rare         Disturbed ground
                           business
Solidago canadensis*       Canadian Goldenrod      Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Solidago gigantea*         Early Goldenrod         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Solidago virgaurea         Goldenrod               Rare         Dune slacks D
Sonchus arvensis           Perennial Sow-thistle   Frequent     Dune slacks, Dune
                                                                grassland D
Sonchus asper              Prickly Sow-thistle     Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Sonchus oleraceus          Smooth Sow-thistle      Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Sorbus aria “lutescens”*   Whitebeam cultivar      Rare         Disturbed ground
Sorbus aria agg.*          Common Whitebeam        Occasional   Dune scrub D
Sorbus aucuparia           Rowan                   Frequent     Dune scrub D
Sorbus croceocarpa*        Broad-leaved            Rare         Dune scrub D
                           Whitebeam
Sorbus intermedia*         Swedish Whitebeam       Occasional   Dune scrub D
Sparganium emersum         Unbranched Bur-reed     Rare         Scrape D
Sparganium erectum         Branched Bur-reed       Frequent     Scrapes, Ditches D
Spartina anglica           Common Cord-grass       Abundant     Saltmarsh D
Spergula arvensis VU       Corn Spurrey            Frequent     Disturbed ground D
Spergularia marina         Lesser Sea-spurrey      Frequent     Saltmarsh D
Spergularia media          Greater Sea-spurrey     Frequent     Saltmarsh D
Spinacea oleracea*         Spinach                 Rare         Disturbed ground D
Spiranthes spiralis SCI    Autumn Lady’s-          Extinct      Fixed dunes D
NT                         tresses
Spirea x billardii*        Billard’s Bridewort     Occasional   Dune scrub D
Spiraea x cinerea*         A Bridewort             Rare         Disturbed Ground
Spirea douglasii*          Steeple-brush           Occasional   Dune scrub D
Spiraea x                  Confused Bridewort      Rare         Disturbed ground D
pseudosalicifolia*
Stachys byzantina*         Lamb’s-ear              Rare         Disturbed ground D
Stachys arvensis NT        Field Woundwort         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Stachys palustris          Marsh Woundwort         Occasional   Dune slacks,
                                                                Disturbed ground D
Stachys sylvatica          Hedge Woundwort         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Stellaria graminea         Lesser Stitchwort       Occasional   Dune grassland D
Stellaria media            Common Chickweed        Abundant     Disturbed ground D
Stellaria pallida          Lesser Chickweed        Occasional   Fixed dunes,
                                                                Disturbed ground D
Stellaria uliginosa        Bog Stitchwort          Rare         Dune slacks D
Suaeda maritima            Annual Sea-blite        Frequent     Saltmarsh D
Succisa pratensis          Devil’s-bit Scabious    Occasional   Dune slacks, Dune
                                                                grassland D
Symphoricarpos albus*      Snowberry               Frequent     Dune scrub D
                                         37


Symphoricarpos x           Pink Snowberry     Occasional   Dune scrub D
chenaultii*
Symphytum “Hidcote         Hidcote Comfrey    Rare         Disturbed ground
Blue”*
Symphytum officinale       Common Comfrey     Rare         Disturbed ground D
Symphytum orientale*       White Comfrey      Rare         Disturbed ground
Symphytum x                Russian Comfrey    Occasional   Disturbed ground D
uplandicum*
Syringa vulgaris*          Lilac              Frequent     Dune scrub D
Tagetes patula*            French Marigold    Rare         Disturbed ground
Tamarix gallica*           Tamarisk           Rare         Dune scrub D
Tamus communis             Black Bryony       Rare         Dune scrub D
Tanacetum parthenium*      Feverfew           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Tanacetum vulgare          Tansy              Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Taraxacum                  Dandelion          Rare         Disturbed ground D
brachyglossum
Taraxacum                  Dandelion          Rare         ?
dupledentifrons
Taraxacum euryphyllum      Dandelion          Rare         Dune slacks D
Taraxacum faeroense        Dandelion          Rare         Dune slacks D
Taraxacum fulviforme       Dandelion          Rare         Fixed dunes D
Taraxacum                  Dandelion          Rare         Fixed dunes D
glauciniforme
Taraxacum glaucinum        Dandelion          Rare         Disturbed ground
Taraxacum hamulatum        Dandelion          Rare         Damp grassland
Taraxacum hastophyllum     Dandelion          Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Taraxacum laevigatum       Dandelion          Frequent     Fixed dunes,
                                                           Disturbed ground D
Taraxacum                  Dandelion          Rare         Disturbed ground D
longisquameum
Taraxacum maculosum        Dandelion          Rare         ?
Taraxacum nordstedii       Dandelion          Rare         Dune grasslands D
Taraxacum officinale       Dandelion          Abundant     Disturbed ground,
agg.                                                       Fixed dunes D
Taraxacum oxoniense        Dandelion          Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Taraxacum palustre         Dandelion          Rare         Dune slacks D
Taraxacum                  Dandelion          Rare         ?
pseudolarssoni
Taraxacum rubicundum       Dandelion          Rare         Fixed dunes D
Taraxacum spectabile       Dandelion          Rare         Disturbed ground D
Taraxacum                  Dandelion          Rare         Fixed dunes D
subcyanolepis
Taxus baccata*             Yew                Occasional   Woodland D
Teesdalia nudicaulis SCI   Shepherd’s Cress   Rare         Fixed dunes D
NT
                                            38


Tellima grandiflora*       Fringe-cups           Rare         Disturbed ground
Tetragonia                 New Zealand Spinach   Extinct      Disturbed ground
tetragonoides*
Teucrium scorodonia        Wood Sage             Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Thalictrum flavum SCI      Common Meadow-        Occasional   Dune grassland D
                           rue
Thalictrum minus           Lesser Meadow-rue     Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Thlapsi arvense            Field Penny-cress     Occasional   Disturbed ground
Thymus polytrichus SCI     Wild Thyme            Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Tilia cordata*             Small-leaved Lime     Rare         Woodland D
Tilia x europaea*          Lime                  Occasional   Woodland D
Torilis japonica           Upright Hedge-        Occasional   Disturbed ground D
                           parsley
Tradescantia virginiana*   Spiderwort            Rare         Disturbed ground D
Tragopogon pratensis       Goat’s-beard          Frequent     Dune grassland D
Tragopogon pratensis       Goat’s-beard          Frequent     Dune grassland D
minor
Trifolium arvense          Hare’s-foot Clover    Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Trifolium campestre        Hop Trefoil           Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Trifolium dubium           Lesser trefoil        Frequent     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Trifolium fragiferum       Strawberry Clover     Occasional   Dune slacks D
SCI
Trifolium hybridum*        Alsike Clover         Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Trifolium hybridum ssp     Alsike Clover         Extinct      Fixed dunes D
elegans*
Trifolium medium           Zigzag Clover         Occasional   Disturbed ground
Trifolium pratense         Red Clover            Abundant     Dune grassland, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Trifolium repens           White Clover          Abundant     Dune slacks, Fixed
                                                              dunes D
Trifolium striatum SCI     Knotted Clover        Rare         Disturbed ground D
Triglochin maritimum       Sea Arrowgrass        Frequent     Saltmarsh, Dune
                                                              slacks D
Triglochin palustre SCI    Marsh Arrowgrass      Occasional   Dune slacks D
Tripleurospermum           Scentless Mayweed     Frequent     Disturbed ground D
inodorum
Tripleurospermum           Sea Mayweed           Frequent     Strandline, Disturbed
maritimum                                                     ground D
Trisetum flavescens SCI    Yellow Oat-grass      Occasional   Dune grassland D
Tristagma uniflorum*       Spring Starflower     Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                              Fixed dunes D
Triteleia laxa*                                  Rare         Disturbed ground D
Triticum aestivum*         Bread Wheat           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Triticum turgicum*         Rivet Wheat           Rare         Disturbed ground D
                                            39


Tropaeolum majus*          Nasturtium             Rare         Disturbed ground D
Tulipa gesneriana*         Garden Tulip           Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Tussilago farfara          Colt’s-foot            Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Dune slacks D
Typha angustifolia         Lesser Bulrush         Occasional   Ditches, Dune slacks
                                                               D
Typha x glauca             Hybrid Bulrush         Rare         Dune slack D
Typha latifolia            Bulrush                Frequent     Dune slacks, Ditches,
                                                               Scrapes D
Ulex europaeus             Gorse                  Abundant     Dune heath, Fixed
                                                               dunes D
Ulex minor SCI             Dwarf Gorse            Rare         Dune scrub D
Ulmus glabra               Wych Elm               Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                               scrub D
Ulmus procera              English Elm            Occasional   Woodland, Dune
                                                               scrub D
Umbilicus rupestris        Navelwort              Rare         Woodland D
Urtica dioica              Common Nettle          Abundant     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Dune scrub D
Urtica urens               Small Nettle           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Vaccinium myrtillus        Bilberry               Rare
Valeriana dioica SCI       Marsh Valerian         Rare         Dune slacks D
Valeriana officinalis      Common Valerian        Occasional   Dune slacks D
Valerianella locusta SCI   Common Cornsalad       Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Verbascum densiflorum*     Dense-flowered         Rare         Disturbed ground D
                           Mullein
Verbascum nigrum           Dark Mullein           Rare         Disturbed ground
Verbascum phlomoides*      Orange Mullein         Rare         Fixed dunes D
Verbascum thapsus          Great Mullein          Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                               Fixed dunes D
Verbascum virgatum         Twiggy Mullein         Rare         Disturbed ground
SCI
Veronica agrestis          Green Field-         Occasional     Disturbed ground D
                           speedwell
Veronica anagallis-        Blue Water-speedwell Occasional     Dune slacks, Scrapes,
aquatica                                                       Ditches D
Veronica arvensis          Wall Speedwell         Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Veronica austriaca*        Large Speedwell        Rare         Disturbed ground D
Veronica beccabunga        Brooklime              Occasional   Ditches, Scrapes D
Veronica catenata          Pink Water-speedwell   Rare         Dune slacks D
Veronica chamaedrys        Germander Speedwell    Occasional   Fixed dunes D
Veronica filiformis*       Slender Speedwell      Occasional   Grassland
Veronica hederifolia       Ivy-leaved Speedwell   Occasional   Disturbed ground,
hederifolia SCI                                                Woodland D
                                           40


Veronica hederifolia       Ivy-leaved Speedwell   Frequent     Disturbed ground,
lucorum                                                        Woodland D
Veronica longifolia x V.   Hybrid Speedwell       Occasional   Disturbed ground D
spicata*
Veronica longifolia*       Garden Speedwell       Rare         Disturbed ground D
Veronica montana           Wood Speedwell         Occasional   Woodland D
Veronica officinalis       Heath Speedwell        Occasional   Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                               heath D
Veronica persica*          Common Field-          Frequent     Disturbed ground D
                           speedwell
Veronica scutellata        Marsh Speedwell        Rare         Dune slacks D
Veronica serpyllifolia     Thyme-leaved           Occasional   Fixed dunes D
                           Speedwell
Veronica spicata*          Spiked Speedwell       Rare         Disturbed ground D
Viburnum davidii*          David Viburnum         Rare         Disturbed ground D
Viburnum lantana*          Wayfaring-tree         Rare         Dune scrub D
Viburnum opulus*           Guelder Rose           Occasional   Dune scrub D
Viburnum tinus*            Laurustinus            Rare         Disturbed ground
Vicia cracca               Tufted Vetch           Abundant     Dune grassland D
Vicia faba*                Broad Bean             Rare         Disturbed ground D
Vicia hirsuta              Hairy Tare             Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                               Dune grassland D
Vicia lathyroides SCI      Spring Vetch           Frequent     Fixed dunes D
Vicia sativa nigra         Common Vetch           Frequent     Fixed dunes, Dune
                                                               grassland D
Vicia sativa sativa*       Common Vetch           Rare         Disturbed ground,
                                                               Dune grassland D
Vicia sativa segetalis*    Common Vetch           Occasional   Disturbed ground,
                                                               Dune grassland D
Vicia sepium               Bush Vetch             Occasional   Dune scrub D
Vinca major*               Greater Periwinkle     Frequent     Disturbed ground,
                                                               Woodland D
Vinca minor*               Lesser Periwinkle      Rare         Disturbed ground D
Viola x wittrockiana*      Garden Pansy           Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Viola arvensis             Field Pansy            Occasional   Disturbed ground D
Viola canina canina SCI    Heath Dog-violet       Frequent     Fixed dunes D
NT
Viola odorata*             Sweet Violet           Rare         Disturbed ground D
Viola riviniana            Common Dog-violet      Occasional   Woodland D
Viola tricolor curtisii    Wild Pansy             Occasional   Fixed dunes D
SCI
Viola tricolor tricolor    Wild Pansy             Rare         Disturbed ground D
Vitis vinifera*            Grape-vine             Rare         Fixed dunes D
Vulpia bromoides           Squirreltail Fescue    Rare         Disturbed ground D
Vulpia fasciculata NS      Dune Fescue            Abundant     Fixed dunes,
                                      41


                                                         Disturbed ground D
Vulpia myuros SCI        Rat’s-tail Fescue     Rare      Disturbed ground D
Weigela florida*         Weigelia              Rare      Disturbed ground
Yucca filamentosa*       Yucca                 Rare      Disturbed ground D
Yucca gloriosa*          Curved-leaved Yucca   Rare      Mobile dunes,
                                                         disturbed ground D
Zannichellia palustris   Horned Pondweed       Rare      Ditches D
SCI
Zostera marina SCI NT    Eelgrass              Extinct   Saltmarsh

				
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posted:8/4/2011
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