EDAMBA - The doctoral faculty shortage

Document Sample
EDAMBA - The doctoral faculty shortage Powered By Docstoc
					The doctoral faculty shortage: the
view from AACSB


                   Stephen Watson
                  AACSB International
Overview

   What is AACSB?
   The shortage in doctorally qualified faculty
    members
   The AACSB Bridge programme
   Other consequences and possible outcomes
   AACSB on the Impact of Research
What is AACSB?

   Established in 1916 by 17 leading US business schools
   Decision to go international in 1996
   Now has 555 accredited members (38 in Europe) and a further
    542 Member schools (130 in Europe)
   Work for member schools:
    –   Conferences and seminars
    –   Publications: BizEd; reports
    –   Database on business schools
    –   Advocacy
    –   Affinity Groups
    –   Website: choosing a business school; job vacancies etc
The shortage in doctorally qualified
faculty members

   August 2002: AACSB report
    –   critical shortfall in supply of faculty with doctoral
        degrees in business studies
    –   Caused by
            increased demand for business studies,
            decreased production of PhDs,
            imminent retirements
The shortage in doctorally qualified
faculty members

   August 2003: Doctoral Faculty Commission
    –   Forecast US shortage of over 1,000 by 2008 and nearly
        2,500 by 2013
    –   Reaffirmed the importance of faculty trained in business
        research to staff business schools:
            production of knowledge,
            scholars who know the latest thinking in their subject
    –   Recommended:
            Bridge programmes to retrain non-business PhDs
            Growth in professional doctorates
            Use more professionally qualified faculty
            Advocate for State funds to support PhD programmes
            Encourage the ranking of research, like the RAE
The AACSB Bridge programme

   AACSB has encouraged some AACSB schools to establish
    Bridge Programmes – to retrain PhDs in other disciplines
   Courses established at:
    –   Grenoble Ecole de Management (not yet started)
    –   University of Florida
    –   University of Toledo
    –   Tulane University
    –   Virginia Polytechnic Institute
   Content – research methods; content seminars
   Length – about 200 contact hours
   Costs – about $40,000
The AACSB Bridge programme

   AACSB will consider graduates of these
    programmes to be academically qualified
   Early days – current enrolments are 61
Other consequences and possible
outcomes

   Fewer faculty → lower staff/student contact
    time
   Division of the academic labour process –
    e.g. OU model
AACSB on the Impact of Research

   Large volume of business research
    –   > 15,000 articles per year in English?
    –   25,000 faculty in AACSB accredited schools
    –   Huge increase since the criticisms of 50 years ago
   Recent criticisms of business schools concerning
    research
    –   valuing research more than teaching
    –   producing research that is narrow, irrelevant and impractical
Recommendations for AACSB

Recommendation1
   Extend AACSB accreditation guidelines to require schools to
     demonstrate the impact of research
   – who are the expected beneficiaries of research?
   – what is the evidence that the benefit has been achieved?

Measuring impact
   –   Might be difficult in many instances (long delay until impact
       achieved; impact may be difficult to prove etc.)
   –   Increased load in the accreditation process
   –   Needs political acceptance
   –   Could improve the actual impact
Recommendations for AACSB

Recommendation 2
  AACSB should encourage greater diversity in
    mission in business schools
  – Not just to achieve papers in “top” journals
  – Encouraging faculty models that reward faculty
    research measured by different criteria of impact
Recommendations for AACSB

Recommendation 3
  AACSB should support research into the linkage
  between scholarly inquiry and good education
   –   The results of this research might show AACSB how to
       evaluate the effect of research on teaching and in due
       course change its standards to reflect this
   –   This process in executive education is also important and
       should be introduced into AACSB’s evaluation process
Recommendations for AACSB

Recommendation 4
AACSB should develop an awards program to
 recognize faculty who produce high impact
 research
Recommendations for AACSB

Recommendation 5
 AACSB should develop ways to strengthen
 interaction between academics and
 practicing managers
Recommendations for AACSB

Recommendation 6
 AACSB should study the market in academic
 journals in business and make
 recommendations to publishers on how they
 might support the promotion of the impact of
 research
Recommendations for AACSB

Recommendation 7
 AACSB should identify and disseminate
 information about best practices for creating
 linkages between academic research and
 practice

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:5
posted:8/4/2011
language:English
pages:16