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									University of Leeds
Environmental Management
Dr Keith Pitcher
Environmental Officer
contact tel: 0113 343 7255
       email: k.f.pitcher@leeds.ac.uk

Environmental Policy
Managerial Structure
Some examples of good environmental management
    Building Energy Audits
    Transportation Policy
    Waste Management
Summary
Environmental Policy
The University adopted its Environmental Policy on 28 November
2001 following approval by Senate
             We will conduct our own activities and operations to
             reflect best environmental practice, implement an
             environmental management system (EMS) to pursue
             sustainability and continuous improvement and seek
             innovative ways of meeting environmental objectives.
In the EMS we will:
    –Meet legislative & regulatory requirements and agreements
    –Review our activities and operations
    –Seek continuous environmental improvements and set
    performance targets
    –Influence our suppliers and contractors
    –Develop environmental management training programmes
    –Produce a green transport policy
    –Examine toxic materials usage, waste minimisation and
    prevention of releases of pollutants
    Review of activities and operations
 The review of our activities is to identify
 environmental benefits across the University


                           Environmental targets
                       (new legislation, standards)


                            Participation by:
                            •faculties
                            •service providers
                                 •Estates
                                 •Purchasing
                                 •Finance
                            •external organisations

Teaching & research                                   Efficiency improvements
 (new opportunities)                                  (buildings, energy, waste,
                                                               services)
Managerial structure
                                               Environmental Steering Group


                University Faculties             University Services                    External Providers
                    Geography                        Purchasing                   Inter University Programmes
                       Law                            Finance                             Carbon Trust
                 Engineering etc.                 Maintenance etc.                  Energy Saving Trust etc.


            Environmental Co-ordinators                    Environmental                         Media
                                                           Responsibilities

                                       Contract Management
                                        Specialist Support

New proposed roles
                                               Transport


                                                                                                                Programmes & projects
                                                Energy

                                           Waste Management


                                                                        Communication


                                                                              Training




Get ownership/buy in at all levels and all departments
Co-ordinate/review/improve existing good work and start initiatives
    –what has occurred elsewhere and new suggestions
Present/publicise - internal and external - on how we are doing
    –intranet, website, prospectus, high profile media features, annual
    reports, audit reports, training sessions, internal magazines
    –Regional Index of Environmental Engagement
    Building energy audits
•   Carry out initial assessment – assistance from Carbon Trust
•   Monitor consumption
•   Look for high electricity & high heating usage
     – prioritise using:
         – building history - link in to other requirements
         – ease of installation
         – selection of building types
•   Produce project plan
     – costs of refurbishment
     – energy savings
     – other benefits e.g. improved office environment
•   Use building materials with high thermal insulation
•   Use of renewable energy technologies to produce electricity and/or heat
     – photovoltaics on roofs
     – biomass fuelled boilers
     – use these as research & teaching opportunities (+ additional income)
•   Use of heat pumps
Biomass fuelled boilers
                                        Leeds is to jointly head a
                                        new energy research
                                        consortium.
                                        •maximise the efficiency
                                        of the thermal process
                                        •identify the ideal
                                        specifications of biomass
                                        fuels




                Weobley 350 kW wood boiler heats the primary
                school and the adjacent secondary school.
                150 - 300 tonnes of dry chips per year are supplied
                from local wood thinnings and from willow short
                rotation forestry. Wood chips are delivered twice a
                week. Ash is used as fertiliser on the school garden.
Photovoltaics on roofs




 Integrated solar fascia and solar glass
 laminate roof light: Lambeth Centre
Heat pumps
             The captor
             Captors are buried in the soil at a
             depth of between 50 and 60 cm. They
             enable energy to be collected from the
             soil and transported to the generator.
             The normal system, easily installed, is
             based on a number of horizontal captor
             "loops". For a house of 100 m2 floor
             area, a captor area of around 150 m2 is
             required.




                                 ? Supertram
                                park & ride at
                                  Bodington
           Transportation - carbon emissions
• Identifying usage and setting a carbon reduction target
   – offer viable choices
   – change behavioural patterns
   – 25% switch from cars = 3,500 tonnes of CO2 saved per year
• Using transport more efficiently
• Reduce carbon intensity in fuels                     University Annual Carbon Emissions
                                                             50,000




                                                             40,000

                                               Tonnes C0 2
                                                             30,000




                                                             20,000



                                                             10,000



Assumptions                                                           0
                           km/day av. travel
                                                                                                                                      Electricity
Staff              6,678    26                                            High car                                                      usage
Students          27,862    10                                             usage     Medium car                         Student car
                                                                                                                           travel
Vehicle emissions          185 g CO2/km                                                usage
                                                                                                  Low car   Staff car

UK car usage for work      69%
                                                                                                             travel
                                                                                                   usage
Total elec. consumption     52,000 MWh                                     69%       52 %         25%
Energy intensity           860 g/kWh                                       15%       10%           5%
Transport strategy
•  A planning requirement of Leeds Planning Dept
    – working with others to help develop our programmes
University vehicles
    – use low emission fuels in vehicles e.g. liquid petroleum gas, electric
       vehicles, with part funding from EST and suppliers

                                                    UK LPG refuelling sites See the
                                                    website http://www.powershift.org.uk/
                                                    At 2 May 2003 there were 1274 LPG
                                                    refuelling sites in the UK. Click on the
                                                    website for site details and local maps

University staff & students
    – discounted rail & bus Metrocards developed with Metro & LCC
    – car parking policy - carbon payments?
    – secure parking, showers & clothes drying for cyclists
    – car sharing: use postcodes; a priority for parking permits?
    – use low emission fuels in vehicles
Waste management
• Since August 2000 the University recycled 17% of its waste
   – Office waste paper recycling
      – in operation since 1997
      – average of 210 tonnes per annum have been recycled
      – 14% increase between 2001 and 2002
   – Cardboard
      – recycled since 2001
      – average of 27 tonnes per annum have been recycled
   – Computers
      – Thousands of items of computers have been recycled
   – Mobile Phones
      – 30 phones were recycled in 2002
    Waste management - future targets
•    University to meet or better UK recycling targets
          – 25% by 2005
          – 30% by 2010
          – 33% by 2015
•    WEEE regulations
•    Dedicated management of all waste management issues February 2003
•    Introduce fluorescent light tubes recycling scheme         June 2003
•    Increase recycling of cardboard                            August 2003
•    Investigate the feasibility of segregation of waste        August 2003
•    Investigate the feasibility of introducing a glass recycling scheme
                                                                November 2003

    Recycling rates
    UK: 11% Switzerland, Germany and Austria: 50%
                        Glass     Aluminium Steel
    UK                  25%       38%       30%
    Switzerland         93%       89%
    Germany                                 80%
     Waste management - recycling
 •   Office waste segregation & recycling scheme is being examined


We want to go
from this….

                                                           landfilling
Waste management - recycling

              ….. to this




                            recycling
                                                                             Excellent real savings
    Services - historical usage                                              in water usage have
                                                                             been achieved, with
                                   Leeds University Energy and Water Usage   increasing staff and
                                                                             student numbers.
                                                                             How can this be
          Steam MWh       +5%
          Electricity MWh +8%
140,000
          Student nos.   +27%                                                replicated for energy
          Water m3 x 10000 -23%                                              usage?
120,000



100,000



 80,000



 60,000



 40,000



 20,000



     0
              1998                1999            2000             2001          2002
Target setting                     We must set targets that are
                                   Specific
                                   Measurable
                                   Achievable and Challenging
                                   Relevant
                                   Timed
                                   e.g. 20% reduction in single car
                                   usage over 4 years
5


4
          Devotees                              This is where
                                                we must be
3

                     Mainstream
2


1
                                                 Diehards
0
      1               2              3              4
              Target timescale (years)
Summary

• Environmental Management System - the framework for our
  environmental programmes
• Finance provision is essential to start the programmes and
  recycle the benefits
• Use our knowledge and good case studies from elsewhere
• Targeting, monitoring, communication & reporting - all
  essential


    Everyone can contribute to the programmes

								
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