RegionalTransportAtlas_Vol2

Document Sample
RegionalTransportAtlas_Vol2 Powered By Docstoc
					Transport Demand
Information Atlas
for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria
A compendium of statistics and information




Department of Transport 2009
                  Introduction	                                               5
                  Regions	of	victoria	                                        6
                  1.	 Wider	regional	demographics	                            8
                  	   Population	growth	                                      8
                  	   Age	profile	of	selected	regions	of	victoria	           17
                  	   Income	distribution	                                   20
                  2.	 Vista	07	statistics	                                   27
                  3.	 Journey	to	work	analysis	                              30
                  4.	 Access	to	services	                                    33
                  	   Breakdown	of	seifa	indexes	by	order	from	
                      highest	to	lowest	                                     39
                  5.	 Employment	trends	                                     41
                  	   Growth	in	employment	by	local	government	area	         42
                  	   Growth	in	employment	by	sector,	victoria,	1996-2006	 45
                  	   Growth	in	employment	by	sector,	regional	victoria,	
                      2001-2006	                                             47
                  	   Sectoral	shares	of	employment	in	the	‘big	five’	regional	
                      councils	(2006)	                                       48
                  	   Industry	shares	of	employment	in	the	‘middle	eight’	
                      regional	councils	(2006)	                            53
                  	   Industry	shares	of	employment	in	selected	smaller	
                      regional	councils	(2006)	                              61
                  	   Sectors	showing	marked	employment	growth	or	
                      contraction	                                           76
                  	   Value-added	shares	by	sector	(victoria)	              79
                  	   Economic	and	demographic	factors	affecting	
                      employment	and	population	growth	                     80
                  6.	 Regional	public	transport	statistics	                 84
                  	   Annual	v/line	patronage	                              84
                  	   Regional	bus	and	coach	patronage	                     85
                  	   Regional	bus	patronage	by	town	                       86
                  7.	 Freight	movement	                                     96
                  8.	 Air	services	                                         99
                  9.	 Regional	victorian	industry	                          102
                  	   Extractive	industries	                                102
                  	   Mining	industries	                                    103
                  	   Timber	                                               105
                  	   Grains	                                               107
                  	   Beef	and	mutton	                                      108
                  	   Wool	                                                 109
                  	   Horticulture	                                         110
                  	   Dairy	                                                111
                  	   Tourism	                                              112

                  10.	Fuel	prices	index	                                    113
                  11.	Transport	patterns	identified	in	auslink	corridor	
                      strategies	                                           114
                  	   Melbourne-adelaide	corridor	strategy	                 114
                  	   Melbourne-sale	corridor	strategy	                     115
                  	   Melbourne-mildura	corridor	strategy	                  119




2 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Introduction

Understanding the demand for transport services,
and the related pattern of settlement and
employment, is vital for transport policy makers
and planners. The Department of Transport (DOT)
seeks to ensure that transport assets are managed
and used optimally and that additions to transport
infrastructure are made when and where they
maximise benefits.

This document is a compendium of reliable and
recent data relating to key aspects of the passenger
and freight tasks in regional Victoria. It uses Census
data, other data published by the Australian Bureau
of Statistics, survey data commissioned by DOT,
demographic data compiled by the Department of
Planning and Community Development (DPCD),
and other sources.

DOT hopes that the Regional Transport Demand
Information Atlas will contribute to transport policy
development and planning, and to public discussion
of transport issues.




       Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   |3
                  Regions of Victoria




                                                           North	West	Victoria                       West	Victoria
                                                           This region includes:                     This region includes:

                                                           • The major regional city of Bendigo      • The major regional city of Ballarat
                                                             which has enjoyed solid economic          which has grown solidly;
                                                             and employment growth;                  • The important regional centre of
                                                           • The local government areas of             Horsham in the Wimmera which
                                                             Mildura, Swan Hill and Campaspe           underpinned 1.1 per cent per annum
                                                             which include the important               employment growth between 2001
                                                             regional cities of Mildura, Swan Hill     and 2006 for the Horsham LGA;
                                                             and Echuca, which all have quite        • Low or negative employment growth
                                                             diversified economies;                    in the LGAs surrounding Horsham,
                                                           • Macedon Ranges which has                  which depend on dry land farming;
                                                             benefited economically from               and
                                                             proximity to Melbourne; and             • Reasonable employment growth
                                                           • Several other local government areas      in some of the LGAs closer to
                                                             (LGAs) which depend in large part         Melbourne (Golden Plains, Pyrenees),
                                                             on dry land farming and which have        but not in Hepburn.
                                                             experienced significant declines in
                                                             employment. Farm amalgamations          West Victoria provided employment
                                                             have continued as farmers seek          for around 75,000 people in 2006,
                                                             to reap economies of scale and          comprising around 15 per cent of total
                                                             as a result of prolonged drought        employment in regional Victoria. Ballarat
                                                             conditions.                             accounts for about a half of West
                                                                                                     Victoria’s employment. The average
                                                           Overall, North West Victoria provided     annual rate of growth of employment
                                                           employment for around 108,000 people      in West Victoria between 2001 and 2006
                                                           in 2006, comprising around one-fifth of   was 1.2 per cent, with the employment
                                                           total employment in regional Victoria.    decline or slow growth in the smaller
                                                           The average annual rate of growth         dry land farming LGAs pulling down
                                                           of employment between 2001 and            the overall average.
                                                           2006 was just 0.8 per cent, with the
                                                           employment decline in the smaller dry
                                                           land farming LGAs pulling down the
                                                           overall average.




4 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
South	West	Victoria                        North	East	Victoria                            South	East	Victoria
This region includes:                      This region includes:                          This region includes:

• The major LGA of Greater Geelong,        • The major regional cities of                 • The major regional LGA of Latrobe,
  which accounts for around                  Shepparton, Wodonga and                        which employs around 28,000 people,
  57 per cent of the region’s total          Wangaratta;                                    accounting for almost a third of the
  employment and has enjoyed               • LGAs that benefit from irrigation              region’s overall employment;
  solid employment growth;                   infrastructure and, in some cases,           • The LGAs of Baw Baw, Wellington
• The important regional centres of          tourist attractions, and have enjoyed          and Bass Coast which have been
  Colac, Warrnambool and Hamilton;           moderate employment growth;                    developed on the base of strong
• The relatively small but fast growing    • Some LGAs that depend largely on               agriculture (especially dairy and
  LGA of Surf Coast;                         dry land farming and have found it             horticulture) that enjoys good
                                             hard to diversify their economies; and         soils and relatively reliable rainfall;
• The agricultural LGAs of Corangamite,
                                                                                            Baw Baw and especially Bass Coast
  Moyne, Southern Grampians and            • The fast growing Alpine LGA.
                                                                                            have also benefited from construction,
  Glenelg, which enjoy reliable rainfall
                                           North East Victoria provided employment          accommodation and retail activity
  conditions and good soils in large
                                           to 99,000 people in 2006, nearly                 associated with increased tourism
  part; and
                                           20 per cent of overall employment in             and weekend visits; and
• The port town of Portland in
                                           regional Victoria. The LGAs of Greater         • The East Gippsland LGA, which has
  Glenelg shire.
                                           Shepparton, Wodonga and Wangaratta               done quite well from forestry and
South West Victoria employed around        accounted for employment of almost               tourism.
132,000 people in 2006, comprising         53,000, equivalent to around 53 per cent
                                           of the region’s overall employment.            South East Victoria employed around
around 26 per cent of total employment
                                           The average annual growth rate of              87,000 people in 2006, equivalent
in regional Victoria. Employment in
                                           employment in the region between               to around 17 per cent of overall
Greater Geelong was around 75,000,
                                           2001 and 2006 was 1.3 per cent. Those          employment in regional Victoria.
and grew at an average annual rate of
                                           LGAs which enjoyed strong growth were          The average annual growth rate of
2.2 per cent between 2001 and 2006.
                                           Wodonga, Strathbogie and Alpine.               employment in the region between
The average annual rate of growth of
                                                                                          2001 and 2006 was 1.5 per cent, largely
employment in South West Victoria
                                                                                          reflecting strong growth in Bass Coast
between 2001 and 2006 was a robust
                                                                                          and Latrobe, and good growth in
1.8 per cent, with the LGAs of Greater
                                                                                          East Gippsland and Baw Baw.
Geelong, Surf Coast and Moyne
standing out.




                                                                            Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   |5
     1
                          Wider
                          Regional
                          Demographics




6 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   |7
                  Population Growth




                                                    Annual	Population	Growth,	Victoria	1836–2006

                                                       Population Growth

                                                           No. persons
                                                                80,000



                                                               60,000



                                                               40,000

                   • Since the early 1990s,
                     Victoria’s population
                                                               20,000
                     has grown strongly.
                   • Among the ‘Big Five’
                     regional LGAs, Greater                         0
                                                                         1836                                                                                      2006
                     Geelong recorded the
                     highest population
                                                               -20,000
                     increase between
                     2001 and 2006, followed           Source: ABS, Historical Population Statistics and Australian Demographic Statistics, DPCD, Towns in Time (2008)
                     by Greater Bendigo,
                     and Ballarat.


                                                    Estimated	Resident	Population	(‘000s) Regional Victoria

                                                     Number of residents                            Ballarat (C)                  Greater Geelong (C)             Latrobe (C)
                                                     (’000’s)
                                                                                                    Greater Bendigo (C)           Greater Shepparton (C)          Other LGAs*
                                                     300


                                                     250


                                                     200


                                                     150



                                                     100


                                                      50


                                                       0
                                                                 2001           2002         2003           2004           2005           2006           2007            2008

                                                            *Sum of Colac-Otway, Hindmarsh, Glenelg, Mildura, South Gippsland,
                                                             Swan Hill, Wangaratta, Warrnambool and Wodonga
                                                            Source: ABS Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2007-08 (Cat 3218.0)




8 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                   Population	Size	by	Town,	2006

                                                          Mildura
                                                                                                   Population size

                                                                                                            150,000      75,000     15,000




                                                                                               Shepparton
                                                                                                               Wodonga
                                                                                  Bendigo




                                                                               Ballarat




                                                                      Geelong                               Traralgon
                                                    Warrnambool



                                            Source: DPCD, Towns in Time (2008)
• Population growth has
  been strong in the key
  regional centres within          Relative	Population	Change	in	Regional	Victoria,	2001–2006
  regional Victoria, including
  Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo,                                                                                                     Percentage
  Warrnambool, Mildura and
                                                                                                                                      40%
  Shepparton.
                                                                                                                                      20%
• Different parts of regional                                                                                                         4%
  Victoria possess competitive                                                                                                        -4%
  advantages based on                                                                                                                 -20%
  rainfall, irrigation water and
                                                                                                                                      -40%
  soil types. For example,
  the dairy industry is strong
  in southern Victoria where
  rainfall is comparatively
  reliable, while the Wimmera
  and Mallee are suitable
  for grain growing on large
  land holdings.
• Food processing plants
  and niche manufacturers
  are also well represented               Source: DPCD, Towns in Time (2008)
  in regional Victoria.




                                                                                          Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   |9
                                                                                                                                                                        • The 2006–07 population
                                                                                                                                                                          in regional Victoria grew
                                                                                                                                                                          to 1,398,528, an increase
                                                                                                                                                                          of 15,187 or 1.1 per cent
                                                                                                                                                                          growth.
                                                                                                                                                                        • Surf Coast Shire
                  Population	Growth:	Regional	Victoria	LGAs,	2006–07                                                                                                      (3.2 per cent) and Mitchell
                                                                                                                                                                          Shire (2.2 per cent) were
                                                                                                                                           Population Growth Rate (%)     the fastest growing LGAs
                                                                                                                                                 2.0 or more
                                                                                                                                                                          in regional Victoria, followed
                                                                                                                                                 1.0 to 1.9               by Bass Coast (2.0 per cent),
                                  27
                                                       41
                                                                                                                                                 0.0 to 0.9               Warrnambool (1.7 per cent),
                                                                                                                                                 Less than 0.0            Golden Plains (1.6 per cent)
                                                                                                                                                                          and Greater Bendigo
                                             48                        13
                                                       7                                                                                                                  (1.6 per cent).
                                                                                                      29                              47
                                  20
                                                                                          8
                                                                                                     18
                                                                                                                                 22                                     • The population growth rates
                                                                           24                                                              42
                                                                                                               6
                                                                                                                            43                                            are consistent with broad
                             46         21         34
                                                                                     16              39                               1                                   trends over the last decade
                                                                      9          31             28                                                                        or so, with people being
                                                                                                          33           26
                                                   2
                                                                 35
                                                                       3
                                                                            19            25
                                                                                                                                                12                        attracted to live in coastal
                                       38
                                                                                 30                                                                                       communities (especially
                            14                                        16                                                              45
                                                            11                       17                            5                                                      those relatively close to
                                              32
                                                                                40
                                                                                               36
                                                                                                                        23
                                                                                                                                                                          Melbourne) and the major
                                                                  10
                                              44                                                          4
                                                                                                               37                                                         regional cities. In those
                                                                                                                                                                          regions largely dependent
                          Source: Spatial Analysis & Research, DPCD, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                          on dry land farming,
                                                                                                                                                                          continual mechanisation
                                                                                                                                                                          and amalgamation of farms,
                                                                                                                                                                          together with prolonged
                                                                                                                                                                          drought, has contributed to
                                                                                                                                                                          population decline (especially
                                                                                                                                                                          among young adults).




10 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                              2007           2006        Change        Growth rate
Local Government Area    (Persons)      (Persons)        2006–07        % 2006–07

Alpine (S)                  12,592         12,574              18               0.1

Ararat (RC)                 11,671         11,653              18               0.2

Ballarat (C)                89,665         88,437           1,228               1.4

Bass Coast (S)              28,081         27,524             557                 2

Baw Baw (S)                 39,078         38,484             594               1.5

Benalla (RC)                14,024         13,968              56               0.4

Buloke (S)                   7,038           7,080             -42              -0.6

Campaspe (S)                37,763         37,437             326               0.9

Central Goldfields (S)      12,736         12,739               -3                0

Colac-Otway (S)             21,183         21,030             153               0.7

Corangamite (S)             17,188         17,171              17               0.1

East Gippsland (S)          41,954         41,361             593               1.4

Gannawarra (S)              11,634         11,665              -31              -0.3

Glenelg (S)                 20,664         20,525             139               0.7

Golden Plains (S)           17,345          17,077            268               1.6

Greater Bendigo (C)         98,323          96,741          1,582               1.6

Greater Geelong (C)        208,395        205,929           2,466               1.2

Greater Shepparton (C)      59,730          59,202            528               0.9

Hepburn (S)                 14,289          14,235             54               0.4

Hindmarsh (S)                6,190           6,235             -45              -0.7

Horsham (RC)                19,323          19,098            225               1.2

Indigo (S)                  15,480          15,367            113               0.7

Latrobe (C)                 72,905          72,075            830               1.2

Loddon (S)                   8,077           8,095             -18              -0.2




                          Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 11
                                                                     2007         2006   Change    Growth rate
                  Local Government Area                         (Persons)    (Persons)   2006–07    % 2006–07

                  Macedon Ranges (S)                                40,353      39,989       364           0.9

                  Mansfield (S)                                      7,527       7,445        82           1.1

                  Mildura (RC)                                      52,576      51,824       752           1.5

                  Mitchell (S)                                      32,760      32,040       720           2.2

                  Moira (S)                                         28,223      27,946       277            1

                  Moorabool (S)                                     26,843      26,445       398           1.5

                  Mount Alexander (S)                               17,851      17,656       195           1.1

                  Moyne (S)                                         16,102      16,002       100           0.6

                  Murrindindi (S)                                   14,228      14,179        49           0.3

                  Nth Grampians (S)                                 12,301      12,330       -29          -0.2

                  Pyrenees (S)                                       6,763       6,772        -9          -0.1

                  Queenscliffe (B)                                   3,175       3,150        25           0.8

                  South Gippsland (S)                               26,830      26,675       155           0.6

                  Sth Grampians (S)                                 17,311      17,187       124           0.7

                  Strathbogie (S)                                    9,733       9,615       118           1.2

                  Surf Coast (S)                                    23,521      22,802       719           3.2

                  Swan Hill (RC)                                    21,459      21,285       174           0.8

                  Towong (S)                                         6,256       6,247         9           0.1

                  Wangaratta (RC)                                   27,569      27,318       251           0.9

                  Warrnambool (C)                                   32,042      31,501       541           1.7

                  Wellington (S)                                    41,998      41,591       407            1

                  West Wimmera (S)                                   4,578       4,614       -36          -0.8

                  Wodonga (RC)                                      34,776      34,504       272           0.8

                  Yarriambiack (S)                                   7,658       7,742       -84          -1.1

                  Unincorporated Vic                                  767         767          0            0

                  Regional Victoria                             1,398,528    1,383,328    15,187           1.1

                  Source: Spatial Analysis & Research, DPCD, 2008




12 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Projected	population	change	in	regional	Victoria	by	LGA	(2006	to	2026)

                                                                                 Population Change
                                                                                 2006 to 2026

                                                                                      70,000


                                                                                      35,000

                                                                                      7,000
                                                                                      -7,000




       Source: DOT map based on projections in Victoria in Future (DPCD 2008).




                                                  Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 13
                  Age Profile of
                  selected regions
                  of Victoria




                                                      Age	Profile	in	Melbourne	metropolitan	area

                                                          Age Groups
                                                      100 years and over
                                                                                                                                     Female    Male
                                                            90-94 years

                                                            80-84 years

                                                            70-74 years

                                                            60-64 years

                                                            50-54 years

                                                            40-44 years

                                                            30-34 years
                  • Melbourne is characterised
                                                            20-24 years
                    by a relatively high proportion
                    of the population being of              10-14 years
                    working age.                               0-4 years
                  • Compared with Melbourne,                               0      20,000     40,000      60,000   80,000   100,000   120,000   140,000   160,000

                    Ballarat and Bendigo have                                                                 Number of people
                    a lesser representation of            Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
                    young adults.


                                                      Age	Profile	in	Ballarat

                                                          Age Groups
                                                      100 years and over
                                                                                                                                     Female    Male
                                                            90-94 years

                                                            80-84 years

                                                            70-74 years

                                                            60-64 years

                                                            50-54 years

                                                            40-44 years

                                                            30-34 years

                                                            20-24 years

                                                            10-14 years

                                                               0-4 years
                                                                           0       500        1,000      1,500     2,000    2,500     3,000     3,500     4,000
                                                                                                              Number of people
                                                          Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




14 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Age	Profile	in	Bendigo

    Age Groups
100 years and over
                                                                               Female    Male
      90-94 years

      80-84 years

      70-74 years

      60-64 years

      50-54 years

      40-44 years

      30-34 years

      20-24 years

      10-14 years

         0-4 years
                     0       500        1,000      1,500     2,000     2,500     3,000    3,500     4,000

                                                        Number of people
    Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




Age	Profile	in	Geelong

    Age Groups
100 years and over
                                                                               Female    Male
       90-94 years

       80-84 years

       70-74 years

       60-64 years

       50-54 years

       40-44 years

       30-34 years

       20-24 years

       10-14 years

         0-4 years
                     0      1,000       2,000      3,000     4,000     5,000     6,000    7,000     8,000
                                                        Number of people
    Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




                                                Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 15
                                                   Age	Profile	in	Shepparton

                                                       Age Groups
                                                   100 years and over
                                                                                                                                 Female           Male
                                                            90-94 years

                                                            80-84 years

                                                            70-74 years

                                                            60-64 years

                                                            50-54 years
                  • The prosperous regional
                                                            40-44 years
                    cities of Geelong, Mildura
                    and Shepparton are also                 30-34 years
                    characterised by relatively             20-24 years
                    low numbers of young
                                                            10-14 years
                    adults, but this phenomenon
                    is particularly apparent in               0-4 years
                    LGAs such as Hindmarsh                                0            500                 1,000         1,500            2,000          2,500
                    where job opportunities                                                                  Number of people
                    and career paths are               Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
                    comparatively weak.


                                                   Age	Profile	in	Hindmarsh

                                                       Age Groups
                                                   100 years and over
                                                                                                                                 Female         Male
                                                            90-94 years

                                                            80-84 years

                                                            70-74 years

                                                            60-64 years

                                                            50-54 years

                                                            40-44 years

                                                            30-34 years

                                                            20-24 years

                                                            10-14 years

                                                              0-4 years
                                                                          0            50                  100           150              200            250
                                                                                                            Number of people
                                                       Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




16 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                 Age	Profile	in	Mildura

                                     Age Groups
                                 100 years and over
                                                                                                               Female       Male
                                       90-94 years

                                       80-84 years

                                       70-74 years

                                       60-64 years

                                       50-54 years

                                       40-44 years

                                       30-34 years

                                       20-24 years

                                       10-14 years

                                          0-4 years
                                                                       500               1,000         1,500         2,000               2,500

                                                                                           Number of people
                                     Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




                                  Proportion	of	persons	aged	75	years	and	over,	2006



                                                                                                                    Proportion
                                                                                                                        More than 10%
                                                                                                                        7.5% to 10%
                                                                                                                        5.1% to 7.5%
                                                                                                                        2.5% to 5.0%
                                                                                                                        Less than 2.5%




• The number of elderly people
  in regional Victoria will
  become more substantial
  in relation to the number of
  young adults, giving rise
  to growing issues around
  support and transport for
  the elderly and frail.                    Source: DPCD, Towns in Time (2008)




                                                                                  Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 17
                  Income distribution
                  Definition of Income in
                  the ABS 2006 Census
                  Population and Housing:

                  People aged 15 years and
                  over are asked to indicate
                  their usual gross weekly
                                                   Population	by	Individual	Income	Ranges	in	Ballarat
                  income by selecting an
                  income range on the census
                                                                          12,000
                  form. There are 16 options
                  ranging from ‘Negative
                                                                          10,000
                  income’, ‘Nil income’ through
                                                     Population numbers




                  to ‘$1,500 or more per week’.
                                                                           8,000
                  For example, a person with
                  a gross weekly income of
                                                                           6,000
                  $650 per week would tick the
                  range ‘$600–$699 per week’.                              4,000
                  Gross weekly income is
                  the income before tax,                                   2,000
                  superannuation, health
                  insurance, or other                                          0
                                                                                   Negative   Nil   $1-$149   $150-   $250-   $400-   $600-   $800-   $1,000-   $1,300-   $1,600- $2,000 or
                  deductions are made.                                              income income             $249    $399    $599    $799    $999    $1,299    $1,599    $1,999    more
                  Gross income includes:                                                                      Individual Income (dollars per week)
                  family allowance, parenting
                  payment, pensions,                     Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing

                  unemployment benefits,
                  student allowances,
                  maintenance (child support),     Population	by	Individual	Income	Ranges	in	Greater	Bendigo
                  superannuation, wages,
                  salary, overtime, dividends,                            14,000
                  rents received, interest
                  received, business or farm                              12,000

                  income (less operation
                                                     Population numbers




                                                                          10,000
                  expenses) and worker’s
                  compensation received.                                   8,000


                                                                           6,000


                                                                           4,000


                                                                           2,000




                                                                                   Negative   Nil   $1-$149   $150-   $250-   $400-   $600-   $800-   $1,000-   $1,300-   $1,600- $2,000 or
                                                                                    income income             $249    $399    $599    $799    $999    $1,299    $1,599    $1,999    more

                                                                                                              Individual Income (dollars per week)


                                                         Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




18 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Population	by	Individual	Income	Ranges	in	Greater	Geelong


                      30,000



                      25,000
 Population numbers




                      20,000



                      15,000



                      10,000



                       5,000



                           0
                               Negative   Nil   $1-$149   $150-    $250-   $400-   $600-   $800-   $1,000-   $1,300-   $1,600- $2,000 or
                                income income             $249     $399    $599    $799    $999    $1,299    $1,599    $1,999    more

                                                          Individual Income (dollars per week)


     Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




Population	by	Individual	Income	Ranges	in	Greater	Shepparton


                      8,000


                      7,000
 Population numbers




                      6,000


                      5,000


                      4,000


                      3,000


                      2,000


                      1,000


                          0
                               Negative   Nil $1-$149     $150-    $250-   $400-   $600-   $800-   $1,000-   $1,300-   $1,600- $2,000 or
                                income income             $249     $399    $599    $799    $999    $1,299    $1,599    $1,999    more

                                                          Individual Income (dollars per week)


     Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




                                                                  Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 19
                  Population	by	Individual	Income	Ranges	in	Hindmarsh


                                         1,000

                                          900

                                          800
                    Population numbers




                                          700

                                          600

                                          500

                                          400

                                          300

                                          200

                                          100

                                             0
                                                     Negative   Nil   $1-$149   $150-    $250-    $400-    $600-    $800-    $1,000-    $1,300-    $1,600- $2,000 or
                                                      income income             $249     $399     $599     $799     $999     $1,299     $1,599     $1,999    more

                                                                                Individual Income (dollars per week)


                        Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




                  Population	by	Individual	Income	Ranges	in	Latrobe


                                         12,000



                                         10,000
                    Population numbers




                                          8,000



                                          6,000



                                          4,000



                                          2,000



                                                 0
                                                     Negative   Nil $1-$149      $150-    $250-    $400-    $600-    $800-    $1,000-    $1,300-    $1,600- $2,000 or
                                                      income income              $249     $399     $599     $799     $999     $1,299     $1,599     $1,999    more

                                                                                Individual Income (dollars per week)


                        Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




20 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                     Population	by	Individual	Income	Ranges	in	South	Gippsland


                                                           4,000


                                                           3,500
                                      Population numbers




                                                           3,000


                                                           2,500
• The majority of the
                                                           2,000
  population of regional
  Victoria of 15 years or more                             1,500
  received weekly incomes
  of less than $600.                                       1,000


• The proportion of people                                  500
  who earn higher incomes
                                                               0
  appears to be larger in
                                                                   Negative   Nil   $1-$149    $150-    $250-    $400-   $600-        $800-   $1,000-   $1,300-   $1,600- $2,000 or
  the major regional cities                                         income income              $249     $399     $599    $799         $999    $1,299    $1,599    $1,999    more

  than other regional areas,                                                                   Individual Income (dollars per week)
  probably because the cities
  offer a greater diversity of job        Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
  and business opportunities.


                                     Income	Profile	Comparison	between	Ballarat,	Hindmarsh	and	Metropolitan	Melbourne

                                                                                                Ballarat                   Hindmarsh                              Melbourne

                                     Negative income                                           225              0%               66             1%            13,598                  1%

                                     Nil income                                               3,847             6%           267                6%          221,916                   8%

                                     $1–$149                                                  5,423             9%           356                8%          215,832                   8%

                                     $150–$249                                           10,980                 17%          912               20%          383,429               14%

                                     $250–$399                                           10,765                 17%          911               20%          339,104               13%

                                     $400–$599                                           10,413                 17%          816               18%          375,086               14%

                                     $600–$799                                                7,645             12%          490               11%          309,607               12%

                                     $800–$999                                                5,105             8%           278                6%          245,898                   9%

                                     $1,000–$1,299                                            4,484             7%           225                5%          233,934                   9%

                                     $1,300–$1,599                                            1,939             3%           105                2%          123,002                   5%

                                     $1,600–$1,999                                             963              2%               55             1%            75,438                  3%

                                     $2,000 or more                                           1,116             2%               51             1%          114,761                   4%

                                                                                         62,905            100%           4,532               100%        2,651,605             100%

                                     Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing




                                                                                                       Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information              | 21
                  Population	by	Individual	Income	Ranges	in	Victoria	2006
                                                                                                                                           • Melbourne has a higher
                    Share of Population                                                                                                      proportion of high income
                      25%
                                                                                                                                             earners compared with
                                                                                                                                             Ballarat and Hindmarsh.
                                                                                      Ballarat      Hindmarsh            Melbourne
                                                                                                                                             These high income earners
                      20%                                                                                                                    include professionals in
                                                                                                                                             sectors such as property
                                                                                                                                             and business services,
                      15%
                                                                                                                                             finance and insurance,
                                                                                                                                             public administration
                      10%                                                                                                                    and construction.
                                                                                                                                           • Regional cities such as
                       5%
                                                                                                                                             Ballarat offer a greater range
                                                                                                                                             of employment compared
                                                                                                                                             with the smaller regional
                       0%                                                                                                                    LGAs such as Hindmarsh
                              Negative   Nil $1-$149      $150-   $250-   $400-   $600-   $800-   $1,000-   $1,300-    $1,600- $2,000 or     where employment is
                               income income              $249    $399    $599    $799    $999    $1,299    $1,599     $1,999    more
                                                                                                                                             largely based on agriculture,
                                                          Individual Income (dollars per week)
                                                                                                                                             education, health care and
                            Source: ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing                                                                local government.


                  Low	Income	Households

                                                   Households with gross weekly income of less than 500 dollars
                                                   As a percentage of all households
                                                   Based on Place of Usual Residence, 2006
                                                   Victoria (State) by Statistical Subdivision
                                                                                                               Per cent
                                                                                                                      31 – 36
                                                                                                                      27 – 31
                                                                                                                      23 – 27
                                                                                                                      18 – 23
                                                                                                                      14 – 18




                                                                                                                                           • North West Victoria, and
                                                                                                                                             South and East Gippsland
                                                                                                                                             are characterised by
                                                                                                                                             relatively high proportions
                       Source: ABS 2006 Census Mapstats
                                                                                                                                             of low income earners.




22 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                High	Income	Households

                                                                 Households with gross weekly income of 2500 dollars or more
                                                                 As a percentage of all households
                                                                 Based on Place of Usual Residence, 2006
                                                                 Victoria (State) by Statistical Subdivision
                                                                                                                     Per cent
                                                                                                                         23 – 31
                                                                                                                         13 – 23
                                                                                                                         8 – 13
                                                                                                                         5–8
                                                                                                                         2–5




• The regional LGAs with the
  largest proportions of high
  income earners are close
  to Melbourne.                      Source: ABS 2006 Census Mapstats




                                Top	10	high	income	LGAs	in	regional	Victoria	(households	earning	more	than	$2000	per	week)

                                                                        Percentage of
                                Municipality                               household

                                Macedon Ranges                                     17.6

                                Surf Coast                                         14.3

                                Moorabool                                          12.7

                                Queenscliffe                                       11.8

                                Mitchell                                           11.6

                                Golden Plains                                      11.3

                                Wodonga                                            11.2
• Macedon Ranges has
  the highest percentage of     Greater Geelong                                    11.1
  households earning more
                                Moyne                                              10.8
  than $2000 per week. A high
  proportion of Macedon’s       Indigo                                             10.6
  residents commute to nearby
  Melbourne to work.            Source: Spatial Analysis & Research, DPCD




                                                                               Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 23
2                         VISTA 07
                          Statistics




24 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 25
                                                                                                                                              • The Victorian Integrated
                                                                                                                                                Survey of Travel and Activity
                                                                                                                                                2007 (VISTA	07) consists
                                                                                                                                                of a detailed one-day
                                                                                                                                                travel diary completed by
                  Mode	Share	Percentage	of	Trips	–	Average	Weekday                                                                              all members of surveyed
                                                                                                                                                households which records
                                                                                                                                                all personal travel made
                       %
                                                                                                                                                outside the home.
                      100
                                                                                                                                              • Different households were
                                                                                                                                                surveyed on different days
                       80                                                                                                                       of the year, with all days of
                                                                                                                                                the year covered. This allows
                                                                                                                                                for seasonal changes in travel
                       60
                                                                                                                                                behaviour to be identified.
                                                                                                                                              • The survey ran from
                       40                                                                                                                       April 2007 through to
                                                                                                                                                June 2008 and included
                                                                                                                                                11,400 households in
                       20
                                                                                                                                                Metropolitan Melbourne,
                                                                                                                                                1,270 households in
                        0                                                                                                                       Greater Geelong and 4,400
                                 Ballarat           Bendigo           Geelong        Shepparton          Latrobe          Melbourne
                                                                                                                                                households in regional areas
                                                                                                                           Metro Av.            (from Greater Shepparton,
                                 Other         Public Transport            Bicycle        Walking only             Vehicle Driver/Passenger
                                                                                                                                                Greater Bendigo, Ballarat
                                                                                                                                                and Latrobe).


                  VISTA	07	Daily	Travel	Time	Budget

                      Time (minutes)
                            90

                            80

                            70

                            60

                            50                                                                                                                • The difference in travel time
                            40                                                                                                                  budget between Melbourne
                                                                                                                                                and the rest of Victoria is
                            30                                                                                                                  mainly due to differences
                            20                                                                                                                  in travel to work times.
                                                                                                                                              • Travel by private vehicle
                            10
                                                                                                                                                represents the largest mode
                             0                                                                                                                  share for all trips, followed
                                  Ballarat          Bendigo          Shepparton        Latrobe           Geelong         Melbourne Av.          by walking. Public transport
                                                                                                                                                usage is comparatively less
                                   Weekday Travel             Weekend Day Travel                                                                significant in the regional
                                                                                                                                                cities than in Melbourne.




26 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
• The average journey to           VISTA	07	Median	Journey	to	Work	Time
  work time in Melbourne
  is 50 per cent higher than          Time (minutes)
  Geelong, and double                   35
  the average commuting
  time in Ballarat, Bendigo,            30
  Shepparton and
  Latrobe Valley.                       25

• This could be due to a
                                        20
  combination of longer
  average journey to work               15
  trip distances in Melbourne
  (see charts below), congestion        10
  on the metropolitan
  transport network (slower              5
  average travel speeds),
  and time penalties when                0
  shifting modes of travel                     Melbourne          Geelong           Regional
  or interchanging between
  connecting public
                                             Note: Regional represents the average of Ballarat, Bendigo, Shepparton, and Latrobe Valley.
  transport services.


                                   VISTA	07	Median	Journey	to	Work	Distance


                                      Distance (km)
                                        16

                                        14

                                        12

                                        10

                                         8

                                         6

                                         4

                                         2

                                         0
                                              Melbourne           Geelong           Regional


                                             Note: Regional represents the average of Ballarat, Bendigo, Shepparton, and Latrobe Valley.




                                                                                    Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 27
                                                                                          Percent                                                                                                                                                          Percent




                                                                            0
                                                                                5
                                                                                    10
                                                                                         15
                                                                                              20
                                                                                                   25
                                                                                                         30
                                                                                                                    35
                                                                                                                         40
                                                                                                                              45
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               45
                                                                0 to 5 km                                                                                                                                                        0 to 5 km


                                                             5.1 to 10 km                                                                                                                                                     5.1 to 10 km


                                                            10.1 to 15 km                                                                                                                                                    10.1 to 15 km


                                                            15.1 to 20 km                                                                                                                                                    15.1 to 20 km


                                                            20.1 to 25 km                                                                                                                                                    20.1 to 25 km




28 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                                            25.1 to 30 km                                                                                                                                                    25.1 to 30 km


                                                            30.1 to 35 km                                                                                                                                                    30.1 to 35 km




                                                                                                                                   VISTA	07	–	Journey	to	work	distance	–	Geelong




                                                                                                    are 20km or less
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          are 20km or less
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    VISTA	07	–	Journey	to	work	distance	–	Melbourne




                                                                                                    70% of work trips
                                                            35.1 to 40 km                                                                                                                                                    35.1 to 40 km                                65% of work trips

                                                            40.1 to 45 km                                                                                                                                                    40.1 to 45 km


                                                            45.1 to 50 km                                                                                                                                                    45.1 to 50 km


                                                            50.1 to 55 km                                                                                                                                                    50.1 to 55 km




                                                                                                                                                               Distance to be updated with version 1.2 data when available
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Distance to be updated with version 1.2 data when available




                                                            55.1 to 60 km                                                                                                                                                    55.1 to 60 km


                                                            60.1 to 65 km                                                                                                                                                    60.1 to 65 km


                                                            65.1 to 70 km                                                                                                                                                    65.1 to 70 km


                                                            70.1 to 75 km                                                                                                                                                    70.1 to 75 km
                              VISTA	07	–	Journey	to	work	distance	–	Regional
                                                                            Distance to be updated with version 1.2 data when available

                                           45
                                           40
                                           35
                                                                                                             85% of work trips
                                                                                                             are 20km or less
                                           30
                                 Percent




                                           25
• The average journey to                   20
  work distances are higher                15
  in Melbourne, reflecting                 10
  the size of the Melbourne                 5
  metropolitan area.                        0
• Longer average journey to
                                                 0 to 5 km


                                                             5.1 to 10 km


                                                                             10.1 to 15 km


                                                                                             15.1 to 20 km


                                                                                                             20.1 to 25 km


                                                                                                                             25.1 to 30 km


                                                                                                                                             30.1 to 35 km


                                                                                                                                                             35.1 to 40 km


                                                                                                                                                                             40.1 to 45 km


                                                                                                                                                                                             45.1 to 50 km


                                                                                                                                                                                                             50.1 to 55 km


                                                                                                                                                                                                                             55.1 to 60 km


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             60.1 to 65 km


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             65.1 to 70 km


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             70.1 to 75 km
  work distances may also
  highlight differences in
  urban settlement patterns
  in Melbourne compared
  to regional Victoria.                         Note: Regional represents the average of Ballarat, Bendigo, Shepparton, and Latrobe Valley.




                                                                                                                             Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information                                                                                          | 29
3                         Journey to
                          work analysis




30 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 31
                  Journey	to	Work	Mode	Share	–	Motor	Vehicle
                                                                                                                                                            • A relatively high proportion
                                                                                                                                                              of Wodonga workers
                                 80%
                                                                                                                                                              (78 per cent) drive to work
                                 75%                                                                                                                          while in LGAs in which
                                                                                                                                                              farming is the principal
                                 70%                                                                                                                          occupation, such as Colac,
                    Percentage




                                                                                                                                                              South Gippsland and
                                 65%                                                                                                                          Hindmarsh, workers use
                                                                                                                                                              cars to a lesser extent for
                                 60%
                                                                                                                                                              commuting purposes.
                                 55%                                                                                                                        • Melbourne ranks ninth in
                                                                                                                                                              the use of the motor vehicle
                                 50%
                                                                                                                                                              as a means of commuting
                                                                                                                                                              to work (69 per cent). The
                                        ga


                                               be



                                                         t

                                                                ng


                                                                         a


                                                                                   o


                                                                                          n


                                                                                                  tta


                                                                                                          SD



                                                                                                                    ll


                                                                                                                             lg


                                                                                                                                   c


                                                                                                                                             nd



                                                                                                                                                       sh
                                                       ra




                                                                                                                   Hi




                                                                                                                                   la
                                                                         ur




                                                                                         rto
                                                                                ig




                                                                                                                         ne




                                                                                                                                                     ar
                                                                                               ra
                                              tro
                                       on




                                                      lla


                                                                lo




                                                                                                                                           la
                                                                                                                                  Co
                                                                               nd
                                                                     ild




                                                                                                         ne


                                                                                                               an
                                                                                       pa




                                                                                                                         le




                                                                                                                                        ps



                                                                                                                                                   m
                                                             ee




                                                                                                                                                              public transport network
                                                                                               ga
                                                    Ba
                                   od


                                             La




                                                                     M


                                                                              Be




                                                                                                                         G
                                                                                                        ur


                                                                                                              Sw




                                                                                                                                                  nd
                                                                                     ep




                                                                                                                                        ip
                                                            G




                                                                                             an
                                  W




                                                                                                    bo




                                                                                                                                       G


                                                                                                                                                Hi
                                                                                    Sh


                                                                                            W




                                                                                                                                                              in metropolitan Melbourne
                                                                                                    el




                                                                                                                                   S.
                                                                                                  M




                                                                                                                                                              is substantial and a high
                                                            LGA in Regional Victoria and Melbourne Statistical Division                                       proportion of CBD workers
                                       Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing (August 2006)                                                             in particular use public
                                                                                                                                                              transport for journeys to work.




32 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                Journey	to	Work	Mode	Split	–	Walking	&	Cycling


                                              14%

                                              12%

                                              10%
                                 Percentage




                                              8%

• Those LGAs which are                        6%
  characterised by farms and
                                              4%
  small towns involve short
  journeys to work for many                   2%
  of their residents. Thus,
                                              0%
  walking and cycling are
  relatively important means
                                                      sh


                                                                 ll


                                                                        c


                                                                                  nd


                                                                                          tta


                                                                                                     a


                                                                                                               n


                                                                                                                        lg


                                                                                                                              ga


                                                                                                                                        o


                                                                                                                                                   t

                                                                                                                                                          ng




                                                                                                                                                                             be
                                                                                                                                                                    ne
                                                                                                                                                 ra
                                                              Hi


                                                                        la




                                                                                                     ur


                                                                                                            rto




                                                                                                                                       ig
                                                                                                                       ne
                                                    ar




                                                                                         ra




                                                                                                                                                                            tro
                                                                                                                             on




                                                                                                                                              lla


                                                                                                                                                          lo
                                                                                la
                                                                       Co




                                                                                                                                                                  ur
                                                                                                                                    nd
                                                                                                 ild
                                                            an




                                                                                                          pa




  of commuting. In the larger
                                                                                                                   le
                                                                             ps
                                                    m




                                                                                                                                                        ee
                                                                                       ga




                                                                                                                                            Ba




                                                                                                                                                                bo
                                                                                                                             od




                                                                                                                                                                          La
                                                                                                 M




                                                                                                                                   Be
                                                                                                                   G
                                                         Sw
                                               nd




                                                                                                          ep
                                                                             ip




                                                                                                                                                      G
                                                                                     an




                                                                                                                                                               el
                                                                                                                            W
                                                                            G
                                              Hi




                                                                                                       Sh




                                                                                                                                                             M
                                                                                    W




  regional cities, commuting
                                                                        S.




  distances for many workers
  are quite substantial and                                                                          LGA in Regional Victoria
  walking and cycling are                           Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing (August 2006)
  less common.


                                Journey	to	Work	Mode	Split	–	Walking	&	Cycling


                                              14%
                                                                                                                                                                       Cycling
                                              12%
                                                                                                                                                                     Walking
                                              10%
                                 Percentage




                                              8%

                                              6%

                                              4%

                                              2%

                                              0%
                                                       sh


                                                                  ll


                                                                         c

                                                                                           nd


                                                                                           tta


                                                                                                     a


                                                                                                               n


                                                                                                                          lg


                                                                                                                        ga


                                                                                                                                       o


                                                                                                                                                 t

                                                                                                                                                        ng




                                                                                                                                                                             be
                                                                                                                                                                    ne
                                                                                                                                              ra
                                                                Hi


                                                                        la




                                                                                                     ur


                                                                                                            rto




                                                                                                                                     ig
                                                                                                                       ne
                                                     ar




                                                                                        ra




                                                                                                                                                                            tro
                                                                                                                      on




                                                                                                                                             lla


                                                                                                                                                        lo
                                                                                        la
                                                                       Co




                                                                                                                                                                  ur
                                                                                                                                   nd
                                                                                                 ild
                                                            an




                                                                                                          pa


                                                                                                                   le
                                                                             ps
                                                  m




                                                                                                                                                     ee
                                                                                     ga




                                                                                                                                            Ba




                                                                                                                                                                  bo
                                                                                                                    od




                                                                                                                                                                          La
                                                                                                 M




                                                                                                                                  Be
                                                                                                                   G
                                                           Sw
                                                nd




                                                                                                       ep
                                                                            ip




                                                                                                                                                    G
                                                                                   an




                                                                                                                                                                el
                                                                                                                   W
                                                                           G
                                               Hi




                                                                                                     Sh




                                                                                                                                                               M
                                                                                  W
                                                                        S.




                                                                                                     LGA in Regional Victoria

                                                    Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing (August 2006)




                                                                                                 Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information           | 33
                  Journey	to	Work	Mode	Split	–	Public	Transport


                                12%

                                10%                                                                                                                                    • Melbourne has a
                                                                                                                                                                         considerably higher journey
                                8%                                                                                                                                       to work mode split by public
                   Percentage




                                                                                                                                                                         transport (11 per cent) than
                                6%                                                                                                                                       LGAs in regional Victoria.
                                                                                                                                                                         The larger number of
                                4%
                                                                                                                                                                         commuters in Melbourne,
                                2%                                                                                                                                       and road congestion
                                                                                                                                                                         pressures, necessitate the
                                0%                                                                                                                                       provision of a large scale
                                                                                                                                                                         public transport system, and
                                                 ng



                                                            t


                                                                   o


                                                                          be


                                                                                 ga


                                                                                              ll


                                                                                                       a


                                                                                                                 n


                                                                                                                         sh


                                                                                                                                  lg


                                                                                                                                            nd


                                                                                                                                                  tta


                                                                                                                                                               c
                                       ne




                                                        ra




                                                                                            Hi




                                                                                                                                                               la
                                                                                                       ur


                                                                                                              rto
                                                                  ig




                                                                                                                              ne




                                                                                                                                                                         generate substantial demand
                                                                                                                      ar




                                                                                                                                                 ra
                                                                         tro
                                                       lla




                                                                                 on
                                                lo




                                                                                                                                        la




                                                                                                                                                              Co
                                      ur




                                                                 nd




                                                                                                   ild
                                                                                         an




                                                                                                            pa




                                                                                                                              le


                                                                                                                                       ps
                                                                                                                     m
                                             ee




                                                                                                                                                 ga
                                                      Ba
                                  bo




                                                                                od
                                                                       La




                                                                                                   M
                                                              Be




                                                                                                                              G
                                                                                       Sw




                                                                                                                    nd
                                                                                                            ep




                                                                                                                                       ip
                                            G




                                                                                                                                             an


                                                                                                                                                                         for public transport services.
                                 el




                                                                               W




                                                                                                                                   G
                                                                                                                 Hi
                                                                                                         Sh
                                M




                                                                                                                                            W
                                                                                                                                  S.




                                                                                                                                                                       • In regional Victoria,
                                                                                     LGA in Regional Victoria                                                            substantial efforts have been
                                      Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing (August 2006)                                                                         made to improve public
                                                                                                                                                                         transport services.


                  Journey	to	Work	–	Public	Transport


                                9%
                                8%
                                                                                                                                                      Train
                                7%
                                                                                                                                                      Bus
                                6%
                   Percentage




                                5%
                                4%
                                3%
                                2%
                                1%
                                0%
                                                  ng



                                                             t

                                                                    go


                                                                            be


                                                                                             ga


                                                                                               ll


                                                                                               a


                                                                                               n


                                                                                             sh


                                                                                              lg


                                                                                             nd


                                                                                             tta


                                                                                                                                                                   c
                                        ne




                                                           ra




                                                                                            Hi




                                                                                                                                                               la
                                                                                            ur


                                                                                           rto




                                                                                          ne
                                                                                          ar




                                                                                          ra
                                                                         tro
                                                        lla




                                                                                         on
                                                 lo




                                                                                          la
                                                                  di




                                                                                                                                                              Co
                                       ur




                                                                                        ild
                                                                                       an




                                                                                       pa




                                                                                       le


                                                                                      ps
                                                                                       m
                                             ee




                                                                                      ga
                                                                   n
                                                       Ba
                                      bo




                                                                                     od
                                                                         La




                                                                                      M
                                                                Be




                                                                                     G
                                                                                   Sw




                                                                                   nd
                                                                                   ep




                                                                                    ip
                                             G




                                                                                  an
                                  el




                                                                                  W




                                                                                  G
                                                                                 Hi
                                                                                Sh
                                 M




                                                                                W
                                                                               S.




                                                                                     LGA in Regional Victoria

                                      Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing (August 2006)




34 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 35
4                         Access to
                          Services




36 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 37
                  The physical isolation
                  of regional cities and
                  towns can hinder
                  access to services,
                  employment, and
                  education opportunities.
                  This can lead to lower
                  socio-economic
                                                     SEIFA Index                  Description
                  outcomes for residents
                  in these locations.                Relative                     • A low score on this index indicates a high proportion of relatively
                                                     Socio-economic                 disadvantaged people in an area. A high score on this index indicates
                  The Australian Bureau              Disadvantage                   a low proportion of relatively disadvantaged people in the area.

                  of Statistics’ Census of                                        • Socio-economic disadvantage is derived using census data on income,
                                                                                    education, employment, occupation and housing.
                  Population and Housing:
                  Socio-Economic Indexes             Relative                     • An area with a high score on this index has a relatively high incidence
                  for Areas (SEIFA Index),           Socio-economic                 of advantage and a relatively low incidence of disadvantage.
                  catalogue number                   Advantage and                • This index can be used to measure socio-economic wellbeing
                                                     Disadvantage                   in a continuum, from the most disadvantaged areas to the most
                  2033.2.55.001, is depicted
                                                                                    advantaged areas.
                  in this section to highlight
                                                                                  • Due to the differences in scope between this index and the Index of
                  potential areas of                                                Relative Disadvantage, the scores of some areas can vary significantly
                  disadvantage in the regions.                                      between the two indexes.
                                                                                  • A large area that has parts containing relatively disadvantaged people
                  The four SEIFA indexes
                                                                                    and other parts containing relatively advantaged people may have a
                  presented in this section                                         low Index of Relative Disadvantage, due to its pockets of disadvantage.
                  are described in the                                              However, its Index of Relative Advantage and Disadvantage may be
                  following table.                                                  moderate, or even above average, because the pockets of advantage
                                                                                    may offset the pockets of disadvantage.

                                                     Economic Resources           • This index is constructed using indicators of high and low income,
                                                                                    as well as variables that correlate with high or low wealth.
                                                                                  • Areas with higher scores have relatively greater access to economic
                                                                                    resources than areas with lower scores.

                                                     Education and                • This index focuses on the skills of the people in an area, both formal
                                                     Occupation                     qualifications and the skills required to perform different occupations.
                                                                                  • A low score indicates that an area has a high proportion of people without
                                                                                    qualifications, without jobs, and/or with low skilled jobs. A high score
                                                                                    indicates many people with high qualifications and/or highly skilled jobs.

                                                    Source: ABS 2039.0.55.001, Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) – Technical Paper 2006.




38 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Socio-Economic	
Indexes	for	Areas	–	
Index	of	Disadvantage     SEIFA	Index	of	Relative	Socio-Economic	Disadvantage,	2006


                                                                                                          1,047 to 1,105 (15)
                                                                                                          1,006 to 1,047 (16)
                                                                                                           984 to 1,006 (16)
                                                                                                             967 to 984 (15)
                                                                                                             893 to 967 (17)




Socio-Economic	               Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2006
Indexes	for	Areas	–	
Index	of	Advantage	and	
Disadvantage              SEIFA	Index	of	Relative	Socio-Economic	Advantage	and	Disadvantage,	2006


                                                                                                          1,028 to 1,142 (19)
                                                                                                           976 to 1,028 (14)
                                                                                                             954 to 976 (15)
                                                                                                             935 to 954 (12)
                                                                                                             875 to 935 (19)




                              Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2006




                                                                             Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 39
                  Socio-Economic	
                  Indexes	for	Areas	
                  –	Education	and	
                  Occupation                       SEIFA	Index	of	Education	and	Occupation,	2006


                                                                                                                  1,023 to 1,190 (15)
                                                                                                                   989 to 1,023 (15)
                                                                                                                     961 to 989 (17)
                                                                                                                     947 to 961 (15)
                                                                                                                     894 to 947 (17)




                                                        Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2006
                  Socio-Economic	
                  Indexes	for	Areas	–	
                  Economic	Resources               SEIFA	Index	of	Economic	Resources,	2006


                                                                                                                      1,028 to 1,105 (16)
                                                                                                                      1,001 to 1,028 (13)
                                                                                                                        975 to 1,001 (18)
                                                                                                                          961 to 975 (14)
                                                                                                                          911 to 961 (18)




                                                            Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2006




40 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
 SEIFA	Index	2006	Victoria

              1040
              1020
              1000
              980
Index Value




              960
              940
              920
              900
              880
              860
              840
                      C)



                                 )


                                             )



                                                       )


                                                                    )



                                                                              )


                                                                                        )



                                                                                                   )


                                                                                                             C)



                                                                                                                            )


                                                                                                                                     )


                                                                                                                                               C)



                                                                                                                                                         )


                                                                                                                                                                    C)



                                                                                                                                                                               )
                                 (S


                                            (S


                                                      (C


                                                                 (C



                                                                           (C



                                                                                      (S


                                                                                                  (C




                                                                                                                         (S


                                                                                                                                  RC




                                                                                                                                                        (C




                                                                                                                                                                              (C
                     t(




                                                                                                             (R




                                                                                                                                              (R




                                                                                                                                                                   (R
                               ay



                                        lg




                                                                                   sh




                                                                                                                       nd
                                                  o


                                                               ng



                                                                          n




                                                                                             be




                                                                                                                                                        ol




                                                                                                                                                                         am
                                                                                                                                 ll (
                 ra




                                                                        rto
                                                  ig




                                                                                                         a




                                                                                                                                         tta




                                                                                                                                                               ga
                                      ne




                                                                                                                                                    bo
                            tw




                                                                                   ar




                                                                                                                    la


                                                                                                                                Hi
                                                                                            tro
                lla




                                                            lo




                                                                                                        ur
                                                 nd




                                                                                                                                                                         dh
                                                                      pa




                                                                                                                                         ra
                                      le




                                                                                                                                                              on
                                                                                                                   ps
                                                                                  m
                           O




                                                           ee




                                                                                                                                                   am
                                                                                                       ild
              Ba




                                                                                                                            an
                                                                                           La
                                             Be




                                                                                                                                                                        yn
                                    G




                                                                                                                                        ga
                                                                              nd
                          c-




                                                                     ep




                                                                                                                  ip




                                                                                                                                                          od
                                                       G




                                                                                                   M




                                                                                                                                               rn
                                                                                                                         Sw
                       la




                                                                                                                                                                    W
                                                                                                              G




                                                                                                                                   an
                                                                              Hi
                                            er




                                                                 Sh
                                                       er




                                                                                                                                                         W
                                                                                                                                               ar
                      Co




                                                                                                             h
                                           at




                                                                                                                                  W
                                                      at




                                                                                                                                              W
                                                                                                             ut
                                                                er
                                        re


                                                  re




                                                                                                         So
                                                            at
                                        G


                                                 G


                                                            re
                                                           G




                                                                                                  LGA

                 Advantage & Disadvantage                               Disadvantage                          Economic Resources                             Education & Occupation




 • Hindmarsh has the worst                             • Latrobe LGA had the worst       • Glenelg Shire had                                        • Ballarat had a good
   indicator of socio-economic                           index for socio-economic          poor index measures                                        index of education and
   advantage/disadvantage                                disadvantage, indicating          of socio-economic                                          occupation. This indicates
   out of the selected group,                            a high proportion of relatively   advantage/disadvantage                                     Ballarat is an important
   suggesting that it has                                disadvantaged people in that      and education and                                          regional area for skilled
   relatively few advantaged                             area, but fared better for the    occupation, but scored                                     employment, attracting
   people and a relatively high                          advantage/disadvantage            better in the measure of                                   workers in finance and
   incidence of disadvantaged                            index, indicating that there      economic resources.                                        insurance, property and
   people. Hindmarsh also has                            are pockets of advantaged                                                                    business services, health
   the second worst indicator                            people in Latrobe. Latrobe                                                                   and community services,
   of economic resources.                                was at the lowest end of the                                                                 and education.
                                                         range in the selected group
                                                         of local LGAs for economic
                                                         resources and also the last
                                                         in terms of the education
                                                         and occupation index.




                                                                                                                  Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 41
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               to lowest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Breakdown of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               SEIFA Indexes by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Order from highest




                                                                                                                                Index Value                                                                                                                                                   Index Value




42 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               yn




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            900
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  920
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        940
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                960
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      980
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1020
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1040




                                                                                                             890
                                                                                                                   900
                                                                                                                         910
                                                                                                                               920
                                                                                                                                     930
                                                                                                                                           940
                                                                                                                                                 950
                                                                                                                                                       960
                                                                                                                                                             970
                                                                                                                                                                   980
                                                                                      Ba                                                                                                                                      So
                                                                       So                l  la                                                                                                                                                       dh
                                                                           ut
                                                                              h                r  at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ut
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         am
                                                                                  G                    (C                                                                                                                                  G                       (C
                                                                                   ip                    )                                                                                                                                     ip                       )
                                                                       G               ps                                                                                                                                                          ps
                                                                          re                 la                                                                                                                                    W                    la
                                                                            at                 nd                                                                                                                                   ar                      nd
                                                                                 er                    (S                                                                                                                                   rn                     (S
                                                                                      G                  )                                                                                                                                      am                      )
                                                                                       ee
                                                                                         lo                                                                                                                                                            bo
                                                                                              ng                                                                                                                                        W                    ol
                                                                                W                (C                                                                                                                                      od                        (C
                                                                                  yn                )                                                                                                                         G                    on                   )
                                                                                      dh                                                                                                                                        re                       ga
                                                                            W             am                                                                                                                                       at                          (R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 SEIFA	Index	of	Disadvantage




                                                                              ar                 (C                                                                                                                                     er
                                                                                rn
                                                                                   am               )                                                                                                                                          G                    C)
                                                                       G                                                                                                                                                                         ee
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       lo
                                                                         re             bo
                                                                            at              ol                                                                                                                                       W                     ng
                                                                               er                (C                                                                                                                                   an                           (C
                                                                                  Be                )                                                                                                                                          ga                       )
                                                                                      nd                                                                                                                                      G                     ra
                                                                                          ig                                                                                                                                      re                     tta
                                                                            W                 o                                                                                                                                      at                        (R
                                                                              an                 (C                                                                                                                                     er
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   C)
                                                                                  ga                )                                                                                                                                          Be




                                                                                                                                                                         SEIFA	Index	of	Education	and	Occupation
                                                                                      ra                                                                                                                                                             nd
                                                                                         tta                                                                                                                                                              ig
                                                                              W               (R                                                                                                                                                               o
                                                                                 od                                                                                                                                       G                                        (C
                                                                                     on
                                                                                                  C)                                                                                                                       re                    Ba                     )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              at                     lla
                                                                                         ga                                                                                                                                       er




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LGAs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ra




                                                            LGAs
                                                                               Hi             (R                                                                                                                                        Sh                     t(
                                                                                  nd              C)                                                                                                                                         ep                     C)
                                                                                      m                                                                                                                                                             pa
                                                                                         ar                                                                                                                                                              rto
                                                                            Co              sh                                                                                                                                         Co                      n
                                                                   G            la               (S                                                                                                                                        la                      (C
                                                                     re            c-               )                                                                                                                                          c-                    )
                                                                        at            O                                                                                                                                                             O
                                                                           er           tw                                                                                                                                                             tw
                                                                              Sh            ay                                                                                                                                                               ay
                                                                                 ep              (S                                                                                                                                                                (S
                                                                                                    )                                                                                                                                            G                      )
                                                                                     pa                                                                                                                                                             le
                                                                                         rto                                                                                                                                                            ne
                                                                               Sw             n                                                                                                                                            Sw                lg
                                                                                                 (C                                                                                                                                                                (S
                                                                                   an               )                                                                                                                                           an                      )
                                                                                        Hi                                                                                                                                                             Hi
                                                                                           ll (                                                                                                                                                             ll (
                                                                                                RC                                                                                                                                                               RC
                                                                                  M                 )                                                                                                                                        M                          )
                                                                                    ild                                                                                                                                                          ild
                                                                                        ur                                                                                                                                                            ur
                                                                                           a                                                                                                                                                              a
                                                                                              (R                                                                                                                                          Hi                   (R
                                                                                                  C)                                                                                                                                         nd                     C)
                                                                                   G                                                                                                                                                                m
                                                                                      le                                                                                                                                                                ar
                                                                                         ne
                                                                                             lg                                                                                                                                                              sh
                                                                                                 (S                                                                                                                                                                (S
                                                                                   La              )                                                                                                                                            La                      )
                                                                                       tro                                                                                                                                                           tro
                                                                                           be                                                                                                                                                               be
                                                                                                 (C                                                                                                                                                                (C
                                                                                                    )                                                                                                                                                                   )
                                                                                                                                                     Index Value                                                                                                                                           Index Value
                                                                                                   W                                                                                                                                                    W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            yn
                                                                                                       yn                                                                                                                                  G




                                                                                                                                   880
                                                                                                                                         900
                                                                                                                                               920
                                                                                                                                                     940
                                                                                                                                                           960
                                                                                                                                                                 980
                                                                                                                                                                       1000
                                                                                                                                                                              1020
                                                                                                                                                                                     1040
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         840
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               860
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     880
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           900
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 920
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       940
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             960
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   980
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1020
                                                                                     So                  dh                                                                                                                                  re                   dh
                                                                                        u     th                am                                                                                                                              at                    am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     er
                                                                                                   G                      (C                                                                                                                                G                   (C
                                                                                                     ip                        )                                                                                                                              ee                     )
                                                                                                          ps                                                                                                                                                        lo
                                                                                                             la
                                                                                              W                  nd                                                                                                                                  W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ng
                                                                                               an                         (S                                                                                                                          od                        (C
                                                                                                 ga                         )                                                                                                                                   on                   )
                                                                                                           ra
                                                                                                                tta                                                                                                                             W                     ga
                                                                                                  W                   (R                                                                                                                         ar                         (R
                                                                                                   od                     C)                                                                                                                             rn                      C)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             am
                                                                                     G                    on                                                                                                                                                        bo
                                                                                       re                   ga
                                                                                          a   te                      (R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ol
                                                                                                   rG                                                                                                                                                                           (C
                                                                                                                        C)                                                                                                                                    Ba                     )
                                                                                                          ee                                                                                                                               G                      lla
                                                                                                            lo                                                                                                                                 re                        ra
                                                                                              Co                 ng                                                                                                                               at                        t(
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     er
                                                                                                   la                     (C                                                                                                                                                     C)
                                                                                                      c                     )                                                                                                                               Be




                                                                                                                                                                                            SEIFA	Index	of	Economic	Resources
                                                                                                          -O                                                                                                                               So                     nd
                                                                                            W                  tw                                                                                                                               ut                     ig
                                                                                                                  ay                                                                                                                                h                       o
                                                                                             ar                                                                                                                                                         G                       (C
                                                                                G                   rn                    (S                                                                                                                                ip                       )
                                                                                    re                 a  m                 )                                                                                                                                   ps
                                                                                       a te                                                                                                                                                                          la
                                                                                                           bo                                                                                                                                     W                      nd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SEIFA	Index	of	Advantage	and	Disadvantage




                                                                                             rS                     ol                                                                                                                             an
                                                                                               he                         (C                                                                                                           G                                        (S
                                                                                                       pp                   )                                                                                                           re                  ga                       )
                                                                                                           ar                                                                                                                              at                    ra
                                                                                                             to                                                                                                                                er                     tta




                                                                         LGAs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                LGAs
                                                                                                                      n                                                                                                                              Sh                     (R
                                                                                                                          (C                                                                                                                              ep                    C)
                                                                                     G                 G                       )                                                                                                                                 pa
                                                                                           re              le                                                                                                                                                         rto
                                                                                                               ne
                                                                                              ate                lg                                                                                                                                 Co                      n
                                                                                                   rB                (S                                                                                                                                 la                      (C
                                                                                                       en               )                                                                                                                                   c-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 O                )
                                                                                                            di                                                                                                                                                      tw
                                                                                                               go                                                                                                                                                         ay
                                                                                                  Sw                 (C                                                                                                                                   M                     (S
                                                                                                      an                )                                                                                                                                     ild                    )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ur
                                                                                                           Hi
                                                                                                               ll (                                                                                                                                                    a
                                                                                                                    RC                                                                                                                                                      (R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 C)
                                                                                                      Ba                )                                                                                                                                    La
                                                                                                           lla                                                                                                                                                    tro
                                                                                                               ra                                                                                                                                                        be
                                                                                                                  t(                                                                                                                                                            (C
                                                                                                    M                 C)                                                                                                                                      G                   )
                                                                                                       ild                                                                                                                                                       le
                                                                                                           ur                                                                                                                                                        ne
                                                                                                              a                                                                                                                                                           lg
                                                                                                  Hi              (R                                                                                                                                    Sw                      (S
                                                                                                     nd               C)                                                                                                                                     an                      )
                                                                                                         m                                                                                                                                                          Hi
                                                                                                            ar                                                                                                                                                           ll (
                                                                                                                sh                                                                                                                                     Hi                     RC
                                                                                                                     (S                                                                                                                                   nd                         )
                                                                                                      La                )                                                                                                                                        m
                                                                                                          tro                                                                                                                                                        ar
                                                                                                               be                                                                                                                                                         sh
                                                                                                                     (C                                                                                                                                                         (S
                                                                                                                        )                                                                                                                                                            )




Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information
| 43
                                                                                    Advantage          Education-      Economic
                                                            Disadvantage         disadvantage          occupation       resource
                    Local Government Area                          index                index               index          index

                    Ballarat (C)                                         983                  965                975        958

                    Colac-Otway (S)                                      967                  932                945        975

                    Glenelg (S)                                          962                  927                924        965

                    Greater Bendigo (C)                                  984                  958                960        963

                    Greater Geelong (C)                                  993                  976                970        977

                    Greater Shepparton (C)                               968                  945                941        972

                    Hindmarsh (S)                                        955                  906                947        952

                    Latrobe (C)                                          951                  932                919        935

                    Mildura (RC)                                         958                  932                932        955

                    South Gippsland (S)                                 1001                  954                972       1001

                    Swan Hill (RC)                                       959                  927                939        959

                    Wangaratta (RC)                                      987                  950                959        980

                    Warrnambool (C)                                      993                  966                961        973

                    Wodonga (RC)                                         993                  976                953        979

                    Wyndham (C)                                         1022                 1005                965       1025

                   Source: ABS 2039.0.55.001, Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) – Technical Paper 2006.




44 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 45
5                         Employment
                          Trends




46 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 47
                                                   Employment	Trends

                                                                                                                         Employment by LGA
                                                                                                                              20,001 to 75,000
                                                                                                                              10,001 to 20,000
                                                                                                                                   0 to 10,000
                                                                                                                         x% (AAGR in employment
                                                                                                                         2001 – 2006)




                                                            Source: ABS, 2006 Census




                  Growth in                                                                                      % of          %           Average
                  employment by local                                                                    employment       change            annual
                                                                                                          in regional       from            growth
                  government area                                                                             Victoria    2001 to              rate
                                                                                        2001     2006          (2006)       2006           (AAGR)
                                                   Colac-Otway (S)                      8,142    8,713           1.7%         7.0%               1.4%
                                                   Golden Plains (S)                    2,104    2,339           0.5%       11.2%                2.1%
                                                   Greater Geelong (C)                 66,842   74,637          14.9%       11.7%                2.2%
                                                   Queenscliffe (B)                     1,231    1,304           0.3%         5.9%               1.2%
                                                   Surf Coast (S)                       5,161    6,002           1.2%       16.3%                3.1%
                                                   Corangamite (S)                      7,114    7,237           1.4%         1.7%               0.3%
                                                   Glenelg (S)                          7,593    7,947           1.6%         4.7%               0.9%
                                                   Moyne (S)                            5,032    5,687           1.1%       13.0%                2.5%
                                                   Southern Grampians (S)               7,062    7,393           1.5%         4.7%               0.9%
                                                   Warrnambool (C)                     12,910   13,450           2.7%         4.2%               0.8%
                                                   Ararat (RC)                          4,234    4,350           0.9%         2.7%               0.5%
                                                   Ballarat (C)                        33,799   37,971           7.6%       12.3%                2.4%
                                                   Hepburn (S)                          3,756    3,595           0.7%        -4.3%               -0.9%
                                                   Moorabool (S)                        5,117    5,577           1.1%         9.0%               1.7%
                                                   Pyrenees (S)                         1,572    1,752           0.3%       11.5%                2.2%




48 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                                                                  % of               %           Average
                                                                          employment            change            annual
                                                                           in regional            from            growth
                                                                               Victoria         2001 to              rate
                                               2001            2006             (2006)            2006           (AAGR)
Hindmarsh (S)                                  2,404           2,294                 0.5%          -4.6%             -0.9%
Horsham (RC)                                   7,792           8,246                 1.6%           5.8%              1.1%
Northern Grampians (S)                         5,020           4,814                 1.0%          -4.1%             -0.8%
West Wimmera (S)                               1,898           1,833                 0.4%          -3.4%             -0.7%
Yarriambiack (S)                               3,322           2,785                 0.6%        -16.2%              -3.5%
Buloke (S)                                     3,151           2,643                 0.5%        -16.1%              -3.5%
Gannawarra (S)                                 4,868           4,319                 0.9%        -11.3%              -2.4%
Mildura (RC)                                 18,772          19,418                  3.9%           3.4%              0.7%
Swan Hill (RC)                                 8,607           8,551                 1.7%          -0.7%             -0.1%
Central Goldfields (S)                         4,089           3,759                 0.7%          -8.1%             -1.7%
Greater Bendigo (C)                          32,771          36,684                  7.3%         11.9%               2.3%
Loddon (S)                                     2,926           2,827                 0.6%          -3.4%             -0.7%
Macedon Ranges (S)                             8,664           9,853                 2.0%         13.7%               2.6%
Mount Alexander (S)                            5,638           5,693                 1.1%           1.0%              0.2%
Delatite (S) *                                 8,143           8,017                 1.6%          -1.5%             -0.3%
Campaspe (S)                                 14,347          14,509                  2.9%           1.1%              0.2%
Greater Shepparton (C)                       24,065          25,174                  5.0%           4.6%              0.9%
Mitchell (S)                                   8,121           8,568                 1.7%           5.5%              1.1%
Moira (S)                                      9,241           9,819                 2.0%           6.3%              1.2%
Murrindindi (S)                                4,046           3,906                 0.8%          -3.5%             -0.7%
Strathbogie (S)                                2,742           3,056                 0.6%         11.5%               2.2%
Alpine (S) **                                  5,464           6,545                 1.3%         19.8%               3.7%
Indigo (S)                                     4,402           4,649                 0.9%           5.6%              1.1%
Towong (S)                                     2,081           1,977                 0.4%          -5.0%             -1.0%
Wangaratta (RC)                              10,782          11,377                  2.3%           5.5%              1.1%
Wodonga (RC)                                 13,921          16,045                  3.2%         15.3%               2.9%
East Gippsland (S)                           12,949          13,997                  2.8%           8.1%              1.6%
Wellington (S)                               14,647          14,821                  3.0%           1.2%              0.2%
Bass Coast (S)                                 6,751           7,960                 1.6%         17.9%               3.3%
Baw Baw (S)                                  11,846          12,720                  2.5%           7.4%              1.4%
Latrobe (C)                                  25,053          27,609                  5.5%         10.2%               2.0%
South Gippsland (S)                            9,281           9,627                 1.9%           3.7%              0.7%
Total                                      469,520         502,098               100.0%            6.9%              1.4%

*   The LGA of Delatite became Benalla (RC) and Mansfield (S) in 2002. The 2006 data for Delatite is the sum of Benalla (RC)
    and Mansfield (S), named Delatite for consistency.
** Alpine LGA includes various Alpine Resorts (Lake Mountain Alpine Resort, Mount Buller Alpine Resort, Mount Stirling Alpine
   Resort, Falls Creek Alpine Resort, Mount Hotham Alpine Resort and Mount Baw Baw Alpine Resort).




                                                    Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information      | 49
                                                                                                                     % of                    Average
                                                                                                             employment      % change         annual
                                                                                                              in regional        from         growth
                                                   Employment for various                                         Victoria     2001 to           rate
                                                   LGA groups                          2001         2006           (2006)        2006        (AAGR)

                                                   Five key regions of Victoria

                                                     North-west                      103,833      108,256           21.6%          4.3%          0.8%

                                                     West                             71,018       75,556           15.0%          6.4%          1.2%

                                                     South-west                      121,087      132,370           26.4%          9.3%          1.8%

                                                     North-east                       93,008       99,133           19.7%          6.6%          1.3%

                                                     South-east                       80,527       86,734           17.3%          7.7%          1.5%

                                                     Total                          469,473      502,049           100.0%          6.9%         1.4%

                                                   ‘Big Five’ LGAs                   182,530      202,075           40.3%         10.7%          2.1%

                                                   ‘Middle Eight’ LGAs               110,174      116,337           23.2%          5.6%          1.1%

                                                   LGAs within 150 km of
                                                   metropolitan Melbourne            238,324      262,062           52.2%         10.0%          1.9%



                                                   • In 2006, the ‘Big Five’ regional LGAs (those with employment over 20,000 – Greater Geelong,
                                                     Ballarat, Greater Bendigo, Greater Shepparton and Latrobe) provided total employment of
                                                     around 202,000, 40 per cent of the total employment of around 502,000 in all of regional
                                                     Victoria. Each of the Big Five, apart from Greater Shepparton, enjoyed an average annual
                                                     growth rate of employment of more than 2 per cent between 2001 and 2006, which compares
                                                     favourably with the average for regional Victoria of 1.4 per cent per annum.
                                                   • The ‘Middle Eight’ regional LGAs (those with employment between 10,000 and 20,000 –
                                                     Warrnambool, Mildura, Campaspe, Wangaratta, Wodonga, East Gippsland, Wellington and
                                                     Baw Baw) provided total employment of around 116,000 in 2006, around 23 per cent of total
                                                     employment in regional Victoria. With the notable exception of Wodonga, which enjoyed
                                                     an above-average annual employment growth of 2.9 per cent, these medium sized LGAs
                                                     experienced employment growth around or below the regional average.
                                                   • Each of the remaining 33 LGAs employed less than 10,000 people in 2006, and the total
                                                     employment generated by these LGAs was around 184,000, 37 per cent of total regional
                                                     employment. Three of the smaller LGAs – Surf Coast, Bass Coast and Alpine – enjoyed
                                                     very strong employment growth between 2001 and 2006, averaging over 3 per cent per
                                                     annum. This probably reflects the recent popularity of these regions with tourists and as
                                                     places for short breaks. They have enjoyed solid growth in employment in construction and
                                                     accommodation, cafes and restaurants. A few of the small LGAs (Golden Plains, Macedon
                                                     Ranges, Pyrenees and Strathbogie) have experienced employment growth of around
                                                     2–2.5 per cent per annum, while around twelve smaller LGAs have experienced average
                                                     annual employment growth of around the regional average (e.g. Horsham 1.1 per cent,
                                                     Colac-Otway 1.4 per cent, Mitchell 1.1 per cent and Moira 1.2 per cent) or only just positive
                                                     (e.g. Wellington and Mt Alexander, each just 0.2 per cent per annum). There are around




50 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
  12 smaller LGAs which experienced declines in employment between 2001 and 2006;
  most of these LGAs have an agricultural sector which has a large dry land farming component
  (dry land farms are more likely to amalgamate over time, especially in drought periods) and
  less diversified economies than others.
• There are around 17 regional LGAs which fall within a 150km radius of central Melbourne,
  and it is noticeable that a number of them experienced above-average employment growth
  over the 2001–2006 period. These LGAs and their average annual growth rates of employment
  include: Surf Coast 3.1 per cent; Greater Geelong 2.2 per cent; Golden Plains 2.1 per cent;
  Moorabool 1.7 per cent; Ballarat 2.4 per cent; Greater Bendigo 2.3 per cent; Macedon
  Ranges 2.6 per cent; Bass Coast 3.3 per cent; and Latrobe 2 per cent. In 2006, the LGAs
  within 150 km of central Melbourne generated 262,000 jobs, equivalent to 52 per cent of
  total regional employment; their average annual growth rate of employment was 1.9 per cent
  between 2001 and 2006.
• Outside the 150 km radius of Melbourne, there are only a few LGAs that experienced
  above-average employment growth: Moyne, Wodonga and Alpine.
• Proximity to Melbourne contributes to the economic and employment growth prospects
  of regions. Some residents of these proximate regional LGAs work in firms that supply the
  Melbourne market; some work in Melbourne (in the case of Geelong, the number is significant
  – more than 6,000) and bring their spending power back to their home regions; and some
  work in activities (e.g. accommodation, restaurants, cafes, construction, retail trade) that serve
  the needs of Melburnians who visit regularly. The large regional cities within the 150 km radius
  (Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo) and the cluster of towns in the Latrobe Valley have diversified
  economies, which assists their ability to generate employment growth.
• The transport requirements (freight, commuting, business trips and weekend/tourism travel)
  are substantial within a 150km radius of Melbourne.




                                                                           Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 51
                  Growth in
                  employment by
                  sector, Victoria,
                  1996–2006




                                                   Industry                                                         1996           2001          2006
                                                   Agriculture, forestry and fishing                              74,179          72,401       63,712
                                                   Mining                                                          5,626           4,432        6,279
                                                   Manufacturing                                                297,760          311,761      287,105
                                                   Electricity, gas and water supply                              16,196          16,880       20,015
                                                   Construction                                                 108,120          132,498      171,463
                                                   Wholesale trade                                              110,330          111,078      112,552
                                                   Retail trade                                                 194,902          236,228      263,448
                                                   Accommodation, cafes & restaurants                           103,982          120,221      131,840
                                                   Transport and storage                                          82,740          88,766      103,816
                                                   Communication services                                         52,179          55,407       49,935
                                                   Finance and insurance                                          78,037          82,273       92,295
                                                   Rental, hiring and real estate services                        21,979          29,419       30,777
                                                   Professional, scientific and
                                                   technical services                                           125,070          148,866      161,616
                                                   Administration & support services                              51,377          68,418       74,923
                                                   Public administration                                          92,115          86,207      116,971
                                                   Education                                                    137,315          156,867      174,424
                                                   Health and community services                                174,375          199,269      236,551
                                                   Cultural and recreational services                             27,437          30,478       35,651
                                                   Other services                                                 83,686          79,943       81,642
                                                   Not classified/not stated                                      60,554          49,158       59,430
                                                   Total	Victoria                                             1,897,959        2,080,570    2,274,445

                                                   Source: Patrick Webb (DIIRD), based on the ABS 1996, 2001 and 2006 Census


                                                   • The major industries of employment of Victorians are: manufacturing; retail trade; health and
                                                     community services; education; construction; professional, scientific and technical services;
                                                     accommodation, cafes and restaurants; public administration; wholesale trade; transport and
                                                     storage; and finance and insurance.
                                                   • Of these, only five industries (construction; retail trade; accommodation, cafes and
                                                     restaurants; education; health and community services) experienced employment growth that
                                                     was at or above the overall Victorian average annual employment growth (almost 2 per cent)
                                                     in each of the last two inter-censal periods (1996 to 2001 and 2001 to 2006). This consistent
                                                     above-average growth suggests that these industries are likely to experience sound
                                                     employment growth over the medium to long term future, although the construction sector
                                                     may be characterised by sharper reactions to cyclical macroeconomic ups and downs than
                                                     the other four sectors. These five sectors all relate to areas of spending upon which the higher
                                                     income developed countries tend to focus. The outlook for employment in education is likely
                                                     to be reinforced by increasing government attention to this sector, while the ageing of the
                                                     population will drive investment and employment in health and community services. Those
                                                     parts of Victoria which have a strong representation of some or all of these five sectors are
                                                     likely to enjoy good employment growth overall.




52 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
  Change from 1996          Average annual %          Change from 2001           Average annual %
            to 2001       change 1996 to 2001                   to 2006        change 2001 to 2006
                -1,778                      -0.5                    -8,689                       -2.5
                -1,179                      -4.7                     1,847                        7.2
               14,001                        0.9                   -24,656                       -1.4
                  684                        0.8                     3,135                        3.5
               24,378                        4.1                    38,965                        5.3
                  748                        0.1                     1,474                        0.2
               41,326                        3.9                    27,220                        2.2
               16,239                        2.9                    11,619                        1.9
                 6,026                       1.5                    15,050                        3.2
                 3,228                       1.2                    -5,472                       -2.1
                 4,236                       1.1                    10,022                        2.3
                 7,440                       6.0                      1358                        4.6


               23,796                        3.5                    12,750                        1.7
               17,041                        5.9                      6505                        1.8
                -5,908                       -1.3                   30,764                        6.2
               19,552                        2.7                    17,557                        2.1
               24,894                        2.7                    37,282                        3.5
                 3,041                       2.1                     5,173                        3.2
                -3,743                       -0.9                    1,699                        0.4
               -11396                        -4.1                   10,272                        3.9
              182,611                        1.9                  193,875                         1.8



• Manufacturing remains a high employer of Victorians, but employment has been declining in
  recent years in the face of stiff international competition and the industry’s response in terms of
  introducing labour saving measures and relocating overseas. In only a few Melbourne LGAs,
  principally Greater Dandenong and Wyndham, has manufacturing employment increased.
• Employment growth was quite sound in the two inter-censal periods in transport and storage
  and professional, scientific and technical services. Those LGAs with a presence in these areas
  may experience reasonable employment growth.
• Employment in public administration is characterised by periods of negative growth
  followed by corrections. Employment in finance and insurance has not grown as fast as
  overall employment.




                                                                             Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 53
                  Growth in
                  employment by
                  sector, Victoria,
                  2001–2006



                                                                                                                                 Average
                                                                                                            Change              annual %
                                                                                                              from    2001 to     change
                                                                                                            2001 to   2006 %      2001 to
                                                   Industry                               2001      2006      2006    change        2006

                                                   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing     57,202    50,218    -6,984     -12%       -2.6%

                                                   Mining                                 1,677     2,704     1,027      61%       10.0%
                  • Those sectors that are
                                                   Manufacturing                         64,410    62,112    -2,298      -4%       -0.7%
                    providing employment to
                    substantial numbers of         Electricity, Gas and Water Supply      5,654     5,651        -3       0%        0.0%
                    regional Victorians are:
                    retail trade; construction;    Construction                          24,320    31,286     6,966      29%        5.2%
                    health and community
                                                   Wholesale Trade                       20,247    19,414      -833      -4%       -0.8%
                    services; manufacturing;
                    agriculture, forestry and      Retail Trade                          77,653    84,303     6,650       9%        1.7%
                    fishing; education; property
                    and business services;         Accommodation, Cafes and              24,755    25,477      722        3%        0.6%
                    accommodation, cafes and       Restaurants
                    restaurants; and government    Transport and Storage                 14,276    15,940     1,664      12%        2.2%
                    administration and defence.
                    Employment in agriculture      Communication Services                 5,425     5,311      -114      -2%       -0.4%
                    has fallen in recent years
                                                   Finance and Insurance                  8,996     9,969      973       11%        2.1%
                    as consolidation of farms
                    into larger properties has     Property and Business Services        28,727    30,872     2,145       7%        1.5%
                    continued - a long term
                    trend that has probably        Government Administration
                    been reinforced by the         and Defence                           15,354    23,803     8,449      55%        9.2%
                    prolonged Victorian drought.   Education                             38,306    41,892     3,586       9%        1.8%
                    Employment in construction
                    has increased substantially,   Health and Community Services         54,235    63,080     8,845      16%        3.1%
                    especially in the large
                                                   Cultural and Recreational Services     9,027     9,151      124        1%        0.3%
                    regional cities and the Surf
                    Coast and East Gippsland.      Personal and Other Services           15,655    16,843     1,188       8%        1.5%
                    Regional employment in
                    government administration,     Non-classifiable economic units        1,821     3,563     1,742      96%       14.4%
                    and health and community       Not stated                             1,774      509     -1,265     -71%      -22.1%
                    services, has also
                    increased strongly.            Total	regional	Victoria              469,514   502,098    32,584       7%        1.4%




54 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Sectoral shares of
employment in the
‘Big five’ regional
councils (2006)




                                   Greater	Geelong	Council	(total	employment	74,637)

                                                                                              ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (861, 1%)

                                                                                              ■   Mining (102, 0%)

                                                                                              ■   Manufacturing (12012, 16%)

                                                                                              ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (490, 1%)

                                                                                              ■   Construction (4597, 6%)

                                                                                              ■   Wholesale Trade (2854, 4%)

                                                                                              ■   Retail Trade (14317, 19%)
• The city of Geelong has                                                                     ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (3415, 5%)
  a large and fast-growing                                                                    ■   Transport and Storage (2507, 3%)
  population with substantial
                                                                                              ■   Communication Services (761, 1%)
  requirements in the areas
                                                                                              ■   Finance and Insurance (1562, 2%)
  of retail goods, education,
  health care and community                                                                   ■   Property and Business Services (6074, 8%)

  services. The employment                                                                    ■   Govt Admin and Defence (2816, 4%)

  shares of these sectors are                                                                 ■   Education (7195, 10%)
  substantial, together with                                                                  ■   Health & Community Services (10206, 14%)
  manufacturing in which                                                                      ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (1509, 2%)
  Geelong has always had                                                                      ■   Personal and Other Services (2897, 4%)
  a major presence.


                                   Ballarat	Council	(total	employment	37,971)

                                                                                              ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (413, 1%)

                                                                                              ■   Mining (175, 0%)

                                                                                              ■   Manufacturing (5600, 15%)

                                                                                              ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (305, 1%)

                                                                                              ■   Construction (2097, 6%)

                                                                                              ■   Wholesale Trade (1375, 4%)

                                                                                              ■   Retail Trade (6837, 18%)

                                                                                              ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (1795, 5%)

                                                                                              ■   Transport and Storage (959, 3%)

                                                                                              ■   Communication Services (802, 2%)
• Ballarat is a major regional
                                                                                              ■   Finance and Insurance (845, 2%)
  city which plays a large role
  in providing education, health                                                              ■   Property and Business Services (2990, 8%)

  and community services                                                                      ■   Govt Admin and Defence (1729, 5%)

  for the surrounding region.                                                                 ■   Education (3715, 10%)
  The manufacturing sector in                                                                 ■   Health & Community Services (5839, 15%)
  Ballarat is substantial, with                                                               ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (1083, 3%)
  food processing companies                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (1154, 3%)
  being well represented.




                                                                         Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 55
                  Greater	Bendigo	Council	(total	employment	36,684)

                                                                      ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (927, 3%)

                                                                      ■   Mining (474, 1%)

                                                                      ■   Manufacturing (4089, 11%)

                                                                      ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (395, 1%)
                                                                                                                         • Like Ballarat, Bendigo was
                                                                      ■   Construction (2486, 7%)
                                                                                                                           established in the gold rush
                                                                      ■   Wholesale Trade (1286, 4%)                       and has since served as
                                                                      ■   Retail Trade (6734, 18%)                         a major service centre for
                                                                      ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (1611, 4%)         its region. It plays a major
                                                                      ■   Transport and Storage (1021, 3%)                 role for central Victoria as
                                                                                                                           a city with strong retail,
                                                                      ■   Communication Services (884, 2%)
                                                                                                                           education, hospital and
                                                                      ■   Finance and Insurance (1559, 4%)
                                                                                                                           community service sectors.
                                                                      ■   Property and Business Services (2400, 7%)
                                                                                                                           Manufacturing is also
                                                                      ■   Govt Admin and Defence (1886, 5%)                important, with more than
                                                                      ■   Education (3205, 9%)                             400 businesses operating
                                                                      ■   Health & Community Services (5500, 15%)          in industries such as
                                                                      ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (721, 2%)     defence equipment and
                                                                      ■   Personal and Other Services (1237, 3%)
                                                                                                                           apparel, bricks, furniture
                                                                                                                           and food processing.


                  Latrobe	Council	(total	employment	27,609)

                                                                      ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (609, 2%)

                                                                      ■   Mining (215, 1%)

                                                                      ■   Manufacturing (3026, 11%)

                                                                      ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (1866, 7%)

                                                                      ■   Construction (2368, 9%)

                                                                      ■   Wholesale Trade (899, 3%)                      • The Latrobe Valley is the
                                                                      ■   Retail Trade (4932, 18%)                         location of Victoria’s base
                                                                      ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (895, 3%)          load coal-fired electric
                                                                      ■   Transport and Storage (642, 2%)                  generators in Victoria, and
                                                                                                                           employment in the electricity
                                                                      ■   Communication Services (419, 2%)
                                                                                                                           sector is significant.
                                                                      ■   Finance and Insurance (712, 3%)
                                                                                                                           Manufacturing activity is
                                                                      ■   Property and Business Services (1851, 7%)
                                                                                                                           quite important, some of
                                                                      ■   Govt Admin and Defence (1742, 6%)                it associated with servicing
                                                                      ■   Education (2422, 9%)                             the electricity sector. Retail
                                                                      ■   Health & Community Services (3506, 13%)          trade, education and health
                                                                      ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (369, 1%)     and community services are
                                                                                                                           the other major employing
                                                                      ■   Personal and Other Services (897, 3%)
                                                                                                                           sectors in this LGA.




56 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                   Greater	Shepparton	Council	(total	employment	25,174)

                                                                                           ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (2447, 10%)

                                                                                           ■   Mining (25, 0%)

                                                                                           ■   Manufacturing (3469, 14%)

                                                                                           ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (548, 2%)

                                                                                           ■   Construction (1497, 6%)

                                                                                           ■   Wholesale Trade (1286, 5%)

                                                                                           ■   Retail Trade (4380, 18%)

                                                                                           ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (813, 3%)
• Of the big five regional LGAs,                                                           ■   Transport and Storage (962, 4%)
  Greater Shepparton has the
                                                                                           ■   Communication Services (224, 1%)
  largest share of employment
                                                                                           ■   Finance and Insurance (606, 2%)
  in agriculture, forestry and
  fishing. The fruit and dairy                                                             ■   Property and Business Services (1552, 6%)

  industries are substantial in                                                            ■   Govt Admin and Defence (870, 3%)

  this LGA, and processing                                                                 ■   Education (1907, 8%)
  of agricultural products                                                                 ■   Health & Community Services (3315, 13%)
  underpins the manufacturing                                                              ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (321, 1%)
  sector in Shepparton and                                                                 ■   Personal and Other Services (772, 3%)
  other towns within the LGA.

Industry shares of                 Warrnambool	Council	(total	employment	13,450)
employment in the
‘Middle eight’ regional                                                                    ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (171, 1%)

                                                                                           ■   Mining (3, 0%)
councils (2006)
                                                                                           ■   Manufacturing (1051, 8%)

                                                                                           ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (159, 1%)

                                                                                           ■   Construction (894, 7%)

                                                                                           ■   Wholesale Trade (667, 5%)

                                                                                           ■   Retail Trade (2898, 22%)

                                                                                           ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (818, 6%)

                                                                                           ■   Transport and Storage (424, 3%)
• Warrnambool is a major
                                                                                           ■   Communication Services (97, 1%)
  service centre for south west
                                                                                           ■   Finance and Insurance (371, 3%)
  Victoria, playing an important
  regional role in the provision                                                           ■   Property and Business Services (997, 7%)

  of retail, health, education                                                             ■   Govt Admin and Defence (604, 5%)

  and community services. The                                                              ■   Education (1283, 10%)
  manufacturing sector is quite                                                            ■   Health & Community Services (2218, 17%)
  significant, with an emphasis                                                            ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (235, 2%)
  on dairy factories and other                                                             ■   Personal and Other Services (493, 4%)
  food processors.




                                                                       Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 57
                  Mildura	Rural	Council	(total	employment	19,418)

                                                                    ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (2519, 3%)

                                                                    ■   Mining (41, 0%)                                 • The Mildura LGA covers
                                                                                                                          many irrigation properties
                                                                    ■   Manufacturing (2100, 11%)
                                                                                                                          along the Murray River in
                                                                    ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (216, 1%)
                                                                                                                          north-west Victoria and dry
                                                                    ■   Construction (998, 5%)
                                                                                                                          land farms in the northern
                                                                    ■   Wholesale Trade (1025, 5%)                        Mallee. Employment in
                                                                    ■   Retail Trade (3547, 18%)                          agriculture is substantial,
                                                                    ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (876, 5%)           and there is a large
                                                                    ■   Transport and Storage (702, 4%)                   manufacturing sector in
                                                                                                                          Mildura and nearby towns
                                                                    ■   Communication Services (174, 1%)
                                                                                                                          that processes fruits and
                                                                    ■   Finance and Insurance (437, 2%)
                                                                                                                          vegetables grown by
                                                                    ■   Property and Business Services (1300, 7%)
                                                                                                                          irrigators. The city of Mildura
                                                                    ■   Govt Admin and Defence (760, 4%)                  is the largest in the region
                                                                    ■   Education (1595, 8%)                              and has major retail, health,
                                                                    ■   Health & Community Services (2152, 11%)           community services and
                                                                    ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (237, 1%)      education sectors which are
                                                                    ■   Personal and Other Services (542, 3%)
                                                                                                                          important to the employment
                                                                                                                          base of Mildura.


                  Campaspe	Shire	(total	employment	14,509)

                                                                    ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (2431, 17%)

                                                                    ■   Mining (5, 0%)

                                                                    ■   Manufacturing (2290, 16%)
                                                                                                                        • Agriculture, forestry and
                                                                    ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (70, 0%)
                                                                                                                          fishing and manufacturing
                                                                    ■   Construction (771, 5%)
                                                                                                                          account for 33 per cent
                                                                    ■   Wholesale Trade (635, 4%)                         of total employment in
                                                                    ■   Retail Trade (2356, 16%)                          Campaspe Shire. Agriculture
                                                                    ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (610, 4%)           in this LGA is comprised
                                                                    ■   Transport and Storage (482, 3%)                   of dry land farming and
                                                                    ■   Communication Services (73, 1%)                   irrigated dairy, horticulture
                                                                                                                          and viticulture properties
                                                                    ■   Finance and Insurance (309, 2%)
                                                                                                                          near the Murray River. Retail
                                                                    ■   Property and Business Services (743, 5%)
                                                                                                                          trade, education and health
                                                                    ■   Govt Admin and Defence (437, 3%)
                                                                                                                          and community services are
                                                                    ■   Education (1038, 7%)                              also important employers,
                                                                    ■   Health & Community Services (1611, 11%)           and tourism is important
                                                                    ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (181, 1%)      to the significant river town
                                                                    ■   Personal and Other Services (372, 3%)             of Echuca. Manufacturing
                                                                                                                          companies also employ
                                                                                                                          significant numbers,
                                                                                                                          including in food processing,
                                                                                                                          packaging and water tanks.




58 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                 Wangaratta	Rural	Council	(total	employment	11,377)

                                                                                           ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (1035, 9%)

                                                                                           ■   Mining (7, 0%)

                                                                                           ■   Manufacturing (1663, 15%)

                                                                                           ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (20, 0%)

                                                                                           ■   Construction (640, 6%)

                                                                                           ■   Wholesale Trade (382, 3%)

                                                                                           ■   Retail Trade (1972, 17%)

                                                                                           ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (446, 4%)
• Manufacturing employment                                                                 ■   Transport and Storage (282, 2%)
  is quite significant in the
                                                                                           ■   Communication Services (108, 1%)
  Wangaratta LGA. The
                                                                                           ■   Finance and Insurance (218, 2%)
  manufactured products
  include fibreboard,                                                                      ■   Property and Business Services (526, 5%)

  aluminium products and                                                                   ■   Govt Admin and Defence (592, 5%)

  fertilisers. The retail and                                                              ■   Education (798, 7%)
  health and community                                                                     ■   Health & Community Services (1999, 18%)
  services sectors also                                                                    ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (170, 2%)
  employ substantial                                                                       ■   Personal and Other Services (434, 4%)
  numbers of people.


                                 Wodonga	Rural	Council	(total	employment	16,045)

• Much of this LGA is                                                                      ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (126, 1%)
  comprised of the city                                                                    ■   Mining (12, 0%)
  of Wodonga, and thus
                                                                                           ■   Manufacturing (2997, 19%)
  agriculture’s share of
                                                                                           ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (70, 0%)
  employment is comparatively
  small. There is an army                                                                  ■   Construction (1066, 7%)

  base within the shire.                                                                   ■   Wholesale Trade (629, 4%)

  Wodonga also has a strong                                                                ■   Retail Trade (2496,16%)
  manufacturing sector,                                                                    ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (443, 3%)
  including food processing,                                                               ■   Transport and Storage (578, 4%)
  packaging, fertilisers and                                                               ■   Communication Services (88, 1%)
  transformers. Reflecting the
                                                                                           ■   Finance and Insurance (299, 2%)
  importance of Wodonga
  and its NSW neighbour                                                                    ■   Property and Business Services (1459, 9%)

  Albury as important centres                                                              ■   Govt Admin and Defence (1781, 11%)

  for northeast Victoria and                                                               ■   Education (1329, 8%)
  southeast NSW, Wodonga                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (1870, 12%)
  also has substantial                                                                     ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (212, 1%)
  levels of employment in                                                                  ■   Personal and Other Services (450, 3%)
  retail trade, education,
  health and community
  services, and property
  and business services.




                                                                      Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 59
                  East	Gippsland	Shire	(total	employment	13,997)

                                                                   ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (1408, 10%)

                                                                   ■   Mining (26, 0%)

                                                                   ■   Manufacturing (1172, 8%)
                                                                                                                       • Forestry and fishing are
                                                                   ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (106, 1%)
                                                                                                                         important industries and
                                                                   ■   Construction (995, 7%)
                                                                                                                         employers in East Gippsland.
                                                                   ■   Wholesale Trade (596, 4%)                         Dairy, cattle and horticulture
                                                                   ■   Retail Trade (2524, 18%)                          are the principal agricultural
                                                                   ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (1086, 8%)          industries. Manufacturing
                                                                   ■   Transport and Storage (488, 4%)                   is based primarily on food
                                                                                                                         processing. Retail trade
                                                                   ■   Communication Services (99, 1%)
                                                                                                                         is an important employer,
                                                                   ■   Finance and Insurance (219, 2%)
                                                                                                                         underpinned in part by the
                                                                   ■   Property and Business Services (732, 5%)
                                                                                                                         significant tourism sector,
                                                                   ■   Govt Admin and Defence (536, 4%)                  especially around the
                                                                   ■   Education (1300, 9%)                              Gippsland Lakes. Education
                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (1845, 13%)           and health and community
                                                                   ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (241, 2%)      services are also important
                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (488, 4%)
                                                                                                                         employers, as they are
                                                                                                                         in most regional LGAs.


                  Wellington	Shire	(total	employment	14,821)

                                                                   ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (2226, 15%)

                                                                   ■   Mining (481, 3%)

                                                                   ■   Manufacturing (1197, 8%)

                                                                   ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (156, 1%)

                                                                   ■   Construction (879, 6%)

                                                                   ■   Wholesale Trade (417, 3%)

                                                                   ■   Retail Trade (2315, 16%)

                                                                   ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (647, 4%)         • Dairy, grazing and horticulture
                                                                   ■   Transport and Storage (374, 3%)                   are important agricultural
                                                                                                                         industries and employers
                                                                   ■   Communication Services (106, 1%)
                                                                                                                         in the Wellington LGA, and
                                                                   ■   Finance and Insurance (233, 2%)
                                                                                                                         forestry and fishing activities
                                                                   ■   Property and Business Services (784, 5%)
                                                                                                                         are also significant. Retail
                                                                   ■   Govt Admin and Defence (967, 7%)                  trade, education and health
                                                                   ■   Education (1240, 8%)                              and community services are
                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (1697, 12%)           also important employers.
                                                                   ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (195, 1%)      Manufacturing industries
                                                                                                                         include synthetic fibres,
                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (718, 5 %)
                                                                                                                         carpets and leather products.




60 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                   Baw	Baw	Shire	(total	employment	12,720)

                                                                                           ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (1882, 15%)

                                                                                           ■   Mining (27, 0%)

                                                                                           ■   Manufacturing (1127, 9%)

                                                                                           ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (26, 0%)

                                                                                           ■   Construction (864, 7%)

                                                                                           ■   Wholesale Trade (705, 6%)

                                                                                           ■   Retail Trade (1924, 15%)

                                                                                           ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (592, 5%)

                                                                                           ■   Transport and Storage (363, 3%)

                                                                                           ■   Communication Services (120, 1%)
• Forestry and agricultural
                                                                                           ■   Finance and Insurance (222, 2%)
  activities are major employers
  in Baw Baw, together with                                                                ■   Property and Business Services (744, 6%)

  retail trade, education and                                                              ■   Govt Admin and Defence (448, 4%)

  health and community                                                                     ■   Education (1317, 10%)
  services. Tourism associated                                                             ■   Health & Community Services (1521, 12%)
  with ski fields is fostering                                                             ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (196, 2%)
  increased employment in                                                                  ■   Personal and Other Services (531, 4%)
  the accommodation sector.

Industry shares                    Colac-Otway	Shire	(total	employment	8,713)
of employment
in selected smaller                                                                        ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (1221, 14%)

                                                                                           ■   Mining (13, 0%)
regional councils
                                                                                           ■   Manufacturing (975, 11%)
(2006)                                                                                     ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (47, 1%)

                                                                                           ■   Construction (476, 6%)

                                                                                           ■   Wholesale Trade (397, 5%)

                                                                                           ■   Retail Trade (1370, 16%)

                                                                                           ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (540, 6%)

                                                                                           ■   Transport and Storage (328, 4%)
• Dairy and grazing activities
                                                                                           ■   Communication Services (62, 1%)
  underpin agricultural
                                                                                           ■   Finance and Insurance (115, 1%)
  employment in this
  LGA, and forestry is also                                                                ■   Property and Business Services (580, 7%)

  important. Retail trade,                                                                 ■   Govt Admin and Defence (504, 6%)

  manufacturing, education                                                                 ■   Education (559, 6%)
  and health and community                                                                 ■   Health & Community Services (1018, 12%)
  services also make                                                                       ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (137, 2%)
  significant contributions                                                                ■   Personal and Other Services (290, 3%)
  to employment.




                                                                       Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 61
                                                                                                                   • The Surf Coast has
                  Surf	Coast	Shire	(total	employment	6,002)
                                                                                                                     become a very popular
                                                                                                                     destination for seaside
                                                               ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (548, 9%)       recreational activities and
                                                               ■   Mining (10, 0%)                                   the tourism sector has been
                                                                                                                     burgeoning, as reflected
                                                               ■   Manufacturing (314, 5%)
                                                                                                                     in the significant share
                                                               ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (108, 2%)
                                                                                                                     (14 per cent) of employment
                                                               ■   Construction (754, 13%)
                                                                                                                     generated in the LGA’s
                                                               ■   Wholesale Trade (427, 7%)                         accommodation, restaurant
                                                               ■   Retail Trade (957, 16%)                           and café sector. Retail
                                                               ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (812, 14%)          trade is also substantial,
                                                               ■   Transport and Storage (107, 2%)                   boosted by tourist spending.
                                                                                                                     The robust retail activity
                                                               ■   Communication Services (35, 1%)
                                                                                                                     underpins a significant and
                                                               ■   Finance and Insurance (87, 1%)
                                                                                                                     growing wholesale trade
                                                               ■   Property and Business Services (444, 7%)
                                                                                                                     sector. The education and
                                                               ■   Govt Admin and Defence (194, 3%)                  health and community
                                                               ■   Education (295, 5%)                               sectors are significant,
                                                               ■   Health & Community Services (475, 8%)             but are comparatively small
                                                               ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (195, 3%)      employers due to the relative
                                                                                                                     importance of the tourism,
                                                               ■   Personal and Other Services (182, 3%)
                                                                                                                     retail and wholesale sectors.


                  Corangamite	Shire	(total	employment	7,237)

                                                               ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (2455, 34%)

                                                               ■   Mining (67, 1%)

                                                               ■   Manufacturing (627, 9%)

                                                               ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (59, 1%)

                                                               ■   Construction (490, 7%)

                                                               ■   Wholesale Trade (337, 5%)

                                                               ■   Retail Trade (820, 11%)

                                                               ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (270, 4%)

                                                               ■   Transport and Storage (265, 4%)                 • Dairy and grazing activities
                                                                                                                     dominate the agriculture
                                                               ■   Communication Services (55, 1%)
                                                                                                                     sector in Corangamite
                                                               ■   Finance and Insurance (55, 1%)
                                                                                                                     shire, and employment in
                                                               ■   Property and Business Services (165, 2%)
                                                                                                                     agriculture is particularly
                                                               ■   Govt Admin and Defence (186, 3%)                  important to this LGA.
                                                               ■   Education (462, 6%)                               As in other LGAs, the retail,
                                                               ■   Health & Community Services (686, 10%)            education and health
                                                               ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (54, 1%)       and community service
                                                                                                                     sectors are also significant
                                                               ■   Personal and Other Services (108, 2%)
                                                                                                                     employers.




62 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                    Glenelg	Shire	(total	employment	7,947)

                                                                                               ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (1197, 15%)

                                                                                               ■   Mining (8, 0%)
• The Glenelg LGA
                                                                                               ■   Manufacturing (1603, 20%)
  incorporates good grazing
                                                                                               ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (28, 0%)
  country with reliable rainfall,
  extensive hardwood and                                                                       ■   Construction (423, 5%)

  softwood plantations, and                                                                    ■   Wholesale Trade (226, 3%)

  Portland port which handles                                                                  ■   Retail Trade (1107, 14%)
  large volumes of exports                                                                     ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (354, 4%)
  of grains, woodchips and                                                                     ■   Transport and Storage (384, 5%)
  live sheep. Woodchip
                                                                                               ■   Communication Services (51, 1%)
  exports will increase
                                                                                               ■   Finance and Insurance (105, 1%)
  substantially over the next
  few years as extensive                                                                       ■   Property and Business Services (358, 5%)

  plantations in the region                                                                    ■   Govt Admin and Defence (250, 3%)

  mature. The high number                                                                      ■   Education (505, 6%)
  of people in manufacturing                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (877, 11%)
  in Glenelg partly reflects                                                                   ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (93, 1%)
  the large aluminium smelter                                                                  ■   Personal and Other Services (300, 4%)
  at Portland.


                                    Ararat	Rural	Council	(total	employment	4,350)

                                                                                               ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (847, 20%)

                                                                                               ■   Mining (0, 0%)

                                                                                               ■   Manufacturing (556, 13%)
• The Ararat Shire falls in the
                                                                                               ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (18, 0%)
  southern Wimmera and
  Western District, where                                                                      ■   Construction (200, 5%)

  agriculture has historically                                                                 ■   Wholesale Trade (145, 3%)

  been strong and relatively                                                                   ■   Retail Trade (651, 15%)
  reliable in terms of seasonal                                                                ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (143, 3%)
  conditions. Key agricultural                                                                 ■   Transport and Storage (93, 2%)
  products include grains,
                                                                                               ■   Communication Services (29, 1%)
  wool, meat and wine.
                                                                                               ■   Finance and Insurance (59, 1%)
  Employment is significant
  in the agricultural sector,                                                                  ■   Property and Business Services (125, 3%)

  and also in retail trade,                                                                    ■   Govt Admin and Defence (273, 6%)

  government administration,                                                                   ■   Education (328, 8%)
  education, and health                                                                        ■   Health & Community Services (540, 12%)
  and community services.                                                                      ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (35, 1%)
  Manufacturing employment
                                                                                               ■   Personal and Other Services (288, 7%)
  is also quite significant.




                                                                          Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 63
                  Hindmarsh	Shire	(total	employment	2,294)

                                                                   ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (669, 29%)

                                                                   ■   Mining (0, 0%)
                                                                                                                      • Hindmarsh LGA is located
                                                                   ■   Manufacturing (187, 8%)
                                                                                                                        in the dry land farming area
                                                                   ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (11, 0%)
                                                                                                                        of northwest Victoria. Total
                                                                   ■   Construction (84, 4%)
                                                                                                                        population and employment
                                                                   ■   Wholesale Trade (79, 3%)                         in the shire are small. Farm
                                                                   ■   Retail Trade (255, 11%)                          employment accounts for
                                                                   ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (72, 3%)           a substantial 29 per cent
                                                                   ■   Transport and Storage (157, 7%)                  of total employment.
                                                                                                                        Agricultural employment
                                                                   ■   Communication Services (19, 1%)
                                                                                                                        declined between 2001 and
                                                                   ■   Finance and Insurance (19, 1%)
                                                                                                                        2006 as farm amalgamations
                                                                   ■   Property and Business Services (43, 2%)
                                                                                                                        have continued. The
                                                                   ■   Govt Admin and Defence (72, 3%)                  other sectors contributing
                                                                   ■   Education (166, 7%)                              significant shares of
                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (389, 17%)           employment are retail trade,
                                                                   ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (3, 0%)       transport and storage,
                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (51, 2%)
                                                                                                                        education, and health and
                                                                                                                        community services.


                  Horsham	Rural	Council	(total	employment	8,246)

                                                                   ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (851, 10%)

                                                                   ■   Mining (34, 0%)

                                                                   ■   Manufacturing (429, 5%)

                                                                   ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (162, 2%)

                                                                   ■   Construction (546, 7%)

                                                                   ■   Wholesale Trade (448, 5%)

                                                                   ■   Retail Trade (1557, 19%)                       • Horsham has enjoyed sound
                                                                   ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (344, 4%)          population and economic
                                                                   ■   Transport and Storage (280, 3%)                  growth as a centre for
                                                                                                                        various services for the
                                                                   ■   Communication Services (69, 1%)
                                                                                                                        western Wimmera region.
                                                                   ■   Finance and Insurance (213, 3%)
                                                                                                                        Horsham has a strong retail
                                                                   ■   Property and Business Services (542, 7%)
                                                                                                                        and wholesale trade sector,
                                                                   ■   Govt Admin and Defence (481, 6%)                 followed by health and
                                                                   ■   Education (563, 7%)                              community services. Retail
                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (1070, 13%)          activity accounts for almost
                                                                   ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (144, 2%)     a fifth of employment in the
                                                                                                                        shire. Education is another
                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (456, 6%)
                                                                                                                        major employer.




64 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                    Buloke	Shire	(total	employment	2,643)

                                                                                                 ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (876, 33%)

                                                                                                 ■   Mining (7, 0%)

                                                                                                 ■   Manufacturing (127, 5%)
• The Buloke LGA is located in
                                                                                                 ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (26, 1%)
  the Mallee dry land farming
  region, with the principal                                                                     ■   Construction (109, 4%)

  agricultural products being                                                                    ■   Wholesale Trade (135, 5%)

  grains, lamb, mutton, wool                                                                     ■   Retail Trade (321, 12%)
  and pigmeats. The towns in                                                                     ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (85, 3%)
  Buloke are quite small, and                                                                    ■   Transport and Storage (102, 4%)
  the LGA’s overall population
                                                                                                 ■   Communication Services (23, 1%)
  is modest. The number of
                                                                                                 ■   Finance and Insurance (30, 1%)
  people working on farms in
  August 2006 was around                                                                         ■   Property and Business Services (59, 2%)

  875, down from 1,100 in                                                                        ■   Govt Admin and Defence (132, 5%)

  2001, mainly as a result of                                                                    ■   Education (246, 9%)
  farm consolidation. Farm                                                                       ■   Health & Community Services (315, 12%)
  employment still accounts for                                                                  ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (5, 0%)
  a substantial 33 per cent of                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (33, 1%)
  the LGA’s total employment.


                                    Swan	Hill	Rural	Council	(total	employment	8,551)

                                                                                                 ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (1846, 22%)

                                                                                                 ■   Mining (17, 0%)

                                                                                                 ■   Manufacturing (772, 9%)
• The Swan Hill area includes
                                                                                                 ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (46, 1%)
  irrigated horticulture, citrus,
  stone fruits, almonds, olives                                                                  ■   Construction (454, 5%)

  and vines, generating a                                                                        ■   Wholesale Trade (441, 5%)

  sizeable demand for labour.                                                                    ■   Retail Trade (1360, 16%)
  There are food processing                                                                      ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (320, 4%)
  companies in Swan Hill,                                                                        ■   Transport and Storage (284, 3%)
  and almost 800 people are
                                                                                                 ■   Communication Services (66, 1%)
  employed in manufacturing
                                                                                                 ■   Finance and Insurance (170, 2%)
  overall, up by about 100
  people since 2001. The                                                                         ■   Property and Business Services (410, 5%)

  city of Swan Hill is an                                                                        ■   Govt Admin and Defence (331, 4%)

  important regional centre,                                                                     ■   Education (666, 8%)
  and consequently retail,                                                                       ■   Health & Community Services (898, 11%)
  education and health and                                                                       ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (107, 1%)
  community services are all
                                                                                                 ■   Personal and Other Services (289, 3%)
  significant employers.




                                                                            Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 65
                  Macedon	Ranges	Shire	(total	employment	9,853)

                                                                   ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (577, 6%)

                                                                   ■   Mining (16, 0%)

                                                                   ■   Manufacturing (1007, 10%)

                                                                   ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (44, 0%)

                                                                   ■   Construction (788, 8%)

                                                                   ■   Wholesale Trade (408, 4%)

                                                                   ■   Retail Trade (1735, 18%)                       • The Macedon Ranges Shire
                                                                   ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (638, 7%)          is close to the Melbourne
                                                                   ■   Transport and Storage (333, 3%)                  metropolitan area, and
                                                                                                                        partly serves as a ‘dormitory’
                                                                   ■   Communication Services (82, 1%)
                                                                                                                        for people working in
                                                                   ■   Finance and Insurance (181, 2%)
                                                                                                                        Melbourne. The retail sector
                                                                   ■   Property and Business Services (735, 8%)
                                                                                                                        serves the burgeoning
                                                                   ■   Govt Admin and Defence (493, 5%)                 population, and education,
                                                                   ■   Education (1046, 11%)                            health and community
                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (1047, 11%)          services are required. The
                                                                   ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (252, 3%)     manufacturing sector is
                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (344, 4%)
                                                                                                                        well placed to serve the
                                                                                                                        Melbourne market.


                  Mount	Alexander	Shire	(total	employment	5,693)

                                                                   ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (392, 7%)

                                                                   ■   Mining (36, 1%)

                                                                   ■   Manufacturing (1350, 24%)
                                                                                                                      • Mount Alexander Shire
                                                                   ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (12, 0%)
                                                                                                                        has a comparatively
                                                                   ■   Construction (336, 6%)
                                                                                                                        strong manufacturing role.
                                                                   ■   Wholesale Trade (133, 2%)                        Manufacturing industries
                                                                   ■   Retail Trade (866, 15%)                          include pigmeat products,
                                                                   ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (259, 5%)          meat processing and
                                                                   ■   Transport and Storage (127, 2%)                  pump and compressor
                                                                                                                        manufacturing. The
                                                                   ■   Communication Services (40, 1%)
                                                                                                                        manufacturing sector has a
                                                                   ■   Finance and Insurance (56, 1%)
                                                                                                                        handful of large companies.
                                                                   ■   Property and Business Services (276, 5%)
                                                                                                                        The retail trade sector
                                                                   ■   Govt Admin and Defence (193, 3%)                 employs significant numbers
                                                                   ■   Education (405, 7%)                              of people, with towns such
                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (720, 13%)           as Castlemaine and Maldon
                                                                   ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (138, 2%)     attracting tourists. Education
                                                                                                                        and health and community
                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (306, 5%)
                                                                                                                        services are also important.




66 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                   Mitchell	Shire	(total	employment	8,568)

                                                                                               ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (467, 6%)

                                                                                               ■   Mining (47, 1%)

                                                                                               ■   Manufacturing (764, 9%)

                                                                                               ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (39, 0%)

                                                                                               ■   Construction (571, 7%)

                                                                                               ■   Wholesale Trade (202, 2%)

                                                                                               ■   Retail Trade (1605, 19%)

                                                                                               ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (360, 4%)

                                                                                               ■   Transport and Storage (313, 4%)

                                                                                               ■   Communication Services (107, 1%)

                                                                                               ■   Finance and Insurance (92, 1%)
• The major employing sectors
  in the Mitchell Shire are the                                                                ■   Property and Business Services (454, 5%)

  retail trade, government                                                                     ■   Govt Admin and Defence (1182, 14%)

  administration and                                                                           ■   Education (878, 10%)
  defence (the shire includes                                                                  ■   Health & Community Services (890, 10%)
  Puckapunyal army base),                                                                      ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (206, 2%)
  education and health and                                                                     ■   Personal and Other Services (313, 4%)
  community services.


                                   Alpine	Shire	(total	employment	6,545)

                                                                                               ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (561, 9%)

                                                                                               ■   Mining (3, 0%)

                                                                                               ■   Manufacturing (568, 9%)

                                                                                               ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (75, 1%)

                                                                                               ■   Construction (292, 5%)

                                                                                               ■   Wholesale Trade (82, 1%)

                                                                                               ■   Retail Trade (771, 12%)

                                                                                               ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (1638, 25%)

                                                                                               ■   Transport and Storage (263, 4%)

                                                                                               ■   Communication Services (29, 0%)

                                                                                               ■   Finance and Insurance (55, 1%)
• The Alpine Shire is home
  to several skiing resorts                                                                    ■   Property and Business Services (345, 5%)

  which drive up the                                                                           ■   Govt Admin and Defence (188, 3%)

  share of employment in                                                                       ■   Education (405, 6%)
  accommodation, cafes and                                                                     ■   Health & Community Services (492, 8%)
  restaurants. The retail sector                                                               ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (498, 8%)
  is underpinned by spending                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (215, 3%)
  by skiers and other tourists.




                                                                           Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 67
                  Bass	Coast	Shire	(total	employment	7,960)

                                                                   ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (642, 8%)

                                                                   ■   Mining (35, 0%)

                                                                   ■   Manufacturing (573, 7%)

                                                                   ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (64, 1%)

                                                                   ■   Construction (796, 10%)

                                                                   ■   Wholesale Trade (270, 3%)                       • This LGA includes Phillip
                                                                   ■   Retail Trade (1507, 19%)                          Island and other coastal
                                                                   ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (764, 10%)          destinations that enjoy strong
                                                                   ■   Transport and Storage (179, 2%)                   tourist numbers. Employment
                                                                                                                         in the accommodation,
                                                                   ■   Communication Services (64, 1%)
                                                                                                                         cafes and restaurants sector
                                                                   ■   Finance and Insurance (117, 1%)
                                                                                                                         is substantial, and visitors’
                                                                   ■   Property and Business Services (495, 6%)
                                                                                                                         spending boosts the retail
                                                                   ■   Govt Admin and Defence (284, 4%)                  sector. Construction and
                                                                   ■   Education (519, 7%)                               property and business
                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (995, 13%)            services employment are
                                                                   ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (300, 4%)      significant, reflecting growth
                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (285, 4%)
                                                                                                                         in accommodation for
                                                                                                                         holiday and weekend visitors.


                  South	Gippsland	Shire	(total	employment	9,627)

                                                                   ■   Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (2239, 23%)

                                                                   ■   Mining (82, 1%)

                                                                   ■   Manufacturing (983, 10%)

                                                                   ■   Electricity, Gas & Water Supply (88, 1%)

                                                                   ■   Construction (531, 6%)

                                                                   ■   Wholesale Trade (418, 4%)

                                                                   ■   Retail Trade (1359, 14%)

                                                                   ■   Accom., Cafes and Restaurants (413, 4%)

                                                                   ■   Transport and Storage (348, 4%)

                                                                   ■   Communication Services (61, 1%)

                                                                   ■   Finance and Insurance (158, 2%)
                                                                                                                       • South Gippsland has
                                                                   ■   Property and Business Services (441, 5%)
                                                                                                                         strong timber and dairy
                                                                   ■   Govt Admin and Defence (282, 3%)                  industries which account
                                                                   ■   Education (733, 8%)                               for a significant share of
                                                                   ■   Health & Community Services (989, 10%)            employment in the Shire.
                                                                   ■   Cultural & Recreational Activities (160, 2%)      Local manufacturing services
                                                                   ■   Personal and Other Services (250, 3%)
                                                                                                                         help support the primary
                                                                                                                         industries.




68 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Sectors showing
marked employment
growth or contraction




                                             Change in
                                             employment             LGAs experiencing
                                             in regional            significant employment
                                             Victoria from          increases or decreases
                        Industry             2001 to 2006           between 2001 and 2006        Comments
                                                           %
                                             growth    change       LGA                growth
                        Health and            8,845      16.3%      Greater Geelong     1,742    Large, growing
                        Community Services                                                       population requires
                                                                                                 health and related
                                                                                                 services
                                                                    Ballarat              833    Major regional city
                                                                    Greater Bendigo       783    Major regional city
                                                                    Greater               625    Major regional centre
                                                                    Shepparton
                                                                    Wodonga               396    Major regional centre
                                                                    Warrnambool           352    Major regional centre
                                                                    Wangaratta            307    Major regional centre
                        Govt Admin &          8,449          55%    Greater Geelong       950    Growth and
                        Defence                                     Greater Bendigo       731    centralisation of
                                                                                                 government services
                                                                    Ballarat              692
                                                                                                 in these major regional
                                                                    Latrobe               563    cities and centres
                                                                    Greater               402
                                                                    Shepparton
                                                                    Wodonga               389
                        Construction          6,966      28.6%      Greater Geelong       911    Construction activity
                                                                    Latrobe               911    robust in major centres
                                                                                                 to provide housing, retail
                                                                    Greater Bendigo       636
                                                                                                 facilities and buildings
                                                                    Ballarat              478    for the provision of
                                                                    Wodonga               392    health, education and
                                                                    Greater               346    other services
                                                                    Shepparton
                                                                    East Gippsland        316
                        Retail Trade          6,650          8.5%   Greater Geelong     1,623    Retail trade is a growth
                                                                    Ballarat              744    sector, and the larger
                                                                                                 regional cities and
                                                                    Latrobe               613
                                                                                                 towns tend to attract
                                                                    Greater Bendigo       544    customers from smaller
                                                                    Mitchell              339    townships over time
                                                                    Mildura               327
                        Education             3,586          9.4%   Greater Geelong       912    Historical centres
                                                                    Ballarat              489    of education
                                                                    Greater Bendigo       367
                        Property and          2,145          7.5%   Ballarat              621    Cities that have
                        Business Services                           Greater Geelong       611    experienced sound
                                                                                                 commercial growth
                                                                    Wodonga               434




                                                               Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 69
                                          Change in
                                          employment             LGAs experiencing
                                          in regional            significant employment
                                          Victoria from          increases or decreases
                  Industry                2001 to 2006           between 2001 and 2006      Comments
                                                        %
                                          growth    change       LGA               growth
                  Transport and            1,664      11.7%      Geelong             363    Fast growing population
                  Storage                                        Greater Bendigo     134    in Geelong
                                                                 Wellington          -133
                  Personal and Other       1,188          7.6%   Greater Geelong     434    Fast growing population
                  Services                                       Horsham             160    Growing regional centre
                  Mining                   1,027      61.2%      Greater Bendigo     349    Rejuvenated gold mining
                                                                 Southern            231    Mineral sands
                                                                 Grampians
                                                                 Ballarat            137    Rejuvenated gold mining
                  Agriculture, Forestry    -6,984    -12.2%      Mildura             -712   Continuation of
                  and Fishing                                    Campaspe            -510   post-WW2 trend of
                                                                                            farm amalgamations,
                                                                 Greater             -501
                                                                                            possibly reinforced by
                                                                 Shepparton
                                                                                            long drought
                                                                 Swan Hill           -340
                                                                 Baw Baw             -339
                                                                 Southern            -305
                                                                 Grampians
                                                                 Corangamite         -304
                                                                 Wellington          -304
                                                                 Yarriambiack        -303
                                                                 Gannawarra          -301
                  Manufacturing            -2,298     -3.6%      Moyne               525    On average across
                                                                 Mildura             252    Victoria, manufacturing
                                                                                            employment has
                                                                 Ararat              132
                                                                                            declined as a result of
                                                                 Warrnambool         -585   sharp international and
                                                                 Greater             -339   domestic competition
                                                                 Shepparton                 causing manufacturers
                                                                 Ballarat            -318   to respond by going
                                                                 Wangaratta          -317   offshore, relocating within
                                                                                            Victoria or Australia or
                                                                                            by capital intensification.
                                                                                            Some Victorian regions
                                                                                            have experienced
                                                                                            gains in manufacturing
                                                                                            employment, while others
                                                                                            have experienced falls
                  Wholesale Trade           -833      -4.1%      Surf Coast          177    Substantial retail,
                                                                 Mildura             -159   tourism and general
                                                                                            economic growth on the
                                                                 Greater             -114
                                                                                            Surf Coast
                                                                 Shepparton




70 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Value-added shares
by sector (Victoria)




                                  Sectors	of	the	Victorian	economy	–	Gross	value	added:	Chain	volume	measure	($b,	2003–04	prices)
                                  ABS 5220.0 Table 3

                                  35
• Despite the declining
  importance of manufacturing
  as an employer, the             30

  economic contribution of
  the manufacturing sector        25
  in Victoria increased
  between 1990 and 2007.
                                  20
  Manufacturing was only
  recently surpassed by
  property and business           15

  services as the top value
  added sector in Victoria;       10
  this sector has grown
  especially quickly.
                                   5
• Other sectors that have grown
  value added significantly
                                   0
  through the 1990s and
                                       1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
  2000s include finance and
  insurance; wholesale trade;             Manufacturing                    Health and community services   Wholesale trade
  transport and storage;                  Property and business services   Construction                    Govt admin and defence
  retail trade; and health and
                                          Finance and insurance            Transport and Storage           Accommodation cafes and restaurants
  community services.
                                          Education                        Retail trade




                                                                             Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 71
                  Economic and demographic
                  factors affecting employment
                  and population growth




                  Ageing	regional	population	with	sharply	increased	                   The agricultural sector, in particular, has performed strongly
                  age-dependency	ratio                                                 during this period. Agricultural activity improved in 2008 after
                  (Source: ANZ, Rural and Regional Report, 16 July 2007)
                                                                                       two years of drought. Strong rainfall in the Northern regions of
                                                                                       Australia has improved the outlook for agricultural production
                  • Population growth in regional Australia has quickened in
                                                                                       in these areas while a return to average winter rainfall in 2009
                    recent years, and all of the growth in the past five years has
                                                                                       would boost cattle, sheep and grain production in South
                    involved people aged 40 years or more. As has been the
                                                                                       Eastern regions of the country. Since March 2009, commodity
                    case for many years, young people in many regions have
                                                                                       prices have regained some ground lost in the midst of the
                    tended to gravitate to Australia’s large cities for employment
                                                                                       downturn. However, the positive effect this would have on
                    and tertiary education.
                                                                                       income in the sector has been offset to some extent by the
                  • Population ageing will be more marked in regional Australia        simultaneous appreciation of the Australian dollar. Nevertheless,
                    than generally, and the ANZ states that continuation of recent     ANZ forecasts strong growth in the agricultural sector in 2009.
                    trends would see only 1.5 people of working age for each
                    person aged 65 or older in forty years’ time (the current ratio    Other major industries driving growth in regional areas are
                    is 4.25:1).                                                        tourism and construction. The appreciation in the Australian
                                                                                       currency, coupled with the H1N1 swine flu outbreak, is likely to
                  ANZ	Regional	and	Rural	Quarterly	–	March	and	                        deter international visitors from visiting Australia. Furthermore,
                  June	Quarter	2009                                                    the higher dollar encourages Australians to undertake overseas
                                                                                       travel as opposed to domestic travel, further subduing the local
                     This section summarises the short-term outlook for the
                                                                                       tourism industry.
                     agricultural sector prepared by the ANZ Economics in the
                     first half of 2009. This information is regularly updated at:     Meanwhile, construction in regional areas is slowing as
                     http://www.anz.com/corporate/economics-markets-research/          indicated by falling building approvals especially along parts
                     australian-industry-economics/rural-regional-reports/             of the East and South-Eastern coast. This is part of a general
                                                                                       cooling of the property market.
                  The	Big	Picture
                  The global economic slowdown has had a major impact on               Short	term	outlook	for	four	Victorian	regions
                  some of Australia’s largest trade partners. For example, Japan,      Riverland and Mallee:
                  a key consumer of Australian agricultural exports, contracted by
                                                                                       • Business confidence in the region remains subdued due to
                  3.8 per cent in the first quarter of 2009. While this would reduce
                                                                                         a protracted period of drought. While rainfall was reasonable
                  demand for Australian exports, there are signs of a recovery in
                                                                                         in April and May of 2009, the key driver of crop yield will be
                  emerging trade partner countries such as China, where imports
                                                                                         how much rainfall is received from June onwards.
                  and consumer spending are beginning to pick up.
                                                                                       • Viticulture producers in the region have suffered as a result
                  There have also been signs that confidence is returning in             of extreme temperatures, although some grape and wine
                  world financial markets, with equity markets rallying between          producers minimised losses through suitable management
                  mid-March 2009 and mid-May 2009. As part of this, the                  practices. They have not been helped by declining world
                  Australian dollar has appreciated to over 80 US cents as               wine grape prices.
                  of 1 June, indicating investors are becoming less risk-averse
                                                                                       • Above average temperatures has also increased
                  and are willing to invest in Australian assets.
                                                                                         evaporation along the Murray River and magnified river
                  Australia has fared better than most developed world                   water transmission losses. This will reduce water allocations
                  counterparts through the global downturn, with the country             for irrigators in the region.
                  unexpectedly recording positive economic growth of                   • The local housing market continues to weaken as residential
                  0.4 per cent for the March 2009 quarter after a 0.5 per cent           building approvals fall despite the recent extension and
                  contraction in the previous quarter.                                   increase in the State-funded first home owner bonus.




72 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
• Unemployment in the region has steadily increased since            • Unemployment in the region has trended upwards in the
  the economic downturn to 7.2 per cent.                               six months to April 2009 to 6.8 per cent. According to ANZ,
                                                                       this has been driven by weaker construction, forestry,
Central Victoria:                                                      transport and engineering sectors.
• Driven by the first home owners grant, the residential
                                                                     South East Victoria:
  housing market has been particularly strong in the past
  18 months with monthly residential building approvals              • Construction activity in the region has slowed significantly,
  reaching over $200 million in March 2009.                            with building approvals down 15 to 25 per cent compared
• Non-residential building activity has also been strong,              with early 2008.
  with commercial and public building approvals reaching             • While good rainfall in the region towards the end of 2008
  $155 million in March 2009. According to ANZ, these                  has helped boost milk production in the area by 11 per cent
  developments are providing a strong stimulus to the region.          in December and January 2009, production has since
• Lamb and wool prices have risen strongly since the beginning         collapsed as dairy farmers have been adversely affected by
  of 2009, improving sentiment in the agricultural sector.             cuts in milk prices. Some farmers have also suffered as a
                                                                       result of bushfires earlier in 2009 destroying large areas of
• Unemployment in the region has steadily declined over the
                                                                       pastoral land and, in some cases, entire stocks of fodder.
  6 months ending April 2009 to 6.3 per cent.
                                                                     • As of April 2009, the unemployment rate in the region was
North East Victoria:                                                   5.1 per cent, below the State and National average.
• Non-residential building developments by Government and
  private businesses are a source of growth for the region,          ABARE,	Australian	Commodities,	
  with a performing arts centre and a $10 million hardware           March	Quarter	2009
  store planned in Wangaratta. Non-residential building                 Updates can be found at: http://www.abare.gov.au/
  approvals are at the highest levels since 2004.
• It is expected that tourism activity will be weak due to the       Grains
  stronger Australian dollar and bushfires earlier in the year       World wheat consumption and demand for coarse grain and
  adversely affecting tourist-reliant towns such as Beechworth,      oilseeds are projected to increase in line with population growth
  Bright, Myrtleford and Mount Beauty.                               over the medium term (to 2013-14). Biofuel production from
• In the agricultural sector, low rainfall reduced crop yields and   corn, sugar and vegetable oils, benefiting from mandated
  pasture production. Milk production collapsed in February          legislative targets in major producing countries, will also
  2009, after milk manufacturers announced a cut in prices.          continue as an important driver.

• Despite this, there are reports of some areas in the region        Wine	and	viticulture
  suffering from a lack of skilled labour. The region’s low
                                                                     Following more than a decade of steady growth, the volume
  unemployment rate of 3.9 per cent supports this, indicating
                                                                     and value of exports has declined significantly, reflecting the
  tightness in the labour market.
                                                                     smaller size of the grape harvest, increasing competition in our
South West Victoria:                                                 major markets from lower-cost wine producing countries such
                                                                     as Chile, Argentina and South Africa, and the rise in the value of
• Construction activity in the region is slowing as indicated by     the Australian dollar. As well, the significant slump in domestic
  falling residential and non-residential building approvals.        wine sales and growing level of wine imports reflects the impact
• In the agricultural sector, hot and dry weather has browned        of changing consumer tastes and preferences. A new strategy
  off many pastures. Coupled with falling milk prices, many          will be required to reverse the decline.
  in the dairy sector have been adversely affected. This has a
  flow-on effect as, for example, dairy farmers seek to utilise
  existing farm feed reserves, reducing demand for local hay.




                                                                           Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 73
                  Livestock                                                               Changes in the dairy product mix will be driven by changes
                  Australian beef exports are projected to increase strongly over         in relative returns from the various manufactured products,
                  the medium term, when economic recovery occurs in Japan,                with prices of higher valued products such as cheese expected
                  the Republic of Korea and other major markets. Demand                   to be somewhat stronger than other products.
                  for Australian beef will also benefit as the US enters a herd
                                                                                          Challenges	for	the	agricultural	sector
                  rebuilding phase. Live cattle exports are also projected to
                  increase as a result of strengthened demand from South-East             The agricultural sector generally faces challenges, including:
                  Asian markets, in particular Indonesia.                                 • Competition from overseas producers
                  Sheep meat demand is expected to remain strong, supported               • A strong Australian dollar (supported by the high prices
                  by the sheer diversity of the global market encompassing the              of minerals exports), although this has some benefits in
                  United States, the European Union, China and the Middle East.             keeping down the costs of fuel, fertiliser, chemicals and
                  Demand for live sheep exports in major markets will continue              farm equipment imported from overseas
                  to increase through the medium term supported by increasing             • Trade barriers in food importing countries such as Japan
                  meat consumption and the limited reliability of other live animal         and Korea
                  supplying countries, the low occurrence of disease in Australian
                                                                                          • Low levels in dams serving irrigators
                  sheep, and the consistent quality of Australia’s product.
                                                                                          • Competition for labour from other sectors of the economy.
                  Wool
                  The Australian wool industry continues to contract as the
                  profitability of producing wool relative to meat worsens.

                  Falling wool demand attributed to the global economic
                  downturn, combined with the high price for lamb, has led to
                  a further reduction in the size of the national flock. Despite
                  the decline in production of shorn wool, prices are forecast
                  to rebound when the global economic recovery occurs.

                  Dairy
                  Australian milk production is expected to recover only slowly,
                  with sharply lower farm-gate prices on offer having reduced the
                  profitability of many farms despite the availability of cheaper
                  feed and fodder.

                  The availability of irrigation water will be a major factor affecting
                  the speed of recovery in the Australian dairy herd and total milk
                  production. Irrigation water allocations remain a major issue
                  for many farms particularly in Northern Victoria and southern
                  New South Wales.

                  Over the medium term world dairy consumption is projected
                  to increase relative to production, resulting in improved world
                  prices for dairy products and some improvement in Australian
                  farm-gate milk prices. Milk production is forecast to increase.




74 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 75
     6
                              Regional Public
                              Transport
                              statistics




76 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 77
                                                     Annual	V/Line	rail	patronage	by	corridor	(thousands)

                                                            3500


                                                            3000


                                                            2500
                  Annual V/Line
                  patronage                                 2000



                  V/Line patronage on the                   1500

                  Ballarat, Bendigo, Latrobe
                  and Geelong lines has grown               1000

                  strongly over the last 3 years,
                  reflecting the introduction of                    500
                  higher quality and additional
                  services in 2006. Patronage on                      0
                  the Seymour corridor remained                                         2005/06                          2006/07                          2007/08

                  flat between 2005/06 and                                  Ballarat Line             Bendigo Line         Geelong            Gippsland             Seymour
                  2006/07, and only experienced
                  weak growth in 2007/08.                                 Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009




                                                     Historical	boardings	for	regional	bus	and	coach	services	(millions)
                  Regional bus and
                  coach patronage

                  • Regional coach services                          14                                                                                                 1.05

                    represents ‘rail replacement’
                    coach services provided                          13
                                                                                                                                                                        1.00
                    following the closure of
                    specific railway lines in                        12
                                                     Regional bus




                                                                                                                                                                               Regional coach




                    the 1970’’s, plus ‘V/Line                                                                                                                           0.95

                    marketed’ or ‘DOT marketed’                      11
                    coach services provided                                                                                                                             0.90
                    by private operators and                         10
                    marketed under the ‘V/Line’
                                                                                                                                                                        0.85
                    banner.                                           9
                                                                                                                               Regional bus     Regional coach
                  • Regional bus services are
                                                                      8                                                                                                 0.80
                    based on ‘country & urban’
                                                                           1998/99     1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08
                    figures reported in DOT/DOI
                    annual reports, less ‘V/Line
                    marketed’ coach patronage,
                    which is included in ‘regional
                    coach’ figures. It is also
                    known as ‘country & urban’
                    or ‘town & inter-town’.




78 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                    Network	Summary	–	Year	Comparison	–	Ballarat	Urban	System



                                250,000


                                200,000
                    Patronage




                                150,000


                                100,000


                                 50,000




                                               Jul      Aug       Sep        Oct         Nov    Dec     Jan      Feb    Mar    Apr   May    Jun

                                                                                                    Month


                                                                                     I    2007/08       I   2008/09

Regional bus                              Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009

patronage by town

                    Network	Summary	–	Year	Comparison	–	Bendigo	Urban	System




                                140,000

                                120,000
                                100,000
                    Patronage




                                 80,000
                                 60,000
                                 40,000
                                 20,000


                                             Jul       Aug        Sep        Oct         Nov    Dec     Jan      Feb   Mar    Apr    May   Jun

                                                                                                    Month


                                                                                     I    2007/08       I   2008/09

                                          Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009




                                                                                   Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 79
                                                   Network	Summary	–	Year	Comparison	–	Echuca	Urban	System



                                                                20,000

                                                                18,000

                                                                16,000

                                                                14,000
                                                   Patronage




                                                                12,000

                                                                10,000

                                                                 8,000

                                                                 6,000

                                                                 4,000

                                                                 2,000


                                                                              Jul       Aug       Sep        Oct         Nov      Dec      Jan       Feb    Mar   Apr    May   Jun

                                                                                                                                       Month

                                                                                                                         I   2007/08       I    2008/09

                                                                          Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009



                                                   Network	Summary	–	Year	Comparison	–	(Benders	Operations)	Geelong	Urban	System



                                                                 250000



                                                                 200000
                                                    Patronage




                                                                 150000



                                                                 100000



                                                                  50000




                                                                                Jul       Aug       Sep        Oct        Nov      Dec         Jan    Feb   Mar    Apr   May   Jun

                                                                                                                                       Month

                                                                                                                         I   2007/08       I     2008/09

                                                                         Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009




80 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
 Network	Summary	–	Year	Comparison	–	(McHarry’s	Operations)	Geelong	Urban	System

             90,000

             80,000

             70,000

             60,000
 Patronage




             50,000

             40,000

             30,000

             20,000

             10,000



                            Jul       Aug        Sep        Oct        Nov      Dec     Jan       Feb   Mar   Apr   May   Jun

                                                                                    Month

                                                                      I   2007/08       I     2008/09
                       Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009




 Network	Summary	–	Year	Comparison	–	Shepparton	Urban	System



               25000



               20000
Patronage




               15000



               10000



                5000




                            Jul       Aug        Sep       Oct         Nov      Dec     Jan       Feb   Mar   Apr   May   Jun

                                                                                    Month

                                                                      I   2007/08       I   2008/09

                      Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009




                                                                      Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 81
                                                   Network	Summary	–	Year	Comparison	–	Warrnambool	Urban	System


                                                               45000

                                                               40000
                                                   Patronage




                                                               35000

                                                               30000

                                                               25000

                                                               20000

                                                               15000

                                                               10000

                                                                5000


                                                                             Jul       Aug        Sep       Oct       Nov       Dec     Jan      Feb   Mar   Apr   May   Jun

                                                                                                                                    Month

                                                                                                                      I   2007/08       I   2008/09


                                                                       Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009




                                                   Network	Summary	–	Year	Comparison	–	Wodonga	Urban	System


                                                               18000

                                                               16000

                                                               14000
                                                   Patronage




                                                               12000

                                                               10000

                                                                8000

                                                                6000

                                                                4000

                                                                2000



                                                                             Jul       Aug        Sep       Oct       Nov       Dec     Jan      Feb   Mar   Apr   May   Jun

                                                                                                                                    Month

                                                                                                                      I   2007/08       I   2008/09

                                                                       Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009




82 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Network	Summary	–	Year	Comparison	–	La	Trobe	Valley	Urban	System

                 90000

                 80000

                 70000
    Patronage




                 60000

                 50000

                 40000

                 30000

                 20000

                 10000



                              Jul       Aug        Sep       Oct           Nov       Dec       Jan    Feb    Mar    Apr    May    Jun

                                                                                      Month

                                                                       I    2007/08          I   2008/09


                        Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009




 Network	Summary	-	Year	Comparison	-	Mildura	Urban	System



                80000

                70000
Patronage




                60000

                50000

                40000

                30000

                20000

                10000



                            Jul       Aug        Sep       Oct         Nov       Dec       Jan       Feb    Mar    Apr    May    Jun

                                                                                     Month

                                                                       I   2007/08         I   2008/09


                    Source: Public Transport Division – DOT 2009




                                                                   Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 83
                                                   Total	Country	and	Urban	Bus	Patronage	3	Year	Comparison


                                                                           14
                                                                                                                                13.067                                      13.226
                                                                                12.268
                                                                           12
                                                    Patronage (millions)




                                                                           10

                                                                            8

                                                                            6

                                                                            4

                                                                           2



                                                                                2006/07                                       2007/08                                      2008/09

                                                                                                                       Financial Year
                                                                                                *2008/09 are estimates only reconciliation of data is yet to be produced

                                                                                          I   Total Country and Urban Bus Patronage 3 Year Comparison




84 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 85
     7                        Freight
                              movement




86 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 87
                  Principal	Freight	Network	–	Regional

                                     Yelta
                                                  Mildura
                                                                                                                                                                             Major road                         Principal Freight Network - Road

                                                                             Robinvale
                                                                                                                                                                             Rail network                       Principal Freight Network - Rail
                                                                                                                                                                             Port
                                                                                                                                                                             Airport
                                                         Kulwin                                                                                                              Intermodal terminal                                                            • Regional Victoria has a
                                                                                           Piangil
                                             Ouyen                                                                Moulamein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              comprehensive arterial road
                                                                                                    Swan Hill
                                                                                                                                         Deniliquin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and rail freight network.
                                                                                                                                                                          Oaklands


                                  Yaapeet
                                             Hopetoun
                                                                                                                                          Tocumwal                                                                                                          • The four major Victorian
                                                                                                                                                                Cobram
                                                                                                                                                                                        Albury                                                                ports dealing with freight
                                                                                                         Korong
                                                                                                                        Echuca
                                                                                                                                                      Shepparton
                                                                                                                                                                                            Wodonga                                                           movements are Melbourne,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0           50             100 km
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Portland, Geelong, and
                                                                                          CA
                                                                                            LD
                                                                                              ER          Vale
                     Serviceton                                                                    HW
                                  Dimboola                                                           Y                                Toolamba

                                                  W
                                                      ES
                                                                    Murtoa               St Arnaud
                                                                                                                                                            E
                                                                                                                                                                FW
                                                                                                                                                                  Y
                                                                                                                                                                       Benalla
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hastings.
                                       Horsham
                                                         TE
                                                            R   N                                                       Bendigo                         HU
                                                                                                                                                           M
                                                                    HW                    Dunolly
                                                                                                                                             Mangalore
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • The two main airports
                                                                         Y

                                                                                                                                            Seymour
                                                                                                         Maryborough
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              involved in freight
                                                                                                                         CA
                                                                                                                           LD




                                                                    Ararat                                                                        Yea
                                                                                                                             ER
                                                                                                                                HW




                                                        Maroona
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              movements are
                                                                                                                                  Y




                                                                                                              WES
                                                                                                                    TER
                                                                                                                       N FW
                                                                                               Ballarat                     Y

                                                                                                                                           Melbourne                                               Bairnsdale                                                 Tullamarine and Avalon.

                                    Heywood                                   PRINC
                                                                                    ES                   Geelong
                                                                                                                                                      PRINC
                                                                                                                                                           ES FW
                                                                                                                                                                Y
                                                                                                                                                                       Moe                       Sale                                                       • There are intermodal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              terminals in or near
                                                                                         HWY
                                               Warrnambool                                                                                                                          Traralgon
                                                                                                                                                                        Morwell

                                  Portland
                                                                                                                                                                      Leongatha                                                                               Horsham, Mildura,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Warrnambool, Ballarat,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Shepparton, Morwell,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Bairnsdale, Albury/Wodonga
                    Source: Freight Futures, Victorian Freight Network Strategy, DOT                                                                                                                                                                          and Tocumwal (NSW).




88 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                  Principal	Freight	Network	–	Metropolitan




                                                                                                                          dney
                                                                                                                            y
                                                                                                                        To S
                                                                                           Sunbury
                                                                                                            Somerton
                                                                                                                                Epping
                                                                   Melton                                            Broadmeadows
                                                                                                                                           Greensborough

                                                                                                                                                                         Lilydale

                                                                                   Braybrook/                                              Box Hill      Ringwood
                                                                                                  Footscray
                                                                                    Derrimut                                                                           Bayswater
                                                                                        Altona

                                                                    Werribee
                                                                                                                                  Braeside


                                                                                                                                                              Dandenong

                                  To
                                                           
                                     A                                                                                                                                          To Gippsland
                                      de
                                         lai
                                            de                                                         Port Phillip                                                                 Pakenham
                                                                                                                                                                   1
                                                                                                          Bay
                                                                                                                                  Frankston                        Cranbourne
                                                 Geelong




                                                           NORTH                                                                                      Hastings
                                                   0        10             20 km                        Rosebud



                                                                                                                                              Western Port




                                                             Principal Freight Network                                                   Major road
                                                                    Freight activity areas (major/medium)                                Major road project
                                                                    Principal Freight Network - road                                     Melbourne metropolitan rail network
                                                                                                                                         Rail (non metropolitan)
                                                                    Principal Freight Network - rail
• Melbourne and surrounding                                         Port
  areas generate major freight                                     Airport

  tasks, and are the location
  for large freight facilities.   Source: Freight Futures, Victorian Freight Network Strategy, DOT




                                                                                                       Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information                  | 89
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Interstate	Rail	Freight
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The Melbourne to Sydney
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        freight corridor is the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        nation’s most significant
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        freight corridor.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Rail’s average share of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        freight traffic in this corridor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        is around 7 – 8 per cent,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        with about 92 per cent
                  Rail	Freight	Network                                                                                                                                                                                                                  of tonnage being carried
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        on road.
                                                         Yelta
                                                         Yelta
                                                                 Mildura
                                                                 Mildura                                                                                                                                                                              Intrastate	Rail	Freight
                                                                  Red Cli s


                                                                                     Robinvale
                                                                                     Robinvale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The rail freight task in
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Cootamundra
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Cootamundra
                                                                                                                              New South Wales                                                                                                           regional Victoria consists of
                                                                                                                                                                       Narrandera
                                                                                                                                                                       Narrandera

                                                                          Kulwin
                                                                          Kulwin
                                                           Ouyen
                                                           Ouyen
                                                                                   Manangatang
                                                                                                   Piangil
                                                                                                   Piangil             Moulamein
                                                                                                                       Moulamein
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Wagga Wagga
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Wagga Wagga
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        – Bulk grains
                              Panitya
                              Panitya
                   Pinnaroo
                   Pinnaroo
                                                                                                        Swan Hill
                                                                                                        SwanHill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        – Container movements
                   South                                                              Sea Lake
                                                                                      Sea Lake                                                Deniliquin
                                                                                                                                              Deniliquin
                                                                                                                                                                          Oaklands
                                                                                                                                                                          Oaklands                                                 ACT
                  Australia                             Hopetoun                   Woomelang
                                                                                   Woomelang                                                                                                                                                              to and from the Port of
                                                Yaapeet
                                                Yaapeet                                                                                                    Tocumwal
                                                                                                                                                           Tocumwal
                                              Rainbow
                                                                                        Birchip
                                                                                        Birchip
                                                                                                       Quambatook
                                                                                                                                            Strathmerton
                                                                                                                                            Strathmerton      Cobram
                                                                                                                                                              Cobram                                                                                      Melbourne
                                                                                                                                           Barnes
                                                                                                                                           Barnes
                                                                                                               Boort
                                                                                                               Boort                                                                            Albury
                                                                                                                                                                                                Albury

                                                     Warracknabeal                                  Charlton
                                                                                                    Charlton
                                                                                                                                Echuca
                                                                                                                                Echuca
                                                                                                                                                           Dookie
                                                                                                                                                           Dookie
                                                                                                                                                                                            Wodonga
                                                                                                                                                                                            Wodonga                                                     – General industry transport
                                                                                         Donald
                                                                                         Donald                                             Shepparton
                                                                                                                                            Shepparton
                   Wolseley
                   Wolseley
                                              Dimboola
                                              Dimboola
                                                                                                               Korong Vale
                                                                                                               Korong Vale

                                                                                                                  Inglewood
                                                                                                                  Inglewood
                                                                                                                                                          lamba
                                                                                                                                                       Toolamba
                                                                                                                                                       Too
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          (logs, quarry materials,
                                                                                                  StArnaud
                                                                                                  St Arnaud                                                         Benalla
                                                                                                                                                                    Benalla
                                                                           Murtoa
                                                                           Murtoa                                           Eaglehawk                                                                                          0     25        50km       cement)
                                                                                                                             Bendigo
                                                                                                                             Bendigo
                                                                                                               Dunolly
                                                                                                               Dunolly
                                                                                            Maryborough
                                                                                            Maryborough
                                                                                                                             Cas
                                                                                                                             Castlemaine
                                                                                                                                tlemaine
                                                                                                                                                     Mangalore
                                                                                                                                                     Mangalore
                                                                                                                                                    Seymour
                                                                                                                                                    Seymour                                                                                           • The government is
                                                                                                               Moolort      Maldon Jcn
                                                                                                                                                                                     Victoria
                                                                               Ararat
                                                                               Ararat                                                                                                                                                                   rehabilitating regional rail
                                                                         Maroona
                                                                         Maroona
                                                                                                                 Ballarat
                                                                                                                 Ballarat                                                                                                                               lines as followings:
                                                                                                                              Bacc Marsh
                                                                                                                                 hus
                                                                                                                              Bacchus Marsh
                    Mt Gambier
                       Gambier                              Hamilton
                                                            Hamilton                                                                          Melbourne
                                                                                                                                              Melbourne
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Bairnsdale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        – Platinum (base network
                                                                                                                         Gheringhap
                                                                                                                         Gheringhap
                                                                                                                                                     Dandenong
                                                                                                                                                     Dandenong
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sale
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sale                   “Platinum” rail lines
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          – these tracks will be
                                                Heywood
                                                Heywood                                                                        Geelong
                                                                                                                               Geelong

                                                Portland
                                                Portland
                                                                                                                                                                                    Traralgon
                                                                                                                                                                                    Traralgon                            “Gold” rail lines                maintained as they are part
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         “Silver” rail lines
                                                                        Warrnambool
                                                                        Warrnambool
                                                                                                                                                                    Leongatha
                                                                                                                                                                    Leongatha                                            “Bronze” rail lines              of the V/Line passenger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ARTC interstate network          network, the ARTC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         V/Line passenger rail
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          interstate network or the
                                 Department of Infrastructure
                                 Policy and Intergovernmental Relations Division
                                 Mapping and Design Services
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Freight only network
                                 File No: G:\...\Cadd\FL&M\Misc\FLM01_048B.eps
                                 Date: 1 December 2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          declared AusLink network)
                     Source: Freight Futures, Victorian Freight Network Strategy, DOT                                                                                                                                                                   – Gold – first priority
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          for rehabilitation and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          restoration of rail tracks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        – Silver – based on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          undertakings from the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          grain industry, the Victorian
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Government will upgrade
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          silver lines
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        – Bronze – selected bronze
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          lines will be rehabilitated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          as part of the Green
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Triangle Freight Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Plan (VTP)




90 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 91
     8                        Air services




92 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 93
                  Total	passengers	and	aircraft	movements	in	Victorian	airports*
                  * Airports include Essendon, Learmonth, Melbourne, Mildura, Moorabin and Portland

                                                                                                                                           Aircraft
                    Passengers                                                                                                          movements
                     (millions)                                                                                                         (thousands)
                    30                                                                                                                            250


                    25
                                                                                                                                                  200

                    20
                                                                                                                                                  150

                    15

                                                                                                                                                  100   Victoria’s share of air
                    10                                                                                                                                  passenger movements
                                                                                                                                                        has been a relatively stable
                                                                                                                                                   50   20-21 per cent of total
                     5
                                                                                                                                                        passenger movements
                     0                                                                                                                              0   in Australia over the last
                          1997–98    1998–99      1999–00      2000–01      2001–02     2003–04     2004–05     2005–06      2006–07    2007–08         10 years. Victoria’s share of
                                                                                                                                                        national aircraft movements has
                                                               Passenger volumes             Aircraft movements
                                                                                                                                                        grown from 12 to 16 per cent
                          Source: DOT Freight Logistics and Marine Division, 2009                                                                       during the same period.


                  International	air	freight	at	Melbourne	Airport

                    Percent of                                                                                                            Tonnes of
                    Australian                                                                                                            air freight
                    air freight
                    35%                                                                                                                           250


                    30%
                                                                                                                                                  200
                    25%

                                                                                                                                                  150
                    20%


                    15%
                                                                                                                                                  100

                    10%
                                                                                                                                                   50
                                                                                                                                                        Melbourne Airport’s share of
                     5%                                                                                                                                 national air freight has tailed
                                                                                                                                                        off in recent years from a high
                     0%                                                                                                                             0   of 30 per cent. The compound
                          1997–98     1998–99      1999–00      2000–01     2001–02      2003–04     2004–05      2005–06     2006–07   2007–08
                                                                                                                                                        annual average growth rate
                                                International air freight             Melbourne’s share of Australian air freight                       for freight through Melbourne
                                                                                                                                                        Airport over the last 10 years
                          Source: DOT Freight Logistics and Marine Division, 2009
                                                                                                                                                        was 2.9 per cent.




94 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
                                             Regular         Freight
                                             passenger       (including
Airport           Operator                   services        mail)           Other activities

Airports owned by the Commonwealth

Melbourne         Australian Pacific         Domestic &      Domestic &      Aircraft maintenance
                  Airports Melbourne Ltd     international   international   facilities; QANTAS
                                                                             Catering

Moorabbin         Moorabbin Airport          Domestic        Domestic        Pilot training – fixed
                  Corporation                                                wing and helicopter;
                                                                             Corporate charter;
                                                                             Air Museum

Essendon          Essendon Airport Ltd       Domestic        Domestic        RFDS; Police Air Wing;
                                                                             Corporate charter

Airports owned by the Department of Defence, subject to the Defence Act 1903 (Cth)

Avalon            Linfox Group               Domestic &      Limited         QANTAS maintenance;
                                             International   domestic &      Avalon International
                                                             International   Air Show

Point Cook        AOS-Rebein                 None            None            Pilot training; RMIT
                                                                             Aviation; RAAF Museum;
                                                                             RAAF Officer training

Airports owned by local council

Latrobe Valley    Latrobe Valley             None            None            Gippsland Aeronautics
                  Airport Board              currently       currently

Mildura           Mildura Airport Board      Domestic        Domestic        Airline pilot training

Portland          Glenelg Shire Council      Domestic        Domestic        N/A

Hamilton          Southern Grampians         Domestic        Domestic        Pilot training
                  Shire Council

                  Warrnambool City                                           Access to off-shore
Warrnambool       Council                    Domestic        Domestic        gas facilities

Other ownership

Mount             Mount Hotham Ski           Domestic        Domestic        N/A
Hotham            Life Company




                                           Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 95
                                                                                                          A 2001 study by the
                                                                                                          Department of Innovation,
                                                                                                          Industry and Regional
                                                                                                          Development (DIIRD) surveyed
                                                                                                          29 of the major public regional
                                                                                                          airports throughout Victoria.
                                                                                                          The survey examined the
                                                                                                          physical characteristics of each
                                                                                                          airport, how each is managed
                                                                                                          and the role played by the
                  Hours	flown	by	flying	activity	in	regional	Victoria	(2000/01)
                                                                                                          airport in the economic life of
                                                                                  ■   Charter (16%)
                                                                                                          the region. It confirmed that the
                                                                                                          regional aviation facilities are
                                                                                  ■   Private (19%)
                                                                                                          significant components of the
                                                                                  ■   Business (10%)
                                                                                                          State’s transport infrastructure.
                                                                                  ■   Training (37%)      However, they face a range
                                                                                  ■   Agriculture (7%)    of challenges to their
                                                                                  ■   Aerial work (9%)    ongoing viability:
                                                                                  ■   Test & Ferry (2%)   • There is a significant disparity
                                                                                                            in aircraft movements across
                                                                                                            regional airports. Of the
                                                                                                            29 public regional airports
                                                                                                            surveyed, the estimated total
                                                                                                            annual movements for 2001
                                                                                                            were 152,100. However,
                                                                                                            13 airports registered less
                                                                                                            than 1,000 movements a year.
                                                                                                          • Only 35 per cent of regional
                                                                                                            airports are increasing their
                                                                                                            usage levels, with many
                                                                                                            others facing declines.
                                                                                                          • Infrastructure upgrade or
                                                                                                            maintenance is a key cost for
                                                                                                            regional airports.
                                                                                                          • Annual revenue from regional
                                                                                                            airports is generally less than
                                                                                                            annual operating expenses.




96 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 97
     9
                              Regional
                              Victorian
                              Industry




98 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 99
                  Extractive Industries




                                                   Extractive	Industries	Areas

                                                                      Mildura                                                                  Map Legend
                                                                                                                                               Towns
                                                                                                                                                     City
                                                                                                                                                     Region Centre
                                                                                       Swan Hill                                                     Roads (500K) – main
                                                                                                                                                     Extractive Industry Interest Areas


                                                                                                                                Wodonga
                                                                                                             Shepparton

                                                                                                                          Wangaratta
                                                                        Horsham                BENDIGO




                                                                                           BALLARAT
                                                                      Hamilton                           MELBOURNE                      Bairnsdale

                                                                                                   GEELONG                  TRARALGON
                                                                  Portland   Warrnambool




                                                          Source: Regional Development Victoria, DIIRD




                                                   • The extractive industry                  • Approximately 2,500
                                                     is largely driven by                       people are employed in
                                                     construction activity, such                extraction and distribution.
                                                     as roads and housing                     • High transport costs are
                                                     construction. The industry                 incurred in the extraction
                                                     involves extraction and                    industry. Average
                                                     processing of construction                 transport costs account
                                                     material such as sand,                     for 25 per cent of the total
                                                     gravel, crushed rock                       cost of materials. Rail has
                                                     and clay.                                  the potential to reduce this
                                                   • About 70 per cent of                       cost by 50 per cent.
                                                     activity involved in the
                                                     extraction industry is
                                                     centred in Regional
                                                     Victoria.




100 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Mining Industries




                    Mining	Activity

                                       Mildura                                                                        Map Legend
                                                                                                                      Mines and
                                                                                                                      Mineral Occurrences
                                                                                                                         Major

                                                        Swan Hill
                                                                                                                         Intermediate
                                                                                                                         City
                                                                                                                         Region Centre
                                                                                                 Wodonga                 Roads (500K) – main
                                                                              Shepparton
                                                                                                                         Operating Gold Mines
                                                                                           Wangaratta
                                         Horsham                BENDIGO




                                                            BALLARAT
                                       Hamilton                           MELBOURNE                      Bairnsdale

                                                                    GEELONG                  TRARALGON
                                   Portland   Warrnambool




                           Source: Regional Development Victoria, DIIRD




                    Overview                                   • Approximately 90 per cent                     Mineral	Sands
                    • The Victorian mining                       of gold production                            • The Victorian/NSW Murray
                      industry has an annual                     in Victoria is exported.                        Basin region has extensive
                      turnover of approximately                Coal                                              mineral sands deposits
                      $600 million.                                                                              and mining/processing
                                                               • Total brown coal resources
                                                                                                                 activity is predicted to
                    • Approximately 5,000                        in Latrobe Valley are
                                                                                                                 last another 50 years.
                      people are directly                        estimated to be around
                      employed in the mining                     394,000 million tonnes,                       • Iluka’s Douglas mine
                      industry, mostly in                        providing around 500 years                      employs around 150
                      regional Victoria.                         supply in Victoria.                             people and generates
                                                                                                                 around $90m per year
                    • Key regions:                             • Research in underway
                                                                                                                 in export revenue.
                      – Latrobe Valley                           for the establishment
                                                                 of large-scale coal                           Oil	and	Natural	Gas
                      – Murray Basin                             conversion facilities in                      • Significant investment is
                    Gold                                         Latrobe Valley that would                       occurring in new oil and
                                                                 enable production of                            gas fields in Bass Strait
                    • Growth in gold resources
                                                                 liquefied gas for export                        and off Port Campbell.
                      mining is driven by
                                                                 and domestic markets.
                      high prices and new                                                                      • New gas fired electricity
                      technologies.                                                                              stations are being built
                    • Operation is largely                                                                       at Orford and Mortlake.
                      in historically
                      recognised deposits
                      in the Loddon, Mallee
                      and Grampians areas.




                                                                      Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information    | 101
                  Timber




                                                   Victoria’s	forest	estate


                                                                       Mildura

                                                                                                                        Map Legend
                                                                                                                             Nature Conservation Reserve            Lake/Reservior
                                                                                                                             Multiple Use Forest                    Major River
                                                                                                                             Other Crown Land
                                                                                                                             Leasehold Land (Plantation)
                                                                                       Swan Hill
                                                                                                                             Private (Plantation)
                                                                                                                             Private (Native Forest)




                                                                                                                              Wodonga
                                                                                                             Shepparton Wangaratta                         0   25      50         100
                                                                                                                                                                    kilometres


                                                                        Horsham                    BENDIGO




                                                                                           BALLARAT
                                                                      Hamilton                          MELBOURNE                        Bairnsdale

                                                                                                   GEELONG               TRARALGON
                                                                  Portland   Warrnambool




                                                          Source: Timber Industry Strategy, Appendix 1, DPI 2009




                                                   • The Victorian timber                          processing, and pulp and                        • Large amounts of
                                                     industry accounts for                         paper production. Timber                          woodchips and logs
                                                     about 24 per cent of                          production and sawmilling                         are exported from the
                                                     Australia’s hardwood                          comprise important                                Ports of Portland and
                                                     output and 19 per cent                        sources of employment                             Geelong. Victoria also
                                                     of softwood production.                       in certain regional areas,                        exports pulp, paper and
                                                     Victoria accounts for about                   including east and west                           paper products, as well
                                                     one-quarter of Australia’s                    Gippsland, southwest                              as softwood logs and
                                                     timber industry output                        Victoria, the Ballarat region,                    hardwood sawn timber.
                                                     and almost 30 per cent                        the central highlands, and
                                                     of wood exports.                              northeast Victoria.
                                                   • The construction industry                • The pulp and paper
                                                     (especially housing)                       making plant owned
                                                     comprises a major market                   by Australian Paper in
                                                     for sawn timber and                        Maryvale is Australia’s
                                                     hardwood flooring, and for                 largest and, along with
                                                     products processed from                    the associated plantations,
                                                     softwood, such as plywood                  employs around 900
                                                     and particleboard.                         people. Other major
                                                                                                Victorian pulp and paper
                                                   • Approximately 32,000
                                                                                                plants are located in
                                                     Victorians are employed in
                                                                                                Melbourne.
                                                     activities ranging from tree
                                                     growing and management,
                                                     timber harvesting and




102 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Grains




         Grains	production	in	Victoria




                                                                                       Location of grain growing areas in Victoria




                                        Birchip


                                                                             Benella
                                                        BENDIGO
                                  Horsham



                                                    BALLARAT

                                                                 MELBOURNE
                                Hamilton

                                                         GEELONG




                  Source: The Victorian Grains Industry, DPI




                                                     • Victoria accounts for                       increasing mechanisation
         Production of grain in
                                                       15 per cent of total grain                  and farm amalgamations
         Victoria for 2003/04
                                                       production in Australia. The                as farmers seek economies
                               % Australian            majority of Victorian grain                 of scale and increased
                                Production             production is comprised                     competitiveness. These
                                                       of wheat and barley.                        trends have probably
         Wheat                              12%
                                                     • Much of Victoria’s grains                   been accentuated by the
         Barley                             22%        industry is based in the                    pressures arising from
                                                       State’s north-west, where                   more than a decade
         Canola                             23%                                                    of drier-than-average
                                                       climatic conditions are
                                                       most suitable. However,                     growing conditions. The
         Oats                               25%
                                                       production of higher quality                populations of several
         Triticale                          36%        grains is expanding in                      of the dry land farming
                                                       cooler, southern regions.                   regions (including the
         Field peas                         24%                                                    townships) in western
                                                     • Farmers in the industry                     Victoria have been
         Lupins                              3%
                                                       generally grow a mix of                     shrinking over this period,
         Maize                               2%        crops to maintain soil                      and as well there has
                                                       fertility and reduce soil                   been a marked ageing.
                                                       borne diseases. This also                   These trends are likely
                                                       allows farmers to diversify                 to continue, presenting
                                                       risk and improve their                      particular challenges
                                                       income mix.                                 in the provision of
                                                     • For the past half century,                  transport, health and
                                                       the grains sector has                       other government services.
                                                       been characterised by




                                                               Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 103
                  Beef and mutton




                                                   Meat	production	in	Victoria

                    Production of meat
                    in Victoria
                                                                                                                                Location of beef growing areas
                                    % Australian
                                     Production

                    Beef                   18%                                                 Shepparton

                                                                                                      Benella
                    Veal                   43%                                      BENDIGO
                                                              Horsham


                    Mutton                 27%
                                                                               BALLARAT

                    Lamb                   38%               Hamilton
                                                                                          MELBOURNE
                                                                                                                Bairnsdale
                                                                                     GEELONG       Warragal
                                                             Warrnambool
                    Chicken                30%
                    Meat

                    Pig Meat               17%



                                                                                                                                Location of sheep meat growing areas
                                                                        Swan Hill



                                                                                               Shepparton

                                                                                                      Benella
                                                                                    BENDIGO
                                                              Horsham



                                                                               BALLARAT

                                                                                          MELBOURNE
                                                             Hamilton                                           Bairnsdale
                                                                                     GEELONG       Warragal
                                                             Warrnambool




                                                                                                                             Source: The Victorian Meat Industry 2003–04, DPI


                                                   • There are approximately                      • The State’s major red                    • Cattle, sheep and poultry
                                                     7,800 beef farms, 3,400                        meat producing areas are                   raising is an important
                                                     sheep/lamb farms, 2,300                        situated in the South-West,                activity across much of
                                                     sheep and beef farms and                       North and Gippsland                        Victoria. Meat processing
                                                     2,700 mixed grain, sheep                       regions. Some poultry                      is also a major industry
                                                     and beef farms in Victoria.                    production also takes                      in many regional towns
                                                                                                    place along the Mornington                 and cities. There are
                                                   • Victorian farmers contribute
                                                                                                    Peninsula, the Bellarine                   many abattoirs and
                                                     20 per cent of Australia’s
                                                                                                    Peninsula and near                         chicken processing
                                                     total beef production and
                                                                                                    Bendigo.                                   plants dispersed across
                                                     40 per cent of Australia’s
                                                                                                                                               Victoria, and they comprise
                                                     total lamb production.                       • Input into co-products
                                                                                                                                               significant employers
                                                                                                    such as leather and
                                                   • Victoria is also a major                                                                  in some towns.
                                                                                                    pharmaceuticals (produced
                                                     domestic source of feeder
                                                                                                    from animal tissues) has
                                                     steers for Queensland and
                                                                                                    given rise to an important
                                                     New South Wales.
                                                                                                    secondary industry.




104 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Wool




                                Victorian	wool	industry




• Victoria’s wool industry is
  concentrated in the State’s
  south-west. However,
  many wool-growing farms
  also exist in the northern,
  north-east and central
  regions of Victoria.
• Victorian sheep farms are
  generally small operations,
  with 70 per cent of
  operators producing only
  30 per cent of the State’s
  total wool output.
• The wool industry has
  achieved average                     Source: Wool establishments in Victoria (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2001)

  productivity gains over
  the past 25 years, but has
                                Decreasing	number	of	sheep	farmers,	increasing	age	(DPI,	2005)
  fallen behind other rural
  industries in this regard.
                                   Number                                                                                                      Age
• The industry is also facing      16000                                                                                                            64
  stronger competition from
  other fibres producers.          14000                                                                                                            60

• The number of sheep              12000                                                                                                            56
  farms in Victoria has
  declined significantly           10000                                                                                                            52

  over the past 40 years as
                                    8000                                                                                                            48
  farmers switch to cropping.
                                    6000                                                                                                            44
• One pressing issue facing
  the industry in Victoria is       4000                                                                                                            40
  the lack of new entrants
  into the labour market.           2000                                                                                                            36

  Young people from rural
                                       0                                                                                                            32
  regions have tended                      1976                1981                  1986                      1991      1996               2001
  to seek employment in
                                                                                                 Year
  major cities. As a result,
                                             Number of farmers                              Median age (all)                Median age (entrants)
  the industry has lost an
  important source of labour.




                                                                                 Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 105
                  Horticulture




                                                                                         Gross Value                      No. of                        Value ($m)
                                                                                        Product ($m)             establishments     No. Employed        of Exports
                                                   Industry Sector                         (2001/02)                   (2001/02)        (2000/01)        (2002/03)

                                                   Primary production

                                                   Fruits and nuts                                  487.9                   1,115                              150

                                                   Grapes                                           420.6                   2,243          21,076               78

                                                   Vegetables                                       603.7                   1,011           6,236               49

                                                   Nurseries (wholesale)                            243.2                    340            3,000               1.9

                                                   Cut-flowers                                        71.5                   224            1,300               5.8

                                                   Total                                         1,826.9                    4,933         31,612*             284.7

                                                   *An additional 15000 people are employed seasonally

                                                   Source: Priorities for Action: Victoria’s Horticulture Industries, DPI




                                                   • The horticulture industry in                • The ornamentals industry           • Key areas:
                                                     Victoria is worth $1.3 billion                covers a wide range of               – Goulburn Valley
                                                     per annum. It supports                        crops and is concentrated
                                                     8,500 businesses that                         in Southern Victoria.                – Mildura/Sunraysia
                                                     employ 50,000 full-time                       Major cut-flowers include            – Northern Victoria (Swan
                                                     people and up to 100,000                      roses, carnations,                     Hill/Kerang/Robinvale)
                                                     during harvest periods.                       chrysanthemums,
                                                     Victoria accounts for                         gerberas and bulbs. There
                                                     approximately 37 per                          is a growing interest in the
                                                     cent of all Australian                        production of native and
                                                     processed fruits and                          exotic proteaceous plants.
                                                     vegetables. The largest                     • Industry rationalisation has
                                                     sector in the horticulture                    allowed large processors
                                                     industry is represented                       to achieve greater
                                                     by fruit and nut crops,                       economies of scale.
                                                     valued at $520 million per
                                                     annum. Of this sector, one
                                                     third of the gross value
                                                     of production comprises
                                                     production of grapes
                                                     (including table grapes,
                                                     wine and dried grapes).




106 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Dairy




        Dairy	in	Victoria




                                                                             Dairy production areas




                                       KERANG
                                                              ECHUCA




                                                 MELBOURNE
                                                                         SALE
                                                              WARRAGUL
                         WARRNAMBOOL



               Source: Regional Development Victoria, DIIRD




        • Dairy is a key industry for              • Victoria accounts                 • There are approximately
          Victoria. Victoria produces                for around one-half                 6,000 dairy farms in
          75 per cent of Australia’s                 of Australia’s dairy                Victoria, producing more
          processed products                         manufacturing sites.                than 6 billion litres of milk
          and 84 per cent of dairy                   Around 90 per cent of               per annum.
          exports, representing                      Victoria’s milk output is
          Victoria’s largest exports.                processed into butter,
        • The dairy processing                       cheese, milk powders and
          industry in Victoria is                    other products. Victorian
          dominated by four                          dairy products are exported
          companies: Murray                          to more than 100 countries,
          Goulburn, Fonterra,                        with Japan, China and
          Warrnambool Cheese                         other Asian countries being
          and Butter, and Tatura                     the most important export
          Milk Industries.                           destinations. Key areas of
                                                     milk production and diary
                                                     processing are:
                                                      – Gippsland
                                                      – South Western Victoria
                                                      – Northern Victoria
                                                        (Goulburn Murray
                                                        Irrigation District) –
                                                        largest milk production
                                                        region in Victoria.




                                                        Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 107
                  Tourism




                                                    Takings	from	Accommodation	($’000),	December	Quarter	2008,	Regional	Victoria


                                                       14000

                                                       12000

                                                       10000

                                                        8000

                                                        6000

                                                        4000

                                                        2000

                                                             0
                                                                  a

                                                                       on

                                                                                                        ds


                                                                                 te rray a
                                                                                                         st

                                                                                         ra ans


                                                                                              Co y
                                                                                                        try


                                                                                 M Gou s
                                                                                                         rn

                                                                                                           t
                                                                                                        nd

                                                                                        G don

                                                                                         Pe nd


                                                                                              Ba a

                                                                                                           t

                                                                                              Co e
                                                                                                        try


                                                                                             W g
                                                                                                         rn
                                                                                                       as




                                                                                                        ra
                                                                                                        a



                                                                                                      ke




                                                                                                      lle
                                                                 er




                                                                                                         r




                                                                                                       ul




                                                                                                        n
                                                                                                   Ea
                                                                                                    ar




                                                                                      bo lbu




                                                                                                     te
                                                                                    Sp urr

                                                                                                  un




                                                                                                  un
                                                                            an
                                                                      ed




                                                                                                  lla
                                                                                                   la



                                                                                                   la




                                                                                                   lo
                                                                                                  ns
                                                                                    Ph e E
                                                              m




                                                                                    Hi Ma
                                                                                                La
                                                                                                    i
                                                                                                rY




                                                                                                es
                                                                                                  d
                                                                                  Ce mp




                                                                                                Is



                                                                                               ps




                                                                                               ee
                                                                           hl




                                                                                             lM
                                                             im

                                                                  ac




                                                                                              Lo



                                                                                               ni
                                                                                              n
                                                                                 pe




                                                                                              p
                                                                           ig




                                                                                            ip




                                                                                            G
                                                                                          ra




                                                                                          ur
                                                                  M
                                                         W




                                                                                         illi

                                                                                         o
                                                                                         a




                                                                                       gh
                                                                       lH




                                                                                        u
                                                                                Up




                                                                                       G




                                                                                      ig
                                                                                      nt
                                                                                     M
                                                                      ra




                                                                                   nd
                                                                                   rn




                                                                                   el
                                                                   nt




                                                                                Be
                                                                  Ce




                                                                                      es
                                                                                     W




                                                        Source: ABS State and Regional Indicators (Cat 1367.2)




                                                    Percentage	of	Takings	from	Accommodation	in	Victoria,	December	Quarter	2008

                                                                                                                           ■   Regional Victoria (22%)

                                                                                                                           ■   Melbourne (78%)




                  • Total accommodation
                    takings for hotels, motels
                    and serviced apartments
                    in Victoria with 15 or more
                    rooms were $364.2 million
                    in the December quarter
                    2008.
                  • The Melbourne Tourism
                    Region accounted for
                    the majority of Victoria’s
                    accommodation takings                                                                        Source: ABS State and Regional Indicators (Cat 1367.2)

                    (78.3 per cent)




108 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 109
     10
                                                 Fuel
                                                 Prices
                                                 Index




110 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 111
                  Fuel	Price	in	Victoria	1998	–	2009

                                  180

                                  160

                                  140

                                  120
                   Cents/litres




                                  100

                                   80

                                   60

                                   40

                                   20

                                      0
                                  Se -98
                                  Ja -98
                                  M -99
                                  Se -99




                                  M -03




                                  M -07


                                  Ja -07
                                  M -08
                                  Se -08
                                  Ja -08
                                       09
                                  M -00



                                  M -01
                                  Se -01
                                  Ja -01
                                  M -02
                                  Se -02
                                  Ja -02

                                  Se -03
                                  Ja -03
                                  M -04
                                  Se -04
                                  Ja -04
                                  M -05
                                  Se -05
                                  Ja -05
                                  M -06
                                  Se -06
                                  Ja -06

                                  Se -07
                                  Ja -99

                                  Se -00
                                  Ja -00




                                    n-
                                   ay



                                   ay




                                   ay



                                   ay



                                   ay



                                   ay



                                   ay
                                   ay



                                   ay



                                   ay



                                   ay
                                    p
                                    n




                                    n
                                    n



                                    n


                                    p
                                    n


                                    p
                                    n


                                    p
                                    n


                                    p
                                    n


                                    p
                                    n


                                    p



                                    p
                                    p
                                    n


                                    p



                                    p
                                  M




                                                                                                  • Typically, regional Victorian
                                          Regional Victoria (Average)            Melbourne
                                                                                                    fuel prices have been
                                  Source: AAA Pricing Summary Unleaded Petrol, Fueltrac Pty Ltd
                                                                                                    slightly above the Melbourne
                                                                                                    metropolitan fuel price.




112 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 113
     11
                                            Transport patterns
                                            identified in
                                            AusLink Corridor
                                            strategies




114 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 115
                  Melbourne-Adelaide Corridor Strategy




                  Part of the Melbourne-Adelaide corridor is used to                    • While the BTRE predicts that the freight task will continue to
                  transport freight between a capital city and regional                   grow and that the rail mode share will decrease over the next
                  centres or between hinterland centres of production                     15-20 years, this trend can be reversed with improvements
                                                                                          in rail infrastructure. Despite this, road freight transport is
                  and consumption in South Australia, Victoria, and
                                                                                          expected to remain the dominant mode between Melbourne
                  New South Wales.
                                                                                          and Adelaide although rail is predicted to maintain its
                  • In 2004-05 the freight task on the corridor midway between            dominance of the freight task between the eastern states
                    Melbourne and Adelaide at Bordertown was estimated to be              and Perth.
                    11.3 million tonnes.                                                • The dominance of road in the movement of freight can
                  • Timber production in south-eastern South Australia and                be seen along the corridor between Nhill and Keith,
                    south-western Victoria (Green Triangle Region) is currently           where approximately 50 per cent of the traffic consists
                    estimated at over 4 million tonnes per annum. This is                 of heavy vehicles.
                    anticipated to increase by 1 million tonnes per annum from
                                                                                        Import and export task:
                    2009 with the harvesting of blue gum plantations. While
                    1.4 million tonnes is exported as wood chips or bulk logs           • The corridor provides a key linkage between the primary
                    through the Port of Portland, the remainder of the timber             production areas of western Victoria, south-eastern Australia
                    produced is used in domestic industries. The corridor                 and international markets via the Ports of Melbourne, Geelong,
                    supports the movement of this domestic timber and value               Adelaide and Portland. The road and rail corridor acts as a land
                    added products.                                                       bridge to the key sea ports and, to a lesser degree, airports.
                  • Although not part of the AusLink Network, the Riddoch               • The corridor supports the movement of a number of important
                    Highway between Mt Gambier and Keith and the Princes                  exports for both Victoria and South Australia, including grain
                    Highway between Geelong and Mt Gambier support the                    and other agricultural products, timber and wine.
                    interstate and export task between South Australia and              • The corridor bisects major wheat producing areas of
                    Victoria. The Riddoch Highway provides a link to tourist              both states and is vital for transport of exports and also
                    attractions in the south-western corner of Victoria and               agricultural inputs, such as fuel and fertilisers. In 2000-01
                    south-eastern corner of South Australia. It also plays an             it is estimated that 52 per cent of Victoria’s grain exports
                    important role in transporting wine from the regions into             went through the Port of Geelong, 27 per cent through
                    the AusLink corridor. The Princes Highway supports the                the Port of Portland and 21 per cent through the Port of
                    movement of export timber from the Green Triangle and                 Melbourne. The grain exported from the Port of Geelong
                    other agricultural products from south-east South Australia           and Port of Melbourne is transported to the terminal via the
                    and south-west Victoria.                                              Melbourne-Adelaide corridor rail system.
                  • The rail network in the Green Triangle, including the               • Export grain moving out of the Wimmera and Mallee regions
                    connection to the AusLink Rail Network at Maroona, provides           accounts for about 80 per cent of Victoria’s grain exports.
                    for the transport of grain to the deepwater Port of Portland.       • The major wine regions contributing to the export task in
                    The effectiveness of this transport link has a direct bearing         Victoria are the Grampians-Pyrenees region in the west and
                    on the alternative freight flows for grain using the AusLink          the Sunraysia region in the northwest of the State.
                    Network to Geelong.
                                                                                        • The Riverland in South Australia and Victoria’s Sunraysia
                  • The transport corridor supports tourist traffic, linking with key     generate large volumes of fresh fruit. Although the Riverland
                    locales including the Grampians, Limestone Coast, Murray              is closer to Adelaide and some exports travel this way, the
                    Riverland and the Great Ocean Road region.                            greater availability of shipping from Melbourne deflects
                                                                                          volumes through to Melbourne.
                  Road is the predominant mode of freight transport, followed by
                  rail transport and sea transport.                                     • Major corridor imports include general containerised
                                                                                          consumables and fertilisers.




116 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Melbourne-Sale Corridor Strategy




The Melbourne–Sale Corridor has three key roles:                  Because of the complexity, the overall size of the freight task
                                                                  is difficult to determine, but is estimated at more than six million
• A freight task which includes:
                                                                  tonnes a year.
   – being part of the extension of the Melbourne metropolitan
     freight task;                                                In terms of commodities, the main generators of freight
                                                                  movements on the corridor are the dairy, quarrying and forestry
   – moving intrastate freight from eastern Victoria through
                                                                  industries. Other industries are significant in terms of their
     to Melbourne and western Victoria;
                                                                  economic contribution and freight demand on the corridor,
   – moving imports and exports through the Ports of              but as shown in the table below, they are relatively small in
     Melbourne, Geelong and Hastings and Melbourne                comparison to the major supply chains. They include fishing,
     Airport; and                                                 non-dairy related agriculture (especially beef cattle, sheep
   – providing a link to the oil and gas industry serving         and chickens), horticulture, electricity generation, natural gas
     Victoria and Australia.                                      production, engineering services, tourism and community
                                                                  services. The nature of the freight task for each of these major
• As an inter and intra-region commuter link and the major
                                                                  commodities is described in more detail below.
  access point to Melbourne for the region; and
• As a gateway to tourism in eastern Victoria.                    Production	and	average	distance	travelled	
                                                                  by	commodity
Freight	task
The Princes Highway is at the centre of a complex freight task                               Total         Average           Tonne
                                                                                          tonnes           distance      kilometres
within the Latrobe Valley and broader Gippsland region:
                                                                   Commodity               (000s)    travelled (km)       (millions)
• Due to the amount of value-adding undertaken within the          Coal                        40                 94              3.8
  Gippsland region, freight flows on the Melbourne–Sale
  Corridor are multi-directional, with large volumes of freight    Dairy                      795                 76            60.4
  moved within the region. The corridor plays a critical role      Fertiliser                 155                 78            12.1
  in the local movement of goods (especially dairy and timber
                                                                   Food and                   300                 96            28.8
  products) for processing within the region and for local         groceries
  distribution of consumer goods and production inputs
                                                                   Forestry                 2,142                 85           182.1
  (such as fertiliser, fuel and stock feed); and
• The link to Melbourne is also critical to regional industry.     Fuel                       296                 96            28.4
  More than two-thirds of finished products move in a              Horticulture                90                101              9.1
  westerly direction, reflecting the importance of the link to
  Melbourne for freight flows to consumption points within         Quarrying                2,550                 45           114.8
  Melbourne, north and west Victoria, and Australia as a
  whole. The link also plays an important role in connecting
  Gippsland output to the Ports of Melbourne and Geelong,
  and to Melbourne Airport. Freight carriers from the region
  use the Monash-Westgate Freeway within the Melbourne
  metropolitan area to connect with the Port of Melbourne.
  The yearly export-related task is estimated at approximately
  600,000 tonnes. In addition, an estimated 750,000 tonnes
  is moved from Melbourne each year to the major centres
  of Morwell, Warragul, Moe, Traralgon and Sale.




                                                                       Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 117
                  Agricultural	freight                                                  Freight	generated	by	other	industries
                  Dairy – Gippsland is a major centre for dairying. The main            Coal – while coal mining is arguably the most significant
                  movement of dairy products along the corridor is 300,000              economic activity along the corridor, the coal supply chain only
                  tonnes a year of milk products from processing plants at              comprises a very small freight transport task. This is because
                  Maffra, Korumburra and Warragul to Melbourne where the                the vast majority of coal mined within the Latrobe Valley is
                  product is either consumed locally, transported interstate or         consumed by power generation facilities located at the site of
                  further processed and exported as value-added milk products.          the coal deposits; coal is moved from the mine to the power
                  Around 30,000 tonnes of milk products are exported. The               stations using conveyor belt systems. Small volumes of coal
                  dairy industry is shifting to the use of B-Doubles and this           products (briquettes and carbon products) are transported to
                  requires improvements to the local road and bridge network.           customers outside the region, including overseas.
                  Milk is transported to production facilities at Darnum, Toora,
                                                                                        Electricity	and	Gas – the electricity and gas sectors in
                  Korumburra, Leongatha, Maffra, Morwell and Poowong. Product
                                                                                        Gippsland are located on the corridor and comprise substantial
                  from these facilities is then transported on heavy vehicles such
                                                                                        facilities. These sectors have substantial needs for spare parts
                  as B-Doubles either to other facilities outside the region or
                                                                                        to service regular maintenance periods and unscheduled
                  to the Port of Melbourne for export.
                                                                                        breakdowns. While some of these are manufactured in the
                  Stock	feed – the main input to the dairy industry, stock feed,        region, others come from Melbourne (including imports brought
                  is actually a larger freight task than the outbound movement          in through the Port of Melbourne).
                  of dairy products. As the Gippsland region does not have its
                                                                                        Quarrying – is the largest freight transport task on the corridor in
                  own significant grain industry, approximately 480,000 tonnes
                                                                                        terms of total tonnes moved. Approximately 2.5 million tonnes of
                  of grain and stock feed flows into the region each year. Most
                                                                                        bulk quarry materials are extracted from sites in the Pakenham
                  of the grain is sourced from rural Victoria, particularly along the
                                                                                        region and delivered to Melbourne as inputs for the construction
                  Melbourne-Mildura Corridor, while the processed stock feed is
                                                                                        industry. However, given the geographical proximity of the supply
                  sourced from various stock feed manufacturers in Melbourne
                                                                                        and demand points in the supply chain, the average distance
                  and elsewhere in Victoria.
                                                                                        travelled by these flows is relatively low, as shown in the table on
                  Livestock – the cattle and sheep industries generate truck            commodity volumes. The Latrobe region also contains extensive
                  movements within the region and to the abattoirs at Pakenham.         high quality sand and basalt deposits. These commodities are
                  Live dairy cattle are also exported from the region. They are         currently distributed east to Sale and Bairnsdale to be used in
                  freighted by road to Portland and shipped overseas, mostly            concrete and asphaltic concrete production. In 1999, the Latrobe
                  to China.                                                             City region alone produced over 200,000 tonnes of basalt and
                                                                                        250,000 tonnes of sand. As quarries closer to Melbourne are
                  Poultry – the poultry industry in Gippsland is centred in the
                                                                                        depleted there is potential to further exploit these resources
                  Latrobe and Baw Baw Shires. The largest single egg production
                                                                                        for uses within the Melbourne metropolitan region. Road is the
                  facility in Australia is located near Morwell and sells eggs to all
                                                                                        major transport mode for these commodities at present but there
                  the major supermarkets in Victoria. The broiler chicken industry
                                                                                        is interest within the industry in investigating rail options for the
                  produces demand for truck movements of live and processed
                                                                                        bulk line haul movements of these materials.
                  chickens as well as feed.
                                                                                        Forestry – the forestry industry operates the most complex
                  Horticulture – the horticultural industry in the Gippsland region
                                                                                        supply chain in the region involving three major flows:
                  is a major supplier of fresh produce to both the Melbourne
                  and wider domestic markets. The product is time sensitive             • 1.3 million tonnes of logs and woodchips are moved from
                  and extremely reliant on good linkages out of the region to
                                                                                          around the region (and outside it) to major timber mills,
                  ensure competitiveness. The estimated task on the corridor
                  is approximately 90,000 tonnes a year, originating in Morwell,          in particular to Maryvale and Churchill;
                  Warragul and Sale destined for Melbourne. Much of the                 • 0.4 million tonnes of paper products, generally moving from
                  produce however, utilises the Gippsland Highway in the south            the Maryvale and Churchill mills to Melbourne where the
                  of the region. Approximately two thirds of horticultural output
                  from the Sale–Bairnsdale region is sent to the Sydney fresh             product is consumed locally, moved interstate or exported.
                  food market via the Monaro Highway. Horticultural products              The Maryvale mill, the largest pulp and paper mill in Australia,
                  are typically transported by local carriers, who are adept at           is currently undergoing a $200 million upgrade; and
                  maximising back-loading opportunities, with many returning
                  from Melbourne to regional Victoria with food, groceries and          • 70,000 tonnes of sawn timber and value added timber
                  other household consumable products.                                    products are transported from various mills around the
                                                                                          region to Melbourne where the product is consumed locally.
                                                                                          Around 200,000 tonnes of timber and timber products are
                                                                                          exported a year.




118 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
The forestry industry places a significant level of demand on             and community purposes, and an increasing demand for
the corridor across its entire length and, with plantations being         inter-urban and commuter travel through Warragul could be
dispersed across the entire Gippsland region, the industry also
                                                                          anticipated; and
places significant demands on the local road links. The peak
area of demand is east of Morwell where the roads connecting           • There are no regular scheduled air services in the corridor,
the major mills join the corridor. The timber industry uses the rail     given the relatively small distances involved. However
system to transport 10 per cent of the East Gippsland hardwood           an extensive local bus system serves and connects the
harvest to Geelong for export. Timber plantations are replacing
marginal farms in east Gippsland in another indication that the          townships along the corridor as well as integrating with the
industry is set for expansion.                                           train service. In addition, an extensive school bus network
                                                                         operates throughout the Gippsland region.
Seafood – the fishing ports of Port Albert, Port Franklin,
Port Welshpool, Lakes Entrance and Mallacoota lie to the south
                                                                       Melbourne	–	Sale	origin-destination	passenger	travel	by	
and the east of the Melbourne–Sale Corridor. Catches are sent
                                                                       transport	mode	for	1999	(‘000	passenger	journeys)
daily to the Melbourne markets. Accurate data is difficult to
source due to commercial sensitivities. The main fishing in the
region is based around Lake Tyers and Lakes Entrance, and
50-60 per cent of the fresh fish sold at Melbourne and Sydney
fish markets comes from Lakes Entrance.

Passenger	task
The relatively short travelling times between Latrobe Valley
towns already allows significant inter-urban commuting and
travel to access retail, community and health facilities and other
services. In addition, there is growing demand for transport
between the regional towns and employment opportunities
in Melbourne’s south-east. Road transport (as shown in the
pie chart) currently dominates commuter, local, intra-regional
and end-to-end passenger travel. The pattern of commuter
travel varies along the corridor:

• Most commuter trips originating in the eastern section of
  the corridor are short distance and start and end locally.
  The main exception is that there is some commuter travel
  between Wellington Shire and Latrobe City;
                                                                            ■ Rail 239.1 (4%)    ■ Other 7.3 (0%)     ■ Air 2.1 (0%)
• Most of the commuter traffic sourced from Casey and                       ■ Bus 137.4 (3%)     ■ Car 5069.7 (93%)
  Cardinia Councils, travels to destinations within outer
  south-east Melbourne. Casey and Cardinia are experiencing            Tourism
  rapid population growth and will continue to add to traffic          The Melbourne–Sale Corridor is the gateway to a number of
  volumes and demand for public transport within the corridor          key destinations in the region including the snowfields and
  for many years to come;                                              high country, Gippsland lakes and the coast, and is part of
• Commuting by rail comprises only a small percentage of               the Princes Highway touring route between Melbourne and
  commuter journeys but this has the potential to increase with        Sydney. There were 1.8 million overnight domestic visitors to the
  the completion of the Victorian Government’s Regional Fast           Gippsland region for the year ending December 2003. Sixty-six
  Rail project in 2006. More frequent and faster services came         per cent of overnight visits are sourced from Melbourne,
  into operation in October 2006. Planned improvements to              followed by 24 per cent from regional Victoria and 10 per cent
  the Dandenong rail line within the metropolitan area will            from interstate. Domestic visitation to the region increased for
  also improve passenger and freight train reliability between         the period 1999 to 2003, growing at an yearly average rate
  Melbourne and Sale (see Melbourne Urban Corridor                     of 1.6 per cent. There were more than 59,000 international
  Strategy for further details). Improved rail services may            overnight visitors to the Gippsland region for the year ending
  enhance passenger movements for education, shopping                  December 2003.




                                                                            Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 119
                  Melbourne-Mildura Corridor Strategy




                  The Mildura region is a nationally significant centre for irrigated     Mining
                  horticulture and agriculture, and is also a major region for            Mining presents a major opportunity for future economic
                  dryland agriculture:                                                    development in the region:
                  • The largest agricultural product by volume is wheat with              • Large reserves of mineral sands have been identified in the
                    765,000 average annual tonnes being carried. Barley and                 Murray Basin. The main minerals sought in sand mining are
                    canola are also grown. Ninety-five per cent of the wheat crop           zircon, titanium ores and rare earth metals. Titanium is used
                    is transported by rail, as are 12 per cent of all agricultural          to manufacture titanium dioxide, a white pigment used in
                    products from the region.                                               the manufacture of paints, plastics, rubber and paper. There
                  • Grapes are the highest value agricultural product from the              are around 75 million tonnes of proven deposits of mineral
                    region with $333m earned from a 400,000 tonne grape                     sands in the region and many other deposits throughout the
                    crush in 2003-04. Most of the grape crop is processed in the            Murray Basin are currently being defined by drilling.
                    region for wine but Mildura is also a major source of table           • The region contains the largest bentonite deposit in Australia
                    grapes. The region produces 21 per cent of Australia’s wine             with indicated reserves exceeding 70 million tonnes. These
                    grape crush and 69 per cent of the nation’s table grapes.               deposits are largely undeveloped at present.
                  • The region is also a major producer of a variety of other             • Salts are produced at three locations in the region and the
                    fruit, vegetables and nuts. The Mildura region produces                 facility at Morquong is capable of producing 30,000-50,000
                    21 per cent of Australia’s citrus fruits; 95 per cent of dried vine     tonnes of sodium chloride per annum. Magnesium chloride
                    fruit; 55 per cent of almonds; and 41 per cent of pistachio             and magnesium sulfate are also produced. Salts are used
                    nuts. Important vegetable crops are carrots, melons and                 for a range of products including supplies for the chemical
                    asparagus and a number of smaller niche agricultural                    industry, for fertiliser and animal supplements, for skin care
                    ventures (including honey production, mushrooms, olives,                products and gourmet culinary products. The Morquong
                    aquaculture and walnuts) are being developed. A substantial             site also provides an important environmental benefit by
                    proportion of production is exported.                                   stopping 200 tonnes of salt per day from entering the
                  • Sheep, beef and dairy are the predominant livestock                     Murray River.
                    industries and the region also supplies about one-third of            • Gypsum is mined in the south-west of the region and
                    Victoria’s pork production. Bendigo and Ouyen are major                 distributed to dryland farms as a fertiliser. Over 400,000
                    livestock selling centres in the region. There are smaller              cubic metres of gypsum are quarried in the Mallee region
                    saleyards at other towns, including Wycheproof, Yelta                   each year. It is understood that most of this tonnage is
                    and Mildura. Abattoirs are located at Mildura, Robinvale,               transported by road. Gypsum for agricultural use is road
                    Swan Hill, Wycheproof, Castlemaine and Kyneton.                         freighted into the area, often as backloads following
                                                                                            deliveries of grain and other products to receival points.
                                                                                            Gypsum is also used in the manufacture of cement.
                                                                                          • Other mining activities include quarrying of road base
                                                                                            material and gold mining in and around Bendigo and Ballarat.




120 | Transport Demand Information Atlas for Victoria 2009
Processing	and	manufacturing                                          Tourism	and	other	economic	activity
The corridor is also a major centre for food processing               The Murray River hinterland, various national parks, and historic
for export and local consumption and for manufacturing.               sites in Bendigo and Ballarat are popular tourist attractions and
The region has:                                                       generate a substantial number of passenger trips along the
                                                                      corridor each year, mainly originating from Melbourne.
• Over 34 wineries and over half of these are exporting
  their products;                                                     Tourism data are collected for the Mallee region as a whole.
• The largest independent processor of citrus juice in Australia,     Domestic overnight visitors are currently above 700,000 a year
  with capacity to process over 150,000 tonnes of fruit               and international overnight visitors around 120,000. There are
  annually, and to manufacture over 200 different products            a number of nearby National Parks that are used for tourism
  using oranges, grapefruit, lemon, grapes, mandarins,                and camping.
  carrots, apples and plums;                                          Bendigo, in the Goldfields Region, is a tourist drawcard known
• The largest vegetable concentrate manufacturer in                   for its well preserved Goldrush era architecture, Chinese
  Australia, producing up to 30,000 tonnes of carrots annually,       museum and heritage tram network. Mildura, Bendigo and
  85 per cent of which is exported to Japan;                          Ballarat and other major towns on the corridor are important
• Large plants for the production and distribution of bulk feed       service centres for surrounding regions, providing retail,
  in Bendigo and St Arnaud; and                                       financial, education and health facilities. Closer to Melbourne,
                                                                      the spa country around Daylesford and the wineries throughout
• A large number of packing and processing facilities serving
                                                                      the Macedon Ranges also attract significant visitor numbers.
  the food and wine industry.

Manufacturing and food processing is the largest contributor to
the regional economy in Bendigo and generates an estimated
$1.9 billion annually (City of Greater Bendigo, 2006). Of this
total, $845 million in goods are exported. Manufacturing and
food processing activity contributes significantly to freight
movements along the Calder Highway between Bendigo and
Melbourne. The five main manufacturing sectors represented
in Bendigo are food and beverages, metals and engineering,
manufactured building products, textiles and clothing and
transport related products. Ballarat is also significant in various
food processing and manufacturing industries.




                                                                           Volume 2: Regional Victoria A compendium of statistics and information   | 121
DOT4295/09

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:8/4/2011
language:English
pages:122