PROFESSION by liuqingyan

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									      BRIDGE TO STUDENTS’ ACTIVE LIFE
        Comenius Project 2008- 2010




      THE MOST
DESIRED AND PRESIGE
    PROFESSIONS
   IN THE REGION
        AND
   IN THE COUNTRY




     Dobrich, Bulgaria
                            BRIDGE TO STUDENTS’ ACTIVE LIFE
                              Comenius Project 2008- 2010


                                  ECONOMIST
PROFESSIONAL REALIZATION
     The profession economist is practiced in all spheres of economic and non
economic ranges: public and private corporations, enterprises, firms, banks,
administrative, health and cultural services, schools, research institutes and
other public organizations.

ACTIVITIES
The economist performs the following basic activities: organize and manufacture
the economic activity at the branch, territorial, regional and firm level; participate
in the strategic and operation planning of the economic activity; carry out
marketing survey; gives an account and control the use of financial, material and
labour recourses; do research and teaching and etc.
     Due to the concrete specialty, the activities that are carried out by the
economist are detailed in the different ranges, in accordance to the professional
realization sphere.

OBJECTS OF LABOUR AND MEANS OF LABOUR
    To accomplish his duty, the economist use various normative documents,
forms, reference books, statute books, specialized literature and other economic
documentation.
     In everyday work the economist use various contemporary technical devices
such as computer, banknote counter, cashiers, calculators, fax, printer and etc.

PROFESSIONAL CONTACTS
     In the organization, where he works, the economist has contacts with :
colleagues, administrative managers, accountants, personnel of other sections.
     The economist keep up professional contacts with suppliers, clients, bank
and taxation agents, trade-union representatives, insurance and custom
administration.

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
      To work as economist the specialist has to graduate economic education at
University or college with educational-qualified degree: a specialist – 3 years
full-time studying and 3,5 years by correspondence, bachelor – 4 years full-
time studying and 5 years by correspondence and master degree – 5 years.
      In Bulgaria the prestige Economic universities are in      Sofia, Varna and
Svishtov. But almost every University or college can offer you similar specialty.

PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION IMPROVEMENT
    Tо extend and to improve its qualification the economist have various
opportunities such as different forms of after University degree trainings in the
Economic Universities, long duration specializations, specializations in other
countries and universities abroad, short courses with two or three week
durations concerning various aspects of the professional qualification.
                            BRIDGE TO STUDENTS’ ACTIVE LIFE
                              Comenius Project 2008- 2010


                                    LAWYER
PROFESSIONAL REALIZATION
      The profession lawyer is practiced in all spheres of law: administrative,
labour, trade and criminal, public and civil law. He gives a judicial help to the
citizens, firms, corporations and organizations, defend their interests in the court,
in the notary’s office, in the procurator’s office and in other administrative
agencies.
ACTIVITIES
      The professional activity of a lawyer is performed in several basic ranges:
giving judicial help to the citizens and legal entity; contribution with judicial help
to defend the citizens’ and organizations rights in criminal, civil administrative
and other trails; cooperation with the court, to be depicted the objective true in a
certain case; assistance in the public agencies to avert and to prevent criminal
acts and other legal offences. The role of the lawyer is very important, when he
represents his clients’ interests in the court and other law institutions – notary’s
office, arbitration, in the interrelation with firms, administrative agencies or
private people.
OBJECTS OF LABOUR AND MEANS OF LABOUR
     The lawyer works with documents of various aspects – court, tax,
administrative ones. To accomplish his duty and to prepare certain
documentation he uses office techniques.
     In everyday work the lawyer needs various contemporary technical devices
such as computer, fax, printer and etc. To achieve his aims sometimes he uses a
recorder, a photo camera or a video camera.

PROFESSIONAL CONTACTS
     The most important contacts for this occupation are those with his clients.
In the court trails the lawyer is in close connection with the judges, procurators,
administrative personnel in the court, procurator’s and notary’s offices.
PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
     The lawyer is a legally competent and licensed specialist with master Degree
of Law. The training is done in the field of specialty – Law. The duration is 5 years
and it can be in full time studying or by correspondence.
     In Bulgaria Law can be studied in The University of Sofia.       There are also
some other University that can offer you the specialty –Free University in Varna
and Economic University in Sofia.

PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION IMPROVEMENT
     Tо extend and to improve its qualification is mainly obligation of every
lawyer. This is done in the process of practice, when he has to solve complicated
and sometimes unique judicial casus. Every trail and judicial consultation
contributes to the enrichment of lawyer’s professional skills.
     He can participates in organized by the barristers’ association, short
duration courses and seminars, practical conferences.There are plenty of
possibilities for a concrete specialization, for example in the field of international
law, customs legislation, administrative and labour legislation, marital relations,
property relations.
                            BRIDGE TO STUDENTS’ ACTIVE LIFE
                              Comenius Project 2008- 2010


                                    DOCTOR
PROFESSIONAL       REALIZATION
     The profession doctor is practiced mainly in the field of human medicine in
health service, science and education system.

ACTIVITIES
     The basic doctor’s aim is to take care of human health, doing the following
activities: curative- diagnostic – to take past history of sickness, to check and to
take on laboratory tests, check-ups and consultations, to determine the nature of
a disease, to set a certain treatment of the illness, to follow the patient’s
treatment, to give advice about hygiene and diet regimes and etc; prophylactic
activity – to organize and to carry out checks, testaments, consultations about
the disease prophylactic, to protect and to the human health. Scientific-applied
and educational activity – to study and to apply new methods of diagnostic,
treatment, prophylactic and training in all levels.

OBJECTS OF LABOUR AND MEANS OF LABOUR
     In its work to serve the patient, the doctor uses various medical
instruments, devices and apparatus, medical documentation and etc.
     The basic working garment is white aprons and costumes, white shoes.
According to the labour conditions are used different private protection and
preventive means.

PROFESSIONAL CONTACTS
     The whole treatment and prophylactic activities of the doctor is connected
with professional contacts with doctors from other specialties, nurses, laboratory
assistants, and rants and hospital attendants. Professional contacts with
technical specialists, supporting the medical devices and apparatus are
permanent. The contacts with patients are direct and constant.

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
     The doctor is a legally competent and licensed specialist with master Degree
of Medicine. The training is done in the field of specialty – Medicine. The duration
is 12 terms and one educational minimum of theoretical and practical training
with one year duration .It can be only in full time studying or by correspondence.
     In Bulgaria Medicine can be studied in High Medical Schools in Sofia, Varna,
Pleven and Stara Zagora.


PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION IMPROVEMENT
      Doctors have the possibilities to take part in external University trainings,
specialization and improvement in the health services system. The specialization
and enrichment of qualification is carried out in health centers and institutions,
certificated by the Minister of Health Service.
                            BRIDGE TO STUDENTS’ ACTIVE LIFE
                              Comenius Project 2008- 2010


                                   MANAGER
PROFESSIONAL REALIZATION
     The managers work in all branches of economic – industry, construction,
agriculture, banks and insurance office as well as in non economic institutions –
foundations, libraries, hospitals, theatres and museums.

ACTIVITIES
The manager plans the activity, organizes the plan performance, distributes the
tasks, supplies resources, motivates the workers, controls the quality of the
carried out assignments and appreciates the achieved results. He directs the
subordinates’ activities, mediates between them and the representatives of other
subdivisions and firms, arbitrates arguments, gives orders and controls them.


OBJECTS OF LABOUR AND MEANS OF LABOUR
     The manager uses different information. He uses specialized documents
(standards, customs tariffs, bank information and etc.), part of which is worked
out by computer.
     During the communication with subordinates, colleagues and partners, he
receives information, which has no official form but it helps him to solve the tasks
and to achieve the necessary results.

PROFESSIONAL CONTACTS
     The manager makes contacts in three directions: with the subordinates, with
the directors of the institution and with managers with equal range. If he is in the
high and medium level he cooperates with firm suppliers, firm clients, banks,
investigators, control institutions, taxation officers, economic police, town and
regional authorities.

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
     To work as manager the specialist has to graduate economic education at
University or college with educational-qualified degree “ Economic management”:
with duration – 4 years full-time studying and 5 years by correspondence and
master degree – 5 years.
     In Bulgaria the prestige Economic universities are in       Sofia, Varna and
Svishtov. But almost every University or college can offer you similar specialty.

PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION IMPROVEMENT
    Tо extend and to improve its qualification the manager has various
opportunities such as different forms of after University degree trainings in the
Economic Universities, long duration specializations, specializations in other
countries and universities abroad, short courses with two or three week
durations concerning various aspects of the professional qualification, various
seminars.
                            BRIDGE TO STUDENTS’ ACTIVE LIFE
                              Comenius Project 2008- 2010




            INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ENGINEER
PROFESSIONAL REALIZATION
      The information technology engineer can has its professional realization in
firms and organizations, designing, producing, servicing, selling, exploiting
computer techniques and information technologies, in high schools, research
institutions, banks, health institutions and etc.

ACTIVITIES
In its work the engineer carries out the following basic activities: investigating,
designing, developing, exploiting, producing, technological, repairing, training,
commercial and etc.


OBJECTS OF LABOUR AND MEANS OF LABOUR
     The objects of labour for the engineer are: computers, computer sytems and
technologies, computer web and nets.
     The means of labour are: computers, programming systems, operation
systems, technical devices for printing, graphics, measurements devices,
technical literature, and normative resources.

PROFESSIONAL CONTACTS
     Inner contacts: The engineer communicates and cooperates with the
administration and specialists in the firm, organization or educational institution,
where he works.
     Outside contacts - The engineer has also connections with public
organizations and firms, with banks, trade and scientific representatives of
foreign firms and scientific and research institions and etc.

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
     The training for this profession is done in High schools and Universities in
the country and abroad. The qualification degree - bachelor – with duration at
least 8 terms and master degree – at least 3 terms after bachelor degree. It can
be full-time studying or by correspondence.
     In Bulgaria the prestige Technical Universities are those in Sofia, Varna,
Ruse.

PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION IMPROVEMENT
     Tо extend and to improve its qualification the information technology
engineers has various opportunities: specialization with duration 18 months,
which can be also individual; doctor’s degree, which can be 3 years, full-time
studying and 4 years – by correspondence. According to the interests and the
necessity is possible pre qualification in similar professions by specialization with
duration 18 months.
BRIDGE TO STUDENTS’ ACTIVE LIFE
  Comenius Project 2008- 2010

								
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