Hispanic Families

Document Sample
Hispanic Families Powered By Docstoc
					Creating Resource Websites
for Educators Serving
Hispanic Students


                Developed by
            Dr. Barry M. Bishop
      University of Houston-Clear Lake
                    Adjunct
Objectives

 At the end of this module, the
 participant will have an awareness of
   Subscription Online Databases serving
   Spanish readers
   Institutional and organizational websites
   translated into Spanish
   General websites created for Spanish
   readers
To Think About

 What criteria do you use to evaluate
 any resource—any website?

 How do you meet the needs of any
 patron/client/customer?
To Think About – Possible Answers

 Good criteria for evaluating any
 resource or web site should be used
 for evaluating Hispanic resources.
 You meet the needs of Hispanic
 patrons the same as any other
 patrons—you listen to their need, ask
 clarifying questions, and try to match
 their need to the Library resources.
To Think About – More Possible
Answers
 When trying to match Hispanics’
 needs to the resources of the Library
   Culture
   And Language
Need to be considered the same as for
 any patron.
To think About

 Do Hispanics use the Internet less or
 more than others?
 For what do Hispanics use the
 Internet?

 Read the next 5 slides to give you a
 perspective on these questions.
Internet Use by Hispanics (1)

 Hispanic online consumers are more
 active in online activities than non-
 Hispanic counterparts

   (Cobo, Leila. (2003, August). AOL Targets Hispanic Fans. Billboard.
Internet Use by Hispanics (2)

 English is no longer the primary
 language of the Internet users.
 Non-English speakers use of the web
 went from 20% in 1996 to 62% in
 2004

   (Conhaim, Wallys W. (2004, October). Perspectives. Information Today
   Section: The Global Net.
Internet Use by Hispanics (3)

 Hispanics are getting on the Internet
 faster than other groups in the US.
 59% of Hispanics polled used the
 Internet in 2003 up from 47% in 2000
 (study University of California, LA).

   (2003). Running Online. Hispanic, 16 (10), 13.
Internet Use by Hispanics (4)
 US Dept. of Commerce reported in 2002
 that Hispanics were among the most
 rapidly growing group of Internet users at
 the time.
 Hispanic teens report using the Internet for
 such things as finding information.

   Hanway, S. (2003). Minority Teens Less Likely to Socialize Via
   Web. Gallup Poll Tuesday Briefing, 1.
Internet Use by Hispanics (5)

 Nearly 2/3 of whites and Hispanics
 use the Internet
 1/3 of Hispanics log on for news—a
 larger percentage than whites (UT at
 Dallas study)

   Nelson, C. M. (2004). Ethnic Gap on Internet Narrowing,
   Study Says. Dallas Morning News.
Three Types of Web Resources

I. Online database subscriptions
II. Institutional or organizational
     websites
III. General websites
I. Online Database Subscriptions -
Description
 These resources are books,
 magazines, and newspapers
 delivered over the Internet for a fee
 These resources have been written
 by authorities and gone through the
 editorial process
 These resources are as reliable as
 the books in your Library
I. Online Database
Subscriptions meet Spanish reader needs in 3 ways
1. Search screen instructions in
   Spanish and returned items in
   Spanish
2. Search screen instructions in
   English and some returned items in
   Spanish
3. Search screen instructions in
   English and returned English articles
   contain Spanish search term
1. Search Screen Instructions in
    Spanish and Returned items in
    Spanish - Examples
Britannica’s Spanish Encyclopedia-- Enciclopedia
Universal en Espanol. All instructions are in Spanish as
well as all articles retrieved.
World Book’s Spanish Encyclopedia-- Enciclopedia
Estudiantil Hallazgos. All instructions are in Spanish as
well as all articles retrieved.
EBSCOhost Espanol has the search screen instructions in
Spanish but returns the articles in their original language
(mostly English). Best to use English search terms. Articles
may be translated into Spanish (about 85% accurate)
2. Search Screen Instructions in
    English and Some Returned
    Items in Spanish - Examples
 ChildrensEbooks has some books in Spanish. Instructions are all
 in English. There is no way to translate instructions or English
 books into Spanish.
 Unitedstreaming (video streaming) does not have instructions in
 Spanish but does have some videos in Spanish searched and
 retrieved by using Spanish words in the search box.
 Gale does have a database called Informe. The search screen
 instructions are in English. If you use a Spanish word in the
 search you will probably retrieve articles in Spanish but some
 also in English that happen to contain the Spanish word within
 them.
 NewsBank has a Spanish module called Noticias. Like many
 other vendors, this module costs extra. It works similar to
 Informe.
3. Search Screen Instructions in English
    Returned English Articles contain
    Spanish search term - Examples
 Facts on File does not contain a Spanish search screen
 instructions. Nor does it seem to contain many articles containing
 Spanish words. Nor a means to translate the English articles into
 Spanish.
 ABC-CLIO does not have a Spanish version of the search screen
 instructions. Nor does it seem to have many articles that contain
 Spanish words. Nor a means to translate the English articles into
 Spanish.
 AP Multimedia Archives does not have a Spanish version of the
 search screen instructions. Nor does it seem to have many articles
 that contain Spanish words. Nor a means to translate the English
 articles into Spanish.
Translation
 Any English article from any online
 subscription Database could be
 copied and pasted into a universal
 translator website like Babel fish at
 the AltaVista Search Engine site.
 Again the translation will only be at
 best 85% accurate.
 The translation is word for word and
 much meaning is lost.
II. Institutional or Organizational
Websites - Description
  These resources are created by
  known and generally accepted
  organizations and institutions that
  have reputations to uphold
  Often they are government entities
  such as the Smithsonian
  They may be non-profit institutions
  such as the American Libraries
  Association (ALA)
III. General Websites - Description

 These are websites created by
 anyone for any reason
 Many cannot be trusted to provide
 accurate information without bias
 They must be evaluated to determine
 their value
 These may include commercial sites
 Three Types of Institutional or
 General Websites aimed at
 Spanish Readers
A. Resources available in Spanish
   translation
B. Resources created for Hispanics
C. Resources created in Spanish
A. Resources (Institutional)
    available in Spanish
    Translation
   Federal Websites in Spanish =
   http://www.odl.state.ok.us/usinfo/topiclists/us-
   spanish.htm
   More Government websites in Spanish =
   http://library.nevada.edu/govpub/spanishgovlinks.html
   FirstGov = http://www.firstgov.gov/Espanol/index.shtml
   US Department of Education =
   http://www.ed.gov/espanol/bienvenidos/es/index.html?src
   =gu
   Genética Websites en Español =
   http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/e
   ducation/spanish.shtml
   El Niño websites in Spanish language =
   http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/elnino/spanish.html
A. More Resources (Institutional)
available in Spanish Translation
 MEDLINEplus = http://medlineplus.gov/spanish/
 Museum of Fine Arts, Houston =
 http://mfah.org/main.asp?target=home
 Smithsonian Institute =
 http://www.si.edu/guides/spanish.htm
 Awesome Library =
 http://www.awesomelibrary.org/espanol.html
 Texas Online =
 http://www.state.tx.us/home.jsp?language=esp
 Harris County Tax Office =
 http://www.tax.co.harris.tx.us/span/default.asp
 Harris County Clerk’s Office =
 http://www.harrisvotes.org/html/spanish/index.htm
B. Resources (Institutional and
General) created for Hispanics
 Online Hispanic Health Resources =
 http://www.library.uthscsa.edu/rahc/clhi
 n/webguides.cfm?Topic=Hispanic%20H
 ealth
 Career resources online: For Hispanics
 / Latinos =
 http://www.career.vt.edu/Diversity/Hisp
 anicsLatinosResourcesOnline.htm
B. More Resources (Institutional and
General) created for Hispanics
 Latino / Hispanic Resources =
 http://www.bodacia.com/hispanic.htm
 Resources and Organizations Serving
 the Colorado Hispanic Community =
 http://www.rmpbs.org/americanfamily/res
 ources.html
 Hispanic Heritage Plaza =
 http://www.hispaniconline.com/res&res/
C. Resources created in Spanish

 Hispanic Studies Research-related =
 http://www.humbul.ac.uk/output/shortout.ph
 p?subj=spanish&type1=research&type2=&
 ref=subout
 Hot Internet Sites ¡en Español =
 http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/fil/pages/li
 stspanish.html
 Spanish search engine (Mexico) =
 http://www.enter.net.mx/xyz/atajos/busc_e.
 html
 http://www.emepe3.com/ Music download
 site $.99 aimed at Latin cultures (Spanish
 speakers) around the world.
C. More Resources created in
Spanish

  http://www.colorincolorado.org/ Website to promote
  literacy to children speaking Spanish. Encourages
  librarians, teachers, and community leaders to visit
  ¡Colorín Colorado!, print out its pages of advice and hand
  them out to parents, grandparents, and others who care
  about children and literacy.
  Cooperative Children's Book Center's "40 Spanish/English
  Bilingual Books"
  (www.education.wisc.edu/ccbc/bibs/40books/bilingual.htm
  )
  Multnomah County (OR) Library's Spanish-language
  homework site "Tareas Escolares"
  (www.multcolib.org/libros/ref/sphomework.html).
Evaluating Hispanic Resources

 Along with other evaluation skills you
 may need to read Spanish to evaluate
 some web sites.
 If you do not read Spanish, what do
 you do?
Evaluating Hispanic Resources -
Suggestion
 Librarians are supposed to
 collaborate
 Collaborate with your Bilingual
 Department
 Show them your resources
 It demonstrates your attempt to meet
 your common client’s needs
 Sometimes they have money to help
 with your cause
Comments

 In general, mostly government
 sites and universities and
 Libraries offer their information in
 English and Spanish. Often it is
 the instructions that are
 duplicated in Spanish and not
 always all the ―articles‖.
Thoughts

 How do you decide if you need to
 offer your web pages in Spanish?
Thoughts continued
 Evaluate the needs of your
 patrons/customers the same way an
 Elementary Librarian decides if her target
 audience is the lower grades or the upper
 grades.
 For example An Elementary Librarian may
 decide to meet the needs of her lower
 grade students by creating a very
 iconographic web page with very little text.
 Or she may decide to create two pages,
 one for lower grades and one for upper
 grades (more text).
Thoughts Continued again

 Therefore a Librarian may decide to
 create a Spanish page or portion of a
 page to meet the needs of her
 Spanish speakers just as an
 Elementary Librarian may decide to
 meet the needs of her limited readers.
 The thought process is the same.
Decisions

 If you decide to offer your links in
 Spanish how do you do it?
 Exact duplicate of your English page
 in Spanish with toggling links on both
 pages to go back and forth. Or have
 the Spanish link next to the English
 link
Decisions continued

 How will you decide?
   Ease of updates.
 If you put a toggle link where do you
 put it?
   Many are in the upper right hand corner.
 If the user can see the Espanol link
 without scrolling, that shows the
 importance you place on the link
Efficiency

 As you find references to add to your
 existing English pages, look for
 Espanol translations to add to your
 Espanol pages
References
 Bishop, B (2005, May 17). Library Resources
 Page. Retrieved May
   18, 2005 from Spring Branch Independent
 School District, Library
   Information Services Web site:
   http://library.springbranchisd.com/library-
 resources/
 (Cobo, Leila. (2003, August). AOL Targets
 Hispanic Fans. Billboard. Jacobson, M.F. (1998).
References
 Hanway, S. (2003). Minority Teens Less Likely to
 Socialize Via Web. Gallup Poll Tuesday Briefing,
 1.
 Nelson, C. M. (2004). Ethnic Gap on Internet
 Narrowing, Study Says. Dallas Morning News.
 (2003). Running Online. Hispanic, 16 (10), 13.
 (Conhaim, Wallys W. (2004, October).
 Perspectives. Information Today Section: The
 Global Net.