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					All About
 Poetry…
Keep a Poem in Your Pocket
  Keep a poem in our pocket
  And a picture in your head
  And you’ll never feel lonely
  At night when you’re in bed.

  The little poem will sing to you
  The little picture bring to you
  A dozen dreams to dance to you
  At night when you’re in bed.

  So…
  Keep a picture in your pocket
  And a poem in your head
  And you’ll never feel lonely
  At night when you’re in bed.

                         -Beatrice Schenk de Regniers
How Poets Work:



Poets LOOK closer


                    Poets play
                    with SOUND
Poets make
        COMPARISONS
Poetry
 It is difficult to give poetry a definition.
  A poem is an emotional experience.

It is a thought or feeling, transmitted by
      the imagination into images and
    expressed in a beautiful and usually
            patterned language.
Rhyme
Rhyme is the likeness of sound at the end
 of words.

     We piled, with care our nightly stack
     Of wood against the chimney-back
     The oaken log, green, huge, and thick,
     And on its top the stout back-stick.
                  - “The Hearth Fire” by John Greenleaf Whittier
Rhyme Scheme
      We piled, with care our nightly stack (A)
      Of wood against the chimney-back (A)
      The oaken log, green, huge, and thick, (B)
      And on its top the stout back-stick. (B)
                  - “The Hearth Fire” by John Greenleaf Whittier


When reading a poem, use a different letter to keep
 track of each rhyme sound. That is the poem’s
 rhyme scheme.
Rhythm/ Meter
    Rhythm is a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
    Also called meter. A rhythm can make a poem sound
    serious or silly.

   Sisters Heart to Heart – by Joanna Duchs
   From the time that we were little,
    I knew you’d always be
    Not just a loving sister
    But a caring friend to me.
   A shoulder I could cry on,
    A helping hand in times of need,
    A cheerleader to lift me up,
    My angel in both word and deed.
   We told each other secrets;
    We giggled and we cried.
    We shared our joys and sorrows--
    We were always side by side.
   We have a very special bond;
    I knew it from the start.
    You’ll have my love forever--
    We’re sisters, heart to heart.
Assonance
 Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds
 followed by different consonants. “Tune” and
 “June” are rhymes; “tune” and “food” are
 assonant.
          Example: mad hatter

 And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
 Of my darling, my darling, my life and my bride.
                    --Edgar Allan Poe, "Annabel Lee"
Consonance
Consonance is the repetition of final consonant
  sounds.
          Example: east, west

  Ralegh has backed the maid to a tree
  As Ireland is backed to England
  And drives inland
  Till all her strands are deadened.
Repetition
Repetition is the recurring use of a sound, a word, a phrase or
  a line. It is used to appeal to our emotions and to
  emphasize important ideas.


          Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening – Robert Frost
                   Whose woods these are I think I know.
                      His house is in the village though;
                      He will not see me stopping here
                    To watch his woods fill up with snow.
                      My little horse must think it queer
                      To stop without a farmhouse near
                     Between the woods and frozen lake
                       The darkest evening of the year.
                     He gives his harness bells a shake
                       To ask if there is some mistake.
                      The only other sound's the sweep
                        Of easy wind and downy flake.
                    The woods are lovely, dark and deep.
                         But I have promises to keep,
                      And miles to go before I sleep,
                      And miles to go before I sleep.
Parallelism

   Repeating the same idea over and over to
    emphasize a point.

       The lazy and sluggish snake
       Bit the merry and cheery little girl,
       Making her all sad and mournful
Mood
Mood is the overall emotion created by a work of
 literature. Look at these two different moods:
1)     Winter Garden                      2)       Spring Garden

Stark naked flower stalks                 Stunningly dressed flower stalks
Stand shivering in the wind.              Stand shimmering in the breeze.
The cheerless sun hides its black light   The cheerful sun hides playfully
Behind bleak, angry clouds,               Behind white, fluffy, cotton-ball clouds,
While trees vainly try                    While trees whisper secrets
To catch their escaping leaves.           To their rustling leaves.
Carpets of grass turn brown,              Carpets of grass greenly glow
Blending morosely with the dreary day.    Blending joyfully with the day.
Winter seems the death of life forever.   Spring brings life to death.
Lines, Stanzas and Verse

A Line of Poetry
 a single line of words in a poem

A Stanza in Poetry
 a group of lines of poetry (2 or more) arranged
  according to a fixed plan
Verse in Poetry
 a poem, or piece of poetry; part of a song following
  the introduction and preceding the chorus
Stanzas…
   Couplet: a two line stanza
   Triplet: a three line stanza   (sometimes Tercet)


   Quatrain: a four line stanza
   Cinquain: a five line stanza
Couplet
Do you see the word "couple" in couplet? A couple is two of something.



   A pair of lines of poetry that are usually
   rhymed.
          Arrows
          I shot an arrow toward the sky, (A)
          It hit a white cloud floating by. (A)


   The words sky and by are end rhymes. We'll use the
   letter "A" to mark the rhyme pattern. We can string
   couplets together to make a longer poem.
Couplet Continued
        The cloud fell dying to the shore, ( )
        I don’t shoot arrows anymore. ( )
                                  - Shel Silverstein

   The words shore and anymore are end
    rhymes. What letter will we use to mark this
    rhyme scheme?
   Pick a topic
   Write a Couplet on your own
   What is the rhyme scheme?
Quatrain
   Quatrains are four line poems. The lines
    usually rhyme in two patterns. Lines one
    and two and three and four (AABB) or
    lines one and three and two and four
    (ABAB).
                                               Gumeye Ball
         Anteater                     There’s an eyeball in the gumball machine,
“A genuine anteater,”                 Right there between the red and the green,
The pet man told my dad.              Lookin’ at me as if to say,
Turned out, it was an aunt eater,     “You don’t need anymore gum today.”
And now my uncle’s mad!                                  - Shel Silverstein
                  -Shel Silverstein

                  What would their rhyme scheme be?
Another Quatrain


Mix an onion milkshake,
Take a hearty drink,
You’ll wind up with a headache
Quicker than you think!

Question: What is the rhyme scheme?
Another quatrain…

    The cat on a mat
    Played with my hat
    Under the yellow sun
    On a day of great fun

 What is the rhyme scheme?
Limericks
The limerick takes its name from Limerick, Ireland. It is humorous
  and full of nonsense. It is a five line poem that consists of a
  triplet & a couplet. They often contain hyperbole,
  onomatopoeia, idioms and other figurative devices.
 The 1st, 2nd & 5th lines rhyme, with 3 beats per line
 The 3rd & 4th lines rhyme, with two beats per line.
 The last line is usually the punch line (the heart of the joke)

        There once was a student at school (A)
        Who would not conform to the rule (A)
        He used all his time (B)
        To write funny rhyme (B)
        And limericks he used as his tool. (A)
Another Limerick…

   There once was a man with no hair.
    He gave everyone quite a scare.
         He got some Rogaine,
           Grew out a mane,
     And now he resembles a bear!
You Try a Limerick

1.   Complete this limerick with words that rhyme.

     There once was a princess named Meg
     Who accidentally broke her _____
     She slipped on the ______
     Not once, but twice
     Take no pity on her, I _________.

2.   Write a limerick using these five words: kangaroo,
     zoo, too, pouch and ouch.
3.   Write your own limerick.
Syllables

   A unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound

   Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious

   How many syllables?
Haiku
 This is a form of Japanese poetry. A haiku has only
 three lines (triplet), with five, seven and five
 syllables. A haiku usually describes a season of the
 year or some aspect of nature.
     Cold as a snowball
     Chilled colder than the white snow
     A lonely goodbye.
     ---------------------------------------------
     Some snowflakes descend
     To blanket a barren branch
     Others kiss the earth.
Haiku Continued

 I am first with five
 Then seven in the middle --
 Five again to end.


     Now you try to write a haiku.
Lyric Poems
 Lyric poetry can be sung to musical accompaniment (in ancient times,
 usually a lyre). Lyric poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings of the
 poet. “Musical in sound”….
                   Ode to Joy
                            by Buster Baxter
       I've had cabbage, lettuce, blackberries
       Pasta, oats and strawberries
       Bagels, beans and hot dogs
       Eggplant, ham and cheese logs
       I've had pumpkin and potato
       Truffles and tomato
       Diced, sliced, cubed and riced
       Boiled and fried
       Soaked and dried
       Burgers, tacos, ice cream too
       Radishes red and berries blue
       Despite all this, I'm feeling thinner...
       Still, that was lunch, now what's for dinner?
Narrative Poems
                        Jimmy Goes to the City
 A NARRATIVE                        by Arthur Read
 POEM tells a story    Jimmy was a happy ape
                       Until some hunters caught him
 and can be about      He liked the jungle better than
                       The city where they brought him
 anything.             The city was louder
                       The city was meaner
 Sometimes the         Even the dirt in the jungle was cleaner
                       So Jimmy made a daring escape!
 poem's lines have a   The hunters were suddenly minus one ape!
                       He climbed the tallest building
 rhyming pattern.      Because from there he'd see
                       How far away the jungle was
 Sometimes they        From the middle of the city.
                       Jimmy jumped into a passing plane
 don't rhyme at all.   But the pilot didn't wait for him to explain
                       Jimmy flew back to the jungle
                       And told his ape friends in their lair
                       "The city's okay for a visit
                       But you couldn't make me live there."
Ballads
  Ballad Poems are poems that tell a story like a narrative
  poem and often have a repeated refrain. A ballad is usually
  about love and often sung like a lyric poem.
They usually have:
 Four line stanzas (quatrain)
 Rhyming
 Repetition



The Ballad of the Green Beret:
http://youtu.be/LH4-tOqLH94
http://www.brownielocks.com/balladofthegreenberetsWAVE.html
Free Verse

    Free verse is just
                                                     Winter Poem
    what it says it is -
    poetry that is written
    without proper rules                        once a snowflake fell
                                                on my brow and i loved
    about form, rhyme,                          it so much and i kissed
    rhythm, meter, etc. In                      it and it was happy and called its cousins
                                                and brothers and a web
    free verse the writer                       of snow engulfed me then
    makes his/her own                           i reached to love them all
    rules. The writer                           and i squeezed them and they became
                                                a spring rain and i stood perfectly
    decides how the                             still and was a flower
    poem should look,                                        - By Nikki Giovanni
    feel, and sound.
Notice: i is not capitalized and there aren’t
    “normal” sentences….It’s free verse.
More Free Verse…

A Dream

I dreamed the clouds were dragons.
Billows of fluff, not fire
Came toward me.
I needed not my sword.
Sonnet – 14 Lines                           Specific meter and rhyme scheme.


Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day? –
William Shakespeare


  Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?                          a
  Thou art more lovely and more temperate:                         b
  Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,                    a
  And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:                    b
  Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,                      c
  And often is his gold complexion dimmed:                         d
  And every fair from fair sometime declines,                      c
  By chance or nature’s changing course untrimmed;                 d
  But thy eternal summer shall not fade,                           e
  Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;                     f
  Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,                e
  When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st:                      f
  So long as men can breathe, or eye can see,                      g
  So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.                 g
Epic

 A long, serious poem that tells the story of a
 heroic or legendary figure. Two of the most
 famous epic poems are the Iliad and the
 Odyssey by Homer, which tell about the
 Trojan War and the adventures of Odysseus
 on his voyage home after the war
Onomatopoeia in Poems…
   SOUND OF NATURE by Marie Josephine Smith
   Ticking, tocking.
    Head is rocking.
    Tippy toeing. Quietly.
    Snap, crack.
    Crushing branch.
    Helter, skelter.
    Run for shelter.
    Pitter, patter.
    Rain starts to fall.
    Gathering momentum.
    Becomes a roar.
    Thunder booms.
Acrostic Poetry
   An acrostic poem is one in which
   certain letters, often the first letter
   of every line, form a name or a
   theme.

    Apples are yummy.
    Pretty and juicy.
    Please pick only when ripe.
    Licking jelly apples are fun.
    Eat them day and night.
Shape Poems
                                                FUNNEL
This is a shape
poem. Ideally, it    Here is a little poem ... well, maybe it's not so little, but it
should describe        certainly is a poem ... although, come to think of it,
the shape it is,            this doesn't really rhyme, so maybe it's not
and rhyme, but                 a poem either; but anyway, here it is,
as you can see,                  and as you can see, it is of course
this one doesn't.                    funnel shaped, and before too
But this will give                      long, quickly comes to
                                         the point, and right at
you the idea:                               about this place
                                               down here
                                                 at the
                                                   end
                                                    !
More Shape Poems




              "Idea: Old Mazda Lamp, 50-100-150 W" By John Hollander
Tanka

 Saying Goodbye
                                 Like a Haiku
                                 Syllables: 5, 7,5,5,7
 Carefully I walk
 Trying so hard to be brave
 They all see my fear
 Dark glasses cover their eyes
 As mine flow over with tears
DIAMANTE
                                    square
                          symmetrical, conventional
                       shaping, measuring, balancing
                         boxes, rooms, clocks, halos
                   encircling, circumnavigating, enclosing
                              round, continuous
                                     circle
Line 1: one word
(subject/noun that is contrasting
to line 7)                                Line 5: three words
Line 2: two words                         (action verbs) that relate to line 7
                                          Line 6: two words
(adjectives) that describe line 1         (adjectives) that describe line 7
Line 3: three words                       Line 7: one word
(action verbs) that relate to line 1      ( subject/noun that is contrasting
Line 4: four words (nouns)                to line 1)
first 2 words relate to line 1
last 2 words relate to line 7

				
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