France PV Tariffs 2010

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					Renewable Energy Tariffs in Europe and Elsewhere

22-Jul-11
These tables summarize tariffs for different technologies in different countries, and in states and provinces,
For details on the programs in specific countries see the country specific information on the the Wind-
Note: In many programs the tariffs change at the beginning of the new year. Some tariffs increase,

http://www.wind-works.org/articles/feed_laws.html

For questions about these tables contact:
Paul Gipe
606 Hillcrest Dr.
Bakersfield, CA 93305
pgipe@igc.org
www.wind-works.org
661 325 9590
Currency Exchange Rate
               8-Jul-11                                           Switzerland Bulgari Israel South Africa China Malaysia India Japan Thailand Tanzania Vietnam Taiwan Kenya Cayman Islands
                € (Euro)$ (CAD) $ (USD)   ^(GBP)    $NZD $AUS        CHF Leva/kWh NIS           ZAR       CNY    MYR      INR JPY THB           TZS       VND     TWD KES       KYD
                      1 1.3726 1.4256      0.8889    1.709 1.33      1.19353   1.95592 5.09       9.83701 9.047 4.19097 62.86 112.4 42.299     2,061.14 26,701.63 39.75 111.69      1.1369
              ~ 0.729         1 1.0386     0.6476    1.245 0.97
              ~ 0.701 0.9628         1     0.6236    1.199 0.93
              ~ 1.125 1.5441 1.6037             1    1.922  1.5
              ~ 0.585 0.8032 0.8342        0.5202        1 0.78
              ~ 0.752 1.0328 1.0726        0.6689    1.286    1
              ~ 0.838
http://www.xe.com/ucc/convert.cgi
    #VALUE!
Status of Renewable Tariffs by Country, State, or Province
This page has been discontinued.
Price Summary for Small Wind Tariffs

                                           Tariff 1.37259 1.4256
Jurisdiction                         Years€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh

Existing
Britain 1.5 kW-15 kW                20 0.31         0.43234     0.449
Britain >15 kW<100 kW               20 0.28         0.39065    0.4057
Israel <15 kW                       20 0.25         0.33739    0.3504
Israel <50 kW                       20 0.25         0.43186    0.4485
Switzerland <10 kW                  20 0.17         0.23001    0.2389
Vermont <15 kW                      20 0.14         0.19257        0.2
Nova Scotia                         20 0.33            0.449   0.4663
Italy <200 kW                       15   0.3        0.41178    0.4277
Portugal <3.68 kW (Microgenerator) 15 0.43          0.59296    0.6158
Washington State Out of State        6 0.08         0.11554       0.12
Washington State Fully in State      6 0.29         0.39477       0.41
Wisconsin, Xcel Energy              10 0.05         0.06355     0.066
Wisconsin, Madison Gas & Electric   10 0.04         0.05873     0.061
                                    10
Indianapolis Power & Light >50 kW<100 kW 0.1         0.1348       0.14

Note: Some include Ireland's microgeneration tariff, I do not. It is
First Year Renewable Tariffs in $CAD/kWh
All Conversions from the Euro.
                    Wind PV Hydro Biogas

Note: See country-specific data sheets for qualifications.

First Year Renewable Tariffs in US$/kWh
All Conversions from the Euro.
                    Wind PV Hydro Biogas

Note: See specific sheets for qualifications.
          Geothermal Tariffs Worldwide Summary

                                           Tariff 1.37259 1.4256
Jurisdiction                         Years€/kWhCAD/kWh   USD/kWh
Germany                                20
<10 MW                                      0.16   0.21524   0.2236
>10 MW                                       0.1   0.14125   0.1467
Bonus for installation before 2016          0.04   0.05381   0.0559
District heating bonus                      0.03   0.04036   0.0419
Technology bonus for hot-dry-rock           0.04   0.05381   0.0559
France
Continental <12 MW            15             0.2 0.27452     0.2851
Plus premium for heat content
<30%                                           0         0        0
                                           Linear interpolation
>70% efficiency                           0.08 0.10981      0.114
Overseas Territories <12 MW            15 0.13 0.17844 0.1853
Plus premium for heat content
<30%                                           0         0        0
                                             Linear interpolation
>70% efficiency                             0.03 0.04118 0.0428
Greece                                 20
 Mainland                                 0.08     0.11173    0.116
 Islands                                   0.1     0.13333   0.1385
Italy<1 MW                             15  0.2     0.27452   0.2851
Spain <50 MW                           20 0.07     0.09773   0.1015
                                      +20 0.07     0.09235   0.0959
Slovakia                               12  0.2     0.26881   0.2792
Slovenia                               15
<50 kW                                      0.15 0.20928     0.2174
>50 kW<1,000 kW                             0.15 0.20928     0.2174
>1 MW<10 MW                                 0.15 0.20928     0.2174
>10 MW<125 MW                                       n/a
Switzerland                            20
<5 MW                                       0.34   0.46001   0.4778
<10 MW                                       0.3   0.41401     0.43
<20 MW                                      0.23   0.32201   0.3344
>20 MW                                      0.19   0.26106   0.2711
Croatia                                12
<1 MW                                       0.17   0.23836   0.2476
>1 MW                                       0.17   0.23836   0.2476
Czech Republic                         15   0.16   0.21632   0.2247
Kenya <70 MW*                          20   0.06   0.08184    0.085
Serbia                                 12   0.08   0.10294   0.1069
Taiwan                                      0.12   0.16587   0.1723
Turkey                                 10   0.07    0.1011    0.105
Bonus for Made in Turkey
Steam or gas turbine                      0.01 0.01252        0.013
Generator & power electronics             0.05 0.0674          0.07
Steam injector or gas compressor          0.05 0.0674          0.07
Uganda                                 20 0.05 0.07414        0.077
*Ceiling price rather than minimum price.

           #VALUE!
Price Summary First-Year Offshore Wind Tariffs

                   Tariff 1.3726 1.4256
Jurisdiction Years€/kWhCAD/kWh   USD/kWh
Germany        20 0.13 0.1784 0.1853
 with Bonus         0.15 0.2059 0.2138
France         15 0.13 0.1784 0.1853
Ontario        20 0.14       0.19 0.1973
Price Summary First-Year Wind Tariffs

                      Tariff 1.37259 1.4256
Jurisdiction Years   €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Germany        20    0.0902 0.12628 0.1312
Ontario        20    0.0984     0.135 0.1402
France         15    0.0819 0.11242 0.1168
Spain          25    0.0757 0.10388 0.1079
South Africa   20    0.1271 0.17442 0.1811
Vermont        20    0.0877 0.12036    0.125
Nova Scotia    20    0.1013     0.139 0.1444
                        Price Summary for Solar PV Tariffs Worldwide
Ranked by Tariff and Years Offered
                                           Tariff           1.37259         1.42556
Jurisdiction      Application Years       €/kWh            CAD/kWh         USD/kWh
Italy           Rooftop                   #REF!              #REF!           #REF!
South Korea     >3 kW               15    0.566458301       0.777514999      0.807520296
France          Building Integrated 20             0.276     0.37883484       0.39345456
Germany 2009 Rooftop                20            0.4301    0.590350959      0.613133356
Czech Republic                      15            0.4963    0.681216417      0.707505428
                <
Spain (2007 RD) 100 kW               0              0.34      0.4666806        0.4846904
Austria         <5 kW               12            0.4598    0.631116882      0.655472488
Ontario                             20     0.58429684              0.802      1.14329912
                Mfg.
Washington State* in state           8    0.806700525       1.107269073             1.15
California*     Commercial           5    0.353755717       0.676887037           0.5043
South Australia*Residential          5    0.331073506       0.454428183      0.471965147
*Form of net-metering
      Renewable Tariffs Program Size or Limit (MW)
Country                    Wind    Solar     Hydro Biomass
California Solar Initiative*       3,000
California FIT                           500
France                    17,000    500      2,000   2,000
Germany                  No Limit No Limit No Limit No Limit
Italy                              1,200
Ontario FIT              No Limit No Limit No Limit No Limit
South Korea                        1,300
Spain (2007 RD)           20,155   500/yr    2,400   3,200
*Incentive program. Not a tariff.
             Renewable Tariff Adjustments for Inflation
                                      Inflation Adjustment
Germany                                         0%
Ontario RFP                                    15%
Ontario SOC & FIT                              20%
Prince Edward Island                           26%
France                                      60%-70%
Spain                            75% to 2012, 50% post 2012
Greece                                         25%
Ireland                                       100%
South Africa                                  100%
California FSO4                      Ramped for Inflation
California ISO4, EPO1       Fixed Forecasted 10-year Avoided Cost
California ISO4, EPO2 Fixed Forecasted Levelized 10-year Avoided Cost
California ISO4, EPO3    Fixed Forecasted Incremental Energy Rates
ISO4: Interim Standard Offer Contract 4 (New Contracts Suspended 1985).
FSO4: Final Standard Offer Contract (Never Implemented).
Typical Contract Term in Years for Renewable Tariffs
   Country               Wind Solar Hydro Biomass
   France                 15 20      20      15
   Germany                20 20      20      20
   Greece                 20 25      20      20
   Ontario                20 20      20      20
   Portugal               12 12      12
   Spain (2007 RD)*      >15 >25 >25        >20
   *Life of facility.
         Renewable Tariffs Degression 2008

Country                          BiogasLandfill Gas
           Wind Solar Small Hydro*
Germany 2010 0 8%-10% 0.01        0.015    0.015
France       0         0       0       0         0
Spain          0       0       0       0         0
*Germany: Small Hydro >500 kW.
Renewable Energy Tariffs in Algeria
                                         0.01
                                        Tariff 1.37259 1.4256
                Years% of Base RateDZD €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Base Rate                           3.5 0.03

Wind Energy                 300%        0.1   0.13659   0.1419
Solar Photovoltaics         300%        0.1   0.13659   0.1419
Concentrating Solar         200%       0.07   0.09106   0.0946
Hydro                       100%       0.03   0.04553   0.0473
Waste                       200%       0.07   0.09106   0.0946

Decree 04-92, 2004.
Projects must be <50 MW.
Proposed Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Argentina

                    Full Load Tariff       1.3726 1.4256
               Years Hours Peso/kWh  €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy                           0.05 0.0741 0.077

Proposed 500 MW                      0.08 0.1059   0.11
     20-May-09
8% supply in 10 years




Camara Argentina de Generadores Eolicos (CADGE)
http://www.cadge.org.ar/
Solar PV Feed-in Tariff in the Australian Capitol Territory
    27-May-09
                    Full LoadCapacity Tariff 0.75 1.03279 1.0726
              Years Hours Factor AUD/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV <30 kW ?                         0.505 0.38 0.52156 0.5417

www.act.gov.au
Proposed Solar PV Feed-in Tariff in South Australia*

             Full LoadCapacity Tariff 0.75 1.0328 1.0726
        Years Hours Factor AUD/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWh    USD/kWh
Solar PV   5                     0.44 0.33 0.4544   0.472

http://www.climatechange.sa.gov.au/news/news_5.htm
*Primarily a form of net-metering. Not a true feed-in tariff. The
Cap: 10,000 systems, 10 kW single phase, 30 kW three-phase.
Only generation in excess of consumption or "net".
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Austria
Needs Update July 2011
                Tariff 1.3726 1.4256
         Years€/kWh   CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy 13 0.1 0.1331 0.1383 2011

Photovoltaics 2009
<5 kW        10 0.46      0.6311   0.6555
5-10 kW      10 0.4       0.5488   0.5699
>10 kW       10 0.3       0.4115   0.4274

<5 kW        11th 0.34    0.4734   0.4917
5-10 kW      11th 0.3     0.4116   0.4275
>10 kW       11th 0.22    0.3087   0.3206

<5 kW      12th 0.23      0.3157   0.3279
5-10 kW    12th 0.2       0.2745   0.2851
>10 kW     12th 0.15      0.2059   0.2138
Cap: 3.3 MW/yr.


Purkersdorf2 10       1   1.3726   1.4256

Biogas
<100 kW       12   0.17   0.2327   0.2416
100-250 kW    12   0.15   0.2079    0.216
250-500 kW    12   0.14   0.1922   0.1996
500-1000 kW   12   0.12   0.1702   0.1768
>1000 kW      12   0.11   0.1551   0.1611

Geothermal
              12 0.07     0.1002   0.1041

Note: Burgenland has proposed sliding state tariffs that vary depending on the amount of the federal tariff received.
3,500 Euro/kW up to 3 kW; 3,000 Euro/kWh up to 10 kW; subsidy
Photon International, 2/2007.
Note: Numerous conditions apply. Cap per year on all programs.
Source: Neue Energie 12/2006.
Total Consumption: 65.8 TWH/y, 2004.
Austria has never implemented its quota system for hydro due to industry opposition.
www.eva.ac.at/index.htm
www.igwindkraft.at
http://www.pvaustria.at/content/default.asp
Premium payment may come from general budget. Spending cap.
Provinces also provide installation subsidies. Upper Austria pays Euro 3,000/kW.
2. Purkersdorf is a suburb of Vienna, Lower Austria. Photon International March 2006.
Austria is constituionally prohibited from using nuclear fission.
Population: 8.2 million.
PV generation: 13 GWh. 2004
Yields: 850-950 kWh/kW/yr.
Irradiation: 1,150-1,300 kWh/m2/yr.
Residential tariffs: 0.14-0.17 Euros/kWh.

Official details:
http://www.e-control.at/portal/page/portal/ECONTROL_HOME/OKO/EINSPEISETARIFE

Check against German version.
Austria 2008 consumption: 70.9 TWh.
Austrian Roadmap estimates that 60% of suitable rooftops could produce 20 TWh/yr with a total rooftop potential of 40 TWh.
Renewable Tariffs in the Cayman Islands

                       Tariff  1.137 1.37259 1.4256
               Years KYD/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Customer sited    20      0.37 0.33 0.4467 0.4639

Pilot program beginning February, 2011 through 2012.
Program cap: 1 MW; 70% reserved for commercial customers.
Gross feed-in tariff: Payment of $0.37/kWh offsets
Accounts settled annually.
Term: 20 years.
Project size limit maximum: 20 kW residential; 50 kW commercial.
http://www.cuc-
Renewable Tariffs in Belgium

                                CapacityTariff 1.3726 1.4256
                        Full Load
                   Years Hours Factor €/kWh   CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Flanders
Photovoltatics        20                   0.35 0.4804 0.4989
Wind on land          10                   0.09 0.1235 0.1283
Biomass               10                   0.09 0.1235 0.1283

Wallonia
Photovoltatics      15                     0.15 0.2059 0.2138
Wind on land <10 kW 15                     0.07 0.0892 0.0927
Biomass <10 kW      15                     0.07 0.0892 0.0927

http://www.energiesparen.be/groenestroomcertificaten
Flanders wind and biomass: certificate value.
http://www.energiesparen.be/groenestroomcertificaten
http://www.cwape.be/servlet/Repository?IDR=9271
Wallonia is payment for green certificate.
Most authorities do not classify the Flemish and Walloon
Renewable Tariffs in Bosnia Herzegovina
         2010
                      Tariff        1.37259 1.4256
              Years /kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Renewable Energy 12          0.0613 0.08414 0.0874

Source: Jeff Potter.
http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2010/12/waking-wind-in-the-balkans-region-offering-new-opportunities-in-wind
Renewable Tariffs in Brazil (Proinfa)
Discontinued 2010                                        2006
                          CapacityTariff 1.3726 1.4256 2.7238
                  Full Load
             Years Hours Factor €/kWh   CAD/kWhUSD/kWhReal/kWh
Wind
               20             34% 0.06 0.0758 0.0787      0.23
               20             44% 0.05 0.0668 0.0694        0.2

Biomass         20                  0.04 0.0535 0.0556        0.104

Hydro <30 MW 20                     0.04 0.0494 0.0513        0.134

Source: Economics of Wind Farms in Brazil, DEWI Magazin, Nr 25, August 2004.
Contracts awarded by tenders limited to 1,100 MW. For projects <30
Tariffs a funtion of performance as indiecated.
Source for data other than wind: New Energy 3/2004.
Proinfa, only applicable to projects with 60% of value added from within Brazil.
New Energy, 3/2006 reports wind tariff 190 real (€76)/MWh,
DEWI: IRR targets, high wind: 18%; low wind: 15%.
Capacity Factor definition is non-standard, that is, it is slightly
Tariffs increase with IGPM inflation index (100%).
http://onlinepact.org/brazil.html
Renewable Tariffs in Bulgaria
                     2011
                         Full Load Tariff       1.9559 1.37259 1.4256
                    Years HoursLeva/kWh         €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy             20
                           <2250     0.188      0.0961 0.13193     0.137
                           >2250     0.173      0.0884 0.1214     0.1261

Photovoltaics             20
<200 kW rooftop                         0.761   0.3891 0.53404 0.5547
>200 kW groundmounted                   0.699   0.3574 0.49053 0.5095
http://www.exportinitiative.de/nachrichten/nachrichten0/back/98/article/bu
Renewable Tariffs in Bulgaria
                  7/3/1905 0:00
                                       Full Load Tariff 1.9559 1.37259 1.4256
                                  Years Hours Leva/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh  USD/kWh
Wind Energy
<800 kW                             20           0.14 0.0716 0.09825        0.102
>800 kW                             20 <2250    0.186 0.0951 0.13053       0.1356
>800 kW                             20 >2250    0.168 0.0859 0.1179        0.1224

Small Hydro
<10 MW                              20          0.097 0.0496 0.06807       0.0707

Photovoltaics 2009
<5 kW                               20          0.823 0.4208 0.57755       0.5998 Photon 5/2009
>5 kW                               20          0.755 0.386 0.52983        0.5503 Photon 5/2009

Biomass
<5 MW (products from wood-processing)           0.215   0.1099   0.15088   0.1567
<5 MW (farm products)                           0.162   0.0828   0.11369   0.1181
<5 MW (from sorgo,thistle,reed)                 0.184   0.0941   0.12912   0.1341
>5 MW (products from wood-processing)          0.1138   0.0582   0.07983   0.0829 xing

http://www.hydroenergycompany.com/files/Renewable%20prices%2031.03.2008_v1_en.pdf
Dipl. Eng. Ivelin Shapkov
Hydroenergy Company Ltd.
Suite 206
38, Vasil Levski Blvrd.
2700, Blagoevgrad
Bulgaria
www.hydroenergycompany.com

Tariffs set every March by State Energy and Water Regulatory Commission based
California Pilot Performance-Based Incentive Program
This program has been discontinued. 09-Jun-08.

             Full LoadCapacity Tariff 1.37259 1.4256
      Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
           3
Photovoltaics                   0.35 0.66667      0.5


Effective January 19, 2005.
http://www.energy.ca.gov/renewables/performance_based/index.html
$400,000 per project maximum.
$1,000,000 cap for systems installed by corporate or government parent.
Third party system performance data reporting either by
Total of $10 million available.
Rebate program $2.8/W for 3,000 MW; PUC 2006.
Accessed 09-Jun-08.
California Solar Initiative (Million Solar Roofs)
25-Aug-06
                                    CapacityTariff 1.37
                             Full Load                      1.43
                       Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh   USD/kWh
Photovoltaics
<100 kW                                     Buy-Down or Capacity Payment

>100 kW Taxable         5                         0.27   0.52   0.39
Net-Metered Retail Rate                           0.08   0.16   0.11
Total                                             0.35   0.68   0.50

>100 kW Non-Taxable     5                         0.35   0.67   0.50
Net-Metered Retail Rate                           0.08   0.16   0.11
Total                                             0.43   0.82   0.11

Note that this program is not a true tariff but a "Production-Based
Effective January 1, 2007.
Buy-Down Payment: $2.50/W Taxable, $3.25/W Non-Taxable.
Buy-Down Payment will be converted to an Estimated Production-Based Incentive.
Non-Taxable are tax-exempt organizations and government agencies.
All systems must now install separate meters.
Beginning 2010 tariff program lowered to 30 kW.
Rules implementing the program are not final.
http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/static/energy/solar/csi_factsheet_082406.pdf
Los Angeles Business Council Proposed Solar PV Tariff
       2010
                     Tariff 1.37259 1.4256 Allocation
              Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh MW Degression
Photovoltaics
<50 kW          20 0.24 0.32737        0.34       100 -5%
>50 kW          20 0.15 0.21183        0.22       300 -5%
Groundmounted 20 0.11 0.15405          0.16       200 -5%
UCLA Proposal for LABC.                        Total Cap         600
Tariffs include federal ITC. Without ITC, tariffs would increase 43%.
60 MW per year for ten years.
http://www.labusinesscouncil.org/online_documents/2010/LABC-




Proposed Renewable Tariff in the Czech Republic
       2006
                   Tariff #REF! #REF!
            Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind          15 0.09 0.11832 0.1229

Photovoltaics 2009
<30 kW             20   0.5 0.68122            0.7075
>30 kW             20 0.49     0.676           0.7021
Full inflation adjustment.
Feed-in Tariff in California*
PUC Order Issued: January 31, 2008, E-4137.
                                                 1.37259 1.42556
                    Years      €/kWh            CAD/kWh USD/kWh
All Renewables 2009 15, or 20
                 10,
PG&E Summer                15 0.126266           0.173312    0.18
 Peak                         0.056118           0.077027    0.08
Shoulder                      0.042089           0.057771    0.06
Offpeak                       0.098207           0.134798    0.14
PG&E Winter                15 0.070148           0.096284     0.1
 Peak                         0.049104           0.067399    0.07
Shoulder
Offpeak

SCE Summer                     15
Peak                                0.217458 0.298481        0.31
Shoulder                            0.084177 0.115541        0.12
Offpeak                             0.042089 0.057771        0.06
SCE Winter                     15
Peak                                0.070148 0.096284         0.1
Shoulder                            0.056118 0.077027        0.08
Offpeak                             0.042089 0.057771        0.06

SDG&E Summer                   15
Peak                                0.105222 0.144426        0.15
Shoulder                            0.070148 0.096284         0.1
Offpeak                             0.056118 0.077027        0.08
SDG&E Winter                   15
Peak                           0.077163 0.105913            0.11
Shoulder                       0.070148 0.096284             0.1
Offpeak                        0.049104 0.067399            0.07
http://docs.cpuc.ca.gov/published/Agenda_resolution/78255.htm
*This program is not a true feed-in tariff as it is alsmost
Program Cap: 478.447 MW. (No, that's not a misprint.)
Project Size Cap: 1.5 MW
Tariff Based on: Market Price Referant.
The tariffs in the above table are only for the 15-year contract
Renewable Tariffs in China
        7/22/2010 0:00
                                             9.047 1.37259 1.4256     2010      2011
                                YearsCHN/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWhDegressionDegression
Wind Onshore
Category 1 Energy Zone                        0.51   0.056    0.07737      0.0804
Category 2 Energy Zone                        0.54    0.06    0.08192      0.0851
Category 3 Energy Zone                        0.58   0.064    0.08799      0.0914
Category 4 Energy Zone                        0.61   0.067    0.09254      0.0961

Biogas Bonus (July 23, 2010)                  0.75   0.083 0.11378         0.1182

Provincial Solar PV Tariffs
Zhejiang PV Bonus                            0.70    0.077 0.1062          0.1103
Zhejiang Coal Price                           0.46   0.051 0.06979         0.0725

Jiangsu PV Bonus
Building Integrated                            4.3   0.475 0.65235         0.6775        -0.035       -0.029
Rooftop                                        3.7   0.409 0.56133          0.583         -0.03       -0.024
Groundmounted                                  2.1   0.232 0.31859         0.3309        -0.017       -0.014


Source wind tariffs: NDRC Pricing Reg. (2009)1906, July 20, 2009. Translation by LBL.
The tariffs for new projects were to go into effect August 1, 2009.
Category 1 Energy Zone: Inner Mongolia - excl. Chifeng, Tongliao, Xing-an
Category 2 Energy Zone: Hebei Province, incl.Zhangjiakou, Chengde; Inner
Category 3 Energy Zone: Jilin, incl. Baicheng, Songyuan; Heilongjiang
Category 4 Energy Zone: Other region not included in Categories 1, 2 and 3.

Biogas bonus previously paid on top of coal-fired generation payment which varies by profince. Now s simple tariff.
Source: Eric Martinot.
PV Tariffs: Eric Martinot.
http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2010/07/renewable-energy-policy-update-for-china
Renewable Tariffs in Chile

            Full LoadCapacity 0    0.00207 0.0021
       Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWhPesos/kWh
RE                            0.06 0.09012 0.0907 43.5

Not a true tariff. Price is recalculated every six months for projects up to 20 MW.
Neue Energie 04/2008.
www.cne.cl
Renewable Tariffs in Croatia
     2009
                 Tariff 7.2556 1.3726 1.4256
          Yearskn/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWh     USD/kWh
Wind        12
<1 MW              0.64 0.088 0.1211 0.1257
>1 MW              0.65 0.09     0.123 0.1277

Photovoltaics 12
<10 kW                        0.46   0.6314   0.6558
<30 kW                        0.41   0.5628   0.5845
>30 kW                        0.26   0.3569   0.3706

Hydro            12
<1 MW                 0.69   0.095   0.1305   0.1356
>1 MW                 0.42   0.058   0.0795   0.0825

Biomass          12
<1 MW                 0.95   0.131   0.1797   0.1867
                       1.2   0.165    0.227   0.2358
>1 MW                 0.83   0.114    0.157   0.1631
                      1.04   0.143   0.1967   0.2043

Geothermal       12
<1 MW                 1.26   0.174   0.2384   0.2476
>1 MW                 1.26   0.174   0.2384   0.2476

Other            12
<1 MW                  0.6   0.083   0.1135   0.1179
>1 MW                  0.5   0.069   0.0946   0.0982

Stanic page 20
2007: 1.7% renewable energy in electricity supply;
2007: consumption 17.6 TWh.
Renewable fee: 0.0089 kn/kWh.
Projects just getting underway in spring 2009.
Proposed Renewable Tariff in the Czech Republic
         2006
                     Tariff 1.3726 1.4256
              Years €/kWhCAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                  U       CZK/kWh
Wind            15 0.086 0.1183 0.1229

Photovoltaics 2009
<30 kW               20 0.496 0.6812 0.7075       12.89
>30 kW               20 0.493  0.676 0.7021       12.79
Full inflation adjustment.

Small Hydro        15   0.082   0.1126   0.1169
Biomass 1          15   0.103   0.1408   0.1463
Biomass 2          15   0.091    0.125   0.1299
Biomass 3          15   0.802   1.1008   1.1433
Biogas             15   0.077   0.1056   0.1096
Biogas             15   0.101   0.1386    0.144
Geothermal         15   0.158   0.2163   0.2247

Source: Ivo Kudelka, Ministry of Industry and Trade, 2005, Berlin.
Electricity regulator approves. Environment Ministry prefers ROCs.
European Commission has filed an action against the Czech government on this program in February 2006.
Additional investment subsidies for PV.
http://www.czrea.cz/clanek.php?CLANEK=1

Source: 2006, Rostislav Krejcar, The Czech Energy Regulatory Office, International Feed-In Cooperation, Rostislav.Krejcar@eru.cz.

Degression 5%/yr determined annually.
Renewable Tariffs in Denmark
  9-Jul-10

                   Full LoadCapacity Tariff 1.37259 1.4256
              Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind            20 22,000             0.03 0.04118 0.0428
Balance price                         0.003 0.00412 0.0043
Max Payment                           0.085 0.11667 0.1212
Wind <25 kW                            0.08 0.10981  0.114

Biogas             20                         0.020.02745        0.0285
Max Payment                                  0.10 0.13726        0.1426

Bonus system. Tariffs paid on top of the market or wholesale price.
New Energy 2/2008.
http://onlinepact.org/denmark.html
Renewable Tariffs in the Dominican Republic
 2007
                    CapacityTariff 1.373 1.426
            Full Load
       Years Hours Factor €/kWh AD/kWh
                                 C       USD/kWh
Pojecto de Ley de Incentivo al Desarrollo de




Neue Energie 06/2007
Gainesville Regional Utilities (Florida) Solar PV Feed-in Tariff

                            0.7 0.96284
                    Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV 2009 & 2010
<25 kW                 20 0.22 0.30811   0.32
Groundmounted          20 0.18 0.25034   0.26

Degression begins in 2011.
http://www.gru.com/AboutGRU/PublicDiscussion/FuturePower/default.jsp


Gainesville Regional Utilities (Florida) Solar PV Feed-in Tariff

                                     0.7 0.96284
                             Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Proposed for 2011
Rooftop & Groundmounted
<10 kW                         20   0.22 0.30811   0.32
>10 kW<25 kW                   20    0.2 0.27922   0.29
Groundmounted >25 kW           20   0.17 0.23108   0.24
Renewable Tariffs in Ecuador
            2011                              Tariff
                                     1.37259 1.4256
                         Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Continental
Wind                       15      0.06   0.09482   0.0913
Solar Photovoltaics        15      0.28   0.41575   0.4003
Biomass-Biogas <5 MW       15      0.08   0.11476   0.1105
Biomass-Biogas >5 MW       15      0.07    0.0997    0.096
Geothermal                 15      0.09    0.1372   0.1321
Hydro <10 MW               15      0.05   0.07447   0.0717
Hydro >10 MW<30 MW         15      0.05   0.07146   0.0688
Hydro >30 MW<50 MW         15      0.04    0.0645   0.0621

Galápagos
Wind                       15      0.07   0.10427   0.1004
Solar Photovoltaics        15      0.31   0.45729   0.4403
Biomass-Biogas <5 MW       15      0.09   0.12629   0.1216
Biomass-Biogas >5 MW       15      0.07   0.10968   0.1056
Geothermal                 15       0.1   0.15091   0.1453

Tariffs in USD/kWh.
Contract term: 15 years from 1 January, 2013.
Renewable Tariffs in Finland
        2010
                   Full LoadCapacity Tariff 1.37259 1.4256
             Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy
              1-3                     0.09 0.12381 0.1286
             4-12                     0.08 0.11461    0.119

Biogas                12                        0.08 0.11461        0.119

Biogas with CHP       12                        0.134   0.18324    0.1903

Note: Bonus system similar to that in Spain, that is, bonus is
Finland Wind Target: 6 TWh/yr by 2020, 30 times 2008 generation.
http://www.tem.fi/?89521_m=95022&l=en&s=2471
http://www.nordicenergyperspectives.org/Kiviluoma_Feedintariff_Finland.pdf
Bonus paid from taxes and emisison trading profits.
Advanced Renewable Tariffs for France (Proposed)
                    24-Feb-11
Proposed 2011                          Bonus Tariff Total 1.37259 1.4256
                                 Years €/kWh€/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWh   USD/kWh
Biogas                             20
<150 kW                                  0.03 0.14 0.161 0.1853 0.1925
>150 kW<300 kW                           0.02 0.13 0.143 0.17569 0.1825
>300 kW<500 kW**                         0.01 0.12 0.132 0.16883 0.1753
>500 kW<1,000 kW                              0.12 0.118 0.16197 0.1682
>1,000 kW<2,000 kW                            0.11 0.113 0.1551 0.1611
Bonus for using effluent from livestock operations.
**Efficiency bonus or incentive.

Biogas Pipeline Injection                 20
<60 m3/h                                                 0.1 0.103 0.14138        0.1468
>60 m3/h<700 m3/h                                     Linear interpolation
>700 m3/h                                              0.05 0.05 0.06863          0.0713

Photovoltaics
Continental France
Residential
Integrated <9 kW                          20            0.46            0.63688   0.6615
Integrated >9<36 kW                       20            0.41            0.55727   0.5788

Simplified Integrated <36 kW              20             0.3            0.41658   0.4327
Simplified Integrated
>36<100 kW                                20            0.29            0.39599   0.4113

Education or health
facilities more than 2 years
old
 Integrated <9 kW                         20            0.41            0.55727   0.5788
 Integrated >9<36 kW                                    0.41

Simplified Integrated <36 kW              20             0.3            0.41658   0.4327
Simplified Integrated
>36<100 kW                                20            0.29            0.39599   0.4113

Other closed buildings
more than 2 years old
Integrated <9 kW                          20            0.35            0.48315   0.5018

Simplified Integrated <36 kW              20             0.3            0.41658   0.4327
Simplified Integrated
>36<100 kW                                20            0.29            0.39599   0.4113

Ground-mounted Systems <12 MW                           0.12            0.16471   0.1711

Source: CLER and the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Transport.
http://www.cler.org/info/spip.php?article9291
http://www.economie.gouv.fr/discours-presse/discours-
For solar PV.
RFPs for all rooftop projects >100 kW and all groundmounted projects.
Simplified RFPs for all rooftop projects >100 kW<250 kW. Winners chosen
RFPs for all rooftop projects >250 kW and all groundmounted projects will
Degression of 10% per 10 MW per tranche every quarter.
Target is 100 MW per tranche per year, 25 MW per quarter.
Target is 500 MW per year.
Contract term is 20 years with 18 months for completion. Term reduced by
Projects greater than 9 kW requires a bank statement of financeability.
Beginning in 2012 PV projects are obligated to provide end-of-life recycling.
Beginning in mid 2011 PV projects must include a carbon balance.
Advanced Renewable Tariffs for Solar PV in France
                                18-Jan-11
Since September, 2010                           Insolation Tariff 1.37259 1.4256 Degression
                                          Years Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh      USD/kWh     %
Photovoltaics
Continental (Metropolitan)
Integrated <250 kW                                                                    -9% Beginning after 2012.
 Housing <3 kW                               20             0.58 0.7961 0.8268
 Housing >3 kW                               20             0.51 0.70002    0.727
 Education or health facilities more
than 2 years old                             20             0.51 0.70002    0.727
 Other closed buildings more than 2
years old                                    20             0.44 0.60394 0.6272

Ground-mounted Systems <250 kW                                           0.28 0.37883   0.3935   -9%
Ground-mounted Systems by Departement >250 kW
Base Tariff                                                              0.28 0.37883   0.3935   -9%
Tariff by Departement (partial list for illustration)
 Vaucluse                                                20      1.00    0.28 0.37883   0.3935   -9%
 Tarn                                                    20      1.03    0.28 0.3902    0.4053   -9%
 Jura                                                    20      1.10     0.3 0.41672   0.4328   -9%
 Paris                                                   20      1.15    0.32 0.43566   0.4525   -9%
 Somme                                                   20      1.20    0.33 0.4546    0.4721   -9%

Overseas Territories & Corsica
                                                         20               0.4 0.54904   0.5702   -9%

Degression begins in 2013.
Architectural Simplified Building Integrated tariffs begin June, 2010.
Simplified Building Integrated prohibits pergolas, car ports, and the like. The systems must be
Tariffs will remain in effect through 2012.
There are 95 Departements in Continental France.
The Departement of the Somme has the least insolation and thus the highest insolation
The Departement of the Vaucluse has the most insolation and thus the lowest insolation
Systems less than 3 kW qualify for a 50% tax credit on material costs.
No program cap. Program is time limited.
Simplified Building Integrated>3 kW<250 kW is only applicable to commercial buildings.
Tariffs are indexed with 20% of inflation.
100 MW of Solar PV applications filed in Corsica.
Overproduction, that is generation greater per kW installed than that used to calculate the
http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000021673951
 Advanced Renewable Tariffs in France
               18-Apr-11
 Note: First year French tariffs increase with inflation. The tariffs below have not been adjusted.
                                   Full LoadCapacity Tariff 1.3726 1.4256
                           Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh SD/kWh      U
 Wind Energy                                                                    No longer decrease of 10% in tariff after 1,500 MW reached.

  Continental 2011 Tariffs 1-10                     0.082    0.1124   0.1168 -2% decrease beginning 2008, 100% corrected for inflation.
  Low                      11-15   2,400     0.27   0.082    0.1124   0.1168 60% corrected for inflaiton.
                           11-15   2,500     0.29   0.078    0.1076   0.1118
                                   2,600     0.30   0.075    0.1029   0.1068
                                   2,700     0.31   0.071    0.0981   0.1019
  Medium                           2,800     0.32   0.068    0.0933   0.0969
                                   2,900     0.33   0.063    0.0865   0.0898
                                   3,000     0.34   0.058    0.0796   0.0827
                                   3,100     0.35   0.053    0.0727   0.0756
                                   3,200     0.37   0.048    0.0659   0.0684
                                   3,300     0.38   0.043     0.059   0.0613
                                   3,400     0.39   0.038    0.0522   0.0542
                                   3,500     0.40   0.033    0.0453    0.047
  High                    11-15    3,600     0.41   0.028    0.0384   0.0399

  Overseas Territories    1-15                       0.11     0.151 0.1568

  Offshore                1-10                     0.13      0.1784   0.1853
  Low                     11-15    2,800     0.32 0.13       0.1784   0.1853
                                   2,900     0.33 0.12       0.1647   0.1711
                                   3,000     0.34 0.11        0.151   0.1568
                                   3,100     0.35    0.1     0.1373   0.1426
  Medium                  11-15    3,200     0.37 0.09       0.1235   0.1283
                                   3,300     0.38 0.075      0.1029   0.1069
                                   3,400     0.39 0.06       0.0824   0.0855
                                   3,500     0.40 0.045      0.0618   0.0642
  High                    11-15    3,600     0.41 0.03       0.0412   0.0428

 Biogas                                                                        No tariff decrease, 70% corrected for inflation.
 <150 kW                    15                        0.09 0.1235 0.1283
 >150 kW<2,000 kW           15                      Linear interpolation
 >2,000 kW                  15                      0.086     0.118 0.1226
 Biogas Premium (on-farm methane)                     0.02 0.0275 0.0285
 Plus premium for heat content
 <40% efficiency                                         0        0      0
 >40%<70% efficiency                                Linear interpolation
 >70% efficiency                                      0.03 0.0412 0.0428

 Geothermal                 15
 Continental <12 MW                                   0.2    0.2745 0.2851 raised from 0.12 in 2010.
 Plus premium for heat content
 <30%                                                    0        0      0
                                                    Linear interpolation
 >70% efficiency                                      0.08 0.1098 0.114
 Overseas Territories                                 0.13 0.1784 0.1853 raised from 0.10 in 2010.
 Plus premium for heat content
 <30%                                                 0        0      0
                                                 Linear interpolation
 >70% efficiency                                   0.03 0.0412 0.0428
 http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/jopdf/common/jo_pdf.jsp?numJO=0&dateJ
 Biocombustion (Biomass)
                12-Jan-09
   70% inflation indexing
         >5 MW<12 MW          20                 0.125 0.1716 0.1782 raised from 0.064 in 2010.
  Fixed Efficiency Bonus                           0.08 0.1098 0.114
Variable Efficiency Bonus
          <40% efficiency                             0        0      0
    >40%<70% efficiency                          Linear interpolation
          >70% efficiency                          0.05 0.0686 0.0713 raised from 0.03 in 2010.

 Hydropower                   20                    0.055    0.0754   0.0783   Dependent upon season and size.
                                                    0.061    0.0837    0.087
 Cogeneration                 12                    0.061    0.0837    0.087   Dependent upon price of gas and size.
                                                    0.091    0.1249   0.1297
 Waste to Energy              15                    0.045    0.0618   0.0642   Dependent upon efficiency
                                                     0.05    0.0686   0.0713
 Animal Wastes                15                    0.045    0.0618   0.0642
                                                     0.05    0.0686   0.0713
 Small Installations          15                    0.079     0.108   0.1122   Dependent upon tariff.
                                                    0.096    0.1318   0.1369

 PV: 50% tax credit on hardware (ie, excluding installation) for residential, maximum Euro 8,000 plus
 PV: Revenue from PV is not taxable income (probably only for homeowners).
 Wind: Linear interpolation between wind values of T2 (years 10-15).
 Only wind power tariff was set using ADEME's Profitability Index, PV's tariff set politically. See
 Inflation Indexing: PV and Wind: 0.6; Geothermal and Biogas: 0.7.
 http://www.ontario-sea.org/ARTs/ChabotSaulniercanwea2001.doc
 http://www.wind-works.org/articles/francefeedlaw.html
 mailto: chabot@ademe.fr
 http://www.hespul.org/
 http://www.minefi.gouv.fr/minefi/minefi_ang/entreprise/index.htm


 Renewable Targets France 2010

 Continental France
                            2012     2020
 PV                        1,100   5,400
 Wind
 Onshore                   #### 19,000
 Offshore                  1,000 6,000
                           #### 25,000
 Biomass                      520 2,300
 Hydro                            3,000

 Arrete 10 January 2010
 http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/15.12.2009_Arrete_Production_d_electricite_cle7efe36.pdf

 Old French Tariffs Through July 2006
              30-Jan-06
                                Full LoadCapacity Tariff 1.3726 1.4256
                          Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                                               U
 Wind Energy
                          1-5
 Continental (Metropolitan)                       0.084 0.1147 0.1192
 Low                      6-15    2,000    0.23 0.084 0.1147 0.1192
                                  2,100    0.24 0.08 0.1092 0.1135
                                  2,200    0.25 0.076 0.1037 0.1077
                                  2,300    0.26 0.072 0.0982 0.102
                                  2,400    0.27 0.068 0.0927 0.0963
                                  2,500    0.29 0.064 0.0872 0.0905
 Medium                   6-15    2,600    0.30 0.06 0.0817 0.0848
                                  2,700    0.31 0.057 0.0777 0.0807
                                  2,800    0.32 0.054 0.0737 0.0766
                                  2,900    0.33 0.051 0.0697 0.0724
                                  3,000    0.34 0.048 0.0657 0.0683
                                  3,100    0.35 0.045 0.0618 0.0642
                                  3,200    0.37 0.042 0.0578       0.06
                                  3,300    0.38 0.039 0.0538 0.0559
                                  3,400    0.39 0.036 0.0498 0.0517
                                  3,500    0.40 0.033 0.0458 0.0476
 High                     6-15    3,600    0.41 0.031 0.0419 0.0435

                          1-5
  Overseas Territories (DOM-TOM & Corsica)          0.092    0.1256   0.1304
  Low wind                6-15  2,050    0.23       0.092    0.1256   0.1304
  Moderate wind           6-15  2,400    0.27       0.075    0.1025   0.1065
  High wind               6-15  3,300    0.38       0.046    0.0627   0.0651

 Photovoltaics
 Continental (Metropolitan)
 Residential*               20                        0.3    0.4118 0.4277 Plus 50% tax credit on hardware costs.
 Building Integrated*       20                       0.55    0.7549 0.7841
 Region Rhone-Alps           6                        0.6    0.8236 0.8553 Up to 2 kW, reduced to 0.30/kWh after introduction of new national tariffs.

                            20
  Overseas Territories (DOM-TOM & Corsica)          0.305    0.4186 0.4348

 Geothermal                   15                    0.076    0.1046 0.1086

 Biogas                       15                    0.046    0.0631 0.0656 Plus premium for heat content.

 Biocombustion                15                    0.049    0.0673 0.0699

 Hydropower                   20                    0.055    0.0754   0.0783   Dependent upon season and size.
                                                    0.061    0.0837    0.087
 Cogeneration                 12                    0.061    0.0837    0.087   Dependent upon price of gas and size.
                                                    0.091    0.1249   0.1297
 Waste to Energy              15                    0.045    0.0618   0.0642   Dependent upon efficiency
                                                     0.05    0.0686   0.0713
 Animal Wastes                15                    0.045    0.0618   0.0642
                                                     0.05    0.0686   0.0713
 Small Installations          15                    0.079     0.108   0.1122   Dependent upon tariff.
                                                    0.096    0.1318   0.1369

 PV Tariffs prior to 2010
 Photovoltaics                                                                 No tariff decrease, 60% corrected for inflation.
 Continental (Metropolitan)
 Base (all)                 20                      0.328    0.4502 0.4676 Plus 50% tax credit on hardware costs.
 Building Integrated 2008   20                      0.601    0.8249 0.8568
 Region Rhone-Alps Incentive6                          0.4    0.549 0.5702 Up to 2 kW, reduced to 0.30/kWh after introduction of new national tariffs.

  Overseas Territories        20                    0.437    0.5998 0.623
  Building Integrated         20                    0.601    0.8249 0.8568
Germany 2011 Solar PV Tariffs

Tariff Year                                    2011
                                                     Tariff 1.37259 1.4256
                                              Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWhNotes
Tariffs January 1, 2011
<30 kW rooftop                                    20    0.29    0.39448   0.4097
>30 kW<100 kW rooftop                             20    0.27    0.37527   0.3897
>100 kW <1,000 kW rooftop                         20    0.26    0.35509   0.3688
>1,000 kW rooftop                                 20    0.22    0.29607   0.3075
Groundmounted Conversion and Sealed Areas         20    0.21    0.28962   0.3008
Groundmounted Commercial Zones                    20    0.22    0.30293   0.3146
Groundmounted Crop Land                           20    n/a                        No longer permitted.
<30 kW Net Metered <30%                           20    0.12    0.16965   0.1762
<30 kW Net Metered >30%                           20    0.17    0.22977   0.2386
<100 kW Net Metered <30%                         20     0.11     0.1503   0.1561
<100 kW Net Metered >30%                         20     0.15    0.21042   0.2185
>100 kW <500 kW Net Metered <30%                 20     0.09    0.13012   0.1351
>100 kW <500 kW Net Metered >30%                 20     0.14    0.19024   0.1976
Note: Net-metered customers offset ~€0.20/kWh in retail rates
Source:
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz
 German Solar PV Degression
Growth Corridor


          Base    Additional
        Degressio Degressio
MW/yr      n          n      Total
1,500        -9%      0.075     -0
2,000        -9%        0.05    -0
2,500        -9%      0.025 -0.1
3,500        -9%         0% -9%
4,500        -9%        -3% -12%
5,500        -9%        -6% -15%
6,500        -9%      -12% -21%
7,500        -9%      -15% -24%
Degression determined twice per
http://www.erneuerbare-
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Germany
Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) and EEG 2012 Tariffs
Tariff Year                             2012
                                              Tariff 1.3726 1.4256 Degression
                                       Years €/kWh  CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Note: Wind tariffs use the German Reference Yield Method. This table is only an

Winda                                                                                    2013
On Land                                                                             -1.50%
60% Reference Yield                                   20 0.089    0.1226   0.1273
70% Reference Yield                                16.9 0.089     0.1226   0.1273
80% Reference Yield                                15.4 0.089     0.1226   0.1273
90% Reference Yield                                13.9 0.089     0.1226   0.1273
100% Reference Yield                               12.4 0.089     0.1226   0.1273
110% Reference Yield                               10.9 0.089     0.1226   0.1273
120% Reference Yield                                 9.4 0.089    0.1226   0.1273
130% Reference Yield                                   8 0.089    0.1226   0.1273
140% Reference Yield                                 6.5 0.089    0.1226   0.1273
150% Reference Yield                                   5 0.089    0.1226   0.1273
All                                                      20
                                                  To Year0.049    0.0668   0.0694

Repowering Incentive                                      0.005 0.0069 0.0071
                                                                                         2018
Offshoreb                                                                                -7%
60% Reference Yield                                  20 0.15 0.2059 0.2138
100% Reference Yield                                 16 0.15 0.2059 0.2138
150% Reference Yiled                                  5 0.15 0.2059 0.2138
All                                                      20
                                                  To Year0.035 0.048 0.0499

Offshore Sprinter Bonus (If in service by 2018)       8    0.19 0.2608 0.2709
                                                     12    0.15 0.2059 0.2138
                                                                                         2012
Solar Photovoltaic                                                                       -9% See accompanying degression schedule.
<30 kW rooftop                                       20   0.287   0.3945   0.4097
>30 kW<100 kW rooftop                                20   0.273   0.3751   0.3896
>100 kW <1,000 kW rooftop                            20   0.259    0.355   0.3686
>1,000 kW rooftop                                    20   0.216   0.2959   0.3074
Groundmounted Conversion and Sealed Areas            20   0.221   0.3029   0.3146
Groundmounted Commercial Zones                       20   0.211   0.2898   0.3009
Groundmounted Crop Land                              20    n/a

<30 kW Net Metered <30%                              20 0.124 0.1697       0.1762
<30 kW Net Metered >30%                              20 0.167 0.2298       0.2386
<100 kW Net Metered <30%                             20  0.11 0.1503       0.1561
<100 kW Net Metered >30%                             20 0.153 0.2104       0.2185
>100 kW <500 kW Net Metered <30%                     20 0.095 0.1301       0.1351
>100 kW <500 kW Net Metered >30%                     20 0.139 0.1902       0.1976
Note: Net-metered customers offset ~€0.20/kWh in retail rates
                                                                                         2013
Hydro                                                                                    -1%
<500 kW                                              20 0.127     0.1743    0.181
>500 kW<2 MW                                         20 0.083     0.1139   0.1183
>2 MW<5 MW                                           20 0.063     0.0865   0.0898
>5 MW<10 MW                                          20 0.055     0.0755   0.0784
>10 MW<20 MW                                         20  0.53     0.7275   0.7555
>20 MW<50 MW                                         20 0.042     0.0576   0.0599
>50 MW                                               20 0.034     0.0467   0.0485
                                                                                         2013
Biomass/Biogas                                                                           -2%
Note: The biomass tariffs are extremely complex.                  The tables below are
<150 kW                                 20 0.143                   0.1963 0.2039
>150 kW<500 kW                          20 0.123                   0.1688 0.1753
>500 kW<5 MW                            20 0.11                     0.151 0.1568
>5 MW<20 MW                             20 0.06                    0.0824 0.0855

Fuel Class I Bonus
<500 kW                                                    0.06   0.0824 0.0855
>500 kW<750 kW                                             0.05   0.0686 0.0713
>750 kW<5 MW                                               0.04   0.0549 0.057
>5 MW                                                     0.025   0.0343 0.0356

Fuel Class II Bonus
<5 MW                                                      0.08 0.1098      0.114

Fuel from Manure
<500 kW                                                    0.08 0.1098 0.114
>500 kW<5 MW                                               0.06 0.0824 0.0855

Anerobic fermentation of biomass wastes
<500 kW                                              20    0.16 0.2196 0.2281
>500 kW<20 MW                                        20    0.14 0.1922 0.1996

Geothermal                                                                               2018
                                                     20                                  -5%
All sizes                                                  0.25 0.3431 0.3564
Technology bonus for hot-dry-rock                          0.05 0.0686 0.0713
                                                                                         2013
Landfill Gas                                                                        -1.50%
<500 kW                                              20 0.086 0.118 0.1226
<5 MW                                                20 0.059 0.0808 0.084
                                                                                         2013
Sewage Gas                                                                          -1.50%
<500 kW                                              20 0.068 0.0932 0.0968
<5 MW                                                20 0.059 0.0808 0.084

Note: This table is based upon my limited knowledge of German.
http://www.erneuerbare-energien.de/files/pdfs/allgemein/application/pdf/eeg_novelle_entwurf_2011.pdf
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Germany
Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) and EEG 2010 Tariffs
                26-Jan-10 Note: Early 2010 tariffs have not been confirmed. The German government is also
Tariff Year                  2010
                                   Tariff 1.373 1.426
                            Years €/kWh        USD/kWh
                                         CAD/kWh
Note: Wind tariffs use the German Reference Yield Method. This table is only an approximation.
                                                                                 Degression
Winda                                                             0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 1%
On Land                                                  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
60% Reference Yield            20 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
70% Reference Yield          16.9 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
80% Reference Yield          15.4 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
90% Reference Yield          13.9 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
100% Reference Yield         12.4 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
110% Reference Yield         10.9 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
120% Reference Yield          9.4 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
130% Reference Yield            8 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
140% Reference Yield          6.5 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
150% Reference Yield            5 0.09 0.124 0.129 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
All                                 0.05 0.068
                            To Year 20             0.07 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05

Grid Compatibility Bonus                   0.01                         0.01     0.01      0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01 0.01
Repowering Incentive                          0                         0.01        0         0      0      0      0      0    0


                                                                          0        0          0      0      0      0      0   0.05
                                                                       2009     2010       2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016
Offshoreb                                0.13      0.178      0.185    0.13     0.13       0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13
60% Reference Yield                 20 0.13        0.178      0.185    0.13     0.13       0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13
100% Reference Yield                16 0.13        0.178      0.185    0.13     0.13       0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13
150% Reference Yiled                 5 0.13        0.178      0.185    0.13     0.13       0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13
All                                      0.04
                                 To Year 20        0.048       0.05    0.04     0.04       0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04

Offshore Bonus (If in service by 2013)     0.02    0.027      0.029     0.02     0.02      0.02   0.02
                         Total             0.15    0.206      0.214

Solar Photovoltaic
See separate tab.                                                                       Degression on Plants >5 MW
                                                                       0.01     0.01      0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01          0.01
Hydro                                                                  2009     2010     2011 2012 2013 2014           2015
New
<500 kW                             20     0.13    0.174      0.181     0.13     0.13      0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13
>500 kW<2 MW                        20     0.09    0.119      0.123     0.09     0.09      0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09
>2 MW<5 MW                          20     0.08    0.105      0.109     0.08     0.08      0.08   0.08   0.08   0.08   0.08

Revitalized Plants
<500 kW                             20     0.12    0.117      0.166     0.12     0.12      0.12   0.12   0.12   0.12   0.12
>500 kW<2 MW                        20     0.09    0.087      0.123     0.09     0.09      0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09
>2 MW<5 MW                          20     0.09    0.087      0.123     0.09     0.09      0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09

Modernized Plants (amount upgraded)
<500 kW                     15 0.07                  0.1      0.104    0.07     0.07       0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07
<10 MW                      15 0.06                0.085      0.088    0.06     0.06       0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06
<20 MW                      15 0.06                0.078      0.081    0.06     0.06       0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.05
<50 MW                      15 0.04                0.058      0.061    0.04     0.04       0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04
>50 MW                      15 0.03                0.047      0.049    0.04     0.03       0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03

Note: The biomass/biogas tariffs are extremely complex. Please see the EEG directly or contact the Bundesverband Erneuerbare Energie (BEE).
                                                             0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Biomass/Biogas                                            2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<150 kW                       20 0.11 0.157 0.163 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11
>150 kW<500 kW                20 0.09 0.123 0.128 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
>500 kW<5 MW                  20 0.08 0.111 0.115 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
>5 MW<20 MW                   20 0.08 0.105 0.109 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07

Fuel Bonuse
<150 kW Biogas from Biomass20              0.06    0.081      0.084     0.06     0.06      0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06
<150 kW Biogas             20              0.07    0.094      0.098     0.07     0.07      0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07
<150 kW, <30% manure       20              0.04    0.054      0.056     0.04     0.04      0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04
                           20
<150 kW Biogas from farm wastes            0.02    0.027      0.028     0.02     0.02      0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02

<500 kW    Biomass Wastes     20 0.06              0.081      0.084     0.06     0.06      0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06
<500 kW                       20 0.06
           Liquid Gasforming Biomass               0.081      0.084     0.06     0.06      0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06
<500 kW    Biogas             20 0.07              0.094      0.098     0.07     0.07      0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07
<500 kW    Biogas, <30 manure 20 0.01              0.013      0.014     0.01     0.01      0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01
<150 kW                       20
           Biogas from farm wastes 0.02            0.027      0.028     0.02     0.02      0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02

<5 MW Biomass Wastes       20 0.04                 0.054      0.056     0.04     0.04      0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04
                           20
<5 MW Liquid Gasforming Biomass 0.04               0.054      0.056     0.04     0.04      0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04
< 5MW Wood Burning              0.02
                                 20                0.034      0.035     0.03     0.02      0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02
                                0.04
                                 20
< 5MW Wood Burning from Plantation                 0.054      0.056     0.04     0.04      0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04

Innovation Bonus             20            0.02    0.027      0.028     0.02     0.02      0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02
District Heating Bonus <30 MW20            0.03     0.04      0.042     0.03     0.03      0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03
Note: Biomass-Biogas tariffs need clarification. Some report max. tariffs of 0.2367/kWh.
                                                                          0     0.01       0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01
Geothermal                                                             2009     2010       2011   2012   2013   2014   2015
<5 MW                          20          0.16    0.215      0.224    0.16     0.16       0.16   0.16   0.15   0.15   0.15
<10 MW                         20          0.16    0.215      0.224    0.16     0.16       0.16   0.16   0.15   0.15   0.15
>10 MW<20 MW                   20           0.1    0.141      0.147    0.11      0.1        0.1    0.1    0.1    0.1    0.1
                               20
>20 MW (class eliminated in 2009)           0.1    0.141      0.147    0.11      0.1        0.1    0.1    0.1    0.1    0.1
Bonus for district heating <20 MW          0.03     0.04      0.042    0.03     0.03       0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03
Technology Bonus <10 MW                    0.04    0.054      0.056    0.04     0.04       0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04

                                                                       0.02     0.02       0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02
Landfill Gas                                                           2009     2010       2011   2012   2013   2014   2015
<500 kW                             20     0.09     0.12      0.124    0.09     0.09       0.09   0.09   0.08   0.08   0.08
<5 MW                               20     0.06    0.082      0.085    0.06     0.06       0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06

Sewage Gas
<500 kW                             20     0.07    0.095      0.098     0.07     0.07      0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.06
<5 MW                               20     0.06    0.082      0.085     0.06     0.06      0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06

Innovation Bonus for Landfill and Sewage Gas
<350 Nm3/hour                              0.02                      0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
<700 Nm3/hour                              0.01                      0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Note: This table is based upon my limited knowledge of German.
a There is a continuum between reference yields that's not explicity stated in the table. All sites are paid the
bAll sites are paid the initial tariff for the first 12 years. Sites must be beyond 12 miles and bonus for further offshore and deeper than 20 meters.
d Is in operation by Dec 31, 2015.
e Premium paid according to fuel used and for use of "innovative" technology.
Reference yield data on wind turbines on the German market: http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm.
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_start.htm
Tariffs degress annually as noted.
http://www.wind-works.org/FeedLaws/Germany/EEG-New-English-final.pdf


Solar Photovoltaic 2009
There are many new provisions for Solar PV in 2009.
1. There is now a sliding scale for degression that depends upon the rate of growth from one year to the next.
2009: 1,000-1,500 MW
2010: 1,100-1,700 MW
2011: 1,200-1,900 MW
If growth exceeds this rate, the digression is increased by 1%.
If growth is less than this rate, the digression is decreased by 1%.
2. The facade bonus was eliminated.
3. There are provisions now for self-generation.
4. Systems greater than 100 kW must be capable of being remotely controlled.
5. Operators will be reimbursed for any generation that the grid operator rejects (for systems greater than 100 kW).

Wind 2009
Repowering incentive is paid under the condition that the turbines being replaced are 10 years old or older and that the new capacity is more than twice the original capacity.

Wind 2009
Grid extension obligation for each new renewable installation.
Penalty or compensation in favour of the operator if the grid installation is not sufficient.
Detailed report obligation against the grid operator for regular and transparent reports on the grid status.
via Heinrich Bartelt
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Germany
Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) and EEG 2009 Tariffs
                  1-Dec-08
Tariff Year
                                      Tariff 1.3726 1.4256
                              Years €/kWh CAD/kWh    USD/kWh
Note: Wind tariffs use the German Reference Yield Method. This table is only an approximation.
                                                                                       Degression
Winda                                                            New 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01   1%
On Land                                                          2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
60% Reference Yield               20 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
70% Reference Yield             16.9 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
80% Reference Yield             15.4 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
90% Reference Yield             13.9 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
100% Reference Yield            12.4 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
110% Reference Yield            10.9 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
120% Reference Yield             9.4 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
130% Reference Yield               8 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
140% Reference Yield             6.5 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
150% Reference Yield               5 0.092 0.1263 0.1312 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
All                         To Year 20 0.05 0.0689 0.0716 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05

Grid Compatibility Bonus                        0.007                           0.01       0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01
Repowering Incentive                            0.005                           0.01          0      0      0      0      0      0      0


                                                                                   0    0    0    0    0    0    0                   0.05
                                                                                2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015                   2016
Offshoreb                                        0.13    0.1784      0.1853     0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13                   0.13
60% Reference Yield                       20     0.13    0.1784      0.1853     0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13                   0.13
100% Reference Yield                      16     0.13    0.1784      0.1853     0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13                   0.13
150% Reference Yiled                        5    0.13    0.1784      0.1853     0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13                   0.13
All                                  To Year 20 0.035     0.048      0.0499     0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04

Offshore Bonus (If in service by 2013)           0.02    0.0275      0.0285     0.02       0.02   0.02   0.02
                          Total                  0.15    0.2059      0.2138

Solar Photovoltaic
                                                                                    Degression (See Note on Solar Photovoltaic)
                                                                                       0.1 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
                                                                                2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Freestanding                               20   0.319    0.4384      0.4553     0.32 0.29 0.26 0.24 0.22           0.2 0.18 0.16

                                                                                           0.08   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09
<30 kW rooftop                             20    0.43    0.5904      0.6131     0.43        0.4   0.36   0.33    0.3   0.27   0.25   0.22
>30 kW<100 kW rooftop                      20   0.409    0.5615      0.5832     0.41       0.38   0.34   0.31   0.28   0.26   0.23   0.21

                                                                                           10%     9%     9%     9%     9%     9%     9%
>100 kW rooftop                            20   0.396    0.5433      0.5642      0.4       0.36   0.32   0.29   0.27   0.24   0.22    0.2
>1,000 kW rooftop                          30    0.33     0.453      0.4704     0.33        0.3   0.27   0.25   0.22    0.2   0.19   0.17

<30 kW Net Metered                         20    0.25                           0.25        ?      ?      ?      ?      ?      ?      ?


Facade cladding Bonus<30 kW n/a                  n/a       n/a         n/a                 Facade Bonus of 0.05/kWh discontinued.
Facade cladding Bonus<100 kWn/a                  n/a       n/a         n/a
Facade cladding Bonus>100 kWn/a                  n/a       n/a         n/a
                            n/a
Facade cladding Bonus>1000 kW                    n/a       n/a         n/a

                                                                                         Degression on Plants >5 MW
                                                                                0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Hydro                                                                           2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
New
<500 kW                                    20   0.127    0.1739      0.1806     0.13       0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13   0.13
>500 kW<2 MW                               20   0.087    0.1187      0.1233     0.09       0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09
>2 MW<5 MW                                 20   0.077     0.105      0.1091     0.08       0.08   0.08   0.08   0.08   0.08   0.08

Revitalized Plants
<500 kW                                    20   0.117    0.1602      0.1664     0.12       0.12   0.12   0.12   0.12   0.12   0.12
>500 kW<2 MW                               20   0.087    0.1187      0.1233     0.09       0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09
>2 MW<5 MW                                 20   0.087    0.1187      0.1233     0.09       0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09   0.09

Modernized Plants (amount upgraded)
<500 kW                         15 0.073                 0.1001      0.1039     0.07       0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07
<10 MW                          15 0.063                 0.0867      0.0901     0.06       0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06
<20 MW                          15 0.058                 0.0796      0.0827     0.06       0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.05
<50 MW                          15 0.043                 0.0596      0.0619     0.04       0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04
>50 MW                          15 0.035                  0.048      0.0499     0.04       0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03

Note: The biomass/biogas tariffs are extremely complex. Please see the EEG directly or contact the Bundesverband Erneuerbare Energie (BEE).
                                                                     0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Biomass/Biogas                                                   2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<150 kW                           20 0.117 0.1602 0.1664 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11
>150 kW<500 kW                    20 0.092       0.126 0.1309 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
>500 kW<5 MW                      20 0.083 0.1132 0.1176 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
>5 MW<20 MW                       20 0.078 0.1069 0.1111 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07

Fuel Bonuse
<150 kW Biogas from Biomass     20               0.06    0.0824      0.0855     0.06       0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06
<150 kW Biogas                  20               0.07    0.0961      0.0998     0.07       0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07
<150 kW, <30% manure            20               0.04    0.0549       0.057     0.04       0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04
<150 kW Biogas from farm wastes 20               0.02    0.0275      0.0285     0.02       0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02

<500 kW     Biomass Wastes          20           0.06    0.0824      0.0855     0.06       0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06
<500 kW                             20
            Liquid Gasforming Biomass            0.06    0.0824      0.0855     0.06       0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06
<500 kW     Biogas                  20           0.07    0.0961      0.0998     0.07       0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07
<500 kW     Biogas, <30 manure      20           0.01    0.0137      0.0143     0.01       0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01
<150 kW     Biogas from farm wastes 20           0.02    0.0275      0.0285     0.02       0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02

<5 MW Biomass Wastes               20            0.04    0.0549       0.057     0.04       0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04
<5 MW Liquid Gasforming Biomass    20            0.04    0.0549       0.057     0.04       0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04
< 5MW Wood Burning                 20           0.025    0.0343      0.0356     0.03       0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02
< 5MW Wood Burning from Plantation 20            0.04    0.0549       0.057     0.04       0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04

Innovation Bonus                           20    0.02    0.0275      0.0285     0.02       0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02
District Heating Bonus <30 MW              20    0.03    0.0412      0.0428     0.03       0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03
Note: Biomass-Biogas tariffs need clarification. Some report max. tariffs of 0.2367/kWh.
                                                                                   0 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Geothermal                                                                      2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<10 MW                            20            0.157    0.2152      0.2236     0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.15
>10 MW                            20            0.103    0.1413      0.1467     0.11  0.1  0.1  0.1  0.1  0.1  0.1
Bonus for installation before 201620            0.039    0.0538      0.0559     0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
District heating bonus            20            0.029    0.0404      0.0419     0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Technology bonus for hot-dry-rock 20            0.039    0.0538      0.0559     0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
                                                                                0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Landfill Gas                                                                    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<500 kW                                    20    0.09    0.1235      0.1283     0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08
<5 MW                                      20   0.062    0.0846      0.0878     0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06

Sewage Gas
<500 kW                                    20   0.071    0.0976      0.1014     0.07       0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.06
<5 MW                                      20   0.062    0.0846      0.0878     0.06       0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06

Innovation Bonus for Landfill and Sewage Gas
<350 Nm3/hour                                                                   0.02       0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02
<700 Nm3/hour                                                                   0.01       0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01

a There is a continuum between reference yields that's not explicity stated in the table. All sites are paid the inital
bAll sites are paid the initial tariff for the first 12 years. Sites must be beyond 12 miles and bonus for further offshore and deeper than 20 meters.
d Is in operation by Dec 31, 2015.
e Premium paid according to fuel used and for use of "innovative" technology.
Reference yield data on wind turbines on the German market: http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm.
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_start.htm
Tariffs degress annually as noted.
http://www.wind-works.org/FeedLaws/Germany/EEG-New-English-final.pdf
District heating bonus: must replace fossil fuels, 1/5 of heat "decoupled". See Annex 4 for Heat Bonus requirements.

Solar Photovoltaic 2009
There are many new provisions for Solar PV in 2009.
1. There is now a sliding scale for degression that depends upon the rate of growth from one year to the next.
2009: 1,000-1,500 MW
2010: 1,100-1,700 MW
2011: 1,200-1,900 MW
If growth exceeds this rate, the digression is increased by 1%.
If growth is less than this rate, the digression is decreased by 1%.
2. The facade bonus was eliminated.
3. There are provisions now for self-generation.
4. Systems greater than 100 kW must be capable of being remotely controlled.
5. Operators will be reimbursed for any generation that the grid operator rejects (for systems greater than 100 kW).

Wind 2009
Repowering incentive is paid under the condition that the turbines being replaced are 10 years old or older and that the new capacity is more than twice the original capacity.

Wind 2009
Grid extension obligation for each new renewable installation.
Penalty or compensation in favour of the operator if the grid installation is not sufficient.
Detailed report obligation against the grid operator for regular and transparent reports on the grid status.
via Heinrich Bartelt
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Germany
Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) and EEG 2009 Tariffs
                  5-Jun-08
Tariff Year                         2008
                                    Tariff 1.3726 1.4256
                           Years    €/kWhCAD/kWh  USD/kWh
                                                                                   Degression
Winda                                                                               0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02            New       0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01  1%
On Land                                                                EEG 2004    2005 2006 2007 2008              2009     2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
60% Reference Yield                   20 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
70% Reference Yield                 16.9 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
80% Reference Yield                 15.4 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
90% Reference Yield                 13.9 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
100% Reference Yield                12.4 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
110% Reference Yield                10.9 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
120% Reference Yield                 9.4 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
130% Reference Yield                   8 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
140% Reference Yield                 6.5 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
150% Reference Yield                   5 0.08       0.1101    0.1144      0.087     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.092    0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
All                             To Year 200.05      0.0696    0.0723      0.055     0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05             0.05     0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05

Grid Compatibility Bonus                                                                                           0.007    0.007    0.01    0.01    0.01   0.01     0.01   0.01
Repowering Incentive                                                                                               0.005    0.005    0.01    0.01    0.01   0.01     0.01   0.01

                                                                               Degression
                                                                                   0      0  0 0.02                    0        0    0    0    0    0    0                  0.05
                                                                       EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008                 2009     2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015                  2016
Offshoreb                                 0.09      0.1224    0.1271      0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09                 0.15     0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13                  0.13
60% Reference Yield                  20 0.09        0.1224    0.1271      0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09                 0.15     0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13                  0.13
100% Reference Yield                 16 0.09        0.1224    0.1271      0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09                 0.15     0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13                  0.13
150% Reference Yiled                   5 0.09       0.1224    0.1271      0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09                 0.15     0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13                  0.13
All                             To Year 200.06      0.0833    0.0865     0.0619 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06                0.035    0.035 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04


Solar Photovoltaic
                                                                               Degression
                                                                                0.05 0.07 0.07 0.07                           0.1 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09                  0.09
                                                                       EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008                 2009     2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015                  2016
Freestanding                           20 0.35      0.4871    0.5059      0.457 0.43 0.41 0.38 0.35                0.319    0.287 0.26 0.24 0.22  0.2 0.18                  0.16

                                                                                Degression
                                                                                 0.05 0.07          0.07   0.07              0.08    0.09    0.09    0.09   0.09     0.09   0.09
<30 kW rooftop                         20 0.47      0.6417    0.6664       0.574 0.55 0.51          0.48   0.47     0.43    0.396    0.36    0.33     0.3   0.27     0.25   0.22
<100 kW rooftop                        20 0.44      0.6105    0.6341       0.546 0.52 0.48          0.45   0.44    0.409    0.376    0.34    0.31    0.28   0.26     0.23   0.21

                                                                                                                             10%      9%      9%      9%     9%       9%     9%
>100 kW rooftop                        20 0.44      0.6038    0.6271        0.54    0.51    0.48    0.45   0.44    0.396    0.356    0.32    0.29    0.27   0.24     0.22    0.2
>1,000 kW rooftop                                                                                                   0.33    0.297    0.27    0.25    0.22    0.2     0.19   0.17


Facade cladding Bonus<30 kW            20 0.52      0.7103    0.7377       0.624     0.6    0.56    0.53   0.52            Facade Bonus of 0.05/kWh discontinued.
Facade cladding Bonus<100 kW           20 0.49      0.6792    0.7054       0.596    0.57    0.53     0.5   0.49
Facade cladding Bonus>100 kW           20 0.49      0.6724    0.6984        0.59    0.56    0.53     0.5   0.49
Facade cladding Bonus>1000 kW          20    0           0         0
                                                                             Degression
                                                                              0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01                   0.01     0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Hydro                                                                EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008                   2009     2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<500 kW                                30 0.07      0.1011     0.105   0.0767 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07                  0.127    0.125 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12
<2 MW                                  30 0.06      0.0877    0.0911   0.0665 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06                  0.087    0.086 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
<5 MW (new in 2009)                    30                                                                          0.077    0.076 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07

<10 MW                                 30   0.06    0.0877    0.0911      0.0665    0.07    0.07    0.06   0.06 0.059       0.058    0.06    0.06    0.06   0.06     0.06
<20 MW                                 15   0.06    0.0804    0.0835       0.061    0.06    0.06    0.06   0.06 0.054       0.053    0.05    0.05    0.05   0.05     0.05
<50 MW                                 15   0.04    0.0601    0.0624      0.0456    0.05    0.04    0.04   0.04 0.04         0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04   0.04     0.04
>50 MW                                 15   0.04    0.0488    0.0507       0.037    0.04    0.04    0.04   0.04 0.032       0.032    0.03    0.03    0.03   0.03     0.03

Upgraded plants
<500 kW                                20 0.09      0.1275    0.1324      0.0967     0.1    0.09    0.09   0.09    0.107    0.106     0.1     0.1     0.1    0.1      0.1
<5 MW                                  20 0.06      0.0877    0.0911      0.0665    0.07    0.07    0.06   0.06    0.077    0.076    0.07    0.07    0.07   0.07     0.07

                                                                                   Degression
                                                                                    0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02            0.015    0.015 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Biomass/Biogas                                                         EEG 2004    2005 2006 2007 2008              2009     2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<150 kW                                20   0.11    0.1486    0.1543      0.115     0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11            0.117    0.115 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11
<500 kW                                20   0.09    0.1279    0.1329      0.099      0.1    0.1 0.09 0.09          0.092     0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08
<5 MW                                  20   0.08     0.115    0.1194      0.089     0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08            0.083    0.081 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
<20 MW                                 20   0.08    0.1085    0.1127      0.084     0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08            0.078    0.077 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Fuel Bonuse                            20
<5 MW Wood Wastes                      20   0.06    0.0775    0.0805        0.06    0.06    0.06    0.06   0.06    0.056    0.055    0.05    0.05    0.05   0.05     0.05
<5 MW No Wood                          20   0.04    0.0504    0.0523       0.039    0.04    0.04    0.04   0.04    0.036    0.036    0.04    0.03    0.03   0.03     0.03
Innovation Bonus                       20   0.02    0.0275    0.0285        0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02   0.02     0.03     0.03    0.03    0.03    0.03   0.03     0.03
District Heating Bonus                 20   0.02    0.0275    0.0285        0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02   0.02     0.03     0.03    0.03    0.03    0.03   0.03     0.03

                                                                             Degression
                                                                                 0      0  0    0                      0     0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Geothermal                                                           EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008                   2009     2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<5 MW (class eliminated in 2009)       20 0.15      0.2059    0.2138     0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
<10 MW                                 20 0.14      0.1922    0.1996     0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14                   0.16    0.158    0.16    0.16    0.15   0.15     0.15
>10 MW                                                                                                             0.105    0.104     0.1     0.1     0.1    0.1      0.1
<20 MW (class eliminated in 2009)      20 0.09      0.1228    0.1276      0.0895    0.09    0.09    0.09   0.09
>20 MW (class eliminated in 2009)      20 0.07      0.0983    0.1021      0.0716    0.07    0.07    0.07   0.07
Bonus for district heating                                                                                          0.02      0.02   0.02    0.02    0.02   0.02     0.02

                                                                             Degression
                                                                              0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02                  0.015    0.015 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Landfill Gas                                                         EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008                   2009     2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<500 kW                                20 0.07 0.0991         0.1029   0.0767 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07                   0.09    0.089 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08
<5 MW                                  20 0.06     0.084      0.0872    0.065 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06                  0.062    0.061 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06
Innovation Bonus                       20                                                                           0.02     0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
>5 MW                                     Market price

Sewage Gas
<500 kW                                20 0.07      0.0991    0.1029      0.0767    0.08    0.07    0.07   0.07    0.071     0.07    0.07    0.07    0.07   0.07     0.06
<5 MW                                  20 0.06       0.084    0.0872       0.065    0.06    0.06    0.06   0.06    0.062    0.061    0.06    0.06    0.06   0.06     0.06
Innovation Bonus                                                                                                    0.02     0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02   0.02     0.02
>5 MW                                  20

*Awaiting confirmation. Adapted from the German. My knowledge of German is limited. Paul Gipe. 12/18/2007
a There is a continuum between reference yields that's not explicity stated in the table. All sites are paid the inital price for five years. The initial price is
bAll sites are paid the initial tariff for the first 12 years. Sites must be beyond 12 miles and bonus for further offshore and deeper than 20 meters.
d Is in operation by Dec 31, 2010.
e Premium paid according to fuel used and for use of "innovative" technology.
Reference yield data on wind turbines on the German market: http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm.
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_start.htm
Tariffs degress annually as noted; beginning in 2006 freestanding or ground-mounted PV tariffs degress 6.5%, all other tarfiffs for PV degress 5%.
http://www.wind-works.org/FeedLaws/Germany/EEG-New-English-final.pdf


Solar Photovoltaic 2009
There are many new provisions for Solar PV in 2009.
1. There is now a sliding scale for degression that depends upon the rate of growth from one year to the next.
2009: 1,000-1,500 MW
2010: 1,100-1,700 MW
2011: 1,200-1,900 MW
If growth exceeds this rate, the digression is increased by 1%.
If growth is less than this rate, the digression is decreased by 1%.
2. The facade bonus was eliminated.
3. There are provisions now for self-generation.
4. Systems greater than 100 kW must be capable of being remotely controlled.
5. Operators will be reimbursed for any generation that the grid operator rejects (for systems greater than 100 kW).

Wind 2009
Repowering incentive is paid under the condition that the turbines being replaced are 10 years old or older and that the new capacity is more than twice the original capacity.

Wind 2009
Grid extension obligation for each new renewable installation.
Penalty or compensation in favour of the operator if the grid installation is not sufficient.
Detailed report obligation against the grid operator for regular and transparent reports on the grid status.
via Heinrich Bartelt
Renewable Heat Tariffs in Great Britain
Proposed for implementation in September, 2011 following parliamentary
July 21, 2011
                                                   1.12 1.37259 1.4256
                                      Years ^/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh  Metering
Solid biomass                            20                            Metered
<200 kW Tier 1                                0.08 0.09 0.11735 0.1219
<200 kW Tier 2                                0.02 0.02 0.03088 0.0321
>200 kW<1,000 kW Tier 1                       0.05 0.06 0.07566 0.0786
>200 kW<1,000 kW Tier 2                       0.02 0.02 0.03088 0.0321
>1,000 kW                                     0.03 0.03 0.04169 0.0433

Groundsource heatpumps & geothermal       20                                  Metered
<100 kW                                        0.05   0.05 0.06948   0.0722
>100 kW                                        0.03   0.04 0.04941   0.0513

Solar thermal                             20                                  Metered
<200 kW                                        0.09    0.1 0.13125   0.1363

Biomethane injection &
combustion excepting landfill
gas                                       20                                  Metered
<200 kW                                        0.07   0.08   0.105    0.109


Original Proposal for Comparison
Solid biomass                             15
<45 kW                                         0.09    0.1 0.13897   0.1443   Estimated
<500 kW                                        0.07   0.07 0.10036   0.1042   Estimated
>500 kW                                        0.02   0.02 0.02471   0.0257   Metered
                                               0.03   0.03 0.0386    0.0401   Metered

Bioliquids                                15
<45 kW                                         0.07   0.07 0.10036   0.1042 Estimated

Biogas on-site combustion                 10
<45 kW                                         0.06   0.06 0.08492   0.0882 Estimated
<200 kW                                        0.06   0.06 0.08492   0.0882 Estimated

Groundsource heatpumps
<45 kW                                    23   0.07   0.08 0.10808   0.1123 Estimated
<350 kW                                   20   0.06   0.06 0.08492   0.0882 Estimated
>350 kW                                   20   0.02   0.02 0.02316   0.0241 Metered

Air source heatpumps
<45 kW                                    18   0.08   0.08 0.11581   0.1203 Estimated
<350 kW                                   20   0.02   0.02 0.03088   0.0321 Estimated

Solar thermal (DHW)
<20 kW                                    20   0.18    0.2 0.27793   0.2887 Estimated
<100 kW                                   20   0.17   0.19 0.26249   0.2726 Estimated

Biomethane injection                      15   0.04   0.04 0.06176   0.0641

Consultation on the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI)
http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/consultations/rhi/rhi.aspx
Renewable Electricity Tariffs in Great Britain , Revised Solar & Biogas 2011
            6/15/2011 0:00
August 1, 2011                         Tariff
                                              1.12 1.37259 1.4256
                                Years ^/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV                           25
<4 kW New Build                         0.38 0.43 0.58366 0.6062
<4 kW Retrofit                          0.43 0.49 0.66858 0.6944
>4 kW<10 kW                             0.38 0.43 0.58366 0.6062
>10 kW<50 kW                            0.33 0.37     0.508 0.5276
>50 kW<150 kW                           0.19 0.21 0.29337 0.3047 New
>150 kW<250 kW                          0.15 0.17 0.23161 0.2405 New
>250 kW<5 MW                            0.09   0.1 0.13125 0.1363 New
Stand Alone (IPP or Greenfield)         0.09   0.1 0.13125 0.1363 New

Anaerobic Digestion          20
<250 kW                           0.14   0.16 0.21617   0.2245 New
>250 kW<500 kW                    0.13   0.15 0.20073   0.2085 New
>500 kW                           0.09   0.11 0.14514   0.1507

http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/what_we_do/uk_supply/energy_
Renewable Electricity Tariffs in Great Britain

                                  ### Tariff
                                          1.12 1.37259 1.4256
                              Years^/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Export Tariff*                       0.03 0.03 0.04787 0.0497

Wind Energy                        20
<1.5 kW                                 0.36   0.41   0.55895   0.5805
>1.5 kW<15 kW                           0.28   0.31   0.43234    0.449
>15 kW<100 kW                           0.25   0.28   0.39065   0.4057
>100 kW<500 kW                           0.2   0.22   0.30418   0.3159
>500 kW<1.5 MW                           0.1   0.11   0.15286   0.1588
>1.5 MW<5 MW                            0.05   0.05   0.07257   0.0754

Solar PV                           25
<4 kW New Build                         0.38   0.43   0.58366   0.6062
<4 kW Retrofit                          0.43   0.49   0.66858   0.6944
>4 kW<10 kW                             0.38   0.43   0.58366   0.6062
>10 kW<100 kW                           0.33   0.37     0.508   0.5276 See Great Britain 2011 Rev.
>100 kW<5 MW                            0.31   0.35   0.47403   0.4923 See Great Britain 2011 Rev.
Stand Alone (IPP or Greenfield)         0.31   0.35   0.47403   0.4923 See Great Britain 2011 Rev.
Export Tariff                           0.03   0.03   0.04787   0.0497

Hydro                              20
<15 kW                                  0.21   0.24   0.32271   0.3352
>10 kW<100 kW                           0.19   0.21   0.28874   0.2999
>100 kW<2 MW                            0.12   0.13   0.17757   0.1844
>2 MW<5 MW                              0.05   0.05   0.07257   0.0754

Anaerobic Digestion                20
<500 kW                                 0.12   0.14 0.18683      0.194 See Great Britain 2011 Rev.
>500 kW                                 0.09   0.11 0.14514     0.1507

Existing
microgenerators
transferred from RO.               20   0.09    0.1 0.13897     0.1443

Micro CHP <2 kW                    10   0.11   0.12 0.16213     0.1684

Solid biomass
<45 kW                             15   0.09    0.1 0.13897     0.1443
>45 kW<500 kW                      15   0.07   0.07 0.10036     0.1042
>500 kW                            15   0.03   0.03 0.0386      0.0401

Biodiesel <45 kW                   15   0.07   0.07 0.10036     0.1042

Biogas on-site combustion
<45 kW                             10   0.06   0.06 0.08492     0.0882
>45 kW<200 kW                      10   0.06   0.06 0.08492     0.0882

Begins April 10, 2010 though systems installed up to that time
http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/news/pn10_010/pn10_010.aspx
Micro CHP <2 kW: This tariff is available only for 30,000
*The program is intended primarily for off-loading consumption.
Renewable Tariffs in Greece

                           Tariff
                                       1.3726 1.4256
                    Years €/kWh       CAD/kWhUSD/kWh Degression

Wind Energy On Land20
Mainland                    0.0814 0.1117 0.116
Islands                     0.0971 0.1333 0.1385

Wind Energy Offshore20
Mainland                    0.0971 0.1333 0.1385
Islands                     0.0971 0.1333 0.1385

Small Hydro <15 kW 20
Mainland                    0.0814 0.1117 0.116
Islands                     0.0971 0.1333 0.1385

Biomass               20
Mainland                    0.0814 0.1117 0.116
Islands                     0.0971 0.1333 0.1385

Geothermal            20
Mainland                    0.0814 0.1117 0.116
Islands                     0.0971 0.1333 0.1385

Photovoltaics
<10 kW rooftop*      25        0.55    0.7549   0.7841    -5% Degression begings 2012.
<100 kW Mainland Feb.20     0.4194     0.5757   0.5979        Begins 2010
<100 kW Mainland Aug.20     0.3949      0.542   0.5629
>100 kW Mainland Feb.20     0.3728     0.5117   0.5315
>100 kW Mainland Aug.20      0.351     0.4818   0.5004
<100 kW Islands Feb. 20      0.466     0.6397   0.6644
<100 kW Islands Aug. 20     0.4388     0.6022   0.6255
>100 kW Islands Feb. 20     0.4193     0.5756   0.5978
>100 kW Islands Aug. 20     0.3989     0.5475   0.5686

             2008
Solar Thermal         20
<5 MW Mainland                 0.25    0.3431   0.3564
<5 MW Islands                  0.27    0.3706   0.3849
>5 MW Mainland                 0.23    0.3157   0.3279
>5 MW Islands                  0.25    0.3431   0.3564

District Heating/Cogen    20
 Mainland                       0.073 0.1002 0.1041
 Islands                      0.0846 0.1161 0.1206
*No program cap. 25% inflation adjustment. To qualify, must also use solar DHW.
On top of the tariffs are grants up to 40% of the cost up to
More than 3,000 MW of applications have been filed in late 2008.
http://www.helapco.gr/index_en.html
See also
http://llns-test.blogspot.com/2009/10/greece-finalizes-feed-in-tariffs-law.html
Renewable Tariffs in Hawii
             11/30/2010 0:00                0.7 0.96284     1
                                    Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Tier 1 <20 kW
PV, all islands with state tax credit 0 0.15 0.2099
                                          2                   0.218
PV, all islands without state tax credit0.19 0.26382
                                          20                  0.274
CSP, all islands with state tax credit    20 0.19   0.259     0.269
CSP, all islands without state tax credit 20 0.23 0.3187      0.331
Wind, all islands                         20 0.11 0.15502     0.161
Hydro, all islands                        20 0.15 0.20509     0.213

Tier 2
PV with state tax credit                  20   0.13 0.18198   0.189
>20 kW <500 kW Oahu, <250
kW Maui and Hawaii, <100 kW
Lanai and Molokai
PV without state tax credit               20   0.17 0.22916   0.238

CSP                                       20   0.18 0.24456   0.254
<500 kW Oahu, Maui, and
Hawaii, <100 kW Lanai and
Molokai

Wind                                      20    0.1 0.13287   0.138
<100 kW on all islands

Hydro                                     20   0.13 0.18198   0.189
<100 kW on all islands

Baseline FIT                              20    0.1 0.13287   0.138

Tier 3 (Not in Effect)
<5 MW on Oahu                                                 n/a

<2.72 MW on Maui and Hawaii                                   n/a
Wind: >100 kW excluded on
Maui and Hawaii

http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Cod
http://www.heco.com/vcmcontent/StaticFiles/FileScan/PDF/Ener
http://www.heco.com/portal/site/heco/menuitem.508576f78baa1
Residential and business customers can participate as long as
Program Limits:
Oahu - 60 MW
Big Island - 10 MW
Maui, Lanai, Molokai (combined) - 10 MW
Queue:
https://www.hecofitio.com/_helco2/helco_queue.asp?scroll=0
Renewable Tariffs in Hungary

               Tariff 1.405 1.204
        Years €/kWh        USD/kWh
                     CAD/kWh
Standard        0.09 0.129 0.111
Biomass
                0.13 0.181 0.155
                0.12 0.162 0.138
Neue Energie 06/2007.
Neue Energie 11/2008 Biomass
Proposed Indianapolis Power & Light Renewable Energy Payment
May 2009
                           Tariff 1.37259 1.4256
                    Years €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind
>50 kW<100 kW          10 0.0982 0.1348      0.14
>100 kW<1 MW           10 0.0737 0.1011     0.105
>1 MW<10 MW            10 0.0526 0.07221    0.075

Solar PV
>20 kW <100 kW                 10   0.1684 0.23108    0.24
>20 kW <100 kW                 10   0.1403 0.19257     0.2

Biomass                        10   0.0596 0.08184   0.085

Indianapolis Power & Light only; program limited to 1%
https://myweb.in.gov/IURC/eds/Modules/IURC/Category
IP&L Retail sales 15 TWh/yr.
Indian State of Gujarat

                            CapacityTariff
                     Full Load
                Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Photovoltaics 2009
Solar PV <5 MW 12                                 0.27

Sun & Wind Energy 2/2009
Proposed Renewable Tariff in India
   15-Jun-10
                    Tariff 62.86 1.373 1.426 Degression
             YearsINR/kWh  €/kWh      USD/kWh
                                CAD/kWh         %

Solar PV <1 MW 25 19.57 0.311            0.427    0.444




Commissioned before March 31, 2012.
India Draft_Explanatory_Memo_for_Rooftop_PV.pdf
http://www.rechargenews.com/energy/solar/article203215.ece
http://www.telegraphindia.com/1100322/jsp/opinion/story_12226756.jsp
Target; 22,000 MW by 2022.
Renewable Tariff in Iran
              11-Jul-09
                                   Full Load Tariff #### 1.37259 1.4256 Degression
                              Years Hours IRR/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh      %
All Renewables
Peak & Medium Load 20 hours                         1,300    0.09 0.12785   0.1328
Low Load (4 hours)                                    900    0.06 0.08851   0.0919

Program commenced November 6, 2008.
Tariffs vary annually.
Source: Renewable Energy Organization of Iran (SUNA), Ministry of Energy.
Irish Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff (ReFIT)
            15-Jun-10
                            Tariff 1.3726 1.4256 Degression
                      Years€/kWh          U
                                  CAD/kWh SD/kWh    %
Wave & Tidal Power     15 0.22       0.302 0.3136

Small Wind 2009 (see note below)

Wind
>5 MW                         15 0.06 0.0782 0.0813
<5 MW                         15 0.06      0.081 0.0841
 Offshore                     15 0.14 0.1922 0.1996                 since October 2008
Landfill Gas                  15 0.07 0.0961 0.0998
Hydro                         15 0.07 0.0988 0.1026
Biomass 2010                  15
<1,500 kW                          0.14 0.1922 0.1996
>1,500 kW                          0.12 0.1647 0.1711
from Energy Crops                   0.1 0.1304 0.1354
Other Biomass                      0.09 0.1167 0.1212
Anerobic Digestion
<500 kW                            0.11    0.151 0.1568
<500 kW with CHP                   0.15 0.2059 0.2138
>500 kW                            0.10 0.1373 0.1426
>500 kW with CHP                   0.13 0.1784 0.1853
http://www.dcenr.gov.ie/Press+Releases/Minister+Ry
http://www.dcmnr.gov.ie/Press+Releases/Minister+N
Ireland Renewables Target 33% by 2020, 2008.
Tariffs are fully indexed with inflation (CPI).
1 Hydro is less than 1 MW installed.
2 If a supplier contracts to purchase above the reference rate by
technology the net compensation will be limited to the difference
between the market price and the appropriate reference rate by
technology.
3 If a supplier negotiates a price less than the reference rate and
above the market price the net compensation will be calculated as
the difference between the contracted price and the market price.
The incentive for suppliers to negotiate low prices in a fully
liberalised market is the requirement to minimise its cost-base.
4 The compensation is available for any electricity (other than large
hydro) from any new RES-E plant within the internal market which
will contribute to Ireland’s obligation under Directive 2001/77/EC.

Irish Small Wind Tariff 2009. In March of 2009 the Minister of

Microgeneration Net Tariff3 0.19 0.2608 0.2709
Applicable to only 4,000 units
Renewable Tariffs in Israel
         3-Jul-10
                                    5.09 1.37259 1.42556 Degression
                        Years     €/kWhCAD/kWh
                            NIS/kWh             USD/kWh2011-2015
Photovoltaics
>4 kW<15 kW                 20    1.67   0.33 0.45076 0.46815                -7% NEF
>15 kW<50 kW                20    1.51    0.3 0.40757 0.4233                 -7% NEF
>50 kW<5 MW                 20    1.49   0.29 0.40217 0.41769                -5%

Solar (PV & CSP)
>100 kW<20 MW               20    0.92   0.18 0.24832 0.2579                 -4%
>20 MW                      20    0.73   0.14 0.19704 0.20464                -4%

Wind
<15 kW Residential          20    1.25   0.25 0.33739 0.35041                -2%
>15 kW <50 kW               20   1.60    0.31 0.43186 0.44853                -2%

Renewable Energy              0.44 0.09 0.11876 0.12335
Sonne Wind & Waerme 6/2011 report changes to the program.
Target: 10% renewables by 2020.
Tariffs from 0.99 to 1.08 NIS/kWh.
Medium size projects to 12 MW, 300 MW by 2014.
To 2014, 1,055 MW target.

New Energy Finance (NEF) reported changes to the program's small scale PV tariffs in July 2010 to take effect in September.
http://www.pua.gov.il/51-1475-he/Electricity.aspx?pos=1
Tariff for new projects adjusted annually to 2010, then degress 4% annually in 2011.
Project size:
Private individuals up to 15 kW.
Companies up to 50 kW.
Program size: 50 MW or 7 years whichever comes first, though recent article suggest target is 200 MW by 2014.
20% of program must be from private individuals.
Tariff after 2015 is final tariff.
Solar PV Small Projects Cap: 50 MW through 2015.
Solar PV 40 kW<20 MW Projects Cap: 300 MW through 2015.
Solar PV tariff indexed with inflation.
Wind: Cap 50 MW through 2016.
Renewable Energy: Premium green payment on top of wholesale cost (average cost of production), approximate.


http://cleantech-israel.blogspot.com/2009/02/israel-sets-feed-in-tariff-for-wind.html
http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1261364529378&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull
Renewable Tariffs in Italy
Conto Energia Decreto 19/02/07
                        Bonus Payment System
                         Net-Metering1.37259 1.4256
              2009 Years €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh egression
                                                    D
Photovoltiacs
1-3 kW                          0.11 0.15098 0.1568
3-20 kW                         0.11
>20 kW
                                 Incentive Tariff
Ground-mounted
1-3 kW                20      0.392 0.53806 0.5588    -2%
3-20 kW               20     0.3724 0.51115 0.5309    -2%
>20 kW                20     0.3528 0.48425 0.5029

                                 Incentive Tariff
Rooftop
1-3 kW                20      0.4312 0.59186        0.6147
3-20 kW               20      0.4116 0.56496        0.5868
>20 kW                20       0.392 0.53806        0.5588

                                 Incentive Tariff
BIPV
1-3 kW               20      0.4802 0.65912 0.6846
3-20 kW              20      0.4508 0.61876 0.6426
>20 kW               20      0.4312 0.59186 0.6147
Sun & Wind Energy/Italy 11/2009.

                        Bonus Payment System
<500 MWh/yr                   0.095 0.1304 0.1354
500-1,000 MWh/yr               0.08 0.10981  0.114
>1,000 MWh/yr                  0.07 0.09608 0.0998

                                 Incentive Tariff
Rooftop
<500 MWh/yr                     0.35 0.48041        0.4989
500-1,000 MWh/yr                0.35 0.48041        0.4989
>1,000 MWh/yr                   0.35 0.48041        0.4989

                                 Incentive Tariff
Ground-mounted
<500 MWh/yr                     0.39 0.53531         0.556
500-1,000 MWh/yr                0.39 0.53531         0.556
>1,000 MWh/yr                   0.39 0.53531         0.556

                                 Incentive Tariff
BIPV
1-3 kW                20        0.43 0.59021         0.613
3-20 kW               20        0.43 0.59021         0.613
>20 kW                20        0.43 0.59021         0.613


Small Wind <200 kW 15           0.30   0.41178      0.4277
Geothermal <1 MW     15         0.20   0.27452      0.2851
Wave & Tidal <100 MW 15         0.34   0.46668      0.4847
Biomass waste <1 MW15           0.22   0.30197      0.3136
                     1
Farm Biomass & Biogas 5         0.30   0.41178      0.4277
                     15
Landfill and Sewage Gas         0.18   0.24707      0.2566



1. Net metering rates from 0.11-0.15/kWh. This table uses a conservative value.
2. Additional premiums apply for municipalities, schools, and hospitals.
3. Additional premius of 5% for BIPV on farm roofs replacing asbestos.
4. Annual cap lifted.
5. Program cap of 1,200 MW, 2012; 3,000 MW 2016.
Source: Sun & Wind Energy 2/2007.
NOTE: In 2008 Wind TGC were converted from trading value to a fixed
Associazione Nazionale Energia del Vento (ANEV)
Renewable Tariffs in Italy
Conto Energia Decreto 19/02/07

Tariff Year   2010
                  Tariff 1.37259 1.4256Degression
            Years €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Photovoltaics

Ground-Mounted (Non integrato)
1-3 kW       20 0.38 0.52707         0.5474
3-20 kW      20 0.37      0.501      0.5203
>20 kW       20 0.35 0.47492         0.4932

Rooftop (Parzialmente integrato)
1-3 kW          20 0.42 0.57923      0.6016
3-20 kW         20   0.4 0.55315     0.5745
>20 kW          20 0.38 0.52707      0.5474

BIPV (Integrato)
1-3 kW          20   0.47 0.64512       0.67
3-20 kW         20   0.44 0.60668    0.6301
>20 kW          20   0.42 0.57923    0.6016

http://www.gse.it/attivita/ContoEnergiaF/PubblInf/Docu
http://www.contoenergia.it/interna.asp?pag=contributi_pubblici
New tariffs for 2011, 2012, 2013 to be introduced
http://www.gifi-fv.it
Note: Italy's new Quarto Conto Energia (4th Energy Law) has gone into effect. Because of its complexity, the new


Renewable Tariffs in Italy                                                       2008 Budget Law (244/2007), updated by law 99/2009
Conto Energia Decreto

Tariff Year        2011                                                          Tariff Year        2010
                        Tariff 1.3726 1.4256 Degression                                                     Tariff 1.3726 1.4256 Degression
                  Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh                                                           Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Photovoltaics                                                                    Wind <1 MW             15 0.22       0.30      0.31
January 1-May 1, 2011                                                            Geothermal <1 MW       15 0.20       0.27      0.29
Rooftop (Parzialmente integrato)                                                 Wave & Tidal <1 MW 15 0.34           0.47      0.48
>1 kW<3 kW       20   0.4 0.5518                 0.5731                          Biomass waste <1 MW 15 0.22          0.30      0.31
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.38 0.5175                       0.5374                          Farm Biomass & Biogas15 0.28         0.38      0.40
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.36 0.4914                     0.5104                          Landfill and Sewage Gas15 0.18       0.25      0.26
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.36 0.4873                     0.5061                          http://www.feed-in-cooperation.org/wDefault_7/download-
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.35 0.4818                        0.5004
>5 MW            20 0.33 0.4571                  0.4747

Ground-Mounted (Non integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW    20 0.36 0.4969                     0.5161
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.34 0.4653                       0.4833
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.32 0.4406                     0.4576
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.31      0.431                 0.4476
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.31 0.4296                        0.4462
>5 MW         20    0.3 0.4077                   0.4234

May 1-September 1, 2011
Rooftop (Parzialmente integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW       20 0.39 0.5367                  0.5574
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.36 0.4941                       0.5132
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.34 0.4681                     0.4861
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.34 0.4598                     0.4776
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.33 0.4488                        0.4662
>5 MW            20 0.33 0.4543                  0.4719

Ground-Mounted (Non integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW    20 0.35 0.4763                     0.4947
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.32        0.442                  0.459
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.31 0.4241                     0.4405
>200<1,000 kW 20    0.3 0.4159                   0.4319
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.29 0.3967                         0.412
>5 MW         20 0.28 0.3775                      0.392

After September 1, 2011
Rooftop (Parzialmente integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW       20 0.38 0.5216                  0.5417            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.34 0.4694                       0.4875            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.32 0.4433                     0.4605            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.31        0.431               0.4476            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>1 MW<5 MW 20         0.3 0.4145                 0.4305            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>5 MW            20 0.29 0.3939                  0.4091            -6%    Beginning in 2012

Ground-Mounted (Non integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW    20 0.33 0.4571                     0.4747            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>3 kW<20 kW 20      0.3 0.4173                   0.4334            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.29 0.3912                     0.4063            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.27 0.3651                     0.3792            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.26 0.3528                        0.3664            -6%    Beginning in 2012
>5 MW         20 0.24 0.3349                     0.3478            -6%    Beginning in 2012

Source: Neue Energie 08/2010, p. 89, from Gifi.
Program Cap: 3,000 MW for the three-year period from 2011 to 2013.
Gifi (Gestore dei Servizi Energetici)
Distribution of Installed Capacity to mid 2010.
<3 kW: 6%
>3 kW<20 kW: 21%
>20 kW<200 kW: 23%
>200 kW<1,000 kW: 36%
>1,000 kW: 14%
~One-fourth of all Italian solar PV installations are less than 20 kW in size.
Renewable Tariffs in Japan
April 1, 2011
                         112 1.37259 1.4256 Degression
           YearsJPY/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh %/yr
Photovoltaics

Residential                 42 0.37 0.51289 0.5327
Commercial                  40 0.36 0.48847 0.5073
Note: This is a net tariff, not gross. Payment is only for
Residential also receives subsidies. Commercial subsidies discontinued.

Proposed for 2012               15 0.13 0.18317   0.1902
                                20 0.18 0.24423   0.2537
Wind Energy
Geothermal
Biomass
Hydro
One tariff for all except PV.
http://www.businessweek.com/news/2010-03-23/japan-
Renewable Tariffs in Kenya
               2/2/2011 0:00                   Maximum price permitted      Program
                       2010                         0.7 0.9628                Cap
                                      YearsKES/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh MW
Wind >500 kW<100 MW                     20          0.08 0.1155        0.12     300
Geothermal <70 MW                       20          0.06 0.0818      0.085      500
Solar Photovoltaic                         20
>500 kW<10 MW, firm                                        0.14   0.1926    0.2   100
>500 kW<10 MW, non firm                                    0.07   0.0963    0.1    50
Biomass, firm >500 kW<100 MW              20               0.06    0.077   0.08   200
Biomass, non firm >500 kW<100 MW          20               0.04   0.0578   0.06    50
Hydro, firm                               20                                      150
>500 kW<1 MW                                               0.08   0.1155   0.12
>1 MW<5 MW                                                 0.07   0.0963    0.1
>5 MW<10 MW                                                0.06    0.077   0.08
Hydro, non firm                           20                                       50
<1 MW                                                      0.07   0.0963    0.1
>1 MW<5 MW                                                 0.06    0.077   0.08
>5 MW<10 MW                                                0.04   0.0578   0.06
Biogas, firm >500 kW<40 MW                20               0.06    0.077   0.08   100
Biogas, non firm >500 kW<40 MW            20               0.04   0.0578   0.06    50
                            Total                                               1,550
Note: Despite the tital, these are not true feed-in tariffs. This is the maximum price permitted.
Tariffs are in USD/kWh.
Tariffs have been in effect since 2008, revised in 2010.
http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CB4QFjAA&url=http
http://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/SuccessStories/FeedinTarrifsinKenya/tabid/
http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CBYQFjAA&url=http
Renewable Tariffs in Luxembourg
    2004
                      CapacityTariff 1.3726 1.4256 Degression
               Full Load
         Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh   USD/kWh %/yr
Wind Energy

Photovoltaics
<30 kW        20                0.39 0.5353 0.556           -3%
>30 kW        20                0.36 0.4941 0.5132          -3%
Cap: 5 MW/yr.

Additional subsidy 15% of investment to maximum 1 kW per adult plus 1
kW others, maximum Euro 900/kW; for business 10% of investment.
Premium payment may come from general budget.
Installed costs: Euro 6-8,000/kW.
Yield: 900 kWh/kW/y; 1,000 kWh/m2/y.
Renewable Tariffs in Malaysia
                    14-Apr-11
                                                     4.19 1.3726 1.4256                                                Malaysia Renewable Energy Quota in MW per Year
                                         Years     €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWhDegression
                                             MYR/kWh                                                                                                                                      C
                                                                                                                                                                                    Annual umulative
Solar PV                                                                                        Year BiogasBiogas-Sewage Biomass Biomass-Waste mall Hydro olar PV<1MW
                                                                                                                                                S       S              Solar >1 MW Total    MW
<4 kW                                        21     1.23    0.29     0.4028   0.4184    -0.08   2011     20            5       90            15       60             9           20   219      219
>4 kW<24 kW                                  21     1.20    0.29      0.393   0.4082    -0.08   2012     15           10       50            20       50            11           35   191      410
>24 kW<72 kW                                 21     1.18    0.28     0.3865   0.4014    -0.08   2013     15           10       60            30       60            13           50   238      648
>72 kW<1,000 kW                              21     1.14    0.27     0.3734   0.3878    -0.08   2014     25           10       60            40       60            15           80   290      938
>1 MW<10 MW                                  21     0.95    0.23     0.3111   0.3231    -0.08   2015     25           10       70            50       60            17          110   342    1,280
>10 MW<30 MW                                 21     0.85     0.2     0.2784   0.2891    -0.08   2016     25           10       80            30       60            19          130   354    1,634
Bonus for rooftop                            21     0.26    0.06     0.0852   0.0884    -0.08   2017     30           10       90            30       50            21          145   376    2,010
Bonus for BIPV                               21     0.25    0.06     0.0819    0.085    -0.08   2018     30           10      100            20       40            24          155   379    2,389
Bonus for local modules                      21     0.03    0.01     0.0098   0.0102    -0.08   2019     30           10      100            20       30            28          165   383    2,772
Bonus for local inverters                    21     0.01       0     0.0033   0.0034    -0.08   2020     25           10      100            10       20            33          170   368    3,140
                                                                                                2021     25                    90             6                     37           30   188    3,328
Biomass                                                                                         2022     25                    90             5                     41           80   241    3,569
<10 MW                                       16     0.31    0.07     0.1015   0.1054   -0.005   2023     20            4       80                                   47          130   281    3,850
>10 MW<20 MW                                 16     0.29    0.07      0.095   0.0986   -0.005   2024     20            3       70                                   60          250   403    4,253
>2 MW<30 MW                                  16     0.27    0.06     0.0884   0.0918   -0.005   2025     20                    60                                   80          250   410    4,663
Bonus for gasification                       16     0.02       0     0.0066   0.0068   -0.005   2026     20                    50                                  105          250   425    5,088
Bonus for steam generation >14% effic.       16     0.01       0     0.0033   0.0034   -0.005   2027     20                    50                                  135          250   455    5,543
Bonus for local manufacture                  16     0.01       0     0.0033   0.0034   -0.005   2028     20                    50                                  175          250   495    6,038
Bonus for municipal solid waste              16     0.10    0.02     0.0328    0.034   -0.018   2029                                                               220          250   470    6,508
                                                                                                2030                                                               280          300   580    7,088
Biogas                                                                                          http://www.mbipv.net.my/dload/presentation-FiT%20Updates-27Jan2011.pdf
<4 MW                                        16     0.32    0.08     0.1048   0.1088   -0.005
>4 MW<10 MW                                  16     0.30    0.07     0.0983    0.102   -0.005
>10 MW<30 MW                                 16     0.28    0.07     0.0917   0.0952   -0.005
Bonus for gas engine >40% effic.             16     0.02       0     0.0066   0.0068   -0.005
Bonus for local manufacture                  16     0.01       0     0.0033   0.0034   -0.005
Bonus for landfill or seweage gas            16     0.08    0.02     0.0262   0.0272   -0.018

Minihydro
<10 MW                                       21     0.24 0.06        0.0786   0.0816       0
>10 MW<30 MW                                 21     0.23 0.05        0.0753   0.0782       0

Renewable Energy Bill passed 5th April 2011.
http://www.parlimen.gov.my/files/billindex/pdf/2010/DR472010E.pdf
For details see:
http://www.mbipv.net.my/content.asp?higherID=0&zoneid=6&categoryid=34
http://www.mbipv.net.my/dload/presentation-FiT%20Updates-27Jan2011.pdf
FIT is expected to cost 1% of average electricity bill.
Average solar PV yield in Malaysia: 1,000-1,500 kWh/kWDC/yr.
Not applicable in Sarawak or Sabah. Different tariffs will apply in Sabah.
Renewable target: 5.5% by 2015.
Renewable Tariffs in Marocco

           Full LoadCapacity Tariff
      Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh

                                      0   0
                                      0   0
New law patterned after German EEG.
Neue Energie 06/2007.
Renewable Tariffs in Malta
 22-Jul-10
                          1.373 1.426
            Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Malta <3 kW     8    0.25 0.343 0.356

Gozo                8      0.28 0.384 0.399

On top of a 50% subsidy for solar PV.
Program cap: 7.5 MW
http://www.independent.com.mt/news.asp?newsitemid=109397
Proposed Consumer Energy's Renewable Energy Payment
           2009
                      Full LoadCapacity 0.7 0.96284
                Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV 2009
Residential        12                   0.46 0.62585 0.65
Commercial         12                   0.32 0.43328 0.45


Program cap: 2 MW.
Project cap: 150 kW.
http://efile.mpsc.cis.state.mi.us/efile/docs/15805/0024.pdf
See pages 9, 26-28, 232-234 and 242.
Minnesota Community-Based Energy Development

                                   Capacity Tariff 1.039
                            Full Load
                                         U
                        YearsHours Factor SD/kWh  CAD/kWh
Wind
C-BED Tariff             1-10               0.048 0.046
                         11-20              0.033 0.032
To provide NPV of 0.027 USD/kWh.            0.027 0.026
1. 15% renewables by 2010.




                                   Capacity Tariff 1.039
                            Full Load
                                         U
                        YearsHours Factor SD/kWh  CAD/kWh
Wind (Previous)
Xcel Fixed Tariff <2 MW       20              0.033 0.032
Minnesota Community Wind10     Incentive1     0.015 0.014
            Total for 10 yrs                  0.048 0.046
1US$0.015/kWh for 10 years production incentive equivalent to Canadian WPPI. Initially capped at 100 MW. A second 100 MW tranche was added later.
Not sufficient to drive development with PTC.
www.windustry.org
mailto: lisadaniels@windustry.org
Renewable Tariffs in Mongolia

                          0.7 0.701 0.96   0.96   1.00     1.00
                 Years €/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh  USD/kWh
Transmission Connected
Wind                10 0.06 0.07      0.08 0.09     0.08     0.10
Solar               10 0.11 0.13      0.14 0.17     0.15     0.18
Hydro <5 MW         10 0.03 0.04      0.04 0.06     0.05     0.06

Distribution Connected & the Capitol
Wind                  10 0.07 0.11     0.10   0.14   0.10   0.15
Solar                 10 0.14 0.21     0.19   0.29   0.20   0.30
Hydro <0.5 MW         10 0.06 0.07     0.08   0.10   0.08   0.10
Hydro <0.5-2 MW       10 0.04 0.04     0.05   0.06   0.05   0.06
Hydro <2-5 MW         10 0.03 0.04     0.04   0.05   0.05   0.05

Paid for from Special Purpose Fund.
January 11, 2007.
No reason given for the range.
New Brunswick Proposed Community-Based Feed-in Tariff

                1.37          1.04
         Years €/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                           U
Wind
<10 MW     20   0.07     0.1   0.10
New Mexico Performance-Based Incentive (Purchase of Tradable Credits)

                                                 0.7   0.96    1
                                         Years €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Public Service New Mexico
 Solar PV                                 2006-2018 0.1 0.1252       0.13
 Net Metering Rate                                     0.1 0.077     0.08
 Total                                                 0.1 0.2022    0.21
Note that this program is not a true tariff but a "Production-Based
Passed Senate and Assembly, May 2005.
Project cap: 10 kW.
Program cap: 1.2 MW
Fees: $100, application; $50, net metering fee.
March 2006.
http://www.pnm.com/customers/pv_rec.htm
30% state tax credit up to $7,000; program cap $3 million; project cap
raised to $9,000 if federal tax credit expires.
Nova Scotia Proposed Community-Based
  23-Feb-11
                   1.37            1.04
            Years €/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                 U
Wind          20
<50 kW             0.33    0.449     0.47
>50 kW             0.10    0.139     0.14

Biomass CHP    20   0.11     0.156    0.16

Hydro          20   0.10      0.14    0.15

Tidal            20 0.48    0.652     0.68
Source:
Synapse Energy Economics
617-661-3248 X249
Biomass CHP includes 0.94/kWh fixed tariff



Nova Scotia Proposed Community-Based Feed-in Tariffs (ComFIT)
  21-Dec-10
                   1.37            1.04   Assumed
            Years €/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                 U       WACC pre-tax
Wind          20
<50 kW             0.48    0.655     0.68      10%
>50 kW             0.12    0.158     0.16      10%

Biomass CHP    20   0.05     0.072    0.07   9.40%

Hydro          20   0.14     0.197    0.20    10%

Tidal            20 0.57     0.78     0.81    15%
Source:
Synapse Energy Economics
617-661-3248 X249
WACC: Weighted Average Cost of Capital
       Ontario Power Authority's Feed-in Tariffs 2009                          Ontario Aboriginal and Community Adder
                   1-Oct-09 Effective Date
                                   1.373             1.0386                                 Aboriginal                Community
                             Years €/kWh $CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                                    U                              €/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh€/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                                                                                     U                        U
Wind                                                               Wind             0.01      0.015 0.0156 0.01           0.01 0.0104
Onshore*                             20 0.098     0.135   0.1402                    0
                                                                   PV Groundmounted.01        0.015 0.0156 0.01           0.01 0.0104
Offshore*                            20 0.138      0.19   0.1973   Hydro            0.01      0.009 0.0093         0     0.006 0.0062
                                                                   Biogas              0      0.006 0.0062         0     0.004 0.0042
Photovoltaics                                                      Biomass             0      0.006 0.0062         0     0.004 0.0042
MicroFIT                                                           Landifill Gas       0      0.006 0.0062         0     0.004 0.0042
Rooftop <10 kW                       20 0.584     0.802    0.833   http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/fit/Storage.asp?StorageID=10143
Groundmounted <10 kW (2 July 2010)   20 0.468     0.642   0.6668
                                                                     Percent of Adder Relative to the Percentage of Local Controls
Rooftop >10 kW<250 kW                20   0.519   0.713   0.7405   50 to 100 percent control eligible for the full price adder
Rooftop >250 kW<500 kW               20   0.463   0.635   0.6595   40 to 49 percent control eligible for 80 to 99 percent of the price adder
Rooftop >500 kW                      20   0.393   0.539   0.5598   25 to 39 percent control eligible for 50 to 79 percent of the price adder
Groundmounted <10 MW*                20   0.323   0.443   0.4601   10 to 24 percent control eligible for 20 to 49 percent of the price adder
                                                                   http://fit.powerauthority.on.ca/Page.asp?PageID=122&ContentID=10380&SiteNodeID=1103&BL_ExpandID=260
Hydro
<10 MW*                              40 0.095     0.131   0.1361
>10 MW<50 MW*                        40 0.089     0.122   0.1267

Landfill Gas
<10 MW*                              20 0.081     0.111   0.1153
>10 MW*                              20 0.075     0.103    0.107

Biogas*
On-Farm <100 kW                      20   0.142   0.195   0.2025
On-Farm >100 kW<250 kW               20   0.135   0.185   0.1921
<500 kW                              20   0.117    0.16   0.1662
>500 kW<10 MW                        20   0.107   0.147   0.1527
>10 MW                               20   0.076   0.104    0.108

Biomass
<10 MW*                              20 0.101     0.138   0.1433
>10 MW*                              20 0.095      0.13    0.135

*Eligible for Aboriginal or Community Bonus.
Inflation adjustment: 100% during construction (3 years), 20%
http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/fit/Storage.asp?StorageID=10143
CanWEA Proposed Ontario Small Wind FITs     Gipe Proposed to CanWEA 2009
 23-Apr-10
                   1.37            1.04                     1.3726    0 1.0386             1.3726    0 1.0386
           Years €/kWh $CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                 U                Years    €/kWh $CAD/kWh
                                                                        USD/kWh   Years   €/kWh $CAD/kWh
                                                                                                       USD/kWh
Wind         20                             Wind
1-10 kW            0.40    0.55      0.57   <50 m2    20    0.22    0.3   0.31             0.29    0.4   0.42
11-100 kW          0.25     0.35     0.36   <500 M2   20    0.15    0.2   0.21             0.18   0.25   0.26
101-500 kW         0.18     0.25     0.26
March 22, 2010.
Ontario Standard Offer Contracts (Advanced Renewable Tariffs)
   20-Dec-07
                     1.37           1.03859
             Years €/kWh $CAD/kWh  USD/kWh
Wind            20 0.08 0.1104 0.11466

Photovoltaics       20    0.31     0.42 0.43621

                    <10 MW.
Limited to projects20 0.08       0.1104 0.11466
On-Peak Bonus 20 0.03            0.0352 0.03656

Biomass           20 0.08 0.1104 0.11466
 On-Peak Bonus 20 0.03 0.0352 0.03656
Announced by the Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty, March 21, 2006.
Inflation Adjustment: 20%, excluding PV.
Project size capped at 10 MW.
Projects limited to <50 kV.
No program
limit.
Program review every two years.
Projects built after January 1, 2006 are included.
Contracts became available November 17, 2006.
Note: This program has been superseeded by the OPA's Feed-in Tariff program.
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Portugal
Note that this sheet has not been updated, September 10, 2009.
                                      Capacity
                              Full Load      Coef.Tariff    1.373         1.426                 Degression
                         YearsHours Factor Z €/kWh /kWh€  CAD/kWh        USD/kWh                  %/yr
Wind Energy
<2000 h                     15 2,000 0.23 1.7 0.1 0.1 0.071 0.108 0.074                0.11
2000-2200 h                 15 2,200 0.25 1.3        0 0.1     0.06 0.117 0.063        0.12
2200-2400 h                 15 2,400 0.27       1    0 0.1 0.052 0.099 0.054            0.1
716.4 KRW/kWh               15 2,600 0.30 0.7        0 0.1 0.044 0.082 0.046           0.09
>2600 h                     15 2,800 0.32 0.4        0 0.1 0.036 0.071 0.037           0.07

Microgenerators
<3.68 kW Solar & Wind      15                      0.4         0.593           0.616

Net Metering (see below)                             0         0.041           0.043

Photovoltaics Rooftop*
<3.68 kW                     5 2,100 0.24 6.4 0.7             0.892           0.927                  -5% for every 10 MW completed.
50 MW cap.
Income tax credit of max 30% of investment costs, max .. 728 for private income taxable
investors.
*Valid for all technologies.

Photovoltaics Groundmounted
<5 kW                   15                         0.5         0.714           0.741
>5 kW<5 MW              15                         0.4          0.48           0.499
150 MW cap.

Small Hydro                15                1.2     0   0.1   0.058   0.113    0.06   0.12

Wave Energy                15                6.4   0.1   0.3   0.199   0.384   0.207      0.4

Concentrating Solar Power
<10 MW                 ?                           0.3         0.371           0.385
>10 MW**               ?                           0.2          0.22           0.228

Other                       15                   1      0 0.8 0.055 1.029 0.057 1.07
At the end of 15 years if TGC are not available Tariffs are extended for another 5 years. Ole
Municipalities where wind projects are located receive 2.5% royalty. Ole Lagniss.
Source: Agencia para A Energia, feed-in tariff for wind energy in Portugal.
Feed Law first introduced in 1988 at 0.055€/kWh.
Feed Law modifed in 1999 at 0.045-0.075€/kWh.
Feed Law mofified in 2001 and tariff varies by technology.
http://www.react.novem.org/Feed-in%20tariffs%20for%20wind%20energy.pdf
http://www.ontario-sea.org/ARTs/Portugal/ADENA%20Renewable%20Tariffs%20in%20Portugal%20.doc
http://www.dge.pt/main.asp
Lease royalty of 2.5% paid to local commune.
**0.16-0.20 Euro/kWh, http://www.solarpaces.org/News/news.htm.
Microgenerators: DL 363/ 2007. All energy must be sold to the grid.
Net Metering: DL 68/2002. Generation greater than 50% of consumption delivered to the grid.




Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Portugal 2005

                                    Capacity
                            Full Load      Tariff 1.4 1.4
                                              CAD/kWh
                        YearsHours Factor€/kWh USD/kWh
Wind Energy                                  0.1 0.1 0.1

Photovoltaics
<5 kW                                        0.5   0.8   0.8
<5 MW                                        0.4   0.5   0.5
>5 MW                                        0.4   0.5   0.5

Hydro                                        0.1   0.1   0.1

Biogas                                       0.1   0.1   0.1

Biomass                                    0.1 0.2 0.2
Neue Energie, June 2005, Nr. 06; New Decree 33-A/2005.
Renewable Tariff on Prince Edward Island
#######
                    CapacityTariff 1.373 1.426 1.245
             Full Load
        Years Hours Factor €/kWh  CAD/kWh      NZD/kWh
                                         USD/kWh
Renewable Energy
<100 kW                            net meter
>100 kW    20                0.06 0.078 0.054 0.096


2. After 15% target reached, fixed tariff open to all renewables.
3. Retail rate ~$0.10 CAD/kWh.
4. $0.0575/kWh fixed tarif, $0.02/kWh rate variable with annual CPI or 26% of price varies with inflation.
5. Tariff is limited to areas zoned for wind.
6. Zoned areas have very high winds ~ 9 m/s.

m/s      kWh/m2/yr
        9 1600
        7 1100
     6.5 900
     5.5 950
7. PEI has ~ 2X the wind resource of Ontario (800 vs 1,600 kWh/m2/yr).




mailto: international@appa.es
http://www.ontario-sea.org/ARTs/Spain/Report%20on%20the%20new%20Spanish%20RES-E%20payment%20mechanism.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Serbia
  7-Dec-09
                                            1.37259 1.4256
              Years                  €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind                12                  0.1 0.1304 0.1354
Solar PV            12                 0.23 0.3157 0.3279
Biomass             12                 0.14 0.18667 0.1939
                    12                0.114 0.18667 0.1939
Biogas              12                 0.16 0.21961 0.2281
                    12                 0.12 0.21961 0.2281
Landfill gas        12                 0.07 0.09196 0.0955
Geothermal          12                 0.08 0.10294 0.1069
Hyrdo               12                  0.1 0.13314 0.1383
 <10 MW             12                0.078 0.10706 0.1112
Wind projects capped att 450 MW.
Solar PV capped at 5 MW.
No source provided.
If you have any links to original sources, in English
Renewable Tariff in Slovakia
          15-Jan-10
                                                      0.03 1.37259 1.4256
                             Years            SKK/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind <15 MW                     15                     0.08 0.11104 0.1153

Geothermal >5 MW                12                           0.2 0.26881        0.2792

Biomass combustion              15                          0.11 0.15524        0.1612

Biogas                          15                          0.13 0.17308        0.1798

Solar PV >100 kW<10 MW          15                          0.43 0.58349         0.606

New Energy 6/2009, page 6.

For wind projects greater than 15 MW, the greater than 15 MW amount is paid half the tariff.
Renewable Combined Heat & Power Support in Slovenia
                2010        OP: Operating Support
                                   1.37259 1.4256
                      Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wood Biomass             15
<4,000 operating hours
<50 kW                      Determined individually
>50 kW<1,000 kW               0.28 0.38844 0.4034
>1 MW<5 MW                     0.2 0.27968 0.2905
>5 MW <25 MW                  0.14 0.18935 0.1967
>25 MW <50 MW                 0.11 0.14422 0.1498
>50 MW <200 MW              Determined individually

Wood Biomass
>4,000 operating hours
<50 kW                         Determined individually
>50 kW<1,000 kW                 0.17 0.23562 0.2447
>1 MW<5 MW                      0.12 0.1685        0.175
>5 MW <25 MW                    0.08 0.10912 0.1133
>25 MW <50 MW                   0.06 0.08006 0.0832
>50 MW <200 MW                 Determined individually
Operating support is not fixed but varies with the
Renewable Tariffs in Slovenia
                   2011          GP: Guaranteed Purchase               OP: Operating Support
                                             1.3726 1.4256                      1.3726 1.4256
                         Years €/kWh CAD/kWh SD/kWhDegression
                                                    U                  €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind                         15
 <50 kW                            0.09538 0.1309 0.136                  0.05 0.5265 0.5265
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.09538 0.1309 0.136                  0.05 0.5265 0.5265
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.09538 0.1309 0.136                  0.05 0.5265 0.5265
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                                 0.04 0.5265 0.5265
Solar PV*                    15                                  -0.07
 On Buildings
 <50 kW                            0.33237 0.4562 0.4738                 0.29    0.392 0.4072
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.30402 0.4173 0.4334                 0.26 0.3531 0.3668
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.25229 0.3463 0.3597                  0.2 0.2799 0.2907
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                                 0.17 0.2353 0.2444
 Building Integrated**
 <50 kW                             0.3822 0.5246 0.5448                 0.34 0.4605 0.4782
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.34962 0.4799 0.4984                  0.3 0.4157 0.4318
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.29013 0.3982 0.4136                 0.24 0.3319 0.3447
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                                 0.21 0.2816 0.2924
 Ground-mounted
 <50 kW                            0.31234 0.4287 0.4453                 0.27 0.3651 0.3792
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.28777     0.395 0.4102              0.24 0.3308 0.3436
Note: Groundmounted solar PV are limited to only 5 MW.
http://www.feed-in-cooperation.org/wDefault_7/download-files/8th-workshop/8th-IFIC-
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.23198 0.3184 0.3307                 0.18    0.252 0.2618
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                                 0.16 0.2227 0.2313
Hydro                        15
 <50 kW                            0.10547 0.1448 0.1504                 0.06 0.0821 0.0852
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.09261 0.1271 0.132                  0.05 0.0644 0.0669
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.08234     0.113 0.1174              0.03 0.0474 0.0492
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                                 0.03 0.0395      0.041
Geothermal                   15
 <50 kW                            0.15247 0.2093 0.2174                  0.1 0.1422 0.1477
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.15247 0.2093 0.2174                  0.1 0.1422 0.1477
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.15247 0.2093 0.2174                  0.1 0.1422 0.1477
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                               Determined individually
Wood Biomass                 15
 <50 kW                          Determined individually               Determined individually
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.23379 0.3209 0.3333                 0.19 0.2545 0.2644
 >1 MW<10 MW                        0.1753 0.2406 0.2499                 0.13 0.1735 0.1802
 >10 MW<125 MW                   Determined individually               Determined individually
Co-Firing Wood Biomass15
 <50 kW                              n/a    ###### ######                0.06 0.0872 0.0906
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                     n/a    ###### ######                0.06    0.085 0.0883
 >1 MW<10 MW                         n/a    ###### ######                0.06 0.0843 0.0875
 >10 MW<125 MW                   Determined individually               Determined individually
Biogas from Biomass          15
 <50 kW                            0.16056 0.2204 0.2289                 0.11 0.1562 0.1622
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.15631 0.2145 0.2228                 0.11 0.1482 0.1539
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.14142 0.1941 0.2016                 0.09    0.127 0.1319
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                                 n/a
Biogas-Waste***              15
 <50 kW                            0.13923 0.1911 0.1985                 0.09 0.1269 0.1318
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.13923 0.1911 0.1985                 0.09 0.1247 0.1296
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.12915 0.1773 0.1841                 0.08 0.1135 0.1179
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                                 n/a
Sewage Gas                   15
 <50 kW                            0.08584 0.1178 0.1224                 0.04 0.0507 0.0527
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.07442 0.1021 0.1061                 0.03 0.0351 0.0364
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.06609 0.0907 0.0942                 0.02 0.0236 0.0245
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                                 n/a
Landfill Gas                 15
 <50 kW                            0.09933 0.1363 0.1416                 0.05 0.0748 0.0777
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.06747 0.0926 0.0962                 0.02 0.0255 0.0265
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.06167 0.0846 0.0879                 0.01 0.0176 0.0182
 >10 MW<125 MW                       n/a                                 n/a
Biodegradable Wastes 15
 <50 kW                              n/a
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                   0.07744 0.1063 0.1104                 0.03 0.0392 0.0407
 >1 MW<10 MW                       0.07434     0.102 0.106               0.03 0.0349 0.0363
 >10 MW<125 MW                   Determined individually               Determined individually
http://www.mg.gov.si/fileadmin/mg.gov.si/pageuploads/Energetika/Porocila/Podpore_jan_2011
Note: In addition, there are tariffs or Operating Support for Combined Heat and Power.
Guaranteed purchase price for projects up to 10 MW. Beyond 10
http://www.feed-in-
*Until targets for PV are set, ground-mounted systems are limited to 5 MW.
**Supplement of 15% for constituent part of the building.
***Supplement of 10% where manure and slurry exceed 30% of the
Supplement of 10% where a certain percentage of heat is used in
Source 2010: Borsen, Determination of the level of support for electricity generated from RES
http://www.borzen.si/pripone/384/Podpore2010_v1.2_eng.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in South Africa
   4/9/2009 0:00
                          Full LoadCapacity Tariff                          1.37259 1.4256
                                                                       9.83701
                    Years Hours Factor ZAR/kWh                      €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind                   20                     1.25                0.1270711 0.17442 0.1811
Hydro                  20                     0.94                0.0955575 0.13116 0.1362
Landfill Gas           20                     0.90                0.0914912 0.12558 0.1304
Concentrating Solar    20                     2.10                0.2134795 0.29302 0.3043

For the fist five years, tariffs for new projects reviewed every year then every three years thereafter.
Tariffs based on the cost of generation plus a reasonable profit.
Tariffs adjusted annually for inflation.
Target: 10 TWh/yr by 2013.
Other technologies may be included within 6 months.
Generation purchased by RE Purchase Agency ( REPA) within ESKOM.
Renewable Tariffs in South Korea
Discontinued 2010?
                      Tariff  0  1.37259 1.4256
              YearsWon/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind                 107.66 0.09 0.11684 0.1213

Small Hydro             73.69   0.06 0.07997    0.0831

Landfill Gas
<20 MW                   65.2   0.05 0.07076    0.0735
>20 MW<50 MW             61.8   0.05 0.06707    0.0697

Photovoltaics
<3 kW         Buy-Down or Rebate
>3 kW           15 716.44 0.57 0.77751          0.8075
>3 kW 2010      20          0.33 0.45295        0.4704

Sonne Wind & Waerme 1/2007
Source: Photon International, 12/2005, p. 46.
1,300 MW target by 2012.
20 MW cap by October 2006 for fixed tariff on large systems.
70% rebate for systems less than 3 kW.
Average electricity price $0.05/kWh.
Fixed tariff for large-scale commercial applications.
Suntechnics built 1 MW plant in fall 2006.
Renewable Tariffs in Spain
Note: These Tariffs Have Been Superseded by RD 661/2007.
March 12, 2004, Royal Decrees 436/2004 for RES <50 MW
As a % of AET, Average Electricity Tariff                                                               AET
                                Tariff (4)                                        Market          Total Price
               Years Regulated     2005 1.3726 1.4256 Premium 2005 1.3726 1.4256 Incentive 2005 Premium 2005 1.37 1.43
                       Tariff (1) €/kWh       USD/kWh Tariff €/kWhCAD/kWh
                                        CAD/kWh                          USD/kWh Premium€/kWh €/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh USD/kWh
Wind Onshore                                                                                             0.07 0.1   0.1
<5 MW          0-15        90% 0.07 0.0906 0.094         40% 0.03 0.0402 0.0418     10% 0.01 0.037
               15+         80% 0.06 0.0805 0.0836        40% 0.03 0.0402 0.0418     10% 0.01 0.037
>5 MW          0-5         90% 0.07 0.0906 0.094         40% 0.03 0.0402 0.0418     10% 0.01 0.037
               6-15        85% 0.06 0.0855 0.0888        40% 0.03 0.0402 0.0418     10% 0.01 0.037
               15+         80% 0.06 0.0805 0.0836        40% 0.03 0.0402 0.0418     10% 0.01 0.037

Wind Offshore
<5 MW         0-15         90%   0.07   0.0906 0.094       40%    0.03   0.0402   0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
              15+          80%   0.06   0.0805 0.0836      40%    0.03   0.0402   0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
>5 MW         0-5          90%   0.07   0.0906 0.094       40%    0.03   0.0402   0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
              6-15         85%   0.06   0.0855 0.0888      40%    0.03   0.0402   0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
              15+          80%   0.06   0.0805 0.0836      40%    0.03   0.0402   0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037

Photoovoltaics
<100 kW        0-25       575%   0.42   0.5785   0.6009
               25+        460%   0.34   0.4628   0.4807
>100 kW        0-25       300%   0.22   0.3018   0.3135   250%    0.18 0.2515 0.2612        10%    0.01   0.191
               25+        240%   0.18   0.2415   0.2508   200%    0.15 0.2012 0.209         10%    0.01   0.154

               0-25
Solar Thermolectric       300% 0.22 0.3018 0.3135         250%    0.18 0.2515 0.2612        10%    0.01   0.191
               25+        240% 0.18 0.2415 0.2508         200%    0.15 0.2012 0.209         10%    0.01   0.154

Hydro
<10 MW     0-25            90%   0.07   0.0906 0.094       40%    0.03   0.0402   0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
           25+             80%   0.06   0.0805 0.0836      40%    0.03   0.0402   0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
           0-15
>10 MW<25 MW               90%   0.07   0.0906 0.094       40%    0.03   0.0402   0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
           25+             80%   0.06   0.0805 0.0836      40%    0.03   0.0402   0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
>25 MW<50 MW               80%   0.06   0.0805 0.0836      30%    0.02   0.0302   0.0313    10%    0.01   0.029

Biomass
Energy Crops 0-20          90%   0.07   0.0906 0.094       40%    0.03  0.549     0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
                20+        80%   0.06   0.0805 0.0836      40%    0.03  0.549     0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
                0
Biomass, Biogas -20        90%   0.07   0.0906 0.094       40%    0.03  0.549     0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
                20+        80%   0.06   0.0805 0.0836      40%    0.03  0.549     0.0418    10%    0.01   0.037
Forest & Industrial Wastes 80%   0.06   0.0805 0.0836      30%    0.02 0.4118     0.0313    10%    0.01   0.029

Geothermal      0-20       90% 0.07 0.0906 0.094           40%    0.03    0.549 0.0418      10%    0.01   0.037
                20+        80% 0.06 0.0805 0.0836          40%    0.03    0.549 0.0418      10%    0.01   0.037

New Spanish tariffs introduced May 25, 2007.
http://www.wind-works.org/FeedLaws/Spain/SpanishList.html
1. Operator can choose between two systems: fixed or "regulated tariffs", or a premium payment plus the wholesale price.
4. There are additional payments for reactive power supply and voltage support. There are also deductoins for forecasting costs.
5. Fully inflation adjustd because of connection to AET price. The price rises 1.4-1.7% annually says AEE.
6. Bonus system: market price plus ~40% of AET, plus a 10% bonus to switch to the bonus system or ~Euro 0.0365/kWh.
7. Bonus
system in
2005: Euro
0.0693
(0.0365+0.000
48+0.031-
0.003/kWh).
This is slightly
higher than
fixed payment
but depends
upon
fluctuation
market price.
8. Low interest loans for Solar PV Euro 120 million for small installations.
9. First tariffs begain with decree in 1997.
10. There is no price degression.
Source: 5-8, New Energy 4/2005.
Source: 1-4, The New Payment Mechanism of RES-E in Spain by Manuel Bustos, APPA, Barcelona, May 2004.
mailto: international@appa.es
http://www.ontario-sea.org/ARTs/Spain/Report%20on%20the%20new%20Spanish%20RES-E%20payment%20mechanism.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Spain (Proposed)
      2011
14-Aug-10
                    Fixed Tariff (Option a)                                                    Market Incentive Premium (Option b)
           Years         1.37259 1.4256 Degression                          Premium1.37259 1.4256 Maximum1.37259 1.4256 Minimum1.37259 1.4256
                  €/kWhCAD/kWh      USD/kWh %/yr                             €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh      USD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind
Wind Onshore 20                   0         0                                 0.0188     0.0258     0.0268 0.09069 0.12448   0.1293   0.0761 0.10445   0.1085
             +20                  0         0
Above 2,350 full load hours receive only the market price.
New tariffs will affect all wind turbines installed since 2007.
Agreement allows 300 MW more of wind to be connected.

Concentating Solar Power
                             0.28                                                 0.26 0.35687 0.3706
Paid for the first year of operation. Beginning second year can choose between this price or market price plus bonus


Source: Neue Energie 8/2010, p. 82.
Source; New Energy 4/2010 p 10.
Renewable Tariffs in Spain for PV 2009
RD 6 2009

                                                          Fixed Tariff
                                          Years            1.37259 1.4256
                                                     €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Type Solar PV
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW                    25     0.34   0.46668      0.4847
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW              25     0.32   0.43923      0.4562
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW           25     0.32   0.43923      0.4562

Quota                                  2009 Extra              Total
                                       MW    MW                MW
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW           26.70                       26.7
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW 240.30                         240.3
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW 133.00  100                   233
                               Total 400.00                         500

Quota                                  2010 Extra              Total
                                       MW    MW                MW
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW           29.37                     29.37
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW 264.33                       264.33
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW 146.30   60                206.3
                               Total 440.00                        500

Quota                                  2011
                                       MW
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW           32.31
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW 290.76
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW 160.93
                               Total 484.00

Quota                                  2012
                                       MW
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW           35.54
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW 319.84
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW 177.02
                               Total 532.40

Notes:
If 75% of the quota is met, the tariff decreases by an amount relative to the quota.
If 75% of the quota is not met, the tariff remains the same.
Source: Hugo Lucas, IADE, 7th workshop of the InternationalFeed-In Cooperation.
Renewable Tariffs in Spain
May 25, 2007, Royal Decrees 661/2007 for RES <50 MW, for 2009.
16-Jun-10
                                         Fixed Tariff (Option a)                            Market Incentive Premium (Option b)
                                Years           1.3726 1.4256 Degression Premium1.37259 1.4256 Maximum1.37259 1.4256 Minimum1.37259 1.4256
                                       €/kWh CAD/kWh    USD/kWh %/yr      €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind
Wind Onshore                       20 0.076 0.1039 0.1079                 0.0303 0.04155 0.0432 0.09069 0.12448 0.1293 0.0761 0.10445 0.1085
                                 +20 0.063 0.0868 0.0902

Wind Offshore                              n/a                                  0.0871 0.11958       0.1242 0.16949 0.23264      0.2416    n/a


Solar PV: See Spain RD 6 2009

Solar Thermal Electric              25    0.278    0.3821   0.3969              0.2625 0.36032       0.3742   0.3555 0.48795     0.5068   0.2625 0.36037     0.3743
                                   +25    0.223    0.3057   0.3175                0.21 0.28825       0.2994   0.3555 0.48795     0.5068   0.2625 0.36037     0.3743

Incomplete
Wave, Tides, Ocean Thermal,
Ocean Currents                      20    0.071    0.0977   0.1015              0.0397 0.05453       0.0566
                                   +20    0.067    0.0923   0.0959              0.0316 0.0434        0.0451

Geothermal                          20    0.071    0.0977   0.1015              0.0397 0.05453       0.0566
                                   +20    0.067    0.0923   0.0959              0.0316 0.0434        0.0451

Hydro
<10 MW                              25 0.081       0.1106   0.1149              0.0259 0.03552       0.0369 0.09097    0.12486   0.1297   0.0696   0.09555   0.0992
                                   +25 0.073       0.0996   0.1034                                          0.09097    0.12486   0.1297   0.0696   0.09555   0.0992
>10 MW<50 MW                        25 n/a                                      0.0225 0.03084        0.032 0.08541    0.11724   0.1218   0.0653   0.08969   0.0931
                                   +25 n/a                                      0.0144 0.0197        0.0205 0.08541    0.11724   0.1218   0.0653   0.08969   0.0931

Biomass
Energy Crops
<2 MW                                15    0.17    0.2328   0.2418              0.1279 0.17554       0.1823 0.17755 0.24371      0.2531   0.1645 0.22583     0.2345
Cogeneration Premium                      0.117    0.1602   0.1663
                                   +15    0.126    0.1728   0.1795               n/a

>2 MW                                15   0.157    0.2148   0.2231              0.1126 0.15454       0.1605 0.16111 0.22114      0.1509   0.1524 0.20912     0.2172
Cogeneration Premium                       0.02     0.027    0.028
                                   +15    0.132    0.1809   0.1879               n/a

Agricultural Wastes
<2 MW                                15   0.134    0.1842   0.1913              0.0925 0.12691       0.1318 0.14211 0.19505      0.2026   0.1291 0.17718      0.184
Cogeneration Premium                      0.085    0.1162   0.1206
                                   +15     0.09    0.1242    0.129               n/a
>2 MW                               15    0.115    0.1576   0.1637              0.0709 0.09731       0.1011 0.11947 0.16399      0.1703   0.1108    0.1521    0.158
Cogeneration Premium                      0.062     0.085   0.0883
                                   +15    0.086    0.1182   0.1228               n/a
Forestry Wastes
<2 MW                                15   0.134    0.1842   0.1913              0.0925 0.12691       0.1318 0.14211 0.19505      0.2026   0.1291 0.17718      0.184
Cogeneration Premium                      0.085    0.1162   0.1207
                                   +15     0.09    0.1242    0.129               n/a
>2 MW                               15    0.126    0.1734     0.18              0.0824 0.11308       0.1174   0.1309 0.17967     0.1866   0.1221 0.16765     0.1741
Cogeneration Premium                      0.073    0.0998   0.1036
                                   +15    0.083    0.1144   0.1188

Landfill gas                         15   0.085    0.1171   0.1216              0.0451 0.06195       0.0643 0.09566 0.13131      0.1364   0.0794 0.10903     0.1132
Cogeneration Premium                      0.048    0.0657   0.0683
                                   +15     0.07    0.0954   0.0991               n/a
Gas from Anerobic Digestion
<500 kW                              15    0.14    0.1915   0.1989              0.1091 0.14975       0.1555 0.16367 0.22466      0.2333   0.1319 0.18099      0.188
Cogeneration Premium <2 MW                0.018    0.0253   0.0263
                                   +15     0.07    0.0954   0.0991               n/a
>500 kW                             15    0.103    0.1419   0.1473              0.0665 0.09124       0.0948 0.11776 0.16164      0.1679    0.102 0.13995     0.1454
Cogeneration Premium >2 MW                0.062     0.085   0.0882
                                   +15     0.07    0.0954   0.0991               n/a

                                      15
Liquid Biofuels & Its Derivatives & Manure 0.057   0.0785   0.0816              0.0377 0.05178       0.0538 0.08894 0.12207      0.1268   0.0545 0.07474     0.0776
Cogeneration Premium >2 MW                 0.038   0.0528   0.0548
                                     +15 0.057     0.0785   0.0816               n/a

Agricultural Industry Wastes
<2 MW                                15   0.134    0.1842   0.1913              0.0925 0.12691       0.1318 0.14211 0.19505      0.2026   0.1291 0.17718      0.184
Cogeneration Premium                      0.085    0.1162   0.1206
                                   +15     0.09    0.1242    0.129               n/a
>2 MW                               15    0.115    0.1576   0.1637              0.0709 0.09731       0.1011 0.11947 0.16399      0.1703   0.1108    0.1521    0.158
Cogeneration Premium                      0.064    0.0876    0.091
                                   +15    0.086    0.1182   0.1228               n/a

Forestry Industry Wastes
<2 MW                                15   0.099     0.136   0.1412              0.0509 0.06981       0.0725 0.10356 0.14214      0.1476   0.0908 0.12469     0.1295
Cogeneration Premium                      0.052    0.0708   0.0735
                                   +15     0.07    0.0954   0.0991               n/a
>2 MW                               15    0.069    0.0954   0.0991              0.0256 0.03509       0.0364   0.0741    0.1017   0.1056   0.0653 0.08969     0.0931
Cogeneration Premium                       0.03    0.0411   0.0427
                                   +15    0.069    0.0954   0.0991

Black Liqour
<2 MW                                15    0.099 0.1288 0.1412                       0.06 0.08234 0.0855 0.10698 0.14684 0.1525 0.0938 0.12881 0.1338
Cogeneration Premium                       0.054 0.0744 0.0773
                                   +15     0.069 0.0954 0.0991                     n/a
>2 MW                               15     0.085 0.1172 0.1218                   0.0392 0.05376 0.0558 0.09609 0.13189           0.137 0.0801 0.10991 0.1142
Cogeneration Premium                        0.05 0.0681 0.0707
                                     +15 0.069 0.0954 0.0991                       n/a
My thanks to Hugo Lucas Porto, DAE (Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía), Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales, hlucas@idae.es.
Inflation indexing: Previously 100% with AET. 2007 Decret; 75% to 2012, 50% post 2012.
Note: There are capacity limits on each technology.
€ 500/kW security deposit required; returned when system begins operation. Because of the tariff, banks have finance dup to 88% of project costs. Sun & Wind Energy 1/2009.
6,000 MW of new wind permitted through 2012.
2,400 MW of new CSP permitted through 2013. 2010 limit for CSP raised from 500 MW to 861 MW. After 2010 500 MW of CSP permitted per year. New Energy 6/2009.

For an chart for 2009 prices see.
http://www.canrea.ca/site/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/spanish-fit-program-york-u-toronto-nov-09.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Switzerland
Switzerland has updated their tariffs for 2011, notably PV.
                                       0.838 1.3726 1.4256 Degression
                          Years SWF/kWh€/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh    %      Year
2011 Tariffs
Solar Photovoltaic              25                                                -8%
Ground-mounted
 <10 kW                                 0.427    0.358        0.4911     0.51
 <30 kW                                 0.393    0.329         0.452   0.4694
 <100 kW                                0.343    0.287        0.3945   0.4097
 >100 kW                                0.305    0.256        0.3508   0.3643
 >1,000 kW                              0.289    0.242        0.3324   0.3452
Rooftop
<10 kW                                  0.483    0.405        0.5555   0.5769
<30 kW                                  0.467    0.391        0.5371   0.5578
<100 kW                                 0.422    0.354        0.4853    0.504
>100 kW                                 0.378    0.317        0.4347   0.4515
 >1,000 kW                              0.361    0.302        0.4152   0.4312
Building Integrated
<10 kW                           0.592 0.496 0.6808 0.7071
<30 kW                           0.542 0.454 0.6233 0.6474
<100 kW                          0.459 0.385 0.5279 0.5482
>100 kW                          0.415 0.348 0.4773 0.4957
 >1,000 kW                       0.391 0.328 0.4497       0.467
http://www.swissolar.ch/fileadmin/files/swissolar/News/KEV-Tarife_2011.pdf
Program cap for Solar PV raised from 5% to 10% of program funds.


2010 Tariffs
Small Wind <10 kW               20         0.2 0.168            0.23   0.2389   -1.50% 2013

Large Wind > 10 kW*                                                             -1.50% 2013
All Sites              1-5                0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
60% Reference Yield 6-20                  0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
70% Reference Yield 6-20                  0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
80% Reference Yield 6-20                  0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
90% Reference Yield 6-18.3                0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
100% Reference Yield6-16.1                0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
110% Reference Yield6-13.9                0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
120% Reference Yield6-11.7                0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
130% Reference Yield 6-9.4                0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
140% Reference Yield 6-7.2                0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
150% Reference Yield     5                0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
                  To
After Premium Period Year 20             0.17    0.142        0.1955    0.203

Geothemal                       20                                              -0.50% 2018
<5 MW                                     0.4 0.335             0.46   0.4778
<10 MW                                   0.36 0.302            0.414     0.43
<20 MW                                   0.28 0.235            0.322   0.3344
>20 MW                                  0.227 0.19            0.2611   0.2711

Hydro                          25                                                  0%
<10 kW                                  0.26     0.218         0.299   0.3105
<50 kW                                    0.2    0.168          0.23   0.2389
<300 kW                                0.145     0.121        0.1668   0.1732
<1 MW                                   0.11     0.092        0.1265   0.1314
<10 MW                                 0.075     0.063        0.0863   0.0896
Pressure Bonus (for the head of the penstock)
<5 m                                   0.045     0.038        0.0518   0.0537
<10 m                                  0.027     0.023        0.0311   0.0322
<20 m                                   0.02     0.017         0.023   0.0239
<50 m                                  0.015     0.013        0.0173   0.0179
>50 m                                   0.01     0.008        0.0115   0.0119
Water Management Bonus**
<10 kW                                 0.055     0.046        0.0633   0.0657
<50 kW                                  0.04     0.034         0.046   0.0478
<300 kW                                 0.03     0.025        0.0345   0.0358
>300 kW                                0.025     0.021        0.0288   0.0299
Maximum tariff                          0.35     0.293        0.4025    0.418

Biomass***                     20                                                  0%
Sewage gas maximum                    0.24       0.201         0.276   0.2867
Waste gas maximum                      0.2       0.168          0.23   0.2389
Other biogas
 <50 kW                               0.28       0.235         0.322   0.3344
 <100 kW                              0.25       0.209        0.2875   0.2986
 <500 kW                              0.22       0.184         0.253   0.2628
 <5 MW                               0.185       0.155        0.2128    0.221
 >5 MW                               0.175       0.147        0.2013    0.209
Wood burning bonus                   0.035       0.029        0.0403   0.0418
Power Bonus from Agricultural Wastes
<50 kW                                   0.151
                                      0.18        0.207     0.215
<100 kW                                  0.134
                                      0.16        0.184 0.1911
<500 kW                                  0.109 0.1495 0.1553
                                      0.13
<5 MW                                    0.038 0.0518 0.0537
                                     0.045
>5 MW                                    0    0       0         0
Bonus for district heating****           0.017
                                      0.02        0.023 0.0239
2010: http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/7/730.01.fr.pdf
2009: 'www.admin.ch/ch/f/as/2008/1223.pdf
*Switzerland has opted for the German system of tariff differentiation by
**A premium is offered if the costs of "water management" are greater than 20%
***A formula not suited for a table.
Program capped at 0.006% of electricity sales: ~320 million SWF. Cap is 150% of program funds.
Hydro capped at 50% of program.
Wind capped at 30% of program.
Reviewed every 5 years.
Appears this is the result of the first review after 3 years of program. PV tariffs
Renewable Tariffs in Switzerland for 2009
March, 2008 Swiss Electricitty Supply Law
                                        0.84 1.3726 1.4256 Degression
                          Years SWF/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh     %                          Year
Wind Energy
Small Wind <10 kW                20         0.2    0.17     0.23    0.2389     -1.50%      2013

Large Wind > 10 kW*                                                            -1.50%      2013
60% Reference Yield     20                 0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
70% Reference Yield     20                 0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
80% Reference Yield     20                 0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
90% Reference Yield 18.3                   0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
100% Reference Yield 16.1                  0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
110% Reference Yield 13.9                  0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
120% Reference Yield 11.7                  0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
130% Reference Yield 9.4                   0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
140% Reference Yield 7.2                   0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
150% Reference Yield     5                 0.2     0.17      0.23   0.2389
                  To
After Premium Period Year 20              0.17     0.14   0.1955     0.203

Solar Photovoltaic               25                                                -8%     2010
Ground-mounted
 <10 kW                                   0.65     0.54   0.7475    0.7764
 <30 kW                                   0.54     0.45    0.621     0.645
 <100 kW                                  0.51     0.43   0.5865    0.6091
 >100 kW                                  0.49     0.41   0.5635    0.5853
Rooftop
 <10 kW                                   0.75     0.63   0.8625    0.8958
 <30 kW                                   0.65     0.54   0.7475    0.7764
 <100 kW                                  0.62     0.52    0.713    0.7405
 >100 kW                                   0.6      0.5      0.69   0.7166
Building Integrated
 <10 kW                                    0.9     0.75    1.035     1.075
 <30 kW                                   0.74     0.62    0.851    0.8839
 <100 kW                                  0.67     0.56   0.7705    0.8003
 >100 kW                                  0.62     0.52    0.713    0.7405

Geothemal                        20                                            -0.50%      2018
<5 MW                                      0.3     0.25    0.345    0.3583
<10 MW                                    0.27     0.23   0.3105    0.3225
<20 MW                                    0.17     0.14   0.1955     0.203

Hydro                           25                                                  0%
<10 kW                                   0.26      0.22    0.299    0.3105
<50 kW                                    0.2      0.17      0.23   0.2389
<300 kW                                0.145       0.12   0.1668    0.1732
<1 MW                                    0.11      0.09   0.1265    0.1314
<10 MW                                 0.075       0.06   0.0863    0.0896
Pressure Bonus (for the head of the penstock)
<5 m                                   0.045       0.04   0.0518    0.0537
<10 m                                  0.027       0.02   0.0311    0.0322
<20 m                                    0.02      0.02    0.023    0.0239
<50 m                                  0.015       0.01   0.0173    0.0179
>50 m                                    0.01      0.01   0.0115    0.0119
Water Management Bonus**
Maximum tariff                           0.35      0.29   0.4025     0.418

Biomass***                     20                                                   0%
Sewage gas maximum                        0.24      0.2    0.276    0.2867
Waste gas maximum                          0.2     0.17     0.23    0.2389
Other biogas
 <50 kW                                  0.24       0.2    0.276    0.2867
 <100 kW                                0.215      0.18   0.2473    0.2568
 <500 kW                                 0.19      0.16   0.2185    0.2269
 <5 MW                                   0.16      0.13    0.184    0.1911
 >5 MW                                   0.15      0.13   0.1725    0.1792
Wood burning bonus                       0.03      0.03   0.0345    0.0358
Power Bonus from Agricultural Wastes
<50 kW                                   0.15      0.13   0.1725    0.1792
<100 kW                                 0.135      0.11   0.1553    0.1612
<500 kW                                  0.11      0.09   0.1265    0.1314
<5 MW                                    0.04      0.03    0.046    0.0478
>5 MW                                       0         0        0         0
Bonus for manure****                                0.1   0.1345    0.1397
Bonus for district heating****                     0.01   0.0178    0.0185
www.admin.ch/ch/f/as/2008/1223.pdf
*Switzerland has opted for the German system of tariff differentiation by resource
**A premium is offered if the costs of "water management" are greater than 20% of
***A formula not suited for a table.
Program capped at 0.006% of electricity cales: ~320 million SWF. Cap is 150% of program funds.
Hydro capped at 50% of program.
Wind capped at 30% of program.
Solar Photovoltaic capped at 5% but will increase to 10% when the average system
Reviewed every 5 years. First review in 3 years.
****Neue Energie 11/2008.
Renewable Tariffs in Switzerland

                         Full LoadCapacity        Tariff 1.3726 1.42556
                   Years Hours Factor Swiss F/kWh€/kWh CAD/kWh USD/kWh
Photovoltaics < 19 kW                               0.57 0.7824 0.812569
Wind Energy            5                            0.17 0.2333 0.242345
                   5+                               0.12 0.1647 0.171067

1. SBC 0.6 centimes/kWh on all consumers.
2. PV capped at 5% of SBC fund.
3. Beginning in 2010 degression of 8%.
4. Neue Energie 4/2008.
5. Reto Rigassi, Windkraftverbandes Suisse Eole.
reto.rigassi@eicher-pauli.ch

                        Full LoadCapacity      Tariff    1.3726 1.4256
                   Years Hours Factor         €/kWh CAD/kWh    USD/kWhSwiss F/kWh
Wind Energy                                          0.1 0.1373 0.1426      0.15

Photovoltaics                                       0.1 0.1373 0.1426             0.15
http://www.swissolar.ch/
Payment above own consumption; net metering.
2007 new net metering regulations to go into effect. Total program costs not to exceed .03
Swiss consumption 56 TWh/y.
                                                         0.8379 1.3726 1.42556
                                            SWF/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh USD/kWh
                                                    0.2 0.1676       0.23 0.238881
Renewable Tariffs in Taiwan
         1/31/2011 0:00
                                               39.75 1.37259 1.4256
                                 YearsTWD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh USD/kWh
Wind Energy on Shore
<10 kW                                     7.3562      0.185   0.254          0.2638
>10 kW                                     2.6138      0.066 0.09025          0.0937
Wind Energy Offshore                       5.5626       0.14 0.19207          0.1995
Photovoltaics
Rooftop
<10 kW                          10.3185   0.26 0.35628                           0.37
>10 kW<100 kW                    9.1799 0.231 0.31696                         0.3292
>100 kW <500 kW                  8.8241 0.222 0.30468                         0.3164
>500 kW                          7.9701    0.2 0.27519                        0.2858
Groundmounted*                   7.3297 0.184 0.25308                         0.2628
Run of the River Hydro           2.1821 0.055 0.07534                         0.0783
Geothermal                       4.8039 0.121 0.16587                         0.1723
Biomass                          2.1821 0.055 0.07534                         0.0783
Waste                            2.6875 0.068 0.09279                         0.0964
Other                            2.1821 0.055 0.07534                         0.0783
http://www.digitimes.com/news/a20110130PD202.html

Program Caps 2011
PV: 70 MW
Wind: 100 MW
10 MW of PV reserved for rooftop <10 kW
60 MW of PV reserved for rooftop >10 kW<10 MW.
*Groundmounted systems will use bidding. This is not a true feed-in tariff.




Renewable Tariffs in Taiwan
        10/20/2010 0:00
                                              39.75    0      0
                                 YearsTWD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy on Shore
<10 kW                                     7.2714      0.183 0.25107          0.2608
>10 kW                                     2.3834       0.06 0.08229          0.0855
Wind Energy Offshore                       4.1982      0.106 0.14496          0.1506

Photovoltaics
<10 kW with subsidy                       11.1883      0.281    0.38631       0.4012
<10 kW without subsidy                     14.603      0.367    0.50421       0.5237
<500 kW                                   12.9722      0.326    0.44791       0.4652
>500 kW                                    11.119       0.28    0.38392       0.3987

Run of the River Hydro                     4.1982      0.106 0.14496          0.1506

Geothermal                                 5.1838        0.13 0.17899         0.1859

Biomass                                    2.0615      0.052 0.07118          0.0739

Other                                      2.0879      0.053 0.07209          0.0749

*TWD 50,000 subsidy also available
http://www.digitimes.com/news/a20091221PD212.html
Renewable Tariffs in Tanzania
        11/29/2010 0:00
                     2010                      2061.1 1.37259 1.4256
                          Years TZS/kWh        €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Small Power Producer Tariff 15    110.3         0.0535 0.07345 0.0763
Dry season (Aug-Nov)        15    132.36        0.0642 0.08814 0.0915
Wet season (Jan-Jul)        15     99.27        0.0482 0.06611 0.0687
Rural Diesel                15    368.87         0.179 0.24564 0.2551

Approved 2009
Project size cap: 10 MW.
Electricity Act of 2008 provides for SPPA and SPPT.
Tariffs based on Long Run Marginal Cost + Short Run Marginal Cost.
Source:
http://www.palangthai.org/docs/FeedinThaiTanzania8May10.ppt
San Antonio Texas Renewable Energy Tariffs (CPS Energy)
Tariff Year                               2010
                         Full Load 2061.1   0.7 0.96284
                   Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV >25 kW<500 kW20                   0.18 0.25997 0.27

Progam limit: 2 years.
Program cap: 10 MW.
CPS Energy is Austin's Municipal utility.
Tennesse Valley Authority Green Power Switch Program
Tariff Year                          2007
                 Full LoadCapacity 0.7 0.9628        1
            Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh       USD/kWh
Residential 10                        0.11 0.1444     0.15
Commercial 10                         0.14 0.1926       0.2
TVA's program is limited to a total of 150 kW. Payment is
http://www.tva.com/greenpowerswitch/partners/
Note: In the past TVA's program has not been listed here
Renewable Tariffs in Thailand
Very Small Power Producers (<10 MW)
                                         42.3 1.3726 1.4256
                           YearsBaht/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy
<50 kW                        10       4.5   0.11    0.146   0.1517
>50 kW                        10       3.5   0.08   0.1136    0.118
Bonus for offsetting diesel   10       1.5   0.04   0.0487   0.0506
                              10
Bonus in three southern provinces      1.5   0.04   0.0487   0.0506

Solar                         10         8 0.19     0.2596   0.2696
Bonus for offsetting diesel   10       1.5 0.04     0.0487   0.0506
                              10
Bonus in three southern provinces      1.5 0.04     0.0487   0.0506

Hydro
<50 kW                          7      1.5   0.04   0.0487   0.0506
50 kW<200 kW                    7      0.8   0.02    0.026    0.027
Bonus for offsetting diesel     7        1   0.02   0.0324   0.0337
                                7
Bonus in three southern provinces        1   0.02   0.0324   0.0337

Biomass
<1 MW                           7      0.5   0.01   0.0162   0.0169
>1 MW                           7      0.3   0.01   0.0097   0.0101
Bonus for offsetting diesel     7        1   0.02   0.0324   0.0337
                                7
Bonus in three southern provinces        1   0.02   0.0324   0.0337

Biogas
<1 MW                           7      0.5   0.01   0.0162   0.0169
<1 MW                           7      0.3   0.01   0.0097   0.0101
Bonus for offsetting diesel     7        1   0.02   0.0324   0.0337
                                7
Bonus in three southern provinces        1   0.02   0.0324   0.0337

Waste
Fermentation                    7    2.5 0.06       0.0811   0.0843
Thermal process                 7    3.5 0.08       0.1136    0.118
Bonus for offsetting diesel     7 0.9061 0.02       0.0294   0.0305
                                7
Bonus in three southern provinces 0.9061 0.02       0.0294   0.0305

Fue Volatility Adder                 0.93 0.02 0.0302 0.0313
Bulk Supply Tariff (Wind)                2
Bulk Supply Tariff (Solar PV)          2.6
Bulk Supply Tariff (All other)         1.8 0.04 0.0584 0.0607
Bonus model, <10 MW, began in 2006.
2002-2006 tariffs based on avoided cost and limited to 1 MW project size cap.
Example Payment Solar PV: 8 + 2.6+ 0.93 = 11.5 Baht/kWh.
Source:
http://www.palangthai.org/docs/FeedinThaiTanzania8May10.ppt
http://www.palangthai.org/en/vspp
Renewable Tariffs in the Netherlands 2005
Dutch MEP Beginning January 2004

                Capacityariff1 1.373
         Full Load     T            Total Tariff11.373 1.426
     Years2Hours Factor€/kWh CAD/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWh      USD/kWh

Wind
Onshore      ####          0.1 0.106     0.097 0.133 0.138


Self-Standing Biomass
<50 MW                     0.1 0.133     0.117 0.161 0.167

Hydropower                 0.1 0.133     0.117 0.161 0.167

Solar PV                      0.1 0.133 0.117 0.161 0.167
Source: 'http://www.enerq.nl/mep/
1. Also paid wholesale price of ~€0.02/kWh.
2. Renewable tariff paid up to 18,000 full-load hours.
3. MEP is not a true Renewable Tariff but a Bonus System.
EnerQ is the organisation which the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs has charged with the implementation of the 'MEP Scheme' (MEP being the Dutch acronym for “Electricity Generation Environmental Quality”) as a grant scheme aimed at the vigorous and cost-effective promotion of the generation of environmentally safely generated electricity in the Netherlands.
EnerQ is a subsidiary of TenneT bv as the national grid administrator/TSO in charge of the Dutch high voltage grid.
EnerQ is a private limited liability company (in Dutch: 'besloten vennootschap' or B.V. for short) whereas TenneT has been granted Independent Administrative Body (in Dutch: 'zelfstandig bestuursorgaan' or ZBO) status with respect to the implementation of the MEP Scheme. This implies inter alia that the Minister of Economic Affairs oversees the spending of MEP funds.
EnerQ was officially launched on 1 July 2003, this being the date of implementation of the MEP Scheme.
The MEP Scheme applies to renewable energy generating, CHP (combined heat and power) plants and so-called CNFE (climate neutral fossil energy) plants. EnerQ pays out grants on the basis of generation certificates. The level of subsidy per kWh is set by the government and laid down in the Ministerial MEP Grant Scheme Regulation.
EnerQ collects the funds it pays out by way of MEP grants from the grid administrators, which collect EUR 34,00 each for connecting the generating company (or for implementing connections at the generating company). EnerQ administers these funds and renders account to the Minister of Economic Affairs concerning incoming and outgoing funds flows, inter alia.
The MEP Scheme is open to all renewable energy, CHP and CNFE plants that are hooked up either to the Dutch grid or to a factory.


Dutch Program 2006
New elections called and existing program canceled.
Meanwhile 1st offshore project received 27 million subsidy plus Euro 0.097/kWh for 10 years plus the wholesale price currently 0.04-0.06/kWh!
Greenpeace had demanded a feed-in law.
New Energy 5/2006.
   Renewable Tariffs in Turkey
                   1/17/2011 0:00
                                                   0.7 0.96284
                                           Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
   Wind                                      10 0.05 0.07029   0.073
   Hydro                                     10 0.05 0.07029   0.073
   Geothermal                                10 0.07 0.1011    0.105
   Solar                                     10 0.09 0.12806   0.133
   Biomass & landfill gas                    10 0.09 0.12806   0.133

   Program Cap: 600 MW/yr through 2013.
   Payment made in US cents, not Euro cents.

   Bonus Payment for "Made in Turkey" Components
   Wind
   Blades                              0.01 0.0077                  0.008
   Generator & power electronics       0.01 0.00963                  0.01
   Tower                                  0 0.00578                 0.006
   All other mechanical components     0.01 0.01252                 0.013

   Hydro
   Turbine                                         0.01 0.01252     0.013
   Generator & power electronics                   0.01 0.00963      0.01

   Geothermal
   Steam or gas turbine                            0.01 0.01252     0.013
   Generator & power electronics                   0.05 0.0674       0.07
   Steam injector or gas compressor                0.05 0.0674       0.07

   Solar PV
   PV panel integration                            0.01 0.0077      0.008
   Modules                                         0.01 0.01252     0.013
   Cells which constitute modules                  0.02 0.0337      0.035
   Inverter                                           0 0.00578     0.006
   Tracking system                                    0 0.00481     0.005

   Concentrating Solar
   Heat tube                                       0.02   0.02311   0.024
   Mirrors                                            0   0.00578   0.006
   Tracking system                                    0   0.00578   0.006
   Mechanical components of heat storage           0.01   0.01252   0.013
Mechanical components of heat collection           0.02   0.02311   0.024
   Stirling Engine                                 0.01   0.01252   0.013
   Panel integration and mechanical construction   0.04   0.05777    0.06

   Biomass & landfill gas
   Fluidized bed steam boiler             0.01 0.0077               0.008
   Liquid or gas fueled steam boiler         0 0.00385              0.004
   Gasification & gas cleaning components    0 0.00578              0.006
   Steam or gas turbine                   0.01 0.01926               0.02
   ICE or Stirling engine                 0.01 0.00867              0.009
   Generator & power electronics             0 0.00481              0.005
   Cogeneration                              0 0.00385              0.004

   Source: Ibrahim Akgun.
Uganda Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff (REFIT)
for 2011-2012                               Cummulative Capacity Limits
                           0.7  0.96     1              MW              Linear tariff: hydro 1><=8MW
                   Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh ### ### ### ###            MW USD/kWhMW USD/kWhMW USD/kWhMW USD/kWh
Wind                 20 0.09 0.1194      0.124  50     75 100 150           1        0.109     3      0.1   5 0.091   7 0.082
Solar PV              20 0.25 0.3485      0.362  2      3   5   7.5       1.1        0.109 3.1        0.1 5.1 0.091 7.1 0.082
Geothermal            20 0.05 0.0741      0.077 10     30  50    75       1.2        0.108 3.2      0.099 5.2  0.09 7.2 0.081
Landfill gas          20 0.06 0.0857      0.089 10     20  30    50       1.3        0.108 3.3      0.099 5.3  0.09 7.3 0.081
Biogas                20 0.08 0.1107      0.115 10     20  30    50       1.4        0.107 3.4      0.098 5.4 0.089 7.4  0.08
Biomass               20 0.07 0.0992      0.103 10     20  30    50       1.5        0.107 3.5      0.098 5.5 0.089 7.5  0.08
Bagasse               20 0.06    0.078    0.081 20     50  75 100         1.6        0.106 3.6      0.097 5.6 0.088 7.6 0.079
Hydro >500 kW<1 MW    20 0.08 0.1049      0.109  1    1.5   2     5       1.7        0.106 3.7      0.097 5.7 0.088 7.7 0.079
Hydro >1 MW<8 MW             20                        Linear tariff   15   30   60   90   1.8   0.105   3.8   0.096   5.8   0.087   7.8   0.078
Hydro >9 MW<20MW           0.05 0.0703
                             20                0.073  45   90 135 180 1.9 0.105 3.9                            0.096   5.9   0.087   7.9   0.078
http://www.era.or.ug/Pdf/Approved_Uganda%20REFIT%20Guidelines%20V4%20%282%29.pdf 4
                                                                        2 0.105                                0.096     6   0.087     8   0.078
Project size cap: <20 MW.                                             2.1 0.104 4.1                            0.095   6.1   0.086   8.1   0.077
Inflation adjustment based on O&M costs of tariff.                    2.2 0.104 4.2                            0.095   6.2   0.086   8.2   0.077
Administered by Uganda's Electric Regulatory Authority (ERA).         2.3 0.103 4.3                            0.094   6.3   0.085   8.3   0.076
Tariffs based on the cost of generation plus profit.                                       2.4   0.103   4.4   0.094   6.4   0.085   8.4   0.076
                                                                                           2.5   0.102   4.5   0.093   6.5   0.084   8.5   0.075
                                                                                           2.6   0.102   4.6   0.093   6.6   0.084   8.6   0.075
                                                                                           2.7   0.101   4.7   0.092   6.7   0.083   8.7   0.074
                                                                                           2.8   0.101   4.8   0.092   6.8   0.083   8.8   0.074
                                                                                           2.9     0.1   4.9   0.091   6.9   0.082   8.9   0.073
                                                                                             3     0.1
                                                                                           3.1     0.1
                                                                                           3.2   0.099
                                                                                           3.3   0.099
                                                                                           3.4   0.098
                                                                                           3.5   0.098
                                                                                           3.6   0.097
                                                                                           3.7   0.097
                                                                                           3.8   0.096
                                                                                           3.9   0.096
                                                                                             4   0.096
                                                                                           4.1   0.095
                                                                                           4.2   0.095
                                                                                           4.3   0.094
                                                                                           4.4   0.094
                                                                                           4.5   0.093
                                                                                           4.6   0.093
                                                                                           4.7   0.092
                                                                                           4.8   0.092
                                                                                           4.9   0.091
                                                                                             5   0.091
                                                                                           5.1   0.091
                                                                                           5.2    0.09
                                                                                           5.3    0.09
                                                                                           5.4   0.089
                                                                                           5.5   0.089
                                                                                           5.6   0.088
                                                                                           5.7   0.088
                                                                                           5.8   0.087
                                                                                           5.9   0.087
                                                                                             6   0.087
                                                                                           6.1   0.086
                                                                                           6.2   0.086
                                                                                           6.3   0.085
                                                                                           6.4   0.085
                                                                                           6.5   0.084
                                                                                           6.6   0.084
                                                                                           6.7   0.083
                                                                                           6.8   0.083
                                                                                           6.9   0.082
                                                                                             7   0.082
                                                                                           7.1   0.082
                                                                                           7.2   0.081
                                                                                           7.3   0.081
                                                                                           7.4    0.08
                                                                                           7.5    0.08
                                                                                           7.6   0.079
                                                                                           7.7   0.079
                                                                                           7.8   0.078
                                                                                           7.9   0.078
                                                                                             8   0.078
                                                                                           8.1   0.077
                                                                                           8.2   0.077
                                                                                           8.3   0.076
                                                                                           8.4   0.076
                                                                                           8.5   0.075
                                                                                           8.6   0.075
                                                                                           8.7   0.074
                                                                                           8.8   0.074
                                                                                           8.9   0.073
                                                                                             9   0.073
Renewable Tariffs in Ukraine
      8-Jul-09
                                          10.855 1.37259 1.3646
                              Green      Minimu
                              Mulipli       m
                 Years UAH/kWh er UAH/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy
<600 kW        2030       0.5846     1.2   0.702 0.0646 0.0887    0.0882
               2030
>600 kW<1,200 kW          0.5846     1.4   0.818 0.0754 0.10349   0.1029
>1,200 kW      2030       0.5846     2.1   1.228 0.1131 0.15523   0.1543

Photovoltaics
<100 kW           2030    0.5846     4.4   2.572 0.237 0.32524    0.3233
>100 kW           2030    0.5846     4.6   2.689 0.2477 0.34002    0.338

Biomass           2030    0.5846     2.3   1.345 0.1239 0.17001    0.169

Hydro
<10,000 kW        2030    0.5846     0.8   0.468 0.0431 0.05913   0.0588

http://www.ssd.com/ukraine_law_alert_april_2009
Vermont Renewable Energy Tariffs
       7-Oct-09
                        0.7  0.96    1
                Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy
<15 kW            20 0.14 0.19257      0.2
>15 kW <2.2 MW     20 0.09 0.12036  0.125

Photovoltaics           25    0.21 0.28885     0.3

Biomass                  20   0.09 0.12036   0.125

Landfill Methane         15   0.08 0.11554    0.12

Farm Methane             20   0.11 0.15405    0.16

Hydro                    20   0.09 0.12036   0.125

http://psb.vermont.gov/sites/psb/files/orders/2009/7523interimpriceorder.pdf
Program cap of 50 MW.
Project size cap of 2.2 MW.
Regulatory examination of the tariffs by
Became law May 27, 2009. H446.
Become effective October 19, 2009.
Vietnam Renewable Energy Tariffs (Draft)
       7-Jan-11
                                  ######   1.37  1.43
                   Years VND/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy          ?
Purchase Agreement         1,317 0.0493 0.0677 0.0703
Government subsidy            185 0.0069 0.00951 0.0099
                    Total  1,502 0.0563 0.07721 0.0802
Preferential loan rates.
Tax exemption for four years.
For early 2011.
http://www.windenergy.org.vn/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,
Performance-Based Incentive in Washington State 2009

                               Rate 0.701 0.96284 1.00
                        Years Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Base Rate               2020      1 0.21 0.28885    0.30

Solar PV             2020
Out-of-State PV                    1 0.21 0.28885         0.30
In-State PV                      2.4 0.505 0.69325        0.72
In-State Inverter                1.2 0.253 0.34662        0.36
In State Total                   3.6 0.758 1.03987        1.08
Net-Metered Retail Rate              0.049 0.0674         0.07
Total Solar In State                 0.807 1.10727        1.15

Wind                2020
Out-of-State Wind               0.08 0.084 0.11554        0.12
In State Inverter                1.2 0.253 0.34662        0.36
In State Blades                    1 0.21 0.28885         0.30
In State Total                   2.2 0.463 0.63548        0.66
Net-Metered Retail Rate              0.056 0.07703        0.08
Total Wind In State                  0.519 0.7125         0.74

Biogas                   2020     1   0.21 0.28885        0.30

Note that this program is not a true tariff but a "Production-
Out-of-State=Manufactured Out-of-State.
Currently no small wind turbine is manufactured in
Progam limit: $10 million per year.
Project limit: $5,000/yr.
Incentive good through 2020.
Max. 25 kW under Washington State's Net Metering policy.
Applicable only to customer-owned generation.
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_
Performance-Based Incentive in Washington State

                            Rate              0.7 0.96    1
                     Years Factor          €/kWhCAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                                        U
Base Rate                      1             0.11 0.1444  0.15

Solar PV
Out-of-State PV           8       1          0.11   0.1444     0.15
In-State PV               8     2.4          0.25   0.3466     0.36
In-State Inverter         8     1.2          0.13   0.1733     0.18
In State Total            8     3.6          0.38   0.5199     0.54
Net-Metered Retail Rate                      0.05   0.0674     0.07
Total Solar In State                         0.43   0.5873     0.61

Wind
Out-of-State Wind         8   0.08           0.08   0.1155     0.12
In State Inverter         8    1.2           0.13   0.1733     0.18
In State Blades           8      1           0.11   0.1444     0.15
In State Total            8    2.2           0.23   0.3177     0.33
Net-Metered Retail Rate                      0.06    0.077     0.08
Total Wind In State                          0.29   0.3948     0.41

Biogas                    8       1          0.11 0.1444       0.15

Note that this program is not a true tariff but a "Production-Based
Out-of-State=Manufactured Out-of-State.
Currently no small wind turbine is manufactured in Washington
Progam limit: $10 million per year.
Project limit: $2,000/yr.
Max. 25 kW under Washington State's Net Metering policy.
Applicable only to customer-owned generation.
http://www.northwestsolarcenter.org/5101%20q%26a.pdf

.025% of the Utility Use Tax, as tax payments increase program also expands somewhat as rates increase.
3.8% of gross sales to the state as a Utility Use Tax.

02/13/08, 500 solar PV systems installed, 1.20-1.5 MW.
Chelan County PUD (Washington State)
Tariff Year                   2006
                      Capacity 0.7 0.9628
              Full Load                      1
         Years Hours Factor €/kWh         U
                                   CAD/kWh SD/kWh
SNAP        1                 0.18 0.2407    0.25

SNAP tariff a function of number of kWh generated and amount of voluntary customer contribution of funds (voluntary SBC).
There is also a nominal payment for wholesale generation (75% of the avg. low-load rate).
SNAP pays generator once per year on Earth Day.
Size limited to 25 kW.
$100 connection fee; $10 service charge; and $3.65 monthly meter fee.
Includes wind, solar, hydro.
42 systems installed; ~96 kW total.
http://www.chelanpud.org/
Wisconsin Renewable Energy Tariffs
                    27-Dec-10
                                           0.70 0.96     1
                                    Years €/kWh       U       P
                                               CAD/kWh SD/kWh rogram CapExpires
We Energies                                                    0.5% of sales
Biogas <2 MW                           10                      10 MW       ######
On peak                                    0.11 0.1492 0.155
Off peak                                   0.04 0.0591 0.0614
Average                                    0.07 0.0906 0.0941

Madison Gas & Electric
Solar PV >1 kW<10 kW                    10 0.18 0.2407        0.25 1 MW
Renewables >20 kW<5 MW                  10 0.04 0.0587       0.061 5 MW

Wisconsin Public Service PV             10
Biogas <2 MW                                                       10 MW           ######
On peak                                      0.07   0.1025 0.1065
Off peak                                     0.04   0.0586 0.0608
Average                                      0.06   0.0779 0.0809
Solar PV >1 kW<20 kW                         0.18   0.2407    0.25 300 kW          ######

Xcel Energy
Wind <1 MW                              10 0.05 0.0635       0.066 0.25% of sales
Biomass >20 kW<800 kW                   10 0.05 0.0703       0.073 0.25% of sales

Alliant-Wisconsin Power & Light
Solar PV >1 kW<20 kW                    10 0.18 0.2407        0.25 683 kW
Biogas <2 MW                            10 0.06 0.0886       0.092 0.5% of sales     ?
Wind, Hydro, Landfill Gas <1 MW            0.06 0.0886       0.092 0.5% of sales     ?

Wisconsin Public Power Inc. (WPPI Energy)
                                         10 0.21
River Falls Municipal Utility Solar PV < 4 kW       0.2889     0.3   30 kW           ?
Stoughton Utilities Solar PV < 6 kW      10 0.21    0.2889     0.3   45 kW           ?
Mount Horeb Utilities Solar PV <6 kW 10 0.21        0.2889     0.3   18 kW           ?
Black River Falls Solar PV <6 kW         10 0.21    0.2889     0.3   15 kW           ?

Source: RENEW Wisconsin, www.renewwisconsin.org
http://www.renewwisconsin.org/policy/ARTS/DG%20Rates/Wisconsin%20Active%20AR




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