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El presente perfecto Español III Capítulo 5 14 03 2006 ¿Qué es el presente perfecto The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb “have” or “has” with the past participl

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El presente perfecto Español III Capítulo 5 14 03 2006 ¿Qué es el presente perfecto The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb “have” or “has” with the past participl Powered By Docstoc
					El presente
 perfecto
  Español III
  Capítulo 5
  14.03.2006
 ¿Qué es el presente perfecto?
The present perfect is formed by
combining a helping verb (“have” or
“has”) with the past participle
              Por ejemplo…
   For example:
     I have played tennis.

     She has sung at weddings.

     We have flown in a plane.
            Para formar in inglés
   To form the present participle we combine the
    helping verb “have/has” with a past participle
      For example, “I have been a lifeguard.”

         “I” is the subject

         “have” is the helping verb

         “been” is the past participle
           Para formar en español
   In Spanish we form the present participle by
    combining the present tense of the verb haber
    (the helping verb, or el verbo auxiliar) with a past
    participle
       For example:
          Yo he bailado.
          I have danced.
          Nosotros   no hemos estudiado para el examen.
          We haven’t studied for the test.
The present tense of haber



 he          hemos

 has         habéis

 ha          han
               Remember…
How to form the past participle:
 For –ar verbs, take the stem of the verb and add
  –ado
     Example: comprar → comprado
 For –er and –ir verbs, take the stem of the verb
  and add –ido
     Example: tener → tenido
             Para formar…
Here are the present perfect forms of estudiar:


       he estudiado     hemos estudiado

       has estudiado    habéis estudiado

       ha estudiado     han estudiado
           Para formar…
As you can see I have combined the
present forms of haber (the helping verbs)

     he               hemos

     has              habéis

     ha               han
…with the past participle of estudiar


     he estudiado     hemos estudiado

     has estudiado    habéis estudiado

     ha estudiado     han estudiado
            Now you try…
On a sheet of paper, see if you can figure
out the present perfect forms for the verb
hablar:
      he ________      hemos _______

      has ________     habéis ________

      ha ________      han ________
Is this what you came up with?


      he hablado      hemos hablado

      has hablado     habéis hablado

      ha hablado      han hablado
         Let’s try another…
Now see if you can form the present perfect
forms of the verb tomar:

     __ ________       ____ _______
     ___ ________      _____ ________

     __ ________       ___ ________
Is this what you got?


     he tomado          hemos tomado
     has tomado         habéis tomado

     ha tomado          han tomado
    Now let’s try an –er verb
See if you can come up with the present perfect
forms for comer:

     __ ______         _____ ______
     ___ ______        ______ ______

     __ ______         ___ ______
Is this what you came up with?


       he comido         hemos comido
       has comido        habéis comido

       ha comido         han comido
Let’s try another one…see if you can come up
with the present perfect tense of ir:

     __ ___           _____ ___
     ___ ___          ______ ___

     __ ___           ___ ______
Is this what you came up with?


       he ido            hemos ido
       has ido           habéis ido

       ha ido            han ido
Many of you may have assumed that ir had an
irregular past participle. Afterall, it does have an
irregular present participle. But ir is actually
regular in this tense. Here are some verbs that
are irregular in the past participle:
   Not exactly irregular but…
-er and –ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel
have past participles ending in –ído

caer → caído              creer → creído
leer → leído              oír → oído
reír → reído              traer → traído
               Irregulars
The following verbs have irregular past
participles ending in –to:

abrir → abierto         cubrir → cubierto
descubrir → descubierto escribir → escrito
morir → muerto          poner → puesto
romper → roto           ver → visto
            volver → vuelto
            More irregulars
These verbs have irregular past participles
ending in –cho:

decir → dicho
hacer → hecho
               ¡Practicamos!
See if you can form the correct present perfect using
the subject and verb given.
Modelo: yo / decidir → He decidido
1. ella / abrir
    Ha abierto
2. Marta y yo / tocar
    Hemos tocado
3. Gonzalo / crecer
    Ha crecido
4. Tú y tus amigos / reír
   Han reído ó habéis reído
5. Mis padres / hacer
   Han hecho
6. Tus abuelos / cubrir
   Han cubierto
7. Rogelio y Ramón / escribir
   Han escrito
       Y para más práctica…

Now go to our class website,
 http://www.umich.edu/~brittas/sp3.htm, and
 do the exercises listed.

				
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