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					Highway Safety Performance                 - 1990
Fatal and Injury Accident
Rates on Public Roads
in the United States

October 1992




Prepared by the Offices of             of
                             A r e p o ~ the Secretary of
Highway Safety and Highway   Transportation to the United
Information Management       States Congress pursuant to
                             Section 207 of the Surface
Publication Number           Transportation Assistance Act
FHWA-SA-93-008               of 1982 (P.L. 97-424)
                                       FOREWORD

This report was prepared pursuant to Section 207 of the Surface Transportation
Assistance Act of I982 (P.t. 97-424) which reads as follows:

        Sec. 207. The Secretary of Transportation shall prepare, publish, and
        submit to Congress not later than December 31 of each calendar year
        beginning after December 31, 1982, a report on the highway safety
        performance of each State in the preceding calendar year. Such report
       shall provide data on highway fatalities and injuries and motor vehicle
       accidents involving fatalities and injuries and travel in urban areas of each
       State for each system of highways and in rural areas of such State for
       each system of highways. Such report shall be in such form and contain
       such other information on highway accidents as will permit an evaluation
       and comparison of highway safety performance of the States. For
       purposes of this section (1) the systems of highways in a State are the
       Federal-Aid primary system, the Federal-Aid secondary system, the
       Federal-Aid urban system, and the Interstate System (as such terms are
       defined in section 101 of Title 23, United States Code) and the other
       highways in such State which are not on the Federal-Aid system, and (2)
       the terms "State," "rural areas," and "urban area" have the meaning such
       terms have under such section 101.

This is the ninth report to Congress under Section 207. The reports contain an
extension of the series of statistical data published annually since 1967 by the Federal
Highway Administration (FHWA) as "Fatal and Injury Accident Rates on Federal-Aid
and Other Highway Systems," until 1982 when it assumed its present title. The series
has been a cooperative effort of the FHWA's former Office of Traffic Operations, and
Offices of Highway Safety, and Highway lnformation Management. The Office of
Highway Information Management is the former Office of Highway Planning, Highway
Statistics Division. The States have provided the data for this series through the
Highway Performance Monitoring System (HPMS), and its predecessors, administered
by the Office of Highway Information Management. Data from the Fatal Accident
Reporting System (FARS) administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) have been used to verify the HPMS data.

SUMMARY

This report presents data which can be used in the evaluation of the highway safety
performance of the States. The data were submitted by the States through the
Highway Performance Monitoring System operated by the Federal Highway
Administration. The traffic accident statistics for 1990 show a decrease of about
t,000fatalities from 1989. The overall fatality rate per 100 million vehicle mites of travel
was 2.07, which is lower than the record low of 2.16 set in 1989.
HIGHWAY SAFETY PERFORMANCE 1990             -
     Fatal and Injury Accident Rates on Public
            Roads in the United States




     Report of the Secretary of Transportation
         to the United States Congress




                    Pursuant to
            Section 207 of the Surface
Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (P.L. 97-424)



                  October 1992




    Prepared by the Offices of Highway Safety
     and Highway Information Management




  U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
        Federal Highway Administration
           Washington, D.C. 20580
                              TABLE OF CONTENTS




SECTION I     Introduction

A.   Purpose of Report
B.   Terminology
C.   Highway Safety Performance in 1990
D.   National Trends
E.   Comparison of State Statistics


SECTION I Vehicle Mileage Rates
        1


SECTION Ill    Other Rates

A  Highway Mileage
6 Population
 .
C. Ucensed Drivers
D. Registered Vehicles


SECTION N      Puerto Rico



SECTION V      Relationship of Fatality Rates to Travel Density



SECTION VI     State Fatality Rate Trends



SECTION VII    Summary



REFERENCES
                                   TABLES


Table 1   U.S. Vehicle Mile Rates by Highway System

Table 2   State Accident Summary

Table 3   Fatal Accidents by State and Highway System
          (Tables 3-A.through 3-H)

                Federal-Aid Interstate Highways
                Other Federal-Aid Primary Highways
                Federal-Aid Urban Highways
                Federal-Aid Secondary Highways
                Non-Federal-Aid Arterial Highways
                Non-Federal-Aid Collector Highways
                Non-Federal-Aid Local Highways
                Total Rural and Urban Highways

Table 4   Nonfatal Injury Accidents by State and Highway System
          (Tables 4-A through 4-H)

                Federal-Aid Interstate Highways
                Other Federal-Aid Primary Highways
                Federal-Aid Urban Highways
                Federal-Aid Secondary Highways
                Non-Federal-Aid Arterial Highways
                Non-Federal-Aid Collector Highways
                Non-Federal-Aid Local Highways
                Total Rural and Urban Highways

Table 5   Fatalities by State and Highway System
          (Tables 5-A through 5-H)

                Federal-Aid Interstate Highways
                Other Federal-Aid Primary Highways
                Federal-Aid Urban Highways
                Federal-Aid Secondary Highways
                NokFederal-Aid Merial Highways
                Non-Federal-Aid Collector Highways
                Non-Federal-Aid Local Highways
                Total Rural and Urban Highways
Table 6     Nonfatally Injured Persons by State and Highway System            42-49
            (Tables 6-A through 6-H)

                  Federal-Aid Interstate Highways
                  Other Federal-Aid Primary Highways
                  Federal-Aid Urban Highways
                  Federal-Aid Secondary Highways
                  Non-Federal-Aid Arterial Highways
                  Non-Federal-Aid Collector Highways
                  Non-Federal-Aid Local Highways
                  Total Rural and Urban Highways

Table 7     U.S. Highway-Mile Rates by Highway System

Table 8     Fatal and Injury Accident Data Related to Population

Table 9     Fatal and Injury Accident Data Related to Licensed Drivers          54

Table 10    Fatal and Injury Accident Data Related to Vehicle Registrations     55

Table I 1   Fatal and Injury Accidents in Puerto Rim                            57




                                     FIGURES



Figure 1    U.S. Motor Vehicle Fatality Rates (1925-1990)

Figure 2    U.S. Fatality Rates for Interstate and Other Highway
                  Systems (1967-1990)

Figure 3    U.S. Nonfatal lnjury Rates for Interstate and Other Highway
                  Systems (1967-1990)

Figure 4    U.S. Fatality Rates by Highway System (1978-1990)

Figure 5     ..
            U S Nonfatal lnjury Rates by Highway System (978-1990)
                                                         I

Figure 6    Relationship Between F a W i Rates and Travel Density
Figure 7   State Fatalii Rates by Highway System
           (Figures 7-A1 through 7-F2b)

           7-A1: Provisional Rate-Density Relationship - All Highways          62
                                        -
           7-A2 Fatality Rate by State All Highways                            63

           7-81: Provisional Rate-Density Relationship - Rural and
                        Urban Highways                                         64
                                        -
           7-B2a: Fatality Rate by State A Rural Highways
                                         U                                     65
                                        -
           7-B2b: Fatality Rate by State All Urban Highways                    66

           7-Cl a: Provisional Rate-Density Relationship - Interstate System   67
           7-Cl b: Provisional Rate-Density Relationship - Rural lnterstate
                        System                                                 68
           7-Ctc: Provisional Rate-Density Relationship - Urban lnterstate
                        System                                                 69
           7-C2a: FataJii Rate by State - Rural Interstate Highways            70
           7-C2b: Fatal'i Rate by State - Urban Interstate Highways            71

           7-01:  Provisional Rate-Density Relationship - Other Federal-Aid
                        Primary Highways                                       72
                                         -
           7-D2a: Fatali Rate by State Other Rural Federal-Aid Primary
                        Highways                                               73
           7-D2b: FataI'i Rate by State - Other Urban Federal-Aid Primary
                        Highways                                               74

                                                        -
           7-El: Provisional Rate-Density Relationship Federal-Aid
                         Secondary and Urban Systems                           75
                                        -
           7-E2a: Fatality Rate by State Federal-Aid Secondary Highways        76
                                        -
           7-E2b: Fatality Rate by State Federal-Aid Urban System Highways     77

           7-Fl : Provisional Rate-Density Relationship - Non-Federal-Aid
                         Highways                                              78
                                        -
           7-F2a: Fatalii Rate by State Rural Non-Federal-Aid Highways         79
                                        -
           7-F2b: Fatality Rate by State Urban Non-Federal-Aid Highways        80

Figure 8   State Fatality Rates (1986-1WO)                                     82
                                         -
                            SECTION I INTRODUCTION

A. Purpose of Report

fn response to the congressional direction given in the Surface Transportation
Assistance Act of 1982, this report provides motor vehicle traffic accident data which
may be used, together with other relevant information, to evaluate and compare the
highway safety performance of the States. The purpose of this report is not to present
a detailed analysis of the data or a complete evaluation or comparison of State
highway safety performance. The text of the report is primarily technical detail and
background information to those who analyze or interpret the statistical tables and
graphs.

B. Terminology

Definitions serve to describe terms which are not in common use and to clarify the
meaning of familiar terms which may be ambiguous. Interpretation of laws is greatly
facilitated by the use of carefully defined terminology. Similarly, the interpretation of
statistics depends on understanding the terminology used in collecting and processing
the data. Such an understanding is particularly important when statistics from two or
more sources are combined or compared. For this reason, an explanation of
terminology precedes the statistical data in this report.

The two primary sources for the definitions which follow are Section 101 of Tile 23 of
the United States Code and the Manual on Classification of Motor Vehicle Traffic
Accidents (ANSI 016.1 -1989). As the accide data in this report have been collected
and processed by many individuals in State and local agencies, deviations from the
standard definitions are not unusual. Most deviations are relatively minor, but some
are not. Users of accident statistics should be alert to the fact that statistical
differences may refled differences in terminology rather than differences in accident
experience.

Terms used in this report are defined as follows:

      A motor vehicle traffiC accidea is an accident involving a motor vehicle in use
      within the right-of-way or other boundaries of a trafficway open for the use of
      the public.
      An iniury is any bodily harm received by a person in a motor v e h i traffic
      accident.

       -
      A1     iw is any injury that results in death.
A nonfatal iniuty is any injury other than a fatal injury.

A fatal accident is a motor vehicle traffic accident resulting in one or more fatal
injuries.

A nonfatal accident is a motor vehicle traffic accident that results in one or more
injuries, but no fatal injuries.

AfataI'i is the death of any person who suffers a fatal injury. For its statistics
on motor vehicle traffic fatalities, the Department of Transportation uses a
W a y counting rule, including only those deaths which occur within 30 days of
the fataJ injury. Approximately 2 percent of traffic fatalities occur later.

A - ue
  nrd
  ij               person is one who suffers a nonfatal injury in either a fatal
accident or a nonfatal injury accident.

Vehicle miles are the miles of travel by all types of motor vehicles, as
determined by the State highway departments on the basis of actual traffic
counts and established estimating procedures.

                                                       f a t a l i t v ! , and nonfatal
                                                       I

                                                   'Zdents, nonfatal injury
accidents, fatalities, and nonfatally injured persons per 100 million vehicle miles
of travel.

An urban hiahway is any road or street within the boundaries of an urban area.
An urban area is an area including and adjacent to a municipality or urban
                 r
place with 5,000 o more population. The boundaries of urban areas are fixed
by the State highway departments, subject to the approval of the Federal
Highway Administration, for purposes of the Federal-Aid highway program.

A rurA h-
        i        i any road or street which is noi an urban highway.
                 s
Travel density is the average number of vehicle miles driven on a section of
highway each day divided by the length of the section in miles. It is expressed
as a number of v e h i i and may be referred to as average daily traffic (ADT).
The -on&
         ..      rate-densitv relations@ is the relationship between fatality rates
                                        t
and average daily traffic. It is based on data for the 4-year period preceding
the calendar year for which detailed data are reported. It is labeled
"provisional" to make it dear that it is to be used as a guide rather than a
standard. A provisional ratedensity relationship may be described graphically
or mathematically by a ratedensity curve.
      A provisional r -     for a given period of time is based on a provisional
      rate-density relationship and the volume of travel. The provisional range
      indicates-for an appropriate volume of travel--the amount of deviation from
      fatality rates on a rate-density curve which might be expected if the deviation
      were random.

The functional classes of highways referred to in this report are briefly described as
follows:

      Arterial highways setve major traffic movements or major traffic corridors. While
      they may provide access to abutting land, their primary function is to serve
      traffic moving through the area.

      Lo@ highways are those roads and streets whose principal function is to
      provide direct access to abutting land.

      Collector highways are those highways which link local highways to arterial
      highways.

The Federal-Aid highway systems referred to in this report are briefly described as
follows:'

      Federal-Aid Primary, secondary, and Urban highway systems are those for
      which Federal-Aid highway matching funds may be spent by the State.

      The                        system is a system of connected main roads important
      to interstate, statewide, and regional travel, consisting of rural arterial routes and
      their extensions into or through urban areas.

      The Interstatestem is a part of the Federal-Aid Primary system. It is a
      system sf freeways (i.e., expressways with fully controlled access) connecting
      and serving the principal cities of the United States.
      The Federal-Aid Secqagacy system consists of rural major collector routes.

      The                   system consists of urban arterial and coUector routes,
      excludve od urban extensions of the Federal-Aid Primary system.

The fatali statktics in this report differ from those reported elsewhere. For its motor
vehicle traffic faCaMy statistics, the Department of Transportation (DOT) uses a 30-day
counting rule? Under this rule, deaths resulting from an accident are counted only if
they occur within 30 days of the accident. Traffic fatalities are listed by the time and
place of the fatal accident. Similar statistics published by the National Center for
Health Statistics (NCHS) are listed by the time of death and place of residence of the
deceased, using a 12-month counting rule.

Another difference in reporting of fatalities which result fronf motor vehicle accidents is
the treatment of deaths resulting from nontraffic accidents. Examples of motor vehicle
nontraffic accidents are those which occur in the driveways of private homes or in
other locations outside the rights-of-way or other boundaries of roads open for public
use. Annual motor vehide fatality figures for the United States reported by NCHS and
the National Safety Council (NSC) generally indude about 1,000 nontraffic
fatalities-deaths which are not included in DOT reports.

The number of nonfatally injured persons is also counted in various ways. In this
publication the number of injured persons is the number reported by police. The NSC,
for comparability with injuries from industrial and other accidents, reports the number
of persons d i e d beyond the day of the accident. Another approach is taken in the
National Health Survey by the Bureau of Census. In the National Health Survey, the
estimated number of injuries is based on responses to househdd interviews. National
Health Survey injury figures tend to be twice as high as those reported by NSC. The
police-reportedfigures used in this publication are midway between the others.

C. Highway Ssfety Performance in 1990

The traffic accident statistics for 1990 show a decrease of about 1,000 fatalities from
1989. The overall fstality rate per 100 million vehicle miles of travel was 2.07, which is
lower than the record low of 2.16 set in 1989.

Table t contains travel and accident data by highway system for the United States. It
is a summary of the detailed data contained in Tables 2 through 6. Estimates have
been induded for States whose data reports were incomplete. Six States, Arkansas,
Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, and Tennessee were unable to submit
nonfatal injury accident data in time for inclusion in this report.

The data permit comparison of numbers and rates (per 100 million vehicle miles) for
accidents and casua#ies on Federal-Aid and other highway systems. Fatali rates on
the interstate System are less than half that for other highway systems, though a little
                       M
more than 0 7 . h Of a highway travel in the United States occurs on the Interstate
             1 8m
System.



     Federal Highway M&Wmthm/NationaI Highway Traffic Safety A d m i n m ; Wighway FaMW
     Rule'; Federal Register, Vdume 43, No. 191; pp. ;
~owahg                                               -        October 2, 1978.
Table 2 contains a summary of travel and accident data-by State. In addition to traffic
data which are presented in greater detail in Tables 3 through 6, Table 2 includes
pedestrian data. Pedestrian fatality rates have dropped to an average of 0.32 (per 100
million vehide miles) over a 3-year period. The number of pedestrians injured, fatally
or nonfatally, are reported for each State together with pedestrian injury rates.
                              TABLE 1. U.S. VEHICLE MILE RATES BY HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                               -   1990'



                                            VEH ICLE      DAILY           FATAL               NONFATAL INJURY                                         NONFATALLY
        H I W R Y SYSTEH       HIOnHAY       MILES       VEHICLE        A C IOENTS
                                                                         C                      ACCIDENTS 4/              FATALITIES              INJURE0 PERSONS 41
                              RILES 2/     IHILLIONSI     HILES
                                               21        PER HILE    NUHBER
                                                                              I
                                                                                  RATE 3/   NUHBER
                                                                                                     I
                                                                                                          RATE 9/     NUNBER   I
                                                                                                                               I
                                                                                                                                   RATE 3/
                                                                                                                                             I
                                                                                                                                                 NUHBER      RATE 3/
    INTERSTATE l ARTERIAL l
        RURAL                    33.547      200.673      16.380
        URBAN                    110527      278 404      66.171
          TO f RL                45.074      478.977      29.114
    OTHER FEOERRL-RID
      PRIMRY tARTERtALI
        RURAL                   228.078      327.604       3.969
        URBAN                    34.195      286.919      22 988
\         TOTAL                 260.273      814.423       6.468
    FEOEML-AID URBRN
      ftRTERIAL                  82.109      379.670      11.293
      COLLECTOR                  65.571       78.746       3.784
         TOTAL (ALL URBAN1      147.680      456.416       8.467
    FEOERAL-AID SECONDMY
      (COLLECTOR I
        TOTAL [ALL RURAL1       399.976      183,612       1.258
    NOW-FEOERAL-A10
      ARTERIAL
        RURAL                     2.459        3.722       4.147
        URBAN                     8.009       31.565      10.798
          TOTAL                  10.468       35 ,287      9.235
    NOW-FEOERAL-A1 0
      COLLECTOR
        RURAL                   330.303       58.162          482
        URBAN                    22 a677      27.010       3.263
          TOTAL                 352.980       85.162          66 1
    WON-FEDERAL-A10 LOCRL
       RURAL                  2.130.427       98.846          125
       URBAN                     633.275     196,778       1.011
          TOTAL               2,663,702      293 a624        302
    ALL FEDERAL-A10
        RURAL                   869.600       71 1,689     2.956
         RR
        UBW                     183.402    1.021.739      14.474
          TOTAL                 (153,002   1 r733r428      5.568
i




         1/ U-6- ESTIHRTES EXCLUDE THE COHHONWERLTH O PUERTO RlCO AND THE
                                                       F                                RA
                                                                                       R E WIDE SUHNARY TRBLES                                                EE
                                                                                                                  FEOERRL HIGHWRY AOHINISTRAT ION EST IHRTES W R
                   F
    TERRITORIES O AllERlCRN SAMOA. WRHr AN0 VIRGIN ISLANDS. ESTIHATES FOR                                                   HR
                                                                                       HAOE FOR WJOR HIGHWAY CRTEGORIES W E E COHPLETE FUNCTIONAL O    R
                                                              R
    NONFATRL INJURY ACCIDENTS WD HOWFATALLY INJURED PERSONS A E BASEO ON               FEOERRL-AID s r s m DRTR MERE NOT REPORTED.
    THE PARTIAL DATA REPORTEO B STATES WHICH A E OISPLAYEO IN THE FOLLOUINO
                               Y               R                                            a/ RATES ARE PER 100 n u m VEHICLE rims.
    TABLES. TOMIHER  YITn TOTALS REPORTED BY n o s STATES.                                  4/ ESTItlRTES O NONFRTRLLT INJURED PERSONS HERE HAOE B F W BASEO
                                                                                                            F                                        Y H R
         2/ HILEAM AN0 TRAVEL ORTA ARE FROH THE HIOIiIIAY PERFORHANCE                   N                            O
                                                                                       O STATE REPORTEO 1989 ORTA F R ARKANAS. HISSIOURI. NEU HRtlPSHIRE, N WE
                              O
    HONITORIND SYSTEH tHPHS1 F R 1990. FEDERAL-AID HfGnWAY HILERM I S FROH             YORK. OHIO. AN0 TENNESSEE*
    npns UNIVERSE M~TR AND VEHICLE MILES OF TRAVEL RRE FRO^ THE HPHS
TABLE 2. STATE ACCIDENT SUMMARY   1990
D. National Trends

As illustrated in Figure 1, from a rate of more than 18 fatalities per 100 million vehicle
miles in the mid-1920's the average rate has decreased more than 3 percent per year
to a record low rate of 2.07.

 Figures 2 and 3 illustrate national traffic fatality and injury rate trends from 1967
through 1990 for Interstate and other highway systems. Fatality rate trends were
gradually downward for all systems through 1986. Although these trends were
interrupted by relatively stable periods following a sharp drop in 1974, the downward
movement resumed in 1981. In 1987 and 1988, fatality rates for rural Interstates rose
and the fatality rates for urban roads off the Interstate system declined. In 1990, roads
off the lnterstate system in urban and rural areas reached an all time low fatality rate of
1.65 and 3.44, respectively. The rural lnterstate fatality rate declined again in 1990 to
1.35, slightly below the rate of 1989. The urban lnterstate fatality rate remained nearly
constant. Trends for reported injury rates have also been generally downward during
the 1967-1990 period.

Figures 4 and 5 illustrate national fatality and injury rate trends from 1978 through 1990
by highway system. in the mid-1970's, non-Interstate Federal-Aid highway systems
were realigned by adopting functional classifications as the basis for assignment of
highways to each system. As a result of these changes, trend data are only available
for a short period for most systems. The time period covered in Figures 4 and 5
corresponds to the period of relative trend stability which is apparent in Figures 2 and
3.

Decreases in fatality rates were reported for all highways except rural Non-Federal-Aid
Arterial and Collector highways, which increased from their 1989 levels. A substantial
increase was observed in the fatality rate for rural Non-Federal-AidArterial, increasing
from 2.72 in 1989 to 6.56 in 1990. The major contributing factor was the State of
Arkansas, which had an increase in fatal accidents from 7 in 1989 to 109 in 1990. A
slightly smaller increase was seen for rural Non-Federal-Aid Collector highways from
its 1989 level.
By 1988, 40 States had raised their speed limit on certain rural lnterstate roads from
55 mph to 65 mph as allowed by the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation
Assistance A d of 1987, enacted April 2, 1987. In December 1990, the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported an evaluation of the effects of the
higher speed limit. They reported that about one-third of the fatality increase on rural
Interstates resutts from greater vehicle miles of travel, and the remainder of the
increase is attributed to other factors including greater speed.
FiGURE 1. U.8. MOTOR VEHICLE TRAFFIC FATALITY RATES

                   (192s   -   1990)
                               FIGURE 2. U.S. FATALITY RATES
                                   FOR INTERSTATE AND OTHER
                                HIGHWAY SYSTEMS (1967                               - 1990)
!




    0       .      w       J       .      .   .     .    .     .    ~     .     .    "     "       '
        1987 1988 1969 IS70 1971 1972 IS73 1974 197s 1978 IS77 I 9 7 1 I 9 7 9 IWD 1981 1982 1903 IS84
                                                                                                         " I 9 1 5 "1918   1907 I 9 8 8 1909 1990
                                                                   YERR

                                          ORLL UtDccYRYS                  OIWTLRSTRTE RURRL
                                          AINTERSTIITE URBRN              +NO#-INTERSTITL RURRI.
                                          XNON-INTERSTRTC UR8lN
             FIGURE 3.- U.8. NONFATAL INJURY RATES
                       FOR INTERSTATE AND OTHER
                      HIGHWAY SYSTEMS (1967                               -      1990)




04 7
tw     tnr   im   I
                  -   1671 ~ritt   m   1674   im    m
                                                   r lm   1 m tam   imo       !rat   tuz   i n s iru   1
                                                                                                       -   lrao   trr7   iom
                                                                                                                                      1
                                                                                                                               isas IQ*O
                                                           YERR

                                          %f W w
                                       E '& t8Um
                                       xIIO11-tnTcm1 I
                                                                  czrrtumq~n
                                                                  +m-turn
 FIGURE 4. U.S. FATALITY RATES
BY HIGHWAY SYSTEM (1978    1990)                   -




    QRLL HIOnYRYS
    ~ I N T E R S T R T L URBAN
                                  -   Q INTERSIATE RURAL
                                      +OTHER FA? RURAL
                                                               1
    XOTHER FA? URlRN                  6FEDtRRL-AID SECONDARY
    +FEDERAL-A10 URBAN                XNON-FEDERAL-RID RURRL
    ZNOM-FEOERAL-AID URlRN
FIGURE 5. U.S. NONFATAL INJURY R A T E S
   BY HIGHWAY SYSTEM (1978    1990)
E. Comparison of State Statistics

This report was prepared to help meet the need for statistical data to be used in
comparing and evaluating the highway safety performance of the States. Those who
use the report should be aware of the strengths and weaknesses of the data. For the
most part, the data have been submitted by State highway agencies through the
FHWA's Highway Performance Monitoring System. Accident data originate in police
accident reporting systems; while the collection of travel and highway inventory data
originate in highway departments. The quality of the reported data is generally high
but varies from State to State. Not every State was able to summarize its accident
data in time for inclusion in this report.

Because all States report accident and related data to FHWA through a single system,
reported data are generally consistent; however, variations in data collection
procedures result in marginal differences. Variations may occasionally be large
enough to obscure or exaggerate real differences among the States. Evaluation of the
highway safety performance of each State should include consideration of its record
over a period of time as well as comparisons with other States.

One useful device for comparing fatality rates is the rate-density curve. Other things
being equal, fatality rates in terms of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles tend to be
highest where the travel density-the ratio of vehicle miles to highway miles--is low.
The general shape of the ratedensity cutve-concave upward and sloping downward
to the right--is shown in Figure 6. In the 1976 "Highway Safety Needs Study," a DOT
report to Congress, ratdensity curves were used to illustrate the fatality rate
reduction resulting from the adoption of saf6r design standards for Interstate
highways. Fatality rates are normally higher on lightly traveled segments of the
Interstate System than on segments where traffic is heavier. Large and sparsely
populated States will normally have higher fatality rates than States with relatively high
concentrations of people and traffic.

When basic rate-density relationships are disregarded, evaluation of State highway
safety performance is most often based on comparison of State fatality rates with
national fatality rates. This comparison focuses undue attention on sparsely populated
States and encourages comptacency in States whcl-r have high population and travel
densities. A lowdensity State might have highly effective speed limit enforcement and
highway safety improvement programs, for example, but still have fatality rates
substantially above those of a high-density State with ineffective safety programs. In
Sections V and VI of this report, rate-density relationships are used as a basis for
fatality rate comparisons among States, by system, and within States, by year,
wspectively.
            TRAVEL DENSITY
  Figure 6. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
FATALITY RATES AND TRAVEL DENSITY
                                    -
                      SECTION II VEHICLE MILEAGE RATES

The most commonly used measures of highway safety are fatality rates based on
vehicle mileage. Such rates have been collected and widely publicized for over 50
years by the National Safety Council. While other measures are sometimes more
appropriate for comparisons and analysis, vehicle mileage rates serve as useful
indices. In the tables which follow, rates per 100 million vehicle miles are listed by
State and highway system for fatal accidents, nonfatal injury accidents, fatalities, and
nonfatally injured persons (Tables 3 through 6, respectively).

The rates shown in these tables are uniformly carried out to two decimal places. This
apparent precision surpasses the accuracy of the data on which the computed rates
are based. Cotlection and classification of information about miles of highway, vehicle
miles of travel, and motor vehicle traffic accidents are highly complex undertakings.
Because of this complexity and the necessity of including subjective judgments in the
process, computed rates should be regarded as approximations, not as precise
measurements.
                TABLE 3-A. FATAL ACCIDENT8 BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                       -*I@@
                                                           FEDERAL-AID I N T U # T A T I HlOHUAY8

                                               RURAL



                                           I
                                  VEntcLE       WILY                                                       DAILY          FRIf
                                    RILES      VEHICLE                                                    VEHICLE       ACC I k
                                                                                                                             O€   s
                                 IlILLIMI81     MILES                                                      HlLES
                                               PER NILE                                                   PER NILE   MunsEa       RRIE

                                                                                 ALrnNR                                               1.04
                                                                                 ALRSNR                                               2 -63
                                                                                 RR 1ZOWA                                              0 -66
                                                                                 RRNRNSAS                                              1-06
                                                                                 C(YIF0RNIR                                            0-64
                                                                                 COLORno0                                              0-86
                                                                                 COWECIICUI                                           0.64
                                                                                 OELlIUliRE                                            0 .Be
                                                                                 0 1 s r . of c a .                                    0 a86
                                                                                 FLoaIon                                               1-18
                                                                                 MOROlR                                               0-89
                                                                                 nnmnl I                                               0 -64
                                                                                  IO(WO                                               0.81
                                                                                  ILLINOIS                                            0.74
                                                                                  I)rOlAMR                                            0.64
law                                                                               I I
                                                                                   M                                                  0 -97
IIIYISIIS                                                                        Icnnsfls                                             0 -77
WEWIUMI                                                                          I(EN1UCNY                                            0.49
IMIIaIIWII                                                                       LMIISItWl                                             1.09
WINE                                                                             HA I  NE                                             0-00
WIIIVLAWO                                                                        nnuyuwo                                              0 .S6
MISSRCHWEI SI                                                                    HRSSRCnuS€ITS                                        0.13
HICWIORH                                                                         nicntonN                                             0-41
HIWESOlA                                                                         n1WWEsorn                                            0.59
H1961S51PPI                                                                      HISSISSIPPL                                          1-32
HISSWRl                                                                          nI  ssouu I                                          0.89
)IOIIIAWII                                                                       HONIAWR                                               I.21
wwtnsun                                                                          NEeRnSKR                                             0 a64
WEVlOR                                                                           NEVROA                                                1.I5
m tmwsnm~
 w                                                                               HEM HAWSHIRE
                                                                                 HEY JERSEY
                                                                                                                                      0 .S9
                                                                                                                                      0-74
WEN JERSEY
WEY IYUICO                                                                         E
                                                                                 MW ~ X I C O                                          1.12
W M tom
  E                                                                              HEY VORU                                             0.91
W N
  I    mawn                                                                      nourn CRRMlNR                                         1.02
IYYITN OIWOIA                                                                    n0131H W O T R                                        1-13
OHIO                                                                             on10                                                 0.46
                                                                                 WLntIoMt                                             0.96
                                                                                 OREMIN                                               0.62
                                                                                 PEWILVANIA                                           0.39
                                                                                 R t t a M lSLIWD                                     0-67
                                                                                 swrn c n a a w i                                     0-86
                                                                                 SOUTH W O T R                                        0.44
                                                                                 TE W S S E E                                         0-62
                                                                                 fEXM                                                 0.94
                                                                                 U IAn                                                0.89
                                                                                  vrnnorir                                            0 .oo
                                                                                 VlROlNlA                                             0.56
                                                                                 YASnlNO10)r                                          0.51
                                                                                 YEST V I I G I W I I I                               1.20
                                                                                 ulsconsIm                                            0.35
                                                                                 YYOIIINO                                             0.63
                                                                                 SUBTOTAL                                             0.71




   I/    f I I R L RCCIOEIIS PER I 0 0 MILLION
                                          VEnlCLE HILES.
              TABLE 3 4 . FATAL ACCIDENTS BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                                1990
                                                       FEDERAL-AID URBAN HIOHWAYS



                                                                                                               OLLECTOR

                                                           FA' L                                  VEnlcLE       DAILY         FATAL
                            VEHICLE      DAILY                                                     MILES       VEnIcLE      ACC IOENTS
                             MILES      VEHICLE          RCCll NTS
                                                                                                 :llILLIoNSI    MILES
                                                      NUnEER   RITE     1/                                     PER MILE


                                                                      1.53      ALABAMA              1.687       3.865
                                                                      2 -45     ALASKA                  117      2.717
                                                                      3.79      A IZ N
                                                                                 R OR                   899      3.421
                                                                      0 .SO     ARKRNSAS                258      2.318
                                                                      1.95      CALIFORNIA           7.689       4.160
                                                                      1.76      COLOR~OO                440      1.926
                                                                      2 -48     CONNECTlCUf          1.237       1.970
                                                                      1         DELAYARE                332      5 r888
                                                                      2 .oe             F
                                                                                0191. O COL.            328      8.240
                                                                      3 -49     FLOR IOR             5.588       5.749
                                                                     23 .89     MOROIA               3.874       6.574
                                                                      2.07      HAYRI I                 478      7.316
                                                                      1.26      loan0                   218      2.196
                                                                      1 -88     ILLINOIS             6.489       6.732
                                                                      1.78       INDIANA             1 .a02      2.481
                                                                      1.16      Ionn                    817      1.750
                                                                      1.23      MAUSAS                  458      2.514
                                                                       1-96     W,EITUClY            I ,437      4.885
                                                                      2.10      LOUISI N
                                                                                       AR               979      3.382
                                                                      0 -74     HRlM                    388      2 -937
                                                                       1 .84    HARYLANO             1.387       6.523
                                                                       1 .os    HASSACHUSETTS        2.771       2.955
                                                                       1-06     nlCHIMlN             2.035       4.840
                                                                      0 -96     HIWESOTA                580      2.420
                                                                       1 -90    nIss18suw               832      2.985
                                                                       1.38     n ISSOUR I              737      3.371
                                                                       1.34                               84     2.301
                                                                       1.39                             483      3.287
                                                                       3 .06                             190     6.386
                                                                       0 .a1                             327     2.651
                                                                       3.18                          2.903       4.363
                                                                       1.64                              232      4.966
                                                                       2 -44                          5.032       3 -87 1
                                                                       0.96                              380      2.933
                                                                       1 .so                             175      2.251
                                                                       1.82     OH10                  4.198       2.773
                                                                       0 -93    OMLAHOnA                 689      2.478
                                                                       1 -36    OREWl                 1.181       3.751
                                                                       1.47     ?ENNSYLVRWlA          4.792       4.114
                                                                       1.03     RmDE ISLAWD              527      2.899
                                                                       2-17     soufn CAROLINA        lr030       5.284
                                                                       1.38     sown DAKOTA               78      2.116
                                                                       1.76     TENWESSEE             2.387       3.61 1
                                                                        1 -09   TEXAS                 1.817       3.107
                                                                        1-27    UTAn                     920      8.480
                                                                        1 a47   VERHONT                  172      2.647
                                                                        1-98    VlROINlR              2.143       4.182
                                                                        1.37    YASHlYOTON            2.388       3.734
                                                                                NEST VIROlNIR            486      3.312
                                                                                Y ISCONS IN              768      2.242
                                                                                YYOHIWO                  223      1.940
                                                                                SUETOf AL            78.748       3.784
SUBTOTAL




  1 FlTAl ACCIDENTS PER 100 llILLtON VEHICLE MILES.
   I
                       TABLE 3-0. FATAL ACCIDENTS
                 BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                       t990
                        FEDERAL-AID SECONDAIY HIOHWAYS

                                                   JOR COLLECTC
      STATE.                           VEHICLE         DRILY
                        H I GHWAY       tmEs          VEHICLE
                         NILES        IHILLIONSI       nus                    -     --

                                                     PER H I L E   NURBER   RATE   1/

ALABAHA
ALASKA
AR IZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORROO
CONNECTICUT
OELAWARE
OIST. OF COL.
FLOR IOA
GEORGIA
HAWA I I
1OAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIRNR
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
HA INE
HARYLAND
flICHIGAN
HINNESOTR
nIssmIPP
H I SSOUR I
HONTRNA
NEBRASKR
NEVADA
NEW HAHPSHI
NEW JERSEY
NEW REXICO
NEW Y OAK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH OAKOTR
OH I 0
OKLRHOHCI
OREOON
PE~~JSILVAN A  I
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH OAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTRlf
VERHONT
VIROINIA
WRSHlNOTON
WEST V I R G I N I R
HISCONSIN
WYOtllNG
SUBTOTAL


 11 FATRL QCCIDENTS PER LOO W l L L l O N VEHICLE MILES.
              TABLE 3-E, FATAL ACCIDENTS BY STATE AWD HIGHWAY SYSTEM
                                        WONFRMRAL-AID ARTRRIAL HIOHWAY8
                                                                                                                   -   1990



                           RURAL                                                                                 URBRW
   S RTE
    T                       DAILY
                           VEHICLE
                            RILES
                           PER n w        U BR
                                         NME
                                              C
                                               FRTRL
                                             R C IOENTS
                                                    RE
                                                   RT         I/
                                                                                    Ht C W Y
                                                                                     nws
                                                                                        HA
                                                                                               I    ven ICLE
                                                                                                     RlLES
                                                                                                   (niLLIoNs1
                                                                                                                 ORlLY
                                                                                                                VEHICLE
                                                                                                                 rims
                                                                                                                 E
                                                                                                                P R HICE   NUnBER
                                                                                                                                    FI   L
                                                                                                                                  RCC I WS
                                                                                                                                         T
                                                                                                                                         RRTE   U

                              -                       --
                            9.740                     0.00         ALRBRHR                                        3. 9
                                                                                                                    OO             1
                                                                   RLRSKA                                        21.918            1
                              *                                      R OR
                                                                   R 1Z W                                         7 468            0
                            2.076                    39 -64        RRKfMSRS                                       3 ,088           2
                             -
                            4.110                     4.17
                                                      *
                                                                   CRLIFORNIR
                                                                   COLORROO
                                                                                                                  8 -647
                                                                                                                  1.WO
                                                                                                                                  48
                                                                                                                                   0
                              -
                            1.349
                              -                       -
                                                      0 .oo
                                                      - .w
                                                                     ONC
                                                                   C N E T [CUT
                                                                   MLWRRE
                                                                   UIST. O COL.
                                                                           F
                                                                                                                142.949
                                                                                                                  2.740
                                                                                                                  1.027
                                                                                                                                  13
                                                                                                                                   0
                                                                                                                                   0
                              -
                            10.943
                                                      -
                                                      S            fL Rl R
                                                                      O O
                                                                   MORDlR
                                                                                                                 111.450
                                                                                                                     304
                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                   0

                              -
                                  274
                                                      -
                                                      0.00
                                                      -
                                                                   Wunlt
                                                                    Ionno
                                                                    ILLINOIS
                                                                                                                  7 -862
                                                                                                                  3.384
                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                                                    0
                             1,370                    0 .oo         IMOIRWA                                       6.849             2
                              - 457
                                                      -
                                                      0.00
                                                      0 .oo
                                                                   I O U
                                                                   IRNSRS
                                                                   KeNTucny
                                                                                                                  8.633
                                                                                                                  (1.079
                                                                                                                  2.740
                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                                                    9
                                                                                                                                    0
                                318
                                641)                  0.00         LOUISIANA                                      8.498             8
MARYLIIno                     --
                             9.740
                                                      -
                                                      0 so0
                                                      -
                                                                                                                  6.479
                                                                                                                  6.393
                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                                                    0
ARsancnuaETTI
nrcnroclw                     -
                              .
                                                      -
                                                      -
                                                                                                                     913
                                                                                                                  4.466
                                                                                                                     913
                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                                                    4
                                                                                                                                    1
nlm#soTn
HISSISSWPI
M1850uRl                      -
                             1.178
                                                      "
                                                          1.67                                                    3.523
                                                                                                                  6 796
                                                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                                                   15
H WR R
 O TM
WEBRASKn                      - 174
                              -                       -
                                                     26 -00
                                                      -                                                            -
                                                                                                                  1.051
                                                                                                                  S ,088
                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                   2
                                                                                                                                    0
IEVrnR
HEY n n w ~ n ~   ~t        31.435                    0.46                                                       20.091            0
NW JERSEY
 E                          2a.mti                    1.28                                                       88.384           35
 E
MW MEXICO
M Y YROK                      -648                    -
                                                      0.00                                                       10.826
                                                                                                                 llrB42
                                                                                                                                   4
                                                                                                                                   1
WRTn C@ROLtMA
WH n OAI(0TR
  ( l
    1
                             1.884
                              -28 1
                             1.370
                                                      1 a90
                                                      0 .OD
                                                      -
                                                                                                                  8 -284
                                                                                                                   -          -    1

                                                      4 -36        OKLAnOW                                        1.573            0
                              -
                             3.924                    1.72
                                                      -            OREWM
                                                                   ?ENNSYLVRWIR
                                                                                                                  9.168
                                                                                                                   -          -
                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                   0
                                                                   unotw wnno
                               -191)
                             1.126                    0.00
                                                      -            sourn CRROLIMR                                 4.654            18
                              -
                             I,826
                                                    1OO.W
                                                      -
                                                     50 -00
                                                                   SOUTH MmOTA
                                                                   TEMNESSEE
                                                                   TEXRS
                                                                                                                  P .O65
                                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                  9.143
                                                                                                                              -     0
                                                                                                                                   15
TEXRS
UTIM
V E ~ T                        -
                             1.124                    0.00
                                                          -                                                       3.457
                                                                                                                              -     0
VlROIlln
                              - I67
                              -                       -
                                                      0.00
                                                      -
                                                                                                                 15.452
                                                                                                                 10.685
                                                                                                                  2.740
                                                                                                                                   0
                                                                                                                                   0
                                                                                                                                   0
                            10.959                    0 .oo                                                       3.116            3
                                162                   13.33                                                       1.026            0
                             4,147                    5.21         SUBTOTRL                                      10.798           216
                - o o - m o ~ m ~ e m - n m u - m m n ~ ~ ~ m m ~ m m ~ ~ ~ o
                c+newne---
                r   0PEUI-
                      N
                              1
                              N
                                   --- o o o m o g n o u a m o a m g u1~8e-m ~
                                         N
                                                   --
                                                r-qr    on
                                                                   m t

                                                                     -
                                                                           -P


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                                                                                                     -w-m
                                                                                                     + o
                                                                                                       ?
                                                                                                            P
                                                                                                            P

                                                                                                            N
                                                                                                            N




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2                a aEZSZEbaa              Za      Z S LZSLGZaZ ?BZ&SX E z 2EE8Z                                    +EZEZo
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                 r a z m o a U a    01-   oz     mu- a u a m m a z m = a w w o o r                                 zzz-zz             E
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                 5 m u a - od 3 c a a ag ~ - a mg g z ~ mE z z 2 t ag ; g E E 5 ~ o a eg -m cg 5 a zg=3 5 ~ u a =~E ~ 2 ~
U)               S ~ O Z L ~ W I . - O - O Z ~
                 n
                   7 ; ~ g za d " ~ r- g g +- ~ g rf mm E a                   c e
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                 c a a = ~ v U 8 a ~ ~ ~ - - - - =r a                  S   E   E     ~       Z     ~    ~     Z    ~     ~       Z    a
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--      m
2-0
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=-a
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        m   --orw-*-w-
               N         N-
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                                                                     u
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5
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W  m
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urd
*
-   L
    ;
    "
                    TABLE 4-D. NONFATAL INJURY ACCIDENTS
                      BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                           =   1990
                             FEDERAL-AID SECONDARY WICHUAYS


                                                   - -
                                                         HRJOR COLLECTOR
                                                             -



          STATE                             VEHICLE            DRILY             NONFAT6 INJURY
                            H I OHWAY        RILES            VEHICLE               ACC 1 EN1S
                             HILES         (HILLIONSI          MILES
                                                              PER M I L E       NUHBER     RATE   l/

    RLfiBma
    ALASKA
    AR IZONR
    ARKANSAS
    CALIFORNIA
    COLORADO
    CONNECTICUT
    DELAWARE
    D I S T . OF COL-
    FLORI OA
    GEORGIA
    HAWA Il
    1DAHO
    ILLINOIS
    INDIANA
    IOWA
    KRNSAS
    KENTUCKY
    LOUISIANA
    RR INE
    RARY LRNO
    HASSACHUSETTS
    HI ICH GAN
    HINNESOTA
    nIssIssIPPl
    HISSOUR1
    HONTANA
    NEBRASKA
    NEVAOR
    NEW HAHPSHIRE
    NEW JERSEY
    NEW HEX ICO
    NEW YORK
    NORTH CAROLINA
    NORTH DAKOTA
    OHIO
    OKLAHOHFl
    OREGON



    f ENNESSEE
    TEXAS
    UTBH
    VERHONT
    VlRGINICI
    WASHINGTON
    WEST V I R G I N I A
    WlSCONSIN
    WOH I NO
    SUBTOTAL



I    I/    NONFATAL INJURY ACCIDENTS PER 100 H I L L I O N VEHICLE HILES.
      TABLE 4-F. NONFATAL INJURY ACCIOENTS BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                                  1990
                                      NONFEOERAL-AID COLLECTOR HlOHUAYt

                              RURAL                                                                           URBAN
                                                                                                                                        I
                                                            I
                                                                                           I
    STATE           VEHICLE    DRILY      NONFATAL INJURY           STATE                     VEHICLE         DAILY   NONFRTAL INJURY
                     NILES    VEHl CLE       RCC 1OENTS                          HIOHYAY         RILES
                                                                                  HILES    I H I L L IONS I   MILES


RLAIANR                                                         ALABRHA
ALASKA                                                          ALASKA
ARIZONA                                                         AR lZONA
ARKANSAS                                                        ARKANSAS
CRLIFORNIA                                                      CALIFORNIA
COLORAW                                                         COLORADO
CONNECT1CUT                                                     CONNECT ICUT
OELMRE                                                          OELANRRE
OIST. OF COL.                                                   OIST. OF COL.
FLORIDA                                                         FLOR lOA
OEOROl A                                                        OEOROIR
W A I1                                                          WWAIl
low0                                                            IOAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IONA
UAWSRS                                                          niiiis~s
KENTUCKY                                                        KENTUCKY
LWISIRW                                                         LOU I S IRNR
MINE                                                            MIWE
nRRYLAW0                                                        HARYLANO
MSSACHUSETTS                                                    HASSACHUSETTS
HICHIO(NI                                                       nlctimw
N INNESOTA                                                      HlNNESOTR
IlSS1SS1PPI                                                     H1SSISSIPPI
HfSSOURt                                                        H 1SSOUR I
NONTANA                                                         HONTANA
NEBRASNA                                                        NEBRASKA
NEVAOR                                                          NEVADA
WEN H M S H I R E                                               NEW HAMPSHfRE
WEN JERSEY                                                      WEN JERSEY
NFX NEXICO                                                      NEW IEXICO
WEN YORU                                                        NEW YORK
WORTH CRAOLINR                                                  NORTH CAROLINR
NORTH MY(OTA                                                    NORTH DAKOTA
On10                                                            OHIO
                                                                OKLAHOHA
                                                                OREWN
PENNS~LVW   IA                                                  PENNSYLVRNIR
RHOOE ISLAND                                                    RHOOE ISLANO
SOUTH C M t k INA                                               SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DMOTA                                                     SOUTH ORKOTR
TENNESSEE                                                       TENNESSEE
TEXAS                                                           TEXAS
                                                                UTAH
                                                                VER~ONT
                                                                VlROINlR
                                                                WISH I NOTON
                                                                NEST VIROINIR
                                                                U lSCOWS IN
                                                                UYOH I NG
SUBTOTAL                                                        SUBTOTAL
     TABLE 4-6. NONFATAL'INJURY ACCIDENTS BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM
                                                             YONFEDERAL-AID LOCAL MICHYA Y 8
                                                                                                                                                 -   1990


                 I                           RURAL                                                                                 URBAN
                                                        -.



                                         I
                              VEHICLE          ORILY          NONFATAL INJURY               STATE                       VEHICLE    DAILY          NOWATI     INJURY
                                HILES
                             MILLIONSI
                                              VEHICLE
                                               nlLEs
                                                         -                -
                                                                 ACC l OENTS                              HIOHHAY
                                                                                                           MILES
                                                                                                                         MlLES
                                                                                                                    I I LO S
                                                                                                                    HL I N )
                                                                                                                                  VEHICLE
                                                                                                                                   nus       -      ACC 1   :NTS
                                             PER MILE    - NUMBER             RATE 1/                                             PER HlLE       NUHBER      RATE   l/

IILWAMA                                                        3.757                    ALABAMA                                                                144.61
ALASKA                                                            252                   ALASKA                                                                 160.91
                                                               1 .802                    R
                                                                                        R 1ZONR                                                                125.8t
ARKANSAS                                                          74 I                  RRRANSRS                                                               209
                                                                                                                                                               231.11
CfkIFORNIA                                                     3.646                    CALIFORNIA
COLORAOO                                                       1.014                    CMORAOO -                                                               113.11
CoNnECTICUT                                                       960                   CONNECTICUT                                                             218.71
DELAYARE                                                        - 478
                                                              16.802
                                                                                        DELAWARE
                                                                                        OIST- O COL.
                                                                                                 F
                                                                                        FLOR IOA
                                                                                                                                                                 71-14
                                                                                                                                                                254 -61
                                                                                                                                                                178.91
FLORIOA
                                                               4.111                    MOROIR                                                                  128 -51
tlmAI I                                                            407                  HRUA I I                                                                112.64
1 m o                                                          1.246                    I OAHO                                                                  231 .5€
ILLINOIS                                                       4.069                    ~LLINOI~                                                                307 -29
IHOIANR                                                        5.451                    l No1ANR                                                                244 -65
IOWA                                                           2.208                    1OUR                                                                    199 -83
KnNSA8                                                         1.612                    KRNSAS                                                                  168 -94
KENTUCKY                                                       3.458                    KENTUCKY                                                                235.91
LWISInNn                                                       5.576                    LOUISIANA                                                               172 -05
M IE
  A W                                                          1.708                    nww                                                                     155.91
                                                               1.904                    MARYLANO                                                                416.9E
WSSACHIBETTS                                                   6.630                    MASSACHUSETTS                                                           536 -9:
MICHIO(lW                                                      4 -657                   nicnmnw                                                                 272.24
MINNE80Tll                                                     3.150                    MINNESOTA                                                                 0.04
MfSSIS61PPI                                                    1.493                    H1S91SSlPP1                                                             101.01
MISsoURI                                                       6.982                    HISSOUR 1                                                               310.51
MONTANA                                                            538                  MONTANA                                                                 340 -52
                                                               1.554                    MEBRASMA                                                                186.58
                                                                   216                  NEVAOA                                                                  21 1.58
                                                                   498                  NEU nAnPsnIuE                                                            57 -66
    ~
r n JERSEY
HEY HXICO
                                                               2.670
                                                               1.210
                                                                                        NEU JERSEY
                                                                                        NEU NEXlCO
                                                                                                                                                                124.46
                                                                                                                                                                195-71
I Y W YORK                                                    24.293                    NEU YORK                                                                421 -59
NORTH CARolINA                                                18.499                    NORTH CAROLINA                                                       2.747.17
mYlTH m o r n                                                       84                  NORTH DAKOTA                                                            220.41
                                                               7.916                    OHIO                                                                    164 -51
                                                               2,1160                                                                                           124 a68
                                                                   7 30                                                                                         170.04
KNNSYLVRIIIR                                                   7.613                                                                                            372.211
RmfM ISLAnO                                                          45                 RllQOE ISLANO                                                            59 411
SWTH CRllOLlNR                                                 3.091                    SOUTH CAROL tNA                                                         350 -70
sourn m o r n                                                      663
                                                               3.365
                                                                                        SWTH OAKOTfl
                                                                                        TENNESSEE
                                                                                                                                                                152 -86
                                                                                                                                                                205 -28
1ENHES8EE
TEXAS                                                         12.191                    TEXAS                                                                   246.41
UTW                                                             1.200                   ufan-                                                                   116.33
VERADNT                                                            400                  VERMONT                                                                  40 .S6
VIROINIA                                                       4 -009                   VIROINIR                                                                     91
                                                                                                                                                                 89 - 1
W H tH T W
      OO                                                       5.942                    HnSHINOTON                                                              215.71
WE61 VIlOlNlfl                                                  1 -426                  YEST VIROlNIA                                                            47 O.C
WIscoNsIN                                                      4.302                    WISCOMs1N                                                                75 -41
                                                                   186                  w o n t NO                                                              22a.4e
                                                              189.670                   SUBTOTAL                                                               306 .dl




  1/ NONFRTRL IMJURT RCCfDENTS PER 100 n1LLION VEHrCLE RILES.
-
. . . . . .
o-eta-mt-
      n
              -a-tq~c-a~qamm;~mya*
              a-
                                       -
                                     ---gg-g~~;   = u m ~ m e m ~ r g-
                                                                   0
                                                                    ~
TABLE S-A. FATALITIES BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM
                      FEDERAL-AID INTERSTATE HIOHMAY 8
                                                                                   -   1990




          RUI#
           DRILY                                                          VEHICLE       DAILY
          VEnlCLE                                            HIOIIIIAY      NILE8      VE~ICLE    TIES
           nILta                                              NILES      IllILLIOI8I    flILES
          PER RILE                                                                     PER NILE

           10*8(16                       lYRMINR
             1.021                       ALmun
           14.216                        RU IO R
                                             ZW
           17.1311                       RRKRNSRS
           28.604                        CALlFORNlll
           t2.006                        COLOllROO
               -
           M.691
               -
                                         C ~ C ICUT
                                         DELRNRRE
                                                 F
                                                   T
                                         DlST. O COL.
           24.181                        FLORIOR
           n   ,045                      amain
           SS *@SO                       WH(AI I
             7.871                       IORMO
           14.400                        ILLIWOIS
           21 . mo                       INOIRNR
           13.924                        low
             9.612                       KRWSA8
           21 -706                       KENTUCKY
           18.2IW                        LOUlSIRllA
           14.960                        RRIW E
           46.311                        )IARYLANO
           9s .so6                       NMSRCIUSETT8
           20.761                        NIcnIMIW
           11.m9                         IIWE80TR
           13.036                        IltS8ISSIPPl
           10.128                        nwouu1
             4.349                       WTANR
           11,766                        WEfMnsMa
             8 -602                      WVDERA
           20 -60s                       M Y HANPSHIRE
           41.674                        M Y JERSEY
           10.481                        WY lKXIC0
           I0.Wl                         HEW Y R
                                               OK
           24.743                        m t n C~WIOLIWR
             4.771                       NORTH OnKOTA
           28.019                        onto
           11.756                        OKLAHORA
           16.827                          RO W
                                         OLO
           18 1720                       ?EWWSYLVAWIA
           26.076                        RMOM 13LllNO
           25.432                        8OUTH CAROL I A H
             5.818                       sourn onnorn
           29.642                        TEMSSEE
           I3.981                        TEXAS
             7.ss6                       UTRn
             9.64 1                      vEunow
           24.897                        VIROINIA
            18.866                       UFISHING~ON
            16.107                       NEST VIROlNlR
           20.721)                       Yt SCONSIN
             5.311                       wonm
           18.380
                            TABLE 5-8. FATALITIES BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                                        -   1990
                                                            OTHER FEDERAL-AID PRIMARY HIOHY AYS




                                                                                                                                          URBAN
      STATE
                       HIGHHAY
                        MILES
                                  I    VEHICLE
                                        UILES
                                      (NILLIONS)
                                                                     TIES
                                                                      RATE    I/
                                                                                    II                          H I WHBY
                                                                                                                 H I LES
                                                                                                                           VEHICLE
                                                                                                                            n u s
                                                                                                                           IUILLIONS)
                                                                                                                                          ORILY
                                                                                                                                         VEUICLE
                                                                                                                                          HILES
                                                                                                                                         PER U l L E
                                                                                                                                                       FATALITIES


COHPLETE DATA                                                                       I    COHPLETE DATA
  ALWHA                                                                                    ALRBAUA
  ALASKA                                                                                   ALASKA
  AR I ZONA                                                                                ARIZONA
  ARKANSA8                                                                                 ARKANSAS
  CALIFORNIA                                                                               CALIFORNIA
  COLORADO                                                                                 COLORAOO
  CONNECTICUT                                                                              CONNECTICUT
  MLAHllRE                                                                                 OELAHARE
  OIST. OF COL.                                                                            0131. OF COL.
  FLWIIOA                                                                                  FLORIOA
  MOROIR                                                                                   GEOR~IR
  H R W II                                                                                 HAYR II
  I RM
    O                                                                                      IOAHO
  ILLINOIS                                                                                 ILLINOIS
  I N 0 1RNR                                                                               INDIANA
  IOWA                                                                                     IOYR
  KANSAS                                                                                   KANSllS
                                                                                           nEni"cKy
  KENTUCKY
  LOUISIANA                                                                                LOUISIANA
  NRINE                                                                                    HRINE
  HRRYLAND                                                                                 HRRYLANO
  ~SSACHUSETTS                                                                             HASSRCHUSETTS
  HICHIMlN                                                                                 HlCHlORN
  H IWWE8OTA                                                                               HINNESOTA
  HISSISSIPPI                                                                              HlSS1SSIPPI
 nIssouaI                                                                                  HISSOUR l
 HONTRNA                                                                                   UONTANR
 NEBRASKA                                                                                  NEBRASKA
 NEVAOA                                                                                    NEVAOA
 NEW WRHPSHIRE                                                                             HEY UAHPSHIRE
 WEN JERIEY                                                                                WEN JERSEY
 NEW mmo                                                                                   NEY HEXICO
 NEY YORK                                                                                  NEU YORK
 NORTH CAROLINA                                                                            NORTU CAROLINA
 wOllrn O ~ K O T A                                                                        NORTH DAKOTA
 OHIO
 OKLAHOHA                                                                                   K &O A
                                                                                           OLI H
 OREOON                                                                                    OREOON
 PENNSYLVAHlA                                                                              PENNSYLVANIA
 RHOM ISLRNO                                                                               RHOOE ISLAND
 SOUTH CAROLINA                                                                            s o u T n CAROLINR
 SOUTH OtMOTA                                                                              SOUTU DRKOTA
 TENNESSEE                                                                                 TENNESSEE
 TEXAS                                                                                     TEXRS
 UTAH                                                                                      UTAH-
 VERUONT                                                                                   VERUONT
 .- . - - . - ..
     . .                                                                                   ~ 1 ~ 0 1 ~ 1 ~
 YASHINOTON                                                                                MRSHINCTON
 NEST VlROINlA                                                                             HEST VIRGINIA
 WISCONSIN                                                                                 H ISCONSIN
 YYOUI    no                                                                               WYOUlNO
 SUBTOTAL                                                                   2 -95          SUBTOTAL
INCOWLETE DATA                                                                           INCOHPLETE OBTR
   I/   FATALITIES PER 1 0 0 H I L L I O N VEHICLE RILES.
                       TABLE SIC.            FATALITIES BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTTM
                                                       FEDERAL-AUI URBAN HIOHMAYS
                                                                                                       -    WW@




                                                                                                           COLLECTOR
                                              DAILY                                                         OAILY
                                             VEHICLE        7 8ES                           nmwr           VEntcLE       ITlfS
                                              NILES                                         fl I LES        RILES
                                             PE NILE
                                              IR             RATE    1/                                    PER NILE       RATE   I/

IKI#AMI                                                         1-64        ALRORRA                          9 A65
RLmn                                                            2.45        ALnslR                           2.717
n R 1 m                                                         4-01        All 1ZOYA                        3.421
nRKnn6RS                                                        0.30        RRtWSRS                          2.318
CRLIFORYII                                                      2.06        CALIFORNIA                       4.160
COLMAOO                                                         1 .at       COLORROO                         1 926
CaWlKCT ICUT                                                    2 -40       COWlECT ICUT                     I ,970
DELAWARE                                                        9 .05       WLRYARE                          6.868
OIST. O COL.
       F                                                        2-91                 F
                                                                            DIST. O COL.                     8.240
                                                                3 -76       FLORlOA                          S ,749
                                                               95 .m        oEoaoin                          5.574
                                                                2.07        MHRII                            7.316
                                                                1 -25       1OAHa                            2.196
                                                                1.97        ILmots                           5.732
                                                                1.69        INOIAYR                          2.481
                                                                1.1s        1om                              I ,750
                                                                1-29        nwsns                            2.514
                                                                1.43        KENTUCKY                         4.085
                                                                2.21        LOUISIANA                        3 382
                                                                0 -13       MIYE                             2.937
                                                                1.89                                         6A23
                                                                1-17                                         2 1955
                                                                1.97                                         4.840
                                                                0.99                                         2 -420
                                                                L .94       iii88issii~1                     2.995
                                                                1.48        nl SSOUR I                       3.971
                                                                1-34        nonrnNn                          2.301
                                                                1.39        .-- . .-..
                                                                            YEBRASKfi.
                                                                             . .. .                          3.267
                                                                3 .34       NEVADA                           5.366
                                                                0 -14       HEY HARPSHIRE                    2.851
                                                                    3.36    N W JERSEY
                                                                             E                               4.363
                                                                    1.71    NEY NEXICO                       4 -866
                                                                    2 -62   MY YR OK                         3,871
                                                                    1 .oo   HRTH CAROLINA                     2 -933
                                                                    1 .so   NORTH DRKOTA                      2.251
                                                                    2 -03                                     2.773
                                                                    1.04    ~ K ~ ~ O N A                     2.478
                                                                    1.43    0REM)Y                            3.761
                                                                    1.54    PENNSYLVnNIA                      4.114
                                                                    1.03     HO
                                                                            R O E ISLAND                      2.899
                                                                    2.211   sown CAROLINA                     5.284
                                                                    1-69    SOUTH OflMOTR                     2.116
                                                                    1.17    TENNESSEE                         9 - 8 11
                                                                    1.19    TEXAS                             3.107
                                                                    1.27    UTAH                              8.480
                                                                    1.68    VRO T
                                                                             EHW                              2.647
                                                                    1.44    VlROlWlA                          4.182
                                                                    1.47    unsnIwcTow                        3.734
                                                                    1.63    HEST VIROlNlA                     3.312
                                                                    1-14    YISCOWSIN                         2.242
                                                                    2-49    YYM(IN0                           1.940
                                                                    1.94    SUBTOTAL                          3.784



  I/   FATRLITIES PER 100 R i ~ ~ l VEHICLE RILES.
                                    o r
                                        TABLE 5-D. FATALITIES
                      BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                         -   1990
                                    FEDERAL-AID SECONDARY HIGHWAYS




       STATE                                           VEHICLE               DRILY
                                 HIGHWAY                RILES               VEHICLE                FRTR [ T I E S
                                  MILES              (HILLIONSI              HILES
                                                                            PER H I L E       NUHBER          RRTE   1/
CORPLETE DRTR
  ALRBRHR
  ALRSKA
  AR I  ZONR
  ARKANSAS
  CRLIFORNIR
  COLORADO
  CONNECTICUT
  DELAHARE
  D I S T . OF COL-
  FLORIDA
  GEORGIA
  HAWA II
  IDRHO
  ILLINOIS
  I IRNR
   ND
  IOWA
  KRNSRS
  KENTUCKY
  LOUISI RNR
  RA I  NE
  HARY LAND
  RASSRCHUSETTS
  RlCHIGRN
  RINNESOTA

  RONTANR
  NEBRRSKR
  NEVROR
  NEW HRHPSHIRE
  NEW JERSEY
  NEW HEXICO
  NEW YORK
  NORTH CAROLINR
  NORTH DAKOTA
  OHIO
  OKLRHOflR
  OREGON
  PENNSYLVANIA
  RHODE I S L A N D
  SOUTH CAROLINR
  SOUTH DAKOTR
  TENNESSEE
  TEXRS
  UT&-
  VERRONT
  VIRGINIA
  WRSH INGTON
  WEST V I R G I N I A
  ClISCONSIN
  WYORING
  SUBTOTAL
INCOHPLETE ORTR
    11    F A T A L I T I E S PER 1 0 0 H I L L I O N VEHICLE H I L E S .
                        TABLE WE. FATALITIES BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                                  1990
                                                       NONFEDEIAL-AID ARTERIAL HIOHMAY8




                I                           RURAL                                                                         URBAN



                                                                                                         I
   8TATL                       VEHICLE       WILY                             STATE                             VEHICLE     R
                                                                                                                           O tLY
                    HIOHYAY     NILE8       VEHICLE       FATALITIES                          tllMlMRY           ~ILES    VEnlcLE     TIE8
                     HILEE    tNKLLIotr8~
                                            PER HtLE     UOR
                                                        NHE    I RATE L/                        NILES        IIILLIONSI    RILES
                                                                                                                           E
                                                                                                                          P R NILE    RATE       U
                                                               I           ALABRNR                                           3 .090       0.41
                                                                           ALASKA                                          21.91a         4-17
                                                                                OA
                                                                           RR 1Z N                                           7.468        0.00
                                                                           ARWR)IaA8                                         3*0011       0.44
                                                                           ClLIFORWIA                                        8.647        1-69
                                                                           COLORADO                                          1.370        0.00
                                                                           COmKCT ICUT                                    142.949         0 .as
                                                                           OELMRE                                            2.740        0 .oo
                                                                                   F
                                                                           OIST. O COL.                                      1.027        0 -00
                                                                           FLORIOR                                         lI.4SO         1.09
                                                                           OEOROIR
                                                                           nnwI
                                                                           1DAM
                                                                                                                             -  304
                                                                                                                            7.082
                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                          0.00
                                                                                                                                          0 .oo
                                                                           ILLIN018                                         3.384         0.00
                                                                             O N
                                                                           1N 1A A                                          8 ,649        2 -87
                                                                           O A
                                                                           I W                                              8 ,633        0.00
niiiiiis                                                                   KANSAS                                           1.879         1.29
KENTUCKY                                                                   KEwucny                                          2.740         0 .oo
LOUlSlRNa                                                                  LOUI8IRWA                                        6.488         1.39
RnINE                                                                      IlnlNE                                           6.479         0 .oo
MVLRNO                                                                     HARTLANO                                         8.399         0.00
nA88nCnUSETTl                                                              llAS8ACHUSETTS                                      913        0 .oo
                                                                           ~ICMIMII                                         4.465         0 -79
                                                                           HINNE8OTA                                           913       12 -60
                                                                           ~ISSISSIPPI                                      9.523         0 .oo
                                                                           n1SSOUR I                                        6.796         1.29
                                                                           nonTAnn                                          1.651         0 .oo
                                                                           NE6RASUA                                                          -
                                                                           NEVRDA                                          5.088         7.69
                                                                           NEW nnupsnwx                                   20.091         0 .oo
                                                                             E
                                                                           NW JERSEY                                      68.384         0.46
                                                                           NW HEXlCO
                                                                             E                                            10.828         0.82
                                                                           N Y YR
                                                                             E OW                                         14.842         0.16
                                                                           w t t n CRROLINA                                8.284         0.41
                                                                           NORTH O W T
                                                                                    R OA                                                  -
                                                                           onlo                                                           -
                                                                           OKLRWOIA                                         1.573        0.00
                                                                           OREWN
                                                                           PENNSYLVANIA
                                                                           RHOM ISLRNO
                                                                                                                            9.188
                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                         0 .W)
                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                           sourn CAROLIW                                    4.854        3.86
                                                                           30UTH OAKOTA
                                                                             E n
                                                                           T W E8SEE
                                                                                                                            2.055
                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                         0 .oo
                                                                           TEXAS                                            9.143        0.25
UTAH            I                                                          UTAn                                             3.457        0 .oo
                                                                             ER N
                                                                           VROT
                                                                           VIROIWIA                                        15.452        0 -00
                                                                           MASHIMOTON                                      10.885        0 .oo
                                                                              ET
                                                                           M S VIRGINIA                                     2.740        0 .oo
                                                                           YISCOMS1N                                        3.116        2.59
                                                                           wronlno                                          1.1126       0 -00
SUBTOTRL
                I                                                          SUBTOTAL                                       10.798         0.73
                    TABLE S-F. FATALITIES BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                          =   1990
                                                 WONFEDERAL-AID COLLECTOR HICHYAY S




                                    RURAL                                                           URBAN
        STATE           VEHICLE     DAILY                                         STATE             DAILY
                        nim        vEn ICLE           FAIR [ T I E S                               VEHICLE            FATALITIES
                       lHILLION3    nrm                                                             HILES
                                   PER H I L E     NUHBER      RATE    I/                          PER n l L E   NUR~ER        RATE   I/
ConpLETE OATR                                                               conPLErE OATA
  ALABANA                               453                        3 -56      RLRBRHR
  ALASKA                                                                                                               6
                                        408                        2 -03      ALASKA                                   0
  AR lZWA                               535                        5.33       AR lZONA
  ARKAN3AS                                                                                                             9
                                        421                        2 -07      ARKANSAS                                 0
  CALIFORNIA                            987                        3.91       CALIFORNIA                              64
  COLORAOO                              370                        2 074      COLORAOO                                 7
  CONNECTICUT                        1. I 5 1                      1.59       CONNECTICUT                              9
  OELRWlRE
  01ST. OF COL.
  FLOR lDR
                                       -
                                     1.405
                                        849
                                                                   -
                                                                   6 -25
                                                                   7.59
                                                                              DELAWARE
                                                                              OIST. OF COL.
                                                                              FLORIDA
                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                       0
  OEOROl A                                                                                                             0
                                        743                        2 -48      OEOROIA                                  0
  n i w ~i - .
           i                         3.846                         2.21       HAWA ll                                  0
 IOAHO                                  174                        3 -06       I ~no
                                                                                3                                      I
 ILLINOIS                               782                        4 -55       lLLlNOIS                                4
 INDIRWR                                494                        2 -85      1NO lAHA                                 3
 IOUR                                   123                        3 -40      lOUR                                     0
 KANSAS                                  83                        3.15       KANSAS                                   3
 KENTUCKY                               594                        5 -69      KENTUCKY                                 0
 LOUISIANA                              942                        4.19       LOUISIANA                                3
 MIIYE                               1.020                         2.41       ....- ..
                                                                              MRINF   -                                0
                                     1. LO3                        2.62       MARYLAND                                13
                                        622                        4.57       HASSACHUSETTS                            2
                                        631                        2.73       HICHIGRN                                16
 N l WWESOTA                            259                        3.21       R INNESOTA                              23
 n1ssmtPpI                              962                        3.11       HISS1SSIPPI                              0
 NISSOURI                               210                        4.09       tl 1SSOUR I                              6
 HONTANR                                1I 7
 NEBRRSKR
 NEVMA
                                         84
                                        245
                                                                   9-15
                                                                   6-36
                                                                   4 -52
                                                                              RONTRNA
                                                                              NEBRIISKR
                                                                              NEVAOA
                                                                                                                  - 11 2

 NEW nnnPsnmE                           920                        1.93       NEW RRtlPSHIRE                           0
 NEW JERSEY                          1.956                         2 -69      NEII JERSEY                              3
  E
 N W NEX ICO                            295                        7.59       NEW HEXICO                              11
  E
 N W YORK                            1.347                         2 a26      NEY YORK                                 8
 NORTH CRROLINR                      1.145                         3 -89      NORTH ClROLINR                          14
 NORTH OAKOTA                            76                       12-90       NORTH OAKOTA                             0
 OHIO                                   804                        3 *83                                          -
 OKLAnonn                               231                        0 -65     OKL~HOHA
 OREDON                                                                                                               2
                                        263                        3 -64     OREGON
 PENNSYLVANIA
 RHOOE ISLAND
                                       $01
                                     1.164
                                                                   3 -23
                                                                   0.00
                                                                             PENNSYLVRNfA                         -
                                                                                                                  -
                                                                                                                      I
                                                                             RHOOE ISLRNO
 souTn CAROLINA                        453                         6.34      SOUTH CAROL lNR                          14
 s o u r n DAKOTA                        67                        5 -00     souTn DAKOTA                              I
 TENNESSEE                             605                         4 -70     TENNESSEE
 TEXAS                                 366                         3 -64     TEXAS                                    3
 UTRH                                   168                        3. I 7    UTRH                                     0
 VERHONT
 VIROINIA
                                       506
                                       562
                                                                   I.10
                                                                   6 -09
                                                                             VERHONT                              -
                                                                                                                  -
                                                                             VIROINIA
 HASH INOTON                           676                         3.14      WRSHINGTON                               0
 YEST VIROlNlR                         438                         3 -76     YEST VIROlNlA                            0
 WISCONSIN                             377                         3 -83     Cl ISCONSIN                              5
 WYOHIWO                                155                        1-65      wronfno                                  0
                                       462                         3 -58     SUBTOTAL                              234
INCOHPLETE DATA                                                             INCOHPLETE DATA                                i
                        TABLE 5-6. FATALITIES BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                     1990
                                                            NOWFEDERAL-AID LOCAL HIOHWAYS




                                               RURAL                                                          URBAN

                                 VEHICLE        OAILY                             STATE           VEH ICLE     OAILY
                    HICIIHAY      nus          VEHICLE            FRTA                             HILES      VEHfCLE     r IES
                     nI LES     IAILLIDNSI      nwEs                                             IHILLIONSI    HILES
                                               PER HILE     NUHBER                                            PER MILE     RATE     1/

COWLETE DATA                                                                COHPLETE OATB
                                    3.796          2L O        171            RLRBAHR                           I,025             1.31
  ALABAnR                                                        8            ALASKA                               778            0 a92
  ALASKA                               458         I78                                                                            1.32
                                    1 a599         169         118             R ZONA
                                                                              O I                               1.037
  A I
    R ZONA                                                     103            ARKANSAS                             368            3.26
  ARIWNSRS                          1.128           89                                                                            2.01
                                    2.389          I?
                                                    I          274            CALIFORNIA                           788
  CALIFORNIA                                                                  COLORADO                             576            0 -74
  COLORADO                             633          34          31
                                                   419          24            CONNECTICUT                          877            1.41
  CONMCTICUT                           945                                                                      1.424             0.34
                                                                              MLAYARE
  OELRHARE
  OIST. O COL.
           F                         - 487
                                    3.144
                                                  -489
                                                   200
                                                              - 15
                                                                  422
                                                                              DIST. O COL.
                                                                              FcOR lO   A
                                                                                          F                     1.438
                                                                                                                1.473
                                                                                                                                  0.87
                                                                                                                                  2. I 0
  FLORIDA                                                         180         GEORGIA                           1.344             13 9
  OEOROIR                           4.417          212                                                                            0.57
                                       853       1.111               5        HHHRl I                           2.798
  HAWAII                                                            34        IOAHO                                707            1.98
  I OAHO                            1.905           108                                                                           1.72
                                    3.325           I18           107         ILLINOIS                             864
   ILLINOIS                                                       126         lNOIRNA                              975            1.32
   IWDIAllA                         2.493           136                                                                           1.55
                                    1.470             62            47        IOWA                                 588
   IOYR                                                             69        KANSAS                               729            1 .I8
  KANSRS                            1.472             48                                                                          1.81
                                    2.324           153             94        KENTUCKY                             965
  KENTUCKY                                                          98        LOUISIANA                         2.001             0 -73
  LOUISIRNf3                        2.220           194
  ..a-lNE
  H.. ..-                           1 ,008          225             27        ....- . -
                                                                              HRlNE                                444            3 -27
                                                                                                                                  1.95
                                    1.207           325             38        HARYLANO                             54 1
  HARYLRNO                                                                    HASSACHUSETTS                     1.090             4.23
  HASSACHUSETTS                     1.034           960             83
                                                    I18           129         HfCHlORN                             611            1-82
  IllCHIORN                         2.642                                                                          73s            0 -90
  HINNESOTA                         2.577             91            49        HINNESOTA
                                                    242             78        ntsstsswP1                           948            1-40
  nlss1ssIppI                       3.913                                                                          889            1.51
  nI  SSOUR I                       3.553           130             92        HI  SSOUR I
                                                      44            21        HONTANR                              912            0.19
                                       754                                                                         518            1-18
                                     1.268            58            41        NEBRIISKA
                                                                              ..- - ..... ..
                                                                                         .
                                                      24            13        NEVAOR                               794            3 -02
                                        905                                                                        476            3.14
                                       542           189            21        NEY HAHPSHIRE
  NEH HRtlPSHlRE                                                    31        NEH JERSEY                        1.887             0 -62
  N W JERSEY
   E                                    84 1        299                                                                           2 -28
  NEW nExIco                        20013            145            43        "Su IORI(
                                                                              NEH HEXICO
                                                                                       - -
                                                                                                                   694
                                                                                                                   864            2.10
  NEH Y R
       OK                           3.415            191           128
                                                     180          234         NORTH CAROLlNR                    1.446             2 .O7
  NORTH CAROLINA                    3.358                                                                          707             1.38
  NORTH DAKOTA                          683           31              2       NORTH DAKOTA
                                                    289           209         on 10                             1.323              1.38
  onto                              8.066                                                                       1.114              1.22
  OKLnnOnR                           1.845            73           128        OKLAHOtlA
                                                      64            39        OREGON                               487             1.29
  OREOON                             1.501                                                                         843            3 -26
  PENNSYLVANIA                      5.474           238            142        PENNSYLVANIA
                                                    201               3       RHODE ISLANO                         813            0.71
  RHOOE LSLWD                            72                                                                        305            5 -29
  SOUTH CRROLINA                     2.189           164           123        SOUTH CAROLINA
                                                      40             17       s o u r n OAKOTA                     692            0.34
  SOUTH DAKOTA                          695                                                                        810            2.47
  TENNESSEE                          1.631            95             96       TENNESSEE
                                                      81           345        TEXAS                             1.050             2 -24
  f EXRS                             4.237                                                                      1 -047             1.04
  UTW                                   508           52              8       UTPH
                                                     151             17       VERHONT                           1.361             0 .oo
  VERHONT                               479                                                                     1.394             0.81
  VIROINIR                           3.239           26 1            99       VIROIHIR
                                                      70             52       HASHINGTON                           760             1.33
  HASHINOTON                         1.174                                                                         62 1           2 -47
  HEST VIROINIA                         782          105             39       WEST VIROINlR
                                                                     85       HISCONSIN                         1.413             0.46
  WISCONSIN                          2.895           120                                                                          0.00
                                        348            4I             3       YYOHING                              357
  wontNo
                                                             4.339            SUBTOTAL                          1.01 1            1.75
  SUBTOTAL                          98.846            125

 INCOHPLETE DATA                                                             INCOHPLETE DATA                                               -
    l/   FATALITIES PER L O HILLION VEHICLE HILES.
                         O                                                                                                                 -
                       TABLE S-H. FATALITIES BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                        -   1990
                                                      TOTAL RURAL AND URBAN HlCHUAYS




                                            RURAL                                                                    URBAN
      STATE                     VEHICLE     MIILY                                   STATE
                   HIMINAY       n u 8                                                                               O lLY
                                                                                                                      A
                                           VLnIcLE              ITIES                                W IGHHAY       VEHICLE
                    HILES      IRILLIOWS    NILES                                                     HlLES          RILES
                                           PER RILE    NUMBER    RATE   I/                                          PER UlLE
CWLETE ORTA                                                                  COHPLETE OATA
 ALABAllR                                                           3 -59      RLABAHA
 iumn                                                                                                                3.212
                                                                    2 a72      ALASKA                                3.012
 RR IZONA                                                           3.53       ARIZONA
 RRKAWSAS                                                                                                            3.864
                                                                    3.97       ARKANSAS                              2.71 1
 ClKIFORWIA                                                         3 -87      CALIFORNIA
 COLoRnOO                                                                                                            7.561
                                                                    2 -73      COLORADO                              3 .760
 CONNECTICUT                                                        1.53       CONNECTICUT                           4.951
 OELAWRL
 OIST. OF COL.
 FLORIDA
                                                                    -
                                                                    2 -58
                                                                    4.39
                                                                               OELRYARE
                                                                               OIST. O COL.
                                                                                         F
                                                                                                                     8.148
                                                                                                                     8.470
                                                                               FLORIOA                               4.451
 (KOROIR                                                            2 -97      (KORCIR
 nRcr(l1 I                                                                                                           4.928
                                                                    3.31       HRWAI I                               9.524
 IWIHO                                                              2 -97       IOAHO
 ILLINOIS                                                                                                            3.404
                                                                    2 -59       ILLINOtS                             4 -896
 INOlnuA                                                            2 -27       I O 1AHA
                                                                                 N
 IOYIl                                                                                                               3.727
                                                                    2 -33       lONA                                 2.546
 KRNSAS                                                             2 -61      WRNSAS
 KEWTUCKl                                                                                                            3 a094
                                                                    3 -37      KEWTUCWY                              4.904
 LOUISIANA                                                          3 -60      LOUlSIANA
 MINE                                                                                                                4.372
                                                                    1.98       HA IN€                                3.450
 NRRYLAWO                                                           2 -29      RRRYLANO
 WSSACHUSETTS                                                                                                        5 -962
                                                                    1 .a0      HASSACHUSETTS                         4.944
 HICHIMIW                                                           2 -78      RICHIORN
 HINNE8OTR                                                                                                           4.987
                                                                    2 .oo     RINNESOTA                              3.898
 RISSIIStPPI                                                        3.59      HISSISStPPI                            2.866
 HlSSWRf                                                            3.09      nl SSOUR l                             4.681
 n0WTRWA                                                            3.10      HONTRNA                                2.379
 WEBRA1MA                                                           2.39      NEBRRSMR                               2 -865
 NEVADA                                                             4 -30     NEVADA                                 5.191
  E
 N W HARPSHIRE                                                      1.85      NEH HAftPSHlRE                         4.162
  E
 N W JERSEY                                                         2.36      NEN JERSEY                             5.894
 NEY MXICO                                                          3 -72     NEW nExIco                             9.201
 NEN YORU                                                           2 -45       E
                                                                              W N YORK                               5.454
   OT
 W R H CRROLINA                                                     3.03      NORTH CAROLJNA                         4.118
 m T n O~KOTR                                                       2.07      NORTH DAKOTA                           2.363
 onto                                                               2 -50     onto                                   4.476
 OKLAHDHA                                                           2 -75     OKLRHOllA                              3.761
 OREMNl                                                             2.91      OREOON                                 3.941
 PEWSYLVANI A                                                       2 -42     PENNSYLVANIA
 RHODE ISLAW0                                                                                                        4.527
                                                                    2 .O$     RHOOE 13LRNO                           3.812
 SWTH CRROLIN(I                                                     3.34      s o u r n CAROLINR                     3.555
 souTn DAKOTA                                                       2 -48     SOUTH OAIOTR                           2 -430
 TENNESSEE                                                          3 -30     TENNESSEE                              4 -256
 TEXAS                                                              3 -24     TEXAS
 umn-                                                                                                                3 .3ZO
                                                                    2 -97     UTAH                                   4.401
 VERUONT                                                            1.76      VERUONT                                3.887
 VIROINIR                                                           24 4      VIRGINIA                               5.770
 HASHI O O
      WTN                                                           2 -97     WASHINGTON
 NEST VIROINIA                                                                                                       4 -706
                                                                    9 -66     HEST V I R G l N I l                   3.981
 ulsconsIw                                                          2 -52     HISCONSIN                              3.975
     no
 YYO~I                                                              2 *28     HYOUlNO                                1 -900
 SUBTOTAL                                                           2 -96     SUBTOTAL                               4.62U
tNCOHPLETE ORTA                                                              INCOHPLErE ORTA
   11 FATALITIES PER LOO HILLION VEHICLE HILES.
  TABLE 6-A. NONFATALLY INJURED PERSONS BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                                        19SO
                                                        FEDERAL-AID INTERSTATE HICHUAYS



                                            RMnL                                                               URBAN

                              VEHICLE        OAILY                  RLLY                             VEHICLE    OAILY         4LL Y
                               NILES        VEHICLE:                ERSOIS                            nus      VEHICLE        ERSONS
                             INILLID116.I    NILES                                                   nuIoNS1    HlLES
                                            PER NILE                RATE   I/                                  PER nlLE       RRTE   I/

                                             18.886
                                              lr821
                                             14.218
                                                                       28.89
                                                                       18 -87
                                                                       42 -64
                                                                                 RLMIR
                                                                                 ALmn
                                                                                 OR Isown
                                                                                                                gg:E8
                                                                                                                ST. 787
                                                                                                                                   38.44
                                                                                                                                  107.88
                                                                                                                                   56.38
                                             17.131                    26.18     RRWRNSRS                       36 e661            46 -97
                                             21.604                    40.97     CRLlFOllNlR                   142.942             4S.30
                                             12.as                     69.21     COLMIAOO                       83.841             0s .28
                                               -
                                             16.641
                                               -
                                                                       30 .a5
                                                                           -
                                                                                 CONNECTICUT
                                                                                 MLRI(RRE
                                                                                 DlST. O COL.
                                                                                          F
                                                                                                                75.631
                                                                                                                82.01 1
                                                                                                               105.936
                                                                                                                                   68 -27
                                                                                                                                   46 -89
                                                                                                                                   66 -58
                                             24.161                    17 -78    FLORIMI                        68.434             12.10
                                             P7 A46                    27 -43    OEOROIA                        72.264             87-75
                                             66.100                    86 -69    )(Ann1I                       101.009             88 -72
                                               7.191                   46.29      IOmlo                         22 .ST6            46.31
                                             14.410                    36 -19     ILLINOIS                      88 A04             78 88
                                             21 r W 0                  38 -03     Ino Innn                      60.747             22 .O1
                                             13 .a24                   21-30     lawn                           28 -857            56 ~ 7 4
                                               9.619                   31 -67    KAWMIS                         36 377             68 -78
                                             21.706                    29 -80    KENTUCKY                       61 .37O            49.22
                                             la.t00                    49-91     LOUlSIRNn                      44.302            161 -74
                                             14mBSO                    48.54     HAIW                           23.210             71 -49
                                             46.111                    13 -74    HARYLAND                       97.302             60.49
                                             33.686                    10.61     HASSACWUSETTS                  71 -405            11.65
                                             20.781                    63-49     nlcnlaw                        68.922             89 -62
                                             11 *m                     20 -72    NIWWESOTR                      80.350             41 -28
                                             13.091                    20 -89    III8SISS1PPI                   28.712             49.79
                                             11,321                    28 m 9
                                                                            7    NtSsoURi                       84.457             83-50
                                               4.349                   45.41     nomna                            9r618            40.81
                                             11.766                    36 -89    WEBRRSKl                       48.131             78.81
                                               1.682                   68 -80    NEVROR                         58 -839           139.39
                                             20.116                    12.88     NEY HAIIPSIIIRE                4 l r905           10.40
                                             41 a674                   22 -49    M Y JERSEY                     84.697                  0
                                                                                                                                   71 m 7
                                              10.481                   48-16      E
                                                                                 N W REXICO                     31.128             78 49
                                              18.091                   48 4 8    NEN voRn                       59 .OO6            83.32
                                             24.741                    40 -84    m r n CAROLINA                 44.667             34.57
                                               4.771                    18.42    mTn ~ O T R                    IP.123             43 .so
                                             28.01s                    34 .oo    OHIO                           58.881             84-47
                                              13.765                   29 -75    OKLRHOIIn                      42.831             89 -57
                                              16.627                   27 -03    OREcON                         56.704             72.55
                                              18.720                   12 -27    PENNSVLVAWIR                   48 -322            55 .O9
                                              48.176                    18 -45   RHOW ISLANO                    58.764             88.22
                                              23.432                    18.85    SOUTH CRROLINR                 48.874             41.47
                                               6.818                    32.46    sourn O ~ M O T A               13.174            62.65
                                              23.642                   28.38     TENNESSEE                      55.018             80.92
                                              13.S8l                    43-42    T EXRS                         88 -757           124.65
                                               7.956                   67 -87    UTAH                           50.591             58.35
                                                9.641                   31.12    VERHONT                         19.178             15-97
                                              24.897                    27 -76   VIRDINIA                       73.780             44 -63
                                              18.688                   44 -48    WSH lNOTON                     82.968             68.26
                                              16.387                   40 -88    HEST VIROlNlR                  32.846             71.27
                                              20.726                    98.01    H1SCONSIN                      57.446             55.69
                                                5.311                   80 -73   WOnl N O                         8.712            74 -84

                                              18rSBO                    38-38    SUBTOTAL                       88.171             89-35




I/ N W I T I K L I INJURE0 PERSONS PER 100 NILLION VEHICLE HILLS.
      TABLE 6=8. NONFATALLY INJURED PERSONS BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                                           =   19SO
                                               OTHER FEDERAL-AID PRUIARY HIOHWAYS



                                     RURAL                                                                            URBAN
                                                                                                                ..-
                        VEH ICLE     OAILY              O1
                                                       WN     InLLv                                       NILES
                                                                                                         VEHICLE       OAILY         NONF ALLY
                         NILES      VEHtCLE         INJUIEI   'ERSONS                          nIOHHAY                 NILES
                                                                                                                      VE~ICLE     lNJUREO 'ERSOWS
                       INILLIOWS     nrm                                                       MILES     lHlLLlOYS
                                    PER NILE                   RATE     ll                                                       WWH)EI     rrrr y
ALIIWW(n                              1*S76                       78-11      nLR8ANA                                              4.744      100.40
InmKA                                 1.414                       48 -26     MASMA                                                   40 1    184.79
nalzorn                               1.216                      118.84      nn IZOWA                                             2.719        43.89
MRlUISIS                              3.172                       80 .s4     ARKRNSAS                                             3.l83      138.81
C#lfMYtA                              8 .689                      82 -20     CALlFORWlR                                          32.307        82.80
caOltAOO                              2 4807                      77 .a3     COLORAOO                                             6.718      184.76
COmLCT ICUT                           8.996                       81.29      C W C T [CUT                                         7.921      191 -28
OLLAWlllE
OlST. QF c a *
fLMIOI
                                       -
                                     13eBl8
                                      6.891
                                                                    -
                                                                  80 -08     OELAWARE
                                                                             0181. O f COL.
                                                                                                                                  1,962
                                                                                                                                  6 .598
                                                                                                                                             220.20
                                                                                                                                             360.24
                                                                 114.06      FLOR IDA                                            38.281      163.44
OEM0 ln                               3.014                      106.86      woRoln                                              43.874      137.39
WWAl t                                8.lW                       118.36      HnNnI I                                              2.605      178.91
IOlMl                                 2.llO                        81 -94                                                            800     206 33
ILLIIIOIS                             3.436                        91.30      ILLlWOlS                                           34.397      247 78
IWOIIWI                               6 .PO6                     1015.8l      IWOlANA                                             7,003      lS3.81
low                                   2.330                        89.74     IONn                                                 60235      257.96
lmaaa                                 2.006                        69-92     KAWSAS                                               3 376      20%.04
RENTUERY                              4.797                      128 .52     KENTUCKY                                             6.434      238.20
LWlSlAwA                              4.850                      114.09      LoUI8InWI                                           14.378      477 -38
(YIIWT;                               4.817                      106.77      IlnlNE                                               2 32%      248-61
WRYLANO                              II.m                        lll.04      MRYLAWD                                             14.579      218.09
HaSbAttlusETT6                        8.317                        43.75     HRSSRCHUSETTS                                        8.649        a7.34
NICHlMm                               6.441                      I 1 2 -27   nrcnIoan                                            15.529      167.6s
MtnnEaorn                             2.600                        88-15     NlNNElOTA                                            S ,483     146-68
N1S81SSIWl                            3.092                        88 a86    NISStSSI?PI                                          9.569      231 -90
NISSWRI
IWWTrn
HErnRSIIA
                                      4.181
                                      1
                                      1.816
                                                                   74 -62
                                                                   79 -28
                                                                   66-17
                                                                             NISSOURI
                                                                             HONTANR
                                                                             NEBRASIA
                                                                                                                                  6.240
                                                                                                                                     187
                                                                                                                                  4.353
                                                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                                             I 4 7 .01
                                                                                                                                               40 39
                                                                                                                                             300.83
nEvm                                  2.171                        66 -74      EA A
                                                                             WVO                                                     809       06 -89
IKY nnM?SnlRL                         a .an7                       41.01     M Y HANPSHIRE                                           64 1      60.27
HEN JERSEV                           10.277                      217 -69       E
                                                                             W N JERSEI                                          23.366      260.17
HEN NEXICO                            trill                        91 m 97    E
                                                                             N W NEXICO                                           3.228      277.80
W% Y ROK                              4.840                      124.78      NEN roan                                            441948      204 -4%
nmTH cnna1llR                         6.467                      103.39      NORTH ciYloLrnn                                      6.701      l06.55
nmTn omoTa                               007                       3B.67       OT
                                                                             W R H OAllOTA                                           862     196.13
Onlo                                  6.877                      I 2 6 -68   OHIO                                                30 -906     324.66
O n L M                               f.3M                         69.13     OnLWIONA                                             3.309      140.67
 RO W
OEO                                   J.48S                        88-35     OREWW                                                5.483      l83.08
IYMSYLVAII1A                          6 ,662                     121.33      ?EWWSYLVAWlR                                        27.074      176.94
RnmE t a m                            #.006                        77 -92    RnoUIDE t SLnNo                                      3.320      216.03
WUTH CMOLIIIII                        4.728                      107.14      SOUTH CAROLINA                                      10,135      21 1.37
sourn m o ~ n                         1.099                        61 -86    SOUTH OAKOTA                                         1.384      267.73
TElltYSaEE                            4 ,690                     lO3.16      TEWNEISEE                                           11 0893     205.41
TEXn8                                 4,052                        08-41     TEXM                                                33 426      176.74
UTWI                                  1.916                        87.29     UTW                                                  1.189      193.02
V E W Yt                              J.985                        66 .a0    VERNONT                                                 809     177.55
vlmwtn                                80248                        98.28     VfROlWIR                                             9 eO75     174.49
NnStllNOTW                            3.33s                      114.50      YRSHINGTON                                           6.062      111.97
NEST VtROINIR                         4.70%                      177.97      NEST VIROINIA                                        3.029      290. I3
YISCOWSlW                             3 ,644                     100.67      YISCOWSIN                                            0.801      155.33
YIOllIWO                              1.405                        64 15     YIMlfNC                                                 877     166.75
                                      1.am                       104 a65     SUBTOTAL                                           497.623      173.51



  u
O E R ~~~RTRLLY
    N U J N I     PERBOWS PER IOO NILLION VEnlcLE   nus.
                TABLE 6-D. NONFATALLY INJURED PERSONS
                   BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                            - 1990
                           FEDERAL-AID SECONDARY HIGHWAYS


                                                      HRJOR COLLECTOR
        STATE                                VEHICLE         DA I Y
                                                                  L                 NONl
                           HIGttWRY           RILES         VEHICLE              INJUREl
                            MILES          ( HILLIONS I      H I LES
                                                            PER H I L E        NUMBER      RRTE   I/
COHPLETE DRTR
  RLRBRtlR
  RLRSKR
  RR IZONR
  RRKANSRS
  CRLIFORNIA
  COLORRDO
  CONNECTICUT
  DELAWARE
  D I S T . OF COL.
  FLORIDR
  GEORGI R
  HAWAI I
  IDAHO
  ILLINOIS
  INDIANA
  IOUR
  KANSAS
  KENTUCKY
  LOUISIANA
  RR I NE
  MARYLAND
  HRSSACHUSETTS
  HICHIGRN
  RI  NNESOTR
  HISSISSIPPI
  H I SSOUR I
  MONTRNA
  NEBRRSKR
  NEVADA
  NEW HAMPSHIRE
  NEW JERSEY
  NEW REX1 CO
  NEW YORK
  NORTH CAROLINA
  NORTH DAKOTR
  OHIO
  OKLRHOHR
  OREGON
  PENNSYLVANIA
  RHODE ISLRNO
  SOUTH CAROLINA
  SOUTH DAKOTR
  TENNESSEE
  TEXAS
  UTAH
  VERHONT
  VIRGlNIA
  WASHINGTON
  WEST V I R G I N I A
  WISCONSIN
  ClYOHl NG
  SUBTOTAL
INCOHPLETE DRTR
   1/ NONFRTRLLY INJURED PERSONS PER 1 0 0 H I L L I O N VEHICLE H I L E S -
  TABLE 6 4 . NONFATALLY INJURED PERSONS BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM
                                                     NOWFEDERAL-AID ARTERIAL HIOWYA 1 8
                                                                                                                             -   1996



                                         RURAL                                                               URBAN
                             VEHICLE     OAILI
                                        VEHICLE
                                                           NONFRTRLLI
                                                        [NJUREO PERSONS   I      STATE          VEHICLE
                                                                                                 nus
                                                                                                             WILY
                                                                                                            V E l CLE
                                                                                                                  ~
                                                                                                                        I    NONF
                                                                                                                            INJURE
                                         nus                                                   ~nILLlONSI
                                       PER H l L E                                                                                   RATE   I/

RLABRflR                                                                      AL ABRHA
RLASKR                                                                        ALASKA
RR 1ZONA                                                                      AR lZONA
ARMRNSRS                                                                      RRKANSAS
CALIFORNIA                                                                    CALIFORNIA
                                                                              COLORADO
                                                                              CONNECTlCUT
                                                                              OELAWARE
                                                                              OIST. OF COL.
                                                                              FLOR 1OR
                                                                              MOROIA
                                                                              HRWR I I
IDAHO                                                                         1OAHO
tLLlNOIS                                                                      ILLINOIS
fNOtANR                                                                       I 1ANA
                                                                                NO
                                                                              IWO A
                                                                              KANSAS
                                                                              KENTUCKY
                                                                              LOUI SIANR
                                                                              HA lME
                                                                              tlRRILRNO
                                                                              HASSACHUSETTS
                                                                              HICHIMIN
                                                                              HlNNESOTA
                                                                              HISSISSIPP1
                                                                              R 1SSOUR I
                                                                              NEBRASKA
                                                                              NEVADA
                                                                              NEW HARPSHIRE
                                                                              NEW JERSEY
                                                                              NEW MEXICO
                                                                              NEW YORK
                                                                              NORTH CRROLINR
                                                                              NORTH ORMOTR
                                                                              OHIO
                                                                              OKLRHOHA
                                                                              OREGON



                                                                              TENNESSEE
                                                                              TEXAS
                                                                              UTAH

                                                                              MASHlNOTON
                                                                              WEST VlROlNIR
                                                                              H ISCONSI N

SUBTOTAL                                                                      SUBTOTAL


  1/ NONFRTALLY INJURED PERSONS PER 100 HILLION VEHICLE RILES.
       TABLE 6-F. NONFATALLY INJURED PERSONS BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                                                  1990
                                                      NOWFEDERAL-AID COLLECTOR HIGHYAY t



                                            RURAL                                                                         URBAN
    STATE




ALABAHA
                               VEHICLE
                              (HILLIONS
                                            DAILY
                                           VEHICLE
                                            MILES
                                           PER BILE
                                                                   'ALLY
                                                                   'ERSONS
                                                                    RATE     I/

                                                                       6 2 .SO
                                                                                      STRTE
                                                                                                    H I CHWAY
                                                                                                                VEHICLE    DAILY
                                                                                                                          VEHICLE
                                                                                                                           MILES
                                                                                                                          PER BILE   I-      TALLY
                                                                                                                                             PERSONS
                                                                                                                                                 RATE   I/

ALASKA                                                                 77 -03
A l2ONA
 R                                                                    116.14      RH IZONA
ARKANSAS                                                               97 -98     ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA                                                            252 -76     CALIFORNIA
COLORAOO                                                              105.57      COL ORAOO
CONNECTICUT                                                           146.81      CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE                                                              168.75      OELRYARE
0151. OF C M .                                                                              F
                                                                                  DIST. O COL.
FLORIDA                                                                5 4 .SO    FLORIDA
OEOROIA                                                                75.25      GE3RC IA
HRIIAI I                                                               33.70      HfWAl l
Imno                                                                   52.72      lOAHO
 ILLINGIS                                                             141.30      lLLIFlCll5
 I ANA
  WOI                                                                 126.17      INOIRNA
 IOHA                                                                 124.49         W
                                                                                  IO A
KANSAS                                                                123.78      NANSAS
UENTUCKY                                                              206.04      KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA                                                             149.70      LOU I S IANA
IiR IHE                                                               130.73      MAINE
HRRYLANO                                                              186.48      HARYLAN0
HASSRCHUSETTS                                                         299.73      HASSACHUSETTS
HlCHlORN                                                              207 .52     BlCHlCRN
H INNESOTR                                                            113.28      BINNESOTR
nlsslssiPPI                                                            56 -22     HlSStSSlPPI
H lSSOUR I                                                            123.32      H liSOUR I
HOnTRNA                                                                88.66      MONTANA
NE9RRSWR                                                              183.39      NEBRASKA
NEVADA                                                                102.26      NEVADA
NEU HRHPSHIRE                                                          64 - 9 8   NEU UAMPSH~RE
  E
M W JERSEY                                                            242 - 4 1    E
                                                                                  N W JERSEY
  E
M W HEXlCO                                                            171.84      NEU HEKlCO
N W YORU
  E                                                                   363.99      NEW i m n
NORTH CAROLINA                                                        164.08      NORTH CAROL lNR
NORTH ORKOTA                                                          21 1.06     NORTH DAKOTA
OHlO                                                                  219.85      OHlO
OKLRHOHR                                                               28.62      OKLAHOHA
OREW  N                                                                61 -85     OREOON
PENNSYLVANIA                                                          175.09      PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND                                                           89.23      RHOOE ISLANO
SOUTH CWOL IN#                                                        114.80      sourn CAROL INA
sourn OWOTA                                                           111.67      SOUTH DAKOTA
T ENNESSEE                                                            147.94      TENNESSEE
TEXRS                                                                  74 - 0 9   TEXRS
UTRH                                                                  126.41      uiw-
VERHONT                                                               107.69      VERHONT
VIRGINIA                                                              204.87      VlROlNlA
HASHlNOTON                                                            306.10      UASH~NGTON
WESV VlROlNlA                                                         200.29      UEST VIRGINIA
UlSCONSlN                                                             184 .O7     HISCONSIN
WYOHING                                                                83.37
SUBTOTAL                                                               169.01     SUB T I AL
                                                                                       O




  I/   NONFATALLY INJURED PERSONS PER 100 HILLION VEHICLE MILES.
   TABLE 6-6. NONFATALLY INJURED PERSONS BY STATE AND HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                                 -   1990
                                                 NOWFEDERAL- AID LOCAL HlCHUA Y 8

                                      RURAL                                                                  URBAN
                                                                                                         I
                   VEHICLE             DRILY          NONF I A L L l                           VEHICLE       DAILY      NONFRTALLY
                     nus              VEHICLE       INJURE PERSONS                                                   INJURE0 PERSONS
                  It l l L L IONS I    nlm
                                      PER n u     NUNBE R    RATE       1/

I)LABRIIR                                 210                  150.48        HLABAUI
ALASKA                                    I76                   72.49        RLASKR
AR IZONA                                  169                  193.12        ARIZONA
ARKANSAS                                   69                  115.78        ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA                                1I 7                 271.59        CALIFORNIA
COLORADO                                   34                  293.62        COLORADO
CONNECTICUT                               419                  139.79        CONNECT ICUT
Of LRWARE
01ST. OF COL.
FLOR l OR
                                         -200
                                          489
                                                                    -
                                                               141.27
                                                               826.78
                                                                             DELAWARE
                                                                             OIST. OF COL.
                                                                             FLORIOR
OEOROlA                                   212                  144.94        GEORGIA
HAYAI l                                 1.111                   97 -24       HAUR I I
Ionno                                     108                  100.21        lDAHO
lLLiNOlS                                  118                  176.90        ILLINOIS
INDIANA                                   1 36                 317.51        INDIANA
 -
IOMA                                        62                 224 - 6 9     IOUR
KANSAS                                      48                 161 - 5 5     KRNSAS
MENTUCKV                                   153                 222.42        KENTUCKV
LOUISIANA                                 194                  383.63        LOUISIANA
HA 1ME                                    22s                  234.79        HA INE
IIARYLANO                                 325                  210.80
HASSACHUSET TS                            350                  813.35
rilcnlo~n                                  118                 279.35
RINNESOTA                                   91                 179.12
nlssIsswpt                                242                   76.95
nI  SSOUR l                               130                  309.91
NONTANR                                    44                  121.75        HliNTANR
NEBRASKA                                   58                  189.57        NEBRASKA
NEVADA                                     24                  107.87        NEVAOR
 E
N W HAHPSUIRE                             169                  140.96        NEU HAHPSHIRE
N W JERSEY
 E                                        299                  460.17         E
                                                                             N W JERSEY
NEY HEXICO                                145                   92.43        NEU n E x l c o
 E
N W YORK                                  191                  967.85        NEY YORh
NORTH CAROL INR                           180                  868.85        NORTH CRROLINR
NORTH DAKOTA                                3I                  18.16        NORTH ORKOTA
OHIO                                      289                  199.92        onlo
OI(LAHOUR                                  73                  245 - 9 6     OKLAHOHR
OREOON                                     64                   77 -48       OREOON
PENNSYLVANIA                              2 38                 194 - 5 9     PENNSYLVAN[A
RHOOE ISLANO                              20 1                  83.33        RiiODE ISLRNO
SOUTH CAROLINA                            164                  215.58        sourn CAROLINA
SOUTH omnorm                               40                  130.65        SOUTH DAMOTa
TENNESSEE                                  95                  301.59        TENNESSEE
TEXAS                                      81                  453.83        TEXAS
 IA
LT H                                       52                  272.05        UTAH
VERUONT                                   151                  123.80        VER~ONT
VlROlNiA                                  26 1                 139.46        VIRGINIA
WSHINGTON                                  70                  763.97        UASHINGTON
NEST VlROINfR                             105                  282.22        WEST VIRGINIA
YlSCONSIN                                 120                  214.16        WISCONSIN
wonwo                                      41                   84.77        wronlnc
                                                               291.74        SUBTOTAL
a
           -
        = z "
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                                                            A-uom
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                                                            a-IacxW                   oaz
                                                                                    ah=-
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~
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    mz~)oaua    0--    o z mu-
                            a
                                  ~ ~ ~ ( O ~ ~ Z ~ U P o zW O
    x o z ~ a ~ x . - ~ - o z a~ ~ w ~ a - ~ - o a a 0 ~ 7
                                                          W *                      zzz-zz  tf~
                                                                                 ~ * ~ ~ ~2 g g g ~ ~ y g ~
~   m ~ a - o ~ a c a ~ a z - - a t n c - ~ ~ ~ ~ z m m ~ ~ a
                                                                  ~
a a - ~ ~ ~ z a m o o x a ~ o ~ z ~ a - 0 : ~ 1 ~ z m m z m ~ t tm ~ ~ a - - 1 ~ z o x
                                                                            :
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ g ~ ~ ~ a o a z o a w ~ a a a - - - - o ~ ~ w ~ w w ~ o o ~ . 3 a w ~ o o w w ~ u - a
                  E - - - - x T A r z T r r z ~ T Z Z Z z z Z z Z O O O ~ ~ V I V I C C a > w I I ~m
                                                                                                   I
                                            -
                              SECTION Ill OTHER RATES

A Highway Mileage

Vehicle mileage rates for the United States are the most common measure of safety
performance Fable 1). For some purposes, rates per mile of highway may be more
useful (Table 7). Note that, because of the concentration of travel on highway
systems with the fewest fatalities per vehicle mile, highways on these systems tend to
have the highest number of fatalities per highway mile.

B. Population

Population rates are useful for comparing motor vehicle accidents with other public
health problems. In 1989, only heart disease, cancer and stroke were responsible for
more deaths, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. State rates per
thousand residents are listed in Table 8 for fatal and nonfatal injury accidents, fatalities,
and nonfatally injured persons.

C. Licensed Drivers

The number of accidents per licensed driver reflects both the care with which drivers
operate their vehicles and the amount of travel under various conditions. States'
accident, fatality, and injury rates per licensed driver are listed in Table 9.

D Registered Vehicles
 .
The number of accidents per registered vehicle is also affected by how carefully the
vehicle is driven and the amount of travel under various conditions. States' rates per
registered vehicle are listed in Table 10.
                               TABLE 7. U.S. HIGHWAY-MILE RATES BY HIGHWAY SYSTEM                                                1990'




INTERSTATE (RRTERIRLI
    RURRL
    URBAN
      TOTAL
OTHER FEDERAL-I10
  PRIMARY (ARTERIAL 1
        URBAN
          TOTAL                  260.273
FEDERAL-AID URBAN
  ARTERIAL                         92.109
  COLLECTOR                        65.671
    TOTAL ( A L L URBAN1          147.680
FEDERAL-A10 SECONORRY
  ICOLLECTOR I
    TOTAL ( A L L RURAL)   I     399.975




I
ION-FEDERAL-RID
  RRTERIIL
     RURAL                          2.459
     URBAN                          8.009
       TOTAL                       10.460
RON-FEDERAL-AID
  COLLECTOR
    RURAL                        330.303
    URBAN                         22.677
      TOTAL                      362.980



                           I
NOW-FEDERAL-RID LOCAL
   RURRL                       21130.427
   URBAN                          539.276
      TOTAL                    2.683.702
ALL FEDERRL-AID
    RURAL
    URBRN
      TOTAL
ALL NOW-FEDERM-AID
    RURAL
    URBAN
      TOTAL




TOTAL
    RURRL                      3.122.781
    URBAN                         7 5 7 -363
      TOTAL                    3.880.151
       I/ U.S. ESTIMBTES EXCLUDE THE COH~ONHEALTHOF PUERTO RICO AND TnE                HPns UNIVERSE OATR ANO VEHICLE BILES OF TRAVEL RRE FROM THE n P n s
TERRITORIES OF RRERICRN SAHOA. WAM. AND VIROIN ISLANDS. ESTIHRTES FOR                  RREAYIOE SUHHARY TABLES- FEOERRL HIOHWRY AOMINISTRRTION ESTIHRTES HERE
FRTAL RCCIOENIS. FATALITIES. NONFATRL INJURY ACCIOENTS RNO NONFRTRLLY                  MROE FOR HAJOR HIGHWAY CATEGORIES WHERE COHPLETE FUNCTIDNRL OR
INJUREO PERSONS ARE BASEO ON THE PIRTIAL          DATA REPORTED BY STATES u n t c n    FEDERRL-A10 SYSTEH ORTA WERE NOT REPORTEO.
                                                                                            a/ RATES ARE PER 1.000 HIGHWAY MILES.
         - ....
M ~ t O ! ~ ~ \ f ~ E I N THE FOLLOYINO TABLES. TOOETHER Y l T H TOTALS REPORTED B
.."W.         b".
                      O
     2/ HILEABE 1NO TRRVEL DATR ARE FROH THE HIGHHAY PERFORHRNCE
                                                                                   Y
                                                                                            4/ESTIHRTES OF NOHFRTRL INJURY RCCIDENTS AN0 NONFATRLLY INJURED
                                                                                       PERSONS HERE HROE BY FHWR BRSED ON STRTE REPORTED 1 9 8 9 ORTA FOR
AONITORINO SYSTEM IHPMSl FOR 1990. FEDERAL-AID HIOHHAY H I L E A M I S FROH            ARKANSAS. ntssIouit. NEH HAHPSHIRE. NEH YORK. OHIO. ANO TENNESSEE.
                             TABLE 8. . F A T A L AND INJURY ACCIDENT D A T A
                                             RELATED TO POPULATION                     =     1990




I                                         POPULRTION
                                                 I

                                                     VEHICLE         FRTAL
                                                                                I
                                                                                    RATES PER THOUSAND PERSONS
                                                                                                  I

                                                                                                      NONFRTRL
                                                                                                                 I

                                                                                                                     NONFRTAL
              STRTE                  NUMBER           BILES         ACC ]DENT       FATAL I T Y        INJURY         INJURY
                                 l THOUSANDS 1         PER            RATE            RATE            ACCIOENT         RATE
                                                      CRP ITR                                           RRTE




    CRLIFORNIR                      29 a760            8.700          0.16            0.17               7.95          12.29
    COLORAOO                         3.294             8.251          0.15            0.17               7.76          11.90
    CONNECTICUT                      3.287             8.002          0.11            0.12               9 -02         12 -78
    OELRMARE                            666            9.832          0.18            0.21               7.96          12.65
/
    O I S T . O COL.
               F                       607             5.613          0.08            0 -08             15.64         21 a78
    FLOR I A D                      12.938             8.502                          0.22              10.09         16.56
    GEORG I   R                                                                                          9.79         15.26
    HRHR Ii                                                                                                           11.21
    lOAHO                            1.007             9.781          0.21            0.24               7.99          11-16
    ILLINOIS                        11.431             7.290          0.13            0.14               9.30          13-80
    lN lRNA
      O                              5.544             9.686          0.17            0.19               9.43          13.42
      H
    1O A                             2.777             8.280          0.15            0.17               7-41          10.89

I   KRNSRS
    KENTUCKY
                             1       2.478
                                     3.685
                                                 1     9.221
                                                       9.129
                                                                1     0.16
                                                                      0.20      I     1::         I      ::      I     12.21
                                                                                                                       14-88    I
    UFIRY LAN0                       4.781             8.479          0.13            0.14              10.24          16.82
    MRSSRCHUSETTS                    6.016             7.668          0 -09           0.10              12.15          15.22
    MlCHlGRN                         9.295             8.724          0.15            0-17              10.49          16 no3
    MINHESOTR                        4.375             8 902          0.11            0-13               6.39          10.20
    ~ISSISSIPPI                      2.573             9.482          0.24            0.29               5.43          10.33
    MISSOURI      11                 5.117             9.944          0.18            0.21               8.15          12.93
    MONTRNR                             739           10.428          0.24            0 27               6.91          10.36
    NEBRRSKR                         1.578             8.845          0.14            0.17               9-82          14.76
    NEVAOA                           1.202             8.498          0 .25           0.29              10.44         15.97
    N W HARPSHIRE
     E                  1/           1.109             8 876          0.13            0-14               3.05          6 -30
    NEU JERSEY                       7.730             7.623          0.11            0.11              13.32         21.03
    NEU MEXICG                       1.515            10.659          0 -29           0.33              10-49         16.37
     E
    N W YORK   1/                   17.990             5.942          0.1 1           0.12              11-13          16.51
    NORTH CAROLINA                   6.629             9.459          0.19            0.21              37.5 1         17.80
    NORTH DAKOTA                        639            9.249          0.16            0.18               4.95           7 -24
    OH I 0     11                   10.847             8.018          0.14            0.15              1I.08          18 -60
                                                                                                                 I              i
    OKLAHOMA                         3.146            10.515          0.18            0.20               7 -84         12.26
    OREGON                           2 -842            9.408          0.18            0.20               7 -89         12.39
    PENNSYLVANIA                    11.882             7,213          0.13            0.14               7.79          12.03
    RHOOE ISLANO                     3.003             7.003          0 -08           0.08               8 -02         11 -70
                                                                                                  1

    SOUTH CRROLINA                   3.487             9.858          0 -25           0.28               8 -54         13.86
    SOUTH DAKOTA                        696           10.042          0.20            0.22               6.93          10.43
    TENNESSEE 11                     4 .a77            9.578          0.21            0.24               9.60          14.82
    TEXRS                           16.987             9.550          0.17            0.19               9.56          15.46
I

    UTRK                             1.723             8.500          0 14            0.16               8 -67         13.15
    VERRONT                             563           10.369          0.15            0.16               6.42           9.91
    VIRGINIA                         6.187             9.727          0.15            0.17               8 -36         12.35
    WASHINGTON                       4.867             9.183          0.15            0 - 17            10.63          15.63
    W S VIRGINIA
     ET                              1.793             8.599          0 -23           0.27              10.12          15.61
    UlSCONSlN                        4.892             9.051          0.14            0. 16              8 -67         12 -78
    UYORING                            454            12.848          0 .23           0.28               7.51          11.82
       U.S.     TOTAL              248,708             8.635          0.16            0.18              10 .06         14.48

         1/ ESTlHATES O NONFATRL INJURY ACCIDENTS AND NONFATALLY INJURE0 PERSONS HERE MADE BY FHW
                       F
           N
    BASED O STRTE REPORTED 1989 DATA.
                     TABLE 9. FATAL AND INJURY ACCIDENT DATA
                        RELATED TO LICENSED DRIVERS                   *   1990


-
-


                          LICENSED DRIVERS                        E
                                                           RATES P R THOUSAND DRIVERS
                                    VEHICLE       FATRL                     NONFATAL    NONFRTRL
         STRTE           NURBER      tl ILES    ACCIDENT   FATAL1T Y         INJURY      INJURY
                      [THOUSANDS1      PRE        RRTE       RATE           R CI
                                                                             C DENT       RATE
                                     DR 1 V R
                                           E                                  RATE
    ALRBRBR              2.753        15.382       0.36      0.41             10.99      16.22
    ALASKA                  314       12.672       0 -29     0.30             12.49      18 -35
    RR I O R
        ZN               2.393        14.817       0 -33     0 -36            15.72      25 -39
    RRKRNSRS    L/       1.722        12.202       0.30      D-35              6 -79     12 -53




    IDAHO                   704       13 ,990      0.30       0.35            11 -43      15.96
    ILLINOIS             7.295        11 -423      0.20       0.22            14 -57      21 -63
         N
    IN01A R              3.601        14,912       0 -26      0 -29           14 -52      20 -67
1   IO~R                 1.872        12.283       0.22       o .25           10.99       16-15
    KANSAS               1.715        13.323       0.23       0 -26           11.70       17 -64
    KENTUCKY             2.402        14,005       0.31       0 -35           14 -85      22 -83
    LOUISIRNR            2.575        14,628       0 -32      0 -37           18.19       30 a36
    H IE
     R N                    887       13.383       0.22       0 -24           11.29       18.47
     RY
    R R LRND             3.362        12.057       0.19       0.20            14 -56      23 -92
    RASSACHUSETTS        4.229        10.908       0.13       0.14            17.29       21 -65
    RICHIGRN             6.440        12,592       0.22       0 -24           15.14       23.13
    R l NNESOTR          2 .529       15.400       0.20       0.22            11 so5      17-65
                           TABLE 10. FATAL AND INJURY ACCIDENT DATA
                               RELATED TO VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS                                   -   1990



I                              I      REGISTERED VEHICLES
                                                       VEHICLE         FRTRL
                                                                                     RATES PER THOUSRNO VEHICLES
                                                                                                      NONFATRL         NONFATAL
                STRTE                  NUHBER           RILES         ACCIDENT         FRTRLITY        INJURY           INJURY
                                   l THOUSRNDS 1         PER            RATE             RATE         RCC IDENT          RATE
                                                       VEHICLE                                          RRTE

I    ALRBRMR
     ALASKA
                               I       3744
                                          477
                                                   1    11.311
                                                         8.342
                                                                  (    0.26
                                                                       0.19
                                                                                 (       0.30
                                                                                         0.20
                                                                                                  I      808
                                                                                                         8.22
                                                                                                                  I     11.92
                                                                                                                        12.08
     AR I O R
         ZN
     ARKRNSRS       A/         I       2.825
                                       1.448
                                                        12.551
                                                        14.510
                                                                       0.28
                                                                       0.36      I       0.31
                                                                                         0.42
                                                                                                        13.31
                                                                                                         8.07
                                                                                                                        2i .SO
                                                                                                                        14.91
     CALIFORNIR
     COLORADO
     CONNECTICUT
     DELAWARE
             F
     OIST. O COL*                         262           13,004         0.18              0.18           36.23           50.45
     FLOR IOR                         10.950            10.045         0.24              0 -26          11 -93          19 -56
     GEORGIR                           5.489            13.253         0.26              0.28           11 -55          18.01
     H W II
      AR                                  77 1          10.462         0.20              0.23           11.19           16.11
1    IDAHO
     ILLINOIS                  1       1.054
                                       7.873
                                                   I


                                                   I     9.344
                                                        10.585    I :
                                                                    0            1       828 1
                                                                                                  I
                                                                                                         7 -63
                                                                                                        13-50     I      10.66
                                                                                                                         20.04
     IOI N
     I
      N RR
      OWA                      I       4.366
                                       2.632
                                                        12.299
                                                         8.736
                                                                       0.21
                                                                       0.15      I       0 -24
                                                                                         0-18
                                                                                                        11 -97
                                                                                                         7 -82
                                                                                                                         17.04
                                                                                                                         11 -49
     KANSAS                            20012            11 0356        0.19              0.22            9.97            15.04
     KENTUCKY                          2.909            11.564         0.26              0 -29          12.26            18-05
     LOUISIRNA                         2.995            12.577         0.28              0.32           15.64            26.10
     H IE
      A N                                 977           12.150         0.20              0.22           10.25            16.77
                                                   I

     HRRYLRND
     HRSSRCHUSETTS
     HI H I R
       C GN
                                         .
                                       3.607
                                       3 726
                                       7.209
                                                        11.238
                                                        12.381
                                                        11.249
                                                                       0.18
                                                                       0.15
                                                                       0.19
                                                                                         0.19
                                                                                         0.16
                                                                                         0.22
                                                                                                        13 *57
                                                                                                        19-62
                                                                                                        13.52
                                                                                                                         22 -29
                                                                                                                         24 -57
                                                                                                                         20 -66
     HINNESOTR                         3.508            11 ,102        0.14              0.16            7.97            12.72

I    MISSISSIPPI
     MISSOURI       11
                    -          1       1.875
                                       3.905
                                                   1    13.012
                                                        13.030
                                                                  1    0.33
                                                                       0.24
                                                                                 I


                                                                                 1                1     10.68            16.94
     H N RNR
      OT
     NEBRASKR                  t         783
                                       1.384
                                                   I
                                                        10.641
                                                        10.085
                                                                       0.24
                                                                       0.16
                                                                                 I
                                                                                         0 -27
                                                                                         0.19
                                                                                                         7.05
                                                                                                        11 -20
                                                                                                                  I
                                                                                                                         10.57
                                                                                                                         16.83
     NEVADA                               853           11.975         0.35              0 *4O          14.72            22.50
     N W HRHPSHI E
      E         R         I/              946           10.406         0.15              0.17            3.57             7 -38
     N W JERSEY
      E                                5.652            10.425         0.14              0.16           18-21            28 -76
     NW HEXICO
      E                                1.301            12.412         0.34              0.38           12.22            19.06
     NW YORK
      E         &/                    10.196            10.485         0.20              0 -22          19.65           29.12
     NORTH CRROLINA                    5.162            12.148         0 .24             0.27           48. 16          22 *85
     NORTH DRKOTR                         630            9.381         Om 17             0.18            5.02            7.35
     OHIO       11                     8.410            10.341         0.18              0-19           14.29           23 99


II   OKLRHOHR
     OEO
      RG N
     PENNSYLVRNIR
     RHODE ISLRND
                               I
                               I
                                       2.649
                                       2.445
                                       7.978
                                          672
                                                   I
                                                   I
                                                        12.488
                                                        10.936
                                                        10.752
                                                        lot452
                                                                  1
                                                                  (
                                                                       0.21
                                                                       0.20
                                                                       0.19
                                                                       0.12
                                                                                 1
                                                                                 1
                                                                                         0.24
                                                                                         0.24
                                                                                         0.21
                                                                                         0.13
                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                        11.62
                                                                                                        11.97
                                                                                                                  1I     14 .56
                                                                                                                         14.40
                                                                                                                         17 -93
                                                                                                                         17-16

I    SOUTH CAROLINA
     SOUTH DRKOTR
                               I       2.520
                                          70 4
                                                   (
                                                   I

                                                        13.641
                                                         9.928
                                                                  I


                                                                  1     0.35
                                                                        0.20     I       0.39
                                                                                         0-22
                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                  I

                                                                                                        ll. I 2
                                                                                                         6-65
                                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                                  I
                                                                                                                         19.18
                                                                                                                         10.31


I    UTRH
     VERHONT
                               1       1.206
                                          462
                                                   1    12.144
                                                        12.636
                                                                  1    0.20
                                                                       0.18
                                                                                 1       0.23
                                                                                         0.19
                                                                                                  1     12.39
                                                                                                         7.83
                                                                                                                  1      18.78
                                                                                                                         12.08
     VIRGINIA
     YASHINGTON                I       4.93e
                                       4.257
                                                        12.187
                                                        10 0499
                                                                       0.19
                                                                       0.17      I       0.22
                                                                                         0.19
                                                                                                        10.48
                                                                                                        12.15
                                                                                                                         15.48
                                                                                                                         17.87
     YEST VIRGINIR                     1.225            12.586         0.33              0.39           14 -81          22.85
     WISCONSIN                         3.672            12 PO58        0.18              0.21           11 -55          17 -03
     YYOH INO                             528           11.047         0.20              0.24            6 -46          10.16
         U.S.     TOTAL        I     188.654       1    11.383    I     0.21     1       0.24     1     13.26     1      19-00
          11 ESTIRATES O NONFRTAL INJURY RCCIDENTS.AND NONFRrRLLY INJURED PERSONS HERE HAOE BY FHM
                        F
     BRSED O STRTE REPORTED lea9 ORTR.
            N
                                                             -
                                           SECTION IV PUERTO RlCO

           Table 11 contains the travel and accident data reported by Puerto Rico for calendar
           year 1990.




                      TABLE 11. FATAL AND INJURY ACCIDENTS IN PUERTO RlCO 1990            -
                                                           INJURY r                           i INJURED
                                     VEHICLE
   HIGHWAY SYSTEM         HIGHWAY     MILES          FA'                NONl    rAt               Noh iTAL
                            MILES   (MILLIONS)
                                                 Number               Number    -Rate*        Number      -Rate*
FEDERAL-AID
Interstate (Rural)                                   37                 1,663   220.56           2,165     287.14
Interstate (Urban)                                   66                 3,333    142.99          3,661     157.06
Other Primary (Rural)                                64                 3,389   327.44           5,186     501.OB
Other Primary (Urban)                                 1                 4,042   200.10          5,198      257.33
Urban Arterial (Urban)                               31                 6,930   309.65          8,348      373.01
Urban Colleotor (Urban)                              21                 1,461   262.30           1,690     303.41
Secondary (kral)                                     42                 3,310   371.4           4,335      486.53
All Federal-Aid                                     262                24,128   -
                                                                                245.55         30,583      311.25

NOKFEDERAL-AID
Arterial (Rural)

Arterial (Urban)                                     0                   610    371.95            819      499.39
Collector (Rural)                                    17                 2,092   383.05          2,887      529.72
Collector (Urban)                                    6                  1,470   251.71           1,900     325.34
Local (Rural)                                       66                  6,073   981.10          7,212     1,165.11

Local (Urban)                                       96                  5,523   493.13          6,419      573.13
All Non-Federal-Aid                              -  185                15,788   520.05        -19,237      634.47

All Rural Hlghwayr                                 220                 16,527   429.84         21,785      566.73
All Urban Highways                               - 221                 23,369   259.25        -
                                                                                              28,035       311.02

TOTAL                                            - 447                 39,898   310.28         49,820      387.46
     SECTION V     - RELATIONSHIP OF FATALITY RATES TO TRAVEL DENSITY
The vehicle mile fatality rate is the measure commonly used for comparing the safety
of different highway systems or the safety of highways in different States. A State
often judges its own performance by comparing its fatality rates with the national
fatality rate. The primary reason for differences in fatality rates appears to be variation
in travel density over which the States have little control. Because the travel density
varies widely among States, not all States will have similar fatality rates. Many reasons
other than variation in travel density affect differences among the fatality rates of the
States. It is difficult to quantify these reasons well enough to develop reliable
definitions of relationships between fatality rates and specific features.

The general characteristics of the relationship between fatality rates and travel density
were described in Section I. Curves illustrating provisional rate-density relationships
have been derived from reported data for the 4-year period from 1986 through 1989.
The relationships must be regarded as provisional because they are based on
incomplete data that is known to contain errors. Nevertheless, the curves provide a
more suitable base than the national fatality rate for evaluating State rates. A curve
describing the provisional rate-density relationship for all highways in the States is
shown in Figure 7-A1.

Even if the risk (probability) of traffic fatalities were dependent only on travel density,
rates would vary at random from those on the rate-density curve. Accidents and
related rates are "random' in a statistical sense. Any attempt to drive a vehicle a given
distance may or may not result in an accident. A degree of statistical regularity exists,
however, that permits estimation of the number of accidents expected from a large
number of attempts. To speak of accidents as random evenl is not to say that
accidents are unrelated to driving hazards or driver skill. The random variation of
fatality rates is larger when the volume of traffic is small. For example, a random
variation of 10 percent would be more likely to occur in the Delaware fatality rate than
in fatality rates for California or New York.

The random variation of fatality rates is analogous to the random variation observed
when flipping a coin repeatedly. If the probability of 'heads' is 1 in 2, the ratio of the
number of heads to the number of flips approaches 1/2 as the number of flips
increases. Similariy, if the probability that a fatality will result from an attempt to drive
one vehicle mile is 3 in 1 0 million, the ratio of fatalities to vehide miles will approach
3/(100 million) as the number of vehicle miles increases. As the number of vehicle
miles or flips of a coin increase, ratios vary at random. The amount of variation can
be computed by applying the binomial probability law for the appropriate number of
vehicle miles or flips. Approximations of the binomial law are commonly used to
Simplify computation.

The application of the binomial probability law to accident rates yields results that
approximate observed experience. This procedure is widely used by the States to
identify hazardous sections of highway. It does not give precise results primarily
because the probability of a fatality (or other event of interest) is not the same for
every attempt that is made to drive a vehicle mile without an accident.

The rate-density curve in Figure 7-A1 is an exponential curve fitted to the data points
by a weighted least squares procedure. Each data point is defined by a State fatality
rate and travel density for the 4-year period. The point is weighted in proportion to the
vehicle miles of travel in the State during those 4 years.

Because the volume of travel is different for each State, the magnitude of random
variation is also different. To illustrate the effect of the differences, provisional ranges
have been computed (Figure 7-A2). For each State, the observed 1990 fatality rate is
related to a provisional range centered on a value taken from the rate density curve in
Figure 7-A1. If variations from rates on the rate-density curve in Figure 7-A1 followed
a binomial distribution, the probability would be 99 out of 100 that each observed rate
would fall within the provisional range shown in Figure 742. Conversely, the chances
would be only 1 in 100 that an observed rate would fall outside the provisional range if
the risk were the same in 1990 as in the preceding 4 years and variation from the
rate-density curve were random. If a rate falls above or below the range shown, it is
probably unusually high or low for some reason other than random variation. Figure
7 4 2 shows that most State fatality rates varied significantly from the provisional
rate-density curve. The 1990 fatality rates were about the same for California and
Oklahoma. Yet, Oklahoma's rate was substantially lower than State rates observed for
a similar travel density in the preceding 4-year period. California's rate, on the other
hand, is within the provisional range, where deviation from the rate-density curve is
less significant. Analysis of the possible reasons for the low rate in Oklahoma and the
rates outside provisional ranges in many other States is beyond the scope of this
report. In Figure 742, States are arranged in order of travel density to facilitate
comparison of States with similar travel densities; the State with the most vehicle miles
per mile of highway (i.e., the highest average daily traffic) is at the top.

Figures 7-81, 7-82a, and 7-B2b, show the rural and urban fatality rates for each State
separately and in the same manner as Figures 7-A1 and 742.

Other provisional range relationships, provisional rate changes, and observed fatality
rates for the highway systems in each Sate are shown in Figures 7-Cla through
7-F2b. Provisional range relationships are shown for the Interstate urban and rural
systems separately.

For every system, seldom the fatality rates obsenred in 1990 were above the
provisional range based on 1986 through 1989 experience (Figure 7).
                  USING RATE-DENSITY RELATIONSHIPS
Rate-density curves may be regarded as provisional national norms for fatality
rates. Figure 7-A1 on page 62 shows the rate-density curve for all roads in the
United States.
For a particular State, the value of the provisional national norm depends on
the daily number of vehicle miles per mile of highway--or average daily traffic
(ADT) in that State. For a State with a daily average of 2,000 vehicle miles
of travel per mile of highway, Figure 7-A1 indicates that a normal fatality rate
would be slightly under 2.5 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles.
Some random deviation of State rates from provisional national norms is
expected. Most of this random deviation would fall within provisional ranges
such as those shown in Figure 7-A2 on page 63. Differences in the width of
provisional ranges reflect differences in volumes of travel; ranges are widest in
the States with the least travel. When State rates fall above or below the
provisional ranges, the deviation from the provisional national norm probably
results from something other than random variation. Possible causes include
effective safety programs, hazardous highways, inconsistent data, and other
factors.
The illustrations that make up Figure 7 may be used to answer questions such
as:
 1.   Where can successful safety programs be found?
      States in which the 1990 fatality rate is to the left of the provisional
      range are most likely to have successful safety programs. See Figures
      742, 7-B2, etC.

 2.                                                               l
      Are safety programs in a particular state more s u c c ~ f uon some
      systems than on others?
      Safety programs are likely to be more successful on highway systems in
      which the 1990 fatality rate is to the left of the provisional range. See
      Figures 742, 7-02, etc.
 3.   Where, In 8 particular State, is the greatest potential for the
      improvement of safety programs?
      The greatest potential for reduction of traffic deaths in a State is likely to
      be on highway systems in which the 1990 fatality rate is to the right of
      the provisional range. See Figures 742, 7-02, etc.
                     STATE TRAVEL DENSITY (ADT)

Fia. 7-A1.   PROVISIONAL RATE-DENSITY REUTIONSHIP (1986-89)
                      ALL HIGHWAYS
                                   A   RURAL
                                   0   URBAN   ...........




       srATE TRAVEL DENSITY (ADn

ROVlSlONAL RATE-DENSITY RELATIONSHIP (1986-89)
 RAL AND URBAN HIGHWAYS
                                     FATAUTIES PER 100 MILllON VEHICLE MILES

                  0              1                                        2           3
   wi
M ai
M W of Columbia
California                                           -I
Delaware


                                     .-
MaryIand
NW.6 J   w
Virginia
New York                                                              8
NMda
Michigan
Connecticut
                                       ..
                                        .
                                                rn
                                                                                  I


Massachusetts                              9



GBorgla
K n@w
Nlinois
                                            .
Washington                            rn
                                      I

Missouri
RsnnsylMnia
Ohio
norlda                                                                I
Utah
 Lwisiane
                                     m
                                                         .
                                                         rn


fmnosse8                                                          -
New Hamprhin                          rn
North Carolina
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Oregon                                     rn
Minnesota
Arizona
                                     .
                                                              m


Oklahoma
Colorado
                                                         m
hdiana
Vermont
Wodr Wand
South Carolina
Mine                                            .
                                                .
Idaho
?ma8
Alabama
                                                -.
                                                9


                                                         I

Nuwkkxico
Krnras
Akoka
                                     .
                                ..
Mim'mippi
Mbr*                            rn

 un
mi8
bwr                                                  I
                                                     9


SUumRkoh
Mont.na                     m
                            m

NmlhOvkotr
WJyomino - -
                 Figure 7B2b FATALITY RATE BY STATE AU.URBAN HIGHWAYS (1990)  -
                                                 HS
                FATMITIES PER 100 MIWON VEHICLE M E




                                    -
Figw 7 - B a FATAUTY RATE BY STATE ALL RURAL HIGHWAYS (1990)
Fig. 7-Clb.   PROVISIONAL RATE-DENSITY RELATlONSHlP (1986-89)
               RURAL INTERSTATE SYSTEM
                    STATE TRAVEL DENSITY (ADT)

Pig. 7-Clc. PROVISIONAL RATE-DENSITY RELATIONSHIP (1986-89)
           URBAN INTERSTATE SYSTEM
                   FATALITIES PER 100 MlUlON VEHICLE MILES




                                     -
Figure 742a FATALITY RATE BY STATE RURAL INTERSTATE HIGHWAYS (1990)
                                     -
                                                  FATALITIES PER 100 MILLIONVEHICLE MllES

                                 0            1                    2
   m b m i r . .. . . . . . .                 1




                                     -
   District of Columbia.
   m i .........
     r
     , i
   Muylmd.. . . . . . . . . .
   N,",,JInry                 -
                      - . . . . ..
  Washington . . . . .
                      .......
  mfnia . . . . . . . .
      ..
   i ..
      .
  m *......-..
. --                       ....      ,A,
   Mind*. . . . . . . . . . . . :
  Ma. . . . . . . . . . . . .
     .                                                4
     Q,.
  W ,, . . . . . - - . .
              .
  Tern. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           I
  m d .. . . . . . . . . . . I        -
  w.          ........-. :
  m**.. . . . . - . .


                                     -
  M i n m .........
  -y-.     ..........
  M b l n d . . .....
  w . ... . . . . . . . . . :
              .............
  w-nfin.          .........
                .....--- ;
  r n
   g
  a o ...........
  T.,,"-.        .....
  kntucky . . . . .
  Mima . . . . . . . . . .
           ............
  South Carolina . . . .
  h-ia.         .....                     .




                                                                    -
                         Figure 742b FATALITY RATE BY STATE URBAN INTERSTATE HIGHWAYS (1990)
                                            A   RURAL
                                            0   URBAN     ..-.....-..


                                      .
                                      *
                                      0




                                      .
                                      L



                                      .
                                                   .
                                                   I
                                                   I
                                                   I


                                                   *
                                                   I



                                      .
                                      1
                                      I



                          .
                                      I
                                      *
                                                   *
                          *
                          1
                          *
                          *
                                                   .
                                                   I
                                                   I



                                                   I
                          I


             I            I           I            I
           11,000      30.000      46,000        @O,OOO         76
                    STAE TRAVEL DENSITY (ADT)

Fig. 7-Dl. PROVISIONAL RATE-DENSITY RELATIONSHIP (1986-89)
 OTHER FEDERAL-AID PRIMARY HIGHWAYS
                                                                         FATAUTIES PER 100 M I W VEHICLE MILES




Dhtrlcrofcokunbi..-
 i p.
m f ,. . . . . . - . .
few.

m.
           ............
           ..............
               ..........'
                                    :
                                                       I.
                                                        rn
                                                        w


                                                                     -
Wiq&,, . . . . . .
     ...
  w m .. . . . . .
               ...........
vkgmh . . . . .-. . . . . .i
                                        rn
                                                            .    :
w a r c h u m . - - . . 7I
man . . . . . . . . . .-. :
cn
 o-           . . . . . . .I -----               , -


m n w. . .
     .                        .
                              -                                  :
Mtm.........                                                     .
llinoir . . . . . . . .                                          :
 ~~.                      .   .     '                        b

 m r i ,..........
Louidurr . . - . . - -
Tm-           ........
 i
 "
M-            .........
Ohb. . . . . . . . . . . - .:                          rn
                                                       I
hdia,,*     . . . . . . .
w-&n.           ..........
IMudF/            . . ., . . -. .   :
           Island.. . . . . -




                                    -
                                                 rn
                                                 m

        ...............
 h & a. . . . . . . .
      .
.-              .......-
m        a ..........
        hX*. . . . .
              ...
y&&\rSrgini. . . . . . .
Maim. . . . . . . . . . . . .
      ..............
      .............
                                             .
m-. ......... .:                             I
                                             I


m........ .I
          .-
 -.-.                 ....
                              ..j
           .
           -          ......
 \hrmont ............
UuQ . . . . . . . . . . . . .
        ...............
         -
         .        .......                    -
 wp",i,Q     ..........

                                                                                 -
        Qm742b FATAUTY RATE BY STATE OTHER URBAN FEDERAL-AID PRIMARY HIGHWAYS (10W)
                                       FATAUTIES PER 100 MILLIONVEHICLE MILES

                              0    2                     4                 6
C#ld,-&.              ..-.-;

NM.bmy.-- . - -                ,

           ............                                              I
w a n d .........                                     b :
North Carolna. - - .           :
 -
m.              ...........




West Mrginia . . . . . :                                     I
b r g i a .. . . . . . . . . . .                             I
a b r a o .. . . . . . . . . :
Taw............
A l m a ......... :
)Ikv&a . . . . . . . . . . . .                                              I




                F ~ w                                -
                     7-Em FATALRY RATE BY STAT€ FEDERAL-AID SECONDARY HIGHWAYS (1990)
                                         FATAUTIES PER 100 M I U VEHICLE MILES

                       0        1                                          2                       3
W a                                                                                                    4
California                                                                     s
Florida                                                                                    I
Maryland
Utah
Mwali
                                         9
                                                                   -
Nm k x i w
Michigan
Missouri
 o ae
wwr
                                                           .
                                                           m
                                                                           -
kizona                                                                                                     I
Wrginia                                                        I


 New York                                                                              I
North Cmiina                        w
                                    rn
Ilinois                                                                -
                       -
                                ..
District ot Columbia
Tmxm
Minnesota                       8

South Carolina
                                              w
                                              m
kntucky
Alaska
Louisiana
Tennessee
                                                                                   -
Washington
W~nsyivania                                       rn
                                                  w
                                                               .
                                                               a



Fhodr ldand
Colorado
                                                       m
-!Jon                                                  9


Oklahoma                        w
                                m

Maconsin


                                             ..
W s t Virginia
Kansas
hbraska
Alrbuna                                                        .
                                                               m

Muwrch~~tto                                       rn
                                                  m

Indiana
New Jer8ey
                                                                       -                       #
Maine                       m

Nm Hampshire                        w

Ohio
MonUna
mho
Mrrnus
\hrmont
Mhsirdppi
 o-
Cn
Soah W o t a
bw.                                           9



North Dakota
HlVomine                                                                           -
 i
m.                                                                                                             4
                                                                   -
         Figure 7-EPb FATAUM RATE BY STATE FEDERAL-A10 URBAN SYSTEM HIGHWAYS (1890)
0

                     STATE TRAVEL DENSITY (ADT)

Fia. 7-F1.   PROVISIONAL RATE-DENSKY RELATIONSHIP (1986-80)
             NON-FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS
                                      FATAUTIES PER 100 MILLIONVEHICLE MILES


M       i. . . . . . . .
NswJsmoy - . .
C o n ~ c u ..t
b h n .. . . . . .
W a n d .....
Nsw York .        . . .
Musrchusetts
        ..........
          .........
Ohio. . . . . . . . . .
R t d a Wand - . .
Norih Cuolina.
NOW Hunpshire
PMmyhrania
LMlirkna . . . -
Mrginia . . . . .
hroia. . .
        . .
W i i . ...
Midsdppi . .
Alabama.          ..
b m -- -            -
Mzona - . - -
N&r . . . . .
Indiana
South Cuolina
Tenwawr, . .
Vermont - - . -
Michigan . . -
lllnds . - - -
NrwMexiC0.-
         .
~ ~ W M .S
Washington .
W~itconsin
Hhrt Virginia.
Mimri .....
colorado. -
-
T     .......
 &o
# , .......
Minmtr-
Oklahoma . . . . .
0,qp . . . . . . .
      ...........
      ..........

w i n g--           .
                .....
             .......
m .. . . .
souihrmkota             -
           ........
WihDnkota - .


                F @ U-~
                     7                              -
                            FATAUTV RATE BY STATE RURAL NON-FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS (1990)
                                   FATALmES PER 100 MlUJONVEHICLE MltES




w m . . . .--.
             ........
          .......... j

            i-
           Fg                                   -
                    7-F2b FATAUTY RATE BY STATE URBAN NOHEDERAL-AlD HIGHWAYS (1990)
                                 -
                  SECTION VI STATE FATAUTY RATE TRENDS

Knowing the fatality rate trend within a State is sometimes more useful than knowing
how that State compares with others. Figure 8 illustrates changes in State rates over
the 5-year period from 1986 through 1990. The provisionat range for each of the 5
years is based on the provisional rate-density curve for the 4-year period preceding
each year. This is a change from the way the provisional ranges were presented in
this series of reports for Figure 8 since the 1982-1987 reports.

Figure 8 is designed to show, within each State, the pattern of observed rates over the
5-year period and the relationship of observed rates to provisional ranges. Figure 8
should not be used to compare the magnitude of fatality rates in different States.

While Kansas demonstrates decreasing fatality rates throughout the 5-year period,
other States report little improvement since 1986. In more than half the States, the rate
reported for 1990 is lower than the rates for the preceding yew. Eight States had a
1990 fatality rate above the provisional range. By comparison, the lowest number of
States reporting rates above the provisional range occurred in 1985 when the number
of States was five.




   Figure 8 may be used to answer questions such as:

     1.   Are the fatality rates in a State improving?
          Most States show steadily improving fatality rates. A few do not. See
          pages 82-92.

     2.   How have fatality rates in a particular State compared with those in
          the rest of the United States over the past five years?

          A fatality rate to the left of the provisional range indicates that the State
          fatality rate is significantly below the 1986-1989 national experience for
          States with similar travel density. A fatality rate to the right of the
          provisional range is significantly above such national experience. See
          pages 82-92.
Alabama
                              0




Alaska
f#Y1.. ............
1 ..............
 -
-
1      ..............
I-,       ............
?OQO. . . . . . . . . . . .



Arizona




                                                            -
                                  Fbm8 FATALITY RATES (t 986 1990)
                                             FATAUTIES PER 100 MILLION VEHICLE MILES




1080.. . . . . . . . . . - . :



Connecticut




Delaware
                            0




District of Columbia
                            0            1                    2
1986




Florida




                                 Figw 8 (conUnud) FATALITY RATES (1986 1990)     -
                                                    FATALITIES PER 100 MILLONVEHICLE MILES




             Indiana
                                    0           ?                    ?
             t981).............. :
. . . . . . 1987...
             . .                                                             -
             l=
               *
                   ..............
                    ..............
                                    :                                    .
                                                                         9




                                        Ffgm 8 (continued) FATAUTY RATES ( 1 W 1990)   -
                    FATAUTIES PER 100 MILLION VEHICLE MILES




Kansas




Maine




         fig^ 8 (continued) FATALITY R A E S ( -
                                             1          -   1990)
Michigan
                                  0         t             2           3
1986    ............
                                                              .
1w.- -
   .
lgm . . - . .
                -    - -
                    - - - -
                              -
                                  :
                                                              w
                                                               .  w
1989
1990.
        .............
         . . . . . . . . . . .                            .
                                                          -
                                                          '




Minnesota
                                  0         ?             2           3
1986.. . . . . . . . . . . .                          w

lgs7 . . . . . . . . . . .
I-..         ..........
tm ............
1990    .............                             I




                                      R m 8 (~anud)
                                       p         FATAUTY RATES ( -
                                                               1      - 1990)
                                                     FATAUTIES PER 100 MILLIBNVEHJCLE MtLES




Montana
                                    0            1                            2             3
tm... . . . . . . . . . . :
   .
1m.. . . . . . . .
  .....
1988,.. . . . . . . . . . :
1989... . . . . . . . . . . . '                                                   -
1
-   .............



Nebraska
                               0                1                             2             3
1988. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                      .
                                                                                      rn

$987... . . . . . . . . . . .
        .
1988 . . . . . . . . . . . . :
1
-      .............                                                              .
                                                                      .
                                                                                  I

1990... . . . . . . . . . . .
     .                                                                I
                                                                              .


Nevada
                                0               1                             ?             3
I=..       ............ :
qge7.. . . . . . . . . . . . '
1
-    ............. :
-
1 ..............                                                                                 I
      .
1990... . . . . . . . . . . :                                                                        I


New Hampshire
                                0               1                             ?
   w...
1 .. . . . . . . . .
             .
fg@? . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
    .                                                                 .   w

         ..............
;#IO.. . . . . . . . . . . . '
                                                                  w
                                                                  8

                                                                      .'
                                                                      .
1990. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             *
                                                              m




                                        Fbun 8 (continued) FATWTY RATES (1-                - 1990)
                                                              FATAUTIES PER 100 MIWONVEHICLE MILES



             New Jersey
                                             a            1                        2
              -
              1 ..............                                                 m
                                                                               W   '

              tm.. . . . . . . . . . . . .                                 9       ,


              1988.. .
                   .          . . . . . . :
              7989     ..........                                      m
                                                                       9


              $990...
                   .          . . . . . . '                            m
                                                                       9




              New Me*
                                             0            ?                        ?                3
              1986.. . . . . . . . . . . .   :                                                                         I
              -
              1      .............                                                                                     I
              1988... . . . . . . . . . . :
                   .                                                                                           I
              lgeg          ..........                                                                             t
              q .. . . . . . . . . '
               m.                                                                                          8



              New York
              1888.       .........
                                             0
                                             :
                                                          1                        ?
                                                                                       .
                                                                                       9



               m.
              1 . . . . . . . .
              -
              1      .............
              1989       . . . . . . . . .

              lggg     ...........           :



              North Carolina
                                             0            ?                        2                3
              1geB . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                 1
              tw.. . . . . . . .
                   .                                                                               *,
              fm . . . . . . . . . . .                                                         4
. . . . . . . 1sBI)
              . . .                                                                        -
              -
              1        ............




              North Dakota
                                     0                    1                        3                   9
                       ............. :                                     9       '


              1987.. . . . . . . . . . . .
                   ..
              I=..       ............ :
              -
              1
              t
                       ..............
               m .............                :
                                                                   m
                                                                   9

                                                                               .
                                                                               9




                                                  Figure 8 (continud) FATAUTY RATES (1986 1999)    -
                                               FATALITIES PER 100 M l W W C L E MILES


Ohio

1986
                             0             1                     2
                                                                     .
                                                                     9



1987
1988         .                                                        .      9



1gSg                                                                     9



19W                                                          9




Oklahoma




Oregon




Pennsylvania
                              0            1                     2                        3
1986. . . . . . . . . . . . . :                                                  ..
                                                                                 -
I-.     ............




                                  Figwa 8 (continumd) FATAUTY RATES (IS86 1990)       -
                                                    FATALlTlES PER 100 MIWONVEHICLE MILES




South Dakota
                                    0           t                   ?                  f
                                    :
*91)6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1w.. . . . . . . . . . . . .
tw . . . . . . . . . . . . . '
                                                                        .
                                                                        m




Texas




Utah




                                        Figure 8 (continued) FATAUTY RATES (1986 1990) -
          FATALITIESPER 100 MILlJONVEHICLE MILES




                                             -
Figure 8 (continued) FATALITY RATES (1986 1990)
                                              -
                               SECTION VII SUMMARY

This report presents data which can be used in the evaluation of the highway safety
performance of the States. The data were submitted by the States through the
Highway Performance Monitoring System operated by the Federal Highway
Administration.

Table 1 contains travel and accident data by highway system for the United States. it
is a summary of the detailed data contained in Tables 2 through 6. Estimates have
been included for States whose data reports were incomplete. Six States, Arkansas,
Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, and Tennessee, were unable to submit
any nonfatal injury accident data in time for inclusion in this report.

The traffic accident statistics for 1990 show a decrease of about 1,000 fatalities from
1989. The overall fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles of travel was 2.07, which is
lower than the record low of 2.16 set in 1989.
                                    REFERENCES


Rate-Density Relationships:


      Chatfield, Benjamin V., Fatal Accidents and Travel Densify, Highway Research
      Record 469, pp. 40-51, 1973.

      Smith, R.N., Predictive Parameters for Accident Rates, California Division of
      Highways, Analytical Studies Branch, 1973.

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Highway Safefy Needs
             -
      Study 1981 Update of 1976 Report to Congress, October 1981,
      DOT-HS-806 283, pp. 72-73.

      Fee, Julie Anna, et at., lntersfate System Accident Research Study I , Federal
      Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, October 197Q, pp.
      1-14, 15, 42.



Provisional Rates:


      Morin, D.A., Application of Statistical Concepts to Accident Data, Highway
      Research Record 188, 1967, pp. 72-79.

				
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