Volume 39, Number 1 (Mailed 3/12/10) Spring 2010 Jesup, Georgia 31598 USA Single Copy: $1.75
By Troy Fore, Editor/Publisher
Spring is having a hard time showing its face described “Honest Honey Initiative” or the opportunity
around here. Oh, I know the calendar says spring is yet to give beekeepers a voice to the judge (Pages 2 and
two weeks off, but in South Georgia the seasons don’t 3, respectively). Then, the action from the Wisconsin
always follow the calendar. My daddy always wanted Senator turned up (Page 7) – more power to her!
to start grafting queen cells on his birthday, Feb. 23. I The news of 2009 having the smallest U.S. honey
think he would have put that off a few days this year. crop ever also has connections to “bad honey.” One
Many of you will be able to sing this refrain: we connection was brought out at the conference in
had more winter this year than in the past several years Orlando: if we are having smaller domestic crops and
combined. We haven’t had the lowest temperatures the overall honey market remains strong, how can it be
ever, not even close, but in January, we had 12 con- that we are importing less honey? The answer is that
secutive freezing nights (except one night in the upper- the difference is being made up by other-than-honey
30s). Our usual pattern is three or four 32-degree- or products.
colder nights; then, a warm-up. The other connection is bit of a “what-if”: Food
We didn’t intend this issue to be a “bad honey” manufacturers are building a market for those other-
issue, but I really wanted to run the Andrew Schneider than-honey products during these years of lean honey
analysis to get in his statement of three things he has crops (not only in the U.S., but also in several other
learned about the honey market (see Page 3). And, I countries. What if those countries come in with “bar-
couldn’t pass up Rick Pasco’s views from the self- --Continues on Page 11
2009 Honey Crop Smallest Ever Recorded
A record low honey crop was reported by U.S. yield since 1989.
beekeepers for 2009. At 144 million lbs., the crop Producers reported honey stocks of 37.2 million
was down 12% from the 2008 crop of 163.8 million pounds as of Dec. 15, 2009, down 27% from a year
lbs., which had rebounded some from two of the earlier. Stocks held by producers exclude those held
smallest ever recorded. under the commodity loan program.
The production is reported by USDA’s National Honey prices increased to a record high during
Agricultural Statistics Service for producers operat- 2009 to $1.445, up 2% from $1.421 in 2008. The Where’s the Blossom?
ing five or more colonies. The annual report was farm gate value of the 2009 honey crop is estimated Honey bees are opportunistic critters. At times they will forage
released on Feb. 28. at $208.2 million. on weeds when planted crops are blooming nearby. Sometimes
There were 2.46 million colonies producing honey The full report and archived reports are available honey bees don’t even require blossoms, as this worker demon-
in 2009, up 5% from 2008. Colonies were not includ- at http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/view- strates taking nectar from an extrafloral nectary on this patch of
ed if honey was not harvested. DocumentInfo.do?documentID=1191. Tables avail- common vetch (Vicia sativa) that volunteered in my yard. Extraflo-
Yield per colony averaged 58.5 pounds, down able on page 12. ral nectar is more readily available to short-tongued insects than
16% from the 69.9 pounds in 2008, and is the lowest the nectar of legume flowers. (Photo by Troy Fore)
Page 2, THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010 Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mailed 3/12/10)
What Transshipped Honey is Doing to the U.S.
Honey Market and What You Can Do About It!
By Richard Pasco ers who refuse to purchase this The Beekeeper’s Newspaper
As beekeepers, honey pack-
ers, and importers our challenges
Commentary transshipped product to compete
against those who are engaged Editor & Publisher
Assistant to the Publisher
seem to grow faster than we can in this activity. Additionally, the Troy H. Fore, Jr. Mary W. Fore
produce honey. The ever-evolv- gin honey through other countries unfair competition is detrimental Office Staff
ing and complex schemes devised is not the only problem. Chinese to the legitimate honey importer April Roberson • Tammy Aspinwall
to enter honey into our market shippers and others are also misde- segment of the honey industry. The Speedy Bee was established to provide an independent source of news and
without paying the U.S. anti- scribing honey as blended syrup, Honey laundering under- information for the beekeeper. It is not part of any beekeeping organization or
bee supply or honey-packing firm and pursues policies deemed by the editor
dumping duty on Chinese honey honey syrup, and malt sweetener to mines the credibility of the en- to be in the best interest of the honey and beekeeping industry. Comment
imports is mind-boggling, to say avoid paying the antidumping duty. tire honey sector, since the image from the readership in the form of letters to the editor and commentary are
the least. Our attempt in this arti- In both 2008 and 2009, at least and reputation of honey as a encouraged to promote a free flow of diverse opinion.
cle is to shed additional light on 80 million pounds of Chinese- safe and wholesome product is Contacting Us:
the subject, so we are better able origin honey entered the United put into question. Such schemes Address: P.O. Box 1317, Jesup, GA 31598-1317
to fight this very real threat to our States each year without pay- mean there is greater risk of adul- Phone: 912-427-4018
future in the bee business. terated honey products being sold Fax: 912-427-8447
1. U.S. import statistics as pure honey in the U.S. food
highlight the honey laundering "Your support of chain. There is also increased Publication Notes:
problem. Let’s start with what we efforts to combat potential of residues entering the We welcome items of general interest from readers, bee associations and com-
mercial firms. We can handle short items by telephone, but written submissions are
know about imports. fraudulent ... honey U.S. food supply, since Chinese best to avoid error. Items should be received by the 15th of the month for the next
Before imposition of the Chi- import practices honey has been found to contain a month’s issue; inquire if yours will be later.
nese antidumping duty in Decem- variety of antibiotics. Advertising:
ber 2001, China was the largest
could make a The honey laundering trade Advertising rates and information are available on request. We try to screen adver-
U.S. honey supplier, but USDA difference in our undermines the image and tisers, but we recommend that buyers exercise due care when making any pur-
chase, especially by mail.
Honey Market News data shows on-going viability as reputation of honey among
the U.S. imported less than beekeepers," U.S. consumers. This illicit Correction Policy:
It is the policy of the Speedy Bee to publish corrections of errors of fact which
200,000 pounds of honey from -- Richard Pasco trade opens the honey industry appear in our news columns and to publish clarifications as necessary. Please
China in 2009. to questions of commercial fraud, bring errors to our attention as soon as possible after publication.
Record levels of honey are food safety and security. Clearly, POSTMASTER: Send address changes to The Speedy Bee, P.O. Box 1317, Jesup,
now being imported into the consumers and food manufactur- GA 31598-1317. Subscription, $17.25 per year. Send all subscription, editorial, and
advertising inquiries to The Speedy Bee, P.O. Box 1317, Jesup, GA 31598, phone
United States from India, Viet- ing the anti-dumping duty. This ers are also being cheated as this 912-427-4018, fax 912-427-8447. The Speedy Bee (ISSN 0190-6798) is published
nam, Thailand, Taiwan, Malaysia means that uncollected duties practice spreads. quarterly by Fore’s Honey Farms, Inc. Periodicals postage paid at Jesup, Ga. [Physi-
and Indonesia. These last three totaled $200 million in lost reve- 3. Homeland Security cal/shipping address is 115 Morning Glory Circle, Jesup, GA 31546. Do not mail to
countries do not have commercial nues for the U.S. Treasury for this and U.S. Attorney Offices are The Speedy Bee is printed in the U.S.A. on recycled paper.
beekeeping industries, so these two-year period. continuing to investigate and
countries do not have the capacity In 2008, 35% of all U.S. honey charge those who support and
to produce and export 35.5 mil- imports entered our market with- participate in illegal activities. Subscriber Assistance
lion pounds of honey to the United out payment of the antidumping Commercial fraud is a serious New Subscriber Change of Address
States in 2008 or any year. duty. In 2009, circumvented crime of interest to U.S. Attorney Renewal Date Effective ________________
The average price of honey honey imports grew to 44% of Offices across the U.S. Potential FREE Sample Include both old & new addresses
from Thailand, Taiwan, Malay- total imports. violations of Food and Drug laws Subscription Rates: $17.25 (4 issues) per year in the U.S.
Canada and Mexico, add $12.00 per year. Others write or
sia, and Indonesia is about $0.75 2. Transshipments impact on adulteration and misbrand- call for air mail rates. Back issues, as available, $1.00 each.
per pound. Compare this price to all honey segments. Increas- ing carry stiff penalties on top Attach mailing label below or copy name and address and any codes completely from
mailing label. Indicate any needed changes. Please PRINT Clearly.
the honey from the U.S., Canada, ingly sophisticated honey of embarrassing indictments for
Argentina and Brazil and the reali- import schemes are creating dras- those companies that are charged Current (Old) Address
ty that it costs about $1 per pound tically diverging market prices. with such misdeeds. The Depart- Name ____________________________________________________________
to produce honey normally. Also There is now one price for ment of Homeland Security is Address __________________________________________________________
curious is the fact white honey is legitimate honey and another rock continuing to investigate and U.S. City/State/Zip _____________________________________________________
now being shipped to the United bottom price (which is sometimes Attorney’s are continuing to pros- New Address
States from Vietnam, which is available at ½ the cost of legiti- ecute those who support illegal Name ____________________________________________________________
a country that does not produce mate honey) for transshipped honey laundering activities. Address __________________________________________________________
white honey. honey. This trade makes it In May of 2008, two Chi- City/State/Zip _____________________________________________________
Transshipment of Chinese-ori- almost impossible for honey pack- Mail To: The Speedy Bee, P.O. Box 1317, Jesup, GA 31598
--Continued on Page 5
Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mailed 3/12/10) THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010, Page 3
Honey Laundering Thrives Despite Federal Crackdown
On Operations Smuggling Chinese Honey into the United States
Andrew Schneider, winner of learned during that investigation Leigh Winchell,
two Pulitzer Prizes for his investi-
gative reporting, writes about the
• This could never happen
News Analysis special agent in
charge of the Seattle
public health issues that corpora- unless honey packers and sellersdifferent brands across the U.S., office of ICE, said,
tions and the government don’t in the U.S. were involved. investigators say. “Those who misrep-
want you to know about: the secret • There is an enormous amount The criminal complaint, filed in resent the origin of
ingredients in the foods we eat, the of contraband honey being smug- Chicago, said the charges against goods imported into
natural and man-made hazards in gled into this country. Yan stem from an ongoing inves- the United States are
our environment, and safety issues • Major, legitimate U.S. honey
tigation of the honey importing motivated by greed
in the workplace. dealers are doing little or nothing
practices of Wolff, which is owned and unfairly seek a
to alert the Food and Drug Admin-
by Wolff & Olsen, headquartered financial advantage
By Andrew Schneider istration when they encounter ille-
in Hamburg, Germany. over those who play
Seattle Post-Intelligencer gal honey. An FDA investigator familiar by the rules.’’
May 11, 2009 The 68-year-old Liu heads atwith the Chicago company told The issue goes
Federal investigators from least two Seattle-based compa- me that invoices he’d seen from beyond just the mil-
various agencies in Seattle and nies, Rainier Cascade and Ever- two manufacturers who bought lions in import duties
Chicago chased illegally labeled green Produce. Both companies from Wolff showed that most that were being sto-
Chinese honey from the slums import and sell honey to a long of the honey was being sold to len from U.S. cof-
of the Philippines through dilapi- list of packers in the U.S. Liu major grocery chains, where it was fers. There are
dated Thai warehouses and into works with Zhang, a 58-year-old labeled as produced in the United potential health risks
ports up and down the west coast Chinese national who is employedStates or Canada. involved because
of the U.S. by Changge Jixiang Bee Prod- He said he didn’t know whether millions of China’s A Customs and Border Patrol agent in a
The paper trail showed that ucts Ltd., in Changge City, Henan
the chains that bought the bogus hives were destroyed Tacoma, Wash. warehouse draws samples
some of the illegal honey was Province. honey were notified of its actual by a virulent disease of Chinese honey that is being shipped to
bought by a food distributor, which Yan, according to investigators,
country of origin. He added that that swept through Chicago. (Photo by A. Schneider)
supplied major grocery chains, is the president of the same Chi-
he doubted it. It is almost impos- the country’s hives
Then it was shipped on to the
investigators said. nese honey manufacturing com- sible for those who import and sell at tsunami speed. Beekeepers
U.S. Immigration and Customs pany which has 528 employees honey not to know that it’s Chi- grabbed the strongest and cheapest
Once those stories ran, people
Enforcement agents nese. The price antibiotics they could find – two
sent the PI evidence showing that
arrested Chung Po of honey from from India and one from China
"Three of the many things I learned during that Chinese honey was also being
Liu at his home in China is usu- – to fight back.
investigation were: transshipped from Europe, South
Bellevue, Wash., and ally only about The most prevalent antibiotic
America and at least one African
Boa Zhong Zhang • This could never happen unless honey a third of the was chloramphenicol. The drug
and Yong Xiang packers and sellers in the U.S. were involved. cost of honey is used to treat serious infections
The arrests and the investiga-
Yan at LAX as they • There is an enormous amount of from Canada, in humans, but is not approved by
tion leading up to them demon-
arrived from China. contraband honey being smuggled South America the FDA for use in food producing
strated creative police work by
All were charged into this country. or other credible animals, including bees.
ICE, Customs and Border Protec-
with conspiracy for suppliers. "Honey containing chloram-
• Major, legitimate U.S. honey dealers are doing tion agents, and the offices of two
attempting to smug- For example, phenicol is deemed unsafe and
little or nothing to alert the Food and Drug U.S. Attorneys. It was a solid,
gle millions of dol- Ron Phipps, of adulterated within the meaning of
Administration when they encounter illegal on the ground, door-knocking
lars worth of honey CPNA Interna- the federal food and drug laws,"
honey," investigation that involved chas-
– possibly contami- tional, Ltd., pub- Andrew Boutros, the U.S. Attor-
ing intricate, multi-lingual paper
nated with illegal -- Andrew Schneider lishes a frequent ney in Chicago, said. "The pres-
trails. (You just gotta love those
antibiotics — into international ence of the antibiotic, even small
the United States. market report amounts, is illegal."
If found guilty of the conspira-
The names of all three men and has been in the honey business on honey. In a recent issue, he During the PI investigation, I
cy charges, the accused could face
and their companies came up in since 1985. Yan was arrested for explained that in January, 1.2 mil- followed paper trails of illegally
a maximum penalty of five years
my five-month investigation into supplying tainted Chinese honey lion pounds of honey entered this laundered shipments from China
in prison and a $250,000 fine.
honey laundering, which was pub- to Alfred L. Wolff, a major food country at 37-cents a pound. At the to countries throughout Asia and
For more of Schneider's arti-
lished by the Seattle PI in Decem- distribution company in Chicago. same time, Canadian honey was the South Pacific, where it was
cles on honey laundering, go to
ber. Wolff supplies honey to packag- crossing the border at about $1.55 re-labeled to make it appear it was
www.coldtruth.com and search for
Three of the many things I ers who sell it under a score of a pound. a product of those other countries.
Page 4 THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010 Vol. 39, No.1 (Mailed 3/12/10)
Chinese Honey Manufacturer Pleads Impact Statement for the Chinese Honey Manufacturer Case
Guilty To Illegal Import Scheme The following is a sample impact letter to be sent to the judge presiding over Yong Ziang Yan's case. It is asking
for the stiffest sentence available to be handed down. Please cut out or copy and sign; then send it to the address at
The president of a Chinese biotics, specifically Norfloxacin the top of the letter.
honey manufacturer pleaded and Ciprofloxacin, which are
guilty Oct. 9 to conspiring to banned from domestic foods.
avoid U.S. anti-dumping duties Neither the charges or the
by illegally importing honey plea agreement indicate any Judge Wayne Andersen
that was falsely identified as instances of illness or other
c/o Andrew Boutros
coming from the Philippines. public health consequences
This guilty plea resulted from attributed to consumption of
United States Attorney
an investigation conducted by the honey, nor does it identify Northern District of Illinois
U.S. Immigration and Customs any store brands or domestic Federal Building
Enforcement (ICE). supply chain of any honey that 219 South Dearborn Street, 5th Floor
Yong Xiang Yan, 60, pleaded was illegally imported or adul- Chicago, IL 60604
guilty to conspiring to smug- terated.
gle 15 full container loads of Yan pleaded guilty Oct. Dear Judge Andersen:
Chinese honey into the United 29, before U.S. District Judge
States and avoiding anti-dump- Wayne Andersen, Northern As U.S. beekeepers, we have been faced with an ever-increasing array of honey imports from
ing duties of approximately District of Illinois. Sentencing
countries that have no commercial domestic production. Since these imports are entering the
$635,515. Yan admitted that is scheduled for April 22, 2010.
between 2005 and February Yan faces a maximum penalty
United States without paying the U.S. antidumping duty on Chinese honey, they are further
2008 he conspired with others of five years in prison and a straining our financial ability to survive, at a time when we are already struggling with colony
- including nine individuals in $250,000 fine. collapse disorder.
the United States and Asia, and “Anyone who mislabels
a German trading company and goods imported into the United Honey bees are needed to pollinate countless fruits, vegetables and seed crops across the United
its subsidiaries in the United States defrauds the U.S. govern- States. In fact, one out of every three bites of food that is consumed in the U.S. comes from a
States, Beijing and Hong Kong ment and gains an unfair finan- crop that has been pollinated by a honey bee.
- to illegally import Chinese cial advantage over their com-
honey, including adulterated petitors,” said Gary Hartwig, Mr. Yong Xiang Yan is one of the perpetrators that chose to make millions of dollars by evad-
honey, into the United States. special agent in charge of the
ing our food safety and trade laws, so he deserves the stiffest sentence that you are able to order.
As relevant conduct to be ICE Office of Investigations
considered at sentencing, Yan in Chicago. “ICE investigates
We believe that he needs to spend a lengthy time in prison, with the greatest possible fine to
acknowledged that he autho- criminals who try to circum- demonstrate that the United States will not tolerate such egregious disregard of our laws that are
rized an additional 21 ship- vent our nation’s customs laws designed to safeguard U.S. food producers and consumers.
ments of Chinese honey through to profit illegally. These laws
the Philippines and Thailand, protect U.S. businesses and the We, the undersigned represent only a small sampling of the U.S. beekeepers, but we also sign on
which entered the United States American public.” behalf of our many hard-working colleagues in the honey sector with legitimate businesses who
in the state of Washington. An Another Chinese national are finding their very existence threatened by conspiracies to avoid U.S. antidumping duties. By
additional $3.3 million in anti- who was arrested with Yan ensuring that Mr. Yan is subject to a severe sentence, you will discourage Mr. Yan and others
dumping duties were avoided pleaded guilty in August in from engaging in such activities in the future.
on these shipments, bringing the Seattle to similar federal charg-
total figure avoided to approxi- es. Boa Zhong Zhang arranged
mately $3,953,515. honey shipments for Yan’s
Yan is the president of company and worked under his
Changge City Jixiang Bee Prod- supervision. Charges remain ______________________________ ___________________________________
uct Co. Ltd., a honey manufac- pending in Seattle against a Name City/State
turer located in Henan, China. third man identified in Yan’s
He was arrested May 6 in Los plea agreement as Chung Po ______________________________ ___________________________________
Angeles on federal charges filed Liu, of suburban Seattle. Name City/State
in Chicago. He has remained in The government is being
federal custody since his arrest. represented by Assistant U.S. ______________________________ ___________________________________
According to court docu- Attorneys Andrew Boutros and
ments, some of the Chinese William Hogan, Northern Dis-
honey Yan shipped to the United trict of Illinois.
States was adulterated with anti-
Vol. 39, No.1 (Mailed 3/12/10) THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010, Page 5
NHB Makes Education a Primary Goal
Jan. 5, 2010- Firestone, Colo.- industry about the basics of honey
--Continued from Page 3 product of these other countries. focus on this issue.
Research studies have shown that and why it is such a versatile
More recently, on Oct. 29, To help combat this trade
many people don’t know exactly product.” cago executives of a German-
2009, the U.S. Attorney for Chi- on a transactional basis, we
what ingredients are in a bottle Honey blends, a combination based food company (i.e., Alfred
cago announced that the “president encourage you to report suspi-
of honey, and the National Honey of honey and artificial ingredients, L. Wolff) were arrested for alleg-
of a honey manufacturer in Chi- cious activity (including the
Board is making honey knowledge are becoming commonplace in edly conspiring to illegally import
na” (i.e., Yong Xiang Yan) pled sale of imported honey at dra-
a key priority in 2010. discount grocery stores and usual- honey from China that was falsely
guilty “to conspiring to illegally matically reduced prices) to
According to the 2009 Honey ly contain only a small percentage identified as coming from other
import Chinese honey.” Mr. Yan ICE at 1-866-DHS-2-ICE
Attitude and Usage Study, 1 in of honey. The 2009 research study countries to avoid antidumping
is now awaiting sentencing by the or at email@example.com.
10 respondents think honey has shows that many consumers are duties. According to the govern-
judge in U.S. District Court some- CBP should also be contacted to
added ingredients, such as corn aware of these honey blends, have ment complaint, the company im-
time this spring and faces a maxi- report antidumping or misdescrip-
syrup, sugar and preservatives. In previously purchased a honey ported honey into the U.S. valued at
mum financial penalty of $3.9 mil- tion of goods violations by going
addition, 1 in 7 respondents thinks blend and have demonstrated posi- almost $30 million since 2005. U.
lion and a few years in prison. online and completing a three-step
that the color of the honey reflects tive intent to purchase a honey S. Customs and Border Protection
4. Support efforts to rid the form at: https://apps.cbp.gov/ealle-
its purity. blend in the future. This trend, if (CBP) agents tested samples of
honey industry of fraudulent gations/allegations.asp. To remain
With its updated messag- not further explored, may affect honey whose shipping documents
imports. anonymous, you can simply ignore
ing strategy, the National Honey the future of honey. indicated they were produced in
It is our duty to help our step one (which asks for your con-
Board hopes that by informing In its educational component of Russia, and the lab results showed
government officials ensure that tact information) and provide infor-
consumers, food processors, chefs the 2010 campaign, the National that some of the samples contained
imported honey in safe, legal and mation on the alleged violation
and the food service community Honey Board will focus on basic honey produced in China. The
properly labeled as to country of in step 2 and the alleged violator
that honey is pure and contains honey messaging, educating con- complaint noted that when Immi-
origin. Your support of efforts to in step 3.
only one ingredient—honey—that sumers on pure honey, where it gration and Customs Enforcement
combat fraudulent Chinese honey To ensure the integrity of the
there will be more consumption comes from and the natural pro- (ICE) agents searched the com-
import practices could make a dif- honey sector, it is critical that you do
of and demand for this natural cess of how it is made. pany’s Chicago office, they seized
ference in our on-going viability as not buy transshipped honey that is
sweetener. Bruce Wolk, documents that showed the com-
beekeepers. The adverse affects of offered to you and report those who
“There are so many misconcep- Director of Marketing pany had sold an adulterated ship-
this trade on legitimate businesses attempt to engage you in this activ-
tions about honey,” said Bruce National Honey Board ment to an unidentified company in
who ethically source honey will not ity to ICE and CBP. ICE and CBP
Wolk, Director of Marketing for Firestone, Colo. 80504 the U. S. at a discount rate.
be stopped without the concerted agents continue to closely watch
the National Honey Board. “The 800-553-7162 Federal authorities have also
involvement of us individually and honey shipments, but any addi-
2010 focus on education gives firstname.lastname@example.org pursued other schemes, including
collectively. tional specific and timely informa-
us an opportunity to reach out to the activities of Chinese nationals
CBP and Food and Drug Admin- tion that you can provide them will
the consumers and the foodservice and importers to defraud the United
istration (FDA) officials have aid their investigations and lead to
States with false paperwork used
occasionally intercepted contain- further convictions.
to hide Chinese-origin honey. On
ers of questionable honey, but we Richard Pasco
Aug. 19, 2009, Boa Zhong Zhang
need these federal agencies to step On Behalf of the
(a citizen of China) pled guilty in
up their efforts. In this regard, we Honest Honey Initiative
The University of Nebraska U.S. District Court in Seattle, to
ask that you write to your Senators McLeod, Watkinson & Miller
“conspiracy to enter goods in the
2010 Beekeeping Workshops United States, and introduction of
and Representatives in Congress
about fraudulent honey imports
One Mass. Avenue, N.W.
adulterated food into interstate
and urge them to press FDA, CBP Washington, DC 20001
A BEGINNING WORKSHOP will be April 17 at Ithaca, commerce.” Mr. Zhang was a 20-
and ICE officials to enhance their
Nebr. Registration fee is $20 per person plus $6 for year employee of a bee products
each additional family member. For more details, con- company in China, who was arrest-
ed on May 6, 2009 in Los Angeles,
tact Marion Ellis at email@example.com or call 402-472- while traveling in the U.S. HEITKAM’S HONEY BEES
8696. Chung Po Liu, an importer Quality Queens • Dependable Service
THE MASTER BEEKEEPING WORKSHOP will be at from Bellevue, Wash., was also
the Agricultural Research and Development Center arrested on May 6 and his tri- WE’RE SELECTING FOR HYGIENIC BEHAVIOR
Headquarters Building in Ithaca, Nebr. June 10-12. Fee al is forthcoming. According to
the complaint filed in the case, Call or write: Ph. (530) 865-9562
is $100 and includes 5 meals, a workbook, a cap, and
Liu (through his two companies) 4700 1st Ave. • Orland, CA 95963
refreshments. For more info contact Jeri Cunningham is alleged to have purchased honey Early Morning or Evening Calls Preferred
at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 402-472-8678. from China, and then had it shipped FAX (530) 865-7839
to other countries where it was re-
labeled to make it appear it was a F
“Member of New World Carniolan Project”
Page 6, THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010 Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mailed 3/12/10)
World Honey Market Report--From Ron Phipps
By Ron Phipps and the impact of increased use of is especially significant for white more realistic. If so, that will make the Midwest could portend a big-
CPNA International, Ltd. pesticides on corn, soybeans, citrus honey since it is white honey that the current Argentine crop turn out ger North American honey crop in
March 1, 2010 groves, etc. Modern migratory bee- is experiencing the most significant even smaller than the small U.S.A. 2010. The wild card variable of
NORTH AMERICA keeping practices are increasingly international shortage. Due to the 2009 crop! In general Argentina’s circumvented and cheap Chinese
In the U.S. official numbers on suspected to put high levels of poor Argentine 2008/2009 honey honey still looms large over the
the 2009 crop have come out, show- stress upon bees. Moving bees in crop, no meaningful carry-overs American honey market. In any
ing that it was only 144,000,000 mid winter when bees are weakest existed by late 4th Quarter 2009. "If issues of both tariff case, Argentine honey prices are
pounds, the lowest ever recorded. over vast distances and subjecting Through December, the north- and non-tariff trade likely to remain firm. In January,
The yield per colony was 58.5 worker bees to mono-diets may ern Argentine Provinces, where the barriers are not about 2,500MT were exported with
lbs., which represented a decline contribute to stress levels that are honey crop begins due to greater addressed, the honey an additional 3,500-5,000MT are
of 16%. How much of this decline too burdensome for maintaining proximity to the Equator, suffered market will become expected to be exported in Febru-
was due to weather or condition of vigorous and large bee populations. extensive drought which delayed increasingly ary. From March through June it is
bees is not clear. The number of Studies at Sao Palo University in and reduced the overall crop. But expected that Argentina will be able
colonies increased to 2.4 million, Brazil have shown how even the by January, ample rains came to to export about 5,000MT monthly.
very vigorous Africanized bees Las Pampas and Buenos Aires
efforts to guarantee The overall global economic dif-
an increase of 5%. Despite that adequacy and
increase, total honey production respond poorly to darkness and Province. These rains were mingled ficulties may, in the final analysis,
noise, both encountered during late with regular sunshine and optimism continuity of supply restrain the Argentine beekeepers’
decreased. At the end of Decem-
winter migrations. Because of such resumed. Crop estimates grew to and quality will become ambition to achieve the historically
ber 2009, stocks were 37,200,000
pounds, which represents a very concerns, many beekeepers did not 70,000-80,000 metric tons. ineffective." high prices that they seek.
substantial decline of 27% from move their bees from east to west However, rains turned excessive. --Ron Phipps Demand from Europe remains
December 2008. North Dakota to pollinate the almonds recently. Buenos Aires had in mid-Febru- robust. Indeed, the delay in exports
was the biggest producer with Pollinating fees remained strong as ary unprecedented rains. This was of honey due to the short early
34,000,000 pounds. South Dakota supply of bees was below demand, largely due to the El Nino phenom- crops from the north were very crop, has only made pent up Euro-
was second with 17,800,000 and despite reduction of the planting of ena which in turn led to torrential bad, central and western areas had pean demand increase. Though the
California fell to 11,700,000, prob- almond trees due to concerns about rains in both Argentina and Brazil. poor crops and the central and Euro has weakened a little relative
ably as a consequence of the pro- the adequacy of water supplies for The same fundamental weather south eastern crops are more or to the US dollar, European buyers
tracted droughts. Older inventories California farmers competing with patterns affected the U.S.A. I was less normal. The significance of still enjoy a currency advantage of
were sold and the recent crop is California’s large urban and sub- spending a week at Claremont the rains in Argentina is manifest about 35% over North American
largely sold and delivered. 2010 urban populations. So the rains of University in mid-January during in an AP article of February 22, buyers. The basic prevailing par-
crop prospects are more promising 2010 have been doubly welcomed which time we witnessed incessant titled “Grain prices rise as rain hits ity between the US and Canadian
due to the abundant winter rains thus far. rainfall. In 1 week, 20” of rain was Brazil, Argentina.” dollars has made Canadian honey
and snows. ARGENTINA AND SOUTH predicted, when 14” annual rainfall The distribution of colors in much more expensive in U.S. dol-
Beekeepers remain concerned AMERICA is the norm. By February, many Argentina is now estimated to be lars for American packers in 2010
about the health and vitality of Given the short U.S.A. and American beekeepers pollinating 10% white 25MM, 20% white than was the case in 2009. Thus,
their bees. This is not due merely Canadian 2009 crops, coupled the almond groves had consider- 34MM, 30% 50MM, 30% 65MM more Canadian honey is staying
to mites and Colony Collapse Dis- with complete depletion of older able difficulties moving bees in and and 10% darker than 65MM. This home and will continue to do so
order, but to a general decline in inventories from previous crops, out of the muddy groves. In Peru, modest white honey crop has accel- unless prices for Argentine white
beekeepers, stress on bees, reduc- attention has focused upon Argen- tourists were evacuated due to mud- erated demand for white honey and honey get out of sight.
tion of land for honey production tina’s 2009/2010 honey crop. This slides. The high evaporation rates provoked steady, and in some cases The political and economic situ-
from the warm Pacific caused tre- dramatic, increases in prices. ation in Argentina is very tense and
mendous snowstorms that affected Argentine beekeepers with poor fragile. Inflation is returning and
Strachan Apiaries, Inc. the Midwest and the entire east
coast of the U.S.A. Both China
or bad crops are thinking the only
path for their survival is with an
some Argentineans fear, as they
put it, that “Argentina, despite its
New World Carniolan and Italian Queens and Europe have also experienced irrationally high surge in prices. vast resources, is becoming a non-
Selected for hygienic behavior, mite resistance, unusual snow through the first two The beekeepers with normal crops competitive country.”
honey production, and gentleness months of 2010. As a consequence are cognizant of the overall situa- To illustrate the strength of the
of deteriorating weather conditions tion and are selling honey in only market south of the border, Mexi-
Strachan Apiaries, Inc.
2522 Tierra Buena Rd., Yuba City, CA 95993-9654
in Argentina, the estimate for the small quantities to cover immedi- can light amber honey is being sold
current crop has been reduced to ate costs while “waiting for higher at $1.55. C&F European ports, and
(530) 674-3881 (530) 674-5802 Fax
Email: email@example.com 50,000-60,000 metric tons. prices.” Of course, they may mis- Brazilian organic white honey is
Web: www.strachanbees.com Given the unprecedented rainfall calculate and wait too long, given now over $1.75/lb. Ex-dock USA.
MasterCard & Visa accepted
in mid-February, the lower estimate the fact that the abundant rains
of 50,000 metric tons is regarded as and snows covering California and --Continues on Page 9
Vol. 39, No.1 (Mailed 3/12/10) THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010, Page 7
Wisconsin State Senator Is Taking the Sting Out of Honey Laundering
By Kathleen Vinehout, the banned antibiotics. international reference point for ability to seek damages from those
Wisconsin State Senator Investigators also found Chi- the resolution of disputes con- who blended their honey with arti-
Euc Clair, Wisc.
My family likes honey.... Honey
nese honey coming into the U.S.
through Russia contained banned
Viewpoint cerning food safety and consumer
ficial sweeteners and advertised
that product as pure honey.
is one of the oldest known foods. antibiotics. The Post Intelligencer All regularly produced honey Establishing a product standard
Ancient Egyptians kept bees and reported if the honey is returned increase the bulk and selling price in Wisconsin should easily meet will protect the livelihoods of hun-
used the honey not just for sweet- to the importer or dealer because of the honey. this standard. Honey will typi- dreds of Wisconsin’s beekeepers
ening but for its healing power. of problems, it is often resold to a A consumer purchasing a bear cally only fail to meet this stan- – from commercial producers to
Ancient Olympians used honey Texas packer or a Michigan firm shaped container labeled as honey dard when it has been packaged the local beekeepers at the neigh-
to help maintain energy and boost that rarely tests for antibiotics. would have to squint hard to find improperly, blended with artificial borhood farmer’s market and Wis-
their performance. In March 2007, the Food and the word ‘imitation’ printed in sweeteners, watered down or when consin’s honey consumers. And
Today honey is still considered Drug administration issued a tiny letters on the label. Instead it contains elements of certain anti- the standard will make sure Wis-
an important health food but the revised “import alert” when Flor- of pure honey they are paying for biotics and other chemicals. consin consumers won’t get stung
story behind honey production is ida detectives found two banned a container filled mostly with corn My bill directs DATCP to create when purchasing honey.
not sweet. antibiotics – ciprofloxacin and syrup. a voluntary ‘Wisconsin Certified For more information, go
In a five month investigation enrofloxacin in honey from China. So how do we protect consum- Honey’ program in which enrolled to http://kathleenvinehout.
into honey laundering, the Seattle This alert came on the heels of ers from ruthless honey launder- producers guarantee their honey org/2010/01/taking-the-sting-out-
Post Intelligencer found that honey a previous alert seven years ago ers? I learned there is no national meets the Codex standard. The of-honey-laundering.
coming into the United States from because officials found the banned or state standard for honey. So I bill also gives honey producers the
China contained banned antibi- antibiotic chloramphenicol. This introduced legislation to establish
otics. The news series reported antibiotic is restricted because of a standard for products sold as
in August of 2008, 350 drums its disease-causing side effects. honey in Wisconsin.
containing 223,300 pounds of
Chinese honey was shipped from
Officials found some honey taint-
ed with pesticides.
A honey standard is comprised
of specific ranges of sugar levels,
M ANN L AKE L TD .
Wuhan, China to a warehouse near In addition to the problems moisture content and other scien- Q UALITY F EED P RODUCTS
New Delhi. This honey, accord- identified by the Seattle Post Intel- tific indicators of quality. I used Here at Mann Lake, we pride ourselves on our customer service. We do our best to listen
ing to Indian Customs reports, ligencer series, in November 2008 the international standard set by to every customer’s needs whether you’re a commercial or hobby beekeeper. With the
was relabeled as Indian honey and the FDA warned of honey adul- the Codex Alimentarius Commis- ever present challenge of keeping healthy bees, we understand that good nutrition is the
foundation that builds strong honey bee colonies.
shipped to [a U.S. honey company, terated with corn or cane syrup. sion, a body recognized by the
where] tests of the honey found These adulterations are done to World Trade Organization as an For the past 20 years, Mann Lake has provided quality feed products produced with
the best ingredients available; from our trusted Bee-Pro® pollen substitute which is
made with non- G.M.O. products, to our food grade liquid products. We even offer the
best line of feed stimulants so that your colonies can benefit from feed products at a
USDA Proposes Changes to faster rate, stimulating your bees to become healthier and more productive for honey
production, pollination and building stronger bees!
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Now, we have gone a step further!! You can have the best possible outcome feeding a
high protein pollen substitute combined with two feed stimulants!
Comments Invited Through April 5, 2010
The USDA Farm Service Agency has pre- marine.com. Follow the online instructions for All
pared a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact submitting comments. New!
Statement (SEIS) to implement the changes to the Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) enacted in regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for
FD-355 Bee-Pro® Patties with 4% Pro-Len & Pro Health
the 2008 Farm Bill. submitting comments. 1 - 20 40 lb. boxes...................$49.10
The FSA is examining two action alternatives Fax: (757) 594-1469. Convenient Pickup Locations
Hackensack, MN, Woodland, CA, Hughson, 21 - 39 40 lb. boxes................$48.10
under each provision in addition to the no action Mail: CRP SEIS, c/o TEC, 11817 Canon Blvd., CA*. Bakersfield, CA*, Alvin, TX* 40 - 159 40 lb. boxes..............$46.60
160+ 40 lb. boxes...................$45.45
alternative environmental baseline. Suite 300, Newport News, VA 23606.
Now you can offer your honey bees the high protein feed they need, with the combination
The Draft SEIS is available for review at http:// Hand Delivery or Courier: Deliver comments of (2) fantastic feed stimulants! Bee-Pro® will give the quality protein and amino acids
public.geo-marine.com. to the above address. needed for healthy bees and brood rearing, while the Pro-Len and Pro-Health will
The public is invited to submit comments on Comments may be inspected in the Office of the stimulate your colonies to feed faster, feed in colder weather and become a healthier
more active colony of bees! Pricing at these locations may vary, call for details.
this Draft SEIS through April 5, 2010. You may Director, CEPD, FSA, USDA, 1400 Independence
submit comments by any of the following meth- Ave., SW., Room 4709 South Building, Washing- Don’t forget about your BEE-BUCK$!
ods: ton, DC 20250, between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Earned with EVERY purchase!
E-Mail: CRPcomments@tecinc.com. Monday through Friday, except holidays. Sign Up TODAY!
Online: Go to the Web site at http://public.geo- www.mannlakeltd.com
Page 8, THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010 Vol. 39, No.1 (Mailed 3/12/10)
‘Explosive’ At California Airport Found To Be Honey What Happened to the Airport ‘Honey Sniffers’ ?
By Dan Whitcomb cial flight from Amsterdam using fire crews, FBI agents and mem-
and Steve Gorman explosives smuggled on board. bers of a “joint terrorism task Posted by askthecalifornian afterward and were fine. TSA
LOS ANGELES, Jan 5 Meadows Field Airport in force” responded to the scene and Jan. 21, 2010 officials would not identify the
(Reuters) - Authorities shut down Bakersfield, about 100 miles (160 spent the day questioning Ramirez Q: Just inquiring as to the employees.”
a California airport on Tuesday km) north of Los Angeles, was before further tests showed that disposition and well-being of We called this week seeking
after a suspicious amber liquid in shut down and evacuated for hours the liquid was honey. the two honey sniffers who were more information and a spokes-
a passenger’s bag tested positive and flights diverted after the inci- After the all clear was given, overcome at the airport several woman for the American Federa-
for explosives -- only to ultimately dent, which began when Ramirez’ officials said they were trying to weeks ago. I have been reading tion of Government Employees,
determine that the substance was bag set off an alarm in a luggage- determine why the honey tested the papers thoroughly and can the union representing Transpor-
honey. screening machine. positive for explosives and made find no follow-up reports as to tation Security Administration
Francisco Ramirez, a 31-year- U.S. Transportation and Securi- the screeners so ill that they would their condition. workers, said the two officers
old gardener who had been visit- ty administration screeners turned need medical attention. Who will be sued over this returned to work the day after
ing family in the central California up five Gatorade bottles full of “There are some questions I incident and will they be able to the incident.
city of Bakersfield, was allowed to what they called a “suspicious- think are going to have to be fol- successfully file for state or fed- Suzanne Trevino, a TSA
return home to Milwaukee. looking liquid.” Swabs of the bag lowed up on,” Dupre said. He said eral disability payments? spokeswoman, said the same.
“The substances in the bottles and bottles tested positive for the that Ramirez was “free to go” and I think one agency or another She reiterated that the TSA’s
did turn out to be honey. They test- explosives TNT and TATP. would likely be home in Milwau- should furnish the media with explosive trace detection told
ed negative for all explosives and When the bottles were opened, kee by Wednesday. this much-needed information, them there was a problem with a
narcotics. It is nothing but honey,” two of the screeners smelled a Ramirez, who Whorf described as I believe the public has a passenger’s bag.
FBI spokesman Steve Dupre told strong chemical odor, complained as “very cooperative,” had orig- great stake in this information “It’s still unclear as to why
Reuters. of nausea and were rushed to a inally been booked on a flight being brought forth. it specifically alerted us,” and
The security scare came as jit- local hospital, where they were from Bakersfield to Milwaukee Hopefully this information that remains under investigation,
ters gripped the U.S. travel indus- treated and released, Kern Coun- with a connection through San will be put out to the public Trevino said.
try in the aftermath of an unsuc- ty Sheriff’s spokesman Michael Francisco. before I plan my next flight. Whether anyone files a law-
cessful Christmas Day attempt to Whorf said. -- Richard Diuri suit over the incident remains to
blow up a Detroit-bound commer- Kern County Sheriffs deputies, A: Here’s what we reported be seen. No lawsuits have been
Jan. 5, the day of the incident: brought to our attention.
“The two TSA employees were From http://people.bakers-
taken to a hospital as a precau-
tion, but were released shortly
The most proﬁtable and effective
way to $ell honey since 1980. Hot Beekeepers: Are You One?
By Eve Solomon & Gazelle Emami
Jan. 26, 2010
First, we gave you the hottest organic farmers, and you sent us photos
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Bees may get a bad rap because yellow jackets sting, and we’d like
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seriously important practice for the environment. In honor of that, we’ve
compiled some of the cutest beekeepers around, most of whom practice
With your honey or ours - 5 gallons to 55g drums. urban beekeeping on rooftops in their respective cities, sometimes ille-
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By: Nature’s Kick Honeystix cutest of them all? Vote for your favorite, and we’ll invite the winner to
“Where Honeystix Began” blog about his or her hive.
1-503-581-5805 Think we missed a cutie beekeeper who deserves recognition? Send
www.originalhoneystix.com in your nominations at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/01/26/hot-
Vol. 39, No.1 (Mailed 3/12/10) THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010, Page 9
--Continued from Page 6 Several years ago, Vietnam cumvention. Officials from U.S. tell-tale pollen, adulterated with increasingly asking this question.
Prices, like fish, are jumping. established Special Economic Homeland Security spoke in Orlan- rice syrups, revealed the presence The situation has been com-
It remains too early to estimate Zones where Chinese and Taiwan- do to both the National Honey Pack- of Chinese pollens in honey osten- pounded by the fact that as of this
the Brazilian honey crop, but some ese companies established offices. ers and Dealers Association and the sibly produced outside of China writing, Congress has failed to: 1)
indicate that the quantity of export Some of these companies have left American Beekeeping Federation and contaminated with improper renew suspension of the bonding
to the U.S. is anticipated to be Vietnam and one is reported to be (ABF) about their efforts to stop residues. The ultra-filtration of privilege allowing importers to post
similar to 2009. There was no rain, under investigation by Interpol. As the widespread practice of circum- honey removes both pollen and bonds rather than pay cash deposit
however, for 20 days in February, Vietnam has established a strict vention in its various forms. Many veterinary drug residues, provid- for antidumping liabilities and 2)
and there is concern about the lack monitoring program for authorized American packers, beekeepers ing a “disguise” of the phenom- impose duties on the honey portion
of honey in the hives. beekeepers, honey factories and and importers spoke with the offi- ena of circumvention of Chinese in the so-called “packers blend.”
For Chile and Uruguay, the honey exporters, several companies cials, informing them of the details honey through third countries. It The termination of the suspension
preferred and traditional market is which had “front or shell offices” they encounter in the competition is, however, relevant to note that of “bonding privileges” ended in
in “Special Economic Zones” to between “legal” versus “illegal” the FDA prohibits sales of ultra- summer, 2009.
Europe, whose currency sustains
high US Dollar prices. The tragic facilitate circumvention via fraudu- honey. In Sacramento, Jill Clark, filtered honey as honey. The deeply partisan paralysis
earthquake in Chile will undoubt- lent documents are out of business. from Dutch Gold and President of The buzz among beekeepers in Congress has thus far stymied
edly result in delays for exports Officials from scientific labo- the National Honey Board Asso- was that the situation is compa- all efforts to re-impose the require-
from that region. ratories in Europe have visited ciation; Bruce Boynton., Executive rable to the Madoff Ponzi Scheme, ment of cash-deposits. This failure
Vietnam this year and cooperative Director of the National Honey wherein for a decade, the evidence has re-opened the door to direct
Currency relations will undoubt-
edly influence honey’s absolute relations among Vietnamese and Board (NHB) ; Richard Adee of that something was wrong in the imports of Chinese honey mediated
prices and the relative advantages of American universities with strong the American Honey Packers Asso- “State of Denmark” accumulated by “front companies” that evaporate
Europe vs. the U.S. in procurement agricultural departments have been ciation (AHPA) and this author all in the SEC. Only the financial if, and when, U.S. Customs comes
of South American honey. The established. gave speeches which discussed this crisis caused decisive action and to collect retroactively antidump-
national debt problems in Greece, The phenomenon of circumven- phenomena and its serious impact conviction against Madoff. What ing duties. It, therefore, remains
Portugal and Spain have put down- tion is troubling not only to our upon the NHB, members of the will it take for a decisive, timely an urgent goal of the AHPA to
ward pressure on the Euro rela- U.S. industries and our Congress, NHPDA, AHPA and ABF. and comprehensive solution to be persuade Congress to promptly re-
tive to the U.S. dollar. This makes but also to China. Chinese officials Evidence was presented in for- effected to prevent circumvention close this loophole.
the U.S. marginally more attractive in The World Trade Organization mal and informal meetings from of Chinese honey in order to avoid All, however, is not quiet on
than it was several months ago for must try to negotiate issues and scientific laboratories specializing paying prevailing antidumping fees the front to stop circumvention of
South American exporters. How- agreements that both open and inte- in honey about analysis of honey on Chinese honey? American bee- honey. There is a report that about
ever, the cumulative national debt grate international markets and fol- that was ultra-filtered to remove keepers and American packers are --Continues on Page 10
in the U.S. still portends, in the low the rule of law.
view of many economists, to a fur- The widespread
ther weakening of the U.S. dollar phenomenon of
and increasing commodity prices. circumvention is a
major hindrance and
VIETNAM AND ASIA obstacle to imple-
As this market report is being menting the rule of
prepared, the Vietnamese honey law in international
crop is barely beginning. Vietnam- trade.
ese beekeepers are transitioning
from wintering their bees, feeding CIRCUMVEN-
their bees and protecting them from TION
disease. During the recent
At the end of January, an impor- conventions of the
tant meeting was held in Hanoi American Honey
between the Vietnamese Beekeep- Producers Associa-
ing Association, various ministries tion and the Ameri-
of the Vietnamese Government and can Beekeeping
agents of I.C.E. As reported previ- Federation, much
ously, the Vietnamese have taken discussion occurred
very proactive and strict steps to regarding the global
prevent circumvention. It is impor- shortages of honey
tant that both Governments work and the continuing
together to prevent circumvention. concern about cir-
Page 10, THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010 Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mailed 3/12/10)
Mite & Disease --Continued from Page 9 pollen addition, and adulteration
with a multitude of sweeteners,
of business, most honey packers
are actively cooperating to fight the
200 containers of honey exported to
Mite & Disease the USA in 2009 were denied entry. which are being employed to hide corruption and fraud to which oth-
A small number of these contain- the reality of circumvention. Sec- ers feel compelled to submit.
Resistant Queens, ers were returned but the over- ondly, more statistical academic CONCLUSION
and governmental data is at hand to
& Nucs whelming majority are in a state
of limbo. According to the reports, reveal that certain alleged countries
In conclusion there has been
renewed talk in the American
Available March 2010. Visit our website
this honey was accompanied by of origin do not produce the quan-
tity or quality of honey that show
honey industry, especially among
fraudulent country of origin and American honey packers, of the
Preorder Today for Spring Delivery.
to order and for more information. quality certificates. The ostensible up as surges of honey from new need to make adjustments to assure
exporters quite naturally did not honey exporting nations. Thirdly, continuity and adequacy of sup-
accept responsibility for the ship- through the efforts of packers all ply. Given several factors includ-
ments and would not accept return. over America, more retailers and ing 1) the international shortage
The parties in the country that actu- manufacturers realize that large of honey, 2) the increased vicis-
ally produced the honey would not price differentials for processed situdes of global weather patterns,
accept return of the honey since honey and aberrational chemical 3) the prevalence of circumven-
(866) 547-3376 phone/fax
866-547-3376 phone/fax such would entail admission of cre- profiles for honey are not signs of tion to avoid antidumping duties,
10 am-2 pm M-Th (CST)
10am-2pm M-Th (CST) ating and submitting forged docu- business acumen but illegal cir- 4) the vulnerability of bee popu-
firstname.lastname@example.org ments. We note that there has been cumvention; retailers and manufac- lations and 5) the likely end in
www.beeweaver.com increased scrutiny of agricultural turers increasingly realize through this decade of China’s treatment in
www.beeweaver.com products shipped from Asia to the the concerted efforts of American antidumping cases with surrogate
U.S.A. For example, hundreds of packers throughout the country that country analysis, many packers are
containers of various products were collusion to circumvent to avoid concluding that there should be a
rejected by U.S. authorities and antidumping duties impose upon renewal in one form or another of
returned to India, Indonesia and them criminal liabilities. Fourthly, some agreement that could impose
Malaysia in 2009. more American packers and Amer- both quantitative restrictions and
There are also reports of some ican beekeepers are reaching out minimum prices on Chinese honey
honey exporters being put on auto- to their Congressional Representa- and other products subject to anti-
matic detention by the U.S. FDA. tives and Senators to persuade U.S. dumping orders. The prevailing
That means the honey must arrive Customs to devote more resources political climate, including the
in the U.S.A., be sampled and so that a thorough and timely end intense and widespread opposition
tested and proved free of action- of the phenomena of circumvention to the fraud which is at the heart of
able contaminants as a condition is achieved. circumvention of Chinese honey,
for release. Because of this type Nonetheless, 2009 saw continu- makes establishing a new agree-
of action, various companies have ation of aberrational export pat- ment extremely difficult.
ceased exporting to the U.S.A. It terns to the U.S.A. For example, in The growing sentiment among
is predicted that 2010 will witness 11 months, imports from Malaysia packers, however, is that they can-
various exporters going out of busi- were over 17,000,000 pounds at not have confidence in adequate
ness as their illegal actions catch up values averaging $0.72/lb. for ELA, supply to serve a market that con-
with them. and 835,000 pounds of ELA came sumes 400,000,000 to 500,000,000
Of course, the dilemma and in from Mongolia at values in the pounds of honey annually, if the
tragedy is that honest exporters, range of $.62/lb. Documents exist world’s biggest producer of honey
importers, packers and beekeepers that show that Malaysia produces has no legal access to the American
may also go out of business if they only a tiny fraction of that volume market. China’s absence is creat-
are forced to compete with circum- and Mongolia has no ability to pro- ing stress and has helped divide the
vented honey much longer. duce honey for export. In contrast, market into 2 tiers – a legal and an
In respect to the efforts to stop many newspaper articles reveal the illegal market. Suppression of the
circumvention, there are several convoluted paths by which Chi- illegal market has proved to be very
positive developments. Firstly, nese honey has been circumvented incomplete and tenuous. If domes-
commercial laboratories and inde- through third countries. tic production remains stagnant and
pendent academic scientists have While some packers believe that far below consumption, pressure
greatly increased their ability to they are faced with the dilemma will continue to build to eliminate
detect and expose the various “dis- of either participating in buying
guises,” such as ultra-filtration, circumvented honey or going out
--Continues on Page 13
Vol. 39, No.1 (Mailed 3/12/10) THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010, Page 11
The Mid-State Beekeepers
Honeybeelives.org will begin
holding their organic beekeeping
The Central Mississippi Bee-
keepers Association will host a
For more details, go to www.three-
classes with Chris Harp during beekeeping shortcourse May 14-15 index.htm or call Esther Jansen at --Continued from Page 1
Association is offering a Begin- rel-buster” crops, all at the same
the weekends from January until at the Jim Buck Ross Ag & Forest- 636-939-2929.
ner Level Beekeeping short course. time? Where will the plunge of
March. Locations are in Rosendale, ry Museum in Jackson, Miss. $10
The course will be over three days:
N.Y., Granville, N.Y., and Chestnut per day. Catered lunch is separate.
Massachusetts market prices bottom out?
Jan. 30, Feb. 27, and March 27. The Worcester Co. Beekeep- We really need to regain control
Ridge, N.Y. For specifics, go to Register by April. 28; No registra-
They will be held at the Lexington ers Assoc. is holding its 68th Bee of the honey market by giving the
www.honeybeelives.org. tion at the door. For details, call
Co. Farm Bureau Building, 121 School at UMASS Medical School, enforcers better tools (starting with
Stan Yeagley at 601-924-2582.
Park Rd., Lexington, S.C. The fee Connecticut 55 Lake Ave. N., Worcester, Mass. the standard of identity for honey,
is $40 which will cover a book, a
The Backyard Beekeepers Oklahoma The 8 week course will start March in states and nationally) and insist-
year's membership in both the Mid- 4 until April 22 with drawing of ing that they use those tools. We
Association will have their Bee The Oklahoma State Beekeep-
State Beekeepers and South Caro- door prizes on the last day. The fee also need to give any information
School March 1, 8, 15, & 22. The ers Association is having its Spring
lina Beekeepers, and materials. The is $30 per family. For more infor- we have on suspicious activities
Bee School is free and open to the Conference April 10 at the Guthrie
course is limited to 30 applicants. mation contact. Linda and Paul to the enforcers. And, we need to
public. They are also starting their Fair Grounds,1201 S. Division St.,
Contact Frank Blanchard at 803- O'Connor at 508-869-6214 or go to insist that the packer who buys our
workshops: March 20/Hands on Guthrie, Okla. All beekeepers are
345-3463 for more details. www.honeybeeclub.org. pure honey crop keeps it pure – all
Hive Set Up, April 10/Hiving Pack- invited. There will be reports from
California age Bees, May 15/Hive Inspection all over the state, a youth program, Florida the way to the consumer.
Part 1, May 23/Queen Yard Open door prizes, auction, and a pot-luck The Tampa Bay Beekeepers As-
Susan Cobey is offering a series
House. Workshops are also free lunch. Mann Lake will be available sociation is hosting a Beginning and
of workshops at the Harry Laidlaw
and open to the public. Please see for beekeeping supplies. Fore more Intermediate Honey Bee Seminar
Honey Bee Research Facility at the
www.backyardbeekeepers.com or details, call Glen Brunette, vice May 15 at Upper Tampa Bay Park,
Univ. of California-Davis:
call Serge Boyce at 203-259-4861 president at 405-433-2362. 8001 Double Branch Rd., Tampa. Tell a New
1. Art of Queen Rearing, March for more details. Fla. Registration fees is $20 before
31 and again on April 7. The fee is Missouri May 8 and $25 after. Call 727-393-
$125. Optional Queen Production Mississippi The Missouri State Beekeepers
Tour will be April 1 and 8 after The Mississippi Beekeepers Assn. will hold their Spring Meet-
3065 or go to www.tampabaybee- The Speedy Bee!
keepers.com for details.
each workshop for an additional Association will hold a series of ing March 12-13 at the Quality Inn
$50. Deadline is March 15. workshops and shortcourses on & Suites, Hannibal, Mo. The main
2. Instrumental Insemination beekeeping: April 6 at the Miss. speaker will be Jennifer Berry of
and Bee Breeding, April 14-16. Ag & Forestry Museum in Jack- the Univ. of Georgia. For more Let The
son, Miss.; May 7-8 at the Miss. information, go to http://mostate-
The fee is $425. Deadline is April
Speedy Bee THE MAGAZINE OF AMERICAN BEEKEEPING
1. Ag & Forestry Experiment Station Don't Miss Even One Exciting Issue of
3. Advanced Workshop on in Verona, Miss.; June 2-3 at the The Three Rivers Beekeepers Announce Your Bee Culture Magazine Filled with
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Instrumental Insemination, April Meeting--And • Bees • Beekeeping • Beekeepers •
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22-23. Fee is $375. Deadline April •How-To's • Honey Report • Proﬁles •
are offering a beginning beekeep-
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Send Us •Recipes • Funny Stories • Research •
refreshments. For more info, con- • Something for Everybody •
For further details, go to http:// 27. It will cover honey bee biology a Report!
tact Harry Fulton at harry@mdac.
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state.ms.us. Discount Because You Are In THIS
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(800) 233-2662 • 24 Hours 12oz. Capacity
New York FAX: (909) 361-1800 Available in
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or Fax 816-862-8702
Page 12, THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010 Vol. 39, No.1 (Mailed 3/12/10)
Honey: Number of Colonies, Yield, Production, Stocks, Price,
and Value by State and United States, 2009 1
noitcudorP yenoH nI setatS 01 poT Honey Yield Average Value
).sbl noillim nI( State Producing per Production 3 Price per of
Colonies 2 Colony Pound 4 Production 5
1,000 Pounds 1,000 Pounds 1,000 Pounds Cents 1,000 Dollars
KNAR 9002 KNAR 8002
.DORP & .DORP & AL 9 49 441 66 182 803
AZ 20 52 1,040 562 153 1,591
AR 24 57 1,368 301 139 1,902
1. .D.N 56.43 1 1.53 CA 355 33 11,715 2,109 139 16,284
2. S.D. 28.71 2 83.12 CO
3. filaC . 27.11 3 63.81 GA 65 41 2,665 346 147 3,918
HI 10 95 950 323 163 1,549
4. tnoM . 0
22. 1 6 9
83. ID 103 46 4,738 1,706 145 6,870
5. alF . 0 0
2. 1 4 58.11 IL 8 34 272 57 226 615
IN 9 32 288 101 198 570
6. nniM . 9
3 .7 5 9
25. IA 26 42 1,092 339 151 1,649
h dI 47.4 11 6.3
8. xeT . 66.4 8 .4 93 LA 37 103 3,811 610 132 5,031
ME 6 50 300 51 186 558
9. ciM .h 9
.3 6 7 81.5 MI 66 60 3,960 1,505 151 5,980
10. aL . 8.3 1 41 32.2 MN 122 65 7,930 1,427 140 11,102
MS 14 104 1,456 87 132 1,922
MO 11 47 517 57 198 1,024
MT 146 70 10,220 3,577 145 14,819
U.S. Colonies U.S. Honey NE
Over Last 20 Years
Crop in Last NJ
NY 47 65 3,055 978 183 5,591
Estimated by USDA-NASS for NC 11 45 495 84 252 1,247
beekeepers with 5 or more ND 450 77 34,650 7,623 137 47,471
colonies. Only honey-producing
colonies are counted. USDA-NASS OH
Estimates in PA
2009 2.46 Millions of TN
2008 2.34 Pounds UT
2007 2.44 VA 6 39 234 56 328 768
2006 2.39 2000 220.2 WA 62 44 2,728 1,064 149 4,065
WV 5 37 185 33 267 494
2005 2.41 2001 186.0 WI 63 60 3,780 1,588 151 5,708
2004 2.56 WY 37 48 1,776 391 143 2,540
2003 2.60 2003 181.7 Oth
2002 2.57 Sts 6 7 15 51 768 127 280 2,150
2001 2.55 2004 183.5 US 7 8 2,462 58.5 144,108 37,153 144.5 208,236
2000 2.62 2005 174.8 1
For producers with 5 or more colonies. Colonies which produced honey in more than one State were counted in each State.
1999 2.65 Honey producing colonies are the maximum number of colonies from which honey was taken during the year. It is possible to
2006 154.8 take honey from colonies which did not survive the entire year.
1998 2.64 2007 148.5
Stocks held by producers.
1997 2.65 Average price per pound based on expanded sales.
1996 2.56 2008 160.9 5
Value of production is equal to production multiplied by average price per pound.
CT, DE, MD, MA, NH, OK, RI, and SC not published separately to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
1995 2.65 2009 144.1 7
Due to rounding, total colonies multiplied by total yield may not exactly equal production.
Summation of States will not equal U.S. level value of production.
1993 2.88 10 yr. Crop 170.9
Honey Agricultural Statistics Board
1990 3.22 February 2010 3 NASS, USDA
Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mailed 3/12/10) THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010, Page 13
World Report National Honey Board Shifts Marketing Focus
Jan. 5, 2010- Firestone, Colo. 2009 study has found younger of 18 percent from 2006. This
--Continued from Page 10 imperative if consuming nations – A recent research study has users of honey more likely to use could mean a decline in not only
circumvention by finding a legal are to ensure adequacy of supply sparked the National Honey Board the product in these fields. purchases, but also in honey con-
mechanism that will allow access and continuity of quality. Testing to refocus its marketing efforts for “Younger users of honey seem sumption and demand altogether.
to Chinese honey but which will methodologies have become hyper- 2010, adding new programs and to be a little more creative in how The National Honey Board
concurrently suppress both dump- sensitive promising to detect and reformatting existing ones. they use it,“ said Bruce Wolk, conducts research, advertising
ing and flooding of honey. measure parts per ten billion or per According to the 2009 Honey Director of Marketing for the and promotion programs to help
In addition to the impact of tariff trillion. But the issue is not “testing Attitude and Usage Study, cur- National Honey Board. “Because maintain and expand domestic and
trade barriers, non-tariff trade barri- the test” but ensuring 1) protec- rent users of honey below the of that, we need to communicate foreign markets for honey and
ers are also exerting influence upon tion of the ability to produce the age of 45 have dropped signifi- with them through new channels, honey products. These programs
and danger to the honey market. At food supply and 2) safety for food cantly since 2006. This 27 percent like social networking, to continue are funded by an assessment of
every beekeeper’s convention any- consumption. The world’s bees, it decrease poses an opportunity for positive trends in honey purchases one cent per pound on domestic
where in the world discussion are is realistic to estimate, are crucial the National Honey Board to delve and usage.” and imported honey.
dominated by the effort to develop to global annual production of over into other marketing avenues, like But it’s not just reaching Bruce Wolk
methods to protect bees. In 95% $100 billion dollars of food. It social media, to reach new and younger demographic that the Director of Marketing
of the world’s bee yards, beekeep- is this context that impels global younger audiences. National Honey Board has in National Honey Board
ers engage in methods to protect science to create global standards. In reaching a younger demo- mind—the organization is directly Firestone, Colo. 80504
their bees. The reason is that bees, Realism must prevail over mythol- graphic, the National Honey Board targeting current users of honey 800-553-7162
like other forms of life, are vul- ogy, sound science over harmful hopes to expand the awareness as well, regardless of age. Further firstname.lastname@example.org
nerable to disease and stress. If illusions. and use of honey into other mar- research has shown that 60 percent
bees existed in a mythical realm There must be cooperation in kets, such as snacks and natural of respondents report purchasing
of invulnerability, and if the plants this effort to establish standards. home and health remedies. The honey within the last year, a drop
bees pollinate existed in a sister The global integration we witness
realm of invulnerable botanical life entails greater integration of econo-
forms, then there would be no need mies, science and law. If issues of
to devise methods of preserving the both tariff and non-tariff trade bar-
health and vigor of bees. However, riers are not addressed, the honey
due to the universal vulnerability of market will become increasingly
animal life, food products, includ- unpredictable and efforts to guaran-
ing honey, do not dwell in a realm tee adequacy and continuity of sup-
of ultra-purity. It is this fact that ply and quality will become inef-
makes it essential to find reason- fective. The current global shortage
able testing limits and reasonable of honey compels us to think about
tolerance levels for residues. The all these issues from a more strate-
macro-environment of rain, atmo- gic and long term perspective.
sphere, soil and pesticides also are Given the current global eco-
expressed as residues in food prod- nomic recession and high rates of Join together
ucts. The key question is how to unemployment and underemploy-
ment, there are obvious and real
with fellow beekeepers
balance and integrate effectively
protecting bees and ensuring the restraints on how high honey prices from across the
safety of honey and other bee by- can rise. Reducing or removing nation.
products. Other food industries tariff and non-tariff trade barriers Support the:
have long recognized similar needs will become a strategic require-
and been able to effectively and ment to ensure both adequacy of
realistically address the dual con- supply and reasonableness of price. American
cerns of protecting agricultural pro- If, as we hope, the creative use
duction and human safety. of good science as a marketing Beekeeping
tool to promote the health benefits
It will not do to adopt a sectarian
attitude that says in effect “I can of honey matures, then ensuring Federation Package Bees & 3131 Hwy. 45
have my residues, but you can’t adequate supply to meet growing Glenn, CA
have yours.” Given the inexora- demand will become even more Contact us for membership information:
3525 Piedmont Rd. NE,
ble move toward global economic challenging. Bldg. 5 Ste. 300 • Atlanta, GA
integration, establishing global sci- --Ron Phipps 30305-1509 (530) 891-5216
ence-based standards, testing limits CPNA International, Ltd. Ph. 404-760-2875
and tolerance levels will become Email: email@example.com Fax 404-240-0998 www.koehnen.com
Page 14 THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010 Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mailed 3/12/10)
Lack Of Honey Bees, Excessively Wet Weather
Might Make Almond Crop Fall From Trees Too Soon
By James Noonan California growers had their pol- March.” ization will allow the nut to fasten
As the pollination window for lination needs met this year, said Another factor that could nega- (to the tree) and really hold a big
this year’s almond crop draws to Joe Connell, a UC farm adviser tively affect the harvest was the crop,” Mussen said.
a close, uncertainty caused by wet for Butte County who specializes wet weather the region experi- Despite the challenges posed
weather and a lack of pollinators in almonds. However, it is still too enced during the almond bloom. to this years harvest, Connell and
ABF has forced producers to wait and
see if one of the state’s largest cash
crops will deliver the way it has in
early to say whether the efforts of
the bees will translate to a success-
ful almond yield for California
Mussen and Connell agreed
that the cold weather and unusu-
al amount of rainfall during this
many almond farmers are hopeful
heading into this year’s harvest.
“We have a good number of
Measures years past. farmers. year’s almond blossom season blossoms right now,” Connell said,
Almonds in Yolo County “There is deﬁnitely potential reduced the amount of time the “if we can get nuts to take hold in
brought in about $24 million in for a good harvest, but we won't bees could spend in the ﬁelds, and about a quarter of them we’ll be in
2008. know for sure until the nuts them- might cause the ripening almonds pretty good shape.”
By any rule Since 2004, one of the largest selves start to size up,” Connell to drop from the trees before they -DailyDemocrat.com
ABF issues facing the almond industry
has been the diminished number
said. “Deﬁnite answers probably
won't be available until the end of
are fully developed.
“Proper pollination and fertil-
Mar. 6, 2010
does what of honey bees caused by an un-
explained phenomenon known by
you expect scientists as Colony Collapse Dis-
of a order, or CCD. Almond farmers
rely upon honey bees to pollinate
New Book In Growing Rutgers Animal Q&A
national their orchards, and without suc-
Series Sheds Light On the Intimate World of Bees
beekeepers’ cessful pollination, the high yield
of almonds typical of the region Jan. 11-Twenty-five thousand this insightful question and answer as other species such as orchid
organization. cannot be achieved. species of bees certainly cre- guide provides compelling facts. bees, bumblebees, and stingless
Send for a free “CCD is something that has ate a loud buzz. Yet silence bees. Accessible to readers on
varied in frequency and severity descended a few years ago every level, and including the
information packet when domesticated bee popu- latest research and theory for
since 2004, but this year many
on the ABF and beekeepers have taken colossal lations plummeted. Bees, in the more sophisticated reader,
about beginning hits,” Eric Mussen, a member of particular honey bees, are criti- the authors reveal more than
beekeeping. the UC Davis Department of Ento- cal links in the vibrant chain one hundred critical answers
mology and honey bee specialist, that brings fruits, vegetables, to questions about the lives of
American said. “Some have suffered colony and nuts to markets and din- bees.
Beekeeping loses as high as 91 percent.” ner tables across the country.
Farmers and scientists on the
Concepts about speciation,
evolutionary adaptation and
Mussen said about 25 percent
Federation of beekeepers nationwide suffer agricultural frontlines quickly pollination, as well as histori-
www.ABFnet.org signiﬁcant losses due to CCD, realized the impact of this loss, cal details about topics such
info@ABFnet.org while the rest are left with a sense but many others did not see as Mayan beekeeping and the
of uncertainty as to whether their this devastation. Why Do Bees appearance of bees in rock art,
3525 Piedmont Rd.
colonies will remain healthy. Buzz?: Fascinating Answers to are arranged in easy-to-follow
NE, Bldg. 5, Ste. Questions About Bees reports sidebars that highlight the text.
In recent years, the diminished
300, Atlanta, GA on the mysterious “colony col- Color and black and white pho-
number of pollinators has left
30305-1509 some local almond farmers scram- lapse disorder” that has affected tographs and drawing enhance
Ph. 404-760-2875 bling to ﬁnd the bees they need, honey bee populations, as well the beauty and usefulness of
Fax 404-240-0998 and this season was no exception. as other captivating topics, such Why Do Bee Buzz?
“Phones were ringing off the as their complex, highly social --Lisa Fortunato
hook this year, all the way up until lives, and how other species of Publicity Manager
full bloom,” Mussen said. bees are unique and different Rutgers University Press
Stay Informed! While the slowly declining from honey bees. 100 Joyce Kilmer Ave.
supply of honey bees might have Organized in chapters that cover With clarity and depth, bee biolo- Piscataway, NJ 08854-8099
Read the kept some producers working everything from these provocative gist Elizabeth Capaldi Evans and Ph. 732-445-7762 ext. 626
pollinator’s basic biology to the coauthor Carol A. Butler examine http://rugerspress.rutgers.edu
Speedy Bee! down to the wire, it appears as
though the majority of Northern aggressive nature of killer bees, the lives of honey bees, as well
Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mailed 3/12/10) THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010, Page 15
Speedy Classified Ads
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Page 16 THE SPEEDY BEE, Spring 2010 Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mailed 3/12/10)
The Speedy Buyer’s Guide
A Classified Listing for the Beekeeping Industry.
BEE SUPPLIES BEE SUPPLIES BEE SUPPLIES HONEY PACKERS/DEALERS QUEENS & PACKAGES
Avery Filter B L Plastic Containers Rossman Apiaries, Inc. Leighton’s Powell Apiaries
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