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Berlin Blockade 1948-49

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Berlin Blockade 1948-49 Powered By Docstoc
					What points are these cartoons making about Germany?
Who created these images?
      Background to the crisis
• Only remaining democratic nation in eastern
  europe
• Elections due in May – communists feared they
  would do badly
• Communists staged a coup d’etat, took over the
  police force, other political parties removed from
  government
• Last remaining non-communist Jan Masaryk fell
  from a window…?
• President Benes was forced to resign to be
  replaced by Klement Gottwald
    Czechoslovakian Crisis, 1948

                                                                 Hat




Vladimir Clementis

      Spot the difference?
                                              Klement Gottwald
      What does this picture tell you about
      life under the Soviet Union?
         Impact of the Crisis
• What did this do to relations with the west?

• How did it play on feelings of guilt?
(Hint: think 1938…)
Berlin Blockade 1948-49
               Questions
1. What were the two views of Germany’s
   future?
2. Why did Stalin want to force the allies out
   of Berlin?

3. What was the response by America,
   Britain and France to the blockade?
4. Consequences?
          Germany’s Future
USA                   USSR
• JCS 1067
  (Morgenthau Plan)




• Truman and 1947
Inevitably there were casualties. In July three
American crew were the first killed when
their C-47 transporter crashed. In all the
operation cost the lives of 65 Germans,
British and Americans.
                 Key Points
• NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
  (1949). No return to isolationism for America (11
  countries signed initially)
• Stain forced to lift blockade
• Soviets test first atomic bomb in August 1949
• Creation of FDR (Federal Republic of Germany -
  West)
• Creation of GDR (German Democratic Republic
  – East)
1949   1955

				
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posted:8/3/2011
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