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AUGUST, 1941              TEN CENTS
                              "ANGLER?                                                               VOL. 10—No. 8
                                                                                                    AUGUST, 1941


             PUBLISHED MONTHLY                                                   ARTHUR H. JAMES
                       by the
                                                                      COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
             COMMISSIONERS                                              BOARD OF FISH COMMISSIONERS

 Publication Office:   Telegraph Press, Cameron A
Kelker Streets, Harrisburg, Pa.
  Executive and Editorial Offices: Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Board of Fish Commis-
sioners, Harrisburg, Pa.

                                                                               CHARLES A. FRENCH
                                                                               Commissioner of Fisheries
      Ten cents a copy—50 cents a year
                                                                               MEMBERS OF BOARD
                                                                           CHARLES A. FRENCH, Chairman
          ALEX P. SWEIGART, Editor                                                 Ellwood City

                                                                                   MILTON L. PEEK
         South Office Bldg., Harrisburg, Pa.
                                                                                  HARRY E. WEBER
  Subscriptions to the PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER                                      EDGAR W. NICHOLSON
should be addressed to the Editor. Submit fee either                                Philadelphia
by check or money order payable to the Common-                                    J. FRED McKEAN
wealth of Pennsylvania.     Stamps not acceptable.                                  New Kensington
Individuals sending cash do so at their own risk.
                                                                                  JOHN L. NEIGER

  PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER welcomes contribu-                                      JOSEPH M. CRITCHFIELD
tions and photos of catches from its readers. Proper                                 Confluence
credit will be given to contributors.                                            CLIFFORD J. WELSH
  All contributions returned if accompanied by first                                    Erie
class postage.
                                                                                 H. R. STACKHOCSE
                                                                                  Secretary to Board
  Entered as Second Class matter at the Post Office
of Harrisburg, Pa. under act of March 3, 1873.                                      C. R. BULLER
                                                                            Chief Fish Culturist, Bellefonte

         IMPORTANT—The Editor should be notified immediately of change in subscriber's address
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                    Permission to reprint will be granted provided proper credit notice is given
Vol 10. No. 8                   *ANGLER7                                                          August, 1941



                             Portable Steel Control Tanks at the Bellefonte Hatchery.

     A broader conception of the task involved in propagating Black Bass, Yellow Perch and Bream (Blue-
  Gills), can be gathered from the careful and extremely tedious methods with which the baby fish must be
     When the hatch is finished, the job really begins. Skilled hands remove the tiny fish from the ponds and
  from then until they reach a size of from five to six inches, they are the subject of constant care and con-
  cern. Not only must they be protected from the large fish of the ponds but likewise they must be pro-
  tected from themselves while in the tanks. It may be of interest to know that a small Black Bass scarcely
  an inch long will attempt to kill and devour his companion of not much less his own size. This is the in-
  herent cannibalistic nature of the specie and requires constant observation and removal of the larger of
  these little fellows; grading them into groups of their own size, otherwise they would destroy themselves.
     Swiftly superseding the suspension basket is the CONTROL TANK, illustrated above. Constructed of 12
  gauge blue annealed copper bearing steel, they are ten feet long, two feet wide and one foot, eight inches
  deep. The equipment is portable and can very easily be arranged for single tank use or can be inter-
  connected in series as conditions require. The tanks and supply troughs being standard in size, are thus
  inter-changeable with all similar equipment being used in the hatchery buildings. Here the daphnia food
  problem is solved with no loss whatever of the minute organisms falling through the fine wire mesh of the
  basket. These are more readily cleaned, and a higher degree of sanitation is thus achieved. In addition to
  the foregoing advantages the control tanks provide an absolute protection against predators such as the
  water beetle, water tigers, etc. Then too, they serve to reduce labor costs and provide improved observa-
  tion and control over fish parasites and disease.
     Our program of tank control now in use at the Pleasant Mount hatchery, the Bellefonte hatchery and on
  the Pymatuning Sanctuary will be further expanded this winter when numbers of the units will be trans-
  ferred to the Huntsdale hatchery, Reynoldsdale hatchery and other plants where they will be used in con-
  junction with the trout work.
     This new method of warm water fish culture is something you'll hear more about in future years.

                                                                                        Commissioner of Fisheries
                                                      PENNSYLVANIA                ANGLER                                                       AUGUST

                                                                                                                                       swrter* -Wv

A     LTHOUGH there are times when we
      can take smallmouth bass on surface
 floaters, the greater percentage of these fish
                                                     By CLAYTON L. PETERS
                                                   best means of tempting bass. The truth is
                                                                                                      headed straight for the boy. After emptying
                                                                                                      his gun in quick successive shots, he hastily
                                                                                                      ran to tell his father about the beautifrj
 are taken by fishing beneath the surface of       that all these lures will take bass on occa-       animal he had shot at. "But" exclaim^"
 the water. We have found some good sized          sion but behind the lure itself lies the secret    the boy's father, "you didn't even aim a t
 fish of this specie eagerly feeding on large      of its particular adaptability, in other words,    the deer. Not once did you have your SP&
 hatches of flies and when they happen to be       the secret of knowing when and where to            to your shoulder, or look over the sights^
 in that particular mood they can be at-           use it and why it should be used under             "Well", said the boy after a bit of though*'
 tracted all too easily and are apt to strike      certain conditions.                                "I shot in the general direction of the de«r
 at anything from a cigar butt to a mallard           If a certain stream is devoid of a certain      anyway." And so goes casting at night. Y ^
 duck. The largest smallmouth bass I have          type of insect life, it certainly would not        can only cast in the general direction and
 ever been able to take on a surface lure was      seem reasonable to expect a bass to get ex-        trust to the red Gods that you may be con'
 deceived on a deer hair mouse. This hap-          cited over seeing an offering of a bug it had      sidered a part of their plan and permitted tb^
 pened on Shermans Creek one evening at            never seen before, but use that same lure          good fortune to drop your floater at a p°fr
 dusk. Bass were feeding on practically any        where its prototype abounds and you have          where Mr. Bass can conveniently locate jjj
 type of insect life that ventured too near the    s different story. Therefore, it would seem           A flashlight, be it ever so small, is a m^s
 surface of the stream. Not having my regu-        wise to select a few lures that would be          for the angler who chooses to cast afle
 lar assortment of bass floaters on the stream     found on most any type of good bass water.         dark. I, like many of my fishing associate5'
with me at the time, I finally located the deer       Many a good bass is brought from deep          carry a small pen light, so called, which
hair mouse among an assortment of odds and         water by the use of deep going plugs, large       consider almost as essential as my rod. \
 ends, so removing the streamer and spinner        bucktails with spinners attached and many         is almost impossible to change flies with011
I bent the little gray rodent to the leader        others of the lures designed for deep water       it, yet it is so small that it can be conven'
 and on the very first float over his majesty,     fishing and trolling, but the ne-plus-ultra       iently held in the mouth, thereby aUowiw
the king of his pool, he viciously struck with     of largemouth fishing comes in the late day-      the use of both hands in changing flies a*1
a mind to kill. This incident is referred to      light hours and long after the sun has             tying knots after dark.
 only to remind that the smallmouth at times       crossed the horizon and the shadows of night          Another handy accessory is a clip or rij™
likes to vary his menu by making selections        are permitted to cast eerie figures upon the      attached to your jacket to hold the rod w n l !
from the water's surface.                         water. It is then that these fish actually go      making changes. The rod can then be bal'
   The largemouth, however, is a more ready       to work to gather the necessary sustenance         anced in the crook of your arm, which als
surface feeder and usually if they are in any      of life. The biggest thrill of bass fishing is    permits the use of hands, and sometimes J
mood at all to feed, a surface lure will be       at hand at that hour when all that seemed          seems that four hands would be an asSe
their undoing. Differing from the fast water       devoid of life suddenly begins to move in         for night fishing.
haunts of the smallmouth, his heavier open         search of food, under cover of darkness.              In the accompanying illustration there a1
faced cousin loves to lazily lounge around        Your musings over the commotion caused             pictured some of the outstanding and &°s
the deeper water in large stream pools and         by a muski-at or the plaintive cry of some        useful types of floating bass lures. T h j
lakes. As evening approaches, he is want to       night bird, are suddenly disturbed by either       cover duplicates of lures that will be foU?
drift into the shoreline where he can lie in       one of two familiar types of rises. Either        on most bass waters and will invariably ta*
wait and prey upon the many forms of sub-         the rise is of such a nature that the entire        bass that cannot be lured to the surface p*
surface forage as well as the abundant sur-       pool reverberates from the sudden impact            any other method. I have placed them n U " \
face creatures that may serve as food. Frogs,     as the fish strikes the water, or you hear the      erically in the order of their effectiveness **
snails, insects, mice, and even water snakes      slup-slup of a fish gently drawing an insect       far as my humble observations have b e e
are among the delicacies that cause the big-      from the surface. This last type of rise is        recorded during the past few years.                 .
mouth to leave his deep retreat when time         often mistaken as the activity of a small fish         It is an unimpeachable fact that a            e
comes to put on the feed bag. May flies,                                                                                                             3
                                                  but the truth is that some of the largest fish     is one of the choicest of all bass surf
dragon flies, stone flies, helgramite or dob-     feed in this manner.                               food, and ihe little deer hair frog acco'y&
son, damsel flies, moths and bettles form a          After the shrouds of darkness have covered      for some of the best evening catches. The'
large part of his varied diet. In fact, so        the movement of the bass, it is necessary          lures are offered commercially in van 0
varied is his diet that when one looks at         to cast in the direction from whence the           sizes and shapes, which to the writer's " .
the assortment of bass lures on the shelf         sound appeared to come, and this, to say the       of thinking does not hamper the effective]^
of a sporting goods store, he sees so many        least, is very difficult. It is almost like an     of the lure too much, as long as there
different types of lure that if he thinks at      incident that happened several years ago           ample clearance between the bottom and *•?
all, he certainly is in a quandry as to what      that amused me to the extent that I think          barb of the hook, so that the hooking 1uf.i,
form to use in order to achieve the best re-      of it everytime I try to locate a feeding fish           is not impared. r m . ! . is a *_..1± **.
                                                                                                     ity. : - _ _ i . :
                                                                                                     :*.                   J  This =_ _ fault iVlf.
sults. Oh, yes, every lure on the shelf has       after dark. A friend of mine took his son          many deer hair and cork lures that sh""'
been tried and proven. The majority have          along for his first attempt at deer hunting        be watched carefully when purchasing th e ,
been provocative of record catches, and           and placed him on a watch in such a posi-              Figure 2 represents one of the neat6;,
without doubt every single one of those lures     tion that he could see his every movement.         appearing of all the host of r e p r e s e n t a ^ .
has some supporters who idolizes it as the        Finally a deer broke from the drive and            of the large bug or moth imitation. Tl1
1941                                                         PENNSYLVANIA               ANGLER                                                           3

are procurable in many color schemes, a
Sfeat many of which are far more attractive
to the eye of fishermen than to the fish in
lUestion. My best success with this type
°* bug was with an all white pattern. Tan
        brown is also an excellent color, and one
°* my fishing companions swears by black.
     The bug shown in Fig. 3, is one of the old
    andbys and probably is used more than
    V of the deer hair bugs. It is one of the
?asiest to tie and is as effective as the ma-
  °rity of lures in the same class. The hackle
'ails impart added action that can not be
^Pected if the entire lure is made of deer
   air, therefore, I would recommend this bug
*ith the hackle tails. While I like the more
j0ttiber colors in the bug illustrated in Fig.
   ' 1 prefer to fish the gaudy red and yellow
Pattern of the bug illustrated in Figure 3.
/Mother color that should not be forgotten
       gray. A combination of gray and white
   ?ettis very effective. This type of bug is
       d with wings prone and with the wings at
ah a forty-five degree angle to the body.
Th,e latter of the two causes less commo-
           on the water and may at times take
            bass when too much commotion will
     ^d the fish to cover,
     figure 4, depicts the mouse lure that is a
      *unon sight in every tackle shop. They are
Procurable in natural colors and white.
    °rtunately I tie my own and can choose
     y own colors and my favorite is tied in a
      ty small size of deer hair dyed pink or
y ther flesh color. I have never seen these
j t' e flesh colored mice offered for sale but
v        n assure you that bass consider them as
^*y choice food. Some wise-cracker re-
marked last season that "a quart of bad
 jMor will produce pink snakes, elephants,
      * what not but when a fellow gets to
   drying pink mice, he must have found
  <>ftve powerful stuff." He didn't take time to
  *a:Son or think as a bass may think. Any-
tya. bass seem to approve of the color and as
j y
5 0 S j id before, have never seen them for sale,
as • a m quite satisfied to accept the ribbing
Qj ng as they help implicate the deception
     fr    bass or two occasionally.
°f J g U r e s ^ an< * ' s h o w two of the trout type
c ^ry flies that spell success and will often
•jn s e vicious strikes when bass are rising.
t ro e discarded bivisibles from the current
          t season make excellent bass flies and
to \r m a y ' 3 e * n s * z e s ranging from No. 12
°to                 These may be carried in gray,
j ^ ^ n a n ( i black. The remaining drake flies
t^ the trout season are a good addition to
V                 Ay assortment. Not infrequently a
a j ^ . drake fly will be seen over bass waters,
iw '* these flies descend to the water, they
Alnf1" fail to arouse the interest of the bass.
of ,° u gh I have never seen large hatches
J a ^ e flies during the open bass season,
W told that it is a real pleasure to wit-
cC(; the feeding orgy where this condition
il0. rs> but even where heavy hatches do
^rai ° Ccu r, a bass will seldom pass up a               of the ANGLER, because everytime I write an        pleasure in the use of artificials, and that
                                                         article on artificial lures, it is with the hope   he thoroughly realizes the folly of under-
   An6 fly-                                              that someone may see the value of using            mining the initial necessity to supplying good
' W t h e r addition from the trout equipment
laf wifl tempt the most finicky bass is a                artificial lures and allow the natural forage      strong healthy fish, by taking the forage
hjs e Caddis fly. If the angler wishes to tie            to remain in the stream. It is difficult to        from the streams. Even the thoughtful bait
d 6ei °^n, the body may be made of trimmed               change from the time honored bait fishing          fisherman who takes his legal number of
O hair and the wings from either dyed
  f                                                      methods, but in recent years fishing has be-       bait-fish or fish-bait from the stream, per-
to0 j tural feathers from a barred rock                  come more and more popular and conse-              mits some of them to perish in a metal con-
of "*r. Caddis' are very common to many                  quently it has become a problem to keep            tainer and are poured away. This situation
ijUjt r Pennsylvania bass streams and are                the streams stocked with legal fish not to         offers a challenge to everyone who fishes.
6vPh. effective in the larger sizes for late             mention the thought of supplying forage.           To the bait fisherman, it offers a challenge
   j j ^ g fishing.                                      It is a fact, however, that once a fisherman       to convince himself that more fish can be
tils j j . heartening to read a letter such as           becomes interested in fishing artificials, he      taken on artificials with more time to fish
t^o ^r'tor of the ANGLER received from Mr.               never returns to live bait practices. This         and less time to fuss around with live bait.
       **• Diehl and printed in the June issue           proves that he must have surely found new                     (Continued on page 22)
                                                     PENNSYLVANIA              ANGLER                                                       AUGUST

                                                                                                   down. From the shrub-herb cover, the watf
F   ORESTS are the fisherman's best friends.
    This is especially true for those who
pit their skill against the wily trout. Without
                                                  ByRUSSELM. ZIEGLER,B.S.F.
                                                  cool streams in which flow the maximum
                                                                                                   drops to the ground cover or litter, whic*1
                                                                                                   is probably more important than any of *",
forests there would be few if any fishable        amount of water during the entire year. To       forest's parts in influencing run-off an
streams and as a result none of this game         approach this ideal it is essential then that    stream flow. The litter soaks up the wate
fighter, denizen of our pure, cool mountain       there be a good forest cover over most of        and allows any excess to percolate into to
streams. Trout make their homes in cool           the watershed of the stream. It is necessary     humus. This humus layer can absorb an
water and they must have it so that they          that there be trees along the stream banks       retain up to one hundred times its o^
can successfully reproduce.                       as well as adjacent thereto. This stand of       weight. From this latter layer the wa]f-
   The present forests on the watersheds of       trees and shrubs will in most instances          is gradually released into the soil. ^ \
our fishing streams hold in check to a large      serve as a retarder for water flowing from       absorptive power of the soil is determine':
degree the fisherman's two worst enemies,         adjacent slopes and by retarding the flow        by its looseness and the presence of a g°°
erosion and low water. It is essential then       will permit some of the silt to settle from      root system belonging to the trees and shrUp
that all true followers of Izaak Walton use       the water before it enters the stream; it will   established therein.
every means at their disposal to protect the      provide shade over the stream and the root          Rainfall is therefore intercepted by J**|
forests from their arch enemy and your            system of the trees and shrubs will aid in       forest trees, is absorbed by their litter an
own as well, forest fire. New forests must        lessening erosion of the stream's banks as       humus and is allowed to pass into the S°
be planted on acres denuded by fires and          a result of the cutting action of the water      with its erosive force curtailed. Under °
the lumberman's axe as well as on abandoned       current. Shade is an important factor in         dinary conditions forests absorb from twema
farmland now being ravaged by the forces          keeping stream temperature low. It has been      to fifty percent of a light or normal rail*'
of erosion.                                       discovered, however, that the planting of           Only during a long or violent rain is
   There has been much written on the sub-        trees, for shade on streams which are now        absorptive power and the capacity of *>    of
ject of forests and their relation to game        warm will have little bearing on lowering        litter, humus and the forest overtaxed. *\
and their benefits to the hunter. We have,        the temperature of a stream unless the           that torrents such as rush from the surf3
however, had very little written on the           planting is continuous from the streams          of bare or gullied lands are seldom if eV
beneficial effects of forests for fishing.        source.                                          met in the forest. One receives the impr^
   The type of forest which is most desirable                  Forests Hold Water                   sion that there is present a sogginess sii"J
for the production of game and game food             Many will be asking what are the parts        to a swamp or slush on a warm winter °fL
is of little or no value to the fisherman.        of a forest and what do these parts do in           Soils in the forest are more perinea^
These forests as a rule are open and man-         holding water and in preventing erosion?         than newly plowed loam and as a r e ^ s
aged in such a way as to favor trees and          Figure one shows the parts of the forest.        water percolates through them readily "'Lj
shrubs which will produce food for game           The upper layer of the forest is the canopy      forming vast underground reserves. " «
animals such as nuts, berries and fruits. The     comprised of the leaves and branches; the        water is not used by the trees and s n r l Li
canopy of the forest is reduced to such an        second story is composed of second growth         for their needs finds its way into the stre ,
                                                                                                           .          a.   .*     i  .1      1!-.n\    "
extent that there appears to be no forest         timber and the cover of shrubs and herbs.         channels most often through the medium
at all. The reason for this is to encourage       Below this layer is the litter area composed      springs. Often months elapse between
the growth of sprouts and good browse             of leaves, branches, down trees and other         time the rain falls until it enters the strea .
plants. Clear cutting of all trees in strips,     vegetable material; while the humus layer         The ability of the forest and soil to m „
to improve browse, has been suggested by          is directly beneath the litter and is com-        water for so long a period tends to reg uJ
many game authorities as a means of in-           posed of decayed vegetable matter and this        and equalize stream flow.
creasing game food and thereby increasing                                                                                                             &
                                                  extends into the last part, the soil itself.        The forests, too, are important b e c a u s e ,
amount of game.                                      The forest canopy breaks the force of the      their influence on snow melt. A well st<"*
   The forest practices which are therefore       rains and as a result the raindrops are           forest reduces extremes in temperature; .
beneficial to game production and manage-         broken into a spray which gently falls to         ing warmer in winter and cooler in sunJ\oIji
ment are in a large measure detrimental to        the second story of the forest. Some of the       than open land. It protects the snow v tK
the best interests of the fisherman. To have      moisture is evaporated before it reaches the      the driving action of the wind and from
good fishing it is necessary to have pure          shrubs and herbs where it is further slowed      heat of the sun. Thus more snow can aC
    1941                                                PENNSYLVANIA              ANGLER                                                          5

  'fculate in the forest. While it is true that     and its balance upset by the reduction of        low water periods are filled with soil. Then
   How begins to melt in the forest before it       forest cover as the result of fire, logging,     again, the presence of silt in the water
> ^°es on open land, it takes from three to         excess grazing or other major causes, ex-        lessens the depth to which light, needed by
  ten days longer to disappear. Moreover the        cessive erosion is liable to occur. The least    the plants, can penetrate. This light is
  bellow soil in the forest is more likely to       conspicuous form of abnormal erosion is          needed by plant and animal so that they can
  Remain unfrozen or if it does will not freeze     called sheet erosion. This form is recog-        grow and reproduce.
  *° the depth that will be found on open           nizable in the exposure of the root collar          Erosion with its resultant muddy water
    °il. Even though it freezes it will still re-   or the roots themselves and in the accumu-       may be the cause of a change in the fish
  ^in some absorptive power since the soils         lation of soil on slopes immediately above       life in a stream or it may be responsible
        not as compacted as on open land. The       obstructions. As the black top soil containing   for the stream's deterioration so that it will
  i°rest litter is responsible for the slight       humus is washed away, the area becomes           not be inhabitable for fish.
  freezing occurring in forest soils. The soils     less able to sustain as dense a stand of            Silting up of our streams destroys en-
     e therefore able to absorb some of the         vegetation as it formerly carried. As a          tirely or hampers the effectiveness of man
  ]Vater resulting from snow melting. Spring        result there is less obstruction to run-off,     made stream improvement devices such as
  freshets from melting snow are an important       less binding power in the soil, and what         dams, deflectors and retards. To keep these
  source of floods. By delaying the melting of      was sheet erosion becomes gullies which          mechanical controls effective under excess
  the snow and the fact that some of the            increase in depth and width with each            silting would entail tremendous labor and
  ^ater is absorbed and passes into the ground,     passing rainstorm. Its final effects are muddy
   "*us prolonging the run-off period, forests                                                       involve considerable expense.
                                                    streams and channels choked with silt and
   'end to reduce flood crests. It must not be      soil.                                                               Forest Fire
   °verlooked that there are times when snow                                                            Any agency or force which disturbs the
  ^elt is hastened by heavy warm rains and             The silt carried into the streams contains
  a                                                 large quantities of humus and decaying           forest cover must be considered an enemy.
    * such periods the beneficial effects of the                                                     Fires are invariably the result of someone's
  forest cover is lost. The excess run-off          vegetable matter which indirectly serves as
                                                    food for the smaller animals or insects upon     carelessness and are the most destructive
   Usually contributes to major floods.
                                                    which fish feed. As Albert E. Weyer, of          disturbance of forest cover. Even a light
                                                    the Missouri Conservation Commission aptly       burn consumes large quantities of the val-
                           Erosion                                                                   uable forest litter. Large fires destroy not
        The ability of the forest to hold soil is   states it, "Silt in our fishing water may be
                                                    compared to pepper in our soup—a little          only the litter but the trees and shrubs as
    j*eond only to its ability to hold water. It                                                     well. Often they destroy the vegetable con-
      as                                            may be very good but too much is disas-
          a dense root system which spreads far                                                      tent of the forest soil itself. As a result the
    ?^d wide and often to great depths, the         trous."
                                                       Excessive siltation of our streams is as      influence of the forest to retain water and
       tter being true in regards to tap-rooted                                                      to provide s-hade is destroyed. The tem-
    frees. As a whole the roots of our forest       damaging to fish as is pollution from any of
                                                    our industrial sources. The bottoms of our       perature and acidity of the water is raised
    frees, shrubs, and herbs penetrate more                                                          and the bared mineral soil is subjected to
         ply into the soil than is the case with    good fishing streams are covered with plant
                                                                                                     erosion and torrential run-off which carries
I       *?* °^ o u r agricultural plants.           growth, small animals, insect larvae, cray-
                                                                                                     much silt into the stream channel.
        Erosion, the action of wind and water in    fish and mussels. When large amounts of
                                                    silt and soil are deposited on the stream's         During a rain on a fresh fire area the
      eiiioving our soils, is taking place on all                                                    water which runs off into the stream carries
     <*nd areas. Where the process takes place      floor, all these fish foods are covered over,
                                                                                                     with it, in addition to soil, wood ashes which
    . ft areas not disturbed by man, rarely does    smothered and killed. Besides this, the
     , assume an intensity whereby it causes        gravel beds among which fish spawn are           contain lye. The lye is leached from the
    damage.                                         covered and destroyed. The deep holes in         ashes and this results in a temporarily high
       Where natural conditions are disrupted       the stream on which the fish depend during       acide condition in the water. This acidity can
                                                                                                     become so high that mature fish will be
                                                                                                     killed and often the food bearing plants
                                                                                                     and other fish foods on the stream bottom
                                                                                                     will be killed and destroyed. The silt carried
                                                                                                     into the water often covers fish eggs com-
                                                                                                     pletely or so blocks their pores so they
                                                                                                     will not hatch.
                                                                                                        This acidity is usually of a temporary
                                                                                                     nature and the fish will return to the sec-
                                                                                                     tion of the stream affected from other sec-
                                                                                                     tions. The damage done to the fish food is
                                                                                                     not easily remedied. It may take years for
                                                                                                     the stream bottom to again carry a sufficient
                                                                                                     supply of food to support fish life if left to
                                                                                                     nature alone.
                                                                                                        Water temperature may rise as much as
                                                                                                     fifty percent because of the exposure of the
                                                                                                     stream to the heating action of the sun.
                                                                                                     Temperature alone is often the determining
                                                                                                     factor in the process whereby a good trout
                                                                                                     stream may be converted into one inhabit-
                                                                                                     able only for warm water species.
                                                                                                        An example of what can happen in Penn-
                                                                                                     sylvania whtn the water temperatures rise
                                                                                                     and remain high is clearly shown by what
                                                                                                     happened in Michigan. The waters of that
                                                                                                     State once contained the grayling, a gamey
                                                                                                     fish. That was prior to the lumbering off
                                                                                                     of Michigan's forests and the period of forest
                                                                                                     fires which followed. Today this fish cannot
                                                                                                     be found in its old haunts. Temperature of
                                                                                                     the water : s blamed for this situation.
                                                                                                        The damage caused to streams as a result
                                                                                                     of forest fires is far reaching. If left to
                                                                                                     nature alone, many years will be required
                                                                                                     before a good forest cover will clothe the
                                                                                                     burned areis. Here, then man must come to
                                                                                                     the aid of rature and trees must be planted.
                                                                                                                 (Continued on page 21)
 6                                                PENNSYLVANIA   ANGLER   AUGUST

T     WENTY years ago I married a fisher-
      man—with my eyes open, fully aware of
  the gamble and wholly acquainted with the
  idiosyncrasies of the breed. For you see, I
 have several older and younger brothers,
  generally not fishermen it's true, but fervid
 hunters, and there is more than a touch of
 affinity linking the two pursuits, a kindred
 relativity so to speak indulging the same
 recurring lapses of characteristic masculine
 irresponsibility—an identical far away guile-
 less day dreaming perversity, a like business
 and domestic inattentiveness as opening day
 nears, the selfsame never changing, over-
 worked, moth-eaten yarns different only of
 date, actor and setting, and recanted with
 variation a million times and more since
 the dawn of evolution.
    And to complicate matters my personal
 fisherman now fondly insists he entered into
 the contract just because I happened to be
 a "skinny, hungry looking, homesick little
 Jane" whom he knew would never be able
 to look out for herself in the wide cruel
 world—just as surely I married him so that
 he would never be subjected to the probable
 indignities likely to be handed out by some
 fluffy little hard-hearted dimwit wholly un-
 acquainted and entirely out of sympathy to
 the particular type of masculine insanity
 commonly associated with the confirmed
fisherman or hunter. So I guess we're about
even on that score!
    Born in the hill country of Adams County,
father a miller at the time, brothers then or
to become deer and bear hunters, sometimes
upon rare occasion even trout fishermen,
seemingly at no time in my life has the quest
of the wild been very far distant and the
spicy taste of fresh game or fish never absent
over too long an interval. Probably my
first personal piscatorial prize came from
Bermudian Creek somewhere near or adja-
cent to Trostie's Mill. Anyway we kids fished
both the race and the main stream for hours
on end and to the utter distraction of poor
mother. And tho bent pins did not serve as
the hook, of a certainty as a line we em-
ployed either wrapping yarn from the latest
sugar purchase at the hamlet grocery or
linen thread slipped from mother's sewing
basket. Sucker hooks, three for a penny, also
came from the store. And while it meant a
              (Continued on page 16)
                                                      PENNSYLVANIA   ANGLER

       LL this does not promise to be very
       heavy reading. Right now it is hot as
     zes and so am I; already I've swallowed
7*1 estimated two or three gallons of ice-
     ter, iced tea and icy lemonade the past
tf      al hours, and apparently just for the
~*m of watching the moisture ooze from
 y^fy open pore, hesitate for a moment and
 Qen trickle down toward the pavement and
[^ a y through the lawn in sea going rivu-
, "S of salty perspiration. At least now I
j ° * how it feels to be an ice cube on a hot
         and watch one's self melt away into
     rnal nonentity. I'm slowly dehydrating—
rt\? n o t think of things serious and if I
        most likely no one would want to read
, ' So my friend you are hereby condemned
          bit of light personalities, the like of
   Wch probably you will not invite the sec-
° a time.
     Anyway friend wife, after long painstak-
     6 consideration, abbetted and egged on by
 . yself, hopes to crash the pages of this
 ^? u e with her very first literary effort—
jj**t nicer than the old man should swing
   Sht into line as a bit of backing up, so to
_Peak? And perhaps my title is a misnomer
      ather it should be "The Way of an An-
n e t t e with the Male."
    ^Ow as hinted several times in weaker
        nents of unguarded remorseful confes-
      *> some of this dub's choicest fishing
c . ^Petition comes from within the family
v ot > to whit, feminine. A confirmed de-
o l e e of artificials only, either plug or fly,
s          skinny frail looking wisp of a femme,
^ betimes weighing a full hundred pounds
c ° e or less, and thereof and for whom your
    Respondent is pleased to answer as the
la ter> specializes in piscatorial size, first,
j^           and always. Furthermore grumbling,
)j ^Wing and fiddling around along the
5h              waterways at least once each season
a         may be depended upon to come up with
ftiit *? e n s h ' trout, walleye or bass, just a
Hc interesting even to the male. And with
           dastardly deed once accomplished, like
tj l . t l y another missus, she never says any-
lei ? a o ° u t it to anyone, especially the
 aiif « ° r s        we
                        ^ n o t °f ten anyway! Who
y0 'Whoa?" Guess you know how it is,
    ? married guys!
          kewise interesting and as an added ac-
                  (Continued on page 18)
                                                        PENNSYLVANIA               ANGLER                                                   AUGUSl

                LET'S FISH FOR BASS, HUH?
                                                          By F. E. SCHEUERLE
      O—you'd like to go bass fishing, would         bass family with a fly rod or do you lean          weight but its length and action also . • •
 S     ya? You want to know how Grandpop
 Salmoides, Uncle Dolomieu, and Cousins
                                                     towards the bait casting rod? This is one
                                                     question which you must decide for your-
                                                                                                        depend on the manufacturer's recommenda-
                                                                                                        tion. Yeah, depend on him before you do
 Annularis, Pallidus and Rupestris, act when         self even though it is possible to buy a com-      the judgment of the man who sells it to yoU<
 they are bouncing around at the end of your        bination bait and fly casting rod in one            for after all he might be first a trader and
 line, huh? You're not satisfied with just          unit. But before that bug bites too hard            after that a fisherman.
  the pulling surges of Grandpop largemouth,        just remember that a reel that will handle a           All right, having bought the rod we'll next
 but you also have an unsatisfied yen to learn      fly line just can't be used for bait casting,       buy the line which will bring out the best
 the antics of Uncle smallmouth, and the            nor can anyone expect anything but trouble          action of the rod. Because we are limited
 gyrations of cousins Crappie, Bluegill and         if they should try to bait cast with a bait         in our expenditures we must select a level
 Rock Bass. You want to know how it feels           casting reel that is filled with a fly line. So     line, and not a tapered one, but even so our
 to have each one, at some time or other, act       remember that if you have the fifteen bucks         level line will be better adapted for bass
 its darndest to shake loose from a hook and        to invest, it will be much better to choose         fishing than would a double taper. S°
 then with a flip of its tail corkscrew its way     now just what type of equipment you'd like          we'll spend about 2 bucks on a coil of 25
 to freedom. In other words you'd like to           to use . . . it must be either fly rod or bait      yards of a good level line. Now a single
 go after these gamesters in a sporty way—          casting.                                            action reel with a silent drag would b e
 which, after all, is the only way—and that            Let's see if we can help make the choice?        swell and if you shop around you may pi c *
 way points to artificials.                         Would you like to take a gander at some             up one for about two bucks.
    So, if you do want the fun, the sport,          trout in April? Or how about some sucker               Well, we've spent twelve bucks and have
 you must go after your bass with bugs,             fishing in March? You would . . . then the          three left to buy leaders, line dressing, bug5
 flies, deer hair lures, streamers and plugs—       problem is solved. It must be fly fishing           and flies. Before you wonder why I sugg est
 the poppers, the darters, the dancers, the         equipment. And that means a fly rod.                line dressing when you'll be fishing wet
 wigglers and the plunkers. And if you will            What kind? A good rod in the sense that          some of the time, you'll need it when y° u
 do that you'll not only get more fish, pos-        it is stiff in action yet light in weight. In      fish the floating bugs, and you'll need it *"
 sibly bigger fish, than any user of live bait      other words a three piece rod, about nine          use as a line preservative to keep the lme
 —but you'll have more fun. And if fishing          feet long, weighing between five and one-          soft and pliable even after taking a beating
 isn't fun, then, son, your eyes should never       half to six and one-half ounces . . . an all        under some hot sun. You won't have W
 be on this page nor your nose in this book.        purpose rod . . . stiffness for dry fly work       spend a buck a throw for leaders. But a ten
    Now if you are already a user of arti-          . . . length for distance . . . and weight for     yard coil of Nylon, which with the h n e
 ficials, if fishing is fun, don't turn the page.   the surges of the most active fish. Sounds          dressing ought to nick the remains of the
 Read on and you may have occasion to               like the rod of the experts yet, believe it or     bank roll for four bits. We have now $2-^
 scream for the ink!            a pen!       and    not, one can be bought for about eight             left.
 paper! . . . and then tell me where I get off.     bucks.                                                 For $1.25 you can buy a bass-bug ™
 And if you're not a user of artificials but          Try to get a nationally advertised rod, one      tying kit that will give you a dozen t>asS
 have a desire to use 'em, either on a bait         made by a manufacturer who will tell you           bugs. Even though you never have tied 8
 casting rod or a fly rod, then, brother, cock      the size line that is necessary to use to          fly before the tying of a bass bug is not tb e
 your feet on the dining room table, tilt your      bring out the action of this rod. Don't think      complicated work that tying a dry fly oI1
 chair back, tell the pooch to "lay down"           that you, by whipping the rod back and forth       a size 14 hook is. Buy a bass bug for a
 and read.                                          a few times in the store, can then pro-            quarter, and though this is cheap you cajj
    Since this a ramble of generalities and         foundly pronounce "I think a 'D' line will         find out from just looking at it how g°°fj
what fisherman doesn't ramble? . . . we'll          be all right." Don't feel that your buddy          a bass bug can be colored and tied. Wif1
 assume many things. But the first must be          who has been fishing umteen years can do it.       the remaining buck we'll buy four streamer5
that you know where you're going to fish            It is a job for an expert, and unless you          at a quarter apiece. These we'll get °v
 . . . be it the flats of the Juniata; the rocks    know someone who after one swish of the            size 8 hook to use for the smaller but JuS
of the Susquehanna; the headwaters of the           assembled rod can tell you not only its            as active cousins for whom you have de'
Delaware; or some deep running, rocky                                                                  veloped a yen.
creek; a warm water lake with plenty of                                                                   Now,you have the equipment, so hie yc-m"
spatterdock and lily pads; the sluggish, weed                                                          self to a lake, a creek, the flats of a river-
infested water of the Old Lehigh Canal; or                                                             and whip out a bass bug. Let it lie s t ^
any other place in which you know the fish                                                             until every ripple has disappeared. Thfn
you want lurks . . . and lives. You not                                                                give it a slight twitch, wait, twitch aga^'
only know he lives there, you've seen him,                                                             Now a few inches of retrieve. Another
and you want him! Want him badly enough                                                                twitch, and if nothing happens don't l e t '
to spend money on equipment to get him.                                                                get you down. There are certain times of the
   Now when we write of money, we won't                                                               day when a bass will rise. This is ofttimeS
speak from the viewpoint of the fisherman                                                             in the morning just after the sun has rise"
who writes for a living, nor the viewpoint                                                            or in the evening after it has set. Which f
of one who, because he is an expert, can                                                              the best time? You're asking me? I cS°
afford to pay for equipment that no one but                                                           tell you. No one can until they have af'
an expert uses. We'll try to talk from the                                                            tually found out by experience when "*
viewpoint of tlje guy who fishes for fun,                                                             "best" time is. If the floating bugs bring ^°
and to have that fun is willing to spend some                                                         response try the streamers. Fish 'em &**
money to gain it. How much money? Not                                                                 just below the surface until they reach " \
much—say fifteen bucks!                                                                               tops of the weeds or even deeper. Fish fr^
                                                                                                      a boat whenever possible. Cast to JP
  That's all you want to spend, that's all you                                                        shoreline, work the pockets, and as the day
can afford to spend. And you want to go                                                               grows warmer go out into the deeper wat er '
bass fishing. I think it can be done. Let's
                                                                                                      Cast and cast again, thirty, forty, fifty cas^j
give it a whirl.
                                                                                                      even, are nothing to yap about even if v °
  First, what kind of fishing are you going                                                           don't get a swirl. Just keep at it, and ^
to do? Are you going after the Grandpop                                                               about the time you're ready to call it QP
and the Uncles and the Cousins of the                A weedless sinking lure that is a pet, the
                                                                   Shimmy Wiggler.                    there will be a swirl of water, a slap °*
1941                                                                    PENNSYLVANIA                      ANGLER                                                                    9

 tail and you'll be tied to something t h a t is                     :%"?' .:•££<••'• : l Z f e ; v W :
 frying to do its darndest to pull you in
 after it.
       If it dances on its tail, does headstands
     i its nose, slaps the leader and the line
 * i t h its tail—hang on. Don't be afraid to
 give slack w h e n he pulls. Hold the rod tip
    P, let h i m pull against that. A n d t h e n
 * h e n he is tired and is amenable to a steady
 Pull of y o u r retrieve bring h i m in—wet your
 hands—unhook h i m a n d p u t h i m back, and
 Son, you're just as big a gamester as the fish
        a fighter. After all w h a t good is t h e fish
 ~ you, to me, to other                      fishermen—dead?
 °Ut alive, now wasn't it a fight?
      Now y o u r rod won't bend into an arc like
 p a t if you use a bait casting rod, b u t you
   an have just as m u c h fun. Why we call
       light action r o d a "bait casting rod" w h e n
* e actually m e a n a rod that will cast plugs
^°u'll have to take u p with somebody else,
         just r e m e m b e r that from now on, in this
gambling bit of chatter, any reference to a
bait casting rod, m e a n s a light action plug                                 A splendid view of the Upper Delaware River, famed for its smallmouth bass.
  °d. A n d do you h a v e one?
      You don't b u t you still h a v e fifteen bucks             a light reel. This can be had only w h e n an               listen to them. Buy a ten p o u n d test, w a t e r -
to spend to get not only t h e r o d b u t t h e                  a l u m i n u m spool is used. Don't listen to t h e        proofed and you'll h a v e yourself a line. N o w
^ i n g s that go with it, h u h ?                Okay, let's     sales talk of t h e baling wire, a n t i - b a c k          if y o u r reel has a cork arbor fifty yards will
^ l v e that a gander.                                            lash device; n o r the blandishments offered                just about fill it nicely, b u t if no cork a r b o r
      Which shall it be, t u b u l a r steel or bamboo?           you b y t h e over-sized bearing exponents.                 t h e n you should h a v e a backing line. W e l l ,
bamboo is faster, steel is stronger. A six                        Both depend on friction to hold t h e spool                 w e can't spend m u c h on that so let us go i n t o
*oot light action bamboo rod will give you                        speed down, and friction means loss of dis-                 any five and dime and get us a 65 y a r d spool
  " e same degree of action that you can                          tance. T h e best anti-back lash device k n o w n           of Clark's ONT, 3 thread. We'll w a x it a b i t ,
      Pect from a five and one-half foot tubular                  is y o u r t h u m b and for heaven's sake don't            r u b off t h e excess with felt, r u b in the b a l -
       e l rod. So let's t a k e steel. W h y ? You               u s e t h a t t h u m b i n g device which will w e a r a   ance with paper. T h e n we'll tie one end t o
                                                                  ridge in y o u r a l u m i n u m spool w h e n used         our reel and p u t it on. To our good t e n
^ ^ get a good light action t u b u l a r steel
                                                                  constantly. Use y o u r t h u m b and w h e n you           pound test line we'll join it w i t h a single
f0tl in the 5% foot length for about six
                                                                  cast don't p u t too m u c h oomph on it a t first;         w a t e r loop k n o t and n o w we'll h a v e 115
   Ucks while t h e good bamboo in t h e six
                                                                  anyhow not until you k n o w how m u c h                    yards of good light line. A n d w h a t did i t
  °°t length will come nearly double that and                                                                                 cost us? One b u c k for the ten pound t e s t
, l t l ce fifteen bucks is our limit—steel it                    t h u m b pressure you m u s t p u t on y o u r a l u m -
ha                                                                i n u m spooled reel. A n a l u m i n u m spool not         line and one dime for t h e backing.
     « to be.
.. A. t u b u l a r steel rod of this length with                 only starts fast b u t stops fast (there is no                  We've spent $12.10, so let's spend f o r t y
j'Snt action will h a v e j u s t t h e p r o p e r tip           fly wheel action) and since you'll not find                 cents on a 10 y a r d coil of knotless Nylon
      n                                                           it necessary to beat the plug casting record                w i t h about 15 p o u n d test. Out of that m a k e
t ^ d to flip out a small % ounce lure to
 */ e spot you w a n t it. You don't w a n t a                    every time you flip out a plug take it easy                 a couple three foot, some six foot a n d a
   ?<* t h a t is so stiff t h a t it takes a 2 ounce             a n d a light reel will do t h e trick of helping           n i n e foot leader. M a k e these k n o t s small
^ * e r to m a k e t h e tip bend. A n d you don't                to balance y o u r light rod. Its cost? Five                for they h a v e to pass freely t h r o u g h the level
                                                                  bucks will b u y it—aluminum spool and all—                 wind prongs on y o u r reel a n d then t h r o u g h
. a n t a stiff-butted rod that causes y o u r wrist
                                                                  and b y all means level wind, oil cups, bronze              t h e guides of y o u r rod.
 , ache after you've flipped out a few plugs.
          balanced s t e p - d o w n t a p e r in t u b u l a r   bearings and a b r a k e which you should for-                  Now w e h a v e $2.50 left. T h r e e plugs, a
       el w i t h a n offset handle is w h a t t h e doctor       get about.                                                  sinker, a floater a n d a p l u n k e r at 75 c e n t s
     <krs. A n d you'll like it.                                   Now a line to fill the reel. Well, you h e a r             each, a n d 25 cents for a wobbler spoon a n d
      " ° w with a light action rod you m u s t have                                                                          there w e are. Yep, w e ' r e all set. T h e s i n k e r
                                                                  much about 15 to 18 pound test, b u t don't
                                                                                                                              plug should b e weedless a n d t h e surface
                                                                                                                              plug should be one t h a t floats w h e n a t
                                                                                                                              rest b u t darts a few inches u n d e r t h e w a t e r
                                                                                                                              w h e n retrieved.
                                                                                                                                  You m a y question m y prices. You m a y
                                                                                                                              a r g u e that they sound all right b u t w h e r e
                                                                                                                              you live you just can't b u y such e q u i p m e n t
                                                                                                                              at these figures. T h a t m a y be so. I live
                                                                                                                              in Philadelphia w h i c h is r e p u t e d to b e a
                                                                                                                              saltwater fisherman's paradise b u t don't y o u
                                                                                                                              believe it. Much freshwater equipment i s
                                                                                                                              sold here—sold not only b y reputable d e a l e r s
                                                                                                                              b u t by m e n who pride themselves on s t o c k -
                                                                                                                              ing nationally advertised freshwater fishing
                                                                                                                              tackle. If perchance you can not secure t h e
                                                                                                                              equipment which I have described above I
                                                                                                                              shall be glad to furnish you with the n a m e s
                                                                                                                              of local dealers who can, and give you a n y
                                                                                                                              information that will help you to h a v e m o r e
                                                                                                                                  N u m e r o u s items such as tackle b o x e s ,
                                                                                                                              spinners, nets, wading boots, I h a v e omitted
                                                                                                                              not because t h e y a r e unnecessary b u t b e -
                                                                                                                              cause they can be gradually acquired after
                                                                                                                              the essentials h a v e first been secured.
                             An excellent stretch of bass water on the Delaware.                                                               (Continued on page 22)
10                                                    PENNSYLVANIA             ANGLER                                                 AUGUST

                                  LIGHT LURE NOTES
                                                     By ALEX P. SWEIGART
                                                                                                  at its deepest point 18 inches in depth. Water
T   HERE is one, and only one, great test-
    ing laboratory for the light lures and
tackle complementary to them, the open
                                                                                                  temperature reading taken during the day
                                                                                                  showed a variation of from 73 degrees t"
fishing streams. Here, in a wild environ-                                                         81 degrees Fahrenheit which may have had
ment, their effectiveness in luring small-                                                        some bearing on the effectiveness of deep er
mouth bass, largemouth bass, pickerel and                                                         and slower fishing. Apparently the bass
walleyed pike may be proved to the satis-                                                         were favoring the cooler water near bottoio-
faction of the average fishermen. Light lure                                                      All were smallmouths. Not a single pickerel
fishing as a sport is comparatively young                                                         was raised although some are present in the
 and its rapidly increasing number of de-                                                         waters mentioned, with the exception of the
votees are in a position to add notes that                                                        Juniata.
may prove of interest to others of the fra-                                                          The finest smallmouth bass observed was
ternity. From this humble corner, it would                                                        caught in the lower section of Tuscarora
appear that virtually scads of dope will be                                                       Creek by Bernard Lawler, veteran pM?
gathered before the surface is even                                                               fisherman of Lewistown. It fell to a surface
scratched.                                                                                        lure, Arbogast's Jitterbug in the frog finish'
   There is another angle to this type of fish-                                                   was 20% inches in length and weighed;
ing that has not yet been taken into con-                                                         dressed, 3 pounds 6 ounces.
sideration. We refer to the locality in which                                                        July 3. Our ace river fishing correspond'
these light lures have been given perhaps                                                         ent, Lloyd King, again demonstrated the
their outstanding trial, namely streams of                                                        effectiveness of the Jitterbug in the same
the central counties. Charles K. Fox, Lam-                                                        finish on the afternoon of this day. Fishing
bert Miller, Don Martin, Lew Kunkel, and                                                          in the main Susquehanna in the vicinity f
others of the small group who really pi-                                                          Perdix, Perry County, he hooked four bi£
oneered their use have demonstrated to the                                                        smallmouth bass, every one of which thre^
satisfaction of all concerned that these quar-    Bernard Lawler with the 20'-5 inch smallmouth   the plug in its initial tailspin. Two smal''
ter to half ounce lures will take smallmouth      bass he caught on plug on opening day of the
                                                               bass season this year.             mouths around the 12 inch mark were caugh'
bass in waters that are perhaps the hardest                                                       on this lure, Lloyd reports. Early mornifls
fished in the State. No tougher testing lab-      bass being caught on it, and the fourth on
                                                  the Midg-Oreno. Its effectiveness was defi-     fishing on the Fourth in a steady rai£
oratory for their effectiveness may be found
than in the Conodoguinet Creek, Cumber-           nitely increased by attaching a short strand,   failed to bring a strike over the same stretcP
land County, the main Susquehanna in the          not more than one-half inch in length, of       of water.
vicinity of Harrisburg, Conewago Creek in         rubber pork rind to the single hook. Not           July 5. Muddy water everywhere
York County, and the lower Juniata River          one strike was missed, a truly unexpected                                                whi<*
and its tributaries. In these shallow, rock-      performance for a weedless lure. One of         means that the only possible bet was f°r
ledge waters, big smallmouths are mighty          the bass taken followed the lure virtually      pickerel in a mill dam on a small Junia*3
scary, a factor that must be taken into con-      to the rod top on the retrieve before strik-    County springfed stream. This very shallp*
sideration when judging the effectiveness of      ing. Fairly slow retrieving of the lure and     dam was found to be badly chocked **™
any lure for their taking. Along the same         fishing it at moderate depth seemed to be       weeds dictating use of a weedless l u r e
line of reasoning, we would hesitate to pre-      the most effective procedure for getting        The Silver Minnow came into the pictur
dict just what might happen were these            strikes. The fifth bass caught and released     very nicely here, although in many of &
same baby lures to be used extensively on         that day was a scrappy little fellow of 11      casts, slimy algae was picked up by &
waters justly famed for their smallmouth          inch length that struck the Silver Minnow       lure. First pickerel hooked was the be?
bass, such as the Upper Allegheny River,          in a shallow weedgrown flat not exceeding       of the lot, the heaviest girthed fish of WJ
the Upper Delaware and the North Branch                                                           species for its length we have ever t' e
of the Susquehanna River. Now, on with
the notes.
                 July 1, 1941
   The thermometer stood at 76 degrees when
Jim Kell, a fine light lure caster of Me-
chanicsburg and the writer clambered into
the flivver for an opening day jaunt over
central Pennsylvania bass waters that was
to include some early morning and late eve-
ning fishing and gathering photos and notes
for this publication. The jaunt was to in-
clude Sherman's Creek, Perry County, well
toward the head of the stream, Tuscarora
Creek, Juniata County from East Waterford
to the Juniata River, and the Juniata River
from Mifflintown to Amity Hall.
   The first fishing stopover was on Sher-
man's. Lures tried at this deep flat included
the Midg-Oreno, in the shiner and Shad O
Wave (yellow and black) finishes, the Tony
Acceta Ace and the No. 1 Johnson Silver
Minnow (Vi ounce). During two hours
fishing, four bass were taken, ranging in
length from 10 to 15 inches. Condition of
fish was good, and only the largest was re-
tained. By far the most effective lure was         This deep flat on upper Sherman's Creek yielded four smallmouths on the morning of open11
found to be the Silver Minnow, three of the                               day, only the largest, 15 inches, being retained.
1941                                                              PENNSYLVANIA                        ANGLER                                                                  11

J^to. I t lunged like a n a r r o w at the lure,
having its w a k e on the surface for a distance
°* at least t e n feet from the weed bed in
* h i c h it h a d been lurking. Forthwith, it
"^ade t h e w r i t e r look extremely foolish.
After several h a r d u n d e r w a t e r lunges, this
Psh which a fellow fisherman at the dam
declared u p a n d down would h a v e gone
~0 inches or better, i n length, b r o k e water,
J'sad shaking savagely to t h r o w the lure.
P didn't in t h a t leap b u t an instant later
Underwater the line suddenly went slack.
•*wo other sizable pickerel w e r e hooked
^ d lost w h e n they bored into the weeds,
   d two, both a r o u n d 15 inches in length,
* e r e t a k e n a n d released.
   Early season notes gathered a r e sparse for
several reasons. E x t r e m e heat on the open-
J^g day w i t h high w a t e r t e m p e r a t u r e s and
"eavy subsequent rainfall t h a t muddied
'"any of the central bass streams a r e two
^ them. M u d d y w a t e r over the F o u r t h of
^ l y holidays definitely curtailed fresh w a t e r
^ h i n g activities, b u t as s u m m e r advances,
Prospects are brighter for some good catches,
following hunches doesn't always yield
^vidends, either, as this thickheaded p l u g -
*=er discovered. We h a d reasoned that in
"^Uddy w a t e r just starting to clear, the Sil-
   r Minnow should be the ticket. Two
^ e n i n g s of fruitless casting w i t h it u n d e r
these conditions failed to yield a strike.

     Discussion on fishing light lures has cen-
 t r e d to date on smaller waters. That these
     r e s are equally effective w h e n fishing
streams of the calibre of t h e J u n i a t a a n d
~^squehanna Rivers goes without saying.
 While, for most effective casting in such
 waters, a boat is often highly desirable, the
   aster w h o wades will v e r y often tie into
  °ttie excellent fish. During J u l y and August,
 when w a t e r t e m p e r a t u r e s a r e frequently
high, a pair of thick soled sneakers and old                   This hefty chain pickerel, 2iV2 inches in length, fell to the Johnson Silver Minnow, No. 1, 111
*haki trousers fits nicely into t h e wading                   gold finish. Broke water twice in a battle that would match, ounce for ounce, the gamest
Picture. Later, w h e n chill September nights                                          smallmouth that ever struck a casting lure.
"ave cooled t h e water, w a d e r s a r e indis-
pensable for this type of fishing. T h e a d -               mediately below an old eel wall, w e m a k e                    will be directed out over the channel a n d
    antage of going light for y o u r wading with            o u r w a y across the swift w a t e r of this c h a n -        downstream to include shoreline pockets b e -
;~ e first outfit mentioned lies in t h e fact               nel to several smaller islands of high grass,                   fore they are disturbed b y o u r wading. F o r
'"at you can w o r k y o u r w a y along ledges              then start upstream. Between these smaller                      this section of the river, the ace bet will b e
      d through shallows with a m i n i m u m of             grass clumps and the big island is a v e r y                    the Midg-Oreno in Shiner Scale, Pike, Y e l -
j^sturbance, a factor highly important in                    deep pool a n d eddy. Old rivermen call it                      low P e r c h a n d yellow a n d black Shad O
  Uring big river game fish to t h e strike. It              t h e Salmon Bed and, y e a r after year, some                  Wave finishes. This water occasionally yields
    as been truly said by a v e t e r a n river w a d e r    of the best walleyes t a k e n from that section                some nice smallmouths.
  "at in order to fish a n y stream section to               of the river are caught there. You can cast                        Rounding the lower tip of the island, w e
^ e best advantage, a thorough familiarity                   across it nicely, a n d for the purpose a plug                  find a n u m b e r of rocky pockets that can b e
    'th streambed characteristics is essential,              that settles fairly rapidly is needed owing                     reached with longer casts.            Since these
J T * this knowledge can only b e gained b y a               to the fast w a t e r in t h e channel along the                pockets drop off rather sharply from o t h e r -
"Uftiber of excursions to the section. C a r e -             island. Because the current will belly y o u r                  wise shallow water, a plug t h a t does not
     .1 approach to likely looking pockets is a              line after a long cast a n d carry the plug too                 r u n too deeply is to be desired. Because
^ g h t y important p a r t of the game. After               far below t h e eddy before it settles deep                     they cast well, the Shakespeare G r u m p y a n d
^°u have mentally mapped out a section of                    enough to be within walleye range, it will                      Dopey in P e r c h a n d Silver Flitter finish a n d
^ e river, y o u are likely to find each s u c -             be wise to direct y o u r cast quartering s h a r p -
                                                                                                                             Mack's Minno Bug, % ounce size, yellow,
£ e eding trip yielding surprises. Things to                 ly upstream. Allow at least 20 seconds to
                                                                                                                             will be given a w o r k o u t here.
*J°te in this river fishing game are ledgy                   elapse before starting y o u r retrieve with
                                                                                                                                On the west side of the island are some
Pockets w h e r e fish h a v e been raised b u t             the plug selected, which, i n this instance,
                                                                                                                             deep pools that h a r b o r walleyes as well as
J^led to connect, the chasing of minnows in                  is the Midget River Runt, silver scale finish,
                                                                                                                             some good smallmouths. Through careful
f a l l o w areas b y the bass, and finally spots            black back.
                                                                                                                             following of the ledges in wading, this
    here a n a b u n d a n c e of minnows a n d other
                                                                Two other bets in t h e kit are in line for                  w a t e r can b e thoroughly fished before e n -
T*113!! fish have been observed. Casting in
                                                             this water, t h e Midget P i k e Oreno and t h e                circlement of the island is completed. I t
. " c h spots in early morning a n d late even-
     ts m a y prove productive.                              Silver Minnow.                  Walleyes, however, a r e        cannot be stressed too strongly that slow
     A section of the J u n i a t a River near N e w -       h a r d fish to figure w h e n it comes to daylight             fishing should b e the watchword.             Don't
P° r t in P e r r y County is typical of the w a t e r       hitting on plugs, so w e m u s t figure some                    neglect any spot that m a y h a v e a fishy look,
   "Countered in larger streams of the c e n -               " h i t - a n d - m i s s " for o u r casting at t h e Salmon   for in larger streams affording a wide area
    ^l counties. A t this spot a large island                Bed. A t any rate, a n hour's steady casting                    over which to range, good bass a r e liable
                                                             should tell t h e story, a n d t h e n the d o w n -            to be scattered and present in pockets that
 Wits the stream in two m a i n channels. E n -              stream trek will start. Hugging the island                      do not appear particularly enticing.
teri;n § the w a t e r from the east shore, i m -
    l                                                        shoreline below the eel wall riff, o u r casts                               (Continued   on Page 22)
                                   'Ike *DemonA                              CAGLCI

                                   ilke urtLte-i po4e& fre-t tke Camera THGK
                                   be/fOte -teLea-blnc tkiA hej^tij blonzeback.
                                   Jiote the m.Gnne-1 LM. ufklck the ba.44 14
                                   keid 4o G4 not to CGU4S inju-zu.
                                                           about, we must remember that there were
                                                           but few fishermen on the streams then, as
                                                           compared to the ever increasing numbers
                                    By WAYLAND V. BIRCH    in this day of shorter working hours and
                                                           modern transportation. Hence the demand
                                                           on our streams has become so great that
                                                           fishing resources are being severely over-
                                                           taxed and will continue to be, so long as the
           W     HY that blankety blanked so and so
                river up there ain't got enough bass
       left in it any more to stink a skillett. A feller
                                                           antiquated idea exists that the success of

       is lucky now if he gets the limit in a whole
       day's fishin'. Shucks! I can remember a
      few years ago when we'd ketch more fish
       than we knew what to do with when we'd
      go up there campin' for two or three weeks
      in the summertime. It was no trick at all
      for each of us fellers to go out and get our
      limit in an hour or so. And mind you, the
      limit at thai time was ten. I'll tell-ya boys,
      fish are gettin' mighty scarce and unless we
      git them danged turtles, watersnakes, king-
      fishers, etc., killed off purty soon, there
      ain't gonna be any fish in a few years,"
      opines one of the old-timers wherever a
      group of fishermen meet to discuss their
      fishing problems.
         A goodly number of present-day fisher-
      men are elusive and would rather cling to
      the theory that natural predators are rob-
      bing the streams of fish, than to place the
      blame squarely where it belongs—on the
      shoulder of the egotist who derives a vain
      glorious satisfaction from displaying a creel
      of dead fish to his friends as a proof of his
      prowess. Hs is on the streams day after
      day and kills fish for the shallow glory their
      display brings him.
         Looking back over those "good old days"
      of which old-timers are ever ready to boast

& 4polt4mari4 limit ad displayed
by T.V. WtchaeU, GH ardent fit/
ffUhe-trnGK oj- Johnstown. The
Laioei baAA nteaAWied I9kinche&
and tke AmaUei one 17k,
1941                                                   PENNSYLVANIA               ANGLER                                                       13

a                                                                                                    nary a bump. So I figgers thet mebbe since
    fishing trip can be measured only by the         But now getting back to that certain
lumber of dead fish in the creels.                 class who "just fish" but never get "one big      he wuz feedin' he mite do a leetle movin'
    The fact that natural predators, as re-        enough to keep." They are the ones who            erbout. Rite erbout the 10th cast atter thet,
ferred to by the old-timer, do kill a certain      are unintentionally helping to destroy your       I hed brung the leetle spoon thru the weeds
dumber of fish, cannot be disputed. Yet they       future sport, so Mr. Fisherman, it's up to        almost ter the tip o' the pole, when zing
have a definite assignment in nature's plan,       you to do a little missionary work in help-       an' a pike erbout 17 inches smacks it. He
for their mission may be likened unto that         ing to curb this useless slaughter. When          hooked an' broke water purty ez you pleeze,
P a health officer. For instance, take the         you chance to meet one of these inexper-          then bored inter the weeds an' shuke the
lowly snapping turtle, it provides a refuse—       ienced fellows on the stream, give him a few      spoon. Round erbout 10 minits atter that,
disposal service to our streams, for the           pointers on stream-craft, bass habits, where      I hooked a bass 11 inches long an' turned
turtle, is, amongst other things, a scavanger,     the larger ones are likely to be found, how       it loose.
  nd with them on the job, few dead fishes         to properly approach a likely looking spot           Then I seed yung Joe Grant acumin' down
or carcasses of small animals remain to            so as not to frighten the larger ones away,       the crick, an' man wuz he hevin' hisself a
Putrefy our shores. Moreover, turtles and          and last but not least, impress upon his mind     time. He hed got him a heavy steel castin'
other fish predators consume diseased fish         the importance of clipping the leader from        pole, a cheep reel an' hevy line an' wuz
  nd thus help to keep our stock of fish           a deeply imbedded hook to save the bass.          heavin' a big plug thet luked like it ud go
Wealthy and vigorous. The damage they do           You'll be doing that inexperienced individual     mebbe a ounce ennyway. Hi, Jerry, he sez,
      negligible as compared with the service      a favor and at the same time helping to           boy am I hevin' fun, an' warn thet ol' reel
they render.                                       perpetuate your future sport. There are but       ud sing like a buzzsaw an' oncet he got tied
    In the past, natural predators have afforded   few novices who will not appreciate some          inter a tree an' hed ter climb fer it. But,
fro real competition to that class of fishermen    sound advice from an experienced angler,          sez he, I ketched a bass on this here rig
to which the old-timer proudly refers as           provided it is given in a friendly manner.        this mornin' thet wuz 11 inches long an'
  catching more than they knew what to do                                                            back it went. I ain't akeepin' 'em that
with." Today the "limit seekers" as well as                                                          size, an' I ain't a goin' ter kill menny bass
the plain fish hogs are fast disappearing                                                            at all oncet this here outfit gits ter takin'
from the streams. And there are thousands                                                            'em. Well, wile we wuz talkin' I puts thet
°i anglers who have adopted a creel limit of                                                         leetle yaller an' black midg orener plug I
two, and only then, when the bass will                                                               hed switched ter acrosts the chennel an'
Measure twelve inches or more.                                                                       on its way in, hed a heck o' a strike an'
    But while the fish hogs and limit seekers                                                        missed. Second time over an' a 19 inch
    e on the way out, they are being replaced                                                        pike thet's the heviest fer its lenth I hev
Jty a class of killers who would make a                                                              ketched in yeres, socks inter in solid, then
kingfisher hang its head in shame. This is                                                           cleers water in ez purty a jump ez ever I
the class of uninformed fishermen who "just                                                          seed. Wuz hooked solid, an' atter I got back
hsh" but never catch a "keeper." Perhaps                                                             ter the plaice, I wayed her an' she went a
this sounds like a silly statement, but be-                                                          pound an 7 ounces. Hed sum reel fun fishin'
heve me it isn't, for just one of this class                                                         thet day, ef I do say.
°f fishermen will, through lack of knowl-
  uge or plain indifference, destroy in the
course of a day's fishing, as many if not
^ore bass than what it would take to supply                                                              'PAUPACK FISHING VERY
      half dozen fishermen with their legal                                                                   GOOD, BRINK
hmits.                                                                                                  Writes Warden Frank Brink of Milford,
    This tyDe of a fisherman, with a make-                                                           Pike County.
          outfit including a can of worms and                                                           "In reference to the opening of the sea-
* few small hooks, will usually be found                                                             son here for bass, pickerel and walleyed
jjshing the shallow riffles or bars where small       It's a funny durn thing erbout pike, er        pike, I have not a complete record for all
°ass of from five to eight inches, congregate      pickerel ez they be ritely called. Danged         of the waters in Pike County. However,
t° feed. There he will stand, hour after           ef I ain't bin ketchin' more o' them fish         Lake Wallenpaupack has gone over the top
hour, catching those undersize bass, one           in our crick since the seezun opened then         one hundred percent. It is really hard to
a                                                                                                    explain what a wonderful week it was on
  fter another, on a worm baited hook, and         I hev bass. Seems like, sincet we bin gettin'
Scumbling all the while about not being            more grass in the crick, the pike hev bin         the big lake. For one week there has not
  We to catch a "keeper," as he murderously        cummin' back ter beat the band. I never           been a vacant boat on Wallenpaupack.
    ars the hook from the throat or stomach        seed pike in sech gude trim, fat an' hevy,           "July 1. Every boat was taken early in
°t those little bass that in ninety percent        an' the durnedest fish ter bust outer the         the morning and there was no letup until
°t the cases, will die from the injuries he        water when they git hooked I ever run             the night of July 6. At 10:30 A. M., Warden
thoughtlessly inflicted. I have witnessed this     acrost. Rite now I'm asayin' thet I'll put        John Schadt and I checked boats coming in
*°tt of slaughter on many occasions and            one o' these crick pike up agin a bass, wate      with their limit. Three fishermen, 18 wall-
have heard those killers boast of catching         fer wate, enny day an' the pike kin hold its      eyed pike; two fishermen, 12 pike; four
^°rn sixty to eighty undersize bass in a day.      own an' mebbe a lettle better'n thet. Foxy        fishermen, 19 pike, three large yellow perch
,„ Yes, they had, as they expressed it,            scrappers, too, fer the way they bore an'         and two large bluegills, all before 11 in the
  had a lot of fun," but little did they realize   twist inter the weeds atter they bust outer       morning. That is the way it went all day.
^ a t the most of those small bass had suc-        the water maiks 'em dang hard ter hold            Three out of every five fishermen checked
  «mbed to the injuries suffered while they        onless they be hooked rite.                       had their limit and the rest had three and
^ e r e being carelessly unhooked. Nature is                                                         four apiece.
                                                      We bin hevin' so menny thunder gusts
  ]*y bountiful in supplying an over amount                                                             "For the information of fishermen, the
                                                   eround this neck o' the woods since the bass
  * small fry to assure a reasonable stock of                                                        lake is about 17 miles long from the breast
a                                                  an' pike seezun opened thet the big crick's
  uults by v/ay of survival of the fittest.
   6                                               bin muddier'n a clay hole most of the time.       of the Pennsylvania Power and Light dam
     t nature is no magician and cannot pro-
                                                   Wuz cleerin' purty nice, tho, the third week      to above Ledgedale and has 52 miles of
duce sufficient numbers of fish to off-set such
Wa                                                 o' July so on the evenin' o' the 14th, I tuke     shoreline. Walleyed pike caught were large
     nton waste.
                                                   the castin' outfit an' heded for the rock flat.   in many instances, ranging in length, that
    This statement is not intended for an in-
                                                   Wuz itchin' ter try thet leetle spoon er          is the better fish, from 22 to 32 inches.
J^Uation against the experienced bait fisher-
                                                   silver minnie ye sent me fer it's got a weed      Some fine smallmouth and largemouth bass
^ e n, for we know many whq_ practice con-
                                                   gard an' thet flat shure is a mess o' weeds       were also taken. Every landing at the lake
servation to the utmost degree and they
  ar                                               down ter the lore end. Well sir, I hedn't         was crowded with tents, camps and board-
     ely kill or injure a small bass, for if
                                                   more'n started ter fish afore I seed thet big     ing houses were packed to the roof. At the
^ e r e is a doubt as to the removal of the
                                                   bass thet hangs out in the flat, waller inter     boat landings, there were between 280 and
  "jok, the bass gets the benefit, hook and
                                                   a shaller atter a shiner. I put the spoon         300 rented boats and 150 cottage owned
2J» the leader is clipped and the fish gently
                                                   right over whair he cum inter shore, but          boats."
  t u r n e d to the water.
  14                                                           PENNSYLVANIA                   ANGLER                                                          AUGUST

                                                                                                                   fore attacking their prey. B u t they also are
                                                                                                                   capable of great speed and are able easily
                                                                                                                   to seize any l u r e t h a t attracts their atten-
                                                                                                                   tion. W h e n using live bait, give the pik e
                                                                                                                   plenty of time to m o u t h and swallow the

                                                                                                                      Bright colors are preferred in flies for use
                                                                                                                   w i t h spinners. Red, yellow and white and
                                                                                                                   occasionally b r o w n are recommended.

                                                                                                                             In landing a walleyed pike be careful °i I
                                                                                                                         the sharp spear in the dorsal fin. The fish
  T        HE midget plug, weighing three-eighths the leader is attached to the line by a
           or one-half an ounce, is t h e answer to double barrel knot. The leader, of course,
     the problem of fishing for smallmouth black              is well soaked before it is hitched to t h e
                                                                                                                         can inflict deep and painful wounds with
                                                                                                                         this weapon, so hold it down while you re-
     bass in the smaller rivers and creeks of                                                                            move t h e hook. In the down position the
                                                              line. Distance, accuracy, and a soft h a n d
    Pennsylvania. Based on t h e t h e o r y t h a t                                                                     fin is harmless.
                                                              all enter into successful fishing w i t h t h e
     conventional casting tackle a n d plugs, w h e n midget lures.
    used in the comparatively shallow w a t e r of               It's amazing, first of all, t h e distance one              Look for pickerel along the edges of grassy
    streams, frighten t h e bass, r a t h e r t h a n i n -  of the midgets can be cast w i t h the p r o p e r          places at the sides of an eddy or pool at the ,
    viting their curiosity, the art of fishing the            tackle, and accuracy can be developed as                   foot of a rapids. All pike like to feed around
    midget casting lures promises rich dividends              easily with t h e midgets as w i t h the plugs             the vegetation in the water.
    in sport for t h e bass angler who dislikes               of regulation size.
    bait.                                                       The very n a t u r e of the midget makes for                A u t u m n is the time to b u y odds and end 5
        September begins t h e finest period of the          quieter fishing. Instead of splashing into the              of fishing tackle to replenish the kit. Stores
    y e a r for angling with the casting rod, y e t          w a t e r with a disturbance that frightens a               cut their prices late in the season in order to
    because they h a v e not learned the secrets             creek bass out of its wits, t h e midget comes             dispose of left-overs, and t h e angler usually
    of the midget l u r e m a n y anglers let their          down on the water with a soft splat that is                can find some real bargains. Now and the11
    casting tackle lie idle unless they a r e able           bound to arouse the curiosity and the anger                a good rod, reel, or line can be purchased
   to m a k e trips to inland lakes or perhaps to            of any bass. T h e gut leader, which is a l -              at a real saving at this time of t h e yea r '
    Canada.                                                  most invisible w h e n soaked and in the water,            although the m a r k - d o w n s usually are con-
       T h e patterns of lures used and the method           is a vital p a r t of the whole deception.                 fined to the smaller and less expensive items
   of fishing the midgets a r e just the same as                Men who have been angling for years with                of equipment.
   with conventional plugs—but there the simi-               the midgets report that they are so effective
   larity ends.                                             t h a t they have adopted the creed of fishing                  Sit down and m a k e a list of the lures which
       Lightness from the rod clear down to the for sport r a t h e r than for meat, and some
                                                                                                                        have produced the most fish this season
   l u r e is the rule in midget plug fishing and have records to show t h a t they h a v e t a k e n
                                                                                                                        t h e n be sure that you have a good supply °*
   t h e only secret the angler needs to learn.             as m a n y as a h u n d r e d bass more t h a n a foot      t h e m for n e x t year. Some of t h e m tn$l
       Begin w i t h the rod. It should be light            long with the midgets in a single season, b u t             prove duds another season, b u t t h e chances
   and whippy, preferably five and one-half or in keeping w i t h their creed h a v e not killed
                                                                                                                        are that they will be just as productive the"
  six feet long, either of steel or bamboo.                 more t h a n o n e - t e n t h of that n u m b e r of fish.
       T h e reel m u s t be as free r u n n i n g as it is     Midget plug fishing surely is worth a trial.
  practical to use. A n a l u m i n u m spool is
  essential.                                                                                                            T h e r e once was a fisher n a m e d Fisher
                                                                Space remains for a few angling notes:                  Who fished from the edge of a fissure,
      T h e line should not be heavier t h a n 12
                                                                Move the lure slowly in t h e w a t e r w h e n         B u t a fish with a grin
  pounds test. A n d between t h e line and t h e
                                                            fishing for pike. They a r e deliberate fish,               Pulled the fisherman in
  lure should be used a leader of artificial
                                                            apparently liking to think things over b e -                Now they're fishing the fissure for Fisher-
  g u t a n y w h e r e from 6 to 15 feet in length.
      Weight has a lot to do w i t h proper use
  of plugs of full size. They are heavy enough
  to bring out the action in a short, stiff rod
  a n d also to start t h e spool on almost any
  k i n d of a reel. Their weight, w h e n set in
  motion, will take out the heavier line.
      B u t not so the midgets. T h e rod m u s t be
 on t h e fly-rod action side to get t h e m out
 into t h e air; the reel m u s t begin turning
 w i t h the slight force their weight generates,
 a n d anything b u t a light line will act as a
 d r a g to m a k e long casts almost impossible.
      Choice of lures is a wide open field, b u t
 t h e midget angler m u s t stick to weights of
 t h r e e - e i g h t h s or half a n ounce.
      There a r e midget lures in virtually all of
 the patterns of conventional plugs—plunkers,
divers, floaters, swimmers, churners, and all
 down t h e line. A n d the same variety of
finishes is available in the midgets as in their
bigger brothers.
      O u r own personal outfit for midget plug
casting consists of a light action rod five and
one-half feet long, one of those n e w reels
that is guaranteed against back-lash, and
that really doesn't back-lash, and a t o u r n a -
m e n t line testing nine pounds.
     We m a k e our own leaders out of Spanish
gut bought in coils. A swiveled snap is
fastened to one end, and the other end of                      This 21 Vz Inch brown trout, having a girth of 11% inches and weighing four pounds was caugJ1'
                                                                      on May 7 by Russell Bodine, of Glenlock, according to Clarence Miles of West Chester.
IHl                                                      PENNSYLVANIA              ANGLER                                                        15

    One of the best fish stories of the year
                                                                 THE ANGLER'S WORKSHOP
^ould be credited to Rod Gunn whose fine                                 Number 1. An Emergency Thread Tension Device
column        "Lebanon     County    Sportsmen's
                                                                              By PHILIP McCUTCHEON ARMSTRONG
Corner" appears in the Lebanon Valley
News. We quote:
    This story might be more appropriate for
the What's Right-What's Wrong Editor, but
    ly those familiar with the sport of fishing
Would appreciate it.
    In any event, here goes:
    There's a certain gentleman from New
 *ork City who annually makes a visit to
Lebanon relatives and while he's here he
  oes a little fishing.
    One afternoon he went to a local sporting
goods counter to buy some hooks and line
  *d at the store he noticed a bunch of nifty-
looking plugs hanging on the wall.
    "What are those things for?" he asked the
     "Oh, you just put one on your line and
the fish bite them," was the reply.
    The angler then remembered the trouble
" e had securing minnows, the difficulty he           IN putting a new winding on a rod or                The tackle box should also contain with-
experienced in keeping them alive, and the            'making a line splice it is much easier to do    out fail a 5c spool of "A" silk thread, or
Seneral all-around nuisance of waltzing              a neat, tight job if one has a device to keep     still better Nylon thread, as it is stronger,
^ound the country carrying a bulky minnow            tension on the thread. For home use there         for replacing rod windings, splicing broken
°Ucket.                                              are a number of good tools which may be           lines, repairing landing nets or salvaging
     So in a flash he thought "One of those          bought or constructed, but on a fishing trip      a fly which has started to come apart. Add
Plugs would be just the thing for me." And           these are not as a rule available.                a 10c bottle of liquid colorless nail polish,
   e                                                                                                   which has a brush in it, and you are all
 . quickly purchased the most likely look-              A simple improvisation which answers the
ing one of the lot.                                  purpose very well for an emergency job in         set to do a regular job in camp, or even
     Out he barged to Stoever's Dam and tied         camp, or in fact for occasional use anywhere,     pn the stream. As this is a quick drying
 •he brand new plug on his 12-pound-test             consists merely of a tapered shaft, which is      celluloid varnish, keep it off varnished sur-
h»e. But, alas, the plug floated on top of           jammed in the hole of the thread spool, in        faces, as the solvent will attack them. When
We water. This he thought would never                the drawing. One of the moulded plastic           you get home a touch of spar varnish makes
do. But he got himself out of that predica-          penholders sold in the five and dime stores       the job permanent.
ment by decorating the plug with several             for a nickel is just the right size and shape,
   nkers.                                            and takes up almost no room in the tackle
                                                     box. Or one may be whittled from a stick            When you want any dope on the trout fish-
     Another hefty cast and the plug hit some-       very quickly.                                     ing in Centre county waters, get in touch
 where near the middle of the dam. Down                                                                with Pete Hoffman, affable fisherman and
      nt the lure, sinkers and all to the bottom        By placing the assembly crosswise between      former outdoors editor for the Centre Daily
   ' the dam. The fisherman picked out a soft        the knees, horizontally, sufficient pressure      Times at State College. Pete just about
                                                     may be applied to the ends by the knees so        knows every big brown in famous Spring
  P°t on the shore and sat there all afternoon       that a stiff pull is required to rotate it. The
      d into the evening waiting for a bite                                                            Creek by its first name and for that reason,
                                                     degree of tension is regulated simply by          dope received from him by the ANGLER is
*hil e the plug was buried somewhere in              varying the pressure of the knees. Even
stoever's mud.                                       greater tension may be secured, if desired,       always more than welcome. He reports the
     ° y and by another angler came along and        by letting a few turns fall off the spool and     taking last year in Spring Creek of
  *ed, "What luck?"                                  around the penholder, thereby inceasing the       a 22% inch brown trout by Albert Home of
       Doggonit," he complained, "I haven't had      leverage against the pull of the winding.         Ferndale. It weighed better than four
     strike."                                                                                          pounds. Pete took what he termed was the
                                                        Winding is much facilitated by first bind-     heaviest brown trout, length to weight con-
                                                     ing the guides into place on the rod joint        sidered, he had ever caught, two years ago.
                                                     by means of narrow strips of the sticky
        MOVE IS ON TO                                transparent material known as "Scotch Tape."      The brownie was 13% inches in length and
                                                                                                       weighed slightly better than one and one-
      CLEAN UP CLARION                               When the winding covers enough of the
                                                                                                       half pounds. According to Pete it "was
                                                     guide base to hold it, the tape is removed,
  .. he battle over a long term of years for         and the winding completed.                        built like a bass."
   WRination of papermill pollution from the
   sters of the Clarion river entered a new             This "Scotch Tape," incidentally, has amaz-
        e with an apparent victory for the anti-     ing strength and though it sticks very tightly      Real variety marked the catch scored
,°hutionists, according to word received             is easily removed, so that in a pinch guides      by C. S. Shirk of Sunbury in Perm's
   °tn Clarion. It was reported that the             may be held in place with strips of it, and       Creek near Selinsgrove. The catch included
                                                     the rod used for a day's fishing, when it is
, a stanea Paper Company at Johnsonburg              inconvenient to stop to put on a winding.
                                                                                                       a carp 17% inches in length, a 17% inch
• a s started construction of a 20-acre lagoon       It may also be used for binding up tem-
                                                                                                       May sucker, two black suckers, one 14%
    ,° which sulphite waste liquor from the                                                            and the other 11 inches in length and an 11
liill Will be dumped for purification. It is         porarily a weak spot where a joint has come
                                                     unglued, or even for securing a makeshift         inch bullhead catfish. Two days later he
elaj1In ed that this waste material has for                                                            caught a May sucker measuring 18 inches
                                                     lapped splice in a fractured joint on the
j ^ >re than a century been dumped directly          stream, when too far away from camp to            in length and three catfish averaging 11
         the river.                                  return for other equipment.                       inches.
c According to a statement issued by the                "Scotch Tape" is so useful as a pinch-
    'npany, it is planned to have the pollution      hitter in so many ways that no angler's             A willow creel that develops a bit of an
Ji^Ped this year when the lagoon is com-             pocket should be without a 10c spool of it.       odor as a result of constant use can be
      ted. Th e i a k e formed will have a surface   It temporarily closes a tear in your waders;      cleaned easily. Just rinse it thoroughly with
      a of about 20 acres and a capacity in          functions as surgeon's tape, if you scratch       clear, cold water and hang it in the open
c^cess of 50,000,000 gallons. The cost of the        or cut yourself; replaces a broken catch on       to dry. Let the water run through the
e      struction including the pipe line is in       a fly box, secures a cracked watch crystal        willow sticks. The use of soap or a de-
   *Cess of $50,000.                                 or eye glass, and a thousand other things.        odorant is not recommended.
16                                                    PENNSYLVANIA               ANGLER                                                    AUGUST

          AT FISHING
            (Continued from page 6)
whipping if caught in the act, the buggy whip
borrowed from an older brother's Sunday
or girl-sparking harness set, sure made a
dandy rod. Other times a freshly cut hick-
ory sapling, five or six feet long and slender
as a small finger, answered the purpose right
well. As bait—well most anything. Tiny
little toads or frogs abounded along the sand-
bars, but we girls never liked to hurt the
poor little things by sticking a hook through
the place their tail should have been; upon
occasion the boys would agree to the impal-
ing act. Locusts, crickets and grasshoppers
also seem to creep into dimming memory,
but most of all big juicy red angle worms.
Here again the kids—I mean three, four, five
or ten or eleven year old girls—did not relish
the needling act. Sometimes the boys, how
useful even then, could be coaxed into per-
forming the distressing deed; other times
we simply stretched the squirming worm on           Waterfall on beautiful Four Mile Run, Tioga County, one of the last stands for the native charr.
a bit of bark or stone and then worked the
hook through several times in that fashion.       Even more now than in the olden days lurk          and desperately wanting the fish down in the
But the rural lass soon overcomes squeamish-      in those dark recesses beneath the whisper-        riffle, I eased my lure back and forth through
ness; somewhere around the early teen age         ing hemlocks, under the mystic shelvings of        the current and suddenly with a swirl I had
the boys began to assume the proportions          the crumbling shorelines or haunting the           him fast, almost tumbling from the trestle
of nuisances and we did our own baiting,          protective foam fringing the boiling white         in the excitement. Then the trout wrapped
handling the worms without a bit of reluc-        water—or perhaps they're tamer and my luck         the line about some weeds, dragged the
tance. As to why the boys became nuisances,       may have stepped up a bit. Anyway none             leader partly under a stone, all the while
a twelve to thirteen year old girl will usually   came to peimanent harm at our hand, and            threshing and rolling frantically. Only one
angle diligently and patiently; boys of a like    although pressed by several individuals from       thing to do—wade into that ice water, dov/J1
age all too often seem to think nothing so        time to time to reveal the exact location,         around the piers, flounder through the ooZe
important as stone throwing.                      neither Hub nor I would betray those gamey         and mire along the bank—work the fish loose
                                                  little brookies to the barbed hook for any-        and then into the net. Anyway I was &
   Positive identity of our finny prizes now      thing in the world. There they are and there       ready waiting when Hub and his crony
rests with the ages. Whether bass, pike, fall-    they shall remain—unless someone stumbles          drifted back hours later, and with nothins
fish or trout may have been taken occasion-       into the hiding place, quite unlikely for          nearly so nice in their creels.
ally, I can not remember with any degree          reasons best not to disclose.
of certainty—however, most surely there                                                                 The second came a week or so later, &°-.
were pretty little sunnies and tantalizing           When one fishes a lot, many of the little       this time a little sly caution pulled the v/o°
suckers in abundance. After becoming re-          adventures seem to merge into a hazy sort          over a couple masculine eyes—if perhaps
acquainted with Bermudian many years later        of memory lane, not entirely forgotten, still      bit unfairly, I'm at least reasonably contrn*
and some miles further downstream, and            not wholly distinct as the years roll along.       now. Wandering upstream, fish quiet, wa te
finding bass ; pike and fallfish therein I now    But there are always one or two fish some-         glassy clear and just happening close to
suspect all these species may have come our       where along the march of time, perhaps not         partly submerged log as some
way, but probably only tiny little fellows. If    the all out largest, but destined never to                                              fishera^
so, little doubt exists as to their fate—at the   be forgotten nonetheless. Two such I recall,       blundered past, one called out: "Seeing owj
demand of the insistent gang poor patient         both brown trout, and despite bigger game          sister?" Indeed 'sister' had seen somethi1*
mother had to clean and fry even good size        fish or other species since taken. At that         tho it would have served no good purp oS
minnows and chubs. And had any such               time fly rods, flies, landing nets, and the like   telling then and there. In stumbling alo£»
Junking monster as a six inch bass, pike or       were not yet an old story, and I was des-          too close to the bank, silhouetted against |»
fallfish grabbed our hook—well your guess         perately anxious to make a good showing.           skyline, the men had sent a long bullet In5,
is as good as mine, only I'm not guessing.        Hub and one of his cronies were somewhere          shadow scooting from beneath a bunch °
   Later came some angling in Possum Creek,       on the stream, too, but as usual so far out of     watercress to the sanctity of the log. W»J
tributary to Conewago, and where at the           sight in the brush no one had any idea as          the fish scared, I just kneeled down, restive
present many fallfish, suckers, sunnies and       to their probable whereabouts. Furthermore         him for about fifteen minutes, then c a ^
even small bass thrive; no doubt the same         I suspected perhaps the two had put me             tiously whipped out the line. The first caS_
species lived thereabouts in the olden days.      down at the most handy spot and then ran           or two had to do the trick—if at all. Any'
Then about World War time the family              off to where the big fish really lived. Finally    way luck seemed with me—the lure Ianof.
moved to a farm in the foothills of the Blue      in disgust and just to think things over I         just a bit beyond the log and skittered rig£_
Mountain range, a fairyland crisscrossed this     sat down on a railroad trestle spanning the        past the haven. The brownie hit with a reC ?g
way and that with sparkling, babbling, gur-       stream, at the same time idly trying to see        less lurch and then dived back beneath P
gling streamlets. Unmindful of the many           if any trout happened to be loafing around         sunken timber. Had a lot of trouble workup
copperheads, and rattle snakes, the not in-       directly below. Soon an old grandfatherly          him out. Then the fellows came back, ^
frequent bobcat tracks along the sandbars,        fellow ambled along and likewise sat down.         plainednoticingwhat fun, and jokingly of* ethe
                                                                                                     doubt just        the happened. One          .
the sometimes almost unpenetrable laurel,         He had a can of worms, a thin sapling,             crowd did not seem to think it funny; no*
hemlock, huckleberry, hardwood, briars, rock      knotted twine for a line and some giant bass       all catty people are women.
masses and just plain undergrowth, still we       hooks. And just then, coming upstream over                                                      lb-
                                                                                                        But while reminiscing is always p e r s o n ^
fished, catching eels after rain storms and       the riffles, apparently heading for the deep       pleasant probably I am wasting a lot
other times little greyish, red-dotted, six       pool beneath the trestle, together we spied        good white paper and boring readers; Pf'
and seven inch scrappers, the latter mostly       two swell brownies. Grandpa was ready, but         haps it would be best to bring this narratt
around the miniature waterfalls and from          not me. Down went his worm; almost im-             more up to date and assume a general ratn
beneath undercut banks, identity then un-
known. Unfettered, unstocked, native charr
                                                  mediately up came one of the trout, the            than personal plane. Now generally sp e a .j
                                                  other dashing back down into the safety of         ing I have little or no sympathy with the .
—several times in more recent years I have        the fast water. After hauling up the big
slipped back to see whether descendants of                                                           too prevalent feminine view of angling ^.,
the tiny fighters still live there and shortly
                                                  trout, the old gentleman, just about as ex-        the associated female person who corc^f'^A
                                                  cited as myself, left at once, mightily pleased    so bitterly about her husband going ^T^e
came away mightily pleased with myself.           and grinning wishes of good luck. All alone        while she must sit at home alone. I n a
1941                                                    PENNSYLVANIA               ANGLER                                                          17

heard the old story so often and mostly in-          the pocket space for a nice goozy tin of line     and casually inquired. "Are you using
terpret the wail as that of a non-elastic indi-      dressing or a dozen extra flies. For trout        worms (or minnows), sister?" No, certainly
vidual insufficiently alert to realize her own       select warm woolens of a definitely mascu-        not. On both trout and bass I like flies,
shortsightedness or yet more sadly a phy-            line cut, a loose fitting sport blouse or even    sometimes plugs on the latter and always
   que so indolently soft of inactivity as to        a man's shirt; comfy breeches to slip inside      on walleyes. As a streamer for trout, Rob-
Preclude the scrambling around to the ex-            the boots or waders, cuddling snugly to the       ert McCafferty's Yellow Breeches marabou
tent necessary for enjoyment of things out-          legs as far down as the ankles or beyond.         just about heads the list, the bigger the bet-
doors. To the chance inquiry as to why the           Socks should be heavy and roomy. For              ter, and my hubby just the reverse prefer-
  °mplainant knows fishing to be so terrible         sharply cold early season weather, I prefer       ring the tiny and dainty type, and apparent-
^ d as to whether or not she may have tried          a loose fitting boy or woman's mackinaw as        ly little to choose between the two. Never,
t°e pastime, invariably the answer is "no"           an outside upper garment; to be replace           never spinners! But when trouting, to the
       "Yes, one time." But the protestant's         by a turn up collar sweater as days be-           dry goes my first love. I love to see them
'Uind is fully made up, she hates fish, the          come warmer. As a hat the ordinary dis-           strike, and no matter how often the phenom-
fraelly things; she just can not bear the            carded felt sport with a brim capable of          ena may be repeated a great big thrill runs
pugs along the water; she can't stand being          being turned down to shed moisture in in-         up and down the spine just the same.
      the sun and other similar reasons! And         clement weather seems most desirable. As
'hen simply because she resents the thing            a depository for inactive flies, wet, drying         Another pet dislike . . . I positively do
she can not understand, the perfectly natural        or unused, do not forget to sew on a couple       not agree upon getting up about three-thirty
Inclination of the male to enjoy an activity         slender strips of sheepskin, fragments from       of a morning simply to be on the stream at
God originally intended for him, the alarmed         an outworn bedroom slipper will do nicely.        daybreak, then staying until after nightfall,
* 0 8ian feels a personal affront and pretty                                                           getting home sometime around ten-thirty,
pften endeavors to move Heaven and earth                If intending to take your bassing the only     some eighteen hours—and doubly so not the
      an effort to force friend husband to give      real way—wading around right out there,           way Hub does, he at times wading into the
   P his favorite recreation. I have even            sister, among the weeds, ledges, riffles and      water about dawn and not leaving again
heard the charge that angling is not fem-            fish, I prefer cotton shorts and merely a         until darkness, ofttimes not even for a drink
^ine. What is feminity anyway? . . . merely          halter of the same material during July,          or a bite to eat. But when the problem sim-
? bit of guilded, helpless, painted bric-a-          August and perhaps early September. Re-           mers down to getting up at three-thirty and
£rac in the guise of humanity? Afraid of             member to have a dry change along for the         staying out until after darkness—or remain-
     gs, shy of the sun, reluctant of personal       drive home. Then as colder weather comes          ing at home altogether, then I" get up. There's
°ontact with the good earth, rain, the out-          on with the approaching autumn resurrect          nothing else to do. And while it's hard to
doors—and to think our grandmothers stood            the trout outfit.                                 confess, maybe the trout and bass do act a
  'de by side with their mates, fought off                                                             little more pugnacious very, very early and
                                                        Now with most of the good, one must ac-        very, very late.
      age Indians, reared families in the wilds,     cept a little bad. I have my personal pet
      n going afield to sow, reap, hunt and fish,    aversions along the waterways just as the            A third peeve, and my particular male
   °t merely for pleasure, but as necessity          male. The thing that makes me about mad-          rates as an expert, is the peculiarly mascu-
   rose with desperate seriousness of actual         dest of all are the fatherly old gents who        line weakness of trying to sneak new and
    rvival itself.                                   can not recognize an artificial outfit on sight   expensive equipment into the house without
                                                                                                       the woman knowing. Darn that riles me,
, Perhaps the foregoing had best not have                                                              but if the written word is a criterion most
  eeri written—this article is not intended for                                                        men seem afflicted with the same failing;
J16 stay at home anyway, rather she who is                                                             why hard to say, we fishing women at least
, °W fishing or hoping to angle with friend                                                            do not chide much about something new
^bby. There is one definite responsibility                                                             now and then. On the other hand I can
       Women shoulder when we take our place                                                           not see why in the world any man wants
  h the streams; we are in a man's world and                                                           to go trout fishing with two or three differ-
   Ust act accordingly. Now I always like                                                              ent rods in the car, several lines of varying
  . So fishing, but do not like to go fishing                                                          diameter, half a dozen leaders, mostly dupli-
,Way s; many women feel the same. Most                                                                 cates, and a couple hundred flies, wet, dry
  ^sbands would be and are right pleased                                                               and interchangeable. All I ask is my wet
       have friend wife accompany them—not                                                             or dry rod when trouting, fly or plug model
<*Kv,                                                                                                  for bass, a couple dozen assorted lures, and
       ays, sometimes—and to fish. But acting
cut,e , helpless, kittenish and utterly female                                                         a lot of luck, especially the latter. But to
* °ut, definitely so. Borrowing a pun from                                                             get back to the slipping of new equipment
,, 6 of hub's yarns, the waterway is hardly                                                            into the house, then taking it along next
j 6 place to exploit the baby face, the nice                                                           trip with the bland explanation "Didn't you
„§s> the dazzling curves in between—if                                                                 see it before?" Here is one gal at least who
    °se quite interesting assets still linger with                                                     knows her fresh varnish, new hackle and
     u                                                                                                 the like. And somehow or other I can
      > anglerette, and I hope all do. But you'll
;r„ V e r get the fishing male to notice such                                                          sense a week ahead of time when that rascal
;, rel.
j 1 eievance on the waterway—anyway not                                                                hopes to hide something; no, nothing he
      he is a really skilled devotee thoroughly                                                        says or does, just a hint in his general at-
^P on his art. Fifty per cent of the mere                                                              titude.
^ales you meet won't ever recognize you as
     *oman; they'll look right through you in                                                            But after a while one learns to be subtle,
     Sort of peculiarly masculine hypothetical                                                         not to see what you see, pretending not to
*at e:rway coma—the other fifty per cent                                                               notice, making believe you believe, and then
*Ul probabiy wake up to the extent of
£*JJ                                                                                                   hinting you need something too. Generally
                                                                                                       in my case at least he comes home in a day
j «cing your sex, but won't give a darn
                                                                                                       or so, beaming all over and pleased as a
 ^ all that. So when you go fishing, go to                                                             kid, and with it. Men and fish are not
 Vli JUSt ^ a t anc * f° r Set sex; everyone else                                                      much different in many respects; you've got
 ej/,' doubly so your old man, so do not                                                               to handle 'em, nurse 'em, coddle 'em and
 l ? e c t him to joint your rod, string your                                                          strike 'em when they're on the rise. Just
 e > attach the leader or tie the fly—or                                                               like fish men have their little moods and
 y 1 for that matter angle anywhere near to                                                            just as surely they can be outsmarted.
           precious self,
 (j. ftd still another hint or point . . .                                                                Among other bugaboos are the small
       Ss                                            J. Hoffer Detweiler of Harrisburg with his 16?4
 . - Again it is a man's world and dress                                                               tiny rivulets wherein trout are so frequently
 {Jj.^dingly.       Feminine finery, frills and      inch brook trout that won first place in the      stocked in large number. Just doesn't seem
                                                     brookie division, a gold medal, of the fishing
 s» > also the powder puff           and lipstick,   contest conducted last year by the Harrisburg     sporting; the fish have little or no chance of
           no useful purpose on the stream. Save     Hunters' and Anglers' Association. This brookie   survival. A big cold creek such as the Yel-
                                                     was taken in Fowler's Run. Perry county.
18                                                           PENNSYLVANIA                  ANGLER                                                          AUGUST

low Breeches answers right well on trout—
swirling, smashing river riffles on bass.
   Likewise I do not relish H u b poking at
some of m y girl friends in his y a r n s ; and not
altogether h u m o r o u s is t h e baffling masculine
predilection of telling the little daughter
and myself just where, how and w h e n to
fish certain spots, of course, always after
wisely cocking a n eye, sagely sizing u p the
ledges, the shoreline, t h e current, also r e a d -
ing the wind, and kindred hocus-pocus.
    A n d lastly one of m y chiefest trials, the
clothing H u b affects w h e n trout fishing . . .
mostly I'm ashamed to be seen with him.
Those outfits defy description . . . battered
woolen trousers, tattered relics of long for-
gotten suits, patched h e r e and there, half
t h e belt loops missing, often a k n e e pensive-
ly peeking through, b u t all such p r e t t y ef-
fectively covered u p b y the w a d e r s . The
shirts a r e something else again, and t h e r e
are half a dozen in varying state of deterior-             Eight yuar old Sterling Santee of Cressona, Schuylkill County, with his catch of five trout scored
ation, dissolution and decay. To r a t e as a                                  last year. The Ash ranged in length from 8 to 12 inches.
favorite, one can almost be certain those
grey flannel or woolen nightmares m u s t                are so d a r n difficult to understand . . .             means food, clothing, medicine, security t°
                                                         upon occasions!                                          me . . . to offer such he goes out into a
needs boast at least one long rip down over
                                                             B u t a thousand pardons, this thesis is a s -       turbulent, harsh, often unfriendly business
the right shoulder, an artistic triangular gash
                                                         suming terrifying length, and perhaps a                 world. A n d it does m y conscience good to
on t h e opposite side, perhaps the left sleeve
                                                         reason for its being p u t on paper never                see how eagerly h e grasps those preeioU s
off just below t h e elbow, t h e other hanging
                                                         existed. A n y w a y t h e inspiration occurred         moments on the whispering, gurgling water-
in shreds about t h e wrist. A n d w i t h each
                                                         while reading a comment purportedly w r i t -            ways. To take those trips away would surely
cast those wrist shreds wiggle and whirl in                                                                      kill something precious to me, that linger'
t h e breeze . . . v e r y pretty, b u t he "likes it    ten b y a wife who classed herself as a fish-
                                                         erman's deserted spouse somewhat on p a r               ing boyish expectancy, hope—really indefin'
that way, the fish think it ain't him at all,                                                                     able—and I do not w a n t it killed. F o r whei 1
just a couple       of tree branches           wading    w i t h t h e hackneyed golf widow.           Fiddle-
                                                         sticks! We w o m e n live too m u c h in a land          a m a n ceases to be just a grown u p boy>
around."                                                                                                          then he is old indeed, and somehow or othe r
                                                         of u n r e a l make-believe . . . m u c h too ready
    Fishermen's hats a r e generally atrocious           to pounce upon and resent any small p a r t             woman's hope seems to begin w i t h a ma"
                                                                                                                  and likewise end.
 . . . as regards m y particular male's two              of h u b b y ' s life that does not set up our
specimens m e r e words fail me. One is a U. S.          p r e t t y inclinations as the all-inclusive m a g -       So that's m y story, Better Halves, and I111
A r m y campaign h a t h e brought home from             netic orbit of desirable relaxation. A n d then          sticking to it. Shocking?           Well, hardly-
t h e service in 1919—just t w e n t y - o n e years     instead of acknowledging that fishing once              merely that I can find something p l e a s u r a W
ago plus a m o n t h o r so . . . t h e other and        played a mighty important role in the h u m a n          good in things which m a d e m y feminir^
current choice a n ancient civilian t a t t e r -        program of evolution, that the spirit of the            forebearers w o r t h y and useful women. In cof>'
demalion, all semblance of original color                chase is an ingrained component of t h e male            elusion a thousand thanks to my husband*
and shape long since vanished, a couple                  m a k e - u p , some of us come to h a t e the entire   who has edited and typed this article, r e '
h u n d r e d rainstorms and gusty blows h a v -         phenomena as a personified rival and t h e n c e -       phrasing a sentence now and then, addiOS
ing quite effectively seen to that. The brim             forth attempt to r e v a m p our particular vic-         an adjective h e r e and there, an adver
sags a n d dips like a crazy quilt pattern,              tim into some anchorless bit of h u m a n drift-        whence and thence, mostly over m y protes
                                                                                                                 —but quite definitely not ghost writing. A11
patched of sheepskin, buttons of leader                  wood, ruthlessly endeavoring to stamp out
                                                                                                                  be sure to r e m e m b e r if there is anything
sink, clusters of flies mingle and submerge              a n y characteristic or tendency not pleasing
                                                                                                                  you do not like about it all, no doubt "J
into t h e conglomeration of p u n c t u r e s and       to o u r o w n small opinion. After all the
                                                                                                                  adjectives, adverbs a n d r e - p h r a s i n g shoU
sly openings h e r e a n d there, t h e sweatband        marriage contract is merely a convenient
                                                                                                                 h a v e t h e blame.
being so caked and h a r d w i t h dried p e r -         legal partnership . . . w i t h most of the
spiration t h a t t h e leathern lining h a s p e r -    breaks on the female side . . . and it does
m a n e n t l y solidified to t h e exact contour of     not set us up as a sort of glorified guardian,
his head.         A n d once properly ensconced,         jailer or petty dictator.                                        A MAN LOOKS AT
winds, rain, hail, shock or high w a t e r s e e m -
ingly can not budge t h a t top piece . . .
                                                             Acquiring the fly caster's rudiments, solv-
                                                         ing the plugger's technique, t h e two sharing
                                                                                                                            THE WOMAN
                                                                                                                               (Continued   from page 7)
in fact a m o n t h or so ago while t r o u t fish-      alike t h e haughtiest pinnacle of inland fish-
                                                                                                                 complishment guileless little Ruthie, just
ing, wearing waders, in full equipment, h e              ing respectability, did not prove easy of                                                             '00
                                                                                                                 fervidly as a fifth columnist termite b o r
fell into a big limestone lake. Although h e             contemplation. I spent h o u r upon h o u r
                                                                                                                 for a n e w domicile, slyly ferrets out aas
almost drowned and only got out by c r a w l -           studying fly casting instructions, reading
                                                                                                                 hidden equipment I hopefully drag n 0 ^ s
ing perhaps fifteen or t w e n t y feet on hands         catalogues for pointers and technical terms,            and " h i d e " at safe places. Verily she s e e ^
and knees to t h e shore, losing his rod, line           mastering leader knots and t h e like; more             to sense a week ahead of time w h e n I h°P
and reel . . . in all t h a t titantic struggle,         determined and serious h o u r s w i t h rod and        to sneak t h r o u g h the back door with a » e
t h e h a t clung on so snugly t h a t it did not        line actually striving for stream poise. A n d          reel, a n e w line or perhaps a couple do z
lose off . . . in fact h e thinks it sort of             it seems the more one should k n o w t h e less         unneeded twenty-five to fifty cents the Vie,}
helped to r u d d e r his h e a d u p w a r d on an      you really do, b u t of that past almost each           flies. B u t then perhaps this old grumpy .
even keel. A n d worse of all, one can not               m o m e n t m a y be r e m e m b e r e d as numbering   a sleep talker; in that event lucky for tfr0,
even surreptitiously do a w a y w i t h a bit of         among life's better pleasantries. At two, w e           life insurance companies I do not go in • .    ,
this junk, not even odd pieces u n w o r n a             began teaching the little d a u g h t e r the sport;    blondes instead of scaly mermaids. Add'
couple years . . . h e r e m e m b e r s each rag        now one of h e r proudest possessions is a              insult to injury she is probably the             f
and w a n t s it w h e n h e w a n t s it, blithely      dandy little dry fly rod, m a d e personally            specimen of the genus homo, f e m i n i n e ,
opining h e don't give a d a r n how it looks,           for h e r and presented by P a u l H. Young,            masculine, boasting t h e faculty of snii"
h e feels good, and h a n g w h a t people will          w e l l - k n o w n Detroit sportsman and outfitter.    at a locked t r u n k and t h e n deducting e -A
say. F u r t h e r m o r e he swears if he j u n k s     She knows how to use it, too!                           actly w h a t may be hidden therein, be f
t h e good luck outfit his fortune will change               With it all I do not overlook m a r r i e d life    barbed steel, painted wood, oiled silk
and sometimes I fear p e r h a p s it might. Men         is a proposition of give and take. My h u b b y         polished diamolite.
1941                                                    PENNSYLVANIA               ANGLER                                                           19

     But woe is me. Unhappily on one avidly         fifteen minutes is fifteen minutes and what           Following is the masculine version. Just
concoted theory the missus comes up wrong.          fisherman will not understand?                     happening to look up from a precarious foot-
She stumbles all around over the rough                 So blamed angry she turned her back, the        ing on a slippery ledge, I noticed a cautious
riffles of the Yellow Breeches, the Juniata,        missus, eloquently, bitterly, vehemently, pro-     form glide over the rim of the rain pelted
Ste Susquehanna and other equally danger-           testing, watched her lord and master depart        bank and quietly slip down through the
ous and tricky wading, keeping close as             for the water edge, she safely and dryly           brush to a spot recently peppered by my
conveniently possible with the old refrain:         ensconced within the sheltering confines of        lures—and without hailing or even once
   I know you! You wouldn't be out here,            the family gas wagon, a mere hundred yards         looking in my direction the newcomer hur-
  ou meanie, if the fish weren't. You can't         off and within full view of the river. A-plug-     riedly began to unlimber, acting for all the
fool me, not for a minute. Want them all            ging I went and boy was the old man slam-          world like furtive little Johnnie slipping an
yourself! Well, I'm hep, and that's that!           ming 'em out there, casts arching far over the     apple to teacher the first day of school. It
fm staying right here and whether you like          water in startling distance, lures hitting with    was the personal Eve in my private Garden
*t or not! If I was Al or Alex or Ike or Bill,      just the right plop, everything hunky dory         of Eden and in her hurried anxiety to fore-
you'd tell where the fish are, but no, I'm          with the world, in form and knowing it, but        stall any possible or expected objection, the
only your patient hardworking, forgotten,           catching nary a fish. Then up in the Dodge         first cast backlashed, also the second, the
Snored, unwanted, disillusioned, trustful,          apparently the suspense became too great,          third not so bad, and the fourth landed right
confiding, loyal wife, you weasel, you!" etc.,      the missus slyly watching, and hereinafter         out there.
ftc, etc., for hours on end. And gentlemen,         and briefly is how the situation has since            "Oh darn" fervently, half angry, half apol-
indeed that is that.                                been explained, so Help Me Hanner! Struck          ogetic, thinking the lure snagged, the "Oh"
      Nonetheless right there partner occurs the    with a sudden charitable forethought she           in a sort of breathless, hissing gasp, and next
°ne time the old man wishes innocent con-           realized my heavy woolen sweater did not           "Oh, Oh, Oh" explosively, half afraid, half
fidence in his baser instincts had not been         offer sufficient protection against the steadily   awed, half thunderstruck. Things began
   ° sadly misplaced. Imagine, how nice in-         increasing drizzle and that would never do,        happening in a flurry, the rod bending vic-
deed to really know exactly where the ru-           no not at all, and notwithstanding a complete      iously, the line boring out and toward mid-
mored lunkers actually hide out; now fish-          dry change reposed right there in the back         stream and apparently down, down, down
erman that would be something! Paradoxi-            seat. Just as strange she never seems to           to the bottom in sharp, powerful surges.
cally the feminine intellect never seems to         bother much when I work hours at a time            Once she frantically managed to stop the
fathom that the only real honest to goodness        outside about home, say trimming hedge,            rush, and then again the .fish started for
r                                                                                                      places unknown, not with great speed, just
  eason why a plodding, hopeful, dipsy-             manicuring lawns, during autumnal freshets.
doodling male wades around up to his neck           This time, however, the old man needed his         concerted power. Again the stampede
ltl                                                                                                    slacked, then recurred, lessened the third
       dirty, germ laden, cold water for hours on   rubber coat and hat, and forthwith Ruthie
end, shaking old St. Peter by the hand at           decided to deliver the equipment in person         time, compromising into a series of jolting,
jftost every turn, is he likes to deduce how        right down on the river shore. Furthermore         whipping bucks with the line stretching taut
       the dickens there can be so much water       and unexplained she had the foresight to           and agitated far out into the river fastness,
and so few fish. And any old river rat can          assemble her plugging rod, string the line,        perhaps seventy-five feet from the rod tip.
  Urely tell one in order to properly unravel       oil the reel and even attach a lure, terrible      Now all this did not transpire so quickly as
  uch staggering mental hazards it is mostly        absentmindness for one not intending to            written; rather an action inspired drama, a
Necessary that the enterprising ichthyological      angle. More engrossing still she placed my         bitter brute strength quarterless tug of war
pnius fiddle around a bit in the drink. And         hat on her head, my raincoat on her back,          between fish and fisher. However, with the
   ere is a pledge, fellow weasels, some day        and then upon arrival discovered the now           cessation of the bucks, the worse appeared
J^hen the hypothesis creeps beyond the              shivering me fully a hundred yards further         over, the big fellow beginning to lose heart,
•arvae stage I shall discourse more at length       upstream and quite easy of approaching over        waver, give line and roll. By that time we
                                                    a much travelled, hard-packed path along           suspected the fish to be a walleye and likely
*°r the benefit of one and all. That ought to                                                          a nice one, in fact perhaps too generous for
 ~e fair enough and actually a real boon to         the water edge. But right then and there the
                                                    No. 1 Anglerette in my life made up her mind       the landing net. A few moments more con-
|g8 genus homo, masculine, of piscatorial                                                              firming suspicion, she reached down to grab
predilection.                                       be blamed if she intended to walk another          her prize by the gills, then hightailing it for
      Anyway the third jar of lemonade seems        step; anyway that's her story.
 •? be sinking apace with that fiery red ball
 d'Pping into the wilted verdant fringed
^estern shore of the Susquehanna; torrid
 ?*y begins to lapse into blistering night, and
Perhaps we should get on with the story, to
*Mt and provided the bearings of the type-
writer do not burn up enroute. Speaking of
    minine competition and worthy fish, an
 °ccasion only the past season comes to mind
Wien this fisherman thought his old nemesis
^ a l l y in her proper place—there would be
        squeeks, snickers, and blurrps from the
i^issus insofar as masculine supremacy need
        concerned. The trout situation appeared
^ighty well in hand, the bass outlook pretty
^ n safe, and then one moist, drizzly, dark
      y with no thought of catching fish, we
popped along the Juniata, just to wet a line
j° r a few moments before fleeing homeward.
j °w I am never too enthusiastic about the
      *iinine dependents, mother or daughter,
^hing in the rain although personally
 l e n d i n g quite often, that, of course, not
pattering. As indicated this time the rain
did not amount to much, just a steady, drip-
 ^ S, marrow chilling September drizzle with
  . n umbing nip to the atmosphere and no
j*oubt plastered to the last H 2 0 with pneu-
 . °nia, pleurisy, influenza, measles, whoop-
j 1 ? cough and the like. As a matter of fact,
, a °tually hoped to fish perhaps a whole half                                                                               Courtesy Allentown Call
 J ^ ~ - w e l l maybe only fifteen minutes—          "He was this big". Lite Member Elmer Florsblom of the Pioneer Fish and Game Association at
                                                      Allentown telling about the big ones, at a recent get-together of the Association. Others in the
 ^thout becoming thoroughly soaked. But               group are Rudy Hassler, Charles Smith, Elmer Forshlom, C. R. Scott and, standing. Bill Beitler.
20                                                  PENNSYLVANIA              ANGLER                                                AUGUST

the safety of dry land, all this despite a
rasping bunch of gashes inflicted by a battery
of sharply barbed back curving teeth. Now
while the victim of the adventure has already
                                                            r _ T • * jr E
appeared in pictured form on the pages of
this magazine, not so the harrowing details,
and once again your correspondent found
himself behind the eight ball, wholly out-
scored a season's dozen or more swell wall-
eyes, an equal number generous bass, some
beautiful trout. And at the time of this writ-
ing the Juniata walleye still rates as the
biggest game fish to visit the family fireside
in recent years. Added to the ignominy,
everyone gleefully razzes the guy who writes
stories for fishing magazines; particularly
pleasing to the masculine ego are those gentle
barbs from the neighbors: "How would you
like to catch one like it, Mr. King?" But
then I never did cotton to neighbors anyway.
Even my old pal Alex does not seem able to
resist a sly dig now and then.
   Now all you jolly fellows—if the missus
is at all a good sport, take the little Sugah
Dumpling along sometimes, not always or
even fifty-fifty, it doing man good to escape
the feminine supervision now and then. If
you've never done so, one thing sure there's
an experience still in store; coupled with the     John M. Phillips, pioneer Pennsylvania conservationist, attended the opening of North Par"
luck of the beginner she will likely enjoy                                     Lake in Allegheny county last year.
the magic of that omnipotent Goddess who
watches over the destinies of female persons.    nears completion I've finally arrived at an
If she is a brunette, like my missus, be sure    excuse for it all—merely trying to work my-
she invites her dizziest blond girl friend,      self into a sort of semi-conscious coma so        Question:   Have noted in the
ditto husband, along too, now and then, not      that the stewing process in the land of nod
oftener. That adds spice. But if a blond, per-                                                                                        ANGLER
                                                 tonight shall not be too wakeful. And Mr.
haps one is enough—two blondes are more          Dream Man please fill my slumber, if any,       on various occasions where our brook trow
than I'd ever want wading around river           not with walleyes, not with bass, not with      are referred to as charr. What are some °>
riffles nearby to myself at one and the same     trout, not with plug tossing mermaids—but       the characteristics of the charr and afe
time.                                            rather with nice comforting polar bears, ice    there many other species in this order?"'
   And now that this saga of the Blue Juniata    bergs, igloos and Esquimaux fan dancers!
                                                                                                 —J. G. F.
                                                                                                    Answer: In general the scales of the charr*
                                                                                                 are smaller than in any other representative
                                                                                                 of the trout and salmon families and ofte
                                                                                                 so deeply embedded in the skin as to aim"6
                                                                                                 escape notice. Coloration is usually dark an"
                                                                                                 round crimson spots occur on the si«eS'
                                                                                                 The lower fins are sometimes margined wi*0
                                                                                                 white, black or red. According to Jorda
                                                                                                 and Evermann, this genus is represented >
                                                                                                 America by four species and six to seve
                                                                                                 sub-species. "No higher praise can be gi v e
                                                                                                 to a SALMONOID than to say that it is 3
                                                                                                 charr" is generally conceded as an undiS'
                                                                                                 puted fact. Members of this genus are v°
                                                                                                 only very active and exceedingly handso111
                                                                                                 fishes, but seem to seek by preference oW
                                                                                                 the cleanest and coldest waters availaW •
   Question: Up until this season, I have        Chub Midget Plunker, which has been men-        Other charrs are the Dolly Varden trout °
been a confirmed user of the fly rod for         tioned before, the smallest size of Fred
bass, with the hair frog and other floaters      Arbogast's Jitterbug, the new baby size         the Pacific Slope, the Dublin Pond Trout °
my pet lures. Have taken up light lure           Heddon Crazy Crawler and the new                the New England States, the Long-Finne
casting this year, however, and man, am I        Shakespeare Popper. Finishes bound to be        Charr of Europe, the Greenland Charr, the
keen for it. Now, what I would like to know      popular on these lures are the frog, perch,     Arctic Charr, the Blueback trout of Maine
is what are some of the baby surface plugs       black and silver flitter. Both the Jitterbug    Rangely Lakes and the Marston Trout
that should go well with my new light plug       and Crazy Crawler kick up a big commo-          Canada.
outfit? The rod, by the way, is 5% foot          tion on the surface and should prove very
tubular steel, the reel level wind with          effective for largemouths and big smallmouths     Question: What are some good flies to
aluminum spool and 1 am using a 12 pound         on occasion. The Plunker and Popper, mak-       used in connection with a spinner in ™
test hard braided waterproof line.—J. L.         ing somewhat less of a sputter, would ap-       rod bass fishing?—G. R. P.
  Answer: That sounds like a mighty good         pear at this writing to be good bets for the
                                                 stream smallmouth. The Midg Oreno, in-            Answer: The Montreal, Yellow Sally, Gr9*
outfit for the light lure fisherman. There are
a number of excellent surface lures, some        cidentally, while underwater on a steady        Hackle, Brown Hackle, Governor and P a
under and others around the half ounce           retrieve will, if used as a floater, be found   machene Belle, tied on hooks sizes fro"1
plug class. These include, beside the Creek      to work well as a surface lure.                 to 4.
1841                                                              PENNSYLVANIA                     ANGLER                                                                       21

           FLOATERS                                           the almost complete denudation of m u c h                  ness of these protective strips depends on
                                                              of Pennsylvania's forest areas. Streams w e r e            their ability to act as retards for the silt
       FOR LARGEMOUTHS                                        ruined almost beyond repair.                               ladened w a t e r from t h e adjacent slopes. B y
                (Continued   from page 3)                         Thanks to t h e foresight of Dr. Joseph T.             retarding the r a t e of run-off some of t h e
     To the users of artificial lures, it offers a            Rothrock, " F a t h e r of Pennsylvania Forestry",         silt is deposited on t h e bank instead of in
Sweater challenge. You, w h o h a v e fished                  w h o w a s responsible for o u r Forest Service,          t h e stream channel. T h e ditches also will
frtificials know the merits of their use and                  m u c h of tilt damage w r o u g h t as a result           aid in this and at t h e same time act w h i l e
l                                                                                                                        t h e trees are becoming established.
  t should certainly behoove each one to take                 of lumbering and fire, has been controlled
     bait fisherman along on one of y o u r e x -             and a good start has been m a d e on its                       Plantings of this type should be m a d e on
cursions and permit h i m to see t h e value                  repair. T h e r e is still m u c h to be done and          both stream banks a n d t h e start should be
°f light rod and lure method.                   Compare       t h e r e is a need for extensive and intensive            m a d e at the h e a d of t h e s t r e a m working t o -
catches w i t h him, allow h i m to t r y y o u r             educational campaigns.                                     wards the mouth. T h e r e is one exception to
putfit in order to allay his fears of a t t e m p t -                                                                    this in t h a t badly eroding areas should be
  *g the drastic change of tactics, and you                                    Forest I m p r o v e m e n t
                                                                                                                         planted first.
^ill surely w i n a convert to your type of                       Forest improvement for t h e benefit of
                                                                                                                             I n t h e selection of planting stock, w e
fishing.                                                      fishing does not take a lifetime to accomplish.
                                                                                                                         should be guided insofar as possible b y the
    I don't w a n t t h e reader to infer t h a t I h a v e   It is t r u e , however, t h a t a n y forestry p r o -
                                                                                                                         t y p e of plants growing in t h e locality o r
fault to find with the bait fisherman. I e m -                gram which will affect t h e entire stream
                                                                                                                         immediately adjoining areas. Where the
phatically do not. H e is within his rights as                must be systematic in that it should begin
                                                                                                                         n a t u r a l growth is too heavy some of it can
J license holder w h e n h e chooses to u s e                 at the streams source and cover t h e major-               be moved. W h e r e willow a n d black locust
"ait. I do not find fault, however, with t h e                ity of t h e watershed. So far as the individual           are native to t h e area, these species should
Practice of removing forage from the stream                   fisherman       or fishing clubs a r e concerned           be given first preference. These species
^ d wasting a big percentage of it.                           a project of this k i n d is too costly and too            grow rapidly and h a v e dense spreading root
    Some folks seem to think t h a t providence               extensive except for a State or F e d e r a l              systems admirably adapted to hold the soil
     n furnish a never ending supply of for-                  agency. There is, however, something which                 in the streams banks. Willows have an a d -
   ge, b u t w e k n o w t h a t is u n t r u e and t h e     the individual or group of fishermen can do                vantage over black locust in t h a t they can
Sooner w e m a k e u p o u r minds to conserve                to aid their sport a n d help to preserve it,              v e r y easily b e propagated t h r o u g h t h e u s e
       well as restore for future and posterity,              strip planting.                                            of cuttings, or w e can b r e a k - a b r a n c h from
p e sooner w e a r e going to bring fishing u p                   Since w e are looking for immediate results            a tree and plant it in moist e a r t h w i t h a
      a standard w h e r e w e can catch more fish            costing as little as possible, let us consider             reasonable assurance t h a t it will sprout.
Stth less effort and heavier, well conditioned                protective strip plantings along t h e stream's             Both trees h a v e the ability to sprout from
^ h because they can thrive more naturally                    b a n k and adjacent to them. A project of                 t h e s t u m p and to grow root suckers. This
 °1 the food that n a t u r e supplies for them.              this k i n d will necessarily entail careful p l a n -     type of growth is desirable as it tends to
     Simply r e m e m b e r t h a t it is useless for         ning in that the cooperation of the l a n d -              produce dense stands so essential in p r o t e c -
     r State F i s h Commission to constantly                 owner m u s t be secured and a planting plan               tive work.
 ^ s t o r e the depleted streams w i t h fish if t h e       w o r k e d out. A project of this k i n d will
 av                                                           t a k e time so each year's w o r k m u s t be laid            Other species which a r e usually found'
     erage fisherman gauges his sport by t h e                                                                           along streams a n d can b e u s e d in a n y p l a n t -
 height of his creel a n d forgets that his p a r t           out in advance.
                                                                                                                         ing are: alders, witch-hazel, w a t e r beek,
 °* the game is t h e conservation of w h a t w e                 Most of the land bordering on o u r fishing
                                                                                                                         June berry, m a n y of t h e birches, r e d maple,
   l r e a d y have.                                          streams is either owned b y Public Agencies
                                                                                                                         beech, several of t h e hickories, aspen a n d
     Sure you'll catch m o r e fish w i t h artificials       o r is farmland. Therefore before beginning
                                                                                                                         t h e poplars. Of these t r e e s t h e aspens a n d
 j p t they'll merely be lip-hooked a n d t h e               w o r k it is essential to secure the owner's
                                                                                                                         poplars alone can be propagated b y m e a n s
 c'ttle fellows can be r e t u r n e d to grow u p .          consent or the case of public land, get a p e r -
                                                                                                                         of cuttings. They grow rapidly and p r o d u c e
 S conclusion, if you h a v e never tried bugs                mit to do the w o r k or create t h e interest
                                                                                                                         good litter.
 I * bass, you h a v e y o u r supreme thrill of              of t h e agency so t h a t t h e y will do t h e w o r k
                                                              using such public organizations as the Ci-                     No set spacing should be adhered to in.
 ^ h i n g still in store for you.
                                                              vilian Conservation Corps, t h e National                  t h e first strip for it is h e r e w e w a n t quick
                                                              Y o u t h Administration or t h e Works Progress           cover so the closer w e plant t h e q u i c k e r
                                                              Administration.                                            w e achieve our aim. N a t u r e will take c a r e
    FORESTS FOR FISHING                                           In most cases permission to do stream i m -
                                                                                                                         of t h e crowding in that the weak trees will
Y         (Continued from page 5)                                                                                        be killed off providing more litter.
                                                              p r o v e m e n t w o r k can readily b e secured.
• m a y b e necessary to do planting i n t h e                T h e n e x t operation is to formulate the p l a n t -        More attention m u s t b e used w h e n p l a n t i n g
 Yearns bottom to hasten the r e t u r n of fish              ing p l a n which as I mentioned before should             the buffer strip. H e r e w e can use any of the-
°°d and incidentally the fish.                                extend over several years. Individual areas                pines native to Pennsylvania, t h e spruces,,
                                                              can b e completed in a single season if t h e y            larch and hemlock. We will, however, d e -
                                                              a r e not too big and t h e r e a r e plenty of m e n      p a r t from t h e straight line and r o w method :
    The type of logging as practiced in t h e                 available.                                                 for t h e alternate r o w planting. O u r purpose
ISfly days of t h e lumbering industry in                                                                                h e r e is similar to wind or snow break p l a n t -
, e l n s y l v a n i a h a d little or no affect on t h e        L e t u s t a k e as an example a farm along           ing to offer t h e m o s t resistance to one of
.^ests ability to hold w a t e r and soil. Only               one of o u r streams. T h e farm is on a hillside          t h e elements in this case silt ladened water.
f16 best trees w e r e t a k e n as t h e r e w a s           and t h e growth along the stream is sparse.               A m i x t u r e of species is desirable in t h e
P l y a m a r k e t for t h e best white pine and             Erosion is in progress and each rain washes                event one species succumbs to insect or
j e highest quality of w h i t e oak. A s t h e               additional silt into t h e s t r e a m channel. T h e      fungus attacks, there will still be plenty of
Industrialization of Pennsylvania progressed                  quickest way to provide cover will be to                   trees remaining to accomplish the purpose
p d the tanning industry grew, giant h e m -                  plant rapidly growing hardwood trees or                    for which t h e y w e r e planted.
 ^,cks w e r e felled, and left lay in t h e woods            s h r u b s on a strip at least t e n feet wide. A t
Ml,e r e t h e y h a d fallen. T h e only p a r t of          t h e same time it will be desirable to plant                 Some one h a s advocated t h e slogan " P l a n t
Ok trees used w a s t h e bark. N e w methods
    e                                                         several rows of evergreens to provide for                  a t r e e on y o u r favorite stream." We should
of cutting were devised as demand grew for                    a buffer strip. T h e w i d t h of this strip              change this so t h a t it reads, "Plant a strip-
                                                              should b e determined b y t h e degree of                  of trees o n y o u r favorite stream." T h e n
c         products and n e w species of trees w e r e                                                                    and only then will w e secure a dividend, less-
  ut to provide t h e needed products. T h e                  slope. W h e n the slope or slopes a r e steep, it
                                                              will be a good idea to plant a strip with                  silt in our fishing waters. Planting of t h e
vaulting change was not for the better.                       grasses, timothy, clover or alfalfa. Shallow               entire watershed will help to maintain a
    here one a only t h e choice trees w e r e r e -          trenches dug along the contour will aid                    m a x i m u m stream flow, and low w a t e r t e m -
rj°Ved now the areas w e r e being cut clean.                 greatly in this undertaking.                               p e r a t u r e s in addition to reducing t h e silt
J ^ m e a n t t h e a r e a s w e r e open to the                                                                        load in the stream channel.
    °sive action of the rains and t h e drying                  The speed w i t h which these protection
 j^'ion of t h e sun. This situation would not                strips m u s t b e established cannot b e m i n i -
j^Ve been hopeless h a d it not been for                      mized. It is essential t h a t t h e planting stock
j, t e s t fires which destroyed t h e young growth           be of a species which grows rapidly, have                    It is not necessary to use hooks of e x -
    Gaining after t h e l u m b e r operations. T h e         a spreading root system and that t h e y will              tremely large size in bait fishing for b a s s .
     **lt of these repeated forest fires w a s                be able to build litter rapidly. The effective-            Ordinary t r o u t hooks w o r k well.
22                                                                         PENNSYLVANIA
                                                                                           v                  ANGLER                                           AUGUST

                                             ife"   JB?fH|

                                                                                    •                                        MONTGOMERY CLUBS
                                                                                                                              TO REBUILD DAMS
                                                                                                                            As guests of the Wissahickon Field and
                                                                                                                         Stream Association, delegates from the sev-
                                                                                                                         enteen member clubs of the Montgomery
  m                                                                                                                      County Federation of Sportsmen's Clubs met
      .            ... **.                             ii                           M f i t t l A k i -**-               July 21st, in the firehouse at Ambler, where
                                                                                                                         they were welcomed by Russell Meyers, past

                                                                  J                 fcwti^p^^y               ,. ^—
                                                                                                                         President, and Paul Williams, present Vice-
                                                                                                                         president of the Wissahickon Club. William
                                                                                                                         Stoneback of Lansdale, from the Lansdale
                                                                                                                         Sportsmen's    Association, presided, while
                                                                                                                         Leroy Seasholtz of Gilbertsville, from the
                                                                                                                         Douglass Rod and Gun Club, and William
                                                                        i wsS K S                                        Ellis of Bridgeport, from the Montgomery
                                                                                                                         County Fish, Game and Forestry AssociH'
  ^   ••**«*.***«*»*'                                       '*i        v            ^ ^l^^-            <uyMfl
                                                                                                                         tion, gave their reports as Secretary and
                                                                                                                         Treasurer, respectively, of the Federation.
                        " iM^iiiMff*111^!!                                                                                  Frank Clamer of Collegeville, from the
                                                                                                                         Perkiomen Valley Sportsmen's Association/
                                                                                                                         and John Ruth of Kulpsville, from the Lans'
                                                                                                                         dale Sportsmen's Club, told those who at-
              A picture of the Lehigh Canal at it appeared 25 years ago at Upper Black Eddy.                             tended the meeting that the Second Annual
                                                                                                                         Picnic and Ox Roast of the Federation, held
LET'S FISH FOR BASS, HUH?                                              Chub Plunker are certainly worth trying,          Sunday, at Walter's Park, Green Lane, was
                                                                      for these river largemouths are occasionally       a financial success as well as an occasion
           (Continued from page 9)                                                                                       which was enjoyed by a large crowd °*
                                                                      good surface hitters. Here again, however,
   Now that you have what you want, go out                                                                               men, women and children.
                                                                      comes the problem of heavier lures on a
to your lake, your river flat, your white
                                                                      very light bamboo, with the tubular steel            Prize winners at the Second Annual Picnic
water creek—work the shoreline carefully—
                                                                      fitting better into the picture.                   and Ox Roast were:
and when the water swirls and boils as the
fish takes your lure, I hope that it will con-                           For the angler who finds a boat available,      Plug Casting for Accuracy Event:
vince you that artificials not only get you                           an excellent system is to row upstream for            Bill Weirman, of Schwenksville
the fish, but the better and bigger fish—and I                        a mile or more, letting the boat drift with           Frank Clamer, of Collegeville
hope even more that the battle old Grandpop                           the current. If you have a companion, so              John Ruth, of Kulpsville
Salmoides or Uncle Dolomieu puts up proves                            much the better. Plug from each end of the           Merritt Oberholtzer, of Lansdale
to you that a live bass is priceless—but                              boat. When a strike is had, it is well to            William J. Stoneback, of Lansdale
dead he is so much meat, and since steaks                             drop anchor and plug persistently about the          Art Palmer, of Souderton
don't cost fifteen bucks—let's buy the cheap                          spot. If a deep running plug is used and           Rolling Pin Throw for Men:
steak so that the bass can put up as good                             the strike is from a walleye, the place should        Fred Eurich, of Line Lexington
a fight for you again, or me, or the other guy.                       be combed carefully. Walleyed pike are
                                                                                                                            Carl Liptak, of Bridgeport
so c'mon, let's go bass fishing.                                      notably school fish and the chances are ex-
                                                                      cellent for hooking into others at such spots.       A. Gilbert, of Green Lane
                                                                      River bass often move about in pairs, and,            William Ellis, of Bridgeport
                                                                      not infrequently, may school together in           Egg and Spoon Race for Women:
          LIGHT LURE NOTES                                            groups of four or more. At feeding time,             Florence Bardman, Green Lane
           (Continued from page 11)                                   however, which comes often in very early              Mrs. Howard Mack, Pennsburg
  As for the outfit used, the 5% foot tubular                         morning or evening just before dusk, it will          Mrs. Raymond Landis, Yerkes
steel rod having light action is the ticket.                          be found that foraging bass have a tendency           Mrs. Michael Bold, Hatfield
Occasionally a plug slightly heavier than                             to scatter out.                                       Rosie Litka, Collegeville
one half ounce, such as the jointed River                                                                                Fifty-yard Dash for Men:
Runt, standard size, can be used to advan-                               The cream of river fishing usually comes           Walter Dotts, Gwynned Valley
tage, and to go into using heavier lures with                         in September, and we are strongly in ac-
                                                                      cord with those old time river fishermen              George Farina, Lansdale
a very light, extremely whippy 6 foot bam-                                                                                 Reub Schall, Norristown
boo is certainly not going to do the rod any                          who claim that the best periods for river
                                                                      bass fishing are during the dark of the              Howard Dietrich, Upper Darby
good. In fact, if your bamboo answers these                                                                                Edward Dotts, Gwynned Valley
                                                                      moon, when the moon is on the wane or in
specifications, make it a rule to use only                            its early stages of increase. It's a safe bet      Fifty-yard Dash for Children under Twe»v
lures well under half an ounce. With the                              that after light lures are given a thorough             Years:
tubular steel, however, heavier lures are not                         trial in river fishing, live bait will be a sec-
a problem. The same variations in leader                              ondary item in the thoughts of the angler.
length may be applied to river fishing as
                                                                         Fishing these baby lures is a good con-                TO ANGLER READERS
those worked on smaller streams. If low,
                                                                      vincer. Try it.                                         The highly popular series of articles
very clear water prevails, ten foot, and                                                                                   on "Natural Insects and Their Imita"
preferably 12 foot or slightly longer leaders                                                                              tions" by Chas. M. Wetzel has been
of 10 or 15 pound test artificial gut, attached                         Sam Watson, a tall, solemn-looking Negro,          discontinued for the summer months.
to the line with the double barrel knot, are                          making his annual trip for his holiday pur-          Charlie, for the information of A N " '
not extreme lengths. In murky water, six                              chases, was a little belated, reaching the           LER readers who have been saving
or seven foot leaders will prove suitable.                            city on Christmas Eve.                               this valuable series of insect articles'
  Chances are* good, particularly in the                                Having finished his shopping, he was hur-          is engaged in the defense Vr0~
main Susquehanna River, of tying into                                 rying to the station to catch his waiting            gram with the DuPont Corporation
                                                                                                                           and is so tied up with work that 1*5
largemouth as well as smallmouth bass.                                train, when he stumbled; a jug fell to the           not possible for him to assemble notes
The largemouth in this stream seems to                                sidewalk with a crash and the precious con-          which he has made in the past. How-
favor stretches of more quiet water, around                           tents at once became a mere wet place on the         ever, we have his promise that a S
grass patches and weed beds; in fact, for a                           concrete.                                            soon as work permits he will con-
number of years veteran river fishermen                                 Sam stood for a moment, dazed by his               tinue to write this splendid series W
have applied to it the name "grass bass." At                          misfortune. Then, as he turned away from             articles on trout flies and their imi l a '
                                                                      the heartbreaking sight, he said in lugub-           tions.
such spots, good surface lures that kick up
a sizable commotion, such as the Jitter-                              rious tones: "Dah now! Chris'mus done                                        THE EDITOR-
bug, Heddon Crazy Crawler, and Creek                                  come—an' gone!"
1941                                                            PENNSYLVANIA                  ANGLER

      Janet Foltz, Pottstown                                   T h e meeting was concluded b y a report              sleeper at daybreak, and by the time the
     Donald Landis, Yerkes                                 of Game Protector G e r h a r t on the F a r m -          potency of the m i x t u r e has largely passed,
     Ray Gerhart, East Greenville                          Game P r o g r a m Areas, t h e total acreage in          and one is ept to be in his soundest sleep.
      Incubators have been used this year for              the various Areas, t h e names of t h e F e d e r a -     If, however, one could arrange to be a w a k -
 hatching pheasants, reported Russell K r u p p            tion's clubs in those areas, etc., after which            ened j u s t before daybreak and apply t h e
                                                           t h e delegates adjourned to enjoy refresh-               mixture, r e t u r n i n g for the last nap, it is p o s -
 °f Schwenksville, from the Perkiomen              Val-
                                                           ments provided b y the host club.                         sible t h a t it would be efficacious.
 ' e V Sportsmen's Association, Chairman of t h e
 federation's G a m e Committee. During t h e                                                                           F i s h e r m e n and h u n t e r s in t h e n o r t h woods
                                                                                                                    will find that a good m i x t u r e against m o s -
 discussion on Game, w h e n t h e question arose
                                                             PROTECTION FROM MOSQUITO                                quitoes and black flies can be m a d e as fol-
 concerning disposal of t h e Federation's b a n -
                                                                                                                    lows: Take 2 % pounds of m u t t o n tallow
 tams, it was decided to continue to support                           BITES                                        and strain it. While still hot add one-half
 the bantams, since t h e y h a v e w o n m a n y             A n u m b e r of different substances h a v e         pound black tar (Canadian t a r ) , stir t h o r -
 prizes and have, therefore, been self-sustain-            been in use to r u b upon t h e skin or to p u t          oughly, and p o u r into a receptacle in which
 ^ g as well as instrumental in aiding with                near the bed as a protection from m o s q u i -          it is to be contained. W h e n nearly cool stir
Agricultural Education at t h e Eastern State              toes. Spirits of camphor r u b b e d upon t h e          in 3 ounces of oil of citronella and IVi
Penitentiary, w h e r e t h e inmates care for t h e       face and hands, or a few drops on the                    ounces of pennyroyal.
 "ederation's pheasants each year.              Russell    pillow at night, will keep away mosquitoes                   Oscar Samostz, of Austin, Texas, r e c o m -
Krupp also advised the delegates present                   for a time, and this is also a w e l l - k n o w n       mends t h e following formula:
   t the meeting last evening that 500 p h e a s -         property of oil of pennyroyal. Oil of p e p p e r -              Oil of citronella                        ounce.. 1
^ t s and 86 quail have recently been r e -                mint, lemon juice, and vinegar h a v e all been                 Liquid vaseline                           ounce. .4
 v i v e d from the Pennsylvania Game C o m -              recommended for use as protectors against                    Apply freely to exposed parts.
•Wssion b y t h e Federation, as its 1941 quota            mosquitoes, while oil of t a r has been used                 Doctor D u r h a m , of the English Yellow
 °f birds to be raised at t h e Eastern State              in b a d mosquitoe localities. A m i x t u r e r e c -   F e v e r Commission, Rio de Janeiro, told the
Penitentiary, Graterford. This quota is the                ommended by Mr. E. H. Gane, of New York,                 writer that he and the late Doctor Myers
  ame as the Federation's quotas in past years.            is t h e following.                                      found that a 5 p e r cent solution of sulphate
     Ambrose Gerhart, of Souderton, State                         Castor cil                     ounce. .1          of potash prevented mosquitoes from b i t -
Carrie Protector, outlined t h e State's trapping                 Alcohol                         do . . 1          ing, and they w e r e obliged to use this m i x -
°* game during t h e last t h r e e months, s a y -               Oil of lavender                 do .. 1           t u r e while at w o r k in t h e i r laboratory in
•fig t h a t the outlook for t h e              coming        The oil of citronella has come into very              Brazil to p r e v e n t themselves from being
                                                           general use in t h e United States in the past           badly bitten.
"Unting season was excellent, since there
ar                                                         few years. The odor is objectionable to                      A n anonymous correspondent of American
     e plenty of young game in t h e fields of
                                                           some people, b u t not to many, and it is                Medicine, who signs himself F . A. H., says:
^ e County and on t h e propagation areas.
                                                           efficient in keeping away mosquitoes for sev-                I would advise the use of the oil of cassia,
Ambrose t h e n introduced to the Federation               eral hours. A m i x t u r e recommended by Mr.
~Iair J. Davis, of Media, w h o has recently                                                                        for the odor is not offensive to h u m a n beings
                                                           C. A. Nash, of N e w York, composed of 1                 and it is an irritant poison to all kinds of
^ e n designated b y the Pennsylvania Game                 ounce oil of citronella, 1 ounce spirits of
"ornmission as Game Protector over District                                                                         insects. Besides, its p o w e r remains for a
                                                           camphor, and one-half ounce oil of cedar,                long time after it h a s dried.
A-16, which covers Delaware County and                     has been t h e most efficacious m i x t u r e tried
°ertain parts of Montgomery.                               by t h e writer. Ordinarily a few drops on a                                       Remedies
     The Federation's n u r s e r y at the Eastern         b a t h towel h u n g over the h e a d of t h e bed          It m u s t h a v e been t h e experience of most
"tate Penitentiary is in excellent condition               will keep Culex pipiens away for a whole                 people t h a t ordinarily little swelling and i r r i -
       this time, according to E. F . Brouse of            night. W h e r e mosquitoes a r e very persis-           tation result from the p u n c t u r e of a m o s -
f*°rristown, a m e m b e r of t h e Pennsylvania           tent, however, a few drops r u b b e d on t h e          quito w h e r e t h e r e has been no scratching
department of Forests and Waters and C h a i r -           face and h a n d s will suffice. This mixture, in        or r u b b i n g of t h e part. B u t individuals v a r y
man of the Federation's Forestry Commit-                   the experience of the writer, has been effec-            greatly in this respect, and it is undoubtedly
tee. A fertilizing program, h e added, will                tive against all mosquitoes except Aedes                 t r u e t h a t not only do different species of
° e carried out within t h e n e a r future in t h e       (Stegomyia) calopus, t h e yellow-fever m o s -          mosquitoes v a r y in their effect, b u t that
  Ursery.                                                  quito. This mosquito begins to trouble the               different individuals of the same species m a y
     A program of dam reconstruction is being
f a n n e d by t h e Federation's Fish Committee,
**°well I. Dietrich of U p p e r Darby, from the
^°toer Merion Rod and Gun Club, Chairman
°* this Committee, told those present. I n -
s t i g a t i o n is u n d e r w a y relative to w h a t
r*m should be repaired first. Musselman's
° a m and the Collegeville D a m on t h e P e r k i o -
men w e r e cited as t h e two u n d e r recent
  °nsideration for repair. Howell Dietrich
      ° said t h a t the w o r k of feeding fish in
r 1 6 four Federation propagation ponds will
       carried on again this year, since it p r o -
c e e d good results during t h e past year,
^hile discussing work of t h e Fish Commit-
     . the Federation formally decided to a c -
     Pt the offer of t h e Eastern State P e n i t e n -
^ a fy, m a d e t h r o u g h Ira Mills of Doylestown,
^Ipervisor of Agriculture Education at the
   enitentiary, to allow t h e Federation to use
? Pond on the Penitentiary grounds as a
M d i n g pond in which to raise some of the
federation's hatchings of fish to t h e age of
?* 0 years, instead of placing t h e m in t h e
J^hing streams of t h e County at the age of
        t h a n one year.
     Harry Cole of Norristown, B u c k s - M o n t -
    »nery Counties Fish Warden, reported t h a t              Nev Sherlock, a director In the Pennsylvania Federation of Sportsmen's Cluhs, gives his son,
^ U s u a l l y fine fish h a v e been stocked during       Nev, Jr., some pointers on plugging. You can't start 'em to young, contends Nev, an ardent
H*e past season b y t h e Pennsylvania Fish                 caster. Incidentally, his many Mends will be interested to know that he is now leaving the
                                                            State Service, in which he was chief of Dog Law Enforcement for the Department of Agriculture
" O r nmission in t h e streams of t h e County.                              to enter the service of the International Harvester Company.
24                                                    PENNSYLVANIA               ANGLER                                                    AUGUST

also vary. The application of household am-                                                          of casting, which he has used in the class-
monia has been found by many to give re-                                                             room as instructor in angling at Columbia
lief, and alcohol is also said to stop the                                                           University.
irritation. Dr. E. O. Peck, of Morristown,                                                              He also explained the Solunar theory <*  *
New Jersey, finds glycerin a sovereign                                                               fishing which was originated by him. A c
remedy. Touch the bite with glycerin and                                                             cording to this theory, the feeding times d
in a few minutes the pain is gone. Dr.                                                               fish are governed by the sun and moon, s°
Charles A. Nash, of New York City, marks                                                             that it is possible to make up an exact sched-
the puncture with a lump of indigo and                                                               ule of when they will bite.
states that this instantly stops the irritation,
no matter whether the application is made                                                               Milan Butler, of Asaph, and Joseph %
immediately or after the lapse of a day or                                                           Borden, of Middlebury, reported for the
so. The most satisfactory remedy known to                                                            committee on arrangements for the annua'
the writer from his own personal experience                                                          county picnic of the Association, to be held
has been moist soap. Wet the end of a piece                                                          on the second Sunday in August at a place
of ordinary toilet soap and rub it gently on                                                         not yet chosen.
the puncture and speedily the irritation will                                                           Burt Earl, of Sabinsville, chairman of th e
pass away. Mr. Charles Stevenson, of Mon-                                                            committee on vermin control, announced that
treal, writing to the Canadian Entomologist                                                          a campaign would open on July 1, with a
in September, 1901, stated that he had found                                                         prize offered to the sportsman killing the
naphthaline moth balls to afford immediate                                                           largest number of wild house cats, oWw
relief from the bites of dangerous Diptera,                                                          and other game destroyers.
including mosquitoes, and that a friend of
his had used it successfully on flea-bites.                                                             The meeting followed a dinner served by
He advises rubbing the moth ball on the                                                              the Mainesburg Ladies Aid Society. Men1'
affected part for a few minutes. Naphthaline                                                         bers were greeted by the Sullivan Rod and
is also recommended by Professor Boges,                                                              Gun Club, local host organization, which
director of the national board of health at                                                          arranged for the meeting.
Buenos Aires.
—Bulletin No. 88—U. S. Dept. of Agriculture
                                                                                                              MEET A PRINCE
                                                                                                             OF GOOD SPORTS
     EASTON CLUB STARTS                                                                                The ANGLER is proud to record the folio1"'
      DRIVE TO SAVE BASS                                                                             ing article which appeared in The HarrisburS
                                                                                                     Evening News. Hats off to a grand sportsman
   "Lose a hook and save a bass."
   That, laconically, is the slogan adopted by                                                         A good fisherman and a good sport is J- *'
                                                   W. J. Grenoble of New Bloomfleld with the big     Lower, 320 Reno street, New Cumberland-
the Easton Fish and Game Association               carp he caught this year in the Juniata River
through efforts of the Fish Committee of           near Millerstown. It was 34% inches in length       He caught a four-pound, smallmouth blac*
which Floyd Stem is chairman.                      and weighed 21% pounds. Sweet corn was the        bass in the Susquehanna River near the V°c*
                                                   bait used, and Grenoble was assisted in landing   street dam recently, brought it to town h1
   The Association, through its fish commit-                  the fish by Frank Briner.
tee, is making a direct APPEAL to bass                                                               miniature tank to prove his story and the11
fishermen, particularly in the Delaware                                                              toted it back to the river and set it ftee'
River, to spare the under-sized bass that,         the bass throat, extreme care should be             Lower, a landscape gardener, used a pWf
mainly through its own greed for food, at-         exercised in extracting the barb. In a case       to land the whopper which measured 2l" 4 '
taches itself to a hook dangled before them        of this kind the Association acts on the
and then ends ignominously along the bank          appeal that "IT IS BETTER TO LOSE A
—tossed aside because it was too small.            HOOK AND ASSURE BETTER BASS
                                                   FISHING NEXT SEASON."
   A few years ago thousands of bass 3 and
4 inches in length, were stocked in the              Mr. Stem pointed out last night that fish
Delaware between Rocky Falls and Port-             of the size mentioned are particularly greedy
land. These fish have now attained an              and will greedily accept most bait offered.
average 7 or 8 inches and, while providing         With the vacation season and the large num-
plenty of sport for the fishermen, are too         ber of campers along the river the Associa-
small and must of necessity be tossed back         tion is bending all efforts to protect these
into the river.                                    bass and asks the full cooperation of sports-
   During the past several days, since the         men.
opening of the bass season, members of the            One more season and these bass will pro-
Easton Fish and Game Association fish com-         vide real sport. A little care exercised now,
mittee have seen many bass of the men-             when extracting the hook, will mean a
tion size lying along the shoreline. All,          smaller number of bass lying dead along
according to association members, died be-         the shores of the river.
cause of having their mouths torn.
   In order to protect the fish so that more
sport may be generated next season and a
few seasons hence and to keep alive the                    KNIGHT SPEAKER
reputation of the Delaware as a good bass
river, the Association is making an appeal
                                                           AT TIOGA RALLY
to fishermen to aid in this work by exercising       Sixty members of the Tioga County Con-
sportsmanship of the first degree at all times.    solidated Sportsmen's Association heard a
   The suggestion is made, to the ardent           talk by Dr. John Alden Knight, of New York
bass fishermen, that when a fish of this size      City, noted author and lecturer, at the reg-
is nabbed the angler wet his hands before          ular monthly meeting of the organization, at
removing the hook. The angler should be as         the Mainesburg Patriotic Order Sons of
gentle as possible in freeing the bass before      America Hall.
tossing it back to its native habitat.               Dr. Knight, long a personal friend of
   If, and this is the most important part in      Louis W. Stevenson, of Wellsboro, president       Another muskie from Lake Le Boeuf, Rjijf
                                                                                                     county. It was 27 inches in length, weighed ' »,
the appeal, the hook is well imbedded in           of the Association, showed motion pictures        pounds. Taken by Robert Oswald of Miu* -
1941                                                   PENNSYLVANIA                ANGLER                                                            25

^ches and was the largest reported this sea-
    i to the Harrisburg Hardware Store where
records are kept.
    'Why don't you cook him?" Lower was
                                                                          MIDDLE ATLANTIC
  'Just haven't the heart," he replied as he                           ASSOCIATION O F CASTING CLUBS
Hazed fondly at the beautiful formed fish.                            w/ln a s s o c i a t i o n of sportsmens clubs formed topromofce.
 That bass is at least 12 to 15 years old, and
deserves to die a natural death."                                      tournament cast inq,encourage organization amona analers atsi st in.
                                                                       conservation;and support ail moves toward true sportsmanship.
            TIED BUGS
. Taking bass on lures you tie yourself is tops         DOVER FISHING CLUB                               burn. Oh, yea, couple o'fish. Bob Morris
                                                                                                         tries the Chesapeake for stripers. Plenty
'*' the angling sport and the following letter
ky Anthony Surdock of Pittston bears this
                                                         OF PHILADELPHIA                                 of them there. Bob left 'em. John Wetzel
'act out to a T. He writes:                           No meetings during July and August;                holds up party waiting for bus at Reid's
   "Caught two fine bass last season on a bass      the gang is scattered for the summer. Vaca-          Beach for two hours—everybody sore. All
    g I tied from the description of this parti-    tions—everybodys out fishing. Catch any-             but John, he catching fish. Ben Miller still
cular bug in one of the early editions of the       thing? Just a few. Lew Rebuck's up in                trying to catch the biggest bronzeback in
•^GLER described therein by Ken Reid who            Canada. Knows a lake up there the bass               the State. He knows where it is—been after
   id he had success in the Upper Susquehanna       grow large as tuna and fight harder. Won't           it for three years. We're still waiting.
*ith it.                                            tell us where it is. O. K. Lew, we'll catch             Flash—Just heard Fred Todt won't be
, 'These fish were caught one evening while         up with ya someday.                                  with the casting team this year. You're
"Egging at the 'Power Plant,' a few miles             Hen Asam also went to Canada—just got              right. Caught in the draft. Here's sumpin'
above Pittston. They both were 18% inches           back. Big muskies, lake trout—have to use            else. President Robinson is having some
     length and weighed exactly 3% pounds           a wire line to catch 'em. Some fish! Charles         club buttons designed to be distributed at
 Piece. Both smallmouths were taken within          C. (Doc) Hankinson went out after tuna—               the September meeting. Cost—practically
r*W an hour. I fish artificials entirely except     caught four average sixteen pounds, also             nothing.
J11 high and dirty water. Tie all my own            lots of bonito. Joe Willard sticks to the Mar-          Well, that's all we know except that it's
Split and bass lures as well as for my friends.     gate pier—catches plenty of kingfish and             d—n hot and we're all set to go fishing
Wishing in the North Branch last season was         sunburn. Gotta red nose to show for it,              ourself, so if you want any more informa-
    e of the most successful and heavily fished     couldn't be anything else. Lou Robinson also         tion about the Dover Fishing Club or any of
^ears that was reported in a long time. More        spends his time on the Margate pier. . . .           its activities, you'll have to call up the Sec-
 ^ge smallmouths were taken with artificials        plays pinochle.                                      retary, Robert Morris, 2728 West Mont-
j^d bait than at any other time. I had those           Bob Johnson takes the Gas House Gang to           gomery Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. Phone
F*o bass mounted for me by Joe Koval, well          Brigantine—surf fishing party—more sun-              STEvnson 7679.
5?°wn taxidermist and sportsman of the
 Wyoming Valley, at Wyoming and he sure
?ld a fine realistic job on those fish. They
  °th now hang on the wall of my den."
                                                    done with the youth rather than the present            KANE OUTLINES LEGISLATION
                                                    generation.                                            B. J. Kane, president of the Canawacta Rod
                                                      President Herman Hess of the Canton Club           and Gun Club, outlined pending legislation
  TAKE BASS OUT OF SEASON,                          entertained with a series of moving pictures
                                                                                                         at a pre-season fishermen's meeting at which
           FINED                                    he took of local people throughout the county
                                                    during the past year both on the trout streams       W. W. Wellman, Strider-Teskey Post com-
     Charged with possessing bass out of season,                                                         mander, presided at Community Hall in Sus-
^len Kauffman, twenty-nine, Columbia R. D.          and the bass streams and at the Towanda Rod
                                                    and Gun Club annual field meet.                      quehanna.
   ' and Guy Mummaw, eighteen, and Drew                                                                    The meeting was sponsored by the Sports-
P Urnmaw, sixteen, brothers, of Columbia R. D.        The following directors were elected for
                                                    one year:                                            men's Circle of the American Legion, and the
  •were arrested along the Pequea Creek by
    ish Warden Horace Pyle and Special Fish           Charles Seely, Fidello Biddle, Joseph Foust,       Canawacta Club. A fishing outfit was
 harden Robert Greener.                             Roy Babcock, and Maynard Foust.                      awarded to Grant Price.
j , Arraigned before Justice of the Peace H. L.
rjsenberger, Kinderhood, Kauffman and Guy
5 Ur nmaw were fined $10 each and costs and
        w Mummaw was placed on probation for
j^^yle said the trio had two bass and that
       uffman was fishing with a spinner.

    Canton Rod and Gun Club held its annual
S i t i n g in the Canton High School with over
 ^ m e m b e r s and friends present.
    The banquet was served by the various
   omen's organizations of the Canton churches,
   ^dello Biddle, acting as toastmaster, intro-
tl ^ ed John C. Youngman past president of
t,      State Sportsmen's Federation, who took
 * e subject of "Stream Pollution." Mr. Young-
       ) Pointed out that the present law for the
r'j'ification of streams is sufficient if enough
jUt>Hc opinion can be aroused to see the en-
 c e m e n t of same can be obtained. He stated
     w                                                Ardent anglerette is Mrs. Norman Kepner of Port Royal. The picture was taken while she was
        as his opinion that this work must be          fishing in Liberty Valley Run, Juniata county, on opening day of the trout season this year.
20                                                   PENNSYLVANIA              ANGLER                                                  AUGUST

                                                                                                   tainly enough for one day. Most of the
      FISHING THE WALLENPAUPACK                                                                    fishermen troll for them with an archer
                                                                                                   spinner and minnow. Another popular lure
                                      By JOHN IVHCHEL                                              is the rig-o-reno and minnow. I prefer a
                                                                                                   small red eye wiggler. They are caught
    FTER having fished many of the marvel-        eyes," and many of these good eating fish are
A   ous lakes in the Provinces of Ontario
and Quebec up in Canada, I usually felt
                                                  caught here every season.
                                                     Directly across the lake from Sheridans
                                                                                                   mostly in four to fourteen feet of water off
                                                                                                   rocky shores. One must row slowly an°>
"cramped" in most of Pennsylvania lakes,          Cove, about a mile and a quarter on the
but the Wallenpaupack was my answer. This                                                             As I said, this Brown Trout fishing &
                                                  west side of the lake, there is another fine     unusual—well, it is for after May 1 one just
great lake named for the Leni Lenape In-          spot for walleyes, known as Frisbies Point.
dian region is located partly in Pike and                                                          doesn't catch them any more. They seem
                                                  Last summer I had a really funny experience      to just disappear. I questioned our Fish
partly in Wayne Counties. It nestles amid         right here. I sneaked out pretty early one
beautiful mountains rising up to 2,000 feet,                                                       Commissioner Charles French last year as t°
                                                  morning to give this spot a try before break-
and has over 50 miles of shoreline. This                                                           what he thought happened to them—did they
                                                  fast. As I glided quietly into my favorite
country undoubtedly is a paradise for the         spot, I saw three fellows sprawled out on the    go out of the lake up the Paupack, which *s
hunter and fisherman. To tell about the           ground, apparently sleeping. They had their      the only stream large enough to sustain
wonderful fishing that can be found in this       lines out right near where I wanted to fish,     them or "just what?" He thought that these
lake would easily fill all the pages of the       so I asked them if they minded my sharing        trout moved out into deep water, with a
ANGLER, so I will confine my fishing expe-        the "hole" with them. They replied (cheer-       rocky or gravel bottom. Well, I went up
riences to that Northeast section of the lake,    fully?): "Go ahead, buddy, if you don't          there last year, equipped with a sounding
and will take you from one good fishing hole      catch any more than we have, you won't get       lead and thermometer and curry-combe"
to another around this section: Let's start       many. We've been here since 2:30 A.M., and       that lake to find the home of these trotft
at Williams Point, which is between 3 and         haven't had a strike," but they were genial      "after May 1," but without any success. VM,
4 miles south of the dam on the east side of      company so I wasn't discouraged by their         going to try again this year, and I'm sure 15*
the lake.                                         bad luck, and baited up. I hadn't been there     finally locate them, and if I hook into one
                                                  ten minutes when I hooked into a wonderful       of the "brown bombers" about the first °*
   A most interesting thing happened this                                                          June, after he has fattened up, I'm going to
 last summer right off this point:—A couple       pike—IVz pounds. I had to act nonchalant
                                                  in front of these fellows, so I remembered to    be satisfied with just one for the whole sea'
 of fishermen from Allentown were "dunk-                                                           son, for he'll go over five pounds. Last year>
                                                  measure this fellow. The steel tape said 27 Vz
 ing" worms and minnows and having a nice         inches and the three fishermen said, "Well,      at the beginning of the season, I landed oHe
quiet time when suddenly they began catch-        I'll be d    d." This walleye was undoubt-       that was 23% inches, and while he W^
ing calico bass as fast as they could "haul"      edly one of the largest caught during the        pretty lean, he weighed slightly over 3}#
them in. In less time than it takes to            1940 season.                                     pounds. Over forty of these sticks of dyna'
 tell about it, they had their limit, the news                                                     mite were caught and brought into "Pep
spread rapidly, and within a few days as             To my mind, the most interesting bit of       Singer's landing last year. How many were
many as twenty boats were huddled over            fishing in this lake is for Brown Trout. From    caught in the entire lake, I have no wa^
this hole at one time. It is said that over       April 15 to May 1, the length of time de-        of finding out. After these trout have given
5,000 calicos were caught at this point within    pendent upon continuing cool weather, one        the fishermen a run for their money, * e
three weeks. One of the calicos caught at         can, by trolling or still fishing, catch some    turn to going after Ring Perch, and some
this point measured 16 inches—I never heard       of the most beautiful trout that have ever       huge fellows are caught. Last year one was
what it weighed! Yet, when the barometer          been headed into a net. I've never seen          caught that measured 17 inches long an°|
is dropping and the wind blows from the           one under 18 inches. One does not easily         weighed over two pounds.        I always feeJ
wrong direction, one sometimes thinks there       get his limit and who would want to!             badly when I see these "nice fat roun"
are not 5,000 fish in the whole lake.                                                              ladies" caught before they spawn, for cef'
                                                     The fishing for Brown Trout in this lake
   We row but a few hundred yards East of         is very unusual. If the day is cool, or cold,    tainly the little fellows are good sports an<*
this point, and we are in McElroys Cove.          the barometer up and the wind from the           are quite gamey on a very light rod and are
I doubt if there is a more beautiful sec-         South or West, one can expect real fishing.      as sweet as a nut when fried to a golden
tion of the lake than right here.                 One or two of these huge beauties are cer-       brown.
   One evening last summer, about seven
o'clock, I quietly dropped my anchor at
this spot. I had but two shiners left, but
were they shiners—at least 5 inches long
each. I fastened them on and cast them over
to see if they could get into trouble, and it
didn't take long; under went the bobber! I
was overly anxious to set the hook, but
the finest fishing partner a fellow could have,
my wife, cautioned me to wait. I finally
set the hook, after waiting what I thought
was an hour, and then the fun started and
lasted for nearly ten minutes. We landed a
fine largemouth bass, which weighed 4%
pounds. We were told the fish was one of
the nicest bass caught last season. We were
so excited we forgot to measure it.
   Let's go further around the lake. East of
McElroys Cove we come into a great cove
known as Shertdans Cove. Here one can
find a great abundance of huge bluegills.
Harvey Fox of Quakertown, who is a splen-
did fisherman and a gentleman sportsman,
caught a bluegill here last summer that
weighed one pound 8V2 ounces—now that's a
bluegill in any man's lake. In this cove
there are several fine bathing beaches and
picnic spots. As we continue east of the
cove on to Spinnlers Point, a mile away, the
shore line says "this is the place for wall-       This fine Lake Le Boeuf, Erie County, muskellunge was taken on September 29, last season-
                                                   by Raymond Oswald of Millvale. It was 40 inches in length and tipped the scales at 18 poun*"
1941                                                                PENNSYLVANIA                ANGLER                                                          27

    East of Sheridans Cove there is a fine
stretch of water at least % mile long, and
  djoining Sheridans Cove there is a small
Unnamed cove. Here one can find splendid
Wuegill and perch fishing. From this point
  ast to Spinnlers Point is splendid walleye
  1d smallmouth bass fishing. "Pep" Singer
°f Sheridans Cove, told me that Secretary
Stewart of the Department of Forests and
 waters caught a fine 3% pound smallmouth
    ound here.
    While plug casting is gaining in favor, most
°f the fishing is done with bait, rating as
follows in popularity and success: minnow,
°ass bugs, helgramites, water worms and
^ightcrawlers. In the fall, crayfish seem to
° e the most successful bait.
    Up to this point, we have been fishing
^ound the shore line, but let's go farther
°Ut into the lake to a really beautiful spot
^ght off Spinnlers Point where there is a
Sem of an island. It contains quite a few
   cres and is beautifully wooded. It is called
~?6er Island, although I know there are no
? e er on it. The western point of this island
       quite rocky, and beyond it there is a
 S^avel bar running nearly 300 yards towards
 ^ e West shore. This is ^ fine spot for small-
mouth bass and should not be overlooked.
   tfteen years ago this lake literally teemed
^ t h huge pickerel, but few are caught any                           Stripping eggs from a female brown trout at the hatchery. Photo by C. Gordon Krieble.
 ^ore. Last year's prize weighed about four
 ^Unds.                                                         fortably close, yet we wished them all the          famed Isaac Walton attended the meeting.
 „ * have covered scarcely a quarter of the                     luck in the world on this, their third evening        Of special interest to fishermen in this
 F*e fishing spots in this great lake, but I                    with the same fish.                                 vicinity was the announcement that a pre-
  ''tend to gather some useful data on other                      As I tried a longer cast than usual, my leader    liminary survey has been made of the dam
      tions of it this summer. This is not only                 doubled back and snarled in the line. The           at Shawville. It is the hope of the sportsmen
    fisherman's paradise, but a lovely place for                flashlight lay in the canoe, and I waded back       that this dam may be rebuilt to improve fish-
 r 16 family. There are many nice tourist                       to get it. As I stood at the bank, perhaps longer   ing on Trout Run. '
                                                                than I realized, trying to untangle the leader,
   °iies and inns around the lake that will                     one member of the party moved up to within
 yCcommodate you at a reasonable charge.                        only a few feet of where I had been standing                       FISHERMEN
    °U will find these people most hospitable,                  to fish.
 Sj» they will see that you have an enjoy-                                                                          The snowy-bearded Saint perused the page,
                                                                   Without as much as saying "howdy" or "are        Forefinger tracing—shook his tonsured head
 w le trip. Let me urge you to give the great                   you through fishing this spot," he began cast-
       Uenpaupack a "tryout."                                                                                       . . . "Looks bad . . . Since you arrived at
                                                                ing his fly. On the first cast, he took a nice        manhood's age,
                                                                rainbow—the one which had been feeding in-          You're listed as irregular," he said,
                                                                dustriously, yet spurned everything that had        "In church attendance, 'specially in Spring.
                                                                been offered before.                                        if
          STREAM ETIQUETTE                                        I was glad to see him get that fish and I         The supplicant, a lean, brown, quiet man,
         JACK VAN COEVERING in his splendid                     congratulated him on it. Then he seemed to          Glanced at the One Wide River murmuring
       column "Woods and Waters" in the                         wake up. "Oh," he said, "I thought you had          Blissfully past; then humbly he began,
 I                   Detroit Free Press                         quit fishing."                                      "That's so . . . When red buds burst and big
 | F 1 WERE to suggest a book on trout stream                     By this time, the hatch was over, the moon           trout rise,
I 6 tiquette, the first and most important rule                 had come up, and Earl and I got into our canoe
                                                                and paddled off.                                    Some Sundays I've missed meeting . . . Yet
U* good behavior would be this: "If a fellow                                                                           it seems
^«ernian is fishing a certain pool, allow him                                                                        (Clear rang his voice, though reverent his
hr,i V e it alone. Go around him and find a                                                                            eyes)
*tole of your own."                                             PLAN TO IMPROVE CLEARFIELD
   I                                                                                                                I have known God along those mountain
^A admit that in states like Missouri which                               STREAM                                       streams . . . "
      °nly a few miles of trout water and thou-                                                                     Smiling, Saint Peter closed the record . . . He
                                                                  The Anglers Club, a division of the Old
^ d s of men who want to fish it, this rule                                                                         Recalled one Sabbath morn on Galilee.
                                                                Town Sportsmen Association, held its monthly
still    ' D r e a ^ down, but it seems to me it is                                                                 •—Harold Willard Gleason in the New York
                                                                meeting on February 11, at the Clearfield
u. a cardinal principle to be observed in                                                                             Times.
                                                                YMCA. A capacity crowd of followers of the
^ lc bigan.
6     Mention this today because of an experi-
j> c® a few nights ago on the AuSable River.
]0 *jj.and I had paddled down river to a likely                                          BOARD OF FISH COMMISSIONERS
        g spot    t ec    ne c a n o e t o a t r e e o n    e                                             HABRISBURG, FA.
°a° I            ' * '*                                    *^
ty11*, and waded out to cast for a rising trout.                                            SUBSCRIPTION BLANK
^J~ "ad not been there more than 15 minutes,                              Enclosed find fifty cents ($.50) for one year's subscription to the
« e n a trio of strangers came noisily along                       "Pennsylvania Angler."
   * bank.
^ "Th
    Inere! See that one jump!" shouted one                         Please Check            Name
l^jn-- "I've tried to get him for three nights,
                        g                                                                                                   (Print Name)
     get him tonight!" Without further ado, he
      e                                                            D New                             Street and Number.
th, * d into the stream and began whipping
M Water with his line. His companions stood
i ^ g s i d e him, also attacking the trout with                   Q] Renewal                           City
         action than finesse. They were uncom-
88                                                            PENNSYLVANIA                 ANGLER                                                          AUGUS*

                                                     HERE X THERE
                                                     •N ANGLERDOM
                                                                 By BOB HANSON

   Writes F r a n k A. Willison of Pittsburgh:               Clarence Miles of West Chester writes              Quill Gordon, all salmon flies, and all Jungl e
"The following incident m a y not be unusual,             that the largest b r o w n t r o u t stocked by the   Cock trimmed streamers. Since my own p r ° '
b u t I have never h e a r d of a similar instance.       West Chester Anglers' Association in their            ducts are m a d e of h a i r and Game Cock
Recently, J. C. Trees, Pittsburgh oil m a g -             fine spirited campaign to furnish good fishing        feathers I am not directly concerned b u t
nate, m y son, Lieutenant R. B . Willison, II,            in t h a t section w a s caught b y Russell Bodini    as an angler and sportsman, I believe this
and myself w e r e fishing on one of Mr. Trees            of West Chester on a home tied gray hackle            a m e n d m e n t to be vicious a n d unreasonabl e
private lakes for largemouth bass. The writer             fly. Bodini's catch measured 21 % inches in           bit of business."
was stringing a bass caught b y Mr. Trees                 length, h a d a girth of 1 1 % inches and
and had p u t the b u t t of m y rod in the               tipped the scales at 4 pounds. This trout                One of the finest bass reported t a k e n ">
bottom of t h e boat. I noticed I had a strike            h a d been donated for stocking by Jones and          southeastern Pennsylvania to date w a s o*j
and requested m y son to handle m y rod,                  Gursky, and Russell received a fine fly rod           18 inch smallmouth caught in Perkioroe 11
w h i c h he did and hooked the fish. Having              as a prize for taking it.                             C r e e k a t Schwenksville b y Ross KoonSi
a fly rod in each hand, I remarked, 'you                                                                        Schwenksville, according to Warden Harry
w.ould b e in a h—1 of a fix if you got a                                                                       Cole of Norristown.
strike.' Almost immediately h e remarked,                    Writes J a m e s M. Spencer of H o n e s -
'I h a v e a strike.' Having strung the fish,             dale: "I wish to call to y o u r a t t e n -
I took m y rod and w e both began reeling                 tion an a m e n d m e n t to t h e Tariff Act             A live-wire contest w i t h m a n y fine priz e S
in our lines, to find t h e same bass of about            sponsored     by    the    National      Audubon      is being conducted by t h e Washingt 0l J
1% pounds h a d struck both minnows, which                Society, now before Congress, to stop                 County Sportsmen's League for control °
w e r e well down its throat."                            the importation of feathers for use for flies         t h e w a t e r s n a k e on county streams. T h e c09|
                                                          or fishing tackle. This would deprive the             test opened on May 1 and will close Novel*1'
                                                          fisherman   of about 8 5 % of all patterns of         b e r 30. Rules governing it a r e that it is 0&$
                                                          flies, not including t h e J u n g l e Cock trim      only to m e m b e r s of clubs affiliated wi^j
   Anglers of H a r r i s b u r g and vicinity scored     on streamers. Flies could not be tied by              the Washington County Sportsmen's 3°I
some fine catches of bass early this season,              either American tiers or the fellow w h o rolls       Conservation League; dried tails of deceas e
according to a r e p o r t received from Warden           his own, though European and British tyers            w a t e r snakes must be presented as eviden c
F r a n k Sanda of Steelton. A 17% inch l a r g e -       would not be affected, n o t a v e r y fair p r o -   at regular League meetings b y any d u
m o u t h bass w a s t a k e n in Wildwood Lake,          cedure. Since the birds furnishing feathers           officer. Name and address of contestant rflUSJ
virtually within t h e suburbs of Harrisburg,             for flies are killed for food (sale of t h e          accompany tails. Watersnakes may be kiU e
on a minnow. Fishing helgramite, C. E.                    feathers is merely incidental), I believe it          anywhere—but get his tail. Open to Spot®'.
Shaffer of Middletown caught five bass,                   is in the interest of all anglers to write their      m e n only—so kill y o u r own snakes and
from 10 to 12 inches in length in the                     Congressman to kill this bill. J u s t a few of       you kill only one, t u r n it in—and you H*
S u s q u e h a n n a River. J o h n Ridley of R o y -    the patterns affected would include the               be helping to m a k e this contest a big si>c
alton took a 14 inch bass on chub in the                  Royal Coachman, Light Cahill, March Brown,            cess.

    Kiddies of N e w Kensington, W e s t m o r e -
land county, spent t h e first three weeks of
J u l y yearning to t r y their luck in t h e fine
junior "Fishing P a r a d i s e " in Memorial P a r k .
The project was opened this year on J u l y
26. According to word received from C o m -
missioner J. F r e d McKean of New K e n s i n g -
ton, whose efforts w e r e largely responsible
for securing this fine place for the children
to fish, this year's fishing facilities will be
far better t h a n any offered in previous years.
Instead of using t h e lagoon, as formerly, the
Fish Commission is stocking Little Pucketos
Creek. A large t i m b e r dam has been t h r o w n
u p near the bridge, backing the w a t e r as
t h e creek winds a r o u n d t h e park. This has
resulted in formation of a lake 60 feet wide
at some points, 500 feet long and from two
to seven feet in depth. A load of fish stocked
from the Union City h a t c h e r y in Erie county
before t h e project was opened included b l u e -
gill sunfish, carp, bullhead catfish and yellow
perch. T h e n e w dam has been so constructed
t h a t in late a u t u m n the timbers can be lifted
out permitting the high w a t e r to clean out              This fourteen inch bass was found strangled to death on a five inch crappie bass when ^
m u d and debris that has been accumulated                 moved from the water at Lake O' Woods, Preston County, West Virginia, by James W. R°sSjjif
                                                           Wilkinsburg. It was still alive when found lying about a foot beneath the surface but too
during low w a t e r periods.                                                        gone to be revived. Photo by Jack Stirling.
Lose A Hook

Spare A Bass!

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