Adjectives in Spanish - PowerPoint by cuiliqing


									              Adjectives in Spanish
               Los adjetivos en español

Capitulo 3B
Adjectives are like mirrors:
they reflect the gender and
number of the noun they
   Adjective = Noun
       in form
Nouns have gender and number
in Spanish and so the adjective
must reflect the same gender and
number as its noun.

El chico simpático
 La chica simpática
Los chicos simpáticos
Las chicas simpáticas
  Regular adjectives--those that end in o--change to the
  feminine by dropping the -o and adding -a; they then
  change to the plural by adding -s to either form:

      Masculine:                   Feminine:

Singular:   alto                   alta
Plural:     altos                  altas
Most irregular adjectives--those that end in a letter
other than o--only change the ending to indicate
plurals. If the adjective ends in a consonant, the
plural form adds -es.
            Masculine:              Feminine:
 Singular    fácil                  fácil
  Plural     fáciles                fáciles
Some exceptions to the previous rules are adjectives of
nationality and adjectives that end in -or or -z.

Adjectives of nationality that end in consonants add -a to form
the feminine singular, which then forms its plural by adding -s.

  El chico japonés El libro alemán
  La chica japonesa La revista alemana

              El restaurante español
               La cafetería española
Adjectives that end in -or add -a to form the feminine:

     El estudiante trabajador
     La estudiante trabajadora

 Adjectives that end in -z change the -z to -c and
 then add -es to form the plural:
     El estudiante feliz   La estudiante feliz
 Los estudiantes felices Las estudiantes felices
If more than one adjective modifies and follows a
noun , you may connect them with the conjunction -y:

   Una muchacha simpática y interesante


            Un muchacho bajo y ágil
Remember that in Spanish , whether it follows
or precedes the noun, the adjective must match the
noun in gender and number:

      (Adj)xy           =

                            N      xy
                                        =   (   Adj)

                              X=masculine or feminine

    Adj=adjective   N= noun
                              Y= singular or plural

To top