Release of Liability Forms Snow Removal

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					                                                                                                                                   NEWAYGO
                                                                                                    Dayton Twp                    Sherman Twp                       Everett Twp                  Big Prairie Twp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Black Creek


                                                                                                               Fremont

              Montague Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Townline Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Trib to Fourth Lake
White River Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Richland Twp
                                           Blue Lake Twp                  Holton Twp                                            Garfield Twp                          Brooks Twp                   Croton Twp                      Reynolds Twp                      Winfield Twp                        Cato Twp                         Belvidere Twp                        Home Twp
                                                                                                   Sheridan Twp
             Montague Whitehall Twp                                                                                                                  Newaygo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Flat River

                    Whitehall

                                                                                                                                                                                              Rogue River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Flat River


                  Fruitland Twp              Dalton Twp                Cedar Creek Twp                                                                                                             Ensley Twp                          Pierson Twp                Maple Valley Twp                       Pine Twp                         Douglass Twp                            Day Twp                           Ferris Twp
                                                                                                   Bridgeton Twp                 Ashland Twp         Grant           Grant Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Flat River                                           Unnamed Trib
                                                                                                                                                                                   Rogue River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Black Creek


                                             MUSKEGON                                                                                                                                                                                     Alder Creek Drain                    Clear Creek                             MONTCALM
                       Laketon Twp                                                                                                           Crockery Creek                                                               Duke Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Flat River
                                                    Muskegon Twp                                                                                                           Rogue River                                                                                                                                        Dickerson Creek
                                North Muskegon                                                                                                                                                           Solon Twp                       Nelson Twp                       Spencer Twp                    Montcalm Twp                           Sidney Twp                     Evergreen Twp                          Crystal Twp
                                                                           Egelston Twp                  Moorland Twp                Casnovia Twp                     Tyrone Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Duke Creek

                                  Muskegon                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Coopers Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Cedar Springs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Dickerson Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Flat River
                                    Muskegon Heights                                                                                                                                                            Rogue River                                  Coopers Creek
                                Roosevelt Park                                                                                       N Br Crockery Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Prairie Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                        Rogue River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Greenville                                                                                                              Carson City
                                                                              Sullivan Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Stegman Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Fairplain Twp                       Bushnell Twp                        Bloomer Twp
                                    Norton Shores                         Norris Creek                   Ravenna Twp                  Chester Twp                     Sparta Twp                         Algoma Twp                     Courtland Twp                     Oakfield Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Bacon Creek
                                                          Fruitport Twp                                                                                         Nash Creek                                                                            Beaver Dam Creek          Wabasis Creek
                                                                                              Crockery Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Dickerson Creek
                                                                                                                                Crockery Creek                                                                                                                                                            Eureka Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                           Rogue River                  Rockford
                                                         Spring Lake
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Rogue River                                                                                                                                         Prairie Creek
                                             Spring Lake Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Belding                      Unnamed Trib
                                   Lake Drainage                                                                                                                           Mill Creek                                                                                          Seely Creek
                                             Ferrysburg                                             Polkton Twp                                                                                           Rogue River                                                                                           Flat River
                                                                                                                                        Sand Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ronald Twp                       North Plains Twp
                                           Grand River                     Crockery Twp Crockery Creek                                 Wright Twp                      Alpine Twp                                                        Cannon Twp                        Grattan Twp                                                          Orleans Twp
                                                                                                                Deer Creek                                                                             Plainfield Twp                                                                                      Otisco Twp
                                                                                                            Coopersville                                                                                                                        Bear Creek
                                          Grand Haven                                                                                                                                             Grand River                                                                                                                                                                                       Prairie Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Unnamed Trib
                                                                                                                                                               East Fork
                                                                                                                                                              Sand Creek                                                                                                                                                      Bellemy Creek
                                                                        Grand River
                                                                                          Grand River
                                                                                                            Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       KENT                                                              Flat River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bellemy Creek

                                                                                                                                                                       Indian Mill Creek                                          Grand River
                                               Pottawattomie Bayou                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Prairie Creek
                                                   Grand Haven Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Easton Twp                               Ionia Twp
                                                                           Robinson Twp                                                                                                                      Grand Rapids Twp                           Honey Creek                                         Keene Twp                                                                                                  Lyons Twp
                                                                                                                                        Tallmadge Twp                                                                                                                     Vergennes Twp                                                                               Ionia
                                                                                            Bass River                                                                                       Grand River                                   Ada Twp                                                                                                                                      Grand River
                                                                                                                               Grand River                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand River
                                                                                                            Allendale Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                     Red Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Grand River
                                                                                                                                                  Sand Creek                               Grand Rapids
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand River       Libhart Creek
                                                                                         OTTAWA                                                                      Walker                Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                   East Grand Rapids                                                       Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Flat River

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                IONIA                                                            Goose Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Lowell
                                                                                                                  Bass Creek                          Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Grand River                                                                   Taylor Drain
                                                                                                                                                                       Grand River                                                                            Grand River                                                                                                                                               Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Plaster Creek                                                                                                                                                                           Little Libhart Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Thornapple River                                                                                         Berlin Twp                                                          Portland Twp
                                                                                                                                     Georgetown Twp              Grandville                                                                                                                                 Boston Twp                                                              Orange Twp
                                                    Port Sheldon Twp          Olive Twp                   Blendon Twp                                                                                                                    Cascade Twp                        Lowell Twp                                                                  Sessions Creek
                                                                                                                                         Rush Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Kentwood                                                                                                  Lake Creek
                                                                                                                                                                               Wyoming
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Portland
                                                                                                                                                                                         Buck Creek                                                                                                                                                                         Libhart Creek
                                                                                                                                  Hudsonville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pratt Lake Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Plaster Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Bear Creek
                                                                              Holland Twp                                                               East Branch Creek                                                                                                                                                                  Duck Creek

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Campbell Twp                           Odessa Twp                         Sebewa Twp                         Danby Twp
                                                         Park Twp                              Zeeland       Zeeland Twp             Jamestown Twp                         Byron Twp                      Gaines Twp                     Caledonia Twp                      Bowne Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                            Buck Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Little Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Coldwater River
                                                                        Holland

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Grand Ledge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Duncan Creek                                               Coldwater River                 Coldwater River                                 Mud Creek

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sunfield Twp                       Roxand Twp                                                      Delta Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Thornapple Twp                      Irving Twp                         Carlton Twp                     Woodland Twp                                                                                         Oneida Twp


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Thornapple River                                                                                                                            Thornapple River                                                       Lansing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mud Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Thornapple Drain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Thornapple River                                           Scipio Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Thornapple River                     Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hastings
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Castleton Twp                     Vermontville Twp                     Chester Twp               Benton Twp                          Windsor Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Yankee Spr Twp                     Rutland Twp                             Hastings Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Potterville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Thornapple River                                                                         Little Thornapple River

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Glass Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BARRY                                                    Thornapple River

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             EATON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Butternut Creek

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Cedar Creek                                                                                                                                                   Thornapple River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Quaker Brook
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Fall Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Shanty Creek                                           Charlotte
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Eaton Rapids Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Baltimore Twp                     Maple Grove Twp                        Kalamo Twp                       Carmel Twp                        Eaton Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Orangeville Twp                      Hope Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Qauker Brook
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Cedar Creek                  High Bank Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Lacey Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Eaton Rapids




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Assyria Twp                       Bellevue Twp                        Walton Twp                  Brookfield Twp                    Hamlin Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Prairieville Twp                    Barry Twp                     Johnstown Twp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Olivet
    Thornapple River
                                                                                              Mud Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                           Thornapple Drain
                                                             Thornapple River                                   Scipio Creek
                                                                                                                                   Thornapple River                  Thornapple River
                                                  Hastings
                                                                                       Castleton Twp            Vermontville Twp                 Chester Twp              Benton Twp                          Windsor Twp
Yankee Spr Twp             Rutland Twp                       Hastings Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                           Potterville
                                                                                                                   Thornapple River
                                                                    Thornapple River                                                           Little Thornapple River

                       Glass Creek
                                     BARRY                                              Thornapple River

                                                                                                                                        EATON
                                                                                                                                                                         Butternut Creek

                                                  Cedar Creek                                                                                                                                Thornapple River
                                                                                                Quaker Brook
                                     Fall Creek
                                                                                                                Shanty Creek                                      Charlotte
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Eaton Rapids Twp
                                                       Baltimore Twp               Maple Grove Twp                  Kalamo Twp                 Carmel Twp                        Eaton Twp
Orangeville Twp              Hope Twp
                                                                                                 Qauker Brook
                                            Cedar Creek             High Bank Creek
                                                                                                                               Lacey Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Eaton Rapids




                                                                                        Assyria Twp                 Bellevue Twp                  Walton Twp                  Brookfield Twp                    Hamlin Twp
 Prairieville Twp             Barry Twp               Johnstown Twp

                                                                                                                                               Olivet
Lansing




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Watershed Name:              Grand River
Subwatershed Name:           Reeds Lake

Identification Number:       14_89A

Watershed Description:

Size (acres)                       2090.7                     Land Use (percent of total)
                                                                 Agricultural               4.09%
Percent Impervious                 12.85%                        Barren Land                 0.00%
                                                                 Forest Land                17.53%
                                                                 Range Land                  8.58%
                                                                 Urban and Built-up         48.65%
                                                                 Water                      13.59%
                                                                 Wetlands                    7.56%


Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4s) in Watershed

 City of East Grand Rapids, Grand Rapids Twp, Kentwood, City of Grand Rapids


MDEQ Surface Water Quality Assessment Surveys

 NONE


Trout Streams                               NA


Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)             Mercury



TMDL Implementation Date                    2010


Watershed Management Plan                   None


Watershed Organization                      NA
                                            NA
                                            NA

Wellhead Protection Area(s)                 NO


Storm Water Master Plan                     NONE


Hydrologic Studies                          NA



                Last Update: 8/27/2004


                                                                                                     8/2/2011
      Grand River
      Reeds Lake




Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $   NA   per   NA   NA


Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $   NA   per   NA   NA


Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $ NA     per   NA   NA


Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $ NA     per   NA   NA


Off   NA              NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA   $ NA     per   NA   NA




           Add Rows
                 Watershed: Grand River
             Sub Watershed: Reeds Lake
              Watershed ID: 14_89A


Designated     Designated            Type of          Pollutant                   Source                                                                         Total
   Use         Use - Status   Rank        Pollutant    Status     Rank   Source    Status   Rank   Potential Cause   Objective   Type of BMP   BMP   Unit Cost   Units   Total Cost


                                                                                                                                                                 Total
                                                                                                                                                                         $            -
                                                                                                                                                                 Cost




                                                                                                                                                                     8/2/2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 12 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                         POLLUTANT             POTENTIAL       ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                       HYDROLOGIC                                   OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                      POLLUTANT                                                                         EXPECTED            MAINTENANCE                TRAINING               APPLICABILITY              ENVIRONMENTAL                                        INSTALLATION                                    SPECIAL                  COMMUNITIES
                                      DESCRIPTION                                         REMOVAL             SOURCES OF        TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                          EFFECTS TO                                    MAINTENANCE                                                                MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                         ADDRESSED                                                                         LIFE SPAN           REQUIREMENTS             REQUIREMENTS                TO SITE                   CONCERNS                                               COSTS                                    CONSIDERATIONS               USING BMP
                                                                                         EFFICIENCY           POLLUTANTS       TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                        CONSIDER                                        COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                                                                                       Moderate to high;
                                                                                       70% of total
                         Devices that are inserted into the storm                      suspended                                                                       High; Remove and
                         drain inlets to filter or absorb sediment,                    solids(5); <20% of                                                              dispose of sediment,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Needs less than 5
Catch basin inlet        pollutants, and sometimes oil and          Solids,            total              Storm water         Catch basin cleaning                     trash and debris, and                                                       Proper disposal of sediment
                                                                                                                                                       2 - 5 years                                 Low/moderate             acres of drainage                                                              $50 - 1,500 (5)        $300/CB/year (5)     Useful for retrofit          MDOT
devices                  grease. The capture of hydrocarbons        sediments          phosphorous.       runoff              program                                  change filters as needed                                                    important
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            area
                         can be enhanced with the use of                               Assume same as                                                                  (approximately every 6
                         absorbents.                                                   Hydrodynamic                                                                    months)
                                                                                       Separators.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Use for large
                                                                                       Moderate to high;                                                                                                                    drainage areas (≥ 1
                         Man-made depression in the ground
                                                                                       50% of Total                                                                    Moderate; Remove and                                 acre), at storm                                                                Low; Capital Cost:
                         where runoff water is collected and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Permanent Sediment                                                  Sediments,         Suspended         Storm water                                                   dispose of sediment,                                 sewer outfalls, may                                                            $0.60/cft of storage   7% of capital        Not always aesthetically
                         stored to allow suspended solids to                                                                  Detention/Infiltration   50+ years                                   Low                                                                                                                                                                              Wyoming               ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
Basin                                                               solids             Solids(4);<20% of runoff                                                        trash and debris, and                                be included with                                                               volume excluding       cost/year. (1)       pleasing
                         settle out. May have inlet and outlet                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            sb.pdf
                                                                                       Total                                                                           repair erosion.                                      detention pond, and                                                            land purchase. (1)
                         structures to regulate flow.
                                                                                       Phosphorous (4)                                                                                                                      to collect overland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            flow.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Need to stabilize cut out
                                                                                       High; 80% of total                                                              Moderate; Remove and                                                                                                                                                            sections behind curb to
Combination curb with    Curb with cut outs. Storm water is                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Capacity must be
                                                                    Sediments,         suspended solids. Storm water          Vegetated swale,                         dispose of sediment,                                                                                                                                                            prohibit soil erosion, and
water spreader and       directed off the street at the cut out                                                                                        30+ years (6)                               Low                                                                             equal to swale or       Moderate               Low
                                                                    water volumes      50% of total       runoff              detention pond                           trash and debris and                                                                                                                                                            requires a vegetated
vegetated swale          areas (not spillways).                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    channel
                                                                                       phosphorous.                                                                    repair erosion.                                                                                                                                                                 swale behind the curb and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       street sweeping.

                                                                                       High (classic gully
                         Stones, sandbags, or gravel generally                         erosion) (12)
                                                                                                                                                                       Low. Periodic
                         used to stabilize grades in natural or                                                                                                                                    Moderate. Design         Widely applicable                                      Cause backwater         Low to moderate.
                                                                    Sediment and                             Streambank       Buffer/filter strips,                    inspections.                                                                Concentrated flows may                                                                              Use native grasses when
Check dams, Grade        artificial channels by carrying runoff                        Moderate                                                                                                    and installation         to erosive areas                                       effect; slows down      $4,650/structure or                                                      GVSU; Barry, Ionia,   http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                                                                    attached                                 erosion, soil    grassed waterway,                        Repair/replace failing                                                      cause erosion downstream -                                                     Low. $60/structure   planting filter strip.
control structures       from one grade to another. Designed to                        (streambank                                                     20+ years                                   should be done by a      with an excessive                                      water velocities;       $800/vegetated                                                           Ottawa County         ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                                                                    pollutants,                              erosion, storm   diversion, check dams,                   structures. Address any                                                     discharge point should be                                                      (9)                  Easements or permits
(NRCS practice 410)      prevent banks from slumping, reduce                           erosion) (12)                                                                                               registered               grade. Place in                                        capacity equal to       chute (9) - EQIP,                                                        Road Commissions      cd.pdf
                                                                    hydrologic flow                          water runoff     critical area planting                   vegetation and erosion                                                      investigated.                                                                                       may need to be obtained.
                         runoff velocity, and prevent channel                                                                                                                                      professional engineer    drainage channel.                                      channel                 WHIP
                                                                                                                                                                       problems.
                         erosion from an excessive grade.                              Low (runoff/
                                                                                       flooding) (12)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Use for small
                         Precast, flow-through, underground                                                                                                                                                                 drainage areas (≤ 1
Hydrodynamic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Placed upstream of storm
                         units that capture sediments, debris,                         Effective; 60%                                                                                                                       acre) with high                                        Catches first flush,
Separator Units (CDS                                                                                                          Street sweeping,                         Moderate; Remove and                                                                                                                High $15,000/acre                           sewer discharge. Unit is                           http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                         and oils (in some units). The capture of                      TSS Removal (1); Storm sewer                                                                                                         pollutant loads, in- Proper disposal of sediment       high flows by-pass                             $500/practice (2);
Units, Stormceptors,                                                Sediment, solids                                          stream protection        50+             dispose of sediment,        Minimum                                                                                                 of impervious (2);                          below grade. Need to         East Grand Rapids     ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                         oils can be enhanced with the use of                          <20% of total    system                                                                                                              line with storm      important                         unit through pipe                              $1,000/year (3)
Vortechnics,                                                                                                                  practices                                trash and debris                                                                                                                    6,000/cfs capacity                          allow access for cleaning                          ogs.pdf
                         absorbents. (CDS, Vortechs,                                   phosphorous (4)                                                                                                                      sewer system, and                                      system
Downstream Defender)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the chambers.
                         Downstream Defender, Stormceptor)                                                                                                                                                                  to collect overland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            flow
DETENTION/RETENTION (ex. Extended detention basin)
                                                                                       Moderate; 80% of                                                                                                                   Use for large
                      Small, man-made basin to maintain a                              total suspended                                                                                                                    drainage areas (≥
                      permanent pool of water with emergent                            solids (4)                                                                                                                         10 acre), at storm                                       Provides full control                                                                            East Grand Rapids,
                                                                                                                                                                       Low; Remove and                                                             Possible downstream                                                                                 Need available land area,
                      wetland vegetation around the bank                               50% of total                           Sediment forebay or                                                  Low. Design and        sewer outfalls, and                                      of peak discharges      Low to moderate;                                                         OCRC, Housing
                                                                                                                                                                       dispose of sediment,                                                        warming; low bacteria                                                                               can include sediment                               http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Ponded Type Detention designed to capture and remove              Sediment;            phosphorous (4).      Storm water      other form of            50+ years                                   installation should be to collect overland                                      for large design        $1/cft of storage      5% of capital                                     developments in
                                                                                                                                                                       trash and debris, repair                                                    removal; West Nile Virus                                                                            forebay, requires more                             ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
Basin (wet pond)      particulate matter, nonsoluble metals,      nutrients; flow      Of the                runoff           pretreatment, Riprap,    (1,6)                                       done by a              flow. Ponds                                              storms and may          volume, excluding      cost/year. (1)                                    Barry County,
                                                                                                                                                                       erosion; and plant                                                          (aerator can remove threat of                                                                       planning, maintenance                              wdb.pdf
                      organic matter and nutrients through                             detention/retention                    Sediment Basin, Filter                                               professional           generally will not                                       help increase low       land purchase (1)                                                        Industrial areas of
                                                                                                                                                                       replacement as needed.                                                      West Nile Virus)                                                                                    and land to construct.
                      settling. It generally has inlet and outlet                       basins, this                                                                                                                      work in soils with                                       flows - Rural                                                                                    Wright Township
                      structures to regulate flow.                                     practice may be                                                                                                                    high infiltration
                                                                                       the most effective                                                                                                                 rates.
                                                                                       in removing
                                                                                       Moderate; 80% of
                         Small, man-made basin designed to                             total suspended                                                                 Low; Remove and                                      Needs land that will   Low bacteria and nutrient
                                                                                                                              Sediment forebay or                                                                                                                                  Reduced peak flows                                                  Basin grading very
                         capture and remove particulate matter.                        solids (4)            Storm water                                               dispose of sediment,                                 allow inlet at a       removal. If vegetation is not
Dry Detention Basin                                                 Sediment; flow                                            other form of            50+ years                                   Minimum                                                                         and no standing    Low to moderate             Low to moderate      important to prevent pools MDOT, OCDC
                         It generally has inlet and outlet                             50% of total          runoff                                                    trash and debris, and                                higher elevation       maintained erosion and
                                                                                                                              pretreatment                                                                                                                                         water                                                               of standing water.
                         structures to regulate flow.                                  phosphorous (4)                                                                 repair erosion.                                      than outlet            resuspension will occur.



                         Extended detention basins are                                                                                                                                             Mow buffer/filter
                                                                    Sediment and                                                                                                                                                                                                   Designed to receive
                         designed to receive and detain storm                                                                                                                                      strip, remove debris                                                                                                                                Determine site location of
                                                                    attached                                                                                                                                                                                                       and detain storm
                         water runoff for a prolonged period of                                                                                                                                    and inspect basin                                                                                                                                   BMP through a hydrologic
                                                                    pollutants,                                               Riprap, grassed                                                                               Depends on             Can significantly warm the      water runoff for a                                                                              Housing                http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Extended Detention       time, typically up to 48 hours. Benefits                                            Storm water                                                                           regularly during wet                                                                                                                                analysis. Designed as
                                                                    nonsoluble         Moderate to high                       waterways, sediment                      Moderate to High                                     infiltration rates and water in the marsh area over    prolonged period of                                                                             developments in        ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
Basin                    include: receives and detains storm                                                 runoff                                                                                weather, and                                                                                                                                        either single-stage or two-
                                                                    metals,                                                   basins                                                                                        soil permeability      a short period of time          time. Outlet device                                                                             Barry County           edb.pdf
                         water runoff, minimizes downstream                                                                                                                                        remove sediment                                                                                                                                     stage. Need spill response
                                                                    nutrients,                                                                                                                                                                                                     regulates the flow
                         erosion, reduces flooding, and provides                                                                                                                                   from basin every 5-                                                                                                                                 plan.
                                                                    hydrologic flow                                                                                                                                                                                                from the basin.
                         enhanced pollutant removal.                                                                                                                                               10 years.


                         Storage of storm water on parking lots
                         is used primarily to reduce the peak                                                                                                          Low to Moderate - Sweep                              This BMP will work                                     Reduces peak                                                        A spill response plan must
                                                                                                                              Grassed Waterway,                                                                                                    Because detention time is
                         discharge of storm water from the          Sediment and                                                                                       and clear debris from the   Design and               best in areas that                                     runoff from small                                                   be developed. BMP is
                                                                                                             Storm water      Modular Pavement,                                                                                                    small only some large solids                                                                                                                          http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                         surrounding area during moderate           attached                                                                                           parking lot after storms.   installation should be   do not have a steep                                    sites and provide                                                   most effective when used
Parking lot storage                                                                                          runoff, soil     Infiltration Trench,                                                                                                 will settle, which must be                                                                                                       City of Grand Rapids ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                         storms. Will reduce peak runoff from       pollutants,                                                                                        Regularly inspect and       done by a                slope. Parking lot                                     some flood storage                                                  with other BMPs that allow
                                                                                                             erosion          Buffer/Filter Strip,                                                                                                 removed often to prevent                                                                                                                              pls.pdf
                         small sites and provide some flood         hydrologic flow                                                                                    clean the release           professional             slope should be 1%                                     and reduces                                                         for infiltration or sediment
                                                                                                                              Street Sweeping                                                                                                      resuspension.
                         storage. This helps reduce stream bank                                                                                                        drain.                                               or less.                                               flooding.                                                           trapping.
                         erosion and flooding.




         C:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\cabec500-deed-4e2e-b3bf-180a01a02f27.xls Structural                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8/2/2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Page 13 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                              POLLUTANT            POTENTIAL          ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                              HYDROLOGIC                                     OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                         POLLUTANT                                                                               EXPECTED              MAINTENANCE                 TRAINING              APPLICABILITY               ENVIRONMENTAL                                           INSTALLATION                                      SPECIAL                   COMMUNITIES
                                      DESCRIPTION                                              REMOVAL            SOURCES OF           TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                                 EFFECTS TO                                      MAINTENANCE                                                                     MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                            ADDRESSED                                                                               LIFE SPAN             REQUIREMENTS              REQUIREMENTS               TO SITE                    CONCERNS                                                  COSTS                                      CONSIDERATIONS                USING BMP
                                                                                              EFFICIENCY          POLLUTANTS          TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                               CONSIDER                                          COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                         An earth embankment or a combination
                         ridge and channel generally
                                                                                            High (gully                                                                                                                                                                                          Traps storm water
                         constructed across the slope and minor
                                                                                            erosion) (12)                            Nutrient management,                                                                                                                                        runoff and prevents
                         watercourses to form a sediment trap
                                                                       Sediment and                                                  terraces, grassed                            Reseed and fertilize as                                                                                        it from reaching
                         and water detention basin. Improves                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Basin must be large                                    ftp://ftp-
                                                                       attached             Moderate (runoff/                        waterways, contouring,                       needed. Check basins                                                                                           lowlands. Moderate                                                                                City of Grand
Water and Sediment       water quality by trapping sediment on                                                   Soil erosion,                                                                                 NRCS available for                              Over application of fertilizer                             $2,100 -                5% of original cost   enough to control the                                  fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                       pollutants,          flooding) (12)                           conservation cropping     10 years (9)       after large storm events                             Widely applicable.                                        decrease in runoff/                                                                               Rapids, Southwest
Control Basin (638)      uplands and reducing gully erosion.                                                     agricultural runoff                                                                           assistance                                      possible.                                                  3,150/basin (11)        per unit (11)         runoff from a 10-year                                  actice-
                                                                       nutrients,                                                    system, conservation                         and make necessary                                                                                             flooding. Slight                                                                                  Michigan
                         Grass cover may provide wildlife                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               storm without overtopping.                             standards/standards/638.pdf
                                                                       hydrologic flow      Low (streambank                          tillage, and crop residue                    repairs.                                                                                                       increase in excess
                         habitat. Dissolved substances, such as
                                                                                            erosion) (12)                            management                                                                                                                                                  subsurface water.
                         nitrates, may be removed from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (12)
                         discharge to downstream areas
                         because of the increased infiltration.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Use for large
                         Large, man-made basin designed to
                                                                                                                                                                                  Low; Remove and                                      drainage areas (≥ 1
                         capture and remove particulate matter.                                                                     Sediment forebay or                                                                                                    Possible downstream                                                                                          Need available land area,
                                                                       Sediment;                                 Storm water                                                      dispose of sediment,                                 acre), at storm                                           Reduced peak                                                                                        OCDC, KCDC, City
Regional Detention       It generally has inlet and outlet                                  Moderate                                other form of               50+ years                                      Minimum                                     warming; low bacteria                                          Moderate                Low to moderate       can include sediment
                                                                       nutrients; flow                           runoff                                                           trash and debris, and                                sewer outfalls, and                                       flows, storage                                                                                      of Wyoming
                         structures to regulate flow from large                                                                     pretreatment                                                                                                           removal; West Nile Virus                                                                                     forebay.
                                                                                                                                                                                  repair erosion.                                      to collect overland
                         drainage areas.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       flow.
VEGETATED TREATMENT (ex. Constructed wetland, grassed swale)
                                                                                            Moderate to high                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2% of drainage area
                         Excavated basin with irregular                                     depending on                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                needs to be wetland for
                                                                                                                                                                                  High; Remove and                                     Significant land use                                                               Moderate to high;
                         perimeters and undulating bottom              Sediment,            season; 80% of                          Sediment forebay or                                                                                                                                                                                                                 efficient pollutant removal. Ottawa County             http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                                                                                                                 Storm water                                                      dispose of sediment,                                 requirement;         Potential for nutrient release       Slows flow and           $500 - $1000            2% of capital
Constructed Wetland      contours into which wetland vegetation        nutrients,           total suspended                         other form of               50+ years (1)                                  Moderate to High                                                                                                                                         Harvesting may be                                      ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                                                                                                                 runoff                                                           trash and debris, and                                needs appropriate in winter months                        reduces peak flow        excluding purchase      cost/year (1)                                      Road Commission
                         is placed to enhance pollutant removal        bacteria             solids (4)                              pretreatment                                                                                                                                                                                                                        necessary if plants are                                conw.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                  repair erosion.                                      soils and slope                                                                    of land (3)
                         from storm water runoff.                                           50% of total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                uptaking large amounts of
                                                                                            phosphorous (4)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             toxics. Needs supplement
                                                                                            Moderate to high
                         A rehabilitation of a drained or                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Many wetlands release
                                                                                            (depending on
                         degraded wetland where the soils,             Sediment and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     water slowly into the
                                                                                            season); 80% of                         Sediment forebay or                                                                                                                                                                   Low: $200 cost to
                         hydrology, vegetative community, and          attached                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Stores storm water                                                     ground which recharges
                                                                                            total suspended                         other form of                                                              Moderate to High.                                                                                          landowner if wildlife
                         biological habitat are returned to the        pollutants,                                                                                                High; Remove and                                                             Can increase water                and may reduce                                                         groundwater supplies.                                  ftp://ftp-
                                                                                            solids from sheet, Storm water          pretreatment. In                                                           Design and             Site must have                                                                      organization                                                               Barry County, Ionia
Restored Wetland         natural condition to the extent               nutrients,                                                                                                 dispose of sediment,                                                         temperature. Potential for        downstream runoff                                3% of original cost   One acre of wetland can                                fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                                            rill, wind, or     runoff, soil         agricultural areas cattle   50+ years (1)                                  installation should be previously been a                                                                   involved. Break tile                                                       State Park
(NRCS practice 657)      practicable. Provides natural pollution       hydrologic flow,                                                                                           trash and debris, and                                                        nutrient release in winter        and flooding. Slows                              (11)                  store up to 1.5 million                                actice-
                                                                                            ephemeral gully    erosion              exclusion fencing,                                                         done by a              wetland                                                                             and build berm.                                                            Recreational Area
                         control by removing pollutants, filtering     bacteria,                                                                                                  repair eroded areas.                                                         months                            flow and reduces                                                       gallons of floodwater                                  standards/standards/657.pdf
                                                                                            erosion (4)                             buffer/filter strip,                                                       professional                                                                                               $2,350/acre
                         and collecting sediment, reducing both        chemicals                                                                                                                                                                                                                 peak flow.                                                             enough to fill 30 Olympic
                                                                                                                                    grassed waterway                                                                                                                                                                      (swamp)
                         soil erosion and downstream flooding,         (pesticides)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     size swimming pools
                                                                                            50% of total
                         and recharging groundwater supplies.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (EPA, 2002)
                                                                                            phosphorous (4).


                                                                                                                                                                Assume 25
                         Small, vegetated depressions used to                                                                                                                     Low - Medium; Remove
                                                                                                                                                                years, based
                         promote infiltration and evapo-                                                                                                                          and dispose of sediment,                                                                                                                                                              Use native plant species.
                                                                                                                                                                on rain
                         transpiration of storm water runoff. A                                                                                                                   trash, and debris, repair    Moderate, initial       Site specific,                                                                                                                   Soils adequate for
                                                                                                                                                                gardens
                         rain garden combines shrubs, grasses,                                                                                                                    erosion, re-vegetate, and    work to establish       depends on soils.                                                                                                                infiltration are required.
                                                                       Sediment and                                                                             installed in
                         and flowering perennials in depressions                            High; 75% - 90%                                                                       weed, water, and mulch,      plant community.        Use for drainage        Introduction of exotic/invasive                                                                          Cold climates may reduce
                                                                       attached                                                                                 the early                                                                                                                                                                                                                            City of Grand
                         that allow water to pool for only a few                            of total                                                                              annually. Soil               Aesthetic               areas ≤ 5 acres (8),    plant species possible.                                    $1,075 - $12,355/       Low. Assume           evapo-transpiration and
Rain Gardens and                                                       pollutants,                                                                              1990s in                                                                                                                         Will reduce the                                                                                     Rapids, City of
                         days after a rain. Landscaping for                                 suspended solids.                                                                     replacement and              maintenance after       at storm sewer          Landowner may treat                                        rain garden             $100/year (similar    infiltrative capacity.
other "Landscaping for                                                 nutrients,                             Storm water           Master Gardeners            Prince                                                                                                                           velocity of storm                                                                                   Holland, City of
                         water quality involves planting native                             (3)(8)                                                                                additional preparation are   initial establishment   outfalls, and to        vegetation with herbicides or                              (dependent on           to yearly             Practice not suitable for
Water Quality"                                                         thermal                                runoff, fertilizers   Program, Mulching           George                                                                                                                           water runoff and                                                                                    Grand Rapids,
                         gardens in place of turf grass using                               75% of total                                                                          sometimes needed for         of rain garden. CES,    collect overland        pesticides which could be                                  surrounding land        landscaping           slopes greater than 20%
techniques                                                             pollution, solids,                                                                       County, MD                                                                                                                       increase infiltration                                                                               Kalamazoo Public
                         native grasses, sedges, and                                        phosphorous. (8)                                                                      success. A mulch of          Master Gardeners        flow. Highly suitable   carried via runoff to surface                              use)                    maintenance)          (1). Pretreatment
                                                                       chemicals, oils,                                                                         which are still                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Schools
                         wildflowers. Protects water quality,                                                                                                                     shredded hardwood is an      Program, WMEAC          for residential         waters.                                                                                                  (sediment basin) needed
                                                                       salt, flooding                                                                           functioning.
                         captures rainwater, reduces flooding,                                                                                                                    integral part of the rain    available for           areas, not on steep                                                                                                              in high sediment load
                                                                                                                                                                Depends on
                         eases soil erosion, increases                                                                                                                            garden to keep the soil      assistance.             slopes                                                                                                                           areas. Not used in
                                                                                                                                                                plant types
                         infiltration., and requires less fertilizer                                                                                                              moist and ready to soak                                                                                                                                                               wellhead protection areas.
                                                                                                                                                                and owner
                         and water to thrive.                                                                                                                                     up rain.
                                                                                                                                                                maintenance.


                         A buffer/filter strip is a vegetated area
                         adjacent to a water body. The                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Several researchers have
                         buffer/filter area may be natural,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             measured >90%
                                                                                                                                                                                  Low. Perform periodic
                         undeveloped land where the existing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            reductions in sediment                                 http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                                                                                            High to Moderate                                                                      inspections to identify
                         vegetation is left intact, or it may be                                                 Runoff from                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            and nitrate concentrations;                            ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                                                                       Sediment and         (streambank                                                                           concentrated flows and to
                         land planted with vegetation. Practice                                                  parking lots, roof                                                                                                                                                              Will reduce the          Low. $350/acre                                buffer/filter strips do a                              bfs.pdf
Vegetated Buffers or                                                   attached             erosion) (12)                                                                         verify that vegetative    Low. NRCS
                         protects water bodies from pollutants                                                   tops, and outflow Conservation tillage in      10-20 years                                                                                                                      velocity of storm        (10). $250/                                   reasonably good job of        Typical in counties of
Filter Strips (NRCS                                                    pollutants,                                                                                                cover is maintaining its  available for              Widely applicable                                                                                          Low. $10/acre (9)
                         such as sediment, nutrients and                                                         from ponds, soil agricultural areas            (9)                                                                                                                              water runoff and         herbaceous acre                               removing phosphorus           the LGRW.                ftp://ftp-
Practice 393)                                                          nutrients,           Insignificant                                                                         effectiveness. Address    assistance
                         organic matter, prevents erosion,                                                       erosion,                                                                                                                                                                        increase infiltration.   (11) - CRP, EQIP                              attached to sediment, but                              fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                       thermal pollution    (runoff/ flooding)                                                                    stream bank erosion if
                         provides shade, leaf litter, and woody                                                  agricultural runoff                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    are relatively ineffective in                          actice-
                                                                                            (12)                                                                                  identified. Damaged
                         debris. Buffer/filter strips often provide                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     removing dissolved                                     standards/standards/393.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                  areas should be repaired.
                         several benefits to wildlife, such as                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          phosphorus (Gilliam,
                         travel corridors, nesting sites and food                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1994).
                         sources.




         C:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\cabec500-deed-4e2e-b3bf-180a01a02f27.xls Structural                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 8/2/2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 14 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                             POLLUTANT          POTENTIAL           ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                                 HYDROLOGIC                                   OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                        POLLUTANT                                                                                 EXPECTED             MAINTENANCE                  TRAINING              APPLICABILITY                ENVIRONMENTAL                                         INSTALLATION                                    SPECIAL                     COMMUNITIES
                                     DESCRIPTION                                              REMOVAL          SOURCES OF            TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                                    EFFECTS TO                                    MAINTENANCE                                                                 MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                           ADDRESSED                                                                                 LIFE SPAN            REQUIREMENTS               REQUIREMENTS               TO SITE                     CONCERNS                                                COSTS                                    CONSIDERATIONS                  USING BMP
                                                                                             EFFICIENCY        POLLUTANTS           TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                                  CONSIDER                                        COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Keep south and west
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      sides of streams wooded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      to provide shade. Several
                                                                                        High (sheet, rill,                                                                        Low. Perform periodic                                                                                                                                                               researchers have
                                                                                        wind, streambank,                                                                         inspections to identify                                                                                                                                                             measured >90%
                                                                                                              Runoff from                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ftp://ftp-
                                                                      Sediment and      soil mass                                                                                 concentrated flows and to                                                                                                            Low. $475/forrested                            reductions in sediment          Ottawa County
                                                                                                              parking lots, roof                                                                                Moderate to high.                                                                 Trees in the                                                                                                            fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
Forested or Wooded                                                    attached          movement, road                                                                            verify that vegetative                                                         Poor or lack of maintenance                           acre (11)                                      and nitrate concentrations;     Parks, typical in
                        Forested or wooded areas adjacent to                                                  tops, and outflow                                 15 years                                        NRCS/MDA                                                                          floodplain may catch                     1% of original cost                                                            actice-
Riparian Buffer (NRCS                                                 pollutants,       bank/construction                        Filter strip                                     cover is maintaining its                             Widely applicable         may cause increased erosion                           - CRP, EQIP                                    buffer/filter strips do a       counties of the
                        stream                                                                                from ponds, soil                                  (9)                                             available for                                                                     debris and impede                        (11)                                                                           standards/standards/390.pdf
practice 390)                                                         nutrients,        erosion; organics,                                                                        effectiveness. Address                                                         if trees fall into stream                                                                            reasonably good job of          LGRW (e.g. Barry
                                                                                                              erosion, storm                                                                                    assistance                                                                        flow.
                                                                      thermal pollution fertilizers,                                                                              stream bank erosion if                                                                                                                                                              removing phosphorus             County)
                                                                                                              water runoff
                                                                                        pesticides, runoff/                                                                       identified. Damaged                                                                                                                                                                 attached to sediment, but
                                                                                        flooding) (12)                                                                            areas should be repaired.                                                                                                                                                           are relatively ineffective in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      removing dissolved
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      phosphorus (Gilliam,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1994).

                        A practical procedure that can be used
                        throughout the Midwest to correctly size
                        the fluvial channel and minimum bench
                        widths for stable effective discharge
                        features in agricultural drainage
                        ditches. The fluvial channel design
                        dimensions are determined by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Two-stage ditches       In comparison to                            Evidence and theory both
                        measuring the effective discharge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  have improved           conventional                                suggest that ditches prone
                        features at the project site and making                                                                                                                                                 The Nature                                                                                                                       May result in less
                                                                                                                                                                                  May require less                                                                                                conveyance              ditches, additional                         to filling with accumulated
Two-stage channel       regional curve measurements. The         Sediment,                                                                                                                                      Conservancy has                                                                                                                  annual O&M costs
                                                                                                              Agricultural runoff Filter/buffer strips                            maintenance then                                    Widely applicable.                                          capacity compared       costs are related to                        sediment may require less
design                  benches of two-stage ditches act as a hydrologic flow                                                                                                                                   information available                                                                                                            then conventional
                                                                                                                                                                                  conventional ditches.                                                                                           to conventional         increased width and                         frequent "dipping out" if
                        floodplain within the ditch to dissipate                                                                                                                                                for assistance.                                                                                                                  ditches.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ditches and             more initial                                constructed in a two-stage
                        energy, reduce the erosive potential of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  enhance drainage        earthwork.                                  form.
                        high flow volumes, and reduce the
                        shear stress on the bank toe. Two-
                        stage ditches will have improved
                        conveyance capacity, will be more self-
                        sustaining, will create and maintain
                        better habitat, and will improve water
                        quality.
INFILTRATION (ex. Infiltration basin)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Avoid areas with potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      hazardous material
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      contamination. Soils with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      high infiltration rates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      required. Cold climates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      may hinder infiltrative
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Provides full control
                                                                      Nutrients,                                                                                                                                                       Site specific;                                                                                                                 capacity, fines will clog
                        An excavated trench (3 - 12 feet deep),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   of peak discharges
                                                                      sediment,                                                                                                   Low to Moderate -                                    depends on soils.                                                                                                              pore space in soil, and
                        backfilled with stone aggregate, and                               High; 100% of                                                                                                                                                                                          for small sites,
                                                                      metals,                                                                                                     Annual; Remove and            Moderate. Design       Soil infiltration rates   If storm water runoff contains                                                                       practice is not suitable for
                        lined with filter fabric (fine particulates                        total suspended                         Sediment basin,                Short; 10                                                                                                                       provides                Moderate; Average
                                                                      hydrologic flow                         Storm water                                                         dispose of sediment,          and installation       must be greater           high amounts of soluble                                                         9% of capital cost   steep slopes. Use as part       MDOT, Ottawa and    http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Infiltration Trench     should not be routed to this BMP).                                 solids(4); 60% of                       buffer/filter strips, oil/grit years or less                                                                                                                   groundwater             $8/cubic feet of
                                                                      (soluble                                runoff                                                              trash and debris. Eroding     should be done by a    than 0.52 inches          contaminants, groundwater                                                       (1)                  of a "treatment train,"         Barry Counties      ocuments/deq-swq-nps-it.pdf
                        Infiltration trenches remove fine                                  total phosphorous.                      separators, filter fabric (1)                                                                                                                                  recharge, may           storage (1)
                                                                      pollutants -                                                                                                or barren areas must be       professional           per hour, with clay       contamination can occur.                                                                             where soluble organic
                        sediment and the pollutants associated                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    augment base
                                                                      dependent on                                                                                                revegetated.                                         content less than                                                                                                              substances, oils, and
                        with them.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                stream flow, and
                                                                      holding time)                                                                                                                                                    30%.                                                                                                                           coarse sediment are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  allow infiltration.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      removed prior to storm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      water entering the trench.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      A very high failure rate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      occurs with infiltration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      trenches if they are not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      maintained.

                        Water impoundment over permeable                                                                           Sediment forebay or                                                                                                                                                                                                                Avoid areas with potential                          http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
                                                                        Nutrients,                            Storm water                                                                                                              Site specific             Potential to contaminate         May recharge
Infiltration Pond       soils which received storm water runoff                          High                                      other form of                25+ years         Annual                        Moderate                                                                                                  Moderate               Moderate             hazardous material              MDOT                ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
                                                                        sediment, metals                      runoff                                                                                                                   depends on soils          groundwater                      groundwater
                        and contains it until it infiltrates the soils.                                                            pretreatment                                                                                                                                                                                                                       contamination                                       ib.pdf

                                                                      Thermal                                 Road and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                This BMP is experimental
                        Promotes infiltration and filtering of                                                                                                                    Moderate, maintenance                                Not feasible in all       Increased weed growth
Green Parking (MDOT)                                                  pollution, solids,   High               parking runoff,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         for MDOT until proven       MDOT, OCDC
                        storm water                                                                                                                                               of nuisance plants                                   areas                     requiring chemical herbicides
                                                                      sediments                               roof tops                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               valuable and cost effective
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Provides soil
                        Permeable asphalt or interlocking
                                                                                                                                                                                  Moderate; Bi-annual                                  This practice                                              infiltration,                                                       Pre-treatment of storm
                        paving blocks providing infiltration.
                                                                                                                                                                                  sweeping required.                                   should only be            Potential risk to groundwater    attenuation of peak                                                 water is recommended
                        When the brick or concrete is laid on a
                                                                      Nutrients,                                                   Vacuum sweeping,                               Periodically inspect,         Low. Design and        used on sites with        due to oils, greases, and        flows, reduction in                                                 where oil and grease or
                        permeable base, water will be allowed                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   MDOT, East Grand          http://www.deq.state.mi.us/d
Porous or Modular                                                     sediment,            High; 95% TSS      Storm water          Subsurface Drains,                             especially after large        installation should be soils which are well      other substances that may        the volume of runoff                                                other potential
                        to infiltrate. Benefits include; removal of                                                                                           10+ years                                                                                                                                                   Moderate               Low to moderate                                Rapids - Reed's           ocuments/deq-swq-nps-
Pavement                                                              metals,              removal rate (2)   runoff               Extended Detention                             storms. If severe clogging    done by a              or moderately well        leak onto                        leaving the site and                                                groundwater contaminants
                        fine particulates and soluble pollutants;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Lake boat launch          pap.pdf
                                                                      hydrologic flow                                              Basin, Infiltration Basin.                     occurs, may have to           professional           drained. Must use         the pavement and leach into      entering storm                                                      are expected. Avoid areas
                        attenuation of peak flows; reduction in
                                                                                                                                                                                  replace (clogged) filtering                          special materials         the ground.                      sewers, and                                                         with potential hazardous
                        the volume of runoff; reduction in soil
                                                                                                                                                                                  material.                                            for high traffic areas                                     groundwater                                                         material contamination
                        erosion; and groundwater recharge.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  recharge.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Page 15 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                               POLLUTANT            POTENTIAL          ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                       HYDROLOGIC                                  OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                            POLLUTANT                                                                            EXPECTED            MAINTENANCE                TRAINING           APPLICABILITY             ENVIRONMENTAL                                           INSTALLATION                                     SPECIAL                   COMMUNITIES
                                            DESCRIPTION                                         REMOVAL            SOURCES OF           TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                          EFFECTS TO                                   MAINTENANCE                                                                    MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                               ADDRESSED                                                                            LIFE SPAN           REQUIREMENTS             REQUIREMENTS            TO SITE                  CONCERNS                                                  COSTS                                     CONSIDERATIONS                USING BMP
                                                                                               EFFICIENCY          POLLUTANTS          TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                        CONSIDER                                       COSTS
FILTRATION (ex. (ex. filters)
PRETREATMENTSandSediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Does not require a large
                                                                                             High; 75% - 80%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   land area. Should not be
                        A broad, shallow channel consisting of                               of total                                                                           Moderate; Remove and                             Highly applicable to                                                                                                          used in steep areas or
Vegetated Swale or Bio- dense vegetation and designed to                                     suspended solids Storm water                                                       dispose of sediment,                             residential areas,   Potential to contaminate                                    Low; $0.50/square      $0.03/square          well head areas. Soils
                                                                          Sediment                                                    Native vegetation         20-50 years                                 Moderate                                                                       Slows flow                                                                                        MDOT
filtration              accommodate concentrated flows                                       (2)(4); 50% of    runoff                                                           trash and debris, and                            not suited to steep groundwater                                                  foot of swale (7)      foot/year. (7)        adequate for infiltration
                        without erosion.                                                     total phosphorous                                                                  repair erosion.                                  slopes                                                                                                                        required to discourage
                                                                                             (4)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ponding on slopes less
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               than 2%.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Suitable for
                                Area designed to hold and treat the first Sediment,         Moderate; 83%                                                                       Moderate to high                                 individual                                                                                              5% of initial
                                                                                                             Storm water                                        Yet to be                                                        developments;         Will not filter soluble nutrients                                                                       BMP performance is still
Sand Filters                    half inch of runoff over the directly     Bacteria,         TSS removal rate                                                                    depending on amount of      Moderate                                                                                              Low to moderate        construction costs
                                                                                                             runoff                                             determined                                                       requires less land    and toxics                                                                                              experimental
                                connected impervious area.                Nutrients, Metals (2)                                                                                 sediment                                                                                                                                                 (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and can be placed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 underground.
AGRICULTURAL BMPS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ftp://ftp-
                                                                                                                                                                10 years (use
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                Fencing to exclude cattle access and                                                                  Buffer/filter strip,      exclusion)
                                                                          Sediment and                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $1.90/ft of fence (9)                         Additional BMPs (e.g.                             actice-
Cattle Exclusion                protect the stream. Fencing prevents                                                                  alternative water         (15)          Repair fence as needed.
                                                                          attached           Moderate to high Livestock                                                                                                                                Increased grazing in confined       Fencing in floodplain - EQIP (use                                   Buffer/Filter Strips) are  Typical in counties of standards/standards/472.pdf
                                cattle from trampling banks, destroying                                                               sources, planned                        Remove off-stream             NRCS available for
                                                                          pollutants,        for fencing and    access, animal                                                                                                   Widely applicable     areas may reduce vegetative         may catch debris      exclusion)              $0.05/ft of fence (9) needed to prevent animal the LGRW (e.g.
(NRCS practices: Use            vegetation, depositing waste in the                                                                   grazing system, stream    20 years      watering systems in the       assistance
Exclusion (472), Fence (382))
                                                                          nutrients,         use exclusion (12) manure                                                                                                                                 cover                               and restrict flow -                                                 waste runoff from entering Barry County)          ftp://ftp-
                                stream, and stirring up sediment in the                                                               crossing and livestock    (fence) (9)   winter, if needed.
                                                                          pathogens                                                                                                                                                                                                                              WHIP (fence)                                  the stream.                                       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                streambed.                                                                                            access
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 actice-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 standards/standards/382.pdf

                                A waste storage impoundment that
                                protects water bodies from manure
                                runoff by storing manure until                                                                                                                  Inspect storage structures
                                                                                                                                      Cattle exclusion                                                                                                 Leaks or seepage of the
                                conditions are appropriate for field                         Moderate                                                                           for leaks or seepage
                                                                                                                                      fencing, roof runoff                                                                                             structure could add nutrients
                                application. Several options exist                           (organics (12),                                                                    periodically and make                                                                                      Slight decrease in                                                  Storage period should be      Typical in counties of   ftp://ftp-
                                                                                                                                      management,                                                                                                      and bacteria to downstream                                 Approximately
Agricultural Waste              including an earthen storage pond,        Nutrients,         fertilizers (12),                                                                  necessary repairs.         NRCS available for                                                              runoff/ flooding and                          $250 - 1,000          6 months unless winter        the LGRW (e.g.           fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                                                                  Animal manure       diversion,                15 years (15)                                                    Widely applicable     water bodies via runoff.                                   $10,000 - 250,000
Storage Facility (313)          above or below ground tank, pit           pathogens          and polluted                                                                       Repair any damaged         assistance                                                                      excess subsurface                             maximum (14)          applied risk index is         Barry County,            actice-
                                                                                                                                      Comprehensive                                                                                                    However, if building is                                    (14) - (12) - EQIP
                                underneath a confinement facility, or a                      storm water                                                                        fences immediately.                                                                                        water                                                               completed.                    Ottawa County)           standards/standards/313.pdf
                                                                                                                                      Nutrient Management                                                                                              according to specifications
                                sheltered concrete slab area. Allows                         runoff)                                                                            Empty storage structure
                                                                                                                                      Plan (CNMP)                                                                                                      this would not occur.
                                for field application when conditions are                                                                                                       twice a year.
                                right. Field application cuts fertilizer
                                costs and reduces nutrient losses.
                                                                                                                                                                                Watering facility: check
                                                                                                                                                                                for materials in the trough
                                                                                                                                                                                which may restrict the
                                                                                                                                                                                inflow or outflow system;                                                                                                                                                                                                           ftp://ftp-
                                A readily available source of clean
                                                                                                                                                                                check for leaks and repair                                                                                                                                                                                                          fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                drinking water for cattle located away                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Areas adjacent to source
                                                                                                                                      Cattle Exclusion          10 years /      immediately; check the                                                                                                                                   2% original cost                                                           actice-
Alternative Water               from water bodies that will minimizing    Sediment and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         that will be trampled by
                                                                                                                                      Fencing, buffer/filter    watering        automatic water level                                                                                                                                    (watering facility)                                 Typical in counties of standards/standards/614.pdf
Sources                         waste deposition near these areas.        attached           Well: Moderate       Livestock                                                                                                                            Depending on the structure, it                                                                          livestock should be
                                                                                                                                      strip, planned grazing    facility (15)   device to insure proper     NRCS available for                                                                                    $1,050 / water         (11)                                                the LGRW (e.g.
                                Reduces the direct deposition of cattle   pollutants,        (sheet, rill, wind   access, animal                                                                                                 Widely applicable     may not protect watercourse if Diversion of water                                                       graveled, paved, or
                                                                                                                                      system, stream                            operation.                  assistance                                                                                            facility (11) - EQIP                                                       Barry County,
(Watering Facility (614),       waste into water bodies by changing       nutrients,         erosion) (12)        manure                                                                                                                               contiguous with it.                                                                                     otherwise treated to
Water Well (642))
                                                                                                                                      crossing and livestock    20 years /                                                                                                                                                               1% original cost                                    Ottawa County)         ftp://ftp-
                                animal behavior through providing and     pathogens                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            provide firm footing and
                                                                                                                                      access                    water well (15) Water well: create a                                                                                                                                     (water well) (11)                                                          fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                encouraging use of alternate drinking                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          reduce erosion.
                                                                                                                                                                                maintenance plan                                                                                                                                                                                                                    actice-
                                water.
                                                                                                                                                                                including a statement of                                                                                                                                                                                                            standards/standards/642.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                identified problems,
                                                                                                                                                                                corrective actions taken,
                                                                                                                                                                                etc.
                                A crop of close-growing grasses,
                                legumes, or small grain grown primarily
                                                                                             High (sheet, rill,
                                for seasonal protection and soil
                                                                          Sediment and       wind, gully
                                improvement. It usually is grown for 1
                                                                          attached           irrigation induced
                                year or less, except where there is                                                                   Pest management,                                                                                                                                     Significant decrease
                                                                          pollutants,        erosion, runoff/                                                                   Plant cover crop annually,                                                                                                                                                                                                            ftp://ftp-
                                permanent cover as in orchards.                                                                       nutrient management,                                                                       Widely applicable.    Requires pest management            in runoff/ flooding,                                                Can be used for livestock
                                                                          nutrients,         flooding) (12)       Soil erosion,                                                 kill cover crop in the      NRCS available for                                                                                                                                                               Organic Farmers of       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
Cover Crop (340)                Temporarily protects ground from wind                                                                 conservation crop         1 year (9)                                                       Consider soil type,   (IPM) to ensure that pesticide      moderate reduction $30/acre (9) - EQIP $0/acre (9)                  feed or left alone to build
                                                                          chemicals                               agricultural runoff                                           spring, restrict grazing if assistance                                                                                                                                                                       the LGRW                 actice-
                                / water erosion, adds organic matter to                                                               rotation, crop residue                                                                     slopes, etc.          use is appropriate.                 in excess                                                           soil organic matter.
                                                                          (pesticide),       Moderate (salts,                                                                   necessary                                                                                                                                                                                                                             standards/standards/340.pdf
                                the soil, recycles or holds nutrients,                                                                management                                                                                                                                           subsurface water
                                                                          hydrologic flow,   organics,
                                improves soil tilth, reduces weed
                                                                          chloride (salt)    fertilizers,
                                competition, retained soil moisture by
                                                                                             pesticides) (12)
                                acting as a mulch, and fixes
                                atmospheric nitrogen (legumes).
                                Rows of trees and shrubs that protect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Consider if the mature
                                areas from wind and provide food and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ftp://ftp-
                                                                          Sediment and                                                                                          Control competing                                                                                     Will reduce storm           $150 - 1,000                                windbreak will cast a      Muck farmers in
Windbreak/Shelterbelt           cover for wildlife. Reduces wind                             High (wind                                                                                                     NRCS available for                         Over application of herbicides                                                    10% of original cost                                                 fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                          attached                                Soil erosion        Cattle exclusion fencing 15 years (9)     vegetation, inspect                              Widely applicable                                    water runoff and            seedlings (13) -                            shadow over the driveway Barry, Kent, Ottawa,
Establishment (380)             erosion, conserves energy, provides                          erosion only) (12)                                                                                             assistance                                 or pesticides possible                                                            (11)                                                                 actice-
                                                                          pollutants                                                                                            regularly                                                                                             increase infiltration       EQIP, WHIP                                  or nearby road, prolonging and Allegan Counties
                                food and cover for wildlife, and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              standards/standards/380.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              icy conditions.
                                beautifies a farmstead.
                                Establishing and maintaining perennial                                                                                                          If necessary, mow during
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Use of fertilizers,
                                vegetative cover to protect soil and                                                                                                            the establishment period
                                                                                             High (sheet, rill,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                pesticides and other
                                water resource on land retired from                                                                                                             to reduce competition
                                                                                             wind, gully                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       chemicals should not
                                agricultural production. Reduces          Sediment and                                                                                          from annual weeds.                                                                                    Significant decrease
                                                                                             erosion; runoff/                         Upland wildlife habitat                                                                                                                                                                                                  compromise the intended       Typical in counties of   ftp://ftp-
                                erosion and increases soil tilth due to   attached                                                                                              Annual mowing of the                                                                                  in runoff/ flooding,
Conservation Cover                                                                           flooding)            Soil erosion,       management, wildlife                                                  NRCS available for                         Over application of herbicides                      $260 - 460/acre (9) -                               purpose. Maintenance          the LGRW (e.g.           fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                perennial cover establishment of          pollutants,                                                                           10 years (15)   conservation cover stand                         Widely applicable                                    moderate reduction                         $35/ acre (9)
(327)                                                                                                             agricultural runoff food plot, tree/shrub                                                 assistance                                 or pesticides possible                              CRP, EQIP                                           practices and activities      Barry and Ionia          actice-
                                species adapted to site. Improves         hydrologic flow,                                                                                      for general weed control                                                                              in excess
                                                                                             Moderate                                 establishment                                                                                                                                                                                                            should not disturb cover      County)                  standards/standards/327.pdf
                                water quality when nutrients and          nutrients                                                                                             is not recommended.                                                                                   subsurface water
                                                                                             (streambank                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       during the primary nesting
                                sediments are retained on the field.                                                                                                            Control noxious weeds.
                                                                                             erosion) (12)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     period for grassland
                                Reduces weed sources. Wildlife food,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               species in each state.
                                cover, and water needs will be met.




            C:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\cabec500-deed-4e2e-b3bf-180a01a02f27.xls Structural                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    8/2/2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Page 16 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                               POLLUTANT             POTENTIAL          ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                           HYDROLOGIC                                  OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                            POLLUTANT                                                                              EXPECTED           MAINTENANCE                    TRAINING             APPLICABILITY               ENVIRONMENTAL                                        INSTALLATION                                     SPECIAL                    COMMUNITIES
                                           DESCRIPTION                                          REMOVAL             SOURCES OF           TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                              EFFECTS TO                                   MAINTENANCE                                                                  MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                               ADDRESSED                                                                              LIFE SPAN          REQUIREMENTS                 REQUIREMENTS              TO SITE                    CONCERNS                                               COSTS                                     CONSIDERATIONS                 USING BMP
                                                                                               EFFICIENCY           POLLUTANTS          TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                            CONSIDER                                       COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)
                    Planting grass and legumes to reduce
                    soil erosion and improve production in
                                                               Sediment and                  High (sheet, rill,
                    a low-producing pasture, hayfield, or                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Do not mix warm and cool
                                                               attached                      wind ephemeral
                    eroding cropfield. Reduces soil erosion                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Significant decrease                                                  season grasses in the                               ftp://ftp-
                                                               pollutants,                   gully, irrigation                       Nutrient management,                        Mow weeds, apply
Pasture and Hayland by wind and/or water, extends length of                                                      Soil erosion,                                                                                   NRCS available for     Widely applicable.      Over application of herbicides in runoff/ flooding  $75/acre (11) -           5% of original cost    same pasture. Choose       Typical in counties of   fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                               nutrients,                    inducted erosion;                       pest management,             10 years (9)   fertilizer and herbicide as
Planting (512)      the grazing season, provides cover and                                                       agricultural runoff                                                                             assistance             Consider soil type      or pesticides possible         and excess           EQIP, CRP                 per unit (11)          species that will help     the LGRW                 actice-
                                                               chemicals                     fertilizers,                            prescribed grazing                          needed
                    habitat for wildlife, protects water                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       subsurface water                                                      reduce the use of                                   standards/standards/512.pdf
                                                               (pesticides),                 pesticides, runoff/
                    quality by filtering runoff and increasing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       pesticides and herbicides.
                                                               hydrologic flow               flooding) (12)
                    filtration, and adds organic matter to
                    the soil

                               Establishing permanent vegetation on
                                                                                             High (sheet, rill,
                               sites that have or are expected to have
                                                                                             wind, gully,
                               high erosion rates, and on sites that                                                                  Diversions, riprap,                                                                                                                                                                                                            Use native plants with low
                                                                                             streambank, soil                                                                                                                           Widely applicable.
                               have physical, chemical or biological                                                                  grade stabilization                        Periodic burning (if                                                                                                                                                                long term maintenance
                                                                                             mass movement,                                                                                                                             Consider soil type,     Use of non-native or invasive   Will reduce the                                                                                                          ftp://ftp-
                               conditions that prevent the             Sediment and                                                   structures, filter/buffer                  needed), prohibit grazing                                                                                                               $460 - $815/acre                            requirements. Soil tests   Typical in counties of
Critical Area Planting                                                                       road               Soil erosion,                                                                               NRCS available for          slopes, etc. Apply      species is not recommended.     velocity of storm                             1 % of original cost                                                       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                               establishment of vegetation with normal attached                                                       strips, subsurface          10 years (9)   until year 2, prevent                                                                                                                   (2001 and 2004)                             should be done to          the LGRW (e.g.
(342)                                                                                        bank/construction agricultural runoff                                                                          assistance                  on any area which       Use by recreational users       water runoff and                              per unit (11)                                                              actice-
                               practices. Stabilizes areas with        pollutants, salts                                              drains, grassed                            overgrazing, inspect after                                                                                                              EQIP, WHIP, WRP                             determine the nutrient and Ottawa County)
                                                                                             erosion) (12)                                                                                                                              is difficult to         may degrade area.               increase infiltration.                                                                                                   standards/standards/342.pdf
                               existing or expected high rates of soil                                                                waterways, nutrient                        severe storms                                                                                                                                                                       pH content of the soil for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        stabilize.
                               erosion by water and wind. Restores                                                                    management                                                                                                                                                                                                                     vegetative practices.
                                                                                             Moderate (salts)
                               degraded sites that cannot be
                                                                                             (12)
                               stabilized through normal methods.
                                                                                             High (ephemeral
                                                                                                                                                                                 Yearly regrading                Design and                                                                                                                                          A nurse crop, temporary
                               The establishment and shaping of                              gully erosion) (12)                                                                                                                                                                                                  $800/acre (without
                                                                          Sediment and                                                                                           reseeding and inspection        installation should be                         Better conveyance enhances                                                                           cover or mulching may be                            ftp://ftp-
                               grass in a natural drainageway to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tile) (9)
Grassed Waterway                                                          attached                                 Soil erosion,       Grade stabilization                       of subsurface drain and         done by a                                      storm water runoff velocities Drainageway directs                                                    necessary until permanent Typical in counties of    fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                               prevent gullies from forming.                                 Low (reduction in                                                    10 years (9)                                                          Widely applicable                                                                                     $105/acre (9)
(412)                                                                     pollutants,                              agricultural runoff structure                                 related outfall. Fertilize as   professional. NRCS                             and possible contamination to runoff to an outlet                                                    cover is established.     the LGRW                  actice-
                               Vegetation filters runoff after and                           classic gully                                                                                                                                                                                                        $4,500/acre (with
                                                                          hydrologic flow                                                                                        needed and mow                  available for                                  surface waters                                                                                       Avoid planting end rows                             standards/standards/412.pdf
                               provides cover for wildlife.                                  erosion, runoff/                                                                                                                                                                                                     tile) (9) CRP, EQIP
                                                                                                                                                                                 periodically.                   assistance.                                                                                                                                         along the waterway.
                                                                                             flooding) (12)

                                                                                             High (ephemeral
                                                                                             gully erosion,
                                                                                             runoff/ flooding)
                                                                                             (12)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Widely applicable.
                               Earthen embankment that directs runoff                        Moderate (classic                                                                                                                                                                                  Catches storm water
                                                                          Sediment,                                                                                                                                                     Do not build in high
                               water from a specific area. Reduces                           gully, soil mass                         Sediment basin or                          Clear outlet of debris,         Design and                                                                     runoff and prevents                                                  Important as SESC in                                ftp://ftp-
                                                                          nutrients,                                                                                                                                                    sediment producing
                               soil erosion on lowlands. Vegetation                          movement, road    Soil erosion,          stabilized outlet,                         maintain vegetative cover       installation should be                      Over application of fertilizer     it from reaching                                                     developing sites. Each                              fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
Diversion (362)                                                           chemicals                                                                               10 years (9)                                                          areas unless other                                                              $5.00/ft (9) - EQIP   $0.26/ft (9)                                        ?
                               filters runoff water and provides cover.                      bank/construction agricultural runoff    buffer/filter strip,                       on ridge, ridge repair,         done by a                                   possible                           lowlands, reducing                                                   diversion must have an                              actice-
                                                                          (pesticide),                                                                                                                                                  conservation
                               Allows better crop growth on                                  erosion) (12)                            nutrient management                        fertilize as needed             professional                                                                   runoff velocity and                                                  outlet.                                             standards/standards/362.pdf
                                                                          hydrologic flow                                                                                                                                               measures are
                               bottomland soils.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                increasing infiltration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        installed.
                                                                                             Low (sheet, rill,
                                                                                             streambank
                                                                                             erosion, organics,
                                                                                             fertilizers,
                                                                                             pesticides) (12)

OTHER BMPS TO CATEGORIZE
                               Well decommissioning seals an
                               abandoned well. Abandoned wells are
                                                                          Sediment and                                                                                                                           High: Professional
                               wells which are no longer in use or are
                                                                          attached                                                                                                                               required. A drilled,                                                                                                                                Filling a well with
                               in such disrepair that groundwater can                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    $50 - $500/closure -
                                                                          pollutants,                                                                                                                            deep bedrock and                                                               Will prevent surface                                                 rocks/gravel won't reduce
Abandoned Well                 no longer be obtained from them.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Michigan                                                                                        ftp://ftp-
                                                                          chemicals                                Agricultural                                                  Low - Inspect closure           artesian wells should                                                          water from reaching                                                  the groundwater              Spring Lake Village,
Closures                       Benefits include: a) Reduces the risk of                                                                                                                                                                                         Groundwater contamination                                Groundwater                                                                                     fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
                                                                          (pesticides),      High (13)             runoff, hazardous Stand alone practice         20 years (9)   mechanism periodically          be closed by a         Widely applicable.                                      the groundwater                               Low (14)               contamination risk.          Ionia and Barry
                               groundwater contamination,                                                                                                                                                                                                       may already be present.                                  Stewardship                                                                                     actice-
                                                                          nutrients,                               waste spills                                                  for structural integrity        licensed well driller.                                                         supply via the                                                       Technical assistance is      County
(Well Decommissioning (351))   b) Eliminates the risk of injury,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Program, MDA,                                                                                   standards/standards/351.pdf
                                                                          chloride (salt),                                                                                                                       Farm*A*Syst                                                                    abandoned well.                                                      required to properly close
                               c) Avoids liability under the Michigan                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    EQIP
                                                                          pathogens,                                                                                                                             available for                                                                                                                                       an abandoned well.
                               Polluter Pay Law
                                                                          hydrocarbons                                                                                                                           assistance.


                               Treatment(s) used to stabilize and
                               protect banks of streams or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Since each reach of a
                               constructed channels, and shorelines                                                                   Geotextile materials
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   watercourse is unique,
                               of lakes, reservoirs, or estuaries.                                                                    (i.e. Filters) are often                                                                          Widely applicable:
                                                                                                                                                                                 Site inspections,               Consult the MDEQ                                                                                                                                  stream bank protection
                               Benefits include:                                                                                      used underneath                                                                                   site-specific
                                                                                                                                                                                 conducted to ensure the         (Water Division or                                                                                                                                techniques must be
                                                                                                                                      Riprap. Consider                                                                                  practices will                                                                                                                                                                   ftp://ftp-
Streambank and                                                            Sediment and       High (streambank                                                                    stream bank structures          Land Division),                                                                Maintains the                                                      selected on a site-by-site
                               a) Prevents the loss of stream bank                                                                    livestock exclusion,                                                                              depend on soil                                                                   EQIP: 50% cost       10% of original cost                                Barry County Drain     fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/pr
Shoreline Protection                                                      attached           erosion, soil mass Soil erosion                                      20 years (9)   are staying in place,           local Conservation                                                             capacity of the                                                    basis; the specifications
                               vegetation                                                                                             prescribed grazing,                                                                               type, slope of the                                                               share (15)           (11)                                                Commission             actice-
(580)                                                                     pollutants         movement) (12)                                                                      within the first few months     District, NRCS, or                                                             stream channel.                                                    for each technique differ.
                               b) Reduces sediment loads to streams                                                                   buffer/filter strips,                                                                             bank, river gradient,                                                                                                                                                            standards/standards/580.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                 of installation and             other agencies or                                                                                                                                 Utilize vegetative species
                               c) Maintains the capacity of the stream                                                                diversions, or                                                                                    flow, and uses of
                                                                                                                                                                                 following storm events.         consultants.                                                                                                                                      that are native and/or
                               channel                                                                                                additional sediment                                                                               the watercourse.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   compatible with local
                               d) Improves or enhances the stream                                                                     control measures.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ecosystems.
                               corridor for fish and wildlife habitat,
                               aesthetics, recreation




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 17 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                            POLLUTANT          POTENTIAL        ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                          HYDROLOGIC                               OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                        POLLUTANT                                                                         EXPECTED           MAINTENANCE                 TRAINING               APPLICABILITY              ENVIRONMENTAL                                       INSTALLATION                                     SPECIAL                     COMMUNITIES
                                     DESCRIPTION                                             REMOVAL          SOURCES OF         TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                             EFFECTS TO                                MAINTENANCE                                                                   MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                           ADDRESSED                                                                         LIFE SPAN          REQUIREMENTS              REQUIREMENTS                TO SITE                   CONCERNS                                              COSTS                                     CONSIDERATIONS                  USING BMP
                                                                                            EFFICIENCY        POLLUTANTS        TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                           CONSIDER                                    COSTS
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality inlets)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  A number of studies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Recent studies show                                       (River Alliance of
                        Releases made from dams commonly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  removals of small dams can                                Wisconsin 2003,
                        cause a decrease in summer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  have limited negative                                     American Rivers                              Good proportions of aging
                        temperatures and an increase in winter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  environmental impacts while                               2003) have found                             dams are no longer
                        temperatures downstream. Dam
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  restoring stream functions.                               removal costs to be                          economically practical or
                        removal benefits fish by: (a) removing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Negative impacts include                                  up to three to five                          cost-effective to operate.
                        obstructions to upstream and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Stronach Dam, on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  elevated sediment loads in                                times less than the                          Similarly, dam operation
                        downstream migration; (b) restoring                                                                    Will depend on the                                                                                                                                     Dam removal will                                                                                   the Pine River,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Widely applicable   addition to transformed                                   cost of repair,                              and maintenance costs
                        natural riverine habitat; (c) restoring                                                                effects of dam removal.                                               Design and removal                                                               restore natural                                                                                    Manistee County
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to unsafe dams and channel morphology and                                     especially when the None                     tend to increase as a dam
Dam Removal             natural seasonal flow variations; (d)     Thermal pollution                          Dam               Streambank              Permanent                                     should be done by a                                                              stream flow and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              dams that no longer hydrology. Dam removal may                                benefits of the dam                          ages. These increased
                        eliminating siltation of spawning and                                                                  stabilization may be                                                  professional                                                                     natural seasonal                                                                                   Big Rapids Dam on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              serve a purpose.    also wreak havoc on already                               are minor. Funding                           costs, combined with the
                        feeding habitat above the dam; (e)                                                                     necessary.                                                                                                                                             flow variations.                                                                                   Muskegon River,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  highly disturbed ecosystems.                              sources include:                             potentially lower revenue,
                        allowing debris, small rocks and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mecosta County
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Reservoirs that store high                                private or                                   allow for removal to
                        nutrients to pass below the dam,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  levels of contaminants will be                            community                                    become the most cost-
                        creating healthy habitat; (f) eliminating
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  released following removal                                foundation funding,                          effective alternative for the
                        unnatural temperature variations below
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  and can create contaminant                                environmental                                dam owner.
                        the dam; and (g) removing turbines that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  plumes.                                                   grants, and state or
                        kill fish.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            federal assistance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            programs.
                        Outlets are areas which receive
                        discharge water. Stabilized outlets are
                        outlets which reduce the velocity of
                        discharge water to non-erosive
                        velocities. Stabilized outlets help                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              If the outlet is a county or
                        reduce erosion in the area in which the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          inter county drain,
                        water is released. Some outlets may                                                                                                              All of the BMPs cited in                                                                                                                                                        permission to discharge
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Stabilized outlets                                                            Practice will reduce
                        also provide treatment of various types       Sediment and                           Storm water                                                 the section above require                                                   If practices are not                                                                                must be obtained from the
                                                                                        Dependent on                                                     Dependent                                   should be designed                                                            the velocity of
                        of pollutants depending on the type of        attached                               runoff,                                                     regular maintenance.                                                        maintained, excessive                                  Dependent on type     Dependent on type      drain commissioner or                                www.deq.state.mi.us/docum
Stabilized Outlets                                                                      type of outlet                         Riprap, if needed         on type of                                  by registered            Widely applicable.                                   discharge water to
                        outlet used. Types of outlets include         pollutants,                            streambank                                                  Follow the maintenance                                                      sediment may be introduced                             of outlet used.       of outlet used.        drain board. The actual                              ents/deq-swq-nps-so.pdf
                                                                                        used.                                                            outlet used.                                professional                                                                  non-erosive
                        the following: Conveyance Outlets             hydrologic flow                        erosion                                                     sections in the outlet                                                      to surface waters downstream.                                                                       structure may require a
                                                                                                                                                                                                     engineers.                                                                    velocities.
                        (Grassed Waterway, Stone Filters,                                                                                                                (BMP) selected.                                                                                                                                                                 MDNR permit if the outlet
                        Stormwater Conveyance Channel),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  is in a watercourse or if
                        Water Storage Outlets (Sediment                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wetlands are impacted.
                        Basin, Infiltration Basin, Detention/
                        Retention Basin, Oil/Grit Separators,
                        Wet ponds and wetlands), Conduits,
                        and Outlet Protection.
                        Kit materials capture oil, gasoline, and
Emergency Spill Kit                                                   Hydrocarbons                           Boat spill                                                                                                       Applicable to lakes
                        diesel line spills on the water.
Pond Construction and   A water impoundment made by                   Sediment and      Low (gully           Storm water       Slope/Shoreline           20 years        Moderate to High            Design and               Depends on soil        Purple loosestrife (Lythrum      Ponds can be used                           1% of original cost    For excavated ponds,            City of Grand
Management (378)        constructing an embankment or by              attached          erosion,             runoff            Stabilization, Seeding,   (2004)                                      installation should be   suitability. Build     salicaria) is an undesirable,    for storm water                             per unit (2001)        consider drainage               Rapids, Barry and
                        excavating a pit or dugout. Excavated         pollutants,       streambank                             Mulching, Sodding,                                                    done by a                ponds in areas         exotic perennial which often     management.                                                        characteristics, including      Ionia County
                        ponds are made for conditions which           chemicals,        erosion, flooding)                     Pond Sealing or Lining                                                professional             where the water        becomes established in                                                                              depth to the water table.
                        require a small supply of water such as       nutrients,                                                                                                                                              supply is adequate     disturbed sites.                                                                                    For embankment ponds,
                        a golf course hazard. Embankment              flooding          None (sheet and                                                                                                                       for the intended                                                                                                           consider upstream
                        ponds hold larger volumes of water.                             rill erosion)                                                                                                                         use.                                                                                                                       drainage characteristics
                        Ponds can be used for storm water                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and how the pond will
                        management and to attract wildlife.                             N/A (chemicals,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  affect downstream flows,
                        Properly designed and maintained                                nutrients)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       temperatures, etc.
                        embankment ponds provide a safe,
                        reliable means of water supply, and
                        may become the settling area for
                        sediment and contaminants in the
                        drainage area. If water quantity is
                        more critical than quality, the runoff can
                        be used to maintain higher pond levels
                        of an excavated pond.

Composting Facility     A facility for the biological stabilization   Nutrients, low    ?                    Upland source     NA                        15 years /      Composting requires         Design and               Widely applicable      Waste needs to be                  NA                  $37,000/              Annual                 As of March 27, 1993,           Green Rock
(317)                   of waste organic material. The                DO                                     (yard trimmings                             composting      proper aeration, watering   installation should be   to dense residential   composted and correctly                                composting facility   Maintenance:           yard waste collected or         Landscape Supply,
                        purposed is to treat waste organic                                                   and kitchen                                 facility (2004) and mixing in order to      done by a                or riparian sites.     applied as fertilizer. Possibility                     (2004)                $370/ year             generated in                    Rockford
                        material biologically by producing a                                                 waste)                                                      result in a useable end-    professional             Soils, topography      of runoff of compost                                                         /composting facility   Michigan on public
                        humus-like material that can be                                                                                                                  product. Product can be                              and climate will all   application contaminating                                                    (2004)                 property is banned from         Phoenix Resources,
                        recycled as a soil amendment and                                                                                                                 sold, delivered, and                                 affect the types of    surface waters.                                                                                     land fills and incinerators.    Alto
                        fertilizer substitute or otherwise utilized                                                                                                      applied.                                             composting options
                        in compliance with all laws, rules, and                                                                                                                                                               available.                                                                                                                                                 Eagle Ottawa
                        regulations. Keeps organic debris out                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Leather Company,
                        of surface waters and away from                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Haven
                        floodplains will help prevent the
                        depletion of oxygen in surface waters.

Mulching (484)          The process of placing a uniform layer Sediment and             Low to moderate      Soil erosion      Seeding, Soil             1 year (2004)   Low - inspect mulched       Low                      Widely applicable      None known.                      Seeded area will       $3.00/acre (2001)    Annual                 Mulch should be applied         City of Grand
                        of straw, wood fiber, wood chips or     attached                                                       Management, Fertilizer                    areas following storm                                                                                        eventually reduce                           Maintenance:           immediately after seeding       Rapids, Barry
                        other acceptable materials over a       pollutants                                                     Management, Grading                       events to ensure mulch                                                                                       the velocity and                            100% of original       has occurred. Anchoring         County Drain
                        seeded area to protect the seed bed.                                                                   Practices, Diversions (if                 has stayed in place.                                                                                         increase infiltration                       cost per unit (2001)   of the mulch should be          Commission
                        Helps keep soil particles and their                                                                    needed).                                                                                                                                               of storm water runoff.                                             done immediately after the
                        associated                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       mulch is applied.
                        attached chemicals (e.g. phosphorus &
                        pesticides) from entering surface
                        waters. Will suppress weed growth
                        and provide a moist area for vegetative
                        growth.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 18 of 39

STRUCTURAL & VEGETATIVE BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                              POLLUTANT                   POTENTIAL          ADDITIONAL BMPS                                                                                                                                  HYDROLOGIC                                   OPERATION AND
BEST MANAGEMENT                                                    POLLUTANT                                                                            EXPECTED        MAINTENANCE                TRAINING            APPLICABILITY            ENVIRONMENTAL                                        INSTALLATION                               SPECIAL              COMMUNITIES
                                     DESCRIPTION                               REMOVAL                   SOURCES OF              TO COMPLETE                                                                                                                                   EFFECTS TO                                   MAINTENANCE                                                   MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
   PRACTICES                                                       ADDRESSED                                                                            LIFE SPAN       REQUIREMENTS             REQUIREMENTS             TO SITE                 CONCERNS                                               COSTS                               CONSIDERATIONS           USING BMP
                                                                              EFFICIENCY                 POLLUTANTS          TREATMENT TRAIN                                                                                                                                    CONSIDER                                       COSTS
                                                           Sediment inlets) High
PRETREATMENT (ex. Sediment traps, drainage channels, water quality and
Riprap             A permanent cover of rock used to                                                    Soil erosion,       Filters. (Riprap is often   10 + years   Low - Periodically inspect Low - consult         Widely applicable:   Potential to cause additional   Reduces                 $70/square yard        ?                An MDEQ permit may be   Road Commissions
                   stabilize stream banks, provide in-     attached                                     agricultural runoff used in making              (SV)         underlying fabric, adjust  technical resources   Riprap is most       erosion downstream.             downcutting and         (2003b)                                 required if placed in   within the watershed
                   stream channel stability, and provide a pollutants                                                       Stabilized Outlets, in                   and add riprap as needed.                        often used in                                        lateral cutting of                                              waters of the state.
                   stabilized outlet below concentrated                                                                     Stream bank                                                                               stream banks, on                                     erosive flow            Including geotextile                    Explore downstream
                   flows. The use of riprap protects                                                                        Stabilization, etc.)                                                                      slopes, and at                                       velocities. Typically                                           impacts.
                   stream banks and discharge channels                                                                                                                                                                outlets.                                             not a significant
                   from higher erosive flow velocities and                                                                                                                                                                                                                 velocity reducer.
                   decreases sediment input to a
                   watercourse.

Fishbeck, Thompson, Carr & Huber, Inc. Evaluation of Best Management Practices for MDOT. 2002.
Bannerman, Roger T., Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Source Area and Regional Storm Water Treatment Practices: Options for Achieving Phase II Retrofit Requirements in Wisconsin. 2002.
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Guidebook of Best Management Practices for Michigan.1996.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). National Pollutant Removal Performance Database. June 2000.
Personal Communication with Hydro-Compliance Management, Inc. staff. 2004.
Gruenwald, Paul E. Governmental Accounting Focus, Estimating Useful Lives for Capital Assets. May 2002.
Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project. Planning and Cost Estimating Criteria for Best Management Practices. April, 2001. TR-NPS25.00.
Rain Gardens of West Michigan. Beautiful Solutions for Water Pollution. [Online] 2003. Available at http://www.raingardens.org/Index.php.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Field Office Technical Guide, Section 1 Cost Information (draft). 2004.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Michigan Area 3 Component Data. June 2003.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Sample County Practice and Maintenance Costs. 2001.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Conservation Practice Physical Effect Worksheet[s]. 2004.
Personal Communication with Technical Committee of the Lower Grand River Watershed Project. 2004.
Personal Communication with District Conservationist of the NRCS Grand Rapids Service Center. 2004.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. FY04 Michigan EQIP Statewide Eligible Practice List, Land Management Practices (Incentive Payments). 2004.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 19 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                          POLLUTANT                   POTENTIAL SOURCES OF             ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                             DESCRIPTION                                      BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                     COMPARATIVE COSTS                      COMMUNITIES USING BMP                  MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                          ADDRESSED                       POLLUTANTS                              CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL


                                                                                                                                                                                                      Consider if crop will produce enough residue.                                                                                        ftp://ftp-
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Planning for residue cover should begin at                                                                                           fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                         Leaving last year's crop residue on the
                                                                                                                                                                                                      harvest. Time, energy, and labor savings are                                                                                         standards/standards/329a.pdf
                                         surface before and during planting                                                                                                                                                                                 $28-36/acre (includes no-till and strip
                                                                                                                                                                                                      possible with fewer tillage trips. Equipment for                                                                                     ftp://ftp-
                                         operations provides cover for the soil at a    Ground cover prevents soil erosion and                                                                                                                              till, ridge till) (11). Maintenance costs
                                                                                                                                                                                                      specialized tillage techniques needed. Additional                                                                                    fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
Crop Residue Management (329A-C, critical time of the year. The residue is left         protects water quality. Residue improves                                                                                                                            are 100% of original cost (11). EQIP        Typical in Counties of the Lower
                                                                                                                                  Sediment and attached                                               chemical treatments may be necessary to control                                                                                      standards/standards/329b.pdf
344) includes no till, mulch till, ridge on the surface by reducing tillage             soil tilth and adds organic matter to the                                 Agricultural runoff, soil erosion                                                         (for mulch till, ridge till, and seasonal   Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent
                                                                                                                                  pollutants                                                          pests. Assistance available from USDA office or                                                                                      ftp://ftp-
till, and seasonal                       operations and turning the soil less.          soil as it decomposes. Fewer trips and                                                                                                                              residue management). Equipment              County)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Conservation District. No local government                                                                                           fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                         Pieces of crop residue shield soil particles   less tillage reduces soil compaction.                                                                                                                               rental or purchase $40+ per acre.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      controls in place. Crop reside reduces the                                                                                           standards/standards/329c.pdf
                                         from rain and wind until plants can                                                                                                                                                                                Consider costs for pest control.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      velocity of storm water runoff. Rainfall stays in                                                                                    ftp://ftp-
                                         produce a protective canopy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      the crop field allowing the soil to absorb it.                                                                                       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Moderate to high decrease in runoff/ flooding.                                                                                       standards/standards/344.pdf




                                                                                        · Reduces sheet, rill, and wind erosion
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rotations that include small grains, such as corn,
                                                                                        · Maintains or improve soil organic
                                                                                                                                                                                                      or meadow provide better erosion control. Where
                                                                                        matter content
                                                                                                                                                                                                      excess plant nutrients or soil contaminants are a
                                        An adapted sequence of crops designed           · Manages the balance of plant nutrients
                                                                                                                                                                                                      concern, utilizing deep rooted crops or cover
                                        to provide adequate organic residue for         · Improves water use efficiency
                                                                                                                                                                                                      crops in the rotation can help recover or remove                                                  Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
                                        maintenance or improvement of soil tilth.       · Manages saline seeps                   Sediment and attached
Conservation Crop Rotation (328)                                                                                                                                  Soil erosion, agricultural runoff   the nutrient or contaminant from the soil profile.    $4.00/acre (11) - EQIP                      Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                        Other BMPs to use include nutrient and          · Manages plant pests (weeds, insects, pollutants
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Over application of fertilizer or pesticide possible,                                             County)                            standards/standards/328.pdf
                                        pest management, buffer/filter strips,          and diseases)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      it used. Switch crops to maintain perennials in the
                                        cover crops                                     · Provides food and cover for wildlife
                                                                                                                                                                                                      rotation, if necessary. Plants will reduce the
                                                                                        - Reduces fertilizer needs and may
                                                                                                                                                                                                      velocity of storm water runoff and increase
                                                                                        reduce pesticide needs
                                                                                                                                                                                                      infiltration.




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Keep fencing secure. Apply fertilizer and nutrients
                                        Pasture is divided into two or more
                                                                                                                                                                                                      according to soil tests, mow or hay paddocks if
                                        pastures or paddocks with fencing. Cattle
                                                                                        Improves vegetative cover, reduces                                                                            needed, & update rotation schedule if needed.
                                        are moved from paddock to paddock on a
                                                                                        erosion, and improves water quality by      Sediment and attached                                             Practice is widely applicable. Consider adequacy                                                  Typical in Counties of the Lower
                                        re-arranged schedule based on forage                                                                                                                                                                              EQIP can fund establishment.
Planned Grazing System                                                                  reducing sediment and nutrient runoff.      pollutants, nutrients,        Soil erosion, agricultural runoff   of the mix of grass and legumes to meet livestock                                                 Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent
                                        availability and livestock nutrition needs.                                                                                                                                                                       $25/acre for maintenance (14)
                                                                                        Rotating also evenly distributes manure     pathogens                                                         needs. Sediment and nutrient runoff is not                                                        County)
                                        Other BMPs to use include alternative
                                                                                        and nutrient resources.                                                                                       eliminated just reduced. This practice will
                                        water source, cattle exclusions, nutrient
                                                                                                                                                                                                      increase harvest efficiently and help ensure
                                        management, and soil testing
                                                                                                                                                                                                      adequate forage throughout the grazing season.


                                                                                                                                                                                                      Poor management may allow the loss of
                                        Determining and controlling the rate,           Management of the irrigation system                                                                           dissolved substances from the irrigation system
                                        amount, and timing of irrigation water in a     should provide the control needed to                                                                          to surface or groundwater. There is an
                                        planned and efficient manner. Other             minimize losses of water, and yields of     Sediment and attached                                             insignificant reduction in runoff/ flooding and                                                   Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
Irrigation Water Management (449)       BMPs to use include Nutrient                    sediment and sediment-attached and          pollutants, nutrients,        Agricultural runoff                 slight reduction in excess subsurface water.          EQIP can fund establishment.                Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                        management, pest management, crop               dissolved substances, such as plant         hydrologic flow                                                   Consider the effects irrigation water has on                                                      County)                            standards/standards/449.pdf
                                        residue management, soil conservation           nutrients and herbicides, from the                                                                            wetlands, water related wildlife habitats, riparian
                                        measures                                        system.                                                                                                       areas, cultural resources, and recreation
                                                                                                                                                                                                      opportunities.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Keep strip widths consistent from year to year.
                                        Crop rotation and contouring combined in        Meadow slows runoff, increases
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Make adjustments in rotation schedule if needed.
                                        equal-width strips of corn or soybeans          infiltration, traps sediment and provides
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Over application of fertilizer possible, if used. Will                                            Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
                                        planted on the contour and alternated with      surface cover. Ridges formed by             Sediment and attached
Contour strip cropping (585)                                                                                                                                      Agricultural runoff, soil erosion   reduce the velocity of storm water runoff and          $10.00/acre (9) - EQIP                     Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                        strips of oats, grass, or legumes. Other        contoured rows slow water flow which        pollutants, hydrologic flow
                                                                                                                                                                                                      increase infiltration. Strip cropping is not as                                                   County)                            standards/standards/585.pdf
                                        BMPs to use include field border, fertilizer    reduces erosion. May reduce fertilizer
                                                                                                                                                                                                      effective if crop strips become too wide,
                                        management, grassed waterways.                  costs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      especially on steep slopes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 20 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                             POLLUTANT                  POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                 DESCRIPTION                                     BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                       COMPARATIVE COSTS                   COMMUNITIES USING BMP                  MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                             ADDRESSED                      POLLUTANTS                                  CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL

                                                                                                                                                                                            To avoid having to lay our new key contour lines
                                                                                                                                                                                            every year, establish a narrow permanent strip of
                                                                                                                                                                                            grass along each key contour line. Practice will
                             Farming with row patterns is done nearly      Reduces sheet and rill erosion and
                                                                                                                                                                                            reduce the velocity of storm water runoff,
                             level around a hill - not up and down the     transport of sediment and other water-
                                                                                                                                                                                            increase infiltration, moderately decrease runoff/
                             hill. Crop row ridges built by tilling and    borne contaminants. Ridges, built by                                                                                                                                                                           Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
                                                                                                                      Sediment and attached                                                 flooding, and slightly increase excess subsurface
Contour farming (330)        planting on the contour create hundreds of    tilling and planting on the contour, slow                                Agricultural runoff, soil erosion                                                             $10.00/acre (9)                         Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                                                                                                                      pollutants, hydrologic flow                                           water. Contouring is less effective in preventing
                             small dams. Other BMPs to use include         water flow and increase infiltration which                                                                                                                                                                     County)                            standards/standards/330.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                            soil erosion on steeper or longer slopes. All tillage
                             field border, grassed waterways, and          reduces erosion by as much as 50%
                                                                                                                                                                                            and planting operations should be performed
                             terraces or strip cropping if needed.         from up and down hill farming.
                                                                                                                                                                                            parallel to the key contour line. Contouring can
                                                                                                                                                                                            reduce soil erosion by as much as 50% from up
                                                                                                                                                                                            an down hill farming.



                             Crops are scouted to determine type of
                             pests and the stage of development. The
                             potential damage of the pest is then
                             weighed against the cost of control.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Continue scouting to best identify pests and
                             Finally, if pest control is economical, all   Specific treatments for specific pests on
                                                                                                                                                                                            control methods. Keep records to track costs and                                                                                 ftp://ftp-
                             alternatives are evaluated based on cost,     specific areas of a field prevents over-
Pest Management (595)                                                                                                Chemicals (Pesticide)          Agricultural runoff                     chemical application. Calibrate spray equipment. 100% of cost/unit (11) - EQIP                                                   fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
                             results, and environmental impact.            treatment of pests. Using fewer
                                                                                                                                                                                            Consider which soils on farm are likely to leach                                                                                 standards/standards/595.pdf
                             Precaution is taken to keep any chemicals     chemicals improves water quality.
                                                                                                                                                                                            pesticides. Consider pest control alternatives.
                             from leaving the field by leaching, runoff,
                             or drift. Other BMPs include buffer/filter
                             strips, crop rotation, and erosion control
                             measures.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Maintenance requirements:
                                                                                                                                                                                             - Perform a periodic plan review to determine
                                                                                                                                                                                            necessary adjustments
                                                                                                                                                                                             - Protect nutrient storage facilities from weather
                                                                                                                                                                                            and accidental leakage/ spillage
                             After taking a soil test, setting realistic                                                                                                                     - Calibrate application equipment and document
                                                                           This practice properly budgets and
                             yield goals, and taking credit for                                                                                                                             application rates
                                                                           supplies nutrients for plant production. It
                             contributions from previous years' crops                                                                                                                        - Spread wastes away from waterbodies on an
                                                                           also reduces the potential for nutrients
                             and manure applications, crop nutrient                                                                                                                         adequate land base and incorporate ASAP
                                                                           to wash or infiltrate into water supplies
                             needs are determined. Nutrients are then                                                                                                                        - Analyze manure and other organic waste for
Nutrient Management (590)                                                  by preventing over application. Correct                                                                                                                                 $5.00/acre (9) - EQIP (Costs
                             applied at the proper time by the proper                                                                                                                       nutrient content before field application                                                     Typical in Counties of the Lower   ftp://ftp-
                                                                           manure and sludge application on all                                     Agricultural runoff, over application                                                         associated with waste water collection,
                             application method. Nutrient sources                                                      Nutrients                                                             - Test soils once every three years according to                                             Grand River Basin (e.g. Kent       fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NHQ/practice-
(Comprehensive Nutrient                                                    fields can improve soil tilth and organic                                of fertilizers.                                                                               soil testing, ICM are low but have a
                             include animal manure, sludge, and                                                                                                                             Extension recommendations                                                                     County)                            standards/standards/590.pdf
Management Plan (CNMP)                                                     matter. It is very applicable on                                                                                                                                       high start up.)
                             commercial fertilizers. Other BMPs                                                                                                                              - Establish a winter cover crop if nitrogen
                                                                           Concentrated Animal Feeding
                             include manure testing, soil testing, soil                                                                                                                     leeching is possible due to poor crop yield
                                                                           Operations (CAFOs).
                             conservation measures, waste
                             management system, waste storage                                                                                                                                * Consider the Michigan Agriculture
                             facility, and waste utilization.                                                                                                                               Environmental Assurance Program (MAEAP).
                                                                                                                                                                                            Must be trained technical person to compile a
                                                                                                                                                                                            CNMP (service provided by NRCS or Cons.
                                                                                                                                                                                            District). Consider potential groundwater
                                                                                                                                                                                            contamination - proximity to waterbodies critical.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Page 21 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                       POLLUTANT                  POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                           DESCRIPTION                                     BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                    COMPARATIVE COSTS                   COMMUNITIES USING BMP                MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                       ADDRESSED                      POLLUTANTS                                 CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL

                                       Organic farming differs from other farming
                                                                                      Organic farming conserves biodiversity,
                                       systems in a number of ways. It favors
                                                                                      provides a wide range of habitats, saves
                                       renewable resources and recycling,
                                                                                      energy, improves soil fertility, and
                                       returning to the soil the nutrients found in
                                                                                      protects groundwater and surface
                                       waste products. Where livestock is
                                                                                      waters from nitrates, phosphates, and
                                       concerned, meat and poultry production is
                                                                                      pesticides. Organic food is grown
                                       regulated with particular concern for                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Roseland Organic Farms,
                                                                                      without using any synthetic pesticides,
                                       animal welfare and by using natural                                                                                                                           Organic farming methods are usually more labor                                               Cassopolis, MI
                                                                                      herbicides, insecticides, fungicides,                                                                                                                              EQIP funds supporting practices such
                                       foodstuffs. Organic farming respects the                                                                                                                      intensive than conventional farming, so the cost
                                                                                      fertilizers, or hormones.                Nutrients, chemicals                                                                                                      as cover crops, conservation crop
Organic Farming Practices              environment's own systems for controlling                                                                              Agricultural runoff                    of organic farming will usually be more. Reliance                                            FOGG Organic Farmers and
                                                                                                                               (pesticides)                                                                                                              rotation, nutrient management, pest
                                       pests and disease in raising crops and                                                                                                                        on external inputs, whether chemical or organic,                                             Market, Leslie, MI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         management.
                                       livestock. Organic farmers use a range of                                                                                                                     is reduced as far as possible.
                                       techniques that help sustain ecosystems
                                       and reduce pollution. Other BMPs include
                                       filter/buffer strips, crop rotation, organic
                                       manuring, composting, limited chemical
                                       intervention, conservation of wildlife and
                                       natural habitats, management of livestock,
                                       recycling of organic materials.




                                       Farm Bill programs that offers a rental
                                       payment to landowners that agree to take                                                                                                                      Areas enrolled in Farm Bill programs are not
                                                                                                                               Sediment, nutrients,
                                       environmentally sensitive areas out of         Creates incentive for landowners to                                                                            protected in perpetuity. Fertilizer cannot be
                                                                                                                               hydrologic flow,                                                                                                          In some counties soil rental rates can
Agriculture Incentive Programs         production. Continuous sign-ups for the        conserve riparian buffers, wetlands, and                                Agricultural runoff                    applied to areas under contract. In some cases,                                                                              http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/
                                                                                                                               pathogens, chemicals                                                                                                      be very high
                                       program are available to riparian and          wildlife habitats                                                                                              land values or crop yields may discourage
                                                                                                                               (pesticides)
                                       wetland areas. Rental rates are set by                                                                                                                        landowners to use these incentive programs
                                       county boards.


ZONING ORDINANCES/LAND USE POLICIES

                                       Stronger regulatory oversight can ensure
                                       that septage is applied correctly and
                                       limited to those areas where it is             Stronger regulatory oversight will reduce
Stronger county and state regulatory                                                                                                                                                                 If existing and future regulations are not enforced,
                                       appropriate. Septic system alternatives        the over application and misapplication
oversight of over application and                                                                                               Nutrients, E. Coli            Agricultural runoff                    they will be useless in preventing over application NA
                                       should be encouraged where such                of septage and help prevent nutrients
misapplication of septage.                                                                                                                                                                           and misapplication of septage.
                                       alternatives prove economical and              and E. Coli from entering waterbodies.
                                       technically sufficient in order to protect
                                       public health and the environment.


                                       Ordinance can provide for the regulation
                                       and control of storm water runoff; provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Establishing storm water management control will
                                       for storm water permits an the procedures
                                                                                      Storm water runoff rates and volumes                                                                           minimize storm water runoff rates and volumes
                                       and standards for the issuance, provide
                                                                                      are controlled in order to protect                                                                             from identified new land development and
                                       regulations for the inspection, sampling
                                                                                      floodways. Controls soil erosion and                                                                           encourage groundwater recharge. Proposed
Development/Enforcement of Storm       and monitoring of storm water and other                                                  Sediment and attached                                                                                                  $8,000 / ordinance development             Algoma, Cannon, and Courtland
                                                                                      sedimentation; minimizes deterioration                                  Storm water runoff                     Model Storm Water Ordinance for Kent County
Water Ordinance                        discharges; establish performance and                                                    pollutants, hydrologic flow                                                                                            (Grand Valley Community Survey)            Townships of Kent County
                                                                                      of existing watercourses, culverts,                                                                            recommends the following release rates:
                                       design standards for storm water
                                                                                      bridges, etc.; and encourages                                                                                  0.05 cfs/acre for a 2-year storm event for Zone A
                                       management in specified zones of the
                                                                                      groundwater recharge.                                                                                          0.13 cfs/acre per Kent County Drain Commission
                                       Township/Municipality; and provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                     rules for Zone B
                                       penalties for the violations of the
                                       ordinance.


                                  Ordinance protects a given area of buffer
                                                                                      Moderate to high. Reduces the risk of                                                                          Lack of maintenance can increase erosion if
                                  adjacent to stream systems. Protected                                                      Sediment and attached            Storm water runoff from impervious
Development/Enforcement of Stream                                                     sediment and contaminants entering the                                                                         trees fall into streams. At a minimum, keep south   $8,000 / ordinance development
                                  buffers can provide numerous                                                               pollutants, nutrients,           surfaces (e.g. parking lots and roof                                                                                                Cannon Township
Buffer Ordinance                                                                      stream. Practices give a long term                                                                             and west sides of streams wooded to provide         (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                  environmental protection and resource                                                      thermal pollution                tops) and outflow from ponds.
                                                                                      solution to water quality concerns.                                                                            shade. Trees in floodway can impede flow.
                                  management benefits.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 22 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                            POLLUTANT                  POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                               DESCRIPTION                                      BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                        COMPARATIVE COSTS                   COMMUNITIES USING BMP                        MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                            ADDRESSED                      POLLUTANTS                                 CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Part 303, section 324.30307 authorizes local
                                                                                          Benefits offered by wetlands are
                                           Ordinance promotes a policy to avoid or                                                                                                                        units of government to adopt and administer their
                                                                                          restored. Wetlands provide natural          Sediment and attached
                                           minimize damage to wetlands and                                                                                                                                own wetland regulations that address wetlands
                                                                                          pollution control by removing pollutants,   pollutants, hydrologic flow,
Development/Enforcement of                 coordinate the planning and zoning                                                                                                                             not protected by the state, provided they are at   $8,000 / ordinance development
                                                                                          filtering and collecting sediment,          nutrients, pathogens,        Storm water runoff                                                                                                                     Salem Township
Wetland Ordinance                          process with federal and state programs                                                                                                                        least as restrictive as state regulations. The DEQ (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                                                                          reducing both soil erosion and              chemicals (pesticides),
                                           designed to preserve, protect, or enhance                                                                                                                      must be notified if a community adopts a wetland
                                                                                          downstream flooding, and recharging         salts
                                           wetland values.                                                                                                                                                ordinance, but it has no review or approval
                                                                                          groundwater supplies.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          authority.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  $3/sqft. Land acquisition and
Green Space Protection Ordinance -                                                        High if properly executed. Provides         Thermal pollution,                                                                                                                                              Ottawa County Parks and
                                           Can also use filter strips and tree planting                                                                            Construction zones, developed                                                                  management costs depend on site.
preserving environmentally sensitive                                                      protection of natural pollutant removal     sediment, nutrients,                                                                                                                                            Recreation Commission, Land
                                           to enhance protection.                                                                                                  parcels, agricultural land                                                                     May double as park/open space usage
and open areas                                                                            methods.                                    hydrologic flow                                                                                                                                                 Conservancy of West Michigan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  with related costs.
Low Impact Design practices -              Involves careful site planning to reduce
                                                                                                                                      Thermal pollution, solids,
bioretention, dry wells, filter strips,    the impact to water resources by               Numerous water quality benefits. Long
                                                                                                                                      sediments, nutrients,        Rainfall, runoff, solar, fertilizers                                                                                                                                            http://www.lid-stormwater.net/
vegetated buffers, grass swales, rain      eliminating impervious surfaces and            term solution to concerns.
                                                                                                                                      metals
barrels, cisterns, infiltration trenches   protecting infiltration areas.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  $2/ac (assuming 1 system monitored
                                           Program to seek out and prohibit illicit
                                                                                          High if properly executed. Eliminate                                                                                                                                    every 5 sq. miles. Maintenance
Illicit Discharge Ordinance (MDOT)         discharges and connections to municipal                                                    Hazardous wastes             Industrial, Residential, commercial                                                                                                    Phase II communities, MDOT
                                                                                          hazardous and harmful discharges                                                                                                                                        program. $0.83/acre/year $50/ac/yr
                                           separate storm sewers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (with TV inspection)

                                           Ordinance can be enhanced by installing
Pet waste disposal ordinance and                                                                                                                                   Animals, dogs or other household                                                                                                       Public entities/parks and open space
                                           signs and pet waste collection facilities in   Moderate                                    Nutrients, bacteria
collection facilities                                                                                                                                              pets                                                                                                                                   areas often have pertinent regulations
                                           high traffic areas
                                           Ordinance abates water pollution caused        Ordinance can be used to enforce
                                           by failing on-site sewage disposal             regular maintenance of disposal
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Lack of ordinance enforcement (regular
Development/Enforcement of Septic          systems, minimizes infiltration of seepage     systems which will minimize threats to                                                                                                                                  $8,000 / ordinance development
                                                                                                                                      Bacteria                     Septic systems                         inspection) can introduce pollution into                                                        Wayne County
System Ordinance                           from systems into the storm water              public health and combat the                                                                                                                                            (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                                                                                                                                                                                          groundwater reserves.
                                           drainage system, and establishes               degradation surface and subsurface
                                           penalties for its violation.                   waters.
                                           Ordinance prohibits the disposal of yard
                                                                                          Proper disposal of yard and kitchen
                                           and kitchen waste on streambanks and                                                                                                                           If yard and kitchen waste are composted on
Development/Enforcement of Yard                                                           waste ensures that these nutrients are                                                                                                                                  $8,000 / ordinance development
                                           outlines acceptable disposal methods                                                       Nutrients                    Upland source (yard/kitchen waste)     landowner's premises, nutrient runoff should not
and Kitchen Waste Ordinance                                                               not released into surface and                                                                                                                                           (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                           such as composting or disposal at a                                                                                                                            reach nearby surface water bodies.
                                                                                          groundwater supplies.
                                           permitted disposal facility.

                                           Ordinance prohibits the operator of a                                                                                                                          Issues concerning trespass, disorderly conduct,
Development/Enforcement of                 recreational watercraft to exceed a "slow - Enforcing "no wake" zones will reduce          Sediment and attached                                               or damage caused to private property by the             $8,000 / ordinance development          City of Detroit (Detroit and Rouge
                                                                                                                                                                   Recreational watercraft
Watercraft Control Ordinance               no wake" speed when within x feet of the streambank erosion.                               pollutants                                                          wake of vessels are not valid safety                    (Grand Valley Community Survey)         River)
                                           shoreline.                                                                                                                                                     considerations for establishing a local ordinance.
                                           Ordinance controls access to a                 By controlling public access to a
                                                                                                                                      Sediment and attached                                               Consider using porous/ modular pavement at              $8,000 / ordinance development
Public Access Ordinance                    designated waterbody by limiting hours of      waterbody, sediment pollution is                                         Public access, boat wakes
                                                                                                                                      pollutants                                                          boat launches locations.                                (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                           access, number of users, etc.                  reduced.
                                           Fertilizers containing more than 1% by
Development/Enforcement of                 weight of anhydric phosphoric acid are         Moderate; can be other sources of                                                                               Locations of low phosphorus fertilizers are few.        High: $8,000 / ordinance development
                                                                                                                                      Phosphorus                   Fertilizers                                                                                                                            East Grand Rapids
Fertilizer Ordinance                       NOT allowed in the Reeds Lake                  phosphorus                                                                                                      Costs assessed to resident                              (Grand Valley Community Survey)
                                           Watershed.
RECYCLING/COMPOSTING
                                           Proper buying, using, storing and disposal
                                                                                      Moderate: eliminates disincentives and
Household hazardous waste                  of Hazardous materials such as                                                                                          Residents, Used oil, paints,           Proper credentials needed for management.                                                                                                http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
                                                                                      discourages illegal dumping of products         Hazardous wastes                                                                                                            Recycling station expenses.
management                                 automotive waste, household cleaners                                                                                    cleaning products, etc                 Typically consultant based.                                                                                                              ts/deq-swq-nps-hhhw.pdf
                                                                                      into storm sewers and onto the ground
                                           and paint.


                                                                                          Keeping organic debris out of surface
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Compost piles placed near floodplains will
                                           Converting plant debris, grass, leaves,        waters and away from floodplains. Will
                                                                                                                                                                                                          contribute to the depletion of oxygen in surface        Recycling vs. garbage hauler costs.     Larger facilities are generally
                                           pruned branches, etc. to compost. Use          help prevent the depletion of oxygen in     Nutrients, chemicals, and
                                                                                                                                                                   neighborhoods, agricultural areas,     waters. Composting requires proper aeration,            Establishment of large scale facility   operated by private business. Ex: in
Composting                                 with lawn maintenance, pesticide and           surface waters. Widely applicable to        pesticides, low DO, trash
                                                                                                                                                                   yard, and kitchen waste                watering and mixing in order to result in a useable     $190,000, land dependant. $70,000       sec 36 Zeeland Township, Ottawa
                                           fertilizer management, and diversions (if      dense residential or riparian sites. Soils, and debris
                                                                                                                                                                                                          end-product. Soils, topography and climate will all     annual maintenance.                     County
                                           needed)                                        topography and climate will all affect the
                                                                                                                                                                                                          affect the types of composting options available.
                                                                                          types of composting options available.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cascade Township, City of
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Waste needs to be composted and correctly                                                       Wyoming, City of Kentwood, City of
                                                                                          Widely applicable to dense residential or Nutrients and organic
Yard waste collection and disposal         Composting of collected refuse                                                                                      Yard waste and leaf litter                 applied as fertilizer. Need large collection facility   Low                                     Grand Rapids, Byron Township,
                                                                                          riparian sites                            sediment, trash and debris
                                                                                                                                                                                                          for compost operations.                                                                         Ada Township, City of Coopersville,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Georgetown Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 23 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                             POLLUTANT                 POTENTIAL SOURCES OF               ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                        DESCRIPTION                                   BENEFIT                                                                                                                                        COMPARATIVE COSTS                     COMMUNITIES USING BMP   MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                             ADDRESSED                     POLLUTANTS                                CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
                                                                                                                                                                                         Some materials may require more energy to
                                    Collection of recyclable materials either by Reduction in potential clogging and   trash, used construction
Recycling Program (MDOT)                                                                                                                           Highways, travelers, vehicle debris   collect and recycle than using new products.   $200,000/year. $1.15/person/yr
                                    curb-side pick up or at drop off centers     harmful discharge                     material reuse
                                                                                                                                                                                         However, recycling programs do build awareness

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        $79 - $179 recovery charge.
                                    Central collection facilities that allow                                           Used oil and other                                                                                               Administrative costs to organize.
                                                                                                                                                    Vehicle maintenance disposal
                                    residents to drop off used motor oil. Can   Reduces risk of surface water and      transportation fluids reuse,                                      Oil may easily become contaminated during      Minimal personnel cost to collect and
Used oil recycling program (MDOT)                                                                                                                   facilities and vehicle or other                                                                                                MDOT, OCRC
                                    be operated by local governments or         groundwater contamination              hydrocarbons, metals,                                             collection making it a hazardous waste.        temporarily store oil. Opportunity to be
                                                                                                                                                    equipment requiring lubrication
                                    businesses that recycle oil                                                        nutrients                                                                                                        paid by private business for waste
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        material
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Page 24 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                   POLLUTANT                   POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                  ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                          DESCRIPTION                                   BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                     COMPARATIVE COSTS                      COMMUNITIES USING BMP                      MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                   ADDRESSED                       POLLUTANTS                                   CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
TURF MANAGEMENT


                                      Use of all available strategies (Resistant
                                      Turf, Cultural controls, Biological controls,
                                      Mechanical controls and Pesticides) to
                                      manage pests so that an acceptable yield                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Public parks, administrative offices
Pesticide management for turf grass                                                                                          Harmful chemicals,                                                     Must have proper training and credentials to       Pesticide management should reduce                                                http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
                                      and quality can be achieved economically Moderate to high                                                            Landscaping, storm water runoff                                                                                                        thru out region. Typically private
and ornamentals                                                                                                              pesticides, insecticides                                               commercially apply and manage.                     application rates and related costs.                                              ts/deq-swq-nps-pm.pdf
                                      with the least disruption to the                                                                                                                                                                                                                            contractor based
                                      environment. Used with lawn
                                      maintenance, fertilizer management, and
                                      soil management



                                      Includes mowing, irrigating, pesticide and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Lawn alternatives may reduce mowing
                                      fertilizer management, soil management                                                 Phosphorus, nutrients,                                                 Consider minimizing lawn with more native                                                     Not widely used. Many applications http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Lawn maintenance                                                                                                                                           Landscaping, storm water runoff                                                             but still require regular maintenance of
                                      and the disposal of organic debris such as                                             and sediments                                                          species                                                                                       would be retrofit                  ts/deq-swq-nps-lm.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       weed control and pert management.
                                      lawn clippings and leaves.



                                      Includes the proper selection, use,                                                                                                                                                                              Material cost reduction may conflict
                                      application, storage and disposal of                                                                                                                                                                             with traditional aesthetic values.
                                                                                                                             E. coli and other bacteria,                                            Consider consulting professional, such as                                                                                            http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Fertilizer management                 fertilizers. Used with pesticide             Moderate; can be other sources                                          Landscaping, storm water runoff                                                             Fertilizer management should reduce
                                                                                                                             nutrients                                                              Michigan State University Extension.                                                                                                 ts/deq-swq-nps-fm.pdf
                                      management, soil management, lawn                                                                                                                                                                                chemical costs but may impact
                                      maintenance, and nutrient management                                                                                                                                                                             maintenance and watering.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Typically yearly testing required,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       contact local MSU Extension office.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Typically associated with private
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Test results may result in operations
Soil testing of lawns and gardens     See Soil Management                                                                    Nutrients                     Lawn and garden fertilizer               Testing should be done at qualified lab                                                       property or public administration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and maintenance costs. Low cost tool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  sites.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       in management of lawns and gardens.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       $9.50 per test.
OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE
                                                                                                                                                           Erosion of road footprint and related
                                                                                                                             Sediment, hydrocarbons,                                                                                                                                              MDOT, OCRC and other Public
Operation and maintenance programs                                                                                                                         infrastructure., leaking equipment,                                                         Labor intensive. Equipment required.
                                                                                                                             metals, nutrients                                                                                                                                                    Works Departments
                                                                                                                                                           etc

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Materials needed for emergency structural          $150-$9,000 depending on the BMP.
                                                                                   A regular inspection and maintenance
BMP Inspection and Maintenance                                                                                               Sediment, hydrocarbons,                                                repairs may not be easily obtainable and may       Specialized BMP installation involves      MDOT, Drain Commission's and
                                                                                   program will maintain the effectiveness                                 Road related sediments /pollutants
Plan (MDOT)                                                                                                                  metals, nutrients, etc.                                                require stockpiling (MDOT). Should be designed     planning, design, construction and         other Public Works Departments
                                                                                   and structural integrity of the BMPs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and implemented by trained professional.           maintenance costs.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Employee expense. Plan preparation
                                      Identified hazardous and non-hazardous                                                                               Varies depending on type of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and updates. Inspections mandated.
                                      materials in the facility. Assures that al                                             Chemicals and other           material usage at specific facilities.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Extensive training typically required to prepare   Plan development typically needs
Material Management Plan (MDOT)       containers have labels. Identifies                                                     potentially hazardous         Oil, salt, degreasers, solvents,                                                                                                       MDOT, Public Works Departments
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and administer plan.                               consultant or knowledgeable
                                      hazardous chemicals that require special                                               materials.                    antifreeze, etc. Industrial sites
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       employee. Operation typically
                                      handling, storage, and disposal.                                                                                     where chemicals are used
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       employee dependant.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       $21/acre/year, $45-60 per acre (rural).
                                                                                   Prevent erosion in channels. Improve                                    Development, natural erosion,
Clean and maintain storm drain                                                                                           Sediment, trash, woody                                                                                                        Channels are less expense to               MDOT, Public Works Departments,
                                                                                   capacity by removing sediment. Remove                                   vehicle remnants, road winter safety Should be implemented by trained professional.
channels (MDOT)                                                                                                          debris                                                                                                                        construct and easier to maintain than      Road and Drain Commission's
                                                                                   debris toxic to wildlife.                                               operations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       enclosed systems.

                                                                                   Moderate; Reduces pollutant slugs                                                                                                                                   Moderate/high; Total annual cost per
                                                                                   during the first flush, prevents                                                                                 Requires continual maintenance every 1 - 3         catch basin = ($8/catch basin) +           City of Grand Rapids, East Grand
Clean and maintain storm inlets and   Catch basins are periodically inspected                                                Solids, sediments, metals,
                                                                                   downstream clogging, and restores                                    Storm water runoff, automobiles             years. General fund, KCRC road maintenance         ($40/catch basin) = $48/catch basin.       Rapids, KCRC contracts out to
catch basins (MDOT)                   and cleaned out using a vacuum truck.                                                  oils
                                                                                   sediment trapping capacity of the catch                                                                          budget - $250,000                                  (GR BMP Study). $21/acre/year              Plummer's Environmental, MDOT
                                                                                   basin.                                                                                                                                                              maintenance.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Moderate; regular inspection can
                                      Inspections of stream crossings for
Annual Road/Crossing Inspections                                                   Moderate                                  Sediment                      Erosion of streambank                                                                       prevent major expenditures for             Coopersville, OCRC, KCRC
                                      evidence of erosion, debris, etc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       potential major points of erosion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 25 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                       POLLUTANT             POTENTIAL SOURCES OF               ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                           DESCRIPTION                                    BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                  COMPARATIVE COSTS                   COMMUNITIES USING BMP                    MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                       ADDRESSED                 POLLUTANTS                                CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
MUNICIPAL OPERATIONS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              KCRC maintains State trunk lines
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    KCRC winter maintenance budget -          for Michigan Department of
                                                                                                                                                                                              Moderate, all KCRC equipment operators are
                                       Removal of snow and ice from roadways,                                                                                                                                                                       $3.5 million. Maintenance costs           Transportation (MDOT), primary,
Snow and ice control operations                                                                                                Salts                     Snow melt runoff                     trained. Training of road maintenance crew
                                       utilizing plows, salt, and sand.                                                                                                                                                                             $1000/lane/mile, dependant on             local and gravel roads within Kent
                                                                                                                                                                                              required.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    severity of winter.                       County. Subdivisions and Platted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              areas contracted out.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low upfront cost. Long term equipment
                                                                                                                                                                                              Calibration does not guarantee efficient
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    maintenance vs. reduced salt.
Calibrated Salt Delivery                                                             Low                                       Salts                     Over application of salt             application of road salt. Annual training and                                               Wyoming, KCRC, OCRC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Equipment costs $1500 per truck,
                                                                                                                                                                                              calibration necessary.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    minimal additional cost.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low/Moderate; $25/lane/mile,
                                                                                     High if also used with environmentally
Pre wet road salt                                                                                                              Salts                     Road salt                                                                                  Equipment maintenance costs - $5000 East Grand Rapids, OCRC
                                                                                     friendly alternatives to salt
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    per truck.

                                                                                                                                                                                              Snow storage may damage vegetation and
                                                                                                                                                                                              possible soil erosion. Piled snow melts at a
Snow removal storage on grassy                                                                                                 Sediment, metals,                                              slower rate. Need ROW for snow removal. Need          Dependant on amount of trucking,          City of Grandville, City of Grand
                                                                                     Low                                                                 Snow melt runoff
areas                                                                                                                          hydrocarbons, salt                                             large grassed area adjacent to buildings and          distance to site, etc. Cleanup after melt Haven, City of Holland
                                                                                                                                                                                              parking areas and properly spaced from
                                                                                                                                                                                              waterbody.
Minimizing effects from road deicing                                                                                                                     Maintaining agency, Snow melt
                                                                                                                               Salts & chemicals                                                                                                    Varies                                    MDOT
(MDOT)                                                                                                                                                   runoff, spring rains

                                       The use of specialized equipment to           Moderate; 60% TSS removal rate.                                                                                                                                KCRC Road maintenance budget -
                                                                                                                                                                                             Sweeping may wash sediments into catch basins
                                       remove litter, loose gravel, soil, vehicle    Reduction in potential clogging of storm                                                                                                                       $300,000/yr Ottawa County Local           City of Grand Rapids, City of East
                                                                                                                                                                                             if wash is not vacuumed. Disposal of collected
                                       debris and pollutants, dust, de-icing         drain material. Some oil and grease                                                                                                                            units. Mechanical - Total cost per curb   Grand Rapids, Cascade Township,
                                                                                                                                                                                             materials must be handled by the governing
                                       chemicals, and industrial debris from road    control (MDOT). When done regularly,      Sediment, metals,                                                                                                    mile = $14.40 + $65 + $40 =               City of Wyoming, City of Kentwood, http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Street Sweeping                                                                                                                                          Atmospheric, construction, vehicles agency (MDEQ, Public Health, Transportation).
                                       surfaces. There are generally 2 types of      can remove 50 - 90% of street pollutants hydrocarbons                                                                                                          $119.40/curb mile. Vacuum Assisted -      Gerald R. Ford International Airport ts/deq-swq-nps-sw.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                             Sweeping schedules and timing critical - sweep
                                       sweepers; mechanical broom street             (1), makes road surfaces less slippery in                                                                                                                      Total cost per curb mile = $12.95 +       - Mostly contracted out to
                                                                                                                                                                                             after snow melt and before spring rains. Vehicle
                                       sweepers and vacuum-type street               light rains, improves aesthetics by                                                                                                                            $35 + $40 = $87.95/curb mile (GR          Sanisweep by KCRC, MDOT
                                                                                                                                                                                             maintenance required.
                                       sweepers.                                     removing litter, and controls pollutants.                                                                                                                      BMP Study)



                                       The use of specialized equipment to           Moderate; 60% TSS removal rate.                                                                                                                                KCRC Road maintenance budget -
                                                                                                                                                                                             Sweeping may wash sediments into catch basins
                                       remove litter, loose gravel, soil, vehicle    Reduction in potential clogging of storm                                                                                                                       $300,000/yr Ottawa County Local           City of Grand Rapids, City of East
                                                                                                                                                                                             if wash is not vacuumed. Disposal of collected
                                       debris and pollutants, dust, de-icing         drain material. Some oil and grease                                                                                                                            units. Mechanical - Total cost per curb   Grand Rapids, Cascade Township,
                                                                                                                                                                                             materials must be handled by the governing
                                       chemicals, and industrial debris from road    control (MDOT). When done regularly,      Sediment, metals,                                                                                                    mile = $14.40 + $65 + $40 =               City of Wyoming, City of Kentwood, http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Street Sweeping                                                                                                                                          Atmospheric, construction, vehicles agency (MDEQ, Public Health, Transportation).
                                       surfaces. There are generally 2 types of      can remove 50 - 90% of street pollutants hydrocarbons                                                                                                          $119.40/curb mile. Vacuum Assisted -      Gerald R. Ford International Airport ts/deq-swq-nps-sw.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                             Sweeping schedules and timing critical - sweep
                                       sweepers; mechanical broom street             (1), makes road surfaces less slippery in                                                                                                                      Total cost per curb mile = $12.95 +       - Mostly contracted out to
                                                                                                                                                                                             after snow melt and before spring rains. Vehicle
                                       sweepers and vacuum-type street               light rains, improves aesthetics by                                                                                                                            $35 + $40 = $87.95/curb mile (GR          Sanisweep by KCRC, MDOT
                                                                                                                                                                                             maintenance required.
                                       sweepers.                                     removing litter, and controls pollutants.                                                                                                                      BMP Study)


                                       Plans detail emergency procedures to                                                                                                                   Speed and containment are critical. Requires a
                                                                                     Low to high, depending on                                                                                                                                      Management plan preparation with
                                       respond to a release of hazardous                                                                                 Equipment, poor training, accidents, well-planned and clearly defined plan, updated
Emergency Spill Response and                                                         preparedness. Can be highly effective at                                                                                                                       upgrades. Cost of simulations. In         Ottawa County, MDOT, Kent
                                       materials. Also plans that describe                                                    Hazardous wastes           Industrial, commercial, residential, regularly. May require training, protective gear,
Prevention Plan                                                                      reducing the risk of surface and ground                                                                                                                        public sector, typically subcontracted to County, local municipalities
                                       procedures for proper handling and                                                                                and transportation related spill.    containment and retrieval knowledge. Equipment
                                                                                     water contamination                                                                                                                                            private contractor
                                       storage of chemical materials.                                                                                                                         must be readily available. (MDOT)

                                                                                     High if properly executed. Reduce
                                       Plans that specify the actions that will be                                                                                                                                                                  Act 91 mandated, ongoing local
                                                                                     erosion and sedimentation during                                    unvegetated areas, land              State training, Soil Erosion and Sedimentation
SESC plans                             taken on a construction site to minimize                                                Sediment                                                                                                             administrative costs. Fee based to        Wyoming
                                                                                     construction project. Increased removal                             development                          Control and/or Certified Operator.
                                       erosion and sedimentation.                                                                                                                                                                                   landowner option.
                                                                                     using Floc Logs through construction


                                       Using measures such as Watering,                                                                                                                                                                             $100 to $500 per treatment. Employee
                                                                                     High if properly executed. Prevents soils                                                                Salt and other potential pollutants are used in the
                                       Fencing, Mulching and Vegetation to                                                                                                                                                                          administrative expense. Maintenance
                                                                                     and attached chemicals, such as                                     Lack of vegetation typically assoc   dust control mixture. Rural, urbanizing, and                                                                                         http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documen
Dust Control (MDEQ)                    prevent soil and attached pollutants from                                               Sediment                                                                                                             of water truck (minimal) - Roads-50-55
                                                                                     fertilizer and pesticides, from entering                            with gravel roads                    transportation sites subject to wind erosion. Air                                                                                    ts/deq-swq-nps-dc.pdf
                                       leaving a site and/or entering nearby                                                                                                                                                                        cents per gal - 1500 gal per mile for a
                                                                                     surface waters.                                                                                          pollution issue if neglected.
                                       waterways.                                                                                                                                                                                                   single pass

                                                                                     Moderate to high. Increases
                                       Management of woods and trees in an           greenspace, reduces storm water runoff Thermal pollution, solids,                                        Woody debris and detritus may require annual
Urban forestry                                                                                                                                           Rainfall, Solar
                                       urban setting.                                and thermal pollution. Long term       sediments                                                         maintenance. May eliminate original line of sight
                                                                                     solution to concerns.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Page 26 of 39


MANAGERIAL BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

                                                                                                                                   POLLUTANT             POTENTIAL SOURCES OF                     ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND SPECIAL
 BEST MANAGERIAL PRACTICES                          DESCRIPTION                                  BENEFIT                                                                                                                                                      COMPARATIVE COSTS                   COMMUNITIES USING BMP           MDEQ/ NRCS LINK
                                                                                                                                   ADDRESSED                 POLLUTANTS                                      CONCERNS
AGRICULTURAL
OTHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Invasive alien plants thrive in disturbed sites.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Native plant communities fragmented by human
                                                                                                                                                                                                 disturbance are most vulnerable to invasion, but
                                      Invasive plant species are controlled using                                                                                                                the most invasive species can infest even intact
                                                                                  Population and spread of invasive plant                            Accidental/purposeful introduction,                                                                                                       Grand Rapids Audubon Society
Invasive plant species management     appropriate and effective removal                                                     Invasive plant species                                               ecosystems. Invasive alien plants are free of
                                                                                  species is reduced or eliminated.                                  natural dispersion                                                                                                                        (garlic mustard)
                                      methods for particular species.                                                                                                                            natural controls such as insects and diseases
                                                                                                                                                                                                 that keep them in balance in their native habitats.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Invasive species can also significantly reduce
                                                                                                                                                                                                 forest regeneration.
INFORMATION & EDUCATION
                                                                                  Can reduce improper disposal of                                                                                                                                                                              METRO Council, Grand Rapids
Public Education Program (MDOT)                                                                                             Potentially all                                                                                                            $200,000/year
                                                                                  hazardous waste                                                                                                                                                                                              City, MACC
                                                                                                                            Nutrients and organic    Leaf litter, grass clippings, fertilizer,                                                                                                 Cascade Township, City of
Grounds maintenance training                                                      Moderate                                                                                                                                                             Low
                                                                                                                            sediment                 and pesticides                                                                                                                            Grandville, City of Grand Rapids
                                                                                  Low cost and easy to implement storm
Employee Training (MDOT)                                                                                                    Potentially all                                                                                                                                                    MDOT
                                                                                  water management BMPs

                                                                                  Moderate; Educates the general public                                                                          Volunteers need to take care with paint around
                                      Painting Storm Drain Inlets with "No
                                                                                  that the storm drain discharges into a                                                                         storm drains. Permanent castings or decals may        $0.45/inch - Mylar stencils       $5-
                                      Dumping" (of such materials as Oil, Pet                                               Hazardous waste and      Household hazardous waste, motor                                                                                                          East Grand Rapids, MDOT, Spring
Storm Drain Stenciling                                                            natural waterbody. Can tie into                                                                                be more effective. Public education campaign is       $6 each - ceramic tiles     $100 or
                                      Waste and Grass Clippings) signs and                                                  nutrients                oil, and yard waste                                                                                                                       Lake Lake Board
                                                                                  hazardous waste collection, yard waste                                                                         also needed for effective reduction in illegal        more - metal stencils
                                      symbols.
                                                                                  collection                                                                                                     dumping. Short term effectiveness.


Fishbeck, Thompson, Carr & Huber, Inc. Evaluation of Best Management Practices for MDOT. 2002.
Bannerman, Roger T., Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Source Area and Regional Storm Water Treatment Practices: Options for Achieving Phase II Retrofit Requirements in Wisconsin. 2002.
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Guidebook of Best Management Practices for Michigan.1996.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). National Pollutant Removal Performance Database. June 2000.
Personal Communication with Hydro-Compliance Management, Inc. staff. 2004.
Gruenwald, Paul E. Governmental Accounting Focus, Estimating Useful Lives for Capital Assets. May 2002.
Rouge River National Wet Weather Demonstration Project. Planning and Cost Estimating Criteria for Best Management Practices. April, 2001. TR-NPS25.00.
Rain Gardens of West Michigan. Beautiful Solutions for Water Pollution. [Online] 2003. Available at http://www.raingardens.org/Index.php.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Field Office Technical Guide, Section 1 Cost Information (draft). 2004.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Michigan Area 3 Component Data. June 2003.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Sample County Practice and Maintenance Costs. 2001.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. Conservation Practice Physical Effect Worksheet[s]. 2004.
Personal Communication with Technical Committee of the Lower Grand River Watershed Project. 2004.
Personal Communication with District Conservationist of the NRCS Grand Rapids Service Center. 2004.
USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service. FY04 Michigan EQIP Statewide Eligible Practice List, Land Management Practices (Incentive Payments). 2004.
                                        METHODS FOR IMPROVING WATER QUALITY


Regulatory Land Protection Techniques.


1) Natural Resource Preservation Ordinances. Development and other land altering activities cause m
impacts to water quality. Increased soil erosion, loss of natural habitat, and increased storm water runoff a
examples of negative impacts directly or indirectly related to development activities. Local ordinances that
maintain natural vegetation and habitats such as woodlots and wetlands are effective strategies to maintai
vegetative cover and keep the negative impacts from development to a minimum. Natural resource prese
are generally not effective tools to improve water quality, but rather a tool used to maintain existing water q
watershed. Overlay Zoning Techniques: Greenways, overlay zoning regulation. Natural Resource Protecti
Preservation Ordinance, Scenic Resource Preservation

2) Eminent Domain. Eminent domain is a tool used by government agencies to obtain land that is neede
good”, but is unavailable for purchase. Generally, eminent domain is used for development projects such
construction, but it has also been used to obtain natural lands for parks and wildlife refuges. Government
usually hesitant to use eminent domain, and prefer to deal with willing sellers.

3) Designing Development to Protect Wetlands. Part 303 of the Michigan Natural Resources and Env
Protection (Act P.A. 451 of 1994), protects all wetlands that are contiguous to a great lake, an inland lake o
pond that is greater than 1 acre in size. Non contiguous wetlands greater than 5 acres in size are also pro
that have a population of more than 100,000. Because of the regulatory barriers, time constraints, and the
mitigating wetland impacts, developers should avoid directly impacting state regulated wetlands whenever
Developers should also take steps to minimize any secondary impacts as well. Wetlands and other natura
amenities that can be incorporated into developments and bring premium sale prices for the lots that adjoin

4) Cluster Development/ Open Space Preservation. The theory behind cluster development is to allow
develop a smaller area of land at a higher density, so that the remaining undeveloped land can be preserv
open space. Cluster development is a win-win situation. The developer still gets the same number of unit
likely incurring smaller infrastructure costs for utilities, roads, etc. The natural features within the open spa
developed, is preserved in perpetuity and continues to contribute to maintaining existing water quality and
habitat. Open Space Protection Techniques: Lot widths, site preservation requirements, development setb
preservation development

5) Farmland Preservation Techniques. Exclusive Use Zoning, Sliding Scale Zoning, Quarter/Quarter Zo
Zoning, Agricultural Buffers. Rural zoning that does not allow subdivision of parcels below 30 acres (perha
subdivision is allowed below, say, 30 acres (perhaps more). Farmland and is protected from subdivision. T
from an increase in development and impervious surfaces. Lawn fertilizers. Habitat loss.




Non-Regulatory Land Protection Techniques.


1) Land Donations. Land donations are a legal mechanism whereby a landowner donates property to another
Often the landowner receives positive tax considerations from a land donation. Obtaining donations of land is a
effective method to protect naturals resources for the long term. Donations are obtained at no costs and therefo
generally be a significant part of an overall land protection strategy. However, there are often costs associated w
ownership such as taxes and land management that must be taken into consideration. Ideally the most environm
sensitive and valuable properties would be priorities for obtaining donations.

2) Conservation Easements. Conservation easements are a legal mechanism whereby a landowner either se
Non-Regulatory Land Protection Techniques.


1) Land Donations. Land donations are a legal mechanism whereby a landowner donates property to another
Often the landowner receives positive tax considerations from a land donation. Obtaining donations of land is a
effective method to protect naturals resources for the long term. Donations are obtained at no costs and therefo
generally be a significant part of an overall land protection strategy. However, there are often costs associated w
ownership such as taxes and land management that must be taken into consideration. Ideally the most environm
sensitive and valuable properties would be priorities for obtaining donations.

2) Conservation Easements. Conservation easements are a legal mechanism whereby a landowner either se
donates certain rights to property to another entity. A common conservation easement deals with an landowner
donating the development rights to property, to a local land conservancy. The individual still owns the land but h
sold or donated the right to ever develop the land. The land conservancy holds the easement and has the right
Often the landowner receives positive tax considerations from granting an easement. Purchasing or obtaining c
easements is a very effective method to protect natural resources for the long term. Conservation easements ca
obtained at less costs than purchases, and therefore can generally be a significant part of an overall land protec
Ideally the most environmentally sensitive and valuable properties would be priorities for obtaining conservation

3) Deed Restrictions and Covenants. Deed restrictions and covenants are legal mechanisms to limit or preve
activities from occurring on a specific parcel of property. They are similar in nature to a conservation easement,
as effective. Deed restrictions and covenants are more easily removed or altered than conservation easements

4) Purchase of Land. Purchasing land to preserve its natural characteristics is the best method to protect natu
resources for the long term. However, purchases are usually very costly and generally can only provide a small
overall land protection strategy. There are also costs associated with ownership such as taxes and land manag
expenses that must be taken into consideration. Ideally the most environmentally sensitive and valuable proper
priorities for purchase.

5) Tax Incentives. There are often favorable tax implications to landowners who donate land to a government
non profit organization. There are also favorable tax implications to landowners who donate or sell conservation
to such organizations.

6) Private Landowner subsidies. There are numerous governmental programs available that encourage land
improve the environmental health of their land. Programs exist to restore wetlands, reestablish native prairies, r
farmland and correct an array of environmental problems. These programs will generally pay most if not all of th
necessary to achieve the environmental improvements. There is usually very little or no cost to the landowner.
other programs that in addition to covering the expenses to make the improvements, will actually pay the landow
participate in the program. These payments may be in the form of an annual rental payment on retired farmland
of 10 to 15 years, or a one time payment to purchase a 30 year or perpetual conservation easement.



Non-Regulatory Land Protection Techniques.


7) Purchase of Development Rights (PDR) program
The community, such as a county, twp, or city, purchases the development rights from interested farmers i
permanently protect farmland from subdivision and development. The benefits have a similar setup and ad
conservation easements. Prevents urban runoff. Addresses impervious surfaces, urban runoff. Use with Bu
Farmland is preserved as long as the development rights are not repurchased for the purpose of developm
government can provide information about this program if it exists within their jurisdiction. Applicable to cou
landowner can legally sell the development rights to his or her property. If development rights are bought b
landowner and farmland was developed, impervious surfaces and urban runoff would both be potential sou
Farmland unlike impervious surfaces will reduce the velocity of storm water runoff and increase infiltration.
Private agencies, state bond referendums, grants, donations, P.A. 116 lien fund, or an increase in other loc
sources. None of these programs are entirely permanent and may be designed to allow some way out by p
stringent tests that keeping the land open for productive agriculture is no longer possible. Most programs a
to buy back development rights.

8) Transfer of Development Rights (TDR)
Transfer of development rights is a voluntary preservation option that compensates the landowner for not d
Farmland is preserved as long as the development rights are not repurchased for the purpose of developm
government can provide information about this program if it exists within their jurisdiction. Applicable to cou
landowner can legally sell the development rights to his or her property. If development rights are bought b
landowner and farmland was developed, impervious surfaces and urban runoff would both be potential sou
Farmland unlike impervious surfaces will reduce the velocity of storm water runoff and increase infiltration.
Private agencies, state bond referendums, grants, donations, P.A. 116 lien fund, or an increase in other loc
sources. None of these programs are entirely permanent and may be designed to allow some way out by p
stringent tests that keeping the land open for productive agriculture is no longer possible. Most programs a
to buy back development rights.

8) Transfer of Development Rights (TDR)
Transfer of development rights is a voluntary preservation option that compensates the landowner for not d
land by allowing the development rights to be transferred to a development district. TDR becomes a tool to
from one area of the community to another.

9) Bargain Sale
Land is sold by a willing seller at below market value to a conservation group or agency (e.g., a parks depa
Conservancy) for permanent conservation.
The land owner receives some income from the sale of the property and receives a tax deduction for the g
value. The property is conserved (e.g., as a nature preserve) in perpetuity for less cost. In perpetuity. Som
required at nature preserves, minimal compared with parks. Varies. Minimal at nature preserves as compa
Some restoration might be needed. High; requires a staff dedicated to a conservation-based stewardship p
nature preserves are vulnerable to adverse changes to hydrology elsewhere in the watershed. Low costs.
stewardship endowment fund. A stewardship endowment is needed in order to be good stewards of a natu
Conservancy of West Michigan has implemented this practice.
ER QUALITY




er land altering activities cause many negative
d increased storm water runoff are typical
activities. Local ordinances that protect and
 e effective strategies to maintain existing
nimum. Natural resource preservation ordinances
 sed to maintain existing water quality within a
ation. Natural Resource Protection Measures: Tree


cies to obtain land that is needed for the “public
 for development projects such as road or drain
d wildlife refuges. Government agencies are
 rs.

 an Natural Resources and Environmental
  to a great lake, an inland lake or stream, or a
 han 5 acres in size are also protected in counties
arriers, time constraints, and the high costs of
 e regulated wetlands whenever possible.
well. Wetlands and other natural features are
 ale prices for the lots that adjoin or surround them.

   cluster development is to allow an individual to
  developed land can be preserved in perpetuity as
  ll gets the same number of units he desired, while
 ral features within the open space that is not
 ining existing water quality and providing wildlife
requirements, development setbacks, open space


 cale Zoning, Quarter/Quarter Zoning, Large Lot
of parcels below 30 acres (perhaps more?). No
 is protected from subdivision. Thermal pollution
 . Habitat loss.




wner donates property to another entity.
 Obtaining donations of land is a very
 obtained at no costs and therefore can
there are often costs associated with
eration. Ideally the most environmentally


m whereby a landowner either sells or
wner donates property to another entity.
 Obtaining donations of land is a very
 obtained at no costs and therefore can
there are often costs associated with
eration. Ideally the most environmentally


 m whereby a landowner either sells or
asement deals with an landowner selling or
 individual still owns the land but has either
s the easement and has the right to enforce it.
ement. Purchasing or obtaining conservation
 erm. Conservation easements can be
cant part of an overall land protection strategy.
 orities for obtaining conservation easements.

 egal mechanisms to limit or prevent certain
 ture to a conservation easement, but are not
 ed than conservation easements.

 s the best method to protect natural
enerally can only provide a small part of an
 p such as taxes and land management
ally sensitive and valuable properties would be


who donate land to a government agency or
 s who donate or sell conservation easements


ms available that encourage landowners to
  nds, reestablish native prairies, retire
 l generally pay most if not all of the expenses
  ttle or no cost to the landowner. There are
ments, will actually pay the landowner to
ental payment on retired farmland for a period
  nservation easement.




  rights from interested farmers in order to
efits have a similar setup and advantages as
 faces, urban runoff. Use with Buffer/filter strip.
sed for the purpose of development. Local units of
eir jurisdiction. Applicable to counties where a
development rights are bought back by the
 noff would both be potential sources of pollution.
   runoff and increase infiltration. High costs.
  fund, or an increase in other local funding
gned to allow some way out by proving through
 nger possible. Most programs allow the landowner



pensates the landowner for not developing their
sed for the purpose of development. Local units of
eir jurisdiction. Applicable to counties where a
development rights are bought back by the
 noff would both be potential sources of pollution.
  runoff and increase infiltration. High costs.
 fund, or an increase in other local funding
gned to allow some way out by proving through
 nger possible. Most programs allow the landowner



pensates the landowner for not developing their
 district. TDR becomes a tool to redirect growth



up or agency (e.g., a parks department or the Land

 ceives a tax deduction for the gift of the remaining
 for less cost. In perpetuity. Some stewardship
al at nature preserves as compared to parks.
 nservation-based stewardship program. Isolated
 e in the watershed. Low costs. Donations to a
er to be good stewards of a nature preserve. Land
Introduction to Hydrology
        http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3313_3684_3724-9352--,00.html

Nonpoint Source Hydrologic Analysis
      http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3313_3684_3724-57034--,00.html


Stream Stability and Channel Forming Flows
       http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-water-mgmt-hyd-nps-stability.pdf


Hydrologic Impacts Due to Development:
The Need for Adequate Runoff Detention and Stream Protection
       http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-water-mgmt-Impact_4620_7.pdf
24-9352--,00.html


4-57034--,00.html



d-nps-stability.pdf




pact_4620_7.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Page 35 of 39




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Information                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           West Michigan
                                                                                                            Last                             Stream         Stream           Stream          Stream         MDEQ Road                                                                                                                                                                            Watershed      Watershed   and                                                    Wellhead                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Urban                                                                             Watershed                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan                                                                                              Regional Shoreline             West Michigan
Watershed ID                                                                   Surface Water Quality       SWQAS          Inventory          Search         Search           Search          Search         Stream                                                                                                                                                            Watershed          Management    Management   Education     Hydrologic   Wellhead Protection         Protection Plan      Wellhead                                                                                                            Floodplain                       Wastewater         Storm Water        Michigan Natural                                         Size        Percent      Agricultur              Forest      Range       and Built-                         NPDES Phase II            Watershed            Organization          Contact Phone                                                                                                      Timberland                         Envionmental Action         Grand Valley                      Ottawa County        Muskegon Metropolitan        Development               Regional Planning
Number         Major Watershed     Subwatershed               Tributaries       Assessment Surveys          Study      Performed by:       Results 2003   Results 2002     Results 2001    Results 2000     Crossing     Water Quality Monitoring                     Fish Consumtion Advisories               TMDL                  TMDL Date    Trout Streams             Management Plan      Plan Status    Plan Type   Strategy      Study        Area                        Status               Protection GIS     Storm Water Master Plan                    Hydrologic Studies              Watershed Type        Mapping            Dams          Treatment Plants   Ordinance          Features Inventory   Superfund Sites                     (acres)     Impervious   e            Barren     Land        Land        up           Water      Wetland    Communities               Organization         Contact               Number              Funding Sources          Adopt-a-Stream Groups      Conservation Organizations                    RC&D         Potawatomie RC&D         Council           Metropolitan Council    Regis      Planning and Grants     Planning Organization        Commission                   Commission
Date Revised   5/18/04             5/18/04                    5/18/04                 5/18/04              5/18/04          5/18/04          5/18/04        5/18/04          5/18/04         5/18/04           5/18/04                   5/18/04                                    5/18/04                           5/18/04          5/18/04          5/18/04                 5/18/04             5/18/04      5/18/04        5/18/04      5/18/04           5/18/04                    5/18/04             5/18/04                    5/18/04                               5/18/04                     5/18/04              5/18/04            5/18/04        5/18/04           6/21/04                 5/18/04                5/18/04                    5/18/04      5/18/04     5/18/04     5/18/04     5/18/04     5/18/04     5/18/04     5/18/04    5/18/04        5/18/04                                                                                   5/18/04                    5/18/04                           5/18/04                        5/18/04           5/18/04             5/18/04                  5/18/04          5/18/04           5/18/04                 5/18/04                  5/18/04                     5/18/04
                                                                                                                     GVSU-Annis Water                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Marne Conserv ation Club, Friends of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      A Hy drologic Study of the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_100         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1996         Resources                                                                         2002                                                                                               Poor Fish                          Sand Creek and its                             Completed                  Y ES          Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8.37%                                                                                           Walker, Tallmadge         Sand Creek                                                                                                         the Musketawa Trail, Ottawa                                                                               Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Sand Creek                               25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/039                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  GVSU-AWRI                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                 2006                                 Sand Creek                              CMI                                  NO                          NA                                      NONE                                       Sand Creek Watershed,           Rural                 Y ES                                                Walker             MNFI 14 100          NONE                                10144.137                37.35%                  28.37%      17.80%      14.77%       0.81%      0.90%                                                     Ms. Linda Brown       (616) 846-8219                                                                                                   Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                      Institute/Herman                                                                                                                                                                         Community                          tributaries                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Twp                       Watershed Group                                                                                                    Conserv ation District, Sand Creek                                                                     Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      MDEQ, Fongers, 2003                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Council
                                                                                                                       Miller/Volunteers                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Watershed Parnters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tallmadge Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                West Michigan
14_101         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1981                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                          Rural, Urban,                                                                                                                                                     13.22%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Marne Conserv ation Club, Ottawa                                                                          Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 003920, 25300                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                      NONE                                                                                             Y ES                                                Walker             MNFI 14 101          NONE                                6366.439                 18.49%                  22.77%      13.55%      34.63%       6.29%      4.28%      Walker, Georgetown                                                                                                                                                                    Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Conserv ation District                                                                                 Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Poor Fish
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Community ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pathogens, Low                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         West Michigan
14_102         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1999                                                                                           Complete                                                                                                                                                                             Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7.24%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Deer Creek                                                                                              Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Dissolv ed            2011                                 None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Urban, Rural                                                                                 MNFI 14 102          NONE                                22374.232                74.12%                  8.82%       8.31%       7.39%        0.55%      0.82%      Coopersv ille                                                                                                                                Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Oxy gen,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Untreated Sewer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Discharge,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Nutrients, Fish                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        West Michigan
14_103         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  NA            Y ES                                                                             Ottawa County Drain Commissioner                                           Rural, Urban,                                                                                                                                                     10.34%                                                                                          Allendale Twp,                                                                                                                               Marne Conserv ation Club, Ottawa                                                                          Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Grand Riv er @ Eastmanv ille)                                                                       2009                                 Hager Creek                             CMI                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                                                                                                              MNFI 14 103          NONE                                18131.336                39.43%       0.01%      23.20%      14.49%      17.19%       5.31%      0.36%                                                                                                                                                                                            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hager Creek Storm Water Plan                                               Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Georgetown Twp                                                                                                                               Conserv ation District                                                                                 Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NPS Pollution Inf luences on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Allendale Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                West Michigan
14_104         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                          Water Quality in Three                                                                                                                                                                            5.45%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Bass Creek                                          25300                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 104          NONE                                14591.222                57.28%                  15.52%      17.06%      6.17%        3.56%      0.40%      Blendon Twp,                                                                                                                                 Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rural Watersheds.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Georgetown Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Frederick Bev is, AWRI,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pathogens, Poor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1991.Pollution Inf luences on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NPS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Fish Community ,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Water Quality in Three                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          West Michigan
14_105         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.35%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Bass Riv er                                         25300                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Poor                  2006                                 None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                 Rural Watersheds.               Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 105          NONE                                17428.487                52.28%                  21.41%      12.04%      4.95%        7.38%      1.94%      Allendale Twp                                                                                                                                Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Macroinv ertebrate                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Frederick Bev is, AWRI,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Community                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1991.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_106         Grand Riv er                                                   001502, 001670, 25300,         1999                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.54%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                          MNFI 14 106          NONE                                6569.186                 61.38%                  14.76%      8.53%       7.06%        5.87%      2.40%      None                                                                                                                                         Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                               MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Smith Drain, N.
                                                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095,
14_107         Grand Riv er        North Branch Crockery                                                     1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Branch Crockery                                Completed                                Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3.43%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                                                               MI/DNR/SWQ-88/069,                                          Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Crockery                                319                                  Rav enna                    Designation                                                                                                        Rural, Lake                                                                                  MNFI 14 107          NONE                                22839.679                69.55%                  17.75%      8.49%       2.64%        0.97%      0.60%      None                                                                                                                                         Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                                                                      REGIS
                                   Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Creek and its                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  unnamed tribs
                                                                            004340, 24300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ov idhall Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               West Michigan Regional
14_108         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Completed                                Y ES                                     Conceptualization,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4.44%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Muskegon Metropolitan                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Crockery Creek                              00/095, MI/DNR/SWQ-                                         Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Creek, Crockery         Crockery                                319                                  Grant, Rav enna                                                                                                                                Rural, Urban, Lake                                                                           MNFI 14 108          NONE                                29550.749                58.26%                  27.29%      9.11%       4.19%        0.31%      0.85%      None                                                                                                                                         Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                                                                                                                                    Shoreline Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Designation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                            91/071, MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Creek, Indian Run                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Commission
                                                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095,                                                                                                                                                                                                          Untreated Sewer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               West Michigan Regional
14_109         Grand Riv er                                                    MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/118,            1999                                                                                                                                                                                              Discharge,                                                                        Completed                                Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5.25%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Muskegon Conserv ation District,                                                                          Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning   Muskegon Metropolitan                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Crockery Creek                                                                                          Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                 2003         Crockery Creek          Crockery                                319                                  Rav enna                    Designation                                                                                                        Rural, Urban                                                                                 MNFI 14 109          NONE                                16912.995                65.37%       0.02%      19.51%      8.74%       6.05%        0.26%      0.05%      None                                                                                                                                                                                  Timberland RC&D                                                                      Regis                                                         Shoreline Planning
                                                                               MI/DNR/SWQ-91/071,                                                                                                                                                                                                              Pathogens (Rio                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ottawa Conserv ation District                                                                          Metropolitan Council                   and Grants          Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Commission
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grande)
                                                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          West Michigan Regional
14_110         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Completed                                Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3.04%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Muskegon Conserv ation District,                                                                                                                                 Muskegon Metropolitan                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Crockery Creek                              MI/DNR/SWQ-91/071,                                          Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Crockery Creek          Crockery                                319                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 110          NONE                                12309.367                57.70%       0.06%      30.86%      9.10%       1.86%        0.07%      0.35%      None                                                                                                                                                                                  Timberland RC&D                                                                                                                                    Shoreline Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ottawa Conserv ation District                                                                                                                                     Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Commission
                                                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095,
14_111         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Completed                                Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5.05%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Muskegon Conserv ation District,                                                                          Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Crockery Creek                              MI/DNR/SWQ-91/071,                                          Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Crockery Creek          Crockery                                319                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 111          NONE                                20702.643                58.86%       0.02%      22.50%      8.66%       4.92%        1.59%      3.45%      None                                                                                                                                                                                  Timberland RC&D                                                                      REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ottawa Conserv ation District                                                                          Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-95/024
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_112         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.48%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                          MNFI 14 112          NONE                                4813.993                 13.80%                  36.10%      14.28%      13.04%       18.34%     4.44%      None                                                                                                                                         Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_113         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1968                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand                                      Tribs of                                       Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            14.09%                                                                                          Grand Hav en, Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Pottawatomie Bay ou                                 25300                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                        None                                                       None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Urban, Rural                                                                                 MNFI 14 113          NONE                                9802.489                 13.45%       0.63%      32.58%      11.27%      23.58%       17.00%     1.48%                                                                                                                                                   Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                                                                 Pottawatomie Bay ou                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Hav en Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               West Michigan Regional
14_114         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1999                                                                                                        Progressiv e AE (Spring Lake--Nutrients,                                                                                 Norris Creek,                                  Completed                  Y ES          NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.62%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Muskegon Metropolitan                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Norris Creek                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Spring Lake                             CMI                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 114          NONE                                16118.992                24.72%       0.66%      52.71%      13.08%      8.41%        0.04%      0.38%      Fruitport Twp                                                                                                                                Muskegon Conserv ation District          Timberland RC&D                                                                                                                                    Shoreline Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         DO, Chloro)                                                                                                              Rhy mer Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Village of Spring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Lake, Spring Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan Regional
14_115         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1999                                                                                                        Progressiv e AE (Spring Lake--Nutrients,                                                                                                                                Completed                  Y ES          NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            15.44%                                                                                                                    Spring Lake Lake                                                                                                   Muskegon Conserv ation District,                                                                                                        Ottawa County Planning   Muskegon Metropolitan                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Spring Lake                              25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Spring Lake                             CMI                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Urban, Lake, Rural                                                                           MNFI 14 115          NONE                                16263.073                7.71%        0.10%      43.65%      9.82%       28.58%       8.91%      1.23%      Twp, Village of                                                                          Spring Lake Lake Board                                                                       Timberland RC&D                                                                                                                                    Shoreline Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         DO, Chloro)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Board                                                                                                              Ottawa Conserv ation District                                                                                                                 and Grants          Planning Organization                                Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Fruitport, Fruitport                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Twp, Ferry sburg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Tribs of Millhouse,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Crockery Twp, Grand
14_116         Grand Riv er                                                   001502, 001670, 25300,         1999                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                   Stearns, Lloy d ,                              Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                          Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     11.10%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                                                                                                              MNFI 14 116          NONE                                29558.586                12.89%       0.02%      33.42%      12.94%      18.99%       13.97%     7.77%      Hav en Twp, and City                                                                                                                         Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                                                                      REGIS
                                                                               MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/095                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                         Dermo, and Bruce                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Grand Riv er, Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of Grand Hav en
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bay ous
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Urban, Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    West Michigan
14_117         Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                        STORET (Grand Riv er @ mouth and at          Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            22.41%                                                                                          Ferry sburg, Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                             00570, 001502, 001670, 25300                                   Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009, 2011                           None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Riv er, Lake                                                                                 MNFI 14 117          NONE                                2369.287                 1.68%        5.99%      20.64%      6.47%       41.67%       19.33%     4.22%                                                                                                                                                   Ottawa Conserv ation District            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Spring Lake)                                 Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls, Mercury                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hav en                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Michigan, Bay ou                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_56          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed trib of                                Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                              Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     7.10%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                   001502, 001671                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                Portland                    Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 56           NONE                                6003.836                 70.87%                  10.60%      3.71%       10.57%       1.65%      2.60%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                          only                                                                                          Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Planning Commission
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_57          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed trib of                                Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4.43%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                   001502, 001672                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                          MNFI 14 57           NONE                                9757.559                 71.96%                  12.66%      2.82%       4.73%        6.78%      1.05%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                          only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Planning Commission
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14_58          Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Goose Creek and                                Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.21%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Goose Creek                                         NONE                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 58           NONE                                5865.07                  87.78%                  7.52%       2.62%       0.81%        0.00%      1.27%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_59          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                              Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     5.23%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                   001502, 001674                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                Muir                        Grant                                   Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 59           NONE                                4072.9                   57.49%       0.00%      22.67%      6.46%       6.46%        5.69%      1.25%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                               only                                                                                          Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Planning Commission
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14_60          Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4.56%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Libhart Creek                                       NONE                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 60           NONE                                15084.904                82.99%       0.00%      8.63%       1.67%       2.69%        0.10%      3.91%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_61          Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.46%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Tay lor Drain                                       NONE                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 61           NONE                                6398.428                 83.46%                  6.61%       2.11%       3.86%                   3.96%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_62          Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.94%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Little Libhart Creek                                NONE                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 62           NONE                                9441.004                 84.57%                  9.61%       1.96%       2.08%                   1.79%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_63          Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.78%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Libhart Creek                                       NONE                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 63           NONE                                4250.595                 70.83%                  19.23%      7.20%       0.94%                   1.80%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_64          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                              Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     3.82%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                   001502, 001674                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 64           NONE                                3007.299                 38.13%       0.00%      43.70%      8.13%       5.80%        0.29%      3.96%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                               only                                                                                          Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Planning Commission
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14_65          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1980                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.11%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Prairie Creek                                      003750                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Prairie Creek           None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 65           NONE                                13018.181                73.93%                  14.50%      7.24%       1.29%        0.21%      2.82%      None                                                                                                                                         Montcalm Conserv ation District          Timberland RC&D
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14_66          Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.91%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Bacon Creek                                         NONE                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Bacon Creek             None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 66           NONE                                5564.524                 65.30%                  21.15%      5.31%       1.27%        0.10%      6.87%      None                                                                                                                                         Montcalm Conserv ation District          Timberland RC&D
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14_67          Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Prairie Creek and its                          Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.87%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Montcalm Conserv ation District,                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan Regional
                                   Prairie Creek                                       NONE                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 67           NONE                                18624.108                63.10%                  25.60%      4.20%       1.42%        0.37%      5.31%      None                                                                                                                                                                                  Timberland RC&D
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14_68          Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Unnamed tribs to                               Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.34%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Unnamed Trib                                        NONE                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 68           NONE                                10683.716                70.35%                  18.63%      1.72%       1.95%        0.00%      7.36%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_69          Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Prairie Creek and its                          Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.05%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Prairie Creek                                       NONE                                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 69           NONE                                13084.308                73.23%                  18.38%      2.62%       1.37%                   4.40%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_70          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1999                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Prairie Creek and its                          Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6.31%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Prairie Creek                                MI/DEQ/SWQ-99/154                                          Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Prairie Creek @ M-21)                Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                Ionia                       Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Urban, Rural                                                                                 MNFI 14 70           Ionia City Landfill                 4558.259                 61.28%                  18.17%      9.53%       9.04%                   1.97%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_71          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed tribs to                               Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                              Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     9.91%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                   001502, 001670                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                Ionia                       Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 71           NONE                                7456.619                 52.98%                  18.95%      7.78%       17.53%       0.04%      2.71%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er.                                                                                                                                         only                                                                                          Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Planning Commission
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14_72          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1983                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.37%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Sessions Creek                              003040, 004470, 25300                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural, Lake                                                                                  MNFI 14 72           NONE                                10967.565                80.59%                  12.42%      3.70%       1.03%        0.03%      2.24%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_73          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1998                                                            Fair/Good      Poor/Good                                                                                                                                             Bellemy Creek and                              Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.91%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Bellemy Creek                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                         Excellent        Fair                                                                                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 73           NONE                                13262.422                81.79%                  13.22%      2.04%       0.60%        0.04%      2.31%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                            (Lee Creek)     (Lee Creek)                                                                                                                                           its tribs.                                                                                                                                            only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Planning Commission
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14_74          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Spring Brook,           Bellamy Resource       Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4.12%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Bellemy Creek                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                                                               Local                                Ionia                       Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 74           NONE                                7385.417                 64.50%                  22.63%      5.57%       4.00%                   3.30%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Tibbets Creek,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_75          Grand Riv er                                                   001502, 001670, 25300,         1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                              Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     9.10%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009         Unnamed Tribs of        WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                Ionia                       Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 75           NONE                                11455.15                 58.93%                  16.84%      7.19%       13.89%                  3.14%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                003120 (Tibbets Ck.)                                                                                                                                                                  Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                               only                                                                                          Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Planning Commission
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14_76          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.15%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Red Creek                                           25300                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14 76           NONE                                5871.391                 69.57%                  21.37%      5.58%       1.41%                   2.09%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14_77          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                   Timberlin Creek,                               Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.55%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                          MNFI 14 77           NONE                                8827.223                 54.30%                  27.50%      9.13%       5.00%                   4.08%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                         Crooked Creek                                                                                                                                         only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Planning Commission
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                                                                               25300, 004560, 004580,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Lake Creek, Little                                              Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Ionia Department of                                                                                                                  West Michigan
14_78          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1985                                                                                           Complete     Progressiv e AE (Morrison Lake--Nutrients,   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory ,         Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  Y ES          No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.70%                                                                                                                     Morisson Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            West Michigan Regional
                                   Lake Creek                               005410, 63893, MI/DNR/SWQ-                                     Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2010         Creek, and unnamed      Morrison Lake                        Management                              SARANAC,                    NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Rural, Lake                                                                                  MNFI 14 78           NONE                                18171.886                67.58%                  16.68%      5.57%       5.82%        2.03%      2.31%      None                                           Ms. Arleen Spalding   (616) 642-9222      Recreation, Clean                                   Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         E. coli, chloro)                             Morrison Lake PCBs                       bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                               only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Improv ement Board                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Planning Commission
                                                                                       87/033                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tribs. of Lake Creek.                                           Plan                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Lakes Program, and                                                                                                                        Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 319                                                                                                                                  West Michigan
14_79          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                              Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     5.55%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009         Toles Creek             WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                SARANAC,                    NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                                                                                                                           MNFI 14 79           NONE                                9623.262                 47.61%                  29.19%      9.74%       7.24%        1.43%      4.79%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                               only                                                                                          Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                              001502, 001670, 25300,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Plankton in the Lower Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan
14_80          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1995                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed tribs to                               Completed                  No            No                                                            Commercial sites                                                                              Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     4.71%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                              MI/DEQ/SWQ-96/057 (Trout                                      Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Trout Creek @ Oberley Rd)                                                                           2009                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     Local                                NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP              Riv er at Lowell, Michigan,                                                                                                  MNFI 14 80           NONE                                9860.493                 28.82%       0.00%      39.02%      19.34%      6.72%        1.62%      4.47%      None                                                                                                                                         Ionia Conserv ation District             Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er.                                                                                                                                         only                                                                                          Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                Cr.) 004780 (Trout Cr.)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2001-2002.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                             1502, 1670, MI/DEQ/SWQ-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Lee Creek,                                                                                                                                                                                                          Plankton in the Lower Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan
14_81          Grand Riv er                                                      99/020 (Cherry Cr.),        1998                                                                                                                                                                                              Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                          Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     7.09%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                 2009         Unnamed Trib to         None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                 Riv er at Lowell, Michigan,                                                                                                  MNFI 14 81           NONE                                11649.865                26.26%                  38.60%      23.26%      9.88%        1.11%      0.89%      None                                                                                                                                                                                  Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                             MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004 (Lee                                                                                                                                                                                                            bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                        2001-2002.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                        Creek)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_82          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                   Unnamed trib to                                Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Cascade Twp,                                                                            5.42%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                001502, 001670, 25300                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 None                                     NA                                  Ada Twp                     Grant                                                                                                              Rural, Grand Riv er                                                                          MNFI 14 82           NONE                                9294.341                 21.64%       0.00%      43.92%      22.84%      8.48%        2.42%      1.71%      None                                                                                                                                                                                  Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                         Grand Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ada Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Honey Creek and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West Michigan
14_83          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1992                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.90%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Honey Creek                              25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-93/003                                          Good        Excellent/Fair       Good         Fair/Good                                                                 Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               unnamed trib to         None                                     NA                                  Ada Twp                     Grant                                                                                                              Rural, Lake                                                               Ada Twp            MNFI 14 83           NONE                                9265.014                 32.31%                  37.70%      20.96%      6.36%        0.43%      2.24%      Ada Twp                                                                                                                                                                               Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Honey Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Council
                                                                            002452, 25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Bear Creek Stewardship
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Poor Fish             Complete     Stout Creek,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Cannon Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           West Michigan
14_84          Grand Riv er                                                     95/009, MI/DNR/SWQ-          1996                                                                                                        STORET (Bear Creek @ Chauncey Rd),                                                                                                                                      Completed                  Y ES          Y ES                                                                                                                        Plan (1992), Bear Creek                                                                                                                                                                           8.40%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Bear Creek                                                                                                Excellent      Excellent        Excellent         Good                                                                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Community ,           f or         Waddell Creek, Bear     Bear Creek                              319                                  Lake Bella Vista            Delineation                                                                                                        Rural, Lake                                                               Grattan Twp,       MNFI 14 84           NONE                                20323.025                23.40%                  31.60%      23.76%      14.78%       2.31%      4.15%      Cannon Twp.                                                                                                                                                                           Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                            92/211, MI/DEQ/SWQ-96/024,                                                                                                                   KCHD (E. coli)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Hy drologic Inv estigation,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Sediment              Sediment     Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ada Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Council
                                                                                 MI/DEQ/SWQ-96/047                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    MDNR, September, 1991.
                                                                               001502, 001670, 25300,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Plainf ield Twp,
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-91/002,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Sunny Creek, Egy pt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Plainf ield, Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                            West Michigan
14_85          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1992                                                                                                        STORET (Grand Riv er @ Knapp St),            Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                          Urban, Rural,                                                             Cannon Twp,                                                                             9.27%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                 MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/042,                                            Good            Good           Good/Fair         Good                                                                                                                                  2009         Creek, Unnamed trib     None                                     NA                                  Ada Twp, Plainf ield Twp    Grant, Program                                                                                                                                                                                                  MNFI 14 85           NONE                                26322.55                 16.71%                  36.64%      22.06%      20.29%       2.59%      1.72%      Rapids Twp, Grand                                                                                                                                                                     Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         KCHD (E. coli)                               Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Grand Riv er                                                              Grand Rapids                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                             MI/DNR/SWQ-88/017 (Egy pt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            to Egy pt Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Rapids, Ada Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Twp, Ada Twp
                                                                            Creek), MI/DNR/SWQ-93/003
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_86          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1992                                                                                                        STORET (Grand Riv er conf luence) KCHD                                                Poor Fish                          Mill Creek and its                             Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Plainf ield Twp,                                                                        8.64%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Mill Creek                               25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-94/039                                       Not Assessed    Poor/Good         Fair/Good         Fair                                                                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                 2007                                 None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                      Alpine Twp (In Progress)                                                   Urban, Rural, Lake                                                                           MNFI 14 86           NONE                                12950.556                64.36%                  10.57%      10.73%      12.91%       1.02%      0.41%      Alpine Twp                                                                                                                                                                            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (E. coli)                                                                             Community                          tribs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Alpine Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                              25300, 001502, 001670,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan
14_87          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1970                                                          Excellent/Goo                                                                              Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                          Urban, Rural,                                                                                                     State Disposal Landfill                         23.96%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                             MI/DNR/SWQ-94/040 (Scott                                       Not Assessed       Good                             Fair                                                                                                                                  2009                                 None                                     NA                                  Plainf ield Twp             Program                                                                                                                                                                                      Plainf ield Twp    MNFI 14 87                                               9525.915                 10.71%                  26.54%      13.89%      43.54%       4.49%      0.85%      Plainf ield Twp                                                                                                                                                                       Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                 d                                                                                    Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Lake, Grand Riv er                                                                                                (MID980609341, submitted 2001)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                      Creek)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Indian Mill Creek Watershed Storm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Indian Mill Creek,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Alpine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Water Management Plan (1993), City of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_88          Grand Riv er                                                 25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/021,        1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Brandy wine Creek,                             Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Township,                               Folkertsma Refuse                               18.81%                                                                                          Alpine Twp, Walker,                                                                                               Steepletown Ministries,                                                                                                              Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Indian Mill Creek                                                                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed         Poor            Fair                                                                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                      Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water                                              Urban, Rural          FEMA                                                                   MNFI 14 88                                               10979.073                37.53%                  12.29%      15.92%      33.44%       0.03%      0.79%                                                                                                                                                   Friends of the Walker/Highland Trail     Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-93/022                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and unnamed tribs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Walker, Grand                           (MID980609366, Deleted in 1996)                                                                                                                 Grand Rapids                                                                                                      Trinity Ref ormed Church                                                                                                          Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Management Master Plan (1994), Alpine                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  of Indian Mill Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Rapids
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Twp (In Progress)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Poly chlorinated                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Plainf ield Twp,                        Butterworth #2 Landfill                                                                                                                         Grand Rapids,
                                                                               001502, 001670, 25300,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               bipheny ls,                                                                                                                                                                                                 City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water                                                                                                                Alpine Twp,                             (MID062222997, continued                                                                                                                        Plainf ield Twp, Alpine                                                                                                                                                                                                       West Michigan
14_89          Grand Riv er                                                 003920, MI/DNR/SWQ-93/019        1981    FTCH/WMEAC/MDE                                                                         Complete     Reeds Lake (Nutrients, chloro, E. coli,      Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand                                      Y ork Creek,                                   Completed                  Y ES          Y ES                                                                                                                        Combined Sewer Ov erf low       Urban, Grand                                                                                                                                                      40.34%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                            Not Assessed       Poor           Poor/Fair       Poor/Fair                                                                                                         Mercury , Poor        2010, 2011                           Y ork Creek                             319                                  NO                          NA                                      Management Master Plan (1994), Grand                                                             Y ES                                                Walker, Grand      MNFI 14 89           monitoring until 2030), Reliable    21926.438                2.95%                   9.43%       9.46%       72.20%       4.04%      1.93%      Twp, Grand Rapids                                                                                                                                                                     Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                             (Y ork Creek), MI/DNR/SWQ-                    Q                                                                                             DO) KCHD (E. coli)                           Riv er PCBs, Reeds Lake PCBs                                                Lamberton Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                     Study (1990)                    Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Fish Community                                                                                                                                                                                              Rapids Twp (In Progress)                                                                                                                             Rapids, Grand                           Equipment (MID006407969,                                                                                                                        Twp, East Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Council
                                                                                  95/064 (Y ork Creek)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Y ork Creek)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rapids Twp                              remov ed)                                                                                                                                       Rapids, Kentwood
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        City of East Grand
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_89A         Grand Riv er                                                                                  NA      FTCH/WMEAC/MDE                                                                                      Reeds Lake (Nutrients, chloro, E. coli,      Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand                                                                                     Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    East Grand                                                                              12.85%                                                                                          Rapids, Grand Rapids                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Reeds Lake                                          NONE                                                    Fair           Fair             Poor        Not Assessed                                                                                                        Mercury               2010                                 None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                      NONE                                                                       Urban                                                                                        MNFI 14 90           NONE                                2090.7                   4.09%                   17.53%      8.58%       48.65%       13.59%     7.56%                                                                                               The Frey Foundation                                                                          Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                           Q                                                                                             DO) KCHD (E. coli)                           Riv er PCBs, Reeds Lake PCBs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Rapids                                                                                                                                                                                  Twp, Kentwood, City                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of Grand Rapids
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Poor Fish                                                                                                                                                                                                   Buck Creek and Plaster Creek Storm                                                                                                                                                           VanWaters & Rogers Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Community , Poor                                                                                                                                                                                            Water Management Master Plan (1991),                                                                                                                 Cascade Twp,                            (MID980681696, def erred to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan
14_90          Grand Riv er                                                 25300, 002980, MI/DEQ/SWQ-       2001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Completed                  NO            Y ES                                                                                                                        Plaster Creek Storm Water                                                                                                                                                                         14.56%                                                                                          Kentwood, Cascade                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Plaster Creek                                                                                            Poor/Poor         Fair             Fair        Not Assessed                  KCHD (Plaster Creek--E. coli)                Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Macroinv ertebrate    2002                                 Plaster Creek                           CMI                                  NO                          NA                                      City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water                                      Urban, Rural          Y ES                                                Caledonia Twp,     MNFI 14 90           RCRA), Kentwood Landfill            16668.722                37.51%                  10.72%      29.53%      20.39%       0.06%      1.79%                                                                                                                        Calv in Engineering Club                                            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                       01/107                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Quality Study (1992)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Twp, Gaines Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Community ,                                                                                                                                                                                                 Management Master Plan (1994),                                                                                                                       Kentwood                                (MID000260291, completed                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pathogens                                                                                                                                                                                                   Gaines Twp (In Progress)                                                                                                                                                                     1999)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Cascade Twp,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          New Branches School,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                East Grand
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Poor Fish                                                                                                                                                                                                   Buck Creek and Plaster Creek Storm                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Grand Rapids Twp,                                                                                                 Calv in College
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Rapids, Grand                           Lacks Industries
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Community , Poor                                                                                                                                                                                            Water Management Master Plan (1991),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Grand Rapids, Ada                                                                                                 Env ironmental.                                                                                             West Michigan
14_91          Grand Riv er                                                 25300, 002980, MI/DEQ/SWQ-       2001                                                                                                        STORET (Plaster Creek @ Market Av e),                                                                                                                                   Completed                  NO            Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Rapids,                                 (MID006014666, remov ed),                       42.73%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Plaster Creek                                                                                               Fair           Fair             Fair          Poor/Fair                                                                Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Macroinv ertebrate    2002                                 Little Plaster Creek                    CMI                                  NO                          NA                                      City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water      Whiskey Creek (on-going)        Urban                 Y ES                                                                   MNFI 14 91                                               19777.146                2.37%                   8.52%       14.39%      73.32%       0.38%      1.02%      Twp, Cascade Twp,                                                                                                 Coalition, Oakdale                                                  Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                       01/107                                                                                                                            KCHD (E. coli)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Kentwood,                               Chem. Central (MID980477079,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Community ,                                                                                                                                                                                                 Management Master Plan (1994), Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         East Grand Rapids,                                                                                                Christian M.S., Alger                                                                                            Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Grand Rapids                            continued monitoring until 2004)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pathogens                                                                                                                                                                                                   Rapids Twp (In Progress)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Kentwood, Wy oming                                                                                                Park CRC, Grand
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Twp, Ada Twp,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Rapids WWTP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Wy oming
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_92          Grand Riv er                                                   001502, 001670, 25300,         1981                                                                                                                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Grand   Poly chlorinated                                                                  Not Started                NA            NA                                                                               City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water      Combined Sewer Ov erf low       Urban, Grand                                                                                                                                                      57.19%                                                                                          East Grand Rapids,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                                            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                                                                                              2009                                 None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                                                                                           Grand Rapids       MNFI 14 92           NONE                                2666.934                                         2.60%       3.75%       91.47%       2.43%                                                                                                                                                                                                       Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                      003920                                                                                                                                                                          Riv er PCBs                              bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                  Management Master Plan (1994)              Study (1990)                    Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Grand Rapids                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           By ron Township Storm Sewer Master
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Plan Sections 15, 16, 21, and 22 (1977),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan
14_93          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1991                                                                                           2003                                                                                                                                                                                 Completed                  NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            14.08%                                                                                          Wy oming, By ron                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Buck Creek                               25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-92/212                    MDEQ/FTCH          Not Assessed   Not assessed         Good        Not Assessed                  Calv in Christian High School                Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Buck Creek              Buck Creek WMP                          CMI                                  NO                          NA                                      Buck Creek and Plaster Creek Storm                                         Rural, Urban                                                              Wy oming           MNFI 14 93           NONE                                13744.667                38.84%                  17.68%      21.08%      21.74%       0.28%      0.38%                                                                                                                                                                                            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Twp, Gaines Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Water Management Master Plan (1991),                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Gaines Twp (In Progress)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Buck Creek and Plaster Creek Storm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sharps Creek, Pine                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Grandv ille, Wy oming,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Water Management Master Plan (1991),                                                             Behan-Foley                                         Grand Rapids,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         West Michigan
14_94          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1991                                                                                           2003                                                                                                                                  Hill Creek, Buck                               Completed                  NA            NA                                                                                                                          Kentwood Detention Ponds                                                                                                                                                                          39.00%                                                                                          Grand Rapids,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Buck Creek                               25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-92/212                    MDEQ/FTCH          Not Assessed       Poor             Good            Good                      KCHD (Buck Creek--E. coli)                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Pathogens             2006                                 Buck Creek WMP                          CMI                                  NO                          NA                                      Wy oming Storm Water Management                                            Urban, Rural          Drain Floodplain                                    Wy oming,          MNFI 14 94           NONE                                18645.008                8.19%                   7.20%       13.50%      70.61%       0.17%      0.33%                                                                                                                                                                                            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Creek and Unnamed                                                                                                                                                                                                   (1985)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Kentwood, Gaines                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Master Plan Sections 28-35 (1996),                                                               Analy sis (1993)                                    Kentwood                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  trib of Buck Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Twp, By ron Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Gaines Twp (In Progress)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Georgetown Twp,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_95          Grand Riv er        East Branch Rush Creek                                                    1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Started                NO            Y ES                                                                             Bliss Creek Intercounty Drain WMP                                                                                                                                                                                                            8.55%                                                                                           Grandv ille,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                                                                       25300                                               Not Assessed   Not assessed         Good        Fair/Excellent                KCHD (Buck Creek--E. coli)                   Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Urban                                                              Wy oming           MNFI 14 95           NONE                                18089.525                51.24%                  12.21%      20.25%      15.77%       0.28%      0.25%                                                                                                                                                                                            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                   (Bliss Creek Drain)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (1994)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Jamestown Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Wy oming, By ron Twp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Grandv ille,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan
14_96          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Not Started                NO            Y ES                                                                             Huizenga Intercounty Drain Watershed                                                                                                                                                                                                         22.37%                                                                                          Georgetown Twp,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Rush Creek                                          25300                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       None                                     NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Urban, Rural, Lake                                                        Wy oming           MNFI 14 96           NONE                                19949.083                35.43%                  8.13%       15.11%      38.75%       2.07%      0.50%                                                                                                                                                                                            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Management Plan (1995)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Hudsonv ille, Blendon                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Twp, Wy oming
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        H. Brown Company,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Inc.(MID017075136, continued
                                                                               00690, 001502, 25300,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    monitoring until 2004), Organic                                                                                                                 Walker, Grand
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Combined Sewer Ov erf low                                                                                 Walker, Grand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         West Michigan
14_97          Grand Riv er                                                    002780 (Roy 's Creek),        1996                                                                                           Complete     STORET (Grand Riv er @ M-11), KCHD                                                                                       Unnamed tributary ,                            Not Started                NA            Y ES (Hogadone)                                                                  City of Grand Rapids, MI, Storm Water                                      Urban, Grand                                                                                                      Chemical Co. (MID990858003,                     28.68%                                                                                          Rapids, Tallmadge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   Grand Riv er                                                                            FTCH            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Pathogens             2006                                 None                                     NA                                   NO                         NA                                                                                 Study (1990), Roy 's Creek                                                                                Rapids,            MNFI 14 97                                               14193.039                6.89%                   22.03%      15.20%      51.47%       2.97%      1.44%                                                                                                                                                                                            Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                               004620 (Roy 's Creek),                                                                                                                    (Grand Riv er--E. coli)                                                                                                  Roy 's Creek                                                                                                                                                             Management Master Plan (1994)                                              Riv er, Rural                                                                                                     continued monitoring until 2032),                                                                                                               Twp, Wy oming,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Watershed Study 1997                                                                                      Wy oming                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Council
                                                                            003920, MI/DEQ/SWQ-96/056                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Spartan Chemical Co.                                                                                                                            Grandv ille
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        (MID079300125, monitoring until
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2003)
                                                                                                                     GVSU-Annis Water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           In progress, will adopt Kent County        A Hy drologic Study of the                                                                                Alpine                                                                                                                                                                                  Alpine Twp, Walker,                                                                                                                                                                                                           West Michigan
14_98          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1996         Resources                                                                         2002                                                                                               Poor Fish                          Sand Creek and its                             Started                    Y ES          Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10.71%                                                                                                                    Sand Creek                                                                                                         Friends of the Walker/Highland Trail,                                                                     Grand Valley                                                                                                West Michigan Regional
                                   East Fork Creek                          25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/038                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                 2005                                 Sand Creek                              CMI                                  NO                          NA                                      Model Ordinance in Walker, Alpine Twp      Sand Creek Watershed,           Rural, Urban                                                              Township,          MNFI 14 98           NONE                                11175.182                58.27%                  12.60%      13.41%      13.71%       0.18%      1.82%      Wright Twp,                                    Ms. Linda Brown       (616) 846-8219                                                                                                   Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                      Institute/Herman                                                                                                                                                                         Community                          unnamed tribs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Watershed Group                                                                                                    Sand Creek Watershed Parnters                                                                          Metropolitan Council                                                                                            Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (In Progress)                              MDEQ, Fongers, 2003                                                                                       Walker                                                                                                                                                                                  Tallmadge Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Council
                                                                                                                       Miller/Volunteers
                                                                                                                     GVSU-Annis Water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      A Hy drologic Study of the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Marne Conserv ation Club, Friends of                                             West Michigan
14_99          Grand Riv er                                                                                  1996         Resources                                                                         2002                                                                                               Poor Fish                          Sand Creek and its                             Completed                  Y ES          Y ES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5.32%                                                                                                                     Sand Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand Valley                  Ottawa County Planning                                                        West Michigan Regional
                                   Sand Creek                               25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/039                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  GVSU-AWRI                                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory                                 2006                                 Sand Creek                              CMI                                  NO                          NA                                                                                 Sand Creek Watershed,           Rural                 FEMA                                                                   MNFI 14 99           NONE                                13757.361                69.34%                  11.51%      13.41%      4.88%        0.62%      0.24%      Wright Twp                                     Ms. Linda Brown       (616) 846-8219                                                          the Musketawa Trail, Sand Creek          Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                      Institute/Herman                                                                                                                                                                         Community                          unnamed tribs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Watershed Group                                                                                                                                                                                                           Metropolitan Council                   and Grants                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      MDEQ, Fongers, 2003                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watershed Partners                                                                    Council
                                                                                                                       Miller/Volunteers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er
14D_1          Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001,        1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.20%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er
                                   Thornapple Riv er                                                                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Headwaters                                                                            MNFI 14D 1           NONE                                18237.183                66.19%                  15.81%      12.17%      3.89%        0.21%      1.73%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x114                            Watershed Stream           Riv er Network, Thornapple-Grand CD                        Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                                MI/DNR/SWQ-92/320                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Watershed Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Team (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er
14D_10         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1982                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.53%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er
                                   Scipio Creek                                    25300, 003900                                           Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  Vermontv ille               Program                                                                                                            Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14D 10          NONE                                6240.323                 54.74%                  20.93%      18.14%      0.90%        0.11%      5.19%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x115                            Watershed Stream           Riv er Network, Thornapple-Grand CD                        Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Watershed Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Team (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er
14D_11         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1992                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                          Rural, Urban,                                                                                                                                                     5.02%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Thornapple-Grand
                                   Thornapple Riv er                        25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-92/320                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Barry -Eaton HD (E. coli)                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  Nashv ille, Vermontv ille   Program , Program                                                                                                                        NRCS                                                                   MNFI 14D 11          NONE                                9969.097                 61.02%                  18.99%      12.58%      4.95%        0.24%      2.22%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x116                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Thornapple                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Watershed Council                                                                                                  CD, Barry Conserv ation District
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Team (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er
14D_12         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.12%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Quaker Brook                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Quaker Brook            Flat Riv er                              NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14D 12          NONE                                4996.397                 57.30%                  21.87%      7.88%       2.48%        0.43%      10.05%     None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x117                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Watershed Council                                                                                                  District
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Team (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Quaker Brook,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Thornapple Riov er
14D_13         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DEQ/SWQ-       1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.38%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Quaker Brook                                                                                            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Unnamed trib. to        Flat Riv er                              NA                                  Nashv ille                  Program                                                                                                            Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14D 13          NONE                                7205.515                 60.17%                  20.83%      7.67%       4.92%        0.47%      5.95%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x118                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D
                                                                             02/001, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watershed Council                                                                                                  District
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Quaker Brook                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Team (Activ ity Varies)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er                                                                                          West Michigan
14D_14         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DEQ/SWQ-       1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.82%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Thornapple Riv er                                                                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Thornapple Riv er @ Barger Rd)       Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  Nashv ille                  Program                                                                                                            Rural, Thornapple     NRCS                                                                   MNFI 14D 14          NONE                                8875.406                 58.43%                  26.60%      6.87%       3.10%        0.13%      4.87%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x119                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                             02/001, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watershed Council                                                                                                  District
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Team (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                          Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er         Ionia Conserv ation District, Riv er                                             West Michigan
14D_15         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1990                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.86%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er
                                   Mud Creek                                25300, MI/DNR/SWQ-91/052                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Mud Creek                              PL_556                                NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Lake, Urban                                                                           MNFI 14D 15          NONE                                18705                    79.24%       0.00%      12.87%      2.88%       2.23%        1.46%      1.32%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x120   P.L. 566                 Watershed Stream           Network, Thornapple-Grand CD,                              Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Watershed Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Team (Activ ity Varies)    Barry Conserv ation District                                                          Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er                                                                                          West Michigan
14D_16         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-       1993                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.81%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Mud Creek                                                                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  STORET (Mud Creek @ Barger Rd)               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Mud Creek                              PL_556                                NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural                                                                                        MNFI 14D 16          NONE                                19911.32                 69.91%       0.00%      21.63%      3.89%       0.93%        0.16%      3.48%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x121                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                             91/052, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watershed Council                                                                                                  District, Thornapple-Grand CD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Team (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                          Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple Riov er                                                                                          West Michigan
14D_17         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-       1998                                                                                           2002         STORET (High Banks Creek @                                                                                                                                              Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.51%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   High Banks Creek                                                                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               High Bank Creek         Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Lake                                                                                  MNFI 14D 17          NONE                                21809.114                53.97%                  21.89%      7.33%       3.12%        3.26%      10.44%     None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x122                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                             91/052, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/030                                                                                                                   Thornapple Lake Rd)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Watershed Council                                                                                                  District
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Team (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                          Council
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Pierce Cedar Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Institute, Thornapple                                                                                       West Michigan
14D_18         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.64%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Pierce Cedar Creek Institute, Riv er
                                   Cedar Creek                              25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Cedar Creek             Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Lake                                                                                  MNFI 14D 18          NONE                                21032.451                43.32%       0.00%      28.96%      9.29%       3.70%        4.89%      9.84%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x123                            Riov er Watershed                                                                     Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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14D_19         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029,        1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                  Kellie Creek, Cedar                            Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.21%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Pierce Cedar Creek Institute, Riv er
                                   Cedar Creek                                                                                             Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Lake                                                                                  MNFI 14D 19          NONE                                8590.552                 39.31%                  35.13%      11.24%      2.79%        1.26%      10.26%     None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x124                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                                MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Watershed Council                                                                                                  Network, Barry Conserv ation District
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14D_2          Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            11.04%                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riv er
                                   Butternut Creek                                     25300                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                  2006                                 Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  Charlotte                   Program                                                                                                            Urban, Rural                                                                                 MNFI 14D 2           NONE                                10015.018                48.98%                  9.76%       17.37%      20.79%       0.13%      2.97%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x125                            Watershed Stream           Riv er Network, Thornapple-Grand CD                        Potawatomie RC&D
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14D_20         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-       1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.26%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Thornapple Riv er                                                                       NRCS            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Barry -Eaton HD (E. coli)                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Thornapple     NRCS                                                                   MNFI 14D 20          NONE                                6043.94                  39.01%                  29.02%      10.11%      6.85%        7.69%      7.32%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x126                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                             91/052, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/030                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watershed Council                                                                                                  District
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14D_21         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.50%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Fall Creek                               25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  Hastings                    Designation                                                                                                        Rural, Lake                                                                                  MNFI 14D 21          NONE                                15870.038                36.56%                  29.34%      10.58%      6.11%        4.65%      12.76%     None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x127                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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                                                                            25300, 003900, MI/DEQ/SWQ-
                                                                            02/001, MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/029,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Thornapple Riov er                                                                                          West Michigan
14D_22         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1998                                                                                           2002         STORET (Thornapple Riv er @ McKeown                                                                                                                                     Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                          Urban, Rural,                                                                                                                                                     7.45%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation                                                                       Grand Valley
                                   Thornapple Riv er                            MI/DNR/SWQ-91/001,                         NRCS            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  Hastings                    Designation                                                                                                                                                                                                     MNFI 14D 22          NONE                                18104.85                 46.19%                  25.05%      11.73%      12.26%       0.23%      4.54%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x128                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action                           REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Rd)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Thornapple                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Watershed Council                                                                                                  District                                                                                               Metropolitan Council
                                                                             MI/DEQ/SWQ-98/023 (Fish                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Team (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                          Council
                                                                                    Hatchery Cr.)
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14D_23         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.36%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Glass Creek                              25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Glass Creek             Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  NO                          NA                                                                                                                 Rural, Lake                                                                                  MNFI 14D 23          NONE                                23511.078                30.14%                  45.64%      9.86%       1.94%        2.79%      9.64%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x129                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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14D_24         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-       1989                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                          Rural, Lake,                                                                                                                                                      4.14%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Thornapple Riv er                                                                       NRCS            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  NO                          NA                                      Gaines Twp (In Progress)                                                                                                                                                MNFI 14D 24          NONE                                24879.649                45.67%                  34.17%      7.86%       4.40%        2.34%      5.55%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x130                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                                       91/001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Thornapple                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Watershed Council                                                                                                  District
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14D_25         Thornapple Riv er                                            25300, 003900, MI/DNR/SWQ-       1978                                                                                                        Barry -Eaton HD (E. coli), Duncan Lake                                                                                                                                  Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.29%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Duncan Creek                                                                                            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  Caledonia Twp               Testing                                                                                                            Rural, Lake                                                               Caledonia Twp      MNFI 14D 25          NONE                                15049.547                76.10%                  12.07%      5.02%       4.32%        1.05%      1.44%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x131                            Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
                                                                                       91/002                                                                                                                            Water Quality Monitoring (E. coli)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Watershed Council                                                                                                  District
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14D_26         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1968                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Thornapple Riv er,     Initiativ e                                                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5.89%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er                                                                                                  Riv er Network, Ionia Conserv ation                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Little Thornapple Riv er                            25300                                               Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Barry -Eaton HD (E. coli)                    Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Mercury               2011                                                                          NA                                  Lake Odessa                 Program                                 Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                              Urban, Lake, Rural                                                                           MNFI 14D 26          NONE                                16187.482                74.20%                  11.40%      2.37%       6.93%        3.42%      1.69%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948-8056 x132                            Watershed Stream                                                    Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          WCLMI Resource Plan                                                                                                           only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Watershed Council                                                                                                  District, Barry Conserv ation District                                                                                                                                                                                 Planning Commission
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14D_27         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Completed                  Y ES          NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.19%                                                                                                                     Coldwater Riv er                                                                                                   Riv er Network, Ionia Conserv ation
                                   Coldwater Riv er                         25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                       AWRI            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Volunteer/AWRI                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Pathogens             2006                                 Coldwater Riv er                        CMI                                  NO                          NA                                                                                 ICDC Road Crossing Study        Rural, Urban                                                                                 MNFI 14D 27          NONE                                29517.073                75.52%                  17.73%      2.08%       1.51%        0.33%      2.83%      None                                           Mr. Jim Oosting       (616) 891-8444                               Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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                                                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-97/085,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riov er                                                                                          West Michigan
14D_28         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1998                                                                                           2002                                                                                                                                                                                 Completed                  Y ES          NO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.64%                                                                                                                     Coldwater Riv er                                                                                                   Riv er Network, Barry Conserv ation
                                   Coldwater Riv er                            MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/051,                          AWRI            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                  Volunteer/AWRI, KCHD (E. coli)               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                               Coldwater Riv er        Coldwater Riv er                        CMI                                  Freeport                    Grant                                                                                                              Rural, Urban                                                              Bowne Twp          MNFI 14D 28          NONE                                8006.416                 69.18%       0.00%      20.67%      3.67%       2.65%        0.25%      3.58%      None                                           Mr. Jim Oosting       (616) 891-8444                               Watershed Stream                                                                      Potawatomie RC&D   Env ironmental Action
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                                                                                MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Team (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                          Council
                                                                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-00/051,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riov er                                                                                          West Michigan
14D_29         Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Coldwater Riv er,      Completed                  Y ES          NO                                                            Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.86%                                                                                                                     Coldwater Riv er                                                                                                   Riv er Network, Ionia Conserv ation                                                                                                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                   Duck Creek                                  MI/DEQ/SWQ-97/085,                          AWRI            Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed        Good                      Volunteer/AWRI                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           Delisted                           Duck Creek                                                      CMI                                  NO                          NA                                      Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP              ICDC Road Crossing Study        Rural                                                                     Bowne Twp          MNFI 14D 29          NONE                                17753.911                81.07%                  14.41%      1.71%       0.47%        0.00%      2.34%      None                                           Mr. Jim Oosting       (616) 891-8444                               Watershed Stream                                                    Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          WCLMI Resource Plan                                                                                                           only                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Watershed Council                                                                                                  District                                                                                                                                                                                                               Planning Commission
                                                                                MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Team (Activ ity Varies)                                                                                          Council

14D_3          Thornapple Riv er                                                                             1998                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.18%                                                                                                                     Thornapple Riv er
                                   Thornapple Drain                         25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/001                                       Not Assessed   Not Assessed     Not Assessed    Not Assessed                                                               Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory           None                                                       Thornapple Riv er                        NA                                  Delta Township              Program                                                                                                            Rural                 NRCS                                                                   MNFI 14D 3           NONE                                13717.259                71.56%                  10.10%      12.37%      5.54%        0.06%      0.37%      None                                           Ms. Kim Walton        269-948
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                                     WATERSHED INFORMATION                                                                                                                                                     INVENTORY DATA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WATERSHED PLANNING                                                                                                                                                                                                        LAND USE PLANNING                                                                                                                                                                        LOCAL PARTICIPATION                                                                                                                                                                  REGIONAL PLANNING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Information                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    West Michigan
                                                                                                                        Last                      Stream         Stream         Stream         Stream        MDEQ Road                                                                                                                                                                        Watershed      Watershed   and                                                     Wellhead                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Urban                                                                     Watershed                                                                                                                                                      West Michigan                                                                                                 Regional Shoreline             West Michigan
Watershed ID                                                                              Surface Water Quality        SWQAS      Inventory       Search         Search         Search         Search        Stream                                                                                                                                                        Watershed          Management    Management   Education     Hydrologic   Wellhead Protection          Protection Plan       Wellhead                                                                                               Floodplain          Wastewater         Storm Water        Michigan Natural                                      Size        Percent      Agricultur            Forest   Range    and Built-                     NPDES Phase II         Watershed           Organization       Contact Phone                                                                                          Timberland                         Envionmental Action         Grand Valley                          Ottawa County        Muskegon Metropolitan       Development               Regional Planning
Number                Major Watershed           Subwatershed              Tributaries      Assessment Surveys           Study   Performed by:   Results 2003   Results 2002   Results 2001   Results 2000    Crossing    Water Quality Monitoring                     Fish Consumtion Advisories              TMDL                 TMDL Date     Trout Streams           Management Plan      Plan Status    Plan Type   Strategy      Study        Area                         Status                Protection GIS     Storm Water Master Plan         Hydrologic Studies            Watershed Type        Mapping      Dams   Treatment Plants   Ordinance          Features Inventory   Superfund Sites                  (acres)     Impervious   e            Barren   Land     Land     up           Water   Wetland   Communities            Organization        Contact            Number           Funding Sources   Adopt-a-Stream Groups   Conservation Organizations                     RC&D         Potawatomie RC&D          Council          Metropolitan Council      Regis        Planning and Grants     Planning Organization       Commission                   Commission
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14E_19                Flat Riv er                                                                                        1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Completed                                                                                                Commercial sites                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4.07%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                                Unnamed Trib                            25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     Mercury              2011          Unnamed Tributary      WCLMI Resource Plan                     NA                                  NO                           NA                                       Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP                                 Rural, Lake                                                                     MNFI 14E 19          NONE                             14221.765                41.94%                35.97%   5.45%    4.95%        3.13%   8.56%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
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14E_2                 Flat Riv er                                                                                        1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.54%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                                Black Creek                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed   not assessed    Good/Fair         Good                                                                                                         None                                                      None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural, Headwaters                                                               MNFI 14E 2           NONE                             16741.52                 58.72%                26.96%   8.43%    0.55%        0.21%   5.14%     None                                                                                                                                                               Timberland RC&D
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14E_20                Flat Riv er                                                                                        1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.56%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                                Dickerson Creek                         25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                               Dickerson Creek        None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural                                                                           MNFI 14E 20          NONE                             13640.509                35.28%                39.22%   12.08%   1.81%        0.39%   11.22%    None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
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14E_21                Flat Riv er                                                                                        1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.67%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand Valley                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                                Seely Creek                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                      None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural, Lake                                                  Grattan Twp        MNFI 14E 21          NONE                             20310.38                 40.32%       0.00%    24.27%   22.08%   3.58%        4.54%   5.21%     None                                                                                                                     Ionia Conserv ation District              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                             REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Metropolitan Council                                                                                               Planning Commission
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14E_22                Flat Riv er                                                       25300, 003910, MI/DEQ/SWQ-       1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat   Poly chlorinated                                                                Completed                                                                                                Commercial sites                                                                 Urban, Rural, Flat                                                                                   H&K Sales, (MID001271535,                    9.18%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                                Flat Riv er                                                                                     Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                KCHD (Scalley Lake--E. coli)                                                                              2010                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     NA                                  Belding                      Program                                  Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP   Natural Riv er Plan                                                                                           MNFI 14E 22                                           13741.703                49.24%                24.21%   9.56%    14.38%       0.23%   2.38%     None                                                                                                                     Ionia Conserv ation District              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action
                                                                                                   02/004                                                                                                                                                             Riv er PCBs                             bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                               only                                                                             Riv er                                                                                               deleted 1998)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Planning Commission
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14E_23                Flat Riv er                                                                                        1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat   Poly chlorinated                                                                Completed                                                                                                Commercial sites                                                                 Rural, Lake, Flat                                                                                                                                 3.11%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand Valley                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                                Flat Riv er                                        25300                                           Good          Excellent       Good          Excellent                 KCHD (Flat Riv er--E. coli)                                                                               2010                                 WCLMI Resource Plan                     NA                                  NO                           NA                                       Ionia Drain Commissioner SWMP   Natural Riv er Plan                                                                        Grattan Twp        MNFI 14E 23          NONE                             28120.77                 48.53%                27.98%   15.37%   2.57%        2.54%   3.01%     None                                                                                                                     Ionia Conserv ation District              Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                             REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                             bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                               only                                                                             Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Metropolitan Council                                                                                               Planning Commission
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14E_24                Flat Riv er                                                       25300, 003910, MI/DEQ/SWQ-       1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat   Poly chlorinated                                                                Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                               Urban, Rural, Flat                                                                                                                                13.58%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Grand Valley                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                                Flat Riv er                                                                                     Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                                          2010                                 None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                       Natural Riv er Plan                                                                                           MNFI 14E 24          NONE                             2481.982                 12.98%                37.98%   21.13%   21.86%       5.40%   0.65%     None                                                                                                                                                               Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                             REGIS
                                                                                                   02/004                                                                                                                                                             Riv er PCBs                             bipheny ls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Riv er                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Metropolitan Council                                                                                               Planning Commission
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14E_3                 Flat Riv er                                                                                        1968                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 5.88%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                                Townline Creek                                     25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                      None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural, Lake                                                                     MNFI 14E 3           NONE                             5207.073                 45.94%                28.04%   5.67%    8.95%        6.18%   5.23%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
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                                                                                          25300, 000330, 000420,
14E_4                 Flat Riv er                                                                                        1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                               Rural, Urban, Flat                                                                                                                                3.54%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                                Flat Riv er                                00730, 003910, 83970,                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                      None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                       Natural Riv er Plan                                                                                           MNFI 14E 4           NONE                             22668.733                60.50%                19.02%   8.45%    2.69%        1.76%   7.58%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
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                                                                                            MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004
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14E_5                 Flat Riv er                                                                                        1698                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.98%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                                Unnamed Trib                                       25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                      None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural                                                                           MNFI 14E 5           (MIN000508477, not a national    8223.6                   72.44%                15.98%   6.07%    1.76%        0.50%   3.25%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
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14E_6                 Flat Riv er                                                       25300, 003910, MI/DEQ/SWQ-       1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                               Rural, Flat Riv er,                                                                                                                               2.87%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                                Flat Riv er                                                                                     Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                      None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                       Natural Riv er Plan                                                                                           MNFI 14E 6           NONE                             18899.905                60.98%                24.76%   4.66%    1.76%        0.90%   6.94%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
                                                                                                   02/004                                                                                                                                                             Riv er PCBs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Lake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Planning Commission
14E_7                 Flat Riv er                                                                                        1998                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                      Unnamed trib to Flat                         Initiativ e                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.90%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  West Michigan Regional
                                                Flat Riv er                             25300, MI/DEQ/SWQ-02/004                                Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                      None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                       Natural Riv er Plan           Rural, Lake                                                                     MNFI 14E 7           NONE                             15700.897                44.59%                36.91%   8.20%    2.45%        2.83%   5.02%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D
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14E_8                 Flat Riv er                                                                                        1968                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.83%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand Valley                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                                Alder Creek Drain                                  25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                      None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural, Urban                                                 Nelson Twp         MNFI 14E 8           NONE                             9272.254                 41.20%                27.22%   23.53%   3.53%        1.12%   3.39%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                             REGIS
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14E_9                 Flat Riv er                                                                                        1968                                                                                2001                                                     Inland Lakes Mercury Adv isory , Flat                                                                                   Not Started                NA            NA                                                                                                                                                                                                            Spencer Twp,                                                                         2.92%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grand Valley                                                                                                   West Michigan Regional
                                                Black Creek                                        25300                                        Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed   Not Assessed                                                                                                     None                                                      None                                    NA                                  NO                           NA                                                                                                     Rural                                                                           MNFI 14E 9           NONE                             19869.022                60.02%                24.80%   8.25%    1.39%        1.06%   4.48%     None                                                                                                                     Montcalm Conserv ation District           Timberland RC&D                      Env ironmental Action                             REGIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Riv er PCBs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Nelson Twp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Metropolitan Council                                                                                               Planning Commission
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