Sample Leniency Letters to a Judge Lifting a Court Order

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					                      Idioms and Vocabulary of the Day

In order to enrich your health, a daily dose of nutrition is required---
          healthy food, vitamins, water. In order to enrich your body, a
          daily dose of exercise is required---walking, weight-
lifting, playing sports. In order to enrich your mind, a daily
              dose of knowledge is required---reading, history, language.

              This is the idea behind this “daily dose” of idioms and
              vocabulary: to enrich your language, your speech, and of
course, your mind. So, each day, as you walk into class you will copy the
idiom of the day with the definition, and the vocabulary word of the day
with the definition, as well.

Your daily assignment is to write a “scenario” (one or more
sentences) using the idiom to show your understanding of
the idiom.

In addition, you must write a sentence using the vocabulary word to show
the correct meaning of the word. I cannot accept a sentence such as, “I don’t
understand the meaning of the word, sullen.” or “My teacher wants me to
write a sentence with the word, sullen.” Get it?

     If you have any questions on this assignment, or any other
assignment, please ASK.
                            Vocabulary     Week 2

Monday         Foretaste    an advance indication, sample, or warning

   The coming attractions shown before the main feature gave us a distinct
   foretaste of what the next feature would be like.

               Germinate     to begin to grow, come into being

   In only a few days, the seeds that I had planted in the fertile soil of the
   garden began to germinate and take root.

Tuesday        Humdrum      ordinary, dull, routine

   Many people who lead rather humdrum lives get a great thrill from
   watching the exciting adventures of TV and movie superheroes.

Wednesday      Hurtle   to rush violently, dash headlong; to fling or hurl
   At that moment, Helen lost control of the car, and it hurtled off the road into
   a clump of bushes

Thursday       Insinuate    to suggest or hint slyly
   Though they didn t say so in so many words, they did insinuate that I was
   responsible for the accident.
                             Vocabulary – Week 3

 Monday          Interminable – endless; so long as to seem endless

1. Cleaning up after the big party, which was supposed to take “just a few
   minutes,” proved to be an almost interminable job.

                 Interrogate – to ask questions; examine by asking

2. The judge said to the lawyer, “You have a right to interrogate the witness but
   there is no need to bully her.”

  Tuesday        recompense – to pay back; a payment for loss, service, or

3. She was so happy and grateful that I felt more than recompensed for all that
   I had tried to do to help her.

 Wednesday       renovate – to repair, restore to good condition, make new

4. Although the building is old and needs repair, we are convinced that we can
   renovate it without spending a lot of money.

 Thursday        resume – a brief written account of one’s education,
                 working experience, or qualifications for a job
5. When I applied for the job, I left a(n) resume of my previous work experience
   with the personnel office
                             Vocabulary – Week 4

Monday         sullen – silent or brooding because of ill humor, anger, or

              The suspect’s only reaction to the detective’s question was
              a wry smile and sullen silence.

               trickle – (v) to flow or fall by drops or in a stream
                          (n) a small, irregular quantity of anything

              We need large sums of money to keep our school system
              going, but we are getting only a trickle of funds from the

Tuesday        trivial – not important, minor; ordinary

 I never would have thought that so bitter and long-lasting a quarrel could
 result from such a trivial and unimportant cause.

Wednesday      truce – a pause in fighting, temporary peace

 After the warring nations had agreed to a truce , they faced the far more
 difficult task of working out a real peace.

Thursday       vicious – evil, bad, spiteful; having bad habits or an ugly

 Though my dog Rover is huge and fierce-looking, children are fond of him
 because he doesn’t have a vicious disposition.
                              Vocabulary – Week 5

 Monday          available – ready for use, at hand

  Although we arrived at the stadium a few minutes before game time, we found that
  many good seats were still available

                 cater – to satisfy the needs of; to supply food and service

  Mother prepares wholesome, tasty meals, but she says she is not going to cater to
  the special tastes of six different children.

 Tuesday         customary – usual, expected, routine

  Though the habit of taking a siesta in the afternoon may seem strange to a foreigner,
  it is quite customary in this part of the world.

 Wednesday       dissuade – to persuade not to do something

  The guidance counselor tried to dissuade me from taking the job because she
  thought the work would be too pressured for me.

 Thursday        entrepreneur – a person who starts up and takes on the
                 risk of a

With the emergence of market economies in Eastern Europe have come flocks of
entrepreneur seeking business opportunities there.
                                  Vocabulary – Week 6

 Monday             firebrand – a piece of burning wood; a troublemaker; an
                                extremely energetic or emotional person
1. It took the authorities quite some time to put down the riot that a few rash
   firebrands had managed to start.

                    hazard – risk, peril

2. It takes a special kind of bravery to face the hazard of life in the jungle.

 Tuesday            homicide – the killing of one person by another

3. When the wounded shopkeeper died, the charges against the person who had been
   arrested were raised from robbery to homicide

 Wednesday          indifference – a lack of interest or concern

4. Only a really hard-hearted person could show such indifference to the plight of the
   homeless who wander our streets.

 Thursday           indignant – filled with resentment or anger over something
                    unjust, unworthy, or mean

5. At the front desk, a(n) indignant guest was angrily complaining about the shabby
   treatment he had received from the staff of the hotel.
                                 Vocabulary – Week 7

 Monday            indispensable – absolutely necessary, not to be neglected

1. A sense of humor is indispensable if you are to cope with all the strains and
   difficulties of life.

                   lubricate – to apply oil or grease; to make smoother,
                   slippery, or easier to use

2. When we lubricate a car, we try to cut down the friction at every point where one
   surface rubs against another.

 Tuesday           mutual – shared, felt, or shown equally by two or more

3. Having spent many years as political opponents, the two Congressmen have
   developed a(n) mutual respect for each other.

 Wednesday         pelt – to throw a stream of things

4. Angry at the call, the crowd began to pelt the referee with all kinds of refuse.

 Thursday          plague – an easily spread disease causing a large number
                   of deaths; a widespread evil

5. Most of the homeowners in this area have tried in vain to overcome the plague of
   crabgrass that threatens to overrun their lawns.
                                Vocabulary – Week 8

 Monday            poised – balanced, suspended; calm, controlled; ready for

1. Until it was almost too late, the hunters did not see the leopard crouching in a tree,
   ______________________ to leap on them

                   regime - a government in power; a period of rule

2. Eventually the army toppled the country’s democratic _________________________
   and set up a military dictatorship in its place.

 Tuesday           retard – to make slow, delay, hold back

3. Though they have done nothing to hasten passage of the bill, they haven’t tried to
   _________________________ the process either.

 Wednesday         transparent – allowing light to pass through; easily seen

4. Since the seat covers in the car were ______________________ , we could see the
   attractive pattern of the upholstery underneath

   Thursday        unscathed – wholly unharmed, not injured

5. No one has ever been able to explain to my satisfaction how Indian holy men can
   walk __________________ across beds of hot coals
                                Vocabulary – Week 9

 Monday            animated – full of life, lively, alive; moved to action

1. The dull conversation became much more animated when it turned to a subject in
   which we were all interested.

                   brood – (n) a family of young animals, especially birds
                   (v) to think over in a worried, unhappy way

2. Like the traffic guard at a school crossing, the mother hen directed her large brood
   across the yard toward a torn sack of feed.

 Tuesday           culminate – to reach a high point of development; to end

3. The resentment of the American colonists against the harsh policies of the British
   government culminated in armed rebellion.

 Wednesday         downright – thoroughly; absolute, complete; blunt

4. I believe in being careful, but Dan is downright miserly when it comes to spending

Thursday           drone - a loafer, idler, a buzzing or humming sound; a male

5. How pleasant it is for us city dwellers to smell the new-mown hay and listen to the
   drone of bees in the clover patch.
                                Vocabulary – Week 10

 Monday            goad – (v) to drive or urge on;
                              (n) something used to drive or urge on

1. Indian elephant keepers usually use a short wooden goad to control and direct the
   movements of their huge charges.

                   indulge – to give in to a wish or desire

2. I don’t know which is worse – parents who are too strict with their children or
   parents who indulge them too much.

 Tuesday           ingredient – one of the materials in a mixture, recipe, or

3. The first mark of a good cook is the ability to choose the best possible ingredient for
   the dishes he or she will prepare.

 Wednesday         literate – able to read and write; showing an excellent
                         educational background

4. Many immigrants to the United States who cannot read and write English are literate
   in their native languages.

 Thursday          loom – to come into view; to appear in exaggerated form

5. When storm clouds loom on the horizon, we hurried to find shelter.
                               Vocabulary – Week 11

 Monday            luster – (n) the quality of giving off light, brightness, glitter,

1. The sunlight shining on her beautiful, copper-colored hair gave it an almost metallic

                   miscellaneous – (adj) mixed, of different kinds

2. Those books which do not fit logically under any of the subjects indicated will be
   placed in a group labeled miscellaneous.

 Tuesday           oration – (n) a public speech for a formal occasion

3. The Fourth of July oration will be delivered in City Square by the Congressman from
   our district.

 Wednesday         peevish – (adj) cross, complaining, irritable; contrary

4. I’m normally fairly even-tempered, but I can become peevish and irritable when I’m
   tired or frustrated.

 Thursday          seethe – (v) to boil or foam; to be excited or disturbed

5. Like some storm-tossed sea, her inventive brain seethed with all kinds of new and
   imaginative answers to old problems and questions.
                               Vocabulary – Week 12

 Monday            singe – (v) to burn slightly; (n) a burn at the ends or edges

1. “You’re just supposed to singe the meat,” I shouted at him in dismay, “not burn it to
   a crisp!”

                   unique – (adj) one of a kind; unequaled; unusual; found
                   only in a given class, place, or situation

2. Larry has the unique distinction of being the only student in our school ever to win
   varsity letters in four sports.

 Tuesday           upright – (adj) vertical, straight; good, honest; (adv) in a
                   vertical position

3. We put supports around the tree that had been partially uprooted by the storm, and
   it was soon standing upright again.

 Wednesday         verify – (v) to establish the truth or accuracy of, confirm

4. The man was the prime suspect in the crime until two eyewitnesses came forward to
   verify his alibi.

 Thursday          yearn – (v) to have a strong and earnest desire

5. When I saw how handsome my father looked in his brand-new jacket, I yearned for
   one exactly like it.
                               Vocabulary – Week 13

 Monday           alliance – (n) a joining together for some common purpose

1. In 1949, the United States formed a(n) alliance with eleven other nations, organized
   into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

                  bewilder – (v) to puzzle completely, confuse

2. The directions he gave us for driving to the beach were so complicated that I was
   completely bewildered by them.

 Tuesday          buffoon – (n) a clown; a coarse, stupid person

3. The court of many a medieval king or prince was enlivened by the pranks and antics
   of jesters and other buffoons.

 Wednesday        controversial – (adj) arousing argument, dispute, or

4. Some parts of the President’s proposal were agreeable to everyone; others proved
   highly controversial.

 Thursday         dishearten – (v) to discourage

5. Refusing to be disheartened by her early failures to find a summer job, Lucy made up
   her mind to try again.
                                Vocabulary – Week 14

 Monday            fruitless – (adj) not producing the desired results,

1. Would it be a bad pun if I were to say that our attempts to set up an apple orchard
   have proved to be fruitless?

                   hostile – (adj) unfriendly; unfavorable; warlike; aggressive

2. The frozen wastes of the Arctic may seem hostile to human life, but in fact thousands
   of Eskimos are able to survive there.

 Tuesday           inflammable – (adj) easily set on fire; easily angered

3. Since the gas did not burn when we brought a flame to it, the experiment showed
   that carbon dioxide is not inflammable.

 Wednesday         inflict – (v) to give or cause something unpleasant; impose

4. We inflicted such heavy casualties on the enemy that they were forced to break off
   the engagement and retreat.

 Thursday          malignant – (adj) deadly, extremely harmful, evil; spiteful,

5. If it is allowed to spread unchecked, the poison of racial prejudice will have a
   decidedly malignant effect on our community.
                                Vocabulary – Week 15

 Monday            mortify – (v) to hurt someone’s feelings deeply; to cause
                              embarrassment or humiliation

1. I was thoroughly mortified when I suddenly stumbled and spilled punch all over the
   hostess’s new gown.

                   orthodox – (adj) in agreement with established or generally
                   accepted beliefs or ways of doing things

2. Even though you like to do things in your own way, I suggest that you first learn the
   orthodox method of batting.

 Tuesday           procure – (v) to obtain through special effort; to bring

3. Before we set out on the camping trip, I was given sole responsibility for procuring all
   the necessary equipment and supplies.

 Wednesday         scurry – (v) to run quickly, scamper, hurry

4. When the naughty children heard their mother’s footsteps approaching, they quickly
   scurried back to bed.

 Thursday          sodden – (adj) soaked with liquid or moisture;
                   expressionless, dull; spiritless, listless

5. After four days of steady rainfall, the sodden ground actually gurgled as we trudged
   wearily over it.
                                Vocabulary – Week 16

 Monday            spirited – (adj) full of life and vigor; courageous

1. Though the gallant defenders of the Alamos were hopelessly outnumbered they put
   up a truly spirited fight.

                   virtual – (adj) having a certain force or effect in fact but not
                   in name; so close as to be equivalent t the real thing

2. Despite the fact that she has no official title of any kind, she has become the virtual
   director of the company.

 Tuesday           void – (adj) completely empty; having no legal force or
                   effect; (n) empty or unfilled space; (v) to cancel or nullify

3. When the Supreme Court finds a law unconstitutional, that law is said to be null and

 Wednesday         wayward – (adj) disobedient, willful; unpredictable,

4. Their behavior is so wayward and unpredictable that I never know what they are
   going to do next.

 Thursday          wince – (v) to draw back suddenly, as though in pain or
                   fear; (n) the act of drawing back in this way
5. Even though I’m an adult, I still wince in discomfort at the thought of a trip to the
                               Vocabulary – Week 17

 Monday            anecdote – (n) a short account of an incident in someone’s

1. The new book of Presidential anecdotes contains many amusing stories involving our
   Chief Executives, both past and present.

                   consolidate – (v) to combine, unite; to make solid or firm

2. The Board of Education believes it would save considerable money to consolidate
   three small schools into one big school.

 Tuesday           counterfeit – (n) an imitation designed to deceive; (adj) not
                   genuine, fake; (v) to make an illegal copy

3. Since all of our cashiers handle large sums of money, we have given them special
   training in recognizing counterfeit bills.

 Wednesday         docile – (adj) easily taught, led, or managed; obedient

4. Since I had expected the children to be hard to handle, I was pleasantly surprised by
   their docile behavior.

 Thursday          dominate – (v) to rule over by strength or power, control; to
                   tower over command due to height

5. The wily old Senator had such a forceful and aggressive personality that he soon
   came to dominate his entire party.
                                Vocabulary – Week 18

 Monday            entreat – (v) to beg, implore, ask earnestly

1. “As a mother,” Mrs. Roerich said to the judge, “I entreat you to show leniency
   toward my son.”

                   fallible – (adj) capable of being wrong, mistaken, or

2. There is an old saying that pencils are made with erasers because human beings are

 Tuesday           fickle – (adj) liable to change very rapidly, erratic;

3. The taste of the public is so fickle that a TV star who is a big hit one season may be
   out of a job the next.

 Wednesday         fugitive – (n) one who flew or runs away; (adj) fleeting,
                          lasting a very short time

4. Trying desperately to avoid the police, the fugitive hid in the cellar of the abandoned

 Thursday          grimy – (adj) very dirty, covered with dirt or soot

5. The windows had become so grimy and spotted that it took me some time to get
   them clean
                                Vocabulary – Week 19

 Monday            iota – (n) a very small part of quantity

1. We discovered that there was not an iota of truth in the rumors that they had spread
   so eagerly.

                   maul – (v) to beat or knock about, handle roughly;
                   (n) a heavy hammer

2. The boat has been so badly mauled by the storm that it will have to be overhauled
   before it can be used again.

 Tuesday           potential – (adj) possible, able to happen;
                   (n) something that can develop or become a reality

3. Though ABC Company has very little chance of expanding in the near future, the
   potential growth rate of XYZ Company is staggering.

 Wednesday         radiant – (adj) shining, bright; giving forth light or energy

4. As she told us the good news, her face was radiant with joy.

 Thursday          rural – (adj) relating to farm areas and life in the country

5. After living so long in a large city, I was happy to spend a few weeks in those
   beautiful rural surroundings.
                                Vocabulary – Week 20

 Monday            substantial – (adj) large, important; major, significant;

1. Despite the doctor’s bet efforts, there has been no substantial change in the
   patient’s condition for weeks.

                   tactful – (adj) skilled in handling difficult situations or
                   people, polite

2. To be tactful in everyday life means doing whatever you can to avoid hurting the
   feelings of other people.

 Tuesday           tamper – (v) to interfere with; to meddle rashly or foolishly
                   with; to handle in a secret and improper way

3. I took my broken TV set to a qualified repair service, rather than run the risk of
   damaging it further by tampering with it myself.

 Wednesday         ultimate – (adj) last, final; most important or extreme

4. Though the United Nations has many lesser objectives, its ultimate goal is to achieve
   lasting world peace.

 Thursday          uncertainty – (n) doubt, the state of not being sure

5. Unwilling to bear the uncertainty any longer, I called the Dean of Admissions to find
   out if I had been accepted.
                               Vocabulary – Week 21

 Monday            anonymous – (adj) unnamed, without the name of the
                              person involved; unknown

1. Although we know who wrote such famous epics as the Aeneid and the Iliad, the
   author of Beowulf remains anonymous.

                   browse – ( v) to nibble, graze; to read casually; to window-

2. Is there any sight in the world more restful than cows browsing in a meadow
   alongside a little brook?

 Tuesday           dupe – (n) a person easily tricked or deceived;
                                (v) to deceive

3. I was duped into trusting him, and I have paid a heavy price for being misled so

 Wednesday         dynamic – (adj) active, energetic, forceful

4. There is quite a contrast between the dynamic administration that now runs that
   country and the “do-nothing” regime that preceded it.

 Thursday          eradicate – (v) to root out, get rid of, destroy completely

5. We may not be able to eradicate crime in our community, but if we go about it in the
   right way, I am sure we can reduce it greatly.
                               Vocabulary – Week 22

 Monday            frustrate – (v) to prevent from accomplishing a purpose or
                              fulfilling a desire; to cause feelings of

1. After several unsuccessful attempts to catch the waiter’s eye, I began to become a
   little frustrated.

                   grim – (adj) stern, merciless; fierce, savage, cruel

2. When we saw the grim expression on the poor man’s face, we realized that the
   situation was indeed serious.

 Tuesday           inimitable – (adj) not capable of being copied or imitated

3. Many books have been written about boys, but none of them can match the
   inimitable qualities of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn.

 Wednesday         makeshift – (n) a temporary substitute for something else;
                         (adj) crude, flimsy, or temporary

4. When unexpected guests turned up on the doorstep, I hurriedly made a few
   makeshift arrangements to accommodate them.

 Thursday          marginal – (adj) in, at, or near the edge or margin; only
                   barely good, large or important enough for the purpose

5. I like to write marginal notes in a book alongside important material, but I never do
   so unless the book belongs to me.
                                Vocabulary – Week 23

 Monday            pending – (adj) waiting to be settled; (prep) until

1. The suspect was held in the local police station pending the outcome of the

                   prescribe – (v) to order as a rule or course to be followed;
                   to order for medical purposes

2. It took the druggist about an hour to prepare the medicine that the doctor had
   prescribed for my cold.

 Tuesday           preview – (n) something seen in advance; (v) to view

3. Each unit in the textbook opens with a section that previews and highlights the
   material in the chapters that follow.

 Wednesday         prominent – (adj) standing out so as to be easily seen;
                         important, well-known

4. The most prominent feature of the skyline of that little town in Iowa is the four-story
   grain elevator.

 Thursday          quaint – (adj) odd or old-fashioned in a pleasing way;
                   clever; skillfully made

5. When we visited Salem, Massachusetts, last year, we were charmed by the quaint
   18th-century houses in the town.
                                 Vocabulary – Week 24

 Monday            reluctant – (adj) unwilling holding back

1. Ellen was reluctant to tell the police all that she3 had seen, but we convinced her
   that it was the only right thing to do.

                   scrimp – (v) to handle very economically or stingily; to
                   supply in a way that is small, short or scanty

2. For weeks I scrimped on everything to save enough money to buy the replacement
   tires for my bicycle.

 Tuesday           snare – (v) to trap, catch;p (n) a trap or entanglement

3. After the fisherman snared the fish, he unhooked it from his line and threw it back
   into the stream.

 Wednesday         utmost – (adj) greatest, highest, furthest; (n) the extreme

4. Safety measures are of the utmost importance when you are planning a canoe trip
   over rivers filled with dangerous rapids.

 Thursday          vengeance – (n) punishment in return for an injury or a
                   wrong; unusual force or violence

5. Instead of seeking personal vengeance for the wrong that has been done to you, why
   don’t you look for justice under the law?
                               Vocabulary – Week 25

 Monday            amiss – (adj) faulty, imperfect, not as it should be;
                              (adv) in a mistaken or improper way, wrongly

1. We suspected that something was amiss when he did not return home from school
   at the usual time.

                   brawl – (n) a noisy quarrel or fight; (v) to quarrel; or fight

2. When two players suddenly started to throw punches at each other during last
   night’s game, an ugly bench-clearing brawl ensued.

 Tuesday           detest – (v) to hate, dislike very much, loathe

3. Some people truly love the music of such modern composers as Arnold Schoenberg
   or Igor Stravinsky; others absolutely detest it.

 Wednesday         domestic – (adj) native to a country, not foreign; relating to
                         the life or affairs of a household

4. The biggest financier in the United States is the housewife who controls the domestic
   food budget.

 Thursday          flagrant – (adj) extremely bad, glaring; scandalous,

5. I wouldn’t call such a flagrant and premeditated lie merely a “minor lapse of
                                Vocabulary – Week 26

 Monday            flaw – (n) a light fault, defect, crack

1. In most respects she is a fine person, but excessive stubbornness is the one
   important flaw in her character.

                   fledgling – (n) an inexperienced person, beginner; a young
                   bird about to leave the next; (adj) inexperienced

2. Like a fledgling eagle about to leave the nest for the first time, our son is preparing
   to spend his first summer away from home.

 Tuesday           fluster – (v) to make or become confused, agitated, or
                   nervous (n) a state of confusion or agitation

3. The speaker went right on with his speech, in no way flustered or disturbed by the
   jeers and catcalls of a few rowdy hecklers.

 Wednesday         foremost – (adj) chief, most important (adv) in the first
4. First and foremost among her many outstanding qualities is her ability to understand
   the points of view of other people.

 Thursday          momentum – (n) the force or speed with which something

5. At what point does a spinning top lose sufficient momentum to topple over?
                                Vocabulary – Week 27

 Monday            notable – (adj) striking, remarkable; (n) a person who is
                               well known, distinguished , or outstanding in
                               some way

1. Though his career as a whole was not particularly distinguished, he did score one
   notable success on Broadway a few years ago.

                   nurture – (v) to bring up, care for, train, nourish;
                   (n) rearing, training, upbringing

2. Her parents nurtured her musical talents by hiring the finest teachers and taking her
   to hear the performances of great musicians.

 Tuesday           paradox – (n) a self-contradictory statement that on closer
                   examination proves true

3. That terrible instruments of war should in fact prove useful as guardians of the peace
   is one of the paradoxes of modern life.

 Wednesday         perjury – (n) the act of swearing to a lie

4. I must warn you again that if you fail to tell the truth, you may lay yourself open to a
   charge of perjury.

 Thursday          presume – (v) to take for granted, assume or suppose; to
                   dare, take upon oneself, take liberties
5. I have no way of knowing for sure why she left, but I presume that she had a good
   reason for doing so.
                               Vocabulary – Week 28

 Monday            prior – (adj) earlier, former

1. It’s a fact that some important battles of the American Revolution occurred prior to
   the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

                   proficient – (adj) skilled, expert, or capable in any field or

2. How do you explain the fact that some students who do poorly in math are highly
   proficient in figuring out batting averages?

 Tuesday           salvo – (n) aburst of gunfire or cannon shot, often as a
                   tribute or salute; a sudden burst of anything

3. In the old days, wooden battleships saluted their victorious admiral by repeatedly
   firing salvo of cannon shot from their decks.

 Wednesday         vigilant – (adj) wide-awake, alert, watchful

4. We must be vigilant in recognizing the early signs of decay in our community and
   move quickly to improve conditions.

 Thursday          wrath – (n) intense anger

5. I well remember how often during my childhood I felt the full force of my parents’
   wrath when I had done something wrong.
                                Vocabulary – Week 29

 Monday            abnormal – (adj) not usual, not typical, strange

1. Although we are used to severe winters, a heavy snowfall this early in the season is
   quite abnormal.

                   capsize – (v) to turn bottom side up, upset

2. When my canoe unexpectedly hit a tree stump and capsized, I suddenly found myself
   neck-deep in some very cold and dirty water.

 Tuesday           catastrophe – (n) a large-scale disaster, misfortune, or

3. By landing the damaged plane in an open field, the pilot prevented a major
   catastrophe from occurring.

 Wednesday         decrease – (v) to become or make less; (n) a lessening

4. American farms continue to produce more and more food, even though the number
   of people working them has actually decreased.

 Thursday          disputatious – (adj) inclined to argue or debate; provoking

5. Trying to avoid an argument with that disputatious fellow is like trying to nail
   oatmeal to the wall.
                                Vocabulary – Week 30

 Monday            eject – (v) to drive or throw out, evict

1. After the officials had put a stop to the fight that had broken out, they ejected the
   offending players from the game.

                   flourish – (v) to grow, thrive, be prosperous; to wave in the
                   air; (n) a dramatic gesture; a fanfare of horns

2. After our team won the last big game of the season, we all ran out onto the field,
   flourishing our pennants and banners jubilantly.

 Tuesday           incentive – (n) a reason for doing something; something
                   that stimulates action

3. Do you really believe that making money is the only incentive that leads people to
   work hard and try to excel?

 Wednesday         insubordinate – (adj) disobedient, rebellious

4. “If that insubordinate young hothead had followed my orders to the letter,” the
   general remarked sourly, “we wouldn’t be in this fix!”

 Thursday          legible – (adj) easily read

5. The writing on the curious old document had faded badly, but it was still perfectly
   legible when held up to the light.

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Description: Sample Leniency Letters to a Judge Lifting a Court Order document sample