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arthur

VIEWS: 19 PAGES: 14

									LE MORTE D’ARTHUR




BY SIR THOMAS MALORY


               Raúl Armellones 4-1
               Ángel Luis Vargas 4-1
                     INDEX


1. – Malory’s biography


2. - Characters


3. - The story


4. - Links
         Malory’s biography


-Sir Arthur Malory was born about
1410 in Warwickshire, England.
-Malory was a knight who served
with the Earl of Warwick’s forces
in Calais in 1436.
-He succeeded to his father's estate
in 1433 or 1434.
 -He was married a few years later, and in 1449 he acquired the
estate of his sister’s husband too.
-During those years he was respectable and wealthy citizen.
       BUT


- Between 1450 and 1451 was charged with
several crimes: two cattle raids, several
extortions, a rape, and an attempted murder.
He was jailed but escaped swimming . After
this, he robbed in churches , stole money and
sacred objects.

                - He was jailed again between 1451-1454 . When
                he was released he returned to the criminal
                activities, so he was imprisoned several times but
                he was granted with a royal pardon by the Duke of
                York. He served in parliament for the Duke of York
                but he was jailed several times again.
    FINALLY


- He was finally released by
Henry VI in 1470, but he
died in 1471 .




                           - And was buried in the
                           chapel of St. Francis at the
                           Grey Friars near Newgate in
                           the suburbs of London.
    KING ARTHUR


-He is the child of Igrane and
Uther Pedragon . His father has a
pact with Merlin, a magician, and
Arthur was promised to him as
payment. Sir Ector and his son
Kay raise Arthur. Arthur becomes
king of Britain because he removes
                                     EXCALIBUR
the sword , Excalibur, from the
stone
CHARACTERS
      MERLIN



Merlin is a master
manipulator, who masters
Arthur's conception and
who, unseen, directs much of
the action. As a great
sorcerer, he is responsible for
the creation of the Round
Table. Merlin is both
prophet and magician
      THE BOOK IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS




The first part deals with
Arthur who draws the sword
from the stone, becomes king,
establishes the Round Table
and fights the Romans in
France , and with the deeds of
the knights of the Rounds
Table, especially Lancelot and
Gareth. Merlins part in the
events in minimised.
              LANCELOT


- He is the greatest knight of
Arthur´s court .He gets his first
real chance to distinguish
himself in the battle against
Lucius, when Launcelot steals
Lucius' banner.
-Lancelot returns to England as
a hero and he has many
adventures. He is virtous and
heroic.
            THE STORY


Although Le Morte d'Arthur is
thought to have been written in
1469, the first known publication
was in 1485, by William Caxton.
Caxton's edition was divided into
21 books and 506 chapters.

Malory took French legends in origin and he adapted them
into the English life and the English perspective. His sources
date from the thirteenth century.
In part three the Grail quest with
Galahad as the hero is quickly
told. And then it is time for
Malory´s best work : the
treachery at the court, the
adultery of Lancelot and
Guinereve and the last battle in
which Arthur and Mordred kill
each other. Especially emotive is
the ending, when Lancelot and
Guinereve meet for one last time
after Arthur´s death. He wants to
ask her to marry him, but she has
devoted her life to God, and
inspires him to do the same.
Part two deals mainly with
the adventures of Tristan. In
the verse romances of the
twelfth century he makes
name as the perfect lover of
Isolde. In the Tristan en
Prose he appears at king
Arthur’s court for the first
time and this was Malory’s
main       source.    Malory
concentrates on Tristan’s
deeds as a knight, rather
than the sad and passionate
story of the lovers.
                 LINKS


http://www.mysticrealms.org.uk/malory/index1.htm
http://www.enotes.com/le-morte
http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/LitNote/id-182.html
http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/arthmenu.htm#MedT
http://www.britannia.com/history/h12.html
http://members.ams.chello.nl/keuchenius/medi.html
http://www.estudiosclasicos.org/resen-arturo.htm (español)

								
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