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									National College Health Assessment
The ACHA-National College Health Assessment is a national research survey organized by the American College Health Association (ACHA). This survey was organized to assist college health service providers, health educators, counselors, and administrators in collecting data about their students’ habits, behaviors, and perceptions on prevalent health topics. The NCHA survey was first administered in Spring 2000.
More than 350,000 students at 300+ colleges and universities across the country have taken the survey since the survey’s inception in Spring 2000. In Spring 2008 alone, 113 institutions participated with a final data set consisting of 83,070 students. The NCHA has been used by two-year and four-year public and private institutions from varied geographical regions, Carnegie Foundation Classifications, and campus settings. NCHA allows the schools administering the surveys to choose the primary purpose, surveying method, sample size, target population, and time period. NCHA offers the survey on paper or online and in the spring or fall. The survey is voluntary, but schools may choose to offer any incentives to increase response. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the majority of college students are of legal drinking age. However, those under 21 should not drink at all.

Perception vs. Reality
Percentage of College Students Who Never Drink
17.4%
18% 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% Never Drink
Source: National College Health Assessment, Spring 2008 Findings, American College Health Association. Based on previous 30-day period. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf Questions-Actual: Within the last 30 days, on how many days did you use alcohol (beer, wine, liquor)? (Never used; Have used, but not in the last 30 days; 1-2 days; 3-5 days; 6-9 days; 10-19 days; 20-29 days; All 30 days) Perception: Within the last 30 days, how often do you think the typical student at your school used alcohol (beer, wine, liquor)? State your best estimate. (Never used; One or more days; Used daily)

Perception Actual

3.7%

Perception vs. Reality
Percentage of College Students Who Never Drink
26.9 % 23.6% 19.2% 17.5% 22.9% 21.3% 18.1% 17.1% 17.9% 15.2% 17.2% 18.6% 17.4% 20.1% 22.8% 21.4 %

Actual Perception

16.7%

5.3% 2.4% 2.9% 1.6% 1.3%1.8%

.

3% 1.8% 2.1%2.6%

2.5% 3%

3.8% 3.6% 4.1%

4.8% 3.7%

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. Based on previous 30-day period. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf : Executive Summary Questions-Actual: Within the last 30 days, on how many days did you use alcohol (beer, wine, liquor)? (Never used; Have used, but not in the last 30 days; 1-2 days; 3-5 days; 6-9 days; 10-19 days; 20-29 days; All 30 days) Perception: Within the last 30 days, how often do you think the typical student at your school used alcohol (beer, wine, liquor)? State your best estimate. (Never used; One or more days; Used daily)

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Perception vs. Reality
Percentage of College Students Who Drink Daily
34.1%
35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Drink Daily
Source: National College Health Assessment, Spring 2008 Findings, American College Health Association. Based on previous 30-day period. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf Questions-Actual: Within the last 30 days, on how many days did you use alcohol (beer, wine, liquor)? (Never used; Have used, but not in the last 30 days; 1-2 days; 3-5 days; 6-9 days; 10-19 days; 20-29 days; All 30 days) Perception: Within the last 30 days, how often do you think the typical student at your school used alcohol (beer, wine, liquor)? State your best estimate. (Never used; One or more days; Used daily)

Perception Actual

0.4%

Perception vs. Reality
Percentage of College Students Who Drink Daily
43.1% 40.6% 37.6% 35% 31.4% 34.4% 35.3% 40.6% 35.6% 37.4% 35.6% 35.6% 41.8% 37.3% 37.7% 34.1% 40.6%

Perception Actual

0.7% 0.9% 0.8% 0.9% 0.9% 0.7% 0.5% 0.8% 0.6% 0.6% 0.6% 0.7% 0.5% 0.4% 0.6% 0.7% 0.4%

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. Based on previous 30-day period. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf: Executive Summary Questions-Actual: Within the last 30 days, on how many days did you use alcohol (beer, wine, liquor)? (Never used; Have used, but not in the last 30 days; 1-2 days; 3-5 days; 6-9 days; 10-19 days; 20-29 days; All 30 days) Perception: Within the last 30 days, how often do you think the typical student at your school used alcohol (beer, wine, liquor)? State your best estimate. (Never used; One or more days; Used daily)

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College Student Drinking
Drinking 5 or More Drinks in a Sitting Within the Last 2 Weeks
Male Female

70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

67.8%

52.7%

25.9% 21.8% 16.3% 8.6% 5.1% 1.8%

None

1-2 times

3-5 times

6 or more times

Source: National College Health Assessment, Spring 2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf Question: Think back over the last two weeks. How many times, if any, have you had five or more alcoholic drinks at a sitting? (None, 1 time, 2 times, 3 times, 4 times, 5 times, 6 times, 7 times, 8 times, 9 or more times)

National College Health Assessment
Positive Norms
• 80% of college students used a designated driver when they socialized during the last school year. • 62% of college students consumed 4 or fewer drinks the last time they socialized. • 72% of college students consumed 5 or fewer drinks the last time they socialized. • 63% of college students did not consume 5 or more drinks in a sitting within the last two weeks.
Source: National College Health Assessment, Spring 2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf : p. 11-12 Questions-Designated driver use: During the last school year, if you “partied”/socialized, how often did you use a designated driver? (Not applicable/Don’t Drink, Always, Usually, Sometimes, Rarely, Never) (Note: Students responding “N/A, don’t drink” were excluded from this analysis.) Drinks consumed: The last time you “partied”/socialized, how many alcoholic drinks did you have? State your best estimate. Consuming 5+ drinks in one sitting: Think back over the last two weeks. How many times, if any, have you had five or more alcoholic drinks at a sitting? (None, 1 time, 2 times, 3 times, 4 times, 5 times, 6 times, 7 times, 8 times, 9 or more times)

Percentage of College Students Who Used a Designated Driver When Socializing

79.6% 76.7% 73.4% 73.6% 72.3% 77.1% 78.8% 75.3% 76.4% 73.2% 77.8%

80.8% 79.0%

80.6% 79.9%

74.6%

75.3%

9% increase since Spring 2000

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf : Executive Summary Note: Students responding “N/A, don’t drink” were excluded from this analysis. Question: During the last school year, if you “partied”/socialized, how often did you use a designated driver? (Not applicable/Don’t Drink, Always, Usually, Sometimes, Rarely, Never)

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Percentage of College Students Consuming 4 or Fewer Drinks When Socializing
65.1% 62.3% 60.9%

60.5%

61.6%

60%

60.2% 57.8%

60.4%

62.6% 59.8%

61.8% 62.1% 62.7%

52.4%

54.2%

55.3%

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf Executive Summary Question: The last time you “partied”/socialized, how many alcoholic drinks did you have? State your best estimate.

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Percentage of College Students Consuming 4 or Fewer Drinks When Socializing
68.7% 67.6% 68.7% 70.6% 69.1% 67.5% 68.3% 67.3% 66.9% 66.3% 64.7% 64% 61.7% 62.5% 54.9% 49.6% 49.4% 47.7% 50% 45% 44.6% 52.8% 47.8% 49.5% 54.9% 51% 51.8% 51.3% 50.8%

66.8%

68.6%

60.4%

39.9%

41.5%

Female Male

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf: Executive Summary Question: The last time you “partied”/socialized, how many alcoholic drinks did you have? State your best estimate.

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Percentage of College Students Consuming 5 or Fewer Drinks When Socializing
69.1% 69.9% 71.5% 72% 69.7% 71% 69.7% 70.5% 73.6% 71.8% 70.4% 61.3% 63.4% 64.2%

67.3%

67.5% 67.6%

Sp rin g

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf : Executive Summary Question: The last time you “partied”/socialized, how many alcoholic drinks did you have? State your best estimate.

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Percentage of College Students Consuming 5 or Fewer Drinks When Socializing
79.7% 78.8% 78.4% 77.7% 77.8% 77.2% 78.4%

76.2% 71.3%

78% 76.4%

76.6% 75% 73.3% 73.1% 72.4%

78.8%

60.4% 56.7% 56.2% 53% 52.8%

57.6% 59.8% 56.2% 57.8%

60.1%

62.3% 59.1% 59.1% 57.5%

51.3% 45.6% 48.4%

Female Male

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf Executive Summary Question: The last time you “partied”/socialized, how many alcoholic drinks did you have? State your best estimate.

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Percentage of College Students who did Not Consume 5+ Drinks in a Sitting*

66% 65.3% 61.7%

65% 60.9%

66.5% 62.6% 63.9% 60% 63.2% 62.9% 62.9% 61.7% 62.5%

55.8%

57.6%

57.6%

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. Based on previous 30-day period. : http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf Executive Summary *in the last two weeks Question: Think back over the last two weeks. How many times, if any, have you had five or more alcoholic drinks at a sitting? (None, 1 time, 2 times, 3 times, 4 times, 5 times, 6 times, 7 times, 8 times, 9 or more times)

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Percentage of College Students who did Not Consume 5+ Drinks in a Sitting*
72.8% 72.6% 67.2% 63.7% 70.9% 68.3% 69.4% 68.2% 68% 69.2% 68.2% 67.3% 66.7% 66.5% 64.9% 64.1% 60.4% 52.2% 54.6% 54.2% 47.8% 45.9% 49% 49.1% 55.9% 53.2% 53.6% 54% 52.9% 52% 58.1% 52.7%

67.8%

43.6%

Female Male

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Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. Based on previous 30-day period. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf, Executive Summary *in the last two weeks Question: Think back over the last two weeks. How many times, if any, have you had five or more alcoholic drinks at a sitting? (None, 1 time, 2 times, 3 times, 4 times, 5 times, 6 times, 7 times, 8 times, 9 or more times)

Behavioral Norms
Consequences Not Occurring as a Result of Drinking Among College Students
Did not physically injure another person

96%

Was not involved in a fight

94%

Was not physically injured

81%

Source: National College Health Assessment, Spring 2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf Note: Students responding “N/A, don’t drink” were excluded from this analysis. Question: If you drink alcohol, within the last school year, have you experienced any of the following as a consequence of your drinking? [Physically injured yourself, Physically injured another person, Been involved in a fight] (Not applicable/Don’t drink, No, Yes)

Behavioral Norms
Consequences Not Occurring as a Result of Drinking Among College Students
95.9% 95.7% 95.6% 95.7% 95.6% 95.9% 96.1% 95.3% 95.2% 94.8% 95.1% 94% 94.2% 95.3% 93.8% 93.4% 93.5% 90.4% 83.4% 83.4% 84.4% 82.1% 80.7% 79.2% 81.3% 81.5% 78.5% 78.5% 92.2% 92.6% 93.4% 91% 90.7% 91% 83.5% 83.4% 81.8% 82.2% 80.7% 84.7% 81.4% 94.1% 93.5% 93.3% 93.5% 93.4% 93.3%93.9% 92.7%

96.1% 94.1%

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Did not physically injure another person

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Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf: Executive Summary Note: Students responding “N/A, don’t drink” were excluded from this analysis. Question: If you drink alcohol, within the last school year, have you experienced any of the following as a consequence of your drinking? [Physically injured yourself, Physically injured another person, Been involved in a fight] (Not applicable/Don’t drink, No, Yes)

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Behavioral Norms
Consequences Not Occurring as a Result of Drinking Among College Students
Did not physically injure another person Was not involved in a fight
97% 94%

96% 91%

Was not physically injured Male Female

82% 81%

Source: National College Health Assessment, Spring 2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf Note: Students responding “N/A, don’t drink” were excluded from this analysis. Question: If you drink alcohol, within the last school year, have you experienced any of the following as a consequence of your drinking? [Physically injured yourself, Physically injured another person, Been involved in a fight] (Not applicable/Don’t drink, No, Yes)

Behavioral Norms
Percentage of College Students that did Not Physically Injure Another Person as a Result of Drinking
98%

97%

97%

97%

97% 96%

97%

97%

97%

97% 97%

97%

97%

98%

97%

97%

97%

93% 91%

93% 92% 90% 88% 92% 92% 91% 92%

93%

93%

94%

94% 93% 93% 93%

Male Female

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf: Executive Summary Note: Students responding “N/A, don’t drink” were excluded from this analysis. Question: If you drink alcohol, within the last school year, have you experienced any of the following as a consequence of your drinking? [Physically injured yourself, Physically injured another person, Been involved in a fight] (Not applicable/Don’t drink, No, Yes)

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Behavioral Norms
Percentage of College Students that were Not Involved in a Fight as a Result of Drinking
96% 94% 96% 96% 95% 93% 91% 89% 87% 85% 88% 86% 88% 89% 86% 89% 90% 89% 91% 91% 89% 90% 91% 96% 95% 96% 96% 96% 96% 96% 96% 95% 96% 96%

Male Female

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf: Executive Summary Note: Students responding “N/A, don’t drink” were excluded from this analysis. Question: If you drink alcohol, within the last school year, have you experienced any of the following as a consequence of your drinking? [Physically injured yourself, Physically injured another person, Been involved in a fight] (Not applicable/Don’t drink, No, Yes)

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Behavioral Norms
Percentage of College Students that were Not Physically Injured as a Result of Drinking
85% 86% 84% 85% 85% 82% 84% 83% 84% 82% 83% 81% 82%83% 82% 80% 82% 83% 81% 82% 81% 82% 81%81% 82% 81% 80% 79% 80% 79% 77% 80% 77% 75%

Male Female

Source: National College Health Assessment, Fall/Spring 2000-2008 Findings, American College Health Association. http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/ACHA-NCHA_Reference_Group_Report_Sprin2008.pdf: Executive Summary Note: Students responding “N/A, don’t drink” were excluded from this analysis. Question: If you drink alcohol, within the last school year, have you experienced any of the following as a consequence of your drinking? [Physically injured yourself, Physically injured another person, Been involved in a fight] (Not applicable/Don’t drink, No, Yes)

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