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					2008 Spring   Newsletter for the Friends of the East Sussex Record Office

Chairman Pam Combes                              Contents
Vice-Chairman Lady Teviot
Hon. Secretary
                                                 News from the vice-chairman                      1-2
Hon. Treasurer
                                                 Lady Teviot
Newsletter Editor Gail Vines
Newsletter Production Sue Rowland
                                                 News from the Record Office                      3-4
County Archivist Elizabeth Hughes
                                                 Elizabeth Hughes
Events Secretary
                                                 Forthcoming visits                                5
Committee Members
                                                 Barbara Abbs, Judy Brent
Barbara Abbs
Heather Coleman                                  FESRO/SAS Seminars 2007/8                         6
Judy Brent                                       Sue Berry
Roger Davey
Pam Fielding                                     FESRO visit to Great Maxfield                    7-8
Lord Teviot                                      Colin and Judy Brent
Sue Tompsett
                                                 From Ore to Africa by way of the Dardanelles -
President                                        Papers of the Elphinstone family            9-11
Phyllida K. Stewart-Roberts OBE,                 Anna Manthorpe
Lord-Lieutenant, East Sussex
                                                 Latest purchases from eBay                    12-13
Registered Charity No. 296062                    Christopher Whittick, Ian Hilder

Please direct any correspondence or membership   Dates for your diary                   back page
enquiries to the appropriate officer c/o

The East Sussex County Record Office             Visit East Sussex Record Office website at:
The Maltings, Castle Precincts,        
Lewes, East Sussex, BN7 1YT                      localandfamilyhistory/esro/

Tel: 01273 482349                                Visit the Friends of East Sussex Record Office
e-mail:               website at:
Opening Times
Monday and Tuesday - 8.45-4.45
Wednesday - 9.30-4.45
Thursday - 8.45-4.45
Friday - 8.45-4.15
and the second Saturday each month - 9.00-1.00
and 2.00-4.45

To book please phone the Search Room on:
01273 482359 (booking is always advisable and    Cover photo, newsletter
essential on Saturdays)                          and logo design: Andy Gammon

    News from the vice-chairman

The chairman had several family commit-            the excellent article in the last FESRO
ments during the early months of this year,        newsletter about 200th anniversary of
and in a bid to lessen her workload, this report   Brighton’s Theatre Royal. Eleisha offered to
comes from our vice-chairman, Lady Teviot.         become involved with the work of FESRO at
     In future we are aiming to share the load     the AGM, and we are delighted she has
of the officers of FESRO more widely amongst       agreed to be co-opted to the committee.
the Committee members. Pam Fielding has
volunteered to take the minutes at the             Outings
committee meetings, so the Secretary’s role        Having been a member of FESRO for many
will be less burdensome in the future, and         years, one of the greatest attractions has
Sue Tompsett has combined the role of book-        been the opportunity to have the privilege
keeper with that of Membership Secretary,          of visiting many houses which in the normal
thereby similarly lightening the workload of       course of events would be closed to us. Some
the treasurer.                                     years ago, I remember our visit to
     However, a new Treasurer is still urgently    Groombridge Place, then in the occupation
required! We continue to search for a              of Mrs Newton, who lived there alone, and
volunteer who could act as our Treasurer. We       never turned a hair when the dogs jumped
require someone to advise us on the best           onto and then curled up on priceless
management of funds.                               Jacobean furniture.
                                                        Last year, the visit to Great Maxfield by
Search for a new Secretary too!                    kind permission of the owner was totally
At the same time, we are issuing an urgent         fascinating, a gem of a house. The
appeal for a new Secretary. After several years    organisation of these visits involves a
of dedicated service to the Friends, Sally         considerable amount of work, confirming
Dench has had to step down as our Secretary.       dates, giving the correct directions and
She has our grateful thanks for all the work       providing the documents, usually from the
which she has put in during her time in office.    staff of the Record Office who give up a day
Since another committee member has taken           at the weekend, to give so much additional
over the minute-keeping part of the job, we        background to the house.
now require an advisor who has some legal               This year, once again, we will be able to
experience and knowledge of the rules              visit properties to which often the general
governing charities to ensure we fulfil all our    public would not have access. Barbara Abbs
statutory obligations.                             has been able to arrange visits to The Priory,
                                                   Ticehurst House, near Wadhurst on Saturday
                                                   10 May. The house was opened in 1792 as
Welcome to new committee members                   the Ticehurst Private Asylum by Samuel
We welcome Heather Coleman and Eleisha             Newington and is still a private psychiatric
Newman to the committee. Heather wrote             hospital. The house is Grade II and is situated


amidst gardens and paddocks. It is hoped that     was mentioned in the Domesday Book and
there will be an opportunity to include a visit   the present house dates from the 17th century.
to the 14th-century parish church of Ticehurst    We thank the owner Sabrina Harcourt-Smith
which is dedicated to St Mary the Virgin.         for opening the house for what I am sure will
     The second visit, on 6 September, is to      be a most interesting visit.
Wootton Manor, near Folkington. The estate                                         Lady Teviot

                               HELP STILL NEEDED
                    Hon Treasurer and Hon Secretary
                           Job descriptions
             1. To oversee the keeping of the accounts, their presentation to
                the auditor and to present the accounts to the AGM
             2. To oversee the agenda and notices for the AGM and ensure
                we comply with the requirements of our constitution regarding
                the meeting.
             3. To maintain our contact with the Charity Commission and
                ensure that all the annual report they require is sent to them.

       All the everyday requirements, minute taking, paying in cash
        and keeping the books, have been taken on by members of
       the committee. Please consider these overseeing roles – they
         are not onerous, but the help and advice would take some
              responsibility from the shoulders of the Chairman.
          It is possible that one person could combine both jobs.


    News from the Record Office

New Record Office: The Keep                            of respondents rated the overall service good
There is yet again plenty to report. We are now        or very good.
definitely aiming for a first stage Heritage Lottery        The restrictions of the Record Office building
Fund bid at the end of August 2008 and are             scored us low on physical access (21% poor or
awaiting further news from the HLF as to the           very poor) and visitor facilities (30% poor or
procedure for applying at stage two, should we         very poor). The survey asked in which areas
be successful. By the time this newsletter goes        improvements were most in need. 46% of
to press, we should also have appointed the            visitors felt that improvements to visitor facilities
contractor and architects to begin the design          were most important, 35% physical access to
process, and for this reason we have been              the building, 25% catalogues and guides, 22%
concentrating on finalising the architect’s brief.     opening hours, 18% on site IT, and 15%
This has involved a huge amount of work with           document delivery and 15% film and fiche
the project’s partners. As well as Brighton &          viewing facilities. The real answer to the need
Hove City Council, Sussex University is now            for improved facilities and physical access is,
interested in being involved in the project. Both      of course, a new building. However, until we
organisations will be making decisions on their        get one we will continue to make service
involvement and contributions in the next few          improvements wherever we can. We have just
months. We have also been discussing the needs         increased the number of film/fiche viewers and
of the Sussex Family History Group and Allways         we are aiming to increase Saturday opening
Learning, a cultural training organisation             hours (of which more below).
currently based at Sussex University Library.               We also learned that 53% were studying for
     The County Council has been reviewing its         their own personal recreation but 23% were in
capital programme and it has recently been             formal education, 5% on personal or family
agreed that inflation should be added to the           business and 19% were using the record office
amount earmarked for The Keep should the HLF           in connection with their employment. Our
bid is successful. This increases ESCC’s potential     visitors also contributed to the local economy.
contribution to £11.5 million, which is a fantastic    While the majority came to the area primarily
commitment to the project and will impress and         to visit the Record Office, 9% stayed overnight,
encourage other funding bodies as we move              69% ate out locally, 73% used local services and
forward.                                               14% visited other places of interest.
                                                           The age profile was as follows: 0-19 – 0%;
Visitor survey 2007                                    20-24 – 11%; 25-34 – 1%; 35-44 – 6%; 45-54 –
                                                       14%; 55-64 – 28%; 65-74 – 12%. Of course, this
The results of the latest survey of visitors to
                                                       does not reflect all the users we reach – for
East Sussex Record Office (carried out in
                                                       example, community groups and children
December 2007) are now available. They show
                                                       reached by our outreach programme.
a continued high level of satisfaction with the
quality of advice (92% good or very good) and              52% of our visitors came to the Record
helpfulness and friendliness of staff (95%). 85%       Office by car, which is not unexpected in view


of the fact that we serve the whole county and       and much was achieved that cannot be while
beyond, but 25% travelled by rail, 13% by bus        we are open, including a great deal of sorting,
and 10% on foot.                                     listing, rationalising of space and checking of
                                                     references. In the searchroom you will notice
                                                     that the microfilm and fiche drawers and the
Other news
                                                     library have been updated and tidied. Thanks
The service we provide has been recognised by        to corporate funding, we also took delivery of
a national assessment carried out by The             four new combined film/fiche readers and an
National Archives. Last year, which was a pilot      additional self-service reader-printer, so that we
of the assessment scheme, the Record Office          now have one of them set up for film and on
scored no stars in the overall rating out of a       for fiche.
total possible three stars since the threshold for
                                                          Unfortunately, there will be some disruption
a one-star performance is 30% in all areas and
                                                     to the service during March. We have been given
this was not achieved for buildings. Otherwise
                                                     additional storage space at our archives outstore
the rating would have been one star. This year
                                                     at Unit Y and will be moving archives out of
the good news is that that we have been
                                                     unsuitable accommodation in records
assessed as a two-star service overall, having
                                                     management units at Newhaven during that
achieved a better overall score and improved
                                                     month. Because we have had to wait until the
the buildings rating to one star against a higher
                                                     previous occupants had moved out and our
minimum threshold of 35%. And in two areas,
                                                     own specialist shelving was installed, we were
governance and documentation, we have scored
                                                     not able to do this during stocktaking. At the
higher than both the national and regional
                                                     moment we are anticipating that we will not be
                                                     able to produce documents from outstores for
    In January we welcomed Izabella Bicsak-          the entire month and that during the last two
Snitter (known as Izzy) as our new Archives          weeks we will not be able to produce original
Assistant. She will mostly be staffing the           documents from The Maltings, although access
reception desk and will also be helping the          to the searchroom, including film and fiche and
Friends with its administration.                     the library, will be unaffected.
     We are saying goodbye to two long-standing          I’ll end on another high note. I am delighted
members of the public service staff. Pauline         to announce that in this year’s budget round
Colwell, who has been Search Room Supervisor         the Record Office has been allocated an
since 1991, is retiring at the end of April, and     additional £50,000 to its budget to enable us to
Dennis Steer, Document Production Assistant,         open on more Saturdays a year and to employ
is retiring at the end of July. We wish them both    an Outreach and Learning Officer to take forward
a long, happy and (if they want it) relaxing         the work we have started with schools and local
retirement.                                          communities, and in building partnerships, to
    We closed as usual for our annual                implement our audience development plan.
stocktaking during the last two weeks of January                                   Elizabeth Hughes


    Forthcoming events

Visit to the Marlipins Museum, Shoreham
Saturday 3 May 2008, 2pm - Joint event with West Sussex Archive Society (WSAS)
Anyone interested in going to the event, please contact: Stephanie Cecil, 62 Maybush Drive, Chidham,
Chichester PO18 8SS (01243 573782). Numbers are limited to 40.

FESRO visit to The Priory, Ticehurst House, near Wadhurst
Saturday 10 May 2008. Cost: £8 including cream tea (eight places remaining)
Ticehurst Private Asylum was opened in 1792 by         illustrated in a delightful brochure which can be
Samuel Newington, village surgeon and apothecary.      seen in ESRO (QAL/1/1/E2). By 1888 there were two
He lived at The Vineyard and build the asylum in       other houses, Quarry Villa and Woodlands, both
his grounds. Samuel’s son, Charles, built The          used for accommodation for the insane.
Highlands in 1812 on an adjoining piece of land. It           Much of the land was sold off after the last
was he who was responsible for the gardens,            war and The Vineyard was demolished in 1952.
‘ornamenting the grounds in every way that could       Woodlands became a guest house. The principal
amuse and clear the mind…’                             building, known formerly as The Establishment
     In 1816, 40 acres of grounds were landscaped.     and now a private psychiatric hospital, is a Grade
Over two miles of footpaths led through plantations    II listed Classical-style building of white-painted
and orchards and past summer houses. By 1831           stucco with 19th-century additions. It is surrounded
the asylum had a bowling green, pavilions that         by gardens and paddocks with specimen trees and
included an aviary of singing birds, a Chinese         a circuit walk. Some of the garden buildings remain.
gallery, a conservatory, a reading room and a music           There should be an opportunity to visit
room as well as a spacious chapel. These are all       Ticehurst church afterwards.
                                                                                              Barbara Abbs
FESRO visit to Wootton Manor, near Folkington
Saturday, 6 September 2008. Cost £10 including refreshments
Seemingly the ‘mansion house’, with its gabled        Rupert immediately commissioned Detmar Blow
front facing east and its prominent rusticated quoins to add a library wing approached by a Georgian
and string courses, was rebuilt c1670 by Sir William  staircase transported from a Gwynne property in
Thomas, who also owned Folkington Place where         Battersea. He also created a new western approach
a barn displays similar Mannerist brickwork. The      which negotiates yards and farm buildings skilfully
house was mostly lived in by tenant farmers till      remodelled in Arts and Crafts style to blend with
1876 when Wootton and Folkington Manors were          the house.
bought by James Gwynne (1832-1915) whose                   Sabrina Harcourt Smith, great-granddaughter
engineering works at Battersea specialized in         of James Gwynne, will show the Friends over the
centrifugal pumps. Sometime thereafter the house      house and grounds where Blow’s paths and water
was occupied by his daughter Violet Gordon            garden survive. In the nearby churchyard at
Woodhouse (1871-1948), the celebrated                 Folkington will be found monuments to her great-
harpsichordist, and from 1905 by his son Rupert       aunt Violet and to her aunt Elizabeth David, whose
(1873-1924), elected Conservative MP for              French Provincial Cooking transformed English
Eastbourne in 1910. On James’ death in 1915,          cuisine.                               Judy Brent


    Seminars past and future

Seminars about archives and their use help us        in conjunction with the tithe maps and appor-
to be more effective users of record offices and     tionments, the 'Domesday' of 1910 which was
their sources. Groups that never exceed twenty       a detailed survey for tax purposes, and Dudley
and sometimes no more than fifteen facilitate        Stamp's Land Utilization Survey, now also an
discussion and that is why we try to keep the        invaluable historic resource, compiled with the
seminars this size. Discussion gives particpants     aid of school children.
the chance to ask questions and for others to             Anne Drewery has kindly agreed to offer
hear what is going on more easily.                   Latin for beginners to a small group this autumn
     Andrew Lusted did a very good session           at ESRO, dates to be arranged. Two more
about parish archives. He introduced all of us       seminars are also planned, one in the autumn
to at least one source we had not used and to        and one in the spring. They are likely to be in
the need to look carefully at less familar sources   the Lecture Room at Lewes Town Hall (discreet
when studying landscape or family history. Chris     side entrance in Fisher Street), the first on uses
Whittick's first session on Manorial Archives        of the C19th census for historians and the
was also very well received. A very useful debate    second, an introduction to parish records as we
about what the terms 'copyholder' and 'widows        had to turn people away from the last one.
bench' meant developed. Chris is offering            Please check the notice boards in ESRO and
another session on more advanced work with           details will be in the next Newsletter too. Or
manorial records on March 15th.                      email Sue Berry if you would like to be on an
     John Godfrey did a first rate session about     e-mail list for them -
Tithe Maps and their apportionments in February If you have
in which he covered not only their purpose but       ideas please let her know either by email or by
also how they can be used for research. Dr           dropping a note into the FESRO tray near the
Godfrey pointed out that most research into          Reception Desk as you enter the Record Office.
land ownership, occupation and use requires          We are always happy to repeat sessions if there
us to venture outside our own parish or com-         appears to be enough demand from requests
munity and look at adjacent ones in order to         to fill a second set of 20 places when not held
get a more reliable picture. Farms and estates       in ESRO or 15 when they are.
tended to cross parish boundaries. He also                Due to the cost of room hire, handouts etc,
introduced us to two later sources which might       the two-hour seminars will be £7.00 and £8.50
prove useful for the study of landscape change       and any three-hour sessions, £11.50 and £14.

For events £10 and under, sorry no refunds, we have to cover our costs for events and the admin time
and costs are also considerable including any dealing with waiting lists. The fee will be regarded as
a gift to the fund raising for ESRO. For events £10 and over, if the numbers booked cover the costs
of the event, then a refund will be given but with £3 deducted to cover admin costs. If the numbers
do not cover costs then we will not refund.
                                                                                            Sue Berry


    FESRO visit to Great Maxfield, 13 October 2007

On a sunny autumnal Saturday, some thirty ESRO            by Geoffrey St Leger to the abbot of Battle in
members enjoyed the hospitality, tea and                  c1230. He and the monks used the house (as
splendid cake of Maria and Philip Newton at their         they did Barnhorne manor) for relaxation. The
‘visually perfect timber framed house’ (Pevsner).         site included a dovecote, gatehouse, mill and
Christopher Whittick and David Martin were on             park. At the Dissolution it was sold to Anthony
hand to take us through their investigation into          Browne; in 1610 by Sir Henry Browne to Robert
the Battle Abbey archives and into the minutiae           Barham gent. of Boughton Monchelsea, Kent; in
of the existing timber framing. Their researches          1663 to Benjamin Henshaw, ‘embroiderer’ of
have much enriched the story of the house as              London; in 1696 to Thomas Medley, who was
previously told in the Victoria County History by         consolidating the Buxted Park estate; in 1875 to
JW Bloe.                                                  the Coghurst estate, and in c1926 to Ross
     The gift of this Wealden moated site fed by          Douglas, Labour MP and Governor of Malta.
the Sailors Stream running into the Doleham               Created a Baron in 1950, he died in 1980. So till
Ditch, a branch of the Brede River, was confirmed         the 1920s only tenant farmers occupied the house.

 Watercolour sketch in a survey of the Buxted estate depicts the house in 1798. (ACC3712)


David Martin expounds the mysteries of Maxfield to FESRO members

     The watercolour sketch in a survey of the        of octagonal stacks resembles those at Bodiam
Buxted estate (ACC3712), see page 7, depicts          Castle.
the house in 1798. The wing, on the site of the       Very recent repairs, moreover, have revealed
medieval hall, was perhaps built by the               two doorways from the abbot’s chamber in the
Henshaws. The splendidly gabled cross-wing,           cross-wing into a now vanished range. It
however, which doubtless housed the abbot,            perhaps housed the chapel, but was demolished
is probably the ‘novum edificium’ noted in the        sometime after the Dissolution. Pretty
almoner’s accounts for 1502-03, a renovation          decoration from the spandrels of one doorway
of previous work funded in 1363-64. The               was copied about 1930 in the present front
decoration of the barge-board (also shown) is         door. David Martin also revealed a recently
especially admirable. Not visible in the sketch,      discovered pattern of pegging in the cross-
but serving the cross-wing, is a fine ashlar          wing, a clue to the roof-line of the medieval
chimney paid for in 1372-73; its majestic pair        hall beyond.
                                                                              Colin and Judy Brent


    New purchase by the Friends

[1555]-2008 (ESRO AMS 6805)

With the much-appreciated financial support of            and his wife Constance Mary Alexander, the
FESRO, we purchased, sight unseen, three carrier          daughter of John Alexander Hankey, of Balcombe
bags of papers relating to the Elphinstone family         Place. In 1889 Howard John married Katherine
from Bonham's auction on 15 March 2005. The               Curteis, a daughter of Herbert Mascall Curteis of
description in the catalogue was rather vague, but        Windmill Hill Place, and died aged 33 in Ticehurst
the gamble seemed worthwhile because we already           House, then a private asylum (see page 5).
hold the photographic archive of Howard John                   But at first sight the papers looked rather, well,
Elphinstone (AMS 6027) and felt that there would          dull. There was a multiplicity of unlabelled
be some link with these papers. Howard John was           photographs (always an archivist's nightmare),
the eldest son of Sir Howard Warburton Elphinstone        some taken in Africa, and a considerable amount
                                                                                of family papers which seemed
                                                                                to have little local connection.
                                                                                There was a manuscript in
                                                                                Turkish with an attractive
                                                                                decorated cover, which, through
                                                                                the kind efforts of
                                                                                Muhammadisa Waley of the
                                                                                British Library (son of FESRO
                                                                                member Dr Daniel Waley), we
                                                                                discovered was a list of forts,
                                                                                redoubts and harbours in the
                                                                                     Further investigation was
                                                                                needed, and the archive was
                                                                                stored unlisted until now. A
                                                                                considerable amount of time
                                                                                was required to make sense of
                                                                                it, but the effort has definitely
                                                                                been worthwhile. One of the
                                                                                enjoyable things about
                                                                                cataloguing is creating order
                                                                                from chaos and piecing together
                                                                                what at first sight appears to be
                                                                                a disparate collection of records.
                                                                                     It soon became apparent
                                                                                that most of the records concern
                                                                                the descendants of Sir Howard
Pencil drawing of Sir Howard Elphinstone of Ore Place (1773-1846),              Elphinstone (1773-1846), who
first baronet; c1840 (from AMS 6805/3/1)                                        was created a baronet after a


distinguished military career, and died at Ore Place.     stewardship of Hastings Regatta, 18 August 1831,
There are transcripts of letters written to his wife      and election expenses, 1831-1841 (AMS 6805/2/1).
Frances (Fanny) while he was on military service               What appeared to be a published work titled
in the Peninsular and elsewhere, 1806-1819 (AMS           Record of Family Faculties by Francis Galton (1884),
6805/4/8).                                                turned out to be an early example of a publication
     His son, also called Howard, who became the          to be used by genealogists for recording ancestral
second baronet, was MP for Hastings, 1835-1837,           details (AMS 6805/3/1). The record was started in
and Lewes, 1841-1847. The archive contains his            1893 by Constance Mary Alexander, the wife of
notebook which has brief notes of events in his life      Howard Warburton Elphinstone, the third baronet.
during the period 1829-1846, including his purchase       It contains photographs, cuttings, biographical and
of Hole Farm, Hastings, on 9 July 1831, his               personal details of living family members, as well
                                                                              as previous generations. We
                                                                              find that their son Howard John,
                                                                              the amateur photographer,
                                                                              became ill after service in Egypt
                                                                              and India.
                                                                                  We often learn the sort of
                                                                              details which are normally lost
                                                                              to history, such as height,
                                                                              weight, and mental powers.
                                                                              There is a wonderful
                                                                              photograph of Lady Frances
                                                                              Elphinstone (1783-1858; née
                                                                              Warburton), the recipient of the
                                                                              letters mentioned above. She
                                                                              is shown in 1855, aged 72,
                                                                              knitting in an armchair. The
                                                                              impression of a frail old lady is
                                                                              clearly deceptive. She is
                                                                              recorded as having a very
                                                                              decided and commanding
                                                                              character, and at 73 could easily
                                                                              walk from Ore to St Leonards
                                                                              and back, a round trip of six
                                                                              miles. In 1858 she was thrown
                                                                              out of her carriage when the
                                                                              horse took fright at a train, and
                                                                              the carriage passed over her.
                                                                              Despite having broken several
                                                                              ribs, she walked back for a mile
Early photograph of the redoubtable Frances, Lady Elphinstone, aged           to Ore Rectory, the home of her
72, taken by her grandson, Howard Warburton Elphinstone, at Ore               son-in-law the Rev William
Place in 1855 (AMS 6805/3/1).


Twiss Turner. This was too much even for her robust        It was possible to attribute the large number of
constitution, and she died a few weeks later.              unlabelled photographs of Africa, particularly Kenya,
      The same volume contains a copy of a letter          to Elizabeth Elphinstone, whose name appears on
written by Margaret Lady Balmerino following the           some of the envelopes. Sir Howard Graham
execution of her Jacobite husband Arthur                   Elphinstone (1898-1975), the fourth baronet, served
Elphinstone, sixth Lord Balmerino, on 18 August            in the Kenya Civil Service from 1921, and Elizabeth
1746. There are numerous pedigrees and research            Mary (born 1926) was his elder daughter. There is
notes into the family's long-established Scottish          a jolly photograph of her riding an ostrich, whose
ancestry, of which they were clearly very proud.           opinion of its rider is however not recorded.
      An inscription on the Turkish manuscript (AMS             What appeared initially as a rather uninspiring
6805/7/1) states that it was presented to Sir Charles      jumble of papers turned out to be a most worthwhile
Holloway by the Grand Vizier at Constantinople in          purchase for the office. As well as the local content,
April 1799. In the previous year Sir Charles had           there is much which is of wider interest. The
been chosen as second in command of a military             Elphinstone family was of considerable importance,
mission to assist the Turks in repelling the French        as demonstrated by the fact that several family
invasion of Egypt. After arriving in Constantinople        members mentioned in the archive merit an article
in March 1799, he was sent to report on the                in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Dardanelles fortifications, hence the survival of a        We are most grateful, as ever, to FESRO for allowing
list of local defences in the archive. His son William     us to acquire it.
Cuthbert married an Elphinstone, promptly adopting                                            Anna Manthorpe
the name as an additional surname.

The text, in Turkish expressed in Arabic script, of a survey of shore forts in the Dardanelles, 1799. The survey,
which includes Bozcaada (the Tenedos of the Iliad), was presented to Major General Sir Charles Holloway, Royal
Engineers (1749-1827), by the Grand Vizier at Constantinople (AMS 6805/7/1).


     New eB ay purchases for ESRO

Lantern-slide of Chiddingly Place, c1900 (ACC 9907)

Built for the eminent judge Sir John Jefferay          that is, a supporter of the Elizabethan religious
(c.1523–1578) in the 1570s, by the date of this        settlement. He sat for the duchy borough of East
photograph the mansion had degenerated into a          Grinstead in 1571 and for the county of Sussex
substantial farmhouse.                                 from 1572.
     Sir John was born at Chiddingly, the elder of          He greatly augmented the family's land-
the two sons of Richard Jefferay (d. 1554) and his     holdings in Chiddingly and by the 1570s was lord
wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Whitfield of       of several manors, but he nevertheless chose
Wadhurst. The family had been landowners and           copyhold land on which to build a new mansion
office-holders in the parish from the 1470s; Richard   between 1573 and 1574; the property already
Jefferay's father, John (d. 1513), was commemo-        included a pigeon-house, a conduit-house for the
rated by a brass in Chiddingly church. Both brothers   supply of water, and a park of 80 acres, to which
entered Gray's Inn; John was admitted in 1544,         Thomas Sackville, Lord Buckhurst, had sent six live
called to the bar in 1546, and elected an ancient in   does in 1570. His punning motto, Je fray ce que
1552. In 1553 he married Alice (d. 1570), daughter     diray (‘I shall do what I say’) was in the eighteenth
of John Apsley of London. Probably through the         century still to be seen in the glass of the window
influence of Sir Ambrose Cave, chancellor of the       of the great hall. His relationship with his powerful
duchy of Lancaster, he sat as MP for Clitheroe in      Pelham neighbours was close, sometimes
1563, and was described as ‘a favourer of religion’,   uncomfortably so. His mansion was held of their

manor of Laughton, and he lent his support in their     routs … both with his counsel and money’ (BL,
struggle to wrest control of the Dicker Common          Add. MS 33187, fol. 171). One of his last acts in
from the crown. In 1575 the duchy's lessee Anthony      Sussex was to draft an arbitration award between
Smyth accused Jefferay of confederacy with Sir          Pelham and one of his manorial tenants.
John Pelham, to whom he gave free legal advice;
Jefferay had been ‘very froward and prone … to          Extract from entry by Christopher Whittick in Oxford
bolster and cloak with his credit all the riots and     Dictionary of National Biography (OUP 2004)

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Burne-Jones, appointment of new trustees of settlement of Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones, painter, 1908
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Thomas Legg and Son of London, Ashford and Rye, woolstaplers, letter to Henry Brazier, 1844 (ACC 9837)
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                        REMINDER: FESRO SUBSCRIPTIONS
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   Dates for your 2008 diary

Apr 12    - Saturday opening (please phone to book)
May 3     - Joint visit with WSAS to Marlipins Museum, Shoreham (see page 5)
May 10    - FESRO visit to The Priory, Ticehurst (see page 5)
May 10    - Saturday opening (please phone to book)
June 14 - Saturday opening (please phone to book)
July 12   - Saturday opening (please phone to book)
Aug 9     - Saturday opening (please phone to book)
Aug 20    - FESRO Committee meeting at 6.15pm
Sept 1    - FESRO Newsletter deadline
Sept 6    - FESRO visit to Wootton Manor, Folkington (see page 5)
Sept 13 - Saturday opening (please phone to book)
Oct 11    - Saturday opening (please phone to book)
Nov 7     - ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING, Lewes Town Hall
Nov 8     - Saturday opening (please phone to book)
Dec 3     - FESRO Committee meeting at 6.15pm
Dec 13    - Saturday opening (please phone to book)

To book a seminar please use the enclosed booking form. Payment within 7 days (cheques to FESRO)
must be made to secure bookings of events. Please include an sae with all correspondence and send
to the Seminar Secretary, 30 Preston Mansions, Preston Park Avenue, Brighton BN1 6HP

For booking Saturday openings please phone the Search Room on: 01273 482359

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