RyanManning.net Motherboard Example Doc
CPU -One 940-pin socket supports the AMD Athol 64 FX and Option 100 Series Built-in
1MB L2 cache
-AMD64 architecture enables simultaneous 32-bit and 64-bit computing
Chipset VIA K8T800
System Bus Scalable HyperTransport
Memory 4 x 184-pin DIMM Sockets support max. 8GB Registered ECC and non-ECC PC3200
/ PC2700 / PC2100 DDR SDRAM memory
Expansion Slots 1 x AGP8X (1.5V only)
5 x PCI
1 x ASUS WIFI Wireless LAN Connector
Storage South Bridge
-2 x ATA133
-2 x SATA, RAID0, RAID1
Promise R20378 RAID controller
-1 x ATA133 supports two hard drives
-2 x Serial ATA
-RAID0, RAID1, RAID 0+1
Audio ADI AD1985, 6-channel CODEC
S/PDIF out interface
LAN 3COM 3C940 Gb Ethernet LAN
USB 2.0 8 USB 2.0 ports
IEEE1394 VIA VT6307 controller with 2 IEEE1394 ports
Special AI NET
Features AI BIOS
ASUS POST Reporter
ASUS EZ Flash
Support S/PDIF out interface
ASUS CrashFree2 BIOS
ASUS Instant Music
ASUS Multi-language BIOS
Overclock -ASUS JumperFree
Features -Memory, Vlink voltage adjustable
-SFS(Stepless Frequency Selection) from 200 MHz up to 300MHz at 1MHz increment
Back Panel I/O 1xSerial
1 x PS/2 Keyboard
1 x PS/2 Mouse
1x Audio I/O
1x SPDIF OUT
Internal I/O -2x USB2.0 connector supports additional 4 USB 2.0 ports
Connectors -20-pin ATX power connector
-4-pin ATX 12V power connector
-CPU /chassis/Power Fan connectors
-CD/ AUX audio in
-IEEE 1394 connector
-GAME port connector
BIOS Features -4Mb Flash EEPROM
-AMI BIOS with enhanced ACPI,DMI,PnP,Green
-ASUS EZ Flash, ASUS Mylogo2, ASUS Q-Fan, SM BIOS 2.3, Crash-Free BIOS2
Standards PCI 2.2, USB 2.0
Manageability WOL by PME, WOR by PME
Support CD Drivers
-ASUS PC Probe
-Trend Micro PC-cillin 2002 anti-virus software
Form Factor ATX Form Factor, 12"x 9.6"(30.5cm x 24.5cm)
RyanManning.net Motherboard Example Doc
“How to decipher motherboard specs”
CPU: The most important specification you need to have here is the CPU Model and Series. Mixing and matching
different CPU’s, other than what the motherboard will support, will cause system failure and won’t even
Pin Count: The pin count should match perfectly with the CPU/processor. Pin Count is the number of
pins on the bottom of the CPU/processor.
Chipset: The chipset is the controller for the motherboards functions. It controls how the different sections of
hardware communicate with each other.
System Bus: The bus is exactly like it sounds. The bus is a parallel interface that connects the CPU to the RAM.
The system bus transmits data synchronously at regular pulses that are controlled by the clock speed.
Memory: This section of your motherboard specs determines what type of memory is supported by your system.
PC3200/ PC2700 / PC2100 are different memory speeds. PC3200 = 400MHz; PC2700 = 333MHz;
PC2100 = 266MHz. Different types of RAM can be SDRAM, DDR-SDRAM, Rambus DRAM, and SO-
Expansion Slots: Simply stated, “What can you add on?”
AGP: Accelerated Graphics Port. The 8x is the speed of the AGP Bus. Check your graphics card specs
to determine if it supports 1x/2x/4x/8x to match your motherboards specs.
PCI Slots: This is the amount of PCI expansion slots that your system will allow. PCI cards can include
Modems, Sound Cards, Ethernet Controllers, and other various types of expansion cards. Note: PCI
cards have the exact same keyed insertion connections.
Storage: This section will tell you what devices can be connected to your motherboard.
ATA: This is the traditional style of Hard Drive interface. The connection from the Hard Drive to your
motherboard is the thin rectangular connector.
SATA, RAID0, RAID1: SATA is the newest technology to hit the consumer market within the past year.
SATA speeds are much faster than ATA/Ultra-ATA speeds. SATA hard drives are capable of
transferring more data faster in a shorter amount of time. If you are planning on building your system
or upgrading your system, be sure that it is SATA capable. RAID is a type of setup that allows
multiple hard drives to be seen, by the system, as one continuous hard drive. This allows the hard
drives to communicate faster that if they were not setup in a RAID configuration. NOTE: IF YOU ARE
INSTALLING SATA HARD DRIVES, MAKE SURE YOU PURCHASE A FLOPPY DISK DRIVE TO BE
ABLE TO TRANSFER SETUP FILES.
Audio: Does your motherboard come with on-board sound? If it does, the specs will indicate if so, and what type.
However, you can still choose to install a replacement card if you so choose. The replacement sounds
card will override the motherboards sound controls.
LAN: If your motherboard has built in LAN, then there is no need for you to purchase an auxiliary Ethernet Card.
Older motherboards did not come with built-in LAN ports and therefore required an additional card to run
network capabilities. LAN ports are more commonly used for networking either with other computers on
USB 2.0: It is important to note what speeds your motherboard will support. Older motherboards supported USB
1.0/1.1. Their transfer speeds were 11Mb/sec. USB 2.0 supports speeds up to 480Mb/s. You can see the
reason why it is important to check the specs!
IEEE1394: Also know as, FireWire. IEEE stands for the Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers! FireWire
can support speeds 100Mb/sec, 200Mb/sec, 400Mb/sec, 800 Mb/sec, and 1600Mb/sec.
Special Features: This section will give you valuable information about the motherboard and its special features.
Generally you have to consult the manufacture’s website to find out the specifics of the features.
Back Panel I/O Ports: These are the connection ports that stick out on the back side of your case when your
motherboard is installed in the case. It is important to note the number of connections that your
Internal I/O Connectors: These are the connections that are not clearly visible when the motherboard is installed.
Generally this section will tell you how many additional devices can connect directly to the motherboard.
BIOS Features: The BIOS is the heart of the motherboard. BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output Services. It gives
instructions on how the motherboard should function and handle the hardware installed. It also controls
Over-clocking features as well as voltage regulations.
Standards: This gives you additional information on the interfaces that are supported by the motherboard.
Manageability: Additional information on specific motherboard controls that come with your motherboard.
Form Factor: This is a critical piece of information. This tells you what size your motherboard is. ATX Form Factor
has specific requirements, particularly screw-hole locations, back panel I/O connections, and specific
measurements that allow for the motherboard to fit properly in the case. Additional form factors include
Micro-ATX, and additional server-sized form factors.
If you have any additional question, please feel free to e-mail me at
Ryan@ryanmanning.net. I’m more than willing to answer your questions or at
least point you in a direction to find the answer.