Rulemaking Record

Document Sample
Rulemaking Record Powered By Docstoc
					                                GENERAL INFORMATION
               RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                  Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Cabin Crew at Type III exits (ref. CSSG #2)



2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to require cabin crew to be seated in the vicinity of the
type III exits on new aircraft types having a passenger seating capacity of more than 100 to ensure
that type III exit operation and effective passenger management are made immediately available




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering
Group(CSSG), but the work has not been finalised yet.

A draft NPA has been prepared and it proposes a requirement for cabin crew to be seated in the
vicinity of the type III exits on new aircraft types having a passenger seating capacity of more
than 100 to ensure that type III exit operation and effective passenger management are made
immediately available.

ETF believe that not having cabin crew in the vicinity of the overwing type III exits has caused
slower passenger egress rates in emergency evacuations and in some cases loss of lives. The
six main reasons for the proposal are :
 To prevent the inadvertent opening of the exit by a passenger
 Evacuation awareness
 Assistance in the opening of the exits
 Achieve effective passenger flow towards the exits
 Passenger management
 To prevent the opening of unsafe exits due to outside conditions

AECMA believe that this item should not be a priority.

Summary of discussion:

1) Lack of any accident report recommendation
2) Lack of any test report material. The CAMI report is due July 99. Exodus data TBD (See #6)
3) Cost benefit analysis not feasible based on lack of data on benefit of proposal and is not yet
   included in NPA.
4) Cost and revenue loss identified.
5) Impact on A/C certification base in respect of cabin crew location and relocation.
6) Need for future work/research to demonstrate effectiveness of cabin crew actions at type III
   exits ? (See #2)
7) Status of original NPA material for JAR-OPS 1
   a) Location of non-required cabin crew at Type III exits if passenger seat is available.
   b) Briefing of passengers at Type III exits.
   c) Passenger seat allocation.

A request has been made (to the EU), for a research group to be established to study the need
for cabin crew at Type III exits. This will involve persons and organizations with an interest in
Type III exits and will include a cost benefit analysis to determine the need for additional research
and for any resulting rule change. A research specification should be agreed upon first




5.            Critical or Important Issues



Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
An alternative is being investigated by the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG), under DI # 52:
to develop a new type of Type III exit design (see applicable Rulemaking Project Record)
                                 GENERAL INFORMATION
               RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                    Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Symbolic exit signs (ref. CSSG # 4)




2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to allow the use of graphical emergency signs as an
alternative to language based emergency "Exit" sign in aircraft cabins of existing aeroplanes and
new Type certifications




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet. (ref. NPA 25D-327)


Graphical emergency signs are proposed for use as an alternative to language based emergency
"Exit" sign in aircraft cabins of existing aeroplanes and new Type certifications. The primary
objective is to improve efficiency and promote safety by adopting standardized emergency
graphical signage in passenger cabins. The proposed symbols already recognized world-wide in
building should enhance the passenger safety and simplify the manufacturer task regarding the
procurement and the management of these items.
Eight graphical emergency signs designed with white figure and green background, derived from
ISO 3864 have been developed to suit three types of emergency signs defined in JAR 25.811 (d)(1),
(d)(2) and (d)(3). These were tested in two phases (Schiphol 1995 and 1996) according to ISO 9186
procedures with questionnaires established by Cranfield University (UK) and administered by
Mobiel Centre (NL) to an international travelling population speaking 61 different first languages.
Resources devoted to the project, both from the Dutch RLD and the French DGAC authorities (£
40.000) and industry as engineering man hours (£ 13 000) show the level of confidence gained in
the project since 1994 with no major drawbacks identified throughout the CSSG evaluation process


5.            Critical or Important Issues
Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                  GENERAL INFORMATION
                RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Type III exits (ref. CSSG #7)




2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to improve the evacuation capabilities of Type III exits.
This addresses both ease of operation of the exit hatch, and the flow of evacuees through the exit
opening.




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG).
The JAA/FAA Cabin Safety Harmonisation Working Group has recently recommended an
NPRM/NPA for JAR/FAR 25. Some years ago the following NPA‟s have been proposed by the
CSSG: NPA 25D-270- NPA 26-2 and NPA OPS-5. The applicable requirements need to be
developed for JAR 26 and JAR OPS-1 in order to include operational measures that belong to the
JAR 25/26 requirement, and to introduce the requirement (maybe in a less stringent form) in the
current fleet of airplanes (via JAR 26)



5.            Critical or Important Issues


Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):
Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                  GENERAL INFORMATION
                RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                      Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Access through bulkheads (20” to 30") (ref. CSSG #17)



2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to enhance the evacuation capability by widening the
currently required aisle width between bulkheads of 20” to 30”. The aim is to prevent that
passengers will actually become jammed between the two bulkheads and as a result intermittently
stopping the flow of passengers to available floor level exits




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


Background and Task (summary):
As a result of AAIB recommendations in the accident report of the B737-200 accident in
Manchester, August 1985, the CAA-UK commissioned Cranfield University to conduct competitive
type passenger evacuation trials to establish if the accident findings were valid and what, if any,
changes to the current regulations were necessary. The conclusions of the research trials were that
the width of aisles between rigid structure monuments, as opposed to between seats, should be
increased from the existing minimum of 20 inches to a minimum of 30 inches.


The restriction of passenger flow to a „single file‟ is not the potentially most limiting factor. The
worst case scenario is that passengers will actually become jammed between the two bulkheads
and as a result intermittently stopping the flow of passengers to available floor level exits.


Discussion (summary):
An NPA was developed by the CSSG over a significant number of meetings, requiring a minimum
width of aisle between bulkheads of 30 inches for aircraft with 110 or more passengers. The JAA
Regulatory Advisory Panel (RAP) decided that this proposal should be issued for comment initially
as an ANPA, and this was circulated in October 1996 (ref. ANPA 25 D-224 & 26-3).
A CSSG Ad Hoc Working Group, formed in September 1997, is tasked with the following:
1)   Disposing of the ANPA comments received by compiling a Comment Response Document
     (CRD).
2)   Conducting a Cost/Safety Benefit Analysis (C/SBA).
3)   Drafting the final NPA‟s for JAR25 and JAR26, depending upon the outcomes of i) and ii)
     above.
At the present time, the CRD is approximately 70% complete and it should be noted that there are
several areas of non-consensus within the working group membership (these areas are
summarised within the CSSG Discussion Paper). It should also be noted that to-date, during the
compilation of the CRD and disposition of formal comments, new additional comments are being
raised within the working group. Where appropriate, these comments are being added to the
ANPA CRD and responses provided, with the net result that the CRD is taking longer to complete
than originally estimated. However, it is felt that the extra time spent at this stage addressing
these additional comments will ultimately reduce the NPA process.




5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                  GENERAL INFORMATION
               RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Face-to-face seating (ref. CSSG # 38)




2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to identify the need to apply the current FAR 25 AC
concerning distance between facing seats and between cabin crew seats and bulkheads/galleys
on currently existing airplanes




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


There is concern about the close proximity of occupants and facing occupants or aircraft
structures. FAA carried out research, leading to new criteria defined in AC 25.785-1A which
includes new criteria for the distance between facing seats and between cabin crew seats and
bulkheads/galleys.



5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies
     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                 GENERAL INFORMATION
                RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Airworthiness Aeroplane Cabin Manual (ref. CSSG #41)




2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to develop a formal means in which airworthiness
aspects for some cabin safety subjects can be transferred as required operational procedure to the
operator of the aircraft.




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


The intent of this NPA is to specify the cabin safety aspects to be included in an Airworthiness
Aeroplane Cabin Manual (AACM) which should be produced by the aeroplane manufacturer and
approved at the time of type certification against the requirements of JAR 25. One of the primary
purposes of the AACM is to provide operators with accurate and consistent information on a
specific aeroplane type. Such information will enable operators to develop appropriate material
and procedures for inclusion in the Operations Manual.


The AACM will contain procedures to be followed by the cabin crew before taxi, take-off and
landing and other flight phases. The reason is that there currently is not a satisfactory means in
which the airworthiness approach for some cabin safety aspects can be 'passed on' to the operator
of the aircraft. Examples are the Cabin Crew Member seats that have to be occupied because of
JAR 25 Direct View requirements, but also the deletion of certain placards which will be replaced
by Cabin Crew Member procedures. The AACM basically will contain actions to be done in order
to bring the passenger cabin in an airworthy condition.


The approach for the proposed AACM is basically the same as for the Aeroplane Flight Manual
(AFM). The AFM is approved during the Aeroplane Type Certification, and the operator will
produce its own Aeroplane Operating Manual that as a minimum must contain the AFM contents.
It is the intend that the AACM will be approved accordingly during Aeroplane Type Certification,
and that the operator will include in his operational cabin crew manual as a minimum the AACM
contents.




5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                GENERAL INFORMATION
                RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Aircraft Materials Fire Test Methods (ref. CSSG # 43)




2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to standardise the various testmethods as required by
JAR/FAR 25 and App. F, and to solve existing problems encountered in various test laboratories.




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
The International Aircraft Materials Fire Test Working Group (IAMFTWG) is currently a very successful
long standing informal “Harmonisation” Group to standardise the various testmethods as required
by JAR/FAR 25 and App. F, and to solve existing problems encountered in various tst laboratories .
This group shopuld get a formal status.




5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:
     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                   GENERAL INFORMATION
               RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Converter seats (ref. CSSG # 51)




2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to develop harmonised advisory / guidance material for
certifying convertable seats against the JAR/FAR 25.




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


Since some years, many airlines are fitting seats which are designed to expand or contract to give
greater flexibility between Club and Economy Compartments. Although the existing airworthiness
rule do address adequately this issue, advisory / guidance material is urgent needed to ensure a
“level playing field” approach in all countries where modification approvals must be given.




5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                  GENERAL INFORMATION
                 RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                    Project #


1.              Title of Rulemaking Project
Stretchers (CSSG # 53)




2.              Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.              Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to identify the need for application of the dynamic seat
testing requirements of JAR/FAR 25.562 to stretchers.




4.              Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


Problem:
JAR /FAR Section 25.785 b) requires that each seat, berth safety belt and harness and adjacent part
of the airplane at each station designated as occupiable during takeoff and landing must be
designed so that persons making proper use of those facilities will not suffer serious injury in an
emergency landing as a result of the inertia forces specified in § 25.561 and 25.562.
Section 25.562 specifies dynamic test conditions for qualification of occupant injury as well as
structural criteria.
The reason for implementation of JAR 25.562 was to provide an overall increased level of
passenger safety by reducing serious injuries which would effect the passenger ability to evacuate
the aircraft in a survivable accident.
A cost/benefit analyses revealed that the increased level of safety is signifcantly greater than the
costs associated with the installation of dynamically tested seats.
However JAA and FAA are recognizing that stretchers for medical use have not been considered in
defining JAR/FAR 25.562.
The type of injuries that are to be minimized with the adoption of JAR /FAR 25.562 are typically
incurred by seated peassengers. The occupant of a berth will not be subjected to the specific load
paths defined for seated passengers. The appropriate injury criteria for a non ambulant person
occupying a stretcher does not exist for the time beeing.
5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                 GENERAL INFORMATION
                 RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.              Title of Rulemaking Project
Overhead bin safety precautions (ref. CSSG # 56)



2.              Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.              Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to improve the design and use of overhead stowage bins
in order to prevent injuries to occupants due to items falling out of the overhead bins during
turbulence or when opening the bins manually.




4.              Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


The CSSG WG identified three major areas of concern with the design and use of overhead
stowage bins:
1)   Poor design for certain flight conditions
2)   Poor design leading to maintenance problems
3)   Human behaviour problems

A draft NPA is being produced to include a number of recommendations for future overhead bin
design including:
1)   Clear indication of door latch engagement.
2)   Dual latching on doors
3)   Limitation on door length – maximum 40”.
4)   Caution / warning placards on outside of door.

The CSSG is of the opinion that the operational procedures to limit and check the amount of
baggage per passenger have to be established by each airline. It is the responsibility of the airline
to follow these procedures either during check-in or during aircraft boarding.


A central locking for overhead stowage bins need to be considered for the future.
5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                 GENERAL INFORMATION
                RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Class B/F cargo compartments (ref. CSSG # 72)




2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to formalise the outcome of the JAA/FAA Harmonisation
Working Group as recommended in the mid-1990‟s. Additionally the “combi AD” as issued by
many countries in 1993 must be formalised in the JAR 25/26.




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet. The task was to wait for the FAA to issue the NPRM.




5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)
     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                 GENERAL INFORMATION
                  RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Child Restraint Systems (ref. CSSG #77)




2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to improve the restraining means for occupants under
the age of 2 years




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


Background and Task (summary):
Adults are required to be provided with a considerably higher level of turbulence and crash
protection than that provided to infants. Some progress has been made in the area of child
restraints over the last few years and the subject has been in focus for media in several countries.
Currently approved infant/child restraint systems (CRS) are designed primarily for use in cars. They
may or may not be compatible in fit and function with aircraft seats. The most common used child
restraint in Europe is the supplementary loop belt. In terms of safety the car seats present a
considerable improvement over the loop belt.
There is an urgent need for Technical Standards for Child restraint system to ensure that these
system do not only protect the infant under the emergency landing conditions (including dynamic
loads), but also do not become a hazard to other occupants when becoming detached from the
passenger seat.
Additionally, in order to prevent unequal worldwide treatment, and thus unfair competition, a
worldwide requirement for the transport of childs on a separate passenegr seat must be
developed.




5.            Critical or Important Issues
Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify): political issue in several European countries

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                 GENERAL INFORMATION
                RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                    Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Class E cargo compartment systems fire protection (ref. CSSG #78)



2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to improve the level of safety of class E caergo
compartments (as normally installed in freighter airplanes) as required by JAR/FAR 25. New
requirements are being applied for more than 10 years by means of Special Conditions on all new
freighter airplane Type Certifications




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


Background:
As a result of a B747-200C (combi) aeroplane accident involving fire the Authorities have been
aware of the need to provide adequate fire protection of essential systems. The lack of protection
may have contributed, in that case, to the loss of the aeroplane. The same potential for damage
exists on aeroplanes with Class E cargo compartments.
Based on the above the FAA issued a special condition for the B747-400 Freighter, so the JAA did.
Similar special conditions have been issued by individual Authorities on different projects (e.g.
A300-600, A310 Freighter, Fokker 60).
The special condition requires the essential systems/equipment within the Class E cargo
compartments being resistant to fire to a level equivalent to that of JAR 25, Appendix F, Part III.


The existing requirements should be revised to incorporate the special condition technical content.


Harmonisation with the FAA is needed because this is a new rule . This subject affects safety as
shown by the B747-200 accident. The harmonisation at the Special Condition level has already
been reached.
An Interim Policy to formalise the Generic Special conditions has been published on 1.06.2001.




5.            Critical or Important Issues


Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                   GENERAL INFORMATION
                RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Maximum Distance Between Exits (“60 ft rule”) (ref. CSSG # 79)



2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is todevelop a performance based regulation that will meet
the intent of “exit accessibility/proximity” by providing a more comprehensive standard for rapid
egress.




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


Future airplane programs necessitate a review of the adequacy of existing design requirements.
Very prescriptive design requirements such as the 60‟ rule may constrain favorable design options.
The intent should be to provide standards for a safe design without unduly restricting these
design options. The requirement for maximum exit distance was introduced in JAR 25 with OP
90/1 and then published as part of Change 14 on March 8th, 1993. The origin of the requirement
is FAR 25 Amdt. 67, which was made effective on July 24, 1989. The preamble of FAR 25 Amdt. 67
contained the commitment to establish a performance standard and thereby obviate the need for
an arbitrary design restriction.


The 60‟ rule is one of the very prescriptive design requirements and was meant to serve as an
interim solution. The initiative to create a new performance based requirement was already
established some 10 years ago. However, no progress has been achieved aver that time.


Proposal


The proposal for a requirement to cover the accessibility of an exit or a combination of exits shall
be developed. The intent is to provide a performance based regulation that will meet the intent of
“ exit accessibility/proximity ” by providing a more comprehensive standard for rapid egress.




5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                  GENERAL INFORMATION
                RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                      Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Thermal/ Acoustic insulation material (ref. CSSG #81)



2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to require compliance to upgraded flammability standards
for thermal/acoustic insulation materials regardless of where it is installed.
A future task to define burnthrough requirements for the airplane fuselage needs to be seriously
considered. This will allow more time for evacuation.




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


This draft NPA proposes upgraded flammability standards for thermal/acoustic insulation materials
regardless of where it is installed, but typically installed behind interior panels in transport category
aeroplanes, by adopting new flammability test methods and criteria that specifically address flame
propagation and entry of an external fire into the aeroplane (burnthrough) under realistic fire scenarios.
This proposed rule change is considered necessary because the current standards do not realistically
address situations in which thermal/acoustic insulation materials may contribute to the propagation of a
fire. The proposed standards are intended to reduce the incidence and severity of cabin fires,
particularly those ignited in inaccessible areas where thermal/acoustic insulation materials are typically
installed. In addition, these proposed standards are also intended to provide an increased level of
safety with respect to post-crash fires by delaying the entry of such a fire into the cabin, thereby
providing additional time for evacuation and enhancing survivability. These new standards, in addition
to being proposed for new type designs, are also proposed in JAR-26 for newly manufactured
aeroplanes to be operated in accordance with JAR-OPS 1. At the same time, the terms “thermal and
acoustical” and “thermal and acoustic” in JAR 26 Appendix F Part I are changed into “thermal/acoustic”
for consistency. This is irrelevant for Appendix F Part I to JAR 25 where these terms are proposed to
be deleted.



5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:
Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):

Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives
                                 GENERAL INFORMATION
                RULEMAKING PROJECT RECORD

                                                                                   Project #


1.            Title of Rulemaking Project
Formalising known interpretations (ref. CSSG # 82)




2.            Originating Office
JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group (CSSG)




3.            Purpose
The purpose of this rulemaking project is to formalise known interpretations to JAR/FAR 25 and
JAR 26.




4.            Background and Proposed Solutions
This subject is currently one of the Priorities tasks for the JAA Cabin Safety Steering Group(CSSG),
but the work has not been finalised yet.


There are many interpretations that needed to be developed in the past when confronted by new
design features for which the current JAR/FAR 25 and JAR 26 are not fully applicable. These
interpretations need to be standardised and made known to all applicants and aviation authorities.




5.            Critical or Important Issues




Factors Impacting Priority:

Statutory deadline for issuance of rulemaking document:

     Other Congressional mandate

     Administrator‟s Performance Agreement (Year): _____

     National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

     JSSI/CAST/Safer Skies

     Other (Specify):
Category of Proposal:

     Safety Enhancements (CAST/JSSI, etc.)

     Safety/Security Concerns

     System Efficiency

     New/Emerging Technology

     ICAO standards/recommendations

     Other (Specify):


6.      Alternatives

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:7
posted:8/1/2011
language:English
pages:34