BUSINESS AND INSTITUTIONAL Sustainable Furniture Standard

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					            BIFMA Sustainable Furniture Standard Stakeholder Meeting March 14/15, 2006

BUSINESS AND INSTITUTIONAL Sustainable Furniture Standard
3/14/06 Draft

1.0 Purpose
The purpose of this sustainable office furniture assessment standard is to provide
measurable market-based definitions of progressively more sustainable furniture by
establishing performance criteria that address environmental, economic and social aspects
throughout the supply chain.

2.0 Scope
2.1 The standard is applicable to all commercial office furniture. This would
include but is not limited to moveable walls, systems furniture, desking systems,
case goods, tables, seating and accessories. The standard is also applicable for
materials and components manufactured by suppliers to furniture manufacturers.

2.2 The standard is applicable to products BUSINESS AND INSTITUTIONAL FURNITURE
manufactured in one facility or multiple facilities, one country or multiple countries.

2.3 The standard addresses product based aspects in the general areas of human
and ecosystem health, use of renewable energy and energy efficiency, use of
materials and materials reutilization, water management, economics and cost, and
social responsibility.

2.4 The standard provides a pathway towards sustainability by establishing
measurable criteria or multiple levels of achievement and/or performance.

2.5 The standard is intended to be subject to continuous improvement and
updating as market and technological opportunities evolve.

2.6 In so far as other standards or eco-label programs are referenced in the
requirements of this standard, only meeting the requirements of those standards or
programs is required, not certification to the standards or programs.

3.0 CONFORMANCE Certification to the Standard

3.1 The standard is useful for CONFORMANCE certification of commercial office furniture
products and/or materials or components used in the manufacture of office furniture

3.2 It is intended that organizations that choose to certify ASSESS BUSINESS AND
continuous improvement by moving products to higher levels of achievement rather than by
incorporating requirements in the standard that change over time: i.e., year over year
improvements in energy efficiency.

            BIFMA Sustainable Furniture Standard Stakeholder Meeting March 14/15, 2006

Preliminary BUSINESS AND INSTITUTIONAL Sustainable Office Furniture Assessment
(SOFA) Standard Outline

March 14, 2006

1. Purpose and Goals
2. Scope
3. References and Tools
4. Definitions
5. General CONSIDERATIONS Requirements
        b. LIFE CYCLE THINKING; Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
        c. Energy conservation and renewable energy use
        d. Use of bio-based materials
        e. Product labeling and marking
        f. Compliance of Product Platforms
6. Sustainable Furniture Evaluation Criteria – Products
        a. Human & Ecosystem Health
               i. Chemicals of Concern (throughout product life cycle)
                       1. Cross-referenced hazardous chemical list(s)
                       2. Minimize indoor VOC emissions
               ii. Reduce Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) [LCA-based]
        b. Energy (Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency)
               i. Inventory energy use (related to the product)
                       1. Product manufacturing, assembly, transport impacts
                       2. Production facility impact
                       3. Supply chain energy use
                       4. Energy per unit of product
               ii. Reductions
        c. Biobased or recycled materials
               i. Inventory of biobased or recycled materials (weight %)
        d. Reclamation, sustainable reuse and end of life management
               i. Reclamation program – closed loop
               ii. Product durability/Performance
               iii. Take-back or other end-of-life strategies (e.g. warranties, leasing)
               iv. Remanufacturing
               v. Biodegradation
        e. Design for Environment (DFE) Elements
               i. DFE Process
               ii. LCA process (e.g. ISO 14040-14048)
               iii. Design for durability/flexibility/longevity
               iv. Labeling to facilitate recycling/reuse
               v. Packaging requirements
               vi. Avoid downcycling
               vii. Control first costs via integrated design
               viii. Design for disassembly to avoid disposal costs

            BIFMA Sustainable Furniture Standard Stakeholder Meeting March 14/15, 2006

        f. Innovation
                i. Dematerialization, Energy Efficiency
7. Sustainable Furniture Evaluation Criteria – Facilities/Companies
        a. Human & Ecosystem Health
                i. Chemical Strategy Policy
                ii. Chemical Inventory – Facility
                iii. Chemicals of Concern - Facility
                         1. Emissions
                         2. Material substitution (e.g. safer alternatives)
                         3. Account for carcinogens
                iv. Chemical Use– Supply Chain
                         1. Supplier use of chemicals of concern
                         2. Material substitution (e.g. safer alternatives)
        b. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
                i. Inventory energy use
                ii. Strategy for continual improvement (e.g. Energy Star)
                iii. Measure GHG emissions
                iv. Use of renewable energy
        c. Water management
                i. Inventory water use – [e.g. process, irrigation, stormwater, sanitary,
                   cooling (contact and non-contact)]
                ii. Gallons per unit of production
                iii. Water scarcity/availability (local condition)
                iv. Effluent discharge characterizations
        d. Corporate Responsibility
                i. EMS and publicly available targets
                         1. EMS Certification
                ii. Policy on social responsibility
                iii. Workplace safety
                iv. Social Indicator Reporting (e.g. Global Reporting Initiative-GRI)
                v. Governance diversity
                vi. Local/Regional ecosystem support
                vii. Supply chain social accountability
                         1. Supply chain reporting
                         2. Communicate core values to suppliers
                         3. Reporting (e.g. GRI)
                viii. Community Outreach/Involvement
                         1. Volunteer work
                         2. Training
                         3. Stakeholder involvement in decision-making
                ix. Documenting change management
                         1. product development
                         2. cost/benefits for change management

            BIFMA Sustainable Furniture Standard Stakeholder Meeting March 14/15, 2006

       e. Innovation
              i. Energy
                      1. Efficiency
                      2. Credits for off-sets
8. Assessment Matrices
9. Compliance with Standard
       a. Declaration
       b. Communications

10. Appendices
       a. Material-Specific Requirements/Materials LCA Database
              i. Steel
              ii. Aluminum
              iii. Textiles
              iv. Wood
              v. Composites
              vi. Plastics
              vii. Fiberglass
              viii. Paper
              ix. Adhesives
              x. Paints and Coatings
              xi. Flexible Foams
              xii. GLASS
              xiii. COPPER


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