Landscapes in Art Year 7 - Landscapes Landscapes • Landscapes are pictures that show a glimpse or a snapshot of the environment. • Landscapes have been painted by many different artists throughout history. • Landscape pictures often create a mood or feeling about a particular place. Aims of the lesson • You are going to see the development of landscape painting over the last 500 years. • You will look closely at the different ways in which the artists’ approach the landscape. • You will be more able to consider your own composition for a painting. The Annunciation by Sandro Botticelli Sandro Botticelli •Botticelli 1445-1510 was an Italian ‘Renaissance’ artist. •The Renaissance was a time of rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman ideas and artistry. The Garden of Earthly Delights, by Hieronymous Bosch 1450-1516 Hieronymous Bosch • Hieronymous Bosch, 1450-1516 produced some of the most inventive fantasy paintings that have ever existed. • The Garden of Earthly Delights ‘ demonstrates Bosch's dazzling ability to build up a hugely detailed landscape through a series of bizarre exaggerations and distortions. • The complete work consists of four paintings on a series of folding panels; the outer panel reveals the Third Day of Creation when closed. Inside, The Garden of Earthly Delights is flanked on the left by the Garden of Eden and on the right by Hell. Landscape with Orpheus and Eurydice by Nicolas Poussin 1650-1 Glebe Farm by John Constable John Constable • John Constable, 1776- 1837 • He entered the art world fairly late in life. Born at East Bergholt, Suffolk, the son of a prosperous corn merchant, John Constable spent several years in the family business before deciding, and obtaining permission, to study painting full-time. • He is well known for painting scenes not far from where he lived. Norham Abbey by JMW Turner JMW Turner • Turner, (1775-1851) was a keen painter of landscapes. • He used watercolour and oil paint to create his carefully chosen scenes. • His work can been seen in the Tate Gallery, London. Olive Trees with Yellow Sky and Sun, 1889 by Vincent van Gogh Vincent van Gogh •Vincent van Gogh was born near Brabant, the son of a minister. In 1869, he got a position at the art dealers, Goupil and Co. •He was largely self-taught as an artist, although he received help from his cousin, Mauve. •In Paris he discovered colour which helped to create the distinctive dashed brushstrokes of his later work. Lost Mine, 1959 by Peter Lanyon Peter Lanyon • Peter Lanyon, 1918-1964 • Lost Mine 1959 • Typically for Lanyon's work, Lost Mine refers to a tin mine that was consumed by the sea in a storm and abandoned. • Colour is used symbolically.The black represents the mine shaft and signifies death, the blues are the sea and sky,the red signals life and danger. Red and Orange Hills, 1938-39 by Georgia O'Keeffe Georgia O'Keeffe • Georgia O'Keeffe 1887-1986 • "...I often painted fragments of things because it seemed to make my statement as well as or better than the whole could...I had to create an equivalent for what I felt about what I was looking at...not copy it." Vegetable Fields, 1911 by August Macke August Macke •August Macke, 1887-1914 is considered as one of the major German Expressionist painters. •He spent his youth in the Rhine region between Cologne, Düsseldorf and Bonn. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Düsseldorf between 1904 and 1906. Yellow Field, Lammermuir by Barbara Rae Barbara Rae •One characteristic of great landscape painting is that it can be both general and particular: of significance to everyone or of a particular place. •Barbara Rae drove up into the hills in Scotland, where there was a landscape of burnt heather, ancient fields and even older buildings. Time line 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 Plenary • Can you recognise the development of landscape painting over the last 500 years? • Can you understand the different ways in which the artists’ approach the landscape? • Are you more able to consider your own composition for a painting?