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					the
Sand                                                   Residents’ voices
Times       Issue 11 July 2011
                                                       heard far and wide
                                                       The North Stradbroke Island (NSI)                        “Thanks to all those residents who turned out to the
                                                       community rally, held at Dunwich                         community rally, it was a great show of unity and
                                                                                                                community spirit.
                                                       on Saturday, 23 April 2011, received
                                                       outstanding media coverage throughout                    “Special thanks to those who spoke on the day:
                                                       the state and really got people talking                  Mark Robinson MP, John Semple, Senator Boswell,
                                                                                                                Paul Smith and Tony Brown.
                                                       about sand mining on NSI.
                                                                                                                “We all deserve a pat on the back,” Robyn said.
                                                       Approximately 700 NSI locals and holiday makers
                                                       attended the community rally to voice their concerns     Robyn said the community would continue to highlight
                                                       about the future for North Stradbroke Island under the   and protest, through ongoing community activities, the
                                                       Government’s plan to end 94% of sand mining by 2019.     impact the Bligh Government’s decision for an early end
                                                                                                                to sand mining will have on the lives of NSI locals.
                                                       Rally organiser Robyn Mortimer, from Dunwich, said
                                                       she was delighted with the turn out and ecstatic with    “We’re always looking for supporters and ideas and
                                                       the press coverage.                                      would love to hear from you if you are passionate about
                                                                                                                keeping Straddie open for business,” she said.
                                                       “It was great to see NSI residents speaking up and
                                                       having their voices heard,” Robyn said.                  To get involved in the fight for a sustainable Stradbroke,
                                                                                                                please contact Robyn Mortimer through her email
                                                       “If we are going to save our community we need to get
                                                                                                                robynmortimer6@gmail.com .
                                                       our message out, not only to Island residents but to


 Inside this issue
                                                       Brisbane, Queensland and the Nation.                     More pictures taken at the Community Rally can be
                                                                                                                found on page 5.
                                                       “What is being done to our Straddie community now
                                                       could very well be repeated in small communities

2    Sibelco skills staff – trainees and apprentices   throughout the State.



3    Message from the Chief Executive Officer


4    Sibelco – supporting the local community

     Over 700 turn out to stand up for the
5    Straddie community


6    Tide times and 4WD tips

     Zircon – used every day in
8    home and industry


 9   2011 Rehabilitation update


10   Island Happenings

     Sibelco’s Koala researcher reaches
11   another milestone


12   Ferry times
                                                                               Sibelco skills staff -
                                                                               trainees and apprentices




                                                                                                                                       From left to right: Jason Correia, Joshua Badenhorst and Glenn McKinley


                                                                               Sibelco is committed to staff training                          Rowan Tucker is also based at the Yarraman mine and
                                                                                                                                               expects it will take four years to complete his electrical
    2                                                                          and development. We see developing
                                                                                                                                               apprenticeship. Working with the other electricians on
                                                                               the skills of our workforce as a key
                                                                                                                                               site Rowan said he has been amazed at the vast amount
                                                                               responsibility for the organisation. Sibelco
The Sand Times July 2011




                                                                                                                                               of knowledge and experience his supervisors Brad, Mick,
                                                                               has a comprehensive and ongoing training                        Roy and Dave have to share with him. Rowan hopes to
                                                                               program available for all staff including                       move to North Stradbroke Island in the near future.
                                                                               frontline management and supervisory                            Adrian Masnada (who wasn’t available for a photo) joined
                                                                               training programs.                                              Sibelco as an operator but has recently been signed up
                                                                                                                                               by Sibelco to complete the electrical apprenticeship he
                                                                               Sibelco currently has six trainees and apprentices at our
                                                                                                                                               had commenced with another company. Adrian lives on
                                                                               North Stradbroke Island operations and at Pinkenba and
                                                                                                                                               North Stradbroke Island and works at Enterprise Mine.
                                                                               are in the process of recruiting more. Sibelco is proud of
                                                                               our trainees and apprentices and is pleased to welcome
                                                                               them to the company.
                                                                               While most of our apprentices and trainees are relatively
                                                                               new recruits to the company Sibelco has also recently
                                                                               signed up one of its long-term employees, Glenn
                                                                               McKinley, to complete an adult apprenticeship. This is in
                                                                               recognition of the skills he has developed on the job with
                                                                               Sibelco at Pinkenba over the past six years and in previous
                                                                               roles. Glenn is hoping to complete his apprenticeship by
                                                                               the end of the year.
                                                                               Jason Correia and Joshua Badenhorst joined the company
                                                                               at the Pinkenba dry mill plant in January this year. Both
                                                                               had commenced school-based apprenticeships before                                                              Tracey Hannah

                                                                               they joined Sibelco. Jason is completing his mechanical
                           Which apprentice or trainee is under                apprenticeship and Joshua an electrical apprenticeship.
                           this helmet?                                        All three agree one of the best things about their
                                                                               workplace is the sense of mateship that links the various
                           Tracey Hannah has won the Australian National
                                                                               plants and all levels of staff together at Pinkenba.
                           title for downhill mountain biking seven times.
                           She has also placed third in the World Titles       On North Stradbroke Island at the Yarraman mine trainee
                           and won the US Title. While completing her          Tracey Hannah is progressing through her Certificate 3 in
                           traineeship in Surface Extraction Operations with   Surface Extraction Operations. Tracey also joined Sibelco
                           Sibelco Tracey spends her week days operating       in January and said one surprise for her is how family and
                           heavy machinery and maintaining pipelines at        people oriented the company is.
                           Yarraman mine. On the weekends you will find        “They aren’t like other companies where you are just a
                           her competing and training for the National         number. They actually care about how you are going and
                           downhill titles in Adelaide.                        what is getting done,” Tracey said.                                                                             Rowan Tucker
Message from the
Chief
Executive Officer
                          Welcome to the second edition of the Sand Times for 2011.
                          Once again this issue brings you stories and interesting facts
                          about North Stradbroke Island (NSI) as well as updates and
                          insights into Sibelco’s North Stradbroke Island and Pinkenba
                          operations.
                          On 7 April, the North Stradbroke Island Protection and Sustainability Act 2011
                          was passed by the Queensland Government. This Act effectively ends all mineral
                          sands mining on NSI by 2019, eight years earlier than was previously agreed.

                          The Queensland Government, under this new legislation, has clearly stated
                          they wish to see the Enterprise mine close by 2019. With the planned closure
                          of Yarraman mine in 2015 this equates to more than 94% of Sibelco’s current
Campbell Jones            operations on NSI. We believe this timeframe is not long enough to provide
Chief Executive Officer   a sustainable economic transition for the local community and will have a
Sibelco Australia
                          detrimental impact on the community, local businesses and services. Sibelco
                          will continue to campaign for a more realistic economic transition period for
                          the Island and will continue to seek changes to this new legislation.

                          We were as surprised as the rest of the local community when the legislation           3
                          was passed in Parliament, just 14 days after the revised timeframe was
                          announced by the Government. This decision to cut Sibelco out of any




                                                                                                             The Sand Times July 2011
                          negotiations about ceasing mining earlier was a calculated and deliberate move
                          by Anna Bligh. The Premier knew we would openly oppose any such decision
                          and the result has now left us in a situation that is clearly unworkable for the
                          company and for the local community.

                          We believe that keeping a diverse economy on NSI until 2027 provides a more
                          realistic timeframe for the Island and its residents to adapt to an economy
                          that will be dependent on the expansion of nature-based tourism and the
                          development of new industries.

                          Remarkably, the Queensland Government continues to ignore the community’s
                          request for more details on how an economic transition will occur within an
                          eight year period. Since 7 April, the Government has done little to resolve any
                          uncertainty for Sibelco employees and local businesses that rely on mining
                          to support their families. They have failed to release any details on how they
                          propose to kick-start a strong, resilient nature-based tourism industry on the
                          Island, and continue to avoid answering questions from the local community
                          around when this information will be released.

                          Sibelco understands the local community and applauds their real commitment
                          to the long term future of the Island. The community rally held over the
                          Easter long weekend embodies the fighting spirit of many of NSI’s residents
                          and visitors and we would like to thank everyone who continues to actively
                          campaign against the 2019 closure of mineral sand operations.

                          Sibelco believes it is important to continue its ongoing support for the people,
                          local businesses and economy of NSI. We will continue to send the Premier and
                          her government a message that the community demands to be heard. We are
                          committed to standing up for Straddie and its residents and we will continue to
                          campaign against Anna Bligh’s decision to close Straddie down.

                          Thank you for your interest in Sibelco and the Sand Times. I hope you enjoy
                          this issue and I look forward to bringing you more local news and updates on
                          our commitment to obtaining a sustainable future for NSI.
                           Sibelco - supporting the
                           local community
                           Sibelco is proud to support the local                         with fundraising events and activities occurring at        the Island. Others have collected those writings and
                           North Stradbroke Island community                             every opportunity.                                         sometimes embellished the way words have been spelt.
                                                                                         Sibelco is pleased to contribute $15 000 toward the cost   Those people came from a wide variety of backgrounds
                           in many ways including through its
                                                                                         of the new playground.                                     and literacy levels and most saw language as a collection
                           Community Development funding                                                                                            of isolated words, rather than a whole system. They
                           program. Recently Round 1 of the 2011                         Amy Sheil, President of the P&C, said the benefits
                                                                                                                                                    were also trying to capture non-English sounds with an
                                                                                         of the playground for school students will be
                           Community Development Program was                                                                                        inadequate English alphabet. This means that the same
                                                                                         immediately obvious.
                           announced. In making the announcement                                                                                    word may have as many as six recorded spellings.
                                                                                         “The new playground will bring enjoyment, exercise,
                           Paul Smith, Sibelco’s Sustainability                                                                                     “Our task has been to work out what those early
                                                                                         fitness and adventure to our students’ day at school,”
                           Manager, made special mention of some                         Ms Sheil said.
                                                                                                                                                    recorders could hear and to present the language in a
                           very important projects the company is                                                                                   predictable, organised writing system,” Colleen said.
                                                                                         “A child who has eaten well, exercised and played at
                           supporting in 2011.                                           break time is ready to concentrate and work at school,”
                                                                                                                                                    The Dictionary will try to include variations in the
                                                                                                                                                    spelling of words as well as guides to how to pronounce
                                                                                         she said.
                                                                                                                                                    the words in Jandai. The Dictionary will be printed and
                           Straddie Easter Carnival                                      North Stradbroke Island                                    will also include an interactive DVD with activities and
                                                                                                                                                    recordings of many of the words as they are believed
                           Sibelco was again proud to support Straddie Sharks            Language Dictionary                                        to have been spoken, or as they are used today by the
                           Allsports Club in hosting the Straddie Easter Carnival.                                                                  Aboriginal community on the Island.
                                                                                         The Minjerribah Moorgumpin Elders-in-Council have
                           This year crowds were larger than ever thanks to fine                                                                    Sibelco is proud to be able to support this important
                                                                                         been working to develop a Language Dictionary of the
    4                      weather and a great range of activities and rides. Also
                                                                                         traditional local language, Jandai. Remarkably, speaking   resource which will add to the knowledge base of the
                           for the first time this year a special water taxi service                                                                local indigenous culture. Sibelco will provide funding
                                                                                         Jandai or “Language” was forbidden on the Island in
                           ran from Redland Bay and the Southern Moreton Bay                                                                        toward the cost to print the Dictionary.
The Sand Times July 2011




                                                                                         1935. Those who were caught faced the threat of being
                           Islands (SMBI) to the Easter Carnival. With over 130
                                                                                         sent to Cherbourg.
                           people from the SMBI coming to the Easter Carnival, it
                                                                                         Local Elders have worked hard to remember words,
                                                                                                                                                    Straddie Salute
                           is sure to become a regular feature of this popular event.
                           Once again the Easter Carnival finished with an
                                                                                         their meanings and pronunciation. It is hoped that
                                                                                         the dictionary will be a starting point for further
                                                                                                                                                    Multisport Event
                           exceptional fireworks display over the bay – bigger
                                                                                         exploration and work on the local traditional language.    In 2011 Sibelco will once again sponsor the Straddie
                           and better than ever by all accounts.
                                                                                         Linguist Colleen Hattersley who has been working with      Salute Offroad Triathlon and Multisport Festival. In

                           Dunwich State                                                 the Elders said that globally, a language is lost about    its fourth year, the weekend event is anticipated to
                                                                                                                                                    attract over 600 competitors and approximately 2500
                                                                                         every two weeks.
                           School Playground                                             “That’s a lot of human knowledge gone for good.
                                                                                                                                                    visitors to the Island.

                                                                                         All Australian Indigenous languages are highly             Sibelco is sponsoring the ‘Sibelco 1000’ Ocean Swim
                           Last year the Dunwich State School was fortunate to
                                                                                         endangered and it is a privilege indeed to work with a     with $500 in prize money to both the first female and
                           be the recipient of a new library through the Federal
                                                                                         group as motivated as the Elders-in-Council to make        the first male to complete the race.
                           Government’s Building the Education Revolution
                           program. While the library has brought a whole new            Jandai available for future generations,” Colleen said.    The ‘Sibelco 1000’ Ocean Swim will be held on
                           realm of learning and resources to local students, one        Colleen said that the work on the dictionary is not        Saturday 8 October at Cylinder Beach and the
                           thing that had to go was the playground for Years             the first time that Jandai has been studied and indeed     Adventure Run/Walk and the Offroad Triathlon on
                           4-7. The school P&C is working hard to ensure the             over the past one hundred years or so, several people      Sunday 9 October. For more information please visit:
                           playground, so missed by students, is replaced                have attempted to write the language they heard on         www.weekendwarriorevents.com.au




                                                     Marleen Kerr and Richard Day - Minjerribah Moorgumpin Elders
                                                      – explore the interactive version of the NSI Language Dictionary                                       Sibelco sponsored the 2011 Straddie Easter Carnival
Over 700 turn out
to stand up for the
Straddie community                                                                                                     5
Mums, dads, kids, business owners, and even tourists      Sibelco Sustainability Manager, Paul Smith, thanked




                                                                                                                   The Sand Times July 2011
made their way down to Ron Stark Oval, Dunwich on         those who coordinated the event, and all those who
Saturday, 23 April 2011, to give a clear message to the   attended for standing up and making their views known.
Bligh Government that they won’t stand for the gutting
                                                          “The rally was a real show of community spirit,”
of their community.
                                                          Mr Smith said.
Over 700 people attended the rally to oppose the Bligh
                                                          “NSI is a tight community and we won’t stand by
Government’s decision for an early end to sand mining
                                                          while State Government actions undermine our Island,”
on the Island.
                                                          Mr Smith said.
      North Stradbroke Island
July 2011
      s                m             t                w             t                f                s
                                                                               Low       0347   Low       0430   Tide Times
                                                                               High 0912        High 0957
                                                                               Low       1519   Low       1601   • Always check the tide charts before driving on the beach.
                                                                               High 2150        High 2230
                                                                                                                 • Beach driving: It is illegal to drive on any beach one hour
                                                                                  1               2                either side of high tide on North Stradbroke Island. Fines will
Low       0513   Low    0555   Low       0636   High   0034   High 0120        High 0210        High 0309          be issued to anyone found driving at these times.
High      1043   High   1130   High 1219        Low    0718   Low       0802   Low       0851   Low       0946   • Point Lookout: Deduct one and a half hours from the tide
Low       1644   Low    1729   Low       1816   High   1311   High 1408        High 1513        High 1625
                                                                                                                   time at the Brisbane bar (this is the time shown in the daily
High      2311   High   2352                    Low    1908   Low       2008   Low       2119   Low       2240
                                                                                                                   paper and on this calendar) for the correct high and low tide
   3                4            5                 6            7                 8               9                on main beach.
High      0418   Low    0004   Low       0118   Low    0220   Low       0312   Low       0358   Low       0438
                                                                                                                  For example: 10.30am Low Tide at Bar = 9.00am at Main Beach.
Low       1047   High   0532   High 0642        High   0744   High 0839        High 0925        High 1007
High      1736   Low    1151   Low       1253   Low    1349   Low       1440   Low       1524   Low       1604   • Amity Point: Deduct half an hour for the correct high
                 High   1840   High 1938        High   2029   High 2114        High 2154        High 2232          and low tide times for Amity and Flinders Beach.
   10               11           12                13           14                15              16              For example: 10.30am Low Tide at the Bar
Low       0514   Low    0546   Low       0615   High   0009   High 0040        High 0115        High 0156         = 10.00am at Amity and Flinders Beach.
High      1046   High   1122   High 1159        Low    0645   Low       0716   Low       0753   Low       0837
Low       1641   Low    1716   Low       1751   High   1238   High 1320        High 1409        High 1509
High      2306   High   2338                    Low    1829   Low       1912   Low       2004   Low       2111

   17               18           19                20           21                22              23             Tips for Four
High      0252   High   0404   High 0519        Low    0100   Low       0154   Low       0242   Low       0327
Low       0932   Low    1035   Low       1138   High   0624   High 0719        High 0809        High 0856        Wheel Driving
High      1619   High   1728   High 1827        Low    1236   Low       1328   Low       1417   Low       1504
Low       2235   Low    2355                    High   1918   High 2004        High 2048        High 2130
                                                                                                                 • Beaches are considered a road under Queensland
                                                                                                                   legislation, therefore road rules apply. Speed limits for
   24               25           26                27           28                29              30               Flinders are 40km/hr and 60km/hr on Main.
Low       0410
                                                                                                                 • Use formed tracks only, never make new tracks and
High      0943
                                                                                                                   stay off dune vegetation – it keeps the dunes in place.
Low       1550
High      2211                                                                                                   • Lower tyre pressure makes driving on sand safer and
   31                                                                                                              easier – consult your tyre supplier for correct tyre pressures
                                                                                                                   for your vehicle. Don’t forget to re-inflate your tyres when
                                                                                                                   driving on bitumen.

August 2011
      s                m             t                w             t                f                s
                 Low    0451   Low       0532   Low    0610   High 0013        High 0057        High 0146
                                                                                                                             Amity Point
                 High   1030   High 1116        High   1203   Low       0648   Low       0729   Low       0816
                 Low    1636   Low       1722   Low    1809   High 1252        High 1347        High 1451
                 High   2251   High 2332                      Low       1900   Low       1958   Low       2111

                    1            2                 3            4                5                6
High      0248   High   0406   Low       0004   Low    0113   Low       0208   Low       0255   Low       0334                          Point Lookout
Low       0913   Low    1021   High 0529        High   0642   High 0740        High 0828        High 0909
High      1604   High   1720   Low       1134   Low    1243   Low       1341   Low       1430   Low       1512
Low       2237                 High 1828        High   1925   High 2013        High 2055        High 2132

   7                8            9                 10           11               12               13
Low       0409   Low    0439   Low       0506   Low    0532   Low       0559   High 0001        High 0033
High      0946   High   1021   High 1054        High   1127   High 1203        Low       0628   Low       0702
Low       1548   Low    1623   Low       1656   Low    1729   Low       1804   High 1241        High 1324
High      2205   High   2235   High 2304        High   2332                    Low       1843   Low       1928

   14               15           16                17           18               19               20
High      0109   High   0159   High 0316        High   0447   Low       0031   Low       0127   Low       0215
Low       0740   Low    0832   Low       0942   Low    1058   High 0600        High 0659        High 0751
High      1416   High   1524   High 1640        High   1749   Low       1205   Low       1304   Low       1358
Low       2027   Low    2148   Low       2319                 High 1846        High 1936        High 2021        Dunwich
   21               22           23                24           25               26               27
Low       0300   Low    0343   Low       0423   Low    0501
High      0839   High   0926   High 1011        High   1058
Low       1448   Low    1538   Low       1625   Low    1713
High      2105   High   2146   High 2228        High   2309

   28               29           30                31

September 2011
      s                m             t                w             t                f                s
                                                              Low       0539   Low       0617   High 0036
                                                              High 1145        High 1233        Low       0657
                                                              Low       1802   Low       1854   High 1327
                                                              High 2351                         Low       1954

                                                                1                2                3
High      0128   High   0236   High 0404        High   0529   Low       0056   Low       0145   Low       0226
Low       0743   Low    0843   Low       1001   Low    1122   High 0635        High 0726        High 0809
High      1429   High   1543   High 1700        High   1808   Low       1231   Low       1328   Low       1414
Low       2109   Low    2236   Low       2355                 High 1904        High 1949        High 2029

   4                5            6                 7            8                9                10
Low       0301   Low    0333   Low       0400   Low    0426   Low       0452   Low       0519   Low       0548
High      0847   High   0921   High 0954        High   1025   High 1058        High 1132        High 1209                       Mining lease areas
Low       1454   Low    1530   Low       1604   Low    1637   Low       1710   Low       1744   Low       1821
High      2103   High   2134   High 2203        High   2231   High 2259        High 2328                                   For your safety, driving or
   11               12           13                14           15               16               17                       walking on mining lease
                                                                                                                           is not permitted.
High      0000   High   0036   High 0125        High   0241   High 0418        High 0536        Low       0052
Low       0619   Low    0656   Low       0745   Low    0855   Low       1019   Low       1134   High 0637
High      1248   High   1335   High 1436        High   1551   High 1706        High 1807        Low       1238
Low       1902   Low    1956   Low       2112   Low    2240   Low       2354                    High 1901

   18               19           20                21           22               23               24
Low       0142   Low    0227   Low       0310   Low    0350   Low       0429   Low       0507
High      0730   High   0818   High 0905        High   0952   High 1039        High 1126
Low       1337   Low    1432   Low       1524   Low    1614   Low       1704   Low       1755
High      1949   High   2035   High 2119        High   2203   High 2247        High 2333

   25               26           27                28           29               30
                                      Zircon –
                                      used every day in home and industry
                                      The mineral name Zircon comes from the Arabic word zargun which means “gold”.
                                      Zircon produced on North Stradbroke Island is gold in colour compared to the other
                                      heavy minerals the Island produces - rutile and ilmenite.
                                      Australia is a leading producer and exporter of Zircon. Due to its technical performance and its important physical
                                      qualities worldwide demand for Zircon has doubled over the past 20 years and appears to be continuing to grow.


                                      Everyday uses for Zircon include:

                                         Glass & TV Screens (5%)                                        Abrasives (2%)
                                         Adding Zircon to glass makes it semi-opaque. Zircon            Coarse Zircon is used as a polishing agent at metal
                                         is used in the production of plasma display panels for         factories and glassworks. Used in sandblasting
                                         televisions. Due to its ability to absorb x-rays Zircon        machines it is used to strip paint and mould from
                                         is used in the production of cathode ray tubes for             buildings. When finely powdered Zircon is used to
                                         TVs and computers.                                             polish optical glasses.




    8                                    Zirconia Metals
                                         & Chemicals (12%)
The Sand Times July 2011




                                         While small amounts of crystal
                                         zircon are used in jewellery the
                                         popular cubic Zirconium is actually
                                         a manufactured zircon.

                                         Zirconia has applications in
                                         antiperspirants, leather tanning
                                         and in making textiles and paper
                                         water repellant.



                                                                                                                           Ceramics (54%)
                                         Refractories (13%)                                                                Most Zircon is used in the
                            Zircon                                                                                         manufacture of ceramics. This has
                                         High grade Zircon is a hard, tough mineral with good
                                         thermal conductivity and does not react with most                                 been the major growth area and
                                         metals. It can withstand temperatures between 1550°C                              is predicted to continue. Zircon is
                                         and 1650°C for long periods and has a melting point                               used in floor and wall tiles and in
                                         of over 2000°C. These qualities make Zircon perfect for                           household ceramics.
                                         use in specialist foundries and casting processes.                                Fine Zircon sands are used by
                                                                                                                           ceramics manufacturers to give
                                                                                                                           their products high strength and
                                                                                                                           high resistance to heat. Added to
                             Rutile
                                         Foundries (14%)                                                                   ceramics glazes - Zircon gives them
                                         Because of the qualities described above Zircon has important uses                opaqueness that keeps colours fixed
                                         lining high-temperature furnaces, reactors and other processing units.            in changing light conditions.




                                         Sibelco and Zircon
                                         Sibelco Australia’s North Stradbroke Island operations produce approximately 50,000 tonnes of Zircon for
                                         the market from its Yarraman and Enterprise mines each year.
                           Ilmenite
2011 Rehabilitation update
Sibelco has over 3,500 hectares of mined land under         At Enterprise mine, rehabilitation activities will focus
rehabilitation on mine leases across the Island.            on off path tails five (OPT5). With the completion
                                                            of tailings this large dune which is partially visible
The majority of the rehabilitation work at Yarraman
                                                            from the mainland will be re-profiled, topsoiled,
mine in 2011 will focus on areas to the south
                                                            fertilised and direct seeded with native species
and west of current mining operations along
                                                            collected from the Island. A cover crop of hybrid
the Yarraman valley. Planting of native seedlings
                                                            sorghum will be planted to assist in stabilisation of
grown in the Sibelco nursery at Kounpee will be
                                                            the area and to protect native seedlings during their
focused in areas rehabilitated in 2010. Additionally
                                                            establishment.
maintenance work including the management
of unwanted woody shrubs and introduced                     Because of the work on OPT5 some residents of
groundcover species will be undertaken.                     the Southern Moreton Bay Islands and Redlands
                                                            may notice the gradual reduction of open sand in
                                                            the area. This will become even more apparent once
                                                            landform creation is completed for off path tails 3
                                                            (OPT3) and rehabilitation begins.




                                                                                                                                                                                                9




                                                                                                                                                                                            The Sand Times July 2011
   For details of Sibelco Australia’s current rehabilitation procedures see the Sustainable Stradbroke
   website http://www.sustainablestradbroke.com.au/environment-rehabilitation.html

                                                                                                                                                           Ibis - rehabilitation progress




Sibelco - excellence in seed management
Sibelco’s rehabilitation staff have                           To artificially release the seeds from banksias that have   for decades. To artificially stimulate germination, the

specialist techniques to prepare and                          been collected rehabilitation staff burn the banksia’s      seeds of these species are treated with boiling water.
                                                              fruit then soak it in water and place it on racks to dry.   This treatment is required for all Acacia sp. and all
store native seeds collected from
                                                              Banksia spinulosa and B.oblongifolia are burnt, watered,    native peas.
across the Island.                                            dried, watered and dried again before all the seed can
Managing these valuable seeds well is essential due to        be extracted from the fruit.
the time taken to harvest them, the rare nature of some
                                                              Smoked water and smoke vermiculite - For years
of the plants and because specific seeds need to be
                                                              it was thought that after a bushfire the seed was
treated in particular ways to ensure their viability.
                                                              stimulated to germinate due to the heat of the fire.
Once seed is collected, rehabilitation staff prepare          While this is true for some species, recent studies have
and store the seed until use. This usually involves           shown that it is due to two chemical compounds in the
drying and extraction however the method used will            smoke that germination is stimulated.
depend on the type of fruit and the particular seed.
                                                              Rehabilitation staff use smoked water or smoked
Some of the seed preparation and treatments used by           vermiculite, which contains these chemical
Sibelco staff on North Stradbroke Island include:             compounds, to apply to seeds of certain species
                                                                                                                             The 2011 plant out of seedlings is now well and
                                                              to stimulate germination in the nursery. Smoked
Banksia burning - Five out of the six Bankia species                                                                         truly underway with a team of four rehabilitation
                                                              vermiculite is also mixed with seed mixes to be used in
native to the Island rely on fire to release seed from                                                                       staff and eight tree planters progressively working to
                                                              mechanical seeding.
their fruit. The fruit will expel a small amount of seed                                                                     plant seedlings into rehabilitation in the Yarraman
immediately after the fire, but most of the seed is           Heat treatment - Many species have a particularly              mine area. The weather in 2011 has made conditions
expelled following the next rain shower. Some species         hard seed coat which allows the seed to lay dormant in         perfect for this year’s plant out. It is expected planting
are more selective and will wait for a second rain            the ground until the next bushfire comes to stimulate          will be completed by mid July.
shower before releasing their seed.                           the seed to germinate. These seeds may remain viable
                           Island Happenings
                           North Stradbroke Island is the place to be with these amazing events for local and visitors:

                            Date                      Event                                Details
                            Sunday, 12 June           Blues and Jazz Day                   Little Ship Club, Dunwich

                            Saturday, 2 July –        Sand Art Whale Welcoming             Week-long workshops – for residents and visitors.
                            Saturday, 9 July          workshops.                           Contact Youthlink on 0418 301 000 for more information


                            Saturday, 23 July         Stradbroke Island Open               Straddie Chamber of Commerce and Stradbroke Beach
                                                      Day                                  Hotel invite visitors to come to the island to experience
                                                                                           what the island has to offer for long or short stays and
                                                                                           special events. Contact Stradbroke Hotel for more details
                                                                                           on 3409 8188

                            Friday, 5 – Sunday, 7     Chamber Music Festival               St Peter Chanel Church
                            August                                                         Corner Hopewell St and Mooloomba Rd
                                                                                           Point Lookout

                            September                 Beach Olympics teams                 Contact Youthlink on 0418 301 000 for more information
                                                      events

                            Saturday, 8 October –     The Straddie Salute –                Weekend Warriors, see www.weekendwarriorevents.com.au
                            Sunday 9 October          Straddie Ocean Swim and              for more information
                                                      Off road Triathlon

                            Friday, 28 – Sunday,      Island Vibe Festival.                Home Beach at Point Lookout
                            30 October

                            Saturday,                 Seafood Spectacular and              Little Ship Club, Dunwich
                            19 November               Inaugural Pig Races

10                          Saturday,                 Moreton Bay Research                 Dunwich
                            19 November               Station Open Day
The Sand Times July 2011




                            Saturday, 10 December Oyster Festival                          Straddie Sharks Allsports Club, Dunwich

                            Sunday, 26 June
                            Sunday, 3 July
                            Sunday, 18 September
                            Sunday, 25 September
                            Sunday, 2 October
                            Sunday, 16 October
                            Sunday, 30 October   Point Lookout Markets                     Point Lookout Community Hall
                            Sunday, 13 November
                            Sunday, 27 November
                            Sunday, 4 December
                            Sunday, 11 December
                            Sunday, 18 December
                            Saturday 31 December




                               Sibelco Australia supports National Tree Day
                               Sibelco Australia is committed to minimizing the                 In Brisbane staff at our Pinkenba dry mill processing plant
                               environmental impacts of our business. At operations             will be re-landscaping and planting the area around the
                               like our North Stradbroke sites we implement a process           front entrance gates. Native trees and shrubs will be planted
                               of progressive rehabilitation and plant in excess of             to improve the environment and provide habitat for birds
                               145 000 native seedlings per year. National Tree Day             and wildlife as well as improving the amenity of the area for
                               is a perfect opportunity for Sibelco Australia to be part        staff, visitors and neighbours to the site.
                               of Australia’s biggest community tree planting event.            For more information about how you can be involved go to
                               Sites across Australia are getting involved and planning         the National Tree Day website http://treeday.planetark.org/
                               planting projects in conjunction with National Tree Day
                               on 31st July 2011.
Sibelco’s koala researcher
reaches another milestone
Another phase of Sibelco’s koala                             The koalas included in Romane’s study spent between
research program has been completed.                         25-100 percent of their time in rehabilitated areas.
                                                             On average koalas spent 51 percent of their time in
PhD student Romane Cristescu, from
                                                             rehabilitated areas, while the rest of their time was spent
the School of Biological, Earth and                          in the contiguous undisturbed areas. Koalas were found
Environmental Sciences, University of                        to spend several consecutive days and nights inside
New South Wales and the Centre for                           rehabilitated areas, proving they were able to find food
Mined Land Rehabilitation, University                        trees to feed from. All koalas were in general good health
of Queensland has spent the last three                       (based on their physical examination and blood tests),
                                                             for instance none presented clinical symptoms of the
years on North Stradbroke Island tracking
                                                             Chlamydia disease that often affects mainland koalas.
koalas and studying their interaction
                                                             Furthermore, out of six females caught, five had pouch
with mining rehabilitation. In April,                        or back young, whilst the last one was immature. One
Romane submitted her thesis, “Fauna                          female that spent 100 percent of her time in rehabilitated
recolonisation of mine rehabilitation                        areas was found carrying young on two successive years.
through the example of arboreal                              The study found that rehabilitated areas seem not only
marsupials, with a particular focus on                       to be crossed by koalas in their normal activities but to
the koala Phascolarctos cinereus”.                           be a useful part of their home ranges. Rehabilitated areas
                                                             seem to provide to the koalas of this study the necessary
The first part of her study consisted of surveying areas                                                                    Romane Cristescu examines a baby koala
                                                             components of a home range: food, shelter and other
rehabilitated six to 31 years previously for signs of        koalas for social interactions including breeding.
koalas. These signs include faecal pellets left below
                                                             To further assess the use of mining rehabilitation by
spots where koalas had been sitting, and scratch marks
                                                             arboreal (tree using) marsupials, Romane’s koala project
                                                                                                                                                                      11
on trees koalas had climbed. Sign surveys revealed that
                                                             was accompanied by a glider project. The presence of
koalas had been present inside the rehabilitated areas.




                                                                                                                                                                      The Sand Times July 2011
                                                             the three gliders found on NSI, the feathertail glider –
In fact every rehabilitated area checked (classified by
age) presented either faecal pellets and/or scratch marks.   Acrobates pygmaeus; the sugar glider – Petaurus breviceps;
This was the first time in Australia that areas of mining    and the squirrel glider – Petaurus norfolcensis was assessed
rehabilitation were shown to be used by koalas more          by a survey using infra-red remote cameras. These
than on an opportunistic basis. However, to be successful    cameras were spread in rehabilitated areas with a little
the rehabilitation should ultimately create new habitat      pot of honey acting as a glider-attractant. When gliders
of quality permitting koalas to sustain a healthy and        consumed the honey, a picture of them was taken. Based
breeding population.                                         on this method, rehabilitated areas were found to be used
                                                             by gliders, especially the part of rehabilitated areas that
The second part of Romane’s project was to investigate
                                                             had been provided with nest-boxes by Sibelco. In this
the behaviour of koalas using the rehabilitated areas.
                                                             part of the rehabilitation Romane calculated a density of
For this, seven koalas were captured nearby rehabilitated
                                                             2.29 gliders per hectare. This is encouraging as it is above
areas and fitted with collars emitting a radio signal that
                                                             densities found in the undisturbed environment in other
researchers could use to track them. These koalas were
                                                             parts of Australia.
radio-tracked every week to follow their movements and
record their use of rehabilitated areas. After a year and    If you would like to know more about Sibelco’s koala
a half of radio-tracking, encouraging results emerged.       research, please email paul.smith@sibelco.com.au.                        Glider attractant and camera

                                                                                                                                   Glider at honey pot- night image
                                        Award
                                       winning.
     Photo of rehabilitated sand mine area and koala habitat on North Stradbroke Island.                                       The area to the right of the track was successfully rehabilitated through our award-winning processes.




     In 2008, the sand mining operations on North Stradbroke                                                         Island operation has achieved a self-sustaining ecosystem
     Island were awarded the Bligh Government’s Resource                                                             similar to pre-mine conditions.”
     Industries Sustainability Award * for ‘outstanding
                                                                                                                     Now, a little over two years later, Anna Bligh has decided this
     environmental management and rehabilitation’.
                                                                                                                     award-winning operation must be shut down early.
     The Bligh Government Environment Minister at the time said,
                                                                                                                     Could this have anything to do with Labor’s plan to try to win
     “the continuous rehabilitation of land at its North Stradbroke
                                                                                                                     Green preferences at the next election?


     * Queensland Government Ministerial Press Release, 31 October 2008 ‘Resource Industries Sustainability Award’

                                                                                                                                                                                            www.sustainablestradbroke.com.au                        www.sibelco.com.au




                                                                                                                         Vehicle Ferry Timetable - Effective 3rd May 2011                                       Water Taxi Timetable -                           Effective 3rd May 2011




                                                                                                                DEPARTS CLEVELAND
                                                                                                                                               Monday to Friday
                                                                                                                                                                  DEPARTS DUNWICH                    DEPARTS CLEVELAND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Monday to Friday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        DEPARTS DUNWICH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Strad
                                                                                                                6.00am - M

                                                                                                                8.00am - M
                                                                                                                                                                  7.00am - M

                                                                                                                                                                  9.00am - M
                                                                                                                                                                                                     5.55am
                                                                                                                                                                                                     6.55am
                                                                                                                                                                                                     7.55am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6.25am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7.25am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8.25am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          47 Ye
                                                                                                                                                                                                     8.55am        –                                    9.25am       –
                                                                                                                10.00am - M                                       11.00am - M                                                                                                             Since commenc
                                                                                                                                                                                                     9.55am        –                                    10.25am      –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vehicle ferry, M
                                                                                                                12.00pm - M                                       1.00pm - M                         10.55am       –                                    11.25am      –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          to become the l
                                                                                                                                                                                                     12.55pm       –                                    1.25pm       –
                                                                                                                2.00pm - M                                        3.00pm - M                                                                                                              Today Stradbro
                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.55pm        –                                    2.25pm       –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          a water taxi to
                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.25pm        –                                    3.55pm       –
                                                                                                                4.00pm - M                                        5.00pm - M                                                                                                              the Southern B
                                                                                                                                                                                                     4.25pm        –                                    4.55pm       –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and Russell.
                                                                                                                6.00pm - M                                        6.45pm - M                         5.25pm        –                                    5.55pm       –
                                                                                                                                                                                                     6.25pm –                                           6.55pm –                          Many people will re
                                                                                                                                  Friday (as above + extra trips)                                                                                                                         1964 to accommodat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Saturday & Sunday                                       a more convenient
                                                                                                                7.30pm - M                                        8.15pm - M
                                                                                                                                                                                                     6.55am        –                                    7.25am       –                    This vessel continue
                                                                                                                                                         Saturday                                    7.55am        –                                    8.25am       –                    commenced servicing
                                                                                                                6.00am - M                                        7.00am - M                         8.55am        –                                    9.25am       –
Sibelco Head Office:                                                                                            8.00am - M                                        9.00am - M                         9.55am        –                                    10.25am      –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Tourism on North St
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          when the company id
                                                                                                                                                                                                     10.55am       –                                    11.25am      –                    also catered for the g
Level 16,                                                                                                       10.00am - M                                       11.00am - M                        12.55pm       –                                    1.25pm       –                    of the MV Quandam
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          later converted to in
111 Pacific Highway,                                                                                            12.00pm - M                                       1.00pm - M
                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.55pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.25pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2.25pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3.55pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     –                    In 2004 the MV M
North Sydney NSW 2060                                                                                           2.00pm - M                                        3.00pm - M                         4.25pm        –                                    4.55pm       –                    Cleveland fleet. This
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          operating in Moreton
                                                                                                                                                                                                     5.25pm        –                                    5.55pm       –
                                                                                                                4.00pm - M                                        5.00pm - M                                                                                                              the convenience of p
Tel. +61 2 9458 2929                                                                                                                                                                                 6.25pm        –                                    6.55pm       –
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vessels are 67 metres
                                                                                                                                                         Sunday                                          Connects with bus from Cleveland & Railway                                       and are still the large
Fax. +61 2 9458 2900                                                                                            6.00am - M                                        7.00am - M
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Connects with bus from Point Lookout
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Each year Stradbroke
                                                                                                                8.00am - M                                        9.00am - M                         ·   Buses only connect with water taxi services not vehicle ferry services           of Moreton Bay and h
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ·   Timetable is subject to alteration                                               and visitors in both
Queensland Head Office:                                                                                         10.00am - M                                       11.00am - M                        ·   Please check with us for Public Holiday & Christmas Day timetable                growth of the tourism
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ·   Water Taxi travel time between Cleveland & Dunwich is 25 minutes each way
                                                                                                                12.00pm - M                                       1.00pm - M                                                                                                              Over the 47 years,
Unit 1, 58 Metroplex Avenue
Murarrie Queensland 4172
                                                                 DEPARTURE TIMES ONLY                           2.00pm - M                                        3.00pm - M
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ·   NO BOOKINGS REQUIRED                                                             contributions to the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Indigenous communit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          year sponsorship of
                                                                                                 1 MILE JETTY
                                                                CLEVELAND                        DUNWICH
                                                                                                                4.00pm - M                                        5.00pm - M                                                                                                              years of sponsorship
Phone: (61 7) 3909 4500
                                                                 #4.55am                         #5.25am        6.00pm - M                                        7.00pm - M
Fax: (61 7) 3909 4501                                                                                           ·   M : Minjerribah (access lift to café)                                            ·   Catch this bus from Cleveland shops / train station
                                                                 #5.55am                         6.25am         ·   Additional services subject to demand
                                                                                                                                                                                                     ·   The Veolia Bus No. 258 transfers to the Stradbroke Ferries Water Taxi Terminal


                                                                 6.55am                          7.25am         ·   Please arrive 20 minutes prior to departure to allow time for loading


                                                                 7.55am                          8.25am
                                                                                                                ·   Timetable is subject to alteration
North Stradbroke Island Office:                                                                                 ·   Please check with us for Public Holiday & Christmas Day timetable

                                                                 8.55am                          9.25am         ·   Ferry travel time between Cleveland & Dunwich is 45 minutes each way
PO Box 47
                                                                 9.55am                          10.25am        ·   BOOKINGS ESSENTIAL


Dunwich Queensland 4183                                          10.55am                         11.25am
Phone: (61 7) 3409 6800                                          12.55pm                         1.25pm
                                                                 1.55pm                          2.25pm
Fax: (61 7) 3409 6801                                            3.25pm                          3.55pm
                                                                 4.25pm                          4.55pm
This magazine is printed on                                      5.25pm                          5.55pm
ENVI Recycled Paper                                              6.25pm                          6.55pm
                                                                                As of the 31st
                                                                 #7.25pm        March 2008       #7.55pm
                                                               Times in Red Denotes no services at that time
                                                                   Saturday, Sunday & Public Holidays.
                                                                      # Denotes No Bus at that time.
                                                              Limited services Christmas Day please enquire.

				
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