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									                                       Observation Skills
General Objective: Students will observe the living things around them and the interactions
   within species and between species.

Specific Objectives: Discover:

      Making an observation chart
      Observing wildlife species
      Recording data
      Animal classification

Time: Three hours spread over several days.

Resources needed: 4-H 903, pp 24. Paper and pencil, and Wildlife Guide Books

Activity: Learn about wildlife observation and record data for future analysis.

Discussion – 5 minutes:
    Ask students “What does observation, or being observant mean?”
    Carry on a dialogue with the class about the definition.
    Write their ideas on the board or a piece of paper.
    Explain that they are going to observe wildlife on a short fieldtrip.
    This activity can be done individually or in pairs.

Activity Preparation – 10-15 minutes:
    Talk about what things the students will look for during their observations.
    Have the students make a table to record their observations.
    Ideas to include on the observation table are:
            Animal Species
            Food Sources
            Shelter
            Water Sources
            Home Range
    If your students have a difficult time making a table, there is one attached for your use.
    After the table is made visit a nature area, park, or sanctuary.

Observation – 15 minutes a day for a week:
   Have your students take their observation table into your designated wildlife area.
   Students should sit quietly and take notes for 15 minutes each day for a week.
   After observing be sure students have the correct species labeled in their chart.

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Reference (4-H manual): 4-H Wildlife Manual, Level A (4-H 903)

Academic Standards:

Page   Activity               Grade             English                     Science
       Observation             3rd        1.1, 1.2, 1.5, 1.6,         1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5,
 24    Skills                             1.7, 1.8, 4.6, 4.7,         2.3
                                          4.8, 5.4, 6.1, 6.2,
                                4th       1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.6,         1.1, 2.5
                                          4.10, 4.11, 4.12,
                                          5.5, 6.1, 6.2, 6.8

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                                    Observation Table



  Animal               Food                      Shelter                    Water                      Home
                      Sources                                              Sources                     Range

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                                    Observation Worksheet
Instructions: Write your responses in complete sentences.

   1. What was the most common species during your observation? Why do you think it was
      the most common?

   2. What different food sources were used by the animals?

   3. What types of behavior did you observe?

   4. What types of shelter were used during your observations?

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