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Guide for postgraduate students at the Faculty of Theology

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					Guide for postgraduate students at the
         Faculty of Theology
   (effective as of 1 August 2007)
Contents


1. General information.......................................................................................................... 3
2. Admission to the Faculty of Theology as a postgraduate student ........................... 21
   General information on the Government Decree on University Degrees ...................... 21
   Eligibility for postgraduate studies................................................................................... 21
   Applying for the right to pursue postgraduate studies .................................................... 24
3. Objectives and contents of postgraduate studies in theology ................................... 26
   Objectives........................................................................................................................... 26
   The structure of postgraduate degrees at the Faculty of Theology................................. 26
4. Practicalities related to studies...................................................................................... 29
   Annual registration ............................................................................................................ 29
   Examinations...................................................................................................................... 31
   Monitoring of the progress of postgraduate studies ........................................................ 35
   Updating and revising the postgraduate studies plan ...................................................... 37
   Supervision of postgraduate students at the Faculty of Theology.................................. 37
   Transfer from the old degree system to the new one....................................................... 40
5. Departmental requirements for postgraduate degrees ............................................. 42
   Postgraduate degree requirements .................................................................................... 42
   Postgraduate instruction for the 2007–2008 academic year ........................................... 65
   Theological postgraduate cooperation.............................................................................. 72
6. The Licentiate thesis and the doctoral dissertation ................................................... 74
   Regulations......................................................................................................................... 74
   The Licentiate thesis.......................................................................................................... 74
   The doctoral dissertation ................................................................................................... 75
7. Graduation ....................................................................................................................... 81
   Diploma and graduation ceremony................................................................................... 81
   Conferment ceremony ....................................................................................................... 82




                                                                    2
1. General information


The postgraduate degree programmes of the University of Helsinki are being
restructured. The new requirements for Doctor of Theology and Licentiate of Theology
degrees take effect on 1 August 2007. This study guide offers information about
postgraduate applications, the goals and contents of postgraduate education in its new
form, departmental requirements regarding postgraduate degrees, and graduation. The
guide also contains the postgraduate teaching curriculum for the 2007–2008 academic
year, a staff directory and other topical information.


This guide is also available on the Faculty of Theology website:
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/english/studies.htm


The transitional period of the reform ends 31 July 2008. The final date to graduate under
the 1995 Decree on Degrees is 16 June 2008. The old Finnish-language requirements for
degrees can be found in the 2004 study guide for postgraduates and on the Faculty
website:
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/opiskelu/oppaat/index.htm


Studies for postgraduate degrees are measured in credits (as opposed to the previous
credit units) as of 1 August 2007. In this system one credit, or ECTS credit, means that
the student has put in an average of 26.7 hours of work towards achieving the set study
goals. A student’s annual workload is 60 credits, or 1,600 hours. For more Finnish-
language information about the credit value of Faculty of Theology studies, see:
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/peda/Tutkinnonuudistus/mitoitus.


Postgraduate supervision and guidance is provided by the relevant instructors of the
subject. For general questions about postgraduate studies, dissertation and licentiate
thesis examinations, and graduation and conferment ceremonies, contact the Faculty’s
postgraduate studies planning officer (tel. 191 22520), who will also take comments and
requests regarding the contents of this guide.

                                              3
Academic terms
The autumn term begins 1 August and ends 31 December. The spring term begins 1
January and ends 31 July. The teaching periods set in the Rector’s decision (187/2004)
for the 2007-2008 academic year are as follows:


Teaching periods 2007-2008
Autumn term:
Period I: 3 Sep–21 Oct 2007 (7 weeks)
Interim week*: 22–28 Oct 2007 (no teaching)
Period II: 29 Oct–16 Dec 2007 (7 weeks)


Spring term:
Period III: 14 Jan–2 Mar 2008 (7 weeks)
Interim week*: 3–9 Mar 2008 (no teaching)
Period IV: 10 Mar–2 May 2008 (7 weeks, which includes Easter holiday)


*NOTE: There is no teaching during interim weeks. The time is intended for students’
independent study work (such as examinations and written work).


There is no teaching on the following dates of the 2007–2008 academic year:
10 Sep: Opening ceremony of the academic year
15 Nov: Church Day
17 Dec–13 Jan: Christmas holiday
5 Feb: Faculty Organisation of Theological Students (TYT) Day*
20 Mar–24 Mar: Easter holiday
1 May: May Day
*Faculty recommendation


The teachers hold consultation hours during the teaching periods from 3 Sep to 14 Dec
and from 14 Jan to 31 May.


Opening ceremony

                                            4
The University’s opening ceremony for the 2007–2008 academic year will be held on 10
September 2007. The event is open to everyone.


Notification of changes
Address and name changes should be reported to both the Student Affairs Office (tel.:
191 22237) and the Faculty’s postgraduate studies planning officer (tel.191 22520). A
passport, driving license, official ID card or an extract from the population register must
be presented in connection with name changes.


General
At the end of 2006 there were altogether 2,163 students in the Faculty of Theology, with
basic degree students numbering 1,779 and postgraduate students 384, in addition to
students of other faculties as well as students completing separate theological study
modules. Eleven Doctors of Theology, four Licentiates of Theology, 165 Masters of
Theology and 20 Bachelors of Theology graduated in the Faculty in 2006.


The Faculty of Theology offices are located at Aleksanterinkatu 7, except for the
Department of Comparative Religion, which is located in the Topelia Building at
Unionkatu 38 E. The Faculty’s teaching facilities are mostly located on the City Centre
Campus and the Kruununhaka district. Group instruction and intermediate and advanced
studies teaching occur in the Faculty’s own facilities at Aleksanterinkatu and in Topelia.


Visiting address: Aleksanterinkatu 7
Postal address: P.O. 33, FI-00014 University of Helsinki
Telephone (switchboard): +358 9 1911, fax (porters and administrative services) 191
22107
Homepage in English: http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/english/


Administration
The Faculty Council and the Dean are responsible for Faculty decision-making.
Departmental administration is led by a department head and a multi-member steering
group comprising representatives of professors, other personnel and students.


                                             5
The Faculty Council consists of 10 members, 10 deputy members and the Dean. Four of
the members represent Faculty professors, three represent other teachers, researchers and
personnel of the Faculty, and three represent students.


The composition of the Faculty Council for 2007–2009 is as follows (deputy members
in parentheses): Dean Aila Lauha (Chairperson); Professor Lars Aejmelaeus (Professor
Raija Sollamo); Professor Reijo Työrinoja (Professor Miikka Ruokanen); Professor
Heikki Kotila (Professor Eila Helander); Professor Jouko Talonen (Professor Markku
Heikkilä); Timo Åvist, Amanuensis (Sonja Pakarinen, Department Secretary); Heidi
Partio, Department Secretary (Nina Majuri, Office Secretary); Juha Meriläinen,
Researcher (Suvielise Nurmi, Researcher); Jussi Junni, student (Hannu Salmela, student);
Saara-Maria Jurva, student (Suvi-Maria Junni, student); Tanja Pirhonen, student (Hannu-
Matias Nurmi, student).


Faculty Council meetings in the academic year 2007–2008 will be held on Mondays at
14.15 as follows: 3 Sep, 24 Sep, 15 Oct, 5 Nov, 26 Nov, 10 Dec, 14 Jan, 4 Feb, 25 Feb,
10 Mar, 7 Apr, 28 Apr and 19 May.


Dean: Professor Aila Lauha. Office hours Tue 14.00–15.00 at Aleksanterinkatu 7, 5 th
floor, tel. 191 23037.
Vice-Dean (Teaching and Postgraduate Affairs): Professor Heikki Kotila
Vice-Dean (Research): Professor Reijo Työrinoja


Faculty administrative services


Practical administrative tasks (such as preparing, presenting and implementing
administrative decisions) are handled by the Faculty’s administrative services,
Aleksanterinkatu 7, 3 rd floor. Administrative services office hours are Mon-Fri
  11.30 and 12.30 14. The Student Affairs Office is open Mon, Tue, Thu and Fri
10 11.30 and 12.30 14. The Student Affairs Office phones are open Mon, Tue, Thu
and Fri 9 10. Observe other office hours if mentioned separately. Academic advice is
also available by email: teol-opintotoimisto@helsinki.fi


                                             6
Staff
Head of Administration: Mikael Vänttinen, M.Th. Office hours by appointment, tel. 191
22550
Head of Academic Affairs: Mervi Palva, M.Th. Office hours: Thu 10 11.30, tel. 191
22552
Financial and Training Coordinator: Tuula Sunnarborg, M.Th. Office hours: Thu
10 11.30, tel. 191 22122
Planning Officer (International and Postgraduate Affairs): Katja Juntunen, M.Th., tel.
191 22520. Office hours: Thu 12.30 14.
Administrative Secretary: Eija Molarius, Mon Fri 9 11.30 and 12.30 14, tel. 191
22121
Office Secretary: Erkki Väänänen, tel. 191 22884
Student Adviser: Maria Niemelä, MA (Edu), tel. 191 22699
Systems Analyst: Olli Kakriainen, BSc, tel. 191 22081
Tutorial Project Secretary: Lauri Laine (autumn term)
Recruitment Coordinator: Kaisa-Liisa Pehkonen-Suoranta, M.Th., until 30 Sep. 2007.
Office hours: Tue 10 11.30 and Thu 12.30 14, tel. 191 23851, email: teol-
rekrytointi@helsinki.fi
University Lecturer (University-level teaching and learning): Laura Hirsto, D. Phil.
(Edu), tel. 191 21618. Office hours by appointment
Planning Officer (Degree reform): Hanna-Maija Ketola, M.Th., tel. 191 22531
Planning Officer (Teaching development projects): Juha Malmisalo Th D.
Planning Officer (HOPS, ETAPPI, WebOodi, quality projects): Tanja Pirhonen
Planning Officer (Educational technology): Anne Stalder, BA (Edu)
Planning Officer (Teologia.fi online publication): Marita Seitsalo, MA, tel. 191 24340


Theology Library
Aleksanterinkatu 7, 4th floor (P.O. Box 33, FI-00014 University of Helsinki)
Tel. +358 9 191 23870, fax +358 9 191 23879
Website in English: http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/kirjasto/english/index.htm


Director: Liisa Rajamäki, MA, tel. 191 23872
Librarian: Miika Miettunen, M.Th., tel. 191 23875

                                            7
Information Specialist: Docent Matti Myllykoski (on leave), Acting: Leo Näreaho tel.
191 23873
Department Secretary: Kaisu Leinonen, M.Th., tel. 191 23878
Library Secretaries: Pertti Hassinen (part-time), tel. 191 23870; Marja-Sirkku Holma,
M.Th., BA, tel. 191 23877; Marja Kuittinen, tel. 191 23876; Pirjo Ollinen, tel. 191
23874


The Theology Library is open Mon Fri 9.00 19.00. On holiday eves the library closes at
16.00. Opening hours are reduced from June to August as announced separately. More
information about library use is available at:
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/kirjasto/english/index.htm.




Faculty departments


Department of Biblical Studies


Aleksanterinkatu 7, 3 rd floor (P.O. Box 33, FI-00014 University of Helsinki)
Tel. (switchboard) +358 9 1911, fax +358 9 191 22106
Website in English: http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/english/
Open Mon Fri 8 15.45 during the academic terms. The department office is open
Mon Thu 10 11.30 and 12.30 14, and on Fridays from 13.00 to 14.00. Office hours are
irregular in the summer.


Head: Professor Risto Uro, Professor of Biblical Languages (acting)
Deputy Head: Lecturer Jarmo Kiilunen, Lecturer in Biblical Exegesis
Amanuensis: Dr Anne-Marit Enroth-Voitila,
Secretary: Heidi Partio, BBA, tel. +358 9 191 22534


Department staff


Professors:

                                                 8
Professor of Old Testament Studies:   Martti Nissinen
Professor of New Testament Studies: Ismo Dunderberg (on leave of absence)
Acting: Petri Luomanen
Professor of Biblical Exegesis:       Lars Aejmelaeus (on leave of absence)
Acting: Matti Myllykoski
Professor of Biblical Languages:      (vacant   on leave of absence)
Acting: Risto Uro


Lecturers
Jarmo Kiilunen
Lecturer in Biblical Exegesis:          (on leave of absence)
Acting: Hanne von Weissenberg


University Lecturers
University Lecturer in Old Testament Studies: Martti Nissinen (on leave of absence)
Acting: Kirsi Valkama
University Lecturer in New Testament Studies: Risto Uro (on leave of absence)
Acting: Outi Leppä


Docents
Docents in Old Testament Studies
Anneli Aejmelaeus
Antti Laato
Kari Latvus
Risto Lauha
Martti Nissinen
Juha Pakkala
Kai Peltonen
Raija Sollamo
Pekka Särkiö


Docents in New Testament Studies
Ismo Dunderberg

                                           9
Timo Eskola
Raimo Hakola
Tom Holmén
Jarmo Kiilunen
Erkki Koskenniemi
Kari Kuula
Petri Luomanen
Antti Marjanen
Matti Myllykoski
Wille Riekkinen
Heikki Räisänen
Kalervo Salo
Kari Syreeni
Risto Uro


Department Steering Group members (deputy members in parentheses):
Professor Lars Aejmelaeus (Professor Ismo Dunderberg); Professor Martti Nissinen
(Professor Riaja Sollamo); Outi Leppä, Researcher (Jutta Jokiranta, Researcher); Petri
Luomanen, Academy Researcher (Juha Pakkala, University Lecturer); Lauri Laine,
student (Riitta Happa-aho, student); Ville Tikkanen, student (Tiina Hallikainen, student).


Both Old and New Testament studies are taught and researched in the department.


Department of Church History


Aleksanterinkatu 7, 5 th floor (P.O. Box 33, FI-00014 University of Helsinki)
Tel. (switchboard) +358 9 1911, fax +358 9 191 23033
The department is open Mon–Fri 9–15.45 during academic terms. Summer hours are
irregular.
Student affairs are dealt with Mon–Fri 9–11 and 13–14.
Website in English: http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/khl/english/


Head: Kaarlo Arffman, University Lecturer

                                            10
Deputy Head: Kyllikki Tiensuu, University Lecturer
Amanuensis: Hanna-Maija Ketola, M.Th. (on leave of absence); Timo Valtonen
Department Secretary: Timo Valtonen, M.Soc.Sci. (on leave of absence - vacant), tel.
191 23041


Department staff


Professors:
Professor of General Church History:   Simo Heininen
Professor of Church History, esp. Contemporary: Aila Lauha
Professor of Church History:           Jouko Talonen


University Lecturers
University Lecturer in Church History: Kaarlo Arffman
University Lecturer in Church History: Kyllikki Tiensuu
University Lecturer in Church History: Tuomas Heikkilä (on leave of absence) Acting:
Tuija Laine


Docents
Docent in Church and Book History:     Tuija Laine
Docent in Church and Doctrinal History: Jussi Nuorteva
Docent in North-American Church History: Markku Ruotsila


Docents in Finnish and Scandinavian Church History
Marjo-Riitta Antikainen
Ilkka Huhta
Esko M. Laine
Hannu Mustakallio
Seppo J. Salminen
Kyllikki Tiensuu


Docents in General Church History
Kaarlo Arffman

                                          11
Jussi Hanska
Tuomas Heikkilä (General History and Church History)
Matti Ijäs
Timo Junkkaala
Mikko Ketola
Maiju Lehmijoki-Gardner
Arto Luukkanen
Mikko Malkavaara
Riho Saard


Department Steering Group members (deputy members in parentheses):
Kaarlo Arffman, Univ. Lecturer ,Chairperson; Professor Simo Heininen (Professor Aila
Lauha); Professor Jouko Talonen; Minna Ahokas, Researcher (Piia Latvala, Doctoral
Student); Mikko Ketola, Researcher (Kyllikki Tiensuu, Univ. Lecturer); Tuomo
Törmänen, student (Mikko Hossa, student); Marika Villikka, student (Sanna Kivikoski,
student).




Department of Systematic Theology


Aleksanterinkatu 7, 6th floor (P.O. Box 33, FI-00014 University of Helsinki)
Tel. +358 9 1911, fax +358 9 191 23033
Website in English: http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/steol/henkilokunta/english/index.htm
The department is open Mon Fri 9 15.45 during the academic terms. The office is open
Mon Thu 10 11.30 and 12.30 14.00, and Fri 13 14. Opening hours are irregular in the
summer.


Head: Jaana Hallamaa, Professor of Social Ethics
Deputy Head: Timo Koistinen, University Lecturer in Systematic Theology, esp.
Philosophy of Religion
Department Secretary: Hilkka Ranki, tel. 191 23030
Amanuensis: Satu Kunnas, tel. 191 23028


                                           12
Department staff


Professors
Professor of Dogmatics:    Miikka Ruokanen
Professor of Ecumenics:    Risto Saarinen (on leave of absence)
Acting: Jaakko Rusama
Professor of Theological Ethics and the
Philosophy of Religion:    Simo Knuuttila (on leave of absence)
Acting: Reijo Työrinoja
Professor of Systemic Theology: Reijo Työrinoja (on leave of absence)
Acting: Antti Raunio
Professor of Social Ethics: Jaana Hallamaa


University Lecturers
University Lecturer in Systematic
Theology (Ecumenics):      Antti Raunio (on leave of absence)
Acting: Ari Ojell
University Lecturer in Systematic
Theology (Philosophy of Religion):        Timo Koistinen
University Lecturer in Systematic
Theology (Theology/Social Ethics):        Virpi Mäkinen (on leave of absence)
Topi Heikkerö (autumn term)
University Lecturer in Dogmatics:         Pauli Annala
University Lecturer in Missiology:        Mika Vähäkangas


Docents
Docent in Intellectual and Doctrinal History
Tarja-Liisa Luukkanen


Docents in Dogmatics
Eero Huovinen
Jyri Komulainen
Matti Kotiranta

                                             13
Hans-Olof Kvist
Matti Repo
Juha Pihkala
Mika Vähäkangas


Docents in Ecumenics
Risto Cantell
Sammeli Juntunen
Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen
Eeva Martikainen
Simo Peura
Antti Raunio
Jaakko Rusama
Gert Rüppell


Docents in Missiology
Risto Ahonen
Timo Vasko


Docent in Patristics
Gunnar af Hällström


Docents in Theological Ethics and the Philosophy of Religion
Pauli Annala
Toivo Holopainen
David Jenkins
Timo Koistinen
Taneli Kukkonen
Kimmo Kääriäinen
Tommi Lehtonen
Virpi Mäkinen
Leo Näreaho
Terho Pursiainen

                                          14
Docent in Theological Ethics and the Philosophy of Religion; Women’s Studies
Elina Vuola


Docent in the Philosophy of Religion
Pekka Kärkkäinen


Department Steering Group members (deputy members in parentheses):
Professor Jaana Hallamaa, Chairperson (Professor Miikka Ruokanen); Professor Antti
Raunio (Professor Reijo Työrinoja); Timo Koistinen, University Lecturer (Mika
Vähäkangas, University Lecturer); Laura-Elina Koivisto, Researcher (Olli-Pekka Vainio,
Researcher); Tuomas Nyyssölä, student (Tiina Soukiala, student); Tuomas Vaura,
student (Janne Rauhala, student).


Systematic theology deals with dogmatics, ecumenics, theological ethics and social
ethics, as well as the philosophy of religion. The Department of Systematic Theology
houses the Ecumenical Archives, which includes documentation, journals and literature
of the ecumenical movement. The University Lecturer in Ecumenics is in charge of the
Archives.




Department of Comparative Religion


Unioninkatu 38 E (P.O. Box 59, FI-00014 University of Helsinki)
Tel. +358 9 191 23583, (switchboard) +358 9 1911, fax +358 9 191 23591
Opening hours during terms are Mon–Thu 10–11.30 and 14.00–15.00, and on Fridays by
appointment.


Head: Tuula Sakaranaho, University Lecturer
Deputy Head: René Gothóni, Professor of Comparative Religion (Faculty of Arts)
Department Secretary: Sonja Pakarinen, tel. 191 23583
Amanuensis (Faculty of Arts): Riku Hämäläinen, tel. 191 23597


                                           15
Department staff


Professors
Juha Pentikäinen
(Faculty of Arts) René Gothóni


University lecturers
Tuula Sakaranaho
Heikki Pesonen


Docents
Nora Ahlberg
Olli Alho
Helena Helve
Eira Hernberg
Nils G. Holm
Paulos Huang
Hannele Koivunen
Pertti Nikkilä
Heikki Pesonen
Risto Pulkkinen
Paula Purhonen
Ilkka Pyysiäinen
Tuula Sakaranaho
Tom Sjöblom
Terhi Utriainen


Department Steering Group (deputy members in parentheses):
Tuula Sakaranaho, Univ. Lecturer, Chairperson; Professor René Gothóni; Professor Juha
Pentikäinen; Docent Terhi Utriainen (Katja Ritari, Researcher); Sonja Pakarinen, Dept.
Secretary (Veronika Honkasalo, Researcher); Rita Jailo, student (Nina Järviö, student);
Veera Toivonen, student (Riina-Julia Solman, student). Secretary of the Steering Group:
Riku Hämäläinen, Amanuensis.

                                           16
Recorders for conducting fieldwork are available on loan from the department.




Department of Practical Theology


Aleksanterinkatu 7, 7 th floor (P.O. Box 33, FI-00014 University of Helsinki)
Tel. (switchboard) +358 9 1911, fax +358 9 191 23855
The department is open during the term Mon Fri 9.00 15.45. The department office is
open Mon Thu 10.00 11.30 and 12.30 14.00, as well as Fri 13.00 14.00.
Website in English: http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/ktel/english/index.htm
Email: ktel-toimisto@helsinki.fi


Head: Markku Heikkilä, Professor of Practical Theology
Deputy Head: Heikki Kotila, Professor of Practical Theology
Amanuensis: Timo Åvist, M.Th.
Department Secretary: Päivi Rönnqvist, M.Soc.Sci. (on leave of absence until 24 Oct
2007); Sanna Lumikko, M.Th., tel. 191 23854


Department staff


Professors
Professor of General Practical Theology: Markku Heikkilä
Professor of General Practical Theology: Heikki Kotila
Professor of Practical Theology and Sociology: Eila Helander
Professor of Religious Education:     Kirsi Tirri (on leave of absence 2007–2008)


University Lecturers
University Lecturer in Practical
Theology (esp. Liturgy and Homily): Sini Hulmi (on leave of absence until 14 Jun 2008)
Acting: Heikki Leppä
University Lecturer in Practical Theology (esp. Didactics of Religion):    Lassi Pruuki
University Lecturer in Practical Theology (esp. Pastoral Theology):        Hannu Sorri

                                            17
University Lecturer in Practical Theology:                            Jyrki Knuutila
University Lecturer in Church and
Social Studies: Anne Birgitta Yeung (on leave of absence 2007–2008)
Acting: Minna Rikkinen
University Lecturer in Practical Theology: (vacant)
Acting: Elina Hella


Assistants
Assistant in General Practical Theology: Johanna Lumijärvi


Docents
Docent in Theology and Law
Hannu Juntunen


Docents in Practical Theology and Sociology
Voitto Huotari
Juha Kauppinen
Heikki Mäkeläinen
Hannu Sorri
Anne Birgitta Yeung


Docents in General Practical Theology
Allan Franzén (esp. Missiology)
Raili Gothóni
Markus Hiekkanen
Paavo Kettunen
Jyrki Knuutila
Tapio Lampinen
Kalervo Nissilä
Seppo Suokunnas
Kari Vappula (esp. Pastoral Theology)


Docents in Religious Education

                                             18
Arto Kallioniemi
Kati Niemelä
Markku Pyysiäinen
Antti Räsänen


Department Steering Group (deputy members in parentheses):
Professor Markku Heikkilä, Chairperson (Professor Eila Helander); Professor Heikki
Kotila (Professor Kirsi Tirri); Lassi Pruuki, University Lecturer (Antti Räsänen,
University Lecturer); Johanna Lumijärvi, Assistant (Elina Juntunen, Doctoral Student);
Jan Ahonen, student (Karoliina Korhonen, student); Lotta Hatakka, student (Maija
Konttinen, student).


The Department of Practical Theology is responsible for the teaching of its academic
subjects (general practical theology, religious education, and church and social studies),
for organising research and for applied studies towards the Bachelor and Master of
Theology degrees.




The Catherine Institute


P.O. Box 33 (Aleksanterinkatu 7, 5th floor), FI-00014 University of Helsinki
Tel. +358 9 191 22754, fax +358 9 191 23033
Opening hours during academic terms: Monday and Tuesday 9 13, Wednesday 14 18.
Summer hours are irregular.


Head: Professor Heikki Kotila
Assistant: Maija Turunen, D.Th.


Catherine Institute Steering Group members
Docent Jussi Nuorteva; Docent Kimmo Kääriäinen; Docent Mikko Ketola; Juha
Malmisalo, Researcher; Professor René Gothóni; Liisa Rajamäki, Library Director.




                                            19
The Catherine Institute, operating under the auspices of the Faculty of Theology,
practices and promotes research on the Russian and post-Soviet religious situation, as
well as on Eastern European churches and the Orthodox tradition. It also provides
teaching and information on the latest research and maintains a library in these subjects.
The Institute’s library collections include an extensive literature on icons as well as some
2,000 photographic slides of icons. The library, slide collection and archives are available
during opening hours to students, researchers and anyone with an interest in the field.
Together with the Orthodox Priests’ Association, the Catherine Institute publishes the
yearbook Ortodoksia.




                                             20
2. Admission to the Faculty of Theology as a postgraduate student



General information on the Government Decree on University Degrees


The Faculty of Theology offers postgraduate degrees in accordance with the 2004 Decree
on University Degrees (Appendix 1). Other relevant regulations on postgraduate studies
include standing regulations approved on 13 May 2005 (amended 13 April 2007) by the
Faculty Council (Appendix 2). In addition to the degrees of Licentiate of Theology and
Doctor of Theology regulated by the Decree on Degrees, the Faculty offers the degree of
Doctor of Philosophy, as specified in the Decree on Degrees (Appendix 1) and in the
regulations for the degree of Doctor Philosophy at the University of Helsinki (Appendix
3).


Degrees can be completed in accordance with the 1995 Decree on Degrees until 31 July
2008. The last date to graduate with a degree in accordance with the 1995 degree
requirements will be 16 June 2008.




Eligibility for postgraduate studies


Degrees of Doctor of Theology and Licentiate of Theology
Holders of the degree of Master of Theology from the University of Helsinki, University of
Joensuu or the Åbo Akademi University, or holders of an equivalent degree from a university
abroad are eligible for studies leading to the degrees of Doctor of Theology and Licentiate of
Theology.


In addition to the above, applicants for postgraduate studies must meet the following
requirements:



                                            21
1. The grade for the Master’s thesis for the degree of Master of Theology must be at least
magna cum laude approbatur. If this grade is below magna cum laude approbatur, the
applicant must write a 30-page supplementary thesis. The thesis will be examined by the
professor of the applicant’s major subject and by another professor or docent of the same
department. The standard of a thesis written at a university abroad will be evaluated by the
Faculty’s Postgraduate Studies Committee, which may consult the professor of the applicant’s
major subject.


2. The student must have completed advanced-level studies in the major subject of the
postgraduate degree, or alternatively, in another subject offered by the same department, as
approved by the relevant professor and in compliance with the instructions for the application
of requirements, as approved by the department.


Required supplementary studies if the applicant changes the major subject department


If the applicant wishes to change his or her major subject department, he or she must complete
supplementary studies in the new major subject. The requirement is 30 credits worth of
advanced studies in accordance with specialisation options A2 and B2 for the Master’s degree
plus a thesis worth 20 credits. The thesis will be examined by the professor of the new major
subject and by another professor or docent of the same department. The thesis is expected to be
at least of magna cum laude standard. Whether the applicant is required to participate in the
advanced-level seminar of the new major subject is at the discretion of the professor of the
major subject.


If the applicant’s grade for his or her Master’s thesis is at least magna cum laude approbatur,
the thesis required for the supplementary studies may be substituted by 20 credits worth of
intermediate and advanced studies in the major subject.


The advanced studies completed in the new major subject in order to achieve eligibility for
postgraduate studies are considered to be supplementary studies and are thus subject to a fee.
Supplementary studies or studies completed in the major subject of the Master’s degree cannot
be incorporated into a postgraduate degree.


                                              22
Once the supplementary studies are completed, the applicant may apply for the right to pursue
postgraduate studies.




Degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Holders of an appropriate Master’s degree in a field other than theology, holders of an
equivalent degree from a university abroad, or applicants whom the Faculty deems to have the
qualifications corresponding to a Master’s degree are eligible for studies leading to the degree
of Doctor of Philosophy.


In addition to the above, applicants must have completed the following supplementary studies
in the projected major subject:
a) basic studies completed in accordance with the 2005 degree requirements (12 credits) or
basic studies completed in accordance with the 2001 degree requirements (5 credit units)
and
b) 10 credits worth of intermediate studies or 10 credits worth of Hebrew (applies to applicants
for Old Testament Exegetics) or 10 credits worth of Greek (applies to applicants for New
Testament Exegetics) and
c) 30 credits worth of advanced studies in accordance with specialisation options A2 and B2
for the Master’s degree plus a thesis worth 20 credits. The thesis will be examined by the
professor of the new major subject and by another professor or docent of the same department.
The thesis is expected to be at least of magna cum laude standard. Whether the applicant is
required to participate in the advanced-level seminar of the new major subject is at the
discretion of the professor of the major subject.


If the major subject of the applicant’s Master’s degree is closely allied to one of the theological
major subjects, the professor of the major subject may recommend that the number of credits
required for the supplementary studies be reduced.


The advanced studies completed in the new major subject in order to achieve eligibility for
postgraduate studies are considered to be supplementary studies and are thus subject to a fee.
Supplementary studies or studies completed in the major subject of the Master’s degree cannot
be incorporated into a postgraduate degree.

                                              23
Once the supplementary studies are completed, the applicant may apply for the right to pursue
postgraduate studies.



Applying for the right to pursue postgraduate studies


Applications for postgraduate studies at the Faculty of Theology are accepted three times
during the academic year 2007–2008. The application periods close on 31 August 2007, 16
November 2007 and 16 May 2008 at 15.45 o’clock.


Before submitting the application, the applicant should consult the professor who may be
acting as the supervisor about his or her plans for postgraduate studies. This preliminary
consultation is not binding for the professor or the department. If the applicant wishes to
change his or her major subject, he or she must complete the supplementary studies specified
by the Faculty Council before he or she is eligible to apply for postgraduate studies.


If the student graduates with a Master’s degree at the ceremony arranged on 2 June 2008, he or
she may apply for postgraduate studies on the round of applications ending on 16 May 2008, as
the grades for the Master’s thesis examined that spring will be known by then.


Application forms are only available in electronic form on the Faculty’s website at
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/english/applinformation.htm. A research plan and a postgraduate
study plan must be enclosed with the application, instructions for these can be found on the
form. The recommended length of the research plan is about 15 pages, and it should contain a
presentation of the topic and research problems of the dissertation, a survey of previous
research on the topic, the materials and methods to be used, and a preliminary outline of the
dissertation. The postgraduate study plan should contain a presentation of the contents and
timetable of the studies, as well as a plan for possible funding. An applicant is also requested to
give proof on his/her knowledge of Finnish, Swedish or English. For more information, see:
www.helsinki.fi/admissions/language_skills.htm




                                             24
The application, with the required enclosures, must be submitted by the end of the application
period to the Faculty’s postgraduate studies planning officer, who will forward it to the
relevant departments. At the departments, the applications will be processed by the professors
and administrators in charge of postgraduate studies. The departments will submit their
statements to the Faculty’s planning officer, who will prepare the matter for consideration by
the Faculty’s Postgraduate Studies Committee. The Committee will select the postgraduate
students and confirm their study plans.


The Faculty Council has appointed the Postgraduate Studies Committee for a term of three
years from 2007 to 2009. The Committee is chaired by Professor Reijo Työrinoja, the Vice
Dean responsible for research, and the Faculty’s postgraduate studies planning officer acts as
the secretary. The other members (deputy members in parenthesis) include Professor Lars
Aejmelaeus (Professor René Gothóni), Professor Simo Heininen (Professor Eila Helander), Dr
Tuula Sakaranaho (Dr Kaarlo Arffman) and Ms Elina Juntunen (Ms Marketta Liljeström).


The selection criteria include the feasibility and appropriateness of the research and
postgraduate study plans and the availability of supervision resources.


Postgraduate students are entitled to receive supervision. Each postgraduate student will be
assigned one director of studies and at least one supervisor. The director of studies is the
professor of the discipline. If the director of studies also acts as the supervisor of the
dissertation, the student will be assigned a second supervisor.


If an applicant cannot be admitted to pursue postgraduate studies, grounds for the rejection will
be given in writing. An applicant wishing to appeal such a decision may submit a written
objection to the Postgraduate Studies Committee within 14 days of the date of the posting of
the decision.


NB! The Faculties of Theology in Finnish universities have agreed that if an applicant who
previously has been admitted into one of these faculties is granted the right to pursue
postgraduate studies in another faculty, he or she must waive the right to pursue studies in the
faculty that first admitted him or her.


                                              25
3. Objectives and contents of postgraduate studies in theology

Objectives
The objective of postgraduate education is that students will

   1) become well versed in their research field and deeply aware of its social
       significance, and will acquire the knowledge and skills needed to apply scientific
       research methods critically and independently and to produce new scientific
       knowledge in their field;
   2) become aware of the development, basic problems and research methods of their
       field;
   3) attain a level of knowledge of the general theory of science and of fields relevant
       to their own research area that enables them to follow future developments in
       them.

To obtain the Licentiate degree, students must demonstrate thorough familiarity with their field
of research and the ability to independently and critically apply scientific research methods.


To obtain the doctoral degree, postgraduate students must
 1) complete the required postgraduate studies,
 2) demonstrate independent and critical thinking in their own field of research, and
 3) write a doctoral dissertation and defend it in a public examination.



The structure of postgraduate degrees at the Faculty of Theology
At the Faculty of Theology, the primary postgraduate-level degree is the Doctor of Theology
degree, but the Faculty also offers the degrees of Licentiate of Theology and Doctor of
Philosophy.


Besides the doctoral dissertation, the requirements for the doctoral degree include 60 credits
worth of postgraduate studies, consisting of studies in the major subject of the postgraduate
degree and other studies. The required scope of these other studies is 20 credits, and they can


                                            26
be completed in another theological subject and/or in another subject in another faculty or
university. The other studies must consist of courses or modules with a minimum scope of five
credits.


The contents of the postgraduate studies will be agreed with each student so that the studies
will support the writing of the dissertation. The major subject requirements may also include
common requirements for all postgraduate students.


Postgraduate studies also contain courses in transferable skills, i.e., courses in the philosophy
of science, research ethics and international academic activities, as well as courses in general
professional skills, such as courses in university-level teaching and learning, teaching
assignments, science communication, project work and leadership skills. Studies in transferable
skills will be integrated with research work or into the 60-credit requirement in postgraduate
studies, which means that the workload will not be expressed in terms of credits and their
completion will not registered separately. The integrated studies will be completed in the form
of a portfolio or with the help of an electronic work plan tool. If the student has completed
courses or modules with a minimum scope of five credits (e.g., in university-level teaching and
learning or in languages), these credits can be incorporated into the 60-credit requirement in
postgraduate studies. This must be agreed upon when the student draws up his or her study
plan.


In the doctoral dissertation, the student is expected to apply the research methods of his or her
field independently and critically and to contribute to scientific knowledge. The recommended
length of the dissertation is about 250 pages/about 500,000 characters (excluding appendices),
and it must comply with the technical regulations set by the Faculty on dissertations and thesis
(see instructions in Finnish at
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/opiskelu/perustutkinnot/syventavat.htm#tutkielma). According to
the Decree on University Degrees (Decree No. 794/2004, Section 22), a number of scientific
publications or manuscripts vetted for publication that the university deems to meet the
required standard and which deal with the same set of problems and are accompanied by a
paper summarising the findings, or some other kind of work that meets the set scientific
criteria, may be approved as a doctoral dissertation. Co-authored publications may be included
if the author’s independent contribution to them can be demonstrated.

                                             27
The requirements for the degree of Licentiate of Theology include the Licentiate thesis and 60
credits worth of postgraduate studies, which are the same as for the doctoral degree.


The recommended length of the Licentiate thesis is about 120-200 pages, and it must comply
with the technical regulations set by the Faculty on dissertations and thesis (see instructions in
Finnish at http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/opiskelu/perustutkinnot/syventavat.htm#tutkielma). In
the thesis, the postgraduate student demonstrates thorough familiarity with the field of research
and his or her ability to independently and critically apply methods of scholarly research.
According to the Decree on University Degrees (Decree No. 794/2004, Section 23), a number
of scientific publications or manuscripts vetted for publication that the university deems to
meet the required standard and which deal with the same set of problems and are accompanied
by a paper summarising the findings, or some other kind of work that meets the set scientific
criteria, may be approved as a Licentiate thesis. Co-authored publications may be included if
the author’s independent contribution to them can be demonstrated.


The options for the major subject of the degrees of Doctor of Theology, Licentiate of Theology
and Doctor of Philosophy are same as for the degree of Master of Theology: Old Testament
exegetics, New Testament exegetics, general church history, Finnish and Scandinavian church
history, dogmatics, ecumenics, the philosophy of religion, theological ethics and social ethics,
comparative religion, practical theology, church sociology and religious education.


The new degree structure and new degree requirements are effective as of 1 August 2007. A
transitional period will end on 31 July 2008, after which date all postgraduate students will
complete their studies in accordance with the new degree structure and requirements.




                                             28
4. Practicalities related to studies



Annual registration
The registration period for the academic year 2007-2008 is from 2 May to 17 September 2007.
If you fail to register during this period either as an attending or non-attending student, you will
lose the right to pursue studies at the University of Helsinki.


Registering as an attending student
You may register as an attending student in one of the three following ways:


1. Return the extract from the Faculty’s postgraduate student register
During the summer the Faculty of Theology will send all postgraduate students an extract from
its postgraduate student register. This extract contains all information on the relevant student
that has been entered in the register. Verify the information in the extract and return it to the
Faculty’s administrative services by 15 September. By returning the extract you will register
for the following academic year and you need to take no further action as regards registration.


2. Register online
The easiest way to register is to use the WebOodi student information system. If you have a
University of Helsinki user account and access to a netbank through either Nordea, OKO,
Sampo or Aktia banks, you may register and pay the Student Union membership fee through
WebOodi. You can access WebOodi at www.helsinki.fi/weboodi or via the University’s
Finnish-language website at www.helsinki.fi/opiskelijaksi/lukuvuosi_ilmoittautuminen. Follow
the instructions provided by WebOodi very carefully, and your registration will become
effective immediately.


Use a netbank: If you have access to a netbank and you have your University of Helsinki
student number, but not a University of Helsinki user account, you may register and pay the
Student Union membership fee through the Student Union’s website at www.hyy.fi/maksu.
Enter your student number as the reference number. When using this method of registration, it
will take about two banking days for your registration to become effective.

                                              29
Use an ATM or visit a bank: If you pay the Student Union membership fee using an ATM or at
a bank, enter your student number as the reference number. When using this method of
registration, it will take about two banking days for your registration to become effective.


NB! When using your student number as the reference number, leave out the first zero. Your
student number is the series of numbers that begins with the digits 01 and is visible on your
student card, registration certificate and transcripts.


3. Register in person
If you pay the Student Union membership fee at a bank using the general reference number 28
04990, or if you pay the fee at the Lyyra customer service centre (Mannerheimintie 5 A, 2nd
floor, see www.hyy.fi for opening hours), you must register at the University separately at one
of the campus service centres of the Student Affairs Office (see
http://www.helsinki.fi/neuvonta/english/index.htm or Alma’s service channel for addresses and
opening hours) no later than 17 September 2007. When registering, present the receipt for the
payment of the Student Union membership fee.


If postgraduate students so wish, they may pay the Student Union membership fee for the
entire academic year 2007–2008 on 17 September at the latest, or for the spring term on 15
January at the latest. If the postgraduate student has the right to pursue both an undergraduate
and a postgraduate degree, he or she must join the Student Union, and the membership fee is
the same as for undergraduate students. Postgraduate students who join the Student Union are
entitled to discounts on meals at UniCafe cafeterias and to a limited range of the services
provided by the Finnish Student Health Service. Postgraduate students are not entitled to
reduced fares on public transportation.


Additional information on registration procedures can be found on Alma under Studies and
teaching/ Enrolment and registration, and on the Student Union website www.hyy.fi.


Registering as a non-attending student
Registering as a non-attending student must also take place during the registration period
between 2 May and 17 September 2007. You may register as a non-attending student in

                                              30
WebOodi (see instructions above for online registration); by email to the following address:
neuvonta@helsinki.fi (state your name and student number or identity number); by telephone
to the following numbers: 191 22244, 191 59481; in person at the campus service centres of
the Student Affairs Office (see Alma’s service channel for addresses and opening hours); or by
post.


Readmission
A postgraduate student who fails to register at the University by 17 September will lose his or
her right to pursue studies (Decree No. A115/98 on Universities and Rector’s Decision No.
69/1998). After this date, students who wish to continue their studies must apply for
readmission into the Faculty using a special form and must pay a re-enrolment fee of 35 euros.
The Dean decides on the readmission of students who have failed to register as attending or
non-attending students during the registration period and whose study progress is not
monitored by the Faculty. Finnish-language application forms for readmission can be found at
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/opiskelu/lomake/jatkopalautus.pdf.


Limitations on registration as an attending or non-attending student
In the monitoring of the study progress of postgraduate students, those students who were
granted the right to pursue postgraduate studies seven or more years ago, but whose doctoral
degree remains uncompleted, will be sampled from the Student Register. Such students cannot
register as attending students for the following academic year without having a research plan
approved by the Faculty.



Examinations


Faculty examinations
During terms, the Faculty of Theology arranges ”faculty examinations” about twice a month. The
examinations are usually held on Fridays from 9.15 to 13.00 in lecture room 1 on the 2nd floor of
the University Main Building (Fabianinkatu 33).




                                             31
Faculty examinations are divided into two groups according to subject. Group I includes church
history and systematic theology, comparative religion and Latin, and group II includes exegetics and
practical theology.


In the summer, the Faculty arranges two faculty examinations, which are called summer
examinations. Examinations in subjects in both groups I and II can be taken in these examinations.

Faculty examination in 2007–2008
Place: Main Building, lecture room 1
Time: Fri 9.15–13.00 on the dates listed below:

autumn term                   spring term
7 Sep     (I)                 18 Jan (I)
21 Sep    (II)                1 Feb (II)
5 Oct     (I)                 15 Feb (I)
19 Oct    (II)                29 Feb (II)
9 Nov     (I)                 14 Mar (I)
23 Nov    (II)                28 Mar (II)
14 Dec* (I-II)                11 Apr (I)
                              25 Apr (II)
                              16 May** (I-II)


*Students whose last name begins with the letters A-O sit the examination in the Pothania
building in lecture room I (PI), and students whose last name begins with the letters P-Ö sit the
examination in lecture room II (PII).
** Students whose last name begins with the letters A-O sit the examination in the Porthania
building in lecture room I (PI) and students whose last name begins with the letterst P-Ö sit
the examination in lecture room II (PII).

Summer examinations
In summer 2008, the Faculty will arrange two examinations:
- Thursday 26 June 2008 at 10.00–14.00 in PI and PII (registration by Tuesday, 10 June at 23.59)
- Thursday 14 August 2008 at 10.00–14.00 in PI and PII (registration by Tuesday, 10 June at 23.59)


NB! As teachers hold their consultation hours only during term time, examination requirements and
other practicalities cannot be agreed upon with them during the summer.


Registration for examinations
Students must register for examinations. Starting in the autumn term 2007, registration for all
courses is also compulsory.

                                                32
Registration for examinations takes place in WebOodi. In order to register online, students must
have a valid user account and password for the University network. Students without a valid user
account and password may submit an application at the Faculty’s Student Affairs Office.


Registration codes
The code at the end of each course name is a registration code, which is used to enter completed
courses in the Student Register. The registration code can also be used to search for courses in
WebOodi.


In WebOodi, registration for faculty examinations begins 30 days prior to the examination date at
9.00 and ends on the Tuesday proceeding the week of the examination at 23.59. Please note that the
deadline for registration for both summer examinations is 10 June 2008.


Detailed instructions in Finnish for registration via the WebOodi system are available on the
Faculty’s website under Opiskelu ->Yleistä opiskelusta -> Tenttiminen.


Regulations concerning examinations
In the examination, students must be prepared to present their identity card and have the necessary
writing utensils with them. Paper, bags or mobile phones are not allowed: phones must be left in the
student’s bag or with the invigilator and they must be switched off for the duration of the
examination.


The distribution of envelopes containing the examination questions starts at 9.00 and the
examination should begin by 9.15 at the latest. Students are allowed to leave the examination at 9.45
at the earliest. Students who arrive at the examination later than 9.45 are not entitled to take the
examination.


Students must return their answers and the question sheet to the invigilator in the envelope that
contained the questions. If a student wishes to discontinue the examination, he or she must return the
question paper and a blank paper with his or her name on it to the invigilator in the envelope.


Announcement of examination results


                                                33
Students have the right to obtain the examination results within two weeks of the examination. The
results of the summer examination held in June must be announced within six weeks and the results
of the summer examination held in August must be announced within four weeks of the
examination date. The results will be posted on the notice board of the relevant department and in
WebOodi, and will be visible on a transcript ordered by email, provided that the completed credits
can be registered as such in the Student Register (student must have a University of Helsinki or Unix
user account). Only in special circumstances may examination results be inquired by telephone from
the department office. The Student Affairs Office does not answer enquiries about examination
results.


Grading
As of 1 August 2005, the University implemented a five-level (1-5) grading scale for studies, with
five being the highest grade. Studies completed previously were also transferred to this new scale.
Grading is done using only whole numbers. However, in the grading of Licentiate thesis and
doctoral dissertations, the old seven-level Latin grading scale (approbatur – laudatur) is still applied.


Entries into the Student Register
For the most part, completion of postgraduate studies in the form of individual lectures and modules
will be entered into the Student Register. However, if the student builds up a module from various
individual courses, in order to have the module entered into the Student Register he or she must
contact the relevant faculty office or teacher responsible for the module and present the list of
completed courses for the module. Departments may have varying practices regarding such cases.


Students are responsible for ensuring that their completed credits have been entered into the Student
Register. Any credits missing from the Register should be reported to the department responsible for
the relevant course or module.


Students should have modules approved as soon as they have completed all the required courses for
them. Major subject modules and modules for other studies will be approved by the director of
studies. Approved modules must be entered into the Student Register no later than a week before
registration for the graduation ceremony (publiikki).




                                                34
Legal protection of students
Regulations concerning examinations, grading of completed studies and the Board of
Examination Appeals at the University of Helsinki can be found in Appendix 4.



Monitoring of the progress of postgraduate studies
The University of Helsinki has decided to monitor the progress of postgraduate students by
sampling from the Student Register those students who were granted the right to pursue
postgraduate studies seven years ago. At the Faculty of Theology, such a sampling of students
was carried out for the first time in spring 2007.


Every year in January, the Student Register will sample those postgraduate students who were
granted the right to pursue postgraduate studies seven years ago, but whose doctoral studies
remain uncompleted. A registration block preventing registration for the following academic
year will be set for the sampled students. University Student Services will send these students a
letter providing instructions for seeking supervision and registering at the University as an
attending student.


Those students who will complete their postgraduate degree before the end of the academic
year may disregard the letter. Those students who will not complete their postgraduate degree
before the end of the academic year (31 July 2008) must contact the director of their studies
and submit a personal study plan to the Faculty’s postgraduate studies planning officer by the
date designated in the letter in order to be able to register as an attending student for the
following academic year. The personal study plan is to be written on a form available on the
Faculty’s website or from the Faculty Office. The study plan must include a research plan (5-
10 pages) and a report of the progress of research.


Those doctoral candidates whose dissertation is currently undergoing preliminary
examination need only write on the form a short description of the studies they have
completed.


Once the postgraduate student has submitted the personal study plan by the designated deadline
to the Faculty’s postgraduate studies planning officer, he or she will forward the plan to the

                                              35
relevant department for a statement. At the department, the professors and other staff in charge
of postgraduate studies will process the plans together and recommend either their approval or
rejection. Rejections will be justified in writing.


The Faculty’s Postgraduate Studies Committee will decide on the approval or rejection of the
personal study plans. Students will be notified of the decision by the end of June.


If the study plan is approved, the Faculty will remove the registration block. An approved
study plan will be valid for three years. If the plan is rejected, the student may, however,
register as a non-attending student. A student who has been set a registration block and has
thus registered as a non-attending student may register as an attending student as soon as the
Faculty has approved his or her personal study plan.


Postgraduate students may also immediately register as non-attending students and present
their personal study plans at a later date. They may also waive their right to complete a
postgraduate degree by notifying the Faculty of this using the form available at
http://www.helsinki.fi/opiskelijaksi/opinto_oikeudet.html.


Postgraduate students sampled from the Student Register who do not present a personal study
plan and do not register as non-attending students will lose their right to pursue a degree at the
University of Helsinki.


Postgraduate students who have the right to complete another basic or postgraduate
degree at the University of Helsinki and who have been sampled by the Student Register
may register as attending students in the normal manner if the Student Register shows
just one degree for which no registration block for him or her has been set.


Removal of the registration block
If you have been set a registration block in spring 2007, you must register as a non-attending
student for the academic year 2007–2008. When you wish to resume your studies, contact
your director studies, complete the form for sampled students and submit it to the Faculty’s
postgraduate studies planning officer together with your research and postgraduate studies
plans devised in accordance with the Faculty’s instructions. Detailed Finnish-language

                                              36
instructions can be found at http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/opiskelu/jatkotutkinnot/index.htm. The
study plans of postgraduate students sampled from the Student Register will next be processed
in February and March 2008.



Updating and revising the postgraduate studies plan
Applicants for postgraduate studies must draft a study plan, which will be updated once every
academic year. The Faculty’s Postgraduate Studies Committee will decide on the approval of
study plans in the following cases:
-the projected number of credits to be completed in the major subject or other studies defined
in the study plan changes
- the contents of other studies changes (the student will complete them in a different subject
than was originally planned).
In the above cases, the student will submit a notification of a revised study plan to the
postgraduate studies planning officer, and the Postgraduate Studies Committee will decide on
the approval of the revised plan. The Committee processes revised study plans twice a year in
connection with the admission of new postgraduate students. The director of studies will
decide on minor changes and updates in study plans.


When transferring from the old degree system to the new one, the postgraduate student will
draft a new study plan in accordance with the new degree structure. The Faculty’s Postgraduate
Studies Committee will decide on the approval of study plans of postgraduate students
transferring to the new degree system.



Supervision of postgraduate students at the Faculty of Theology
Supervision
Postgraduate students are entitled to receive regular supervision for both research and studies
leading to their postgraduate degree (Decision of the Senate of the University of Helsinki, 7
June 2006, Item 12). Supervision includes both personal supervision and group and peer
supervision. Personal supervision is available to the student in personal meetings with the
supervisor or supervisors and the director of studies as well as in seminars. Group and peer



                                             37
supervision takes place in postgraduate courses, seminars and peer groups organised by the
department.


At the beginning of their studies, admitted postgraduate students will discuss with their director
of studies and their supervisor the rights and obligations of each party. It is highly
recommended that at this meeting, the supervisor and postgraduate student agree on the
regularity of future meetings and on the date that the study plan will be updated. At the end of
each meeting, the supervisor and student should set a date and topic for their next meeting.


Status of the postgraduate student
Postgraduate students who have registered as attending students at the University are
under obligation to participate in the postgraduate education organised by their
department. The dissertation will be written under supervision, but independently by the
doctoral student. The student him- or herself is ultimately responsible for the dissertation.


Status of the supervisor and the director of studies
Each postgraduate student will be assigned a director of studies and at least one supervisor.
The director of studies must be a professor, and if the director of studies also acts as the
supervisor of the dissertation, the student will be assigned a second supervisor. When possible,
the supervisor will attend those sessions of the department’s research seminar where his or her
students’ papers are being discussed. The department will take into account the supervision of
doctoral dissertations in the total number of working hours in the annual work plans of the staff
acting as supervisors


Study plan
Applicants for postgraduate studies must draft a study plan, which will be updated once every
academic year. If the projected number of credits to be completed in the major subject or other
studies defined in the study plan, or the contents of other studies change, the Faculty’s
Postgraduate Studies Committee will decide on the approval of the revised study plan. The
director of studies will decide on minor changes and updates in study plans. When transferring
from the old degree system to the new one, the postgraduate student will draft a new study plan
in accordance with the new degree structure. The Postgraduate Studies Committee will decide
on the approval of such study plans.

                                              38
Problems with supervision and how to address these problems
The following types of problems may occur in a supervisory relationship: the parties have not
discussed their ideas about and expectations for supervision, or they hold conflicting
expectations; either party is unhappy with the number of meetings or wishes that the other
would prepare better for the meetings; the student wishes for more thorough feedback, or the
supervisor is unhappy with the way the student receives feedback; the supervisor and the
student cannot reach an agreement on general approaches or cannot communicate what they
expect of the other party. Furthermore, progress may also be hampered if the student has
several supervisors with conflicting approaches.


When problems in the relationship between the supervisor and the student emerge, the parties
should first make sure that the issue involved is not a misunderstanding. If necessary, the
problem may be discussed with the head of the department and the postgraduate studies
planning officer. If no solution is reached, the parties may submit the matter for consideration
by the Faculty’s Postgraduate Studies Committee. It is essential that problems are addressed so
that the progress of the dissertation will not be jeopardised. If required, the Faculty will
consider appointing a new supervisor for the student.


If a new supervisor is appointed, the director of studies must ensure that the new supervisor is
brought up to date.


Supervision is a professional relationship which does not involve intimacy. The students shall
be treated equally, and no one shall be discriminated against on the basis of gender, descent,
age, political or religious views or on any other basis.


The postgraduate student’s and supervisor’s rights and obligations
The purpose of a supervision agreement between the postgraduate student and the supervisor,
which states the rights and obligations of both parties, is to further the completion of
postgraduate studies at the Faculty of Theology of the University of Helsinki.


Before submitting an application for postgraduate study, the applicant must discuss the topic
and plan for research with the prospective director of studies. For the application, the applicant

                                              39
will draw up a study and research plan, which will present, in a preliminary manner, the
progress of studies and the research problem for the doctoral dissertation or Licentiate thesis.


Once the applicant has been admitted, a supervision agreement will be signed between the
supervisor appointed by Faculty and the student during their first supervisory meeting. A
Finnish-language model agreement can be found at
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/opiskelu/jatkotutkinnot/index.htm. Students and supervisors may
supplement this agreement template, if they so wish.


The supervision agreement will be drawn up in three copies, one for the student, one for the
supervisor and one for the director of studies.



Transfer from the old degree system to the new one
The new degree structures and degree requirements for the degrees of Doctor of Theology and
Licentiate of Theology will take effect on 1 August 2007. A transition period will end on 31
July 2008, after which date all postgraduate students will complete their studies in accordance
with the new degree structure and requirements.


As of 1 August 2007, the transfer to the new degree system takes place as follows:
       1.   Discuss your study plan with your professor and agree upon the required studies in
            your major subject and other subjects. Completed minor subject studies as well as
            other studies supporting the writing of the dissertation can be recognised as other
            studies for the degree to be completed in accordance with the new requirements.
       2.   Complete the form siirtymisilmoituslomake (notification of transfer) at
            http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/opiskelu/jatkotutkinnot/index.htm and return it to the
            Faculty’s postgraduate studies planning officer.
       3.   Your major subject department will process the study plans of postgraduate
            students transferring to the new degree system and will recommend either their
            approval or rejection. The Faculty’s Postgraduate Studies Committee will decide
            on the approval of revised study plans. In the academic year 2007–2008 the
            Committee will deal with revised study plans on three occasions, i.e., in connection
            with the selection of new postgraduate students. The notifications of transfer must

                                             40
            be submitted to the postgraduate studies planning officer by either 31 August 2007,
            16 November 2007 or 16 May 2008.


What will happen to previously completed postgraduate studies?
Credit units (opintoviikko) for postgraduate studies in theology that were completed before 1
August 2007 will be converted into ECTS credits (opintopiste) in the Student Register using
the coefficient 2. Credit units completed in other faculties or universities will be converted into
credits in accordance with the practices of the institution in question. Minor subject studies as
well as other studies supporting the writing of the dissertation that were completed in
accordance with the old degree system can be recognised as other studies for the degree to be
completed in accordance with the new requirements. The student and the director of studies
must agree upon a sufficient number of credits to be completed in the major subject.
Completed credits exceeding the requirement of 60 credits may be marked on the diploma if
the student so wishes.


Postgraduate students sampled from the Student Register had the opportunity to notify the
Faculty of their transfer to the new degree system in connection with the submission of their
study plans in spring 2007. The transfers to the new degree system are entered into the Student
Register by the Faculty’s Administrative Services.


If the student transferring to the new degree system has completed only very few or no
postgraduate courses, the transferable skills of the new degree requirements shall be included
in his or her study plan. Transferable skills can also be included in the study plans of students
who are at an advanced stage in their postgraduate studies.




                                             41
5. Departmental requirements for postgraduate degrees


This section presents the requirements for postgraduate degrees in the different
departments and the relevant teaching for the academic year 2007–2008. Writing the
licentiate thesis or doctoral dissertation (Section 6) is also a degree prerequisite. These
degree requirements are effective as of 1 August 2007. Some departments provide
bibliographies of the relevant literature. Literature chosen for examinations must always
first be arranged with a professor.



Postgraduate degree requirements


DEPARTMENT OF BIBLICAL STUDIES


VTE700 POSTGRADUATE OLD TESTAMENT STUDIES (60 cr)
108300
Aim
Students will gain an advanced knowledge of research into the Old Testament and its
regions, and be able to independently generate scholarly knowledge and findings.


VTE710 Major subject studies for a postgraduate degree in Old Testament Studies
(30 cr)
108310
Comprises VTE711 and –VTE712


          VTE711 Old Testament texts in the original languages (10 cr)
          108311
          Contents
          The course consists of Old Testament Hebrew or, by arrangement, biblical
          Aramaic or another Semitic language, for a total of 70 pages.



                                              42
       VTE712 Specialised knowledge in Old Testament Exegesis (20 cr)
       108312
       Contents
       1. Postgraduate education
       a. Participation in the postgraduate seminar with its assignments is compulsory
       until the completion of the dissertation or licentiate thesis. The postgraduate
       seminar is part of the supervision provided for the student.
       b. Training organised by graduate schools and research projects is also included,
       as well as participation in international researcher networks.
       2. Familiarisation with the research literature, including
       - Basic works that are read by everyone
       - Literature supporting the student’s own area of research
       Completion methods and literature will be arranged with the director of studies.


VTE720 Continued Old Testament Studies (30 cr)
108320
Contents
1. Semitic languages, Assyriology, Archaeology or other research-related courses of the
region are highly recommended.
2. Studies in New Testament Exegesis are recommended.
3. A five (ECTS) credit specialisation course (e.g. in university-level teaching and
learning, research ethics or the philosophy of science) can be integrated into the module.




VTE730 Old Testament Studies for non-biblical studies postgraduates (20 cr)
108330
Contents
- Seminar VTE330 and guide to method (10 cr)
- Old Testament text VTE310 or
- Old Testament research VTE315 (10 cr)
Completed studies or modules can be entered into the student register in five-credit
increments.
Target group

                                            43
Students from other faculties or universities or students of the Faculty of Theology who
have different major subjects.


UTE700 POSTGRADUATE NEW TESTAMENT STUDIES (60 cr)
108400
Aim
Students will gain an advanced knowledge of the research into the New Testament and its
regions, and be able to independently generate scholarly knowledge and findings.


UTE710 Major subject studies for a postgraduate degree in New Testament Studies
(30 cr)
108410
Comprises UTE711 and UTE712


          UTE711 New Testament texts in the original languages (10 cr)
          108411
          Contents
          One-hundred fifty pages of New Testament text in the source languages. Greek
          language and culture studies may be integrated into the unit by special
          arrangement.


          UTE712 Specialised knowledge in New Testament Exegesis (20 cr)
          108412
          Contents
          1. Postgraduate education
          a. Participation in the postgraduate seminar with its assignments is compulsory
          until the completion of the dissertation or licentiate thesis. The postgraduate
          seminar is part of the supervision provided for the student.
          b. Training organised by graduate schools and research projects is also included,
          as well as participation in international researcher networks.
          2. Familiarisation with the research literature, including
          - Basic works that are read by everyone
          - Literature supporting the student’s own area of research

                                               44
        Completion methods and literature will be arranged with the director of studies.


UTE720 Continued New Testament Studies (30 cr)
108420
Contents
1. Greek language and literature (Dkr 500, 25 cr) studies are highly recommended. The
student may arrange other language studies (Aramaic, Syrian, Coptic, Latin) with the
director of studies.
2. Old Testament studies or other research-related courses of the region are
recommended.
3. A five (ECTS) credit specialisation course (e.g., in university-level teaching and
learning, research ethics, or the philosophy of science) can be integrated into the module.


UTE730 New Testament Studies for non-biblical studies postgraduates (20 cr)
108440
Contents
- Seminar UTE330 and guide to method (10 cr)
- Exegesis of New Testament books UTE310 (10 cr)
Completed studies or modules can be entered into the student register in five-credit
increments.
Target group
Students from other faculties or universities or students of the Faculty of Theology who
have different major subjects.




DEPARTMENT OF CHURCH HISTORY


Aim
The Department of Church History aims to provide postgraduate education to produce
researchers who have a good understanding of the field’s research methods, are integrated
into the research community and are able to conduct high-quality research work
independently. The students should also be able to make critical assessments of new
research as well as of current cultural, religious and societal change.

                                             45
YKH700 GENERAL CHURCH HISTORY, POSTGRADUATE STUDIES (60 cr)
107700


YKH710 General Church History, postgraduate major 20-40 cr
107710
ComprisesYKH711, YKH712 and YKH713


      YKH711 General Church History, postgraduate seminar (6 cr)
      107711
      Contents:
      - Postgraduate seminar work
      - Postgraduate seminar work includes a personal study plan, which is not counted
      separately for credit.
      - A research plan and three presentations
      - Potentially transferable skills should appear in the portfolio, which the professor
      will go through before marking the seminar as completed. These are not counted
      separately for credit.


      YKH/SKH712 Church-history Latin, specialisation course (4 cr)
      107712
      Further information:
      - Latin and Roman literature studies may be substituted.
      - In special cases, other substitutions may be arranged with the professor.


      YKH713 General Church History, specialised training (10–30 cr)
      107713
      Contents: The particular combination of studies is arranged with the professor.


            YKH713A Historiography, methodology and specialisation literature
            (5–30 cr)
            107713A
            Implementation and work methods:

                                           46
                - The required literature is agreed upon separately.
                - These studies are completed by examination and by writing summaries and
                book reviews.
                - Written assignments may substitute for the lecture series.


                YKH713B Academic seminars, conferences and courses (5–30 cr)
                107713B
                Contents: Completed studies can be registered in increments of at least five
                credits.


                YKH713C Transferable skills (5–30 cr)
                107713C
                Contents:
                - The studies may include philosophy of science, research ethics and
                international scientific activities.
                - Professional preparatory training: leadership skills, university-level
                teaching and learning, teaching skills, academic communication, project
                work etc.
                - Completed studies can be registered in increments of at least five credits.




SKH700 FINNISH AND SCANDINAVIAN CHURCH HISTORY,
POSTGRADUATE STUDIES
(60 cr)
108200


SKH710 Finnish and Scandinavian Church History, postgraduate major (20–40 cr)
108210
Comprises SKH711, SKH712 and SKH713


          SKH711 Finnish and Scandinavian Church History, postgraduate seminar (6
          cr)
          108211

                                                 47
- Postgraduate seminar work
- Postgraduate seminar work includes a personal study plan, which is not counted
separately for credit.
- A research plan and three presentations
- Potentially transferable skills should appear in the portfolio, which the professor
will go through before marking the seminar as completed. These are not counted
separately for credit.


YKH/SKH712 Church History Latin, specialisation course (4 cr)
107712
Further information:
- Latin and Roman literature studies may be substituted.
- In special cases, other substitutions may be arranged with the professor.


SKH713 Finnish and Scandinavian Church History, specialised training (10–
30 cr)
108213
Contents: The particular combination of studies is to be agreed upon with the
professor.


      SKH713A Historiography, methodology and specialisation literature
      (5–30 cr)
      108213A
      Implementation and work methods:
      - The required literature is to be agreed upon separately.
      - These studies are completed by examination and by writing summaries and
      book reviews.
      - Written assignments may substitute for the lecture series.


      SKH713B Academic seminars, conferences and courses (5–30 cr)
      108213B
      Contents: Completed studies can be registered in increments of at least five
      credits.

                                     48
              SKH713C Transferable skills (5–30 cr)
              108213C
              Contents:
              - The studies may include philosophy of science, research ethics and
              international scientific activities.
              - Professional preparatory training: leadership skills, university-level
              teaching and learning, teaching skills, academic communication, project
              work etc.
              - Completed studies can be registered in increments of at least five credits.


YKH/SKH720 Other postgraduate studies for church historians (20-40 cr)
107720
Contents:
- Another theological subject and/or a subject in another faculty or university
- Completed studies or modules in at least five-credit increments


YKH/SKH730 Other studies for non-church history postgraduates (20 cr)
108230


YKH/SKH730A Literature component, other studies for non-church history
postgraduates (20 cr)
108230A
Contents:
- A literature pack of five credits is to be chosen.
- The literature for the examination may be completed by “faculty examination” as a
book examination or essay.
- The student may also complete a study unit, agreed upon separately with the professor,
selected from the Faculty’s intermediate and advanced studies.
- Students may also participate in the Faculty’s postgraduate seminar, where they may
serve as opponents.




                                               49
DEPARTMENT OF SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY


The postgraduate who has registered as an attending student must actively participate in
his/her major subject’s postgraduate education until his or her dissertation is finished.
Participation in postgraduate training is not counted separately for credit. If the student
does not intend to complete postgraduate studies during the academic year, he or she
must register as non-attending.


Postgraduate students should have a Latin studies component included in their Master’s
degree. Latin may also be completed as part of the postgraduate studies.


Major studies as well as other studies contributing towards a postgraduate degree are
individually arranged with the student’s director of studies and supervisor(s). The content
of postgraduate studies is arranged with each student so that it supports his or her
dissertation work. There may also be graduation requirements common to all
postgraduate students within a given major subject.


In addition to the Department of Systematic Theology’s own subjects, other
recommended subjects include: biblical studies, church history, comparative religion,
Greek language and literature, Latin language and literature, Semitic languages and
cultures, Indo-European languages and cultures, theoretical philosophy, practical
philosophy, sociology, social policy, political science, psychology, applied psychology,
social psychology, general history, languages and cultures of Asia and African, and
Islamic studies.


DOG700 DOGMATICS, POSTGRADUATE STUDIES (60 cr)
108600


DOG710 Dogmatics, major subject studies (40 cr)
108610
Comprises DOG711, DOG712 and DOG713


       DOG711 Studies in the history of Dogma and Theology (20 cr)

                                             50
       DOG712 Dogmatics: general presentations (10 cr)
       108612


       DOG713 Specialisation studies in Dogmatics (10 cr)
       108613


DOG720 Other studies (20 cr)
108620
Contents: Other studies that support postgraduate studies are agreed upon separately
with each postgraduate student. Studies must be in modules of at least five credits. For a
20 credit module, at least 10 of the credits must be of intermediate or advanced studies.




EKU700 ECUMENICS, POSTGRADUATE STUDIES (60 cr)
108700


EKU710 Ecumenics, major subject studies (40 cr)
108710
Comprises EKU711, EKU712 and EKU713


       EKU711 Studies in the history of Ecumenics and Missiology (20 cr)
       108711


       EKU712 Ecumenics and Missiology: general presentations (10 cr)
       108712


       EKU713 Specialisation studies in Ecumenics/Missiology (10 cr)
       108713


EKU720 Other studies (20 cr)
108620


                                            51
Contents: Other studies that support postgraduate studies are agreed upon separately
with each postgraduate student. Studies must be in modules of at least five credits. For a
20 credit module, at least 10 of the credits must be of intermediate or advanced studies.


TES700 THEOLOGICAL ETHICS AND SOCIAL ETHICS, POSTGRADUATE
STUDIES 60 cr
108800


TES710 Theological Ethics and Social Ethics, major subject studies (40 cr)
108810
Comprises TES711, TES712 and TES713


       TES711 Studies in the history of Theological Ethics and Social Ethics (20 cr)
       108811


       TES712 Advanced studies in Philosophical Ethics and Social Ethics (10 cr)
       108812


       TES713 Specialisation studies in Theological Ethics and Social Ethics (10 cr)
       108813


TES720 Other studies (20 cr)
108620
Contents: Other studies that support postgraduate studies are agreed upon separately
with each postgraduate student. Studies must be in modules of at least five credits. For a
20 credit module, at least 10 of the credits must be of intermediate or advanced studies.




UFI700 PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION, POSTGRADUATE STUDIES (60 cr)
108900


UFI710 Philosophy of Religion, major subject studies (40 cr)
108910

                                            52
Comprises UFI711, UFI712 and UFI713


       UFI711 Studies in the history of Philosophy and of the Philosophy of Religion
       (20 cr)
       108911


       UFI712 Advanced studies in Philosophy and the Philosophy of Religion (10
       cr)
       108912


       UFI713 Specialisation studies in Philosophy and the Philosophy of Religion
       (10 cr)
       108913


UFI720 Other studies (20 cr)
108620
Contents: Other studies that support postgraduate studies are agreed upon separately
with each postgraduate student. Studies must be in modules of at least five credits. For a
20 credit module, at least 10 of the credits must be of intermediate or advanced studies.




DEPARTMENT OF COMPARATIVE RELIGION


UST700 COMPARATIVE RELIGION, POSTGRADUATE STUDIES (60 cr)
108500
Aim
Along with their postgraduate studies and dissertation work, students pursue a speciality
branch of comparative religion in order to be able to perform work in that area as an
expert. The aim is to train comparative religion professionals to serve the University as
well as other sectors of society. The sub-branches of comparative religion include:
religious phenomena, specialisation in religious traditions or in the field of geography and
religion, and the relation of religion to society and culture. One aim of the studies is for
the student to become engaged in national and international networking.

                                              53
Contents
In addition to their doctoral dissertation (or licentiate thesis), students will complete 60
credits of postgraduate studies. These consist ordinarily of 50 credits in the Research
skills module (previously major and minor studies) and 10 credits from the Other
professional skills module. Postgraduate studies must be completed before submitting the
dissertation for pre-examination, but the Other professional skills module can still be
completed while the examination process is ongoing.


The Faculty of Theology postgraduate ordinarily assigns 40 credits of major subject
studies and 10 credits of other studies to the Research skills module. The remaining 10
credits of other studies consist of studies from the Other professional skills module.


The postgraduate together with the director of studies draw up a personal study plan
(HOPS). The drawing up of a personal study plan has an orientation-to-studies
component, where the student enters a plan of the studies to be completed, and a
definitive component, where the progress made in studies is followed. The orientational
planning of studies is done at the beginning of studies, and the definitive planning is done
annually. During postgraduate studies, the student puts together an academic portfolio
attesting to the knowledge and skills he or she has acquired in the studies.


UST710 Research skills (50 cr)
108510
Comprises UST711 and UST712
Aim
In the study module the postgraduate student acquires the knowledge and skills needed to
conduct research.
Contents
The Faculty of Theology postgraduate ordinarily assigns 40 credits of major studies and
10 credits of other studies to the Research skills study module.
Completion methods
The study module can be flexibly completed in a number of ways. More detailed
arrangements for studies are made with the student’s personal supervisor. Ways of

                                              54
completing the studies include: essays, courses, graduate school events in the relevant
discipline, seminar presentations, conferences and congresses, and postgraduate studies in
the research topic completed at foreign universities or research institutes. The study
module must be completed before submitting the dissertation for pre-examination.


       UST711 Understanding Comparative Religion (20–25 cr)
       108511
       Contents
       The course consists of studies that deal with religious phenomena, information on
       religious traditions or the field of geography and religion, and the relations
       between religion, society and culture. The student who has completed the course
       will have a deep knowledge of comparative religion as it relates to the student’s
       own research and of the corresponding literature. The primary way to complete
       this module is by writing up an academic portfolio.


       UST712 Research proficiency (20–25 cr)
       108512
       Contents
       In this course, the student develops the theoretical and methodological skills and
       knowledge that support his or her dissertation, while acquiring a greater
       understanding of research ethics. The student practices academic writing and
       presentations in national and international arenas. The main way of completing
       the unit is by research seminar. All degree students participate in the seminar until
       graduation. Completion of the seminar is flexibly arranged with the professor, and
       a personal study plan is also prepared.


UST720 Other professional skills (10 cr)
108520
Contents
The course develops students’ academic and other skills as they prepare for working life.
Professional skills may include studies from areas such as academic communications,
education, language studies, leadership skills, project management, academic
administration, social advocacy and entrepreneurship. The unit may also be completed in

                                             55
full or in part through a traineeship period completed in Finland or abroad. Completion of
the unit is arranged in connection with writing up a personal study plan. The module must
be completed before permission for the public defence of the dissertation can be granted.




DEPARTMENT OF PRACTICAL THEOLOGY


KTY700 POSTGRADUATE STUDIES, PRACTICAL THEOLOGY 60 cr
107800
Aim: The aim of teaching postgraduates in practical theology is to educate new
professionals who can conduct research and serve as experts in their field in different
sectors of society. The training aims to develop in students a deep understanding of the
discipline, the ability to assess and produce new knowledge, a command of the
methodology, and the capacity to carry out independent, analytical and critical work.
Another aim of the education is to produce able and motivated professionals who can
perform national and international collaborative research work, can function as experts
and developers of the field, and can respond to emerging cultural and social issues related
to religion, education, values and churches.
Contents: The structure of postgraduate studies in Practical Theology:
KTY700 Postgraduate studies, Practical Theology (60 cr)
              KTY710 Major subject studies (40 cr)
                     KTY711 Postgraduate seminar (5 cr)
                     KTY712 Doctoral course (5 cr)
                     KTY713 Methodology studies (5 cr)
                     KTY714 Major studies (10 cr)
                     KTY715 Individualised studies (15 cr)
              KTY720 Other studies (20 cr)
Implementation and work methods: Education and guidance is considered as part of a
learning process involving postgraduates’ motivation and ability to plan, be self-directed
and realistically appraise their own energy reserves, which in turn will help their further
growth and development as scholars. Postgraduates who have registered as attending
students are required to actively participate in their training and in completing studies.
The training strives to provide a high quality of academic guidance and supervision

                                               56
where the responsibilities of the parties are clearly defined. An individual study
programme is designed for each student. Supervision is implemented through the
postgraduate seminar, through the group tutelage of the doctoral course and through
individual guidance. The training also includes peer learning.
Assessment: The personal study plan (HOPS) is used as soon as it is available in order to
plan the research work and studies, and to monitor progress. Postgraduate degree studies
must be completed before permission for the public defence of the dissertation can be
granted.
Additional information: Research work
The dissertation is expected to fulfil all of the Faculty requirements for dissertations.
Completed transferable skills, as defined in Senate and Faculty Council decisions, are
included in the postgraduate degree according to the student’s personal study plan. The
transferable skills credits are ordinarily integrated into the research work, the seminar and
the doctoral course, but modules of at least five credits may also be registered as major
subject studies.


KTY710 Major subject studies (40 cr)
107810
Contents:
KTY711 Postgraduate seminar (5 cr)
KTY712 Doctoral course (5 cr)
KTY713 Methodology studies (5 cr)
KTY714 Major subject studies (10 cr)
KTY715 Individualised studies (15 cr)
Methods of completion: Literature examinations for postgraduate studies are set by
Professors Markku Heikkilä and Heikki Kotila.


KTY711 Postgraduate seminar (5 cr)
107811
Contents: Active participation in postgraduate seminar throughout the writing of the
dissertation.
Implementation and work methods: For the 2007–2008 academic year the postgraduate
seminars in Practical Theology will meet as follows:

                                              57
- Religious communications (Professor Markku Heikkilä):
Aut 4 Oct and 15 Nov, Thu 10–14, A7 sh 3
Spr 24 Jan, 13 Mar, Thu 10–14, A7 ls 5; and 17 Apr, Thu 10–14, A7 sh 3
- Pastoral psychology (Professor Markku Heikkilä):
Aut 5 Oct and 16 Nov, Fri 10–14, A7 rh7
Spr 25 Jan, 14 Mar and 18 Apr, Fri 10–14, A7 rh 7 (except 25 Jan, sh 7)
- Pastoral theology (Professor Heikki Kotila):
Aut 11 Sep, 16 Oct and 20 Nov, Tue 14–18, A7 sh 7
Spr 22 Jan, 18 Mar and 15 Apr, Tue 14–18, A7 sh 7
- Ecclesiology (Docent Jyrki Knuutila):
Aut 24 Sep, 22 Oct and 10 Dec, Mon 9–15, A7 ls 7
Spr 28 Jan, 25 Feb, 10 Mar, 28 Apr and 12 May, Mon 9–15, A7 ls 7 (except 28 Jan, A7
rh 7)


KTY712 Doctoral course (5 cr)
107812
Contents: Participation in three doctoral classes of the Faculty (or the equivalent in
postgraduate events at graduate school or university)
Implementation and work methods: The doctoral course for the 2007 2008 academic
year is scheduled for 5 6 May 2008.


KTY713 Methodology studies (5 cr)
107813
Contents: Methodology studies supporting the writing of the dissertation according to
the student’s individual study programme.


KTY714 Major subject studies (10 cr)
107814
Contents: Studies related to gaining a mastery of the major subject (manner of
completion to be arranged with the supervisor)
Learning material and literature: 1) Fr. Schweitzer & J. A. van der Ven (eds.),
Practical Theology. International Perspectives. M. Viau, Practical Theology. A New
Approach

                                            58
2) One annual volume of one of the following periodicals: International Journal of
Practical Theology, The Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling, Liturgisches Jahrbuch,
Pastoraltheologie, Studia Liturgica, Worship
3) A review of a study in the area of practical theology for an academic journal according
to separately provided instructions


KTY715 Individualised studies (15 cr)
107815
Contents: Other individually planned studies to support the writing of the dissertation
(such as book examinations, writing essays and articles, participating in international
conferences, studies in theology or related subjects, and the transferable skills that are
registered for credit).


KTY720 Other studies (20 cr)
107820
Contents: Studies that support the writing of the dissertation, ordinarily an academic
subject from another faculty or university as agreed on a case-by-case basis.




KTS700 POSTGRADUATE STUDIES, CHURCH AND SOCIAL STUDIES (60 cr)
107900
Aim: The aim of teaching postgraduates in church and social studies is to educate new
professionals who can conduct research and serve as experts in their field in different
areas of society. The training aims to develop in students a deep understanding of the
discipline, the ability to assess and produce new knowledge, a command of the
methodology and the capacity to carry out independent, analytical and critical work.
Another aim of the education is to produce able and motivated professionals who can
perform national and international collaborative research work, can function as experts
and developers of the field, and can respond to emerging cultural and social issues related
to religion, values and churches.
Contents:
KTS700 Postgraduate studies, Church and Social Studies (60 cr)
              KTS710 Major subject studies (40 cr)

                                             59
                     KTS711 Postgraduate seminar (5 cr)
                     KTS712 Doctoral course (5 cr)
                     KTS713 Methodology studies (5 cr)
                     KTS714 Major subject studies (10 cr)
                     KTS715 Individualised studies (15 cr)
              KTS720 Other studies (20 cr)
Implementation and work methods: Education and guidance is considered as part of a
learning process involving postgraduates’ motivation and ability to plan, be self-directed
and realistically appraise their own energy reserves, which in turn will help their further
growth and development as scholars. Postgraduates who have registered as attending
students are required to actively participate in their training and in completing their
studies. The training strives to provide a high quality of academic guidance and
supervision where the responsibilities of the parties are clearly defined. An individual
study programme is designed for each student. Supervision is implemented through the
postgraduate seminar, through the group tutelage of the doctoral course and through
individual guidance. The training also includes peer learning.
Assessment: The personal study plan (HOPS) is used as soon as it is available in order to
plan the research work and the studies, and to monitor progress. Postgraduate degree
studies must be completed before permission for the public defence of the dissertation
can be granted.
Additional information: Research work
The dissertation is expected to fulfil all of the Faculty requirements for dissertations.
Completed transferable skills, as defined in Senate and Faculty Council decisions, are
included in the postgraduate degree according to the student’s personal study plan. The
transferable skills credits are ordinarily integrated into the research work, the seminar and
the doctoral course, but modules of at least five credits may also be registered as major
subject studies.


KTS710 Major subject studies (40 cr)
107910
Contents:
KTS711 Postgraduate seminar (5 cr)
KTS712 Doctoral course (5 cr)

                                              60
KTS713 Methodology studies (5 cr)
KTS714 Major subjevt studies (10 cr)
KTS715 Individualised studies (15 cr)
Methods of completion: Literature examinations for postgraduate studies are set by
Professor Eila Helander.


KTS711 Postgraduate seminar (5 cr)
107911
Contents: Active participation in postgraduate seminar throughout the writing of the
dissertation.
Implementation and work methods: For the 2007–2008 academic year, the
postgraduate seminars in church and social studies will meet as follows:
Aut 13 Sep, 11 Oct, 15 Nov, Thu 10 16, A7 rh7; and 13 Dec, Thu 10 16, A7 ls 7
Spr 24 Jan, Thu 10 16, A7 ls 7; 21 Feb, Thu 10 16, A7 rh 7; 13 Mar, A7 ls 7; and 17
Apr, Thu 10 16, A7 rh 7


KTS712 Doctoral course (5 cr)
107912
Contents: Participation in three doctoral classes of the Faculty (or the equivalent in
postgraduate events at graduate school or university).
Implementation and work methods: The doctoral course for the 2007-2008 academic
year will be scheduled for 5 6 May 2008.


KTS713 Methodology studies (5 cr)
107913
Contents: Methodology studies supporting the writing of the dissertation according to
the student’s individual study programme.


KTS714 Major studies (10 cr)
107914
Contents: Studies related to gaining a mastery of the major subject (manner of
completion to be arranged with the professor).
Learning material and literature: 1) History and development of the discipline:

                                            61
Cipriani, Sociology of Religion. An Historical Introduction. J. A. Beckford, Religion
and
Advanced Industrial Society
2) The main approaches to church and social studies:
J. A. Beckford, Social Theory and Religion. Other literature as arranged
3) Current topics in church and social studies
4) Current scholarly discourse: one annual volume of a periodical in the discipline


KTS715 Individualised studies (15 cr)
107915
Contents: Other individually planned studies to support the writing of the
dissertation(such as book examinations, writing essays and articles, participating in
international conferences, studies in theology or related subjects, and the transferable
skills that are registered for credit).


KTS720 Other studies (20 cr)
107920
Contents: Studies that support the writing of the dissertation, ordinarily an academic
subject from another faculty or university as agreed on a case-by-case basis.




UPE700 POSTGRADUATE STUDIES, RELIGIOUS EDUCATION (60 cr)
108100
Goal: The aim of teaching postgraduates in religious education is to educate new
professionals who can conduct research and serve as experts in their field in different
areas of society. The training aims to develop in students a deep understanding of the
discipline, the ability to assess and produce new knowledge, a command of the
methodology, and the capacity to carry out independent, analytical and critical work.
Another aim of the education is to produce able and motivated professionals who can
perform national and international collaborative research work, can function as experts
and developers of the field, and can respond to emerging cultural and social issues related
to education, religion, values and churches.
Contents:

                                               62
UPE700 Postgraduate studies, Religious Education (60 cr)
              UPE710 Major subject studies (40 cr)
                   UPE711 Postgraduate seminar (5 cr)
                   UPE712 Doctoral course (5 cr)
                   UPE713 Methodology studies (5 cr)
                   UPE714 Major subject studies (10 cr)
                   UPE715 Individualised studies (15 cr)
              UPE720 Other studies (20 cr)
Implementation and work methods: Education and guidance is considered as part of a
learning process involving postgraduates’ motivation and ability to plan, be self-directed
and realistically appraise their own energy reserves, which in turn will help their further
growth and development as scholars. Postgraduates who have registered as attending
students are required to actively participate in their training and in completing studies.
The training strives to provide a high quality of academic guidance and supervision
where the responsibilities of the parties are clearly defined. An individual study
programme is designed for each student. Supervision is implemented through the
postgraduate seminar, through the group tutelage of the doctoral course and through
individual guidance. The training also includes peer learning.
Assessment: The personal study plan (HOPS) is used as soon as it is available in order to
plan the research work and the studies, and to monitor progress. Postgraduate degree
studies must be completed before permission for the public defence of the dissertation
can be granted.
Additional information: Research work
The dissertation is expected to fulfil all of the Faculty requirements for dissertations.
Completed transferable skills, as defined in Senate and Faculty Council decisions, are
included in the postgraduate degree according to the student’s HOPS plan. The
transferable skills credits are ordinarily integrated into research work, but modules of at
least five credits may also be registered as major subject studies.


UPE710 Major subject studies (40 cr)
108110
Contents:
UPE711 Postgraduate seminar (5 cr)

                                              63
UPE712 Doctoral course (5 cr)
UPE713 Methodology studies (5 cr)
UPE714 Major subject studies (10 cr)
UPE715 Individualised studies (15 cr)
Methods of completion: Literature examinations for postgraduate studies are set by
Professor Kirsi Tirri.


UPE711 Postgraduate seminar (5 cr)
108111
Contents: Active participation in postgraduate seminar throughout the writing of the
dissertation.
Implementation and work methods: For the 2007–2008 academic year, the
postgraduate seminars in religious education will meet as follows:
Aut 14 Sep, Fri 10–14, A7 ls 7; 5 Oct, 9 Nov, Fri 10–14, A7 sh 7; and 30 Nov, Fri 10–14,
A7 ls 7
Spr 18 Jan, 8 Feb, 7 Mar and 11 Apr, Fri 10–14, A7 ls 7.


UPE712 Doctoral course (5 cr)
108112
Contents: Participation in three doctoral classes of the Faculty (or the equivalent in
postgraduate events at graduate school or university)
Implementation and work methods: The doctoral course for the 2007-2008 academic
year is scheduled for 5 6 May 2008.


UPE713 Methodology studies (5 cr)
108113
Contents: Methodology studies supporting the writing of the dissertation according to
the student’s individual study programme.


UPE714 Major subject studies (10 cr)
108114
Contents: Studies related to gaining a mastery of the major subject (manner of
completion to be arranged with the supervisor)

                                            64
The subject areas are:
1) Teaching and learning research
2) Educational philosophy
3) Current topics in religious education
4) Current discourse in religious education: one annual volume of a periodical in the field
of theology or education.


UPE715 Individualised studies (15 cr)
108115
Contents: Other individually planned studies to support the writing of the dissertation
(such as book examinations, writing essays and articles, participating in international
conferences, studies in theology or related subjects, and the transferable skills that are
registered for credit)


UPE720 Other studies (20 cr)
108120
Contents: Studies that support the writing of the dissertation, ordinarily an academic
subject from another faculty or university as agreed on a case-by-case basis.




Postgraduate instruction for the 2007–2008 academic year


As of the start of the 2007–2008 academic year, students must always register for lectures
separately via WebOodi. If a registration date (or place) is not mentioned elsewhere,
check the updated information on WebOodi.




Instructions regarding WebOodi registration for exams and courses
1. Log in to WedOodi at: www.helsinki.fi/weboodi.
2. Choose From study guide and proceed to Search courses/exams. Click +Faculty of
Theology, and a drop-down list of the departments will appear. Choose Postgraduate
Study Guide 2007-2008       New from your major subject department. Go to page 1 of the

                                             65
study guide and notice the tabs for Teaching, Examinations and Courses. You will see
the teaching and course enrolments under the Teaching tab, examination enrolments
under the Examinations tab, and course descriptions with the corresponding courses or
examinations under the Courses tab.
3. Select your course (or teaching or examination) by clicking the Register button and
you will see more detailed information. If registration has not yet begun, you can get
information by clicking the name of the examination. There you will also find out when
registration begins.
4. Write additional information into the field as prompted.
5. Make sure that the Reg. box is check-marked.
6. Click the Save registration button.
7. You can see your registrations by clicking My studies (you can also cancel any studies
during the registration period). Try doing this just to ensure that your registration appears
in Registrations (under the My studies heading). It is the student’s responsibility to
register correctly on WebOodi.
8. End your WebOodi session by clicking Exit on the left-side menu.




DEPARTMENT OF BIBLICAL STUDIES


Postgraduate seminars:


Postgraduate seminar in Old Testament Exegesis
Fri 12 Oct, 10.00–16.00; Mon 10 Dec, 12.00–18.00; Fri 15 Feb, 10.00–16.00; and Fri 7
Mar, 10.00–16.00, A7 rh 7
Professor Martti Nissinen
Registration 14 Se –5 Oct by WebOodi


Postgraduate seminar in New Testament Exegesis
Fridays 10.00–16.00 on 2 Nov, 14 Dec, 1 Feb and 25 Apr, A7 sh 3
Professor Petri Luomanen
Registration 28 Sep–26 Oct by WebOodi


                                             66
Other teaching:


Hebrew text course: the Genesis texts
Mondays 12.00–14.00, 17 Sep–12 Nov (except 22 Oct) in A7 ls 5; 19 Nov–26 Nov in A7
ls 6
University lecturer in Old Testament Exegesis
Registration 3 Aug–10 Sep by WebOodi


The Gospel of Peter and the 2nd century development of gospel tradition
5 Sep–10 Oct, Wed 9.00–12.00 and 17 Oct, Wed 9.00–11.00, Porthania 617
Docent Matti Myllykoski
Registration 3 Aug–31 Aug by WebOodi


Postmodern biblical interpretation: On the trail of the revolution in language
Tuesdays 14.00–16.00, 11 Sep–20 Nov (except 23 Oct), U40, room 2
Docent Timo Esko
Registration 3 Aug–4 Sep by WebOodi


Luke’s story of early Christianity
Thursdays 16.00–20.00, 1 Nov–29 Nov, A7 ls 6
Docent Kalervo Salo
Registration 21 Sep–25 Oct by WebOodi


Covenant thinking in early Judaism and early Christianity
Tuesdays 14.00–18.00, 15 Jan–19 Feb (except 5 Feb), A7 ls 7
Docent Tom Holmén
Registration 14 Dec–10 Jan by WebOodi


Archaeology of Israel/Palestine in the Iron Age
Wednesdays 12.00–16.00, 2 Apr–30 Apr, PR aud XVI
Dr Raz Kletter
Registration 7 Dec–9 Jan by WebOodi


                                         67
Lecture series (specialisation course): Pharisees in the New Testament
Fridays 12.00-16.00, 14 Mar–18 Apr, A7 ls 7 (11 Apr in A7 ls 6)
Docent Raimo Hakola
Registration 7 Feb–7 Mar by WebOodi


Early Christianity in Egypt and Syria
14 Apr – 25 Apr, time and place to be announced
Dr Samuel Rubenson
Registration 6 Mar–7 Apr by WebOodi


DEPARTMENT OF CHURCH HISTORY


Postgraduate seminars:


General Church History
28 Sep–25 Apr, times to be announced.
Professor Simo Heininen


General Church History (YKH)/ Finnish and Scandinavian Church History (SKH)
21 Sep, 12 Oct, 19 Oct, 30 Nov, Fri 10.00–14.00, A7 sh7; and 22–23 Oct, intensive
seminar;
25 Jan, 15 Feb, A7 sh 3; 14 Mar, 18 Apr, A7 ls 6; 16 May, Fri 10.00–14.00, A7 sh 3
Professor Aila Lauha


Finnish and Scandinavian Church History
7 Sep, 5 Oct, Fri 10.00–14.00, A7 ls 5; and 24–26 Nov intensive seminar;
25 Jan, 22 Feb, 14 Mar, Fri 10.00–14.00, A7 ls 5; and 24–27 Apr intensive seminar
Professor Jouko Talonen


Seminar for postgraduate students
3 Dec, Mon 9.00–15.00, A7 sh 7;
7–8 Apr, Mon-Tue 9.00–15.00, A7 sh 7
Professor Jouko Talonen

                                          68
Other teaching:


Specialisation course in church-history Latin
Tue and Wed, 18.00–20.00, 15 Jan–26 Feb (except 5 Feb, TYT Day), A7 ls 5


Tolerance or bigotry? Nationalism, xenophobia and religion in Putin’s Russia
5–14 Sep, Wed 8.00–12.00, Thu 8.00–12.00, Fri 8.00–12.00, A7 ls 6 (U38 A205 on 6
and 13 Sep)
Docent Arto Luukkanen


The social gospel in the United States
Tue and Wed 14.00–16.00, 4 Sep–3 Oct, A7 ls 5 (Tue), PR aud IX (Wed)
Docent Markku Ruotsila


The Baltic churches in the New Europe
Mondays 9.00–12.00, 14 Jan–25 Feb, A7 ls 5
Professor Jouko Talonen


The Christian church and the natural disaster from Patristic times to the early
modern period
11 Mar–23 Apr, Tue 18.00–20.00, Wed 18.00–20.00, A7 ls 5
Docent Jussi Hanska


How to interpret Church History? Opportunities for historical research in light of
missionary history in China
28 Mar–21 Apr, Mon 16.00–19.00 (A7 ls 7), Fri 13.00–16.00 (A7 ls 5)
Pekka Lund, Th.D.


The Baltic and Central European churches after the Second World War
2–17 Apr, Wed 14.00–18.00, Thu 14.00–18.00, A7 ls 5
Docent Mikko Ketola

                                         69
DEPARTMENT OF SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY


Postgraduate seminars:


Philosophy of Religion
Aut 2007, Sat 6 Oct and Sat 1 Dec, 10.00–16.00, place: Dept. Systematic Theol.
Spr 2008, Sat 1 Mar and Sat 26 Apr, 10.00–16.00, place: Dept. Systematic Theol.
Small group instruction (50 h)
Professor Reijo Työrinoja & Dr Timo Koistinen


Ecumenics
Tue 18 Sep, 16 Oct, 11 Dec, 22 Jan, 19 Feb, 18 Mar, 22 Apr, 14.00–16.00, A7 rh 7, and
small group and individual instruction (50 t)
Professor of Ecumenics


Theological Ethics and Social Ethics
Postgraduate seminar and small group instruction (54 h)
3 Sep – 30 May, Mon and Wed 8.00-10.00, Fri 9.00–11.00
Professor Jaana Hallamaa


Dogmatics
Postgraduate seminar and small group instruction (50 h)
1 Aug – 31 Jul. Times to be announced
Dr Pauli Annala


Other teaching:


Small group and individual instruction (Dogmatics) (50 h)
Professor Miikka Ruokanen


Small group and individual instruction (Systematic Theology) (50 h)

                                            70
Professor Antti. Raunio




DEPARTMENT OF COMPARATIVE RELIGION


Postgraduate seminars:


Research seminar
Thursdays 16.00–18.00, U38 ls F216
Professor René Gothóni
The WebOodi registration period is from the 30 th to the 7th day before the start of
teaching.


Research seminar
Wednesdays 16.00–18.00, U38 ls F216
Professor Juha Pentikäinen
The WebOodi registration period is from the 30 th to the 7th day before the start of
teaching.




DEPARTMENT OF PRACTICAL THEOLOGY


Postgraduate seminars


Religious communication (Professor Markku Heikkiä)
Aut 4 Oct and 15 Nov, Thu 10.00-14.00, A7 sh 3
Spr 24 Jan, 13 Mar, Thu 10.00-14.00, A7 ls 5; and 14 Apr, Thu 10.00–14.00, A7 sh 3


Pastoral psychology (Professor Markku Heikkilä)
Aut 5 Oct and 16 Nov, Fri 10.00-14.00, A7 rh7
Spr 25 Jan, 14 Mar and 18 Apr, Fri 10.00–14.00, A7 rh7 (25 Jan in A7 sh7)


Pastoral theology (Professor Heikki Kotila)

                                             71
Aut 11 Sep, 16 Oct and 20 Nov, Tue 14.00–18.00, A7 sh 7
Spr 22 Jan, 18 Mar and 15 Apr, Tue 14.00–18.00, A7 sh 7


Ecclesiology (Docent Jyrki Knuutila):
Aut 24 Sep, 22 Oct and 10 Dec, Mon 9.00–15.00, A7 ls 7
Spr 1 Jan, 25 Feb, 10 Mar, 28 Apr and 12 May, Mon 9.00–15.00, A7 ls 7 (28 Jan in A7
rh 7)


Church and social studies (Professor Eila Helander):
Aut 13 Sep, 11 Oct, 15 Nov, Thu 10.00–16.00, A7 rh 7; and 13 Dec, Thu 10.00–16.00,
A7 ls 7
Spr 24 Jan, Thu 10.00–16.00, A7 ls 7; 21 Feb, Thu 10.00–16.00, A7 rh 7; 13 Mar, A7 ls
7; and 17 Apr, Thu 10.00–16.00, A7 rh 7


Religious Education (Professor of Religious Education)
Aut 14 Sep, Fri 10.00–14.00, A7 ls 7; 5 Oct, 9 Nov, Fri 10.00–14.00, A7 sh 7; and 30
Nov, Fri 10.00–14.00, A7 ls 7
Spr 18 Jan, 8 Feb, 7 Mar and 11 Apr, Fri 10.00–14.00, A7 ls 7


Other teaching:


Doctoral course (KTY712), 5 cr (2.5 credit units)
The doctoral course for the 2007–08 academic year will be held 5–6 May, 2008



Theological postgraduate cooperation
The Finnish Graduate School of Theology organises researcher training in which
postgraduate students from the Faculty of Theology may participate. The next Graduate
School course open to all postgraduates is scheduled for 4–5 Oct 2007 and is entitled
Interdisciplinary Theology: novel approaches. More information about Graduate School
events is available online at:
www.helsinki.fi/teol/ktel/tutkimus/tutkimusalat.htm#



                                           72
Abbreviations


A7:    Aleksanterinkatu 7
aud:   auditorium
Aut:   Autumn term
cr:    (ECTS/“study point”) credit
ls:    Lecture room (luentosali)
PR:    Main Building (päärakennus)
rh:    Group work room (ryhmähuone)
sh:    Seminar room (seminaarihuone)
Spr:   Spring term
TYT: Faculty Organisation of Theological Students
U38: Unioninkatu 38 (Topelia Building)
U40: Unioninkatu 40 (Metsätalo / Forestry Building)




                                         73
6. The Licentiate thesis and the doctoral dissertation


Examination of the Licentiate thesis and the doctoral dissertation at the Faculty of
Theology



Regulations
Decree No. 794/2004 on University Degrees provides for the Licentiate and doctoral degrees.
The examination and grading of doctoral dissertations and Licentiate theses is governed by the
Regulations concerning examinations, grading of completed studies and the Board of
Examination Appeals at the University of Helsinki (approved by the Chancellor on 23 March
1999).



The Licentiate thesis
To obtain the Licentiate of Theology degree, the postgraduate student must write and publish a
Licentiate thesis in addition to completing the studies specified in the approved personal study plan.
In the Licentiate thesis, the student must demonstrate thorough familiarity with his or her field
of research and the ability to independently and critically apply scientific research methods.


The recommended length of the Licentiate thesis is about 120-200 pages, and it must comply
with the technical regulations set by the Faculty on dissertations and theses.


According to the Government Decree on University Degrees (Decree No. 794/2004, Section
23), a number of scientific publications or manuscripts vetted for publication that the university
deems to meet the required standard and which deal with the same set of problems and are
accompanied by a paper summarising the findings, or some other kind of work that meets the
set scientific criteria, may be approved as a Licentiate thesis. Co-authored publications may be
included if the author’s independent contribution to them can be demonstrated.


Examination of the Licentiate thesis



                                               74
The Licentiate thesis must be submitted to the Faculty’s postgraduate studies planning officer in
two copies. One copy will be returned to the postgraduate student after the examination, and the
other copy will be deposited in the Theology Library. The library copy must be bound in hard cover.
The thesis must contain a title page followed by a summary presenting the topic and results of
research. When the thesis is submitted for examination, it must be accompanied by two extra copies
of the summary. The layout must comply with the technical regulations set by the Faculty on
dissertations and theses.


The Faculty Council will appoint a minimum of two examiners for a Licentiate thesis who
must hold a doctoral degree or have completed equivalent studies.


Approval and grading of the Licentiate thesis
The examiners have two months to submit to the Faculty a written, reasoned statement either
individually or jointly. The statement must explicitly recommend either the approval or
rejection of the thesis, and propose a grade. The Faculty Council will decide on the approval or
rejection of the thesis. The student may submit an objection to the assessors’ statements before
the Faculty Council will grade the thesis. The student may also request that the grading of the
thesis be discontinued.


Approved Licentiate theses are graded on the seven-level Lating scale of approbatur, lubenter
approbatur, non sine laude approbatur, cum laude approbatur, magna cum laude approbatur,
eximia cum laude approbatur and laudatur.



The doctoral dissertation
To obtain the Doctor of Theology or the Doctor of Philosophy degree, the doctoral candidate must
complete the studies specified in the approved personal study plan and write and publish a doctoral
dissertation, which is approved by the Faculty Council after a public examination. In the doctoral
dissertation, the student is expected to apply the research methods of his or her field
independently and critically and to contribute to scientific knowledge.




                                              75
The recommended length of the dissertation manuscript submitted for a preliminary
examination is about 250 pages/about 500,000 characters (excluding appendices), and it must
comply with the technical regulations set by the Faculty on dissertations and theses.


According to the Decree on University Degrees (Decree No. 794/2004, Section 22), a number
of scientific publications or manuscripts vetted for publication that the university deems to
meet the required standard and which deal with the same set of problems and are accompanied
by a paper summarising the findings, or some other kind of work that meets the set scientific
criteria, may be approved as a doctoral dissertation. Co-authored publications may be included
if the author’s independent contribution to them can be demonstrated.


Applying for permission for a public defence and submitting the dissertation for a
preliminary examination
When applying to the Faculty for permission to defend the dissertation in a public examination, the
doctoral candidate must submit the dissertation manuscript to the Faculty’s postgraduate studies
planning officer in two copies no later than ten days before the Faculty Council meeting where the
permission will be discussed. The manuscript should not be loose leaf, but bound in a folder, for
example. The manuscript must be written in the same language as the final version.


At the proposal of the director of studies, the Faculty Council will appoint a minimum of
two preliminary examiners, or pre-examiners, for the dissertation. The pre-examiners
should have, if possible, the qualifications of a docent or equivalent academic
qualifications, and they should, if possible, come from outside the Faculty of Theology.
The supervisor of the doctoral dissertation in question may not be appointed as a pre-
examiner. The doctoral candidate may submit to the Faculty his or her objection to the
appointment of the pre-examiners.


The pre-examiners are to submit their statements within three months of the date of their
appointment. In the statement, they will propose either the approval or rejection of the
dissertation. Before the Faculty Council makes the decision on the permission for the public
defence, the doctoral candidate may object in writing to the pre-examiners’ statements.




                                              76
If, because of differences of opinion between the pre-examiners or because of deficiencies detected
in the dissertation, the preliminary examination cannot be completed within the set deadline or
within a reasonable extension to the deadline agreed upon between the pre-examiners and the
doctoral candidate, the preliminary examination of the dissertation will be discontinued, unless the
doctoral candidate wishes to submit the matter to the discretion of the Faculty Council. The Dean of
the Faculty must be informed if the preliminary examination continues after the closing of the
deadline set by the Faculty Council.


The doctoral candidate may request a second preliminary examination once he or she has made
the corrections recommended in the pre-examiners’ statements or has made other revisions and
the dissertation supervisor or another professor of the relevant subject recommends holding a
second examination.


Language revision
The doctoral candidate is responsible for ensuring that the language of the dissertation is of an
acceptable standard; he or she is thus responsible for the expenses of a language revision, if any.
Before granting permission to defend a dissertation written in a non-native language in a public
examination, the Faculty requires a statement from a university lecturer in the language
concerned on the language of the dissertation. For this language assessor’s statement, the
doctoral candidate must submit to the Faculty’s postgraduate studies planning officer a copy of
the dissertation manuscript which has been revised in accordance with the pre-examiners’
suggestions for corrections and is thus as close as possible to the final version of the
dissertation. The Faculty will remunerate the lecturer for his or her statement on the language.


English-language summary
When the dissertation manuscript is submitted for preliminary examination, it must be accompanied
by an English-language summary. The pre-examiners will examine the summary as well. Before the
dissertation is published, the language of the summary’s final version will be revised by the
University of Helsinki Language Services. The Faculty will cover the expenses of this revision. The
summary will be published in the dissertation and on the University’s E-thesis website. Detailed
instructions for the drawing up of the summary are available from the Faculty’s administrative
services and on the Faculty’s website.


                                               77
The public examination
The Faculty will grant permission to defend the dissertation in a public examination on the basis of
the pre-examiners’ and language assessor’s statements. The required 60 credits in postgraduate
studies must be completed before permission for the public defence can be granted.


Having granted the doctoral candidate permission to defend the dissertation in a public examination,
the Faculty Council will appoint, at the proposal of the dissertation supervisor, one or two
Opponents for the public examination as well as a dissertation grading committee. Furthermore, the
Faculty Council will appoint a Custos from among the Faculty’s permanent or acting professors to
chair the public examination.


The Opponent should have, if possible, the qualifications of a docent or equivalent
academic qualifications, and, if possible, he or she should be from outside the Faculty of
Theology. The supervisor may not act as an Opponent.


The dissertation grading committee comprises the Custos, one or two Opponents and a
representative of the Faculty, appointed by the Faculty Council. This representative shall
be a professor from the relevant department or, in special circumstances, a docent who is
an expert in the field of the dissertation. The head of the doctoral candidate’s department
will make a proposal for the appointment of the Faculty’s representative in the grading
committee. If the head of the department is the supervisor of the dissertation or for other
reasons is disqualified, the proposal must be made by the deputy head or a professor who
has not supervised the dissertation in question.


The doctoral candidate shall agree on the date of the public examination of the dissertation together
with the members of the dissertation grading committee.


To ensure enough time for publicising the dissertation, a minimum of four weeks should be reserved
from the date of granting permission for the public defence to the date of the public examination.
The doctoral candidate is responsible for reserving a lecture room for the examination, informing the
Faculty of the place and time, and for submitting to University Communications the materials
requested for the publicising of the dissertation no later than on the Monday three weeks before the
public examination.

                                               78
Having obtained permission to defend the dissertation in a public examination, the doctoral
candidate may publish the dissertation either in print or in digital form, in which case a certain
number of printed copies have to be submitted to the University anyway. The doctoral candidate
may choose to have the dissertation printed by a publishing house or as a self-published book.
Digital dissertations are published in the E-thesis website, which contains electronic publications at
the University of Helsinki.


A certain number of copies of the printed dissertation have to be submitted to the University free of
charge and the dissertation must be posted for display, i.e., made available to the public at least ten
days before the public examination. The doctoral candidate may, upon written application,
receive permission from the Dean to post the dissertation for display for only five days.
Detailed information on the submission of the University’s copies and other practical advice on
the arrangements of the public examination can be obtained from the Faculty’s administrative
services.


The Custos will determine the language to be used at the public examination after having
consulted the doctoral candidate and the Opponent. The language to be used should be
Finnish, Swedish or the language in which the dissertation has been written. The public
examination may also be conducted in another language, if the doctoral candidate agrees
to it. The doctoral candidate and the Opponent may also use different languages, if they
so agree.


The public examination begins with an introductory lecture (lectio praecursoria) by the
doctoral candidate, followed by the Opponent’s comments on the dissertation. The maximum
length of the Opponent’s examination is four hours. After the Opponent’s comments, the floor
will be given to the audience. The total length of the public examination of a dissertation may
not exceed six hours.


Approval and grading of the doctoral dissertation
The dissertation grading committee will propose a grade for the dissertation. The committee
comprises the Custos, one or two Opponents, a representative of the Faculty and the supervisor
of the dissertation, if he or she is not the Custos. The Custos serves as the chair of the grading

                                                79
committee. All members of the dissertation committee must attend the public examination of
the dissertation.


The Custos should convene the grading committee as soon as possible after the public
examination to discuss the grade. The committee will submit a proposal for a grade, signed by
all members, to the Faculty Council. The proposal for a grade should take into account not
only the scholarly value of the dissertation, but also the doctoral candidate’s performance in
defending the dissertation.


Moreover, the Opponent will submit to the Faculty Council a reasoned statement on the
scholarly value of the dissertation within six weeks of the public examination.


Having received both the proposal for a grade by the dissertation grading committee and the
Opponent’s statement, the Faculty Council will decide on the approval or rejection of the
dissertation and its grade.


Before the grading of the dissertation, the doctoral candidate may object to the proposal for a grade
and the Opponent’s statement.


An approved dissertation will be graded on a seven-level scale: approbatur, lubenter
approbatur, non sine laude approbatur, cum laude approbatur, magna cum laude approbatur,
eximia cum laude approbatur, and laudatur.


If the student was granted permission to defend a doctoral dissertation in a public examination or if
the student submitted a Licentiate thesis for examination before 1 August 2007, the grading will take
place in accordance with former regulations and practices.




                                               80
7. Graduation



Diploma and graduation ceremony
Having completed all the required studies for a postgraduate degree, the student may apply for a
diploma for the completed degree. Diplomas are awarded by the Dean on separately announced
dates. An application and a credit book (if the student has one) must be submitted to Ms Eija
Molarius at the Faculty’s administrative services on the dates listed below. All modules must be
approved before a diploma application can be submitted. Finnish-language application forms can be
obtained from the Faculty’s administrative services or at www.helsinki.fi/teol/opiskelu/lomake/.


Faculty of Theology graduation ceremonies are arranged about five times in the course of the
academic year in the Great Hall of the University Main Building (address: Aleksanterinkatu 5).
These ceremonies, which take place on Mondays at 14.00, include a speech by the Dean and
distribution of the diplomas. Coffee and refreshments will be served to the graduates and their
families and friends. Students must sign up for the graduation ceremony in connection with
submitting their diploma application. If the student does not attend the graduation ceremony, he or
she may collect the diploma from the Faculty’s administrative services on separately announced
dates (see below).


Graduation dates in the academic year 2007–2008


Graduation ceremony dates in the academic year 2007–2008
Submission of
diploma application         Graduation ceremony
Wed 26 Sep                  Mon 8 Oct
Wed 5 Dec                   Mon 17 Dec
Wed 27 Feb                  Mon 10 Mar
Wed 16 Apr                  Mon 28 Apr
Wed 21 May                  Mon 2 Jun

Faculty of Theology graduation ceremonies are held in the Great Hall of the University Main
Building (address: Aleksanterinkatu 5) at 14.00. The ceremony includes a speech by the Dean and

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distribution of the diplomas; coffee and refreshments will be served to the graduates and their
families and friends.


Graduation outside graduation ceremony in the academic year 2007–2008
Submission of
diploma application         Graduation
Wed 5 Sep                   Mon 17 Sep
Wed 31 Oct                  Mon 12 Nov
Wed 16 Jan                  Mon 28 Jan
Wed 6 Feb                   Mon 18 Feb
Wed 12 Mar                  Mon 31 Mar
Wed 16 May                  Mon 30 May
Wed 4 Jun                   Mon 16 Jun


Conferment ceremony
The Faculty arranges solemn conferment ceremonies where the right to bear the insignia of the
doctoral degree, the doctoral hat, is awarded to doctoral graduates. The previous conferment
ceremony was held on 13 May 2005, and the date of the next ceremony has not yet been set.
Conferment ceremonies are arranged every five years.




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