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					England (United Kingdom)
             Geography

• Area
  – total: 244,820 km²
  – water: 3,230 km²
  – land: 241,590 km²
• Climate:
  – Temperate
  – prevailing southwest winds over the
    North Atlantic Current
  – > 1/2 of the days are overcast
      Demographic data
• Total population: 60,094,648 (Jul.
  2003 est.)
• Median age:
  – total: 38.4 years
    male: 37.3 years
    female: 39.5 years (2002)
• Growth rate: 0.3% (2003 est.)
     Ethnic composition
• English 81.5%
• Scottish 9.6%
• Irish 2.4%
• Welsh 1.9%
• Ulster 1.8%
• West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and
  other 2.8%
                Religion
•   Anglican and Roman Catholic 40 million
•   Muslim 1.5 million
•   Presbyterian 800,000
•   Methodist 760,000
•   Sikh 500,000
•   Hindu 500,000
•   Jewish 350,000
    Basic economic figures
• GDP per head: 26,210 US$ (2002)
• GDP (% real change pa): 1,8 (2002)
• unemployment (%): 5.11 (2002)
• Labor force occupation (1999)
  – agriculture 1%
  – industry 25%
  – services 74%
              Government
• constitutional monarchy
• Executive branch
  – Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952)
  – Prime Minister
  – Cabinet
• Legislative branch
  – Bicameral parliament
• Judicial branch
  – House of Lords
  – Supreme Courts of England, Wales, and Northern
    Ireland
            Monarchy
• Queen Elizabeth II
  – Head of State
  – Appoints Prime Minister (based on the
    ruling majority in parliament)
  – Basically only ceremonial power
  – No political power any more
 Prime Minister & Cabinet
• Main executive power
• Heads of Government
  Departments are appointed by
  Prime Minister
• Supreme decision-making body
                       Parliament
House of Lords                     House of Commons
• examine and revise bills         • 659 elected members
  from the Commons
                                     (members of
• 669 non-elected                    parliament)
  members
• final court of appeal            • make laws
• Reform in 1999                   • discuss current
   – 750 peers‘ right to sit and     political issues
     vote has been removed
                                     – Prime Minister's
   – 92 hereditary peers are           Question Time
     allowed to sit temporarily
• Originally from senior             – Commons debating
  and influential nobility             chamber
     Parliament election
           process
• Each electin constituency sends
  one MP to House of Common
• relative majority method
• No election process for House of
  Lords
  – Their seat is hereditary
    Governing of regions
• Scotland and Wales have greater
  control and autonomy
• They have some executive and
  legislative powers
• Elections were held in 1999 in both
  the Scottish Parliament (Edinbrugh)
  and Welsh Assembly (Cardiff)
Governing of regions -
Scotland
 • Scottish Parliament
   – 129 members –
     • 73 directly elected on a constituency basis
     • 56 elected by proportional representation
   – four-year fixed term
   – make laws on a whole range of matters
     (health, education, income tax...)
Governing of regions -
Wales
 • Welsh Assembly
   – 60 members, directly elected every
     four years
   – able to amend laws passed at
     Westminster
Governing of regions –
Northern Ireland
 • Nothern Ireland Assembly
   – Provided for in Belfast Agreement of
     April 1998
   – First set up 2 December 1999
   – 108 members
   – legislative and executive powers like
     Scottish Parliament
   – First Minister and Deputy First
     Minister, and 10 Ministers
Governing of regions –
  Northern Ireland
– Has been suspended on various
  occasions
  • 11 February 2000 until 29 May 2000
  • 10 August and 21 September 2001
    (eacht time 24 hrs)
– 14 October 2002 Northern Ireland is
  under direct rule when Secretary of
  State for Northern Ireland suspended
  the northern Ireland assembly
                           References

http://facstaff.gallaudet.edu/david.penna/England.html
http://www.britain-in-canada.org/News/100questions/constitution.htm
http://www.economist.com/countries/Britain/profile.cfm?folder=Profile%2DEconomic
%20Data
http://www.economist.com/countries/Britain/profile.cfm?folder=Profile%2DPolitical%2
0Structure
http://www.number-10.gov.uk/output/Page1370.aspml

http://www.bartleby.com/151/uk.html

				
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posted:7/31/2011
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