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Public Speaking

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					Public Speaking

   Chapter 1: What’s It All About?
Objectives

    Upon completing this session, you will
     be able to:
        Associate the ability to think, speak, and write well
         with your success in life
        Identify the 9 features that make public speaking
         different than conversing
        Define the roles of speaker and audience
        State the historical origins of public speaking
        Explain the transactional aspects of public speaking
        Discuss the meaning of Logos, Ethos, and Pathos
Public Speaking: A Calling Card

    Ability to effectively think, speak and
     write will add to your success in:
      Relationships
      In other courses

      In work
           Today corporate recruiters look for people who
            can “…speak clearly, confidently, and concisely.”
           Of 11 fundamental skills recruiters look for, the
            “ability to communicate orally” tops the list.
        IBM-Nortel-Advertising-Journalism-Public!
Public Speaking In General

    Conversation with a point or purpose
      Intentional speaking with spontaneity
      Planned out ahead

      Is addressed to many versus one or a few

      The audience is considered and contributes

      Is colorful and compelling
          Visualizations
          Metaphors
                Be careful -- Denotative vs. connotative
Public speaking: Not Chit Chat

    Public speaking vs. Conversation
      Is more audience centered
      Is organized and planned (3 parts)

      Is grounded in responsible knowledge

      Has a clear purpose (goal)

      Uses more formal/precise language

      Has more defined speaker and listener roles

      Has a more formal environment and larger
       groups
Public Speaking: Nine Elements

 Public speaking is distinctive as a form of
 communication through the interrelationship
 of 9 elements:
     Speaker          Listener
     Purpose          Response
     Message          Interference
     Medium           Consequences
     Setting
Public Speaking: Nine Elements

 The roles of speaker and listener:
 Speaker             Listener

     Speaker           Listener
     Purpose           Response
     Message           Interference
     Medium            Consequences
     Setting
Public Speaking: The Setting

    Setting can be:
        Physical
           Venue
           Environment

           Conducive or not?

        Psychological
           Occasion
           Expectations of audience
                 Participative or Suspicious
                 Cooperative or Uncooperative?
Public Speaking: The Response

  What do you want them to think, feel, or
   do during and after?
  How do you respond/adapt to them?
  Consider the “what ifs” in preparing
   speech
  Consider the thermostat: You need one.
  Public Speaking is transactional
Public Speaking: Origins

   Started in ancient Greece
       Taught Math, Music, Gymnastics & Rhetoric.
                Rhetoric: The art or study of using language effectively and
                 persuasively.
                Forensic: Establishment of facts through science or argument.
                 Appropriate for courts of law

       No professional lawyers or judges
          Speaker had to communicate to and convince jury
           of over 200 citizens.
          Aristotle systematized as three major parts: Logos,
           Ethos, and Pathos
                                                       Lets discuss
                                                      these 3 words
Public Speaking:
Free Speech and Ethics
    Freedom of speech
      What does it mean?
      Why is it important?

    Ethics
        Apply responsible knowledge
           Know your subject better than your audience does
           Understand what experts say/believe about subject

           Be aware of most recent events

           Realize how points may affect listeners-know your
            audience
Public Speaking: Ethics Don'ts

    Don’ts
        Don’t quote out of context
             What is said is given meaning, by who said it
              when, where they said it and under what
              conditions in response to what events.
        Don’t plagiarize
             Two degrees
                  Presenting others’ work, ideas, research as yours
                  Neglecting citation fundamentals
             Types: Mix and match – cut and paste
Public Speaking: Ethics Values

  Native American Perspective
  Ethics basics are universal
        Interviews with leading moral
         representatives from many cultures
         revealed the existence of a global code of
         ethical conduct:
             Love, truthfulness, fairness, freedom, unity,
              tolerance, responsibility and respect for life
                   * From Shared Values for a Troubled world, Rushworth
                   M. Kidder - President of the Institute for Global Ethics
Summary

    Having completed this session, you can:
        Associate the ability to think, speak, and write well
         with your success in life
        Identify the 9 features that make public speaking
         different than conversing
        Define the roles of speaker and audience
        State the historical origins of public speaking
        Explain the transactional aspects of public speaking
        Discuss the meaning of Logos, Ethos, and Pathos

				
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posted:7/31/2011
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