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Mango - National Academy of Agricultural Research Management _NAARM_

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					                                                Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->          Farm/Production                        Post Harvest and                    Value Addition and
                                                                             Warehousing                          Processing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Availability of Disease free      1. Lack of infrastructure 2. Post    1. Less thrust on value addition
                            plant material 2. Predominance       harvest Management 3.                for off season consumption /
                            of senile and unproductive           Standardization of post-harvest      exports 2. Low quality products
                            orchards 3. Lack of facilities for   treatments and up gradation of       for processing
                            identification of nutrient           facilities 4. Distressed sale due
                            deficiencies and disorders 4.        to deterioration in quality
                            Absence of technology for
                            control of complex problems 5.
                            low adoption of improved
                            cultivars 6. Management of
                            spongy tissue, alternate bearing
                            and mango malformation



Opportunity                 1. Supply of disease free            1. Creation of public                1. Contract farming of suitable
                            planting material 2. Extention 3.    infrastructure 2. Post harvest       varieties 2. Opporunities for
                            Capacity building for extention      management 3. Knowledge              more value added products to
                            workers and scientists 4.            dissemination 4. Facilities of       access overseas markets 3.
                            Potential for increasing             pack-houses for post-harvest         Promotion of SMEs
                            production 5. Upgrading              treatment like grading, fungicide
                            efficiency of orchards by gap        treatment, packing etc need to
                            filling and rejuvenation             be upgraded, so that quality of
                            6. Providing required nutrients      export worthy fruits is maintained
                            based on leaf analysis 7.            4. Improving quality for better
                            Standardizing pre-harvest            price realization
                            practices for production of
                            quality mangoes of different
                            exportable varieties
Anticipated Outcomes   1. Quality and quantity of        1. Better warehousing facilities     1. Making good quality product
                       produce 2. Increase in profits of 2. Reduction in post harvest         available for the processing
                       famers                            losses 3. Profitability of produce   industry 2. Better price
                                                         4.                                   realisation 3. Excess produce to
                                                                                              value added products 4. Access
                                                                                              to global markets 5.
                                                                                              Internationally acceptable quality
                                                                                              at competitive prices

Possible Partners      1. CISH, Lucknow 2. IIHR,         1. CISH, Lucknow 2. IIHR,            1. CISH, Lucknow 2. IIHR,
                       Bangalore 3. SAUs 4. ICICI-AKF    Bangalore 3. SAUs 4. ICICI-AKF       Bangalore 3. SAUs 4. ICICI-AKF
                       5. Reliance                       5. Reliance                          5. Reliance
Current Efforts        1. ICICI - AKF 2. Contract        1. ICICI - AKF 2. Contract           1. ICICI - AKF 2. Contract
                       Farming 3. Vijaya sun gold        Farming 3. NHM                       Farming 3. NHM
                       association
Value Chain Enhancement

                      Marketing                         Consumers

           1. Intermediaries 2. Labeling /    1. Labeling / packaging / food
           grades/ standards 3. Unhygienic    safety 2. Regulatory compliance
           distribution system in markets     3. Low quality of produce 4. High
           and by vendors 4. Distribution     price for high quality produce
           Technologies




           1. Contract farming tuned to       1. Creation of compliant units 2.
           market needs 2. Introducing        Tap year round market potential
           unknown varieties to global        3. Consumer safety through IPM
           markets - for highly coloured      label 4. Intra regional variety
           cultivars like Ambika, Arka        propagation 5. Organized brand
           Anmol, Pusa Arunima, Pusa          promotion
           Surya, need to be taken up on
           priority 3.Institutional markets
           4. Protocol for shipping
           mangoes by sea for different
           cultivars needs to be perfected.
1. Increase in profit margins 2.   1. Better market access 2.
Access to global markets           Quality and safety 3. Wide
                                   range of value added products
                                   for the domestic consumption




1. CISH, Lucknow 2. IIHR,          1. CISH, Lucknow 2. IIHR,
Bangalore 3. SAUs 4. ICICI-AKF     Bangalore 3. SAUs 4. ICICI-AKF
5. Reliance                        5. Reliance
1. ICICI - AKF 2. Contract         1. ICICI - AKF 2. Contract
Farming 3. NHM                     Farming 3. NHM
                                               Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->          Farm/Production                   Post Harvest and                   Value Addition and
                                                                       Warehousing                           Processing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Disease free plant material    1. Lack of infrastructure 2. Post  1. Lack of suitable varieties for
                            2. Standard package of            harvest Management                 processing 2. Lack of cost
                            practices                                                            effective technology for SMEs
                                                                                                 and house hold business
Opportunity                 1. Supply of disease free         1. Creation of public              1. Contract farming of suitable
                            planting material 2. Extention 3. infrastructure 2. Post harvest     varieties 2. Access to latest
                            Capacity building for extention   management 3. Knowledge            technoloy 3. Opporunities for
                            workers and scientists            dissemination                      more value added products 4.
                                                                                                 Promotion of SMEs
Anticipated Outcomes        1. Quality and quantity of        1. Better warehousing facilities 1. better price realisation 2.
                            produce 2. Increase in profits of 2. Reduction in post harvest       Excess produce to value added
                            famers                            losses 3. Profitability of produce products

Possible Partners           1. Cpri 2. SAU 3. McCain 4.       1. Cpri 2. SAU 3. McCain 4.         1. Cpri 2. SAU 3. McCain 4.
                            Fritolay                          Fritolay 5. National Horticulture   Fritolay 5. National Horticulture
                                                              Mission 6. AICRP-PHM                Mission 6. AICRP-PHM 6.
                                                                                                  Cornell
Current Efforts             1. ICICI - AKF 2. Contract        1. ICICI - AKF 2. Contract          1. ICICI - AKF 2. Contract
                            Farmer by Fritolay 3. Chambal     Farmer by Fritolay 3. Chambal       Farmer by Fritolay 3. Chambal
                            Agritech                          Agritech                            Agritech
Value Chain Enhancement

                      Marketing                         Consumers

           1. Intermediaries 2. Supply    1. Labeling / packaging / food
           demand imbalance 3. Labeling / safety 2. Regulatory compliance
           grades/ standards

           1. Contract farming 2.             1. Creation of compliant units 2.
           Institutional markets 3. Exports   Tap market potential



           1. Increase in profit margins 2.   1. Better market access 2.
           Balancing supply demands 3.        Quality and safety
           Access to global markets

           1. Cpri 2. SAU 3. McCain 4.        1. Cpri 2. SAU 3. McCain 4.
           Fritolay 5. Reliance               Fritolay 5. Reliance 6. CFTRI


           1. ICICI - AKF 2. Contract                     #VALUE!
           Farmer by Fritolay 3. Chambal
           Agritech 4. Reliance 5. Other
           private bodies
                                        Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement


Value Chain Component ->          Farm/Production                 Post Harvest and             Value Addition and
                                                                    Warehousing                     Processing
Constraints/Shortcomings   1. Control of Viral and Fungal 1. Lack of multi chambered- 1. Lack of suitable varieties
                           Diseases and Insects 2.        multi produce infrastructure    for processing 2. Lack of low
                           Standard package of            for highly perishable products cost technology for SMEs
                           practices 3. Very low          like tomato 2. Post harvest
                           productivity as compared to Management
                           other Tomato producing
                           countries
Opportunity                1. Standardization of          1. Creation of public           1. Contract farming of
                           Package of practices with      infrastructure 2. Post harvest suitable varieties 2. Access to
                           stress on nutrient             management 3. Knowledge         latest technoloy 3.
                           management and use of          dissemination                   Opporunities for more value
                           PGRs 2. Extention 3.                                           added products 4. Promotion
                           Capacity building for                                          of SMEs
                           extention workers and
                           scientists
Anticipated Outcomes       1. Quality and quantity of     1. Better warehousing           1. Better price realisation 2.
                           produce 2. Increase in profits facilities 2. Reduction in post Excess produce to value
                           of famers                      harvest losses 3. Profitability added products
                                                          of produce
Possible Partners          1. SAUs                        1. SAUs                         1. SAUs 2. Food Service
                                                                                          partners (Commercial food
                                                                                          suppliers)

Current Efforts            ----                           ----                           ----
Value Chain Enhancement


                   Marketing                      Consumers

         1. Intermediaries 2. Supply    1. Labeling / packaging / food
         demand imbalance 3.            safety 2. Regulatory
         Labeling / grades/ standards   compliance
         4. Current export only to
         Bangladesh


         1. Contract farming 2.         1. Creation of compliant units
         Institutional markets 3.       2. Tap market potential
         Exports to other countries




         1. Increase in profit margins 1. Better market access 2.
         2. Balancing supply demands Quality and safety
         3. Access to global markets

         1. SAUs                        1. SAUs



         ----                           ----
                                               Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->          Farm/Production                    Post Harvest and                    Value Addition and
                                                                        Warehousing                           Processing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1. High yielding and disease      1. Poor post harvest                  1. Less processing thrust for
                            resistant varieties 2. IPM and    management; not much stress           value added products
                            IDM (for Rhizome rot disease      given on standard post practices
                            and shoot borer)                  like drying and curing 2. Lack of
                                                              infrastructure and long term
                                                              storage
Opportunity                 1. Use of organic farming for     1. Standardization of post            1. Exploring market potential for
                            minimizing pesticide residue      harvest practices 2. Creation of      exotic value added products for
                            levels 2. Integrated management customized storage facilities           export and institutional supplies
                            technologies for rhizome rot
                            disease prevention involving
                            solarization of seed beds,
                            phytosanitation, cultural
                            methods, biocontrol agents and
                            chemicals.
Anticipated Outcomes        1. Quality and quantity of        1. Longer shelf life and quality of   1. Enhanced income levels for
                            produce 2. Increase in profits of produce for export market 2.          farmers 2. Increased export of
                            famers                            Enhanced income levels for            exotic value added products
                                                              farmers
Possible Partners           1. SAUs                           1. SAUs                               1. SAUs 2. Private labeled
                                                                                                    packers 3. Importers and
                                                                                                    Exporters
Current Efforts             ----                               ----                                 ----
Value Chain Enhancement

                      Marketing                        Consumers

           1. Market potential for value     1. Poor quality of fresh ginger 2.
           added products                    Packaging/Grades/Standards




           1. Tailoring production to meet   1. Customized packaging/pre-
           export needs and international    packs for retail markets
           requirements. 2. Contract
           farming




           1. More returns to the farmers    1. Safety and Quality 2. Better
                                             availability of the produce


           1. SAUs                           1. SAUs



           ----                              ----
                                                      Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->                Farm/Production                           Post Harvest and                 Value Addition and
                                                                                      Warehousing                        Processing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1.Non-availability of planting material         1. Inadequate infrastructure as   1. Focus limited to domestic
                            having assured performance                      needed for a highly perishable    market for fresh consumption
                            2. Poor establishment of air layers in the      product like litchi 2. Improper   only
                            field                                           cold chain network
                            3. Farmers are still cultivating low yielding
                            cultivars
                            4. Adoption of low planting density
                            5. Farmers are mostly adopting
                            conventional practices for cultivation of
                            lychee
                            6.Cracking of fruits and fruit drop

Opportunity                 1. Potential of Increasing Production           1.Post-harvest management         1. Tap the off season demand
                            2.Technology to be adopted - Enhancing          steps to maintain fruit quality   and export market through value
                            establishment of air layered plants in the      2.Harvesting at appropriate       addition and increasing shelf life
                            field, Adoption of high planting density,       stage of maturity
                            Integrated nutrient management,Integrated
                            Pests and Diseases management,
                            Rejuvenation of old and unproductive
                            orchards, Irrigation frequency to be
                            maintained to avoid fruit cracking,
                            Conservation of soil moisture with
                            mulching, Organic farming
Anticipated Outcomes   1. Hi-Tech Nurseries 2. Improvement in           1. Optimized supply chain for       1. Off season consumption
                       cultivars 3. Optimizing planting densities for   maximizing the output during the    through value addition for
                       different cultivars 4.Establishment of           short harvest window 2. Price       domestic as well as export
                       facilities of soil, water and leaf analysis      optimization through full intake    markets 2. Better price
                       5.Working out fertigation and other input        of litchi by the contract farmers   realization for farmers
                       requirements for high density orchards           and processing companies
                       6.Water harvesting and using stored water
                       for life saving irrigation 7.Standardizing
                       schedule of practices for minimizing
                       cracking of fruits 8.Laying out
                       demonstrations 9.Establishment of pack-
                       houses 10.Ensuring availability of quality
                       planting material of improved cultivars
Possible Partners      1. SAUs                                          1. SAUs                             1. SAUs


Current Efforts        ----                                             ----                                ----
Chain Enhancement

                      Marketing                        Consumers

          1. Poor shelf life resulting in    1. Unavailability during most of
          wastage                            the time in a year 2.
                                             Packaging/Grades/Standards




          1. Increasing shelf life through   1. To privide consumers with a
          post harvest management and        variety of litchi products
          value addition
1. Enhanced market access to   1. Access to preserved produce
consumers not limited to the   throughtout the year
production areas




1. SAUs                        1. SAUs


----                           ----
                                                                               Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enh

 Value Chain Component ->                Farm/Production                       Post Harvest and Warehousing

Constraints/Shortcomings    1.Adoption of low planting density. 2.        1. Facilities for post-harvest handling of
                            Mostly farmers are still following            pineapple are not available.
                            conventional practices for cultivation of
                            pineapple. 3. Requirement of large quantity
                            of planting material per hectare. 4. Use of
                            low inputs like fertilizers, growth regulants
                            etc. 5. Non-adoption of chemicals for
                            forcing of flowering for uniform harvesting
Opportunity            1. Technology Adaption and                     1. Standardization of post harvest
                       dessemination: Adoption of high planting       management practices: Harvesting at ½
                       density, Using different types of planting     ripe stages depending upon distance to be
                       material and planting at different times of    transported, Washing and fungicide
                       the year, Management of nutrients,             treatment to control black rot of the fruit
                       Interculture, weed control etc, Induction of   and drying, Grading and packing,
                       flowering, Integrated management of pests      Precooling, Storage at 7°C to 13°C
                       and diseases, Organic farming, stagerred       depending upon maturity stage, Fully ripe
                       production systems 2. Research and             fruit to be stored at 7°C 2. Since,
                       Development: Introduction and evaluation       pineapple fruit is very sensitive to changing
                       of improved cultivars, Making available        temperatures in storage condition, cool
                       plant material of the recommended              chain facilities along with appropriate post
                       cultivars, Holding demonstrations and          harvest handling facilities are absolutely
                       training the farmers in pineapple production   essential if pineapple is to be shipped to
                       technology 3. Pineapple is cultivated in       long distances.
                       North-East region almost organically, as no
                       pesticide, fungicides and inorganic
                       nutrients are added. Upliftment of an agri-
                       Export zone for export of organically
                       cultivated Pineapple, which has been setup
                       in Tripura. 4. Additional area planting in
                       Goa, Ratnagiri district in Maharashtra and
                       Karnataka

Anticipated Outcomes   1. Increased productivity at par with          1. Minimized losses through proper poat
                       thailand, Philippines, Brazil and China        harvest handling and cold chain
                       (India productivity 15 t/ha, Phillipines       management 2. Increase farmer income
                       productivity 35 t/ha) 2. Enhanced farmer
                       income through low input-high output
                       farming systems
Possible Partners   Indian Institute of Horticultural Research,   Indian Institute of Horticultural Research,
                    Bangalore; Kerala Agricultural University,    Bangalore; Kerala Agricultural University,
                    Trissur, Research Station of BCKVV,           Trissur, Research Station of BCKVV,
                    Mohitnagar; Assam Agricultural University,    Mohitnagar; Assam Agricultural University,
                    Jorhat; ICAR Research Complex for NEH         Jorhat; ICAR Research Complex for NEH
                    Region, Shillong, Meghalaya and ICAR          Region, Shillong, Meghalaya and ICAR
                    Research Complex for Goa, Panaji              Research Complex for Goa, Panaji


Current Efforts     ----------                                    ----------
or Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

                 Value Addition and Processing                                Marketing                                         Consumers

            1. Value addition is negligible and most of   1. Presently our pineapple exports are very small,     1. Labeling / packaging / food safety 2.
            the produce is consumed as a fresh fruit      only 837 tons of pineapple exported during last        Regulatory compliance 3. Low quality of
                                                          year 2. No special pre-harvest cultivation practices   produce 4. High price for high quality
                                                          are adopted for exporting pineapple and thus           produce
                                                          whatever pineapple fruit comes to the market for
                                                          local consumption, is sent to importing countries.
                                                          So far our major exports have been to SAARC
                                                          countries and lately pineapple has been exported
                                                          to UAE and Saudi Arabia
1. Setting up small scale as well as large   1. Year-round availability of fruits and vegetables   1. Creation of compliant units 2. Tap year
scale processing plants for pineapple for    2. There is very good potential for increasing        round market potential 3. Consumer safety
off season availability                      exports of pineapple to countries in Gulf region      through IPM label 4. Organized brand
                                             namely Oman, Kuwait and European countries like       promotion
                                             Portugal, Poland and Russian Federation. These
                                             European counties import upto 17,000 tons of
                                             pineapple every year and Gulf countries import
                                             from upto 2,000 to 2,500 tons of pineapple.3.
                                             Opportunity to export during peak demand season
                                             (Christmas) when production from African and
                                             Latin American countries tapers 4. Contract
                                             farming tuned to market needs




1. Off season availability of pineapple      1. Increase in profit margins of farmers. 2. Access   1. Better market access 2. Quality and
through value added products                 to global markets through fresh and value added       safety 3. Wide range of value added
                                             produce                                               products for the domestic consumption
Indian Institute of Horticultural Research,   Indian Institute of Horticultural Research,           Indian Institute of Horticultural Research,
Bangalore; Kerala Agricultural University,    Bangalore; Kerala Agricultural University, Trissur,   Bangalore; Kerala Agricultural University,
Trissur, Research Station of BCKVV,           Research Station of BCKVV, Mohitnagar; Assam          Trissur, Research Station of BCKVV,
Mohitnagar; Assam Agricultural University,    Agricultural University, Jorhat; ICAR Research        Mohitnagar; Assam Agricultural University,
Jorhat; ICAR Research Complex for NEH         Complex for NEH Region, Shillong, Meghalaya and       Jorhat; ICAR Research Complex for NEH
Region, Shillong, Meghalaya and ICAR          ICAR Research Complex for Goa, Panaji                 Region, Shillong, Meghalaya and ICAR
Research Complex for Goa, Panaji                                                                    Research Complex for Goa, Panaji


----------                                    ----------                                            ----------
                                                            Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement


 Value Chain Component ->                 Farm/Production                    Post Harvest and Warehousing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Non-availability of genuine planting      1. Lack of sufficient infrastructure
                            material, 2. Production of barren nuts, 3.
                            Shedding of buttons and immature nut 4.
                            Lack of awareness on fertilizer
                            management, 5. High cost of production

Opportunity                 1. Making available good quality and         1. Creation of public infrastructure 2.
                            disease free planting material 2.            Post harvest management 3. Knowledge
                            Standardization of package of practices      dissemination
                            developed by coconut development board
                            and theit dessemination to farmers 3.
                            Capacity building of extension workers for
                            good agricultural practices




Anticipated Outcomes        1. Quality and quantity of produce 2.    1. Better warehousing facilities 2.
                            Increased profitability of farmers       Reduction in post harvest losses 3.
                                                                     Profitability of produce
Possible Partners           Coconut Development Board, Kerafed,      Coconut Development Board, Kerafed,
                            State Trading Corporation, Kerala State  State Trading Corporation, Kerala State
                            Marketing Federation and Karnataka State Marketing Federation and Karnataka
                            Marketing Federation                     State Marketing Federation
Current Efforts   Coconut Development Board, Kerafed,        Coconut Development Board, Kerafed,
                  State Trading Corporation, Kerala State    State Trading Corporation, Kerala State
                  Marketing Federation and Karnataka State   Marketing Federation and Karnataka
                  Marketing Federation                       State Marketing Federation
ojects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement


               Value Addition and Processing                   Marketing                         Consumers
           1. Lack of processing units, 2. Lack of 1. Lack of market promotion 2.     1. Labeling / packaging / food
           infrastructure for product              Coconut oil export quantities      safety 2. Regulatory compliance
           diversification                         very less than the top exporting
                                                   countries like Philippines;
                                                   despite having potential

           1. Development of processing units for    1. Brand promotion 2. Promotion 1. Creation of compliant units 2.
           copra drying and coconut water 2.         of processed products having    Tap market potential
           Product diversification through various   good export potential in Asian,
           value added products 3. Promotion of      Europe, USA, Middle East and
           SMEs through for various processing       Gulf countries (Dubai, Abu
           technologies developed by coconut         Dhabi, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait,
           development board like Activated          Bahrain and Sultanate of Oman
           Carbon, Coconut Oil, Desiccated           and Qatar)
           Coconut, Milk Cream, Nata-de-Coco,
           Packed Tender, coconut Water, Shell
           Charcoal Shell Powder, Spray Dried
           Milk Powder Vinegar


           1. Better price realisation 2. Excess1. Increase in profit margins 2.      1. Better market access 2.
           produce to value added products      Balancing supply demands 3.           Quality and safety
                                                Access to global markets
           Coconut Development Board, Kerafed, Coconut Development Board,             Coconut Development Board,
           State Trading Corporation, Kerala    Kerafed, State Trading                Kerafed, State Trading
           State Marketing Federation and       Corporation, Kerala State             Corporation, Kerala State
           Karnataka State Marketing Federation Marketing Federation and              Marketing Federation and
                                                Karnataka State Marketing             Karnataka State Marketing
                                                Federation                            Federation
Coconut Development Board, Kerafed,    Coconut Development Board,   Coconut Development Board,
State Trading Corporation, Kerala      Kerafed, State Trading       Kerafed, State Trading
State Marketing Federation and         Corporation, Kerala State    Corporation, Kerala State
Karnataka State Marketing Federation   Marketing Federation and     Marketing Federation and
                                       Karnataka State Marketing    Karnataka State Marketing
                                       Federation                   Federation
                                                     Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->                  Farm/Production                         Post Harvest and                 Value Addition and
                                                                                     Warehousing                        Processing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Availability of pure lines of germ plasm. 2. 1. Poor post harvest               1. Less processing thrust for
                            IPM and IDM for different spices. 3. Erratic    management; not much stress        value added products
                            production, supply and demand 4. Nutrient       given on standard post harvest
                            management 5. Less productivity as compared practices like drying and curing
                            to other spice producing countries              2. Lack of infrastructure for long
                                                                            term storage

Opportunity                 1. Breeding for pure lines and commercial       1. Standardization of post         1. Extraction of different oils
                            supply through better nurseries 2. Increasing   harvest practices 2. Creation of
                            productivity through standard growing practices customized storage facilities 3.
                                                                            Evaluation of alternative fuel for
                                                                            spices curing



Anticipated Outcomes        1. Increased productivity and quality 2.                                     1. More returns to the
                                                                              1. Enhanced income levels for
                            Enhanced income levels for farmers                farmers                    farmers 2. Increased export
                                                                                                         of exotic value added
                                                                                                         products
Possible Partners           1. SAUs 2. Spices Board 3. ITC 4. Tata Spices 1. SAUs 2. Spices Board 3. ITC 1. SAUs 2. Spices Board 3.
                            5. AVT 6. MTR spices                          4. Tata Spices 5. AVT 6. MTR   ITC 4. Tata Spices 5. AVT 6.
                                                                          spices                         MTR spices
Current Efforts             1. Research and development schemes of        1. Research and development    1. Research and
                            spice board and IISR                          schemes of spice board and     development schemes of
                                                                          IISR                           spice board and IISR
Chain Enhancement

                     Marketing                        Consumers

          1. Fluctuation of market prices   1. Poor quality of finished
          2. Imbalances in supply and       products 2.
          demand 3. More number of          Packaging/Grades/Standards
          intermediaries



          1. Aflotoxin and pesticide        1. Customized packaging/pre-
          residue free material for export. packs for retail markets
          2. Opportunity for export of
          organic spices. 3. Tailoring
          production to meet export needs
          and international requirements.
          4. Contract farming

          1. More returns to the farmers    1. Safety and Quality 2. Better
                                            availability of the produce


          1. SAUs 2. Spices Board 3. ITC    1. SAUs 2. Spices Board 3. ITC
          4. Tata Spices 5. AVT 6. MTR      4. Tata Spices 5. AVT 6. MTR
          spices                            spices
          1. Research and development       1. Research and development
          schemes of spice board and        schemes of spice board and
          IISR                              IISR
                                                       Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->                Farm/Production                       Post Harvest and                Value Addition and Processing
                                                                                  Warehousing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Good quality disease free planting       1. Poor post harvest                 1. Lack of cost effective
                            material 2. Package of practices not        management; not much stress          technologies for oil extraction 2.
                            standardized 3. Lack of research on         given on standard post harvest       Poor quality control procedures 3.
                            development of high yielding varieties      practices like drying and curing     High energy losses during
                                                                        2. Lack of infrastructure for long   processing 4. Lack of trained
                                                                        term storage                         personnel and equipment 5. Lack of
                                                                                                             facilities to fabricate equipment
                                                                                                             locally 6. Lack of access to latest
                                                                                                             technological and market information



Opportunity                 1. Breeding for pure lines and commercial   1. Standardization of post           1. Developing cost effective
                            supply through better nurseries 2.          harvest practices 2. Creation of     technologies for aromatics/oils
                            Increasing productivity through standard    customized storage facilities        extraction 2. Capacity building at all
                            growing practices                                                                levels of the processing value chain




Anticipated Outcomes        1. Increased productivity and quality 2.    1. Increased productivity and        1. Increased productivity and quality
                            Enhanced income levels for farmers          quality 2. Enhanced income           2. Enhanced income levels for
                                                                        levels for farmers                   farmers 3. Enhanced exports to
                                                                                                             developed countries for premium
                                                                                                             prices
Possible Partners


Current Efforts
hain Enhancement

                     Marketing                          Consumers

          1. Lack of current good 2.          1. Poor quality of finished
          manufacturing practices 3.          products 2.
          Difficulties in marketing 4. Lack   Packaging/Grades/Standards
          of local market for primary
          processed products 5.Lack of
          trained personnel and
          equipment




          1. The basic requirements for       1. Customized packaging/pre-
          gaining entry into developed        packs for retail markets
          countriesfor export include:


          use


          pesticides, heavy metals etc.

          chemical activity profiles, and


          1. Increased productivity and       1. Safety and Quality 2. Better
          quality 2. Enhanced income          availability of the produce
          levels for farmers 3. Enhanced
          exports to developed countries
          for premium prices
                                           Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->               Farm/Production                     Post Harvest and Warehousing

Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Non-availability of organic planting      1. Uncertainty about standard organic
                            material 2. Complex package of practices post harvest management protocols
                            3. Unavailability of standard organic
                            fertilizers and pesticides 4. Constantly
                            changing standards for organic certification
                            5. Lack of GAP standards

Opportunity                 1. Organic seed production 2.                1. Development of standard protocol
                            Standardization of package of practices 3.   for organic post harvest management
                            Production of standard fertilizers and
                            pesticides certified for organic use in
                            commercial agriculture



Anticipated Outcomes        1. Standard package of practices for ease 1. Standard protocol for ease of
                            of compliance 2. Ease access to farmers to compliance
                            certified organic input products 3.
                            Enhanced productivity through good
                            agricultural practices

Possible Partners           Soil Association, Gemany, FIBL,              Soil Association, Gemany, FIBL,
                            Switzerland, ICAR, SAU's                     Switzerland, ICAR, SAU's
Current Efforts
ponent 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

               Value Addition and Processing                    Marketing                        Consumers

           1. Less thrust of organic processed       1. Intermediaries 2. Supply       1. Less awareness about
           products                                  demand imbalance 3. Labeling /    organic produce and its
                                                     grades/ standards 4. Very less    advantages 2.
                                                     exports                           Quality/Grades/Standards 3.
                                                                                       Code of conduct for organic food
                                                                                       not published in India

           1. Development of new value added         1. Contract farming 2. Analysis   1. Creating market potential
           products produced from organic products   of supply-demand and              through enhanced public
                                                     establishment of backward         awareness 2. Publish and
                                                     linkages to fulfill market        standardize code of conduct for
                                                     demands 3. Private labeled        organic food
                                                     products

           1. New product line and enhanced income 1. New product line and         1. Increased share of organic
           levels of farmers                       enhanced income levels of       produce in domestic and export
                                                   farmers through increased share markets
                                                   of organic produce in domestic
                                                   and export markets

           Soil Association, Gemany, FIBL,           Soil Association, Gemany, FIBL, Soil Association, Gemany, FIBL,
           Switzerland, ICAR, SAU's                  Switzerland, ICAR, SAU's        Switzerland, ICAR, SAU's
                                                      Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->                Farm/Production                            Post Harvest and                     Value Addition and
                                                                                       Warehousing                           Processing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Non-availability of disease resistant fish    1. Lack of infrastructure and cold   1. Most of the produce if
                            seed 2. depletion of resources in the            chain 2. Improper and                consumed as fresh produce and
                            coastal sector 3.Non availability of quality     unhygienic post harvest              very less thrust for processing 2.
                            feed 4.Health issue of the brood stock,          management                           Lack of cost effective
                            5.Substandard package of practices                                                    technologies for value added
                            6.Issue relating to antibiotics - high residue                                        sea-food products
                            level 7.High input farming system

Opportunity                 1.Breeding quality brood stock,                  1. Development of multi              1. Increasing the thrust on value
                            2.Rejuvanation of resources, 3.Opportunity       chambered, multi product cold        added products 2. Development
                            for production and distribution of quality       storages for various aqua            of new technologies for
                            feed, 4.Standardization of production            products 2. Standardization of       processing on board/at SMEs
                            system and protocol.                             post harvest protocol for Inland     level 3. Development of new
                                                                             as well as marine landings           products




Anticipated Outcomes        1.High quality produce, 2.Enhanced income 1.High quality produce,                     1.High quality produce,
                            of farmers                                2.Enhanced income of farmers                2.Enhanced income of farmers
                                                                                                                  3. Export potential
Possible Partners   Central Institute of Fisheries                Central Institute of Fisheries      Central Institute of Fisheries
                    Education,Mumbai, Maharashtra                 Education,Mumbai, Maharashtra       Education,Mumbai, Maharashtra
                     Central Institute of Brackishwater           Central Institute of                Central Institute of
                    Aquaculture, Chennai, Tamilnadu               Brackishwater Aquaculture,          Brackishwater Aquaculture,
                     Central Inland Fisheries Research            Chennai, Tamilnadu                  Chennai, Tamilnadu
                    Institute, Barrackpore, West Bengal           Central Inland Fisheries            Central Inland Fisheries
                     Central Institute of Freshwater              Research Institute, Barrackpore,    Research Institute, Barrackpore,
                    Aquaculture, Bhubaneshwar, Orissa             West Bengal                         West Bengal
                     Central Marine Fisheries Research            Central Institute of Freshwater     Central Institute of Freshwater
                    Institute, Kochi, Kerala                      Aquaculture, Bhubaneshwar,          Aquaculture, Bhubaneshwar,
                     Central Institute of Fisheries Technology,   Orissa                              Orissa
                    Kochi, Kerala                                 Central Marine Fisheries            Central Marine Fisheries
                     National Bureaue of Fish Genetic             Research Institute, Kochi, Kerala   Research Institute, Kochi, Kerala
                    Resources, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh             Central Institute of Fisheries      Central Institute of Fisheries
                     National Research Centre on Coldwater        Technology, Kochi, Kerala           Technology, Kochi, Kerala
                    Fisheries, Bhimtal, Uttaranchal               National Bureaue of Fish            National Bureaue of Fish
                                                                  Genetic Resources, Lucknow,         Genetic Resources, Lucknow,
Current Efforts
Chain Enhancement

                     Marketing                        Consumers

          1. Intermediaries 2. More focus   1. Poor quality of finished
          on fresh consumption              products 2.
                                            Packaging/Grades/Standards




          1. Brand promotion 2. Promotion 1. Customized packaging/pre-
          of processed products having    packs for retail markets
          good export potential in Asian,
          Europe, USA, Middle East and
          Gulf countries (Dubai, Abu
          Dhabi, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait,
          Bahrain and Sultanate of Oman
          and Qatar)




          1.High quality produce,           1. Safety and Quality 2. Better
          2.Enhanced income of farmers      availability of the produce
          3. Export potential 4. Balanced
          supply and demand
Central Institute of Fisheries      Central Institute of Fisheries
Education,Mumbai, Maharashtra       Education,Mumbai, Maharashtra
Central Institute of                Central Institute of
Brackishwater Aquaculture,          Brackishwater Aquaculture,
Chennai, Tamilnadu                  Chennai, Tamilnadu
Central Inland Fisheries            Central Inland Fisheries
Research Institute, Barrackpore,    Research Institute, Barrackpore,
West Bengal                         West Bengal
Central Institute of Freshwater     Central Institute of Freshwater
Aquaculture, Bhubaneshwar,          Aquaculture, Bhubaneshwar,
Orissa                              Orissa
Central Marine Fisheries            Central Marine Fisheries
Research Institute, Kochi, Kerala   Research Institute, Kochi, Kerala
Central Institute of Fisheries      Central Institute of Fisheries
Technology, Kochi, Kerala           Technology, Kochi, Kerala
National Bureaue of Fish            National Bureaue of Fish
Genetic Resources, Lucknow,         Genetic Resources, Lucknow,
                                                     Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->                Farm/Production                      Post Harvest and                Value Addition and
                                                                                Warehousing                       Processing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1.Technology Support 2. Planting materials 1. Uncertainty about standard    Very less value addition
                            3.Product range 4.Quality Brand 5.Quality organic post harvest
                            Brand 6.Nursery production of ornamental management protocols
                            plant


Opportunity                 1. Breeding for pure lines and commercial   1. Development of standard        1. Development of new value
                            supply through better nurseries 2.          protocol for organic post harvest added products for related
                            Increasing productivity through standard    management                        industry
                            growing practices




Anticipated Outcomes        1. Increased productivity and quality 2.    1. Standard protocol for ease of 1. New product line and
                            Enhanced income levels for farmers          compliance                       enhanced income levels of
                                                                                                         farmers




Possible Partners


Current Efforts
Chain Enhancement

                     Marketing                        Consumers

          1. Intermediaries 2. Supply     1. Quality/Grades/Standards 3.
          demand imbalance in cultivated Code of conduct for organic food
          vs non cultivated areas 3.      not published in India
          Labeling / grades/ standards 4.
          Very less exports

          1. Contract farming 2. Analysis   1. Creating market potential
          of supply-demand and              through enhanced public
          establishment of backward         awareness 2. Publish and
          linkages to fulfill market        standardize code of conduct for
          demands 3. Private labeled        organic food
          products




          1. New product line and           1. Increased share of organic
          enhanced income levels of         produce in domestic and export
          farmers                           markets
                                              Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement


 Value Chain Component ->                     Farm/Production                          Post Harvest and Warehousing

Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Predominant population of small farmers          1. Lack of suitable, hygienic and enough
                            consisting of women do not even earn a dollar a day infrastructure for post harvest handling of
                            due to low quality milk production.                 milk and other dairy products




Opportunity                 1. Provide practical knowledge necessary for clean     1. Improve post harvest infrastructure 2.
                            milk production 2. Provide quality tools (laboratory   Improve structures affecting the incentives
                            tests) and monitoring 3. Enterprise development        that bear on small holder farmers,
                            through micro credit 4. Evaluate and implement         including regulatory environments,
                            appropriate feeding strategy for improved animal       financial services, commodity standards,
                            nutrition and health. 5. A package of good milk        marketing boards and business policies
                            producing practices, customized for the local area
                            and disseminated through appropriate outreach
                            programs. 6. Ttechnological interventions such as
                            micro filtration for reducing the bacterial load of
                            otherwise heavily contaminated milk produced in
                            villages.
Anticipated Outcomes   1. Enterprise development through institutional            1. Enterprise development through
                       partnerships for investing in value addition facilities,   institutional partnerships for investing in
                       supply chain management and product marketing. 2.          value addition facilities, supply chain
                       Stabilized or decreased production input prices, and       management and product marketing.
                       improved productivity of inputs




Possible Partners      NDRI, NDDB, Other private players                          NDRI, NDDB, Other private players


Current Efforts        Projects of NDDB, NDRI and Planning Commission             Projects of NDDB, NDRI and Planning
                                                                                  Commission
- Value Chain Enhancement


                             Value Addition and Processing                                       Marketing                            Consumers

           1. Lack of value addition at farmer level                              1. Lack of access to market for the small 1. Poor quality of finished
                                                                                  and marginal dairy farmers in the remote products 2.
                                                                                  regions                                   Packaging/Grades/Standards




           1. Processing technologies for value addition 2. A commercially        1. Better marketing through self help     1. Appropriate labeling strategy
           viable value addition facility in collaboration with the partner       groups and Co-ops 2. Expansion of         needs to be developed.
           institutions in the identified areas. 3. The facilities including a    formal markets 3. Enhance small and
           standard pasteurization unit, a paneer (Indian cottage cheese) and     marginal farmer's income by getting their
           ghee (Indian butter oil) making unit, dry khoa powder, which are the   farm products consumer ready
           most widely used milk products in India with appropriate packaging
           systems needs to be introduced for enhancing small holder farmer
           income. 4. In addition to these, opportunities exist for making whey
           protein based products from the by products of he above processes.
           5. Introduction of the product line with include high value products
           like milk based probiotics, cholesterol reduced butter, hydrolyzed
           whey proteins, peptides and lactose based derivative products.
1. Enterprise development through institutional partnerships for      1. The project will establish linkages with   1. Appropriate labeling strategy
investing in value addition facilities, supply chain management and   the local marketing channels and high         will provide brand recognition for
product marketing. 2. Enhanced income levels of farmers 3. New        value products with large retail chains 2.    value added products 2. Safety
related businesses 4. Stabilized farm output prices                   Enterprise development through                and Quality 2. Better availability
                                                                      institutional partnerships for investing in   of the produce
                                                                      value addition facilities, supply chain
                                                                      management and product marketing. 3.
                                                                      Improved functioning of output markets,
                                                                      improved access to those markets and
                                                                      better price information. 4. Increased
                                                                      access of poor households to markets as
                                                                      indicated by adoption of inputs, new
                                                                      technologies, and value-added activities



NDRI, NDDB, Other private players                                     NDRI, NDDB, Other private players             NDRI, NDDB, Other private
                                                                                                                    players
Projects of NDDB, NDRI and Planning Commission                        Projects of NDDB, NDRI and Planning           Projects of NDDB, NDRI and
                                                                      Commission                                    Planning Commission
                                            Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement


 Value Chain Component ->                            Farm/Production                                     Post Harvest and Warehousing

Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Non-availability of the quality feed 2. The farmers in the            1. Optimum pre-slaughter fasting, scalding
                            "less"poultry areas normally receive the feed ingredients from the       time and temperature and chilling
                            neighboring pountry states and hence result in high price due to         methods, etc. for primary processing of
                            transportation costs 3. High cost of medicine and vaccine. The           poultry has standardized to certain extent
                            supply of medicines and vaccinations to the poultry farmers are          but not much implemented at farmer level
                            mostly in the hands of private sector 4. Non-remunerative price for
                            egg as the cost of production of egg has gone up with increasing
                            feed cost; thereby resuloting in negative returns 5. Lack of
                            diseasecontrol facilities. The fact that the mortality in birds ishigh
                            mainly due to Marek’s disease, Infectious Bursaldisease and
                            Infectious Bronchitis

Opportunity                 1. Increase the role of integrated pountry production on the lines of    1. Standardization of primary processing
                            the Tamilnadu 2. infrastructure facilities like feed quality control     protocol and implementing at the farmer
                            laboratory, disease diagnostic laboratories and consultancy              level 2. Enhancement of Warehousing
                            centers are absolutely essential for prevention and treatment of         facilities for proper storage
                            poultry diseases in time. 3. Cage system performs well, which has
                            to be popularized even among the existing farmers who practice
                            deep litter system of rearing. 4. Starting cooperative feed
                            manufacturing units by poultry farmers itself could reduce feed
                            cost. 4. Supply of medicines and vaccinations at low prices through
                            a consortium of PPP 5. Dessemination of research relating to
                            Carcass characteristics, meat and egg quality evaluation of
                            different breeds/strains/lines/varieties of chicken, Japanese quail,
                            guinea fowl and turkey 6. Conservation of indigenous fowls and
                            creation of genetic stocks with improved adaptability and
                            productivity in tropical environment. 7.
                            Development of DNA restriction profiles of various avian genomes
                            using recent molecular genetic approaches.
Anticipated Outcomes   1. By changing over to cage system, it could bepossible to save      1. Enterprise development through
                       feed cost and increase feed efficiency.Concerted efforts have to     institutional partnerships for investing in
                       be taken for reducing the feedcost, as it constitutes more than 84   value addition facilities, supply chain
                       percent in the cost ofproduction of eggs. 2. By providing proper     management and product marketing.
                       disease diagnosis and controlmeasures, the mortality rate can be
                       reduced which inturn would increase the farm income




Possible Partners      ICAR-CARI, SAUs                                                      ICAR-CARI, SAUs




Current Efforts        ICAR-CARI, SAUs                                                      ICAR-CARI, SAUs
Enhancement


                  Value Addition and Processing                                   Marketing                               Consumers

          1. Less thrust on research relating to valur added 1. Lack of access to market for the small and      1. Poor quality of finished
          products of poultry; extending shelf life of poultry marginal poultry farmers in the remote regions   products 2.
          products 2.                                                                                           Packaging/Grades/Standards




          1. Evolving improved processing and                1. Modified atmosphere packaging of processed      1. Appropriate labeling strategy
          preservation techniques for extended storage life poultry products 2. Private labeled products        needs to be developed.
          of egg and poultry meat 2. Development of cost-
          effective formulations and efficient processing
          technology for innovative value-added poultry
          products, incorporating less desirable carcass
          components and non-meat ingredients, including
          their techno-economic feasibility study at pilot
          scale for commercial exploitation 3. Processing of
          poultry processing wastes for pet food
          preparation 4. Value addition to pountry products
          like chicken, quail, indigenous fowl, guinea fowl
          and turkey to make oven-ready and wholesome
          products 5. Marketing of ready-to-cook poultry,
          chicken and quail eggs in convenient packs
1. Enterprise development through institutional   1. The project will establish linkages with the local   1. Appropriate labeling strategy
partnerships for investing in value addition      marketing channels and high value products with         will provide brand recognition for
facilities, supply chain management and product   large retail chains 2. Enterprise development           value added products 2. Safety
marketing. 2. Enhanced income levels of farmers   through institutional partnerships for investing in     and Quality 2. Better availability
3. New related businesses 4. Stabilized farm      value addition facilities, supply chain management      of the produce
output prices                                     and product marketing. 3. Improved functioning of
                                                  output markets, improved access to those markets
                                                  and better price information. 4. Increased access
                                                  of poor households to markets as indicated by
                                                  adoption of inputs, new technologies, and value-
                                                  added activities


ICAR-CARI, SAUs                                   ICAR-CARI, SAUs                                         ICAR-CARI, SAUs




ICAR-CARI, SAUs                                   ICAR-CARI, SAUs                                         ICAR-CARI, SAUs
                                           Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->                                                      Farm/Production

Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Package of practices not yet standardized for various species for commercial cultivation 2. Profiling different
                            genotypes not on full thrust 3. Techno-economic assessment of biodiesel has not been done for commercial use 4.
                            Non-availability of quality planting material for commercial use




Opportunity                 Establishment of demonstration plots.Biodiesel: 1. Development of complete agronomic practices for oil and
                            hydrocarbon yeilding species like (Euphorbia antisyphilytica, Calotropis procera, Salvadora, Pongamia, Madhuca
                            indica). 2. Physiochemical characterization of oil from different genotypes and techno-economic assessment as
                            biofuel. 3. Evaluation of oil as an admixture with regular diesel for performance and emissions in an automotive diesel
                            engine. Bioenergy: 1. Selection of suitable genotypes, phenotypes, collection and establishment of provenances for
                            fuel wood species. 2. Provenance testing for genetic diversity. 3. Mass propagation of genetically superior tree species
                            Bioethanol: 1. Development of thermotolerant microbial strains for enhanced ethanol production. Hydrogen From
                            Biomass: 1. Develop molecular probes for screening algae for bi-directional hydrogenases for hydrogen production 2.
                            Cloning and characterization of hydrogenase gene from Enterobacter cloacae. 3. Purify hydrogen evolving bi-
                            directional hydrogenases from selected organisms 4.Development of chemical model for the evolution of hydrogen
Anticipated Outcomes   1.High quality produce 2. Crop Specific farming systems improvement will enhance farm income




Possible Partners


Current Efforts
ment

          Post Harvest and Warehousing                 Value Addition and Processing                         Marketing                       Consumers

       1. Lack of suitable post harvest            1. Lack of cost effective technologies for 1. Intermediaries 2. Supply     1. Quality/Grades/Standards 2.
       infrastructure for primary processing 2.    extraction of oils 2. Non-standardized     demand imbalance in cultivated Commercial use
       Standard Protocol not yet implemented       protocol for various processing methods vs non cultivated areas 3.
       for post harvest management 3.                                                         Labeling / grades/ standards 4.
       Inadequate and improper post-harvest                                                   Very less exports
       practices, resulting in value loss.




       1. Development of suitable infrastructure   1. Development of enzymatic process for         1. Private labeled products 2.   1. Creating market potential
       for post harvest handling and primary       transesterification of oil into biodiesel. 2.   Analysis of supply-demand and    through enhanced public
       processing 2. Development and               Bioethanol production from different raw        establishment of backward        awareness 2. Publish and
       standardization of post harvest             materials including vegetable, fruit            linkages to fulfill market       standardize advantages of using
       management protocols for commercial         residues, cellulosic and lignocellulosic        demands of biofuels              biofuels
       biofuels industry                           feedstocks 3. Development of yeast
                                                   strain, which could utilize starch as raw
                                                   material 4. Analysis of supply-demand
                                                   and establishment of backward linkages
                                                   to fulfill market demands of biofuels 5.
                                                   Development of cost effective
                                                   technologies for promotion through SMEs
1.High quality produce, 2.Enhanced   1.High quality produce, 2.Enhanced      1.High quality produce,           1. Increased share of biofuels in
income of farmers                    income of farmers 3. Export potential   2.Enhanced income of farmers      domestic and export markets
                                                                             3. Export potential 4. Balanced
                                                                             supply and demand
                                                                   Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->                         Farm/Production                                 Post Harvest and Warehousing

Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Non – availability of quality seeds at right time at            1. Inadequate and improper post-harvest
                            reasonable rate 2. Non- availability of exports varieties 3. Low practices, resulting in value loss.
                            fruit set 4. Growing of varieties that are traditional, not having
                            relevance to consumer needs and needs of the processors.
                            5. Adopting farming practices that do not guarantee high
                            quality output, while resulting in high cost of production 6.
                            Inability to overcome biotic stress due to natural resistance of
                            pests to pesticides and use of spurious pesticides.




Opportunity                 1. Highly coloured and less pungent chillies for preparation of   1. Enhancement of post harvest
                            oleoresins for food industries 2.Development of high yielding     infrastructure 2. Development of
                            varieties in chilli for processing industries and to meet         technologies and standards for grading,
                            domestic and export market needs 3. Standardization of            packing and storage of important spices
                            packages for organic cultivation 4. Development of varieties
                            with high capsacin content in dry chillies 5. Development of
                            technologies for organic production, value addition and waste
                            utilization in spices




Anticipated Outcomes        1. Quality and quantity of produce 2. Increase in profits of      1. Better warehousing facilities 2.
                            famers                                                            Reduction in post harvest losses 3.
                                                                                              Profitability of produce
Possible Partners   1. ICAR, SAUs   1. ICAR, SAUs




Current Efforts     1. ICAR, SAUs   1. ICAR, SAUs
omponent 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

                 Value Addition and                       Marketing                         Consumers
                      Processing
           1. Lack of suitable varieties for   1. Intermediaries 2. Supply    1. Poor quality of finished
           processing 2. Lack of low cost      demand imbalance 3. Labeling / products 2.
           technology for SMEs                 grades/ standards 4. Current   Packaging/Grades/Standards
                                               export only to Bangladesh




           1. Contract farming of suitable     1. Contract farming 2.             1. Appropriate labeling strategy
           varieties 2. Access to latest       Institutional markets 3. Exports   needs to be developed.
           technoloy 3. Opporunities for       to other countries
           more value added products 4.
           Promotion of SMEs




           1. Better price realisation 2. 1. Increase in profit margins 2.        1. Appropriate labeling strategy
           Excess produce to value added Balancing supply demands 3.              will provide brand recognition for
           products                       Access to global markets                value added products 2. Safety
                                                                                  and Quality 2. Better availability
                                                                                  of the produce
1. ICAR, SAUs   1. ICAR, SAUs   1. ICAR, SAUs




1. ICAR, SAUs   1. ICAR, SAUs   1. ICAR, SAUs
                                                    Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

 Value Chain Component ->                Farm/Production                          Post Harvest and                 Value Addition and
                                                                                    Warehousing                        Processing
Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Non-availability of disease free and        1. Lack of multi chambered-multi 1. Lack of suitable varieties for
                            standard planting material 2. Standard         produce infrastructure for highly processing 2. Lack of low cost
                            package of practices 3. Low productivity       perishable products like tomato technology for SMEs
                                                                           2. Post harvest Management


Opportunity                 1. Standardization of Package of practices     1. Creation of public             1. Contract farming of suitable
                            with stress on nutrient management 2.          infrastructure 2. Post harvest    varieties 2. Access to latest
                            Extention 3. Capacity building for extention   management 3. Knowledge           technoloy 3. Opporunities for
                            workers and scientists                         dissemination                     more value added products 4.
                                                                                                             Promotion of SMEs

Anticipated Outcomes        1. Quality and quantity of produce 2.          1. Better warehousing facilities 1. Better price realisation 2.
                            Increase in profits of famers                  2. Reduction in post harvest       Excess produce to value added
                                                                           losses 3. Profitability of produce products




Possible Partners           1. SAUs                                        1. SAUs                           1. SAUs 2. Food Service
                                                                                                             partners (Commercial food
                                                                                                             suppliers)
Current Efforts             ----                                           ----                              ----
Chain Enhancement

                     Marketing                         Consumers

          1. Intermediaries 2. Supply    1. Labeling / packaging / food
          demand imbalance 3. Labeling / safety 2. Regulatory compliance
          grades/ standards 4. Current
          export vitrualy noe


          1. Contract farming 2.             1. Creation of compliant units 2.
          Institutional markets 3. Exports   Tap market potential
          to other tropical countries 4.
          Retail markets in India


          1. Increase in profit margins 2.   1. Better market access 2.
          Balancing supply demands 3.        Quality and safety
          Access to global markets 4.
          More availability of exotics in
          Indian retial markets

          1. SAUs                            1. SAUs


          ----                               ----
                                                                                 Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enh

 Value Chain Component ->                          Farm/Production                                     Post Harvest and Warehousing

Constraints/Shortcomings    1. Non- availability of quality planting material, 2. Lack of   1. Lack of drying yards, 2. Lack of hygienic cleaning
                            varieties resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses 3. Heavy     and processing facilities 3. Lack of storing, packing,
                            incidence of leaf spot and rhizome rot consuming lot of         curing and processing infrastructure
                            insecticides




Opportunity                 1. Categorize germplasm accessions of turmeric based on         1. Proper technologies for the storage of seed
                            levels of essential oil, oleoresins and pungnet principles for rhizomes involving seed treatment with fungicides and
                            contract farming 2. Making avalilable quality and disease free insecticides and use of leaf mulches
                            planting material 3. Development of varieties resistant to
                            biotic and abiotic stresses for increasing productivity 4.
                            Standardize the existing IPM practices for leaf spot and
                            rhizome rot 5. Use of improved cultivars namely, Suvarna,
                            Suguna, Sudharshana, Prabha and Prathibha. 6. Organic
                            farming of turmeric utilizing various organic cakes as nutrient
                            sources should be used, 7. For control of shoot borer,
                            application of insecticides and biopesticides (Bacillus
                            thuringiensis product) to be used. 8.Development of varieties
                            with high curcumin content in turmeric, 9. Development of
                            technologies for growing turmeric in coconut plantations
Anticipated Outcomes   1. More returns to the farmers, 2. Increased productivity to   1. More returns to the farmers, 2. Increased
                       meet supply demand imbalances                                  productivity to meet supply demand imbalances




Possible Partners      1. Spice Board 2. SAUs                                         1. Spice Board 2. SAUs


Current Efforts        1. Spice board Research projects for enhancing productivity    1. Spice board and NHM for post harvest infrastructure
mponent 2 - Value Chain Enhancement

                Value Addition and Processing                         Marketing                        Consumers

           1. Lack of adequate post production              1. Fluctuation of market prices 2. 1. Poor quality of finished
           infrastructure for value addition of this crop   Imbalances in supply and           products 2.
           2. Less thrust on value added products like      demand 3. More number of           Packaging/Grades/Standards
           Curcuminoids, dehydrated turmeric powder,        intermediaries
           oils, and oleoresin 3. Curing, drying and
           polishing facilities limited to certain areas




           1. Creation of post harvest infrastructure on 1. Tailoring production to meet     1. Customized packaging/pre-
           a large scale 2. Increases thrust on various export needs and international       packs for retail markets
           value added products                          requirements. 2. Contract
                                                         farming
1. More returns to the farmers, 2. Private   1. More returns to the farmers   1. Safety and Quality 2. Better
labeled products                                                              availability of the produce




1. Spice Board 2. SAUs                       1. Spice Board 2. SAUs           1. Spice Board 2. SAUs


1. Spice board projects on value addition    1. Spice board project on Agri   1. Spice Board/AGMARK
and private labeled products                 Export Zone of turmeric          projects on standardization of
                                                                              grades and standards
                                             Concept Note Diagram for Research Projects of Component 2 - Value Chain Enhancement


 Value Chain Component ->                             Farm/Production                                        Post Harvest and Warehousing

Constraints/Shortcomings    1. High incidence of diseases like downy mildew and anthracnose           1. Lack of post harvest infrastructure at public
                            especially under tropical conditions where most of grape cultivation      level (present at private entrepreuners level but
                            in India takes place, 2. High frequency of application of pesticides      very less aggregation for domestic markets) 2.
                            and their residues in berries 3. Existence of heavy clay saline and       Adhering to post harvest management
                            alkaline soils especially in Maharashtra and in North Karnataka, 4.       principles also for the domestic market for
                            Formation of pink berries in white grape cultivars, 5. Non-availability   getting quality produce
                            of enough plant material grafted on rootstocks tolerant to salinity and
                            alkalinity, 6. Interference of monsoon rains in ripening of grapes
                            under North Indian conditions, 7. Lack of support to farmers for
                            forecasting the attack of diseases or pests, 8. Water scarcity in
                            grape growing areas 9. Heavy initial investment on establishment of
                            vineyards, 10. Less stress in of season production of grapes to meet
                            supply demand imbalances
Opportunity                 1. Selection of improved varieties for cultivation 2. Identification of   1. Availability of infrastructure for post-harvest
                            exact nature of problems in difficult soils 3. Adoption of suitable       handling of grapes 2. Standardizing and
                            training system and high planting density and canopy management           adhering to post harvest management steps to
                            4. Integrated nutrient and water management of vineyards                  maintain fruit quality 3. Extension
                            5.Treatment with chemicals growth regulants for increasing quality
                            improvement 6. Standard practices for Weed Management 7.
                            Integrated pest and disease management practices 8. Laying out
                            large scale trials of improved cultivars 9. Initiating improvement work
                            for grape cultivation for Kinnaur area of Himachal Pradesh (for
                            raisins by growing Cultivars like Pusa Urvashi and Berlandieri x
                            riparia hybrids 10. Availability of grafted plant material of improved
                            cultivars for difficult soils 11. Intensification of Survey and
                            Surveillance and forecasting of attack of pests and diseases 12.
                            Extension
Anticipated Outcomes   1. Sustained productivity levels and increase farmer income levels 2. 1. More prices in the domestic market and
                       Better quality of produce                                             enhanced income to farmers due to good
                                                                                             quality produce




Possible Partners      NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs                                               NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs


Current Efforts        NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs                                               NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs
cement


               Value Addition and Processing                                Marketing                              Consumers

         1. Improper and unhygienic post harvest            1. Majority of the produce is exported       1. Poor quality of finished
         infrastructure for raising production 2. Raisins   leaving a very litle way for getting getting products 2.
         output less due to non-standardized                quality produce for domestic consumption 2. Packaging/Grades/Standards
         technology 3. Less thrust on value added           Intermediaries in domestic markets 3.
         products other than raisins                        Negligence towards grades and standards
                                                            4. Less private labeling




         1. Standardize raisin production technology        1. Better aggregation strategies for export   1. Customized packaging/pre-
         for increasing output 2. Creation of hygienic      as well as domestic markets 2. Simplifying    packs for retail markets
         post harvest infrastructure for quality raisin     grades and standards through extension 3.
         production 3. Developing cost effective            Private labeling
         technologies for value added products other
         than raisins and their promotion through
         SMEs for better price realization and
         utilization of produce, which is non
         marketable for table purposes
1. Sustained productivity levels and increase 1. Sustained farmer income levels 2. Better   1. Safety and Quality 2. Better
farmer income levels 2. Better quality of     price realization for export as well as       availability of the produce
produce                                       domestic markets 3. Better quality of
                                              produce in a suatained way



NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs                        NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs                        NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs


NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs                        NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs                        NRCG, Mahagrapes, SAUs

				
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