CLEVER by gdf57j



                                          Clean vehicle research:
                                          LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) and policy measures
                                          D U R AT I O N O F T H E P R O J E C T                                 BUDGET
                                          Phase 1: 01/01/2007 – 31/01/2009                                       671.155 €
                                          Phase 2: 01/02/2009 – 31/01/2011

                                           Life Cycle Assessment; Alternative fuels and propulsion systems; pricing policies; Socio-economic assessment

                                          CONTEXT                                                                          T5). Price elasticities will be implemented in a consumer be-
                                                                                                                           havioural model and a car purchase and usage model will be
                                          The finite nature of the oil supplies on the one hand and the in-                 developed (T3).
                                          creasing consciousness about the impact of vehicles on the air         •         The different barriers for the introduction of new vehicle tech-
                                          quality and greenhouse effect on the other hand, require drastic                 nologies in Belgium will be identified. The different tasks will
                                          changes of the current vehicle fleet. The ever more stringent                     also be supported by input from the most recent external cost
                                          emission standards for vehicles force the automotive industry to                 factors (T4).
                                          reduce the environmental impact of conventional diesel and pet-        •         Potential policy measures for a more sustainable car choice of
                                          rol vehicles by using new technologies (soot filters, improved                    individuals, companies and governments will be investigated
                                          engines, catalysts, etc.). Besides these improved conventional                   (T5).
                                          vehicles, vehicles with alternative fuels (LPG, CNG, alcohols,         •         VITO’s road emission model will be adjusted with the Ecoscore
                                          bio-fuels, biogas and hydrogen) and/or drive trains (battery, hy-                model and will be used to assess the global environmental
                                          brid and fuel cell electric vehicles) form an attractive solution to             performance of the whole Belgian vehicle fleet (T6). According
                                          establish a more environmentally friendly Belgian car park.                      to different scenario’s, predictions will be made about the evo-
                                                                                                                           lution of the performance for the mid term (2015) and the long
                                                                                                                           term timeframe (2030).
                                          PROJECT DESCRIPTION                                                    •         An overall assessment will be carried out on the basis of the
                                                                                                                           results of the LCA, LCC, social barriers and fleet analysis. The
                                          Objectives                                                                       integration of the results will be done by a multi criteria analy-
                                                                                                                           sis. Recommendations for stimulating the purchase and use of
                                          The CLEVER project serves the following objectives:                              clean vehicles will be formulated (T7).
                                          1) To create an objective image of the environmental impact of                                                                      T9: coordination
                                             vehicles with conventional and alternative fuels and/or drive
                                                                                                                                                                  T2: Life Cycle
                                                                                                                 Environmental Impact, Policy measures,

                                          2) To investigate which price instruments and other policy meas-                                                        Environmental

                                                                                                                                                              Assessment (Ecoscore)                      ▼
                                             ures are possible to realize a sustainable vehicle choice;
                                                                                                                       T1: State of Art (Technology,

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     T7: Overall Assessment and

                                          3) To examine the external costs and to verify which barriers ex-                                                                                      T6: Belgian Fleet
                                                                                                                           consumer behaviour)



                                             ist for the introduction of clean vehicle technologies on the                                                           ▼
                                                                                                                                                               T3: Life Cost Assess-
                                             Belgian market;                                                                                                   ment, Price Elasticity,


                                          4) To analyse the global environmental performances of the Bel-                                                     car purchase and usage
                                                                                                                                                                       model                             ▼
                                             gian car fleet;                                                                                                          ▼
                                                                                                                                                                                              T5: Policy Measures
                                          5) To formulate recommendations for the Belgian government to

                                                                                                                                                                     ▼                            Stake holder
                                             stimulate the purchase and use of clean vehicles.                                                                                                    Assessment
                                                                                                                                                              T4: Social barriers and                    ▼

                                                                                                                                                                  external costs
                                          Methodology                                                                                                                                                                     ▼

                                          The approach consists of the following steps:                                                                                  T8: Disseminations and report
                                          • A literature study will be performed to obtain an overview of
                                            the existing and future vehicle technologies and environmental           INTERACTION BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT PARTNERS
                                            vehicle assessments (T1.1 and 1.2), policy measures (T1.3)

                                            and consumer behaviour for the purchase of cars.                     Each of the 5 partners within the CLEVER project will perform a
                                          • A Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of conventional and alternative          number of specific tasks, in which an intensive collaboration with
                                            vehicles will be carried out, in which not only the well-to-wheel    the other partners will be essential. The tasks are divided as fol-
                                            emissions (like in the Ecoscore methodology), but the com-           lows:
                                            plete cradle-to-grave emissions will be taken into account           • VUB-ETEC coordinates the project and will mainly focus on
                                            (T2).                                                                  the performance of the LCA (T2), but also on T1.1, T1.2 and
                                          • A Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis will be performed, which will         T7.
                                            investigate the impact of the proposed fiscal measures (see           • VITO will mainly concentrate on the policy measures and fleet

                                                                                                                                                                                         TRANSPORT & MOBILITY

                                          CLEVER                                                                                  C O N TA C T I N F O R M AT I O N

                                          Clean vehicle research: LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) and policy
                                                                                                                                  Joeri Van Mierlo
                                            analysis (T1.3, T5 en T6).                • report on the policy measures, the
                                                                                                                                  Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)
                                          • VUB-MOSI will take care of tasks            stakeholder support for the proposed
                                                                                                                                  Faculty of Engineering sciences
                                            T1.4, T3 en T7.                             policy measures and the scenario
                                                                                                                                  Department of Electrical Engineering and
                                          • ULB-CEESE is in charge of task T4.          development
                                                                                                                                  Energy Technology (ETEC)
                                          • RDC Environment will be responsi-         • report on the environmental perform-
                                                                                                                                  Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels
                                            ble for the performance of the LCA in       ance of the Belgian vehicle fleet and
                                                                                                                                  Tel: +32 (0)2 629 28 04
                                            T2, together with ETEC.                     the impact of the scenarios
                                                                                                                                  Fax: +32 (0)2 629 36 20
                                                                                      • multi criteria analysis: method, anal-
                                                                                        ysis and results
                                          EXPECTED RESULTS AND/OR                     • executive summary and overall rec-
                                          PRODUCTS                                      ommendations
                                                                                      • every six months an intermediate re-
                                          • reports on the literature studies (ve-      port describing the progress of the
                                                                                                                                  Leen Govaerts
                                            hicle technologies, environmental           project and the obtained results will
                                                                                                                                  Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch
                                            vehicle assessments, policy meas-           be drawn up
                                                                                                                                  Onderzoek (VITO)
                                            ures, consumer behaviour)                 • after the first and second phase of
                                                                                                                                  Expertisecentrum Energietechnologie (ETE)
                                          • reports on the different steps in the       the project, a final report will be made
                                                                                                                                  Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol
                                            performance of the LCA (software            containing all the results of respec-
                                                                                                                                  Tel: +32 (0)14 33 58 30
                                            selection, defining LCA objectives           tively the first two years and the full
                                                                                                                                  Fax: +32 (0)14 32 11 85
                                            and functional unit, classification and      four years
                                            characterisation, normalisation and
                                            weighting and LCA results)                Every six months workshops and meet-
                                          • report on the LCC method and mod-         ings will be organised for the user com-    Cathy Macharis
                                            el, state-of-the-art research of price    mittee to disseminate the intermediate      Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)
                                            elasticities                              results and to validate the methodology     Faculty of Economic, Social and Political
                                          • report on external costs and social       and used data. Also meetings will be        Sciences and Solvay Business School De-
                                            barriers                                  organised with stakeholders (consumer       partment of Mathematics, Operational Re-
                                          • report on the sensibility analysis, the   organisations, companies and govern-        search, Statistics and Information Systems
                                            scientific validation of the Ecoscore      ments) and with other projects.             for Management (MOSI)
                                            approach and the optimal time of re-      The dissemination of the results of the     Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels
                                            placement                                 project will involve a website, a project   Tel: +32 (0)2 629 22 86
                                          • report on the feasibility study on the    leaflet, publications in national and in-    Fax: +32 (0)2 629 21 86
                                            utility of the methodology for other      ternational journals, participation in
                                            transport modes                           symposia, etc.                    
                                          • purchase and usage model: report
                                                                                                                                  Walter Hecq
                                            and model
                                                                                                                                  Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)
                                                                                                                                  Institut de Sociologie
                                                                                                                                  Centre d’Etudes Economiques et Sociales
                                          PA R T N E R S - A C T I V I T I E S
                                                                                                                                  de l’Environnement (CEESE)

                                                                                                                                  Campus Solbosch, Av. Jeanne 44, CP 124,
                                          VUB-ETEC                                    VUB-MOSI                                    B-1050 Bruxelles
                                          • environmentally friendly vehicle          • evaluation methods in the human           Tel: +32 (0)2 650 33 77
                                            technologies, mainly battery, hy-           sciences, in particular for social        Fax: +32 (0)2 650 46 91
                                            brid and fuel cell electric vehicles        and economical decision prob-   
                                            and components such as electric             lems; focus on transport and lo-
                                            drives and batteries                        gistics, sustainable mobility, multi
                                                                                                                                  Bernard De Caevel
                                          • traffic and emission models and              criteria analysis and location anal-
                                                                                                                                  Recherce, Développement & Consulting –
                                            Ecoscore                                    ysis
                                                                                                                                  Bruxelles (RDC Environment)
                                          VITO                                        ULB-CEESE                                   Av. E. Plasky 157 (b.8), B-1030 Bruxelles
                                          • energy use and environmental im-          • quantitative and qualitative evalu-       Tel: +32 (0)2 420 28 23
                                            pact on vehicle level                       ation of the interactions between         Fax: +32 (0)2 428 78 78
                                          • market introduction of new vehicle          the economy and the environ-    

                                            technologies and alternative mo-            ment                            
                                            tor fuels
                                                                                      RDC Environment
                                          • evaluation models for policies in                                                     Follow-up Committee
                                                                                      • studies in LCA, cost-benefit anal-
                                            relation to sustainable develop-
                                                                                        ysis, environmental impact as-
                                            ment                                                                                  For the complete and most up-to-date com-
                                                                                        sessment and strategic studies
                                                                                        about the evaluation of techno-           position of the Follow-up Committee, please
                                                                                        logical projects                          consult our Federal Research Actions Data-
                                                                                                                                  base (FEDRA) by visiting
                                          Belgian Science Policy • Wetenschapsstraat 8 Rue de la Science • B-1000 Brussels
                                          Tel. +32 (0)2 238 34 11 • Fax +32 (0)2 230 59 12 •                                    TRANSPORT & MOBILITY
                                          Contact: Georges Jamart

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