Exploring the Masdar Institute Campus

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					Exploring the Masdar Institute Campus
Welcome to the Masdar
Institute Campus
The first six buildings of the Masdar Institute Campus are
complete and serve as a model of sustainability. This document
provides an overview of the design strategies and materials used.
                                                                                                                  1




Masdar City

Masdar City is an emerging global clean-technology     opportunities, provides a test-bed for new technologies,
cluster that inspires innovation and empowers          encourages informal knowledge sharing among
business. With an infrastructure that meets the        likeminded professionals and serves as a magnet
needs of the high-technology, knowledge-driven         for, and source of world-class talent.
organisations operating in the renewable energy
                                                       This unique environment is attracting regional and
and clean technology sector and a live-work space
                                                       international companies and other organisations to
that is at the cutting edge of sustainability.
                                                       set up sales, marketing, servicing and demonstration
Powered by renewable energy, the 7km2 special          centres for their renewable energy and sustainability
economic zone and business cluster places resident     technologies, as well as research and development
firms at the heart of the global renewable energy      facilities, and regional headquarters in these fields.
and cleantech industry. It provides an environment
that unlocks creativity, offers business development




                                                                                                The Masdar Institute
                                                                                                    Campus at dusk
2




Masdar Institute Campus integrated with Masdar City

The DNA of Masdar Institute                             • The campus is bisected by the linear park.
The Masdar institute is a key catalyst for the          • An environment intelligent orientation of the
development of Masdar City and is located within          buildings that optimises the outdoor thermal
the first phase of the project close to the central       comfort of the public realm.
spine and adjacent to the first ‘green finger’          • The creation of walkways inside the city which
The urban form of the Masdar Institute Campus             are always shaded through overhangs and
is a microcosm of the fabric of the city as a whole       narrow streets.
and provides examples of the goals of the built         • The creation of a variety of façades which enrich
form strategy:                                            the image of the city.
                                                        • The creation of an interesting variety of open
                                                          public and private spaces.




                                                              Phase 1A - Completed



                                 Phase 3




                               Mosque                            Library




                                                                                     Phase 1B
                     Phase 2
                                           Conference
                                              Hall




                                                                Multi-Use
                                                                  Hall




Proposed Masterplan for
the Masdar Institute Campus
                         3




A view of the façade at the
Masdar Institute Campus
4




Why is the Masdar Institute
Campus Sustainable?
                                                             5




An Energy Efficient Design                              6

How is the Masdar Institute Campus Powered?             12

Pilot Projects Thermal Energy                           14

Pilot Projects Solar Cooling                            15

How does the Masdar Institute Campus work with water?   16

How does the Masdar Institute Campus work with waste?   17

Transportation in the Masdar Institute Campus           18
6




An Energy Efficient Design

Bringing such a project to life necessarily began at
the design stage, long before the first shovel of sand
was lifted. It will continue throughout the construction
phase and will be maintained during the life of the
city. This section provides an overview of the design
strategies that have been incorporated in the Masdar
Institute Campus.


Orientation
The building height and orientation in relationship to
the sun has been designed to minimise solar heat gain
within the local environment. This has a direct impact
on the immediate environment and the amount of
energy consumed to air condition the space within.




North/South                                         East/West                     Northeast/Southwest
The North-South orientation                         An East-West alignment        The Northeast-Southwest
of streets allows sunlight                          results in an increase in     orientation of the city fabric
penetration to the urban fabric                     cooling load requirement      provides optimal shading.
with a subsequent increase                          due to the exposure of
in cooling loads.                                   external walls to sunlight.




Artistic impression highlighting the location of the Masdar
Institute Campus within the Masdar City masterplan
                                                                                                                                       7




Windtower
Contemporary re-interpretation of traditional                            A PTFE membrane will carry the wind downward,
Arabic Windtower brings cooling breezes to                               while mist generators at the top will add additional
Courtyard. Rising 45m above the podium, this                             cooling to the air. PTFE is the scientific name for the
modern interpretation of one of the region’s most                        well-known non-stick brand Teflon. Combinations
iconic traditional architectural features will be a                      of evaporative cooling and air movement techniques
landmark for the Masdar Institute neighbourhood.                         help to moderate perceived air temperatures, thereby
The tower’s height means it can capture the cooler                       improving personal comfort.
upper-level winds and direct them to the open-air
                                                                         Masdar Institute will use the tower as a platform for
public square at its base. Sensors at the top of the
                                                                         their scientific instruments. This includes weather
steel structure will operate high-level louvers to
                                                                         measuring equipment and air quality testing tools.
open in the direction of prevailing winds and to close
in other directions to divert wind down the tower.



                                                                                                            Diagram explaining working of
                                                                                                             the windtower at Masdar City



                                                             Louvres
                                                Automated louvres,
                                             controlled by sensors ,
                                             monitor the direction of
                                            the prevailing winds are
                                            controlled to direct wind
                                                     down the tower.




                                                                                                   Monitoring
                                                            Mist Jets
                                                                                                   The windtower is used as
                                                These jets located at
                                                                                                   a platform for monitoring
                                             high level, humidify the
                                                                                                   equipment by Masdar
                                                 air to make it cooler
                                                                                                   Institute.
                                               on the ground. It’s an
                                                 evaporative cooling
                                                               device.


                                                                                                   Inner Sock
                                                                                                   Lighting of the inner sock
                                                                                                   acts as an indicator to the
                                                                                                   energy used collectively
                                                                                                   by students and faculty
                                                                                                   throughout the day.




Diagram showing working of
traditional Arabian Windtower or Barajeel
8




                                                                 Fire Escapes
                                                           The fire escapes to
                                                         the laboratories are
                                                        located externally to
                                                       eliminate the need for
                                                      air-conditioning. Solar
                                                          shading is provided
                                                         through a horizontal
                                                                       screen.




                          Shading                                                                 Façades
                          Pedestrian circulation at                                Lightweight, reflective
                          ground level within and                                 ETFE façades minimise
                          around MIST is through                                 heat gains during the day
                          shaded colonnades,                                      and reflect daylight into
                          that can be screened to                                 residential apartments.
                          provide shade to low-
                          angle sun and protection
                          from wind.




                                                                                                                Finishes
                                                                                                  Heavyweight finishes
                                                                                                 provide thermal mass
                                                                                                  at street level. These
                                                                                               surfaces cool over night
                                                                                                and are protected from
                                                                                                 solar exposure during
                                                                                                    the day. This stored
                                                                                             ‘coolth’ is slowly released
                                                                                                  to reduce the radiant
                                                                                                temperature within the
                                                                                                  street during the day.

                                            Planting
                                            Irrigated by
                                            recycled water.


A typical street at the
Masdar Institute Campus
                                                                                                                   9




Shading                                                      Thermal Analysis
The creation of shade routes encourages pedestrian           The comparative images below show the difference
activity at street level. Colonades have been incorporated   in radiant temperature that these design features
into the design in all buildings within the Masdar           generate. A typical central Abu Dhabi street
Institute. These colonades are cooled by high thermal        photographed through a thermal imaging camera
mass materials applied to soffits, walls and ceilings.       shows bright white hot spots and the street in
                                                             Masdar Institute is cool in comparison. This
                                                             difference in radiant temperature of up to 20oC
Façade Construction                                          is quite an achievement.
The building’s façades have been developed to
                                                             Central Abu Dhabi
passively mitigate heat transfer while also being
highly sealed to minimise the energy required with
conditioning the internal spaces. Materials with a low
thermal mass act as fast responsive system which
cools down very quickly at night to avoid radiantly
heating the public realm. Materials with high thermal
mass, if strategically used in shaded location, can help
store “coolth” to radiantly cool shaded colonades.


Materials
                                                             Masdar Institute
The emphasis in the choice of sustainable materials
and products for the Masdar Institute buildings has
been to have them locally sourced and manufactured.
Where possible, consideration has been made to
sustainable factors such as recyclability, low embodied
energy properties, low emission materials and finishes,
within the building’s specification in line with Masdar’s
sustainability standards.



Felt Temperatures

                          71oC
  66oC
                                                   51oC                                         46oC
                          Central                  Masdar Institute       47 C   o
                                                                                                Masdar Institute
                          Abu Dhabi                Fully shaded           Masdar Institute      Added active
  Desert                  (unshaded)               colonnades             Lush green garden     water feature
10




                                                        Foliage
                                              The delicate leaf
                                        pattern of a Jacaranda
                                         mimosifolia provides
                                          dappled shade to the
                                            podium landscape
                                        and contrasts with the
                                       abstract patterns of the
                                            residential façade.




Example of flora at Masdar Institute
                                                                                                                              11




Landscaping
The native plant species sourced from local nurseries           • A series of distinct visual character areas to aid
link Masdar Institute to its immediate context as                 wayfinding within the City.
well as providing practical benefits, which include
                                                                • Extensive planting to bring colour, visual and
reducing air temperature in public spaces. The
                                                                  sensory delight into the heart of the City.
strategically located water features provide indirect
cooling and create a relaxing environment.                      • The Masdar City Landscape and Public Real
                                                                  Strategy has established an irrigation key
The Masdar Institute Campus consists of a series of
                                                                  performance indicator (KPI) of 6 litres per m2 per
courtyard and street spaces, each with a distinct
                                                                  day (as an annual average).
theme derived from characteristics of the regional
landscape. A dramatic main courtyard, ‘the Oasis’               • Reduced irrigation requirement fed by recycled
provides the campus with a flexible space suitable for            water (treated sewerage effluent or TSE).
individuals, small groups or large gatherings, with             • Native species sourced from local nurseries to
numerous seating areas surrounded by lush planting                reduce environmental impact and directly link
and gently bubbling water features beneath the iconic             Masdar Institute to its immediate context.
wind-tower.
                                                                • A planting scheme developed to provide year-round
Key landscape design elements at the Masdar                       visual interest, with flowering grasses, shrubs and
Institute Campus include:                                         trees offering bursts of reds and yellows in contrast
• Reduced air temperature in public spaces through                to the green oasis.
  use of shading by buildings and planting.                     • Strategically located water features used to provide
• An attractive, high-quality, accessible environment             indirect cooling and create a relaxing environment.
  for all users.




                                               Landscaping
                                          The specification
                                         of hard landscape
                                    materials with recycled
                                    content is an important
                                       part of the approach
                                          to environmental
                                              sustainability.




                                                                                               An image showing landscaping in a
                                                                                         courtyard at the Masdar Institute Campus
12




How is the Masdar Institute Campus Powered?

10MW Solar Photovoltaic Farm                         Roof Top PV array
This plant, whose 87,777 polycrystalline and         The photovoltaic array above the buildings help
thin-film modules occupy a 22-hectare site at        provide 30% of the base electrical load of the
the outer boundary of Masdar City, is the largest    campus. Raised above the laboratories and
grid-connected solar plant in the Middle East.       residential apartments, it also helps to provide
Inaugurated in May 2009, the farm provides clean     additional shading to the streets and public realm
energy to the Masdar Institute Campus and Masdar’s   while also reducing the amount of direct solar
temporary on-site offices, as well as some of the    gain absorbed by the heavily insulated roofs.
ongoing Masdar City construction activities.
The energy is fed into the Abu Dhabi power grid.
Abu Dhabi-based Enviromena Power Systems, a
leading developer of solar projects in the region,
constructed the plant.




Rooftop PV panels on the
Masdar Institute building.
                                                                                                         13




                                                                                    Aerial view of the 10MW
                                                                                 Solar panels at Masdar City




                                         Roof Top PV                                        PV array
     ETC                                   (1MW)                                            (10MW)




  75%                                     30%                                               70%

    SHW




                      Masdar Institute



ETC
Evacuated Tube Collectors                               Excess power
(Solar Thermal)                                        returned to the
                                                       Abu Dhabi grid
SHW
Service Hot Water
PV                                                                               Diagram explaining how the
Photovoltaic Panels                                                      Masdar Institute Campus is powered
14




Pilot Projects Thermal Energy

Beam Down Project                                              Geothermal Testing
The Beam Down Project - a joint pilot project of the           One of the most exciting projects at Masdar City
Masdar Institute, Japan’s Cosmo Oil Company and the            was the exploratory drilling deep underground to
Tokyo Institute of Technology - takes the conventional         test the availability of sufficient, and sufficiently
concentrated solar power (CSP) design and literally            hot, geothermal water to be used in thermal cooling
turns it on its head.                                          and domestic hot water. Power production and
                                                               desalination also constitute possible applications
Most CSP plants use mirrors (heliostats) to direct
                                                               of geothermal energy, although in our case, purely
the sun’s rays onto a receiver at the top of a central
                                                               thermal applications (cooling, domestic hot water,
tower, heating a heat-transfer fluid (molten salt, oil
                                                               desalination) are the most advantageous. The
or water), which then is used to generate steam for
                                                               amount of cooling, desalination and heating the
a steam turbine.
                                                               geothermal resource can provide is being evaluated.
Managed by Masdar Institute, the Beam Down Plant               This will be a direct geothermal plant relying on
has the potential to convert sunlight into electricity in a    heat exchange with deep underground aquifers.
more efficient, lower-cost way than other technologies.
                                                               Initial results are promising and confirm Masdar City’s
By placing the receiver at the base of the tower (ground
                                                               ability to address a significant portion of the base
level), the thesis is that it will eliminate the energy loss
                                                               cooling load of the city’s first phase using absorption
resulting from pumping the fluid to an elevated receiver.
                                                               chillers continuously supplied with geothermal heat.
                                                               The main focus initially is expected to be thermal
                                                               cooling and, possibly, central provision of hot water.




Beam Down Project                                              Geothermal Testing
                                                                                                                       15




Pilot Projects Solar Cooling

Solar thermal cooling, which is likely to constitute a   Solar thermal air-conditioning systems can generally
significant source of cooling in Masdar City, involves   be divided in two categories:
harnessing energy from solar thermal collectors to
                                                         1. Low-temperature devices (i.e., single-effect
produce chilled water or dehumidified air (geothermal
                                                            absorption chillers, desiccant dehumidifiers), which
resources are an alternative energy source). This
                                                            are powered by low-grade hot water produced from
technology drastically reduces electricity consumption
                                                            non-concentrating flat-plate or evacuated tube solar
by using a thermo-chemical process that involves a
                                                            collectors or geothermal sources.
mixture of water and special salts, such as lithium
chloride or lithium bromide, to condition air – rather   2. High-temperature devices (i.e., multiple-effect
than electric-powered vapour compressors.                   absorption chillers), which require the use of
                                                            concentrating solar collectors using reflective
                                                            mirrors to focus and concentrate sunlight.




                                                                                       Solar Cooling system at Masdar City
16




How does the Masdar Institute Campus work with water?

The Masdar Institute building has been designed          Water-use reduction technologies include high-
to minimise water consumption and maximise the           efficiency appliances, low-flow showers, highly
efficiency of treatment and production techniques.       efficient laundry systems, a water tariff that promotes
In the long term the goal is to reduce, in stages, the   water efficiency, incentives, real-time monitoring,
domestic water consumption to the target potable         smart water metres that inform consumers of their
water consumption of 105 litres per person per day,      consumption, reducing leakage ultimately to 1%,
with an initial target of 179 litres per person per      treated wastewater recycling, and high-efficiency
day, far below business as usual. The improvement        irrigation and low-water use landscaping, particularly
from 179 per person per day to 105 per person per        through use of indigenous desert flora.
day is expected to be achieved through increased         The current wastewater system combines grey water
environmental awareness to residents over time.          and black water for processing and treatment at the
                                                         city’s membrane bioreactor (MBR) plant. The treated
                                                         sewage effluent produced at the MBR will be used
                                                         for landscaping. The biosolids resulting from the
                                                         wastewater treatment can be reused for compositing
                                                         and in any future waste-to-energy plant.




How does the Masdar Institute Campus work with waste?

The waste management strategy at the Masdar              Once collected, the waste is sorted into compostable,
Institute building seeks to minimise waste to landfill   non-recyclable and recyclable waste. All appropriate
and maximise the resource potential of materials         bio-waste will be composted and the product used
(i.e., recycling and reuse). As a first step, systems    to enrich the landscaping. At a future date recyclable
will be used and awareness will be raised to reduce      waste will be processed in the city or as close by
the amount of waste generated in the city, i.e., by      as possible.
encouraging reusable bags and containers. The
next step is to sort and collect the waste produced
by those living and working here. Masdar Institute
buildings have separate waste chutes to allow for
the separation of waste.
                                                                                                            17




                              Waste collected
                                and sorted             Recyc
                                                            lable


           Products         Consumer

                                                       Non
                                                          -Re
                                                             cyc
                                                                lab
                                                                   le



                                                       Bio
                                                          -p
                                                            ro

          Waste to-energy                                    du
           (planned pilot                                      cts
Recycling      project)      Composting


                                             Waste
                                            Strategy




                                                                        Diagram illustrating the waste strategy
                                                                               at the Masdar Institute Campus
18




Transportation in the Masdar Institute

Transportation                                         In addition, a public transport system of electric buses
                                                       and other clean-energy vehicles will provide transport
In answering one of the overriding priorities of
                                                       within the city, while Abu Dhabi’s light rail and Metro
Masdar City’s master plan – to be a pedestrian-
                                                       lines will pass through the centre of Masdar City,
focused community – a rich network of public and
                                                       providing transport within the city and serving as a link
personal transportation options will ensure it is
                                                       to the wider metropolitan area. This extensive public
easy to move across the city in comfort and ease.
                                                       transportation network means that no destination
As a result, walking and self-propelled transport
                                                       within the city will be more than 250-300m from some
will be the most convenient forms of transportation
                                                       form of public transport. Most private vehicles will be
to many destinations within the city, as well as the
                                                       kept at the city’s edge in a number of parking lots that
most pleasant. This is the result of planners’ focus
                                                       will be linked by electric bus routes to other public
on created extensive shaded sidewalks and pathways
                                                       transportation traversing the city.
throughout the city.




Shaded sidewalks and
pathways at Masdar Institute
                                                                                                                    19




                                                                                                     PRT at Masdar City




City Mobility
Diagram explaining the proximity of city
landmarks to the Masdar Institute Campus.




                                                  High-speed
                                                     Train



                                                               Mass
                                                                    Tr an
                                                                          s   it
                Airport



                           LRT                                                         Public
                          Station                                                   Green Space



                                     PRT/Bus
                                      Station                  Playground




   Neighbourhood                                                                                  Places of
       Centre                                                                                     Worship




                                       Public                      Shops
                                    Green Space
                            2x
                            =4 2




                          School                                                   Workplaces




                                                    Metro
20




     The Built Environment
                                                         21




Climate Lobbies (Transitional Temperature Spaces)   22

Laboratories Exterior                               24

Laboratories Interior                               26

Residential Exterior                                28

Residential Interior                                30

Knowledge Centre                                    32

Knowledge Centre Interior                           34

Outcomes                                            36

Achievements against UAE business as usual          37
22




Climate Lobbies (Transitional Temperature Spaces)

• Climate lobbies and Transitional temperature                  round - typically a difference of 6-8oC. Night time
  spaces are designed to control and limit the extent           air is ventilated through the transitional spaces
  of the thermal shock that is felt by building users           cooling high thermal mass walls to the night time
  when they enter an leave the buildings. This occurs           temperatures. During the day the transitional
  as a result of moving between the hot external                spaces are sealed from the external air and the high
  environment to a colder air conditioned space;                thermal mass walls radiate ‘coolth’ into the spaces;
  or visa versa.                                                resulting in minimal of no additional air conditioning
                                                                required to the spaces for much of the year.
• Transitional temperature spaces at the Masdar
  Institute include the main vertical and horizontal           - The residential atriums are naturally lit during
  circulation route - for example the entrance                   the day with indirect north light, and extensive
  lobbies and corridor walkways in the residential               computer modelling ensures that window shading
  apartment atriums.                                             and orientation eliminates direct sunlight, and its
                                                                 associate heat gains.
• The use of these transitional temperature spaces
  allow for the temperature of the fully occupied              • Use of lowered blinds in the residential colonnades
  spaces (such as the laboratories) to be set at a               during the hot summer months help trap radiant
  higher temperature than typical buildings. This                “coolth” from the colonnade soffit to provide shaded
  results in significant energy savings on the air               cool pedestrian routes.
  conditioning requirements, as a result of the
                                                               • Use of high performance double glazed glass
  smooth transition in temperatures as people
                                                                 units and solar control coatings, to all glass
  move between external and internal conditions.
                                                                 ensures thermal heat gains are minimised and
• The Residential building atriums spaces can be kept            also provide greater visual connection due to
  at approximately 30oC for a large part of the year.            reduced condensation that typically occurs on
  This is achieved by taking advantage of the day /              external faces of glazing in the region.
  night time temperature variation that occurs year




      Folding Doors                                                                        Folding Doors
      Closed during the hot                                                                Closed during the hot
      summer months to “trap”                                                              summer months to “trap”
      residual conditioned air                                                             residual conditioned air
      and “coolth” but opened                                                              and “coolth” but opened
      during cooler winter       Exposed Thermal Mass                                      during cooler winter
      months.                                                                              months.
                                 Concrete surfaces and
                                 soffits in shaded locations
                                 to provide free radiant
                                 cooling.




Reception at Masdar Institute
                                                                           23




            Skylights
            The roof skylights have
            been computer modelled
            to ensure direct sunlight
            is eliminated and lit
            naturally during the day
            with indirect north light.




                  Residential Atriums
                  Maintained at a steady
                  30oC through passive
                  design utilising thermal
                  mass and avoiding direct
                  solar gain.




Grilles
At the base of the
atrium Grilles are used
to ventilate the space
during the night to cool
the thermal mass of
the walls. These grilles
are then closed during
the day where the walls
then radiate “coolth,”
conditioning the space.




                                             Pathways at the residential areas
                                              of the Masdar Institute Campus
24




Laboratories Exterior

The Masdar Institute Phase 1A laboratories are a          Windows are used to introduce natural controlled
unique super flexible laboratories that have been         daylight into the laboratories via clerestoreys
designed in response to the Masdar Institute vision       ensuring views out when either standing or sat
for cutting edge research to be carried out there.        at a workbench. These windows throughout the
Mixing all five initial academic research programmes      laboratories are then shaded with a combination
within the same laboratory spaces on interdisciplinary    of horizontal and vertical fins eliminating high and
programs represents the future for how research           low level angled sunlight.
- and scientific breakthroughs will occur; particularly
                                                          The solid areas of the façade incorporate a silver frit
in the realm of sustainable research programmes
                                                          pattern to the external surface and a thin aluminium
where standard practice science types are only
                                                          mirror finish or “solar surface” to the inner that
just emerging.
                                                          reflects light in a controlled way down to the
The laboratory façade has to mitigate between the         streets below.
requirements of the internal lab space and the high
                                                           Based on a modular solution, the prefabrication and
temperatures of the region. A key aspect of this is to
                                                          repitition of the individual cladding units help to
have a building façade which is highly insulated and
                                                          minimise waste during the fabrication process while
as air tight as possible. Any glass used in the
                                                          also providing a greater degree of finish to minimise
elevation creates a weak link in the façade’s thermal
                                                          infiltration/exfiltration which the Masdar sustainability
performance and therefore need to be located
                                                          parameters demand.
and utilised as effectively as possible.




Laboratory courtyard at the Masdar
Institute Campus (upward view)
                                                                                                               25




                                   PV Panels
                                   Elevated and overhung to
                                   maximise area for energy
                                   generation and provide
                                   shading to the street
                                   below.




                 External ETFE
              and Foil Cushions
       Reflective inner layer to
         bounce daylight down
           to street level while
            increasing daylight
           levels in residential
                   apartments.



                                                      Façade
                                                      Passive shading
                                                      elements designed to
                                                      eliminate the direct
                                                      solar gain to reduce
                                                      cooling loads within the
                                                      laboratory spaces.




                                                                    Passive Shading Element
                                                                    Passive shading element
                                                                     density and distribution
                                                                           optimised through
                                                                      computer modelling to
                                                                    maximise daylighting and
                                                                     visual connection within
                                                                       the open laboratories.




Accommodation
Accommodation at
podium level set back
as defined within the
masterplan guidelines
to provide year-round
shaded pedestrian
colonades for walking
around campus.


                                                                                 A view of the laboratory building
                                                                                 at the Masdar Institute Campus
26




                                                          Low-energy
                                           Lighting       Lighting Systems
                                   Indirect lighting      Intelligent controls
                                   enhances visual        maximise daylight
                                        comfort for       utilisation, energy
                                      researchers.        savings and enhanced
                                                          occupant control.




     Active Chilled Beams
     Provide fresh air and                                                                    Plug and Play
     cooling with fresh air
                                                                                   Labs offer unparalleled
     volumes reduced by
                                                                                  ‘plug and play’ flexibility
     over 40% through the
                                                                                       and adaptability for
     use of advanced air
                                                                                         researchers, with
     management systems.
                                                                                       each lab bay having
                                                                                    separate overhead lab
                                                                                        and environmental
                                                                                     ‘multi service beams’.
                                                                                  These provide dedicated
                                                                                     connectivity to power,
                                                                                     comms, lab gases and
                                                                                  fluids, lighting, fresh air
                                                                                                 and cooling




                                    Occupant Sensors
                                    Communicate with
                                  lighting, cooling and
                                  fresh air systems to
                              match supply to demand.




                                                          Layouts
                                                          The open laboratories
                                                          and lab support areas are
                                                          designed to a vibration
                                                          criteria VC-A to ensure
                                                          flexibility of layouts.




Interior of Laboratory at Masdar Institute
                                                                                                              27




Laboratories Interior

The concept for flexible laboratories has meant that     floor plates and open plan spaces free of columns
the Masdar Institute design does not fall into any       within the laboratories. Services are all provided from
normal laboratory building ‘type’ where lab buildings    overhead on a grid system - with a robust resin floor
are designed around specific science / research          that allows for the laboratories to be used wet lab
requirements.                                            research programmes also. The labs have been
                                                         designed such that they could be converted to biotech
At the Masdar Institute the flexible ‘plug and play’
                                                         / bio science laboratories with minimal conversion
base build services and flexible casework / office pod
                                                         costs. Thus minimising the environmental impact
systems allow for the building interiors to be easily
                                                         associated typically with building retrofitting to
reconfigured to suit changing needs of the research
                                                         suit the ever changing needs of the science
programmes accommodated. This required investment
                                                         and researchers.
in a robust building fabric - including low vibration




Laboratory
Example laboratories furniture configuration.




Open Lab Layout Plan – Option 1                               Open Lab Layout Plan – Option 2




Open Lab Layout Plan – Option 3                               Open Lab Layout Plan – Option 4
28




Residential Exterior

The residential concept for the Masdar Institute   The high density low-rise living is a major component of
focuses on the creation of lively energetic        this low impact development and is vital in achieving
neighbourhoods. The university campus is           a balanced socially and commercially sustainable
conceptualised around a hierarchy of streets       campus. The marriage of traditional Arabic building
and squares that form the backdrop to an           practice and modern technologies satisfy demands
environment of integration, communication          for style, adaptability and flexibility while keeping a
and co-operation; a place active day or night.     sustainable footprint.




Caption to beresidential façade
A view of the confirmed
Caption to be confirmed
at the Masdar Institute Campus
                                                                                                                  29




Shaded Balcony
Each apartment has its
own shaded balcony,
screened for privacy and
solar control




                                                              Windows
                                               Area vary in response to
                                               daylight availability, and
                                                are positioned to wash
                                                walls and ceilings with
                                                               daylight.

        Residential Balconies
        Pre-fabricated for
        ease of installation
        and quality.




                                Façades
                                The form of the
                                residential façades
                                were influenced not
                                only by the surrounding
                                dunes for their form
                                but also the use of sand
                                as the aggregate to
                                the Glass Reinforced
                                Concrete (GRC) which
                                gives the cladding their
                                distinctive colour.




                                                                            Façade of residential at Masdar Institute
30




Residential Interior at Masdar Institute




                              Wall Insulation
                              Levels over three times
                              better than ASHRAE
                              benchmark.
                                                              Frames
                                                              FSC timber frames
                                                              provide enhanced
                                                              thermal performance
                                                              at the lowest possible
                                                              ecological impact.




                 Linoleum Floor
                 • Floor covering
                   consisting mainly
                   of Linseed Oil.
                 • Ranked first as Nature
                   friendly Floor covering.




              High Ceilings
              To keep rooms cool.




  White Surfaces
  to maximise reflection of
  daylight and reduce usage
  of artificial lighting.




Living Area                                        Bathroom                     Study Area
                                                                                                                         31




Residential Interior

• Apartments are accessed via a fully shaded, atrium        • Particle Board is FSC, contain less than 8mg/100gr
  space that exploits thermal mass and natural                formaldehyde and is made of 100% recycled post-
  ventilation to provide free cooling – atrium rooflights     consumption materials.
  allow diffuse daylight, blocking direct sunlight and      • Varnishes for Door Handles are water base.
  providing additional roof area for PVs.
                                                            • Extruded Aluminium for Door Handle + Structure
• FSC timber-framed high performance low-e double             of Wall Panelling: is 100% Recycled Aluminium.
  glazing system, with openable windows positioned
  to maximise natural ventilation effectiveness.            • Kitchen Work-top and Splash-back are made of
                                                              100% Recycled Waste Stone.
• Acoustic separation ensures privacy and
  peaceful study.                                           • Water saving specification will enable a reduction
                                                              of up to 54% in potable water consumption
• Metering for each unit provides feedback to the             compared to UAE baseline.
  building facilities manager and individual occupants
  on energy and water and cooling demand.                   • Dedicated potable and recycled water supplies,
                                                              with separate grey and blackwater drainage.
• The first phase of the Institute campus has 102
  residential apartments spread between four                • Latest low-energy lighting specification including
  residential blocks; one of which is a female block.         the latest LED systems.

• Laminate for Furniture, Operable Walls and Doors is       • When unoccupied, each apartment enters a
  made of Unbleached Cellulose Fibrous Material and           ‘sleep’ mode to minimise energy consumption.
  Water based Resins.                                       • iBMS control of cooling and lighting provided
• Adhesives between Particle Board and Laminate are           for Masdar Institute demand response ‘smart
  Water based and less than 3.5% VOC.                         appliance’ pilot project.




                                                                                           A typical layout of a one bedroom
                                                                                   apartment in the Masdar Institute Campus
32




Knowledge Centre

The slightly flattened spherical shape of the                         The glulam (glued laminated) timber roof is graceful
university’s Knowledge Centre reflects the                            and beautiful, and it was chosen over steel because by
designers’ efforts to optimise the building’s                         using FSC- and PEFC-certified timber, it has a lower
photovoltaic (PV) energy harvesting – based on its                    embodied energy coefficient. On the northeast section
orientation, the inclination of the PV panels and                     of the building’s exterior roof, the eye-catching flat
maximisation of the roof’s surface area. As well, a                   and folded zinc cladding provides ventilated shading
large self-shading overhang allows for a full wall of                 to parts of the building and the Family Square.
glass. Generally, in order to reduce building cooling
                                                                      The diagram below shows how the design of the
loads, all windows in Masdar City must be shaded to
                                                                      Knowledge Centre evolved to produce not only a
prevent direct sunlight from reaching inside. This
                                                                      striking architectural statement, but an efficient,
window not only provides a large amount of natural
                                                                      practical building.
light to enter the study areas of the centre, but it also
offers views on to one of the city’s “green finger”
linear parks that passes close by the centre.




1) ORIENT SOUTH                                                       2) BRING CORNERS DOWN




                                                                                                             Bring Corners Down




                                        FACE SOUTH                              Evening Sun

                     South

                             • Maximizes Energy Generation                                    • Self-Shades Facade/Blocks
                                                                                               Low-Angle Sun/Allows Glazing and Views
                             • Faces Linear Park
                                                                                              • Increase Roof Surface Area/
                             • Shades Facade to Allow Glazing/Views
                                                                                               Improves Energy Generation
Section                                                               Section




3) RAISE CORNER/LOWER OVERHANG                                        4) ANGLE OVERHANG AND FACADE



                             Raise                                                                                                Winter Solstice
                             Corner                                                                                               Noon Sun
                                                                                                                                  [41.2 degrees]




                                                                                                                Angle Overhang
                                                                                                                to 41.2 degrees



                                 Lower Facade Overhang


          Raise
                             • 10 Degrees Roof Angle                                          • Maximizes Self-Shading/
                  Lower       Optimizes Energy Generation                                      Allows Glazing and Views

                             • Improves Natural Ventilation                                   • Creates Colonnade

                             • Allows for Indirect Natural Light                              • Back of Shell Can Be Open
Section                                                               Perspective
                                                                                               to Indirect Natural Light




Evolution of Knowledge Centre design
                                                                                                                       33




                                                                            Roof Shell
                                                                            Oversailing roof shell
                                                                            shades the overall
Building Orientation                                                        building to minimise the
Three-dimensional                                                           cooling load and control
form developed using                                                        the natural daylight
computational solar                                                         levels of the study
analysis to maximise the                                                    spaces within.
efficiency of the PV array
and thermal tubes.
The performance data
regards the PV panels
stated in the roof
shell fact.




                                                        Glazing
                                                        High performance
                                                        glazing optimises
                                                        daylight transmission
                                                        whilst reducing glare
                                                        and preventing external
                                                        heat gains entering the
                                                        building.




                           Roof Shell
                    Constructed from
                   engineered timber
                      harvested from
                  sustainable forests.



                                                    Entrance
                                         Shaded environment
                                              at street level.




                                                                                            A view of the Knowledge Centre
                                                                                            at the Masdar Institute Campus
34




Knowledge Centre Interior

The interior of the Knowledge Centre is divided into a   • Laminate is made of Unbleached Cellulose Fibrous
vertical hierarchy of spaces, with social gathering on     Material and Water based Resins.
the ground floor, group study and technology-driven
                                                         • Adhesives between Particle Board and Laminate
research in the central level, and private, quieter
                                                           are Water based and less than 3.5% VOC.
research areas dedicated to individual use on the
upper level away from the noise and activity of the      • Particle Board is FSC, contain less than 8mg/100gr
active ground floor.                                       formaldehyde and is made of 100% recycled post-
                                                           consumption materials.
The interior of the knowledge centre is conditioned
by displacement ventilation from the raised floor        • Varnishes are water based.
air plenum.                                              • Extruded Aluminium + trims is 100%
                                                           Recycled Aluminium.




Interior of Knowledge Centre
at Masdar Institute
                                                                                                          35




Detail of staircase at                                                             Natural ventilation of the
the Knowledge Centre                                                                Knowledge Centre Roof




                                                                                        Natural Ventilation




                                                         Roof Lights



                                  Displacement Cooling




     Maximise Views to the Park
                                                                       Shading to seated area
                                                                       Arranged around central water
                                                                       feature to provide localized cooling.




                                                                        Diagram showing the environmental
                                                                       concept behind the Knowledge Centre
36




Outcomes

• Further refine the use of prefabrication where         • Further thermal imaging analysis for strategically
  possible, for environmental gains provided by            locating water features in shaded areas and planting
  minimising waste during production and also              of trees and vegetation to provide localised cooling,
  allow ease of installation on site.                      without wasting recycled water.
• Ensure the delivery of all passive design features     • Further develop the position and optimisation of
  in a building design - to help to ensure a good          strategic use of thermal mass to provide free
  sustainable base for the buildings performance,          radiant cooling, from night time ‘purge’.
  before seeking additional energy savings delivered
                                                         • Maximising use of diffuse daylight to provide natural
  by active technology and behavioural change of
                                                           lighting to internal spaces and avoiding direct solar
  the building users.
                                                           gain from sunlight.
• Further develop and refine local production and use
                                                         • Encourage the appointed contractors to implement
  of locally sourced materials, providing a long term
                                                           on-site recycling and minimise the extent of packaging
  investment in the local workforce and industry;
                                                           to procurred products delivered to reduce the
  providing sustainable products that further reduce
                                                           overall quantity of waste going to landfill/incineration
  embodied energy associated in the procurement
                                                           in line with Masdar City’s vision of low waste.
  of products.
• Learning from the architectural heritage of the past
  in the region to help inform the contemporary
  architectural future.




“The Masdar Institute campus gives an insight into
the ways the future city will pursue sustainability, and
a wander through the complex is illuminating. The
campus, which consists of a main building, a knowledge
centre and student quarters, will use significantly less
energy and water than business as usual. In particular,
residential quarters of the complex is designed to use
around 51 percent less energy than average buildings
in the UAE, and 54 percent less water.

Around 30 percent of the campus’s energy will be
covered by solar panels on the roof, with 75 percent
of hot water also being heated by the sun”.
                                                                                                37




Achievements against UAE business as usual

Water
Water consumption

Business as usual            390 litres per person per day



                                                                            54%
Masdar Institute Campus      179 litres per person per day



                                                                            Savings




Annual energy consumption
Technologies providing % annual energy savings against
UAE business as usual (incremental contribution)




     3%                      15%                     18%                 45%

Solar hot water           Efficient lighting     Reduced cooling      Efficient fans
    system                                     demand and efficient    and pumps
                                                 cooling systems




                                 66%                                        51%
                            Additional contribution from PV’s                 Proposed design
38




The Next Phase
                                                     39




Next Steps - Phase 1B of the Masdar Institute   40

Proposed Masterplan of Masdar City              42
40




Next Steps - Phase 1B of the Masdar Institute

Phase 1B is the second phase of the Masdar Institute                      This second phase compliments the facilities just
which is due to start construction shortly. It aims to                    completed on site by adding more residential
continue the vision for the research to be carried                        accommodation (219 1-bed apartments), laboratory
out there set by the first phase and re-enforcing                         space and laboratory core facilities (such as
the UAE’s vision in creating a sustainable research                       hi-bays, imaging suite and radio frequency shielding
hub. - primarily the desire to mix an extended                            laboratories) in addition to a Multi-Use Hall. The latter
academic research programme within the same                               provides the fledgling campus a new iconic building to
laboratory spaces.                                                        go with the Knowledge Centre in the first phase and
                                                                          the City overall with additional recreational activities
                                                                          with the introduction of a swimming pool and a
                                                                          multiple function hall which can be arranged for
                                                                          sport or as a flexible conference facility.

 Phase 1B                                                 sq m
 Classroom                                                 573
 Common Facilities (including Multi-Use Hall)             5,860
 Laboratory                                              20,098
 Office                                                    710
 Residential                                             17,199
 Retail                                                    366
 Landscape                                               15,221
 Roof                                                    12,282
 Other Areas (Building Services, External                13,829
 Circulation, External Balconies etc.)
 Total                                                   86,138



                                                                                              Residential
                                 Residential


                                                                                   Laboratories




                                                          Residential, female block (R3)
               Podium
                                        Multi-Use Hall




                                                                                                              Undercroft




Detail showing the master plan of the
Masdar Institute Campus phase 1B
                                                                                                  41




Laboratories
Open Plan Labs
Lab Support
Academic Offices
Atrium Cafe




Residential Mix
Male block (R1) - 54
1 bed - 50
1 bed disabled - 4
Male block (R2) - 115
1 bed - 117
1 bed disabled - 0
Female block (R3) - 50
1 bed - 46
1 bed disabled - 4
Total – 219 Residential Apartments




Multi-Use Hall                       Podium
25m Swimming Pool                    Majlis (Male and Female)
Gym                                  Prayer Rooms
Prefunction Room                     Canteen
Sports Hall                          Classrooms
                                     Retail
                                     Student Union
                                     F+B Outlets




Undercroft
7no. Hi-bay Labs
(inc. Radio Frequency
shielded hi-bays, Imaging Lab)
Satellite Workshop
2no. FRT Loading Bay




                                                                Detail showing the master plan of the
                                                                  Masdar Institute Campus phase 1B
   42




Proposed Masterplan
of Masdar City
43
Masdar City
PO Box 54115, Abu Dhabi, UAE
T +971 2 653 3333 E joinus@masdarcity.ae
www.masdarcity.ae




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