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APPROVED AND UNAPPROVED ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS FOR MEDICAL RECORDS

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APPROVED AND UNAPPROVED ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS FOR MEDICAL RECORDS Powered By Docstoc
					               Facility:      Illinois College of Optometry and Illinois Eye Institute
                Policy:       Approved And Unapproved Abbreviations and Symbols for Medical Records
               Manual:        Information Management
             Effective:       January 1999
              Revised:        March 2009 (M.Butz)
         Review Dates:        March 2003 (V.Conrad) March 2008 (M.Butz)


         APPROVED AND UNAPPROVED ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS
                        FOR MEDICAL RECORDS
PURPOSE:

To establish a database of acceptable ocular and medical abbreviations for patient medical records.
To list the abbreviations that are NOT approved for use in patient medical records.

POLICY:

Following is the list of abbreviations that are NOT approved – never to be used – for use in patient
medical records, all orders, and all medication-related documentation that is either hand-written
(including free-text computer entry) or pre-printed:

           DO NOT USE                           POTENTIAL PROBLEM                                    USE INSTEAD
             U (unit)                           Mistaken for “0” (zero), the                          Write “unit”
                                                    number “4”, or “cc”
       IU (international unit)                Mistaken for “IV” (intravenous)                 Write “international unit”
                                                   or the number 10 (ten).
   Q.D., QD, q.d., qd (daily)                      Mistaken for each other                           Write “daily”
   Q.O.D., QOD, q.o.d., qod                    Period after the Q mistaken for                 Write (“every other day”)
       (every other day)                      “I” and the “O” mistaken for “I”
   Trailing zero (X.0 mg) **                      Decimal point is missed.                           Write X mg
  Lack of leading zero (.X mg)                    Decimal point is missed.                          Write 0.X mg
              MS                               Can mean morphine sulfate or                  Write “morphine sulfate” or
                                                     magnesium sulfate                          “magnesium sulfate”
        MSO4 and MgSO4                            Confused for one another                   Write “morphine sulfate” or
                                                                                                “magnesium sulfate”

** Exception: A trailing zero may be used only where required to demonstrate the level of precision of the value being
reported, such as for laboratory results, imaging studies that report size of lesions, or catheter/tube sizes. It may not be used in
medication orders or other medication-related documentation.




                                                                                                      Page 1 of 9
                Facility:   Illinois College of Optometry and Illinois Eye Institute
                 Policy:    Approved And Unapproved Abbreviations and Symbols for Medical Records
                Manual:     Information Management
              Effective:    January 1999
               Revised:     March 2009 (M.Butz)
          Review Dates:     March 2003 (V.Conrad) March 2008 (M.Butz)


Following is the list of abbreviations that are approved for use in IEI patient medical records. Note that
abbreviations of conditions should not be used when documenting diagnoses or complications in the
assessment portion of the medical record or the master problem list.

It is recommended that practitioners and student clinicians minimize the use of abbreviations and, when
possible, write out the full terminology or name in order to be as clear as possible for the next provider of
care. If there is any doubt about the intention or meaning of an abbreviation, please seek explanation
prior to treating the patient.



                                                          ARC            anomalous retinal correspondence
@                at                                       ARMD           age-related macular degeneration
A                assessment or alternating (AET,          A/S            antisuppression
                 Alternating Esotropia, etc.)             AT             artificial tears
abn              abnormal                                 AS             anterior synechiae
ac               before meals                             ASA            aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)
AC               anterior chamber or anomalous            ASAP           as soon as possible
                 correspondence                           ASC            anteior subcapsular cataract
ACC              accommodation                            asph           aspheric
ACE              angiotensin-converting enzyme            astig          astigmatism
ACG              angle-closure glaucoma                   ATR            against-the-rule (astigmatism)
ACIOL            anterior chamber intraocular lens        A/V            arteriolar/venous (ratio, nicking)
ACT              alternating cover test                   B. string      Brock string
Add              adduction or bifocal power               BAK            benzalkonium chloride
adv              advanced                                 BB             binocular balance
AE               accommodative excess                     BC             base curve
AI               after image or accommodative             BCP            birth control pill
                 insufficieny                             BCR            base curve radius
AIDS             acquired immunodeficiency syndrome       BDR            background diabetic retinopathy
AION             anterior ischemic optic neuropathy       BF             bifocal
AK                astigmatic keratectomy                  BI             base in
Alph             Alphagan                                 bid            twice a day
ALT              argon laser trabeculoplasty              bif            bifocal
AMA              against medical advice                   bilat          bilateral
Ambl             amblyopia                                BIM            base-in/minus
AMD              age-related macular degeneration         BINO           bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia
AMPPE            acute multifocal placoid pigment         BIO            binocular indirect ophthalmoscope
                 epitheliopathy                                          (ophthalmoscopy)
ANA              antinuclear antibody                     BITA           bilevel
Angle A          angle of anomaly                         bleph          blepharitis
Angle D          objective angle of strabismus            BO             base out
Angle S          subjective angle                         BOP            base-out/plus
ant              anterior                                 BP             blood pressure
AODM             adult-onset diabetes mellitus            BRAO           Branch retinal artery occlusion
APD              afferent pupillary defect                BRVO           branch retinal vein occlusion
AP Rule          Aperture Rule                            BTL            behind the lens
approx           approximately                            BU             base up


                                                                                    Page 2 of 9
               Facility:   Illinois College of Optometry and Illinois Eye Institute
                Policy:    Approved And Unapproved Abbreviations and Symbols for Medical Records
               Manual:     Information Management
             Effective:    January 1999
              Revised:     March 2009 (M.Butz)
         Review Dates:     March 2003 (V.Conrad) March 2008 (M.Butz)


BUN             blood urea nitrogen                      CP             cerebral palsy
BUT             break-up time                            CPM           continue prescribed medication
BV              binocular vision                         CPR            cardiopulmonary resuscitation
BVA             best visual acuity                       CR             chorioretinal
BW              broken wheel                             CRAO           central retinal artery occlusion
bx              biopsy                                   CRVO           central retinal vein
c               with                                     CS             cortical spoking
C               cornea or cycloplegic                    C&S            culture and sensitivity
CA              carcinoma                                CSF            cerebrospinal fluid
CABG            coronary artery bypass graft             CSM            central, steady, maintained
CACG            chronic angle closure glaucoma           CSME           clinically significant macular edema
CAD             coronary artery disease                  CSC            central serous chorioretinopathy
CAI             carbonic anhydrase inhibitor             CT             cover test or center thickness
cap(s)          capsule(s)                               cyclo         cycloplegic
cat             cataract                                 CT scan        computed tomographic scan
CAT             computed axial tomography                CV             color vision
CB              ciliary body                             CVA            cardiovascular accident
CBC             complete blood count or                  CVD            cardiovascular disease
                Clear/blur/clear                         CWS            cotton-wool spot
cc              with correction                          Cx             culture
CC              chief complaint                          cyl            cylinder
CCC             central corneal clouding                 D 250          Diamox 250-mg tablets
CCCV             clear, comfortable, central vision      D              diopter or diameter or disc
CCTV            closed-circuit television                D/C            discontinue
c/d or C/D      cup-to-disc ratio                        D&Q            deep and quiet
CE              convergence excess or cataract           DD             disc diameter
                extraction                               DDx            differential diagnosis
CF              count fingers or confrontation field     DE            divergence excess
C&F             cells and flare                          Dec           decenter
CHA             compound hyperopic astigmatism           DFE            dilated fundus examination
CHF             congestive heart failure                 DFV            Designs for Vision
CHRPE           congenital hypertrophy of the retinal    DI             divergence insufficiency
                pigment epithelium                       D&I            dilation and irrigation
CI              convergence insufficiency                dia or diam              diameter
CL              contact lens or clear                    disp           dispense
cm              centimeter                               dist           distance
CMA              compound myopic astigmatism             Dk/L           oxygen transmissibility of a contat lens
CME             cystoid macular edema                    DM             diabetes mellitus
CMV             cytomegalovirus                          DME            diabetic macular edema
CN              cranial nerve                            DPA’s          diagnostic pharmaceutical agents
CNS             central nervous system                   DR             diabetic retinopathy
CNV             choroidal neovascular membrane           DVA            distance visual acuity
c/o             complaining of                           DW             daily wear
COAG            chronic open-angle glaucoma              Dx             diagnosis
COIL            Combined Optical Industries Limited      EBMD           epithelial basement membrane dystrophy
cone            keratoconus                              ECCE           extracapsular cataract extraction
cong            congenital                               ED             electrodiagnostic (testing) or educated
conj            conjunctiva                              EF             eccentric fixation
COPD            chronic obstructive pulmonary disease    EKC            epidemic keratoconjunctivitis



                                                                                  Page 3 of 9
             Facility:   Illinois College of Optometry and Illinois Eye Institute
              Policy:    Approved And Unapproved Abbreviations and Symbols for Medical Records
             Manual:     Information Management
           Effective:    January 1999
            Revised:     March 2009 (M.Butz)
       Review Dates:     March 2003 (V.Conrad) March 2008 (M.Butz)


EKG or ECG    electrocardiogram                           FTFC           full-to-finger counting
ELISA         enzyme-linked immunosorbetn assay           FTW            full-time wear
endo          endothelium                                 f/u            follow-up
ENG           electronystagmogram                         GCA            giant cell arteritis
ENT           ear, nose, throat                           GEE            general eye exam
enz           enzyme                                      GF             grandfather
EOG           electro-oculography                         GI             gastrointestinal
EOM           extraocular muscles                         GLC            glaucoma
EP            esophoria at far                            GM             grandmother
EP’           esophoria at near                           GO, GI, GII    grades of anterior chamber angle: GO=
epith         epithelium                                     GIII, GIV   closed; GIV = wide open
ER            emergency room or emergency                 gonio          gonioscopic examination
ERG           electroretinography                         GOS            general opthalmology service
ERM           epiretinal membrane                         GPC            giant papillary conjunctivitis
Eschen        Eschenbach                                  gt             drop (plural, gtt)
eso           esophoria                                   GTT            glucose tolerance test
ESR           erythrocyte sedimentation rate (sed rate)   GVF            Goldmann visual field
ET            constant esotropia at far or edge           h or hr        hour
               thickness                                  HA             headache
ET’           constant esotropia at near                  hab            habitual
IET           intermittent esotropia at far               HAG            Home Amsler Grid
IET’          intermittent esotropia at near              Hb             hemoglobin
ETOH          ethyl alcohol                               HBAIT          Hering-Bielschowsky after image test
EV            eccentric viewing                           HBP            high blood pressure
eval          evaluation                                  HC             Hart chart
EW            extended wear                               HCL            hard contact lens
EXT           external ocular examination, including      HCTZ           hydrocholorothiazide
              adnexa                                      hem or heme    hemorrhage
exoph         exophthalmos                                Hg             mercury
exo           exophoria                                   HH             handheld
F             fluorescein or father                       HHM             hand-held magnifier
FA or FANG    fluorescein angiography                     HHTS           hand-held telescope
FAZ           foveal avascular zone                       HIV            human immunodeficiency virus
FB            foreign body                                HLA            histocompatibility locus antigen or
FBS           fasting blood sugar                                        Human leukocyte antigen
FC            finger count                                h/o            history of
FD            fixation disparity                          horiz          horizontal
FERG          focal electrogram                           H 2O           water
FFSM          fixed focus stand magnifier                 HM             hand motion or hand magnifier
FH or FHx     family history                              H&P            history and physical
FLP           forced preferential looking acuity          HPA            high plus add
FMHx          family medical history                      hs             at bedtime
FML           fluorometholone                             HSK            herpes simplex keratitis
FOHx          family ocular history                       HSV            herpes simplex virus
FP            Flouroperm                                  HT             hypertropia at far or height
FR            foveal reflex                               HT’            hypertropia at near
FROM          full range of motion                        HTN            hypertension
FTA-ABS       fluorescent treponemal antibody             HVF            Humphrey visual field
              absorption test                             Hx             history



                                                                                    Page 4 of 9
              Facility:   Illinois College of Optometry and Illinois Eye Institute
               Policy:    Approved And Unapproved Abbreviations and Symbols for Medical Records
              Manual:     Information Management
            Effective:    January 1999
             Revised:     March 2009 (M.Butz)
        Review Dates:     March 2003 (V.Conrad) March 2008 (M.Butz)


HZO            herpes zoster ophthalmicus                 LSO         left superior oblique
I              intermittent (IAET, intermittent           LSR         left superior rectus
               Alternating esotropia, etc.) or inferior   LTP         laser trabeculoplasty
ICA            internal carotid artery                    LVA         low vision aids
ICCE           intracapsular cataract extraction          Lymph       lymphocytes or lymphatic
ICE            iridocorneal endothelial syndrome          m           meter or month
ICR            intermediate curve radius                  MA         mixed astigmatism
ICU            intensive care unit                        M           manifest refraction or macula or mother
ICW            intermediate curve width                   mac         macula
I&D            incision and drainage                      max         maximum
IDDM           insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus        meds        medications
IEI            Illinois Eye Institute                     MEM         monocular estimate method
Ig             immunoglobulin                             MEWDS       multiple evanescent white dot syndrome
IK             interstitial keratitis                     MFS         monofixation syndrome
IM             intramuscular                              MG          Marcus Gunn
Imp            impression                                 mg          milligram
Inf            inferior                                   MGD         meibomian gland dysfunction
Inj            injection                                  MGF        maternal grandfather
IN             inferonasal                                MGM        maternal grandmother
INO            internuclear ophthalmoplegia               MHx         medical history
int            intermittent                               MI          myocardial infarction
IOL            intraocular lens                           min         minute or minimum
ION            ischemic optic neuropathy                  ml          milliliter
IOP            intraocular pressure                       mm          millimeter
IR             infrared                                   MM          malignant melanoma
IRMA           intraretinal microvascular abnormality     mm Hg       millimeters of mercury
IT             inferotemporal                             M&N         Mydriacyl (tropicamide) and
IV             intravenous                                            Neo-synephrine (phenylephrine)
JRA            juvenile rheumatoid arthritis              mot         motility
K              potassium or keratometry                   mp         multipack
KCS            keratoconjunctivitis sicca                 MRI         magnetic resonance imaging
Kg             kilogram                                   MS          multiple sclerosis
KP             keratic precipitate                        MVA         motor vehicle accident
L              left or lens                               mvt        movement
lab            laboratory                                 Myd        Mydriacyl
lac            lacrimal                                   N           nasal
LASIK          laser in situ keratomileusis               N/A         not applicable or not available
LD             learning disabled                          NaCl        sodium chloride
LKP            lamellar keratoplasty                      NaFl       sodium fluorescein
LIO            left inferior oblique                      NAG         narrow-angle glaucoma
LIR            left inferior rectus                       NAP        no apparent pathology
LL             lids and lashes or lower lid               NC         normal correspondence
LLR            left lateral rectus                        NCT        noncontact tonometer (tonometry)
LMR            left medial rectus                         neg        negative
LOZ            lenticular optical zone                    neo        neovascularization or neosynephrine
LP             light perception, light projection,        NFL        nerve fiber layer
               lumbar puncture or lateral phoria          NFLD       nerve fiber layer defect
LPI            laser peripheral iridotomy                 NI         no improvement
LS             lid scrubs or life saver card              NIDDM      non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus



                                                                                Page 5 of 9
                  Facility:   Illinois College of Optometry and Illinois Eye Institute
                   Policy:    Approved And Unapproved Abbreviations and Symbols for Medical Records
                  Manual:     Information Management
                Effective:    January 1999
                 Revised:     March 2009 (M.Butz)
            Review Dates:     March 2003 (V.Conrad) March 2008 (M.Butz)


NKA                no known allergies                       P4, P2, etc.   pilocarpine 4%, 2%, etc., drops
NKMA               no known medical allergies               PB             prism bar
nl or nml          normal                                   pc             after meals
NLP                no light perception                      PC             posterior capsule or polycarbonate
NM                 no movement                              PCF            pharyngoconjunctival fever
NPC                near point of convergence                PCIOL          posterior chamber intraocular lens
NPDR               nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy    PCN            penicillin
NR                 no refill                                PCP            primary care provider
NRA                negative relative accommodation          PCR            peripheral curve radius
NRC                normal retinal correspondence            PCW            peripheral curve width
NRR                neural retinal rim                       PD             pupillary distance
NS                 nuclear sclerosis                        PDR            proliferaive diabetic retinopathy
NSAID              nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug      PDS            pigment dispersion syndrome
NTG                normotensive glaucoma                    PE             Phenylephrine
NV                 near vision or neovascularization        PEE            punctate epithelial erosions
NVA                near visual acuity                       PEK            punctate epithelial keratitis
NVD                neovascularization of the disc           PERG           pattern electrogram
NVE                neovascularization of the retina         PERRLA         pupils equal, round, reactive to light
                   elsewhere                                               and accommodation
NVG                neovascular glaucoma                     PF             Pred Forte
NVI                neovascularization of the iris           Pg             pregnant
O                  objective                                PGF            paternal grandfather
O2                 oxygen                                   PGM            paternal grandmother
OAD                overall diameter                         ph             pinhole
OAG                open-angle glaucoma                      phako          phakoemulsification
OD                 right eye                                Phenyl         Phenylephrine
ODM                ophthalmodynamometry                     PHNI or NIph   pinhole no improvement
OFHx               ocular family history                    PHPV           persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous
OGTT               oral glucose tolerance test              PI             present illness, peripheral iridotomy, or
OHTN               ocular hypertension                                     peripheral iridectomy
OHx                ocular history                           PKP            pentrating keratoplasty
OKN                optokinetic nystagmus                    PMMA           polymethylmethacrylate
OM                 oculomotor                               PMN            polymorphonuclear neutrophil
ON                 optic nerve                              P-M Pen        Perceptual-Motor Pen
ONH                optic nerve head                         po             per os, by mouth
OR                 operating room                           POAG           primary open-angle glaucoma
Ortho-K            ortho-keratolaogy                        POHx           positive ocular history
OS                 left eye                                 POHS           presumed ocular histoplasmosis
OTC                over the counter                                        Syndrome
OU                 both eyes                                PMHx           positive medical history
OZ                 optical zone                             post           posterior
P                  pupil or periphery or pursuits or plan   PPD            purified protein derivative or posterior
p                  post, after                                             polymorphous dystrophy
PAL                progressive addition lens                PPDR           preproliferative diabetic retinopathy
PAM                potential acuity meter                   PPU            pencil push-up
PAN                preauricular node                        PPLOV          painless progressive loss of vision
PAS                peripheral anterior synechia             PPV            pars plana vitrectomy
pat or pt          patient                                  prep           preparation
path               pathology                                PRK            photorefractive keratectomy



                                                                                       Page 6 of 9
                  Facility:   Illinois College of Optometry and Illinois Eye Institute
                   Policy:    Approved And Unapproved Abbreviations and Symbols for Medical Records
                  Manual:     Information Management
                Effective:    January 1999
                 Revised:     March 2009 (M.Butz)
            Review Dates:     March 2003 (V.Conrad) March 2008 (M.Butz)


PRA                 positive relative accommodation         Rx           prescription
prn                 take as needed                          s            without
PRP                 panretinal photocoagulation             S            subjective or superior or saccades
PS                  posterior synechia                      sac          saccades
PSC                 posterior subcapsular cataract          sc           without correction
Pt                 patient                                  SC           secondary curve
purs               pursuits                                 SCL          soft contact lens
p-u amp            push-up amplitude                        SCr          secondary curve radius
p-a amp            push-away amplitude                      SCw          secondary curve width
PVA                 polyvinyl alcohol                       SD           scleral depression
PVD                 poserior vitreous detachment            seg          segment
Px                  prognosis                               SE’s         side effects
q                   every                                   Sed rate     erythrocyte sedimentation rate
qd                  every day                               SEI          subepithelial infiltrate
q2h, etc.           every 2 hours, etc.                     sig          write on label
qid                 four times a day                        SILO         small in, large out
q/o                question of                              SL           Schwalbe’s line or serum lysozyme
qod                 every other day                         SLE          systemic lupus erythematosus or slit
R                   right or retinoscopy                                 lamp examination
RA                  rheumatoid arthritis                    SLE          slit lamp examination
RB                  rose bengal or retinal break            SLK          superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis
RBC                 red blood cell or retinal break         SH           simple hyperopia
RBON                retrobulbar optic neuritis              SM           stand magnifier or simple myopia
RCE                 recurrent corneal erosion               SN           superonasal or signs
RD                  retinal detachment                      SOB          shortness of breath
RDV                reciprocal of distance vision            sol          solution
re                 regarding                                SOMS          Single Oblique Mirror Stereoscope
rec                recommend                                S/P          status post
Ret                 retinoscopy                             SPK          superficial punctate keratitis
RF                  rheumatoid factor                       SpTS         spectacle telescope
R-G                 red-green                               SR           subjective refraction
RGP                 rigid gas permeable                     SRF          subretinal fluid
RH                  retinal hole                            SRNVM        subretinal neovascularization membrane
RI                  rubeosis iridis                         SRx          spectacle prescription
RIO                 right inferior oblique                  SS           scleral spur or sickle cell disease
RIR                 right inferior rectus                   S/S          signs and symptoms
RK                  radial keratotomy                       ST           superotemporal
RLR                 right lateral rectus                    Std          standard
RMR                 right medial rectus                     strab        strabismus
RNV                reciprocal of near vision                subj         subjective
R/O                 rule out                                sup          superior
ROP                 retinopathy of prematurity              supp         suppression
RORx               reading only spectacles                  susp         suspension
RP                  retinitis pigmentosa                    SVP          spontaneous venous pulsations
RPE                 retinal pigment epithelium              Sx           symptom
RSO                 right superior oblique                  synech       synechia
RSR                 right superior rectus                   T             temporal
RT                  return                                  T ¼, T ½     Timoptic drops ¼%, ½%
RTC                 return to clinic                        TA           temporal arteritis



                                                                                    Page 7 of 9
                Facility:   Illinois College of Optometry and Illinois Eye Institute
                 Policy:    Approved And Unapproved Abbreviations and Symbols for Medical Records
                Manual:     Information Management
              Effective:    January 1999
               Revised:     March 2009 (M.Butz)
          Review Dates:     March 2003 (V.Conrad) March 2008 (M.Butz)


Tab(s)            tablet(s)                               Vsc          vision without correction
TA                applanation tonometry                   VZV          varicella-zoster virus
TB                tuberculosis                            VT           vision therapy
TBUT              tear break-up time                      w            week
TDx               tentative diagnosis                     W-4-D        Worth-four-dot
TED               thyroid eye disease                     WBC          white blood cell
temp             temporal                                 WC           warm compresses
TF                trial frame                             WC/LS        warm compresses and lid scrubs
TIA               transient ischemic attack               WD           working distance
tid               three times a day                       WNL          within normal limits
TM                trabecular meshwork                     WSF          Wayne Saccadic Fixator
TMB               transient monocular blindness           wt           weight or wearing time
TMS              telemicroscope                           Xal          Xalatan
Tnct              noncontact (air puff) tonometry         XP           exophoria at far
TOV               transient obscuration of vision         XP’          exophoria at near
TPA’s             theraputic pharmaceutical agents        XT           constant exotropia at far
trab              trabeculectomy                          XT’          constant exotropia at near
Tran              Tranaglyph                              IXT          intermittent exotropia at far
trif              trifocal                                IXT’         intermittent exotropia at near
Trop              Tropicamide                             y            year
Trus             Trusopt                                  YAG          yttrium aluminum garnet
TS                telescope                               YLI          YAG laser iridotomy
TSH               thyroid-stimulating hormone             y/o          years old
Tx                treatment or traction                   YPC          YAG laser posterior capsulotomy
UA                urinalysis                              60W/x/OLS    60 watt bulb at x inches over left
UCT               unilateral cover test                                shoulder
UL                upper lid
ung               ointment
URI               upper respiratory infection
US                unsteady
ut dict           as directed
UTI               urinary tract infection
UTT               unable to test
UV                ultraviolet
V                 vitreous or vessels
VA                visual acuity
Vcc               vision with correction
Vccl              vision with contact lens
VD                veneral disease
VDRL              Veneral Disease Research Laboratory
Vecto             Vectogram
VER               visual evoked response
vert             vertical
VF                visual fields
vit              vitreous
VKC               vernal keratoconjunctivitis
VKH               Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome
VP                vertical phoria
vs               versus



                                                                                  Page 8 of 9
             Facility:   Illinois College of Optometry and Illinois Eye Institute
              Policy:    Approved And Unapproved Abbreviations and Symbols for Medical Records
             Manual:     Information Management
           Effective:    January 1999
            Revised:     March 2009 (M.Butz)
       Review Dates:     March 2003 (V.Conrad) March 2008 (M.Butz)



                         Symbols
κ             orthophoric (lateral) at far
κ’            orthophoric (lateral) at near
√             orthophoric (vertical) at far
√’            orthophoric (vertical) at near
↵             orthophoric (lateral and vertical) at far
↵’            orthophoric (lateral and vertical) at near
&             female
%             male
-             minus
+             plus or positive or and
=             equal to
≠             not equal to
≈             approximately equal
1o            primary
2o            secondary
∅             none or no
>(≥)          greater than (greater than or equal to)
<(≤)          less than (less than or equal to)
∆             change or prism diopter
∴             therefore
1             one (drops, tablets, etc.
Β             two (drops, tablets, etc.)
Τ             three (drops, tablets, etc.)
↑             increased
↓             decreased
#             number or pound




                                                                             Page 9 of 9

				
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