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					                                                    OFFICE OF
                                                   SCIENCE



Overview of Basic Energy Sciences


      CFN/NSLS Users Meeting
        Brookhaven National Laboratory

                May 19, 2009

                   Harriet Kung
     Director, Office of Basic Energy Sciences
    Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy
                   Outline



   New Administration & DOE

   BES Strategic Planning

   BES Budget & Staffing Updates




                                    2
                          Dep Sectary
                   Daniel Poneman (Nominee)




Kristina Johnson              Steven Koonin
   (Nominee)                    (Nominee)
                            Director of the Office of
                                    Science
      EERE                     William Brinkman
                                   (Nominee)

       EM
                                      BES
       FE

        NE

       OE

       RW

       LM




                                                        3
                                         The Administration’s Energy &
                                              Environment Plan


              Within 10 years save more oil than we currently import
               from the Middle East and Venezuela combined.

              Put 1 million plug-in hybrid cars – cars that can get up to
               150 miles per gallon – on the road by 2015.

              Generate 10 percent of our electricity from renewable
               sources by 2012, and 25 percent by 2025.

              Implement an economy-wide, cap-and-trade program to
               reduce greenhouse gas emissions 80% by 2050.



http://www.whitehouse.gov/agenda/energy_and_environment/                     4
                                        DOE’s Priorities and Goals

Priority: Science and Discovery: Invest in science to achieve transformational discoveries
    – Organize and focus on breakthrough science
    – Develop and nurture science and engineering talent
    – Coordinate DOE work across the department, across the government, and globally

Priority: Change the landscape of energy demand and supply
    – Drive energy efficiency to decrease energy use in homes, industry and transportation
    – Develop and deploy clean, safe, low carbon energy supplies
    – Enhance DOE’s application areas through collaboration with its strengths in Science

Priority: Economic Prosperity: Create millions of green jobs and increase competitiveness
    –   Reduce energy demand
    –   Deploy cost-effective low-carbon clean energy technologies at scale
    –   Promote the development of an efficient, ―smart‖ electricity transmission and distribution network
    –   Enable responsible domestic production of oil and natural gas
    –   Create a green workforce

Priority: National Security and Legacy: Maintain nuclear deterrent and prevent proliferation
    – Strengthen non-proliferation and arms control activities
    – Ensure that the U.S. weapons stockpile remains safe, secure, and reliable without nuclear testing
    – Complete legacy environmental clean-up

Priority: Climate Change: Position U.S. to lead on climate change policy, technology, and science
    – Provide science and technology inputs needed for global climate negotiations
    – Develop and deploy technology solutions domestically and globally
    – Advance climate science to better understand the human impact on the global environment
                                                                                                             5
                           Priority: Science and Discovery
                 Invest in science to achieve transformational discoveries


 Focus on transformational science
   – Connect basic and applied sciences
   – Re-energize the national labs as centers of great science and innovation
   – Double the Office of Science budget
   – Embrace a degree of risk-taking in research
   – Create an effective mechanism to integrate national laboratory, university,
     and industry activities

 Develop science and engineering talent
   – Train the next generation of scientists and engineers
   – Attract and retain the most talented researchers

 Collaborate universally
   – Partner globally
   – Support the developing world
   – Build research networks across departments, government, nation and the
     globe


                                                                                   6
                                 Strategic Planning:
                     Ten ―Basic Research Needs …‖ Workshops


                    Basic Research Needs to Assure a Secure Energy Future (BESAC)

                         Hydrogen Economy
                         Solar Energy Utilization
                         Superconductivity
                         Solid State Lighting
                         Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems
                         Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels
                         Geosciences: Facilitating 21st Century Energy Systems
                         Electrical Energy Storage
                         Catalysis for Energy Applications
                         Materials under Extreme Environments

10 workshops; 5 years; more than 1,500 participants from academia, industry, and DOE labs




                          www.science.doe.gov/bes/reports/list.html                             7
Directing Matter and Energy: Five Challenges
        for Science and the Imagination



 Control the quantum behavior of electrons in materials

 Synthesize, atom by atom, new forms of matter with
  tailored properties

 Control emergent properties that arise from the complex
  correlations of atomic and electronic constituents

 Synthesize man-made nanoscale objects with
  capabilities rivaling those of living things

 Control matter very far away from equilibrium




                                                            8
                                                         Basic and Applied R&D Coordination
                                                 How Nature Works … to … Design and Control … to … Technologies for the 21st Century


    Grand Challenges                Discovery and Use-Inspired Basic Research                                                     Technology Maturation
                                                                                                    Applied Research                  & Deployment
    How nature works             Materials properties and chemical functionalities by design
   Controlling materials          Basic research for             Basic research, often with    Research with the goal of          Scale-up research
    processes at the level of        fundamental new                 the goal of addressing        meeting technical                  At-scale demonstration
    quantum behavior of              understanding on materials      showstoppers on real-         milestones, with emphasis
    electrons                        or systems that may             world applications in the     on the development,                Cost reduction
   Atom- and energy-efficient       revolutionize or transform      energy technologies           performance, cost                  Prototyping
    syntheses of new forms of        today’s energy                                                reduction, and durability of
                                     technologies                                                  materials and components           Manufacturing R&D
    matter with tailored
    properties                     Development of new tools,                                      or on efficient processes          Deployment support
   Emergent properties from         techniques, and facilities,                                  Proof of technology
    complex correlations of          including those for the                                       concepts
    atomic and electronic            scattering sciences and for
    constituents                     advanced modeling and
                                     computation
   Man-made nanoscale
    objects with capabilities
    rivaling those of living
    things
 Controlling matter very far        BESAC & BES Basic Research Needs Workshops
  away from equilibrium

 BESAC Grand Challenges Panel                                                                          DOE Technology Office/Industry Roadmaps




                                                                                                                                                                9
          New Science for a Secure and
           Sustainable Energy Future


Goals from the final BESAC Report:
 Make fuels from sunlight
 Generate electricity without carbon dioxide emissions
 Revolutionize energy efficiency and use

Recommendations:
 Work at the intersection of control science and complex functional
  materials.
 Increase the rate of discoveries.
 Establish ―dream teams‖ of talent, equipped with forefront tools, and
  focused on the most pressing challenges to increase the rate of
  discovery.
 Recruit the best talent through workforce development to inspire
  today’s students and young researchers to be the discoverers,
  inventors, and innovators of tomorrow’s energy solutions.


                                                                          10
                                                          Can Basic Science Help Break Historic Improvement Curves?
                                                                                            Electric   Transmission
                                                                                            Energy
  Zero-net-emissions Electricity Generation


                                              Switching                                     Storage    & Distribution
                                                Fuel




                                                                                                                         Efficiency
                                                                                                                          End-use
                                                CCS




                                                                                                                           Conservation
                                              Switching
                                                Fuel




                                                                                           Climate/Environment Impacts
Source: LLNL 2008; data are based on DOE/EIA-0384(2006). Credit should be given to LLNL and DOE.                                          11
                                             BESAC Workshop on Solving Science and Energy
                                          Grand Challenges with Next Generation Photon Sources

                                      ―Photon Workshop‖ October 27- 28, 2008
                       Wolfgang Eberhardt (BESSY) and Franz Himpsel (U Wisconsin), Co-Chairs
                                                Workshop Charge

 This workshop will identify connections between major new research opportunities and the capabilities of the next generation of
  light sources (―photon attributes‖, such as coherence and femtosecond time resolution). Particular emphasis will be on
  energy-related research. The presentations and discussion sessions will highlight how time-resolved excitation,
  functional imaging, diffraction, and spectroscopy by photons can help solving major problems and develop ―killer
  applications‖ in basic energy research. A variety of opportunities have been outlined by ten BESAC and BES reports on
  basic research needs and by a report on five ―Grand Challenges‖ in directing matter and energy (see:
  http://www.sc.doe.gov/bes/reports/list.html ).
 Both accelerator-based light sources and novel laser based sources for the VUV to X-ray range will be considered. The
  Photon Workshop will identify the science drivers for new photon sources but will not consider the design of machines or devices
  for producing the required photons. A strong coupling of theory and experiment will be emphasized.
 A matrix will be prepared to define the most compelling connections between research opportunities and photon
  attributes. For example, many science and energy grand challenges require probing very fast processes that happen over very
  small distances: femtoseconds over nanometers. Typically, an electron in a solid takes a femtosecond to travel a
  nanometer, and atoms have a vibrational period of about 100 femtoseconds. Lasers probe femtoseconds and synchrotrons
  resolve nanometers, but presently neither can do both.
 The photon attributes to be considered by the workshop include coherence length (longitudinal and transverse), time
  structure, energy, energy resolution, spectral brightness (average and peak), flux, spatial and momentum resolution, and
  polarization.


                                                                                                                                     12
http://www.sc.doe.gov/bes/reports/files/NGPS_rpt.pdf
                                                       13
                                                       13
                                      FY 2008 – FY 2009 SC Budget
                                    Appropriations & FY 2010 Request

                                       FY 2008    FY 2009     FY 2009       FY 2010         FY 2010 vs.
                                       Current    Current      Current    Congressional      FY 2009
                                       Approp.    Approp.     Recovery      Request           $        %

High Energy Physics                    702,845    795,726     232,390        819,000      23,274     2.90

Nuclear Physics                        423,671    512,080     154,800        552,000      39,920     7.80

Biological & Environmental Research    531,063    601,540     165,653        604,182       2,642     0.40

Basic Energy Sciences                 1,252,756   1,571,972   555,406       1,685,500     113,528    7.20

Advanced Scientific Computing
Research                               341,774    368,820     157,110        409,000      40,180    10.90

Fusion Energy Sciences                 294,933    402,550      91,023        421,000      18,450     4.60

Science Laboraties Infrastructure      66,861     145,380     198,114        133,600      -11,780    -8.10

Safeguards and Security                75,946      80,603       ——           83,000        2,397     3.00

Science Program Direction              177,779    186,695      1,600         213,722      27,027    14.50

Workforce Development for Teachers
& Scientists                            8,044      13,583      12,500        20,678        7,095    52.20

Congressionally Directed Projects      120,161     93,687       ——            ——          -93,687   -100.00

SBIR/STTR                              140,238      ——         19,004         ——           ——        ——

Science (Subtotal)                    4,136,071   4,772,636   1,587,600     4,941,682     169,046    3.50

                                                                                                              14
                                             Basic Energy Sciences
                              The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009


  BES will invest $555.4 million of the ARRA funding for the following seven
  activities:

 $150.0M to accelerate the civilian construction of the National Synchrotron Light Source II
  (NSLS-II) at Brookhaven National Laboratory;

 $14.7M to complete the construction of the User Support Building (USB) at the Advanced Light
  Source (ALS) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory;

 $33.6M to complete the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) Ultrafast Science Instruments
  (LUSI) MIE project at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory;

 $25.0M for capital equipment replenishment and augmentation at the five BES Nanoscale
  Science Research Centers (NSRCs);

 $24.0M for four synchrotron radiation light sources capital equipments, AIP, other upgrades

 $277.0M for Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs).

 $31.1M for Early Career Fellowships (TBD)                                                      15
                                                     FY 2009 BES Budget
                                             Omnibus Appropriations Act 2009
Core research programs
   $100M for Energy Frontier Research Centers
   ~$55M for single investigator and small group awards for grand science
    and energy research (including one-time funding for mid-scale                                          Appropriation
    instrumentation and ultrafast science)                                         34   5      35.3
                                                                                                             $ 1,572M
   Facility-related research (detectors, optics, etc.) ~ $10M                     MIE GPP SBIR
   $17M for EPSCoR (vs. request of $8.24M)
                                                                 MSE
                                                                                                  MSE
Scientific user facilities operations                    LightResearch                         Research
                                                        Sources                Facilities
   Full funding for:                                     339.4                  Ops             273.3
                                                                                                        CSGB
         Synchrotron light sources                           CSGB            719                       Research
         Neutron scattering facilities                   Neutron
                                                            Research      Facilities
                                                         Sources                                            239.5
         Electron microcharacterization facilities                          Ops
                                                          251.4                                       EFRC
         Nanoscale Science Research Centers                                                             100
                                                        NSRC 101.2
Construction and instrumentation                         OPC 27                                           SUF Research
   Full funding for:                                                                                           20.4
                                                                                            Construction
         National Synchrotron Light Source-II                                                   145.5
         Linac Coherent Light Source + Linac operations + instruments
         Advanced Light Source User Support Building
         Spallation Neutron Source instruments
         PULSE Building                                                                                                   16
                                         Energy Frontier Research Centers
                                   Tackling Our Energy Challenges in a New Era of Science

               • To engage the talents of the nation’s researchers for the broad energy sciences
               • To accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to create advanced energy
                 technologies for the 21st century
               • To pursue the fundamental understanding necessary to meet the global need
                 for abundant, clean, and economical energy

EFRCs will pursue collaborative basic research that addresses both energy challenges and science grand challenges
 in areas such as:
    Solar Energy Utilization    Geosciences for Nuclear Waste and CO2 Storage        Combustion
    Bio-Fuels                   Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems                      Superconductivity
    Catalysis                   Materials Under Extreme Environments                 Solid State Lighting
    Energy Storage              Hydrogen


2003-2007         Conducted BRNs workshops                                 FY 2009 EFRCs Funding Status:
August 2007       America COMPETES Act signed
                                                                                Recovery Act
Feb. 2008         FY 2009 budget roll-out
                                                                                (Stimulus Bill)
April 2008        EFRC FOA issued
Oct. 2008         Received 261 full proposals                                 $277M          $100M    Omnibus
Oct. 2008         FY 2009 Continuing Resolution started                                              Appropriations
Feb. 2009         Recovery Act of 2009 (Stimulus) signed
March 2009        Omnibus Appropriations Act 2009 signed
April 2009        46 EFRC awards announced
Aug. 2009         EFRC projects to start
                                                                         Total EFRCs = $777M over 5 years
                                                                                                                      17
                                        Energy Frontier Research Centers

    Invest in Cutting-edge Scientific Research to Achieve Transformational Discoveries
                                  46 centers awarded in FY 2009 for five years
                         Representing 110 participating institutions in 36 states plus D.C.




                                                                                               Industry/Nonprofit
             Energy Storage
                                                                                                     12
   Energy
                    6                                                                                      12
Efficiency                    20
               6                                                                                        DOE Labs
                          Energy                                                                31
                   14     Supply                                                              Universities
               Crosscutting
                   Sciences

       By Topical Category                                                                By Lead Institution       18
                            Single-Investigator & Small-Group Research


Single-Investigator and Small-Group Research (SISGR) will significantly enhance the
  core research programs in BES and pursue the fundamental understanding necessary
  to meet the global need for abundant, clean, and economical energy.
Awards are planned for three years, with funding in the range of $150-300 K/yr for single-
  investigator awards and $500-1500 K/yr for small-group awards
Areas of interest include:
     Grand challenge science: ultrafast science; chemical imaging, complex &
       emergent behavior
     Use inspired discovery science: basic research for electrical energy storage;
       advanced nuclear energy systems; solar energy utilization; hydrogen production,
       storage, and use; geological CO2 sequestration; other basic research areas
       identified in BESAC and BES workshop reports with an emphasis on nanoscale
       phenomena
     Tools for grand challenge science: midscale instrumentation; accelerator and
       detector research (exclude capital equipment supports)


                  Awards to be announced in June 2009                                        19
                                           BES FY 2010 Budget Highlights
The FY 2010 BES Budget Request supports President Obama’s goals for a clean energy
economy, investments in science and technology—including exploratory and high-risk
research, and training the next generation of scientists and engineers.
Research:
  Two Energy Innovation Hubs are initiated in FY 2010 in the topical areas of Fuels from Sunlight, and Batteries and
   Energy Storage. Each hub will assemble a multidisciplinary team to address the basic science, technology, economic,
   and policy issues needed to achieve a secure and sustainable energy future.
  Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) initiated in FY 2009 continue in FY 2010. EFRCs integrate the talents
   and expertise of leading scientists across multiple disciplines to conduct fundamental research to establish the
   scientific foundation for breakthrough energy technologies.
  Core research—primarily supporting single principal investigator and small group projects—will be continued and
   expanded to initiate promising new activities that respond to the five grand challenges identified in the BESAC Grand
   Challenges report: quantum control of electrons in atoms, molecules, and materials; basic architecture of matter,
   directed assemblies, structure, and properties; emergence of collective phenomena; energy and information on the
   nanoscale; and matter far beyond equilibrium.
Facilities:
  The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, the world’s first hard x-ray
   coherent light source, begins operations in FY 2010. The LCLS provides laser-like x-ray radiation that is 10 billion
   times more intense than any existing coherent x-ray light source and will open new realms of exploration in the
   chemical, material, and biological sciences.
  The National Synchrotron Light Source II at Brookhaven National Laboratory will continue its construction phase,
   including the largest component of the project—the building that will house the accelerator ring.
  Scientific User Facility Operations are fully funded in FY 2010. The BES user facilities are visited by more than
   10,000 scientists and engineers from academia, national laboratories, and industry annually and provide unique
   capabilities to the scientific community that are critical to maintaining U.S. leadership in the physical sciences.    20
                                   FY 2010 BES Budget Request

Core research programs                                        25     5.5   38.3            Request
   2 Energy Innovation Hubs                                    MIE GPP SBIR                $ 1,685M
   $100M for Energy Frontier Research
    Centers
                                                                                     MSE
   Core research increases for grand               MSE
                                                                                   Research
                                                  Research
    challenge science, accelerator &         Light                                 277.4
                                            Sources          Facilities
    detector research                                          Ops
                                             362.2                                           CSGB
Scientific user facilities operations        CSGB
                                                              742.7
                                                                                            Research
                                             Research
                                            Neutron                                           249.7
   Synchrotron light sources               Sources
   Neutron scattering facilities             260.2                                        Hub
                                                                                       EFRC 68
   Nanoscale Science Research Centers     NSRC     106.8
                                                                               154.2        100
Construction and instrumentation            OPC 13.5                       Construction
   National Synchrotron Light Source-II                                                    24.7
                                                                                           SUF Research
   Linac Coherent Light Source
   Spallation Neutron Source
    instruments
   SNS Power Upgrade
                                                                                                       21
                                                                                     Office of Basic Energy Sciences                                                                    BES Operations
                            BES Budget and Planning
                                                                                                                                                                         Rich Burrow, DOE Technical Office Coordination
                           Bob Astheimer, Technical Advisor
                           Margie Davis, Financial Management
                           Vacant, Program Support Specialist
                                                                                                  Harriet Kung, Director                                                 Don Freeburn, DOE and Stakeholder Interactions
                                                                                                                                                                         Ken Rivera, Laboratory Infrastructure / ES&H
                                                                                                                                                                         Katie Perine, Program Analyst / BESAC
                                                                                                 Wanda Smith, Administrative Specialist                                  Vacant, Technology Office Coordination




                    Materials Sciences and                                                       Scientific User Facilities Division                             Chemical Sciences, Geosciences,
                     Engineering Division                                                                                                                           and Biosciences Division
                 Linda Horton, Director                                                                Pedro Montano, Director                                               Eric Rohlfing, Director
                           Ehsan Khan, Program Manager                                                 Linda Cerrone, Program Support Specialist                             Diane Marceau, Program Analyst
                           Christie Ashton, Program Analyst                                                Rocio Meneses, Program Assistant                              Michaelene Kyler-King, Program Assistant
                             Charnice Waters, Secretary


                                                                   Scattering and
 Materials Discovery,          Condensed Matter and                                                                                                       Fundamental                Photo- and Bio-               Chemical
                                                                  Instrumentation
Design, and Synthesis            Materials Physics                                                      Operations                Construction            Interactions                 Chemistry                Transformations
                                                                     Sciences
     Arvind Kini                   Jim Horwitz                    Helen Kerch                                                                           Michael Casassa              Rich Greene                  John Miller
   Kerry Gorey, P.A.           Marsophia Agnant, P.A.          Cheryl Howard, P.A.                                                                      Robin Felder, P.A.        Sharron Watson, P.A.        Teresa Crockett, P.A.

 Materials Chemistry           Exp. Cond. Mat. Phys.                                                X-ray and Neutron
                                                                                                   Scattering Facilities         Linac Coherent      Atomic, Molecular, and                                     Catalysis Science
      Dick Kelley                 Andy Schwartz                  X-ray Scattering                                                                                                Solar Photochemistry
                                Doug Finnemore, Ames                                                   Roger Klaffky              Light Source          Optical Sciences                                          Raul Miranda
  Jim McBreen, BNL                                                 Lane Wilson                                                                                                        Mark Spitler
                                      Vacant                                                                                       Tom Brown              Jeff Krause                                             Paul Maupin
        Vacant                                                                                          Vacant
                               Theo. Cond. Mat. Phys.                                            Nanoscience Centers &                                    Gas-Phase                                             Heavy Element
Biomolecular Materials               Michael Lee                Neutron Scattering                  E-beam Centers                   NSLS II           Chemical Physics         Photosynthetic Systems             Chemistry
                                  Arun Bansil, NEU                                                     Tof Carim
   Mike Markowitz                Jim Davenport, BNL           Thiyaga P. Thiyagarajan                                               Tom Brown              Wade Sisk                 Gail McLean                  Lester Morss
                                  Kim Ferris, PNNL                                                      Vacant                                          Larry Rahn, SNL                                        Norm Edelstein, LBNL

Synthesis and Processing
                                                                                                 Accelerator and Detector                                                                                       Separations and
                                 Physical Behavior            Electron and Scanning                                             Spallation Neutron    Condensed-Phase and
    Bonnie Gersten                                                                                                                                                                Physical Biosciences              Analysis
                                   of Materials                Probe Microscopies                          R&D                  Source Upgrades      Interfacial Mol. Science
    Jeff Tsao, SNL                                                                                                                                                                     Bob Stack                  Bill Millman
   Mike Coltrin, SNL               Refik Kortan                      Jane Zhu                           Vacant                     Tom Brown              Greg Fiechtner
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Larry Rahn, SNL
 Tech. Coordination
Program Management             Mechanical Behavior                DOE EPSCoR*                     Facility Coordination,                              Computational and                                           Geosciences
                                                                                                                                      TEAM
    John Vetrano               and Radiation Effects             Tim Fitzsimmons                  Metrics, Assessment                                Theoretical Chemistry                                       Nick Woodward
                                                                                                                                      Vacant
                                   John Vetrano                  Helen Farrell, INL                    Van Nguyen                                       Mark Pederson                                           Pat Dobson, LBNL
       Vacant
                                                                   * Experimental Program to
                                                                Stimulate Competitive Research                                                                                                                 Technology Office
                                   LEGEND                                                                                        Instrument MIEs                                                                 Coordination
                            Detailee (from DOE laboratories)                                                                    (SING, LUSI, etc.)                                                               Marvin Singer
                            Detailee, ½ time                                                                                          Vacant
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Vacant
                            Detailee, ½ time, not at HQ
                            Detailee, ¼ time, not at HQ
                            On detail from SC-2, ½ time                                                                      Advanced Light Source
                            IPA (Interagency Personnel Act)                                                                  User Support Building
                                                                                                                                  Tom Brown
                                                                                                                                                                                                              April 2009
                       P.A. Program Assistant                                                                                                                                                                              Posted 01APR09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    22
Linda Announcement




                     23
                                       CFN Receives 2008 Secretary’s Achievement
                                             Award in Project Management

                                                          Center for Functional Nanomaterials
                                                          (Brookhaven National Laboratory)




The Center for Functional Nanomaterials is a state-of-the-art 94,500 gross square feet
laboratory and office building designed to serve as the key focal point for
nanoscience research in the Northeast. The objective of this project is to provide
clean and stable laboratories with an initial suite of world-class instruments to focus
on the study and fabrication of nanoscale materials. The Center is a user facility
sponsored by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences. It facilitates major new directions
in nanomaterials and greatly expands the capabilities available to a national user
base including scientists from government, academia, and industry. In addition, it
serves to train the next generation of scientists using the latest tools in the forefront
of science.

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