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Sheet1 - Daughters Of Tiresias

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					                                                    Sheet1
Common Name Scientific Name                      Family        Typical height Max height
Giant Sequoia      Sequoiadendron giganteum Cypress            50-85m            93.6m
Coast Redwood Sequoia sempervirens               Cypress       90m               115.5m
                   Eucalyptus regnans
Tasmanian Mountain-Ash                           Eucalyptus    70-90m            114.3m (past, biggest reliable measurement; q
                   Eucalyptus obliqua
Messmate Stringybark                             Eucalyptus    45-90m
                   Eucalyptus Gum
Rainbow Eucalyptus/Mindanaodeglupta              Eucalyptus    50-70m
                   Eucalyptus delegatensis
Alpine Ash/Woolybutt                             Eucalyptus                      87.9m
Karri              Eucalyptus diversicolor       Eucalyptus                      90m
Blue Gum           Eucalyptus globulus           Eucalyptus    30-55m            90.7m
Manna Gum          Eucalyptus viminalis          Eucalyptus    50m               87.9m
Red Tingle         Eucalyptus jacksonii          Eucalyptus                      60m
Western RedcedarThuja plicata                    Cypress       50-60m
Coast Douglas-Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii          Douglas Fir 60-75m              100.3m
Sitka Spruce       Picea sitchensis              Spruce        50-70m            96m (probably bigger in the past)
Alerce/Fitzroya    Fitzroya cupressoides         Cypress       40-60m
Klinki             Araucaria hunsteinii          Araucariaceae50-80m             90m
Sugar Pine         Pinus lambertiana             Pine          40-60m            81m
                   Calocedrus decurrens
California Incense Cedar                         Cypress       40-60m            69m
Kauri                                            Kauri         and Agathis palmersonii are similar giants also called Kauri
                   Agathis australis (biggest); Agathis robusta40-50m            50m
Sugi               Cryptomeria japonica          Cypress                         70m
Kahikatea                                                      55m
                   Dacrycarpus dacrydioides Podocarpaceae conifer                80.1m
Red Mahogany       Khaya anthotheca              Mahogany      60m               70m
                   Ceiba pentandra
Ceiba/Kapok/White Silk Cotton Treeet al                        60-70m
                                                 Malvaceae (hibiscus, cotton, okra)
                   A
Almaciga/Dayungon gathis philippinensis          Kauri         45-60m            65m
                   Taiwania cryptomerioides Cypress
Taiwania/Formosan Redwood                                                        80m
                   Toona ciliata
Australian Red Cedar                             Mahogany      20-30m            60m
Baobab                                           Baobab        10-20m
                   Adansonia (digitata, grandidieri, madagascarensis, etc)
Sacred Fig         Figus religiosa               Fig                             30m
Montezuma Cypress  Taxodium mucronatum           Cypress       40m               65m
                   (Port Orford cedar)
Lawson’s Cypress Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Cypress              50-70m
Western hemlock Tsuga heterophylla               Pine          50-70m            78m
Coast Grand Fir Abies grandis var grandis Pine                 40-70m            80m
Nordmann Fir                                     Pine          60m
                   Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian variety bigger?)                78m
Jequitiba                                        Lecythidaceae (brazil nut)
                   Cariniana estrellensis (excelsa)                              50m
Noble Fir          Abies procera                 Pine          40-70m            89m
California Red Fir Abies magnifica               Pine          40-60m            76m
Deodar Cedar       Cedrus deodara                Pine          40-50m            60m
                   Castanea sativa
European/Sweet/Spanish Chestnut                  Beech         20-35m
                   Dracaena
Canary Islands Dragon Tree draco                 Ruscaceae 12m                   20m
Canary Island PinePinus canariensis              Pine          30-45m            60m



Standard warning: if you want a shot at reaching these specs, use only wild-type plants. Domesticated cultivars tend




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             Typical diameter Max diameterNative to                             Min Zone Rainfall          Growth Sun
             5-7m                 8.85m          Sierra Nevadas                 6            18-60”        6’/yr     Sun, although “white” sequoias
                                  7.22m                                                      Up
                                                 California to Oregon, 8-75km7from the coastto 100”                  Sun, although “white” redwoods
             2-3m                 6.5m (present;Tasmania                        8
                                                  quite possibly bigger in the past)         30”           “Fast” Sun
             2-3m                 6.72m          Tasmania                       8            20”           “Fast” Sun
                                  2.5m                                          9            “Moderate” “Fast” Sun
                                                 New Britain, New Guinea, Ceram, Sulawesi, Mindanao
                                                 Tasmania                       8 or 9       28”           “Fast” Sun
             2.7m                                SW Australia                   9            36”           “Fast”` Sun to part shade
             2.7m                                Tasmania                       8            24”           6’/yr     Sun
                                                 Tasmania                       8            20”           9’/yr     Sun
                                  5m             Western Australia              9            40”?                    Sun
             3m                   6m                                             to northern 60”?
                                                 Southern Alaska to Montana 4, but reports of as low “Rapid” Can tolerate dense shade
                                                                                             California as 2b
             1.5-2m               4.85m          British Colombia to the Sierras6            Up to 100” or more Sun fast
                                                                                                           Moderate to to part shade, but prefers s
96m (probably bigger in the past) 5m                                                         Up to 100” “Rapid”
                                                 Kodiak Island to northern CA, always within 80km ofor more Sun to part shade
                                                                                5                           the Pacific
             5m                   Charles Darwin reported 12.6 meters (surely a mistake...)
                                                 Andes (Chile, Argentina)       6b           75-150”
                                  3m             New Guinea                     10                         “Fast”
                                                                                             Preferably 65” or more
             1.5-2.5m             3.5m           Sierras to Oregon              6            40-80”        “Rapid” Part shade
             3m                   3.9m           OR, CA, NV                     5            As little as 15”        Sun to part shade
             5m                   8.5m           New Zealand                    9            45-70”        “Slow” (at least when young)
                                                                                                                     Sun
                                  4m             Japan                          5            40-105”                 Sun
             2m?                  2m?            New Zealand                    9            Rainforest              Sun to part shade
                                  5m             Equatorial Africa              Tropical     Rainforest Up to 4.5’/yr to full shade
                                                                                                                     Sun
                                  3m? 4m?        Central America, South America, West Africa                         Sun to part shade
             1.8-6m                                                             the Philipines
                                                 Indochina, Malaysia through Tropical        Rainforest
             3m                   4m                                            8b, but                              Sun
                                                 Taiwan, China, Myanmar, Vietnam reports of survival unprotected in zone 7 for at least 5 ye
             1.8-3m               3m             Australia                      7            30-160”                 Needs shade while young
                                  Record ~12m after the wet season; shrinks10a dry Optimally 12-20”, but can tolerate years of near-zer
                                                                                 in the
                                                 Mainland Africa, Madagascar, Australia                              Sun
                                                                                                           Varies wildly
                                                 trunk) / 200m                  10           20-200”
                                  3m (individual Southern Asia(multi-trunk; 650 total trunks included)               Sun to part shade
             1-3m                 4.5m (possibly 11.42m – El Tule)              8a                                   Sun
                                                                                             Both wet and dry sites, but prefers a riparian enviro
             3.5m                 4m                                                                       3’/yr     Sun to partial least
                                                                                5b, but doesn’t like severe summer heat or atshade 59” by the
                                                 Northern California, Southwest Oregon In the wild, at least 49” inland(known to survive in O
                                  2.7m           Alaska to California           7a                                    can shade with 15-260”
                                                                                                           Initial growth survivetolerant
                                                                                             Prefers 35-100”, butVery for the first few years is slo
                                  2m             Mostly Washington and Oregon   4a                         May exceed 4.5’/yr
                                                                                             Prefers 25-30”, but can tolerate 11-100”
                                                                                                                     Sun to partial shade
                                  2m             Turkey and the Caucus Mountains5a           40-120”                 Sun to partial shade
                                                 Central and but others claim Tropical Brazil
                                                                                 only a few Rainforest                photos I’ve come across are ve
                                  One source claims 10.5m, South America, particularly meters at best. The Sun to partial shade
             2m                   2.7m           OR, CA                         5a           75-100”                 Sun to partial shade
             2m                   3m             OR, CA                         4b           33-64”                  Sun to partial shade
                                  3m             Western Himalayas              7 or 8                     3’/yr      can
                                                                                             Prefers 40-100”, butSun tolerate droughts
             3m                                                                 4a           25-50”?
                                  Record 20.5m, but was a case of multiple sprouts fusing. 4.5m individually.Sun to moderate shade
                                  4.5m                                          6a
                                                 Morocco, Atlantic islands of similar climate10-20”        Up to 10’/yr if treated right
                                                                                                                     Sun
             1.5m                 2.5m           Canary Islands                 9a           Can tolerate under 8”, or up to many dozens



d-type plants. Domesticated cultivars tend to be smaller (often much smaller). Many factors not listed here, such as summer heat,




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               Soil             Bark               Leaves              Flowers            Fruit             Wood
               Acidic clay      Fibrous, and up to three feet thick. Soft.                                  Light, brittle, extremely decay resistan
                                                                                          Small cones that grow for decades, amassing growth rin
                                                                                           a redwood stump Light, decay
 Sun, although “white” redwoods can grow inathe shade when using the energy from 15-32mm long, ovoid cones resistant, fire resistant
                                Fibrous, up to foot thick
               Loam             Sheds in ribbons                       Small, white, and rarely noticed     Medium weight, straight grain, strong,
               Loam                                Glossy green red-brown pointed end
                                                                       a sharp,
                                Rough, fibrous, stringy, gray to with Nice smell
                                Rainbow streaks                        White
                                Smooth and          on the upper       White
               Acidic sand, clay, or loam whiteBluish green trunk, fibrous gray on the lower trunk.
                                Mild slightly streaks
               Sandy loam, acid to rainbowneutral                      White                                Mahoganny in color
               Loam             Sheds smooth bark                      White
                                                   Silvery blue and circular (juvenile); deep green sickle (mature leaves). Foliage is a source of
               Sandy loam                          Fragrant, narrow leaves
                                                                       White
                                Sheds, excuding a sweet, edible manna on drooping, willow-like branches pinkPale
                                Red and lumpy                          Cream, small       8x10mm
                                Can can tolerate Scales strips and used for its the stereotypical fractal ground resistant, aromatic, insect-repe
                                                   heavy in opposite pairs, like fiber without hurting tree (assuming harvesting restraint) and riv
                                                                                          15-20mm x 4-5mm cones
               Moist, acid loam, butbe pulled off in long clay; can tolerate some degree of waterloggedfern Decay (often grows near lakes
               Diverse                             Sweet, fruity, resinous scent                            One
                                                                                          5-11cm x 2-3cm conesof the world’s dominant timber sp
                                Thin and scaly, flaking
                                                   Green, in small, circular plates       5-11cm 2-3cm High
               Diverse; tolerant of poor soil conditionsoffalthough a rare specimen has goldenxfoliage cones strength to weight makes it popu
               Poorly drained, peat/sandy soil                                            6-8mm globular cones, opening to 12mm
                                                                                          Pollen cones up to 20cm long and
                                                   Sharp needles, 6-12cm on mature specimens, shorter on young trees. 1cm wide; seed cone
               Diverse                                                                                      Yields a sugary sap
                                                                                          Cones, 25-50cm long (max 66), ~1kg
 Sun to part shade                                                                                          Soft, moderately
                                                                                          Cones with only 2-3 pairs of scales decay resistant, spicy
                                Orange-brown to gray-brown sprout green, ground.
                                                   Elliptic, to
               Deep, moist soil w/good drainage; prefersthick, dark in peaty2-5in                           Strong, with beautiful stump wood
                                Reddish well-drained
               Clay, loam, sand; acidic, brown to dark gray; firm.                        1-2cm cones       Scented, reddish-pink, lightweight, stro
               Diverse                                                                    Sweet, edible, piney “fruit” lightweight; pigment from th
                                                                                                            Odorless,
 Sun to full shade                                 Pinnate, 3-7 leaflets, each 15-30cm 5-8 cm globose capsule withinsect-resistant,that can be u
                                                                       treat colds and kill lice.
                                Smooth and grayish. Bitter; used to Loose inflorescences of small flowers   Beautiful, winged seeds tough
 Sun to part shade                                 8”, palm-like; edible, rich in calcium and iron
                                                                                          15cm-long capsules being investigated for several mode
                                Green and beige areas on the same tree. Used in traditional medicine and containing tiny black seeds attached
                                Reddish gray, thick, with numerous green, leathery, narrow, in soils
                                                   Adult leaves wet, compacted, comes off 4-5cm long
               Well drained, deep, fertile soils; does poorly ondark resin blisters;or poor sandylarge, patchy flakes, like a jigsaw puzzle
                                                                                                            Soft but durable, with leaves on young
                                                   Weeps like a norway spruce, but like a delicate sea-green lace. Needle-like an attractive spic
                                                   30-50cm long (adult), to honey-scented, brown rough,Beautiful red reticulate cracksseeds. A
                                                                       up up to 90cm (juvenile). Edible. with shallow red coloring matter and a
                                                                                           afterwards capsule, 1.8-2.5cm long, w/winged exfoliati
 Needs shade while young Dark grey or reddish-brown, smoothSmall,middle age, Darkcream-colored. Contain a after air exposure, spicy-
                                Smooth, lumpy, fibrous and is idealLarge, elliptical, and known as Africa (fresh, a soup, and as a dry powder
                                                                                                             gourd” or distinctive, foul smell
               Well drained, sandy soil mixed with compost commonly used as a leaf vegetable in“sour Tree hasin“monkey’s bread”; possibly m
                                                   Small,               for planting
                                Light gray and     Used for medicinal and livestock forage purposes figs to look like berries
                                                                                          Small can be
               Diverse, but prefers porous peeling; extract is cooling and astringent, and laxative usedthatcreate a red dye and which conce
                                                                       Brown/green and inconspicuous
               Tolerant of alkaline, marshy soil, but not standing water
                                Reddish brown, fibrous to scaly, in vertical strips
               Diverse, but moist.                                                        Tiny cones. Male cones are deep red.
                                                    without too much nitrogen
               Very high percent rotting material,Pendulous branchlet tips or salt (preferably rotted wood), in drier conditions; less exacting w
               Mildly acidic                                                                                Soft, not very strong
 Sun to partial shade
 Sun to partial shade                              Alternating, simple, oblong, slightly serrated
                                Very rigid, deeply furrowed. Astringent; used in tanning                    Traded as a pricey, exotic hardwood.
               Acidic                              Blue-green, needle-like                Cones with purpleSoft, notand fissured.
                                                                                                              rough, very strong
                                Smooth, gray, with resin blisters on young trees; old trees reddish-brown,scales hidden by yellowish-green brac
               Acidic                              Blue-green, needle-like                Yellow-green cones, occasionally purple
                                                                                                            Soft, not fissured.
                                Smooth, gray, with resin blisters on young trees; old trees orange-red, rough, and very strong
                                Astringent
               Neutral to alkaline                 2.5-5cm (occasionally 7cm) green to blue-green needles   Aromatic, used to make incense
 Sun to moderate shade                                                 Fragrant, cream-colored chestnut. directions when raw, trunk.
                                                                                          Edible            Light, hard, strong wood; used in taste
                                Net-shaped (retiform) pattern with deep fissures running spirally in both Astringent around the sweet floury tradit
                                                                       Pale,
               Deep, well-drained, acidic. Does poorest in heavy clay. lilac-blue, “Beautiful with an intoxicating fragrance”normal-sized when
                                                                                                            No annual rings
                                                                                          Large and heart shaped when young,
8”, or up to many dozens                                                                  10-23cm cones, on branches but also remaining pines
                                                                                                            Armoatic and among the finest closed
                                                   Extremely long, drooping needles, produced not only chestnut-brown, often in tufts on the trun



d here, such as summer heat, humidity, fog, disease, etc may strongly affect both survivability and maximum potential.




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                Other
                Undisputed “largest” trees in the world in terms of sheer mass, but not the girthiest or tallest.
y resistant, fire resistant
                The biggest of these giants were all felled in the 1800s and early 1900s, leaving today's largest no more than 90m. A solid com
                Supports koala
                Fascinating rainbow-striped bark


               Supports koala. Can grow on slightly saline sites.
               Favorite of koalas.
               Grows in similar environment to the Karri. Base buttresses significantly, and forest fires often hollow out the buttress.
stant, aromatic, insect-repellant
               A popular Christmas tree. Now, if we could just find a living room with a 330 foot ceiling...
               Bark used in basketweaving
               Little studied; may grow bigger than the “typical” numbers suggest
g and 1cm wide; seed cones up to 25cm long and 14-16cm broad.
               Sweet resin makes a very desirable syrup. Longest pine cones – record holders over two feet in length.
               Drought tolerant
               Leaves a pile of bark around its base, up to 2 meters high
               National tree of Japan
ightweight; pigment from the soot used for traditional tattoing. Resin used as chewing gum.
               Endangered
               Crowded thorns. Maya cosmology had a Ceiba as a “world-tree”, similar to the Norse Yggdrasil.
               Heavy resin producer when cut. Classified as vulnerable to extinction.
               Largest tree in Asia. Endangered.
               Needs shade to grow or else is attacked by cedar tip moths and damaged by direct sunlight. Bothered by a number of pests/d
               Edible fruits and leaves; seeds are a thickener and seasoning. One tree was once used as a prison.
               Another giant fig, the “Wonderboom tree” (African), forms three giant rings around the “mother tree”, each formed when its bra
               El Tule likely the world record-holder in terms of trunk diameter. Next largest confirmed single trunk, 4.5m. 500-1630mm pre
               Susceptible to root rot from Phytophtera fungi, although the disease often requires a vector.
               Boughs used to catch herring eggs during the spawn
               Foliage has an attractive scent; occasionally used as xmas trees. Similarly related Interior Grand Fir (var idahoensis) slower g
               Tallest native trees in Europe when found in the Caucus.
               Hard to find good information. Reportedly close to extinction. Tallest trees in the amazon. Other species in the genus (such a
               Looks almost “fuzzy”. A popular xmas tree.
               Sometimes an xmas tree.
               Essential oil used as an insect repellant; also antifungal
               Several herbal remedies from this tree exist.
               While not abnormally tall, the trunk remains thick up to the branches, which don't spread; the tree seems abnormally truncated
               One of the most drought-tolerant pines. Only cold tolerant down to -6C to -10C. Fire resistant, with an impressive ability to reg



mum potential.




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more than 90m. A solid competitor to the redwoods in terms of height.




w out the buttress.




 ed by a number of pests/diseases.

, each formed when its branches curved back into the ground and took root.
k, 4.5m. 500-1630mm precipitation. Trees from the Mexican Highlands are stoutest.


 r (var idahoensis) slower growing, shorter (45m), more cold tolerant.

pecies in the genus (such as Cariniana legalis (Rose Jequitiba) ) are also quite large.




eems abnormally truncated, almost like an Ent. Yields a reddish resin thought of as “dragon's blood” in ancient times. Can be invasive in the
 an impressive ability to regrow after fire damage. Popular in California.




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n ancient times. Can be invasive in the deep south. An excellent shade tree, but only if pruned.




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