Gunung Leuser National Park
Mount Leuser National Park is a representative type of coastal forest ecosystems, and
tropical rain forest lowlands to the mountains.
Almost the entire area is covered by thick forest Dipterocarpaceae with some rivers and
waterfalls. There are rare plants and typical of a giant umbrella leaf (Johannesteijsmannia
altifrons), Raflesia flower (Rafflesia atjehensis and R. micropylora) and Rhizanthes
zippelnii which is the largest flower with a diameter of 1.5 meters. In addition, there is a
unique plant or plant strangler fig.
Endangered and protected animals found in national parks, among others, introspective /
orangutan (Pongo abelii), gibbon (Hylobates syndactylus syndactylus), Sumatran
elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
sumatrensis), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), forest goat (Capricornis
sumatraensis), hornbill (Buceros bicornis), sambar deer (Cervus unicolor), and cats
(Prionailurus bengalensis sumatrana).
Gunung Leuser National Park is one defined by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve. Based
on the Indonesia-Malaysia, also designated as a "Sister Park" with the State Parks
National Park in Malaysia