Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

LBNL Status by xiuliliaofz

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 23

									AFRD - HEP: Issues

    William Barletta

   DOE/HEP Review
   February 19, 2004
  LHC          MSUT                                       LHC                 LHC
(CERN, ‘88)   (Twente ‘95)                        Luminosity Upgrade Energy Upgrade

              RD3c             RT-1          D-20             RD3b     HD-1
          (LBNL 2002)        (LBNL 1999)   (LBNL 1996)   (LBNL 2001) (LBNL 2003)
                                              1.9K




              High Field (Nb3Sn) Dipole Prototypes


     9         10        11          12      13          14      15      16        17 T
                                                        LHC Upgrade

                                      Accelerator development
                                     Beam physics, IR redesign

                           Technology studies
                        Beam diagnostics, magnets
      LHC construction
Cryogenics, magnets, instruments
 2003




                                                                      2013
           LHC Accelerator Research Program
                                            Scientific Application Program
                                               THz, fs X-rays, Ion beams
                                             High Energy Density Physics
                                             3 GeV Extension
                                         Injector + staged channel
                     1 GeV Demonstration
                        Colliding pulse,
Facility upgrade
                        Channel guiding
100 TW drive laser
 1 GeV shielding
2003




                                                                             2007
                     All Optical Accelerators


             Experiments
                                                    Application
                              Simulation
AMAC Future Direction:
“Ultrascale” computing

  Linac & weak-strong beam-beam modeling can be
   performed on terascale computers
        Linac modeling involves “short” distances (~ km)
           Weak-strong beam-beam scales well due to small amount of
           interprocessor communication


  Ultrascale resources (~100 Tflop) will enable detailed
   studies:
          Electron cooling in Tevatron and RHIC
          Self-consistent, 3-D “two-stream” beam disruption
          Multi-IP, multi-bunch colliding beams in the strong-strong regime
          High intensity beams in circular machines (10’s to 100’s km)
          Multi-GeV plasma “afterburners”
                   The Bottom Line
 Outstanding results in high profile programs

 Center for Beam Physics in financial free fall

 Supercon program on verge of financial collapse

 Options:
   Significant increase in base budget
   Radical “surgery”

 Context for decision: LHC turn-on & LARP

    Despite losing 3 senior staff this year, we are faced with
an immediate Engineering RIF &an AFRD RIF before October
            without an added $850 K$ in FY05 base
Despite superlative vision & success,
Supercon is rapidly becoming sub-critical




   1 Restructure budget,staff 2 Reduce experiments 3 < 1 magnet/yr
     Program is at serious risk due to decaying infrastructure
Radical Surgery:
Eliminate a Vital High Profile Progam
Assumptions:
       1) we maintain total funds
       2) we can reallocate funds between CBP & Supercon

 Option 1: Eliminate l’OASIS experimental program
    Transfers world leadership in laser acceleration to Europe

 Option 2: Eliminate conductor program in Supercon
    Eliminates critical inernational resource
    Does not save enough for restructuring CBP & Supercon

 Option 3: Eliminate BEG
   Maximizes RIF, no PEP-II support, maims LARP instrumentation

 Option 4: Eliminate superconducting magnet program
    Catastrophic for National Magnet Program & LARP
LHC Accelerator Research Program:
Maximize luminosity, prepare for upgrades

  Leadership roles in LARP management
      Instrumention based on extensive beam-based experiments (J. Byrd)
          BEG infrastructure decay compromises this effort
      First generation Nb3Sn magnets for accelerators (Steve Gourlay)
  Supercon success with Nb3Sn essential to LHC upgrades
      LARP presupposes a strong base program
                                                ~3.3 M$/yr
                                                              LHC Energy
                                                                Doubler
                                                             LHC Luminosity
                                                                Upgrade




                                    ~10 M$/yr




  Transition to „05 remains at serious risk due to deep budget crisis
Root cause of financial instability:
the “6% take away”
                                    AFRD HEP FUNDS

               (not including recissions, SciDAC, LARP, LHC, Tevatron, NLC)


      $8,600

      $8,400

      $8,200
                                                          FY04
      $8,000                                              supplemental        Total Funds
                                                                              Base Funds
      $7,800

      $7,600

      $7,400

      $7,200
           1999    2000    2001    2002    2003    2004    2005   2006
                                    Fiscal Year


  Inflation & 4% overhead increase in FY04 make a bad situation much worse

  The FY04 supplemental is lifesaver for the next several months
HEP Funding Data (LHC project not included)
    HEP BASE PROGRAM                FY00    FY01      FY02      FY03      FY04    FY05 PB
    Operating
    CBP
       l'OASIS                        868   1,065     1,349     1,294     1,294    1,251
       Muon Co llider                 300     300       280       280       280      280
       other CBP                    2,797   1,743     2,096     2,156     2,156    2,084
    SC
       Supercon                     2,240   2,200     2,200     2,289     2,000    1,715
       Conductor Development          500     500       500       500       500
       SC Magne t Test Facility                                                      420
    Base Prog ram Operating Total   6,705   5,808     6,425     6,519     6,230    5,750

    Equipment
    CBP
       l'OASIS                       165     492       325       328       278
       other CBP                     170     627       -         -          50      328
    SC
       Supercon                     1,170   1,186     1,125     1,053     1,350    1,145
    Base Prog ram Equipment Total   1,505   2,305     1,450     1,381     1,678    1,473

    TOTAL BASE PROGRAM              8,210   8,113     7,875     7,900     7,908    7,223

    Supplementa l Funds              459      357        29       300      450
    Recisions                                 (1 7)     (8 5)     (3 5)
    REVISED TOTAL BASE PROGRAM      8,669   8,453     7,819     8,165     8,358    7,223
Only continuing investment by LBNL
Director has preserved AFRD vitality
                              LDRD to CBP & SC
                1800

                1600                                               LDRD
                                                                 recission
                1400
    K Dollars




                1200
                                                                   LUX
                1000

                800
                                              l’
                600                           O
                                              S
                400                           A
                200                           I
                                              S
                  0
                       1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004
                                     Fiscal Year
                              LDRD     INFRASTRUCTURE


   Main thrust of LDRD investment is now outside HEP
Catastrophic FY05 President’s budget
                                  AFRD HEP FUNDS

             (not including recissions, SciDAC, LARP, LHC, Tevatron, NLC)


    $8,600

    $8,400
                                                               Correct amount ?
    $8,200

    $8,000                                                                  Total Funds
                                                                            Base Funds
    $7,800

    $7,600

    $7,400

    $7,200
         1999    2000    2001    2002    2003    2004   2005    2006
                                  Fiscal Year


         Delaying urgent decisive action is irresponsible
                   without specific guidance
FY01-FY03: Past management actions
to mitigate eroding base support

   Cancel “low profile programs”      3
   Restructure budget to minimize overhead3
   Consume equipment funds on fabrications   3
   Increase percentage of expenses for labor 3
   Reduce salary increases, enforced vacations           3
   Reductions-in-force, restructure staff      3
   Defer critical infrastructure improvements       3
   Reduce commitments & deliverables          3
        These are one-time “fixes” - What is left to do
   Terminate early career & term staff ASAP
“The Tyranny of Arithmatic”:
HEP Base Program is ~87% labor
                CBP FY04 BASE COST DISTRIBUTION
                                    Labor + recharges = 85%

                                                                 Recharges =
                                                                 space + utilities, etc.
          75%                                                    = fixed % of labor
                                                     Labor
                                                     Recharges
                                                     Purchases   Purchases (2%)
                                                     Travel      includes stipends
                                         11%                     for visiting
                                                                 scientists; i.e.,labor


                                  11%
                            3%




  Reducing costs ==> reducing staff
  Budgeted EQU costs cannot support experimental programs
  For past 3 years we have spent EQU funds on labor to avoid RIF
Supercon FY04 Base Budget

 Does not support large magnet program

 Seriously jeopardizes underpinnings of LARP
    LARP technology resides solely at LBNL

 Endangers preserving the staff that delivered HD-1
    Mechanical engineers, technicians & test facility personnel

 Test facility requires substantial upgrade

          Projection in January : ~ 200 K$ overspent
       Supplemental funds restore solvency, but
              long term crisis remains
 Supercon Program Needs FY04

 With $770k over base funding we can:
  Provide minimal test facility maintenance &
   improvements (Priority 1)
  Restore large magnet program
        Design and build HD-2
        Test HD-1 at 1.9K (Should reach 17 T)

  Provide critical technical support for LARP



                Test Facility upgrade proposal
    has been presented during February DOE/HEP Review
CBP FY04: Financial Freefall

 CBP HEP base budget status
    Jan. 04 Guidance allocation is 4,494k$
    Obligation projection from FY03 is 5,144k$
    ==> 650 k$ shortfall
    January actions + Supplemental reduce Shortfall to 250k$
 Action necessary to address the FY04 shortfall
    Reduce 2 FTE Technical support (sub-critical level remaining)
    Don’t replace 2 departing senior staff (Turner, Placidi)
    Defer equipment purchases
   ==> Dramatically slow progress on 1 GeV module (l’Oasis);
   limit assistance to PEP-II & Tevatron improvement

 Without additional FY04 funds, further cuts needed
   RIF of up to 2 FTE from the scientific staff before Oct 1
Projected Post-doc & Term Appointments
are Insufficient to Meet Commitments

Project     End 02   FY03      FY04      FY05    FY06   FY07

AMAC            1       1+1*      1*        0       0      0

BEG             1        1        1**       0       0      0

LHC/LARP        0        0       1 (?)      2       2      2

l’OASIS         2        2        1         0       0      0

Muons /        0        0        0         0       0      0

Supercon        2        1        1         0       0      0
Theory          1        1       1+1*       1*      0      0


Total           7        7        7         3       2      2

 * From institutional funds
 ** Tevatron support funds
Summary Management Plan:
Cuts by Program Area - FY04
  Supercon:
     •   Do not replace senior physicist (Scanlan) 3
     •   RIF 1 - 2 techs at test facility
     •   Eliminate equipment purchases
     •   Mothball full scale magnet fabrication and testing 3

  CBP General:
     •   Do not replace senior physicist (Turner) 3

  L’OASIS:
     •   Cut 1 (0.5 FTE) computational theorist
     •   Eliminate equipment purchases 3
     •   RIF 1- 2 techs
  BEG:
     •   Do not replace senior physicist (Placidi) 3
     •   Do not hire post-doc
     •   Eliminate equipment purchases 3
  Theory:
     •   Do not renew term scientist
                                                   3 Already
                                                  implemented
FY04 incremental funding requests

                 FY04 Incremental Requests:
          (0ver initial financial plan + February supplemental)
Supercon        500 K (begin test facility upgrade)
L’Oasis         200 K (critical retention issue)
BEG             100 K ( to maintain term staff)
Theory          100 K ( to maintain term staff)
Total        = 900 K

    Despite losing three senior staff, we are faced with
             an Engineering RIF immediately
              and AFRD RIF before October
FY05 request: Restore funding to FY01
level & Continue magnet facilty upgrade
                                 AFRD HEP FUNDS

            (not including recissions, SciDAC, LARP, LHC, Tevatron, NLC)


   $8,600

   $8,400

   $8,200

   $8,000                                                                  Total Funds
                                                                           Base Funds
   $7,800

   $7,600

   $7,400

   $7,200
        1999    2000    2001    2002    2003    2004   2005    2006
                                 Fiscal Year


        Allows healthy l‟OASIS and Supercon programs
Responsible Management
Demands Decisive Action
 Insufficient staff on top priorities: Supercon, l’Oasis, AMAC
 Insufficient resources for top programs: Supercon, l’Oasis,
 Supercon infrastructure becoming inconsistent with safe,
effective working environment
Our highest priorities in the longer term will be:
1.   Breakthrough accelerator technology for near future
2.   Support of LHC-based physics via LARP (aligned with PD)
3.   Maintain leadership in accelerator modeling and simulation
4.   LC & PEP-II activites only if directly funded from SLAC
           We must adjust our resources now to match priorities

								
To top