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									                      Railway
                      Museum
                            q u a r t e r l y

                                 "Advancing Railway Preservation"


Number 51                A Journal of the Association of Railway Museums                                Spring 2009




An invitation received at the ARM 2008 Conference inspired the Editor to visit the Southern Museum of Civil War and
Locomotive History, a growing ARM member in Kennesaw, GA. It’s home to the General (Rogers 1855), the Civil War’s most
famous locomotive. For more on Georgia railway preservation, see page 4. Aaron Isaacs photo.
                                                                                                            EXECUTIVE
                                                                                                        DIRECTOR'S LETTER
             railway                                                                                       Each time I attend an ARM Board of
                                                                                                                     By Suzanne Grace

                                                                                                       Directors meeting, I am again impressed
             museum                                                                                    with the progressive leadership of the
                                                                                                       association. It is refreshing to observe a
                                                                                                       board whose members work solely for
               quarterly                                                                               the benefit of the organization with no
                                                                                                       self-interest and in full cooperation with
                                                                                                       one another. There is, of course, no
                                                                                                       remuneration for ARM board members.
                                                                                                       Although much is expected of them, the
                                                                                                       work is strictly voluntary.
Railway Museum Quarterly is published quarterly by the Association of Railway Museums and
                                                                                                           Each meeting begins with a review of
distributed free of charge to member and affiliate member institutions and individuals. The
                                                                                                       the association’s strategic plan. This
opinions expressed herein are not necessarily those of the Association. Articles appearing in RMQ
                                                                                                       document is a living plan for the
                                                                                                       association, a step-by-step map for
may be reprinted in whole or in part provided proper credit is given the source. Submissions are

                                                                                                       reaching ARM’s goals. Our facilitator is
always welcomed, along with accompanying photos. Articles covering programs, initiatives, major

                                                                                                       ARM member Don Evans of the West
events and undertakings of member institutions are of special interest.

                                                                                                       Coast Railway Heritage Park. His
                                                                                                       profession is strategic planning and he
ARM Membership

                                                                                                       consults with organizations and
Membership in the Association of Railway Museums is open to nonprofit organizations preserving

                                                                                                       companies all over the world. We are
and displaying at least one piece of railway or street railway rolling stock to the public on a

                                                                                                       most fortunate to have someone of his
regularly scheduled basis. Other organizations, businesses and individuals interested in the work of

                                                                                                       caliber assist us in our planning.
the Association are invited to become affiliates.
                                                                                                           The association’s plans are big and all
All members and affiliates receive Railway Museum Quarterly as a benefit of membership. For
                                                                                                       will result in better member service, new
more details, or to report address changes, please contact the Association of Railway Museums,
                                                                                                       member benefits, and a smoother, more
                                                                                                       efficient operation. Here is the board’s
1016 Rosser St., Conyers, GA 30012, or email to cnc@lagniappeassociates.com.
            Call us at (770) 278-0088 or visit our Web site: www.railwaymuseums.org.
                                                                                                       vision for ARM:
                                                                                                           In 2016 ARM is recognized as the
                                                                                                       leading railway preservation support
Directors

                                                                                                       organization in North America. We have
Richard Anderson, Northwest Railway Museum, richard.anderson@railwaymuseums.org

                                                                                                       a membership of over 300 railway
David Dunn, Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, david.dunn@railwaymuseums.org

                                                                                                       museums and heritage railway
Bob LaPrelle, Museum of the American Railroad, bob.laprelle@railwaymuseums.org

                                                                                                       operations and several sources of
Peter Murphy, Exporail, peter.murphy@railwaymuseums.org
                                                                                                       revenue are sustaining our activities.
G. Mark Ray, Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, mark.ray@railwaymuseums.org
                                                                                                           Our collaborative initiatives in
Ken Rucker, National Capital Trolley Museum, ken.rucker@railwaymuseums.org
                                                                                                       working with other organizations have
                                                                                                       resulted in a unified and powerful voice
Jim Schantz, Seashore Trolley Museum, jim.schantz@railwaymuseums.org

                                                                                                       in advocacy, education, and support for
Eric Sitiko, HART-TECOLine Streetcar Museum, eric.sitiko@railwaymuseums.org

                                                                                                       railway heritage.
Kyle Wyatt, California State Railroad Museum, kyle.wyatt@railwaymuseums.org

                                                                                                           New technology enables member
                                                                                                       connectivity and communications, and a
Officers

                                                                                                       constantly updated set of Recommended
President: Bob LaPrelle

                                                                                                       Practices are the standard for our sector
Vice President: David Dunn

                                                                                                       and a model for others.
Secretary: Ellen Fishburn, secretary@railwaymuseums.org

                                                                                                           Some of the ways ARM is fulfilling
Treasurer: Ken Rucker, 1313 Bonifant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20905-5961,

                                                                                                       its vision include discussions with other
ken.rucker@railwaymuseums.org

                                                                                                       railway preservation organizations to
                                                                                                       seek out areas of common interest for
Committees

                                                                                                       collaboration and greater efficiency; an
Renewal Parts: Rod Fishburn, Chair, parts@railwaymuseums.org

                                                                                                       active membership campaign; a new
                                                                                                       web site set to launch before summer; a
Staff

                                                                                                       study committee to review member
Suzanne Grace, Executive Director, 1016 Rosser St., Conyers, GA 30012

                                                                                                       suggestions for revising and updating
cnc@lagniappeassociates.com

                                                                                                       ARM’s Recommended Practices for
                                                                                                       Railway Museums; improved member
Railway Museum Quarterly

                                                                                                       communication through email; and an
Aaron Isaacs, Editor, 3816 Vincent Ave. South, Minneapolis, MN 55410, (612) 929-7066,

                                                                                                       effort to provide educational sessions at
rmqeditor@railwaymuseums.org.

                                                                                                       ARM conferences that meet the needs of
                                                                                                       all members.
The Association of Railway Museums is a Professional Affiliate Member of the American

                                                                                                           The ARM Board of Directors is
Association of Museums.

                                                                                                       working hard and smart on your behalf
                                                                                                       and you can expect to see great results
Organizational Mission: The purpose of the Association of Railway Museums is to lead in the

                                                                                                       this year and in the coming years.
advancement of railway heritage through education and advocacy, guided by the principles
set forth in "Recommended Practices for Railway Museums" and incorporated in other best
practices generally accepted in the wider museum community.

2
    ARM 2009 IN BRITISH COLUMBIA




            SEPT. 16-20 AT WEST COAST RAILWAY HERITAGE PARK
        “CHANGING SCENES”-THE 10-YEAR DEVELOPMENT OF A MUSEUM
Featuring:                                            Conference Pricing (US Dollars):
BC Electric Traction Tour                                              ARM members Non-ARM members
BC Museum of Mining Tour                              Until July 15         $275         $300
Trip to Whistler Resort on the Whistler Mountaineer   July 16-Aug 15        $295         $325
Royal Hudson steam trip to North Vancouver            After Aug 15          $325         $350
SkyTrain Ride
Sea Bus cross harbor ride                             Registration:
Lunch on the Rocky Mountaineer                        Canadian ARM members: Book through West Coast Ry.
Heritage Park’s new roundhouse                         Assn., www.wcra.org, 1-800-722-1233
Former Pacific Great Eastern Shops                    Others: Book through the ARM office in Conyers, GA,
                                                       www.railwaymuseums.org, 1-770-278-0088
Seminars:
How planning drives museum development                Lodging:
Developing a future technology museum                 Garibaldi Springs Resort - $99 studio / $119 - 1 bedroom
Developing a learning destination                     Mountain Retreat Hotel & Suites - $95
Finding sponsors and putting a name on facilities     (Rates in Candian dollars, US equivalent about 80%,
Safety in museum workshops                             taxes not included)
Developing museums as sustainable attractions
Fundraising never stops                               Customs broker for US exhibitors:
Maintaining a mainline steam locomotive               Pacific Customs Brokers, www.pcb.ca, 604-538-1566
Steel and wood passenger car restoration

                                                                                                                 3
                                                                         Savannah Roundhouse Museum




    RAIL PRESERVATION                           Southeastern Railway Museum            1919), which for years ran at Stone
       IN GEORGIA                              In 1998, the museum moved from its
                                            old, 12-acre open-air site to a new, 30-
                                                                                       Mountain disguised in faux-Civil War-
                                                                                       era paint and diamond stack. Southern
                                            acre former railroad car shop that was     E8 #6901 (EMD 1951) graces the
            By Aaron Isaacs                 donated. Along with more land came         property in Southern Crescent green
                                            two shop buildings, which made             and gold. It is one of seven diesels in
   Sometimes things converge. At the        possible covered storage for a third of    the collection. The 24 passenger cars
ARM 2008 Conference in Colorado             the collection. It converted the           include most car types and eras.
Springs, I had met Dick Hillman, who        buildings to museum use through an         Notable is the all-steel private car
encouraged me to do an article on his       $810,000 TEA21 grant. The larger of        Superb (Pullman 1911), which carried
place, the Southern Museum of Civil         the buildings houses the museum’s best     President Warren Harding and is listed
War and Locomotive History in               artifacts, a museum store, offices and     on the National Register of Historic
Kennesaw, Georgia. I needed material        interesting exhibits. The smaller          Places. The nine cabooses represent
for RMQ, and a break from a                 building is open on the sides and only     most of the region’s carriers.
particularly long, cold Minnesota winter    shelters rolling stock. Outside, a 44-
sounded pretty attractive. ARM              tonner and caboose provide short rides      Southern Museum of Civil War and
Executive Director Suzanne Grace lives      on the yard trackage.                                Locomotive History
near Atlanta, and wanted more first-           The collection of over 50 pieces           The subject of two motion pictures,
hand exposure to rail preservation, so      provides a good cross section of           the Civil War’s Great Locomotive
she accompanied me to Kennesaw, plus        southeastern railroading. There are nine   Chase was certainly one of the most
a short visit to the Southeastern Railway   steam locomotives, including a             famous rail episodes in American
Museum in Duluth, GA. The trip              significant pair of 4-6-2s, Savannah &     history. Its notoriety was sufficient to
concluded with a day-long visit to the      Atlanta #750 and Atlanta & West Point      preserve its locomotive protagonists,
Roundhouse Railroad Museum in               #290. Recently the museum acquired         the 4-4-0s General and Texas. Both
Savannah.                                   Red River & Gulf 4-4-0 #104 (Baldwin       survive today. The historic event itself
                                                                                       started at Kennesaw, and that was the




4
The Southeastern Railway Museum
occupies a former car repair shop outside
of Duluth, GA.

Left: New York, Ontario & Western 44-
tonner #104 (GE 1941) pulls the caboose
train past Red River & Gulf 4-4-0 #104,
still partially decorated for Stone
Mountain.

Above: The complete interior of Southern
RPO car #153 (Bethlehem 1928).

Middle right: Savannah & Atlanta 4-6-2
#750 (Alco 1910) occupies a display track
in the main exhibit building.

Southern Cresent E8 #6901 (EMD 1951)
in the smaller, open air carshop building.



                                             5
                                                                                 impetus for the museum created to
                                                                                 display the General.
                                                                                    Dick Hillman gave us a tour of the
                                                                                 place, which is much more impressive
                                                                                 than I had expected. The City of
                                                                                 Kennesaw owns the museum, but it
                                                                                 receives considerable financial support
                                                                                 through the efforts of its non-profit
                                                                                 foundation, which employs Hillman. It
                                                                                 is a Smithsonian affiliate.
                                                                                    A modern, professional-looking
                                                                                 facility, it has been expanded more than
                                                                                 once. It is divided into three main
                                                                                 sections. After leaving the lobby,
                                                                                 visitors enter an exhibit area that deals
                                                                                 with the Civil War and the role of
                                                                                 railroads in fighting it. The largest
                                                                                 portion of the museum’s space is
                                                                                 dedicated to telling the story of the
                                                                                 Glover Machine Works. This local
                                                                                 company started out manufacturing
                                                                                 machinery for the lumber business,
                                                                                 including steam powered log skidders.
                                                                                 Having learned to build skidders, it was
                                                                                 a short step to building locomotives.
                                                                                 Between 1903 and 1930 the company
                                                                                 turned out 200 of them, mostly small
                                                                                 industrial and logging engines. Family
                                                                                 owned, they never threw anything
                                                                                 away. When the company finally shut
                                                                                 down in 1995, it was a virtual museum
                                                                                 in its own right. All the records and
                                                                                 tooling from the very beginning were
                                                                                 intact. There were even two complete,
                                                                                 unsold locomotives inside one of the
                                                                                 buildings. With the family’s
                                                                                 cooperation, much of it is now
                                                                                 displayed.
                                                                                    The third portion of the museum tells
                                                                                 the story of the Great Locomotive
                                                                                 Chase, featuring the General itself. The
                                                                                 Texas, by the way, is exhibited in
                                                                                 Atlanta at the Cyclorama.
                                                                                    Open seven days a week, the
                                                                                 museum sees 50,000-60,000 visitors per
                                                                                 year. There are 20 full time and part
                                                                                 time paid staff, as well as 15-20 regular
                                                                                 volunteers. There are 270 museum
                                                                                 members. Revenue comes from
                                                                                 admissions, the gift shop, capital grants,
                                                                                 donations from local families and the
                                                                                 city of Kennesaw.
                                                                                    Hillman showed us the state of the
                                                                                 art climate controlled archive room. In
                                                                                 addition to the Glover records, it houses
                                                                                 a large collection of Southern railroad
                                                                                 operating records, which are the owned
                                                                                 by the Southern Railroad Historical
                                                                                 Association. Its members are active in
                                                                                 the cataloguing effort. Fundraising is
                                                                                 underway to expand the archives space.
                                                                                    Savannah Roundhouse Museum
                                                                                    Its name is somewhat misleading,
                                                                                 because this museum is preserving and
                                                                                 restoring not just a roundhouse, but the
                                                                                 entire eleven-building shop complex of
Top: The exterior of the Southern Museum of the Civil War and Locomotive
                                                                                 the Central of Georgia. Much of it dates
History in Kennesaw, GA.
                                                                                 from 1855, and it was expanded in the
Middle: This complete locomotive, built in 1926 and then repossessed, had been
stored at the Glover Machine Works since the late 1920s.                         1920s. Abandoned in 1963, it had been
Bottom: Wood patterns from the Glover Pattern Shop.                              heavily vandalized and portions had
6
 MAP OF THE
 SAVANNAH
ROUNDHOUSE
  MUSEUM
 AND CENTRAL OF
 GEORGIA SHOPS




                  7
    Above: All the shops’ exhausts were
    routed through underground pipes to
    this single smokestack. The doors around
    the base are individual toilet stalls.

    Top left: The 1923 Coach Shop/Paint
    Shop building is being restored and will
    reopen in 2010.

    Central of Georgia 2-8-0 #223 (Baldwin
    1907) inside the roundhouse.

    The allready restored Central of Georgia
    depot is across Louisville Road from the
    shops complex. Today it houses the
    Savannah History Museum.




8
collapsed by the time the City of          storehouse. A master plan for the                 THINK YOU HAVE
                                                                                               PROBLEMS?
Savannah purchased it. The machine         roundhouse and shops was completed in
shop and carpenter shop currently have     1998. Beginning in 2002, a new local
no roofs. The impetus for the city to      sales tax was approved to fund the
step in and save the property came         restoration of the rest of the complex.         How hard is it to manage a railway
when local preservationists noticed that   This was combined with other city
the tall smokestack was being              money, TEA-21 grants and fund raising         museum? Here are two stories that may
disassembled for its bricks.               by the Coastal Heritage Society. Repairs      be more extreme than most—or maybe
   In the 1989, the city contracted with   began to the roundhouse itself, which         not.
the non-profit Coastal Heritage Society    still needs rear windows. In 2004, the
to operate and restore the complex. The    city was able to purchase the rest of the
Society was already operating the          site from Norfolk Southern, including          Part 1--My Last President’s Report
Savannah History Museum, located in        the large coach/paint shop building. It                 By Jim Lundquist
the large C of G depot across the street   and the adjacent carpenters shop are
from the roundhouse. Since then there      currently being rebuilt, with completion         Reprinted with permission from the
has been a major effort to stabilize the   scheduled for 2010. The boiler room,          Pacific Southwest Railway Museum’s
buildings, restore them and reopen the     lumber shed and planning shed still           Hot Scoop newsletter.
place as a museum.                         require stabilization.                           As 2008 comes to an end, it’s hard to
   The early 1990s saw major repairs to       With the completion of building            believe that I am wrapping up my sixth
the roundhouse dispatch office, tender     renovations within sight, the staff is        year as your President (for the second
frame shop, blacksmith shop and            turning its attention to museum               term). This was far and away the
                                           operations and interpretive activities.       hardest adventure in my life (possible
                                           The Savannah History Museum will              exception – my teenage kids), and yet it
                                           move from the depot to the coach/paint        all seems to have gone by so fast.
                                           shop building, which will also house a           In late December 2002, the members
                                           children’s museum. Spring 2009 will see       voted to install a new 25 person Board
                                           a track extension to the paint shop           to run the Museum. At the Board’s first
                                           building, and the first regular shuttle       meeting, I agreed to be appointed the
                                           trips on the existing yard trackage,          President. As a first order of business,
                                           including a spin on the 1923-built 85-        we had to get a handle on where we
                                           foot turntable.                               were as a Museum. Frankly, it wasn’t a
                                              Currently, the roundhouse yard is          very good place.
                                           isolated. By late 2010, the goal is to           We had an office in the Santa Fe
                                           rebuild the missing bridge over               Depot, in downtown San Diego, staffed
                                           Louisville Road and reestablish a live        by one employee and some dedicated
                                           connection with the general railroad          volunteers. The office rent was behind,
                                           system. The city owns 2.5 miles of right      the payroll was behind; we owed tens
                                           of way extending north from the depot         of thousands of dollars for office
                                           and that will be available for excursions.    equipment and the utility payments
                                              In its current situation, partially        were behind! In addition, our Library
                                           restored with no formal docent program        was also in the depot and was facing
                                           and with large areas off limits during        eviction. A quick review of the books
                                           construction, the museum has been             and the profit/loss statement told us that
                                                                                         we couldn’t afford to keep the office
Preservation bonuses: A privately
                                           drawing about 19,000 visitors per year.
                                                                                         open nor a paid employee to staff it. We
owned Cincinnati curved side
                                           That is expected to increase as soon as
                                           train ride and other programmed               sought relief from the owner of the
carbody in Marietta, GA, and the old

                                           activities are established. Active            depot, which granted us a waiver on the
Wrightsville & Tennille Railroad
offices in Wriightsville, GA.
                                           interpretation will begin this year. Seven    back rent if we moved out as soon as
                                           paid docents will alternate between the       possible. In no time, we were sorting
                                           roundhouse and the Heritage Society’s         papers and moving stuff into storage or
                                           nearby historic Fort Jackson. There are       the La Mesa Depot. Almost
                                           currently no volunteers, but that will also   immediately, our last paid employee
                                           change in the next year or so.                left on her own. A few months later, we
                                              The museum has representative              paid the last payroll check to her. No
                                           collection of historic pieces. All are        sooner did we finish up that move, our
                                           regional, except for a couple of 44-          library was evicted. Once again, we
                                           tonners that were purchased to power the      fired up the moving vans, acquired used
                                           shuttle trains. The museum employs a          trailers and containers and moved
                                           shop staff of eight people, who hours         everything to Campo. In just a couple
                                           add up to five full time equivalents. In      of months, we were out of the rental
                                           2006 they completed the overhaul of 0-        office space.
                                           4-0T #30, which will be the                      Our attention then turned to Campo.
                                           demonstration steam locomotive.               It wasn’t any prettier there either. There
                                           Recently they completed restoring C of        was a shut-off notice from San Diego
                                           G heavyweight office car Atlanta and a        Gas & Electric taped to the Campo
                                           flatcar with benches for the shuttle runs.    Depot door. The upstairs portion of the
                                           Currently they’re working on a                depot was being used as an office and
                                           refrigerator car and an outside braced        then an apartment. We lost part of the
                                           boxcar.                                       depot parking lot to a sand pit. Our
                                                                                         Tecate trains were being operated by

                                                                                                                                 9
someone else, with 10% of the gross          starting getting easier to manage. That      the Display Building is a nice new
being passed along to us for using our       first meeting in Spring Valley featured      video program and TV showing off our
name and equipment. The Shop                 25 board members and a public of             beautiful #2353 steam locomotive. The
Building housed offices for another          around 40 members. One by one, the           Display Building has been the venue to
company, and the yard and shop were          Board members resigned for various           several nice evening programs and
full of employees for that company.          reasons, and, the meetings started           could host others once a restroom is
There was contaminated soil                  calming down and became more                 constructed nearby.
everywhere. Furthermore, we had no           manageable. Eventually, the members             The Shop Building features a new
operating locomotives we could call our      adopted new bylaws which called for          concrete pit, upgraded electrical and
own. For me, it was simply                   eight Board members, a true blessing in      air. All the contaminated soil has been
overwhelming to look at the work             terms of managing the meetings.              removed. There are numerous new
before us and think we could pull it off         Our train operations continued to        tools and machinery equipment inside.
by ourselves with our small group of         expand – some with great results, some       Outside is a new Track 15 with
dedicated volunteers. Soon enough, the       still awaiting success. Our Tecate trains    maintenance of way equipment, and a
other company left Campo for another         were popular, and really took off when       new motorcar shed. On the tracks are
east county town, and took their             Huell Howser ( a local TV celebrity)         several pieces of new rail equipment,
equipment and tools with them, leaving       came out, spent a day with us, then an       which took hundreds of hours and
behind the contaminated soil and             evening of fundraising showing our           thousands of dollars to acquire,
broken down Museum equipment for us          train trip on the air and inviting KPBS      including ATSF #2381, a former San
to deal with.                                listeners to travel with Huell. That         Diego switch engine and SP #7304, a
   “Where to start?” was the huge            program still continues to pay dividends     former SD&AE operating engine. In
question. We started by cleaning up and      for us. We started a Christmas train,        addition, we have a rubber tired car
cutting costs. I cut-out the switch to the   working with the local High School           mover, multiple forklifts, loaders,
air conditioner in the lounge, and           students. Each year, the event keeps         backhoes and other power machinery.
begged the trash company to forgive the      getting bigger, so that this year we are     We have much less “stuff” under and
back bill for trash. We filled up many       running ten trains and 3,000 people to       around the one remaining oak tree, as
boxes of contaminated soil and paid to       the North Pole. Also successful are the      junk has been tossed and recycled over
have them hauled away. We were able          Pumpkin trains and Easter trains. Still      a four year period of time, lead by
to “blue card” a locomotive and start        awaiting success are the Campo Valley        yours truly. Also, we installed new
our Golden State operations again.           Flyers and any train with food service.      electrical service and have set up the
Soon, the other company wrote us                 Driving out to Campo and entering        library trailer and containers in this
giving us back our Tecate trains. That       our property, it’s easy for me to spot       area.
was the break we needed. We had              our improvements, starting with the             So, as of December 2008, we are
several meetings with officials in           Caltrans direction signs on State Route      totally debt free, and in charge of our
Mexico to reestablish those operating        94 and our own signs at our gate             future. There are new and energetic
rights. Soon, our trains were once again     welcoming and thanking people for            volunteers to be found on site. I am
operating to Mexico and we were able         visiting us as they enter and exit. The      turning over our Museum to our new
to keep 100% of the ticket sales less        main entrance road has been cleaned up       President in much better shape than
costs. That was a huge break. With the       somewhat, with the run down                  when I found it, thanks to a dedicated
revenues up and our expenses down, we        equipment removed and additional             core of hard working volunteers. We
were back to breaking even. But, how         signage to the Depot. At the Depot,          are all doing great things together.
to get caught up with all the past due       there are also two new signs there
bills?                                       welcoming our visitors. The Depot              Part 2--Nevada Northern’s 2008
   Along came a savior in a plain            itself features new siding, some new          By Mark Bassett, Executive Director
envelop to our La Mesa Depot address.        windows, new signs, a wheelchair lift, a        Reprinted with permission.
I opened the mail one afternoon and          completely rebuilt upstairs (not yet            In March, we were finishing up
inside was a check for $210,400. Not         open to the public – a success story still   different building projects around the
quite believing it was real, I called the    waiting to happen, as are the new            property. The biggest one was the
bank in Florida and was told the check       restrooms) and new paint. There are          conversion of the Boiler Building into
was indeed real, and the donor wanted        new swings, tires for the children, a        ADA restrooms. In April, we started in
to be anonymous. I immediately drove         new loading dock and new lights for the      on locomotive 93 and made an historic
across the street and deposited the          tracks and parking lot. A new brick          decision. The repairs to locomotive 93
check into our account, then started         sidewalk, a water fountain in need of        would be thorough, no half measures.
calling all our friends to tell the good     repair and new shade trees replacing         We had a plan and we were confident
news. We paid all our back debts,            our beautiful tree which died of old age.    in the plan, but we didn't have the
repaid the restricted funds and then         There is a new Workamper site where          manpower to implement it. A call to the
looked for projects we wanted to push        happy volunteers live onsite, which          Heber Valley Railroad asking for
forward. As I recall, we put in the lights   replaced an old trailer which we hauled      assistance was answered in the positive.
in the Display Building, a concrete slab     off to the dump in three large roll-off      They would help.
there also, upgraded the Campo Depot         containers, one piece at a time. Still          Our plan lasted until we removed the
with new siding, donated windows and         awaiting attention are the old tank car      first tire from the wheel center. As the
paint, and put some away to start our        on the ground and the section houses.        tire was being removed, shims started
endowment fund. Meanwhile, we                Up on Track One is our ATSF freight          raining down. This was unexpected
plugged away and restored yet another        train, which is awaiting signs to            and, it turns out, all of the tires were
locomotive and we reroofed and               interpret for our visitors. The Display      shimmed. This would add to the cost
repainted several of our passenger cars.     Building has a new sign and, new             and difficulty of the project, as well as
The emphasis was on our presentation         interior concrete floors with electrical     more time.
to our public – the train, depot and         lights and new wiring replacing the             People come to the Nevada Northern
Display Building.                            extension cords which made their way         to ride behind our steam locomotives.
   During this time, our Board meetings      down from the Shop Building. Inside          With no steam locomotive in operation,
10
the 2008 season was beginning to look        project and with it a disaster. The          East Ely Depot Museum is slated to
bleak. Then in May oil prices hit $130 a     project bid was a lot higher than we         close July 1, 2009.
barrel. If we were shocked to be paying      expected or that we had money for. At           Wow! This is devastating not only to
$3.50 a gallon for gas, the worse was        the same time, the track project was         the state employees who work at the
yet to come. By mid-June, gas was over       consuming more resources than was            depot but also to us. All of a sudden, we
$4 a gallon and in some of the more          planned for. And more was being found        start getting phone calls from people
remote areas, it was over $5. No steam       wrong with locomotive 93. All three          who believe we're closing. They are
locomotives and high fuel prices were        projects would take more money than          confusing the East Ely Depot Museum
bad enough but then the metals market        was budgeted for them.                       with the Nevada Northern Railway
went crazy. Daily, prices for the metal          The Club 50 crossing project was to      Museum. We put out press releases to
needed for the repairs to locomotive 93      be paid with grant funds. If we didn't do    try and clear up the confusion but it's a
kept going up—sometimes in                   the project, we'd lose the funds. If we      tough fight. The news that the Easy Ely
substantial amounts.                         didn't renew the crossing, the next          Depot Museum may close travels like
   Meanwhile down at the shops, work         option was to remove it and pave over        wildfire. The state attempts to separate
was proceeding on locomotive 93 and          it. Then if we could find the funds, the     the two of us, but the message was
locomotive 204. All of the sixteen           project would be even more expensive.        already out there.
cylinders and heads were replaced with           The Club 50 crossing was tied into          October comes and with it the
rebuilt units on locomotive 204. Then        the track rehabilitation project. It would   Haunted Ghost Trains. The amount of
locomotive 105 goes out of service           make no sense to rehabilitate the track,     effort to do the Haunted Ghost Trains is
because of a traction motor bearing          if the Club 50 crossing was not done.        enormous. Not only do we need train
problem. Meanwhile locomotive 109            Meanwhile, we found another                  crews but ghosts and goblins are needed
develops a water leak. Thankfully, it's      unexpected problem with the wheel            too. And my hat is off to these ghosts
caught in time and repairs are made.         centers from locomotive 93. The good         and goblins, they're real troupers. They
   In addition to taking care of the         news is that the problem was repairable;     are at their haunting place regardless of
locomotives and track, we also have          the bad news is it would cost more           the weather. This year we had snow,
sixty-six buildings and structures to        money and delay the project. This            rain, and wind—sometimes at the same
maintain. In June, RFP's were released       setback was discovered right after all       time.
for building projects in the East Ely        the summer issue of Ghost Tracks had            It's heading into November and the
Yard and McGill Depot. In preparing          been sent out inviting everyone to come      weather was great! Projects are
the RFP, a chilling discovery was made.      to East Ely to see locomotive 93 operate     beginning to get wrapped up. The
The Master Mechanic's Building had           Labor Day weekend.                           building projects are almost done. The
received severe damage to its masonry.           Additional money was found for the       Club 50 project was almost done. The
An inspection revealed that the building     Club 50 project, it was now a go. Work       track work was over for the year. The
had new and recent degradation of the        was continuing on the track leading up       annual food drive with the local scouts
blocks and joints. We suspected that the     to the crossing. In addition work was        was a success.
culprit was the Wells earthquake. Since      now being done on the McGill Depot,             Next up are the Polar Expresses! And
we had received earthquake damage to         the Transportation Building, the             now the economy was heading south.
the Master Mechanic's building, we           Garages, the Bus Garage, Chief               We depend on the Polar Expresses for
took a closer look at the Bus Garage.        Engineer's building, the Master              our end of year revenue. The bad news
Cracks had been noted in the masonry         Mechanic's Building, the Electric Shop,      was that the pre-ticket sales were down,
in the past and now it was evident that      the Ice House, the Enginehouse and the       but walk up traffic was way up. We
they had opened. That spring, the north      Machine Shop. Work also continued on         were actually running ahead of last
wall of the Materials Storage Building       locomotive 93. And did I mention as all      year.
had been blown down. Then there was          of these projects were going on, we also        Now it’s December, the weather is
the Air Brake Building, foxes had            had a railroad to run? During the            cooperating, we're getting snow for the
burrowed under the building                  summer months, we operated two trains        Polars and all of our construction
threatening its foundation. Its roof had     a day, every day, except Tuesday. So in      projects are winding up. On December
blown off three years ago, and the           addition to all of the projects, we had a    9, locomotive 93's wheels and axles
temporary roof was failing. The good         train schedule to maintain.                  arrive back in Ely. The shop forces
news: we had enough grant money to               July, August and September fly by,       jump in and start the reassembly of
make the repairs to the buildings. The       ridership was still off but it was           locomotive 93. She looked strange
bad news: we might not have enough           improving each month. The Club 50            floating in the air since April waiting
time to do the projects. It would be a       project was going on and looking good.       for wheels. In four days, all of the axles
race against time and the weather.           The track project was on going. The          are installed. Then the rods and brake
   By late June, the new forgings for        state track inspector came to town.          rigging go back on and just before
locomotive 93's axles were delivered to      Together we inspected our track and          Christmas locomotive 93 is back
Salt Lake City. The wheel centers were       success! We opened the track from East       together! What a Christmas present!
being built up. Here in Ely, work was        Ely to Hiline Junction and then opened          At the same time, the Polar
progressing on the locomotive as well.       the track from Hiline Junction to MP         Expresses were going well except the
Things were beginning to look good; it       130. He complimented us on all of the        flu was knocking out staff and
looked like we could have locomotive         work that had been accomplished.             volunteers. People are juggled to fill
93 running by Labor Day. To celebrate        Unfortunately, the track to Adverse is       positions and the Polar Expresses keep
we planned to have an open house             still out of service.                        running. On December 26, locomotive
featuring locomotive 93.                         Things were looking up, ridership        93 rolls out of the enginehouse to the
   The 4th of July came and we carried       was improving month by month, gas            coaling area and the tender is filled with
more people than we had the previous         prices were falling, projects were being     coal! December 27, a fire is built and
year. Locomotives 204 and 109 were           completed, and now it was time to start      locomotive 93 is hot for the first time
running just fine. Ridership was off, but    our fall fundraising drive. Letters were     since July 2007. December 28 is THE
it was stronger than it was earlier in the   prepared, mailed out and then the bomb       DAY!!! Locomotive 93 was running
year. The RFP came in for the Club 50        hits. The State of Nevada announces the      and everything appears to be great!

                                                                                                                                11
   On December 29, after some                   Owing to a lessening demand for its       roller a six-inch long piece of high
adjustments locomotive 93 was out the        wall coverings the company sold this         count tight twill weave cotton the width
door again for some additional testing.      business in the mid 1990’s. The              of the shade less side hems was
Everything was looking good.                 successor company closed in early            attached to the un-hemmed top of the
   Last year we received $2,235,000 in       2003. The Pantasote Company was              Pantasote. The sheeting was inserted
funding for a long list of projects. The     faced with an increasingly difficult         into the roller and retained by a steel
biggest project was the rebuilding of        business environment stemming from           wire. A common roller was the ‘REX’
what we refer to the Club 50 crossing        liabilities incident to its contamination    made by the Curtain Supply Company
on US 93. Other projects were track          of manufacturing sites (now on Super         of Chicago. Adams & Westlake (still in
rehabilitation along with building           Fund site lists), employee work related      business and may still have some)
repairs and renovations. These projects      health claims, and financial problems.       made a number of models of rollers
were all funded through grants.              The remaining business units were sold       under the trade name “Adlake”.
   In addition to the above projects, the    in a leveraged buyout to the Butler             When compiling specifications for
foundation undertook $470,000 in             Printing and Laminating Company. A           the construction of new blinds, I
locomotive repair projects and $58,600       brief communication with Butler              carefully disassembled original, but
in additional track repair projects. These   suggests that they have copies of            now distressed blinds retrieved from
projects were funded by private              Pantasote’s pattern books. Butler can        old car bodies and body owners. After
foundations and local grants along with      produce a product similar to older           having verified that a particular blind
money raised from our members.               railway coach blind material. However,       was correct for a restoration job by
   So the year ended as it started. We       they appear to have only two colours in      type, model, reverse finish or pattern,
had our ups and we had our downs,            which Pantasote was formerly                 length, and width, I completely
sometimes within minutes of each             manufactured and will only make large        measured the hems, bottom rod loop
other. At the end of the year,               amounts in a product run. They have the      and the hemmed and surged leader. The
locomotives, rolling stock, buildings,       capacity to laminate cloth to vinyl and      stitching patterns were also noted.
and track all received needed attention.     can print up to six colours. Custom runs     Measured drawings of each blind type
We're not done by any stretch of the         would be exceedingly large and               (e.g. side window, vestibule, etc.) were
imagination, but indisputably, progress      expensive.                                   then made . Next I tried to identify the
was made on all fronts. The roller              The highest demand for Pantasote          fabrics by fiber and weave in order to
coaster ride continues in 2009, and I'm      was not from railway coach builders but      find duplicates. I examined a second
here to tell you—it's unquestionably an      from buggy and carriage makers,              blind in detail to confirm the
E-ticket ride.                               upholsterers,        and     automobile      construction and materials. Fiber
                                             manufacturers. Most autos were open          specifications and weave types were
   REPLACEMENT                               with a cover that could be used in foul      confirmed by a university fabrics
   MATERIAL FOR
                                             weather. Pantasote was the chosen            laboratory. I was also able to get a
                                             cover material well into the 1930’s.         second confirmation on textiles from
 PANTASOTE WINDOW                            Prior to WW I embossed Pantasote             the upholstery shop.
      BLINDS                                 wallpaper similar to Lincrusta-Walton
                                             was sold in a very competitive upscale
                                                                                             There appear to be two basic types
                                                                                          of Pantasote blinds based on the types
                                             market.                                      of material used. All were of the same
          By Michael Jansson                                                              type of general construction as
                                                  Availability and Substitution           summarized above. The only departure
   The       Pantasote         Company          The type of Pantasote used in railway
manufactured a “vinyl like” material for                                                  from this construction are horizontal
                                             blinds is no longer manufactured nor is      blinds for separating the streetcar body
use in the transportation, upholstery,       old stock available from commercial
and wall covering industries. The                                                         from the vestibule and/or motorman’s
                                             sources. Some museums have small             cabs, and perhaps some customized
company switched to petroleum based          stocks for their own use. Therefore,
vinyl products in the 1950’s and was                                                      shapes in railway cars.
                                             restoration shops are required to               The first basic window blind type is
sold in 1989 owing to liabilities incident   manufacture their own Pantasote, a
to the contamination of manufacturing                                                     the “one sided”. This blind consists of
                                             virtual impossibility, or find a good        what appears to be a single sheet of
sites, work related employee health          substitute – a replica material.
problems, and financial problems. This                                                    Pantasote, generally embossed with the
                                                Most Pantasote blinds used in rail        figures visible on the inboard side of
paper describes a technique for              cars are constructed on a plan utilizing a
replicating two sided (printed cotton on                                                  the blind. I have not personally
                                             sprung roller (without stop ratcheting as    examined this type of blind in detail but
reverse) Pantasote railway coach blind       in home window shades) at the top of
material using modern vinyl, and silk                                                     do know from personal experience the
                                             the blind. The bottom of the blind           material was heavier than that used in
screen processes.                            incorporates a horizontal rod with pinch     two sided blinds discussed below. The
           Company History                   handles to free the rod ends from stops      material may have been two ply (i.e.
   The Pantasote Company put a faux          in the window jamb, allowing the             two thinner sheets glued together),
leather product named Pantasote on the       attached blind to travel vertically in a     which would allow reverse embossing,
market in 1891. “Pantasote” is a coined      track in the window jamb. The rod is         or just a thicker material. This paper
word from Greek meaning “to serve all        held to the jamb stops by internal spring    does not discuss the replication of “one
purposes”. The product was used for          expansion pressure on each end.              sided” Pantasote.
wall covering, vehicle covers,               Sometimes one inch wide (1/8” thick)            The two-sided blind consisted of a
upholstery, and blinds. It was probably      flat stock steel cut to the jamb width       sheet of Pantasote with a sateen weave
derived from coal tar and as such,           was sewn into the curtain at additional      cotton (medium thread size) bonded to
would be considered a precursor to           points. These “sash guides” ensured that     the reverse or non finished side. The
modern petroleum based vinyl products.       the curtain stayed in proper apposition      sheeting was printed with a pattern of
The company did move to a petroleum          to the window and traveled smoothly.         one or more colours. The blinds may
based manufacturing system for its faux         To avoid problems in attaching the        have been hung with the print side
leather and sheet goods in the 1950’s.       relatively thick Pantasote to the steel      either in or out, however, the print side

12
usually faced the car interior.               advertise that they make custom boat         printable.
   There is some controversy as to how        covers, antique car roofs, car interiors,       NOTE: We did conduct numerous
the cloth and vinyl were bonded to one        and other custom fabricated vinyl            experiments in bonding cloth to vinyl.
another. The attached GSA document            products.                                    All ended in failure.
suggests a “Pantasote Gum” was used.             The upholstery shop is also critical to      2.) Calculate the amount of vinyl
Those that I consulted, as well as my         the choice and purchase of the vinyl to      required. This must include extra for
own investigation suggest a hot rolling       be used for the project. The shop should     hemming, experimentation, and general
process. The Pantasote leather and            have sample books from several               wastage. Since vinyl will stretch a great
printed cloth were bonded by roller           manufacturers and access to their            deal on one axis it is most important
applied pressure when the Pantasote           respective wholesalers. In the textile       that the ordering calculations and
was still warm from manufacturing.            business wholesalers will not usually        cutting plan are based on the shorter
This would have been a continuous             sell to persons or organizations outside     dimension, i.e. generally the width of
flow process.                                 the trade. This actually makes the           the vinyl being on the high stretch axis.
   Pantasote was available in a variety       proper selection easier and more             This is most important for the silk
of finishes and colours. Various print        convenient.                                  screening. Failure to do this will result
patterns and colours were available for          The choice of a graphics shop should      in out of register multi- colour printing;
the backing. Many specification               be guided by the same general                also deformation of a pattern may occur
documents for the purchase of railway         principles applied to the choice of          during printing if the stretch axis is
and street cars indicate the finish,          upholstery shop. The shop must have a        going the wrong way.
colour, and pattern by catalogue              large format (at least 48” x 96”) silk          Using your previously made drawing
number. As an example a City of               screen table, scanning equipment and         the upholstery shop cuts vinyl blanks
Edmonton purchase specification for           computer graphics abilities, and the         for all the curtains required. NOTE: A
streetcars included the following: “All       photographic equipment to produce the        more conservative approach on your
side windows to be provided with              colour separations required to print the     first attempt at curtains would be to
curtains made of Pantasote, mounted on        reverse pattern. These shops may be          have the shop order and cut 2-3 blanks
tin barrel shade rollers, and fitted at the   found under “Advertising Design” and         for experimentation; first in the
bottom with Forsyth Roller Tip Pinch          “Decals” in the Yellow pages. They           graphics shop and then returned for
Handle fixtures. Curtains also to be          most commonly produce billboard              final sewing and attachment of the
provided for doors and windows in             advertising sheets, car cards, sports        cotton leader. This is a less risky
bulkheads. Sliding doors to be fitted         venue advertising, vehicle decals, and       approach and allows everyone to
with curtains rolling with door.              other large format low volume printed        become familiar with requirements.
Pantasote material to be pattern H,           items. As well the shop should be               3.) The blind blanks are now
colour #74.”                                  experienced in the colour matching and       delivered to the graphics shop. Most of
   Still extant Pantasote catalogues          mixing of silk screen inks. Most of the      the graphics procedures are quite
would be a valuable research tool.            shops listed under “Graphic Design”          technical and will be competently
However, an actual sample would be            produce logos, menus, posters,               handled by shop staff. They will already
much preferred for the replication            brochures, and other small format items      have the technical knowledge for the
process.                                      and are not suitable for work of this        steps outlined below.
                                              scale.                                          4.) The graphics shop, using a
    How to Produce Replica Blinds                Hopefully the graphics and                sample of the original Pantasote scans
   The first step is to identify upholstery   upholstery shops are close together.         the printed cotton pattern. From the
and graphics shops interested in this         This will make the transport of the          computer scan file colour separation
highly customized work and possessing         materials between the two shops less         positives are made for each print colour.
the equipment required. The proprietors       time consuming.                              At this point the shop can provide you
of these shops should display a genuine                                                    with a computer printed sample of the
interest and appreciation of what you                The Step by Step Process –            pattern for comparison with the
are trying to achieve as well as have an                   Two sided type                  original. While the colour match may
appreciation of the history involved.            The process is described in some          not be exactly perfect, any lines and
Such highly motivated people can often        detail and may seem overly                   figures should have clean edges as good
help in finding solutions to process          complicated. It is not, it merely reflects   or better than the original.
problems and give insight into                the necessary work and documentation            5.) To help maintain the dimensional
historically correct fabrics and colours.     to properly make replica material for        integrity of the vinyl during the printing
As an example the upholstery shop             historical restoration. The background       process a Sandblast™ card is glued to
owner doing blinds for a 1912 car was         material and details given here may          the obverse side of the vinyl. This is
very familiar with streetcar blinds           speed your examination and                   also necessary to attain proper
having often rode the cars as a child. He     documentation of original blinds, and        registration, the card is registered to the
was emphatic in stating the Pantasote         the creation quality replicas.               table.
sample was “burgundy”. I had always              1.) Choose the vinyl. Using a sample         6.) Ink is mixed to achieve proper
thought of burgundy being a deep              of an original Pantasote blind choose a      colours. A lot of ink seems to be
purple wine like colour. It turns out he      vinyl that is similar in finish, colour,     required to get good results. This is
was correct. Evidently 90 years ago           and weight. Most modern vinyls will be       probably due to the large spaces in the
burgundy was basically dark brown             thicker than Pantasote. A thinner vinyl      loose weave low count backing.
with only the slightest hint of purple.       is most desirable.                              7.) Silk screening is completed and
Similar changes in colour nomenclature           The most important factor in the          backing card removed. cleaning may be
through time have been noted by others.       choice of vinyl is the closeness of the      required to remove all glue. The
   The chosen upholstery shop should          weave of the cloth on the reverse side.      operator must be careful to minimize
be familiar with working with large           All vinyl has a cloth backing. On most       effects of stretch.
pieces of vinyl and have the requisite        varieties the weave is loose and has a          8.) Printed blanks are returned to the
equipment. In the Yellow Pages                low thread count. Some vinyls do have        upholstery shop.
(Upholsterers) these firms will usually       a more substantial backing cloth that is        9.) At this point the upholstery shop

                                                                                                                                  13
will need the bottom rods with pinch          ASL or more likely YUCo had done the         those on freight cars properly?
handles and any other hardware that           same kind of replacement of the top 3            Because we had covered and/or
was sewn into the finished blind.             in. of their ends. They did an excellent     filled in the pair of holes down through
   10.) All blanks are hemmed and all         job of trimming and smoothing the            each sill at the bolster with new wood,
other      sewing,       including      the   remainder of the long sills so the new       and because the new holes in the bolster
incorporation of the bottom bar is            wood lay smoothly on the old. To             were slightly different than the original,
completed as per the supplied drawings.       fasten the joint they used square-head       getting them to line up all the way from
   11.) The cotton leader, unbleached         machine bolts. We have used the West         the top to the bottom was a matter of
tight twill, as per original sample is then   System epoxy and no bolts but are            careful ‘guestimation’. We drilled up
sewn to the un-hemmed top of the              wondering if we shouldn’t do a ‘belt         from the bottom and down through the
blind.                                        and suspenders’ thing and also install       top with a metal-cutting bit about 9 in.
   12.) Blinds are attached to                bolts. If we do, we’ll have to make          long. The holes lined up better but still
refurbished or new spring rollers. Sash       another 25 or so bolts.                      there was a bit of a bent, making it very
guides, if used in the original blinds, are       The body bolsters – These heavy          difficult to get the bolt down through.
then inserted into the sewn strips.           steel fabrications are located about 5 ft.   So we then purchased an extra-length
Blinds are installed in car.                  in from each end and in addition to their    13/16 in. twist drill which could go
   The visual quality of our replica          function of connecting the truck with        through the metal. This did the trick.
blinds is quite high. Installation did help   the body, also tie the eight longitudinal    With the help of Dick Avy and Brendan
us identify one anomaly that does not         sills together. Before the ‘new’ outside     Barlow all 12 of the 14-in. square head
effect the functionality of the blinds in     long sills could be installed, both          bolts were inserted in sills 2-7 and the
the car in which they were installed. As      bolsters had to be solidly in place. The     bolsters are firmly in place. Now there
noted previously most vinyl is thicker        no. 1 bolster was installed in the fall      is something to support the side sills.
than Pantasote. In cars with tight            and in December the no. 2 put in.                The long sills – as you look at the
clearance for the top roller there could          As we put them together we noticed       front of 100 from the no. 1 end, the sills
be problems. The initial choice of a thin     that YUCo had installed shims between        are numbered 1 through 8 from left to
material and fine hemming is essential.       the side bearing castings, the center        right. The original no. 8 sill has been
The value of having a prototype blind is      bearing and the bottom of the bolster        gone since 1965, replaced by a large
obvious.                                      frame. Those on the side bearings are        spruce timber by an enthusiastic group
   The blinds were installed in a car that    rectangular pieces of steel. Over the        of early Seashore restorationists. It has
is not yet operational so their               center bearing the two pieces are strips     now been replaced by a ‘new’ no. 8
performance in regular service has not        of steel about 4 in. wide x 18 in. long      syp. Sill. The no. 1 sill had been
been tested. There is some distortion of      with a large scoop out of each to make       fabricated and installed the week
the edges from the unavoidable                clearance for the king pin. We wonder        before.
stretching inherent in the printing           why they felt they had to do this                We would love to have seen the huge
process. Exposure to hot sun may              because the castings are shaped to           machinery at Laconia Car Company
remedy this. The aging qualities of the       ‘surround’ the bottom plate of the           which made the two tenons on each end
material in this kind of use is unknown.      bolster? With the shims in place, the        of the sills. We didn’t have that
At this time there is no deterioration        only thing which keeps these castings in     advantage. After carefully laying them
evident.                                      place is the tightness of the bolts. Could   out, we cut the tenons with a
                                              it be the springs in the trucks or the       combination of circular saw (which
RESTORING ATLANTIC                            wear of the wheels lowered the height        could only get half-way through the 5
                                                                                           in. thickness), a very coarse-toothed
  SHORE LINE #100
                                              of the couplers so they didn’t meet

      PART 8
          By Donald Curry,
       Seashore Trolley Museum
    At long last it looks as if we’ve
turned the corner. We’ve removed the
last significant pieces of wood and are
putting on new.
    The ends – All deteriorated
framework pieces have been replaced or
repaired with an infusion of West
System epoxy and new/old southern
yellow pine (syp). The no. 1 end is level
and ready for the big 8 x 8 in. end sill,
fabricated by Tom Dow last summer.
We did a temporary leveling of the sills
on the other end but some fine
shimming and trimming is still required.
We still have to dado near the outer
ends of sills 4 and 5 on each end for the
heavy reinforcing plates over the
coupler braces.
    To bolt or not to bolt – The original
sills were 5 x 11 in. 30 ft. solid pieces     The original body bolster--note how it supports the eight sills that run the length
of southern yellow pine. At some time         of the carbody.

14
timber saw and a chisel. On the bottom       horizontal band saw. He didn’t have         accessible, the following must be done
end of each sill we copied the               one with a sufficiently long carriage so    (starting from the least flexible):
‘aerodynamic’ curve of the original,         he ended taking the beams across                1. The two truss rods (between sills 1
telling people this apocryphal tale:         Massachusetts to a company that did.        & 2 and 7 & 8)
    The Cabot Paint Co. has been in             There is strong evidence of a wiring         2. The two coupler through-rods
business for well over 100 years and         fire between sills 6 and 7 above motor      (between sills 3 &4 and 5 & 6)
there is no question that Laconia Car        no. 4. The surface of these sills was           3. Air piping and air brake
Co. used it on their cars. So, they must     charred. (The motor wiring in general       equipment (we have a purchase order to
have used one of Cabot’s gallon cans as      seems to be a patchwork of spliced and      get the pipe)
the pattern for the curve because it was     friction taped bits, so there probably          4. Motor wiring and headlight
exactly the same as what we found on         were other incidents of this sort that      wiring, ground wire (the wire is now on
the old sills.                               didn’t get to the point of actually         hand)
    This involved cutting with the coarse    starting a fire.) Using the random-             Barnstormers! makes their final
saw followed by some ‘trimming’ with         orbital sander with 60-grit paper this      delivery, the remainder of the recycled
the very coarse belt sander.                 area was quickly sanded down to solid       wood. For that we presented him with a
    However, first the old sills had to be   wood and given a coat of Cabot’s stain.     cheque for $4,750, the other 50%. We
removed. There were a number of bolts           When the locomotive was built, the       have enjoyed dealing with him finding
that required the use of the Sawzall,        under framework, except in the very         him genuinely interested in what we do,
then driving out to be turned into no. 1     outer surfaces was given a treatment of     and furnishing us exactly what we
scrap.                                       some sort of wood preservative—a barn       asked for including some extra (just in
    We had pondered what to do with the      red. We have seen this in virtually         case!). He apologizes for delays but
no. 8 sill, which was still in one piece     every wood car we have but don’t know       also says you can’t rush in this
without rot or deterioration. However        what it was. We have found it has lost      business.
reality set in as we saw it would be         any preservative value as it scrapes or         What came in this delivery was red
impossible to store it inside anywhere,      sands off readily. (The air compressor,     oak for the decking and pilots. Some of
let alone handle it so; reluctantly we       located under the no. 2 end hood, must      the pieces are absolutely beautiful—fit
also cut this into three chunks. It’s        have leaked oil badly because the sills     for living room use! The decking is
probably going to end up as first-class      in that area are coated with a mixture of   milled in 6 and 8 in. widths. (The
blocking.                                    dust and oily mud, which has done a         original was in various widths.) It has
    Cross sills (needle beams) - About       good job of preserving the sills’           been stacked up against the walls of the
1/3 of the way down the body from            integrity. We have scraped off as much      box enabling us to walk safely around
each end is a cross sill, 5 x 7 in. syp,     of the grit as we can.)                     the body. (Now with the sills in place
with notches in the top into which the          For want of anything better we have      the box is actually much more
longitudinal sills were set. These must      painted what we can reach of the sills      ‘spacious’. The pilot ‘kit’ is a bunch of
have served to hold the sills in line as     with Cabots’ oil-based wood stain, Barn     2-in. pieces all labeled and ready for
the frame was constructed. There is a        Red. It covers well and looks about the     milling and assembly.)
square head bolt going down through          same as the original treatment. We              The cab – Bob Reich and John
the sill and holding the cross sill in.      apply it with a small foam roller. Where    Fatula are overhauling the ten cab sash.
place (two each on sills 4 and 5). Their     there are joints-at the intersections of    (six rectangular ones for the ends and
other function is to hold and be the         the sills, we will insert a layer of        four large squarish ones for the sides)
anchor for the casting under which the       Phenolseal caulk.                           The end sash are in pretty good
longitudinal truss rods pass. The truss         As we were scraping the tops of the      condition although they are repairing
rods also pass through the end sills and     long sills, in the area of the air          any deteriorated joints. They have
the pole pockets in each corner of the       compressor, where things were better        noted that whatever the original coating
car. As the big square nuts on the ends      preserved, we noted the remains of a        on them was, it is extremely hard to
of the rods are taken up, the truss rod,     white coating. It is probably white lead.   remove! Paint remover and elbow
which is now unsupported in the middle       We did try the Seep ‘n Seal but found       grease don’t work as well as they would
bows way down, will tend to straighten       our supply was old and didn’t dry. So       like.
and provide a lifting—straightening          we’re going to go a bit modern and use          The wood appears to be cherry but
force to keep the outer sills straight. As   strips of ice and water shield, the         it’s hard to tell. What I have seen looks
this is written, the cross sills and side    rubberized sheeting used to prevent ice     as if they used the light colored
sills are all ready to be drilled and        dams on house roofs. While not              sapwood that they would not use in a
bolted into place.                           necessarily curatorially correct it will    passenger car. It’s very hard to tell what
    Finishing         treatments         -   provide the best possible protection for    the color was originally and we
Unfortunately the physics of drying          these vulnerable areas.                     couldn’t afford another color match.
large pieces of wood means they will            The paint system, for the wood areas     What they have found under the present
inevitably form longitudinal cracks. The     will be Fine Paints of Europe               very deteriorated barn (or tile) red is
two long sills have cracks which do not      Hollandlac enamels over their gray          brown, green, white, black, etc.
affect their strength however, we have       primer-undercoat. These will be             Possibly the sash was originally
filled them with the West System resin       brushed and rolled on. The price is now     varnished but, since we’re going for the
and sawdust mixture and sanded them          $100 per ‘euro gallon’ (2.5 liters) for     1930s era, we’re going to use a barn red
down smooth with a Bosch random-             the enamels and $90 for the undercoat.      enamel, inside and out.
orbital sander and 60-grit paper. They          1. Basic body exterior black                 One of the side sash appears to have
are now probably as smooth as those             2. Cab interior lower wainscot brown     been a replacement. Whatever wood
which left the Laconia plant.                   3. Cab interior window posts and         was used was certainly not kiln dried
    We were pleased with how smooth          ceiling ochre                               and has warped about 2 in. along the
the beams were considering their size.          4. Windows and doors tile (barn) red     stiles (sides) (bow-shaped) from being
John Rousseau, President of                     What’s next for the body work?           straight. We will have to make a new
Barnstormers! told us that they were cut     Before anything can be done above the       sash in this case while the others appear
using an electric-powered ‘Woodmizer’        sills, while things are open and            to be salvageable.

                                                                                                                               15
                                                                                            formerly operational cars that are now
                                                                                            out-of-service due to mechanical
                                                                                            failures. They have started a campaign
                                                                                            to make those cars operational. The first
                                                                                            two to run again are Connecticut
                                                                                            Company open car #355 (St. Louis
                                                                                            1902) and Connecticut Company
                                                                                            closed city car #1326 (Osgood-Bradley
                                                                                            1910).
                                                                                              Edmonton Radial Railway Society
                                                                                                        Edmonton, AB
                                                                                               The society’s streetcars currently
                                                                                            traverse an unpaved recreated
                                                                                            commercial street in Fort Edmonton
                                                                                            Park. That experience will become
                                                                                            more authentic when the park
                                                                                            completes a $10 million project to
Hydro testing an air reservoir.                                                             replicate actual long-gone buildings
                                                                                            from downtown Edmonton. These are
    For some reason the two side sash on      times the operating pressure of 110 lbs.)     classic 1920s one- and two-story
the right side have the glass divided in      We set up the other two tanks for testing     commercial blocks, including a silent
half by a horizontal rail, while the two on   but before they even filled with water,       movie theater, bookstore, barber shop,
the left side are the original single pane.   holes were found in each. On both the         beauty parlor, furniture store and tailor
There is evidence of this change having       failure was under where the supporting        shop. In addition, the street will be
taken place quite early and certainly was     straps were—not an uncommon thing.            paved. Construction is expected to be
there during our period of restoration.       We also found that the auxiliary tank had     complete in 2010.
The work of adding the rail is a bit crude    been brazed in at least two places, not a
so it definitely wasn’t Laconia.              good sign. Both tanks were unusable.                Ft. Smith Trolley Museum
    Truck work – Dean Look fabricated             So we set out to look at our large and                 Ft. Smith, AR
new motor mount angles to replace the         varied supply of air tanks, scattered here       Federal and city funding totaling
eight originals that are badly rust-eroded.   and there on the grounds. Unfortunately       over $450,000 has been approved for a
The original angles were bent from 1 x 4      many were buried in snow and all are in       track extension.
in. bar in Alco’s blacksmith shop, very       areas which make them subject to                 Fraser Valley Heritage Railway
likely using a steam or mechanically          corrosion. We did find one 16 x 60 in. as                       Society
operated bulldozer. Dean joined these         a replacement for the secondary main             The Society, already owner of
from two lengths of the bar by beveling       reservoir. Fortunately there is room for      British Columbia Electric interurban
one end of each piece and filling them        the larger tank on the locomotive’s left-     #1225, has purchased BCE interurban
with weld. Chuck Griffith trimmed off         hand side where there is only that tank.      #1304. The car was located at the
the corners of the angles and ground the      The auxiliary reservoir will be a very        Oregon Electric Railway Museum. Car
welds. Bill Pollman and Bert Rendall          new tank, constructed in 1999. It was         #1304 has an unusual history. It was
primed and painted them. Bill is now          designed to be mounted to brackets            originally built in 1911 by BE Electric's
fitting and installing them on the first      welded to the tank but we plan to             New Westminster Shops. It was almost
truck. Dean fabricated eight motor            carefully remove them and return to the       totally destroyed by fire in 1945 The
mount bolts. Lloyd Rosevear blasted           original strap style of mounting. Because     BCE Kitsilano shops rebuilt it in 1946,
them, preparing them for Bert to prime        there are two tanks on the right side there   complete with wooden body and arched
them.                                         is limited room so it can’t be any longer     windows, perhaps the last wooden
    With the extreme (record) amount of       than the original 36 in. (The distance        interurban to be constructed in North
snow in late fall and early winter we are     between the trucks is short. Given the        America. It was preserved by Seashore
recalling how lucky we were last year         poor conditions under which our spare         Trolley Museum and loaned to OERM.
when we were able to take the trucks          tanks are stored, it’s very likely many
apart outdoors before bringing them           more of these tanks will fail their test.)       Friends of the Cumbres & Toltec
inside for their final disassembly. Also it                                                    The Friends have entered into a
was fairly comfortable in the box
because of the warm temperatures.
                                              THE MUSEUM REVIEW                             cooperative arrangement with the
                                                                                            Montana Heritage Commission. The
    Air reservoirs – 100 is equipped with                                                   Friends will volunteer for a variety of
three reservoirs, all of which are the old-      Canadian Museum of Rail Travel             projects at the Alder Gulch Short Line
style riveted construction:                               Cranbrook, BC                     in Virginia City, Montana. In exchange,
    Two main reservoirs 16 x 48 in.              When the privately owned Granville         the Friends will receive up to twelve
    One auxiliary reservoir 12 x 36 in.       Island Museum in Vancouver closed             pairs of narrow gauge trucks that are
    We were planning to send them to A.       recently, it donated a 65 x 15 foot O         correct for the C&TS’ narrow frame
C. Electric for sand blasting but it          gauge model railroad that depicts             UTLX tank cars. That in turn will free
seemed prudent to hydro-test them             railroading in the British Columbia           up trucks that are correct for recently
before that.                                  mountains. It had to be cut in 30 pieces      acquired “frameless” tank cars.
    We set up the high-pressure test pump     and transported in three trucks to               In the last issue of RMQ, the Editor
and found it leaked to the point it           Cranbrook.                                    remarked on how much better the track
required repacking and a new check                                                          was than during his last visit in 2001.
valve. Fortunately it is a simple-minded         Connecticut Trolley Museum                 The latest Dispatch newsletter includes
device and was easy to fix. Main                    Windsor Locks, CT                       a detailed description of the work
reservoir no. 1 passed at 185 lbs. (1.5         The museum has a number of                  completed over the last three years.

16
30,000 ties-14 percent of the entire         South Shore & South Bend line car            car (Barney & Smith 1911)
main line complement-have been               #1100 (St. Louis Car 1926). It’s a              Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul &
replaced. 52 of the 64 miles have been       classic heavy steel interurban that was      Pacific Milwaukee lightweight office
ballasted, surfaced and aligned. In the      built for Indiana Service Corporation,       car (Milwaukee Shops 1948)
course of this work, 81 kinks have been      which was absorbed by the Indiana               Baltimore & Ohio #5551 low profile
removed by cutting excess rail length.       Railroad. The South Shore bought it in       dome car (Pullman-Standard 1949)
   Beyond the main line improvements,        1941. The car had been donated to               Union Pacific #903673 lightweight
the Osier loop has been made                 another preservation group by the            baggage-mail (ACF 1949)
operational, the Cumbres wye has been        Northern       Indiana      Commuter
lengthened, and ties have been replaced      Transportation District, but they were          Cabooses
in the Chama yard and at mainline            unable to follow through and the car            Wabash #2229 wood cupola
sidings. The work has come in under          was made available to IRM.                   (Wabash 1904)
budget, in part through the purchase of         As the largest North American                Missouri Pacific #1155 side-door
almost-new wood ties from class one          railway museum, IRM not surprisingly         steel (Missouri Pacific 1940)
railroads converting to concrete.            has a very active website. Its activity         New York, Chicago & St. Louis
   The Friends has a restoration site in     numbers for February 2009 give an idea       (“Nickel Plate”) #1143 wood cupola
Colorado Springs, which rebuilds one         of the potential impact of the web on        (ACF 1909)
rail car at a time. This year it completed   rail preservation. The month saw                Southern Pacific #1859 steel bay
the rebuilding of 1891 pile driver #OB.      2,251,143 page views, an average of          window (International Car 1970)
Its new project is Maintenance of Way        167,339 per day by 18,932 unique
kitchen and diner car #0252 (Pullman         users. Of those, 25 percent visited more       Streetcars
1889). The work is being moved to a          than once. These numbers are for the           SEPTA #2186 PCC on standard
new site, on the grounds of the Pikes        off-season, and certainly increase           gauge trucks (St. Louis Car 1948)
Peak Historical Street Railway               during spring, summer and fall.
Foundation, host of the 2008 ARM                                                             Maintenance of Way
Annual Conference.                                 Museum of Transportation                  US Army #226 25-ton locomotive
                                                         St. Louis, MO                    crane (Orton 1953)
    Halton County Radial Railway                Continuing a trend that started with
              Milton, ON                     the California State Railroad Museum            National Capital Trolley Museum
   Barn 4 has been erected and               and the National Railroad Museum in                        Colesville, MD
$660,000 has been expended to date. It       Green Bay, the Museum of                         All the museum’s streetcars have
has received $20,000 from the Town of        Transportation is reducing the size of its   been moved into the new display
Milton Community Fund, but needs             collection. It is deaccessioning the         carbarn. The carbarn yard and loop at
another $80,000 to install the doors and     following pieces of equipment.               the old site have been removed. The rail
track.                                                                                    is going to the Shore Line Trolley
                                                Steam locomotives                         Museum and the original ex-Baltimore
      Houston Railroad Museum                   Great Lakes Carbon #7 Fireless            overhead wire to the Baltimore
              Houston, TX                    0-4-0 (Porter 1941)                          Streetcar Museum. Completion of the
   A grant from the Houston                     Great Northern #2100 Vanderbilt           new Visitor Center awaits the
Endowment has funded the repainting          tender only (Baldwin 1923)                   installation of the storm water
of Missouri-Kansas-Texas and                                                              management system sand filters. A
Southern Pacific cabooses, Spokane,            Diesel Locomotives                         Transportation Enhancement grant has
Portland & Seattle heavyweight                 CB&Q/MARC #66 E8A (EMD                     been awarded for two of the sand
baggage car #50 (which serves as the         1954)                                        filters.
museum’s library car) and Houston              Wabash #547 GP-35 (EMD 1964)
Belt & Terminal Alco S2 #14. As part           US Army #1844 H-1244 (Fairbanks-              Niles Canyon Railway Sunol, CA
of the painting initiative, volunteers are   Morse 1955)                                     The museum has acquired Santa Fe
readying sleeping car Verde Valley for         Minneapolis & St. Louis #546 RS1           steel cupola caboose #999081. It had
repainting.                                  (Alco 1946)                                  been owned by a private individual who
                                               US Army #7765 tiny single truck            rebuilt the trucks with new wheels,
  Huntsville & Lake of Bays Railway                                                       rehabbed the brakes, replaced the
             Huntsville, ON                  switcher (GE 1943)
                                                                                          couplers, replaced exterior sheet metal
   The 36th Annual G8 meeting of                                                          and stripped the interior for rebuilding.
world leaders will be held in Huntsville        Electric Locomotives
in June 2010. In preparation, a large           FDS (Italian State Railway) side rod           Northwest Railway Museum
media center building will be                steeplecab E550.025 (Westinghouse                       Snoqualmie, WA
constructed during 2009. The new             1910)                                           On January 7 and 8, the Snoqualmie
building requires the relocation of the                                                   Valley experienced heavy flooding. It
railroad’s Rotary Station, which serves          Passenger Cars                           washed out the museum’s railroad in
the Muskoka Heritage Place historic              St. Louis-San Francisco #200 steel       numerous places and rose almost to the
village. The railroad will not operate       sheathed wood office car (St. Charles        underframes of the rolling stock stored
during 2009. The station will be moved       Car Co. 1891)                                outdoors. Uninsured damage to the
further into the village, requiring a            Lehigh Valley/Chicago & Eastern          tracks totaled $116,000. To date
track extension up a rather steep hill to    Illinois #405 1911 steel coach               $70,000 has been raised to fill, ballast
reach the new site. This year will be            Chicago, Indianapolis & Louisville       and resurface 2000 feet of track.
used to relocate the depot, build the        Monon #90 steel sheathed wood office
new track and refurbish the line’s           car pre-1885                                     Oklahoma Railway Museum
rolling stock.                                   Colonial steel sheathed wood office              Oklahoma City, OK
                                             car (Pullman 1905)                              The museum has purchased an ex-
Illinois Railway Museum, Union, IL               Minneapolis, St. Paul, and Sault Ste,    Army SW8 switcher (EMD 1954)
  The museum has acquired Chicago,           Marie #49 steel sheathed wood office         through the State Surplus Property

                                                                                                                               17
By rendering modern surroundings invisible, darkness can help a museum recreate historic scenes, such as these evocative
ones provided courtesy of the Monticello Railroad Museum.
program. It will serve as backup power
for the regularly scheduled trains.
  Orange Empire Railway Museum
               Perris, CA
   Although not yet complete, the large
new Ruffalo carhouse has all its tracks
and is connected to the rest of the
museum’s railroad. However, a number
of pieces have been located for years on
pieces of isolated track. On April 1-3,
twelve of them were moved to live
trackage and then into the new barn.
This was a major undertaking, as most
of these pieces hadn’t moved for
decades. Some had been used for
storage and had to be emptied. In
addition, a carbody that had been stored
on the ground was placed on trucks and
moved indoors. The moves were
accomplished using a rail tilt trailer
from Silk Road Trucking, known for
museum equipment moves. It had
delivered a pair of power trucks from
the Electric City Trolley Museum,
scheduled to arrive in Perris for the
OERM project.
   The museum has taken delivery of
18
Union Pacific 1928 modernized                      Shore Line Trolley Museum              part of the first group of PFE cars with
heavyweight buffet diner #4051 .                          East Haven, CT                  mechanical refrigeration.
                                                 During 2008, volunteers contributed        A&K Railroad Materials has donated
     Pennsylvania Trolley Museum              16,458 hours. The Tripper newsletter        44-ton center cab diesel #735 (General
             Washington, PA                   notes that 110 different volunteers were    Electric 1946), the first diesel on the
   Two significant private artifact           the equivalent of eight or nine full-time   Tidewater Southern.
collections have been donated. John           employees, and even at minimum                Western Railway Museum has
Wilkins’ includes 243 Pittsburgh              wage, have a value of over $100,000.        deaccessioned Denver & Rio Grande
Railways signs, maps and drawings             Compared to most charitable                 Western wood boxcar #62962 (ACF
dating as far back as the 1890s, and 45       organizations, volunteer-based railway      1909), and it is now part of the WP
West Penn drawings. Cy Hosmer has             museums are extremely efficient.            Museum collection.
donated a large group of images and           Ninety percent of each donated dollar
catalogs which had been discarded by          goes directly into operations,               Wiscasset, Waterville & Farmington
Westinghouse Air Brake Company.               maintenance and restoration, as                  Railway Museum Alna, ME
The photos include early Pittsburgh           opposed        to      administration.         A 30 x 41 expansion of the shop
Railways air brakes and the 1928 signal       Volunteerism should insulate museums        building is nearing expansion. The
installation on the interurban to             from the current financial downturn.        additional 1230 square feet is about the
Washington, PA.                                                                           size of a three-bedroom ranch house
   According to the latest Trolley Fare              Steamtown Scranton, PA               and has a high ceiling.
newsletter, Bombardier contacted the             The National Park Service has
museum to say they could donate seven
flat files, good for storing drawings and
                                              announced nearly 800 projects totaling
                                              $750 million that can be completed
                                                                                                  THIRD HAND
maps. This turned out to mean seven           across the country with funding from               INFORMATION
pallets of flat files, totaling 17 cabinets   the American Recovery and
with 112 drawers, worth $19,000 if            Reinvestment Act of 2009. Of this,             The Galveston Railroad Museum
purchased new. This is good news,             $3.3 million will go to Steamtown to        suffered major damage from Hurricane
since the museum’s archive has                stabilize 27 pieces of historic railroad    Ike. Floodwater that topped seven feet
sufficient items to fill all the drawers.     equipment, remove asbestos, improve         ruined most of the displays and artifacts
                                              Park infrastructure and maintain/repair     inside the museum’s four buildings.
      Seashore Trolley Museum                 and restore operational locomotives and     The 50 pieces of rolling stock in the
        Kennebunkport, ME                     passenger cars.                             collection sat in eight feet of water.
   Seashore members have always been                                                      Total damages are estimated at $7
generous financial contributors, and           Western Pacific Railroad Museum            million. Insurance is expected to cover
2008 was no exception. Total support                       Portola, CA                    only a small portion of that amount,
for the year reached $338,000, from             Equipment acquisitions: Pacific Fruit     although about $5 million in FEMA
579 members.                                  Express refrigerator car #100468 has        funding is anticipated. Gulf Coast
                                              been acquired from the California State     Railroading
                                              Railroad Museum. Built in 1953, it was




                                                                                                                                19
                                                                                                          PRSRT. STD.
                                                                                                          U.S.POSTAGE
  Association of Railway Museums, Inc.                                                                       PAID
            1016 Rosser Street                                                                            MINNEAPOLIS,
                                                                                                               MN
           Conyers, GA 30012
                                                                                                         PERMIT NO. 1096


      Address Service Requested




                         ARM is a Professional Affiliate Member of the American Association of Museums




At the Maine Narrow Gauge Museum, Sandy River & Rangeley Lakes two-foot gauge combine #15 has been restored by the
Penobscot Company. The work was a donation. Photo courtesy Maine Narrow Gauge Museum

								
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