COMP 913 Technical Communication in Computer Science Chinese Painting Li Guan firstname.lastname@example.org March 2nd 2007 Outline • ABCs of Chinese painting – Basic elements – Brief history – Tools • Appreciation of the art – Rules & styles – Variations – Characteristics Basic elements Description (Poems, etc.) Main Drawing Frame Stamp Date Signature Brief history • Little painting remains from the early periods except for that on ceramics and tiles • Clearly recorded from 5th century Dunhuang. Dunhuang Cave No. 249, Western Wei(386 AD – 534 AD) Brief History (cont.) • The art of figure painting reached a peak of excellence in the T'ang dynasty (618 AD –906 AD) Part of “Eighty seven celestials people”, a draft painting of fresco, by WU, Daozi (c.685 AD – 758 AD) • In the Sung dynasty (960 AD –1279 AD) landscape/animal painting reached its greatest expression. “Bamboo & Sparrows”, by Emperor Huizong (1082 AD – 1135 AD) Brief History (cont.) • The Yüan dynasty (1260 AD – 1368 AD) – Brush Controlling Tech. • The Ming dynasty (1368 AD – 1644 AD) – many paintings survive into our times • The Ch'ing dynasty (1644 AD – 1912 AD) • Contemporary (1912 AD – ) – learning from western classic drawing and painting Tools • The "Four Treasures” – – – – Brush Ink Ink-stone Chinese Xuan paper Brush • Bamboo body • Fur tip – – – – Sheep (soft) Goat (medium) Wolf (hard) etc. • The way to hold http://www.kepusoft.com/qiye/shichang/4hubi/hb1/hb1-1-10/1-3.jpg Ink • Smoke grains • Glued together • Some famous ink – Hui ink • Work together with ink stone http://www.fubusi.com/Files/UpFiles/20060 12411343141671.jpg Ink Stone • Used to grind the ink with water • Plane region, concave region • Four famous ink stones – Duan, She, Yaohe, Chengni • Collection – Color, texture, carving How it works… http://www.gdttc.com/bookpic/200631414234226458.jpg Chinese Xuan Paper • Xuan paper is specially famous for Chinese painting and calligraphy. It was recorded to be invented in T‟ang dynasty. • Named after the location of mass-production from Song dynasty. • Good absorption, strong, good for storage www.cqn.com.cn/UploadFiles/2005412131320437.gif Objective & Outline • ABCs of Chinese painting – Basic elements – Brief history – Tools • Appreciation of the art – Rules & styles – Variations – Characteristics Rules • Ink vs. Color • Think/plan vs. drawing Rules • • • • Ink vs. Color Thinking/planning vs. drawing Brush controlling Ink controlling Styles by subject • Figure • Bird & flower (animals & plants) • Landscape Calligrapher, by FAN, Zeng Beautiful Spring, by QING, Shujun Winter morning of the village, By WANG, Zixiu Styles by techniques • Gong1 Bi3 工笔 • Xie3 Yi4 写意 Cold creek, by LI, Guansheng Looking back, by XU, Beihong Delicate lines Use of colors Emphasis on shapes Variation of brushes Ink & water Emphasis on spirit of the character Styles by techniques (con.) • Gong1 Bi3 工笔 • Xie3 Yi4 写意 Pine & eagle, ZHANG, Shunzi (Yuan Dynasty) Soaring, XU, Beihong Styles by techniques (con.) • Gong1 Bi3 工笔 • Xie3 Yi4 写意 Gentlelady, by CUI, Jingzhe Lady & Kui Zhong, by FAN, Zeng Variations Comparison with Oil Painting Traditional Chinese Painting Oil Painting Brush Bamboo brush Wood Brush Paint Ink & Ink stone; Other colors Pigments & Oil Media Xuan paper Canvas, paper, wood Comparison with Oil Painting (con.) Traditional Chinese Painting Oil Painting Anything that one can imagine… Subject •Figure •Animals & plants •Landscapes •Emphasize on „spirit‟ of the character •Importance of variation of ink and the way to use the brush •Care about global layout •An art of demonstration or exhibition Features Lighting & perspective Painting and re-painting An art of reappearance Summary • ABCs of Chinese painting – Basic elements – Brief history – Tools – Rules & styles – Variations – Characteristics Let’s see a video Drawing, description, signature, date, stamp, frame Brush, ink, ink stone, paper • Appreciation of the art Figure, bird & flower, landscape Brush control, ink control Comparison with Western art Reference • • http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0857309.html http://www.artzbox.com/articles_chinese/chinesepaintinginfo.htm Acknowledgement • Rohit Saboo, Ashish Awasthi and Xiaoxiao Liu for comments. THANK YOU ALL, ANY QUESTIONS?