Chinese Painting - PowerPoint

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					COMP 913 Technical Communication in Computer Science

Chinese Painting
Li Guan
lguan@cs.unc.edu March 2nd 2007

Outline
• ABCs of Chinese painting
– Basic elements – Brief history – Tools

• Appreciation of the art
– Rules & styles – Variations – Characteristics

Basic elements
Description (Poems, etc.) Main Drawing

Frame

Stamp

Date

Signature

Brief history
• Little painting remains from the early periods except for that on ceramics and tiles • Clearly recorded from 5th century Dunhuang.

Dunhuang Cave No. 249, Western Wei(386 AD – 534 AD)

Brief History (cont.)
• The art of figure painting reached a peak of excellence in the T'ang dynasty (618 AD –906 AD)
Part of “Eighty seven celestials people”, a draft painting of fresco, by WU, Daozi (c.685 AD – 758 AD)

•

In the Sung dynasty (960 AD –1279 AD) landscape/animal painting reached its greatest expression.

“Bamboo & Sparrows”, by Emperor Huizong (1082 AD – 1135 AD)

Brief History (cont.)
• The Yüan dynasty (1260 AD – 1368 AD)
– Brush Controlling Tech.

• The Ming dynasty (1368 AD – 1644 AD)
– many paintings survive into our times

• The Ch'ing dynasty (1644 AD – 1912 AD) • Contemporary (1912 AD – )
– learning from western classic drawing and painting

Tools
• The "Four Treasures”
– – – – Brush Ink Ink-stone Chinese Xuan paper

Brush
• Bamboo body • Fur tip
– – – – Sheep (soft) Goat (medium) Wolf (hard) etc.

• The way to hold
http://www.kepusoft.com/qiye/shichang/4hubi/hb1/hb1-1-10/1-3.jpg

Ink
• Smoke grains • Glued together • Some famous ink
– Hui ink

• Work together with ink stone

http://www.fubusi.com/Files/UpFiles/20060 12411343141671.jpg

Ink Stone
• Used to grind the ink with water • Plane region, concave region • Four famous ink stones
– Duan, She, Yaohe, Chengni

• Collection
– Color, texture, carving
How it works…
http://www.gdttc.com/bookpic/200631414234226458.jpg

Chinese Xuan Paper
• Xuan paper is specially famous for Chinese painting and calligraphy. It was recorded to be invented in T‟ang dynasty. • Named after the location of mass-production from Song dynasty. • Good absorption, strong, good for storage

www.cqn.com.cn/UploadFiles/2005412131320437.gif

Objective & Outline
• ABCs of Chinese painting
– Basic elements – Brief history – Tools

• Appreciation of the art
– Rules & styles – Variations – Characteristics

Rules
• Ink vs. Color • Think/plan vs. drawing

Rules
• • • • Ink vs. Color Thinking/planning vs. drawing Brush controlling Ink controlling

Styles by subject
• Figure • Bird & flower (animals & plants) • Landscape

Calligrapher, by FAN, Zeng Beautiful Spring, by QING, Shujun Winter morning of the village, By WANG, Zixiu

Styles by techniques
• Gong1 Bi3 工笔 • Xie3 Yi4 写意

Cold creek, by LI, Guansheng

Looking back, by XU, Beihong

Delicate lines Use of colors Emphasis on shapes

Variation of brushes Ink & water Emphasis on spirit of the character

Styles by techniques (con.)
• Gong1 Bi3 工笔 • Xie3 Yi4 写意

Pine & eagle, ZHANG, Shunzi (Yuan Dynasty)

Soaring, XU, Beihong

Styles by techniques (con.)
• Gong1 Bi3 工笔 • Xie3 Yi4 写意

Gentlelady, by CUI, Jingzhe

Lady & Kui Zhong, by FAN, Zeng

Variations

Comparison with Oil Painting
Traditional Chinese Painting Oil Painting

Brush

Bamboo brush

Wood Brush

Paint

Ink & Ink stone; Other colors

Pigments & Oil

Media

Xuan paper

Canvas, paper, wood

Comparison with Oil Painting (con.)
Traditional Chinese Painting Oil Painting
Anything that one can imagine…

Subject

•Figure •Animals & plants •Landscapes
•Emphasize on „spirit‟ of the character •Importance of variation of ink and the way to use the brush •Care about global layout •An art of demonstration or exhibition

Features

Lighting & perspective Painting and re-painting An art of reappearance

Summary
• ABCs of Chinese painting
– Basic elements – Brief history – Tools
– Rules & styles – Variations – Characteristics
Let’s see a video
Drawing, description, signature, date, stamp, frame

Brush, ink, ink stone, paper

• Appreciation of the art
Figure, bird & flower, landscape Brush control, ink control

Comparison with Western art

Reference
• • http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0857309.html http://www.artzbox.com/articles_chinese/chinesepaintinginfo.htm

Acknowledgement
• Rohit Saboo, Ashish Awasthi and Xiaoxiao Liu for comments.

THANK YOU ALL, ANY QUESTIONS?


				
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