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Art Movements Throughout European History

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					Art Movements Throughout European History
Andrea Cabrera Mrs. Davis AP Euro, Block 3 2008

Timeline
Mid. Ages Renaissance 1600 1000 1400-1500 Gothic Baroque 1700 1800 Realism Post-Impressionism Rococo Romanticism Impressionism

Neoclassicism

Expressionism

Futurism

Abstract-Expressionism

Op Art

1900
Fauvism Cubism Dada Surrealism

1950
Pop Art Photorealism

Middle Ages
 Themes: Feudalism, Roman Catholic Church, Crusades, and the Battle of Hastings  Characteristics: Elicits fear, guilt and piety  Areas of Influence: Italy, Constantinople, the RCC, Monasteries  Word Association: religious, iconic, transcendental

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Gothic: 12th-16th c.
 Themes: Focus on God and His glorification, and the end of the Crusades  Characteristics: flying buttresses, dark monastic buildings  Areas of Influence: developed in France, then spread throughout Europe  Word Association: dark, detailed

Gothic

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Italian Renaissance: 14th-16th c.
 Themes: Individualism, worldly experience  Characteristics: classicism, perspective, human figures, and myths  Areas of Influence: Venice and Florence  Artists: Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael, Titian, Bellini, Brunelleschi  Word Association: “man is the measure,” secular, individual

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Northern Renaissance: 14th-16th c.
 Themes: salvation and religious piety  Characteristics: movable (triptych) and produced copies by the printing press (right)  Areas of Influence: Flanders and Northern Europe  Artists: Durer, Bosch, Van Eyck, Brueghel, Grunewald, Holbein  Word Association: religious, Christian Humanism

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Baroque: 1545-1715
 Themes: “Return” to the Catholic Church and the power of monarchs  Characteristics: mystery, dramatization, bold  Areas of Influence: Spain, Rome, Middle-class Dutch  Artists: Caravaggio, Bernini, Bruegel, Bosch, Velasquez  Word Association: “sexy,” Catholic Reformation, Council of Trent, monarch

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Rococo: 18th c.
 Themes: Extravagance and wealth  Characteristics: appeal to royals and nobles, light, and ornate  Areas of Influence: France and Austria, Versailles  Artists: Fragonard, Boucher, and Watteau  Word Association: Frivolous, ornate, selfindulgence
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Neoclassicism: 18th c.
 Themes: Return to classical antiquity  Characteristics: Formal, imperial style and imitation of Greek and Roman art  Areas of Influence: mainly France (Napoleon, right)  Artists: David and Ingres  Word Association: Napoleon, Greece/Rome, imperial

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Romanticism: 1780s-1848
 Themes: Emotion, passion, and revolution  Characteristics: passionate, dark color and a return to nature  Areas of Influence: France, England, and Spain  Artists: Goya, Constable, Delacroix, Turner, Gericault  Word Association: emotional, loss of youth, mysterious, passion

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Realism: Mid-19th c.
 Themes: Rejection of Romanticism, and the depiction of everyday life  Characteristics: subjects were common people and landscapes  Areas of Influence: the Dutch  Artists: Courbet, Millet, Daumier  Word Association: reality, everyday, revolution

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Impressionism: 19th c.
 Themes: fleeting and brief word of a first impression based on light and the sudden moment  Characteristics: short, choppy, light brushstrokes and en plein aire (outdoors)  Areas of Influence: France  Artists: Monet, Renoir, Manet, Cezanne  Word Association: vibrant, little detail, light, glimpse

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Post-Impressionism: 19th c.
 Themes: represented impressionism, but rejected its limitations  Characteristics: studied depth, sometimes more detailed than impressionism  Areas of Influence: France  Artists: Cezanne, Seurat, van Gogh  Word Association: depth, structure, pointillism (next slide)

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Expressionism: Early 20th c.
 Themes: Indebted to Freud; analyzing psyche  Characteristics: dissonance in color and perspective, and messages of anxiety  Areas of Influence: Germany, Spain, France, Russia, Norway, Holland  Artists: Munch, Kirchner, Kokoschka, Beckmann, Van Gogh  Word Association: anxiety, Freud, dark

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Fauvism: c. 1905
 Themes: Color was the main subject  Characteristics: color takes importance over lines or subjects  Areas of Influence: France, Dutch  Artists: Matisse, some Van Gogh  Word Association: COLOR

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Cubism: c. 1910
 Themes: synthesized view of subject, represented some African characteristics and new theories (relativity)  Characteristics: fragmented subject, cubes  Areas of Influence: France  Artists: Picasso, Braque, Leger, Delaunay  Word Association: angular, fragmentation, square (as in the shape)

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Futurism: Early 20th c.
 Themes: speed and power of the machine , restlessness of modern life  Characteristics: subjects of modern life, depicts speed  Areas of Influence: mainly Italy and Germany  Artists: Boccioni, followed by Balla and Severini  Word Association: speed, machine, industrial, urban

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Dada Art: 1915-1922
 Themes: focus on the absurd, reaction to WWI  Characteristics: techniques of accident and chance creating art  Areas of Influence: Switzerland, NYC, Paris, and large German cities  Artists: Duchamp, Arp, Ray  Word Association: readymade, absurd, illogical

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Surrealism: Late 19th-20th c.
 Themes: expression of the imagination in dreams, lack of reason  Characteristics: incorporated ideals of Freud and Marx  Areas of Influence: Norway, Holland, Spain, Germany, Spain, France, Russia  Artists: Dali, Magritte, Delvaux  Word Association: dreams, subconscious, illogical, out of hysteria

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Abstract Expressionism: 20th c.
 Themes: nonrepresentational, shape, line, color  Characteristics: planes, shapes, and color  Areas of Influence: US, many immigrants from Europe, shift from Paris  Artists: Pollock, Rothko, Kline, de Kooning  Word Association: ABSTRACT, subjective interpretation

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Pop Art: Mid-to-Late 20th c
 Themes: bitterness out of WWI, pop culture  Characteristics: Random objects, use of dry humor  Areas of Influence: US  Artists: Warhol, Odenburg, Rauschenberg  Word Association: postwar, everyday objects, iconic

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Op Art: Mid-20th c.
 Themes: geometric abstract, illusion  Characteristics: patterns, lines, checkerboard, circles  Areas of Influence: US and throughout Europe (next slide is in Hungary)  Artists: Vasarely, Riley, Poons  Word Association: optical illusions, patterns, playing with the eye and mind

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Photorealism: 1960s and 70s
 Themes: depiction of photography, interpretation  Characteristics: painting of a photo, should look like a photograph  Areas of Influence: US, Britain  Artists: Estes, Close  Word Association: photo, everyday streets or objects

The End!!!


				
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